Newspaper Page Text
ANTI-SLAVERY BUG LE, SALEM, O.
Poetry. A Parable for To-Day. BY THOMAS L. HARRIS. My Oi.o MA.t at amid the mo! X Thiil honed tli chui rh-j ard lon and cold i Hit linibt wire dtml. hi' eye-bull dim, I'.arili had no joy or hope for him: The cloud hung radiiirt o'er the Wist I.iVe golden Islands of tho ISlest: Sweet May bui'.t breathed tlitir iiiceniR round. Young children came with garlands crowned, A Light, m Life through Nature cam A once from Horebi tree of flame, Vet, like a lhape of mist and mow, The Patriarch tat amid the glow, And from hit trembling li and pais Breathed forth thii sad, fuuiriul H ail: "fJod has left the World, 'tit old and dying; Nature, corpr,e-like, crumbling found nte lie, Toiling, toiling, or! to orb replying, t'tult the reqnirm down the darkening tkiri; Katurc r til It and diet. "Once the Life Divine filled nil creation: Wisdom, Cifiiim, Beauty dwelt below; Now tveepain the last red desolation. Earth in lightning thrill and earthquake throe, Prescii nt of her woe. -Heroes. Martyrt, Satntt have all departed Valor, Insight, Honor, Faith It dead ; Uld Religion wanders, broken-hearted. Driven with blows from altar, hall and thed, Athet ou her.head. "Nation! reel and fall, by heaven deicrted ; Throne! and icepten ttr w the awful way Chrisltiu throned abort with eyct averted; Nought reuiuineth but the judgment-day Earth thall flee away." A lun-f yed Youth of wondrous grace Stood gazing on the Fatriarrh't face; Hit form teemed wrought of tempered fire lit ryes thot forth a warm desire; He teemed akin to tea and star. All thing that strong and glorious are; The thunderous blow the lightning word j All Nature wat to him divine, Truth in each vain, like odorous wine; Before bim, on the springing slope, Stood the twin genii Love and Hope: He wound anon a tilver horn, Whose echo ran, Reform ! Reform !" His path lay O.NWARD, o'er it rolled The promise-bow of crimsoned gold; And wheu the Old Man paused he cast The Present's answer to the Patt. " Tell me not, O Dotard ! false and hoary, Nature lingcrethin her last decline: Cod it here! Earth tmilet with new-born glory, Nature bloomt to-day in early prime, Virgin-pure divine. "That great Past wherein thy memory linger! All was Evil Altar, Faith and Throne; Time, that wrapt its shroud, with scepteral fingers. Felt no life within its pulse of ttonc, Cease thy tiiuorout moan. "Dreamer! were its saints, its hero valor brutal Hale to desperntion wrought; All its wisdom fades, in ashy pallor, Frjiu the heaven-inspired Present'! thought, Man by nature taught. "That was night but now (lames in the morning! That was Godless Heaven itself is here! F.deo comes the new-born World adorning, All thy Past shall die and disappear. Paradise is near. Sternly confronting stood the twain When lo! a radiant stranger came : Mortal be teemed to tensuous view, And yet inspired, Immortal, too: Hit kingly brow serene and vast. Shone with the light of all the i'nt: And in his smile, witli kindling ray, The Future's hopeful glories lay ; Hit presence like a living hymn. Awoke the "bettir soul" ithin. Peace filled the heart and Love the cyo That felt his mild diwnitt ; And Youth and Age in Mending sweet, Sank listening at the SAVUm's feet. "The F.ternal Father jjoureth forth His Spirit, So worlds and heuvens and men and angelt are; From him outflow the tpleudort they inherit. Love to the spirit, beauty to tho star. " There is no writk, or waste, or retrogression Through all the culm God-animated vast. Upward, still upward sweeps th' august procession, And all the Future blooms from all the Past. "The thronet, the principalities the powers Of Thought, and Love, and Virtue, never die: The outward form may change with changeful hours. The inward tpirit lives immortally. Therefore uprear thy temple! young Reformer! On the foundation Ancient time hath wrought: With living faith and valor shape tho corner From massive forms of oldeu worth and thought. -Therefore, O patriarch, gray! thy treasuret olden, Yiekl to the fashioning hand of living youth ; And twift thall rise, all beautiful and golden, Tli' eternal ihl in of Freedom and of Truth. "There Faith