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FANEUIL HALL—NEBRASKA BILL—FREE
SOILERS—THEODORE PARKER. BOSTON, February 16, 1854. Dear M tans: I urn just in from Fancuil Hall. Free' Boilers her held Stnto Convention llicre to-day, to protest ngainst tlio Nebraska hill. It was n largo gathering, nnd fmtitirally enthusiastic. But jioUtical enthusiasm in the Xurtli, when arrayed against slavery mean nothing, accomplishes no thing, hut to exhibit its own shame and cownraice' Yet every speaker, with one exception, osumeJj as starting point, that tho heart ol .Massachusetts nnd of tho North was all sound on the question at issue. Tho name was the cant phrase in tho con flict between lihcrty and slavery, over Texas, over New Mexico, and over the Fugitive Law of 1850. I Bin sick of the hare-faced falsehood. What evi dence that tho Northern heart is sound on any question touching slavery f All past history dem onstrates It to he rotten utterly nnd hopelessly rotten bravado, much glorification of tho Union, tho eagle, tho stars and tho stripes. Not one dared to propose tho distinct issue Abolition or Dissolctiox. Not sine dared to shout Down witii all Cosrnonisns wlTti Slavery I All seemed to think existing com promises must ho kept, only they deprocated any more concessions to or compromises with tho do mon. Not one dared to war, uncompromising, eternal war against slavery. No terrs with sla vmr, hut death, instant, eternal death, to all laws, institutions, customs, constitutions, unions and combinations that sustain it. Free -Boilers, Wilson, Palfrey, Sumner, Chase, (Jiddings, Hale, rc., havo ono of them ever made tho Issue, Adolitio.n or Dissolution f Not one Will thoy f Not till they cease to consider them selves members of tho Confederacy, nnd have planted themsotvet outside the Constitution and laws of tho Union. Then, and not before, can thoy make tho right issue. All took for granted tho bill would not pass, that the Missouri Compro mise would not bo abolished. One exception. That exception was Theodore Parklr. - lie was loudly called for, ami enthusiastically received. He uttered tho disunion doctrino that liberty and slavery novcr did, never can unito. Ho made a noblo speech uttered tho most radical truths of tho Disuuionists. Ho scnthod Webster, whose picture has supplanted thoso of Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Washington and all In Fanoull Hull. Thcso nro hid away un der the stairs and in by places, to mako room fur tho author of tho Fugitivo Slave Low of IHjO. Parkor did justice to his own idea, but his words could not havo been pttlutitblo to leading Free Suiters. The Nebraska Bill In some shapo. Tho Mis souri Compromiso will he abolished. Why not? It was a compromise between liberty and slavery. Al. such ought to be, will he abolished. But who shall ubolish ill Slaveholders, of course There is not fidelity to lihcrty in tho North to abolish iti to protect nnd propngato frcodom, nud to extend i Thoro was much tulk, much sound, niujh over rcgioiis where slavery is. So slaveholders must abolish it to protect, propngato and perpetu ate slavery. And they will, for abolished it ought to bo, aud must be, as must nil such deeds of infamy, to pcrpctunto slavery. Missouri, by that Compromise was given up to slavery. If the North hare not derision nnd daring enough to abolish it to extend liberty over Missouri, tho South will abolish it to extend shivery over Nebraska. Ttv thn wnv. it ihlit tiill r.asjrji. trill ii ntit he anttri of (mancipation lo every ,lart in Uiuourit Shivery exists in Missouri, on condition that it never should exist in Nebraska, or, north of 30 dcg. 30 min. If tiro condition on which slavery exists in Missouri be violutcd by the slaveholders, would not this abilish slivory thoro? Tho infernnco is just and legitimate. But will the North duro demand it? Will they sny to the South, Abolish liberty in Nebraska, nnd we will abolish tlavory in Mis souri? No ; tho merchants, politicians, ministers wnd christians of the North, havo laid their man. hood on tho altar of slavcrv. After this victory of tl.e'slavo power, what next ? ! Slavery will bo re-established in New England, New Y'ork, Ohio, and every State of tho North hy nut? Assuming that tho Constitution au. thorizos the citizens of tho United States to hold slaves in Now Orleans. Docs it nuthorizo them to hold slaves in Boston. It ; itwnur: for tho Constitution knows no Suite lines, or geographical boundaries. Whatever rights it secures to a man in Mobilo, it secures to him in Bangor. The Con stitution of tho Union overrides nil S.ute laws nud constitutions. If those forbid me to do in Boston. what tho United States Constitution authorizes me to do in Washington, nnd of courso iu Boston, New York, or Cincinnati, why, tho Stuto govornment must yield. No Stato law can protect a man from slavery, whom tho General Govornment authorizes nic to place and hold in that condition Marius, is nut this sound logic ? Free Suilcrs, Whigs, Democrats, nnd the cntiro nation practically being witnesses. I have just met John O. Whittier. He is poorly 1 has diseased lungs. I asked him, "Will you live long? "Long enough, I fear, to see slavery ostablishcd in Massachusetts." Y'ou, too, Oiddings, and