Newspaper Page Text
MAKItTS R. ROMXSON, Editor.
"NO ONION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
EMILY KOBIKSOX, rtiMlftiilnff A sent.
VOL. 8-NO. 30.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO, APRIL 1G, 1853.
WHOLE NO 394.
THE ANTI-SLAVEHV BHULE,
PciLitaiD Tat Satubdat, at Salbk, O
Taatit. $1,50 per annum If paid in advance,
$1,74 per annum If paid within the firit tix
tnontht of tho tubacriber I year.
$2,00 per annum, if payment be delayed be
yond lis. monthi.
C7W occasionally tend number! to thoie
who are not subscribe, but who ara believed
to be interested in tho dissemination of anti
slavery truth, with th hope that they will
ither subscribe themselves, or us thoir influ
nca to extend ita circulation among thoir
rr" Communication Intended for Insertion,
to be addressed to Masics It. IIomwdox, Editor.
AU othen to Emily Uomsson, Publishing Ag't.
J. HUDSON, PRINTER,
Letter from Henry C. Wright.
Letter from Henry C. Wright. BOSTON, March 31, 1853.
- Dear Maricsi linve been in Rralon one
week ; two things linve occurred miller my
blwcrvat'on, w Inch your render might lie
glad to know. Lasl Sunday I heard Thco
ilore Purker discourse on llie Womnn que
lion. He lina spoken on lira subject four
Sunday in succession, to an nmlienre of
Irani 3,000. Last Sunday lie dwelt on lier
relntione lo public ufTuin. Boldly and most
bly, lie advocated the right and expediency
of woinnn'a performing the fimctinna of
Lawyer, Doctor, Priest Voter, Legislator,
Judge, and Executioner. Flu set forth, in
unmistakable icrma, the necessity nnd right
eonancM ol woman's personnl presence, and
direct Influence at the Polly, in tho Court
in the Legislature, in the Council, in the
Executive choir, in the Pulpit, and in all
offices and stations of trust und influence
to preserve mnu from injustice, lirutnlity nn l
crimes. He showed thut it wu not good for
either sex to do without the personal pres
ence ond Influence of tho other, in any of
the public, religious, or politiciil relation of
life. The impression was deep, and must
be lasting. The discourse is to be published
I once. When it is you shall linve one.
Another event, was n meeting last night
of tho Legislative Temperance Society in
the 1 1 1 1 of Representatives, (the Legislature
being now ill session,) lo lieur Rev. J. C.
Lovejoy, who is going up and down, to show
the people that God, in the Bible, sanctions
tho manufacture, snle and use, as a drink,
of intoxicating liquors. I was there, witlii
threat audience. There is much excitement
in. the state the proposition being before
the Legislature, to repeal the law against
the liquor traffic. Ilu spoke an hour and a
liulf, to show t i in t the Bible considered nlco
liol, as a beverage, a blessing ; tli.it Jesus
made intoxicating drink, and gave it lo oth
ers to drink ; and that to say that the sale
and use of it, as a drink, is an immorality,
ond a moral evil and curse, is to impeach
the veracity, and wisdom, and benevolence
of God, ami of Christ. Ho was answered
in a few words ; that the history of Alcohol
presented the fact, thut as a beverage, Alco
hol was a curse, and not a blessing to man
kind, and that il the Bible was opposed lo tli.it
ct,aud declared Alcohol so used, a blessing,
the Bible must go down; lint thn authority
ffad is above the authority of the Bible,
and that the Rev. Mr. Lovejoy, in attempting
O make the Bible the ally of drunkenness,
(for if the Bible does pronounce Alcohol as
a drink a blessing, it is the ully of drunken
ness, as well as of fidsehood.) is doing more
to make that book the scorn of mankind,
than all that Voltaire, Voluey, Hume, or
Paine ever did.