and Reason blend in vital union; There the iweet htrmontes of Peace arise ; And Past and Present hold divine communion In the immortal Future of ihe skies!" Veto-For, JlprU, 18-19. Christian Inquirer. ; Wrong not the Laboring Poor. HV EBENEZER FXUOTT. Wrong not the laboriug poor, by whom ye live. Wrong not your humble fellow worms, ye proud, For God will not tbe poor man's wrongs forgive, But hear hit plea and have bit plea allowed. Oh. be not like the vaport, tplen lor-rolled. That spring from earth's green breast, usurp the sky. Then, tpreud around contagion, black and cold, Till all who mourn the dead prepare to die. No, itnitatt ike bounteous clouds, that rise Freighted with bliss from river, vale and plain, The thankful clouds which beautify the skies, They till th lap of earth with frnil and grain. Yj, emulate the mountain and the flood, That trade iu blessings with the mighty deep, Tdl sootbtd in peace. and satisfied In good. Al.n'barib pappy i jjchilJ asUtp ! Miscellaneous. The First Offence. the In the cheerful dining-room of my bachelor friend Stevenson, a select parly waa assem bled to C(lebrto hi binhdiiy. A very animated discussion hid been curried on for some lime, at to whether the first deviation from integrity should lie treated with severi ty or leniency. Various were the opinions, and numerous the arguments which wcro brniijilit forward to support them. The ma jority nppeared lo lean to the side of 'crush all offnuces in the bud,' when a warm-hearted old gentleman exclaimed, depend upon I it, more young people tre !o3l to society from a first ollenoe being treated witti injudicious upTptity, than from the contrary extreme. Not that I would pass over even Ilia slight est deviation from integrity, eithet in word cr deed ; that would certainly be mistaken kindness; but, on tho other hand neither would I punish with severity an offence com mitted, perhaps, under the influence of temp tationtemptation, too, that we ourselves may have thoughtlessly placed in the way, in such a manner as to render it irresistible. For instance, a lady hires a servant; the girl has hitherto borne a good character, but it is her first place; her honesty has never yet been put to the test. Iler mistress, without thinking of the continual temptation lo which she is exposing a fellow creature, is in the habit of leaving small sums of mon ey, generally copper, lying about in her usual sitting-room. Alter a time she begins lo think that these sums are not always found exactly ns she left them. Suspicion falls up on tho girl, whose duty it is to clear the room every morning. Her mistress, however, thinks she will be quits convinced before she brings forward her accusation. Khe counts the money carefully at night, and the next morning some is missing. No one lias been in the mum but the girl ; her guilt is evident. Well, what does Iter mistress do 1 Why, she turns the girl out of her house at an hour's notice ; tells all her friends how dreadfully distressed she is; declares there is nothing but ingratitude to bo met with among servants ; laments over the depravity of human nature and never dream of bla ming herself for her wicked yes.it is wick ed thoughtlesne88 in thus constantly expos ing to tempiation a young, ignorant girl; one most likely, whose mind, if not devel oped in total darkness, hag only an imperfect twilight knowledge whereby lo distinguish right from wrong. At whose door, I ask, continued he crowing- warmer, will the sin lie, if that girl sink into the lowest depth of sin and misery Why, at the door ol her who, after placing temptation in her very path, turned her into the pitiless world, de prived her of that which constituted her only means of obtaining an honest livelihood her character ; and that without one effort to reclaim without affording a single opportu nity of retrieving the past, and regaining by future good conduct the confidence of her employer, 'There is, I fear, too much truth in what you say,' remarked our benevolent host, who had hitherto taken no part in the conversa tion; 'and it reminds mo of a circumstance that occurred in the earlier part of my life, which, as it may serve