all of you may livo to seo slavery established in Ohio. This is no idlo word. As certain as the Missouri Compromise is abolished, as it will he in five ycats, the entire North will be thrown open to slavery, and that, too, iwder tbe de cision or the United Staies Court in tho Prig case. It was theredecided that theConstitution authorizes the holding of slaves on every foot of land over which its jurisdiction extends. Not ono caveru, not a mountain peak, not a house, church, hall nor spot of earth so sucrud that slavery may not stand upon it, proudly triumphant. List experiment 1 Last iioi e of liiiektv ! I God aavo the mark. Slavery and liberty havo ncvor met in a pitched battle, since the existence of this Union, in which slavery has not triumphed. I1 ever must be so. Last hope of liberty, indeed 1 ' Death to liberty is practically the watchword of the Republic, But I'll stop. Joseph Barker and A. J. Davis are by me. Joseph Barker says, " Tell Marius I'm coming like summer." Adiou. HENRY C. WRIGHT. Ma. Robinson: You doubtless hoard of tho jouth ith a genius for drawing, who undertook to paint a horse. But from somo causo ho could not got it "out" in accordance with tho ideal in hi mind. He altered it, looked at it, gave a stroke her and another there. Still it did not look quite right j he wa afraid that it would not be recog nized. Suddenly a bright idea seemed to strike hun, and h wrote underneath it in large lotters, " This is a Horse." I am rcmi.ided of this by an article in a lato Cleveland riain Doalor, from "A Layman," in which he remarks as a reason against Bible dis uussi'.ns, that "our Clorgymcn aro gentlomen and therefore would not liko to come in contact with "Joe Barker." " Is it because tho religious poo- do fear that their clergymen will '! be recognized as on ,i8 clcr;L.al opponent. i.i.-l, il,,.i il.. , . ,: . i . . Rh, that they are so particular to Impress tho pubho that they are gentlemen? They havo very good ground for the fear at least. I am glad to seo that Mr. Barker's friends lonve Ins gentleinanlincss to speak for itself. A master painter would scorn the idea of writing "a horso" under his picture The editor of tho Plain Dealer, though opposed to Mr. Barker's views of tho Bible, endorses his conduct in tho lato discussion between him and the Rev. Dr. Borg, even at the exponso of that of O. ANTI-SLAVERY UNION IN ENGLAND. Tho nnti-slavery men of England recently form ed a union at Manchester, tho radical with the more conservative. The union has however been of very short continuance. Thoro, ns bore, it seems that men who have somewhat of nnti-slavery sympathy, will nevertheless make their sectarian- ui paramount to their nnti-slavery, and require ns a condition of co-operation, that their associates shall do likewise, Tho following paragraph from tho last Anti-Slavery Advocnto, will briefly explain the matter: Wo learn that, In con&oijnenco of a'divislnn in the councils of tho Anti-Slavery Union (lately formed of very heterogeneous materials in Man chester.) as to the appointment of the Rev. Mr. Hemming as its agnt, a number of the most val uable nnd efficient members havo seceded. As ono result of this secession. The Anti-Slavery nalchman Inn ocen untivoitfaiiiy suspended, tor tho principal bunion of responsibility of conduct ing it rested on tho editor, who is ono of tho spee ders. Tho follow ing letters, addressed to onrself ami others, will, to some extent, explain these matters. If union bo strength, then disunion is woakness, nnd wo have learned from cxperienco that efficient action cannot be looked for from any association with divided councils. Unity of theo logical or political opinion is by no means necess ary for energetic anti-slavery action ; but the as sociates must agree to dilTur on thoso points, and they must ho nt lent united in tho sentiment, that no sectarian or political claim can be nioro imper ative upon any man than thoso principles of im partial iusiico ana mercy which lio at the very basis oi tho true niiti-sluvcry enterprise. PROGRESS OF THE PLOT—RESISTANCE. Tho battlo with slavery thickens. Congress is alivo and nil nhsorbed. Numerous remonstrances have been presented against this last perfidious outrage, in both houses, nnd a few in its favor, from tho South. In tho Senate, thoy are laid on tho table Tho question still hangs there. Mr. Douglas bus not been ablo to press it to a voto, as he dosircd. Since our last, Truman Smith, Sew ard nnd Houston, have spoken out against it. Mr. Houston's objection is mainly, that it violates tho Indian treaties. And so unquestionably it does, but that will bo no objection. It never has been one. Every whig senator from tho South is pledg ed to tho bill aud every Senator from the slave holding states, except Houston and Rusk, from Texas. Tho Administration too, has definitely declared its favor for tho measure and of course its patronage, and influence will nil be brought lo secure its passage. Refractory or fearful Demo crats are sent ono by ono to tho Whito House, "lo be greased," as tho significant phraso is nt Washington. Among tho peoplo north, there is a movement, extending from Maine, to Chicago. Meetings arc being held, aud remonstrances widely circulated. Lint there is no