Newspaper Page Text
MARIUS It. ItoniXSON, Editor.
"SO VKIO.V WITH SLAir.llOLDEIlS."
Ay riMRSON, PublKliliiff A genu
VOL. 9. NO. 8.
SALEM, COLUMIUANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, (KTOHKU 8, 1S33.
AVHOLK NO. 118.
Tfll .HTML. ! E R I BUGLE,
rTM.lSflKD EVERY SATl'RnAV,ATI.W.EV,OIMO.
TKhMA.1.i f innnra, pa;al.le In mltaiirt.
m.!?'V?'ZTmnT n"mh.ni to tlinwi whn t not mh.
. m """"I " b Intwo.trd In id. ilKmnlnattnn
Lil'IiT "T ,ru,h' w"h t"h"ltitttio, lllrllli.r.ilrrlhr
'hill frfrnV " lh,lr ,,',,"'n, 10 "l rtrruLltun moo
y Omnninnlnitlnn. tntsnttnt f,ir tnmrtlnn. to h. n.l.lrri.M to
f. 1 . " . ""i suitor. All MImto lo As 1'uswx. V.b-
J. Ht'DSON, Mltr.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE
YEARLY MEETING OF PROGRESSIVE
YEARLY MEETING OF PROGRESSIVE FRIENDS, HELD AT SALEM, ON THE 24 & 25 OF NINTH MONTH, '53
' .. - . .. . . .
Alter a tuno oi protound silence it wns broken
pya few introluctory remarks from some Friends.
.Then Lot Holmes and Ann Pearson were appointed
to servo tho meeting as Clerks.
A cheering and acceptable Kpistlo wns received
from the Pennsylvania Yearly Meeting of Progres-
ive Friends (held at Kcnnet, l'a) and also one,
from James Iialangn, Phnriu, Fulton Co., 111.
Wm. Hayhurst, Win. Myrcs, Klixabeth iMcMil-
len, Caroline Stanton, Isaac Trescott, Kli Thomas,
V.t... Wnl.... 4 n . . i
""j"' ami iiirruinon nere iiiMHiinieo
lil tlMn-VA OBBlfiVel T m tilytlflA . . M llnhHuadnith,.. V I
i I . -
M. of Progressive triends. and such other assoeia-
are in correspondence with us.
Adjourned to past 2) o'clock, P.
reforms that are now agitating the
world of mankind claiming the attention of the meet
ing, resulted in tho appointment of Juno Trescott,
Marius R. Robinson, Ann (larrctson, James W. Tow-
ner, Ellen Morris, Joseph Darker, Isaac Trescott,
Nnylor Webster, Piunucl Myers, Win. Iluvhurst,
Oliver Griffith, Mary Cuiffitli, Mary 11. Griffith,
Elizabeth Mercer, Cornelius AVhitucre, Knimor En
triean, Carolina Stanton, Lot Holmes, Elizabeth
McMillco and Lewi Morgnn to tako the subject
under charge, and report to a future setting of this
Adjourned till to-morrow morning nt 10 cVlm k.
First of the wock nmltwcnty-hTth of tho month,
tho meeting assembled nt 10 o'clock.
The whole of this session was devoted to what is
usually termed worship. Josejih Darker was led
to give a luminous discourse showing tho relative
position of this association to tho reforms of the
day, its noble and Godlike testimonies, and con
trasting them with the emj.ty forms and ceremonial
rituals, creels nnd diciplines, of most of the pro
fessed Christian denominations, and could not, we
tho't fail toccnvliucevciy unprijudiccdniii.il of the
tMhTimo troth which bo advocated. '
After eevoral short communications from others,
the meeting adjourned to 2 o'clock P. M.
At this stage of tho meeting, an Ej.istlo was re
: ccived and read to much satisfaction, from the
Yearly Meeting of Congregational Friends, held nt
Waterloo, N. V.
The Commitco on tho sul.jeet of Reform nnd our
duty thereto, made a report which was read- and
after considerable interchange of sentiment and
amendments, was ndoj.tcd, and directed to be sign
ed by the Clerks on behalf of tho meeting.
Tho Committeo on Kj.istles reported uu nddress
to tho Yearly Meeting of "Michigan Progressive
Friends," Congregational Friends of Green Plain,
and of Genosseo, N. Y., nnd also ono to the Pcnn
. cytvania Yearly Meeting of Progressive Friends,
wore road and approved, and tho Clerks were di
rected to sign them on behalf of the meeting.
Samuel My res, Jame.sW.Towner, and Marius Rob
, Inson were aj.poiuted to revise nnd correct tho pro
ceedings of this meeting, and have them published
in the Anti-Slavery lluglo.
To tho'Giver of ovory good nnd perfect gift, we
would gratefully acknowledge, in cloning, that thro'
the several settings of this meeting, wu have been
privileged with feelings of lovo, to labor for the
promotion of truth and righteousness. At e now ad
journ to meet again in this houso on tho last Sev
enth day of tho Ninth Month of next year.
Ann Pearson, ) . ,
Lot Holmes, 'j1-
To tho Friends of God and Humanity wherever
horovor scattered abroad, tho Ohio Yearly Mcct
. ingof Progressive Friends sendcth greotings
Pear Friends: Tho religion of Christ is a reli
gion of love. In tho teachings of Christ, how
much wo find to remind us of our obligations to
labor for the good of humanity, and to rebuke us
for our coldness und want of reul in this important
How striking, how comprehensive is tho
testimony of one of tho apostles of his religion j
Ut went about doing good." We would imitate
, this example, Tho various Reforms of tho day
having cluimud our uttention, wo deemed it our
I duty to sot forth our views nnd feelings with regnrd
to thorn, as elaborately as is consistent with tho
length of one Address. We desire that our attitude
towards the evils and wrongs thnt oj.pross uud
.crush tlio members of our common Immunity should
. be clearly perceivable, aud so unequivocal ns to bo
. teasily understood, We desiro to recognize, ns fur
as possible all the liopos nnd helps of humanity,
Jind to say an encouraging word to all workers in
. 'its behalf, w hether they "follow with us" or not.
