Newspaper Page Text
Mrs. Caroline M. .SVivvo iter, vf Ctriehjnd. in
rAo' ff M'w;m' lti;hU, in rcsftirl lo ;,nioty
nml 1k mtrrUm tie tlti-Ait lium.ki-e. i',c
trnhdand W to Of Senate vf'uhin, Monti 23,
183 I. idi'i o .'if MMc niicf o,lrred to he pri-.frd .
We, your memorialists respectfully represent to
your Imnoriilile lioily, thai by llie common law of
cnutiiii, mm ino mi urn
tutu ten of Ilia State
atlttit. (lift law ill nt present administered, woman
In deprived of certain imturnl ri;;ht, which ought
t.i bo inseparable from her existence, nml in snli
juotod to certain legal disabilities which circum
scribe her sphere, nml iliinini.-h lirr ii"ef'uluo?.
Deprive 1 of those rights, which werrt originally
tisurpcd by II0 limbm,!, mi l subjected lo these
s, which wor
. , , ., ."...
jirt -uikh nwrrv. (if ju njuiii, and II:
wiie, aro loguiv, nnd by coim-iuc
n.i i .. :. . , i . I
iruucu liy 1110 IIUtnniHI. In
law. ronhtitutmn. and
,.!.....( ,1.-v. ... ....,! ,. . ., ..
hiiii.d iiTij iir 1,1 inni.u tin inn'iii'r r ill-
i;i.;i:,:.. . .ui 1... .. . , . 1
r.....,i..v, niucn unro 111 torn ants i.y nun ena'11.1
into laws, to insuio lui ill-aottcn ,cssi;ms, tin-,
1 1 10 onininn (.1' voiir
htnmri.!,.i!.i. .1 i- 1 1
mnnu.rmli.Ms, flioso u-nir vl.u-li ro mnnv nml
...in....... .... .1.. . I . 1 11 II
irneious, oiiLiht to hn tinirmt'Tliltf mnl sncedi v r-.
drCssel, and tlieir disiiiijitie's, which arc of n like
. ' .. ..... - .
rcmoven. J licmloro. wo earnestly r.ray voil m
whom is ve-tej tlio pnivcr of re-torutii n, so to
(hinge tho con-titiiiinii nnd hwa of this State :
V" TI,:U marr!l,? "''all not dejtroy tLo legal in
dividilnlity.of w om in.
By marriage tho husband and wife nre one per
son in law, Unit is, tho lory being or legal exist
ence of woman is suspended during the marriage,
or incorporated or consolidated into that of the
husband, and neithir parly by nny conveyance nt
omiu in i.nr, enn giro nn 'ost.ito to the oilier, nei
thcr can they o.nitrai-t or covenant ono with the
other. Ulack. 3jo, ;t.5(J.
CJ. That tho husband shall not linve power to
Control the personal liberty of hia wii'o.
Jly this old l.uv, Ihc husband might givo hia wife
. imc j! no iu uiu sanio niu'ieratiiin that n man wna
nnowcii lo corn
ed to cone t his apprentices or children j but
)ti.neofI5lac!i..to.,o the wifo might haie so-jinVla
f of the peace iiiinsf her husband, though
the courts of law still permitted tho
restrain Ins wilo of her libeiiv. ll!a, L ::r.ii
.i.n v,..in r.r in.:.. i.. i i.i . ..
.V . ...iv v ii,.., in,- ,,,,, nnu ino iiraciico in mo,
ennrf nr. in nrni ......n..t .1 ' - :.. L'
........ ....... v . . j ..-ivi . inn ruiiiv us 111 r.llinilfl,
at the period above mentioned. The husband may
compel his wife to remain at homo w hen !io would
f refer to go abroad, to so to onu church when she
would prefer to g.i to niiolhor, to ihango her rcsi
tleneo whenever it suits his convenience, nnd to do
numerous other things of a similar character that
need not here lie enumerated.
3J. That the husband shall not have power to
bind or apprentice his ollVpring without the consent
10 HIS Will
lty the law of I'nM.in , the mother Ins no le-nl1
r-owcr over her child nt nnv - n,,,l i. i,K-en.
tiilod to its reierence a. d ,efl?.'i l.ilo il.o tinwer'
of tho father, whi, I, i, n u ,0f all Jute ixc ds to
mVoritV Kb k 3-3 nl'al"utt. ixttnds to
This lover is also reorrnio.l in ni,! il.e .,ii.
ute, of which proiide.il,? m X r . .r.n wh M .
the n-n of t ventv-onn virnr. ..r f..,.,.,l . ,.i-..,..
wJhirTthe a of MXeen .. c
until they arrive nt those n-e's res nc.-livclv. or for
.boi ler oerio.l t ..... .. ...
,., ' , ,, ., . , "i i" ,
!"r ' .J . l,0.i"". :,f "'!v" h,m11 .'."'i
.... ' . "o- Miner, email siaiuicsii.i.
J , 1. I . Mm 11 f,. in ! .... ...1 I. .. I I. I
nendent ; of lie ir I msl ,2 or other erto.
Jn of.V n,L 1 S " 1'
:tt.,TZ;.r 1, .
1.. 1,.,,.. 1 !.,, !. ., '.1 :i , ,
her husband, is absolutely void : and thin rulo pre
vails an atrongly, that a woman may nvnil herself
of hei coverture to defeat a conduct, though she
may hnvc been guilty of fraud, lllnck. 357.
In Ohio, where a married woman is n party, her
husband may be joined w iih bur, except w lion the
,i... r . r r . ,.
" r.1' m,.r:r. Vlr" ''"V". ""!' r.ru.'?J;
the action is
she may bo sued
Civil Code CI.
cut. and defend by her next friend
5th. That the wifo may maintain in lior own
name and right, nn action for injury dono her per
son, reputation, or property.
By the com men law which prevails in Ohio, the
wifo could bring or maintain un action for an in
jury dono to her own person, but the husband
could bring such action without the consent of his
wifo, the same ns fr an injury inflicted on his
beast, nnd npply to his own use the damage thus
obtained. Ho could nlso sustain 1111 nction for nu
injury dunn his wife's reputation, but the wile or
daughter, being n minor, hail not then, and have
not now, nny redress whatever but throii"h the
the husbund or the father. Female virtue Ts per
fectly exposed lo to the slanders of 111. dignity uud
faUoliood ; for any 0110 may proclaim in Xomersa.
lion, that the finest maid, or the chatet matron,
is tho most meriti ieiooB and incontinent of women.
witn impunity, or tree Iroin the niumiidveisions
sjinn oi 1110 nn iii lone l calumniator. Black. 307.
