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MARIUS It. IIOBIVSON, Editor.
no two.v irr sLArnuoLbnns." ANN PEAHSOW, Publishing AenV VOL. 10. NO. 24. SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 1S55. WHOLE NO. 48G. ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE. From the New York Tribune. WENDELL PHILLIPS IN NEW YORK. List evening tho Seventh Lecturo of thfl New Y irk Anti-Slavery S uietv's S.-oond Annuil Cpur. wis dolivorl, in tho 'l' iberti ado, by Weviiei.i. I'iiili.iim, iil' U iston. T.ie ntteii l.ince was etoeed inly ii itwitlntm lin the n n f i vor ililo state of tho woitbor, it being f i t 1 nojcssiry M bring additional scats intu the p-iss-tges. In introducing Mi". Piin.i.t t'l. whoso appearance was greeted w ith tho in p.it cutlm-d istio and often re nowed uppl uise, Oliver Jott ssov s lid that ho presented one who hi I lately lieun iiiiictu I in n United States Court, in 1$ Htun, line wlii. nevertheless, h 1 1 1 t 1 1 I Jul frion Is to bail him, Kit that hu was ablu to appear before tho audience that evening. L lugjitor iitnl llllld Ulll.l(HC. M-. 1'nn.i.ir.i tlien spnko us follow i LvuiG anu (jKvri.eusv: t c ituiot hot thank yon for tno c-.rdial reception which you have given me, after sueji mi announcement as tii.it which has boon in i Id. although i nm free t.i confess tint ( 'hi not know what butter rouioniiiiciidaiioii u M runner r, mid c irry with him from li i -1 1 1 1 , I'.ir his good cl, ir.uter. thou tho la:t th it ho It i t lieon imliuto l liy U i ij. II illett. Vnpl i He.) Wo aro hero to right to tun ah iut Slavery, an I in this course uf L icturoi. you Ii no rcpi'usu.r.e I every variety "I opinion iiji hi th it su'ijcjt. livery in in brings furtli his rn.no ly ; every m in gives y.m his view; j'. m consent in I'Mik at llio siiqieet from tin; stand n lint iil' all tho v iri mi spu iko.-.s night after night, f.lis is right. Tun su'ije-t belongs to nn in in. It is t'i'i gro it fur a p irty : it belongs to ns all. Jt is tir? great 'ioiti.in nt' tho .1 ly ; it is oiiiih itienlly the gro it struggjo ut' this nation in the "present ago. As A n-n-ie. un, wo are hu,iul t i sec it set tle 1 ; as lovers of republicanism, we hive a ileeji iritciC"t in th it settlement beyond iho uiero quos tinn nl' hiiiiiiniiy s I'm' the experiment nf stll'-gnv-ornaioiit is, in this mute:, to ho sul'jeuteil ton trial mull s it h is never einlnru l j'et. Tno ivnrtli of self j; ivernment is to he ti'iOil. (jlovernnient is worth notliinjj that protects the rich; they ean prote jt theiiHolves. (J iveriiinent is worth noth ing th it protects llin popular; they van protect thoiiuelies. (J iverneient is worm liulc that per mits in Ii t'jrent n'tiKtions to he iliscnsieil an. I set tle I ; 'occan-ie, nluiost any irlle ean hol.l together when there is hot a we ik strule w ithin, lint on jjre it national issues, w hen the ileepest I'onii tains of n ition.il i h niht aro tonche I ; w hen ixrext interests aro jeopanle. I , when the cl isses of so ciety jostle mill clash nainst iin li niher. liki nii;iity vessels in n storm then, if gnverhinenl can hull together, it is worth srincthin ; it en i hies tho great issue to go on- -to he linight out, anil tho elements nf a national lifo r.le out the storm. M in irchy hasiloneit. With ail nor ileprecialion i.f aristocratic iiiititutions ami national chnrche , Knglainl, with the weight of u peerage anil the coll iss il influence of wealth in the scale of the slave p. nver, Ii is heen utile to grapple w ith the question of Slavery, nil I strike oil' a million i letters ; an I the or.lii, irv routine of il lily life h i g mo on milistiiriie I. Sol! his prove 1 that sin can e In i.ito in m ant women to the' highest pom (if in iral life, to tint in ist perfect ilisinteres'e. lues of pitying millions whom they never saw, ami an nihil iting a Ii ni.l igo that never appcali"! to theii actual sight lor spmpuhy. They eouhl take u; tho question of a imlli 'ii of human slaves, an. in ike tlii'.m IV'o men. The J nerinnent here ii T. lis is a gre it pr ii -e. Fct'ow e.ti.cus, this gen er itimi is to work out the proMc.n, whether, uii'lei repulilic iu g ivernment., wo can e lucato such mei nii.l such woolen : whi'ther wo e in -ii't ahovj ill. teuiitatioiis that corrupt the majority, that poisoi. tho f ain I '.tioiis of national character, w hether wi can riilu out tho tempests of a great n itional iiie. tioii like tii it of Slavery. Kvery mm that love Bell'-x iveriiinent. that is prou I of the experiment o rcpiihlicau iusiitiiiioiis here, is hoiinil to see to i h it 11 l 'I i' ito his hest energies to proving in tin face of t''0 worl.l th it we can ilo ns much, ii' tun more th in the corrupt Uoieriiii.ents on tho othei si. In of the water. This is one i f the most nm iiiDiitous aspects of the slave question. It is tin test I'MCstiou of Jlepuhlieaiiism. If nur iustitu. lions jro ilown in the struggle, or if they urn suioth preil in the einlir.ice nf Slaiery niul liccninenn nli garchy, n s! nehohling ilespoti.-m, the light nf thi great mo lel Slate of the nineteenth century i queiicheil mill die expei ii'iu c i f the revoliiti m i wh it JeH'ersnn prophecic l it might hecume a lail lire ami -l inisfortune. Now, Indies an. I genilu men. y-'U h ive Ii 1 1 preseuied to you, dotihtless, anu you w ill have pioenteil to you in mv uhee.'ing as peots of tho slave question, and many oay moth lids of coining tit its solution. No iloiiht t iere I great cause for congratulation. .Men have si oke nut nt tho North. Thousands are got together ru di as neier could ho ij.it ti gother years ago . listen to- Aiiti-Sliuery disciissinns. liovenuus in Kentucky, Alalmma, tiloorgia, societies in South Carolinia, North Caroliiui, have heen moved to re commend the sanctity of m-irringo, the educiiiion nf the slave, tho f irhid ling tteperntimi of families, tho niiniliil ttiiin of the lavs that in ike it an ofl'euse for n free colored man to visit n Southern port. All these are tho first inr iaild merely of tho Nine toonth Century upon the d irkness and stagnation f the Slave system w ithin tho despotic