So we hora present you with sumo of our sentiments
innd npiuious under the various heads of Mental aud
Splrltuol Freedom, Slavery, Tern poruuoo, Elevation
of Woman, Trvutmcut of Criminals and Sj.irituul-
MENTAL AND SPIRITUAL FREEDOM.
.Universe to whom we look up in whose nature is
sublimely combined tho parental utributes, whoso
relutton to us is beautifully typified in the impar
:. lial love which parents boar their children, so in
.their very nature tlio vast family of nmn sustains a
, common relation to tho Author of their existence,
.ad all its members are alike ol.joets of his love and
.. goodness. We aro tho offspring of goodness, und
i ur aatures correctly devolojied, tho godlike becomes
ao apparent, that we sj.irilually roulixe wo aro tho
aunt and daughter of God.
In view of our high character und consanguinity,
let SMine feel servile towards those who assume j.re
" eminence on account of oilher Slate or other inci-
dmitnl elevation. Koclovatinnisso high that a human
being cnn gland thorcon and outstep huninn brother
hood. No dcpressiint is so low, that mnn should
not bo reached by his fellow man. In nil trur
religious association, all are equal in position and
parentage all ore Kings and l'rivotK. In trui
association, nono assunio a position as superior it
honor to thnt occuj.icd by all. No room is tlioro
for privilege d rdcrs-for clergy .recommended minis
ters, ciders clerical nnd other ccclosinsticnl domi
nation is entirely abolished, a true devetopement
advances, and wo wish all, ovorywherc, to fully
understand thnt our desire is Uio total niiolition of
the ordrr of tlio clergy.
Wo believe nllprivilegcd orders arc usurpations
of the prerogatives of humanity, mid violation, of
!. I. l , . .! ,1 ' . l v. ., . .
"" v 't.-.....o....,.p m i.umau urotnernoou, are
"'"tiicles in tho dcvclopenicnt of the mind, crush-
nni1 destroying tho Godlike within ns.
Priests, in all ages as a class, have lecn tho con-
"vt,,r of crr"r n"d ""..erstition, Imve only
a,han1 reformiition when tho popular senti-
The clergy as an order, nro enemies of Iteform.and
tho cur of Progression is accelerated as their iuflu
enco is decreased.
In a true state of society, all feel the rcsiionsibil'
. .i . . .. -, , . .,
resting niwin them na iHiliruluah, nnd tho neces'
sity of doing their own work, without any servile
, , .
uepenucnie upon a pnniperea tiriestlioon, to (to
,i.':. .i :..!.:.. . .i :. . i ! , ., ,
I'nless tho mind is
imbued with tho good and tlio pure, no ceremony
can onnlify them to teach divine truth. And while
we recognize tho good iiiDuenco of publicly advo
cnting tho principles of truth, wo would urge
thosa who do not feel the necessity of appearing as
teachers, of guarding against depending for thought
and opinion on thoso who do, but to exercise their
owu minds sons to maintain full depcnccncoon their
own individuality, and a preimrntiou of mind thnt
will induce them not to neglect the responsibility
that circumstances dcvolvo upon them, and to nd
vnnco the great jiriucijiles that tend to promote tho
universal liuj.j.incss of the huninn raco.
tho cnrthqiiuko and tho fire, spoken of by the pro
work. phet. God Is' not In it, When our minds arc
sjiend their time nnd talents on comparatively un
important affairs, and leave tho nioro important
ones unattended to, Sprinkling of infants, biij.tism,
Sabbaths, nnd tho like absorb all their attention,
while humanity lies, in many respects, bleeding at
our feet. F.vcn Goorgo Fox and his coadjutors
could risk their liberty, their prosperity and icr
Imj.s life itself, for tho privilege of wearing thuir
huts at all times, as they thought best; and yet nt
that day, they could not seo tho outrage in the
institution of Slavery. And even at this uoon of
the nineteenth century, In this nation, boustingof
democracy, freedom nnd religion, millions of
chattel slaves nro in our midst. And when the
God-given instinct of their nature jiromjits them to
seek thuir lilierty by flight to the dominions of
monarchy, through our so-called free Status, they
tiro trucked and j.ursucd with more than savage
barbarity, and a cruelty not suffered t bo inflicted
ou a beast, and wo are forbidden to interfere or to
givo tho leant assistance or comfort, not even so
much as a cup of cold water to ijuencli their parch
ing tliiift. What is more, tho democracy, and the
j.ojiiilnr church, would fain stop our voices in their
behalf. This nation in its curly history was
horrified with tho report of Indian, hlood-thisty
cruc'.ties, and now deeds equally revolting arc daily
enacted by thoso claiming to bo at tho head of civ
ilization ; and upon a helpless people, not only
with impunity, but justified by the leading influ
ence of Church uud State, and this to savo the
Viiion ! If the Union is dcjieiidcnt on deeds like
these, is it entiled to our rcsjiect and allegiance?
In view of nil this outrage, barbarity and injus
tice, shall wo remain dumb? or rather is it not our
iuijierative duty to God and man, to individually
ruiso the most stern remonstrance? Yes, as stern
as though our own children or brothers uud sisters
were tho victims. Would wo then hood the old
injunction to keep quiet?
What would our quiet
religion bo worth when it did not break tho chains
from tho bondsmen, lift up tho down-trodden and
relievo tho sufferings of our fellow beings. It
would bo a sham. Aud till religion that does not
speak out in thunder tones under circumstances
likn these, is a sham nnd worse than a sham, for it
fosters the bud, nnd suppresses tho good.
