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IS rf wit IB 8 niAItltsrit. HOBIXSON. Kdilor. -o vxio.y wira slaveholder." ANN rcinSOX; rublHhlng A cent VOL. 9. NO. 28. SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1S54. WHOLE NO. 438. THE A ,1 T 5 L A V R V BUQIE, , . M BLISlIlD EVIRr SATl'RDAT, AT SALE, OHIO. ttRM 1,M pr annum, parabl In Mr. nr.. ay Wa octiaitonall j i.ml mler. to lho.a who r not pnli MTtbcrt. hut who aro Is'llmpd to Is, llitorttil In tli,lli-.riiilntln mi ntl-.laorjr trutn.twllh lh. Imp. th.t th.T wlll.llhsr .ttlMrrib. 'tti.vlr.. or ttn. thoir luflii.nc. to .nana iu circulation amgug 'ftb.fr frlan.1. , C,minan.'tlons Intanilail fr Inaortlon. to Lo ail'Jroueil (o Mtmci ru no.iox, cuttor. aii oin.ri to ass r-!i.ux, i-ui 'll.hl TERMS OF ADVERTISING. QnHSquara (to lln. ) ttir. H " Earn additional taaortlon, . " H month!, .... On. TetT, ..... Tw aquaral .Is month, . u " On. r.ir, ..... . Om tmrth column on T.r, with prlilWg or clianln( montlilr. Half onlnmn. rhanirlnff monltilf. ..... -(Hr.l not ntrawlln sl(lil llnot will bo Insarlail on year, for tOt til month.. 1 1. J. IIIIMM, hum. 4.00 1 I 12 00 til 110 ANTIS-SLAVERY BUGLE. MEETING IN COLUMBIANA. . Bnc Rodinson T L. A. Hino paid us a flying visit ' . r. .i t . r .1.. .... on Saturday evening, nlW tho closo of tho meet-, Ings In Salem, coming on tho Evening Express, onil after giving us n full two hours' lecture, reluming on the eleven o'clock train, to meet appointments . , . ., t. , , . . no , .,! in rour nloee aeain on tho Sabbath, 1 houuh but , v 1 a few hours' notico was allowed, tho nudionco was largo, even to overflowing i and though his subject ,u Land Reform, and his viow. eminently radical, ; 11 1 yet 10 far as wo liavo heard nn expression, all ail. luit and are pleased with tho arguments offered and the truthfulnoss of tho position. Ho has kindly consented to return and give us a full course of lectures, and we hope it may bo soon. Mr. Benj. S. Jonet kindly filled Mr. Hino's first; appointment a week since, as you aro probably ware, (subject morals.) His speech wo havoit thought to be among tho most irresistible in point of eloquonce, cogency of reasoning, nnd brilliancy of thought, that wo havo overheard. And most specially at this timo wns it desirable among us, M our Methodist brethren woro prolonging ft pro- tractod meeting in our pluco, which, in its full devolopoment, measured more thnn four weeks in length, with its usual tendencies upon tho morals of tho pcoplo. As tho loading spirit, but the even-j ing before, took occasion to denounce abolitionists with much blindness nnd indignity, declaring that one singlo individual in Maryland belonging to this (the Methodist) church, had frcod more slaves, and had dono moro for the abolition of slavery thnn nil the abolitionists in America had done or ever would do, Ao. We woro pleased to hoar Mr. Jones hap. pily turn upon tho subject of tho relation of tbo churches generally, and the M. E. Churih particti. lurly, to slnvory. Aud we woro divorted when he was speaking of tho number of tlavcholdcrs ii and slaves held by tho North wing of tho M. E, Church, to hear ono ask the question, " If this be true, doos it provo 'hat the Church is pro-nlaveryf" Anawer, If tho bidding of 30,000 slaves docs not make a church pro-slavery, how many slaves would It bo required that limy should hold, to uiako it pro-stavory ? Ho naked, if it woro possible to ob tain tho naino of this Maryland individual, who hud done so much in tho church for tho abolition of slnvory, that wo might send it to tho Bugle, us it would bo real information. Or tho tiamo of any other ono, who could bo a true abolitionist nnd yet bo a member of tho church under tlio MothodUt Discipline Wo havo not been nblo to obtain nn nswor to citbor of tho nbovo questions faUity always dreads exposure. On applying kindly for this church last evening, for Mr. Ilino's mooting, wo were politely informed that luch individuals as tho Uriflings and Mr. Jones rould not coma nenror tho church thnn tho school liouso, which a member, after hom ing ol Mr. Ilino's appointment, timely occupied by nn evening class in arithmetic, stating that he had thought of having on evening school shortly, nnd guessed he might well occupy hit room that evening ns we infuhla. As now dovelopoments have mndo it evident that the groat mass of tho pcoplo nro not aware of the true position of tho church to slavery, and ns sin cere endeavors should always bo assisted, for tho present and future benefit of young converts and old oiios, wo would bo pleated if you would state the probablo number of slaves hold by the Northern M. E. Church, giving authority. As tho ministry will novcr dinscminato this light, nnd ns it is cvi. dently greatly needed, we havo confidence from tho result of whut light has boon shod horo, that corresponding good result w ill follow. But QUEVEDO. Columbiana, Feb. 12, 1854. LETTER FROM J. M. GILMAN, ESQ. NEW LISBON, Feb. 10, 1854. GiNTLiiiEN : I duly rocoived your favor of the 7th iust., asking mo to bo present and addres tho " Nebraska Mcotirg," to bo held at your placo. on Saturday, the llth inst. You will please accept ny thanks for the kind consideration thus extended ito me. It win my wish and my intention to comply with your request if possible, and "I now exceed, ingly regret to lie under tho necessity of nying you, that indisposition from a sovero cold with which I an afflicted, will render it very inconvenient, .not