States. D nihile-s they aro cheering signs, and although small, they open the right way. Tltry show the tide is quilling on the shore that the tide of pub lic sentiment is rising rising in tint direction wlure it is mosi valuable in its oH'cc s. Uu. i inw citizens, there is iiiiiither great question which lies behind nil this and that is, what pr. trress have we made in the actual griippl'ii!; with the Si ive p iwnr? Wli it h ivo wo ilone? What means have we discovered in regird to Slavery nl'ier a warfare nf moro thin twenty years? Nearly twenty-five years have heen pissed in the only radical Anti-Slavery movement thai lias over n:is cu in this country, that has cv.r been moved in this country. Twenty-five years ! Nearly a gen eratinii ; thirty-three years is a geiieraiioii. It is time to jitdgo. Wh it have wn gained ? Where are we ? Aro wo drifting nt ko.i ? II ivo uo near od the port? llavo wo gained it, victory? What is it? Of whit sort? What nro our means tu fight nut the h-ittlo ? I como here to-night to use .the hour th it you lend inn, perhaps gravely, more gravely than yon would fancy, in nuswering iUaxo iiiestions. For Shivory, f i-iends, is n very gran Mubjeut tu ma. I thuiiirht once, in tho hot ,enthuam of youth, when I first sli ued the labor ,()f Anti-Jilvery eB'ort, that it wns but n thing of a tfow yam, (hat the in mil souso of tho nation would slinks it of' as the lion does the dew-drop frouie his 11108. Years have rolled nwny. There it still rerg its eoHoal front, not it stone displac ed, not liittiluiiiaiit gained, not n corner fronts ours, brdly it uinn killud, trenches are not filled. Ami here wo stand in fr.nit of it, just ns wo did twenty-five years ngo. I know tnero have heen nthusiastiu nioinonts: I know thero have been popular rejoicings; I know ttiore havo heen na tional tumults of iudigiiiition. So I hnvo seen the waves uf thu Atlantic boat ngninst the rocky shore of Massachusetts, nnd break their cresis into I' am; no I h ive seen the suahirds beat their brains out ngaiust the rocks in n tcmpewt lint there urn the black rocks to-day, mid the foam and tho sen-lards have p'lssod away forovor. So, to my mind, there is the great colossal, central slave power, ns it tool in thirty-one hardly u-onkoiied I rather think strengthened, in twenty-five jears. Ami yrhat, have we got to fight it with?" Men claim that we Garrisoninns, who oome here sometimes once a year, are apt to bo ranters, declamatory, per unit, abusive; that wo air national questions mi deeply: that wo nttn.'k individual men tun iercdy; that wo hunt down reputations) that we indulge in mere cavil ; that we aro not contented 0 put tho bot faeo on affairs ; that wo do not veleome the arising of sympathy herent tho North: hat wo do not stretch out our lines before the 1 nitli show them our strength- exult in the growth of Ant'.-Shivery sentiment spread out he fore audiences tho catalogue of nur successes, nnd tho cheering prospect of our gain, Well wo do not. It is true, we do not. Other men d i it d" it to tho applause of those who hear them do it to the comfort of those who rely upon their state ments do it to the gain of Anti-Slavery sympathy in some quarters, and the allaying of Ant'i-SI ivory effort, in others. S line men blame lis for criticis ing the Church, tlio clergy, the Constitution, the sacred iiistitu'ions of the country. Well, friends, there is Sevastopol. It is full of ltii'isiiuis. It is full uf powder. It bristles with cannon. It hit -the ablet 'iciicrnls of the world within its girdle. And wo nro outside of it. Thero is no powder in tho powder-chest. Lord K iglnii says: "l)oti't tell of it !" Th cannons nro diMi'l.Qu iker guns, noth ing else. L ird Cardigan says, "Conceal it and let the Kimsiam eoine up tho lull! And wh say : ".No, e iiile-fs th u iinrguns are wo i leu, and send to loiilon tor more, umless that we have no pow der nnd send h Hue for ro-inl'orcem nts ; confess that the Church is a sham when she stands up for Shivery, mid form a better.coiifess that tho Consti tution of our fa'hers was a mistake, nnd novel' linn been nhlo to do anything against tho slave power, tear it to pieces mid form n better. Loud cheer ing I do not try to stretch a parchment until it cover the yawning chasm in tho forum. Inn confess that tho chasm is there nnd go nboiit all tho day with a lantern, ns tho Creek did. to liud a. man that will till it and close it up. Now that, is our policv. Uo over nur resources. See what they lire. Confess the strength of the enemy. Confess your own weakness. What does it do? Dues it make us doubt that Slavery will bo de stroyed? Not n bit of it. Slavery will die, be cause nil lies die nnd n just Cod reigns, and, there lore, justice will triumiih in tho end. Hut I hat is not tho question tu. w. The question with us is, how can wo aid freedom in her great struggle with injustice 1 how can we set at work elemental causes I hat shall w ork w hile w e sleep, (for men miisi sleep ) that shall set to work by the nature nf things, nnd so aid in this healing of the body oolitic and religious. Now, friends, this is tlar-i-isoiiiaiiism, ns you term it in derison. It is now going about to the institutions of the North ind asking what they nre, and how much yen can rely upon thi'iii. He is hut a poor calculator wno leans upon n reed, nnd does usfe w hether it is bro (eii unld thu trial comes. The ostrich is n fool hat thinks she gets rid uf a danger by hiding lnr i" io uut s.ioii. ion no not u iiKn tin iiiuepetiil e.it clergy by raising both your hands nnd crying nit; "Great is the Kvungelienl Clergy of tho Uni ed States." Words do not make things. Why lot come to tho natural and honest issue, and w hat vu have to work with? Men think it abuse. Mow is it to us? Is this country any nunc precious to vo.i than to us ? Did your fathers do moro than urs did to secure those institutions? Have vu learer wives thin ours, and dearer children than -urs? Aro wo not embarked on flu) same ship loiind to thu same wort ? is not this your ques ion us well as ours? Wo only put on our ndiicC; ve are only wise by tho experience