. tith. That all property accumulated iiurinv eov
rriuro shall bo owned l y iiuidwnd und wTlo in
Woman's personal property by -mnrringp, be
comes iibsoliiiely her liusbiiud's, w hich lit his death
110 may leave entirely nny from her, nnd the hus
lmiid is nbsolutidy master of tho piolits of his
wihYs hands during eoieiturc ; and if ho has had
a living chil l, and survives tho wife, he retains the
whole of those lauds, if they nro et.ites of inherit
ance during his life, but the wile, if B,o survives,
is only entitled t ) dower out of her husbniid's es
tates of inheritance. This is common law. Black.
By marriage in Ohio, tho husband so far be
comes the owner of his wile's personal prnpevly.
that if they unite in selling her real estate, nml
roeuive tho money, it is his, and if the money
afterwards, and during the marriage, invested
lands and the title taken to hiniMitl', the lands
his, nnd decreed to his heirs. Jimidull y. Craiahill
tl. at. K. 117. J
7th omit. Htli. That separation by divorce shall
entitle the party not in fault, to the caro and
of the children, and to half of the nronerlv
winch the parties shall bo equally possessed at'thel
By the F.nglish common bur, tho children,
tnattor from w hat cuuso tlio divorco was obtained,
w hich pnrty was in fault, wore given to the father,'
but ill Ohio, though the rulo has uot been changed
ly any especial enactment, the courts havo given
in some instances, tho care of tho children to
mother, deeming her on account i f their tender
years, or the immoral character of tho father,
more suitable protector. But this is by no menus
the general practice, somo judges strictly adhering
to the rule of th English common law. Jn Ohio,
whan a divorce is decreed by reason of tho nggres
ton of the husband, the wile is allowed inch
out of hor husband's real and personal prop
erty, as tho court shall think reasonable, having
due regard to tho prooorty which eamo to him
marriage, but if the divorce should nriso from
of the wife, she shall bn bunod
right of dower in the lauds of which her hiisbnml
shall be seined ur which ho may thereafter acmiire
&an . 203. -
Uth. That the wife upou tho death of her
shall be entitled to the care of her children,
and all the property accumulated during cover
By the lawn of Ohio, the f.ithor whelhor living
dead, has absolute control of his children until
are twenty-one yoars of ngo, for it is provided
statute, that nny father mny by his lust will
writing, appoint a guardian for his children,
whether born at the time of making tho will
forwards, to con tin no during the minority of
child. Out the mother is guardian of her children
only iu ease she is not deprived by the written
of her husband, and even then hor guardianship
ceases whoa tlio 111 a 10 children liavo attained
sure of fourtooil years, nnd tho fomalo childreu
twelve, whan they must chooso guardians or
Item appointed, j he widow 01 any porson dying.
If endowed of one full equal third part ot nil lands,
tenements, and real estate of which her husband
Itrti soiled, as ah inheritance, at any timo during
coverture, whiuh ho has not conveyed awny,
4iii. third part of all the right, title, or interest
hM svt nay hare at the tune ot bit doccAse,
th. temporal courts, nnd f,.n,l0 ,, i i
dearer to the sex than their lives i, b.f, 1 . ",i
lands nml tenements, hold by article, honil lease, or
oilier evidenc e of cliiim. V" lien the intestate shall
not have loft nnv legitimnte cliiM, heir of his body,
tho iilow flmli )e entitled to nil tl.e iiertoiinl
e-lute na next of kin, nnd if l o shall hate fell suchi
lulu, tlio widow ahull Ic allowed on distribution, I
one half of any sum not en-ceding four hundred j
Hollars, nml one third or the residue ot the person-
nl otaio subject to distribution. Tlio following1
articles nre lint deemed nwots, but arc included in .
the inventory of the estate, namely: All spinning
w hcolit, we.ivini: looms and stoves, the family bible.
:i.. . . i i i i - i . .i i i...
', .' ..... ', ,. . . ,.
cxcciMiinir 11 i 1 v uoiiars 111 viiiuo, 0110 cow nnu twoivc
. . . . . .
iliin nil wi.ii.iii4 nt. .... I I....I l.inl.lii.nl. Imi .
ding, ami neccssmy cooking utensils, clothing of
the l.iuiily, clothes nnd ornaments of tlio w indow,
and wearing nppurcl of the doccascti, 0110 table,
chairs, six knives nnd forks, six plute.t, six tot.
and saucers, one sugar dish, one milk pail,
nne tc. pot and t cli 0 unions, nnd these articles.
1 .... . . 1 . . .; . , , , . 11
1 escc 01 ine weurins npoiirri hi 1110 iiccenscu, snail
.,, ! -..V .1 :.i... :, .1 1
, '. ,.,.. , m r...
'iiiii I ill- lllll- rilU niUUI HV nilll IllMI JH V Kill HI
Ikt tiiiluroti, hut il hhc ami thu cltilil rcti ly
HIV tuf ltiv I. .1. Mt..t .... tn.l ..I... II ...). I,n 11
. .:. . ' . ' . . . ? 1
i i"" vi hi ivi.iiii ii9 iht fiwn, lirr TvcnriMiT npiniri
, MlU .... ,:. ,
' ...' 11 1 "1 .111 v i;iil nv'iriciii, ,im iiv.i.-ili,
, . , r .. . ... .. ... J
. ... Ilini, 111. 1. II. li, II, gl ...ati... ..I.ilil.ni. Ili.l
if tlwro ho a wi lnw and no child, those, nr-jlho
tides shall belong to tlio widow. Svrnn 3, IIW, 3-10.
l'Mli. Tint there alinll b no taxation without
Vl iil. .... i i - .i . . i l
mi irL'iim lo ine prnneriv 01 women, morn in
taxation w iihout represeiitntion, fur they pay taxes
without having tlio lib-rly to vote for represontn-i
lives; mid whatever reasmi mnv be nssiirued under
the existing loj.al ditnhilitica of married women,
why they tdicnlil not bo allowed to vote, thcro
seems no substantial one why single women should
bo denied this privilege. Iiln k. ;:07, nolo. It is
well known to cvory reader of history that this
priiiciplo entered largely into tho struggle fur.
American lndeiieiideiu o. nnd was the immediate
cause of tli first overt net of hostility. And if
i minim, mull nre llie cunsiiinin'ii
' I.," ,,f , ' .,
i r .
Z,Vr , Un . J.
III.:.. l i. .. I... .1..