impossible, for me to address the meeting upon the occasion referred to. If I am not present, however, you must by no menus consider it .evidence that I disapprove of the object of the call of the mooting, or that I am unwilling to join in atrong and decided expression of feeling against Any act or movement, in Congress or elsewhere, intended to rcpeul, or to declare ns repealed, the called MUouri Compromise By tho provitdonBof that Compromise, acquiesced in for over thirty year by th whole oountry, slavery was forever excluded from all territory then belonging to tho Iliiitad Stale north of 30 30'. The friend freedom attempted to extend this luvcry prohibi tion principle over the territory wo acquired from Mexico, which occasioned iinmcno excitement throughout the oouutry, and was only quieted time by tho adjustment, known a the compromise roeature of 1850. That it should now be nssuniod by leading men in Congress, and tho attempt made to niako Congres declare by solemn onaotment, that the Missouri Compromise wn ropoaled superseded by the compromise measure of 1850, it enough to bewilder the public mind with aston- ishmont at the boldness and audacity of tho as. sumption. It appenrs to me tlutt the movement if but ngnin applying tho torch, for tho purposo uf rekindling tlio excitement upon tho slnvory tjucs tion, nnd tin too, by the inmo hand tliitt four yenrs ngo put forth such extraordinary oxertion to quell the storm, nnd extinguish the flume, tlint u then burning with such intensity in tho public mind, tun it be possible thnt it hits booomo nco- 'jjcsBary to joopiirduo the Union onco in four years in order to afford stntcsmen in opportunity 10 ins- play their rjntriotism, nnd their ir self-sacrificing g forth and saving uu.uin.ii i, mi v uluu, .j j .v, ,...ft ...... ... it from its impending futo t I have alwev. been an active nnd ,calous member of tho Dcmooratio party, and expect to continue so, believing it to bo the parly that always has, nnd ...lit ln ii. r..i... t..n;n wA ..... r. i -i, ' 1 J . . ' great political measures oi relorm, Having tor their ..1. .1... 1 . I l uiycci iiiu . lo-rui goRi oi tno greni masses or mankind. Vet I novcr have and nevcrcan subscribe ; t the doctrino that the Oeheral Government has no 1 i. . i i . i . . . rigbt to cxcluda slnvory, by legislation, from tho territories. Tho Constitution provides that " Con-, gross shall hnvo power to dispose of nnd make nil .noedful rules nnd regulations respecting tho terri-i , t torv or other nronortv of tho Imllnil StiUea." , t 1 , - - Congrcsn nssiimesniithority to establish a temporary government fir a territory bccntiso it ie "needful" ,mt It should be done. Whatever may bo noces-1 tlXTy for tho present intorcst, or "needful" for the future hnppincss and prosperity of the people of any territory, before they are organized so as to . legislate for them,olvos, should be looked after and nttendod to by Congress. Before a territory isj settled, or before tho people residing in it nro or- ! gnnistod o as to lcgUluto for thoir own protection, may bcoomo "needful" for Congress to make j certain "rules nnd regulations respecting" it, eo as to prevent the introduction of evils, which if onco established, it would bo difficult to cradicntc. The Constitution contemplates that Congress shall do. tcrminc and "make all needful rules and regulations j respecting tho territory," until tho pcoplo thereof 1 nro organized and prepared to legishtto for theni- selves. In determining what "rules and regula j j j a -' turns nro "needful for a territory, Congress should tuko into consideration the lact that tho territory will soon become n Slato, nnd bo received into the Union upon nn equality wita tho other Stntes, nnd should bo influenced only by a desire to' do that which will bo moat conducive to the future hnppincss, growth and prosperity of the people that may inhabit the territory. Tho relation that exists between Congress and the pcoplo that are to inhabit, and 1 may say to inherit a territory, is similar to that of guardian and ward, or trustoo .... 1 1 ...n i. ti r . . . and beneficiary. 1 ho guardian or trustee must mnnngo tho property of tho wnrd, or bonencmry.ns will bust promote their interest, nnd surrender it up to them wicn they aro prepared to tuko charge of it themselves. So too, Congress, in making "rules and regulations" for a territory, until such times as the pcoplo thereof are prepared to assumo tho control and management of their own affairs instead of consulting tho wishes and demands ol any Stnto in tho Union, or section of tho country, should nL't mainly with a viuw to pr.inioto tho best interests of tbo pcoplo that nro.to inhabit the terri tory. I admit tho doctrino that ovory community has tho right to detcrmino for itself w hat form of government it will have, nnd that every Stnto in i the Union has tho ridit to manaim for itself, and in its own wav. its internal ,mmiei,.l niT.irs Tl.i. , . , . ... .. doctrino dues not conflict with tho position that1 Congrats may legishtto for tho territories ns above It is "needful" that slavery should bo ....I...I...I r. .... . i...-, . . 1 . 1 u . . 