such movement ns the crisis de mands. And not such an ono ns will bo effectual. Julm M- Vm of Virginia, is out against it, ns is clc"-,n of Alabama, whose letter will bo found in our paper to-day. Quito a number of democratic papers speak manfully against it, as do also two most influential ones from St. Louis, and tho Na tional Intelligencer. Tho Whig Sonntoriul Cau cus, which resolved unanimously to go with Pierce and Douglas for tho perfidy, seut a deputation to tho Intelligencer, "d:mundiuj" its silenco on tho question. But it nobly talks riyht on, regardless of this insolcnco, and attempted tyranny. Thus the matter stands. The tiino for work is uot ct Pa8t' If 1 hav0 'e"t ouo 1Ut of. ro,non siranccs get up another till every one in your neighborhood bus signed them. Got up a demand upon Congress to move for tho repeal and repudia tion of all previous Ctnpromise. Begin with the Constitution, tho fruitful mother of the horrid spawn of compromiso that has cursod us for tho last three quarters of a century. Every compro mise tho North has made with slavery, has been a concession of justico to injustice, nnd by virtue of tho hiylicr laic, "inoperative anl voij." Let us do. maiiil of nur ntreiits In Pimr-rnss Ihnf llmv a.wt. ' clarc, and havo tho bond at onco repealed. Thcu if they will, wo will form a new confederacy on the principles cf tho Declaration of Indupcndenco and tho Sermon on tho Mount. Or if they choose sla vory, let them havo it. We will absolve ourselves and form a league in righteousness, where freedom shall have a habitation ns well as a name, nnd from its citadel wo will wage war against slavery tho world ovor. And wugo it not as now trammeled by bargains and compromises for its support. From the New-York Tribune. THE INTRODUCTION OF SLAVERY INTO NEBRASKA. WASHINGTON, Wednesday, Feb, 15. 1854. Tho bill introduced by Mr. Orr uf South Carolina, read twice and referred to the Committee on ludian Affairs, of which he is chairman, mid which you recently alluded to as "another Nebraska bill," has just been printed. Senator Douglas referred to this bill when all the appropriations uud other provisions rotating to the Indians were stricken out of his Nebraska bill he acquiesced in and desired tho striking out, because tlio House Com mittee on Indian Attain had prepared a bill mak ing nuiplo provision for tho Indians who had been removed to this Nebraska Territory under solemn treaties of perpetual undisturbed possession. As this bill reported by Mr. Orb conceals a "uiggor iu tho wood-pile," I hurcby send you a corroct synop sis oi us iiiiiioriitui sections. It is entitled "A bill defining the terms on which treaties shall hereafter bo made witli certain tribes of Indians, and for other ituriwses vi . .... .? ? i . . .i . .1 r. , a xuo iirsi section proviucs, mac uiu i resiucui. shall hcrcaltcr roouiro all treaties lor tne cession or purchase of Janus from Indian and llall-nreeds, inhabiting tho Nebraska Territory, to be negoci atod upon tho following terms and conditions, to . nb...i -11 .1.- i i- r 4;i.Aa .,,;. .nu In Will 1I1UI nil UIU 11111119,1'! Ul ,111'unv, m.iiv,ivi. bo eedod to tho United States, shall bo surveyed and divided as other public lands, and immediately tharoafter "each family of the tribe or nation shall be entitled to locate, as a permanent homestead ; if a single porson over 21 years of age, one-eighth of a section; to each fuinily of two, oiio-quartcr sec tion ) to each fumily of throe and not exceeding five, one-half soction ; to each family of six and not exceeding ten, one section ; and to each family over ten, one additional quarter section lor every live members ; and to f unilios who own tlaoet, iu addi tion to the foregoing, thore shall be allowed, if loss than ton slaves, ono ouartor section ; if ten and not exceeding fifteen, one section ( and for every ten above that number, one half soction." Pateuts arc to bo granted to each family, conditioned that tho tract shall not be aliened or leased longer than two years, nnd cxoinpt from lovy, sale or forfeiture, until a otato uonstiiuuon removes me restriction. Section second provides, that as soon as the sur- : veys and the Indian homesteads are made nnd of to he elected, the hinds are to be sold, in the usual way, I at public auction first, ami then privato entry at it!,i0nj nmj a quarter per acre next at a dollar por ro for . time tl.n tifir cents, and hisllv at ten I cents rer acre. ! "l0 ''''"I citinn, the business and surveys 1 1 io iuiiu hi cacti tnl.o are to .e Kent scimrnto ami distinct, and the proceeds of all sales kept apart from other moneys in the United States Treasury. lly the fourth section, tho entire amount of the not proceeds of the sales of said lands, lifter de ducting the entire expenses of surveying, selling, Ae., are to he paid over to the tribo or nation of Indians, if competent to manage their own nflairs, otherwise agents nro to make payment in clothing,! uuiiicMii; minimis, larming utensils, goons, c. i-ueiion mm provides mat nircnu sin.li rcpcri annually tho progress of each tribe in agriculture and especially the families that neglect to occupy lands selected for homestead-, and those lami-j 11..:, no ni-iL-ciiiiu ara 10 mens 110 umuenus iroin tho sales of