And now, Friends, let us be willing to tuko a
clearer view of the field of labor beforo us. God
requires nothing for his own special good or com-
! fort ut our hands. All this j.lea about special
, worship of him, is no better than tho whirlwind,
' sufficiently enlightened to see the law of right, of
j individual cqiiulity und to net and so live as to
always draw out u mental, moral, and j.hysicnl
developement fur tho bettering of ourselves and
tho rnec, then tdiull wo worship as w o ought, and
not only slavery, but all tho other evils thnt now
afflict society will bo diminished in amount. Lot
us then make these meetings a time of strengthen
ing Individual action for the redemption of the
On imj.ortnnt we
have a fow words of caution aud encouragement
Tho question now presents a now phase, and is
' therefore liable to new dunger. The lubors of tcm-
peranee reformers, have reached in their influence,
the mass of tho people, and they are now laboring
to carry out the j.rinciples of temperance by the
enactment of prohibitory law. The instrumental
ity of forco of law, is the final resort of tho mass
of the pooj.lo. Of course we expect thorn to resort
to it for the accomplishment of this object, now
that they aro in earnest to suppress the use of in
toxicating drinks. We Can aud do heartily rejoice
in tho develoj.en.ent of public sentiment through
tho Maine Law and other similur forms. If exo
cuted, such luws will reniovo temptation, and make
tho work of reformers vastly easier. It will bo a
step in that reform, but not the reform Itself. For
men restrained merely by the fbroe of legal enact
ments, are nut to bo trusted. The Maine Law will
bo no substitute for tho preaching of temperance,
or for a vigorous, moral agitution of tho question,
which shall make application of its princij.lus to
the daily life and habits of the people. A prohib
itory law, however wise, will be valueless, without
that moral influence to direct its execution, which
ins awakened the people to the necessity for its
The moral agitators of temperance, hare there
.orc an especial duty to perform at this time. Men
in their xcnl for law, will lie likely to forget, or at
least, to undervalue, tho importance of moral agi
tation. This has been tho easily besetting weak
ness of every age, our own not leu than others.
It is for the moral sunsionists therefore, to hold
quietly on their way, knowing that their confidence
is ultimately, ' truth, nnd not in law. Knowing
.ttlflt IllPnnfl. H-tll rlminml ftnnlttt nmi. mm .nn.nl ...
enlightened conscience, fur more than to anv
court or magistrate. Our tcnipernnco work will
not therefore be done, as some seem to si.pj.ose,
whvn tj10 Mnine Lftw jml Cllftct01. Tllnt wil
, .cour, f.lir .,,;,, p,,;,,,. rt wilj put
mfn !n j,;,,,, .,ore lpy nmy ,,,,,. tnml,cr.
,. ,,.,, .;, ,lvnntiigo,-withnut the powerful
tcinj.tutiuns which now exist to resist nnd reject
M'o thereforo earnestly exhort tho friends of
temperance every where, to untiring, thorough,
moral agitution. It alone, will produce a healthy,
conscientious activity in tho individual ; and it
alone will extend and combine that individual sen
timent into a public morality, nnd then, if needful,
crystalizc that public morality into law.
ELEVATION OF WOMAN.
M'oman has for ages been the victim of ignorance
nnd tyranny, Wind down by laws nnd customs, to
a narrow and servilo sphere of action, their indi
viduality as rational and intelligent human beings,
lost in the mist of prejudice, through which they
'""l to forco their way, in order to mnko their in
fluence felt upon society. This prejudice as cruel
ns it was blind nnd impolitic, strove to forco her
back into ignorance nnd servitude, whenever she
nttemoted to come forwnrd to n,.ri htr ri.rht. r'
claim a share of her responsibility in the work of
, . . . . 1 , i a I
-""" ' i.ii,m-t i.i.ui-.iuu "
mm.!, in.ii jkiviiiij .iiiiiiuiniii'ii, hiiii ner laiuiiin
nearly buried tiom sight. Uut tho warm sunshine
of progression is melting tho charms of prejudice,
,. ,.. ,. f ill.-
oft 1 .... i.-.i.-, riion ii'& i
to man, thnt not only his highest hapjiinoss, but ;
his best interest, depend upon tho recognition of.
tho equality of tho sexes. That for the speedy
nnd successful progression of all reforms, the mas
culino and feminine jvowers of mind, though dif
fering in quality, must combine and co-ojiorato, in
order to sccuro tho strongest and healthiest action.
Thnt to no position, where it is right, aud just,
and propor, for man to be, should woman bo de
barred from comina. Nor from duties from w hich
it would be sinful for man to shrink, should wo -
. I.. f l l.f
- i- i a j
law or custom. Such is tho beautiful system aud
order of nature which govoms and controls us,
that it is impossible to injitro or degrade, or tram-j
i .. ... . .. , .. ,
plo upon tho rights of any portion of the h"i'"f
w ithout injuring the whole ; and there is
nnnnonT, iwiiiny, nnu urucr vuinpiuic, vniy vni'ii
each and oil coiiibine, ctKicnito und lubor to-
TREATMENT OF CRIMINALS.
humanity, a share of attention. Great changes
havo already taken j.laee in the estimation which
is Iwstowed unon erimina s. nnd tho mode an.
measure of punishment w hich is meted out to them
. . . t .i i ii . i r - .1 e
Iho punishment of death, oneo inflicted for theft,
...i.i. r.. i... .i...t:i.A.i l... ....... :..:k.a.i
roiiocij uu., im. urni m. .v.. ........ ,.....,....,.......
nations, and bv sonio states ot this country, it is
,.. . i 'I1. i . . i
abolished oven for murder i wlulo Its abolition Is
urdently sought in others. Prisoners are furnished j
in ninny enses, with various means of eniovn.cnt, '
and improveinent, nil of which were strictly for-;
bidden in past times. Societies nro in existence in
various localities, to render assistance to the dis
charged convict, furnish him emj.loyuient, and
surround him with saving influences. One period
ical at least exists, (Tho Prisoner's Friend, j.uli
tea. t 'eas ex sts . " - "icm,
hshed by C harlos Speur, Boston, Mass.,) dented
to reform in Prison Piscinlino. Tho past history j
.... ....... ... '
..P ...... I,,,..,,. ,.f ll.n nnvict ll.n ili.l.fnr mill till,
, , , . .. r
tnsane, is ono of darkness and cruelty. Many of,
the accounts are almost incredible. Not a hull
drcd yours sinco, prisons wcro wretched and un-
comfortable dens, nnd, in them, all ages and sexes,
I from tho vilest of tho vile, to tho harmless debtor,
wore honied together in filth, darkness, and chains.
