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lUAttllS It. UORINSOIV, Editor. " NO VNIOS WITH SLAVEHOLDERS." AXS rEAIlSON,' Publishing Agent.
., ' 1 , . ' VOL. 10. NO. 21. SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO. SATURDAY, JANUARY 0, 1855. WHOLE NO. 483, ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE. THE CHICAGO MILITIA. 'A Tho Militia of Chicago manifest tho truo spirit 6f men, in reference to tlio insulting cull made upon them to catch sluves. It stands forth in . . . .... , - rtlnannnt inntrnt. with lli nlnnntv nf tl.a TP...I..., I " ""J ' lunula in mis worn, ine tnicngo iriuuno pub- The Chicago Tribune pub lishes the following A member of the Montgomery Guards writes! . "Tho Montgomery Guards nro done with mi,.!,, ing niggers, and, sir, they will not lend themselves ; such ii moan business. They leave that busi-i tioss.sir, to your Nativo American companies Jour pois Know Nothings. You may think, sir, I the Irish rtAv got very low, but they uro not that! low ycc, una never iincnu 10 uo. 1 ou nni e lind a i ereatdeal to say about tho Irish, but, sir, I hope -ii i i .t.. 'i I yOU 111 ll'IC tllili fill IIICIII Willi lllll'llli,!Og 111 Wl!l- I ing to kidnap girls to make prostitutes of them, I or stealing littb babies from their mothers' i brsasts. The Montgomery Guards are always willing to bare their nreasts to the toes ol their ndotpeU country, and sir, when the trial comes vou will lind them ready, whether they get pay or not, to lead tho van. A member of the Chicago Liirht Guard sajs : "Thcro was ot one sentiment among tho Light Gunrds and that was, if (l contest came on between tho slave-hunters nnd the people, to sec that the "Beforo wo would help execute the fugitive slave I we would see Ihe slave catchers and the mar- the latter were not hurt. Tiie whole thin? was re- carded as a favce, and was a source of amusement. ! I do assure you that if it w cm known that a single of tho company would be menu ami in- i famona enonirh to fire u'non tho people, while nt-1 tcmpting to defeat thu machinations of the bad ! men who hound down men, and women and chil- ! drcn, he would be kicked out of the company, inns ccremonic," A member of tha National Guard says, with more force than elegance: ehal and his understrnppers. further down m h 1 i mail a pigoon couiu uy in iwo weeKs. leu .nr. JJouglas and Mr. t'lerco to put that in their pipes i nnd smoke it, it they like it, and il they don't, do ! it anyhow.) I do not speak for the Captain,' but 1 1 . know I do the scutimeuts of a largo part of my fellow-soldiers." "Hussar" writes in tho. fol owiprr ind gnnnt strain: j "As a member of one of our city military com-i panics, I thank you for the notice you made y ester I day, of tho conduct of the National Guard:!, con-j coi ning the attempt to capture fugitive slaves. I have no patience with men who will so prostitute the high calling of a soldier, as to lend themselves capturing persons fleeing from slavery, whether they be men women or children. When I took the arms of a soldier, it was not lo do such a dishonor able business as negro hunting it was not that I might bo made a bloodhound. And before I will submit to degradation, I will lay down my arms. Why, sir, you tell a southern gentleman that he is a slave catcher, and you may expect to be horse whipped, knocked down or shot. He will not sub mit to such an imputation on his character. Why, then should northern men, w ho havo nu prejudices in favor of slavery, act so ns to render themselves justl' ohnoxious to such imputations? And espec ially why should soldiers, who arc always disgrac ed if they do not protect the we.ik, and shield, w ith their lives, w hen necessary, helpless women nnd children, why should they, I say, be expected to join in siavccalching or niutng ni.d protect in siave-caiciiers; . , , 1 I Ml.enihcy do this, ns the Oov-,,.;; crnor and Marshcl would have them, I shall tear off my epaulettes, surreddiT my sword, nnd shake the dust from my feet and so, too, with four-fifths of the members of tho independent military coui ponics of this city." JOSIAH QUINCY ON DOUGHFACES. To every well-wisher to tho cause of freedom in this country, w ho has watched the progress of the Blavo power during tho present century lo the pas sage of tho Fugitive Slave Act, and the subsequent crowning not of tho present year, tho Nebraska and Kansas bill, the public expression of senti ment on the subject by such a man ns tho Hon. Josiah Qtiincy is (ui:e refreshing The following graphic epistle from that gentleman was received some months since, in reply to nn individual of kindred feeling in this city, on the subject of Sla very, and his then recent address nt Faneuil Hall. Sir: I presume that I transmitted to you at that time, n cepy of tho exertion wliich was tho occa sion of your correspondence: or I would transmit you another; for I printed enough to satisfy every I congenial appetite. i I have no belief that this or any nther exertion of more powerful minds, can be effectual to rouse ' the free States to a sense of their duty to their country nnd to tho cause of humanity. The slave- holder commands the purse of the nntion nnd has, ! . what is of greater influence, tho distribution of! power; and place, and promotion. The needy, the avaricious, tho vain, the ambitious and the unprin-1 cipletl are always in tho public market. The temp-! ttttion to which Wobslor, with all his unquestion- able iutclloctual greatness, could not resist, must overwhelming to the multitude of inferior minds, who know little of the past, nnd care noth- ing for the future, and regard only the present, Tho timidity incident to the spiri: of commerce in ! North