1 .. excluded from a territory, (and who will deny it 111 tho caso of Nebraska,) it is tho duty of Congress mako such "rulcs'and regulations" a w ill effect that object, until such timo as tho pcoplo or the 1 territory aro prepared to assumo tho power of leg islating for themselves. Tho founders of our Government recognized and acted upon this doctrino in tho pnsengo of tho cele brated ordinance of 17fi7. It was also recoinizod to ir by tho ndoption of this very Missouri Compromise' and I bclicvo was novcr disnuted bv nnv ono. until , --. tho discussion incident to tho compromiso measures rio-A Ti ., , lBotb It wns thon discovered for tho first timo, that tho policy of tho Government, iu legislating for tho territories, us established by its founders and recognized for over sixty yenrs, wns nil wrong , ..... , T . , . . . ,. and unconstitutional. It is now claimed that Con- has no legislative jurisdiction over tho tcrri-' torios. I havo never mvself been nbbi tn urn virtuo or soundness of this new doctrine, nml .... . . ,, thcrcloro hnvo novcr assented to it. Iho attempt now made to declare tho Missouri Compromiso ro-' nen led. is not so much for tbo ntimnsn of leltinrr fl nl-nru lll.t V ,,n.L-n n, ll i. Ir, A.1,,1.11.1, it.n ...In sla ery.nto ebraskn.ns it is to establish the pt in-,trouUut ciplothnt Congres has no right to exclude slavery from any territory. Tho friends of freedom there fore, should not only oppose tho repeal of tho Mis' : n !... i !. ., . nuiirt vuttiproiiiisu uecitusu it niieus tno uoor ior 1 introduction of shivery into Nebraska, but becnuso tho attompt is bused upon tho hypothesis that Con gress had no right to oxcludo slavery from territory, and tho object is to establish tho old placo of the now doctrine upon this subject. In haste, I am respec tfully, Yours, ie., J. M. GILMAN. as a To Hill Tollerton, Tefcr II. Boswcll, Jacob Ileaton, Goo, B. Weaver, Euimor T. Weaver, Salem, Ohio- ' A WORD TO CORNELIUS WHITACRE. so of for or Mr Kino Brother Cornelius: I give you my hnndl I have no controversy with you I shall nevor have any controversy with any man, a long as I live on tlio planet, not even the slave ownor. . But why do you talk of Freo Produce, when you are all tho timo using Slave produce!? JFa-1 mean you. I hnve no reference to other folk, I nm sponkiug to yourself. 1 on uso Slave Produeo ovory dny at homo, or abroad m what you eat, or woar, or Bleep in tome way or other, and direct ly at that. Ton to one, you wroto that Tory lnttor on slave cotton paper, nnd if you did not, the llnyle which printed it, and which you pay for and rogu lurly road, it such iduvo-coUon papor. Kind Cornelius, is it right to uso Slave Produce thus? If nay, why do you do ill 1 If yea, why do you mnke a noise about othrr people doing it!! And no I in reality answer every ono of your ll! questions, by signing myself, "Yours for tho heaven on earth," when thoro shall bo no Slavery, and no "whoa ro shall all live on Fret Labor," M now wo can not, nnd as you do not. JOSEPH TREAT. From the Indians Free Democrat. PATRIOTISM—A SHERIFF IN A BAD FIX. cation from a citixon of JcU'crsoii cuuuly. Union-saver In that county, overflowing w uni-labovo following cninmi Bomc.iiiff mi nn-i w ...... ... ...... v.,....v, v.., nmi .- t i fotiTi, nas very consistently tlotcrininoU the V'i..VT!: I ("'J' .io ,vi u.,u mill lui.-nu iii,t , luiiiiuiq would not consent to gio bonds, nor biro thoir o invito attention to the Uut it wns loo bad that thoso law violators , I ii'i ounus, nur iihu uiuii rtwn conveyance to prison: All ISright men and i oiuic .yw nrc win uouoi me viirisiianiiy ui , men. c know tiotluns about tho ciroum-! uo a .''those men. Wc know nothing about tho ciroum-! ! stances farther than detailed in this communicn. - ... . ....... . . non. n o Know tlio t.lutlienan institute nuunm 'colored pupil, nnd it may bo it has somo who ""v9 ,m. Slate siuco tho now Stnto Con- "Iitutioii went into ctlcct. 11 io, all Uultiinore I'latlnrm patriots, whether Uenioerat or Wliiir. should see to it that the Constitution, and laws ' nindo in purniauce thereof, nro enforced '" J"'" "' ncautiesoi Indiana law. lllt.U IJUI'll IIIIIIIUIIIU Kir SOlllU IIIIIU U1U ,Ull I- . , . it ... vi-:in in. i ...i.'i uii-.ni vi 111111, 11 111111111 m. iirunn IIIIU uvuur ln- abiding men. It is well known that not a week , pnesei butsioino foreign colored gentlcniaii visits ,ici ! J"t lioao n.en, w it., a full knowledgo of I tho rants, sullcr a violated law to go unavenged. ' j Xhi, is the lirst attempt probably that has been made to enforco tlieso "healthy' provisions. It " "atcil somo timo ago that a caso wns ponding ! ,",t,h," 8amo CUU,,,J-but it was attcrwards contra-! ;;" Hi for some timo tho patri-. By the decision of a Virginia court, a lady of j But to tho communication : that State, Mrs. Douglass, is now in prnun to ex- pinto the crime of teaching children to rend. We u...ll ...... .1.1.. I.... ,1.. ............., ... l.io t. noun (10,1, ,. uuiiu'a) , 1111, u inu vmio, 1 11 iiii j w ,... whether Indiana laws nro counllv humane whe ther it is n crimo, worthy of lino and imtirison- uient, to cie instruction in tho arts nnd science,! in literature, nioials nnd religion. Wo hopo tho i micstion n.nv bo puslied to n loital decision. J.ot to learn! 