Much hns been done in tho way ot retorm, but
much yet remains to bo done, if "Do good to them
that lioto you," exj.resses, as wo believe, a true
princijilo. Stern retribution is yet tho leading idea
of tho social stato. Kindness of treatment while
such retribution is suffered, is gonorally called for;
tlio halter is jiut around tho criminal's nock in the
imlitett manner t Vengeance is repaid tenderly !
We ask that kiudnoss be primary, and vengeance
foregono altogether. We nsk that the "gallows
Z it 7n iT I 7,1
. , . ...
into hospitals and schools of reform. The follow -
. . . L i .i ,
rirst, StH-icty engenders the offences it seeks t
inish. At any rato, it is itself yuiUy of the samo.
Tl.. t. nA ...!.. .....1. l.nn..A.. .I.I..I.
. nviu im in. ii.tiiiiii uiiuur iiuii. uu, iwiii.ii uwt-.
. ....... . . .
,rpetrato tl.ett and robbery, and niuruer, ".
lively, Uoliuora.oly, constantly. Jhobest govern -
nicnts in tlio world do it. Migluml roi.s niiiiiousi
of men si.d women tn kiiiinnrt a i.miid nnd hir.v
aristocracy, Bd a fat and dissoluto prioatlux.d ;
(b n..i..i k ...t. .;... ..( Lr ,m
... . j
.1 ! l:r . .? .-11.. le :i.l a'l
uear in inu, uiuro synieuiHiica..y ii pimn.o.c. .u.j
muko it a part of their business too, to slay men
in war, with as much "malico j.ropenso" ns ever
individuals manifested. Consistency, to say noth
: i : -. .i .i.... u. i,..1,t
.uu oi uiiriier i.rint'B, iieiuniiiiii mill 171.1.-1.
. . . . . j i . i
cease to punish, or cease to rob nnd
noconuty, ir. v ayinna says, imu a j.enecuy
constituted intellect would enable a person lo see
all his relations to all other beings, uud a perfectly
constituted conscionco would impel him to rorit.i-
iximlent courses of conduct." Then, all vice and!1.
crime must spring Irom imjierioctionoi consiuuiion
or Inlmrmonious dovoloppmcnt. Tho cnusos of
crime may no roiorrou io inree nea..., nn...c.y, ...
parentage, bad education! bad social relations or
niri'iiinsliineos. Could wo trace tho Illblol'V of D
iuiiiutl tiiroiiult nil its windings uud dark pasmjj -
cs to the beginning, we should see this clenrlv. I
If we nre able to be and do measurably ns" we i
oupnt, it is l ause ol Letter parentage, e.lu.nnoi.
or turrounding eircuinstnnces. Xi'c deserve no
urn, oc fur these. Should tin sn be blamed find
mfiiiKhed who bnvn tlinin not nnd n. t neeordinirlv. 1
,. . ... ,. . . .
oth.-rwise than by be.ng siibjwted to su.h re-tranit
as is needful for tlio protc tion of Society, nnd to
bring the offender within the scoiio of reforming
infliieneesT Wo think Hot. Wo think tho i.ravcr
- , ... ... , . 1
oi .icsiis. futiier lorgivo tnein, t"r tnev .'ir mn ,
-.1..1 i oi .i .i i. r .i . .
whnt they do," breathes the right view of tho cause
of prime, namely ignorane, and the riht spirit
with which to meet it and labor for its cr.ulii atioii. !
'Wo ask for the subjects embraced under this
.oad, a rational and candid co.,s;deralio.,,b,nuse."!',,!;,.
i .... . ,,
ho progress and variety of tho 'nianifestali..ns."
have challenged nnd obtained the uttention of inn
ny intelligent minds, and the credence of some of
tlio most scientiiie inestigntors in this country
in this country and,
Eimiip nnd, more especially, because of tho hii
innnitary objects which tho spiritual philosophy
niins to accomplish. It has strong and earnest
words against war, intemperance, and oppression
of fMory form, nnd pleads for pence, love and broth-'
1 ., i i i ,
erhood. It looks ti1H.ii t...d ,m a rather, uud every
nuinnii being, however dark Ins skin or character, t
as a l.rother, ami asks that ho be greeted with tho
voico of idtv and love, nnd helped to rise. Mauv 1
r ... I , r I r ii .. t " j
" " ,, '
II.MHUUIIUIIK iii'iu uoui i ouoiriri.-, nun n ,n.
comes us uu io give men to everything calcuiatcil :
to inspire uud etcvato humanity.
11 " " ';. iniply infiKuntion '1 he
icstublislinient of this liriiiciple,' snys Mr. Sumner.
carrving with it the 'suppression of the nnconsti
fnmily, tionnl usurpation of rhiverv in the national torrito-
,,. . , ,,v. ... ,.,u , URunu .mil, ui. ,
make a vigorous assault ,,., "it ami-friends of
,10 1,'ree nomocracy !-wo will endeavor to possess
our souls in patience, until it shall bo mnde main-
r..-. ....... ... ...... ui.. ..-..;.. i. ...i .-;..:.... i,... i.A
The Liberator closes an article,
.roeceedings of tho late
Free Soil Convention in I
i - ,
Massachusetts, ns follows:
"A letter was read from the lion. Charles Sum-
ner, in whi h he says the first object of the Free
Ucmncracv is "that truly National is. licv. original-
'.V1"'1"' ' uihlo,whicli seeks to mate Freedom
.utitiiitil nnd Slavery Srtininil, its they were nt
the first organization of the (ioveiiinient' We do
hoi cn-iniy uiiiiciMiii.il now iiui.oimi irccunoi m I
'compnui'io or jiossn.ie vim se. ii..n:u slavery, nmi
'H,,n "'I'"'" I , the Oi
(Sumner snys that now Muvcry I
j. rcecoin rcctioiiiil ', vet
vet be Would go bnck to the
starting point 1 1' the (i
n eminent, to obtain n re-
versal of this shameful state of things as though
cause and effect bad not been indinsolubly connect
cd throughout that cried as though the tree had
not (.reduced legitimate fruit us though half a
million of slaves, retained in bondaue at tho time
of the formation of tho government, and made the
sul.jeet ol con-tiiiltiemu bargain nnd compromise,
should not in seventy years, be iucrensed to three
and a hnlf millions and as though six slave States
should not be multiplied to fifteen, during that
period, In the general growth ot tlio nation: Jo
l t" "f trying that exj.erii.ient oyer ngnin, as the
I ,,,e,l,", of..rt,.'"ril"!,"f5 "r "K slavery, is a.