1 uiijui uuu uiiicsnu, i"r njr iiiu
"-1 . ...... i. n. .... .ii, a. .. mj ...
in,, nn-, iki: inn iifruiiaeu 10 enjoy inc riuni oi
II IU ,,..llin IVn....l... il. . 1 IUIC i ... l
v......u iniiivnrui uniiua t?. .'i', vuii. j
1 1 th. 1 hat women slinll not bo deprived of fie
right to engage in any laudablo pursuit. I!v the
common law, nil wninen nre denied the benefit of
clergy; nnd until the reign of William nnd .Mary,
hey roeci veil seutence ot' death, nnd might bale
ni en execuicu, lor tlio lust otlcnco in simple larceny
bigamy, manslaughter, nnd some other offences,
learned they worn, merely because tlieir
sex prcc hided the possibility of their taking holy
orders, though n man w ho could read was for the
V r '.' 10 ,,urninf: '" ;n,
' ""l,r."'"""'cni. i.uicK. ,.00. in
' ,'Cr""" ' r,cr!n.l,,,c,11 '". V '.
I '""t1 ," '", W, ",,l, 1,0 !" Bot "
ccrl,u ,,,,1,.,, ,e shall hnvo been previously ex-1
1 " ' J i"uiiiiS.-.i inc oiiicr-,
1 1."' n"J '"!r'"" " J"',".1"1 rcre-"
. . V1""" " "J " rP" '"''""
?L"t .'"T,!". I ?. ' "V lh1 ln'
. : .1 "r . , : : ' .' ,' i ' ,
, ... im.m ouiu uic iiiiuva ui
, an nMorney nnu .oiinMior nt law. vals S.
Tl' Siil-rcmo fourt in Hank, upon the npplica.
,. i woman to r,nnii.e l,n, il,,.i
i """l" i"' lU "', ev8.r -""' r0,',Ci;t W"
, qualuied to discharge the duties of an attorney,
""derthisiawshewusrendetcJ incompetent by rca-.
r.? l?,,.r . .....-
1 ' cAiiiiniiu'4, nnu 1110 cxa'iuimuun was 111
the hiirhot decree sati.-laetorv.
f.ih. Il111tw0111u11sh11lln.it be deprived of the
.I..... ... .... I...:..- 11.. l. . ..........
right to sit on juries. ly the statutes of Ohio it
provided that oue hundred nnd eight judicioua per-1
sons, having the iU.iliiicnlions of electors, shall be,
II .. ..1..... ...I :.. . ..I. - . . . .
.i...,.nY in-civil em u cuuiuy, 10 serve ns grnuu
iiuui. iu cuiicr vuv 10 urocr 1110 iiierui 10 summon
f.in among the bystander, so many Kood and law-'
men ns.arc necessary to complete tho panel. Swnn
loth. That tho constitution of Ohio shall be
nmended as to entitlo women to tho exercise of the
elective franchise, nnd to the privilege of holding
ollices of trust und prolit under government.
t.icry whilo male citizen ol the Lnited Stales,
the nge of twooty-uiic years, who shall have boon
n rcsidcut of the .Stato one your next preceding the
election, nnd of the county, township or ward
he resides such timo ns may be proi ided by
law, snail naio 1110 quiliillcauon 01 tin elector, nml
bo entitled to voto ut nil elections. Con. O. Art.
, , , , ,. .,
hither branch of the lieneriil Assembly may pro-
po amendments to this constitution, itnd if the
same shall be. agreed to by threc-nnhs of tl.o mem-LWtUc
bcrs elected to each house, such proposed amend-j
incut shall bo entered upon the journal, wiih
veas nod navs, and shall bo published in lit least!
ono newspaper 111 each county
. r .1... ...1
" " '"'. " ..VV: , J - u,u " ""7
I ' 1 V . r"""-'"" ,,,r '"""" r"'"-,
.1 1 n 1 , '
.mo the sa.no sba l bo aubn.ilied
or their nj proval or rejection, nml it
iniijority cd tho electors voting nt such election
shall adopt such amendments, the san.o shall be-
como a part of tlio coi.fet.tutioti. Con. O., Art.
y .- f
And nnailv that men nnd women shall bo placed
I ill I . . e f
1 111 ill legal respects upon exact terms of equality.
I L"" 4'c'lt"!;!t", "'f;''" ltd! from the lips
1 tlio obscure Aaaireuo theso words; "Ml Ihincs
whatsoever ijf. would that men sin, uld do unto
doyocroi o unto them" words which, in tbeir
s iiblime co nprehensneness, grnsp nil tl.o relniions
o lito, under all us varied aspects, nnd overleap
all Incus ol t.1.10. teiilur.es biter un c.,.ially
ua ouU J y''i" .i" !!Kan;
. i I,. , . . -
only ns it could bo thoroughly freo nnd true,
.. i - ., ,, ., h . .. .
1 ;7. , 1 11 'I r. T" ", .""r1 "" " ""
doing, launched their llttlo wealth of SOUS
i1'"" '"-hes of '"r
,' I VfrC . . "." "1 t,,rM,'!l,1l."K ?CCa"'
ach iereJ LI?. , w , w T h""'
?erVtv n le'i 'vrif 1 nr , , ' an M.1
i'"'iTOrc:,,"r,!n".aU 'i"!. co,'l.":o,,t
r. 1. V.;.J;'
and it. repetition nnd eml-aliment in tl.e immortal
and pniplfetio declaration-.. We hold these truths
to bo selj-einliiil, (bat all men nro created coon,
endowed by tncir Creator with certain imiliaial'lc
rights, among which nro life, liberty, nnd the
of happiness, nnd that lo securo these ends.
COVOrnmeilLa nru instituted mnrimr men ilAi-ivini.
their iW power froin tho emu,,, I of il, ,r,er,i.i
It is thrnueh the agency of theso tmCis
throughout Iho world, swnying more
more its mind und heart, nnd however tcmporar-'
il v hindered its very civil life.; exposing
sfiums of usurpation, the inhumanities of oppres-l"m'v','c,,
sion, and questioning aiitlwritatireli King nnd
peror, uud t'xar of tlieir right to riilo that we
hero before you to-day representatives of
in nil lands, nod iu particular of our own State
who have lived to nuiko yet nuother nnd broader
application of tho iiuiiiorlul truths of Judcunuud
In their nnmo we come to you not as to parti
sans or narrow-minded aspirants for power
place, but ns to men sons, husbands and fathers,
citizens of an acknowledged Christian Democracy.