of yesterday ind twenty icars belore. that is all. Now friends ilavcrv is not a oiiestion of n fugitive slnvc iiMhe trei-lsol .New loik. 1 lie heart has no right toi eat in triumph because n slaveholder was shot bid bless the pistol that did it! in l'coiisylvaiiin. tCheering. It was but one drop in the" ocean, I'ho gi e it question remains behind. That is hut hi inibvnliial sympathy, that is but an appeal to nun inity. by. n tiger, a dc tent tiger, would .rotcct a fugitive slaie. It docs not need a Chris iaiK It does not need a man, hnrdlv. It is but uior praise, mid yet how great we deem it. how ii tgiiiliceui wo deem it that there are cities in his broiul country of ours where a fugitive cues to tell Ins name. American republicanism 'That is thu climax ol Streets where ho dares ; i walk nt ibi light and tell his ii.iiuo. S.racuse s one. Cleveland is another, Chicago is another ipplausel w hero the noldo le iiuaii shouldered heir muskets at the bidding nf tiie I'uited States SI trshul mid turned them against him in favor of ho slave. Loud applause. New Y'm kis not. She robes herself in princely wealth und sits down villi the ecronet of cinpiiu .hi her brow, mid, yet ii all her broad streets she has not u spot where hn fugitive slave dares stop and deem himself afe. Neither in Boston, and I'hiladelphia has -link so low that nobody n'a.iies it. L uighlcr. Itul suppose it wore otherwise, what mailers it? These things do not m iko character, they nro mly tbo lit'lo episodes, tli.) pulses, tho occu noual little excitements of life. I'hey aro not the jreat organic, national heart. They aro not the .otii'ccs nf character. In a country like ours, in u new country, it is to conquer nature, to found cities, to bring tho wasto into cultivation, wealth ind the acquisition of wealth is the great question if the day. The gaining of wealth will ilruw into its channel nil thu robust energy, all tho iiitelectiial strength of such a people. Germany will have her scholarship, and England w i i have her mods crato theoretical liberty, mid France will run ent.y if-.er theories, und lmly will lose herself in the lovo of nnirblo and color; but Young America, her manifest iustii.y, much more than annexation is to garner up wealth for future generations to make two blades of grass grow iii'liuo. Now in such a count:- disgrace. It is the eimch in w hich ivo live: it is the direction into w hich all inlulectuality is turn ed; it is mi organic part of our character. Why, it would harilly bo an exaggeration so fond is this Angli Saxon blood of ours of thu evading of drudgen it would hardly bo mi ex iggcratioii to imagine u baby id six months by the side of its era- getting out a now patent. Liugbter. It is in us. Amid such a people wualih must bo strung;! capital must he omnipotent. Now thu Slave piw- coiii iiencos its strength in this central germ, . , i -I.- i. , , , . it is two tiiousaiiii millions in invested ooiiars two .-thousand millions of dollars invested in one r T r . T i-l species of property. I fancy I seo tho genius of the American feoplo placing its hand on its lips in tdu dust before two thousand milliiiis of dol lars. Why thu Yankee loses lii breath at the nioro mn'tinti of it. Liughter.j Fancy pants after it in vain. A black man once went to Port land and attended church. Mo w ent intu a good pew, and the next neighbor asked the man w ho owned it w hy ho put a nigger into his pow. "Why, Sir. ho is a II ayticn." "Can't help thnt he's bla-k." "Why, Sir, ho'sa correspondent of miiio." ' Can't help that he's black." "lie's worth a millions uf dollars." "Introduce me." Now tho slave power is two thousand millions of property ; that is its first element. It is in tho hands of 373,000 man, women and children probably not more th ,n 100.00(1 grown men aro iho owners. They are educated men. Thoy nro educated not only by books and position they aro educated by des. pair and ('ospair doubles every man's ability. For they know that the spirit of tho nineteenth cen tury js undermining tins wealth, iliey nave got to contend ngninst it with all the energy of a forlorn hope. Thoy aro linked together by despair, form ing n solid square around this property. Thoy are ssgiiuloiis. . Long use has niado thorn so. In ivon coiitost lor r.atiinuil supremacy they have shown in oftnieuesB whiuh the records of Piipncy only parallel, and cannot outdo. This is tho first ele ment of strength of the shire power. I neod not enlarge upon it. You know well that if in any where olio grew us this it is no I ! ! i j I ! est in an. I find otto in lirooklin. Laid np-.getting phuiso. I m-iv go about und lint hero nud there another men, 'in spite, not in eon-cqiience. of the circumstances nb nit them. They are martyr and . . . , - . Stnlo tho banking, railrnad, nnd niannfaeturin corporations could be neciiiiiulatcd together 1 1 o i ry out a favorite project there !s hardly a S ate i did United Slates where the musses could stun igaiust them. You know that Andrew Jackson villi his matchless pi.pularity with no name sec 'tul to his with n united 'Deinocia'io party ti upnort him ; you know that fifty millions uf dol- ars, with the mercantile interest i f the country behind it, was nl.le nlomst tu defy A drew .l-u-kson and the whole democratic nartv : thnt the scales f. .r II lt,tlr liltin lllim, nvnn ..I'l.!..!. ul.....1.l I..., -a l.n vicioiv. 'two ihoii.ii.,1 ,;ik..,w . c ,i.,ii,.. ; it, hniiils of inn nnn ii, i, i of Ibis Sevastopol with which wc nro contending ; ati.l, in if this wero ii it ctioiigli. wo h ive a Cuiisti- tntion that gives to this ninnopolv tho only other power that wo seem to ncknowl'e !ge that is. n i,.,liil. ,il ;..., v I.... r. ..11. ....... 