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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, August 14, 1852, Image 1

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M Altll S II. KOKIXSOIY, Editor.
IMIII.V HOKIXSOS, I'lilifislilnff Agent.
VOL. 7-NO. 48.
WHOLE NO. 360.
tbli$htd every Saturday, at Salem, Col. Co., O.
Terms. $1,50 per annum if paid In advance.
$1,7.5 per nunum if paid within tholir.it six
B) iitli of tho subscriber's year.
$1,00 per annum, if payment be delayed
beyond six months.
laWa occa-donally send number to tliosc
ho aro not subscribers, but who arc believed
to bo interested in the dissemination of anti-sla-Very
truth, with tho hope thnt thry will citlrrr
ubscriho themselves, or use their inlbicnco to
xtondit circulation among their friends. -
tVCommUiilititimis Intended for Insertion,
to bo addrosscd to M.vhiu U. Komnsq, Editvi,
Allolliorlto Ktit,Y ltinmoit, publishing Ag't.
Tho following from tlio National Intelli
gencer, give I lie southern view of this ques
tion. It will bo seen llint Mr. Stanley's pro
position to (ret liuli nf llm nino million (if
the surplus revenue is deemed necessary, ill
order fully to lake ndvniitiigo of tlm disposi
tion to diiigrulc, which is recently nianilcst.
A disposition ns lliti mi iter ni-know ledges,
generated by tho fugitive law nf congress, in
connexion wild llii? black law ul'oiir slates.
" The great majority of the mlon-d people
at (lis North IliiVi) li en opposed In Colour.:!
tioil. Hut 11 lew year ago, in convention
ami public meetings, they plcdji il llicui
Helves to each oilier lluit lin y would never
lenvo this cniuiliy, bill (hut tlu-y would light
to tlm dentil lor whul Ihey culled their rights.
' Tlmy imagined llint thry would I'uiitiuiie
lo gain strength by natural increase, by
emancipation m tin.- South, und by thoesi upe
of fugitives, iiiiiil tin y would lie b'lt mid
feared. They were led lu In lievc that llu;
time must soon eouiii when tln-y would bo
nble, nut only to maintain their gioimd, but
would luivu ripiul right w'uli the whiles; be
iillowe d lo voiii mill bold ullicc, und enjoy
the realization of nil their divuni'. li) hohl
ing tbu huliinee of power they calculated on
ronlrolliug tlm legislation ofiini Stales, ho lis
lo force cniuncipulion upon tlm Sutilh, or se
rine it dissolution of llm Union. Such nre
tint plniis nod expectation laughl lliem by
evil mid designing men. Tbu whole system
nf colonization, therefore, Wns rejected, bu
csiise it tended to diminish their liiiuiliers
nlul their strength, mid direct iilti'iitiun from
their iiuiiii objert.
Of lulu a change lin taken pliirn in their
vieWH nod loeliiijif. The p.iH.i.ie mid rijjiil
SMiforeeinent of Iho liiili v hhivubiw; tbu
legislation in neni ly nil llm liorihr free plates
lo exeliule further free eolored iiiiiiiiruliuu ;
ml the lepMlutivo enaelineiils mid oilier
fwuveiitentM in I he nl.ive SiuIch lo prevent
eiiiHiieipatioii, cxeepl on euiuliliuu of going
W Liberii, have Jirodiieed n deeided iinpres
imi upon Ibeui. The iutellijeiit oiiwh unions
tiieiu ure w uru that, from their cireuuinlaii
rm (lid buhilH, lo'i-llier Willi tlm iutbieueen
of the clif utile, tbere is no iiulurul iuereuse in
heir numbers hi the Not lb, but rather ihe
eooli ary, und that w.iliout reel nils li oiu llm
luvKliuhliu)( Hlates ihey niiift eveuliially die
out, or beeoinc of on cuuKeipieucu lis u purl
of Iho I'oiiimiiuity.
- From lliei-e mid other eausrs there has re
cently sirung up in New Yoik, Ohio, mid
oilier SiiiIi-h, tin Emigration I'.uly, who are
sletermiiiiid tu leave this country for one
wheru they can be really free, mid call ob
tain mid enjoy n niUinniiliti. l,ini:m ollera
this boon to lliem. Many of Ibeui biivo id
' resily rnuile up llieir niiiuls; olliers uru wnil
to ico tbu way clear. They think that
Ihu expense of a (general emigration move
ment cannot bo met. Voluntary eouliibii
lions iiullieiuiit could not In; depended tipiili.
The only rutiiaiuiiig want, tliereliiru is an
ample fund upon whieh wo can furt-rn.il mid
coiiiioeneu a grand veheuie of vmigrution.
JIow ami whence id this fund to be obtained?