the lands, until they return to their re servations nnd become industrious. Section sixth provides, that cverr male Indian above 21 years of nge, who lives on "his home-tend, may become n citizen of tho United States by filing his declaration of intention, and two years there after proving that ho has been nn Indian uf good character, and "attached to tho principles of tho Constitution ol the lulled Mutes," nnd iuko on oath to support it. Section seventh provides, that the laws of the Lnitcd States, as well as the laws of nny territorial (lovernment, shall hate full force and effect over 1110 territory ccneu, nnu upon nil persons residing within its limits." And section eighth declares, that nil existing treaty stipulations with any of the tribes shall be fuitlii'ully oarricd Into execution, nnd unless the ..-.I o.. I 1 1 1 I - . . 1 line 1 cnucs snail uc relieved uy somo suusoqtient treaty. You will observe, therefore, that this bill recog nizes Slurtry in the Kansas nnd Nebraska Terri tories proposing to grant tho owner of any num ber of slaes less than ten, ono hundred and sixty acres of hind; to the ow ner of ten and not ovor fif teen slaves, six hundred nnd forty; nnd for every ten slaves above fifieen, three hundred nnd twenty acres. This is legislating Slavery in a territory after repealing the solemn enactments which "for ever prohibited" Slavery from it. Otseoo. News of the Week. ITEMS. LtimttATEn Si.avm. Messrs. M. M. and F. T. White, of Cincinnati, recently inherited an estate 111 .ortn Carolina, a part ot which was eleveu slaves. Thoy wero offered $10,000 for tho sluves, which they refused, and tho slaves recently passed through Cincinnati on their way to Indiana, where tncy win settle as agriculturalists. Slave Mothers and their OrrsrRiNn. We no- ticowith pleasure that Mr. C. M. Johnson has introduced a bill in the lower house of the legisla ture of this Stato. to provent tho senoration t.v salo of a slave mother and her children aro under j years of nge. 1 ho proposition is considerate and just ns w ell ns huiiinme, and we earnestly hope it will recievc tho concurrence of the legisla ture. Georgetown (Ay.) Jlcrald, Fifteen thousand two hundred nnd soventv deaths from consumption occurred in Massachu setts, during the past four years ; or about one iu every sixty-five of tho population, nnd four hun dred and sevonty out Ot every ono thousand of the number of deaths from all Uiseano. RcroRM is Newark. It will be seen bv refer ence to tho Legislative proceedings of Thursday, that a number of strong-minded women of this city have presented a petition in tho Senate praying tho enactment of somo law securinir the leirul CiiUalitT of tho sexes. This movement doubtless owes its origin to tho labours among us of Miss l.ucy Mono ana .Mrs. toe, both ot whom have in ado many proselytes. The subject is ono of great importance, admitting 01 mucu ana eienorato in vestigation, nnd we aro glad tho Senate has refer red it to a Select Cutnmittco, who will bo likely to giva it au unbiassed and carolul consideration. Xeteark Mcrcmy. Chioaoo. From a statement published in ' tho Chicago Daily Tribune, it appears that the buisncss of that oity during the past year has bocn charac terized by unproccdonted activity, and has brought 111 or 0 real prosperity to that place than the previous threo years combined. Ovor two thousand dwo II irg houses have been built, notwithstanding which the number is inadequate to the demand. The in- crcaso of population in 3 years has been 67 per cent. Tho number of inhabitants being now over ii0,OOO. Tho increase in value of tho taxable pro perty has been in a ratio equal to tho increase of population. i'ho shipments of Wheat fur 1853, amounted to l,l,3f5 bushels. The shipments by l.nko of; Corn wero 2,5lil,77l bushels. The nniount of capital invested in tho huisness of Bcof packing in uincngo is i.iun.ii.Hi. ine lumber roceiuu luriuiiy, 1000 amounted, to iJO,mi icci. Gold i.v Richland Cocktt, Ohio. We copy the following article from tho Maustlcld Herald: Wo havo just been shown several specimens of gold taken by Mr. Edward Hafetry, of Washington township, from the sands in a spring upon his farm. Ho had often noticed them hot lin.l tin ou).'iit ol their being gold until lately, when upon suggostion a portion of tho sand was washed and , tho gold tried in a ctireiblo by tho officers of the Mt. ernon Bunk. One of the lumps shown us, measured throo-eights of an inch in length, halt an inch in breadth, nnd somo sixteenth in thick ness. Returned Califormans assure him that one man can wash five dollars per day, in the spring and stream running from the spring. This speci men with others can be seen by calling nt the office of Young & Brinkerliotf. YiitniMA Colonization Sohf.tv. The report of mo irginin colonization Hoard, constituted in ordinnnco with an act passed in April, 1853, is a document of considerable intorcst. It presents to tho Legislature facts nnd suggestions which are of tirst inportance to tho peoplo ot Virginia. 