to illustrate the sub ject you have been discussing, 1 will relate, I here was a general movement of attention ; for it was a well known fact, that no manu facturer in the town of was surrounded with so many old and faithful servants as our friend Stevenson. ' In the outset of my business career,' said he, 'I took into my employment a young man to fill the situation of under cleik ; and, according to a rule I had laid down when ever a stranger entered my service, his duties were ot a nature to involve as little responsi bility as possible, until sufficient time had been given to form a correct estimate of his character. This young man, whom I shall call Smith, was of a re-ipeclable family. He had lost his father, and had a mother and sister in some measure dependent npon him. Alter he had been a short lime ir my employ ment, it happened that my confidential clerk. whose duty it was to receive the money from the bank for the payment of wages, being prevented by an unforeseen circumstance from attending at the proper time, sent the sum required by Smith. My confidence was so great in my head clerk, who had been long known to me, that 1 was not in the habit nf regularly counting the money when brought tome; out as on tnts occasion, it had pas sed through other hands, I thought it right to do so. Therefore calling Smith hack as he was leaving my counting house, I desir ed him to wail a few moments and proceed ed to ascertain whether it was quite correct. Great was my surprise and concern on find ing that there was a considerable deficiency. 'From whom,' said I, ' did you receive tuts money l He replied, From Mr. ,' naming my confidential clerk.' ' It is strange,' said I looking steadly at him, 'but this money is incorrect, and it is ihe first time I have found it so.' He chan ged countenance, and his eye fell belore mine; but he answered with tolerable com- posure that it was as he had received it.' 'It is in vain,' I replied, 'to attempt to im pose upon me, or endeavor to cast suspicion on one whose character for Ihe slrictest hon esty and undeviating integrity is so well es tablished. Now, I am perfectly convinced that you have taken this money, and that is at this moment in your possession; and think the evidence against you would be thought sufficient to justify me in immediate ly dismissing you from my service, But you are a very young man ; your conduct has, I believe, been hitherto perfectly correct, and I am willing to afford you an opportunity redeeming ihe past. All knowledge of .litis matter rests between ourselves. Candidly confess, therefore, the error of which you havo been guilty; restore that which you have so dishonestly taken; endeavor, by your future conduct, to deserve my confidence and respect, and this circumstance shall nev er transpire to injure you.' The poor fellow was deeply affected. In a voice almost in articulate with emotion, he acknowledged his guilt, and said, that having frequently seen me receive the money without counting it, the idea had flashed across his mind that he might easily abstract some without incurring suspicion, or at all events without there being DTiueiiL-n nuiucient to justtiy it; mat being in distress, the temptation had proved strong er than his power of resistance, and he had yielded up. ' I cannot now,' lie continued, prove how detply your forbearance has touched me ; time alone can ahow that it has not ben misplaced.' Ife left me, to resume his duties. ' Days, weeks, and months passed away, during which I scrutinized his conduct with the creates! anxieiy, whilst at the same time I carefully guarded against any appearance of ansrpicinus watchfulness ; and with delight I observed thai so tar my experiment naa succeeded. The greatest regularity and at tention the utmost devotion lo my interest marked his business habits; and this without any display; for his quiet and hum lie deportment was from that time remark able. At length, finding his conduct inva riably marked by the utmost openness and plain-dealing, my confidence in him was so far restored, that, on a vacancy occoring in a situation of greater trust and increased emolument than the one he