From Ihu organization of Ihu American
Colonization Hocieiy down to llm preNeut
it bus been the expuelation of s fi ii'inlu that
(be (lenural nud Slate (overiimeutH would
eVKiiltially perceive the grout nalioiiiilily of
the scheme, nud tin intimuto bearings on tno
wollaro of ull the interests of Ihu country,
nnd stretch forth n slroug nun lo run y it
forward. It never was anticipated thut iudi
vitluul benevolence would be iil!ieicnt lo
accomplish the work. Tho Society was lo
begin il. to make lliu exiierimeiil, nud prove
Ihe practicability of ihu scheme, by laying
Ihe louuiliitum ol a christian repuiilie on me
chores of Alricn; mid then tbu expectation
Jim always been that the (iuvcrniiumt would
llbrd Ihe lid necessury to curry the enter
irise to ill final consummation.
The bill lately introduced in tho House of
Jtepicsenlulivcs by the Hull. IUiwakd Sia.n
i.tr, of North Carolina, fully meets the
present emergencies of Ihe case. The Htntes
o( Virginia, 1 Maryland, New Jerdey, und In
dinnn liuve ull mudo appropriations to uid in
colonizing nny within llieir borders who
want to emigrule. Mr. Stanley's bill is gen
eral, ami places at tho disposal of each of the
tkulcs a sum tutlicient lo meet nil tbo ex
penses of colonizing uny who wunt to go
to Liberia.
Parker Pillsbury.
' A correspondent of tho Essex Freemnn
apoaking of ami-slavery ornlora at the late
4 tli of July celebration, says of ono of them:
Parker Pillsbury I listened to with great
interest and profit, notwithstanding I cannot
agree with bun in all ho says. He however
is an anti-slavery giant. Htornly compact
in frame, of greot muscular and nervous
power, a piercing eye, terribly cool and oll
poaaessed, of an adaiiiontine login, a grand,
vifid, nnd Bomotiuu volcanio imagination,
ami a free oommaud of lunguugo, be bow
down every obsironion whether it bn church
or stnte. Of nl the terrible, ai arching mid
scathing nttneks I ever heard, !iis on tlm falsn
chiiiThes nnd theology of this luiid was the
most terrible, llu neems eomiuiKsioiied to
pull down, and destroy, nnd does it in the
Very spiiit of destiny. The truth, which be
tillers, ronies forth like vivid lightning, mid
where it strikes, it shatters. There is until
iug hurried or iliscnmposnl about lliu man.
His most terrible denunciation nro tillered
ns coldly nud calmly ns the decrees of file.
lie will do his work, nnd others must blub!
mi ullpr bint. His li'i'liM".. ... .t.-... .
i ' ii. 'i.
nun no iiuriy overwhelms jou with bis fiery
lava l;'e tiile, in winch every thing but tlm
firm pillars of reason nre melted down mid
burned. Of course he is n terrible milngonist
lo meet, nud Ihe country rings vtiih ehartes
nguiiisl him ns n blasphemer, inhdcl, on'.,
chin ges which llm old nbolilionists mo al
most used to. Those however who cull
Ihcsc xttiidy mid onl-spoketi rclhrmriH, inli
dels, do not nud w ill not understand them.
Parker I'illhliuiy is I think, too sweeping in
hi" attacks on ehureli ami state, but much,
tvn murA which he snjs is frii, and there
line unpardonable. The best way, nud llm
only Way lu disarm such Ibrmiduhlo oppo
nent is to remove tlm ciiiihu of their com
pl iii.l-i. Ho long its the cause remains, their
1 1 1 1 ll 1 1 lr-r mid lightning musl be heard nml
li b, nud ehureli mid state n i l under llu ir
Murily blows. Such men nre needed, that
the conscience, the Immunity of the nation
may not rdeep unto death. Let ns thank
(tod lluit such rcloi nii rs nro mining us, whu
ire aiming at the subjugation ol gia'it w rungs,
wIiiim- mihiiikes will he written in sand, but
whose virtues mid rebukes will be hit ll'ieea
lily eiiyraved on llm heart nud conscience of
Ihe nation. No until Ihe hlavo is treated
like n man nnd n brother, will this stern race
of unli-i-laery giants rest bum llieir wtiilare
not until then ill jn.-lici: be done Ibeui.
A Nut for the Abolitionists.
A striking evidence of llm nltaeliinciit of
the negroes to the peruliar intilulinn of the
South has just been given nt New Orb'tin.
Thn bile I'.libii (.Jupwell cuiimc ipatc il, by bis
will, nil bis sluvcs, iiImmk fifty in iiiimher, and
made proviniuu liir llieir removal. On Sun
day last Ihirly-two of the number cmbaiked
on tim steamship Cherokee tor New York.
The residue, embracing the most intelligent,
refused to go, preferring to remain n slaves
in Ihe bright nud genial South rather than lo
" enjoy" ihe delusive iiaiim of freemen nniidst
the euld, sijiluloi', mid paupciisiii ol the
Northern cities. Mobile Htintcr.