1 lie Hoard has drawn upon the Stato Treasury for $5,8,00 to pay for tho removal of 1 10 freo negroes from Virginia to Liberia. Iu addition, the Colo ni.atiun Society has transported without Stnto aid dsy fixed on hy some nf the Millerites for tho de j 124 free negroes: making a total during tho last i i . i c .1 it T I . : .. I ... I Ulglll mounts OI -tv. X oi" liimiuvr, ii iicii k-utiij'ur- ed with tlio thousands in tho Mate, may appear to he small, yet it will amply sulhco to preteut the natural incroaso of this population. This is an important and interesting fact. Quietly and utmost without observation, the agencies now nt work in connection with the Hoar d will keep down tho number nud at the sniro time mm J up a new world upon tho coast of Africa. Richmond Bulletin. Colo cohfort gives Kentucky, although a slave State, to tho knavish Nebraska plotters. The Eouisvillo (Kentucky) Courier, of Tuesday, quotes tho language of lho bawr York Kxprem "Senator Douglas has prepared his bill to go through the lloiise under the prerious question like a streak of lightning without a word of debate on it" und remarks "This may be culled tho second degree in this nefarious scheme of wrong, nnd it is just about upon a par with the first, Tbe man who could deliberately connect such a measure as the repeal the Missouri Compromise, for the purpose of making iiunseii more conspicuous as an aspirant for the Presidency, is of all others the man to seek stitlo the voice of debate Hi eonduet in this matter, he is well aware, will not at present benr the light honce the previous question mast be called, the parliamentary screw applied, and the measures hurried through Congress with the most ndocent lmsto. When the scheme is consumated. Douglas calculates ho can stalk abroad with the flush of victory on his brow, and silence all cavil. But ho will find himself sadly mistaken ; and when is for the second time laid upon the shelf by his party, he will have the melancholy pleasure of tracing one resomblance at least between himself and an ambitious ancient : "He who of old would rend the-tmk, Dreamod not of the rebound 1" TnE Pay Fixed ! The 10th of Msy, 1W4. is tho junction of the world. to to a i I The Wouin's r n r.. What is man's bill." his Wn defeated Koiiiiri-. i ne v.ommiiu 1 lines snvs: "it was simply a bill to prevent a thriftless husband from spending his wife's property wilhorJt her consent." I" the Fcbninry No. of The rhn6yrdhic lie witter, published at Cincinnati, Ohio, the editor, Ben. Pitman, in a letter, dated "Out West," "from Brother Jonathan to John "Hull n-r.Mimr " him up to a "Yankee wrinkle," nftcr this fashion i want to show you that we are a little ahead of yon In the means wo mako use of to secure the siifrty i f our people j in January last the Miami, ""' .enm iiniiroafi company ottered a . series r tiriies Tur mrninmit ;.,; -,i, ... i cers of tlint t,,t,l k t..L ,t .1 awarded, nnd the followir I, t?,o list of the sue tho rcssful competitors, together with tho prizes, nnd .1.. . 1 .-. I- ... T wiu oo;ncis ior wmen tnoy wrro awarded ; "1. To Mr. Albert Watts, for having run the greatest number of miles w ithout accident, a Silver Pitcher. '"i. To Jeremiah Ealnn, tho second prize for the some, a Silver Oublet. "3. To Charles Bronncl, for care, skill and good coiuiuei, a silver ritchor. "4. To Charles C. Berny, tho second prize for the line, a Silver Cloblct. j. lo Edwin Thurston, the third prize for the 1 same a .-silver Uulilct. To Richard Bromh-v. the second nrizo fur 1110 same, a onver uoblct. I "0. To Itcuben Wntts for having run his engine t tlio least cost for repairs, a Silver Pitcher. Ji tsiE Wii.dot, by inv'tiiti.ai, attended a meet ing of the Demoerney of Susquehanna county, 011 the 23d olt. called to send Delegates to the Har risburgh Convention. He made a speech on the occasion, in which ho told them "thtit. in his past political courso upon the Slavery question, ho had nothing to regret lie had ac!?d Honestly was as much opposed to tho extension of tlint enr? 0 of hu manity and the country, ns ever denounced Dou glass nnd his Nebraska Bill in unmonsurcd terms, saying that if this bill was not nipped in the bud, ho would resign his present ofiico and tako the field and agitato tho subject, w hich the men who aro so anxious to avoid agitation are continually thrust ing in our faces. Strange to say, ho was received w an iouu cucers, py a litrge pnrtottho audience, whoso sympathies are on the side of frcodom, but who are w hipped into tlio ranks of party by party leaders. Yet, on this occasion, thev showed decid ed symptoms of rebellion." Dipatth. called th "wo- 111 1110 Georgia NEGROES UP IN THE MARKET. Negroes aro. to u.o a mercantile phrase, quoted high. Our authority is tho Mobile Daily Advcr titer, nn unquestionable ono in tho African raw material and southern staple of human flesh. It says that at Starksville, Lee county, on Tuesday nisi, uiu negroes oeionging to the estnte or (J. S. Oglesby wero sold nt about an averagoof ono thou sand dcllars each. The terms were one-third cash, the balance nt one nnd two years, with interest on tho last payment. The bst men brought about Sl.fino. Negroes have brought very high prices at the public hiring", somo field hands having brought as much ns jcjoO. In fact thcro is quito ft rage for speculation in human flesh nnd blood, soul nnd all. "Neirroes." says our nuthority, "were scllins at tho specula tion prices of '3.i-'3C. At Scluia, common field hands have hired at privato hirinir as hiirh as 8200 for th year, nnd first clnss negro fellows command considerably more. Tlio most common kind of ne gro women hire as high ns $150 per annum." "These," it is added, "are outrageous rates, for tncro is no work at which such negroes cun be put by which they can realize the money, nt the present nign rates 01 provisions, it certainly is a tine time for thoso w ho have negroes to hire, but it is breaking to those who pay such prices." "Several negro girls sold, the least valuablo of ywiuiii orougut c-.'ii, wnno one, a nicciy gin 01 VI years, brought $1070." 