0 w he- us know how much worso than savages we arc. LAXCAdTE.it, Jefferson Co., Ind., 1 January 11, li. J , An incident occurred hero last week that la causing n good deal of feeling and interest, not only hero, nut in other neighborhoods. It has caused much "agitation." Uno of tho tools of Senator Bright, who lives near here, filed his affi davit against two of our most worthy and respect able citizens, Mr. James Nelson nnd Bev. J. O. Craven. Mr. Craven is tho Principal of tho Elu thoriaii Institute, nit excellent school iu this place, that admits colored eentlemcn nnd Indies. Tho school wns established, and its constitution pub' idl,uJ to the world, before our Sta 0 passed the law denying to tho citizens ot eucu Mato all tho privileges nnd immunities of tho citizens of the sevornl Suites," nnd tho complaint against these , fortU'thnt ,,,,, ,lllV0 Jn .ourncd colored persons without this State to como iu nnd reside ! horo contrary to the law in such cases mndo nnd provided. Tho shariff of Jefferson county on tho oth inst., summoned them to answer tho State of Indian upon tho complaint, Ae. Tho sheriff, know ing them to bo very rospectablo men and en gaged in bttsitfess that it would cost them a good dual of sacrifice to lenvo, brought with him some blank bonds, so they could, by getting somo of their responsible neighbor to be their security for their npicarauco at court, remain at homo with their families mid iu their business. lie called on theiu on his return to tho county seat, having had other business further out. To his great sur priso they both refused to givo bonds. llo was unprepared to wait on them to jail had with him a troublesome cow to drive 1 and hero wore ! two abolitionist on his hands" .that wouM net go ?nlu!, '' ero carried. Mr. .Isclsnn keeps the i boarding houso belonging to tho institution; ,.1 ,i iiir,., tt, i i,. ,i.,i;,.i I,,., hi, nl j a? this time. They told him they wcro gentle claimed. '"en 111,(1 "pouted to bo treatod as such; that they did not wish to mako him any unnecessary trouble, , tmt vm not , Jld(jr 0f,ipiAim, to givo security, that they had dono nothing wor to thy of bonds, and if they wcro charged w ith vb- . ''itiug nny law ot the Mate, they woro ready to .1.. )....... ....1 :c ,1.. 1.1 ..... .I..IY....I answer tho charge, nnd if they could not defend themselves successfully, tlio stato must onlorco the penalties. That if ho wanted them to go to Madison with him ho must provido them a com fortablo conveyance, llo insisted very much that they should get some man to sign their bonds ; said they certainly could not think of coin;' to ;jail. Ho was satisfied there was no one iu tho neighborhood that would volunteer to help carry , . , , . , e. ! ., I'""""- . "u "' l" B l"' ilium mill iiicv noiiiu imi r.b iiuuiu i,,v ,,vv . 1 ,. i,.. 1... 1.1 ....... r... n.n... i vu,. ,i;,l ! ngreo to ; but Mr. Craven said Unit "whilst ho 1 va tt '''u0 ,n"" '10 chose to mako such uso of his !librrT 7 woula l-ost ndvanco his own l'ppic 1 and tho happiness of others , that ho "could not tuU wliero duty wouW rofliro him to be to gross mo-row." thnl I never saw Mr. Sheriff Ilea In 10 desnerato a ' " "0 .oomoa to 00 at uii. singo 01 "' " , It is known all over tho Mate, 1 believe, thai l.e , ; tbo lmwt villainous slavo catcher that ever chased a negro, (Tom Lokcr excepted.) On this nccount I10 atipiiosoil wo would vex nnd trouuie llllll III I H CI'UIU, llllllj ,llll.- l,U l.H .. t tlu)m lo MajU(Jll ticy WuuM enter , bllil am ,nl0 . and it was with nittc'i dillicul-1 . ... . . ..i .1 laifioo to como ui or iiioiu wiiu a goou, inu . , ,, i .i , . i .., i.,..,,,, i.orrinire I u-onlil onsiiri, liiem liolh to lie ttt 11O1110 ,a civu oVl0k tho next day. Whereupon, be started off with his old cow, but has not snowii hi face siuco, I would not bo understood ns insinuating that tv that ho wns convinced that this was not their intention. 1 finally told him thnt it ho would comfortable tho iu Uii'ht Una is the worst fullow that over was: f ir he would let elat es and strong drink nlono, ho would be, unquestionably, A first-rato fellow. He probably boon advised by tho hunker to let good men uloue, at least till Court sits rato not put them in jail, for it would cituso n great deal of "ugitatiou" nll over the county, nnd . .... ,, , . . ...I - I:.. . elsewhere, ami met would endanger - tue pvcuum audit would no doubt increase the pain of thoir patriotic unxioty for tho safety of the It. I,' IIHV1I uuiou. Li.ua.i iioiii From teh Phil. Resister of Feb. 10. THE WILKESBARRE FUGITIVE SLAVE CASE. Ilaheas Corpw.lt will bo recollected that sev eral months sinco nn nrrcst wna mndo nt Wilkes harro, of nn alleged fugitive slave named Bill Thomas, by U. 8. Deputy Marshals Johu Jonkins George Wynkoop, nnd James Crossin, and that Bill wns considerably injured, in consequenco of the resistance ho mndo, with weapons. Bill took to the river, and by that means escaped. True bills were subsequently found, in the absonco uf Hill, against tho parties, by a Grand Jury sitting at Willkobarre, in whioh the officer woro charged with an assault uud battery on Bill, with an intent to kill him. An arrest being made on this bill of indictment, the deputies above named sued nut before Judge flrier, a writ of habeas corpn. Upon hearing, the Judge delivered an clabnrnto opinion, which was published nt tlio tune, discharging tho prisoners under (tho net of 2d of iMitreh, 1833. (commonly called tho "Free bill.") Thim' rcmnincd in this condition until a few lays since, when n enpiat was suod out of the Sir m. trna .niui rtiic m inn is,,. ircmo Court of the Kintn. nt the instnnco of liill 1 I'lmnins against the said officers for a trespass ri tl orffn. 