1 .1. .,..,... to 0. unit their slaves ns the basis, wherein I've siaves count lor three persons ; so thnt live wealthy slavehold"i s in the Ciindinas can 1 qnal many ii rood size. I New I' i rl m,l town in ! II t a - at W.ishingti n have the same weight in n Govern-' inent that calls itself deinocractic. Side by side with this by the accident of our being a confed- oration of Suites, not n boini.geiieous Goiernmeiit they have and rule their States. Wo have 'louirh-l'iices. who do not iilviivs eet thoir in Ess of notta re the doio-hf ices of Carolinia ilo not cwn r, o. thnt. Tbo while li-nh. uwii who urn e .iinln.l as nothing in the slave States, are the third ele- ... .... . .i inent i,l the strength ol the slave power. Kentucky means uS.lHH) slaveliolders notbing more; tho noii-stavcliolilers count lor noitnng in the Mute, nncther element is the prejudice ngninst color. Wealth necuniuhites itself here in New York : the prejudices of the people, the esprit rltt rtirps uf the coinuion people particularly, is appeal- cd to. Tho masses are appcale.l to ; but the pro- judicc resides not in any class: indeed, the fash- ionabluinaii does not hate the negro so much as laborer docs. Kvcn those from abroad who, while in the American n'n. os heic tci in to inhale this nreiudico with it. Then euiues that crv for tho Lnioiil J.ct tho conscience ol the ISortli nwakeii a little open even one eve mid mine! patent Democrat reminds it that the L'nioti is in danger, and it goes to sleep ngain. The I'nion is the life of our nationality! (treat is tho Constitu tion of Iho I'uited States! This is the appeal mi appeal behind which We' s'er can conceal his am bition ; and Cashing bis villainy ! I Laughter mid applause This is tho strength of the slave pow - er. What have you got to marshal our forces up en, nnd what are our forces? Northern character is made either in tho church, or in Wall-st. you may say liteiiiture ; yes an adjunct ol tho pulpit an incident of the religious sentiment lake in! literature; ami, the pulpit, mid the exch inge, are the three great rational elements of tho North. In which shall we confide? Mow shall wc got at the strength to beat up against this wino ? When John Tyler signed the Texas Annexation Resolu tions, 1 w ent into St.itc-st into tin assurance office nnd said. " Texas is annexed." A dozen elderly' men were there, cadi worth, a plum. One said. "It is good for the freighting interest." Another said, " The commerce of Boston w ill be the better of it." And tho-e wore tho oi ly remarks. The balance of the slave power so much .strengthened, tho abasement of Northern principle, were nothing to tliem. I lie guinea was upon the rye, mid they could sec no defect. Do you suppose you can out wit this slave power ? She know s how to secure the favo.' of the North; she brings live States mid a niillioii of ncioiis into iliu tariff: and the mer cantile interest is a gun spiked ! I A pplause.l In stead ol loosing nucuil lor me gm il tunc coui'ng. Commerce sees 1- per ecu. on the ledger, mid thinks it something better thnii cuing about the geiieiu tioii that is to Come. Wh it do we find in the pul pit to help us? I urn ii it going to Id uu thu pul pit, for it is a Q inker gun ; it did n it in ike itself: the dilhculiy Is in the niainil icture. What kiln of a !nilint have we .n th.s coiintri ? We have the voluntary ss;eui ol 'Church govc. iiinetit, an excel lent system ; the only one pmsiblo in a republican govfi iiuici.t. But tho republican government w hich makes all sovereigns brings with it peculiar responsibilities, li is good to be a sovereign, lu.l he mat is must keep wide awake to protect iiinis"il. Napoleon slept but 4 hours out i f the C4. We sleep ton much ; activity tn.il u i.sliit.t vigilance is the price of liberty. Those who live under a des potism may fold their arms and go to sleep, trust iiur to their C. ir to take care of them. The Alus. piled un in cold to sublime mniestv. aro the cm- Mem ol despotism; still, what there is ol lilu is always there: but Bepublicaiiisui bus for its mod el the ever restless sea, pure only because it is so restless. We want the vigilance that never slum bers; that is ready to look behind words into things to understand itself and know how much is required of it. Such is our duly ; such the ex traordinary demand inailu upon us properly, our sefetv, everything oa acting up to this duly ; a successful crime dimin ishes tho safety id ourselves mid our children ; : such it the tenure upon which we hold republican ism. Let ns examine what our church is. Lmk over tho water; wlmt is the Catholic Church? Mer priest is what the l'ope makes him ; ho takes out tiie brain that nature gavo him and nuts in a man niacin re' or,,,..; nun w,,e ever t.o goes tie repros, is...scrra,,.,gpo..r,nc ope. . i.augn- tor. The child must hear tho leatures of the father. So with Kpiscopalianisiu ; its pulpit tenanted by the scions of wealtk and aristocracy ; they wore cam a'ed in tho colleges of nristoera.y . iiamn out t.i represent it. and they do so.' M icatiluy savs well ihat the F.piscnpaliiiii Cluirch i has never, even once, by accident, found itseif on inesinoni tno people; mi', tins is iiniiirui. ivnv have iiinung us the voluntary system of pul- pits; the pews create the pulpits ; is it nny won-1 der that the pulpits rellects the'pejvs? If you 40.0110 men lo represent Willi und Statu-sts. is it nnv wonder thev represent them? I am not lit eling the pulpit, like the old Crook, I am tak- in" n I intern in niv hand, by day, to seek mi hmi - saints nut saints no not tr ivet in rogimonis. I f Laughter. I am speaking of tho general 1 . P J . , ,. , , uot the exception l,i;;.l,.U r whnt vol. h i.-n them to ho; the hlmiio is yours ..I.., I, ...,,l l.l.ii.ls It ,,,.,1-u tho, II the community in which tiiey live. When your (kulk in your i oiiiitiii" houses1 and allow worth-; lers men to bo sent to Con"ress, you say "Jt is a! .r.,i ,,.;., . l,ii,n,.