Newspaper Page Text
[Continued from First Page.]
Amy ToM, Rochester; S. II. Guy, Statcn Island;
Fram-I, Jackson, Bstnn? Hubert Purvis, Rjhorrvjmittco,
Pa.'; Lydia Molt, Albany ; C. L. Rcinond, Salem, !
Mass.; Snrnli Pugh, Philadelphia; Abby K. Foe-J
tor, Woroheitcr ; Samuel J. May, Syracuse.
lommilfee on ttnnnc- Jus. Miller McKmt, i
Philadelphia! Rowland Johnson, New York ; S'u-
un 11. Anthony, Rochester; James W. Lngncn,
Syraeoe; Josephine S. Griffing, Salem, Ohio; Lnu
rcn Wetmnre, New York.
Committee oh Officer for the tnsuing year KJ
hinnd Qiiincy, Dcdham, Mass.; Andrew T. Fosa,
New Hampshire! Ana Fairbanks, llhode 'land;
Ewd. SpnMiiig, Connecticut ; 1'liny Sexton, New
York i Allen agnew, Pennsylvania , Jacob Walton,
Amutinf Kcrelnrif Siimuel May, Jr., Boston;
Charles S. 8. (Iriliiinj, Ohio.
After a single amendment, Incorporated above,
the Committee's mport was unanimously adopted,
I'ev. S, .1. Mat, of Pvractise, moiod that the
Scnti-Annual Meetinjr of the Society next autumn I
1e held In tlic City of Syracuse, on the 21'lh and
3Hth of Sept. I
The motion was seconded, anj, after aoaio rc-
ni.irk was unanimously aduptod
Oliver Joiinros suggested, na w o were to have
tills j car a report from the Executive Committee,
that this wool. I bo a auitnblo time to hour It, or
inch portions of it as time would allow.
l!iMrNuQri.TV laid tlint, as tlio roport was quito
voluminous, it had been deemed best by the Kxe
eutive Committee lo omit its rending now, cithor
in w hole or in part.
Voted, Tbat,vhen we adjourn, it be lo meet again
in thin plaeo to-morrow at PJ o'clock ; and that the
hours of 0 A. M., 3 and 7) P. M., be assigned a
the hours of Assembling ut tlio coming Sessions.
(It be understood that tho meeting, this evening, is
to be a private meeting of Committees, and im
mediate members of the Society.)
Tlio fallowing resolution was reported from the
Business Committee :
Resolved, That the one crand vital issue to he
made with the Slave Power it tho dissolutiou of the
existing American Pnion.
This was discussed by Henry C. Wright, and
Mr. Irving of New York, and incidentally by Chas.
F.vrxiNO. A private meeting of member of
the Society was held at Hope Chncl Lecture-room,
and plans of furthering the causo were offered and
Tho Society assoinblcd, according to adjourn
ment, and at 10 o'clock were called to order by (be
Tho resolution before the meeting, on tho dis
solution of the I'nion, was road again ; and the
following was also reported by tlio Business Com
Resolved, That an Anti-Slavery conscience whicli
is hounded by 30 degrees 30 minutes north lull I
tude, instead of presenting any barrier to the ex
tension of tho Slavo Power, may safely bo disro-
grirdod and scoffed at by the South, aa hypocritical
in ila pretended opposition to Slavery, cowardly in
ita spirit, and spasmodic in it action.
Mr. Purvis, of Pennsylvania, asked leave for a
few words, In explanation of tho rcninrka made
pcrsonal to himself at yesterday's morning meet-l
ing, by his friends the president of the Society, and j
Dr. Furncss, of Philadelphia.
Mr. Purvis's allusion to hi Color called out one
or two more speakers, and the subject, thus inci
dentally brought up, elicited quito an interesting
discussion, in -which Samuel J. May, Y. L. Garri
son, T. Van Raiisollacr, Wendell Phillips, Charles
I.. Rcmond, Andrew Jackson Davis, Mr. Irving,
Henry C. Wright, and others took part.
Mr. A. J. Davib' remarks, nboto referred to,
wero substantially .as follows; He said that since
lie had been in the city, he had boen told, in an ad
raonUory way, that among his best friends, and
mail interested readers of his publications, was a
largo and increasing class at the South ; that he
nlready ha numerous readers there, and a very
large salo for his publications might easily bo -,
-urcd. All this, ho wa told would bo most in
juriously affoctcd, if ho (Mr. Davis) should take
prominent partiu the Anti-Slavery movement, and
especially if he should identify himself with the
Anti-Slavery meetings now holding in this city.
I'nder these circumstances, he had folt it to be his
duty to take the earliest opportunity to express the
deep and entire interest he felt in this movement, !
nnd m tins society. Jlis whole mind and heart, J
bis entire being, led hiiu to identify himself mosti
entirely with tho cause. So far a he bad real
fricuda at the South, he did not fear that any of
them would be alienated from him by this declara
tion ou his part.
. J. Miller McKtv objected to tho frequent re
petition by our speakora oi the idea that we are
"infidels." Tho member of the Society under
stand the meaning of this admission, but others
do not. He denied that there existed the least
ground for the chargo, in any correct sonse.