- Rev. J. C. Lovejoy, brother of him who
fell at Alton, is a priest in good standing in
this state, of the CalvaniHtic stamp. Ho
preaches, baptizes, and administers sacra
sweats to the people, and is using all hit in
fluence, to throw the sanction of the God of
the Biblo around the use of Alcohol as a
alriiik. He denounces nil who reject lis use
a a sin, as infidels. So it goes; to say that
lb ism of intoxicating drinks, shivery, 'war,
and polygamy, are sins, is to reject the Bible
and to be an infidel To deny the plenary
inspiration of that book, is counted a greater
Vm than war, shivery or drunkenness ; the
feeling is very general, that if the Bible
functions war, slavery, polygamy, or any
outrage agsjnst nature an.d ooture'e God, it
must be right to do it. Is any one principle
true or false, or any practice right or wrong
Lecause it is sanctioned or condemned by
the Bible? When the Bible is made by iis
authorized expounders, the bulwurk of every
foul and loathsome crime, is it not time for
the people to come together and consider
the question of its origin authority and in
fluence ? Conventions for this purpose, will
oon become common. We are to have one
in Hartford, Conn., in June. 1 hope Joseph
Barker will be at it.
" The correspondence between Mann and
Phillips, it creating much sensation. Our
(tied friends here ara firm, energetic, and
uncompromising. I am in the printing
office of the Liberator. Garrison is here at
his post, where he has stood on Freedom's
jJrV utch Tower, 22 years, the loving, dauntless
friend of the poor and outcast of human
kind, in this and in nil lands. He will he
with you in Cincinnati. If possible, I hope
ho will spend one Sunday in Adrian, Mich
ignn. In no pluco in the west, could he be
ol more service to the cnusoof anti-shivery.
If he cannot visit Salem nnd Adriun, would
it not he moro inqiorlaiil that he go to
Adrian ? God bless and sustain you, Mari
us, and all the household of God in the
HENRY C. WRIGHT.
Is a new paper published at Windsor, Can
ada West, S. R. Ward, Editor, Alexander
M'Arthur Corresponding Editor. We have
received die firM number of this paper. It
makes a fine appearance, and if Mr. Ward
devotes to it his time and energies he will
make an interesting and useful paper. We
extract the following from it in regard to
Pro-Sluvery in Canada.
But there is another view of our relations
to this subject, il is painful to admit it,
it is a deep discrace to us t it is true, but
disgraceful us it is, it is useless to conceal it,
Irienilliness to slavery is to be found in
ibis Province in more forms than one.
1. There are soma piirlies hero who prac
tice sluve-driviug in the South. They love
slavery as they Invu the gain they derived
from wielding the whip over its victims. A
sprinkling of such customers is to be found
here and there, the rrovuico over.
2. There are nihers, Ion, who have mar
ried heiresses lo slave estates. Having re
ceived llieir wives and slaves by the same
act of matrimony, they are strongly tempted
to regard slavery to bo as sticred us marriage
3. Then there ore persons resident in
Canada who were once slaveholders in the
Went Indies. The glorious people of Great
Britain, determined In htivo the ureal nriu-
ciple of British Freedom applied practically
to tho enslnved, as well ns lo all others, like
Job, they, through the Government, "broke
Ilia jaws ol the wicked, and delivered the
spoiled out of llieir teelli." Bill these ex-
slaveholders were never convinced of the sin
of slave-holding or if convinced of it, they
never were converted from It. Ileuce Ihev
Hie in spirit now, whnt they were in practice
lieiore the Act ol .('. I lie inlliience of
these parlies is as deeply mid wickedly pro
slavery us that of tho vilest sluvcocriits of
New York, Boston, Philudelphiu or Balti
4. As a born Yankee, we are ashamed of
il, hut it is trim that loo many of thn natives
of -the United Slates have brought their pro
shiver) ism wilh them, from the other side.