is tho ally uud constitutes the strength of the Institutions of the south. Trembling as the iiinion thev have 1 slaveholders do at the idea of disunion, thev have had the address to make tho NorA believe they ore ready and desirous of it, ut tho same time that ev ery intelligent owner of n slave knows, iu his soul. (tint the arm ot the Union wit hdrawn w ill be tho signal for the final destruction of the " peculiar in- aiiiuiiuu. But I am entering upon discussion when I only dotended an acknowledgement of your politeness, and to show you how truly and respectfully I am your obliged sorvan', Josun Qui.ncv. Quinci, Oct. 1G, 1854, ' A writer in The St. Louis Intelligencer says there are ten negroes taken from Missouri now to one that was "spirited away" bofore the passage of Douglas's Kebraska bill, lie also states that there is just enough Slavery in the State to prevent tho white mechanics and laborers fr in coming in and ' settling, nnd not sufficient to do a thousandth part of the work which ought to be done iu the Stale, ' He proposes, as a remedy, that Slavery bo either Abolished altogether, or that tho African Slave t trade be opened, and by that means obtain a plen- , ' tiful supply. The better way is to abolish Slavery ftt once and forever. The State would be worth more by ftir, the day thnt course should be decided " on, than it now is. Tribune. Im the Right Direction The Mayor of Chiea- go being applied to by some slave hunters to aid in the arrest of fugitives said, as long as he was May or the Police should not engngo in any "such "' damned rascally business." Bad, decidedly, for r. an officer to swear, but Swipes excuses him by , saying be Ivor in the right direction !-I'ortage Co. lcm. MORE ANNEXATION. Tho latest news from tho Pacific is, that t!ic Sandwich Islands nro nil lmt annexed to the United States. Tlio only formality wanting en tho part of tho Sandwich Islanders, to complete the treaty was tho signature of tlio heir apparent, which he had promised. We sunpnse there will uo no dispute uhnut the rijj;tit of tlio Hawiiiians: I ns - - m-- - .....1 it, a t ..lt...1 so..i.. l. i.: . ..... ,V ' -'"- 'ou-i i.iciii,?, ion- ",U,,,"U'W"K lllH K'-" "riM""i'o ii raucc aim britnin to it. Independent States havo the indu- bitablc right to manage their own affairs, however displeasing their course in such matters may he to outsiders; nnd, if tho treat European maritime : powers undertake to grumhlo about this anncxn- tion business, nobody, wo belicy:, in tins country t will Rrudge them nny comfort they may gain by so doing. I But, with tho fullest admission of tho right of; l"e oiuies nuu jiawim to mnKO n contraci of annexation, there comes up the question of the ,.i;...,.. c,i, ..,.. i. : .r n.. . w.".'... nvtT ... v.iu iiivunmc, it in I'liu ill 1I1UU schemes of territorial aggrandizement which have f"r a '""S ''"'o been nursed in the fervid council ol tho slavery extensioinsts. Jt is a plan tn strengthen the South, bv adding to tho urea of t wi 'Cl : i i. :.. i . . i . . . I I . . 1 'incorporate those islands of the l'milio iu the United States, except that of counterbalancing tl influence nnd strength of freedom in tho Noril 1 ho only ndvantngc to bo derived by the whole nation, frwn tho Sandwich Islands, is, that of a station for our merchant marine; anil that we can easily procure by special treaty. Tho tropical sit uation niidagncuitur.il character ot Jiaw.iu, mdi Surely northern men can foresee and appreciate! tho consequences of this treaty. I t will bring tho same terms that lexas w ithout any proviso maintaining the I law of licedom, ns it now exists there but, with-1 tho same opor'tunity given to it, to incorporate slavery in its state constitution. With its denii cates tho advantage the fonth can gain, and ex-. poets to gain, by annexing it. It is doomed to slavery if it become a pnrt of the Union ; and, ho member tiling can save it from this doom except the determined cc-opcratii n and legislative intcr- forence of the representatives of tho Northern! states. savage population as the hasis ol its representative ! nircc in oiigrcss, n win come into me nsiionai i legislature upon an ctpitility ol slrcnglli v-itlilhej' most intelligent portion ot iScw hnglnnd. Senatorial delegation will equal that ol Massachu-; setts in power : and its representatives will be on-l an equal ! fcotiiig : with any in the House 1 he K;-1 l r ',. ' , . . ""V , ,er "' ' ;c s,!ivet-v lT-Vanda, leave ns in no doubt I as io who inuso iciio.scniaiive win lie, or no.v they will vote on all questions affecting slavery, It is said that the prince of Hawaii had a strong repugnance to this treaty, in consequence of the insults he received, w hile in tho United States'op account of his color, lloth ho nnd his father, King Knniehaineha, may rest assured, that an elec ta .tion to Congress by his qi.wlam subjects, will not jblaiti any augmentatioi. of respect for them I j i t I Washington. They will find themselves tabooed, by our republican law-makcrs on account of the color of their skins; and, when they return to Honolulu, full of the disgust and chagrin produced by tl.e "dclicalc prejudices" of their white fellow! citizens, on the continent, they will not only hud ' their kingdom repiiblicntiized, nccording to ' '. o meaning of tho word in .Mississippi ; but they will nlsn f.n.l that their last i-loiln e lo reni eseiil their l . .ell people, in any manner, except as objects of Anglo-, p.isi loiciti. , . , -r caxon ouirngc, uas gone I he annexation of the Sandwich Islands, unless1 with n most peremptory prohibition of Slaory. . will bring misery to tho Hawaiian.", strength to ; the slavehclding interest of this nation; weakness ti. the iMncrt ,.f IVeeil.iui niwl u m.ivn e m 1 ii t lel-ei 1 ....... V. ... ... ...... ...w..v , .,( ,i;.,.,.,.,i ,,,,, .r n Thnsn v. In. ere nr. - nxw -P t.s0 tl,ii,rH fiitKl nlso to. yield the cm- i,.e f ,1U Ciitetl States to Slavery, may bo eon-, lent with the treaty ol annexation. J he Ireeman and the inyriot is Imiind, by every consideration ( I duty anil policy to oppose its consummation to the ' last. Mush. Sy. From the Boston Telegraph. THE WAY SLAVEHOLDERS PAY THEIR DEBTS. ed in London as a cash capital for tho bank. It was soon lent out again, aim niiicn more nesmes, ' !he X "V1'." Vi'",k' ,t0 th? Btoi;k-'"lltc''s. tht',r PlcJSi of thl ir "biek and employed by them buying more negroes. Hie bank disappeared m ,l,e explosion of 13i-42. 