We come to you not ns to men nut nltognthcr
in heart or false in life but ns having,
and nil, the noblo instincts nnd
aspiration of true manhood ns
upon whom the higher obligations of a better
voliiiiiiieiit and perpetually advancing civilization
nro laid ; nnd whose generous natures nnd quick-
oned souls cannot fail to answer truthfully
to all the claims of humanity upon Ihoin,
however such answer bo hindered in its expression
by tho false, relations and pervortod nims which
tain so much in lilo under present unnatural
Me come not to upbraid you with errors which
are only yours by inheritance, but to spread
before you for consideration and correction.
we come with no fear that precedents w ill he urged
against ut by those whoso work fur the world it
make precedents uud not f dlow and perpetuate
thoso of low er ages and dissimilar conditions
with no Just caus. of nt'ih fear ut those who,
legislators, or successor to inch, liare already
taken ninny advance ateps in tlio mnrvh of progros,!
ami the recognition of the need of the sex whose!
welfare wo seek,
We know thnt nj penis similar to ours nre being i
mndo elsewhere, but in our own case we feel os-:food
poially honored and hopeful in coming lie fore a
legislative bony w Inch lias represented more nearly
and promptly than those of many of. our sister
State the higher freedom and cRort of our age. i
Thus stating the basis upon which wo venture
, before you the auoncics w hich hare influenced.
.: i.:..l. i ,...1 I 41.. I
. " . . . ... . . .i
winen enciniranc us 10 cnori ie us reier
...... .. .. . .
i nlitnlnlv l !. iiwunnl unlilmn whnM (rrntil 1 1, a wn
seek. We hava nisked that women should have
eiiial rights with man ywir sisters, wives and
I mot hers with fimimclcis, in the holding and dis
six piisinif of property. We know, as before in
enpa tiuntfl I, that preco linj Legislatures have so
I modified nnd nmended our statutes, that woman
, . , ...... .... t t-. . . .
11ns nere ino rmiu nenico in ninny 01 our oinies 10
1 i,. i. li.. :, . 1.1
1 -i.. 1.
V l P"JI'IIU inill I IllV, IIIIU llllll ruin l i'is7l I J
lie cei urcU to Iter nfter nmrrmi'e nut vo iUst
Ltiiiisr tt,nt ntl tit A PAtvt.t nml nnliia" if an...).
1 . . i. ..:n t1. ... .....
itnni?n y. 11 rcii cmh n, nup is jiui fiinuy uiirirpn,
. LJ u r.. .1.- .. ......1 J
nil., lilil,, llli.li.llflv, illllli'.ilill liu llliuill unill'l I'l
. . . .
I iA .,,ni. ... K...., . i. .a nin u .nun. . ltn ..f n
e,irnin"s of her hours of early morninit or
! weary midnight toil, of nil the mitcomings of her
individual pen ins nnd skill, nof one is Injully secure
to her. but may be at any time seized nnd appro-
printed by an uninnnly nnd tyrannical or debauched
i. ...I i.:i. i....jr ....i' i.:l.i ... I i
uu-vmiimi, n iiuu iiviii iiiiu viiiiiiivu hi k icuuccii
to the ergo of starvation, nyo, even beyond tlint
verge, if she be to proud or too tender lo ninkc!
coiiiidiiiiit ; that sho is still treated with leinl in-!
'justice in tlio denial of her right to be a joint'
partner during the life, nnd sole heir nt tho death
of the .Vishand, to nil the property inherited from
cither ancestry, or acquired by mutunl thrift and
skill and industry; that in direct contradiction to'
the universal admission of her equality of moral
nature nnd tho superior trustworthiness nnd eon-1
: stancy of her mother-lore, alio is prejudged by the
kit nn 11 iwiiriujf 01 eiliai connuciice townril inc
broad acres, be ns penniless n beggar aa nny pauper!
of the town according to tho cruelty or cnprii e of
.... . -r l .1 i . tr
t iiiini i-n in hit euro nnu sorrow, w no are sillijcci
.. H...b..i..i.i .. uiv llllliri, V III; limcil lll IIIJI,
nini wiinoiu ner consent, or in disregard to tier en-
- ...!. . . I I- I! , .1 . .
iivituvn, ii iiiircii ticcu I'V llllll under 1110 worsl 01
i conditions, or civen nunv ns ho mnv chooso : thnt
, In case of divorce, nlthoueh tho husband may have
been the guilty one, the children aro Iraallu his.
nnd arc thus olloiitinics tiiken from a loving audi
, capable mother, nt a tender nge, lo be committed to
tho " tender mercies" nnd evil example of a re-1
, venpelol and degraded father nnd that in rase of
the death of the father, however poorly 1:0 mny
have filled, or however greatly ho mnv'bave dis-
honored that relation, tho children may also be
olfy taken from her guardianship, or entrusted to
, "' to choose imoihor guardian nt nn ago too
eany lor pruuent choice, nnd under a legal provia-
w'1'1'' "' weakens and impairs overy wny her
u,.,lorilJr; ?'. , i'l'li-l aasnmption of l.er infer-
iority nnd ihcnpacitv : thnt the law yet enters with
ns nnu, unwelcome presence, nmid tho lulness nnd
' 'f her grief, handling cnrelessly, nnd np-
poriioning iiearticsMy. tho sncrcd memorials of l ie
if ,., husband have left no children.
V"?.' nil save a meagre tlnnl of tho proper
ij men may 11:11 0 deen riguinllT all
nll'ii,,,, it. 1.:. 1...1.
...... .. , ,..... , .!, hi-, ,1 ir 1111.-1 iiuiii mow llllll
Vi"'u vW,U '"' f,,cl' 'e P.mr l..lt mny have Ven
the one most needing such guardianship, nnd the!
tho surviv.ir tl.o actual provider nnd family dcpcii-lof
wa;den,.,. , . ' 3 P
mien taws, gentlemen of the fennte. mnv linvc
been less tialnablv iniinst in iba iU, . ,.r nil' i..nn.
nig of moan's common humanity, in the liuuls1
ii i . - . .
1 srii-'innllv nil her own.
, to icliitiies upon the husband's side, however dis
tant or above need and, if thcro bo children, set-
is! where nil elevation is denied her nml lltlltlll. 1.1.1V
crnnienta whero cnsle nnd rnnk tako precedonce,
and overshadow nltocetlier. tho individual human
.11 i.. . 1 . . . ...
, i.'cing ; iiut, under lier pietcnt condition ns
inuurcs ot liuuinnitv. '11 the son lirother husband
and father, or more" dis not Si
j whose good plensuae these laws now lunko her do-
nendent : thev nre not untv rrn.ltf iniin., I.n, In.
1 tlu-routly inappropriate, nfieu not,nlna, too sorrow-1
1 fully cruel.