Like the relugee slaves, they come here In
enjoy an improvement of llieir condition,
and like them, too, they enjoy tho protecting
caro of llils good British renlui ; but they
turn scornlully iq o I Hie lilack mini, and no
what in them lies lo rob him of the rights to
which the latter is as fully entitled as them
selves. From si mouthy with their unlive
country, nnd from llieir own uegro-hnte,lhey
maintain a constant and growing pru-slavery
influence w herever they ure sullied. I here
are hut very few exceptions to this rulo, for
It is a rule; and most sulcly may it lie stud,
thut while the Yankees are fiir from being
the only negrn-halers, or pro-slavery parties,
whoso principles ilisgrnce our country, it is
nevertheless li ne that the mass of them are
the most decided shiveocruts in tho hind ;
and what is more, they most industriously
spread and promulgate their sentiments, and
seek to make them prevalent nnd controlling,
even lo the violation of Her Majesty's laws.
We coulil give altiintfunt illustrations ol this.
5. It remains to be suid, that tho preju
dice oguiust negroes, so prevalent in various
parts ot the frovmce, as maintained by
many persona of all nations, including, of
course, native Canadians, is one of the
strongest pro-slavery influences that disgraces
and degrades our luir country; it does more
to plnco us side by side with American op
pressors than any other one thing. Every
body know that it is the North ami not the
South that supplies the power of public
opinion, of the pulpit, the press, commerce,
manufactures, literuture, religion, politics,
everything thai keeps slavery ulive. Now
the sentiment the controlling sentiment of
Die people ol me north, that renders them
the volunteer body-guurds of slavery, is their
negro-liute. J lie inamluuiaiice ol a like negro
hate here, of course, encourages the same
feeling there, and aid it in doing iis very
worst work. Every Canadian negro-hater
is a British slaveocrat. Every such one is a
strengthener of the slave system, and we
repeut, that there should be such, is one of
the worst fads the foulest disgrace the
deepeat degradation in all our history.
So long as these facta exist, we shall want
anti-slavery lubors, organizations, ogitution,
and newspapers in Cuuudii. Our humble
lifo shull be devoted to the counteracting of
the pro-slaveryisin ol our adopted country.
It is for this reason that we leave our own
hearthstone, and expose ourselves lo so many
disagreeables, as a lecturing ogeut of the
Canadian Anti-Slavery Society. Hence it
is we consent, without pay, to acribldu for
the Provincial Freeman. And we do believe
that the education and improvement of our
own people will lay this enmity to liberty
and humanity, this friendship for despotism
low, in a death and burial that shall know
no resurrection, and that ot no very distant
day. At uny rate we shull lubor on in hope.
Let the pro-slaveryism of Canada be
overcome, and let the anti-slavery influence
of our laws, constitution, and position be
filly and freely exerted, nnd there Is no pnr-
lion oi tun iiriimn empire wuusfi nuiiit-nio
against slavery would be so healthful and so
potent as that of Canada. "A consumma
tion most devoutly to be wished fur."
Mr. Gugo, for the last few years, ha ex
ertnd a most pleasing influence upon all
clnsses in our State. A thorough, radicn'
reformer a careful observer of whatever
interests or benefits any of her kind she
has found her way to thosands of hearts thro'
her fnmilliar and oftentimes beautiful pro
ductions. And especially ha she won the
hearts and confidence of thoso with whom
she ha come in personal contact, whatever
their H)iilions or their wants, in taking a
mother's or a sister' interest in all. We re
gret her los from among our citizens. She
enters a new field,quite different from that she
ha occupied, and one no less important, nnd
yet we doubt not she will, by her quick per
ception, her prudence and her true heroism,
be not less useful there, than in times past
among us in Ohio. In the following fare
well to Ohio, from the Ohio Culiivator, our
render will be interested.
LETTER FROM MRS. GAGE.
Farewell to Ohio—Ladies' Department of the
Mr Dear Nf.ices: Ere this number of
the Culiivator reaches yon I ahull lie on my
way, wiih all my household, to mv home in
the West not I ho Wild West among the
grand prairies, but to the crowded mart of
St. Louis, which speculators nflirm to he Me
city of the Great West. Mount Airy will
huve passed into the hands of slrnngeix; the
roses 1 have reared, r.nd the puusic I have
planted, will bloom for other. I loved, oh 1
how I loved them ; but lovo must bend to
duly, and the strongest "name ties and home
affections,'' be severed, if llie best good of
those near und dear to us demand U. Ah!
if every tear I have let fall on these old
grounds, were lo spring a flower, the
wliolo yard would be full of forget-me-nots;
not Inurmering, wailing tenrs were they
either, only natural tears; such as the bride
sheds when she bids her friends good bye,
with high hopes in her heart for the future.