1 he mortgages proved worthless, and the poor cheated lenders full back llie endorsement of the territory, lo cut them ",f fl'"m this ''!ii'urco, tho territorial legislature resolved that the Governor nnd Council were never invested with nny autuority to pledge the faith ol the Territory; and to niiiko nil sure, a clause was introduced in the t onstitution of the ,Se of lor be iJil- "mIcr vbu'h ",10 WM ''"' '" '10 l''"" '" providing that, 'no greater amount of tax or re vt nue shnll nt any timo he levied than there n,ll.v he required lor the mwsan trii,ses of gov tho eminent," among which 'ncces.ary expenses, ai Legislature ot the new state decide tho pay- Inellt 01 01(1 dehts, 13 not included. The poor deluded lenders, as a last resource, have presented their claim to the Commission now sitting in London, taking tho ground that ns the ' j j I and this innrfrv. on the strcinrth of these securities n til Mm nnilt ircAin Atir m I id I Acntnfv unu lidrfjiw-1. ...... v... v , In the published list of the debts of the States, Florida is put dow n as ow ing nothing. But this is only a shiveholdiug lie. The fact is she owes nt least a million, with a large accumulated amount of interest and our impression is that this origi nal sum was increased by subsequent loans bor rowed on the credit of tho territory of Florida to form a capital for the Union ISatik. This was in 1834. The stockholders instead of paying in their subscriptions mortgaged their lands and negroes to the bank nt most extravagant over-valuations, Congress ol the L luted Mates expressly approved the act by which the faith of the territory was pledged, they are bound to see the money paid. F.nglish capitalists will wo hope, learn iu time if they don't, Florida, Arkansas nnd Missisippi will not bo to blame that money lent to buy flavcs with is rather n hardious investment. Anecdote of Ma. Ciioate. At the trial of the snlvago case of the hark Missouri, at Boston, last week, the ense in w hich a part of tho cargo was embezzled by tho masteas of the tw o vessels on the coast of Sumatra, one of tho masters w as examin ed ns a witness, nnd disclosed tho plan ol embez zlement, nnd stated tho inducements that were of fered to him by the other master, lie said that ho objected at nrst, and told his comrade they would be found out and convicted, but was overborno by 1110 ixii rnuci-a ntu mm. jur. uinata cross-ex amined lnni strictly and particularly ns to what the inducements and assurances were. Tho wit ness had the appearance of holdiuc back n. lJitln but at last ho said : "Well, sir, he told me that ii we were lounu oui, no could get Mr. Choate to do fend us, nnd he would get us off if we teece camji uitli the money in our buota." It was not fivo min utes nor ten minutes thut it required to bring the audience hack to a sobor countenance. The coun sel on the other side paid a tribute, in his closing argument to the genius of Mr Choate, the fame of which, oxtouding to the antipodes, was relied upon as stronger than the law and the ovidenco. A', '. JUL AGRICULTURE NORTH AND SOUTH. There is a general disposition to cor.ccdo that the .South is, ut any rate, nhend of the North in agricultural productions, however inferior in other industrial pursuits. Tho fact that tho great staples of tho South nro for tho most part ex-, ported, anJ, as a consequence, make a large figure i :.. ..... !:.. ..r .-..!.......... ...1,1. r...n.ivn I I i IIM 111 colli III i: I 1:1111 c A i: nun" 1.-3 nmi 'h ' t .. . . . , . ., . .V . nntions, is regarded a conclusive ovidonco in me iiimoiiu nirr cnUiii a liven i li s the s hive-holding States ; nnd improving on this popular notion, Mr. Calhoun set the fashion of speaking of the southern ns the producing States, in contrndis- li,,,..:, hi from trii n af llm Vnflli u tiii-lt lift ill1 mi hated ns the consuming Stales. This politico to eoonoiniua 1 jargon hud its dav, and deluded munv jntn t,e .'j,. ,Pnt cotton is 'the only agricultural product of tho Union w hich merits the attention f government, ami upon which tho salvation of -It Pfinlilii!l ilo tmiiiH In ncni.rt'.in noil riot ill Con trast with each other the productions, respectively the country must depend Put the census c f 1S50, though imperfeet )n its dan and execution, and particularly in the man ner in wliich it has been compiled for publication, fuiiiuhes abundant tniderue that the nsfumcd superiority of , .uthcrn agricultural products is without the slightest foundation. We have been of the free and slave States : a task which is rcn-!l"0 dcrcd doubly difficult by tho evident design of j the compilers of the census to prevent such con-1 tracts. I-.verv man of reflection, iSorth and South, is anxious to know the relative population j wealth, nnd other advantages oi tne siavc as compared w ith the free States. This is tho first object which presents itself to tho minds of statesmen nnd people, and has more to do with the politics and policy of tho country and Gov ernment than nny other which the Census furnish es. Yet this is" the very thing w hich the com pilers tf the Census havo studiously kept out of L;.rl.t in ..nl.