'J lie .Sliorilf was directed by Justico Wood- i ward to liold llio parties to bail in tho sum ot So.tKJO I each. The plficcrs being arrested, again sued out a wr,i r m)Cas coi-piis under tho Act of Congress mentinned. and the ca-o came up for hear-; Tester, ay nncri.oon bcl..ro Jii.lgo Kane. J iciore tlio case was oiieiied. .lr. .lacksnii, one ol wiuiv nn; cao wus iiiium.'i, .ur. .iiicnwui, u'- ,ji no coutucl Tor tho phuntilT. ileposited with .Mr. . ,L,ii,:.'".r '1! I" i of arrest. lsuod by Julo I uiininghaiii of I.ueri.e i, uiiui r me act oi moo, u ion a uiu iw .ag.nnst tho (b fciidaiits in a criminal action nt Wil- e-..urrc. i ne oi jc, i o tins warriiiii is, inai iiic r nerill Mi ail ImlJ tlio iloloiuluiils in the event ot Mr. Ifazli'tiurst said, the warrant had not been curved on tho ShnrilT, and he would only make a return to tho habeas cornus now before tho Court. Slierill' shall hold tho tlufoudaiiln in the event their discharge by tho Court under tho habeas cor to I). I. Brown replied, that tho Sheriff was bound niako a siippleineiitiil return setting forth all tho "no.; OIIIIIM Y ,) Wlllll llUlllorilV III! IHOU llirill. I j...i... i .1....1 . i..r.. .1.. ci....:ir 1.. Vll.lu.x 11, OT I UOIIUlVWIVMlUr IIIUOOUIIIIOUUIII 'not to reuito all tho causes of detainer. I co diflictilty either in making a full return or a sup. lmcntal return. The proofs intended to be offer . ed may apply to dillnroiit matters. Before council begin, I dosiro to know whether this is the same trespass that we licard heforo Judgo drier, where tne prisoners wcro oiscnargod 110111 nrrcst 1. 1 , rown "':'"" ") ") ""iciiuu noiun iiiu iiBiinuin, oic,.;BC wisoutey mijrlit Do diseliarced. 1110 ntieriii must state simply by wdiat authority he held them. I -Counsel wcro not heard before Judge Kane I nk council whclher they intend to niako a different statement of facts heard by Judgo drier t his facts 1'ist. At. Ashmead Judco filler ordered tcsti- mony to bo taken on both sides, which ami is now on me records ot tins Court i from those Mr. Jackson - 0 never stated any facts before ' 'luilgo drier. 'Wo doulknow whoio ho obtuiuctl crod tcsti- was uuuc, Ifcoiuici. had consulted tlieso rocurds, they would havo known whore the Judge got his lacts. 1 Ins is tho same occurrence that was decided try Judge drier. u.i. lirown--oworenotpern.illedtopresei.t;t-or any thing. All was heard lor tl.o relator and 110th- ing tor the respondent. Judgo Iuine-AsMiining this caso to be dilTcrent rrom the one heard by Judgo drier, 1 will go on with it, with notico to councils that il on hearing it 1 find it tube ecntially tho saino ns that so determined, I will not permit a defendant to bo held to bail iu a civil suit, where tho plaintiff could niiv uccu a. contempt n uncos, 11 iiu inuuiit iruju, to attend. Mr. Uazlehurst. for the Sheriff, then read the following return 1 To tho Honorable, the Judges of tho Circuit Court of tho United States, in aud for the Eustorn Dis trict of Pennsylvania : I cortify that 1 bold, and have tho bodies hero in Court, of John Jonkins, James Crossin, and George Wynkoop, the relator named in tho within writ, under and by virtuo of a certain writ of capias, and issued out of tho Supremo Court, iu and for tho Eastern District of Pennsylvania, To answer, Sauiel Allen, Sheriff. January 31, 1854. U. S. District Attorney J. W, Ashmend, stated tho objections of tho habeas corpus, and read the petition of tho officer, lie then cited tho several acts of Congress in reference to tho matter, relying exclusively upon tlio act ol lid .March, J:,,J Commissioner Ingrabaiii and .Marshal Wynkoop . II I . ,' l ' 1 I nviij ...u ,.u,..:.. I. ,i.i, I., me i.i B mm -, vice of tho original writ lor the arrest ol tho nlleg- slave. A witness from W ilkcsbarro was nlso called to testify to thoarrest, mid the circumstance growing out ol it, but tho Judge informed tho Dis trict Attorney that it was not necessary. Mr. Jackson then stated tho caso of tho plaintiff, and read tho record of the Supreme Court together with two ullidnvit from James 1. Jtcx and 111 tlirop W, Ketchum, in relation to the occurrences at i iiKc.narro on inc day 01 tun arrest 01 1110 siavo Judiro kano asked if their was no affidavit from the plaintiff himself 1 ill. Jackson replied that their w.is no such nth-1 uer tno Act ot congress, it was tno auiy 01 1 Court to hear evidences of tho relators that might be informed whether, as United States Olli- ccrs, tliey wcro acting in pursuance of tho direc- , tl(, t10 court and in tlie servieo ot tho iiroeoss, davit Tho District Attorney said ho would offer an other affidavit of James D. Bex, taken at tho time; of tho occurrence, which differed materially from the ono just read by Mr. Jackson. D. P. Brown It can't bo read. This is not the trial of tho cause. Judge Kano I hnvo no doubt that it enn bo rend under tho act of Congress, a Judgo of tho V. S. Court must inquire whether un officer of tbo Uuitod States is in prison for obeying tho lw of tho United States. The Judgo was about to givo his decision, when Mr. Brown asked that they might bo per mitted to nrguo upon tho act of Congress of 2d .March, moo. This request was granted and tho construction the law is now being urguod. I.ateii. On Friday morning Judge Kano deliv ered a written opinion upon tho question argued, and upon the interpretation of tho Act of Congress ot Marcn ZU, itio.i. jhoJuilgo decided thai 11 n IIIU WUUUD I Lll'l I 111 IU IHU llllllllOII lieu I l' dl judgU drier, when this ease was before him; concurred with Judge drier in thnt opinion then, ! anj his mind had undergone no chango since, reasons having been udduccd to innko him think otherwise now. Judgo ICuno dosircd tho Council for the plain tiff to show how they connected tho relators with the acts of violence conipluiuod