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lflARIVS R. ItOBIttSON, Editor. "NO UNION WITH SL1TEU0LDER8." AN. rn iltSO., Publishing; Agent. VOL. 8-NO. 32. SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO, APRIL 30, 1853. WHOLE NO 396. THE ANTI-SLAVEUV BUGLE, Tl'RLIIHBD VIf SATURDAY, At 8ALKM, O ' Tbbiii. 1.80 per innum if paid in drncc 1,74 pcf innum if pid within the first six month! of the eulnoriDer year. 2,00 per innum, if paymont be delayed be vonii aix month. tWVf oecaalonally (lend number to thoae ycho ere not aubacrtbera, but who ere bettered to be Interested in the dissemination of anti alavery truth, with the hope tint thejr will cither subscribe thcmsclvea, or use their num. nee to extend it circulation among their friend. ' CW Communication intended for insertion, te be addressed to Mariui It. Uibinio, Editor. AU other to Kmilt Korinso, Publishing Ag't. J. HUDSON, miNTEIl. THE BUGLE. Reply of Wendell Phillips, Esq, to Hon. Horace Mann. BOSTON, April 7th, 1853. W. L. Garrison, Fq t Dear Sir, Mr. Mnmi dislikes ttio It-ngtli tf my Idlers. I nin sorry Ihey nre ao long, tofli for his snkc nnd that of your renders. I might perhaps quote), in defence, the saying vf the old Lugiish divine, ' Ignorance enn ask more questions in mi hour llinu Wisdom can answer m ix months'; hut t first might lie tl ght personal. The question, how ever, is so comprehensive, tiat 1 cannot promise to liu very brief. At hisl Mr. Maim enters upon n frnnk and lutiorntci defence of bid conduct in tho uml ler of colorril school. 1 inn glad of it. It is a ilmy which lie tins long owed to the nuti-sluvcry public, mid to bis own pood name. If any render thinks bin defence u Misfiictory one, Mr. Mnnn should thank :i.i for thin opportunity of milking it ; for 1 ns ure liim, he Iiiih never liml, uniting iihnlitinn Mts, llio slightest credit for liny thing like whnt be now claini. In my opinion, tin: facte on which In- rest bis dclenro only lecicn li'nt guilt. I never saw nor liciiril of the article in the Common School Journal tu which lie refers, lint I bnvo the most entire confidence in hi personal veracity, uml if lie wishes lo be understood to pay Ibnt nine yhurs ngo lie opposed the separate education of colorril children, in articles published with tho full responsibility of bis inline, I accept it u n tact. In view of it, I should not again use the precise phrusc I did, thai h newer ' gave It. one word of recognition, countenance, or aid.' Hut I should still ns ert exactly the same in substance, namely, that lie never gave u any atibstntitiiil or jiublic assistance. Bearing, however, Ibis claim of bin in tnlnd, let us examine bis other Btiiluinciils. The first in, what be did, twenty years ngn, a a Trustee of the Institution lor the ISIind. 'liie meetings and records of thoso Tiustoes are private. What could 1 know, what could the public know, of the opinion expressed at those meetings, or recorded on those books? All that the abolitionists, nil that ilia public know, una that tho only culortd child, who, ubout that lime, applied for ad mission In the Institution, tru refuse I. At in otlur cases, wo were obliged to judge the Trustee by tbeii public actions, which we knew, not by ttieir pnvato opinions, which we could not know. Ilia second specification is a scene that took place in bis parlor, or private rooms, at iiridgewuler. I could not know, uml surely avae not hound to know, all the conversation Mr. Muuii was holding in privaf. If, how ever, the private parlor of Normal School teachera art to be opened, I cm refer him to at conference held in one. about that time, in which Ida view us to the admission of colored children to those acbools were not I all what lie now represents lliem to have been. Mr. Mann does not suspect mo of tbia ' base trick attempted on bun at Ltrtdge eratcr 1 aotue eight or ten years ago, not ve ry for from the time of one of my attneks on him.' This is very generous in him, see ing that my attacks were inude yw .year niid" three months ago, just Mrr or we year nfler the alleged trick ! Von roiled the water 1 waa drinking lust spring,' said the wolf to the lumli. ' But I waa not born then,' said Ibe lamb. Doe Mr. Maun remember the fable? Of hi third specification, tho Common School Journal, I have already spoken. Fur Ilia fourth, he adduces n private document, privately comimmictiled to his friend, the Citv Solicitor of liosion, uml now fust drought to light! At that very time, Mr. Uanii left me to bear alone. the jeers of tho Jjroleshiun, the contemptuous criticism of the City