Newspaper Page Text
From Eliza Cook's Journal.
1 The empire of literature li prndnallr extending.
The printing press, like civilisation, is mnkipg tho
tour if the world ; and even in iinperinl llnvti,
among a population ot neroe-i, literature is l.econi
in a power fur bi 'o.l. if not nlmi fur evil.
At the tiino when tho ncgmea nf llnytt revolted
Against France, elementary instruction in the Front h
Inncnaso had ml mime nrnnress in tho island.
MohonlU and churches hnil been founded tho nc-
yrmn spoke in broken rroncli, ninny of them could
read, nml they innttly worshiped in Catholic
t liurchos. Still, the literary classes worn greatly
in tho minority, for the hulk'of tho population were
illiterate slaves when tlie rebellion hroko out w hich
ttnitllr severed their connection w ith Frame
During tho hoight nJ fever of tho rebellion,
'ovorythinr, in France wa hat"d nml denounced
French churches, French iiioniiiiieutM, nml French
inuii.a Men nt tlio latter were not killoil were
4i wished the Mnnd, after which the blacks governed
themselves, firvt uniler a lilnrk preiiloiit, nml n
now, uuilcr a Mack emicmr. tin the innssncro i
t!io liit French colonists, Dcssnlinc, the fnt'tre
emperor, w a asked " w hat was to lie done with the
French libraries?" " We have no need nf them
was liin reply, " except for gun-wadding." And hy
hi order, the company of grenadiers, who went
from honso to home lit I'ort-nn-l'riiire, tore to piece
nui mroiv inio ino street mi me uo iks tnoy eoniii
Not eontent willi suppressing tho " paper speech,"
ns ho culled it, Dcssalincs rewired to put down the
schools in which lie had succeeded to mime extent
before bin midden and vi.ilent death. everthele,
the germ of literature, however imperfectly, had
lieen planted in lliyll, and when the population
had time to critic down to poaeeful pursuits, and
their hatred of the French became assuaged, they
turned to literature as it nc eisity. The president,
I'etioti, encouraged letters, and" restored snino of
the schools ; but the ban being Mill upon nil Freneh
colonists, no professor could he nbtaineil to till the
ao.it in the university, and the progress of learning
was therefore very slow. The more intelligent part
'of the former free blacks of theiiland having grad
ually betaken themselves to the town, thero to
engage in coinmereial pursuits, found themselves
gradually drawn together; and many of them
united in clubs, especially in Mnsoiiic lodge, which
latter ro-uninns iin beeiime the niielei of the liter
ature nnd learning of llayti. Theso bulges were
Heboid" of mutual help, a well a mieial gathering",
at which each member endeavored to contribute
lii quota of entert limm'tit in the form of li"
hertation, toimt, ruble, ilrnmaliu eBay, ong",
nnd funeral oration. J'etion nlo patrouixed the
publicjournal,aisting the proprietors with presxe
and p:iper and those, together with the estublndi
lueiit of tlieutre, the throwing open of the Benalc
liouxc, the public right of petition, triennial elec
toral lueeting", and above all civic festivities, which
jver nnd still are the occasion of numerous opcoch
ifying, pre-tonto l additional opportunities tor the
growth of the infant literature id 11 ivti.
At an early period in llaytian literary bistorv
the need of a grammar was "felt, nnd the then di
rector of tho national printing otlico, Clinulette,
undertook the tat-k. Tho French grammars had all
lieen torn to piece, but ho compiled one, not with
out many fault, from memorv. This nnswered its
purpose very well, until tho ro-P"tnhliidiment
liunMiu n:iu uoiioiiiTn'iiii relations w mi r runce
IfOl, re-intrniiueeit rn-iich books nnu gave a now
Impulse to ino eiluention m the island. jr
iho prosout native litornturo is not extonsive, but
it is growing. Truth to sny it is ehicHv of a vcrv
light description, lilted rather for aniuscmont than
for liigli culture. 'J'ho negro is a pleasure-loving
being, of warm blood ; and tlio mulatto is his bro
ther, diHoring from him only in a lighter colored
akin, for French blood runs in the veins of the
mulnttoes of llayti. And tho French-llaytinn
mulatto, sprung from two volatilo sources, is
embodiment of volatility, the liko of which iierhniis
frx countries can oxliibit. Hence the gay literature
of llayti which is but tho rrllex of its people.
- First and foremost come drama and comedy. Tho
theatre is the principal ainiisciiicnt of the ilaytians,
nnd ninny nf the negroes liavo a strong lovo of act
ing, as well as an extraordinary talent for it, tho
negro being essentially imitative. Kven in the time
of Desnaliuv, the li-ys at l'ort-au-1'rince used
compose and play little inclo-dramas, which had for
their subject the principal episodes in the expedition
of the Freneh general l.eelere. All that we know
of theso essays now is that they were furiously np
iiluuded. One little circumstance is still remembered
that the head of the French colonel, in ono of the
io of the:
dram-is, was decorate 1 with an enormous hniry tap,
on which miidit be read in l.ire-iiroil letters ' f Invti.
" , O j
the grave of Frenchmen."
Since thon a really great nctor has appeared
Jlayti uupre: aim lie lias also exhibited eminent
qualities nna poet aim aiiriuuatic writer, lie wrote
somo light dramas, which wero played, himself
being the principal nctor, with immeiiKO success;
uiu inn ing uccu&iiioii in a uuei, ami tne manuscripts
lieing in the possession of his widow, she refusos
to delivor tlieiu tip for publication, through super
stitious caprice of conjugal piety. Theso plays
i'upro wero tiiorougiiiy Jiuytiun, and strikingly
Illustrative, of tho manners, opinions, habits,
character of his countrymen. They wero chiefly
illustrative of tho Slavery period of tho island,
tho advent of " liberty." lbipre has
vailed tho Haytian Moliere, and tliecaect produced
by the acting of hi play are said to have justified
tho simile. Many of Ihmre's satires, gongs,
poems, in French, aro still preserved, aud they
. possess extraordinary pith and vigor.