had hitherto fill ed, I placed him in it; and never hid I the slightest reason to repent of the part 1 had acted towards him. Not only had I the pleasure of reflecting that I had, in all proba bility, saved a fellow creature from a contin ued course of vice, and consequent misery, bill I had gained for myself an indefatigable and faithful servant a sincere and constant friend. For years he served tn with tho greatest fidelity and devotion. His charac ter for rigid honesty waa so well known, 'as honest ns Smith,' became a proverb among his acquaintances. One morning I missed him from his accustomed place, and opon inquiry, learned that he was detained at home by indisposition. Several days elapsed, and still he was absent; and upon calling at his house to inquire after him, I found ihe family in great distress on his bc- count. His complaint had proved typhus fever, of a malignant kind. From almost the commencement of his attack, he had, as his wife, (for he had been some time mar- ried.) informed me, lain in a state of total unconsciousness, from which he had aroused only to the ravings ot delirium, anil mat the physician gave little hope of his recovery. For some day9 he continued in the same stale: at length a message was brought me; saying that Mr. Smith wished to see mo ; the messenger adding, that Mrs. Smith hoped I would coma as soon as possible, for she feared her husband was dying;. I immediate ly obeyed the summons. 'On entering his chambar, I found the whole of his family assembled to lake fare well of him they so tenderly loved. As soon as he perceived me he motioned for me to approach near lo him, and taking my hand in both of his, ho turned towards me his dy ing countenance, full of gratitude and affec tion, and said, 'My dear master, my best earthly friend, I have sent for you lhal I may give you the thanks and blessings of a dying man for all your goodness towards mo. To vour crenerosity and mercy I owe it, that I have lived useful and respected, and now I die lamented and happy. To you I owe it that I leave my children a name unsullied by crime, that in alter years the blush of shame shall never tinge their cheeks at tho memory of their father. Oh God !' he continued, 'Thou who has said 'blessed nre the merci ful,' bless him. According ! Ihe measure he has meted to others, do thou mete to him, Then turning to his family he said, 'Sly be loved wife and children, entrust you, with out fear, to the care ol that heavenly Parent who has said, ' leave thy fatherless children lo me, ami I will preserve them alive, and let thy widows trust in me. And you, my dear master, will, I know be to them as you have been to mo guide, protector, and friend.' 'That,' continued the old man, looking around upon us with glistening eyes, 'though mixed with sorrow, was one of tho happiest moments of my life.' s I stood by the bed of the dying man, and looked around upon his children growing up vir tuous, intelligent, and upright, respecting, honoring, as much as they loved their father; when I saw his wile, though overt-o ne with grief at the loss of a tender and beloved hus- band, yet sorrowing not as ono without hope, but even in that moment of agony deriving comfort from tho belief that sha should meet him again in that world where Adieus and Farewells are a sound unknown. it I of when I listened to his fervent expressions of gratitude, and saw him calmly awaiting the inevitable stroke, trusting in iho mercy of God, and at peace with his fellow men; and when I thought of what the reverse nf this might have been crime, misery, a disgrace ful and dishonored life, perhaps a shameful and violent death, had I yielded to the first impulse of indignation, I fell a happiness which no words can express. Wo are told that there is more joy amongst the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth, than over ninety and nine just persons dial need no re pentance. Willi such a jny as we mav ima gine theirs, did I rejoice over poor Smith, as 1 closed Ins eyes, and heard Ihe attendant minister in fervant tones exclaim, ' lllessed are the dead thai die in the Lord ; yea, sailh the spirit, for they rest from their