' Wexuell Phillips differed from Mr. McKim
to some extant. He thought that we should, in our
papers and by our spcakerj, always make it clear,
in one of two way, that we are far aa the pole
asunder from the Churches and Religion of this
country. We should, first, cither claim that we
are the true Church, and repudiate the churches,
pulpits, and clergy of the land generally as the
heretics, who were to be excommunicated from the
true Christian body ; or, aecoud, proclaim it open
ly and everywhere that we are the itjidds, always
at tbo emme time making it definitely understood
that it i to the fulso, cruel, priHluocry religion that
we are infidel.
Li'cietu Morr, of Philadelphia, spoke with
disapprobation of the programme of yesterday,
morning aieeting, announcing prayer by a person
(ducted for the purpose, and the singing of certain
A our Kellev Foster took the same ground,
thinking the oquol rights of uiuny meuiber of the
Society were couiprumuHxt by die aaid programme,
w hub she spoke of a an entire departure from the
customary course of the Society.
IS. P. Ansixws continued the debate.
J KbWAUi M. Datt roue to a question of order.
IU tlieait ibis whole discussion quite irregular.
Two reaulutMa bad been regularly brought be
fore tbe Saelrtj at tUs coauueuoeiueut of this ses
atua. JXr. Tart-ia hast Maueafaxl laasa to asake a
fierauuai atatesnent and tiad done eu. One topic
flcr another bad been introduced, until the uorn-
iug eeauiod wa sow far advanced.
. . Ate few explanatory tcaaark by Mr. An
drew, aad Mr.Irring, the question f Finaoee wa
naoaxsed by the President to be the (object Dow
is order, t , . ', - . v i.
T.Mr, ruarii, Mr. XuKiv, J ilr Fosria
poke am (Vie eabjArt, a ad the Fiaasvi Committee
raree-idd U the diachar r f rleir basainee.
' iTae aal Coaamitb aubrrsey k ported (Wat
-the um .ut Vat MS0 had boea rained in ah aud
Voted, That at Us cUsw f Uu' W('l aaect
ta u$a wttUk) aaeetug fUi Society be adjourn
cd, tint rfiV, am ihnt the lime to-morrow lie devoted
to a strictly business meeting ul the Executive Com-
and of (lit number of tlii Society ami its,"'
Adjourned lo 3 o'clock.
Aitrroon. Met according to adjournment.
The President called to order.
Kdmund Quixcr, from the Committee
Officer of tbo Society for Ilia ensuing yenr, re-
ported tho following nniues of person to constitute
a!d officer :
Frtnident Wim.mm Llotd Garrison, of Mussa
elinsctts, Vict Ihttident Peter I.ibbey, Maine; I.uthcr
Mclotidy, Theodore II. Moses, New Hampshire ;
Patten Darin, Vermont; Francis Jackson, Edmund
Ouincr. Massachusetts: Asa Fairbanks, Itltndo
James 1). Whitconib, Conncct'cut; Samuel 1
ay, Jlioma .'let lintock, Isaao Tost, l imy
Sexton, New York : Robert Purvia, Kdward M
Pais, Thoa. Whltson, Pennsylvania; Alfred Gibba
Campbell, N. Jersey ; Tliomaa Garrett, Dcleware;
Thoma Donaldson, William Stedman, Joseph
Bailor, Ohio; William Horn, Indiana; Joseph
Mcrritt, thoina Chandler, Cyru Fuller, Michigan;
John Miehcll. Illinois : .'nines A. Shed.1. Iowa.
Minnesota; Gcorgiana B. Kirby,
CorrrtyoHjitij fircrttaritt Kdmund
Sydney How iM (lay.
ViirwifYaj .wreciry Wendell Phillips.
Tiratvrtr Francis Jackson.
Kjcrrntin Committee William Llnyd Garrison,
Franeia Jackson, Kdmund Quiney, Maria Weston
Chapman, Wendell Phillips, Anne Warren Weston,
Sydney Howard Gay, Klisa l,e Follen, James
Russell Lowell, Charles F. llovey, Snmnel May,
Jr., Win. I. Bowditch.
Suid report was accepted, and the officer chosen,
Oi.ivxr Jonxsox, from the Committee of Ar
rangements, made an explanatory statement with
regard to th programme; lie said i Tho responsi
bility of issuing a pmgrammo for tho proceedings
of this Anniversary rests on me, as having been
appointed, witn one or two other in tin City, a
Committee of Arrangements. I corresponded with
Mr. May, of Boston, and have hi leave to say he
share the responsibility of all that lias been done.
There wa an objection to tbo announcement be
forehand of a prayer. In this it loomed to me
there waa do doparture from our principles. There
is frequently a private understanding with ime
person beforehand, and it seemed proper to put
the wholo proceedings In the programme. I ro-
gret that any member was pained ; yet I am not
persuaded that we have acted contrary to the prin
ciples of the Association.
The resolutions before tho meeting wore read by
Mr. Black will, of Cincinnati, spoke iu opposi
tion to the adoption of the resolutions. Ho had no
idolatry for tho I'nion, and believed it would perish
under tho growth of a true Aiiti-Sluverr sentiment
and conscience ; but he thought it an error to make
it dissolution a distinct aud prominent issue.
F.nvi'ND Quinct, of Massachusetts, replied in an
ablo manner to Mr. Blackwcll's argument.
After some further briof remark on the roaolu-
'on I two or tnrce speaxcrs, anjourneu w uio
Kvaxiso. Mr. Gaumsox in the chair.