A soft-shelled nut, easily cracked. The
great mass of inlluentiiil people in this coun
try, including the statesmen, the judges, the
lawyers, unit, vo nre sorry to say, the clergy,
have been liir twenty years exerting them
selves to prove that slavery is the proper con
dition of Ihe Mucks, nud that llm lieu blacks
of ihu North ure the most w retched and drs
pieuble beiugd in exigence. Millions of
educated und tolerably intelligent whiles
have been deluded into believing ibis is it
to lie wondered tit that nigbleiui or twenty
poor slaves on u Louisiana plantation, should
lie eipially deceived eipially silly ? ( )ur
almshouses contain many persons w ho ie
soitto Ibeui voluiit irilv, rather than earn au
honest living by Lard labor. Doeslli.it prou
that llm restrained nnd degraded pauper is
in n belter condition than llm Ireo mid re
spected laborer? Them are instance on
record of men w ho have voluntarily subjected
Iheiiiselves to incarceration in our State
Prisons and I louses of Correction. Is it to
be interred that the convict is in a position
to bo envied by Ihe honest freeman! It' the
nhove paragraph bo true, it will be liiimd
ihat liunily lies or some such relations have
kept these slaves from accepting their free
dom. If " the iillacbinetit ol llm necroes lo
ihe peculiar institution ol'tlir South," be so
great, what means lluit settlement of !0,M)0
lugitives in Canada? What mean tlinse ad
vertisements of runaway which abound in
Southern papers? And what is the need of
the Fugitive Shivo Law ? II. you believe ill
this " iilluehmeiil " why do you not tit once
put n slop lo agitation, nud sileueu Ihu aboli
tionists by giving your slaves full permission
to leuve you if they wish, confident as you
seem lo be that their attachment w ill prevent
Ilium from going? Commonwealth.
fJoon Nkws vnoM this South. The
Southern ((in.) Democrat give iih ibis bit of
pleasant intelligence as to the existence of
Anti-Slavery feeling in that Slate, mid at the
South generally. We hope the Democrat's
judgment is as strong us its faith:
As humiliating n is tho thought, wo nre
forced to thu conclusion by recent event
thai tbu Fi ve Soilers of tlm North have able
auxiliaries nt the South, yes, within the veiy
borders of our own State, who aro doing
every thing in their power In bring about the
dire calamity of the Abolition nf Slavery,
first in nil place over w hich Congress has
jurisdiction, and then in Ihe Slates. We do
lint menu lo say that nil those who belong to
tho self styled constitutional Union party aro
Free Soilers and Abolitionist but thut there
nre ninny lielonging to that party, even nt
the South, who w ould be rejoiced lo see
Slavery abolished every where, wo ns much
believe us we do that there is a Supremo
ruler of tbo Universe,
Wuiri'tNQ Women. The Austrian nro
still bunt upon introducing among themselves
some of the instiluliotis of thn Model Ku
publin. The Vienna dinette, of tho y.Mi,
lilt., contains tbn following sentence of the
Vienna Court Martial: Calharina Kreted
to fiileen stripes with rods, three weeks im
prisonment, with one fast a week, for bnving
oft'endud the police by word and deed." Wo
can do twice as well us thut. The Austrian
must leui n to do without the Court Martial,
and give thirty-nine lushes on the bare back,
before they can pretend to ouiulute our cx
omple. Stundanf.
From the Liberator.
Extracts. from a Speech of Theodore Parker,
At the Grand Mass Anti-Slavery Celebration of
Independence Day, at Abington, (Massachusetts,)
Independence Day, at Abington, (Massachusetts,) July 5th 1852.
This day is consecrated In freedom j let us
look, then line, nt the Aspect of Freedom
just now in America.
In 177(1, them were Ices tlinn 3,000,000
person. !; Foiled Stales. Now, more
than ;l,b00,0()0 voter.. Hut, nbis! there oio
idso more than U.OOO.OOO slaves. Seventy
six years ngo, slavery existed i.l nil tho thir
teen colonies: but New Kiikdand was never
ipiite satisfied w ith it : only ihu cupidity of
tbo I'lirilnli nssetiteil ttmretit, noi ins run
science. Soon il retreated from New Eng
land, lioiu nil Ihu North, bill Htreiiibciied
itself in Ihe South, mid spread Westward
nnd Southward, till il has now crossed the
Cordilleras, nml the Pacific )cenn is witness
to the gigantic crime of the American Peo
ple. Hut, in spite of this growth of slavery, the
American bleu has grown in tiaor of Ihe
American people, the Noiih continually be
coming more nnd nmro demoerntie in llm
best sense of thu word. True, in nll llm
ureal cities of thu North, Ihe love of slavery
has nls grown strong, in imi e utionyer than
llosloii. The Mother eiiy ol the Poi ilalis is
Ihe metropolis of llm llimki is. Slaveiy bnH
also entered llm churches of the North, mid
soiim of Ibeui, wo see, when called on to
choose bctw ixi Christianity and hlaveiy.opeli
ly nnd boldly decide ngiiii.sl Ihe Law ol Und,
and ill lavor of Ibis great crime ugniust loan.