Gentlemen of tho Senate brothers : Let it not
I be said by you that our appeals are groundless, nnd
ofjoiir appearance only nu outbreak of unholy nmbi-jiis
j tion, when throughout city nnd hamlet nud'liillsido
of our own beautiful Stn'te, such deeds nro done
in under tho n-gis of your laws nml '.tin protection
j your legislation, ns should make the cars of
!w ho hear them to tiimle: sue 1 deeds of wroni, nml
i oppression ns should crimson the cheek of nil civ
iliziitif.il, and write barharitm over our judicial nnd
Wo have nsked, moreover, that tl.o right of
rant:UU U ,,,,,,,'j W omal,lu ri'
, . "
the! " " ''"'I' executes the f,ee man't will, as lightning
does tho will of God."
ou may thoughtlessly imagine that such richt
little needed in Ihc cno of woman.
I nut uny, wiium iisk, is 11 less needed thnn
,''IC; vour own ? Is her nature so utterly dill'crent that
a , jIH ... intimaielv ;,..ie,...l
, l(jr .ulM,inK n8 ft,.c your interests w itl , vour own?
Attf icr tehxlu,ni , hociety ,,..d the world less real
' . ,i, ,.. f. ..
llll'l I..II. no... J . i iiiu K'liH lOCIIICS
I . .V... .1.. ...!., .....I ,....,.,! I ...T.. 1.....
1 u: 1 ...,.;.... ,i... ... .1.. 1... .'
I ,,,u " ",- ""'I , iiiun i' IOV onu, IIUBOIlllll
! ,,.,., Cal, it ltHS ,,,. j,, iUlhe 1ogt (l.ml
of 1 j.uion,,, ,iar means of physical und moral
,i..,., , ..., ..,1 ,.i,.;, , 1
.,, j .i.ji ,i, ,1,, ,1,,,;, . ,.; ... '1, ; ,. , .
,,. ., :i,lu..ri f 11.,ii,i 1 ,. i,.it
iu tl,nri..g f.1,1.1 tho e.nbrnces of hue n.,,1 ,0
lr!lillf!) t pllri,Vi tl0 ,niive, nnd ,uiwhkrs.
ll0r ,pnilere;t ,l,.vti the husband, who is
1. to nn,, nuirKot, lor a "nmuierutton ot nn
revenue. Is it nothing ia her Unit the slb'htest
: 1 revenue, is 11 noitu
i provocation, by real or fancied aggression" or
and,' , , :,!,:,: ,n I..',?!..
0 , nn(1 rul 0V0P o0l,,.r nations, shall sm-fno to
0,11 " hnsbnnd. nnd sons to the suerlllcc of blood
' Bntl lifo- wl"d"'" u...uKl.t. her , cc
""t""'.! interests umhought of; and, as the only
"'7 soureo ii. this extremity of l widowho 7
! h.n? , " ? W" ,e"Ver4 crJ
! Si ?J Z?'1
und I . ' ' ,. ,h I,
Is it nhinn to her that prisons nro reared
chich the husbands and sous of tho nn c, per-
su.t tho family nnd to society, hardened and brutalized
I by 11II tho circumstances of their surroundings?
nnd 1 11,0 inhuman gallows erected upon which such
and I P'".18 tlluir cr,"" K"'"st un individual or the Stato,
''iich t,m' Strte thus re-enacts In its own
tliej"?.! H'l tho family thus robbed of the needed
f tho guilty one, shall bear tho added
Km-1'1,'"'1'"" "T ''l0 world's scorn, nnd tho law's undue
nre! "J?"!'". nt'l in the desperation of a bitterness
thoso muueed tuev slinll como at last to luhcnt, ns a Ic
chance even some poor tempted sister, shall bo
out from alt lovo nnd knowledge, all usefulness
aey, tho evil bias and tho cruel doom of tho brand
It il nothing to her that power mny be faithlessly
nnd shamelessly used to cover tho green soil
God's free earth with tho sweat nnd tears und blood
of his enslaved nnd wronged children ; to surround
even her husband and sous and thoir posterity
w ith the toniptiitions of oppression,
dograJations of servitude f
Think you, gentlemen of the Sennte, there
not now throughout our own Stato, woman hearts
wtiii n swell with as irrosistinio a sorrow, ns over
powering an indignatim, nnd as holy a shrinking
i-. 1. :..:...,.:.. .....1 . 1. ..: .
i from tho injustice nnd the stain of thoso infamous
j outrages agninst Freedom and Kight, which
and I roused nnd are yot rousing on free men to resist
well, Inncn, lest our own beautiful Ohio, tlio eldest-born
(of Freedom in all tho glorious Host, shame
ob-'high birth-right by allowing traitors to throttle
con-1 their young life, the Inter-born f
jyo, if it lie so if woman bo so hopelessly
to lovo of good and truth, tho high heritago
them Freedom, and the success of its mission on earth
And so little worthy Iho inheritance of pilgrim faith,
. heroic or even human blood, that all the groat
is neods nnd woes of earth find Iu her heart no echo
to ing pang, and in hor life no answering, earnest aid
; I that she can willingly suffer the power which
as' hers by right of birth and being, with the
uses to which her nature prt.mpfs, and liar Creator
destined and demamU in application, tuba withheld
without a blush of ahnme, while the annio power la
grnntcd ns if in mockery of hor, to the poor thins;
miacnlled a imin, with no thought nobler than tlio
he fills hia mouth witlinl, and scarce capacity
to chooae even that judiciously then, oh then give
to her, as did the Human leiiion ot old to the trai
torous Tnrpoia, the tinsol and tlio trappings of her
choice; the adornments of the outer being in token
of the utter lack of inner life, of truthfulness to
nature, to Ood and to his creatures, until their very
place amid the grand my stories of timo, the sublime
verities ot eternity I
ltut, we know you must scout, in all manliness,
such an unbecoming estimate, nj nt most such
miacrnblo exceptions to the womanhood of our
day womanhood which offers to your reverence
such tvnes of benutv and strcneth ns abound on
every band, among your own wives and daughters
. i:r. r . tr .u.
7 1.1. 1 . . . .. ....t. -
inoro'earui which is so nnseiy urizcu, so nine worm a
. ... - K .. ...
,.i ..i..... ,..,; f l .
...... .i.:..i. !.;.,; : .i, ... ....1 i, .i.
lintslllt ui hiiiih hi tuu iiuiolij fii tij uiv
nrcpnic-nnos inner oxprcMion in me noMo inc
aF a I. ipnl II O 1 )l V ltfli fi r A 9 1 all t Ollil 1 11(1 fTPniPrl I
I j L...f!
' niui niiiiiiv iikihv ninnv n nu mm iimuiur inr
- -J-i f .1- iv..;i -rt:..,l i.:h
IIIIICI.:. Plillili.i. llio i.iii.i nnu oviv ij m.u n .i.v.i
i . . . - . r ...