Mr. Vax Rkxsexi.aer spoke against the resolu
tion for the dissolution of tho Union.
Ox motion of Oliver Johnson, Voted, That the
speakers bo requested to limit themselves to ten
Charms L. Removd objected In the representa
tion civen this afternoon, by Mr. Blackwcll of
Ohio, of the purport of certain remarks of Mr.
Frederick Douglass in the lato Cincinnati Conven
tion, and at tho Taberuaclo mooting last evening.
Mr. Rcmond spoke also in favor of a Dissolution
of tho Union.
Sami'J!L J. May, of Syracuso, advocated the Dis-
solution of flic I'nion, having beliovod, from the
very beginning of the enterprise, that this measure
is necessary for tho slavo's emancipation
II. C. Wsn.HT spoke in favor of tho resolutions.
Mr. Dorrakci, of New Jersey, spoke of the
primary principles of all just government, and
enquired if this government was in harmony with
the moral souse of tho American people.
J. V. Logtkx, of Syracuse, said he had loarned to
detMt siftvcrT while he wa himself in the slave-
gang. lie then resolved to disolro hia connexion
with Slavery the first opportunity, and bad done
ro. He believed both in fighting and in prayiug
for tho right, and he was equally religious in both
exercise. He spoko of his brother and sister
still in Slavery sold by the man who was his
master, and hi father too, to a Methodist clas
Mr. U.uiimos opposed the idea of romovinc Sla-
very by bloodshed. The spirit of force, thus foster
ed, would be sure to continue oppression in anoth
er form, if not the same. He showed the Pro Sla
very character of the Constitution, and the necessi
ty of a religious aud political separation from slave
holders. F. Pol-glass, of Uochesler, said the Union, a
Mr. Garrison and hia friends looked at it, wa all
they declared it t) be. But he took a different
view of the question, believing the government pre.
verted from it true and original intent.
Mr. D. denied the charge made by Mr. Remond
that be did, on the proceeding evening, ridieulo
Mr. Garrison and his, friends, and rehearsed what
he had said.
Mr r.xnoxD still insisted that he had correctly
reported Mr. Ilouglaas,
Mr. Melle, of Boston, claimed that the United
State constitution wa Anti-Slavery.
The two resolution before the Society were then
The following, resolution in regard to the late
RrrxuEW Smith, of Syracuse, wa presented and
advocated by Bev. S. J. May, and wa unanimous
Resolved, That the Secretary of thi Society be
requested to make a record of the death of the late
htcphon biniUi, of hymcux ; awl tluU be add to
a suitable notice of ana a ajuoag ike first of the
peoide of tlie City of Syracuse to emhraM Llui Ami.
Slavery cause ; to weleosae the advocate of that
cause to hia kouaa; and to expose himself and bis
property with Uua to the violation to which, in
the earfy year of our enterprise, Lb person and
pmwrtic of Anti-SUueiy ineu were almost every-
wbciw vipuscu. in uio aeaui ot Mat excellent
maa, tiiia Society ha lost one of iu aariuwt friends
aud laost geiwrus contributor.
After ooxm appropriate remark from Mr. Garri
aoo, respecting tls uiaictor and services of tli
lato Jinx. W. Witnst, f sOhiQ, the fallowing was
Resolred, That iu tk recent death, of Jjxxs W
Walxu, of Oluo, our cause ha lust one of it
ablest aad most 4?voted advocate b mSMan no
aacrifiea was deemed too great, mo peril too imani-
vsowsiw, a tabor too aiMuoo to be
advaucensont and complete triumph
overall onpoeitioa; to waosa thousands at the
n eat are indebted tor tbeir eon version to tn pria
ciple of immediate and unconditional emancipation;
and whose cxamplo of moral interpidity.and stead-
fn,t ft Mity to the claim of th enslaved, la worthy
Th Business Commillc offered the following
resolution, which waa unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That we profer to our faithful friend
and untiring coadjutor, Parkkb Pilurl-ev. the
'deep - felt sympathy of thfi Society, In Tiew of the
serious prostration of hia health in a foreign land;
and trust that hi complete convalescence will be
vsry speeuilvreulitc, and he enabled to boar an
uncompromising testimony abroad airainst the
damning: sin of our land ; and at last bo safnlv re
turned to his family and friends, and to th field of
Ins old conllicts aiU triumph.
Oi.ivxr Jorxsox presented the following prerma
ble and resolution :
Tho Kxeeutive Committee being unable to sub
mit to this meeting their Twenty-first Annual Ro
port. Voted, That they be urgently requested to pre
pare and publish the same a speedily a possible.
The meetings of the Society were then adjourn
ed Sine ai.
YVM. LLOYD GARRISON, Trc.
Wsvnri.i. Pnn.iuL, Rec. Sec'y.
Si urn. Mat, Jr., ) . .. .e
Cimimm S. S. Gairrixo, ( Assistant Secretaries.
FIRST-RATE NOTICE OF A VANITY TRAP.