labors and their works do follow them.' My friends, am an old man. During a Ions and event ful career in business, 1 have had intercourse with almost every variety of temper and dis position, and with many degrees of talent, but I have never found reason to swerve from tho principle with which I set out in life, to temper justice with mercy.' Such was the story of our friend. And believe not one in that company but returned home disposed to judge leniently of the fail ings of his fellow-creatures, and, as far lay in his power, to extend to all who might fall into temptation that mercy which, under similar circumstances, he would wish shown to himself, fueling, 'that it is more blessed to save than to destroy.' Baptismal Regeneration. A certain reverend gentleman of Moorwinstow. short lime sinco was culled to baptise child of one of his pttrishoners. He pro ceeded with his usual ceremony, and re ceiving tho child into his arms, ho said, "1 baptise thee in the name of the Fath er, and of tho Son, and of tho Holy Ghost," and then threw a handful of wa ter in the child's faco, and because tho child did not cry, ho repeated the former ceremony, and also tho dashing of the water in the child's fuce tho second and third time; tho child still retained its si lence. At this tho gentleman was aston ished, that alter repeating the ceremony and bestowing three handsful of water tho child's face, it should not cry j said tho child will not cry, 1 like to children cry, for then all "sin departs." Correspondent of the Western (Eng.) Times. It is better to find a fortune in a wifi; than with a wife. From the Chronnlype. Mr. Brisbane on European Socialism. : j I ! j j I j 1 I ' i I I a a on ho Tho Melodeon was densely filled Inst night to hear Mr. Brisbane'! account of , iiiiuu Popular Progress in Europe, and if ever , -a wonder came to light, That showed the rogues they lied, his lucid statement of what he saw in Europe showed the utter and infernal falsehood of what we have been receiv ing as news from Europe through our flunkey echoes of the English press. Mr. Brisbane first reviewed tho histo ry of revolutionary and reformatory ideas in Franco, distinguishing what was valuable and permanent in the first revo lution from what was false and transito ry. Ho nave a clear idea of the rise and progress of the idea of Social Reform, through St. Simon and Fourier, and dis tinguished tho six different schools of tho present time, ns those of Fourier, Piorro Laroux, Cabct, Proudhon, Louis Blanc and Lamennnis. All these arc now coalescing with ihe Rod Republicans, who nt first thought only of a violent political change, but are now bscoming convinced of tho ne cessity of social reform. This coalition of the enlightened working clnsses, has driven the conservative cluss those who live upon the producer into one pany of reaction. Thus there are really now but two parties, that ol social progress, and that which for the s'ako of maintain ing its unjust privileges, is for going back to monarchy. There is some difference in tho social ist ranks, and tho Fourierists may bo con sidered the extreme conservatives, who me only for peaceful reform. He thought them perhaps too peaceful, for nations had in some cases, as that of- Italy, bet ter revolutionize than to rot out. The Reactionary party in Franco has the power of numbers and of the Press. It rules with a rod of iron, and men would there be imprisoned for uttering such sentiments ns he had heard uttered hero for two or threo days past. But tho So cialists have the power of ideas, and some power of tho press. Their Demo cratic Pacijique circulates 12,000 copies daily. Tho Peuple 45,000, and tho ag gregate of Socialist papers might bo esti mated at 200,000 copies daily. There are not less than 100.000 So cialists among tho working classes of Paris, and he was surprised at their in tel'iig -nee. There were tailors and shoe makers among them who would make such speeches as Mr. Webster or Sir Ruben Peel could not make. By their praciical wisdom and common sense, they have to a very marked extent over come tho difficulties of association and demonstrated its success. The first