Dupro flourished under Pction's presidency
when Christopho reigned in the eastern and Pction
in tlie western part of the inland. I'nder the pres
idency ot Uoyer who succeeded t'otuin, somo eleven
native dnim ui.us made their appearance, and some
of their specimens aro to be found in the Jlautian
lift (VAIxille lluHienne) a Port-nu-Printo newspa
per. Tho treatment of subject is clover, though
' the morality would not be considered very pure
Kuroiie; for, in il ivti, brothers marry sisters
tlio connivance of " the church," and many of
most favorite Haytian drunins have for their themes
lovo passages nf this sort, M, Milliscent, a man
color educated in r ranee, is tho author of several
pieco ot tins description
But not only hnvo the H iytiuns theatre
thoatricnl ontcrtuininonts ; they also established
tijiera, and a roiut academy ol music, Yt hat,
you think, was tho original'strength of the orches
tra of the Hoy al Academy T Two violin,
cliirnincttos, two llutes, two horns, and a bassoon.
This formed tho royal court band of Christopho.
Ho also possessed a composer of music, M. Cassinn,
a Haytian, who produced some comic operas, w
wero played before their "majestic," Christophc
had also a considerable staff of amateur theatrical
performer ubout the court: they consisted of thirty
amateurs and twenty amatriret (as the royal Alma
nac of llayti duly announced,) and alsoseveu ladies
of tho ballet all black. But ChriHtopho having
committed suicide in the royal opera for
tiino languished, though we have heard that
present uinporor has revived it iu full force.
the present time, Port-au-Prince support
theatre, the Hailian theatre, tlio Thniirt det
riete, aud tho Amhitu, In one of theso, the
chestra consist ciiiotiy or arums, and the musical
accompaniment to tne songs may therefore bo iiiingii
ed bettor than described. The audience also tnlto
"considerable part in the performance, and ore
tantly ejaculating with loud vuices in tho course
tho play aotuo llaytiiui annua, thuugh remarkably
musing, would not probably command the respect
" of the rtt lierete audience on this side of the Atlantic.
Hut it amuse tlie Haytian, and thus serves
The newspaper of Hayti exhibit inoro satisfac
tory progress. At tuoir commencement, (hey
vcrv bombastic, luudinir their black emneror as
. ho had been a very god ; rivalling in this respect
most toadying court nowspagicr ot old lairope.
There was thu greater excuse for this on the part
tho Haytian gentlemen of tho press, ns, but for
Tiatrouage and support of tho Haytian monarch
they eould not have survived tho early stuge
T t :n.: .....i . ... "
ncir lining, uut if.uu.i wiu ;ii iwc.ujr ycuis,
Haytian newspapers have exhibited ft steady
proveniont ; they are much more independent
: their lone of opinion, and llioy contain many article
and critique ", with knUdio of local manners
character, which enable tlioiu Ui stand u comparison
with the journal of many of the moro civilized
JCuropoan countries. Two of the longest established
urnnls of l'ort-au-l'rliu e. the Hepublicnn nnd the
I n ion, liavo published sketches of Iim-bI manners.
and tales of llnvtian life, wbicli would even bear
reprinting in our l'arlor and ltnilway Libraries.
IgiiiHe iau is one of the cleverest el tlio negro
novelists, und Ida tales nf negro sorcery (in which
negroes r.ro geiiemlly profound lielie(ers at least
tiuiil llayti) possess great originality ami power.
iiusmps ii h loiirn i h uoovu iiiciiiioiieu, ui ...
tbri-o others i.iiblislied at I'ort-au-l'rince. tho Ilrrnr
the Mtmitntr. nnd the (hmmnriiit
Jtntumt. The M-initrtir is the organ of the govern'
ment, nnd some of the others aro opKsilion papers,
Indeed, several of tlio editors liavo " autrercV lil"
their white brethren in Paris, because of their oc
casionnl severely satiric criticisms of tne govern
ment measures. Theso papers, like our own, are
often full of lona reports of speeches delivered by
llaytian orators, not less turgid than the speeches
of our own t'howlers. About the time of tlio civic
festivals there is a irrievous llux of negro rhetoric,
just as there is hero nt the time of our elections.
v ....... s, i !- -.i:...- ..r l...
I ne nuvoeato Ginnery, who is uiu ruuor m inc
Htntr tie THImnnr, has proved a serious thorn in
the side of the ruling powers j by the vein of satire
in which lie treats of their doings. Among other
things, ho deplores tlio want of dignity in the
proceedings or the llaytian law courts, and he tries
to shame tho judges and the people out of their
coarse and clumsy modo of procedure by satiric
descriptions and comic dialogues. Here, for tx
ample, Is bis sketch of the High Court of llnyli,
at the decisive moment in a trial for conspiracy.
"Hero tlio judges sit sleeping on tho bench,
thero tho defendants sleep nt the bar: on one side
dm accused uleen on their form, on the other side
tho registrars of the court snore at their deski all
round tho sentinels aro asleep, with arms in ineir
hnmls; but tho president of tlio court oxhibits nil
extraordinary force of character; he alone, always
ii the fidgets, is enabled to subdue sleep; for lie is
allowed so much extra, because of tho additional
work he performs In rousing up tho sleeping judges.
The vice president and tho military nccusor of the
prisoners at tho Imr yield themselves only occasion
ally to a pleasant nap : the military officers on duty
walk rouml tlie conn irom time i nine, murinojt
nnd w likening up the sleeping sentinels with strokes
given with the flat of their sabres.
"In the midst of all this sleep the sound of a
tamlHiuriiio is heard outsido, aecoinpnn) ing n num
ber of singers pnsaintr, along tho street. Inimedi
ntely the audience is thoroughly awakened up:
tho president of tho jury Isilts into the street to see
tlio fun, and the heads of tho Supreme Court arc
prec ipilatclv drawn out at the windows I" Huch is
the journalist' description of a Haytian court.