But don't think I nm going to say farewell
in you ; no, I shall hope to hail you occasion
ally, wilh the same friendly greeting ns hith
erto, only from a different aland point. Lei
me hear from you; think, feel, mid net.
ami struggle ever to avoid an uimless life.
Cul'ivate the love of the good and true, ns
well as the lieoutiliil, il you would huve luu
harmonious ami useful, and its end penco
A gentleman farmer in our neighborhood
is al n loss In know " why a LhiIics' Depart
ment should occupy n corner of an Agricul
tural paper, and w hat right they hnvu there."
Will von not, some ol you, tell him f i'oor
mini! be has never dreamed !n his philoso
phy, that the interests of husband and w ile,
jollier nnd mother, brother ami sister, are so
closely blended together, that they cannot
be seperaled without injury to both. When
Adam trained llm vines in I'.ilcn, l'.ve was hy
his side; and when he was sent forth, to cat
bread in the sweat of his brow, she went
with him, and the record does not tell us that
ho cither bada her go behind or spurned her
It has grown into nn adage, " Hint men are
what their mothers make t hern." If they arc,
nnd we lire lo have good tanners, truly imbued
with the agricultural spirit, and well trained
for active and nohlo service in that most hon
orable, useful and independent of all callings,
I lie mother should have some little garden
patch of their own, und become deeply in
terested in their cabbages nnd beets, sweet
corn Lima beans, they will bo peeping over
the fence, by nnd by, lo see how the rutaba
gas, potatoes and corn grow in (lie depart
ment outside. They cannot attend lo the
Shanghuc nnd Dorkings, without wishing lo
understand something of Ilia Din hams and
Ayrshires, and if they tend the strawberries
and currants, the Ciituwhns and Isabellas,
Ihey will, for women are curious, he looking
ut tho Rome Beauties and Russets. But I
am in u hurry, for the packing is all on baud.
Sumo of you be sure to give the gentleman
the proper information.
If good wishes were effective agents, and
I could carry as many from Ohio, as I shull
leave behind for you all, our journey through
life would bo cloudless, and bright, and
beautiful, except when we wanted a gentle
shower now and iheu by the way of vuriety.
Heaven smile upon you ull.
Tm Slav Case. It i pretty genernlly
known about town that un effort wu made
some day since, by two men from Virginia,
to secure the person of John Thomas, a fu
gitive slave, who has resided in Ibis city for
ticentyjivt years. The agent lor the owner of
H1 ' - II..J 1. V. I'..-
1 nonius, cuuim upon Climes inning, a-b'i
who hail been appointed Commissioner un
der the law, and required his aid in the pre
mises. We understand that Mr. Ewing de
clined lo act on the ground thut he bud no
authority, never having accepted the appoint
ment. The men then started ofF lo see
Judge Dickerson, who reside ut Puturson.
In the meantime, the mutter leuked out, and
great was the excitement among our colored
friends. Robert Thomas look the midnight
line fur New York, since which time he bus
not returned to this city, and we understand
that a letter wu received from him last Sat
urday, stating that be was safe in Canada,
and intended to moke that country bis future
home. Robert wu well known in this part
of the State, having kept an Oyater Cellar
for a great number of years, and liud accu
mulated about two thousand dollar worth of
property. TVsno Trut American, &)lh ull.
BY MRS. C. M. KIRKLAND.
Slavery Is merely nti Idea,' mid Mr. S.,
' the slnvea nre in reality heller off than we
are, if Ihey hnd sense cnotinh to know il.