of against Thomas, in thonifidavits filed, on which the suit in tho Sn nreniu Court was founded. Ha Said he could not il'J.eo any thine iu tlieso ttllidiivils which connected j them with tho violence alleged, David Paul Brown road tthe affidavit and coin hns niontod on the facts thoro iu stated, llo also argu thoso 0J that tho petition of the relator aduiittod con uny , ncxiuii. Judgo Kane Baid, ns far ns be could discover I . .... . ...,. II r me altidiivits, I'cpuiy .uarsnai oeiikiiiM, in ,i iikua iustitution," bn.rro, laid iu answer to a question, that he was officer uf the United State, but not that he had committed any violenco on Thomas. The relators' petition, bo said, appeared to have beeu drawu with great enre and precision. Mr. Ashinead said, tho petition denied an assault and bnttcry on tho part of tho Officer, and alleged that they wore violently reaistod by Bill Thomas and olbcrs.iii tho performance of thuirduty, Aflor Mr, Brown had argued at omo longth the lufficiency of tho affidavit. Judgo Kano said would again exnmino tho affidavits, and if he did not find sufficient therein to altor tho opinion ho now entertained, ho would not require auother argument from the Uuitcd States District Attorney. Ou Tuosday ho would givo his decision. Every nowspapcr in tho State that has dared break ground on the Nebraska bill has opposed the scheme, except the Milwaukee AVir. .there are some however, that need to gpeuk, or thoir silence will bo taken for acquiescence. We want ti tee the .Vc left "slnno in its plury." b". Freeman, THE EXTENSION OF SLAVERY. INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE. The following Instructive prirntn letters of Jon An jnnh.i uiiu i-.a-iumiiuji i,.,,.,.... -, ,....,, " -- made public by tho parties, wo do not hesitate t. tranlr them to our columns I LETTER FROM PRINCE JOHN. "Mr Ci.Emf.x.1! Tho position I ' i rmiwnn i . . . n..i,i It..,r. 1. . ,t .. ,.., ,,, c,lecm of ,m0 yf niy Uuc9t 0a b0!t ttit!n, ,,llt , (lJ, , n, j kuw it (, lo wi,0 lin,j jUt t ,ub. j mitt0 j to t ,vilil011t a murmur, or cten nn!pin explanation, which would liavo savod ;.:,.,i ,,. ,,f mo but lu(i our cnuso. The covenant it roaco on tlie slavery qnction entered into at ;.ltimore 1 thought U (J the country nnd JUiM,c,.8b., for the In,,,,,,.,.,,;,, ,,;,rty. Northern ami Southern lemo- ,.,... , iv,.r. ii.m1v i Her. on t ,a w hi su , net uf aiavvry. What, then, can bo done! Why, drop'thhr sul, ect : it is the only way to avoid a ouiirrol. I 'ii.i. . n;r,.,i , i, ,i,llin , iii, ;, . m.,1 . lion, in ,.,'vii mill iiii,iiiiu , i. in,, iuii ui iiii nuivu1 mi'iit, it is proposed to repeal or surcrcdo the ! prohibition of Mavcry in the Missouri Territory, mid to repeal it, on tho ground that it is cither ; tilciokilv F..,.i,-itil or nnvi.l-..viMleil. tlmt it vn. an. ,!rsecled by the Compromise of ?'M, or is uncoil- stitut ionul. If either of tho reasons bo true, the ip,..Kill'V "cccssaiy 11 u nnfj,niit lueaen ot party until, tor tlie ,,..,r,i .,,,,.. .i.nt I in rl itself hi ent re v tin-' necessary. Could anything but a desiro to buy I ie South at the l'luidcntial .humbles dictate such . loutrngof Now there nre but two men who can do nny good in this crisis one is tiencrnl C'm, ! tho other yourself. If you will ngreo to tho Nc-j braska bill of last year it will be promptly and .triumphantly lias, id. I know Uenornl Cuss is!,.. commuted to the theory t.f non intervention. 1 1 sorry for it; I think tho theory unsound. It i 1111 idea of sell'-govcriimcnr, and 111 expressing the idea you overthrow tho w hole theory by imposing m ..,,. .. 11,0 T,.,.,t,.rir Si . i,.. l,.w riKlt (Jf self-government, Territories have not ; but ' nUrcly tako this ground, i. t.i that tho Balti lhitl.,rm I'urMiIii tlio muictiiiciii or repeal t.f 1 1I011 t want to aruo tins, ijcneral lass can 1 more peal tf ai.y law upon tho subject of Slavery j anil tho repeal 0f tbo Misnoiiri prohibition is unnccessory, because ; tiunuriil Cuss tliinki it unconstitutional, and w ill 1 leave it to tho Courts eo to hold. These viuws, : and tin fact that the neoido of Nebraska want the ; !,( bii ,bnt tbo n,,use by ,wo to ()no paKSCd I jt ,t ,eilr nllj t,llt Atchison of the Sennto went lt( wulla givo tiencrnl Cass fair standing Krod in doing what 1 am euro ho seen to be right. i 011, as a Southern man, Could advocate it to ill-1 1 8Uru ,)0ftcn nllJ jr.,0.1 will for tho South. It is vital j , t0 t1L.m tlJ i;vu up to their ngreemoitt ; they would 1 bo wur(o off to beat us thnn to bo beat : tho ting 1 cft buhind would bo fatal hereafter. Do you not . .. I J. VA.S IlLKh.S.' "There- is 0110 idea in my head which I ought to hnvo put iu my letter tho theory of non-intorvou-tiou, as applied to tho Nebraska Territory, de mands the repeal ot tno law prohibiting Slavery in Nebraska. Tho samo theory, of course, re quire tho repeal of all law of Congress estab lishing Mnvcry. Juw, Slavery 111 tho iMstnct 01 Columbia exists by the btws of Congress alone The Maryland aud Virginia Iuw upholding it aro repealed, Tho non-intervention theory, us now construed, itbolishc Slavery in tho District of Columbia. Upon strict State right doctrine, too, it would rcpeul the Fugitive Slave Iuw. ! think so f "Your truly, 1 Feb.3,Wl. "J. V. B." JERRE. CLEMENS'S REPLY. WASHINGTON, Feb. 4, 1854. "Mr Dear Sir: Your letter of yesterday has most just been received, and I agree with you in jot tlio suggestions. 1 ho less whicli is said upon tho subject of Slavery tho better w ill it bo for all 1 i' 4 IT ' ,1 I ' I ,mi in.