-ml.ii,tii!i ,.,. .,f it " biit.il' ho iloes vou send him to starve. I ectur- e l, not i mouth ago, in a m inufacturiiig town in Now England, in the Town Mall, on the Sabbath lay. Uesidii tne sat a olorgyin in who two months bof'oro, hud been elected from his pulpit for preach ing Anti-Slavery! Mo had leen turned uut uf h'S church, and a record made on the church hook that he should not be allowed to exchange with his suocossor. When ho preached in the Town II ill, the benches wero filled with hundreds who u.ied to fill the seats of his church. Thoy passed in front of it, and left his suocossor preaching to six pews full. I said ti one famili ir with the town "Mow is tliis ?" und tho answer was, "'l'ho six man who sat in tho pows i.re tho richest moil in town ; they could buy us all." "Ah I" said I. "they have bought you!" Liughier and ap plause. Thoy did not change the heart of a sin gle man in tho audience; they had only sniothored hem for a while. What is donn in one town is done i i nianv. You know it well. You whisper these things in your chimney coiners; the only difference with me, as Pope Bifid, is, thnt I speak them out. You cannot suppose that such a pulpit ilo hold otir'no tetiuio of their white neck nu better than urc neipeii on : and w lieu some new outrage is per Koiirthly: petruted, the North receives the intelligence, niH then hulds tin indignation meeting, Laughter J; j and sends up Anti-Katisiis or Anti-Nebraska men j but the tumble with them is that they nro a train j tun late : they have instructions about Nebraska, but if Cuba be ineiitioned they do not know how i the North my led about it they have no late iutel the ligence. on that head. Loud laughter. Again in the nature of things the people cannot be i ketit nlwm s nt a white heat nf enthusiasm. 'I'.,- : . i rill Is) competent to rise up and lead you out of his Egypt. But if you enn find no buck-bone in io ptilpit, can you iind it in politics? All the ' nvering of ambition tends to Washington, the oiturnl centre; the widest scope is there t the Vdininistnitioii is here. Forty sii years the Ad ministration hns been on the side of the slave power; they have fiftv millions to spend annually; nnd wheru was there ever moiiev to be spent thnt men cnuid not bo found to do tiie bud work it was rniulv to nnv for? Thero are irood mem ids there. '1' l,.l llllHi ,a . .f ., lnl..,, ... .l.n I.e., It' ,,P r:;.l,lii,ir. a,i,.,. ,i, ...... .,ff..v., ... c.t-.rot I.; ,ii.;,;..n . ,i... ti .i., :C - -i... 1 a l'ro-S nvcry chanipioii is to be made ridiculous i in the eyes of twenty millions. But the truo men ' nre li"t il c majority. Let us open the door of that chnml er, 111,11'!,, ok npoti its occiii'iints, supposing i;,l ,1.... ...i.r. tr 1.. 1 M'- .1 send A No. 1 Christians to Congress. Twenty or thirty are there who have done thu dirty work ol politics, nnd they hnvo thoir reward, in 11 seat for two sessions W.w ; il..,r ,.,,U- ilmi. W tli,,w cannot lean their liancst now. thev will never iiiriiin haicnn opportunity, llesido tliom stniid twemv. ! thirty, or fifty New Knghiiid men. whniii God J made with double intelligence, by omitting to put i nnv I'litisciem e into them. Laiighlor. Such n ' one ns Caleb L'nO.iiuf u ho sinmls uiih Kfiv mil. ! lions ill his 1 1' Wlot in. n 1.1 l.n ,l..nn l.v ' ' a bodv of rihIi lunniv nr il.i,.iw .,.,, .,. ,,,,v ' of w hom, nccording to the taiin, uf n Southern . ! member, is mo re easily bought thin a lii-st-r.-ite , slave. By such men the eggrrssion of Slavery inght an eloquent mini could nwnke every pulse in your hearts ; but von go home to counting- houses and ntlices : and meantime, like the square ! nt Waterloo, the slave-power stands, cold, firm mid resolute. Cover-.incut enn always beat the light . floating troops of popular enthusiasm. The pen-1 plo of Paris can lear up the pnienients of their citv and pelt nwny at Louis IMiiiiiiiie.but alter n lit- .tle, capital rolls b ik, and the powers of old des- potic institutions nppcnr ngiiin over the clouds of popular enthusiasm. It seems to me ve arc nil: going dow n the torrent of Niagara; Seward sits in Ins boat, and advises ns to sit on the tionhly sii'e: thnt is nil. Applause. Your Harpers, rich enough to afford the luxury of a coiiscieucc, can- nut ntlord to print the whole nl nn hnglisli book. I A hiss.. You ought to hiss. Loud upplnu'c hnvo no etuiiity ngninst the Harpers; they have done n iich good to the literature of our country ; hut he that takes upon him the oflice of giving us! the voice of Kurope nssiunes tho place of one of! the groat moral teachers of the times; imw great is bis sin who corrupts the sources of moral life iioisons the fountain from which we reeoivc un morn! scuuiiicui ii outer iiaiions: i.ci me untold hat we think is the remedy lor ibis state of thing's. I have not painted things darker than they are. J have no wish to lear a mime from the eatal giie of America's worthies. 1, too, am nn Ainerii nn ; hut you know we cannot dare to praise any one. great man of ours, for I I "Tho tail of the serpont is over them nil." It. Jiut i Uo not blaiuo the schools. Tin '. schools which have su long produced such scholars reqiiiie to be remoddled. Never will the Union , dare to face tho State that raises itself against it. : ...... w i. .... . i. . .i . . ..... .!.... : .. t isjdrcnnf nn lugialnini, of l'hiladclphin praying I 'he Legislature to allow them to bear another name j than that nf (heir fadier; lit me see the slave they catching officers in your City unable to live here 'and then 1 will my there is nn . nti-Shivery sen y j timeiit. Y'oiir public men do not make your sen- .. ii.cn, ,oui st-iniiiici.v muses ineiii. nive li ne liam M. Scwnrd tbo thunderbolt nf a New York Anti-Slaicry sentiment, nnd he will wield it. well, ! Loud npplausc. Bi.t I do not think this scnti choose nient enn be witnessed under our institutions, lu . his grave at Mnrshticld lies a man who bartered all i I know no name in nur history, but one, that is perfectly unsiistniiied on this question of Slavery: y. ur State can claim him .John Jay. Appbuis.'