They arc taken enrn of (they must I hi you
know, bccfttiso it is the master's interest to
keep them In good condition, nnd n man will
always do what is for his interest). They
are lien from nil responsibility, which is
what we are groaning under, and if they
were only let nloun they would lie happy
enough happier than their masters, I dure
Then you must think it any thing but a
kindness lo urge llieir emancipation ?'
To be sure 1 do, and I would have every
one thai tenches them to be discontented,
hung up without Judge or Jury.'
You seem particularly interested fur tho
'Interested! I would bnve every ono of
th-m sent beyond llie Rocky Mountains if I
could, or into 'kingdom come' for thut mutter.
They ntc the curse of the country. Hut ns
long as Ihey nro property, I would shoot any
man that put bad ideas into llieir beads, or
that interfered wilh my management of
idem, ns I would shoot a dog thut killed my
' But do they never get what you call bad
ideas from any but while people? '
O, there is no knowing where Ihey gel
them, but they are full of them. No liiulier
how kind you nro to thuiu, they are never
I can tell yon where they get some of (
their ideas of slavery, if you have no objec
tion.' Certainly I am ulways gbid of informa
" Well, I w ill take up your lime with until
ing but facts, for thn iruih of which I w ill
be answerable. In n western tour, not ma
ny years since, I one day saw o young lady
fiiir ns a lily, and with u sweet exiucssion
of countenance, walking in the street with
n little lilack girl whom she held by llie hand.
The litlhi g'ul was iiIh.uI nix years old, neat
ly dressed and very clean, und on her neck
she bud n little gauze shawl, llint somebody
bad given her, the border of which was
composed f tho figure of the American
Eagle many limes repeated, each impression
accompanied by tho word 'Liberty' woven
into the fabric.
This curious decoration, together with
the wistful look of the child's luce, and the
benevolent air of the young lady, w ilh w hom
I was slightly ueipiailited, led me lo in-l(
some qiiisiioiis, which were answered with
an air in which mode.-ty and sensibility weie
1 learned ihut the vnuns luiTv hid under
taken tho trying task of accompanying tho
little girl Ihroiiuh the pluee which was a
considerable villagi fur the purpose of col
lecting 1 1 1 n sum ol .U with which lo pur
chase the frei-ilom ol' the child.
And how, I iuoiiired, did ou become in
terested in the poor little thing ?'
Miu IicIoiil's lo ii member ol my family
said she with n blush to my mint Mrs.
And how did she find her wnv to the
Her mother, who is thn servant of my
omit, obtained leave to biiug Violet along
witn iier, wlicii her unstress cnuiu hero lor
' But both mother Hiidchild are free by ihu
mere circumstance of being here '
'U, luu .Tloiuma Cliai lotto promised her
mistress that sliu wool. I not leave, her nor let
lolet do so, il she might bring the child
with her and beg money lo buy her. She
sns she does not cure tor freedom for her
self.' 'I could do no less than to co with the
good girl lor u w hilo to ns.isl a little in her
labor ol love, w hich, W illi a L'ood deul of
difficulty, was finally accomplished.
It was not till alter this, that 1 became
acquainted wilh Momma Charlolle, and
learned a lew ol llm particulars of Ihu story
which made her 'not cure for fieeedom.'
'Momma Charlotte was tho mother of ten
children six diiiijjlitcis und lour sous. Her
husband had Im;cii a free black, a carpeulor,
able to keep a coinfnriahtu homo tor his
liimily, hiring his wilb of her master. At
the lime of Ihu Southhampton insurrection,
Ibis man was among Ihu suspected, und on
suspicion, not piooi; was taken up, tried af
ter the fashion ot Unit time, and bung with
several others, ull between sunset und sun
rise of n singlu day.
He was Innocent, ho bad no band in (he
mailer, as God is my Judge!' said poor
'This was but the beginning of troubles.
A sense of insecurity mude llie sale of slaves
more vigorous Ihuii ever. Charlolie's cliil
dred were sold, one by one no two together
tho hoys for Ihe sugar country thn girls
for the New Orleans market, whence they
were dispersed, she never knew where.
All gone! ' she said, where I shall never
see 'em nor bear of 'em. I don't even know
where one of 'em is.'