-.. 1. .in , - nicnt of tho South. W 0 want nothing but to be j letnlono; wo do not expect or desire that people of tho North should fall in lovu with Slavo-1 ry. o believe tl.o institution to no a good one, you think tlillereutly; let each enjoy bis own iipin- 1011, amlrolrain lioin any interference with tho or prejudice of the other. Iho sentiments j which you havo heard me express on tho itunni : .... ..... ..,:.. .,..1.. I..., ,. 11,0 :.., i,r,i ,.o... III U It'll llltl.U ..llj, MU V.1...U u. ...V l...t.li.. j ' , plo almost Williout exception. Agitation 111 any ! form is w hat wo object to, and tho politician w ho j reanimate a eubject which wo fondly hoped was buried lorever miscalculates sadly 11 110 expects to .0 of bo received with favor by us, "All that I considered necessary In the Nebrns- kn bill was that it should be un exact copy of tho New-Mexico bill, except, of course, tho naino and description of boundaries. You aro aware that I am fully committed nguinst tho doctrines of Gen. Casa's Nicholson letter, yet wo both voted cheer- fully for tho Now-Moxieo bill, It seem to be common ground, 11 poll w hich all reasonable men might stand. It left tho subject of Slavery where the Constitution left it, unci did not invade the provinco of the court to decide in advance w hat that Constitution nu-nnt. "Iain too much engaged with professional du ties to pny much attention to politics, but I base scon enough to bo certain that tho Ncbiaskn bill, reported by Mr. Douglus, will imss, nnd 1 think I can fui-csco tho consequences, i'hut they will bo anything but agreeable seems to clear to admit of! a doubt. A floodgate will bo opened, nnd a tnr-j''-rent turned looso upon tho country, which will sweep away iu its dovnstating course every vestigo of tho Compromiso of lfoll. I do not speak of its immediate effects ; I look beyond. For tho pres ent it may bo looked upon nt tho South ns a boon, nnd bv a portion ot the Nortn ns a triumph over Ti 1 .. :n 1 ,i. 1;... ! lltllllllClSIII, A IIU H UIU IICIICU W III IIU U mil lU I, l, ho Lf iu advocates everywhere. Liko the angel 'r the Lord, who stood among tho myrtle tree no in . r. . '. . , . .i lu said -wo have passed 10 mm iro tiinnign inei earth, and behold ! nil Iho enrth .ittoth still ami i. at rest,' .veil so we shall have it proclaimed that tho country is at rest-that nil is peace; llt 1 ..,!., -..... .rill ...n H,l Ihev havn raised n spirit which will wing its wny through storm nnd tempest to tho funeral pyre of tho republic. "To libido in good faith by the Compromise of-Births, IS JO nnd tho platform of Baltimore is both the post of safety and the post of honor. I repent, wo tho South nsk nothing but to be let nlono. Wo havo not moved in this mutter ; but it is wo who suffer unless northern men, who neo and np- prociate our position, will do us justico bermc your own people. You can do this perhaps more effectually thau any man at tho North, and if it did not imply an unkind suspicion I would nsk vou to do it. A it is I do not doubt you, and consider tho rcquost unnecessary. rhn nleiiHiirn of meetini? vou vory oon,l remain, vory truly, yours, Ac., "Jeniii. Clemens." "John Vun Buron, Esq., New-York." N. '. TribuM. lo Lake Superior Coppk Minis. The AdeeriUer saysi " The copper export from tho I.ako Superior mine for the season of If 53, is stilted at 2,5.15 tons, of tho gross value of !f 1,044,000. About l.COOtons wero shinpod to Cleveland, nnd 035 direct to New York. Tho yaluo of the smelted eoppor at Clove land, when it is prepared for the Western m.irkot, is about $000 por ton. The Miuesota Company ol Lako Superior realise this teason, it is said, 30 per cent net dividend on their shares." r-v 1 lAla...,n wht.ir, lata ,'nat. fttPOA bnn K.nn nrrlernd' for Amherst Colleie. It ia to bo tbo uift of Rufu Bullock cfRriyliton.niid to be manufactured by Alvan Clark ofCnmbridgn. From the Now Orleans Dalto. CUBA. " There are slight indications that the Spanialf government docs not intend to relinquish her rirhl to this island, either for love or money. For liW' stance! a new rate of postngo has just been pub lished, which, o'nioxt, on Account of its eiorlntno cy, nmoiints to prohibition thue showing Its W tnntion to keep us In ignorance, as far M possible. ... . . . , , "I relation to wnai is pacing aoroau, lor .nw pur; " "nderiug our '!'JV"rJ' ''r,! Ti be more monagcobln. .vt T"' " ohargetl Every newspaper from for-( at too rats oi iweivs per tuncc, and niagniiocs de more mnnnacoLle and a half cents lt,'uouuic mni raiu. "The movement In regard to the emancipated Spain clearly indicates the intention of Kpllin tt .nl.i;k , .I,vn, v ontiio v nt nn ii;mr. r,nr udi anJ in mndo inoro apparent by the conduct of the liritich coiipuI. who. nlthotinh necrooi are Lein i,i..,i . f.,,.iv . r. i-ini rent to the coait of Africa in crest number, not w ithstaudilig tl.o trii.gent ordor promulgated nuainst such a t, which ucmnnstrntca no anxiety to be aware of theso facts, from tho knowledge :,,.. I. ., il.lit.lt tli.it nil i i 1 1 .m., t.n nn.l. r....... About two th(uuitd enmiicipados are now return ed to tho government, nnd the greater part, 1 am inlornieO, relused to l.e liircd out by the a. tlioritI,. tl kv mmaiilor il.m li: fr. irovoriiiuent has 1.0 riirbt so to do. Thin act iu ie,?".ril to the eiiinncipados is beginning to erenta) nspirntious of freedom anions slaves, wlit are tit opinion, too, that they w ill also be lice Aery