Tho following correspondence ha recently passod
between John Livingston, the nublishor of what
once purported to be a law magnsine, but which has
lapsed iuto a ort of biozranhicnl record of N'nnHle-
dom and a South Carolina postmaster. F.very man
nuu uiw ever risen hi ine uigiuiy oi a norse-lockCT,
is entitled to hans in Mr. Livingston's iraflerT of
uoouivs, nnu hi as many page oi biography a he
will pay for. The editor haa found a humorous
customer in one Mr. Tobin, postmaster in South
Carolina, for whom he laid hia vanity trap, and
ii f jp. . j .
whose answer is remarkably clover and an honor to
the Post-Offico Department!
137 BxoADWAr Xtw Yore, )
March 10, 1811. f
C F. TMn, Ktq.i '
Dear Sir : Your name ha been propoaed a a
suitable uno to occupy a place in our " Portrait and
Memoir of r.mincnt American" now living, of
which several volumes have been already published.
This great work ha been received with much favor
everywhere, and contain many of th first same
in the country. For furthor information ol its
general' scope and plan, I beg to refer you to a cir
cular herewith sent. Our portrait are engraved
on steel, by the first artists, so that the likonesse
aro true and life like representations of thoir orig
inals, possessing greater valuo to the subject and
their friends than tho most costly paintinir.
You are respectfully solicited to occupy a place
in the page of this work. Should your consent
afford us the opportunity of thus giving to the
world a true nnd pormanont record of your life and
tculures, please send me your likeness (a good dag
uerreotype of tho same sise of our portrait is best),
o thut it may be handed over to our engravers.
Please cause to be sent to mo, also, a inomoir of
yourself or ruth facts as will enable me to prepare
it; and I will not forget to ssv, that the fact for the
sketch (hculd be fully and accurately given.
I hope you will send both the daguerreotype and
memoir at your earliest convenience, as we have R
Tolumo in progress, and wish to avoid delay.
Hoping io near irom you, i am, your truly,
REPLY OF MR. TOBIN.
Dear Sir: The above communication rnaehiut ma
last week, and in replication, I beg leave to state
that if I have ever dono anything worthy of the
immortality your magaxiue is likely to confer upon
uiu, i nui not conscious oi . nowever, a true
morit is alwivys modest, it may be to that virtue
that 1 owe my ignorance ; at all event, (and I am
anxious the world should know it,) I have not sought
fume, but fame has sought me, as Aloxandor Smith,
me poet, wouiu say,
" runt! Pimil nut (raodwt word of Owll"
In taking a retrospect of sir enrlr dava. I can
discover nothing worthy of record, uuless it be the
stealing of a few watermelons at school, for which
I was beaten with many stripes, or the riding of a
few quarter races, for which I received an occasional
and solitary ginger cake, or adventure of a similar
At 17 I ran awav from mv renarnMo oM nrtnn
the Rer. Hanbfortli Dado Duncan, (long life-to him,)
and vamosed to the great far West, where I flour
ished for a short time, aud a short time only, and
(Km rciurninjr, i iosi an my money upon a gome
u I early called "pokor." of which, of course, you
know nothing.) upon one of the boat of the Ala-
hnni. ... T1... - . 1 . ,L. a! .1 ,
ik.uiw aiir.. ,o nnn niiuui iiih Limn ins HPn
Franklin bursted, and killed so many, and had I
not been standine near the stern of th vessel. nu
would never have had the opportunity of hand'ing
my my name, foe-simile, character and adventures
down to an eacer postcritv, in the column of vour
justly celebrated magaxino.
1 teturoed to my own, my native land, fundlrss,
and perhaps somewhat seedy in appearance, and
run lor urawicuienam in a distinguished militia
company, but was unfortunately beaten, by the loss
of one vote, by air worthy competitor.
In the year of our Lord 1846. mv illustrious
r f ' . . t - . .. . . . '.. .
friend Thoma D. Dondy, gave me the office of
Assistant iiieputy Lnitcd Mates Marshal for the
Dmtrtct ot Uarnwoll, and, while taking the census,
I killed 0110 horse and another run awav and hrokn
my buggv, upon whiuh occasion, I rodo my horse
bare-backed fourteen mile in forty minutes, of
r... fit ii ii n ,. .. .. '
. . SH ' wj iuiii u i up
which fact Col. B. II. Brown ia a living witness,
After I had concluded this Herculean undertak
ing, a man calling himself "C. Frank Powell,"
wrote me from Washington that if I would forward
a certain amount of monoy to him, he would pros
ecute my claims lor au increase oi pay suHicient to
cover these immense disasters, but I grieve to say
r . L. . .- v . .i.. .
mm, trow un um a irui we- money, i nave not
heard a word from the aforesaid and never-to-be-forgotten
C. Frauk Powell, he probably having gone
to part unkown. However, I sUl entertain strong
hopes of seeing hi distinguished nameaad facsimile
your wiueiy circulated uiagaxine.
Last year I ran for tax oollector In this important
township, and I was beaten so badly by a base
combination, of which I waa wholly unconscious
until a few momenta before the closing of the polls,
that I have not since entirely recovered my equan
imity. Asa salvo however, to this disaster, and just
atthiscrisis. mrdistini!uiihedbuthnii),il r.;...,j
the Hon. James Campbell, the Potuiaater-Geueral'
gave me the Post-ofiice at this place, the dutie of
wmen, i may wiuiuut vanity say, 1 bave discharged
to tlie complete aud entire satisfaction of the whole
ly trienda, anxioua to secure for me the distin
guished honor you have so politely tendered, a a
reward for my various and arduous services
now buaily engaged iu raising a subscription for the
purpose oi uuiraying too expense attendant upon
tin momentous annir. I aiiuuo 10 the engraving
of bi portrait. They have already arnointml
committee to eecure the service of a competent
artiat for the all-absorbing occasion, and a soon aa
the picture is completed, I will forward it co vnnr
Permit me to express tlie hope, that you will U.
lay the publication of the next number of your
magazine until it make its advent.