O yes, 1 mean all but Violet. She's nil
I've got in the world, mid I want to keep
her. 1 begged Missus lo let me keep jisl
one. And she said if I could get any body
to buy her Ibr me I might have her, lor you
know I couldn't own her myself, 'cause I'm
But yon nre no longer a slave, Momma
Charlotte ; your mistress by bringing you
here, has voluntarily freed you.
Yes, I know, but 1 promised you know,
nnd I don't care lo be lice. I' n old and my
children' gone and my haurl's broke, I bun l
no more courage. If 1 can keep Violet it's
all 1 expect. My mistress is good enough
Such was Momma Charlotte's philosophy,
but her face told through what sufferings
uch philosophy bud beeu acquired. A fixed
grief tat on her brow; since the judicial
murder of her husband, alio had uevgr been
known to laugh. Her ryes were habitually
ent on the pi ootid, and her Voice seemed
always on tho brink of tears. She was
what you cull dissatisfied,' I think, Mr. 3.
O, yotihavo selected an cxircme case;
these things very seldom happen. After nil,
the poor old thing knew what wn right;
she showed Ihe I'urht spirit '
' Yes, she but her oirnrrtV
Hern Mr. S. was sum he saw n friend at a
distance, to whom it was necessary that be
should speak ion liulcly ; so he darted otf,
and I lost the benefit of hi defence of the
peculiarities of tho peculiar institution.
ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION IN CINCINNATI, OHIO.
ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION IN CINCINNATI, OHIO. To be held on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday,
ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION IN CINCINNATI, OHIO. To be held on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, The 19th, 20th and 21st of April, 1853.
To the Friends of Universal Liberty, wc
again lend forth our earnest call lo come to
gether In Convention.
Fhkrdom is an Inestimable blesssing, Slavery
an unspeakable evil; all history bean record
to tho struggles of the wide, tho good, nnd the
great in behalf of Freedom. The noblest of
men, and tha greatest of tho nations, hare ol
ways valued it abovo all prise. In our day it
certainly ought to be no less precious. And
Slavery being tho very opposite of Freedom, is
its deadliest foe.
Cun wo then, Fellow Citizens, be engnged In
a belter work than that of assembling in seal
oui and Christian spirit, to consult how most
cflcctually the Abolition of Slavery may be
brought about ?
The Slave-holders and their numerous allies
havo becomo the ruling power In this nation;
this Slave Power controls tho two great Politi
cal Parties, midies Presidents, governs official
npointincnts, directs legislation, and what Is
worse than all, corrupts the sources of Religion
and Morals, making our ChrUtbnity a Pre
tence, and our Hepublicnnisin a Shnm : It de
sires above all things to bo let alone, quietly to
perpetrate its abiminations, and determines to
Humanity, Duty, and Interest, on the other
hand, call aloud on tho friends of Freedom to
agitato without censing, an 1 to maintain nn ae
tivo and unflinching opposition to tho Power
Fully persuaded 0f tho Righteousness of the
cause, and conflitiug In tho blessings of Al
mighty Ood, wc invito alt without reference to
sect or party, sox or color (so Ihey bo ogrcc-1
in ono thing, an honest hatred of Slavery.) to
come together in counsel, to encourage, and to
plan for renewed and increasing rffirts: to
unito in sending forth a voico from tho Metro
polis of tho Urcnt West, declaratory of tho
growing hatred of tho people, to this cruel in
iquity. That veteran thampion of Human Rights,
William I.i.ovd Gaiuiisox, of Uoston, intends
totakopart in tho Convention so also docs
Miss Sai.lie IIolli;v, of Ma-sachusotts, ond
many other distinguished speakers will bo spe
cially invited, and are expected to attend.
CmtisriAN Donaldson, Saiiaii Orn F.iixst,
Euzinmu C. Toi.r.MM, Jclia Hakwooo,
Anokkw II. KiissT, Wm. IIkniiy llumtAM!,
Maiiy M. U uilii, Maiiy W. Manx, Joiiv
Joi.iiFs, Amanda K I.kwis, Euwauo ll.xnwoou,
Nathan M. (U
Board Managers of the Ladies Anti-Slavery
Circle of Cincinnati.