. Take that last man, whom we thought untouched Benton you know that he dared, for a moment nn a single subject, to think lor himself, nnd he was instantly sacrificed ; but you sec him' bowing down in bis old age. when waning lifo might ha raised linn anovc tne temptation, making niuiitier bid to the slave-power, which had cu-t him nside ns its to d. Our claim is, disunion breaking up of the Stntes. Do not say the machine is uut ol order; it is in order; it does whnt it wns made to do it protects Slavery. Like machines intended for perpetual motion. all thu AntbSlavery struggles that have been untie, the beautiful machines have this one delect they would not g. Ontsido of political parlies thorn ' must be a public senti ment formed I bat will bear down the sentiments of these political parties l'eel refused Catholic eiiiancip uioii, till O'Conncl created a sentiment r. ' I'Ull and Cobdeti showed ttiat, il r.nt through mriiti inent, then over it, the chains in the West Indies should be broken, and then those shackles were stricken nwny. 1 have shown you that our work cannot he done under nur institutions ; we have! Anti-Slavery that permeates nil society. Iven Ihe tucky hates murder, though she loves a fair fight : s i does the So'ith-iv est ; ami Kentucky ami the South-West spued uut Mat. Wind, who shot n; Yankee schoolmaster, nnd ho had to seek refuge in Paris ; but when have ynu ever spued out a slave-1 hunter ? A slave-mother showed that she thought llio gravo wns bettor t-ir her diiughters Hum N c-',i.: ! Orleans, by Inking nwny their lives. And p,' , nm yy y rccog,,, .,s ,c.i,.,,-c , e, s -: '."". rp -c.cu--i.iivr se n o.o-k . into a bondage like that. Let mo bear the cliil- j his New England sentiments fur tho promise of a ; mess of pottage : but he died, poor man, without i w .mn'..i ..mi unrcn in sny ma. ... iio.iuuncr uoiiiuiai ics ii iiigiuvu can (inro in ten inn.ni : inline, and I have tho fulcruiii un which to rest the lover ttiat win shiver this Union into pieces. One i us that, single nucleus lout, d w hit h to stereotype tho cntliusias t a moment, and we will seo grow into a power that w ill shiver the Union. Look at tho other e -d of tho lover look at South Caroliuin. Government in the Nineteenth Centu-! ry is expensive ; they must have half their tieople in oliuiiis, nnd tho oilier hall to watch Uiom. nn disunion, what must she do to pay her expenses? one must eaucun tier staves nut us soon put gun- pouoer i. no yuur coiiur. mm a ngiiie.i von, on it and then go to sleop ! Thus is either starvation or education ; and that means disunion. The laws of find aro thus silent Abolitionists. Disunion guarantees education, and education guarantee litmry. What will disunion do at the North? It will enable tho II irpers to publish books without mutilating them, and Dr. tjiirdner Spring to read the lviiid chapter of Isaiah in a loud voice, with out icai .ugio oriiiii 'i, ii un it, limine iiiu 1. : ..r .?..: ..t .i. ... 1.1-0 - ...... SU..IIK III lUI 1113 Ol 'llio" Ol l,U l-infc HiiUlD.. J ,,U 1 , .,,,,,. f ,1' , 11,. nii. ;, , .,..., I ability mid candor , yet I must nllude to his re ference, to Iho case of Dr. Dewey, and to the stale input that Abolitiorlsts should he more careful in their fauts, I never made tho charge alluded to un a newspaper ropnrt ; I mads sovernl inquiries, nnd found from individuals that the winds had been used. I accept Mr. Dewey's apology and am glad be made it; but the words were not the mere rhctorical uttcrnnce which Dr. Bctluws wished to explain them us being. It wns only when the slow finger nf Kumpenn scorn was raised, and when they thnt had sought to use him. enst him awny, that Dr. Dewey said lie thought be had not used the word. Let us thank Ood for the progress of public sentiment which even his retraction mows. Disunion would disenthrall the northern picssnnd pulpit j snd it would gie the ambition of our nicn of talent rewards tit home thnt might be obtnined without btiwinc to Slaverv. We would bens Lon- Hllll llllli LivOI'tlOob Let Cnlc i Ciicning nc mini !m ouh io tirovoke n tvnr with Cuba, nnd the grass smu nm in Wiill-st. would iiuike whnt a crop of Abolitionists I I wish it would come. Hut d.s- union enn d.i it all. Let ns tell the truth; let hi spnre to g-ent nnnie which stands between us nrn. 'Shivery. Our public men nre our servants ; tin l.,.i,V I l.nc T Ii'ivr n r'nrbt to criticise. I i" tonn I pnv eight dollars n day, to do my work at H 11H1- ington, it lie i nnnoi near 10 near j . think of bis discburgo of duty, hud better tint take the wnL'es. but iro home. Great 1 iiighter ill d niilnuse.l Let us never cease from the wholesome ngitntinn, from bowing the truth: from letting the light stream into the recesses of American hie. Wc I nve n work to do. nod tho slave demands from s n Iniihful dischnri" nf it. A sacrifice to (.101 shot. Id be a willing sacrifice made with buoyant hearts. Let lis lav ourselves ill the nltnr of this ii-pat. snerilico. resolved la raise three millions of men nnd women to the level of humanity, nnd to ... .. . . II . 1 vitulicaie i lie ngjii 01 treo sci-govcriimciit. uuuu npplnuse. THINGS IN KANSAS. i 1 lind but few who dure to say thnt they nre in favor of nllowing the colored man to come here ! and buy land on an equality with the white num. The common cry is, 'We want no slavery, and no niggers.' Now, although this feeling is salanie, nnd, to niv ,ind. quite ns bad as shivery, yet it will ef who fcctunllv prevent slavery, in tinine. Iroui ex.sting ! i I ; ! A correspondent of the Liberator writes as follows : " But tbo greatest of oil reasons why slavery w ill not exist here, is, I n in very pony to say, n dreadful one; but, nevertheless, a true one. Woiih' 'you believe il, thnt multitudes of those who nre such limning Abolitionists here, as they cull them- selves, uro a ti yeitcnx, kind ol Abolitionist n mongrel character, like Aunt Ophelia, in L'ncle Tom's Cabin. They nre desperately npposed to shiiery entering here and why? Becniiso they 'don't want the niggers ubnut them.' Now. my blood ran cold within me, when 1 first ascertained that this w as the case ; but now 1 feel quite certain that the very people who will yule ngninst the io- (reduction of slavery, will nlso vote for a 'Mack I. aw. Un boanl our bout, at one ol the meetings of our party, I proposed nn amendment to nur Constitution, so as to read, 'We recognise the right ol every male citizen ol the I lilted slates, without distinction of colot, to own IGO ncres of hind,' &c merely adding the words, 'without distinction ol 'color, but it was almost unanimously negatived. here. Now, what we want is. radical Abolitionists to come out