associations were thoso of tho Saddlers and Tailors, which wcro aided by largo orders from the- Provi ; sional Government, which nfier the nf j fairs of June, were withdrawn, and the now Government even repudiated 300,- i 000 francs duo them. Yet in sp'tc of this they havo succeeded. Tho most beautiful and flourishing as J sociiuion is that of tho Cooks. They I began, a few of them, with a small es tablishment ol bOOf. capital, otitsido tho barriers, to save duly, and established an ealing-liouse for working men. From that lliey have arisen to a grand associa tion of -100 cooks, h ith a capital of3L),- 000,0001'. which will do nil the cooking for tho eating-houses and hotels in Pa ris. They have established relations of business wuli Associations of Butchers, and Bakers, so that tho intermediate mcrcnn ilo profits arc secured to iho pro ducer. There nro now 80 Associations of dif ferent classes of producers in Paris, and they arc taking measures to organize all into one grand association with a bank which will isstio certificates of produe tion, which will lake tho nlaco of money, and save the profits of the capitalist and llio banker. In all these Associations there was creat moral gain on iho part of tho ! a borer. Ilo felt free. lie could not bc obliged to beg for work. The associa lions in full work labored ten hours day. If work foil oil", they worked only fJ, or C, or 5 hours and all shared alike, so that all could live. Tho cooks had now an eating-house outside tho walls. Aside from small dining-rooms for private parties, thero was u hull where 1,500 persons could sit down. Ho felt sure, from tho most constant and familiar intercourse with tsiesc associations, iiiut the experiment was successful and beyond failure. Mr. Brisbane illustrated at great length and wiih much felicity, iho mode in which labor is preved upon by employ crs, merchants, bankers and capitalists aiiu ulso, spoke ol the building associa lions which aro now proceeding under the auspices of the President, by which immense combined dwellings, with spa' cious apartments and bathing houses will soon tako the place of the miserable ho vels of the poor and bo owned by them The subscriptions of the working classes to these building associations amount $5,000 per day, nnd each dwelling is cost about HS IOO.OOO. We took preity copious notes of Mr Brisbane's address, which occupied two hours iu tho delivery, and hold tho at tention of the audience throughout, and may refer to it again when space will permit. 07- Within the last 35 years there have been 2G persons murdered according to law in the city or uoston ; yet all this violent de struction of human life has not put an end crimes ! Miserable remedy lreaturt Bout An Arab Belle: OR, PEEP INTO A SHEIKH'S HAREM. Of tlio three Indies now forminc the n"e.m' Vn'01 WU9.rtmsl10' .n '1ly . . . . . . oru " 80g 01 every Arab in the She Was the Hlllirrlltr"!- nf llnoonn Klinilrh I r.t. tv- . ...'.; I . m.n . , . g. 0r'gr" , 5 f! H,.P,n 'q lly'an,JpnaofKwlloSQJ c nefs, Ha.em, her aucctor, s a hero of . I'.nfl ern tfimnnrn Sinlr lifwl nnvr H Eastern tomnnco. Sofuk her away by forco from her father, but had always treated her with great res pect. From her rank and beauty sho had earned tho title of "Queen of the Desert." Her form, traceable through the thin skirt which she wore, liko other Arttb women, was well-proportioned and and graceful. She wa3 tall in stature and fair in complexW n. Her features were regular, and hercycsd.tr!; nnd bril liant. She had, undoubtedly, claims to moro than ordituiry beauty ; to tho Arabs she was moro than perfection, for all tho resources of their art had been exhaus ted lo complete what Nuiure hud begun. Her lips were dyed deep blue, her eye lids were continued in indigo until they united over tho nose, her checks and foretiead were spotted with beauty-marks, her eye-lashes darkened by kohl; and on her legs and bosom could be seen the latoocd ends oT flowers and fanciful or naments, which were carried in festoons and net-work over her whole body. Hanging from each, ear, and reaching to the waist, was an enormous ear-ring of gold, terminating in n tablet of tho same