As otirs it would seem almost Insulting to your
discrimination, a distrustfnl to your enlighened
iudnenient, to attempt the defenco of woman's
euiil humanity and somewhat provocative of
right womanly indignntion to be Compelled to do so.
' V e prefer rntlier to take the vantage ground of
your own undeniublo convictions, and ask, that as
sons of the pilgrims, and as citizens undor our
! fathers' uncompromising declaration of equality,
you should with becoming consistency, recoKniie
iirarfirallii woman's humanity, by according to her
I III rigiimriKiiin lor w incii vvvrj iintii uiiiini jum.
iuia shown Itself equal to bonder spheres of duty
and effort, in the comprehensive stiuesmnnship of a
lamliiio ihisnnim, compelling, ns it uocs, -.oc
admiring wonder of all Knglnml, nnd even publie
nnd honornblo roengnitinn from peer nnd sovereign
of its superiority in humanity mid efficiency to all
previous efforts of government officials iu that de
partment. .,. i. ii
iniicci in aucn nays ami under suen conditions
1 I il I .... ..1. 1... I..........I
nnu mi iiiii o,rj w nvru, un iiiioucini-i nusviii'.v.
IHIU Diim, .iwi vii.iihiij ii.iii ...u ..,
man is nor now reiircsenicu as 11 is oiicn cininiou
' I I 1 1 1 ...
1 " -loany iii.iw iiuiiuer son, oroiuor iiumuiiiiu ui
' father to represent them and of those who have,
uinny are niiircprescmod by such. Wo have lived
! to learn, not only from all the history of the past,
but from wonuiii's especial experience, that no
class is safe under a government, which is unren
t resented in that government; that all irrcspoiisi-
blu power is absolutely and everywhere unsale.
llnu woman has been represented, how her intor
howcicr cats havo been enred for, let (He law tr Aare ciVecf
IcAto yon answer I
And if it bo clearly woman's right, by virtue of
her common humanity, to stand sido by sido with
mail ill the ownership ol that which sho inherits
mid earns, enn nny, under our broad protest as a
l Uepublic against taxation without representation,
I against government exercised without the consent
ot tnc governeu, rigi.uy pause at 1110 jim sicp 111
the prines. of according Justice to her.-admitting
11 11... .!.. 1.1 ...u.,.1,,.,1 r,ri.,..i.
iTi vt iiiaiiuiiiinij ..in nui 11 m .......
I pie. of justice.
Ueiitleinen of Senate : In asking the recognition
theso "iiinlienublo rights" for woman, upon the
j ground til simple justice, we have not decked it
necessary to canvas tho catalogue) ol "conscqucn-
; cos" so venernllv arrnved niminiit our imoreirnablo
argument, consequences it would seem scarcely
:. .. .. 1 1 ,. 1 t. ...
her riitht to tho hMdinit of that property and al
lowing her the pririteyt of being taxed thereon,
but, denying her the representation inseparable in
the case of all male property-holders and tux-payers?
The 0110 must follow tho other the latter
is ns legitimate to out-growth of the former, aa thai
less than a "wreck of matter and a crush of
If a deed he proven nnd acknowledged a just
one, no anno or honest man should dolny its
execution in deference to tho fears of tho timid, or
of, tho short-sighted prudence of the conservative.
"Let justice be dono, though the Heavens fall.
And tho plea that the exercise of those rights,
nnd tho discharge of tnoso duties and trusts which
miirht follow, and for w hich woman might bo found
peculiarly fitted, would delile the purity, and be-
"trow tho delicacy of her naturo is neither sustain
cd by sound philosophy, the analogy of past ex
perienee, nor indicative of high faith in God and
' nature. The nssortion thnt such public life and
ro-qioiisihilitic aro necessarily corrupting
not only disprovvn, by the stem integrity ol
(Washington, n Franklin, n Penn, an Adams, and
of their successors, but would come with n and con
which nil fession of a luck of conscientiousness from any
w ho ncccptod w lllini'ly such positions, nnd seem
ottimcs well nigh to compass sea und hind tosecuro
them. Neither nre we uniiiindlul in asking the
recognition of these rights for woman, of the many
channels iu which her onorgios now find scope,
and her bcnevolcnco finds exercise, but wo know
that the according of theso broader opportunities
will place her near tho causes of tho evils to
removed, nnd nniKO nor lite truly and thoroughly
perty of her individual iuhuritanco or earning, wo
man would bo free from the crushing conscious
ness of unjust, enforced depondiiuco, bo stimulated
to tho exercise of prudence ; elevated in the be
stownl of her own ohnrities, nnd dignified in her
own iiclf-rcspcct, nnd the respect of tho world, and
111 multitudes ut cases protected against thn uoccs-
... .. .. r u-.
is L:"eK rauier innn irng.nenin aim supcrnciiu.
liy tlio recognition 01 ,er oquill ngnt to ino pro-
tsitv of divorce. Sluc ins woman may have out
. . . . ... .. 1 ,
I lived in our mn, nnd in-cnlled civilised lands,
"lvaK valuation of l.er na n mere physical comfort.
la miimUmeiitaiu companion, sho has not yet
' ceived nny whero that broad recognition of
1 humanity that slinll innko her truly and nobly
of The world has novcr yet convinced the beauty
her' nnd gain of unfettorcd. spontaneous iromim-acion.
this, tho experinient
in-' our youiiuui iieniiuno 10 realize nnu appreciate
j tli.t ol 'man. And how miserable nnd unmanly
r 1 ' the evasions of those among ua, who havo
e,.u., In Iwddlv. or elmri.v t,. ...eel
call kindly, the appeals of their sisters,-wl,o, sUind-
'K thciiisclves upon tho broad foundations of
Is 1 A truth that ill men aro created equal, and
r0.lj',we inalionnblo rights, and realixing with
and 1 all the rest of present experience, and tl.o memo-
l.. ryof imst no bio struggles, tl.o high benefits
such position, yet hesitate to raise their own kin
dred, their wives, sisters and mothors upon
sumo piano of a.nplo vision, free effort, and ennob
We know not, whether in all the wrongs now
practiced toward woman, legally and socially,
to '"liy or tho cruelty ho the greater; or whether
or hor brother, be in the broad final fact, the great
er sufferer. For, surely as that a fountain cannot
rise abovo the lovol ot its scource, so surely can
not man reach the stature of full glorious man
hood, until, sho who moulds him so much and
truly ufter her own order of being and develop
ment, shall bo free to cultivate, and encouraged
us. those powers which make up the wealth of
nature, until she b. rccognixed la hor high self
sovereignty, all hcrgitts uud graces quickened into
spontaneous exerciso by such recgonition, all
being electrified by the holy ambition to justify
and the delight of enjoying it.