Rules for Newspaper Correspondeets.
A coleuipornry lay down the following
pithy code of newspnper by-laws. They
are tho best we bnve seen drawn up, I. He
brief. This is an uge of telegraphs und sten
ography, 'i. Bu pointed. Don't write nil
around u subject without hilling it. 3. State
fuels, bill don't slop lo moralize. It' a drow
sy subject. Let the reader do his own druaiu
ing. 4. Eschew prefaces, plunge nt once
into your subject, like n swimmer into cold
water. 5. If you have written a sentence
tbnt you think particularly line, draw your
pen Ihroiigh it. A pel child is always lha
worst in the family. C. Condense. Make
sure that you really havo an idea, and then
record it in Ihu shortest possible terms. We
want thoughls in their qiiinlessceuee. 7.
When your article is completed, strike out
liine-lunths of the ndjeeliius. The English
is n strong language, bul won't bear much
"reducing." 8. Avoid all high-flown u,.
guage. The plainest Anglo-Saxon words
are (ho best. Never use stills when legs
will do ns well. i). Make your sentences
short. Every periodjsa milestone, nt which
the render may halt and rest himself. 10.
Writ legibly. Don't let your manuscript
look like the tracks of a spider ball' drowned
in ink. We shan't mislaku any one for a
genius, thoiijih be writes us crubbodly as Na
poleon. OA 10 Statesman.
Hard and Soft Shells. These term
have caused some speculation as In their or
igin. We nre not well versed in Conchotomy ;
but still we will attempt lo define llie mean
ing of tho phrases. 'J'hcru lire two great
divisions of llie Democratic party, and these
are divided into hard thell anil toJX iull Bum
burners, anil hard lhe.lt and Soft shell Honkers.
The hard thell Hunker bales Van Boruu and
voted lor Cuss. Tho toft thell Hunker voted
for Cass, und deplores dissensions. The
hard thell Barnbunxtr stands uu the Irngmeiil
ot Ihu liiill'ulo plutlurm, adores Van Huron
nnd avers that Cass distracted the parly in '4g,
ThenI thell liarnbumer professes all.icbmoiii
to Ihu Buffalo lllhtlbrill. bul consider it. a
t Compromise n finality, and don't object lo an
otlic.a from either Aira or so1 thell Hunker.
lie is soil In name, but uccnledly Ihe thtrp
ttt of the party. Daily llcqUtcr. . . ,,,
From the London Times.
Al tin appears to bo tho principal of foreign ,
policy en which General Tictce thought it
pedient moinly to insist nn this occasion, to tb
maintenance n tho Union by th unqualified
recognition on tho part of the Federal Govern
ment of tho Itiititutions of slavery, with all.
their consequences, is th primary feature la
his domestic policy. So that, initcad of th
libcttic and rights of Ihe Union gradually lead
ing to the mitigation and tho ultimate tcrniina
tion of slavery, the maintenance of thn Union
it more and moro ident fled with tlios acta of
wrong which aro a curse to tho United Statu
and revolting to human nnture. General .
Pierce has invented a mild term to desrriboth
monstrous oppression cf man by man. II
calls it "invo'.unta'y icivitudc," at if this eu
phoniMn could disguise tho infamy of unto
warded labor, of tho trullic ill man, of violated
humnii Directions and extinguished human
souls. It is only "involuntary servitude," and
the President hat even the naivete to boast
that the oppressed throughout the world ar
constantly cheered by the steady and increasing
lustre of American freedom," and, that "in this
th United Statct have, in his judgment, ful
filled their highest duty co taJTeriny humanity."