We might proceed to give specimens of Haytian
poetry, which is by no means to be despised, though
it vcrv often sounds like echoes of Lnmnrtine nml
Victor Hugo, llayti has nlwi nlready produced
several historians, the most industrious of whom is
Madiou; his three largo volumes of the History ol
llayti published at Port-au-Prince, form nt least an
excellent collection of materials, though the book
is wanting in balnnco nnd proportion. L Instant
has also furnished somo admirable contributions
towards the history of the island ; and he has proved
his literary merit by having carried off tho prize
awarded by the French Society for his essay on the
AlHilition ot Slavery.
Such is the brief outline of the literary state and
progress of tho negro or mulatto empire of llayti.
Tho result is certainly cheering, nml proves that
notwithstanding the enormous ili.iadvantages which
the blacks of that island have labored under, spring-
nz suddenly a they have done from Shivery into
full IrpAilniii. ilu.v have, ilurinif the last fifty vears.
made decided mid even rapid progress in intellectual.
"Leaves t Vau.ajhirosa."" In the name of
tho I'ronliet flirsl" Don't toll nnvlsHly don't
;.i.i-.,i.n..ir.,l.'ll l.li..v it if v.... do. work-',m,r
men liavo been busy for a day or two, in tho Pal-
A-doing kI,I .do "T'Mj.An
learn a la Mrs. Adam, upon sundry of tlio speci-
men of Sculpture Hint grace the fcdifico. and re-
deem it, somewhat, with their pure, Parian pros-
once, from being altogether, a hugo lluimir.
.... , , , i.- e..:...
V. Iio suggested it, win. was siiockc ., w oo .... -
ed. is more than wo know. but. nobody risks muc
in saying, that tho Artists who cxpresseu tncir
glorious conceptions in Marble, did not ieii what
such folks are liinkin of, and, perhaps it is not li
belous to add, that if those, at whoso instigation,
this veiretable phenomenon is occurring, wero ns
leafy as they are verdant, maker and vender of
e .fi e . 1. 1 i ..i...... r... i:.-..i;
loriiie luunus, wou.u j.ui iw. duui v
much of tins nxeinJo delicacy is
nfloac, both in city and country, for the health of
good tosto anil good morals t tlio spirit tnni wouiu
put too onus do Modicis in a Golluo-sacK,
V, v,....7l.. M.r...i. h. a eoHnc-anck. Anolio
I lJelvidore in corduroys, and Powers' Greek Slave'
, ,, i L'Ultllill IIIIU'CllllI l-UMH ll,
i tll0 vay wi,i0 they nro about it, couldn't
in nu,,,.,n lent' be disposed somewhere ubout the
creatures in diaper I It's a wonder they
tcinnt to administer tml tea. Iribune.
uuestriuu statute of Washington, that front the
main entrance t It might bo mistakon lor a Inu-
rcl, in lieu of a bettor, dn the American "Athens,"
a few years ago, somebody cut a similar caper.
Several exquisito figures of Cherubs were on exhi-
bition there, nnd tliov actually put the blessed little
APPEAL TO FREEDOM'S FRIENDS.
Friends of freedom ! swoll tho song !
Young nnd old tho strain prolong,
Muke tho Teniporunco army strong, On to victory
Lift your bannors, lot them wave,
Onward march, a world to save, ;
Who would iill a drunkard's grave, Hear his infamy
Shrink not when tho foe appears,
Spurn the coward's guilty fear,
Hear tho shrieks behold the tears, Ruined families
Raise tho cry in cvory spot
'Touch not, tusto uot, hundlo not.'
Who would bo a drunken ot, Worst of miseries
Give the aching bosom rost,
Curry joy to overy breast,
Mako the wretched drunkard blest, Living soberly.
P.nise the glorious watchword high
' Touch not, tusto not, fill you dio !'
Let tho ocho reach tho sky, Kurth keep jubilee
God of mercy ! hear ua plead,
For thy help wo intercede !
See how many bosoms bleed ! Ileal them speedily.
Hasten, Lord, the happy day,
When, beueath thy gentlo ray,
Tcmeranct all tho world shull sway Reign triumph
antly. Natural Ci'RiosiTr. Hocking county, Ohio.
which will soon lie tapped for our profit and pleas
ure by a good railroad, contains many natural
which to examine would bo worth a
from almost any distance. Ono is called the "liock
House," under w hich many large road wagons
havo tuken shelter during nights and storms ;
""'" "',""" . "
"Ash Cave, which is very large, capable of shel-
tering probably 2.IKKJ men, in which is an immense
bed uf ashes: the "Old Man' Cave," and several
others which have not becomo o generally known,
Hut not tho least of all is a "natural suspension
which is peiimp one of tho greatest curb
obiuc ill uiu auiiu. io ii.ll turns spun
somo iwune ice wiiiii, at un ainuuo oi sixty ict-i,
On one side of tho bridgu is a largo cuvo capable
of holding three hundred persons, ut tho base
w hich is a spring of clear, though rather warm
aud is most beautifully ; fiingod with fern leaves.
w v n wai uiu boiii t, i.
eye" to tho gallery, i
ting the people licl
A certain preacher wa holdiutr forth to a som-
what wearied congregaton, when ho "lifted un
aim uenoiii a youngster pel
low with chestnuts. Domini
was about to administer ex ralhedrut a sbnrn
siingent reprimand for hi flagrant act of Impiety
and disrespect, but the youth, aiitiuiputing hie:,
bawled out ut the top of his voice;
"You mind your preaching, daddy, aud I'll keep
From the Indiana Free Democrat.
BY ISAAC H. JULIAN.
The Imne of Prejudice, the creed of Hate,
Towards a few outcasts of our common kind,
Full long had nerved our 'free nnd sovereign State,'
Its Press, its Politics, its Priests combined:
In vain did Justice, Mercy, make appeal,
Men's veins ran gull, their very hearts were stoel.