Solicitor, uml tho criticism of tbu daily prcsa, for maintaining that very opin ion which he was very ipiiutly putting into the Solicitor a private desk, aim thus ovoiu ing all responsibility ? Since the above was in type, a frlond, upon whose aeouraey I can place the fullest roliuncc, wpitji me X have looked through tho Common School Journal, from the year lJ'J to isia inclusive, MftthAii flnrlini, nnv nrttelea and arguments' touching separate school for colored children, . .1,. vamlvM nf I Vl n Aanm St'hnnl Com WUCI. w..v w. - - mittee, to the purport that tlscy had no pawer . fr.M;t. .imh i.ltnnl. with thn wfill-kiiown opinion of Kichard Fletcher appended t and o rtmmrki whatever oj Mi: Mann on int mmizr. i infawxA mm T Hnnl.t not ever reader did. from Mr. Mann' language, that ha wished to v.. n..ttnni ih.t Via Viim.nlf wrote and nub lUhad, nine yeara ago,' in hia Common School at colored achool. Ue merely published, if ny oorrespondont be correct, the formal resolve - a..v,nl PnmmittMi init m. Iftivi'ci'i technical UL uv.nu". ' , , , . . apinlononalawpoint; papera which would ....... liitla attflntion. and be of little use. tin- aaw .- . y i rjui h nnmmpiit and exDlanation. 1 ABM " J . ahall not truat mysolf to ay what I think of (be u ox ianguKu public, and to unliiir in tho circumitancc. Dora Mr. Mann remember Mncntibiy'a aearcbing rriticism of tho defetico usually mndo for Chnrles I. ? ' We charge him w ith having broken bis cornnntion oath and vie nre told that he kept bis marriage vow! We accuse him of having given up bis peo I )le to the merciless inflictions ol the most lot headed and bnrd-henrted of prelates and the dctence m, that he took Ins little eon on his kneo and kissed him ! We censure him for having violated the articles of the Petition of Right and we are informed that lie was accustomed to hear prayers at atx o'clock in the morning!' Mr. Mnmi's case seems to mo similar. The title page of his volume of speeches is, 'Slavery: Letter and Speeches, by llornco Muuii, Tim First !?Ecar.TART or th Aiassacausetts Hoard or t.DUcATio.' It is a title or which he is justly proud. The practice of cheating the colored child out ol Ins legal rights in our schools had prevailed a long wbilo in some of the liirgu towns and cities of the State. A lew earnest but unpopular men lor ten years besieged the door of the Legislature, to olilain redress. J charge tho secretary Ihnl he wa$ never there. 1 hey gave School Committees in the vnrious towns no rest, urging them to abolish the unjust distinction. I charge the Secretary that lie tens nrrrr there. 1 lie secretary pulm-hei! eleven atile, clo- ipicnl and detailed otlicial Reports on the sellout syetein of tiie Commonwealth, one each year. I chargo that, in nil of them, he either wholly omitted the subject, or entirely misrepresented it. And he replies bv tcllins me wlint ho did in pritale os Truzlte of the Institution for the IShnd! by lifting up "tho veil, which, very properly, covered bis nitty retorts nt liridge water! and by now, nt lust, iitlorming the public tbut he did once whisper a legal opinion into the private car of a City Solic itor! I low common it is (br men, especially Americans, when cliaiced with public de fault, to attempt a defetico by alleging some private iiiisiiiving they indulged nt the time, mid which they think should ipuilify public censure! When the first fury of New Kng l.iod relaiku burst on Webster's head for bis 7lh of March Speech, you remember hi lufence ' I lu had u provision of jury trial lor fugitive slaves in his desk, but turgnt to offer it '! So Iloccher, arraigned for gagging discussion twenty years ago nt Lnne Semi nary, confesses now, for the first time, tlmt, in private, he opposed thu Trustees ! Lung ago, when Jcliiiis grew pule before the Uevolution ol 158G, bo stammered out the excuse, (hut lie tried, t'n private, to oppose James II., but the King would not let him stop butcheiiug. And 11 1) nun, sent lo Cov entry by thcr decency of the nineteenth cen tury, hlu it ks out bclore he dies, ' I, too, strove, til private, lo bold tho 1'mperor back ; but he would make inn whip and hang'! 