soOn. . .. t bftvo bcP11 inrorl,)r.j tbat a law has teen sent to Sj.aain for the unction of the home government, wllil.;l nll ('ul.ans -ill be prohibited to go abroad upon tbo pain of not being allow ed to r !am turn to the island, nn.l that only Spaniard shall be lt.Uuwcd to instruct our children. . , , , , , In rcinrd to tho Cniitain-Oenrnl Peztiela, th 'ew Orleans corresponded in another letter, dvted o is quite a whom he sen parentis-." January 21, snyst " I now be'ui to have an idea of the capacity of our new governor. It appear to nio thiit be will ' .rove linns-ell mislead v, nnd show want of decision; pet with tho British consul ttenorsl. serve to the utmost ot hi power, air parentis-. In a roitscrint to his loiter uf the lt,t Jansam the writer states: "I have just been inforuiod that the Audiencm has been debating about several Tilul ubjecu in regard to this island. It is resolved to suppress u ,bo !, boards, such ns tho Juutn Foiuonto. &e. Also, to do away with the university and to establish a -Conseio Colonial.' or Colon! Jl Council ir Board. Another Question which is not ret sets t'ou, is tno introduction ot liee black trom Africa.- 1 lie chango 111 tho value of doubloons is not yet decided upon. The British consul nnd the govern' nicnt nro in constant eniiiinunicntion. "Tho port of Muriel is to be olosed on the 1st of April next. It is understood thnt next week an order will he published lowering tlie doubloon of Spain to If 10." CIRCULAR THE GOVERNOR OF CUBA. VD .. I II V V nv. ,, d U ... V. . V...J. ..W.OWC. eovur t10(l0 requirements of agriculture which are nt rc,lL.,0j 1 ' tbo no,viy i119,rtuted system of col od tho1,,,.:....,;,,,, ,i, -,.,:, ,,r ,,.,; ;,. , -.;,i. juc re8pci.j (0 0Uf treaties with other tuition r- u, ie fcmve tnlJc) ,u lhe iu,rvUuotiorJ 0f Africttu npprom-K.ea; mid, finally, the form aud milntler j,, vliich tliiti siysitum caii bo best eUb rights u,lcUi nn(, ,vlmtcv else muy occur to you upon ,1:, .i,i.,, f , !,,.,,:,.. J . . A . h 1 On the 18th January the following circular wa addressed, privately, by the Cuban government W the several boards that constitute the administra tion nnd to a few private individual high in It confidence: " Golierno y Capilania General. Being dosiroiU of reporting to her Majesty accurately in regard to tho labor npplicublo in this island to agriculture, I request that you lay before me you opiuion upon this subject, taking into view nnd studying that situation of tho slave race rotative to our internal nnd external relations ; and tlio manner In Which laborers can bo increased in sufficient number to "God preserve vou many yenr. " El. MaKQI M 1)1 LA PlUCKUtv " Havana, 18th January, 1M4." DECLINE OF THE COLORED POPULATION. Tho Colonization Journal furnishes somo Rtntlav i tics with regard to tho ooloied population of New ork City, which must prove painfully Interesting to all reflecting pooplo. Tho late census showed that while an other chtssos 01 our population in alt p as 1 0 " parts ol tho country were increasing at an eirors moils ratio, the colored worn decreasing. In tho Stale of New York in 140 there wore &0.000 ; ia ISiO they numbered 17.DU0. Tho Now York City Inspector1! Report for tbe four mouths ending with October; prciCDt the ful lowing results : Tho whites present marriage! 2,30l The colored present marriage 10 Tl.u whiles present births 6,70 Tho colored present birth 71? The whites Present death 8.S2S The colored prevent death ICO From the ubusc. it w ill bo oUcrved that, vou among the whites, iho deaths exceed the birth by 2,040. .This is, hnwover, only a partial icssy inasmuch ns it is known that 2,152 of thoso denth occurred among tho UG.UUO newly arrivod cmU rants, who lauded during that period j so that. " .. i 1' ,!. nn.k.ng proper nlowan.es for unaccl.u atod . Iran, iuid!B',r J"1-' urnved, wo havo about 8,000 death mr the neeliiiialed white for 100 an -----: - . . j .io c ass of colored poquh.lion. or in th l .whites to 3 IcoW; while the birth, , rt';"' 07 whites to colored. Iho ratio the ratio of are in the ratio of white I ""1 colured nro U loliow ; White. Colored. , j Marriago. 140 to 1 67 , to I: Deaths, 43 to According to tho rntio of population, tbo number of of mnrriagos among tho white during tlieso four j months, has boon tlireo timo greater than among -must tho colored population. By the same ratio, th number of birth among the while is twic a ' j great ns niiiong the colored. While in doath th, colored population not only exceed tho white, i according to ratio of population, bat actually show; 100 doatlis to 70 birth, or 7 death to 3 birth, or , Theo are startling deduction. At thi ratio what must become of tho froe colored population of the great city in a few yoar T How can a popu- 1 lutiun exist which reglect marriages, and lose seven by death w hile three are bom t What or , the causes of this fearful decadence! I it dira( gard of tl.o laws of social and physical life of tof' f'ering, or rather a necessity of our civilisation f Can tho white progress only at th expense of th Indian and tho black? ", Tho Amherst (Muss.) Express states that tj ' boxes of toulptured alabaster slab and elny brick from th ruin of ancient Ninoseh, sent by Dr., Lobdel, of tho Mosul Misilon, to Amherst Collage hnvo recently arrived. TUy wor hroueht mor than four hundred miles on the back of carnal . :"roa Aaia Minor, and aro a swi deal brokeo. to 'shnt a oonsidrabl time inurt eUp befjr th7 can be filled up for examiuati'.n, .