here, from principle, and not from love of money.' Over fifty of the - voter of this place voted for n Ni'l.inskn-bill niiin, mid nmntig them wns Dr. Itobiusnn . und Mr. Luni, the Orthodox clergy man, ndviicatcd the Nebraska man's election. n von see how much depenuanee is to be put on eastern anti-slavery men, even, although, 1 nm Imp- I y in mini in yi ti, IrK j ci-ons M I ly 't j in ri d the oi ibe,' mid did not vole for the l'icrco Deiiiocrnt, prelcri nig poverty to i n lies olitnincd by Unking hands with the Administration. Uut the spirit of pro-slavery is triiniipiinut here. 1 hnve already been threatened by public men w ith a cent of t al and feathers, for daring to sny that the Kinigra.it Aid Company, of Boston, has misrepresented the; state i f affairs here. Non-resistance is also nt n greet discount. We have nn array of the most valiant fighters in tho world, second to none, except the immortal hero of the A-iiidniills Don Quixote.' One poor man bus been shot for utteimting to cut a little timber on a claim yfhich another man pre tended to own, although the first man claims it also. One dny. my attention was arrested by ob j-v-i , iliu w,'.i,.i,i j ,i. i'l-i no, i.t iiilli tllllli; llllU U'VVO ii. military array, with bits of white cloth nttnehed it company nt persons marching into town to the ends of sticks ,.L .. ,.i.;..i. .i. i in great i, ;,b f ;ol,.n.l u lull . (v.. i,.i been nccumt ,,,,,r,li,,l n.,ri ti,i ,1..... i .. .i. ; name nf Tuft, just returned from the East! had hud disclaim 'jumped,' nnd that this party hud . ..II- .1 .1 : , I uceii pin iin uu ii iiic jumpers nouse, unu lenr ing up his tent. This is squatter law. A man is allowed sixty days to put up a house, nnd if an other man builds on the first one's claim, his build ing, let it cost what it may, can he torn down nnd destroyed. So, limb law iv triumphant here, as in Culi'm-niii. lvecollect, these squatter laws aro any thing thnt n few persons culling themselves un Association choose to form. Our party were about nil armed with revolvers, guns, bowie-knives, ic. quite a glorious company to carry thcGospe to Kansas! 0, my soul is sick of such a state of i i. ,r. :..... i :.. .i i . i iiiuig. una i, .ii u ini, tiMtiiii vcu I I .1113 VlllllllClCr ..- Y. W.,l I .,.; 't'l, ., 1 lls ,,, tll Oalifornia. mainly after money ; but ,1'M .,., ..,. ' ti" i .,". CT. A J V.'.IIO lll'l C , some decent people hero, and it is ' ,, i i .,i ...:n ' . ,i .. ' . ' my prayer that the Lord will send more. lours lor return). C. STEARNS. BUTMAN AGAIN IN TROUBLE. stairs teiiuing to ine asseinoiy itiamuers, wnere - he had been stationed to keep tho public generally from filling the Mouse in their eagerness to deal er the Governor's iiniugiiriil, the notorious Asa . i riii11.,1 i un ,,i I,, ,,n uihl v u I,,,.,.., rm. I , ,,i! u .,.;.., j among inu iiicmoei-s, unu una me cuuse in consui t J ernble feeling. Some were for removing him forth- iljWiui ny n personal urmonsm n, wnneouieis I surrounded the Sergeant at-Arins, entreating him ! to dismiss him at once. Othors threatened to bring the insult to the attention of Iho Mouse tho nio- j I 'The way of the transgressor is bar 1.' Ana O, liiitmaii, the miscreant who was concerned in the I capture of poor Sims mid the unhappy nnd doomed ! Burns, seems likely to realize the' truth uf the proverb. Tho Keening Teteyiajih of Wednesday !snys; 'Y'estetdiiy morning, upon entering the 1 enpitol, ninny nf tho n. embers of the Legislature ! were indigiuiiitnt finding on duty ut the foot of the i .. - .y . . . ; tluit menial was thus employed soon rapidly spread ini-muicni"..! "i,u " ment it was i-allod to order. Ono individual (ven drew up tho following order, with the intent of presenting it as soon as the speaker assumed the chair ; "'Whereas, it appears that one Asa 0, Eutman is in attendance this dny, within this building, as nn officer on duty; nnd whereas said Uutman is deservedly execrated in this community for his participancy in tne rendition into slavery of inos Sims and Anthony Burns, therefore, Ordtred, Thatthe Ssrgsant.it-Anns be requested 'forthwith to dismiss said Buiuian fmui the service of the State, so far as pis authority extends." ' . - . . u i .11. 'Before the order could be presented, however, , c, , w . . . - , i . , tho oorgeant-.vt-Arnis, Mr. Slovens, had taken the inltativa, and tssuod direutions that the services of tho poltroon was not longor needed in that vi cinity ; nud his absence being potcd, the order was not introduced.' Liberator. m i ' Mr. E. W. Bnekston,' an overseer on the planta tion of Mr. Peebles, near Bolivar, Miss,,., was re cently murdeted by a, slave. THE INQUISITION. Under the influence of the United Stntes Judg nt Milwaukie, the Crnnd Jury more with nn Sn quisitorinl power. AVe copy the following part of their presentment Io tho court ; " We hnve regretted lo see thnt twodnily paper! published in this city, the Ftee Den ocrnt nnd Sen tinel, defend those who resist (he due execution of the process, nud hnve contain! d throntsnndulmsiv misrepresentations of the Court, its officeil atiA iurors. We hnve no disposition to interfere with the liberty of the press,, which is priced by all freemen, but we respectfully ntid sincerely repre sent that the publications in those papers nre, in our opinion, prejudicial to the administration of justice, nnd submit thnt il persisted in, the District Attorney should institute proceedings l gainst their pul lishers." From Nichols's THE GREAT DEFECT OF OUR LITERATURE —NOT ENOUGH VEGETABLE MATTFR IN IT. Letter from Dr. Nichols to Editor of the "Amercan Vegetarian" Father Me'ctilfe: It seems to mo that a halo of purity shitics atoiind the modest pnc.es of our " American Vegetarian." Is it not a sweet and beautiful thought that no blood stains its pages t No hiilf-huniiin brother of ours has had bis throat cut to furnish the nutriment, on the strength of which its columns have been written. And they reek tint, I trust, with the fumes of ulcohol, or thv odots of tobacco. Not much of our literature is purely written. Some books are full of beef; sonio stuffed