wan tno ctlort oi the Irog to get out or tho well by
jinnoin up two feet, and falling back three. To
i think ot driving the Slave Power into tho j.osition
rn-n, m uiu jiiumuihi jmhuui hi v-Miiiuitiu, in mu
ticinul fam ti.m of tlio cnnHiwUc nlave tnulo, nnd
in that crowning national enormity, tho Fugitive
Slave Hill, will finally reniovo the wholo subject of
slavery front tho sphere of politics.' Now, we
should like to sec the experiment made in till these
particulars. Wo Leg Mr, Siiiiiner und Mr. Chase,
in their j.laee in the I'. S. Senate wo impb.ro our
Frco 1'enHH-ratie brethren generally togoforward
' 'P "ext session oi Congress, nnd liohllv tak
tho bull by the horns cull
for tho suj.iiression of
. . . . . ' -
ry in t)in DiBtrictof Columbia and in tho territories.
.....l r... i.n n..n..i ..r i... iv. ci... i .... . .i
i... i... e... i
"- n1"'""'" "c... nm im-
cauiiviii. in, out uu nulling ine lo.cii.iini, lu iioiiiniiii
,,,., ., .,. ,, ,., i'iM in
j tl(,0 s.ociH( utions, it will bo seen tlmt no vital
blow is struck nt tho slavo svstem. While that
system is t.ermitted to exist, nil nttemj.ts to break
up tho sluve t rutin', whether coastwise or internal,
will assuredly j.rovc abortive. With slavery in the
Stntos with the sluve lej.resentation in Congress
the Free Democracy do not jirojioso to meddle.
Well, one thing ut a time! llegin with any one of
tho points ot attack suggested bv .Mr. Sunnier, nnd
test, OVCll to Olir hllort-Slglltcd VlSloll, tllllt tllO
dissolution of tho I'nion is essential to the over-
. .. . . .,..,,,,,. OIllv ,.itlll iwillc
nt tho . resent tunc
"Having thus criticised, in no unfriendly spirit,
tho j.roceedings of tho Fitchburgh Convention, we
concludo by saying that, ns ugainst the old corrupt
jiaitics, wo desire tho triumph of tho Free cmo-
erutic purty, us an encouraging sign of the times.
Hut tliero is a higher and truer position, around
which tho entire North must rally to wit, '.Vo
L iiion with Slanhutdtri !"'
A GALLANT ACT.
m..v last off tho Haliama Islands. It opueurs
It was nn more natural In the dnys of Christ for
self-riiihtcous Jews to exclaim, '"Can any good
come outof Nazareth?" thuu for the pro-slaveryites
of this country ut tho present day to a-k, "Can a
iier do a noble deed?
i.frriisy'' AI..I IlinuA U'll.l
do iiot see fit to despise their oppressed condition,
'KfV 1 " si'. nn
but who on the contrary seek to recluun them and
tu r;j the country of tho disgrace and sin of hold-
tl.e.n in lio.i.liice. nre made the but of contempt
innd ridiculo, ns though neither were enpnnble of
j nnvtliiiifr noble or pruiseworthy. We notieo thnt !
( certain of tho Hunker j.aj.ers are intruding their
....Imniiu u'ltl. . t.,.i.,i.r.ii i,li uliititiir flint nil utMilititM-
w........" n .... w - - --
I ; (li, in ii.,K. ,.,,.lir,,..o.,l n I tihi i. .-I whom ho
ht ttlkinK s.1.n of his j.eaehes. Vhether helon
! an h,ltilliHt op nut .,( niti eivr0l lt we '
i..r0 no W,H, ,. jiu, uuv abolitionist, to excuse
I his brutality. Hut will thosa papers tako as much
i 1J ' l'""J. the following in tludr columns
'"''' '"1"'o fru' " r'M" V. e think
. r. m i . '
A OldUlUt .Willi of
iT'"',7i;. ! ... rZ ill w..
of the Rovul Nutiomi
tion of Life fn in Shipwreck was held at tho nflico,
John Street, Adelphiu, tho lhike of Northuinber-
,., .no. .......... .... ..... - -
Intnl. K. tl.. I'resident in tlio chair
,, , . . ., , ..... . t ,
Tho silver medal of tho Institution was voted to
R(,u,rt Sands, a man of color, master of tho wreck-
ing w.lu,,t.r Onulc, in consideration ol Ins noble
exertions in saving, under divine providence, one
hundred und sixty persons from tho emigrant ship
William if Man, of Hath, Me., bound li'om l.iver-
.... .1 V...D fli'ii.,.11. u-liii.ii unu n'l'n.-tliiil on thn OH
: that these isiiiuds nrp siirroiinupu oy uxiensne uo-
1 nil reefs, sltuntod nt tho mouth of the Gulf Stream,
awl nro. durinir the winter months, tho dread of
, tho .j , ,, fr,,n, Xcw Orleans, no
U, (jmM )(r(ll) e(jKrBU fci,j,s b!lviiiy been wrecked
! iherc during the nast n inter. Tlio st.ili William A
! M ny ha mg been obscrqed by S.,iml3 to ttriKe on
"Mtonts. jseeiiig tlnit the snip was rnoKiiy siiiKing,
Nin(U Bi(, ,.rcW) ,!,, ,.frc lkp l,;i, in. n
jcnping with their lives by jumping info the cl - n - -
;s''" gantry gone off In
the first instance, without having the least know-
, f ,llP iuuunn ,.n,llrt r ,1B master and (
one of these reefs, lie immediately bore down to her
"wi'tance. and found the Hir emigrants using
everv exertion to keen her afloat, aim iltscovercl
,lllt - will the exception of two men. tliev had been
eri.v deserted bv the captain ami sailors, who. he
!ndd. to the horror nnd eonsternntion of the nufor-
,,,nrtt" P'-ni'lc, had taken with them all the ships
r like linn, mi n 1
f voior et to woik without loss of time nt the
pumps, wlulo a iMirtion f tlic women nnd eiuiiiren
c,.e ,,r.inK cinlnrk-d on .nrd his vesfcl. tins
hnMnz licen sneeililv (tone, lie iilaeeit too wiiiHiner i
..i . t i.: 'i -.ii. .!:...:... .. i
llPr , ,10 oftr(1,t ,!, lB ,lmself remniinng on
Ismrd the sinking ship .with the almost frantic pen-1
iiinnT riiiur in ,o. iiniiinT, huh i
I'1''. patiently awaiting ins brother s re urn f'
Hike them off, which took place just before the ship
,.,,..n,, i.i.,.- .. ' -
his crew, one hundred nnd sixty poor creatures'
ust Imvc perished; we therefoie hope he will nlsou
. , , '""'V;1.' ncnowi.-oir ioen. .. in. i......a..-
it y and Intrepidity from tho llritish nnd American1
From the Carson League.