Yet the very condition on which this ; roud po
litical fabric Is henceforth lottai.d, it one which
perpetuates the keenest wronga that humanity
can tuflW, and all tho splendid promises of a '
free and united Government are linked by tint
policy with all that it hideous, terrible and do
grading in negro tlsvcry. We can-'
not to fur divest ourselves of the old-fashioned
hnbits of Europe, at to forget that the power
of one of tho most csgci and cxcitablo nationa
of the earth, it suddenly transferred to th
bunds of an untried ruler, assisted by Ministers
scarcely more experienced than himself. 11
the result what it may, tho present aspect of
the Government of tho United Statct resemble
tho commencement of a new era, more than th
coiitinuatinr. of nn unbroken tradition. Proba
bly tho extraordinary excitement and cnthuil
nsm which accompanied General Picrec'a in
ttallatlon, wcro attributable to this very cause.
Hut il is with Presidents, as with Princes th
rxeli'mut'.oiis that auirouud tin ir accssion, art
sometimes Iho clamor of hoj.c which cannot b
fu'.lilled, and ncnnittlic occurrence of mot
serines events and more regular communica
tions, to form a moro just and moro complete
opinion of tho oliarjc'.cr and policy of th
I.NnnsiMTir tor a Slavf.. A report lia
been mude ill Iho Man laud Lecishilure en
dorsing Ihe course of Dr. Allen Thomns, of
Howard county, in demanding from the Slate
of New York indemnity for the loss of hi
lugitive slavn who was sent to sing Sing
prison in lrH'J I'ur two years, and pardoned
out three days before his term of imprison
ment expired, by which mean be muiinged '
to reach Cntuuhi before bis owner could
make n demand for him. A copy of lb
rcpoit is lo bo sent by the O'ovcrunr of Mil
r laud to Ihe ('overnor of New York, to ha
laid before ihu Legi.-tatiue of that State.
Soma doubts have been expressed n ts
"the increase of salaties" by the late Con
gress of certain "high (.lire is of Govern
ment.'' The facts lire, Ihut Ihe Senate Bill. '
(which mude n sweeping increase ull round)
union in uie iioiiso, except us billows t
The Vice President, from f?."000 lo $8000.
fcecrelnry ol Suite, liom ijfliOOO to $8000.
' " Treasury, from f?'i000 lo ?8000.
u " Navy, " tsOOO to HK10
" ' War, tiOOO to BU00.
' Interior, ' tiOUO to B000,
Atlormy (Joueiul, " aiUO to 8000
PnstiiiuMcr (joueiul, " 0000 lo b000'
The Sandwich Islands Commissioner had
his salary raised lo jCjOliO; tho China mis
sion was mude a full mission, with a salary
and new outfit of $18,CHM). A new full mis
sion was mailo in Central America, (rilled hy
Mr. Slide!!;) I'eitl lakes a full mission ill
stead of a Chargu us herelol'ore. new
Minister resident is to go lo Switzerland.
Blundiri.no into tiif. Truth. The fol
lowing story, which bus n truer application
to a sluveholdiiig church llmu the teller sus
peeled, is related by a Western paper: Pa.
" A (ino stone church was lately built in
Missouri, upon the liu-nibi of which a tone
cutter was ordered lo cut the following, a
nn inscription ; " My bouse shall ho called
Ihe bruise of prayer." He wn referred for
accuracy, to Ihe verse in Scripture iu which
Iheso words occur; but iiiilbrlunalcly, to lha
scandal of ihu Society, ho transcribed the
whohi verse: SI lumu Lull I.. ...II...I
' J w ia,,c(t
Ihe house of prayer, 611 ye have made il a den
of Ihu let! '
A number of slaves hud been t,.mt..l I..
Cuba, and ihu Captain Ociiuml had causae!
several persons to be arrested, who were
implicated in lauding '-H sluves.
Jkssf. IluTcmnsoN, who went Culifon li
in Ihu capacity of flgunt to the AlleglUnP,
returns lo ihu b'uuiled State for llie Iwo-foM
purpose of making arrangement for the
manufacture of Dr. Robinson' remedy Ibr
the lever und nguu, und of returning with
his brothers, the celubiuted Hutcliiueon Fm.
ily, who propose to make a professional Uit
tuCulilornin.-ri'. Dem. .