From the chief ruler to tlio lowest thing
That sported in official livery,
The heathen journalist the crowd would fling
Contempt on Christ, through poor humanity, -Till
Honven n uilismnn to purge nnr shnmc-s-Won
from demoniac rngc John Frcomnn's name.
Freeman in iinmc nnd fact, nnd never less I
Well fenced with proofs and friends on every hand,
Yet did Opprersion bind thco m duress
Hrng liko a felon to the judgment stand
Tear from thy infant's cries, thy wife's embrace,
Only because thou liavo a dusky face I
Yes, through long weeks of summer's fiercest reign,
And on that boasted Anniversary
It y booming cannon heralded again,
Made holy to Man'i Kiiial LiUii;,
The hellish grasp was on thee to torment,
With nil tho tortures petty fiends invent.
The loathsome drama's o'er thou'rt freo again I
Hack, baffled bloisl hounds t to your coward luir,
And when Old Nick unto "tho hunt of men"
Again shall call you, hnvo a better care,
And scent tlio fisitsteps of some hapless wight,
Lower, less powerful to provo his right !
0 Pl'-aiitnt Kllington I ravishing old man 1
Meek, kind, (lod-feuring, full of holy leal !
What pious heart but mourns thy fruitless plan,
Hut slmres the bitter griefs thy own must feel,
Finding the Holy Compromise nil vain,
And blond-hounds powerless to nllicvo its pain I
Lo, ingrnto ' Sam," from o'or the Canadian lino,
Movents his mocking " ivory" nt thy woes I
And Freeman will not own thy claim "divine"
In Sam's behalf to ipiell thy bosom's throes ;
While impious, upstart Hoosicr spirits glow,
And fain would antidote thy bliss below I
Nor is this nil : Shylock shall justice have,
Through righteous law, we trust, ill fullest mea
sure! O pleasant patriarch by Missouri's wave!
Receive a morsel of thy proffered pleasure,
An added token of thy blissful fato
Man-hunting in the bonny Ilisisier State I
And ye, sly Satan's cheapest, shallowest tisds I
Listun and Walpolc, John L. Ilobinsonl
Who, scorning infamy's common ways and rules,
Ilirect tho lowest gulf of slinmo liavo wont
Already thunders through your moral gloom
Tho "deep damnation" of tho time to conic!
Yes, ever henceforth through this goodly land,
When honest souls shall travail to portray
The vilest things, in fitting phrase at hand,
Than w hich no other can the thought convoy,
Your names' emphatic utteraneo brief
Shall fill tho "aching void," and givo relief!
Freeman! hadst thou Wn a common man
,, , . ,
t'f thy despised race, nil friendless, low,
The ": mmary decree had doubtless been
That thou with 1'lttuaiU Kllington must go ;
AnJ t, for juflluH tM, jn found
A Insh-drivco chattel upon Southern ground !
Thus art thou doubly blest ! thyself art free
Through the position which thy efforts won,
While Truth nnd Justice, triumphing with thee,
May likelier to the lowlier ones be dono ;
"John the forerunner" we may gladly trace
Of better days to his much-injured race.
The leading circumstances of the Frocmnn case
! n fl-1'"" ' public remembrance to nood
recurring to at this time, Kllington is a member,
not n minister, of the M. K. Church South. By
1 . , . , ., . . ,,. ...
a' wc"torn letter to tho Hartford HejnMmin, he
' reported ns passing for a minister on the steamboat
( '' " "' mat capaciiy as n
r ""..r ...r promno swearing;
'' Sam is tho geniin.o fugitive from Kllingt
""! I nnd recognized as such in Canada. Listou
"'H" wero tho eln.mai.t s attorneys, nnd
" themsolvos with alacrity" to all his efforts to
enslave a treemnn, ns long ns there was nnv hope
success. .John Itolnnson is the I'. S. Marshal.
wdio as is pretty well known brought the Federal
power to bear in the great work of stripping and
uauiiiiiiii uiu ooujr o. f rucinitii
SANITARY VIEW OF THE BEARD AND
Ihey protect tho opening of tho mouth, and fit.
tcr the air for a man w orking in smoko or dust
any kind ; they nlso act us a respirator, and prevent
iiiv nitiuiiiiii nnu inu mugs oi uir in it is ttH) trea
ty. Mr. Chadwick, years ago, wa led to tho dis
cussion of this subject by observing how, in tho
case of Home blacksmith who wore beard and
mustaches, the hair ulmut the mouth was discolored
I by tho iron dust thnt had been caught on it way
into the mouth nnd lungs. The same observer ha
also pointed nut mid applied to his argument tlie
fact that travellers wait, if noecssary, until their
mustache have grown before they bravo the sandy
air of deserts. Ho conceives, therefore, that tho
absence of moustache and beard must involve
serious loss to luboror in dusty trades, such a
millers, mid masons; to men employed in grinding
steel and iron, and to traveller on dusty roads.
Men who retain the hair about tlio mouth am. nbui
io says, niucii icss name to decay or aching of tho
loctli. To this list wo would add, also, that apart
by nature for tho purpose the unisUiche and board
the around the inuuth, Surely enoiieh has been I. em
uiu j annum uiu iiiuuin. oureiy enough has been hero
said to mako it evident that tho Englishman who
(at the end of his days, bus spent nlsmt an entire
! vear of his lil'u in seVanim, ,.ir I. is i.,.i i..
j ried himself to no purposo, tins submitted to
painful, vexatiuus, nod not only useless, but clu
bridge," ally unwholesome custom, 'llo l as disti-urcd
null lillnselt SVStemalll ullv t immr inl III',,
. his slmru ol unnecessary tic doloieux and tooth
I aidie, coughs and colds, has swullowcd dust and
inhaled smoke and fog out of coinplaisciico to the
social prejiulito which happen just now to provuil.