-ll, ot li.rr. eidomrtQ noil l:liloi4 of " ',,,; nn(i vuihU, there is always a confused llulbin of froe with gl.tT, fst.ltcs, with the cvi Ilawaiiinon ;fn, Jcl f Ulins iinliliry. and repelling in- V0!,ti-atioii into tho relative uttength nnd rc- ...,." ..r ,!, v,.i, ,,ni .-.ml, Tl ! m ill nl- K j0 tip 0.lso w,;iu sye ry rules in Washing law, J' Tiic South must bo flattered and the enn- ..nn vil.ii.ll I C Pltintf ftllT I IT VII M IlllIST Ii. ' I f. I'A i . . ,i .. ,.t,r nriP I, v lifting the vc ,i defiu-iiiitv. But ns wo i its!a!)in(1 we have dore'what the Superintendont of ' .......i.i have done if his interests in ti(, ln;lint.liniln,.0 f Slavery had not been a stl.,mger motive than the desire of presenting satisfactory view ol tho condition oi tne country ,iav(J cli:lliniltpd tll0 nSn,.nltural statistics, , , which narked respectively cl the tree and slave states, ironi ne general mass, nnd idaced them in juxtaposition as follows Viilucnr live Stn.'k Vuluc eif unit; u'.s slnuclitfTed nlr.f of tirv!;:'-iil i'rlu'.t!i Viilui1 r-l' lunrLut tiiiT.Ii-ns ijiiiti.tily el' ln'nt -tiUi-U .'iiimlilv t l.ve iiusli i liiuwiity ut liidiniiU.ini- buah V' ,,,1, quii;y of ii.tu.n-Ulua i,f -tco , l" is ni.-ii .f X"uL,u,u ijuHntity i lriii i untni'i -imsh 'J";;;; nri'i-V1 "'r-U'"-1'"'"11 yuamiiy of iiiiii,him-buth Oii.oCily . f H:ils-l u-h Kortb'n Stntr. jsi'..:ivi.:.;i rii'. ii:iii.-j-i7 $r..:::iA..,i4 ;:i 714 CP) or.T.r.sj ii : -4.i..:.i i-iV'.is.i-i) S.iut'n Stiitcs 11,; !.0S7 11 vilHiilll. Ul liiu--Knitf ,- j, (JiointitvofChnose. nouiids K14.II70.H2 l.fi4-j.:i;s 67.Un7'iS 1 :v.'j :iai) f.O"2.iii:i fc,&;'.0.2SiJ tl.'-.;'.!HI.:t71 17s.il 1) ."4,055 l. o t UIKIIIIII , 'U Ulllll.1, lUUIIIIO .7 Ou.itnitv of Ilav tuns 12.091 Qu-iniity of clover seed, bus 4)1,147 Quantity ofothcrgrassseoj.hiis.'iol, 124 Quantity of hops, pounds, 3,403,173 II :... .1 ......... f f... I I....,..! Imu l.fi ,M,lll' 11 111 H-l-.ll'.U II..II1J..I...... - i. ,-r.,iieil .' t.,na r,r, Ouamitv of ' llax, pounds' 3.043.318 (inantiivof flatc-secd, bus 35.-.022 tiuantny of Iiilk coci .mis. Ids O.ilm Quantity of niaple sugar.Ibs 32,101,799 Quantity of cane sogar.hhds. 2.4'.0.07H li,:ii7.:;-.'!i 7.CI4 -.r, J.7H.T ..!.-' :i7.n-.mii pi-j aim 4j.-,.-uv: 40.ss-J.d7:. C7.249.75-l I 1,:!S4,C(MI 1,137.7.4! 57,822 1 05.OS5 3:i,73n 33.04S $l.:;.'i !'-7 fi arr.-j. ii iV,,'i!i'jI,!i swwii.-fFi i7t'i ..i'i ' '" 4,G0),(j()S i j L03.3S4 i i' iT-'r -ii .in i i 12,145,25') 7,904,70 $15,031,054 of 1,000 pounds each Quantity of molasses, gals 551,32 Quantity of beeswax and hor.cv, pounds O.KSS.SO Value of home-made Manu facturers $8,-53,O90 Tho above table presents the aggregate pro ducts of the North and South, so far ns the Ccn- sus reports them. It will be perceived that in some articles there is a large excess of northern, and in others of southern produce. For instance, tlie North produces nearly all the Hay the South all the Cotion, and pearly all the Tobacco. Uc- low we present two other columns ot figures, j showing in what articles nnd to what amount the j two sections excel each other. It would havej been better, if the width of our columns would per-, ...tl I., t.t.i.w, it... r.illiit. iiiir lnl.le.1 iiv fh. liiln nf 'i . '.v 71.: "C." ' i . . . V . . . . . . KMi,tvnp'iim. lint ivttn fins rrii nnii inn. fiir 2 OSlS 0S7 ' 4,900 9;7 2,337,350 44,104,159 10,908,33 $9,777,904 reader cannot mistake their purport : North'n excess. Sout'n excess Value of live Stock S32,f.5n.85-t " of Aniinals slaiighlored 2,ti08,Hi0 " of Orchard products " of Market garden prod's " of home made Manuf's Quantity of Wheat bush " of Kye bush " of Indian Corn bush " of llice pounds " of Tobacco pounds " of Cotton bale of 400 pounds " of Wool pounds " of Peas and Beans-bus " of Irish Potatoes bus 50,202,441 " of Sweet da. bush " of Harley bush " of Huckwhea: bush " -jf Oats bush io.. - e.-n J""'?, "'"-i! Ti..'" ..V. ' i HU,o l.elJ;un o jco iv :,ioii,iioj i 20,749,282 r n-.rKJo P,tui,M,t(( 35,819,731 n .1" Kills l'S 547 .. r 11 "'0l-n"s , . . ,."V(1,,; "m" -e'-Tds 10-091 7 Z " of H iCv tuns "m lT'05t'rj'J8 " of Clover teed 1 ush ''iW3"5 ' f othr.i- ernsseed-hus 5430 ,,f llmwr ,,, , 3 4-'l'Vy3 , r ioa-rnt n,l lemn tnnn ,.-,(M c f 1 , Z 1 1 do tl - r'509 ! of water-iotteddo.-tuns '-Jt .. r n -'u.i .a ., i S;ln ?",iU?h ,A 15J,5?, " i Iw-V4h 98 " Maplo Sugar p ds. 30,0i3,101 cfCaiie Sugar hhds. 1.000 pounds t;V'M'V ' of Molasses galls 1 l,o93,9-Ji ' ot Beeswax and Hon- cy pounds. J,Uilv$S. The nbovc columns show tho articles in which j tho North and the South respectively excel each other: and it now remains to cstuiiato tlie money , value of these articles, in order to show definite ly tho relation in w hich the two sections stand to each other ns regards agricultural productions. In fixing the prices of articles wo believe wo have erred in favor of tho South. For instance we have placed Indian corn above its present market prieo, and w heat below it. Yi'o have placed hay at a much lowor figure, limn tho retail price in this city, w hile cottou and Tobacco are valued at the current averngo rates. As we show a balance against tho South, wo can afford, and choose to be generous. If we havo crrod in assigning prices to other articles, we hove still studiously given the advantage to the South. The following table, wo beg our readers to remember, e.ihibitj the val ue of the balances of certain products of the free States after deducting those of the eame kind pro duced in the slave Stated ; Live Mock Animals slaughtered Orchard products Market-garden prodcet? . Rl 11:11 I . i i am tl.ivt, i ( N 1 hpft .Bl . . 