1 illlily, Mr. Mann tell us that the School Law of lc!l5 wos passed 'a Her consulting with him, uml with hi heurty approval. As every one know, it object wua lo make the Common Law certain by n statute, law ; and lo ensure, beyond contingency, the equal rights of all the colored children in the State. We all thought it liuil Hone so. lie was surprised that the Supremo Court afterward disregarded it entirely. That law was passed in consequence of tho ap pearance of (i few iiholittouiM bclbro the Legii-hitive Committee. Tho tlrnlt which we usked them to adopt they threw nsule, mid submitted one ol their own. I told that Committee, at the time, that their draft was ambiguous und equivocal mid would not secure our object. One of them admitted this, half in jest, adding, ' Mr. Phillips, we in Itoston know that such schools are illegal, but we nie.iu to have them, nevertheless.' Had Mr. Alaiin stood where I stuod that day, and w here he should have stood, bil virtue of his ojjice, anil of the tutfesl he now claims to have alicays taken in tins quesliom, be would neither nave given that lull Ins hearty ap proval, nor been afterward surprised that the Supreme Court put it carelessly aside. Mxthly, llr. nianu says, 1 In my Keports, l uniformly stated the law'to be such as would confer upon colored children equal school privileges, in all respects, with white ones, which I believed it did. Where the practice did not conform to the theory, 1 labored to make it ito ao, anil when I left tho secreta ryship, we had nearly succeeded.' 1 lus is evasion. 1 never criticised his Reports for misstatements of law, but of fact. No intelligent lawyer doubted what tho law was; though we ail knew it was hopeless to expect that a pro-slavery court would fuirlv rule it. The public looked lo his Re ports for n correct statement of facts, and bo crippled the efforts and clogged the puth of tho abolitionists by crying ' puace,' w hen there wua no peace ; liy total misrepresent otion. In his tenth Report, 1847, he said : ' When the equal, natural and constitu tional rights of Africa were thought to be invaded, ahe orined her courts of judicature with power to punish the aggressors. Thu public highway ia not more open and freo for every man in the community, than is tho puniio sciioot-iioiise lor every child i ami earn parent reels Hint a tree education is as se cure a part oj the tiiriirig-W of Ins offspring, us Jhaven's bounties of liglU and air.' 'LVEHY MAX WIIO THE A 1)8 HER SACREO SOIL IS FREE; ALU ARK FREE ALIKE j AMD WITHIN HER BOllDEBS, I'OR ANY PURPOSE CONNECTED WITH 111 MAN SLAVERY, IKON WILL NOT BE WELDED INTO A FETTER.' After I had colled his attention lo the point, lie next year, teas, repeated the misrcpre actuation in sun stronger language, time : The first condition that the schools shall be conducted on the cardinal principles of llie lew cugiand system already salittled. Our law requires that a school shall be sustained in every town in the State, even the smallest ami poorest not being excepted ; and mat this school shall be opeu and free to all the children ea the light of day or the air of heaven. A"o child is mel on the thresh- I hold of the school-house door, to be asked for mo it y, or whether hi parents art nalive or for' eiun, tchrlher or not thnj pay a tar, or what is their faith. The school-houso is common property. Public opinion, that sover eign in representative governments, is in hnrinnny with the law. Not ttnfrequently there ie some private opposition, and occa sionally it avows itself and assumes an atti tude nf hostility but tho perseveTituco of the friends of progress always sublines it.' pp. 88-0. I presume Mr. Mnnn himself would now erase the sentence printed above in stnnll capitals, since he has lived to see Thouins Suns sit chained in a lloston Court House, itself surrounded with chains. I had seen George Latimer, and many a fugitive beside, before that, and iiointed out this error to Mr. Mann at the lime. He has never for riven me for it. Each parent feels that it fret education is o secure a pan oj ine oirinrigiu nj mm oj.yn as llcaren s bounties or liirhl and air.' '.Yo child is mrt on the threshold of the Sihool house door, lo be askid for money, or u htthtr his parents art nat.ve or foreign, ii-ncimr or not thry pay a tar, or tehal is their jaiui. Mr. ftlauu knew, il he then look any inte rest in this question, tlmt from the very city whom he then But writing these sentences, colored families hud been obliged to remove, in order to scctiro the ' biitliicbt of their ola'spring' mi equal place in schools sup ported by their taxes. I lo knew mat ot every 'school-house door' stood men, who, though they did not nsk whether the applicant ' wus native or foreign, or of what faith,' did uni formly nsk whether he was black or whittO I said nt Ibe lime, that, in making this liMof questions not diked, it seemed ' niipossiiilo that it should nut havo occurred In him, that there was a qucstiun sure to bo asked; and tlmt even nil the confidence which his long and arduous labors bad won for ' im, could not do nwuy the suspicion that this question, which he knew was asked nt the school boiisu door, wus purposely omitted from bis cnlriloiiun.' ' Public opinion, thai sovereign in represen tative governments, is in harmony tcith the law.' From tho two hundred schools ol lloston, tho capital of the State, mid whose school are the special boast of tho Commonwealth, he knew that every colored child wns rigor ously excluded, in acknowledged defiance ol what Mr. Mann believed to bo tho law. He know, or ought lo have known, tlmt young colored men, fitted for her two famous High Schools, nnd been lorced to go cl.