o all uhomiuato the nuor while wo uso it, nnd
would gladly lay it down. Now, if wo seo clearlv
and 1 think the fiet is very ehnr that tho uso
it is a great blunder, mid if wo are no longer such
a slovenly people us to bo nfruid that, if wo kept
our beards, wo idiould not wash, or comb, or trim
them in n docent way, why can wo not put aside
our morning plague and irritate our skin no more
a WO now tlo? iXe' JJouneJiotd H'uid.
from the incessant dust flying iu town streets, and
uiscpariililo lroiu town lile, there is the smoko to
be considered. Both dust and smoko do .get into
tho lungs, and only in a small degree is it Hsible
for them to bo decomposed und removed by proces
ses ot hie. Iho air passage of a Manchester
man, or of a resident in the City of London,
opened after death, lire found to bo moro or loss
colored by tho dirt that ho been breathed. Per-
Imp it doe not mutter much; but surely wc had
uuuor ..ot mum uusinuics or ciiiinuey tunnels ol
our lungs. Beyoml a certain extent this introduc
tion of mechanical impurity into tho delicate air
passiige does causo a morbid irritation, marked
disease, und prematura death. We had better
keep our lungs clean altogether, and for that rea
son men working in cities would find it ulnav
worth while to retail! tho air filter supplied In them
Henry Wurd Jicccber suy " thero i a great deal
more (iospel in it loaf of biead sometimes, than
t dry old tciuion,"
OUR CHANGEABLE CLIMATE.
A great many people complain of the frequent al
teration of temperature in our climate; but Wash
ington Irving, in an essay on the Cnttskill Moun
tain, which appeared last year in Putnam' Home
Book of the Picturesque, ha this defence of them.
Her let me say a word in favor of those vicis
situde of our climate w hich are too often made the
subject of exclusive repining. If they nnnoy us
occasionally by changes from hot to eold, from
wet to dry, they give us one of the most benntiful
climates in the world. They give us tho brilliant
sunshines of the imuth of huroiio with tho fresh
Terdureof tho north. They float our summer sky
with clouds of gorgeous tints or fleecy whiteness,
and send down cooling showors to refresh the pan
ting earth and keep it green. Our seasons are full
of sublimity and beauty. Winter with us has none
of its proverbial gloom. It may have it howling
wiuds, nnd chilling frosts, and whirling snow
storms; but it has also its long intervals of cloudless
sunshine, when the now-clad earth give redou
bled brightness to the day when nt night the stars
beam with intensest lustre, or the moon floods the
whole landscape with hot most limpid radiance.
And then the joyous outbreak of our spring, burs
tinff at once into leaf and blossom, redundant with
vegetntion, and vociferous with life! and the splen
dors of our summer its morning voluptuousness
and evening glory it niry pnlnees of sun-gilt
clouds piled up in a deep asure sky; and it gust
of tempest of almost tropical grandeur, when the
forked lightning and the bellowing thunder-volley
from the battlements of heaven shako tho sultry at
mosphere! and tho sublime melancholy nf our au
tumn, mnirnillceiit in its decay, withering down the
pomp and pride of a woodland country, yet reflec
ting Imck from its yellow forests the golden serenity
of the skv! Siirclv we inavsavtbnt in our climate.
"Tho heavens declare the glory of (lod; and the
flnnnnntit sliowetli his handiwork. Hay unto day
uttereth speech, and night upon night sliowctl
"Ion'tkiek that hoy! IIo' tnmrtmly'i boy don't
vou "k-n-o-w itr vt owcrowalking rnpully alonji
Wnrren-st., but tho voico arrested our steps, nn
we turned to hsk nt the owner. He was a stout
fellow of nlsmt fifteen as ragged and unkept a
two-year-old. Hi hand resembled a couplo of
nondesenpt-tonds, nnd a for his countenance,
whatever Croton might have passed his lips, he
took gisid care to get none on his faeo. That fron
tispiece of his, though ns you might infer from his
words, was, barring tne deep sunning, a ovxxf ono.
Thero wns a inorry, during. Kind of Icsik in his eye,
nnd a giHsl-nntured curvo nt tho corners of his
mouth. I'nder one nnn was a roll of handbills, and
swinging threateningly from the oxtremity of the
other, was a paste-kettle. Altogether, ho evidently
had tho raw material for an out-and-out fellow of
somo sort-nothing by halves, but either good enough
for n pattern or bad enough for a proverb. Anoth
er lad of nlsmt the same sito, but with the look of
a young -Nero, wns just in the act of "letting up"
one of tho most squalid nnd iiitinbla littlo morsel
of Immunity it wa ever our ill-fortuuo to encoun
ter. This tyrant, from certain appearances beneath
the eye of tlie little fellow, varied to a blue, nnd
thus distinguished from the surrounding hlncknoss,
had evidently had him in "chancery" or omh oth
er bad iilnce. The determined air with which our
little champion fr human right accompanied his
"don't kick the "hoy-ho' wM',l boy," deter
red him from further demonstration! 'lliey talk
f tableaux. Here wosoiie worth somi'lsidy pen
il: our Wilbcrforce in Iho foreground, hi ereasy.
tattered cap flung hack from hi brow, hi eye
sparkling with manly indignation, the symbol of
his Craft swung threateningly aloft; the recipient
of these attentions, relinquishing hi hold, with
sulky intimidated look, and the littlo victim, every
nig in a quivtir witn ins wriinings nna wmiii;
with the whites of hi eye annular nnd glittering
in the facial ecllpso around them wouldn't they
furnish a study for an Artist? "' wifW;
ixiii. Uo hack lartlmr than that alter n principle.
f you can. Adduce a lietter argument for equal
right and "?Md will to men," if yod know how
back to the mother that We him back to tho
mother of us all the great dusty bosom of our
common humanity. Seek a moro appropriate em-
IsMliment of "tho law ot might, it you know where
than our actor number two presented, a muttoring
nnd cowardly ho relinquished his prey; and fish
out from the gutter anywhere, a sadder emblem
legrndation than the Ic 1st ol tho three will furnish
SoinebiKly' Isiy indeed! cradled in nrrow,lapped
in poverty, growing up to tnink that thu law ot
worm is the law for him: turn upon tho foot
crushes, und that such is lilb.-7r'iic.