fjly n pettlarceny man would pret.mdr.hat in an
urgnmcnt, the successful side did not win tho point,
So ho who outers tho lists to prove thnt bv tho Con
... ... .. ...... .. .. . . t . .
mnn : by the side of it, ono for pn.iiertv in a house
! ,,r a wagon. Man is the work of God: the house
or the wmron is tho work of man. God owns i.ron-!
tho constitutionality of slavery, liy the professed
friends of freedom, is far worse than thrown awnv.
., , ,,
Hon. John P. IIai.e:
,. ; (illH tho tVi...ln of Freedom were done dis-
cussing the "constitutionnlitv ' or uncoiistitution
nmy oi hi jian ni.Avr.Hr. i nni is, ns relates to
f '""titutions tl in work t,t huninn hands. Is it,
indeed, .ssible, that any not heathens, believe thnt
crime iiniU- uiailc Imrt n hat, a ( hristian nation.
ttirre t int sin ninl crime can be nun e II. 0 wen linn
woo oi i,nw : is niuruer sin .- 'V'-V... '...i
e ..r f ... i i. i... . vi-i.. n.......
n.!othinccet W...I. lsmur.lereri.iie: Hl.vr
cause an invasion and subversion of the Hights
Man. The right to libertv follows necessnrilr from I
the right to life; for by the possession of libertv
alone can the faculties and J.owcrs of man be so
it.'i ii im in iiiiiii nni iniiiitiiti'n iur iinn uu: nun iivi
stowed. If munler then, be sin and crime, so is
shiverv. If murder can bo made Uxt shivery can
I c made 1 aw
Hut to n'.v proposition. It is time everv mnn who I
pmfrt to'bc n friend of Freedom, should be done j
the relation, of shiverv to Human Law. I
llllllllltl I.IIW I'lllllll.t lllllltn ,, b... 1. Iinvnii iliil.
it never w ill. As well might you snv, that law hud
bimnicd a strenm or built a factory. Law never
it i.f iiani a stream it
never will. Words cannot
make n slave. Slave
n sluve. Naves are made br aits not by
U (iK l.s.
Hut' why not jirovc that the sin und c rime of
nbiverT nre unconstitutional ? that the Fugitive
Slave "Act is uneoiistitutiomil ? Sut.iKise von do so
prove it? The question exists if not Hsked whv
you so j.rovc it? Jo you sav, so that tho sbiel'd
of tho Constitution cannot be invoked to defend and
sustain tho things done under tho Fugitive Act ?
Uo you snv thnt? Then I ask von. if. on so doinif.
you are not, by nil tho laws of logic, committed, to
jtosition, that if the man on the other side
pnncs them constitutional, the acts done in accord-j
nncc therewith nre fully defended nnd sustained ?
If proof of unconstitutionality be u reason whv a
uu may not bo made a sluve. surely, to .rove tl.ut
it is constitutional, is as cogent a reason why he
mnv bo made a sluve.
Again : You may prove slavery unconstitutional
tho Fugitive Act unconstitutional nnd have von
touched the Right of Property of the slaveholder
in tho slave? 1 he right of property does not come
any constitution by man but from the con-
stitiitioti by Heity. Man cnn no more make a t ight
than he can make a fixed stur. Ho can onlv rocoir-:
nizo rights. Tho uso of government is to recognize
rights und maintain them. When a statute is imade
' ... - . .asl,,n, ao u..r.1r,.w, j ,
to carry tho statute into effect is Piracy.
-vow, oy ino laws oi nature, no loan rccncnizcs
the Constitution as the foundation of his Right to
rroperty. And therelore, it you j.rovc the r ugitive
Act unconstitutional, does that effect tho right of
tho slaveholder to property in the one claimed ns n
slave? It does not tt.nch if ! t-'ur if thnt fiirht er-
iHtH, it does not have its source in the Constitution ;
inn. ii.c.i-io.u wiiuiirtiT ine onstuiiiioii snvs, or
I, iP1 lll)t ,., nffects the ..uestion neither one way
. ..- .. 1 .. . . . ..'
nor ti.e otncr. r.very nmny.i-M and kmnr that tin
l:.i... . . a' .. i
ICutlu to l.ronertv enlties ir.n.i thn l-irnni.r exori'lite
of tho jiowers and faculties of his nature. And if
1 ' . . ' ...