-e-where, und, at ureat expense, complete, llieir studies, nt tho moment when their fathers' ixes were securitiir, crutuiljusly, lo white liny, those eminent advantages. . And yet, in u document meant lor l.uroiienii ns wc.l as home circulation, und specialjy professing to give an exact and deluded account of our school system and it pructicul condition, Mr. Mnnn ventured the ubovo assertion. a gross misrepresentation, to cull it nothing more. We were endeavoring, all the w line, by directing public intention to this great in- justico, lo secure a remedy. 1 Ins was ine only weapon we had. Does Air. .'Mann sup poso that representations like these, from such a quarter, did not tend lo npiato the public conscience, uud enaliio the L ny lo hide her shame from the rest of tho Com monwealth, nud from thu world, whose opin ion sho would dread? So utterly neglectful had tiio Secretary been- this watchman on the lower that i found one Chairman of 'Legislative School Committee," who canio hum tho western counties, actually ignorant that separulu school lor colored hildren existed in some ol tho seuhourd towns! Such ure tho Reports to which Mr. Mann refers, in answer to my charge of inattention to tins official duty. What Mr. Muuii menus in hi seventh Hem, tiliouf u 'Statute of 181.'),' 1 do not know. 1 here waa no Statute made on this subject, in 1813. If it be n misprint lor ISIj, I huve already spoken of it. Any codification must have been iniiUe alter the supreme uoun s Session, and so after my criticisms. Ol course, therefore, tbut docs not belong to tin discussiun. And, eighthly, he says, he always visited the colored schools. Of course ho did. It waa tire formal routine of his office, and has no bearing either way. Mr. Mann s deleuco shows two tilings ibnt he knew of this abuse ; and that his opinion of its illegality and cruelty coincid ed with ours. J lio remarks l liuve now mude, show that he did nothing, in public and in earnest, lo remedy il. I do not think tlmt this new state of facts improves his l' sitioti before, the uini-slavery public. The liulilie will tudire. Thu lest lo w liieh I would like to submit the matter is this: Could I cnll together, lo. day, nil the men, hers of legislative and town und city Committee be lino whom we have so often urged this question, and usk lliem till w hether, diir'nitf lliut lonif btruccle, any one of them ever imagined that Horace Mnnn stood ipith us. in tho contest, I am confident tho idea would be news lo almost every one, if not every one of them. If from thorn wo mnde nu nppeul to the public, whoso patience we, instant in season and nut of season, havo so long wearied, not one in a thousand would say that he ever beard of Mr. Mann as a party in the effort. Mr. Mnnn excuses himself the not having publicly helped us, by saying thai, when lie entered on hia office, a religious sect impor tuned, him to make the school subservient to their religious views, and that ho refused us both. Il he think that tho miestion of admitting theology into achool is anywise akin to the cluim that colored children, whose fathers pay taxes, ahull huve the sumo right in schools supported by those tuxes that their white neighbors have he only shows that he does not, even vet, compre hend the subject, or the anti-slavery enter prise itself. And, after all, this excuse is not broad enough. If Mr. Mann's convictions date, buck, as he cluim, ' twenty yeurs,' I beg him remember thai, long since that dale, he had been o member of our State Legislature, been indeed President of nur Senate) he, me ii lend ol education. W here is tho rec ord of any attempt on bis part, while in thn Legislature, to secure legfiiivo prohibition of these schools? If his peculiar delicacy, as secretary, lorOailo lus l iking n public pan sucn puiiitc part was hi liutmdcn tin ty while a leading member ot the Legislu lure itself. Mr. Mann regret that my 'denunciatory, unsparing nnd iniiliscrimni He course bus mudo the performance of bis duty towards ine oppressed Alrirnn far more dihcult, vc. It seems to ine, Mr. (iiirilson, that you and I havo heard that remark betorc, R. R. t.iirlcy mnde it in rcgnrd lo colonization. iienry uny made it in deleuco of the slave holders. Orville Dcwev mndu it when of fering lo return hi mother into sljvcry, if necessary, nioscs Stuurt mudo it, apropos io rum sending back Uiipmiuii. One ol Ibe miserable wretches who canio hero In identity Sims, objected lo our denunciatory course. 