I'.ul simultaneously with this growth of Hun
kciism in the cities & churches of the Noilh,
ill the snn.e Him) with the spread of slaveiy
from Ihe Delaware to the Saeramenl.i, llm
spirit of liberty bus also spieuil, and taken ll
deep bold oil llm hearts ol llm people.
In llm material world, nothing is dono by
leaps, nil by gradual advances. The laud
slopes upward nil the way front Abiugloii
lo thn White Mountains. If Ml. WnsbiliHluil
rose n mile nud u ipmiter of sheer assent,
with net iicudtctilar sides from llm level ol
the ocean, ntdy the eagle nud Ihu lightning
could wain its lop. Now it easy slope nl
lows the girl lo look down from its summit.
' What i true in Iho world of uuitler hold
also good in llm world of iiiati. There is iiB
leap ; n slope nlwa) ; never a spiiug. Thu
eoiitiimiiv of historical succession is never
broke. Newtous and Sliuke.-pe.us do not
spring up among lloltenlos uml F.sipiiuiiiux,
but among young nations inheriting llm old
culture. F.ven the men of genius, whe
tower like n cloud over Ihe vulgar herd, Uvw
llieir predecessors almost us high, mid the
continuity nf succession bold good in tiiu
Archimedes, the tj.dlileos, thu Keplers, thu
Newton nud the La Place. Chri.-itiaiiiiy
would not have been possible in thn time ol
.Moses; nor Protestantism in the days of St.
Atigusliiiu ; nor u New F.uglaud Plymouth
in Ihe days of Luther; nor thu national re
cognition of the American Ideu in Ui'iO. No,
not yet is il n liict.
First comes the sentiments the feeling of
liberty ; next thu Ideu tbu distinct notion
thereof; then llm Fuel thought becomes n
thing. Jlinls in March, blossom in May,
apple in September thut is thu law of his
lorif nl succession.
Tlm Piui'atis enslaved thn Indians. In
l(i7."i, the J i ii 1 1 : 1 1 ) apostle petitioned tlm 'Hon
orable (ioveruor mid Council sitting in lins
loli, this bltll of llm (ilb, 7."),' ihat they
would not allow Indians to be sold into sla
very. Hut John Elliot stood well nicli idotie
in (his matter. For linen months later, I
find the liovernor, Leveret, gives a bill ol
sale of seven Indians, 1 lo be sold lor slaves,'
nud idlive thereto tho Publiipiu Scale of
Iho Colony.'
Well, lliero lias been n great progres from
that day tn lliu J;b of April, when
Ihu iiHMchatit nl' Huston bad to break the
law ol Massachusetts, nud put lliu court
house in chains, mid get tho chains over Ihe
thick neck of Ihu Chief Jut lice, and call oul
Ihu Sims brigade, beliire Ihey could kidnap
nud enslave u single fugitive from (lYorgiii.
lint il would nut be historical lo expect n
nation to realize its own Idea at once, and
allow ull men to bu 'eipial' in Ihu enjoyment
of their ' nalurid and iiiidieiuijilo rights.'
Still, there has been u great progress tow -nils
that in thu last seventy-six )-urs, hpite of the
steps taken backward in some part of the
laud. It i not 1 10 year since slaves were
advertised liir sale in It09l-.u1, a now in Nor
folk ; not eighty years since they were pro
perly in Massachusetts, and appraised in llm
inventories of deceased republicans. So
tbu imiico of African freedom ha u morn
suspicious look on Ihu 4 1 It cd July,
than it bad on Ihe dth of July, 177(i. We do
nut always think so, because wu look at Ihu
present evil, not at the greater evils of the
past. So much fur Ihu general aspect ol this
Look now nt the position nf tlio Politciil
Parlies. There nro two great parlies in
America only two. Ono is the Piio-Si.a-vkhy
1'AHir. This bus not vet uttuiued u
distinct consciousness of its ideu of mid con
eipjeut functions; so there is contradiction
in lis opinions, vacillation in il conduct, and
heterogeneous elements in il ranks. This
has two divisions, viz., the Whigs und Ihe
Democrats. The two nro tbu great national
party they nre one in slavery, us nil seels
ure 'one in Christ.' Yet they still keep up
llieir distinctive banners, and shout their
hostile war-cry; but when they come tu
action, they both form column under the
same lender, und fight for thu sumo end
thu promotion, the externum, und the per
petuation of shivery.