A LAW OFFICE.
Mr. Saxc, tho poet thus describe hi own law
"Whcro jarring cose peacefully abide,
And warring parties slunilier side by side,
Where grim lluHirt run up to many a score,
And 'Digests' full of undigested luro;
Wheio Coko, remorseless of tlie dnmngo dono,
Tltrows his hugo bulk on pigmy Littleton,
And 'chancery tape,' of brightest crimson tint,
Gives, ull in vain, it sanguinary hint."
Vkneradi.r Itrt.ics. The proeoes of widoning
Beck man street hn rendered it necessary to remove
the vaults in front of tho venerable Brick church.
Ijist week among the Isidic exhumed was that
the Kov. Dr. lingers, tho founder nnd first pastor
of the church, who died in lrttli) The wig and silk
gown for he soems to have been interred in
full professional dress were in a state nf nearly
perfect preservation, though the body which they
were onco the mere adornment of, frailer than
they, hud almost entirely disappeared. Dr. Kodg-
crs was, in a grout measure, the father of Presby
teriauisui in this country tho Moderator of the first
(eneral Assembly in liHH, and pastor of one of
oldest enurencs oi tne denomination, no was
man of groat excellence of character, and for
day he lived in, decidedly a Kvvr School man.
no wo converted wtiito a youth liy a sermon
K reached to rend tho Biblo. But though nearly
alf a century in his grave, his ronoso is not
deep for the clamor of commerce: with tlie living
ho must obey the omnimtent impulso to move
town. AVic York Kruiifjlinl,
Incrrase or Lixiries. A writer in the New
Hampshire Sentinel has a file of tho New Hamp
shire Koeorder of I'H'J-'M, from which he extracts
tho story of a "Former," who complain of hard
if sledding, through the growing extravagance of
times. Ho wa doing well, und when hi second
daughter married, hi wife said. "Come, you
rich, you know Molly ha nothing hut whut
spun, und sho ought to taro a well as neighbor A
Betty." " ell, wifo, do as you think best ; I liavo
never been stingy." M'ife goes to town nnd returns
with a calico gown, a calamanco petticoat, a sot
stone tea-cups, hull a dozen powtur toupoons,
a tea-kettle, " things that never were seen in
house lieforo. 1 did not feel it, and Molly wa
well fitted out a any girl in the parish." In three
year the third daughter wu to bo married, "
wile comes ogam lor tho purse; but when she
turned what did I seer n til kin gown, tilk for
cloak, a IfMikiHu-iihiiM, china tea gear, Ac., and
empty purse I" This was followed by extravagance
in iiiriinuro nnu uies in ins own nousc, ami
poor man is in a pock of trouble, tuxes and ruin
and desire hi story may be told, in hnpo these
growing anuses may no anatcd
Conscience is tho host friend wo have; with
we may bid defiance, to man ; without it nil
friends in tho world can 13 of no use to u.
An Kxchange say, i
luxy fellow up north spoil
Few things are necessary for the want of
life, hut It takes an infinite number to satisfy
..r , .
uoiuuiuia oi opinion.
Pedantry crams our hovls with learned lumber
aud takes out our brums to mako room lor it.
Calumny is the voit e of those who have neither
u good heart Uur a good undemanding.
A LAW OFFICE. Fourth Annual Western Anti-Slavery Bazaar.
To m tlEl.tt I OirtriKNATf, Onto; nturjio Tim
THIRD WIEK I Ot TollEK, 1853.
"He not weary in writ dnimj, fur in due teaton ve
thrill reap if we faint nut."
More than twenty year have passed sir.:- that
great champion of the slave first threw down the
ftnuntlct, saying, "I wilt be heard; I iri'tf not be st
ent." But "the cnuse in which he then enlisted has
notyettriiiniicd. Time has proved that the war
fare then commenced i no pastimes the enemy en
oncountored ino insignificant ono. So the battle
hns progressed, the foes of Freedom hnvo come out
of their hiding place of church and state, multiply
ing on every side, n tho battle cry Boun
ded In the various part of our land.
"On right, on left, almve, ImMow,
"Sprang up at one the lurking foe.
Much has. indeed, lieen accomplished. Often
hit the enemv lieen driven from his outposts, and
many of his munition of defence lieen taken and
destroyed; while great numbers have lieen induced
to desert their fonnor positions, and come over and
enlist under the banner of right. But tho strong
hold is not yet taken, nnd we may not yet lay down
our arms. Hold hack now, ana an mat we nave
gained will lie irretrivably lost.
No, our work I not ynt done, it may no mat it
i just begun. Tho fetter of the slave still clank in
our ears. J he groan nl tho millions ot our coutry-
men in cruel hmnlngn arc still wafted to u on ev
ery breeie. We eannot become weary nnd discon
tinue our lnlmrs, or conso to call UHin other to
come to our nut. And a tnanaitert or the II e-tlrrn
Anti-Slarrrv Hatnar. we again present this cause
before tho tried friends of the slave, appealing for
their svtnpnthv and their substantial aid. Kncotir-
aged by the growing interest that ha been mani
fested in our annual Jlaraar, nnu ociievmg that It
hns been an instrumentality of great good, we are
preparing to hold anothor during Hit third week in
Friends of the slave hater of Oppression li
cinlesofhim whoenmo to preach deliverance to
them that aro lxmnd, we again call upon you. It
depends upon l"U to say how lunch this effort shall
accomplish. If you are liberal In your lalsirs lib
eral in your contributions nnd enter into tho work
with an earnestness and seal such a the cnuse de
mand", fur more gratifying will lie tho results, than
in any proceed inn year. Sympathy with the slave
ha vastly deepened and widoned among the people
of all classes. The various agencies that have
lieen in operation the last year, have unlocked the
door of many a heart and unloosed the string of
mnny a purse, ana we may rensonnmy expect a
largely increased attendance at our Daznnr. We
must, then, bo nhlo to present a display of the
beautiful and the nseful, such a will mako full
proof of this sympathy. Our tables must contain
so largo a variety that plonso the eye, adorn the
body, and gratify the taste, that none can go nwny
with their purses full, because there was nothing
thev wished to purchase.