'i'ho demand for. "likely negro girls" must be lively when they bring a cool thousand before they hove fairly got into their teens. Wo cannot con ceive how the latter article can be mado to poy at such ruinoos prices. There is probably a sort of mania for likely negro girls in Alabama, and they bring, doubtless, fancy prices, like Shang hao fowls and other pets with ns. A". Y. Keemfiu l'o,t. J Meetings. SCHOOL NOTICE. rest of tho day. At tho Secondnry Department, on Wednesday P. M.: at tho Hiirh School on Thurs- day, commencing in the morning, nnd continuing through the day; at the Grammar Scnoul, on Fia Notice is horeby given that the Examination of the different Departments of the Salem Union School, will take place next week, commencing at the Primary Department, on Wednesday morning, March 1st. The examination will he continued tiiP t tho Seeondnry Department, on at tho High School on Thurs- MrFnreuts and all others iutcrcstod. are invited to fittenfl. order of tho Board, JOHN HARRIS, Clerk. Salem, Feb. 26th, 1854. The pupils of the school ns wo hear, proposo to give nn Exhibition on Friday Evening, tho 5th. A charge will bo mado for admittance, and the pro- ccca8 ,or defraying expouscs devoted to the pur- chase of u School Library. bo a crowded house. There will doubtless STATE CONVENTION. We find the following in the Forest City Demo crat. It is tho only notico w e havo soon of tho mat ter. Let it bo held, nnd musingly ntteudod. Great State I'roteat Rullui lo maintain vliihted Faith. and the Covenant of our Fathers, al CoLimits, on the Eighth oj March, Freemen of nil parties ! Gather nn this occasion, and denounco tho gigantic Nebraska fraud, Defenders of Free I.nbor and opnosers of the ex tension of slavery ! Unite and resolve that Freo NjiI shall bo eree, dospito ot Aorthorn treachery and Southern duplicity. Mon of Ohio 1 Moot on the 8th of March and let your protest, rouse the North, and blast, liko a thunderbolt, tho betrayer of ritrht and iust-ee t ...... - aSIllllgtOD. ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION. CINCINNATI OHIO. TO BE HELD ON Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, Tin 11th, 12th, and 13th or April, 1854. To the Friends or Impartial Freedom! In sending out this our Fourth Annual Call for a gathering of those who hate oppression and love justice, we doom the urging of any reasons for so doing wholly unnecessary. The importance of frequent meetings of the friends of this cause, for deliberation, counsel and encouragement, is well understood, as is, also, the utility of Conventions for pouring Anti-Slavery truth upon the heart uf tho people. We will only say that, since our last Annual Convention, deeds have been dono in our Midst that warn us not to relax our efforts. Our oity, until within the past year froe from the deep disgrace of having sont back a poor fugitive his chains, under the Fugitive Slavo Act, now stands doubly degraded. The Constitutional rights of onr colored citizens protection have been officially outraged. By a decision of ono of our Judge upon tho Bouch, they have been told that they are to be supposed slaves until they have proved their freedom ; and the kidnapper, that h has nothing to fear from legal justico if his viotiut has not free paper in his pock Thus, virtually, is Ohio made Slav State. During the past yoar our Stat has boon more than ovor used at a huutiog-ground, free to all who chose to run upon tho trail of th poor blaok man i and if th efforts now being wade hy the Slaevo- crats of (Vngrs.-s nre succei-sful, not foot of the' suit of the United States hut may soon bo trodd-Jn l, . ,u- And still come wafted to us, on every breeze that sweeps over our beautiful river, the sighs and groans of millions of our countrymen, upon w hose dreary earthly condition Hope siutie sheds one rny of light. Among the placet In which Anti-Shivery Con- ventions should be held, Cincinnati is prominent. Considering its loKtlon its adaptation to tho rad iating of the light of Anti-Slavery truth oier the darker parts of our land a more important point can hardly be found ; nnd the success ihsl has attended the efforts that have been made here attests that there is not a more promising field. We do, then, earnestly invite all who agree with ns that Slavery is a crime against Ood and man, and are willing fnithfully to labor fur its abolition. whatever other differences may exist among ns, to eomo together again in Convention, to deliberate upow the great work we have to do. And our platform will be free to all, whether friends or opponents, who deslro candidly to discuss tho great principles of the Auti-Sltrery enterprise Confiding in tho blessing of Almighty Ood, promised to every true and right effort, w e hope to make nn impression upon the moral atmosphere that shall vibrate to tho extreme verge of our slave- holding territory. Sarah Otis Fiinst, Anprkw H. Ernst, Jilia IIarwooii, Ekward II vsnooii, ClIRIsriAM 1N.I4S0N, Elizabeth T.. Cole. is Mart Minx, Mart DeUr tsr, John Joi Hire, II. P. Blvckwell, Mart M. Gi ii.d, N. M.Oiii D, Hoard of Manager!, Receipts the Bugle for the week ending Feb. 22. John M. Holmes, Cunnotton, 1,50-5-tT Mills Viek, Marlboro. -l,50-!