I avail myself of thi opportunity to assure you
of the d'wUnguished consideration with which
remain, Ucar air, year grate! ul and oh t sen-aut.
C r. Towv, Postmaster,
At B irnwell C. 1!., S.C,
John Livingston, Esq., 157 Broadway, N. Y.
The Baaror Jiereurr, a u his waner. aotieino
Mr. FillaMiw's pilgrimage to the shrine of the p
onlinr iortitutioo, eaya: "Cto learaod Crook at
eighty, alter aavtag all hi lifetime eppnsed Greek
Mstuma and Greek learning. Her is th warrant
m cue example oi a wise man ot old, for Mr. Fill-
(uorv-. m m in audiiuouim uu uen. xavior
death, to g 8uth now and learn what an excellent
beneiiiietil lasutnuoa slavery ta. .
Mr. Webb, tlie well known ship builder, iu New
York, ha on the stocks, a Husslan mau-of war, for
ine iujvror .icuiuua.
HAYTIEN SOCIETY AND CUSTOMS.
The N. Y. Lr, Post is publishing a torie of
interesting letter from Hayli, from one of which
we extract the following t
Though the hour fixed for th company to as
semble wa four o'clock, I was Maared, that if I
arrived at five I would be in ample titttl ) and so it
proved. Not half of the com pant had assembled
before six, aud the ceremony did not take place
till a yet later period. When we entered there
were not more then a doien in the rooms, and but
on or two women. Our host and hostess were
both quite black. Klsine I name her first because
she wa the head of th house was a wide-awake,
intelligent, amiable and well conditioned black wo
man, apparently about forty year of age; Kniil
lien, ber faithful consort, was not near as intelli
Sent, nor quit a fat, nor quite a tall, nor quite as
ignified a tlsine; but he wa much blacker,
lus lace nad a much higher polish and bis teeth
and eyes showed a great deal more white than hers.
Hi whole heart wa evidently in the gaiety of the
occasion, and his whole dependence for his enjoy
ment of it, seemed to repose apon the administra
tive talent or hi better hair, ineir relation to
each other and the public, though not peculiar
here, need a brief explanation, to b intelligent to
American readers. She 1 the capitalist of the
concern, own all th property, and dnea all the
business. Ho h; no more to do with the direction
of affairs, in or out of the house, than if he were
her child, bhe i worth from fifteen to twenty
thousand dollars, all of which she ha made as a
dealer in provisions.
Maine began her eommeroial career in the mar
ket without any monev i bv cradual accumulation
she got omo capital ahead, and now buy from the
commission merchants in large quantities, and sells
on credit to retail dealer mostly irirla whom ah
has trained, and upon whose business she keep a
Careful eye. Her monthly purchases, I understand,
avorage about $3,000 month, and though neither
sne nor ner nusnann ear. read or write a line, she
ha an unlimited credit that is. an merchant in
Port an Prince would be triad to trust hai all thav
couiu mooce ner to ony. i mention tuts root lor
the nurnose of notinir it a an axeentionaJ one.
u . . . . . v .:
Th importer rarely deem it (afe to trust the mar
ket people much, if any, beyond the amount of
their average weekly sain ; vnd the reason given
me, wa that they are al way ignorant, keept no
written accounts, ana wnen they get an unusual
large stock on hand, and, as a natural consequence,
find an unusual amount of monev eomin c in from
th sale, they lose eight of the larger payment
theyliave to make, and think they are rich that
an ineir extraordinary receipts are Clear pront.
The momnet this idea enter their head, thev rave
a dance, at which they spend the excess, and never
i- i ii j , m..
uiacovev ineir misiaKo tin pny-oay arrive, xne
experienced merchant know this failing o well
that they never give credit beyond the ciphering
capaDiiiiics oi ineir customers, x.isine I almost
tho onlv one who is trusted without limitation, and
yet, what is really extraordinary, though all her
sales are made on credit, and to a very large num
ber of partios, in small quantities, and though she
own and looses a largo number of houses, she
keeps no account or memorandum, except, in her
memory ; for, as I have already stated, she cannot
rend or write a singlo word, The mental vigor of
which this is evidence, rare among her race, ex
plains her great suoccss, and why in oommorcial
circle she is made an exception to her class.
1 am thus full with these particulars, because
this woman is a type of the entire commercial class
of native Haytiens. Most of their business is done
by women, and iasine i at the bead of them. -
I found the house to be bantiiod. two stories
and an attic, about thirty feet square, with a double
piaxsa in front, like most of the better class of
house in the West Indie the npper piasxa en
closed with Venitian blinds. It wa worth from
thirty-five hundred to four thousand dollars, and
would rent for about four hundred dollar a year.