1 claim nil thoso epithets ns our surest title-deeds lo the gratitude, of poster ity. 1 wus 'denunciator)' when llin rich and educated combined to rob tlm poor ol liu ir liest lu tin lulit, education. I wus mi sparing' when reformers, men who claimed lo be llio peculiar friends of liberty mid justice, Hood silent lookers on. I was 1 tin discriminating' when priest nnd politician, educutiuiiist and sectarian, Presidents of Senates mid iiurse-nroud mill.onaircs. alike joined in wronging tho weuk hecniisn tliey nud no li lends, anil because lo ' pass liy on li e other side' would incrcasu out's inliu dice. Mr. Mnnn thinks my recent tticcch claims too much, ludicrously loo much liir llio alio, liliuuislrt. It was iiiiulo in the prerence ol lliosi) w ho bnvu known us ell lor Ibe lal twenty year. They know the liietsj ami il my claim is ludicrously exaggerated, il w ill only innko me a laughing-stock, and so no hiiriii ho done. 1 spnko and printed my re mnrk in lloston, which heard in ihi con licr.linu of (j irtinon and Chapm ui, Jackson nnd (I'lincy, Luring and Sewull, Foster uud rillshury, Weld, Smith, (ioixli II uud .l iy, long bcluro it henrd of Sumner, Chase, I'u'l frey nnd Hale. To thu judgment of Mich a community, cheerfully submit my rl .bus. IjiiI let no word ol mine do mjusncu to the well earned liuno and sclf-eucriliiM o! Mr. Palfrey nnd bin triends. Air. Mann s next live paragraphs, (relating to human law kcctiinir tnv uhhnircncu ol shivery in check,' lo the riuht to agitato the question of slavery in Congress,' to bis iui- perlect list ol Anti-slavery exertions, and to his support of the Constitution, 'with bis fciUTprelurion of it,') soein l-i-im-ii4.- ling, unworthy nf bun, und unworthy ol my nonce. I should spcuk more stronulv, if 1 spoke ot all, of his attempt, bother on, lo evade my remark on hi Jesuitical construc tion oj un oath. I will now proceed to notice llio luniner in which my remarks ubout the oath are dealt with. Mr. Mann does noi attempt to answer uny one of my questions ami ar guments. 1 o lie sure, in closing, he oilers lo discuss with mo our duties under thu Consliluioii. I have not yet tot fiom bini a definite answer to my first inuniiv. 'Ithth- e- he now things the Constitution of the. Vnitrd stale securrs lo the slaveholder llie right of re capturing his slave, when he cscupts into the free maies. i.ei nun unsner unit Iruukly, uml I will gladly dclmlo with him. lint it kcciiis to ine idlu to go on with an opponent who refuses me any full knowledge of bis prist nt views, and buses hi defence now on one ground, uud now on another, totally irrecou eileablo with tho first. Mr. Mann's whole oltcmnt in ibis hurt of hi letter, is to show, that if ho is winnc, I am as great a sinner as he. Suppose I grant all ho claims; my being a sinner does not prove 1 1 1 1 ii u smut my being wrong does not begin to prove him right. That cause is weak, and touches its downfall, when its rhnitipiou litis nothing to suy to hi foe but ' You ore as bud us 1 am.' Mr. Mnnn excuses his vote for John P. Hale on the ground that ho had no cbanre of being elected. Would Mr. Maim bnvo voted lor any friend to become rnptum of a gang of horse lbieves.provided there was no chuueo of hia being elected? Of course not. Yet he will not presume to say that Imrso-sleuling docs not whiten into virtue when compared with the crime of returning runaway slaves. Hut have Free Suiters organized n parly, and do they spend all their labor, in elrei'ii inun to an olliee, which, after all bo could lint conscientiously accept ? I lear this, yo Free pollers, who ure utways taunting (.urisoni tins with throwing away their voUs ! What will the party do, when it becomes a major ity ? Cesso lo nominate Presidents, I sup. pose, or fear of being able to elect Iheai ! Or, due Mr. Mann consider the dangir of their over being a majority so distant, nt so ' very vuiiishing a point ' ns not lo be worth consid ering ? lint Mr. Sumner was ettctc.l Svnnuir, uud serves as