( KliasVick, Fond Du Lac, 60-453 Samuel Jaeksuu, New Garden, 75-402 Fisher Ircy, " l,50-4Wfr Granville S. fipntley, Orceo Hill 1.00-471 A. Walton. Marlboro, iN.M'.i; Kdmund Smith, Salem, 2. 00-457 Dexter Pease, Bissclis, 1,50-UH .lohn W. Carman, Schoolcraft. J.00-I7I Curtis Gould, Litchfield, 2.00-50C .Solomon Mercer, Alliance, 1,50-4'Jl John Mosher, Mt. Gilcad, 3,00-4;4 David Schofield Salem, 1,50-4','tt David Bull Kdinburgh, l,60-4'.)0 Joseph Jlollnwway, rairOeM, 1.50-518 William Bramble, Kenton, 1.50-4W Mrs. Ann McConnoll, ' l,50-4. Kmcline Titus, Charlotte, 1.20-4W Kussel Davis, " 75-404 Mrs. Jon, " 1.50-4KP M. H. Lampbier, Oidleys Station, 1.50-4SP Abrnm Dowlsbv, Albion, l,S0-4sl William Paine, Richfield, 2,00.-188 HYMENEAL. Married On the 2d nf Jan. in Knightstowu, Henry County, Indiana, Ma. James C. Pratt of Marlboro, Ohio, to Miss AstSEtn II. Ri.f, of Henry County, Indiana. OBITUARY. DIED, en the 5th, at his residence' in Atwater Tp., Samuel Louie, iu his G2nd year. Tho moral Integrity of the deceased was chaste and firm. His mentality refined and cultivated. His perceptions accute. In the stern conflict of life he novcr grew old. Ho recognized in all things tho prcsonce of Divinity. The poor offcasts of society who fell in his way were peculiar ob jects of his sympathy nnd aid j yet it seemed with hun an instinct to shrink from the world in com mon. Amid the circle of his intimacies in the shelter of his firesido, hi character strong bright est.' Here ho wa over bountifully gonial, hero will his memory bo a living presence May heav en sustain me stricken widow to whom ne wns more than life, and hloss his bereaved childron to whom he wns the tender father, the familiar com panion, and tho close confidant. DoALDsON.r-On the 13th ult., Bagniero do Bignrre, Hautes Pyrenees, South eT Frnnce, William Donaldson, of Cincinnati. State of Ohio. United States, after a lone; illness borne with patience and resignation, jto lelt Ins home nearly six years since to travel for the benefit of his health, duri.IT which time ho has unobtrusively endeav ored, in tho various places wherO his lot has been cast, to ndvocuto many of the great moral reforms of the present day, among which were conspicu ous tho causes of Anti-Slavery, Temperance, and Pcaco. His end was witnessed by many, both Catholics nud Protestants, all of whom acknow ledged from their hearts that, let his creed have been right or wrong, they had novcr been present ht a more peaceful and triumphant death. Lon don Inquirer. We nro pained to record this notice. Mr. Don aldson wns nmong the earliost, most faithful and fearless of the pioneer laborers for anti-slavery in Ohio. Ho has gone to his rost, but his memory will bo blessed by all the lovers of truth and friends of freedom. No wonder that his was a peaceful tri umph; His life had been a Christ-liko hero' battle fur tho right, and this final victory could not fail to follow; an of OHIO AND PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. TRAINS GOING WEST. Mail Train leaves Pittsburg at 800 A. M. ' SALEM, 11,05 A. M. " " arrives at Crestline 5.30 P.. M. Express Train leave Pittsburgh at 3,00 P. M. SALEM " arrives at Crestline 6,00 P. M. 11,30 P. M. TRAINS GOING EAST. Mail Train loaves Crestline at 2,30 A, M. SALEM H,30 A. M. " " arrives at Pittsburgh nt 11,40 A. M. Express Train loaves Crcstliuo nt 1,13 P. M. " " SALEM 0,00 P. M. " " arrive at Pittsburgh 8,30 P. M. SALEM NURSERY. ITI A It K IIOMSAM,, Proprietor. ONE MILE NORTH WEST OF SALEM, OHIO. HAS ON UANB SEVERAL T1I01 SA.f EVERGREFN TREES; SUCH AS iTirs,1tnc0, iUcfcars, 3unipcr0, Ao., Ac, from threo to six feet high, of thrifty growth. Also, an assortment of Fruit Trees and Urapo Vines, all of which ho offors at tho lowest pricos. ten. xo, 1H04-3W. WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.; Ncio 00lion, (0. OFFICE, OLD BANK BVILDISCI. JAMES KELLY, Pres. Levi Marti, Soc'y. Dc. SI, 1853.-3m. WATER-CURE, AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN, For th ear of Acute and Chmnla Disease, i in successful operation. Address for particulars, I"R. JOHN B. CULLY. Wf 1'uUr, Mich. Jan. 21, IR53. 