Beside this house, she own all the other house on
the block, and ia building all the timo. When I
was informed of all these evidences of female en
terprise and success, I very naturally inquired what
might be her husband' function, and why be wa
such a silent partner in tho connubial firm. The
reply which i received revealed to me a glimpse of
one of the "peculiar institutions" of the country,
sanctioned ry law, tney are piaecea, a it i termed.
Thia is a temporary marringo, determinable at the
will of the partios, and the offspring from which,
inherit aa heirs-at-law. Of this inetitution, and of
the relation of the aexe here. I shall seek an oc
casion to speak more at leneth hereafter. I men
tion the usage now, to explain what appeared to
me a strange inversion of the ordinary relation of
husband and wile. Ihey had beon placeed a long
time, but have never marriod, beoause she thought
Emillien made a much better lover than a husband ;
in other words, she did not think him eomnetont to
manage her business, and sho did not oaro, there
fore, to place herself or hor property irretrievably
in his power. Emillien appeared perfontly con
scions of hi inferiority, and a contented with the
narrow sphere of connubial duty assigned him, a
a pri nce-consort to the mightiest Queen in Chris
SUFFERINGS OF COL. FREMONT AND
A rormpondent of the Salt Lake Xewe thus
notes the arrivul or Col. ircmont at that place:
"On the 6th of February, the man on tho look
out at Parowan reported a company supposed to
be Indian, coming into the north end of the val
ley, twenty mile aistnnt from Parowao, and about
U o clock in the morning or the 7th, Col. John C.
Fremont, witn nine white men and twelve Dela
ware Indians, arrived in Parowan in a state of
starvation : ono of hi men had fallen dead from
his horse the day previous, and several more must
inevitably have shared hi own fate had they not
bad succor that day. They reported that they had
eaten twenty-seven broken down animal ; that
when a horse or mule could go no further, it waa
killed and divided out, giving one-half to the Del
awarea. and the other to the Colonel and hi men
the bide wa cut in piece and oast lot for. After
the bone had been made into soup they were
burned and carried along by the men lor luncheon
The entrals were shaken, and then made into aoup
together with the feet and eye ; thu nainr the
whole mule. They afted tfiey had travelled lorty-
nv day living on tbi kind of (are.
"Although Col. Fremont waa conaidered by th
people an enemy to tne lainta, and had no monoy,
lie waa kindly treated, and supplied on credit with
provision tor himself and men, while at Parowan.
and fitted out with animal and provieione to pur
sue hia journey, and went on the way reioicinr on
tlie 20th of February. Tbe Colonel wa (anguine
in hi opinion that he had found the beat route for
the great national railway.
" Your brother in th gospel covenant,
"J. C. L. SMITH."
Tax Hair Tueorv or Peter Brown. Mr. Peter
Browne, to whose physiological investigation of the
hair o( tlie American pretender to the Bourbon
crown we alluded to a etiort time aiaoe, has applied
his theory to the question, whether tne people whose
remain are tound in tne mounds are identical with
the existing race or American Indian. Ill eon-
elusion w tiiM utay m-ro. wuiou urn luuuua auua wis
i ; .f.. . I i m. j il.
identity of form between the horisontal lection
the hair of the former and that of hundred
specimen of the latter.
Mr. Browne divide the hair of tlie human fam
ily into the cylindrical, tlie oval, and the euccntria-
ally elliptical, a characterising the vartou race.
Mr Bruwue haa examined the hair of the mummy
of a young AuMmcan Indian, supposed to be a fe
male oi about ten year oiu, irom racnacamack.
Temple of the Sun, five league from Lima, South
America. Thin cemetrv ha not been used (iuee
the Spanish eonqueet, previously to which (accord
ing tw Uerrera), it waa kept tacred tor tbe noble
and other dignitarie of Peru. The hair of this
Indian, which ia in good preservation, ueulindrieal.
diameter l-344th of aa iuch. Mr. Browne has also
exauiiued eight oilier specimen of indian pile and
find eiuiilar result.
On the other haad, he ha (ubmitted to the moat
ontiuai investigation the hair found upon the
mummies of Egypt and Thebes, and baa found
them to be owl, without solitary exception. N.
1 , imuy vi.
DM. UEO. W, PJETTIT
Respectfully tender hi professional rvice to
m cniien of Marlboro and lurroundinc country
Office In the room recontly occupied by Dr. K. O
19 now completed, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expense In fitting up, u
operate with advantage, and with roferonc to the
Com tort and convenience or tnoss who may favoi
us with a call ; in hort, we are permanently lo
cated uur room are in tne
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0.
Call and aee ns. You will find our reception room
neat ana comfortable.
Can be surpassed no where in the State. Oui"
CA.Mt.KA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all aes, taken Lira-
like, oa Norn roe 11 Our nricea ranire from 40
cents, to 20 dollar. Past experience, and present
advantages, enable us to take Good T.ilr,n,.. ni
vtry naimnaMt Kate. Boing, also, posted in all
the recent improvement of the art. our tim .n,l
entire attention shall be to render full satisfaction.
sick or deceased person taken at their rooms.
Our motto, I EXCELSIOR.
M. B. Person wishing Picture taken on Gal
vanised Plate, can do so without extra charge.
war noorn open irom o o ciocr, a. iu., until
P.M. June 31st, 1863.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,
Nero isbon, .
OFFICE, OLD BANK HUllDINO.
JAMES KELLY, Pres.