It is n little remarkable that War nud
Shivery should ho Ihu line faa 11 011 in the
Chief Magistrate of Iho United Slates, nnd
of no other country. A woman may bo
Queen of England, and rulu one bundled
millions ot men, and yet not luvor the sell
ing of Christians. A man tuny be ' Prince
Pitsideut' of the mock republic of Fiance,
nnd hate slavery ; ho liny bo Emperor ol'
lusli 1,1, or Autocrat ol nil the Kussias, nnd
think kidnapping a sin ( yes lie may be Sul
tan of 'I'm key, ai.d believe il self-evident
that all men are created 1 ipial, with n natu
ral, inherent and nnalii n.-ihlc ri;:hl lo ble,
liberty, and Ihe pursuit of happiness! Hut,
to be President of the United Stales, a man
must he devoted to slaVerj.nnd believe in
Ihu 'hliality of thu roinpronii.-O measures,'
nnd J toinisi! to discrninttiittr.ee or to resitt ull
ngitalion of tlm subject of shivery, when
ever, whereverer, or however!
I think ibis was ut first Iho plan of some
of Ihe most skilful of llm Noi ihei 11 leadeis
of Ihe Whigs, to iiuiaiedti foil. Sivlt without
a y.l.itfurm not comillcd to slavery or lo
Ireedoiii ; (lieu to represent him ns opposed
to slavery, and 011 that ground In commend
bun to the North, and carry tim election ; for
liny day when the North rallies, it can out
vote the South. Put some violent pro-slavery
men battled the present platform, mid
brought it forward. The po'iey of Mr. Web
ster's h icud would have been lo say 'We
need no plM, onn for Mr. Webster. The
speech ol 7lh March is hi plalliinn. Mr.
li 1 1 1 1 1 uru need none. (Jen. N'uit need 11
platform, tor you dou'l know hi opinions.'
lint, 'it is enough for the servant Ihat be be
as his master.' A Mr. Webster bad caught
at M.isnu bill, so Ihe Pclainers caught n' the
Noitlierii platlbrm, und one who has 11 great
ireiiiu lur oratory enlarged on it i xeeleni e,
and whitewashed il all over with his peculiar
ibelorie. The platliirin was set up by the
Convention to the great joy ol" the ' Uelaiu
ers' iiom New England ; when nil nl once,
the image of (.'en. Scott appeared upon il !
lie us well 11 Fillmore or Webster run stand
there. '1 his was the weight that pulled tin 111
lliem down ; for after Scott had signified his
w illiugncss lo accept the platform, Ihe treat
objection to him ull the put of the Sot.th
Was ih'sliiijed.
The defeat of Mr. Webster i complete
nud aw Inl. In .",:) balloting, be never went
beyond :),' vote out of Filly three
limes was llm votu taken, nnd buy Ihreu
limes the w hole South voted ngaiusl him.
W hen it la-eami! apparanl that ihe vote
would fill 011 (Jen. Scott, Mr. Webster's
liieiida wet.t and begged the Soiiliierneis to
give him 11 lew votes, voles which could
then do Mr. Fillmore 110 good; but Ihu
South answered nr,( a Vote ! They went
with tears in their eye ; Mill lliu South an
swered nut a volt ! That i 11 reinaki bio
'chapter in History'!
If (ten. ,'colt is President, 1 tako it wc
shall have a luoderatu pro-slavery ndlninis
Jruliou, fus'y mid leathery; that we shall
take 11 large slicu bom AlcMcit during Ihe
iiexl lour years. (Jen. Scott is n military
man of uiiblemi-hed character, I believe
i. e. with no unpopular vices but with the
prejudices of 11 military nirin. I lo proposes
to cooler citizenship on nny foreigner who
ha seived a year in lliu many or navy of Ihu
V. Stales, and seems lo think 11 year of work
at lighting is as good a ipiiiiilicntion liir
American citizenship us five years indtislii
ous lito on n larui, or in a shop. This is n
little too military liir the American taste, but
will suit tlm military gentlemen who like to
magnify their culling.
If (ien. Pierce is chosen, I tnko it wo shall
have a strong pro-slavery administration;
shall get ihe slice of Mexico, ami of Cuba
besides, in the next four ycaia. '.Manifest
destiny' will probably point that way.
I do cot know thai it will nut bu belter for
the cause of freediHii, that Pierce should
succeed. Perhaps Ihu sooner Ibis whole
mutter is brought lo u ci iais, the belter.
Now look ut the A.iTi'Si.Avniir P.vnrv.
Here also are two great divisions ; one is po
litical, the other moral. A 'word of I'ueh
of the political fust.