such ; uud llie Senate rn oper ates Willi tho 1'rosidunt in appointing Judges, District Attorney und Marshalls, to execute the Fugitive Sluvo clause. If Mr. Halo could not bo President, bow cuu Sumner bo Senator ? His next defeneo Is, that if ll.ilc, hnd been elected, there would have been no chance of his being required to do any constitutional uct for the return of fugitive slaves ; sinco no President bus been culled on, for tho Inst sixty-four years, and there is a belter ebaneu still in lime to come. This statement is in correct. Has Mr. Mann forgotten President Fillmore' Proclamation on the nccusinn of Shudrach's rescue, no longer ago limit Feb. Iritli, 1851 ? and certainly within hia consti tutional duties- ibit.waiving this, and grant ing tbut the facts were as hestales.il mutters not to the argument. 1 will not slop lo sny that Mr. Maun would never agree to commit murder, merely because lie thought there were ninety-nine chances out of a hundred that he would never be actually culled on lo do the deed : which shows his argument lo be uusouud. But I assert further, ibnt grunt ing it in full, il does tint touch the crse nl all, 1 he Hank of l.nghiud has not been, I be- licve.nccupied by Iroopa fiir in arly liity tenia, lint w hut, in any time of tumult, keeps the II. ink untouched ? 1 ho know ledye Ihnl the Horse (Junril will nt uny moment garrison the building. Hill tines il lint being culled on to do so, rrdi the (loveriiiueut of nil the merit of protecting property in London r. 'I hi l'ni:cil Stales 1 1 oops have not been call ed on lo put dow n mi insiiireeiioii of slaves in Virginia since 18:. Ji itwhnt keeps the slaves there quiet ? The know ledge ihnl the soldiers nl Noi folk ure rendy lo march nl n moment's warning. I!ut dots this acquit ibe Flitted Slate ol all responsibility fiir pro lerting slavery sinco 18 JI ? The" Fugitive Slave Ltw has been execut-.-d in many pla ces iinablo lo follow tho holy cxampbt of Christiana nnd Syracuse. Why ? Iteciiuse the few hundred who felt fiir the slave kuw limt, if neeesfiiry, w l.olo rigiiuenH would he brought out lo enfiirce thu mints' deri sions, indeed tin) wbolu (i.ivo of llie ( i.ion. Very propei ly, therefore, they desisted finm so mud u course, uud Ibo I'resideiil was not actually railed on, becnuse it win known tbut, if resisted, he would act, nud was able to uct rfiicicnilv. Hut does this excuse the President in tliu lens'. ? A child was punished yrrterdnv, nnd obey cd. I.cmemhciiug Ibis, bo ols-is lo iliv, w ill, in. t wailing to be i nni-he.l. lint, nc for ding lo Mr. Mann, the w i ll-know n w ill of the parent h id no ham! or merit in scrmiiir the second day's obi (lichen. '1 hut is accord ing to Mr. Munn on the 4ih April, I -'."):!. He thought difi'ereul'y once, liu will not deny that lnejiulici.il power bus relumed slavett within the Inst siMy-lour Jcals. Ycton Ma ii, l:.)l, be could ni) "' Judicial ptiwei" does not consist in a sheriff's presiding over a jury, nor in no mi dilnr's casting up accounts, nor in a com niissiuner's eiiihei inir nut the dividends nf an insolvent's estate, nor in county commit, sinners' laying out roads; but it ruiirista in entering up a judgement which litis tho nr tnorie at Sprmclield mid Harper's Fen v. w bicli has the standing nrmv and niolit a ' the I'liiled Stales, which bus (Illy line-of-battle! shins, which has the treasury of the nation to luck it, und to visit wii'n death one Until, a tbout niid men, or a hundred thousand men, if need be, who shall confront it with resistance' If this be n correct description of t!in 'ju dicial power' which has been constantly re turning slaves, wh it put in thu wclik ha the President, the coiniumuhT in-i hicf of the iinnyaml navy of llio I'nited States? Hid j.cu.ge i . vun.s banti nacn i nomas c mi V""V 11 W!w .' ,u """X , "'T "T llie L lilted Slutes, with Millard Fillmore lit their head, thai really kept Slate street silent, while lliut iiilitiuuu procession stuiued its pavements. The President who nppoiuts n deputy to do mi net, and stand liy while tho net is done, is ns iniieb responsible lir it ns it he hud ileum It with his ow n blinds. The flirt, I here fore, tlint the President bus not been actually culled nu, except in Fillniure's pro ckimntinu against Shadrnch,to execute the Fugitivu Slave Liw, is of no force in ibis argument, Mr. Mann stands, therefore, by bis own confession, in ibis position: Ac knowledging that the Constitution orders the return of fugitive slaves, bo voted last fill lor J. I. Hale ns President. To elect ll-dc. Mr. Mann did all he