Levi Maxtix, Sec'y.
Dec. 31. 1853.-3in.
NOTICK is hereby given that the undersigned
haa been duly qualified as executor of the last will
and testament of William Cook, late of the County
of Columbiana, deo'd; all those indebted to said
estate will please make immediate payment, and
thoae having claim against aaid estate will present
the lust within one year from thi date for settle
ment. niLiMAM AbLUWAI,
March 20, 1854.-3w.
The Sugar Creek Water Care.
TWELVE mile South of Maaaillon under the
chargo of Dr. Frease, ia aupplied with pure ofl
spring water, and conducted on pure Hydropathic
iriuuipivs. no give no uruga. iney are only
lindranees to the radical cure of disease. The sue.
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the Rufforings of humanity, enables us to apeak
confidently of the virtue of purt $ofl trattr, a pro
per diot, 4o.
Tonne $5 in ordinary oases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropathic
Institute, and Editor of the Nichols' Health Jour.
nal, in noticing the Water Cur movements of tht
country, says of na:
vr. tries, a most thorough and energetic phy
sician, haa a Water Cure at Sugar Creek Falls, 0
Hi term are very moderate, but there are few
Slacc we could rocommond with greater confi
once." Address, Dr. S. Frease. Deardofl" Mills. Tunc a-
rawa Co., O.
A'orfA Si'aV Jai'n-Sr., One Door Wat of tht Salem
jiuvK-oiore, Baiem, unto.
CoaU, Vest, Pant, 4c., Made to Order and War
ranted to uive Batialaction.
The Tailoring Buainee in all hi Branches. -
ried on a heretofore.
SCHOOL FOR LADIES OJENTLEMEN
The subscriber having located in this place, is
again prepared to instruct student in the science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or the
practice of Medicine and Surgery. And in addi
tion to nis lormor extensive menus for demonstrate
ing tbe varion aubjsect, has recently added largely
to them by expensive purchases from r ranee.
fviiivMoirauoiia in Anatomy will commence tbe
first of March, and to those desirous of availing
themselves of the summer course of studio, it
would be advisable to be here at least two weeks
previously. He would also announce that be is
prepared to practice in his profession.
ft.. U. 1I1UMAS, M. V
Salem, Jan. 21, 1 354.-4 w
NEW SEED STORE.
THE undersigned is now receiving bis supply
of Field, Garden, Tree and Flower-seeds; also,
large addition to hi Stock of Horticultural and
Agricultural Impliments, and will be enablod to
offer dealer and amateur the most extensive and
varied collection of Field, Culinary and Flower
Seeds, Bulb, Tuber. Ac., Ac., ever offered in this
markot. The teed hay been expressly crown to
order by tbe most celebrated Seedsmen in America
act Europe, and warrantod by the grower true to
name ; new and superior varieties of Corn, Grain,
Grass, Cabbage, Turnip, Cucumber and Pumpkin
seed ; Irish and Sweet potatoes : Flower seeds and
lahlia roots, a the stock of the latteri limited,
order tor tne cam ihould be cent in at ones to
prevent disappointment ; together with the largest
collection of Agricultural and Garden Impliments
to be found in the city, as the diplomas and omni
um awarded at the fate Fair, by the State Agri
cultural Society, will testify, amounting to near
two uunureu uoiiars.
E. R. SHANKLAN'D,
wt . ... . 120, Wood St., Pitt.
Feb. 18, 54.-3m.
New ind Ckoict Firletiei f f egetablei tid Scedi
Chinese Eight Rowed Corn,
Improved Button "
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain. June Potatoes, (very fine,)
Winnebago, " (very prolific,)
Mammoth Nutmeg, "
Peach Blossom, "
Early White Mercer "
Ash Leaf Kidney
Buckley' Seedling "
(early ix week,)
(a very large variety and
Sweet Potatoes, a new variety from North Caro
lina. It ha proved the moat prolific and desirable
lor northern culture mat baa ever been introduced
in thi market.
88 New Varietie of Cabbage Seed, (Imported,)
- " " Celery "
25 - Cucumber "
40 M .. (J
Order ltoapectfullj Solicited, and Promptly
vuaupivicu, i J
E. R. SIIANKLAND, Sxxdsrak.
t. ,a ,or. N-23. Wood St., Pitt., Pa.
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 m.
FRUTTUEESA KD IIIBI BIIEYi
20,000 Choice Apple Tree,
8.000 Dwarf Pear Tree, (very fine.)
6,000 Peach Tree, (new varietie,)
2,000 German Plum Tree, (imported.)
1.500 Cherry Tree, wi
30 Nw and uperb varietie Strawberry,
20 " " " " Kasnherrv
Topther with the finest collection of Plant and
Shrub ever offered in thi market, for sale by
E. R. SIIANKLAND,
THE PLACE TO GET TOUR LIKENESS.
HUNT & BOONE,
Have opened, In Johnson A Horner' block, lb
largest and flmist Daguerreian Room In Eastern
Ohio, where thoy are constantly taking picture
(exclusively on Galvanised Plates) surpassing all
other in durability, beauty of finish and artistie
style. Our facilities for operation are of the most
amplo and Improved order.conaistlng in part of ma
chiiicry to polish the plate. By it we are enabled
to give tho highest polish, without which a fine pic
ture cannot be taken. Our
IS OF MAMVOTFT FUZE AND SUFFICIENT
TO TAKE atlXTT FEKSONS ON A
SI NO IE FLATE.
raicx rahoe ro 37 rtt. to tes dollars.