1 1 tin, ml v- iii.vu..m juries live at 11 $32,050,854 00 2,60:i7() O't C.74'.).SSO pounds Wool, itt 30c ilU,ZU2,j l,u 4,83,.)07 bush liui lf r. nt SI H,14 l.xs;j hu.h Buckwheat, at SI 40.707 ,oM bush O.its, at 5tc. 12P,f.l7 nt$l,50 173.r(3l.i01 pounds Mutter, nt 'Joe. 102,M1,R27 lbs. of Cheese, nt 10c. 11,55;j,,C'jS tuns Ibiv. at 10 353, "iL'"i bush Clover-sccd, ntfO H.0jl.i04 Irish potatoes, at SI 50.202.4 1 1 00 ' !,KW,M)7 00 k.ih.k.:; oo ;i,:',');!,009 (;o, l'J4.275 50, fisvisisltj 00 10,9'iS,ti3 00 15 l'1'! 774 05 iS'-lWi V,n (it)' o i ii ri;-,fl 3,4,;;'.iS pnuuds hops, nt 2ii 155.ufS bu. hels , at $i ) pounds silk cocoons, at, ,iu,oio,itu iij.-j. .via'ilc n r.'ir 1, TotaJ value of Northern excess. V 0 will now present the value of nr r...' i on i ocn r.n ' ' $K7.44!),S12 40 280,439 bush oth i-ras ced at' .0 71'i 50700 i.-i. . ,'H . ' v"' . . ' ' ' ' ; I oh KIT ill I i ii-.i in ri euliar to t!ie Slave S ducts pe- ta'.es, and also the value of products of the slave halancos of certain States, alter deducting those of the same kind produced iu the free States : Value of home-made Manufactures iilue of H';.37.i,021 bush. Indian Corn, at 87 cts. Value tf 15,3l:',,407 potmds Rice, at 5 cts. Valuo of 170,2:;i,810 poundu Tobac co, at (i i ts. Value of 07,020,1 J00 pounds Cotton, nt H. cts. Value of G,101.42 bush. Peas and UeaiKi, at f I. CIS sweet aluc ol ;; 0,si;i.7;;i i)U.di I'otatoc..-. at fjiits. Valuo of ::l. 172 tuns Ileinp.at fil.75 Value of LC12.1'JU pounds 1'l.ix. at Total v .li,. j The Noi tli b 10 cent ilue of 217,577,000 pounds Cano Sugar, at 0 rt:-. ! Valued I l,.V.';;,;i22 gallons Molas ll . , e. (J v.,!,,.'. ,.f l hti;. '! i- ,.r wax and Uuney, at 15 c:s. 2,03, ISO 50 $9,777,004 00 03,070,018 37 10,705,074 P5 10,213,90914 83,918,210 00 i 0,101,612 00. 17.9O9.S05 00 1 G,Oo2,Ui:U 00 I 101,219 00 14,S34,020 00; 101,45 of N'lirthern excess, S255,9H2,700 10 needs the south in the value of certain products, therefore by the sutnof 4,7,4 l'J,bl2 10 And the South excefcds'the North in all others to the valuo of 255,902,700 10 Showing a balance in favor of the North of. fc-31,5 17,052 24 It is, therefore, clear that the South is behind North in that branch of industry to wh'n h its whole energies are devoted, while iu commerce, arts, and iniuing. it o free States. The nianufaeturc?, the mechanic : t:tlc: cctiturv behind.-th I excess of Northern Agricultural productions over i Southern is frcaler twice told than tho value of all our cot'on, sugar and tobacco: lhese figures only show, tho excess of Northern value over South ern. At another time wo may exhibit their total respective values, nnd the sum totals for tho Uni ted States. Tribia.e. SOUTHERN SLAVES AND NORTHERN LABORERS. Tho New York Herald, which competes with the Journal of Commerce for the glory and prolils of being the slaveholders' organ, has a long nrti j cle to prove that tho servitude in which the work i ing men of tho North are held by tho Northern capitalists is far more galling than that of negroes 11 eottoii plantation ; winie tneir liaianty in hard times like the present, to be suddenly deprived of hors in the Herald office have tho slightest spir j jt mu,ir,-; them, they will certainly give the writer f t1:l. article pro'haMy sonic recent importation 0f ,10 j0, Mitchol school from Scotland or lre- I . i 1 - , , - r " ul no. r-ngiibuinan w uueq mcas o our lac- support and lelt to their own res nitves, mattes their condition infinitely worse. In bringing forward this not very original argu ment, hacknicd for three or four years past in Congress and the Southern newspapers', !'. e Herald overlooks the rather important fact, that in nine cases out often, the Northern laborer is himself a capitalist working his own hind, or having his own mechanic's shop and therefore io dependant upon any capitalist lor employment. As to the Lowell factory girl, has the Herald forgot the hair pn'ling that Mr. Senator Clemens so deservedly got for his pseudo-philanthropic dia tribes in their behalf? It is not likely that the Lowell girls, who area little fastidious, will ever soil their fingers with the Herald; but if the com- j ! tori"s arc derived from Dickens' or Mr. Trollope's novels a good ducking under tho nearest Croton hydrant, just to show bun the difference between the libo tiiH which freemen can take, and the necessary submission to insult of slaves on a plantation. The Herald is not to supposo from iis own ready sub mission to flagellation in tho person of its own foreign born Catholic proprietor, that our native Protestant Americans can so easily be treatod or oven spokeu of ns slaves. Take the five hundred printers said to bo just now out of employment in New York, and tvith the example of the success of tho New York Herald 1 heloln their urea n neeeta Irennenllv nseriheil 1 .ini;. ,e(, rilSL.aHtil!8i lllt iij aLo in spite of '1'" rascalities, to energy, endurance, enterprise, , , , . .. ...:..,.... ,i. .:..,, . l.li;U .UIV4 UUIIIIV 1111.11 Ol llOlfto III llltlio. UVllllllv ' f money and employment, ns he may bo supposed i)eoV-,iiem()lll(.t wa , iiing to sell his I liii-thi-i jht 10 IVe.h,in nml tl, nurmiit of social no-! " - 1 ' liiiion in bis own v:iv. lor the liosh iiots. or rather the peck of corn a week, (with a shirt, jacket, and pair of brogans nt Christmas) of a Si uth Caroli- ' ... . o llltl.".i"H J 1 1 11 1 1 III 1 1 1 , l I I This is one of those eases in which example w ill K'; a thousand limes further than precept. 