material, carved and ornamented wiih tho four turpnises. Iler nose was adorned with a prodigious gold ring, set with jewels, of such ample dimensions that it covered tho mouih, and was to bo removed when the lady ate. Ponderous rows of strung beads, Assyrian cylinders, fragments of corul, agates and parti-coloured stones, hung from her neck ; loose silver rings encircled her wiists and an cles, making a loud jingling ns she walk ed. Over her bluo shirt was thrown wlien sue issued lioni Her lent, n coarse striped clonk, and a common black hand kerchief was tied round her head. Iler menage combined, it the old song bo true, tho domestic and tho queenly, and is carried on with a mco appreciation f economy. The immense sheet of black goal-hair canvass, forming the tent, was supported by twelve or fourteen slout poles, and was completely open on one side. Being entirely sot apart for the women, it had no partitions, as in tho tent of tho common Arab, who is obliged 10 reserve, a corner for the recep tion ol Ins guests. ietween tho ceniro poles were placed, upright and closo to 0110 another, largo camel, or goat-hair sacks, filled with rico, corn, barley, cofl'eo, and oilier household slull ; their mouths being, of course, upwards. Upon them wero spread carpets, and cushions, on which Ashma reclined. Around her, squalled on tho ground, were some fifty hand-maidens, tending the wide cauldron baking bread on the iron plate healed over the ashes, or shaking between ihem iho skin suspended between three stakes, and filled wiih milk, 10 bo tluu churned into bulter. It is tho nrivilego of the head wife to prepare in her tent the din ners of tho sheikh's guests. The fires, lighted on all sides, sent fonh a cloud of smoke, which hung heavily under the folds of the lent, and would havo long beforo dimmed any eyes less bright than those of Amsha. As supplies were ask ed for by the women, she lifted tho cor ner ot her carpet, untied the mouths of the sacks, and disiributcd their contents. Everything passed through her hands. I o show her auihoriiy and rank, sho poured continually upon her attendants a torrent ot abuse, nnd honored them with epithets of which 1 may bo excused at tempting to give a translation; her vocab ulary equalling, if not excelling, in rich ness, that of iho highly educated lady of the city. I ho combination ot the domes, lie ond authoritative was thus complete iler children, three naked liulo urchins, black wiih sun and mud, and adorned with n long tail hanging from tho crown ol ilieir heads, rolled in the ashes or on tho grass. Amsha, us I observed, shared iho alfeciioiis, though not iho tent, of fcoluK lor each establishment had u tent of its own wiih two other Indie Atouiu, an Arab, not much inferior to her rival in personal appearance: and 1-errah, originally a Yezidi slave, who had no pretensions to beautv. Amsha, however, always maintained her sway and the others could not sit without her leave in her presence. To her alone wero confined the keys of iho larder- supposing Sofuk to have had either keys or larder and thero was no appeal Iroin her authority on all subjects ot domestic economy. La yard jSinccuk una its licmains. Father Mathew. to to to A munificent act has been performed by one ol 1I10 merchant princes ol .Liver pool. Father Mathew's life was insured some years sinco for several thousand pounds as security for tho expenses Ins temperance movement. He received notice from the insurance company, that in going to America ho would havo pay a fine of 300 for the increased risk. Byt whero was tho worthy friar get sucn u sum; when Ins pension is con sutned by ihe premium of insurance on 111s liia f Mr. VV. Kathbono, ol Liver pool, howevor, heard of this difliculty and unsolicited, sent the good friur 500, saying that "the friends oi temperance should bo responsible for tho debts which us apostle had contracted," 1 ho weal thy itoinan Catholics might blusii such an instance of Protestant munifi cence, towards the greatest living orna mcnt of the Irish Catholic Church. Tho . n t nr. itr. u. oueuu as lyUllla UI'VJll I'll. i.tuiiiuw a uu- parting for America on Saturday, was mosl exciting. 