Ladies and gentlemen arV reqtwstod to call and
examine our specimens.
Salem, Dec. 17, 1853.
Hail Uoab Engineering !l
INSTRUCTION In these branches of Practical
Science will be given at the Union School, Marl
boro', Stark Co., during the Spring Term, com
mencing March 14th and continuing fourteen
Regular FIF.LD PRACTICE with the Corneas.
Leveling and Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will form -an
essential part of the courso.
Tuition per 11 weeks, f.1,50. With tho privilege
of Mathematics, Geology, Kxperimcntal Chemistry,
r. i c I . I 1, I I. i..... T v. ..
1 nysioiogy, oingiu anu isouoio r.uirj nooa. ncrp
Common Branches, $3,00; Higher Brancho at
bote, 3,50, Engineering, Gorman Language,
Mathematical and Prospective Drawing, each $2,50,
For particulars, addrcra th Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
EKOS L. WOODS,
CI IBMB 1 1X1, COLClBtm COLUT, OHU
Steam Engine DutlDer.
STEAM ENGINES of various sises, constrict
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction as any now made
Patterns of all kinds, made to order. All work
made of good material, and warranted to give a
good satisfaction as any other.
Feb. 11, 1854.-tf
AT COLD WATER, it WHIG AN,
For the cure of Acute and Chronic Disease, i
in (ucceasful operation. Address for particulars,
DK. JOHN U. GULLY,
Cold Water, Mich.
Jan. 21, 1853.-3m.
Six bushels of theso Celebrated Peas, by planting
which, as much fodder can bo raised on one acre a
can be raised off of five of anything else that can
be sowed, and it is better for the soil than clover.
Just received and for solo by
E. 11. SHAXKLAXD,
129 Wood St., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Feb. IS, 1854.-3 m.
Wank Deed, Article of Agreement, Judgment
Note, Summon and Execution for tale at Hue
&TPER10R STREET, CLEVEIAXD, OHIO.
B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON LCSK,
& II. DWIGHT STRATTON.
II. B. BRYANT, Profcesor of the Scionce of Ac
H. DWIGHT STRATTON, Auociat Prof, in the
J. WASHINGTON Ll'SK, and P. R.SPENCER.
Author, Professors of the Spencerian System of
Penmanship and Commercial Correspondence.
SARAH L. SPENCER, Instructress in the La
dies' Writing Department.
W. W. HAKDl.K. Assistant rroi., in the nook
IIom. JLiK STARKWEATHER and II. P.
CLARK, Lecterers on Commercial Law.
Pres. ASA 3IAHAN, Lecturer eu Political Econ
omy. EMERSON E. WHITE, lecturer oa Commercial
Ter fall coarse in Double Entry Book-koeping
and other Department, time unlimited, $40,00
For full course in Ladies Department, - - - 30,00
For separate coarse' in Prnctieal Penmanship, f,00
For yarrow atylc in Ornamental Writing a
Th Principals-of tMs Institution, design making
it ea of the best medium in the United Stat
for imparting a thorough practical knowledge of
the Various duties of th Counting Room and busi
ness cwrsuits in general.
THE COURSE OF INSTRUCTION, embrace
Book-kcef ig by Double Entry, a applied to the
various department of Trade, Commerce, and
Manufactures, eomarehending tbe beat form novr
used by the moat nourishing and eminent estab
lishment, engaged individually or in partnership.
at Wholesale and Retail, on Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Banking,. Steambtatipg,
InauraBce, Railroad and .Joint Stock Boola, it
Commercial Calculation ad Correspondence, env.
bracing every variety of baaiaet eomputatibu,,
and familiarising tho atudent Wrt the Cbmmerciall
Techniealitie and Phraseology of Correapondenc. .
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY ia a aew feature .
In Mercantile School, aud having it origin a it
doe in thi Institution, muoi'i will be don to make
it an instructive and profhtablo branch id Uit Lec
ture Department. -
The Spencerian Syatem of Practical Penmanship
in all it forma, will be taught by it Author, P. R.
Spencer, and J. W. Lusk. No Institution in
America offer superior facilities to this for impart
ing a Rapid and Systematic Hand Writing. Gen
tlemen and Ladies in all part of the country,
desirous of qualifying themielve for Teacher of
thi unrivalled and popular System, will find their,
want met at thi College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT I entirely -separate
from the gentlemen', and i fitted up ia
a splendid and convenient style. Many Ladiea
are now reaping the benefit of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and
responsible situations. Female desirou of at
tending a Morcantile School, will find the faeilitiea
foratudy offered at thi Institution, superior ta
any other in the United State
Applicant can enter upon a course of tudy at
any time during the year.
Diploma are awarded to itudont who euetain a
Tho Principals have an extensive acquaintance
with business men throughout the West, and cam
render efficient aid to graduate in aecuring lit a
ation. - -
The uit of Room occupied by thi Colleg, ar
more spacious, and are fitted up in a more elegant
and convenient manner than any other Uk ihstf-
Uitlon lo the united states.
KaT" Send for a Circular by mail, -" "v t
Tec. 31, l53.-ly