1,01 the i'm .s editorial of tho Herald set the esample of vuluuturily eubniiiing to servitude say ot he office of tho New Oi leaps Deltu or Picjiytiue. Hav jinR first dune that, their articles in favor of servi-1 tudn would ho read with some nttention. They ,von1'1 at least et tllc cr0llit "f sir"-ovity w-hich is tho first step towards influencing opinion. would, however, be but a poor compliment to the sagaci'y or the Herald to imagine that such nrti- vkJj us fle 0h0 W)J ,,.lve jtcJi a,wl rc ,,ut t()() t.ullimon in it8 C0mnS, were written with tlu hope of producing any effect at tl.e North exeept indeed to stimulate Northern capitalists to imitate us f.ir ftK , nn ()r ()iiro t,0 oxaniple of the Southern slaveholders. They are designed cxclu- sive,y (Wnu strt.e, excpted) lor tho Southern ninr- ket. having just now superseded wooden nutmegs and other trumpery of that sort. Button Tile- grajm. BfssiA. In seventy-seven years intervening be tween 1772 and 1849 theUussi.in empire increased in population Irom fourteen millions to upwards rl sixty-six millions, cr nt the rate of about fourteen millions in every twenty years. This wonderful increase is chiefly nttrihutublo to tho enlarged area of the empire, caused by the nddition of Poland, Finland, nnd the Caucasus to its domains. If Kussia should conquer and nnncx Turkey, her pof. illation would exceed eighty millions almost equalling the combined population of England, France, and the United States. A'cif O'tu'u Bulletin. LABORERS. THE ORIGIN OF KNOW-NOTHINGISM--- LABORERS. THE ORIGIN OF KNOW-NOTHINGISM---ITS PROSPECTS IN THE SOUTH. ljng beforo the idea of Xnow-Xothlngisrai had taken root in the United States, it was proclaimed and acted upon by the celebrated Cahera, who fln made it the ladder by which he has cliuibed to tl.i supreme pnwtr in Uuatemala. He was somcyear sinco proclairiicd perpetual president with power I" nominate ins successor, "im mm ixv.miip nasjusr ocen niaoe uereuiinrv wi ins lainiiv. Cavoiauan Indian by birth an unquestion able Native Aniericnn. Twenty years ago he was an illiterate pig drover, unable to read or write. Guatemala sjparated quietly from tho Spanish rule about lfiliO. A constitution was established on the model of that of the United Sistes, Vy which that province, nnd its neigniiors oi ieiurni Aiurrica, united in a federal republic, as they had formerly ooen unitci: unucr a cpauiMi vicmuj The admin-1 iiiniiwtiii.il iliev introduced, especially the abuli- tion ff convents iind suppression of tytlies, were , terr n,i i iJm.fi irv In the iiriets. who persuaded i istrnti.in remained f.,r several j ears in the hands ol , . r..... t i, l .. I.;in r.,.1oa men r.f f.lnra- i u li; n ij-o.iMiiii iiini . in v. . . - i 1. 1 I . I !!...., I..l ll.A rion. nmi ine orricni rciiiioie no. a.uv hi- .......... tho Indians forming the great mass of the popula-1 tion, that the cholera which prevailed in the year : 1S.!7, hai been caused bv their rulers, who, in the j hope to reduce their numbers, had poisoned the j waters. This gave occasion to a rcbclli m, in w iiich Ccrera soon beiaine a leader. At length be enter- the city of Guatemala at the head of his Indian ; his banner bearing n Death's Head and,ly. bones with the inscription, " heath to Whites. : Liberals and Foreigners." j The clergy innnediately sought to use him as ; it is said the slaveholders' mean to ue our Know-j Nothings ; nnd for this purpose they aided him in uverturning the old government, anil establishing , his own despotic power in place of it. Lot though j they have lar 'clv avail' 1 themselves of his asit- J . J. . n .. , I. .1 i nin e to destroy tl.o enemies ot in? rnnrcn, ir.ey , have found him n person not to be trifled with, and j at tiir.es been obliged to bow to his superior Hois a man. of geijius, no doubt, and we i verv much if our North American Know- w ill produce nny thing like his equal. r.n-j indeed their movement should penetrato into . and should stir up the Southern Slates. j There is a class of men in those Slates we do i not mean the slaves, but the poor whites in the nomi,m oossesion of t,oliticid rights, but who have i . 1 ... . . . , hecn always kept in a political su!.iervioney arninii j equal to that of the (juateinala Indians, lhese j I j men might reasonably enough resort io secret, soci eties as a means of gaining a political position. The same class of persons, mechanics nnd oth ers, who compose thegreit bulk of our Massachu setts 1i,.l..eci nre nt flio Snlltli the IllllKt liCriei-t TIO- ! iuiTnl niPpedies.' if the organi.ation of tho Knoiy- .Mithings ca do any thing io ucip iiiciu ij men pi litical rights, it will do a good thing. The census hows thnt at"tho South there arc less thin ;'50,pii(l slave holders. Yet these slave- holders control everything ; nay, they themselves i arc controlled by a MiitiU minority of their hody. Know-Nutlung lodges on tr.o basis ot me non-admission of slaveholders, - well wrganized and backed up by their rcvoiotion lar niore surprising iwm niriiiuiu .m,.o.-1 hint that any thing we have yet seen. boslvn Trlrgrujih. rr.oriTAnr.F. S.u.F.. Mr. John K- D. Payne, auo" I throtie-hout the South, and backed up by ; Northern brethren, miirht 'roon make n political tioneer, of this city, on the 25th of last month, sold, fifty-four slaves, the property of the late Dr. Joseph ... ... . .-....