emilit. He pave bis vote. He has but one tutu to give. Cod will not bold him responsible for leu thousand votes, hut for one. No man who voted for Presi dent Pierce did mnro for him limit Mr. Mann did for Hale, llo L'uve bis vote and n.7 the influtncc ichuh hiseimip'e had. Now, what is lht moaning of this vote r Interpreted into words, it is this: 1, Horace Mann, hertby request and authorize yon, John I'. Hale, to assume the nfiec of President of the United Males, and to take the oath of that office, uhich is 'faith idly to execute the office of I're.ii dent of the L'niltd Salts, and to the best of your ability jmstrrc, protect and defend the Constitu tion ol the V. H.' I request and authorize you lo appoint judges, marshal and other Jilting officers, to erectile the various provisions of thai jnstruincnt, and among others, that for the re turn of fugitive slaves : and in case such return be resisted, to array the army and vavif of the Union for Us enforcement. To place Mr. I laid in that position, Mr. Maun did all ho could. If by the loss of Hale' election, anmu great national blessing bad been lost, and posterity had accused this generation liir allowing il. Mr. Maun mould have laid bis band on bis henrt nnd said, ' I mil not guilty; I did nil I could to elect htm.' If, ill such ircumstaii- ces, ho could rightfully bnvo mndu such n cluiui, bo must not now, when tho luhles aru liirneil, uvoid Ibe full responiibiliiy of hi I have no wish In inlrndiire- any new points into this discussion. Hul I go further: I claim that every voter in the last election i morally responsible for the election of Pies dent Pierce, and for the ordinary constitutional acts be limy do. Fvery voter, under this Constitution, is understooil to assent to this rimdumculnl principle, thai 'the ninjo'-ily shall govern.' When, under such n Constitution n ours, he enters II Presidential canvas, be, in effect anys, ' My eniulidatii shall be Presi dent, nud execute tha ordinary funclions, if ho gets the most votes ; and 1 ngren that your randihuto sbnll bo President, mid exer cise all the or Jinury functions of lUeolWrv, if ho obtains innru vote tint it my liiuml.' I will not slop now lo uufubl this idea, but every frank and honoruhlo mind will readily sea thai liu i nil esscntiul condition of consti tutional government. I have heard of a firm, mndo up of a Christian and a Jew, that did biisiiiHHS lu irellier five d.ivs in llio week. Then thu Christian kept simp Saturday, while the Jeiv worshipped, and llie Jew Kept simp Kmulnv, hi Christian partner attended chureii. Thus Ibey mndu morn money th in their neighbors. Mr, Mann's argument nre nf nature. Ilu rides two horses, nt llie same time. Now he uses one iheoiy, and now another. When one thiuks he lius nut , . j I ' I i j I fL,, ,10w-ii.dava. . CuiivWinu and chuich-memlteishil. would not "Sulci fire, at : seuteucuu mi. runups lu lie uruwn and quar while ' lereil. If responsibility j to be extended ' nl"' diffused in such u way, no man can live hi society lor a day without incurtinu dam Ihi ' ning gnilL 1 do my duty, lu my office, oil 'y own responsibility j others may do theirs,, 'heir respousibiliiy. " I his hand on him, he is not there. For in- itnnc"! I lo is understood to hold, with Mr. Milliner nnd the Free Soil party generally, Hint the duty nl i,r,enilerinff lugiiives be longs to the Stntes, and ihnl the ebmse needs ho nililitixi.nl legislation, lie affirms, also, I l iil be twenrslo support the Constitution a I e understands it. As Governor of Mnra cliusetlK, therefore, be would be bound lo see that fugitives were returned. Any slava biilder iiiiiflit, n Free Soilera think, use the old l.ugli.di writs, ami if nblo lo convince Huston jury, (no hard tusk), the Coventor must sustain the decision of llie court. The union nf romrress on ibis subject, Mr. Mann rousiders unconstitutional; our) he ha bundled limes avowed that he would never obey it. Of course, then, be would not be deterred from doing, as Governor, his con i I ut in mil ih. ty, nu rdy because someUidy else Congress, lor instance, bud illegally in l.'ilere.l in the matter. I nsk him then bmv, with Ibis theory, be could Agree lo t ike such nu oilier, lie replies, 1 think un (i.ivernor of this Stale will ever issue hia warrant for llio return of n fugitive alnvit, who tins not bad n ti n I by jury ; nnd prolva lily slavery itself wi'l bo' " blasted" bv the Lord, before n j'iry trial will bo gri.n ed by Coniri ss; the il.uiK-r, therefore, is al llio ve ry Vanishing point.' lb-fore n jury trial be granted bj Con press'l Hul Congress has nntliin.', Mr. Mnnn tiiiuka to do with the business. Wbv dooslhe (Joveriior wait fiir Congress? lc him do his clear nekuow ledgnl duty. Rut IIO ; a dear h'mielf cs (i,vrnor, he will Inke the Coiistimiion as the nation interpri Is it, mid w ait till Congress tt.'cs. in n difl'erenl w ny, Us tt.virpt t pnttrr ! To e'ear himsitj, tin Heprt' r.