And wti wish that article nf real ulilili, such ns
must he purchased somowhere by overy family
may preponderate. J here is hnnlly nn article in
use but will ho appropriate. 'Tis not beautiful
specimens of ladies handiwork, or ornament thnt
(trace tho parlor, alone, that should lie here. Iet
tlie mechanio send in of the work of hi hands,
All kind of household utensils find ready sale.
lt farmor send of the product of their farm.
Fruit, butter, cheose, nnd various kinds of veget
able should be in uur hall. Kspccinllr shall we
need cream, preserves, Ac, for our Kefreshment
table. Boquetj. of flower are always saleable
Let tho Manufilefurer lidd Grocer send tis ueh
thing a are needed for the family toro-e!-j;;l,-
soap, candles, tc, ....ce, sugar, spice, Ac. Con
fectioners must not forget that wo disjsise of many
article in their lino. And to tlio dry gissls mer
chant wo look for tho raw material, that wo are,
by our own lnbor, to convert into children' nnd
But we need not extend this list. Every one
who pities the slave and can co-operate with us in
this effort, will find something to do or something
to give. We invito your cordial aid, and trust thnt
tlio Baxaar of this vcar will a fur exceed in inte
rest and profit tho lust, ft tlie last did any of the
This Basaar will, a the other have lieen, he
conducted without any oldeutionr.blo feature, nnd
only fair prico lie etinrged for the gissls. The
proceed will, a heretofore, lie applied to dissemi
nating anti-sluverv truth by menus uf the lecturer
and the press, and in whatever wny may bo opened
to us, hastening tho ovorthrow uf American Slav
ery. Donations iuny bo sont to either of the under
Mr. Sarah Otis httNsT, eprihg uurden,
" Makt Mann,
" Jtn.iA llARwoon,
" Ki.iz.tnETii T: t'ol.IXA.v,
" Aha.mia Lewis,
" Marv M. Gi ii.ii.
TIIK Subscrilicrs are just receiving their Full
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, 0.1 EE NSW A RE, It, e.
Also a largo assortment of lb sits nnd Shoes.
Which they offer nt their usually cheap rate,
Cash or Merchantable 1'nsluco.
fcIon't forgot tho place, American IIouso,
turner ot Wain and r.llsworth Street, sulcm, U.
TOMLINSON, STHATTON k Co.
September 8th, 1853.
. seattas Husrnr. nuni tikhxan. hokms joss.
MCBPIIV, TIKRNAN 4 CO,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALER IS
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
NO. 48 WOOD STltEET,
Second door stnv the St Charles Ilatnl,
ARE now receiving from the Eastern Cities nnd
from KrRni-E.nchoico selceionof FALL A WINTER
DKY UOODS, in which will bn found all the novel
ties, a well ns the substantial and staple goods,
adapted to tho present and approaching season,
winch they will sell tor cash, or approved credit.
ut exceedingly low prices.
Having every facility inrpurchasing to advantage.
togothor with mnny years experience, we are eouti-
uent that wo cannot bo undersold, und our custom
ers and all others may rost satisfied that prices will
lie lound a low a in any Jolitnng House, Uast
We will keep our assortment full during the sea
son, n a purchaser will be almost constantly iu
We solicit an early call, nnd will uso our best
effort to give you entire sntisluction.
J'lttMburyn, Kept. IU, tSJ.
- MERCHANT TAILOR,
Korth Sidt Maiit-N., One Door WeM of tht Salem
Jimik-hline, txuem, Uluo. ,
Coat, Vests, Puuts, &o., Mudo to Ordor and War
runted to Give Satisfaction.
Tho Tailoring Business in all his Branches, car
ried on a horetotore.
NORTH, FRENCH & STKRLINO,
WnOLESALE DEALERS IN ,
FOltKlGX AA'D AMEMCAN
COTTONS, WOOLFNS, CARPETINGS,
CORNER DANK AND CEXTRK ST.1,
Ai W. NORTH. LI KE 0. I IIEM'II. . SAIi'l BTEBLINO
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
LAURIE AND BARNARD,
oLCCESSOKS OP Z. BAKER,
Cutler' Mock; nearly apnmitc lite Jlaiik.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS T
BOOKS AND STATIONERY i where tMin Iio ft i u
a full 4tMortiuc?nt of JJooks. uium tho various
r. ....... r. r .1 .
111 Ills t UIU til v .
May lth, Ihjd.
10,000 Copies In Two Week.
- . . "
, Tilt MAIt or A TltOt-SAND TIAR.'
ISAAC T. HOPPER,. 1
A TRl'E LIFE. ' '
BV LVDIA MAS.IA cnn.o.
THIS thrilling work I the biography of one of'
tho most remarkable men tho world lias ever seen."
His deeds of philanthropy nnd mercy, envermffay.
period of nearly four-score years, endeared him mnV
only to the thousand who wore the immediate
participant of his beneficence, but to all who knew,
With truth he may ho called the HOWARD OTl
AMKIIICA. Mrs. "Citti.n having spent several
year in hi family, and being perfectly familiar'
with his history, of all others, wn tho person to
writo "A Tltl'K LIFE" of the noble man, and her
task ha been performed in her best manner.
From the Aine York Olmrrtr.
" He wns a Quaker of thnt early sort illustrated1
by such philanthropist a Anthony Benexct, Tho,
Clnrkson, Mrs. Fry, and the liko. j
Ho wns a most self-denying, patient, loving frlenoT
of the poor, and tho suffering of every kind i and'
1 I : T KlW,Vn ki.ti, nf lsinAMinnS '
111 .HQ WI ! ll,ollnl Ml.nv... J V. ..u.v.