This is fbrnied of three sections. One i
tho 're .S'ii7 p'uli, which comes mainly
Iiom ihu Whigs; llm next in thu I'ne Ihmoc
ran, the Barnburners, who have come main
ly liuiii tlm Pcniucrtits. I.aeh ol these
ha the prejudice of it ow n historical tra
dition Whig prejudice and Democratic.
prejuuice ; it has thn excellencies ol it
primal source. I include the Liberty in this
Freu Soil, Free Democratic division. They
ddler from the other in this 11 denial Ihat
Ihu Constitution of the United Stales author
ize or allows slavery ; 11 denial that slavery
is constitutional in the nation, or even in
nny Stale.
lint all theso ngreo in a ftrnng feeling
ngaiusl slavery. They are one in Jrcufom,
ns lliu W higs nml Democrats are one 11 1U1
Xtry. Pari of this feeling they have trans
laleil into 1111 Idea. To express it in their
most general term Slnttry is sriliouitl, nut
nntionul ; belungt lo Ihe Sltttc, and not the Ind
eral (luterniiiint. Hence Ihey aim lo cut Ihu
nation lieu from slaveiy nllogelhi r, but will
leuve il Ihe iiiilviilu.il Slates.
Now this political Atil-Slavery pnrly is o
very strong J any. It i cousiderublu by its
numbers powerful enough to hold ihu bal
ance of power in several of Ihu Stale.
Four yeurs ago, it ca. t three hundred thou
sand voti a. This year I think il will (,o up
to liiur hundred thousand.
Hut it is stronger in the talent and character
of its eminent men, than ip Ihu lorce of it
numbers. You know those men. 1 need not
speak of Chase mid Hale, nf Codding mid
of Mann, w ith their coadjutor in Congress
nud out out of it. Look ul names not so
well known 11 yet in our national debates.
Hero i a noble speech from Mr. Towubheiul,
one new ally in lliu field from the good Slate
of Ohio. This is thu first speech of hi
that 1 ever read; it is full of promise. Thuro
is conscience in this man ; there is power
of work in him.
Mr. liantonl ha dono honorably done
nobly, indeed. What be will say to-day, 1
shall lint pretend lo calculate. 1 In is n poli
tician like others, und in n very dangerous
position ; but 1 have much faith 111 him ; unit,
ut nny rule, I thank Ctml for whiit bo bu
dono already. Ho is a niuu of a good deal
of ability, und may be trmb d yet to do us
good service, not in your way or my way, but
in bis own way.
1 ought lo say n word of Mr. Sumner. I
know that ho has diappoiuied Ihu rxpeela
tiims of hi best friend by keeping silent so
long. Hut Mr. Simmer' whole iifo show
him to bu nn honest man, not a selfish man
nt nil n man eminent!) sincere, und emi
nently trustworthy, eminently just. Il has
11 right to choose hi ow n time In speak. 1
wish he bad spoken long ngo, nnd I doubt il
this long delav i wholly trite for him. Hut
it is liir bill! to decide, lint lor us. " A fool's
boll in soon shot," while 11 w ise man often re
serves In lire, llu kIioiiIiI not be taunted
with hi remark made when ho bad 110
thought of 1111 election to the Senate. A man
olteu think 11 thing easy, which he finds dif
ficult when liu come up to the spot. lint
tl.ii winter past, Mr. Sumner has noi been
idle. I have 11 letter from an rminetil gen
lleinnn nt Washington, n man bred in kirn's'
coin 1.1 nhroiiil, who assures me that Sum
ner has carried thu ideas of freedom where
they have never been carried beliire, nud
when hi! Speak, will be listened to with
much more interest Ibail if he bad utleied
hi speech ft I hi first entrance to Congress.
Depend upon it, we shall hear Ihu right
word from Charles Sumner, yet. I do mil
believe ihat he ha Waited lo make it easy
fiir him lo speak, but that il may lie belier
lor bis Idea, mid lliu cause of Freedom he
was sent lliero lo represent.
Then iIk re is nnother man of grrnt mark
on Ihe same side. I mean Mr. Seward, lie
is nominally with the W higs, but he is really
nl the Politii-iil Alili Slavery Putty, Ihu chii-l
mall in il. Just now he has more inline licit
lhaii any man in ihe Northern Slates, nud is
the only prominent Whig politician of whom
wu might w iselv predict ti brilliant foliire.
(ii-neral Seolt, i lake il, owes his nomination
lo Senator Seward. In the Convention, he
seems to have wished liir thn e things : I.
To ib-li-nt Mr. Webster, nt nil events. !2. To
defeat Mr. I'illinuiv, if possible. II. To have
Ihe iioiiiiiialioii of Scull, without 11 platform,
if possible, but if not, with 11 philloiin, even
with the present plall-irm. Hud Seolt been
nominated w illuml 11 slavery plailoi 111, I think
Seward, nnd ninny other leading Free Soil
ers, would have stood by to help bil election
would have taken ollicu had lie succeeded
mid 1 think hi chance of success would not
have been 11 bud one then. Ibit now Mi.
Seward stands out for 11 more distant day.
He will not accept ollice nnil. r (Jen. Scott,
llu sees that Scult is n tomuromint eamlidatc,
collected by the fairs of the South ; that hi
ndiiiiiiislrnlion must bn it comproniiso cd
ministration und he that succeed on that
basis now is sin e to bo overtaken by political
ruin nt no distant day. llu reserves bis lire
till be i ueaier Ihu mail,! I think nu may
yet see him thu candidate of a ftrcat .'uitlu.rn
I'arty lor the Pi e.-idency ; see him elected.