--P.3i.r. II. II . . I. ' I., .1 i utKins, at an average oi wi.ui c.icu. n n.c-1 teen t.l the nnmocr consisted oi iour siiperaiiuiiicu ii eles, ten children in the iiuifes' arms, nnd the remainiiiir twenty-livo from 0 to 9 rears old. Some , - ,, , -, f ... ,v,,P of the first class sold at prices ranging from fclo.io to $905. Ku hmaui Enquirer, Yitk. CoMiiiMTARY. Dwf.i i.inos. A model building ' has just been erected in Osborne Place, Boston, ; is inteled for the accomoention of tl.e labor-! ing classes. The 'Ji:in says: "The tenements arc supplied with every necessary convenience. I The rooms are small, to be sure, but very handy, j There is a kitchen, sitting room, and one or two i rooms, plenty of closet room, entry room, a very snug place for a water closet for each O.nnly. Tho Cochituate water is supplied to each j kitchen. The rent of these tenements is fmm I S2,o0 on the lower floor, to is: ) "r wccK on the other flours, rent to be pail weekly.1 A Gio.ixTir WottK. A levee is now in coostruc tioii between llayou Sara and Conines Landing La. Its length is about thirty miles, and it will enclose about 05.000 superficial acres of land, 25.0PO acres of which havo been ceded to the States by Congress, for levying nnd ing purposes. It is calculated that about acres ol land will ho redemed nnd rendered avail I nblo for cultivation by tbo construction of this levee. ,-, orain-; 5 1 100 WINTER OF THE HEART. " ",ulj Chaillljers. Penury lakes tho place, of ease and plenty; '" luxurious home may be exchanged for a sm- irln lowlv room t in soft couch for tho straw nal- . . . , . r Let it not come upon you. Live so that good an gels may protect you from this torriblo evil tho winter of the heart. Let no chilling influonce froozo up the founda tions of sympathy and happiness in its depths; no cold burden settle over its witherad hopes, jikc snow on tho faded Covers ; no rudo Masts of dis content moan nnd shriek through its desolate let tl.o rich viands lor the coarse lood ot the poor. Summer friends may forsako you, and tho unpity- mg pass you with scarco a word or look ot com- - - passion You may be forced to toil wearily, steadily on, to earn a livelihood ; you may encounter fraud nnd .i. 1 :.. ...i.:..l. .......1.1 .i.. .!, i.. .,.. 1 lio l.tiD . ..... in i.uu.u vv.'. aeb ... thing, till you well-nigh turn in disgust from your fellow beings. Death may sever the dear tien that bind you to t.nrth, and leave you in fearful darkness. That ni)1 miU,ly boy, the sole hope of your deelin- inp. -years., mnv, bo taken from you, while your M,irit clings to him with a wild tenacity, which pvcn th0 adow of the tomb cannot wholly sub- ltiJlI0. J that God has forsaken But amid all these sorrows, do not como to the conclusion thnt nobody was ever so deeply af flicted as you ore, .and abandon every sweet an ticipation of " better days," iu tho uukuown fu ture. Do not loso your faith in human excellence, be- causo your confidence has sometimes been betray od, nor believe that friendxhip is only a delusion, mid love a bright phantom which glides from your grasp. Do not think you aro fated to bo miserable, liecnnsn vou are disamminted in vour expecta tions, and baffled in your pursuits. Do not declare you, when your way is hedged nbout with thorns, or repine sinfully when he calls your dear ones to the land beyond the grave. Keep a holy trust in heaven through every trial bear adversity with fortitude, nhd look upward in hours a temptation and sunering. w lien vour locks u,u white, your eyes dim, and your limbs weary ; when your stops falter on tho verge of Death's gloomy vnlo, still retain tho freshness and buoyancy of spirit w hich will shield, you from the wioier 01 ine neari. From the National Era. THE OPPONENTS OF SLAVERY AND THE KNOW-NOTHINGS. The agitation of tho question of the repeal of ho Missouri Compromise aroused the indignation iftho Northern mind against Slavery, as Uhas never icen nrjuscd before, and the consutnation of thai1 outrage inspired it with the firm resolve to punish those w ho had effij ted it, nnd at the tan!i time redeem the federal Government fixiii vassalage io Slaicrt. This moveiheiit if the Northern mitia cofli-' menced tho moment the Nebraska Bill came under discussion, and begun to show itself ot tho ballot box, in tho elections of last Spring. Tim election in New Hampshire was held before the bill wa passed ; the most strenuous efforts were made iff relieve the AJin:niHtraiuii trom all responsibility for it i tho Democratic Party was assured that iT t regarded as a test ur issue in the canvass; spite thin trickery, tl.e People saw; through, ention, nnd returned to the Legislature an" Anti-Admiiiistration majority, pledged against the Nebraska iniquity. This was accomplished without the intr?etl- was Sot regarded as n test or issue in the canvass; l.i.t ilout.'iin iliin trii'krrr. il.'B Pinrie saw thmuirn " - , - - - r j . . . .. n . i,.t,i,iiiltlnWnn..l..-,n Anrt nl nvn nil to fl.B l.eiu.ntii rfk A n mm uvu uikh., ..,u...v .v .... tion of Know-Notlnngi-rr:. Ihe secret oioer lias not yet assumed an independent organization id New Hampshire. In April, elections wero held in Rhode . Isbind .and Connecticut ; the issues were thoso raised by the Nebraska Ilill ; and in both States, tl.o Anti ed Administration forces enrried the day trinniphapt hordes, In Connecticut, especially, Tcucey, the Ko cross braska Senator, was rebuked, Gillette, Free Dcm' ocr.it, wr.s ejected United States Senator for tbo fhort term, Foster, Anti SlatSry TVLig, fur the long term. This revolution, too was achieved without tb intervention of Know-Nothingism. , Deeper and strcngcr ran the tide of Anti-Slaver feeling ; nnd low a was tho next State in order that 1. ; . : 'Cl I I.. n icii ns rcnoi aim!: yiow ci . ii:ihuu(;iiij I'liuutoiiir, wedded to the Administration, trained by politi have cians devote 1 t i the Sooth, it yielded to the pre will. vailing sentiment. Whigs, Fi-oe-Soilers, and In questinii dependent Democrats, united, and elected an Anti Nothings Nebraska Governor and an Anti-Nebraska Leg less islatnre. ' . , , This, too was done v. iilicct tic intervention of Kr.ow-Nothingism. 