0n tho previous day his houso was thronged. On Saturday morning at five, crowds assembled orounJ F'her Mathew's door. The Temperance bands were brought out, nild t'he , e, h, bccmne 8muhilu. o o . lamentation amongst the lower classes, Tho leave-taking was loo much for Mr. Maihew; and, instead of wailing for the mail coach which was to convey him to Mallow, he stepped into tho private car riage of one of his relatives, and was some miles on his journey beforo the multitude knew that ho had departed. Obsolete Punishment. During the sixteenth century ihe sergeant-nt-arins was the officer entrusted wiih the punish" ment of minor offences. It was be who ducked the scold in tho river, or led her about the street with the branks; and who carted the adulteress about the town, bearing tho record of her own crime tra ced by the painter's art. It was he who set tlie vile and seditious in the pillory, and, with whip and rod, scourged men and bjys not within the precincts of a prison, but in and through the streets of the town. Even women appear to havo bem subjected 10 this degrading punish ment, having first been deprived of their hair at the hands of the common burbot-. The "branks" was an iron engine in tho form of a crown. It covered the head, but left the face exposed, having a tonguo of iron which went in ot the mouth, and constrained silence from the most violent brawler. This punishment was in uso in Newcastle at least so late as IC51, and was used in Morpeth in 1741. The branks of Newcastle are still preserved in tho police ollice. A punishment con temporaneous with tho branks, at least during the Commonwealth, was the de vice called tho "Newcastle (or Drunk ard's) Cloak." It consisted of a barrel, in one end of which a hole was mado just largo enough to enable a man's head to pass through, so ns to rest upon his shoulders ("iho other end was out alto gether. He therefore, who had imbibed more liquor ihnn he knew how to carry, was made to wear this very suitable gar ment,, urged on by the town-sergeunt, who, as in all other cases accompanied oflbnders about tho town. Gateshead Eng.) Observer. of to at AARON H I X C H M JJ , BOOK AND FANCY 9 s.ii,i:,ii, onto. TrAlI kinds of PInin and Kanrr Job work done RttlieOiVice of the "Homestead Journal,. on tho shortest notice and on the lowest trrms. Oflice one door North, of K. V. Williams Store. January 3rd, tf. BENJAMIN BOWN, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCER, TEA-DEALER, FRUITERER, AND DEALER IN Pittsburgh Manufactured .frtidts. No. Ill, Liberty Slreot, P'JTTSDL'llGIl. DIIY GOODS & GROCERIES, BOOTS and SHOES, (Eastern and Wes tern,) Druirs and Medicines, Paints, Oil and Dye Stuffs, cheap as the cheapest, anil good as the best, constantly lor sale at 1 ItESUOl 1 S. Salem, O. 1st mo. 30th. DAVID WOODRUFF, MANUFACTURER OF CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, SULKIES, &c A general assortment of carriages constant ly on hand, made of the best materials and in the neatest style. All work warranted. Sliop on Main street, Salem, U, Agents for Hie ; Bugle.' OHIO. New Garden : David L. Galbrcath, and 1 Johnson. C-jliimbiana ; Lot Holmes. Cool Springs; Malilon Irvin. Berlin; Jacob II. Barnes. Marlboro; Dr. K. G. Thomas. Canfield ; John Wetmore. Lowellville; John Bissell. Youngstown; J. S. Johnson. New Lyme; Marsena Miller. Selma; Thomas Swayne. Sjirinirhoro ; Ira Thomas. Harveysburg; V. Nicholson. Oakland; Elizabeth Brooke. Chagrin Falls ; S. Dickenson. Columbus; VV. VV. Pollard. Georgetown; Ruth Cope. Bundysburg; Alex. Glenn. Farmington; Willard Curtis. Bath; J. B. Lambert. Ravenna; Joseph Carroll. YV'ilkesville; Hannah T. Thomas. Southington; Caleb Greene. Mt. Union; Joseph Barnaby. Malta ; Wm. Cope, Richfield; Jerome Hurlburt, Elijah Poor Lodi; Dr. Sill. Chester X Roads; Adam Sanders. Painesville; F. McGrew. Franklin Mills; Isaao Russell. Granger; L. Hill. Hartford; G. W. Bushnell, and W'rr. J. Bright. Garrettsville; A. Joiner. Andover; A. G. Garliuk and J. F. Whit more. Achor Town; A. G. Richardson INDIANA. Winchester; Clarkson Pucket Economy; Ira C. Maulsby, Penn ; John L. Michner. PENNSYLVANIA. Pittsburgh; II. Vashofl.