Thousands of heart will feel a touch of grief at'
tho news of his death, for few men have so great a
wealth in the blessings of tho pirnr, and the grateful1
remembrance of kindness and benevolence, a ho.'
From tht Ktw York Tribune:
" Isnne T. Hopper was a man of remarkable'
endowment, both of head and heart. Hi clear
discrimination, his unconquerable will, his total
unconsciousness of fear, hi extraordinary toot itn
circumventing plans he wished to frustrato, would
hnvo made him illustrious as the general of an
army ; and these qualities might have become fault,
had they not been balanced py nn unusual degree
nf conscientiousness nnd benevolence. II battled
courageously, not from ambition, but from an ins
born love ol truth, lie circumvented as adroitly
a the most practised politician; but it was nlwav
to defeat tlio plnns or tboso who opprced Uoa'i
poor never to advance nis own sen interest.
Farewell, thou bravo and kind old friend I Tha
prayers of ransomed ones ascend to Heaven for then
and n glorious company have welcomed Ihoo to th
Ktornal City I
On a plain blis-k of granite, at Oroonwood. Cera?
etery, is inscribed t
ISAAC T. IIOPPEH,
B0UN DKCKMBKK 3d, 1771.
ENDED HIS PILGRIM AUK MAY "Tit, 1852
" Thou henceforth hnlt hnvo a good man's calm,
A great man's happiness; thy seal shall find
Iteposc nt length, tirm friend of human kind."
In ono olegnnt 12mo. volume, fit Ml page with full
length portrait, on teel. Price ?1,). -
First edition. It is n Iwok which will liavo an im
mense snle, scarcely inferior to I'nelo Tom's Cabin,
for in thrilling interest it i not behind that world
renowned tale. Published by
JKWETT, PKOCTOHiWOItTHIXGTOV. ,
Sept. 10, ltV,3.
For sale in Salem, by J. McMillan.
SAL E M 1 E A TlUJllf T
BOOT AN0 SHOE STOKE.
THE suhscrilicr hns commenced tho Boot t Shoe
business, nnd keeps on hand all kinds of Boot and
Shoes of his own manufacture. Also, on hand for
sale, Sole and I'pper Leather, French and Country
Calfskins, with all kinds of Morocco and variou
colored Bonn. Also, Chamois, Binding nnd Lin
ings, Shoe Findings, io. Store neurlv opposite tha
Bank. . K. KLDKIDGK.
Boot Tree and Shoo Lists, a good assortntfH 6ft
hand at tho Nilein Leather otorei .
August 20, 1X53.
The Sugnr Creek Water Cnre.
TWKLVF, mile South of Mussillon undor tho
dinriro of Dr. Freoso, h supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on pure Hydrnpathio
irineiples. Ho give no drug. Jliey nro only
lindranees to tho radical cure of disease. The suc
cess w hich has thus fur attended our effort to alle
viate the sufferings of hiimnnit v, enables us to speak
confidently of tho virtue of jilire lift water, a pros'
per diet, Ac.
Terms 95 in ordinnry enscs, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropathic
Institute, and Kditor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Wator Curo movements of tha
country, say of ust
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough aud energetic phy-
siciun, has a Water Cure nt Sugar Creek Fall. O.
His terms nro very moderate, hut thero nr fWf
iilnces wo could recommend with creator Conn1
Addrossi Dr. S. Fronse, Jjcurdoff' Mills, Tusca-
rawa Co., O.
BANLEY it CARPENTER'S PBESIL'I
IS now completed, and ready for reception. Y
have f(one to eonsidornblo oxponse in fitting up, to
operate with udvuntiiKO, and with reforenco to the
comfort and convenience of those who may favor
us with a cull; in short, we are permanently lo
cated Our room are in tho
AMERICAN IIOl'SE, SAXEM, 0.
Cull and seo us. You will find our reception room
neat and comfortable
Can lie surpassed no where in tlie Stale. 1 Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. Wo war
rant our work. Likenesses of nil aues, tnkon l.ir-
like, or no niAROEl I Our price range from 40
cents, to M dollar. I'ast experience, ana present
advantage, ounble us to take O'ihhI Likeneue, .at
rtiy rtaKtinaMe Kates. Heine, uU"i p"ted in an
the recent improvement of tlio art, our time nnd
entire nttention shall bo to render full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased person tnkon at their rooms
Our motto, i EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Persons wishing Pictures taken on OaU
vaniiod Plutoa, can do so without extra charge".
fjejy Rooms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until 0
P.M. Juno 31st, 1H33.
GOODS AT NEW TORK PRICES II CLRVEIAW,
BROOKE & WIIITNEV,
Wholesale Dealer in Yankee Notions,
Fancy Dry Goods, all kind of Tailor' Trimmings
Jowolry, rocket Cutlory, Uerman Silver and l'latotl
41 BANK STREET, CLEVELAND,
AT TUI HON Or THE LIVE YANKEE.,
From throe to fivo ten of Flax per week waDttt
to be manufactured into Flax Cotton.
41 Bank St., Cleveland
August 20th, 1853. -
WATER-CURE AND INFIRMARY. ..
For the Core of Chronb) Diicaut. '
located nt Granville, Lk kino Co.; O., and com
bines tho advantage of other gimd establishments,
a healthy location, a supply of pure water, gymnas
ium, a kilfiil ludy in chikrgo of tlio fenialo patient,
a physician who ha had ou oxlousive practice of 2i
Females who hav litson cenflnnd to their bed,
unable to walk or sit up for from one to twenty
yoar, in oonsorpior.ee of iiorrous, spinal, or uterine
iliscaso, aro especially invited to correspond witlvor
visit us, IJiiivorsul suocos in the treatment of thi
class of diseases ha givon us confidence, and we my
to all aueli, oven though they have suffered much of
many I'hvsleians, mako ono more trial. "Terma
from' $6 to 12 per wock. I'atiruUi furoinb ,tplcla
and packing materials. Address,
Granville, Nov. 5, 'H'2.