Gentlemen of the Senate: In conclusion
beg you in the name of their wives, daughters
mothers of tho State you represent, be tru.
just, aye, rather than mutators uud perpetrators
of olden barbarian codes, be dreamers, "vission
ary" men, liko the immortal dreamer Pinto
more than he, be aduixUztrs of tho longing hopes
and prophesies of agos. He had only the seer's
eye and sublime poetic inspiration you, with
the grand visions of his seeing and recording,
power to let the world to the music of hit great
Are you ninbitiousf would you be honored?
Scorn the poor praise of the short hour, and bondage-
of party names and make yoursolves
by noblo ventures, and an unfnultering
faith in Truth and Kight. Make by your gonorour
recognition of woman as a citiiou, an epoch in
annals, an Olympiad of Ohio, by which all future
generations shall reckon the worm progress.
And as in duty bouud your memorulista
ever pray, 4c.
Gorr'.t Smith announces that Pr. Ttcaumnnt,
Ohio, hns manumitted a family, of shires which
twuej, and which uvea in Washington.
II A.I LEI it CAIPESTER'I PBE1IU1
IS now completed, and ready for reception, We
have gone to considerable expense in fitting up, te
operate with advantage, and with reference to the
comfort and convenience oi tnose wno may lavoi
us with a call; in short, we are permanently lo
cated Our rooms are in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0.
Call and see us. Ton will find our reeeption reoms
nont and comfortable.
- Ol K SKViLIUIIT
Can ne surpassed no where in the Stale. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of nil ages, taken Lirs
liki, o mo niASotl I Our prices range from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Past experience, nnd present
advantages, ennble us to take Cood Likeneint, at
very reasonable llalet. Ueing, also, posted in all
tho recent improvements of the art, our time and
entire attention shall be to render full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased peraons taken ftt their rooms.
Unr motto, is EXCKLMIUK.
N. 11. rcrrons wishing I'ictiircs taken on UaJ
vani.ed Plates, can do so without extra charge.
trtT Rooms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until
P. M. Junit 31ar,m3.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,
New ftobon, D.
OFFICE, OLD HAXK JiVILMXO.
JAMES KELLY, Pait.
Lirt Martix, Sec'y.
Dec. 31, 1853.-3in.
NOTICE is hereby civen that the undersisned
hns been duly qualified as executor of tho last will
and testament of William Cook, Into of the County
of Columbinnn, dee'd; all those indebted to said
estate will please make immediate payment, and
those having claims against said estate w ill prcseut
tho same within one year from this dnte for settle
ment. WILLIAM ALLOWAY.
March SO, 1854.-3w.
The Sngnr Creek Wnicr Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Mnasillon under the
charge of Dr. Freaso, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, nnd conducted ou pure Hydropathic
principles. Wo give no drugs. They are only
hindrances to thcrndicnl cure of disease. The suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of Inunnnity, enables ua to speak
confidently of the virtues of pure soft iraltr, a pro
per diet, 4c.
Terms $5 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tlio American Hydropathic
Institute, and Editor of tlio Nichols' Health Jour.
nnl, ill noticing the Water Curo movements of th'.
country, says of ua:
"Dr" Frica, a moat thorough and energetio phr
sieinn, has a Water Curo nt .Sugar Creek Falls, 0
His terms nre very moderate, out there are few
places we could recommend with greater confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frease, Peardoff's Mills, Tusca
rawas to., O.
Dl. GEO. W. PIUTTIT
Rospcotfully tenders his professional services to
tho cititens of Marlboro and surrounding country.
Office in the room recently occupied by Dr. K. O
Korih Sid Main-St., One Door West of the SaUm
Jluok-btorf, Salem, Ohio.
Coats, Vests, P011U, Ac, Made to Order and War
ranted to Uivo satisfaction.
Tho Tailoring Business in all his Branches, car
ried on as heretofore.
SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN
The subscriber having loented in this place,
ngn'.n prepared to instruct students in the science
of Anatomy, Physiology nnd Hygiene, or the
.! . -r V, .i;..f 1 c ...1 !
practice 01 ..leuicino 11101 ourgery. Aim in itiui1
tion to his formor extensive menus for demonstrat
ing the various subjscct, has recently ndded largely
to them by cxnensivo purchases from France.
Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence the
first of March, and to those desirous of availing
themselves of tho summer oourao of studies,
would be advianble to bo here nt least two weeks
previously. He would nlso announce thnt ho
prepared to prnctice in his profession.
K. G. THOMAS, M. D.
Salkm, Jan. 21, 1854.-4w
NEW SEED STOKE.
THE undersigned is now receiving his supply
of Field, Garden, Tree nnd Flowor-sceds; also,
largo additions to his Stock of Horticultural nnd
Agricultural Implimuiits, and will be ounblod
offer dealers nnd amateurs the most extensive nnd
varied collection of Field, Culinary nnd Flower
Seeds, Uulbs, Tubers, &o., ic, ever offered in this
market. Tho soeds have been expressly grown
order by the most celebrated Seedsmen 111 America
and Europe, nnd warranted by the growers true
nnme; now nnd superior vnrieties of Corn, Grain,
Grnss, Cnbbnge, Turnips, Cucumber and Pumpkin
seed ; Irish and Sweet potntoes : Flower seeds and
Dahlia roots. As the stock ct tho latter ia limited.
orders tor the same should be sent in at once
prevent disappointment ; together with tho largest
collection of Agricultural and Garden Impliineutt
to be lounrt in the city, as the diplomas and promt
uns awarded nt tho Into Fair, by the Stato Agri
cultural Society, will testify, amounting to near
two hundred dollars.
E. R. SIIAXKLAND,
129, Wood St., Pitts.
Feb. 18, '54.-3in.
(early six weeks,)
(a very large variety
New and Choice Varleliti of Ttgetablci tid Setdt.
Chiueso Eight Itowod Corn,
Improved Dutton "
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain June Potatoes, (very fine,)
Winnebago, " (very proliCo,)
Mammoth Nutmeg, "
Poach blossom, "
Early White Mercer"
Ash Leaf Kidney "
Buckley's Seedling "
Sweet Potntoes, a new variety from North Caro
lina. It has proved the most prolific and desirable
for northern culture that has ever beeu introduced
in this market.