with sausages ; some greasy volumes seem to d'-ip with lard ; others indicate thnt the author hns led on goose. "Those w ho drink beer," mid Dr. Jt hnson, "think beer." Why should not those, who eal pork think pork, w rite pork and act pork. In eat ing beef we swallow the mutter wbtih wns in pro cess nf elaboration, and was destined to become a pnrt of the brain nnd nervous system of the ox. In eating pork, we in like mnnr.er intercept and appropriate what would hnvo been the cerebral organ uf some swinish inilere. Y'ou may be sure that when mnttcr hns gone i far towards being converted into the proper essence of the bog or the ox, it is not easily turned out of its course. It seems much better to take the pure nutrition furnished us in the vegetable kingdom, mid do fur ourselves this whole process of elabora tion. Any ninn who has studied comparative nnatomy and physiology understands that these nnimiils nre not icry distant relations of ours. There is, or was, n i-lnss of savnges who. ate their nearest kins men when they became old nnd helpless. The lamb, which had been our pet nnd playfellow ; the calf, whoso nienls we blue shared; the honest, faithful cow, who hns so freely yielded lo us the rich treasures id' her lacteal store ; the ox, w ho hn borne for us the bun hen and heat of the day; these friends, coiiipniiions-nnd helpers of ours, why should w e knock them on the bead, cut their .throats, nnd then swallow down their flesh and entrails? Nothing but a stern and terrible ncees sity could excuse so foul a deed) It is one from wbich a mini who hud never henrd of such n thing ! would shrink with horror nnd disgust horror at the slaughter, disgust nt eating the victim. What, kill my innocent, phivful pet lamb, ami then eat him ? Murder my cu'lf, thnt looks up at mo with such confidence from his grent beautiful eyes, and swnllow his reeking flesh ? Dntcher this njble ox. who has worked fur tne summer and win ter, so ninny years, and then swallow bis body? An undepruied humnnity wuuld turn with loath ing from such nn idea, it is use und habit alone 1 1 1 ut reconcile us to it. For when wc consider the formation, nud disposition, nnd endowments of these creatures, we must admit that they aro not far removed from us in tho scale of being. They hnvo bones much like ours, muscles of a similar organization, viscera alike fearfully nnd wonder fully made, hearts ever beating, lungs ever breath ing, blood flowing out through a thousand arteries, mid returning through a thousand veins, und n. brain nnd system of nerves presiding over all. ,, .1 . . i- J.1'"0 "T "re"8,' "''T"' tll"1,ei"il0,l?T, .r.uey nut thin rhey nut think, nud feel, nnd remember, nnd lovet Wliu" J(,u rt'lleL't UP" t. there is more difference. fleet upon t'P'e audit histw ei n an applo and an ox than between an ox ami a man. audi,! a egetiuiiin to turn ficsh-eatcr is more than for a flesh-enter to turn cannibal. Men eat oxen, nud dogs, nnd asses, and owls, and sometimes monkeys it is but a short step from any of these lo somo of the human species. I s-.enk of bodies now, not of souls, as I presume souls are never eaten. Y'cs, a trsh-entcr, it must be admitted, starting from tiie Vegetarian ground, hns gone a long wav tow ai ds being a cannibal. Men w ho cut human flesh are accounted feroci ous savages, though they do not nil hold this opin ion of themselves. I nm afraid that men are sav ages in proportion ns they feed on flesh. There nre two kinds of snvngeism this diet seems calcu lated to induce the active ferocity of the tiffr, and tho sluggish stupidity of the 6wine, which, though it will cat flesh, is a much moro decent nn i in n I when kept on a vegetable diet. For hiininQ examples I might select some tribes of the North American Indians and the Esquimaux. But I am not disposed to follow out this rgu merit, tjod hns seen lit lo crcuto enrniverous nni miils. but theie is no good reason to believe that he intended man to be one of them. But when men are like tigers und wolves nnd hyenas in their dis positions, it is but natural that they should be like them in their food. All lerociuus animals nr destined to be exterminated or change their natures mid ferocious man is among the number. Flesh is nut the food of high and pure natures, of noble purpose und varnest thought, of the high est art and the prnfoundest science. Flesh is not the aliment of intnlleclu.il development; fur though nations enting flesh have made considerable intel lectual progress, tho most intellectual n:cn of those nations have not fern such ns hnve eaten most flesh. It will bo found, on tho contrary, 1 ,i,;..tr ,i,. n ... r ...it,;.,., ;,.i..n..i.,,.i h,i. , . . , - . opuient und exercise have been sparing in the use of animal food, especially ..lien they liny wished! to lime the lull use ol their incomes. Sir Isaac New ton, in the exercise of Ills highest powers, was a Vegetarian, Byron, when he wrote his purest nnd noblest poem, wns a Vegetarian, Dr. Franklin built up the stamina of his strong common sense and eminently practical philosophy nn a vegetablo diet. From "Pytbngnras, the prs name nf antiquity, to the finest intellects of tho present, many great, and pure, and admirable men, and not a few of the greatest, hive been Vegetal-, inns. There nre pursuits to which a flesh diet may be better suited than one of vegetables alone. Men who have been in the habit of killing and eating animals ought to make better soldiers, so far as coolness and ferocity in killing is ooncerufd, than Vegetarians. A like training ought to make bt ter hunters, and truppers, and whalers, and butch ers, I am not sure that a jlesh diet may not aid a man in the practice of operative surgery, especial ly if be has had practice in but- hering and e-y ing. The semo kind nf experience should make ft man a pugilist , it duellist ; possibly It might help the ciimbativeness and destructiveness of a lawyer nnd it would so fur to blunt the sensibilities of a hangman. But I think it will be fou d that a flesh diet is not necessary to any profession that tbsj i.i . j ... i'JjN ' suuu witn. T. L. NICHOLS, M. D.