-iifui re in Congrt.is, he w ill l.iko the Con stitution as he undirstnmls it, mid is sure Con cress has nothing lo do w ith the mailer, and tlmt the slave act is imrimstitutinmd ! Free Soiler' nu y thou I e Pies'ub ids of the I'.Stntes1, or men, hers of Congress, because, with their interpretation, the National (biverninr lit lias nothing to do w Pli slaves: thai belotiga to the Stales! Ami a Free Soiler mny be Gov ornor of a Suite, because llie Supreme Cour sas ine surrender ol slaves lielonga to the Nation! Very convenient morality this ! lln the pnny keep men with mm theory "to net in ;ho Stales, nnd men with number the ory lo ni l in the INulioii? Right enough, pel burs,w bell the individual is not imphenleu us in Mr, Mann's euse,iu both capacities. Con necticut families inauai;rd in n similar way They ust d, ii is said, lu let church luemliera mak: wo'idcti nutmegs, which was held in nol i i.t; but kepi one sou uncai vcrli J, to sell lliem, which w ns lliounl.l q'leslloli.ible. We present, with such business. (.'hail, s I. -nub paints, i.i Luciaii's manner, a hungry God, hovering, w ith expectant nos trils, in wail liir bis iiicen.e, while two priest dispute which shall nfler it, ami nl bit the deny bus lo fly nwuy without hi dinner.- I'li'igiun a slaveholder waiting thu for Mr. M.inii lo lei l.im luac, in ouu rhnrncler or the other, bis acknowledged legal rights. But Governor M.iuu and Air. Representative Mnnn both beg to be excused, benignly as- - soring him nil thn while, ( 17",) thai Free Soiler are most especi dl) 'Union tovingand law abiding men V uud ihnl he nekuow ledges . lus oi.iiiuion to the Constitution w hue it ia sull'ered lu l.isl '! Should ii Governor ever lei broii'jlil In the neei ssity of issuing his warrant, Mr. Mnnn thinks be is still sale. He could buy the slave ! What n grand innrnl picture! Mossiinchu setts Govrriinis bit) ing eff the slaves they huve ngn.'cd lo restore ! This is too ludic rously li Itti 'tut 1 idt In be considered in serious argument. Suppose Hussanio rmtinil per Hiiadu Shy lock lo give up his pound of flesh; suppose llui muster refcn lo sell, lis in sev eral recent eases (Sims' and others) he has done, where then is Givcrunr Mann? I bupu every G ivcrunr who lakes office on this plan, will see Ihnl he has ' much goods laid up,' for there urn thousands of fugitives in llie Stale, mid w ith such n proclamation I am afraid his much goods' will not be Maid up for many years.' Il is here thin Mr. Mnnn says, I once 'tore up my commission and retired to dignified leisure.,' mid be thinks office bolder may wait till actually required lo do some wicked act and then imitaiu my example. I.et me inform him thut I never held uuy office, ex cept a military one long belortt I wua an abo litionist. My sense of duly would not nllotv inn to lake un olliee, nnv pofsib'e duty of .. I I I I ... I ee ...i ,, oltieo, I should discover that any of its possible duties were of that nnliire, 1 should . continue lo bold it till such nisi ocenrr- w on ii i i o.isiiiui i-ii smiiiii. ji, eiiier iiihttiir r, giving, all the uhile, the. influence of my trample to lead oilier men into like positions, and lo uiiholJ the Gwn anient, but should resictl at once. I tided on ihi piiciple in quilting my profession. Mr. Maun acknowledges tlint he voted the money which paid Millard Fillmore, Levi, Woodbury, Charles Dennis, Peleg Sprague and It. R, Curtis for their respective shiirea in the I! .istiiii slave ruse. I usk any abolitionist what is his first impression on rending such n confession ? Was that a vote for an anti si ivety man to give ? .Mr. Mnnut liu ki it was The only way be proves llie vote innocent i this. Hd sas I nin equally guilty, because I pity tuxes. If the liiri bo so, I submit that my guilt does nut prove hi innocence; and if Ibis bn the only iirgiimiuit Free Soiler have to offer, llieir cause seems to me very weuk. And el 1 have fiilhlully examined the entire column devoted lo this point, anil assert ihnl Ibis is the only dclt.ni e Air. Maun oilers, except llio follow i ig: 1 'Nor tlu 1 consider myself uny morose. countable lor their unconstitutional proceed- : . .i. . ta:.. ii i . i .i , hip i" ,IU Sim ciise.lluui should bad llie.