I '"'" '"" '."" ' U......IIM.I...I.....I., in.-
hlilht in the eh.i.i.ni.t tn itrniif.rf v in the mini
cm. men, is as peneci as li mo Ml were eonstitu
tinntil. It follows then, thnt a "Constitutional" argument
on the subject of slavery, is in itself n concession
of the doctrine that man cnn hold property in his
fellow -man. It does not muko anv difference which
side is tukeu; for it is only the j.itiful thimble-rig
ger who says "ileuds 1 win: tails yuu lose.
stitution and Fugitive Act, there is no right to mnke
a mull a slavo, must be ready quietly to libido the
t.yini if l.n l. I I... .1...' .. .1 .......i.
. i .1 ..- .'
jiut no you say that wo ought to prove tlio r ugi -
... . i ... n. i .( i . ?
that wo are not bound bv conumct to make anv man
vi s v a.vw asitv.utini.iiitiiiftiiai, IM (UT lllb'll'IIT IU IlltltU
Ji.y io j.roo.,
u slave, or to suffer any mnn to be made a slave?
A compact for crime is void'! not voidable, but void
If sl.tvorybo a sin and a crime, no comj.net entered
into in reference to it can bo binding on uny liuniun
lieinjj for nn instant.
being for nn instant,
1.. II. 1 . Ml . . ., . I
n is wen enougii to illustrate tno j.rineiitie nv
comparison. It Is said that if nnv ono stututo fs
not binding, no ono is binding. Tliis is an error, in
fact and in login. Hero is one law. for property in
j erty in mini ; mun, in horses uud wagons. So that
anv legislation pretending to property by man in
i .. n.......a I I, ..I .....I .. nsi.l
IIIIIII, IF II Vtlliniillitrt It HIP I. n UN (I IIIIHI
I ,, action to curry such conspiracy into effect, is
both blasj.heiny and piracy. J'roj.orty ill man,
therefore, cun no more bo (hi) tuhjret of human leg -
'.Kh.tioo. than the circulation of the bbstd. or ttie
nction of tho stomach or lungs: jirope.tv in liorses
,! wngons i a pn.per subject of legislation, and
WA are boti ml to obey tho 'laws that are inado in
nf..M.fn it tlinni
I iwi.,.f.,r I,,.,, t,. .nv it. i ,, i
n is foriringt fetters for tho slave If man have the
right to muko another u slave, it is wholly a matter
of policy and discretion w ith tho strongest. If he
hnvo not tho right, then to make u slave is piracy,
If ho hnvo tho riirlit to hold him as a slave, ho has
thn rie-bt to take bim. if tin ri.nii nwn v. w III. or with -
out a constitution t nnd he is a pir'ulo who would
. . ... ... i - ... ... I. ..1.1
prevcut his recapture. If ho havo no right to hold
him us a sluve, to take him, or to aid in taking him
when he runs away, is piracy no less if the Con
stitution directs or 'permits it : no more if the Con
stiliitiou is cither silent or denounces if
W. L. CHANDAL.
SYRACYSE, Sept. 1, 1853.
A correspondent of tho Tribune states that Rev
Antoinette L. Brown, since her return home, hus
received from this city, by mail, a letter of a.pro-
nation on account in uer sermon bv .uotrupuiiiuii
I Hall, and of symj.alhy in view of hor trying posi-
, tion in tho Tcnipernnco Convention. The letter
i made her the almoner, to the poor of her parish, of
j a hundred dollar noto. This may be set down as
mno of the fruits of vultsr shuts Iiesped tlli'in Miss
l.rowu by the "r-auriie frc;s. WMtant.
WHICH IS THE THIEF.
"And if we Pinnot rhnnge the ftin7,
liy Jove, we'll change their mimr. sir."
,hr-nfthe nllemlrr, without the consent of the
.. ' , , , ,, ...
N,,w T1"'" n U !vn tl't?ny of the D.roc-
ii genen.sity .e , nem res,onu to tnc name ..,.
I ntil then, nnd wlulo tho verr worst of which they
n1r K'"'. ' u k' M,fty hUa ta
l'""- " think st.me other title will U tter com
discussing lM!rt b"th w,,h trut1' nl,J civility.-,Ny.w CArtw-
A writer in the lnily Star, tho other day, jnit
this rather pointed iniuiry to us:
"In short, is there a slave on tho faro of tlio
.i. i . n . ... n..,.n..;.NiA ....
, , ,nvmu ticr0 ,tcnl one owny from
i : ni:uter?"
ni,,,,.!,,,!,!,. ,! their Northern Wt-li.k are
very fond of applying this 'linlsc to everybody who
neiits a poor runnwnY on inn roii'j io ii-viioiu. ,
1Jlir,, ,)(,rrp ,t tIlft illpP1,iUs device of
t,j,.u.,( 1, ry top thief" in n crowd, to divert
According to tins Mar.
,.!,., ,.rp(,,i tlc man. who mer-tasks a woman all
:,j - umler tlio laMi, ana at night jm iipt wage
.iiiii uiiiiit lilt; iiv.-ii. iiiiu m. iiiliii. I-... .1'
; (l;H ow ...jiLand mi
s011lU ,., , ,. M ,p ,
.,,nv eet a cbnni e to sell her
J!P,;,itmaV.'f tho first w liter:
not snliftiid with tbut,
Inltc i retencc, thnt ho
baby: is a christian
but the mnn who out
t his own purse, perheps scantilv furnished, nnd
, K...f .t.-ninl and some peril, feeds nnd clothes
,, Hi,pll(t lll(f Kall, wm.,, SMl .ends her rejoi-
eii.gon tier way to a lanil ot lilierty u Uh her lvy
rH h'-r bifuitt is a thief and "steals niggers!"
Well, well, the English language will get settled
by nnd by.
We would commend to this writer, who is an free
with his epithets this legal definition of stealing
which is verif.cd in tiov. cwaida cortcpondeme
with the execntWc of tloorgin, in reference to a
claim for the surrender of a mnn, who had tliun lol-
on into irccilom a
colored woman and hex cotton
Cliitty, in his Treatiso on Criininnl Law
"Lart eny is the wrongful taking and carrying
..r.i". - i i- . e- .. r.