Such is iho aspect of iho Political Anti
Slavery Party. It defeated tlm strongest pro
slavery section nf llm Whig in their con
vention, deli-ale. I lliem of llieir candidate,
sent Iho one thousand Hunkers of Huston
homo from llaltiuiore, in a rather melancholy
statu of mind. Wo shall soon seo what it
will do in ils national couvciiMou ut Pitts
burgh, on the I lib of August.
Now a word on iho moral division of the
Auli-Slavcry party. 1 use tho word moral
merely ns opposed lo political. It is 11 party
nut organized to get voles, hut to kindle a
Sentiment mid ilill'use 1111 Idea. lis Senti
ment i thai of unirerstil philanthropy, special
ty directed towards the .' iruii race in .imcriat.
It Idea is the .Imrrican Idea, of which it ha
a ipiite distinct consciousness Ihe Ilia of the
Da larution of Independence, li does not limit
itself by constitutional, but only by mural re
sti iclioiis.
The functions of tin party is 10 kindlo
the Sentiment nud dilliise Ihu Iden of Uni
versal Freedom. It is about this work 10
day. These lour thousand Ian beliire me
nt this moment uru lit with Ibis Idea; thu
iilher thousands beyond tho reach of my
voice uru not without it. It will not bu sat
isfied till lliero is not a sluvu in America
nut a slave in the world.
This party is powerful try its Sentiment,
it Idea, and il eminent men; not yet by
its numbers, lb-re i ono indication of iis
power the absolute hatred in which it i
held by nil thu Hunker jf the land. How
Mr. Webster speaks of this party; with the
intense malignity of iifiecled scorn. Men do
lint thus hale 11 mouse in thu wall. Then
Ihu abuse which wu receive (mm nil lliu
glials nud moMpiiioe of thu political penny
pies is 11 sign also of our power. There are
Hunker who know that our Idea uru just
that they will bu triumphant; beucu llu ii
hate of our Ideas, und their hale ol its.
Well, gentlemen, the ciiiihu of freedom
looks very auspicious to-day : it never looked
better, i'.veiy apparent nalional triumph of
shivery is only a step to il detent. The an
nexation of Texas, tho Fugitive Sluvu iiill,
nro measures that ultimately will help the
cause of freedom, Al first, if a mail is threat
ened with n fever, thu doctor tries to ' throw
it nil'.' If thai i impossible, he hastens the
crisis know ing that thu sooner lii.it comes,
the sooner w ill Ihu mall bu well again. I
think (ien. Pierce will hasten thu cri.-is,
when u Northern parly shall bo founded,
with Ihu American Idea lor its motto. The
recent action of Congress, Iho recent deei
sions of the Supremu Court, the recent ml
linn of the Executive, have dc facto establish
ed this: that slavery in Ihe States is suhjtct to
the control of the federal (lovrrnment. True,
ihey apply this only to the .Yorthern States;
but if thu Federal Clovei muciit can iuterfeiu
Willi slavery in Massachusetts, to the extent
(.('kidnapping a mini in Huston, und keeping
him in duns by force of armed soldiers,
then ihu principle i established, thut thu
Federal (uveriiuient tuny interfere with sla
very in South Carolina; und when wu gel
ihu spirit of the North moused, nud the num
bers of the North on the side of Ireudom, it
will take but a w hill' of breath lo annihilate
1 1 11 man buiidago from tbo Delaware lo tbo
S icruiiiento.
Even ll 0 rmir.'O of Politic is in our favor.