3m to IS TO THE PUBLIC . ;.f fffK Subscriber having MomeJ &faliA formerly carried on by the firm of Tomhasvfr 8s-. ton A Co. fakes this plan of tendorii fci knowlodgmenr for the lifjora'llty wit! . flih thejt have been patronised and hopes by close attention to business to merit a continuance of past favors. Very Respectfully, . . Tliotf.is b. TOMLIN'SOV: Snlcm, Fob. 10, 1854. "NKW SKKD STOUKi . , TIIK iindprsiizned is now receivinc hi aupulr of Field, Garden, Tree and Flower-seedi also, large additions to his Stick of Horticultural and Agricultural Implmients, and will be enabled t otter dealers nnd amateurs the most extensive and varied collection of Field, Coliaary nnd Flower Seeds, Bulbs, 'fuliers, Ac., A?., ever trlsred lo this market. Tho seeds bsve been cxprtf???t U order by the most celebrated Seedsmen1 lb jitter and Europe, and warranted by the growers (rue iti name; new and superior varieties of CortC, ft in J Oras, Cabbage, Turnips, Cucumber and I'umpkijj seed ; Irish nhd Sweet potatoes: Flower seeds ami Dahlia roots. As the stuck cf the latter is limited; orders for the some should bo sent iW at one W prevent disappoint inent ; together with tfiff ISftfTt collection of AricoItural and Garden Irapliment to be found in the city, as the diplomas and premi um awarded at the fato Fair, by tho Stat Agri cultural Society, will testily, aiuouulmg to two nun ireu dollars. , . - , E. ILSlfAJifiLAXft 12!, M ood St., Pitt: Feb. 1. VW.-Im. rati V TltT.ES A Mi SIIIIl'BBKKV. 20.000 Choieo Apple Trees, 3,000 Dwarf Peur Trees, (very fine.) 6,(NW Peach Trees, (new varieties.) 2,000 German Plum Trees, (imported,) 1.500 Cherry Trees, 20.01 K) Evergreens. , . ;'0 New nnd superb Varieties Strawberry, 20 " H'wpberrv. 15 " " " " Gooseberry.' . Together with the finest e lleetion of Plant as4 Shrubs ever offered in this market, for sale by E. R. SHANK LAND, 12lt Woo l St., Pitts.' Feb. lt, lK54.-oin. OREGON PEA. Six bushels of these Celebrated Pea t, by planting which, as much fodder can be raised ou oue aore a can be raised off of tire of antthhig else that eaa be sowed, and it is bettor for the soil than cloven Just revolted and for sule bv E. R. "SUANKLANP, 120 Wojd St., Pittsburgh; I't. Feb. IS, 1354.-3 m. (curly six weeks,) (a very largo variety and Xtw itfuTholce Tariclirs of Tcgtlablri tfif) ttilL Chinese Eight flowed Corn,' Improved Dutton ' Stowel Evergreen " Philadelphia Sweet " Mountain June Potatoes, (very fine, W'iniicbagn-, " (very prolific,) Mammoth N'utmeg, '.' Peach Blossom, " Early Whito Morcer " A ih Leaf Kidney " Sovereign " Buckley's Seedling very proline, Bay wood Seedling,' '(.... Sweet I'latoes, n' new variety from North Caro lina. It has proved the most prolific and desirable; for northern culture that 1ms ever beeu introduced in this market. , .,. 5S New Varieties or Cabbage Seed, (Imported,) 20 Radish 0 " " ' Celery " 25 ' " " Cucumber " " 40 " " " Oruss " " Ordors Respectfully Solicited, and Promptly Completed, by E. B. SIIANKI.AND. Seedjha. No, 12l, Wood St.y Pittas Pa Feb. iS, 1854.-3 m. RUCKEYE FOUNDRtj EAOS I.. WOODS, co its bun i, coLinBM cfltsti, oiiitf,' 0tcmn Engine Cutllicr. STEAM ENGINES of various sixes, const'rtie cd upon the latest approved plan, that eamtot, fail give as gooij sutisiucnou us our im w 111140. Patterns of all kinds, mado to orjir.-, All work made of good material, and warranted to civ 4 good satisfaction as any ether. Feb. 11, issi.-tl La.M) Sl'KVEYIKU, id lloab Engineering 1 1 INSTRUCTION in these bratcbe.of rrc.tioi Science will bo given at tbe Union S. fiool, MarD biro', Stark Co., during the Spring Teimn t mencing -March ma und continuing itunoca weeks. Rc'iilar FIELD PRACTICE with tbeComnas. bevelinir und Transit Instruments, accompanied with Calculations, Plotting nud Drafting, will forns essential part of the course. , Tuition per 1 1 woks, $V?0. With the pnvileg Mathematics, tleulog?. Expcrimentnl Chemistry, Physiologv, Single and Doable Entry Book Keep ing, $7,50. . , . Common Branches, $,i,WJ; Higher Uranche a nbovc, f-1.50, Engineering, Cccman L-inguazv, Mathematical uud Prospective Drawing; each $2,00, Extra. -if For particular, addrct tho Principal, A. HOLBROOk: Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1851. SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN The subscriber lin'rifii locrted ii this place, it aga'.u prepared to instruct students iH the icitbc JTna'lomv, Physiology nnd Hygiene, or lb practice of Mcdicu.e and Surgery. And in addi tion to liis former extensivo means for demonstrat ing the various subjscct, has recently added largely to them by expeusive purchase from Franc Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence th Hrst of March, and tq those Uosirou of etailiug themselves of tho summer. Ouurso of studios, it would be udvisablo to bo hero at least, two week i.revinuslv. Ho would also announco that he U prepared to practice in his P-'- '. J- IV 1 VI A ." ve Salem, Jan. 21, 1854.-4w THE PLACE TO G'Ef fot'R LIKENESS. IIUXT & IiOONE; Hu'vq oponcd, In Johnson A Horner' block, th lnrgost and finest Daguerroiau (looms in Eastern Ohio, whore they nto constantly tuk.mg, pfelorsl leieliisivolv on tiulvariited Plates inruaslin all others in durability, beauty of -finish, and axUsli sty'.o. Our facilities fot operation are of th most ample; slnd irrtprnved order, consisting in part of rua ohiuVry to polish tho plate.' By it we. are. enabled givo the highest polish, without which a' flu pi turo Cannot do taken, vnr RK Y-LTGHT OF MAMMOTH. MZR AND SFFf fcfoxt TO TAKE .81X1 v FEHnAS ii SINGLE rLATE. t'Rirrs ravge rRov 37 J cts. to tex dollar. Ladies and gentlemen or requested to oall nd examine our specimens.. bAlera, Deo. 11, isjj. JSlonk Dtedj, Article of Jgrtcmtnt. Judgment Nol's, f'ummoiii und Eeccutiohi for t!t f (ii Ojirc.