" ' V I f.
session with the felonious iiitcnt to nnrni tlitm to
"IT " ""'""' ' '"T"1 n"v" r""a
. , , , . , ,
even on the most a.,roveuino,ieiot w.uti.crn justice
A NEW AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
ine nrsi. j ue lorce oi inu urn in .pent, r.vvii
the courts, under the pledge of constitutional rev
trutions and henven-jibhted oaths, have becomo a
' lnnder to the highest crimes against human Mtrlits.
I " Wl,"t lnr,' lw,'r l,Bt ",ml1 "Vcrtnrn tl.Pjfl
do licinry nnd put the courts u)sin their true and legul
Ua"'x'- 0,r r"r should bo directed moro against
j " judiciary than Congress. IV ,
JnJire McLean of I1. S. Court, has lateW' rfiten
over nn American citizen to slavery under a consti
the i tution which knows no slavery, lie declares the
Fugitive Slave Law constitutional, in defiance of
' the constituion nnd common sense. The f ooplo
' are driven to lie the expounders of the law or be e li
nt i slaved. Tho power is in tfieiii, and they mut exert
'it. Such men as McLean must he hurled from tho
! bench, nnd their precedents be made to perish in
' their infamy,
I T10 0tmge ujKin Freemun at Indianapolis cries
fr Revolution. It is without a parallel in the black
records of even American legal attrocities. Free
from , j, red,,,,.,! ,uil, as j, Would scorn, for the very
purpose that ho bo shut up and be practiced upon
I.,- ,iri.i,i k!,io.ni... Tk. r..),.i
A second American Revolution is as iiocessnry as
.t .. . n't . r- i- . I u . i . L'.
llt Imliunutiolis is adisgnu-c to htiuinn nature, and
t,o Sheriff who has ehurgo of the jail ia like unto
him. They bring nameless rascals itito the prison
uud force tho clothes from Freeman's body, thnt
such rascals tuny observe such marks as nature or
accident made, that they may swear to his identi-
When we rend the conduct of tho Indianapolis
Marshal, we only wish wo could transport free
man's enso from IiidinnnH.lis to Syracuse. Let a
Marshal of our district treut n Freeman thus, and
the citixcus would ride him on a mil, or t-nM him
into the canal, or tako his life. Why don't the
1-1? 1 ... J 1...I! I! . 1 L. .1- 1
sons oi r . ccuoin 111 jiiouii.iinoi.s kuock on tnc uoor
....... . . L .. ...
'nt that mil.
nn the citizens of SvrAeuKeclid on Jer-
. :..: .i i .... .1 : i . vf:n
.:,,,. v,.,n.. ll.rn,....w..r ll.-f ...,li. ,n
... . . .
Hut tho pe. pie musttuke tho law in hand. They
must revolutionize tho courts. They have become
tho agents of truiisendant villainy.
Hut we want a revolution any way. AVo want a
revolution on tlio rum question. The Muino Law
will givo us that. Clear of rum and clear of Sla
very, and wo shall bo u redeemed j.eoj.lo indeed.
PUNISHING THE INNOCENT.
l'e to the growers, it nnalyxed, possesses an enor-
mity of intrinsic wrong, far excelling, in moral tur
the pltudn, tho African slavo trado with ell its cruel-
Tho following fund bio view of tho atrocities of
the slave system we roud with two-fold interes--bc-cuuso
of intrinsic merits, and liecause we find it in
mi nilitufiiil it llm Vtiiuinnl n1itlui.liKft 1HITO.P tiC
: "; ; : " " : ? , ' : , : , i -r
It nuinnali a sheet which has dune noblv in the
, m . . . . i - ,
A ''"P"'" 'nl",' .ml 18 "'"".'S '"". "'
..!. :.. r....i. "..
Americuu Slavery. ft.
"Neverthless, this snmo Fugitive law, the l.un
rs w ho practice under it, and ail the cruelty
of the nffnir, nro no more than j.arts of the slavo
I ............ .. ...I .1. a .... .1. l.tl...i. limnil i-l. .1 ...a. mra
' i-.ivin, mm mu i,u m, M,u. .........
no worse than the system of which they make a
' part. The mild sy.tem of slave-growing, without
even charging or intending to churge an ill pur-
ties and abominations. No mnn need be shocked
' Slnveholdersof accrtnin class enslavingfrecmcn.
i I he svstem enslaves m these tinted Mutes about
, lUO.OOi) unnuully of children wl.o are born free; or
i uooui e.o.n moi.iiu.v, or uoum uuuy, mu u.un
' our doiiMstie slavorv orohmtet Wurpry, uot of cnji-
lives taken ill war, but ol innocent children. Ihus
: the innocent, who cnn neither sj'caknor resist, are
j seized us born, and made c.i.tites of slavery, as if
, tho unotl'ending babes wcro thegrentest nuscreanta
.. I i. i i r
! ..11 1 he fid l-irrow n race of man; and we nerel v uely
III tho worm, nnd nnd iictuuiiy wageu sir nguio.t
I the wholo world to contradict the foregoing view of
I the subject,"
The "Instititiom" in IUnuei. On Friday
night last a fugitivo slave w as assisted UmiugU
j this place, tnrvutt for Canada. On Thursday a
. urm.d Democrat, not having tho fear of Baltimore
1 1, Informs before his eves, tKk bun into his house
1 supplied him with food, and informed a good .Free
iu '.I... I... r......l,iMl him ..mil! aiw.l,
Soder, who fiirui.lHKl him some articles of clothing
ing, and assisted him ou Ins way rejoicing. tret
Tho Ohio State Journal reeummeuds the Whigs
of irf.rnin and Medina to vote fur a Locofuuo t at)ier
thuu for 1'r. Townscnd.
A boll weighing four thousand pounds, for the
City GovernimmtofSan Fruncistn, was placed upon
a phitiurm m ooutu -nurkot street, uoatoiij ou tno
Sid inbt. . . ' . 4
The uggivgnto valuation of the real and )raon
al prupeny in Michigan, astixed by the State Koant
of Kquaruntion is klio.'.C.OH nearly otvr tunoj
i mucn as in t- n i.