Tho spirit of (his Teutonic family of men i
hostile to slavery. We nlnno preserve what
nil the other liibc bavo cast off. We cnli
not keep it long. Tlm Iden of America, tbo
I. Ien of Chi istiaiilty, nre ng.-iinst it. Tlm
spirit of tlm ngo i 'hostile ny, tlm spirit of
mankind nnd llm nature of the infinite God I
Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Tlm Kentucky Watchman bcara down
upon Uncle Tom, in tbo following gallant
sly le :
A DAMdKnot-g Hook. Wc discover llint sj
Iteliii iott work i gaining circulation in this
vicinity, known ns " I'nrlc Tom's Cabin, or
Life among the Low It." We earnestly cau
tion tho pul !ic not to buy, sell or cause In
be distributed, n Woik, represented to bo a
novel, in order lo effect il snip, when in
truth, it is I'io w ilful w ork of nbolitionists,
and intended to cast nil incendiary fire branil
into I hi; very benrt of tho South, so skilfully
is it garbed ' in ihe livery of heaven lo aervo
the ih-vil in." It embodied no troths, nor
does il convey nny moral or beneficial ten
dencies. The ilbisliiilions lire false and re
pnlsive fir im-tuiieu the sale nf negroca al
Washington w ill condemn itself. Nothing
similar ever occurred in this county or Stale,
nud wan ipiestion if the substance of tbo
woik will benr the slightest investigation, at
our experience warrimi us in making llio
nwcriion. ll may suit wcuk-mii-tlcd and de
luded itholiiitmi-1 to eiiculutu nml defend
llm mi.-erdi'e i ('.'at of 11 Look, nml the un
iiilbimcd (mi the stdjeet of slavery) author,
Mrs. II. lleeeherSlowe, an uncompromising
nboliliouist must iiilhrui herself better upon
Kentucky cl.arucler, nnd the Keiituckiun in
general, In-fore she presume to speak of
slaveholder I who justifies himself in hobiing
hi property us Ihu "poor heathenish Ken-ftii-Airiii,"
w ho have not been instructed in
constitutional relations, but betrayed iuto
acting, which, if be bad been Letter situated
or more enlightened, he would not think or
feel. S licit language i enough lo condi-aiu
llm ubomiui.l.le book, tnnl it incendiary in
fluence, should he slopped by nil Kenluek
iiuiB w ho sltiilv tlio interests of the Com
monwealth, li' .Mrs. r'l.nvn wishes lo find
real misery muting the negioe let her jour
ney lor n slioii time iluou'-h ihe free Suite
of the Union, nnd if e'.in il s not find it, wo
will give up that we know nothing ubuul
misery. Scau ely n day passe thnt wo llu
not s e nrcouiit;' of lice negroes dying ill
(bo northern cities from want nml licglecl.
And now let us ask, did any one ever bear
of a sluvu pel i.-hiog Iiom iho suum cuiisu ?
An emphatic mi, is thn only answer.
The Slave Trade.
The Qticcn of England, in her speech at
the pioiogution of Pji li.uni nt, mude I be fol
low mg ttiitufiu-iil :
" Treaties Imve Lrrn concluded by my
navnl commander', with the King of Daho
mey mid nil the Aliicnu chief whoso ruU
extend along ihe Might of Benin, for tho
total abolition of the slave trade, which ul
present is wholly suppressed upon thut
Theso trenties wrro nindn with lite Wing
whom the liiilisti installed after tho capture
of Lagos some moulds since, and these ports
were thu Inst stave mints. INurlli ol Iho
Eipintur, from the (beat Desert southward
(ir y."t0 miles, including what have been
Ihe most iinpoi lnut parts of the slave Iradiug
const, the slave trade i snppicsscd.
If Slavery ever comes to an end in this
country, nud Cod grant lluit il may, and
that speedily, other w eapons than have e
lieeii Used iiiusl hu bl uiighl into play. I' or
the last twenty yems, wo bavu been cpmrrcl
iug with our Maker about slavery. Pul tbo
liict is, (.oil is not ready to put a slop to it,
mid w ill tuke his own lime to bring about
"a consummation so devoutly tn be wished,"
our puny reformers In llm contrary notwith
standing. llostun Chrisliun Observer.
Shivery then i continued with the consent
and permission of this "Cbrislimi's" god.
lie " is not ready to put a stop to it." It is
to be inl'eiic.l If I apprehend correctly tbu
doctrine of the declaiiiiion, mid of ull other
skin to it Ihat the god could put is-stop toil
if be would; but bu will not. Ho ia 110I
winning in the power he is only wanting in
tho disposition, to " bring ubuul this 'con
summation so devoutly to bu wished'" to
do ibis beneficent work which this Christ iuti
is so earnestly praying for for bo says,
" (iod grant il lavery may, 1:011m to an
end, mid that speedily." Does the man
w ho is- thus saying nnd thu praying know
whiil hu i nboul ? What belter is bis god
limn nny of those which be will call tlio
gods of tho beuthen ? Freeman.
Young America.
Judge Douglas, in bis speech delivered nt
nielijiiond, Virginia, nlker paying o tribute to
the Old Dominion for her fidelity to thu
rights of Ihu Slates nod to Ihe bond of tho
federal union, thus chaiuclerizes the demo
cratic platform :
" I have heard of 110 democrat who repu
dutcs the platform. Applause. I know
of 110 section of tlm party which think thnt
it ought lo bu ' defied ' or ' spi". upon.' Re
newed applause. Tbu plutloriii is an eni-
I....I. .1 ..I' it.., ...iiiii..liu fiC llm nnrtv lin-
" " " 1 i j ' "r
nu nil question lo which it extends, and il
in perleet harmony with Ilia wbolu system
of principle which il is our purpose to Cany
iuto idled."
Let it so stand '. dive us an open foe, and
a 81 r field, Let Mr. Douglas remember
where be is. Ho will yet find n true donioc.
racy which will repel hi assertions, and re
pudiate hi doctrines, which will publicly
speaking, "defy them," nnd "spit unoa
lliem." TVue Itemocral, . .

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