1 linn came tho elections in Siaino nnd cfmonr, hold in the early part of September. The issues i i .i . v i l. li:ll I ..I . i. r useu ny me .t-oriisKu ijiu wciu mm uitu mo solo issues. 1 he People thougot ot nothing else. would hear of nothing else; nnd they demanded a union of the friends of Freedom without distinc tion of party. Their demand was at fet complied with. Whigs, Liberal Democrats, Independent Democrats, united in one movement, nnd tho result was, even a greater revolution than had been ac coondirhed in tho other Stales. The Adniiuistra- jinn was overwhelmed Ilunkerism and Shivery- received a stumiingrcbuke. All this, too, was .effected without the intcrven the tion of Know-Nothingism. The Secret Order had ownjntyct manifested itself ns a uisfinct organiza- .tu,n. The People were left to tako their own waj 0f dealing with a Pro-Siaverr Administration. ..n. .. S:T Stare, nil of them Dmnn- I Jj. Imr unn in ivliiuli nn t Ii o n i L- Oil sail no i tin it1 ,)y ,,l0 Xchraska Bill, the I'opular feeling had br()kop duwn party jiuVrcnie .and united the mns- nes j direct opposition to Shivery. With- what I exultation did the opponents of Slavery record ticse gcce!,sire viotores! With what hone look fnvftr,i to (j10 regencrAtion of the free States, and the redemption of the Federal Government fiord .... . ... . Maveholding Tyranny I lllli-Ull(li;,L711ll,01ll nui ;. nll,.jf r n ,i no grounij for nlltit.ipiUi Mras there anything in the circumstancosor char acter of the People- in those States peculiarly favor ing such a revolution ? Not at all. So fur fixmi icni, except Vermont. ing so wonderlul a changOi Anti-Slaverv sentiment was more widely prevalent and active in Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Michigan, and Wisconsin ; and the Anti-Ne-whith braska feeling was, to Bay the least, ns strong in nil the other free States. Nor was there in these any greater devotion to tho old parties. Had tho People there been let alone, had there been no new element thrown into the canvass, had the Anti sleeping Slavery sentiment been allowed to act alone, With and out the intervention of Know-Nothingism, would not the rovolun on in the remaining tune freo States have been just as deaisive and overwhelming t He who doubts it must have rci.d the signs of the times and studied human nature to little profit. Is there a truo friend of Freedom wiio does not regret that tho Anti-Slavery sentiment was not left un disturbed in its action that tho People were not left freo to act upon tho simple issues raised by tho Nebraska Bill ? Popular action had broken up nil party lines in the March. April, August. .nnd September elections. Popular action would A . , ... ' .n .. - ' li-111 "I1, josii us cueciuaiiy in mo wi.iv.tj.--i u.oa i,uvi;iiiuvi vici;iiuiid , mill llll.ll we could have pointed to tho rosults ns clear victories of Freedom, of tho Anti-Slavory sentiment, achie ved in an open, a manly a direct strugglo with Slavery and lluukeri6in." But the People were not left to net simply npon the Anti-Slavery issue. A new lower had been insidiously mustering its forces, maturing its plans and it did not hesitate to introduce new issues into tho canvass, and to ignore the Question which had given the first impulse to healthful and united ac tion among the masses. Where it could hope for impunity, it opposed this actiin ; where it felt un equal to this, it favored it, although at the same time it took caro to secure ns much of the substan tial fruits us it could, for itself, and to claim ns it own the credit of the results. In the thrtt Etatrs w here, owing to unwise or selfish counsels, tho de mand of tho People for a union of the opponents of Slavery had not been complied with, and some disaffection was the result, it openly appeared as a distinct party, ond by its crooked policy showed xa utter want of principle on the Slavery Question for example, hy electing in Pennsylvania, the Pro Ncbraskn, Administration eandidale for Canal Commissioner) by running in New York a Silver Gray Hunker lVbig as candidate for Governor, and defeating several Anti-Slavery candidates for Congress ; nnd In Massachusetts, by OTtrriding the Republican movement, and electing for Gover nor a man whose antecedents wore Pro-Slavary, but who, nt the eleventh hour felt obliged, Viy pub lic sentiment, to come out with nn Anti-Slavtry confession of fuith. . ' Now, is nny one to enlightened as lo tell us hoW much of the results in these three Stales is to be attributed to the Anti-Nebraska feeling, and how much to Know-Nothingism ? How many of ttieni can bo trusted to net upon tho subject of Slavery f All tho Congressmen elect from Massachusetts are Know-Nothings ; but how many of them will pros ecute tho Anti-Slavery reform nt the hazard of weakening tneir Order, or impairing the prospects of somo favorite aspirant for rolitical honors? W I...,. .1 . . : ' r ! ft . u iiiod i-mipcu iu 11-uM. 111 inure proicssions. 4 uo inclination or opinion of a man may bo one way ; his circumstances or party allegiance dictate an other way. We would not trust an angel In a wrong position. " Lead us not into temptation," is part of the only form of prayer ever taught by Inspiration. We have nn doubt that General Cass was as indignant at the first proposal te repeal tht Missouri Compromise, as Henry Wilson of Massa chusetts t but the false position of the General prevailed against his generous impulse. We will trust tho Anti-islavery action of no man. bound by an organization which aims at national power by ignoring the Slavery Question. Mr. Banks of Massachusetts, who iron the eon dence of Anti-Slavery men generally by hi coursn on the Nebraska Question last