58 Now Varieties of Cabbage Seed, (Imported,)
20 " " " KaUisli
6 " " " Colery "
25 " " " Cucumber "
40 " " " Grusa "
Ordors Respectfully Solicited, and Promptly
E. R. SHANKLAND, Seedsman,
No. 129, Wood St., Pitts., Pa.
Fob. 18, 1854.-3 m.
I? It (JIT TUXES AND SIIUVBBCKV.
20,000 Choice Apple Trees,
3,000 Dwarf Pear Trees, (very fine,)
5,000 Peach Trees, (new varieties,)
2,000 German Plum Trees, (imported,)
1,500 Cherry Trees,
30 New and superb varieties Strawberry,
20 " ' Raspberry,
15 " " " Goosoberry.
Together with the finest collection of Plants
Shrubs ever offered in this market, for sale by
E. R. SHANKLAND,
12V Wood St., pitta.
Fob. 18, IBS 4.-3 m.
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKEN ESS.
HUNT & BOONE,
Itnre opened, In Johnson k Horner's block,- Lf
largest and finest Dairuerreian Rooms In Easter-'
Ohio, where they are constantly taking picture"
(exclusively on Ualvauized Plates) surpassing all
others In durability, beauly of finish and artistie
style. Our facilities for operation are of the most
ample nnd improved order, consisting In part of an '
chinnry to polish the plato. liy it we are enabM '
to give the highest polish, without wnicu a an. pi"
ture cannot bs taken. Our
TS OF MAMMOTH SIZE AXD SUFFIClKiit
TO TAKE SIXTV 1'F.USOKH OX A
rxtcxs anub rsoM 37) cts. to tx doll is.
Ladies and gontlcmon are requested to call and'
examine our specimens,
Salom, Deo. 17. 1853.
Uail ttoab (engineering !!
INSTRt'CTIOX In these brandies of Practical
Science will bo given nt the I'niun School, Marl
b iro', Stark Co., during the Spring Term, com
mencing March llth and continuing fourtee
Ro2u1nr FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass,
Leveling and Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will forts)
an essontinl part of the course.
Tuition pvr 11 weeks, $5,50. With th. privile(S
of Mathematics, Geology, Experimental Chemistry,
Physiology, Siugle and Double Entry Book Keep
Common Branches, $3.00; Higher Branches as
nbnvo, $3.50, Engineering, German Language,
Mathematical and Prospective Drawing, each 2,i0,
For particulars, address th. Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
ENOS L. WOOD!,,
COlUXBlllU, C0LU1BM.1I 10G!ITT, (Mil
Steam (nginc Builder.
STKAM F.N'OIXKS of various sixes, construct
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to givo as good aatistaction as any now mads. -Patterns
of nil kinds, mnd. to order. All work
mado of good material, and warranted to giv. M '
good aatisfaction as nny other.
reb. 11. lx.'H.-tr
AT COLD WATF.Il. MICIIIGAX,
For th. curo of Aeuto and Chmnio Disoaaes, ia
in successful oporation. Address for particulars,
DK.JUllA' u. Ull.1,1,
Cold Water, Mick.
Jan. 21, lS5.V-3m.
OREGON PEA. '
Six bushels of theao Celebrated Peas, by plsatinr
which, as much fodder enn be raised on on. arr. aa
can be raised off of five of anything ela. that eaa
bo sowed, and it is better for the soil than cloy.r.
Just rccoivcd and for sale by
K. B. SIIANKtANP,
129 Wood St., Pittsburgh, To.
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 m.
Blank Deeds, Article ttf Agreement, JuJymmi
Xotes, Summon and Execution far laU at thi
SUPERIOR STREET, CLEVELAND, OHIO.
. B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON Ll'SK,
A II. D WIGHT STRATTON.
. B. BRYANT, Professor of tho Science of Ac
counts. II. I) WIGHT ST1UTT0X, Associnto Prof, in th.
J. WASHINGTON 1XSK, and P. R. SPENCER,
Author, Professors of the Spencerian System of
Penmnnship nnd Commercial Correspondenc..
SAK.Ml 1,. M'jv.MJblt, instructress in tlio La
dies' Writing Dcpnrtinent.
W. W. II A KUr.lt, Assistant Prof., in th. Book-
Hons. JL'DGK STARKWEATHER and II. D.
CLARK, Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Pres. ASA MAIIAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
omy. EMERSON E. WHITE, Looturor on Commercial
For full course in Double Entry Book-keeping
nnd other Departments, time unlimited, $40,00
For full course 111 Ladies Department, - 30,00
For separate course in Practical Penmnnship, 6,00
For various styles iu Ornamental Writing a.
Tho Principnls of this Institution, design makinc
it one of the best modiutns in th. United States
for iinnnrtins a thorough practical knowledge of
the vnrious duties of the Counting Room and busi
ness pursuits in general.
THE COURSE Or INSTRUCTION, embrace.
Book-keeping by Double Entry, na applied to th.
various departments of Trado, Commerce, ana
Manufactures, comprehending the best forms now
used by the most flourishing and eminent estab
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
at Wholesale and Retail, nn Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Banking, Steamboating,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, A.,
Commercial Calculations and Correspondence, em
bracing every variety of business computation,
and familiarising the student with th. Commercial
Technicalities and Phmsoology of Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY is a now feature
In Morcantilo Schools, and having its origin as H
doos in this Institution, much will be don. to make
it an instructive and profitable branch in th. JLo
The Spencerian System of Practical Penmanship
in all its forms, will be taught by its Author, P. R.
Spencer, and J. W. Lusk. No Institution u
AinAvleA nfTera aiinAriiir fiuiilitiAs lt thia fnw i m.t.
ing a Rapid and Systoinntio Hand Writing. Gen
tlemen and Ladies in all parts of the country.
desirous of qualifying theuisolvM fur. Teachers of
ti.:. .. ; .... 1 1 ...I ., . 1 1 . . kj..... : 1 aa . l. -
. -- . 1 i - - - j , - ... . -
wants mot at this College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT is entirely
separate from the gcntletuon's, aud ia fitted op in
a splendid and oonveniont stylo. Many Ladies
are now ronping the benefits of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and,
responsible situations. Females desirous of at-,
tending a Mercantile School, will find th. facilities,
for study offered at this Institution-, superior to.
any other in th. United States. ,
Applicants can enter upon 4 course of sturdy at
anv tune during tho year.
Diplomas are awarded to students who sustain
The Principals have an extensive acquaintance
with business men throughout the West, and aao
rendor efficient aid to graduates in securing -situs
The suit of Rooms ocoupied by this College, ana
more spacious, and are fitted up in a more elegant
and convenient manner than any other like ixufU
tution in the United States.
ay Send for s Circular by mail.
Dec, 81, l63.- ly