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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, March 10, 1855, Image 3

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THE A N T I - S L A V E It Y JJUGLE.
MR. GILLETT'S SPEECH.
, The New York Evening P gl'ng an Mcoont
f the discussion in the Senate on the bill to further
aid in the enforcement of the fugitive slave law,
jtWes the following account of Mr. Gillette speech
ten thj occasion t
Qillette, of Connecticut, gladly embraced tlie
cession of hie colleguc's revival of the slavery
question, to read so elaborate essay on slavery in
the District of Columbia, the horrors of the insti
tution being detailed end characterized in term
that 'would have evoked1 the Admiration of
an abolition conventicle. The strength of
In epithets, and the evident heartness with
which he applied them, had a reviving effect on
,the drowsy eouthern eenatore, (not to speak it pro
fauely.) like a long pole in a cage of monkoys.
Tbiy gathered around him as if he were a natural
curiosity, asking aH sorts of derisive questions,
about as germaue to his remarks as bis remark
were to the precise subject presented in tho bill bo
fore the Senate. Gillette, however, sailed on in
his lecture 'with upright keel,' unabashed, ntteiing
ort rotundo every "hurrid particular," and every
npalatable conclusion, tarnished with snatches of
aoVsUvory poetry, and in periods of ornate de-1
Buociatlon, as smooth and Well-rounded as the
theme of a collegian. The Connecticut senator is
a man of rather singular appearance, tall, thin,
with pointed feature, black hair and eyes, exhib
iting a highly excitable temperament, apparently
jposseisin ( more moral than physical courage.
The Senate never was regaled with such an en
tertainment before, and were it not fur tho lute
political demonstrations at the North, I doubt if
it would have swallowed it with even the bad grace
they did. Junes, of Tennessee, a western stump
orator, who snys little, but talks a grant deal, fol
lowed. As might have been expected, tlio theme
of his remarks was suggested by the outrageous
statements of Mr. Qillotte. Pcttit, of Indiana,
mentioned by Mr. Benton as "a dirty dog," dis
coursed passim on the difibront races of men, in
feriorand superior, neither affirming nor donylng
tbt eanine attribute charged upon himself.
A Black Woman aw White Legislators. -A
Jate New Orleans paper gives tho following. The
-chivalry are a oourageous ret to fear for their
throats for doing justice to such poople. This
woman had not learned to appropriate other poo
plei clothe, notwithstanding the example of white
church members around her in appropriating the
purses, the garment and the. labor of her com
panion and herself:
"Tbckx Fot'.so. On Tuesday morning a negro
'woman, who was passing along Oalvez St., near
the Canal, found a leather trunk broken open well
filled with clothing, papers, &c. The trunk also
contained six or seven gold watches, a lump of
California gold, about a hundred dollars in gold
coin, and a number of other valuables. With a
rare honesty, the woman closed the trunk and went
in search of a policemen, whom she informed of
the discovery, and then returned and watched the
trunk until he came with a dray. It was taken
to the First District Police Office, nnd this morn
ing the trunk was claimed by a man named John
son, who lives, we believe in in the rear of Per-dido-st.,
and who stated that the trunk had bcon
stolen from his room. . He proved his property,
:and took the trunk away. The honest old negro
woman who had discovered and guarded the prop
erty, supposed as every one else did she would
receive a handsome reward, but the penerous own
er very cooly informed her that he would not give
her a cent. The shout of derision which went up
from tho admiring crowd around would bave
brought the blush of shame to any less hardy check
than the undeservingly lucky owner of this recov
ered treasure"
How the legislature of Louisiana honor and
encourage such honesty as the above we learn
from a fact recorded in the same paper as the
above, in its legislative proceedings :
"Also a bill to prevent colored persons from
-testifying against whites."
Wixr at Tnc Sacrament. Most preposterous,
i the adliesi'on of our professodly temperance
-churches to the use of intoxicating liquor, on their
sacramental Occasions. Our experience is, that if
any one is desirous of loosing cast in tho temper
ance cause, be has only to rebuko in merited terms
thi flagrant inconsistency, and it is effectively done.
Horace Grecly in a recent letter to a Universalis!
paper, give this sacramental use of alcbolio wine,
-at a reason for not being a communicant in that
church. ( lie ay: .
Believing the ordinance of the Lord's Supper
ai now celebrated among us, a fearful impediment
to the rrogres and triumph of the principles of to
tal abstinence from all that can intoxicate, I have
for some time past felt it my duty to abstain from
it, awaiting and hoping for the day when Christians
of every name shall realize that the blood of our
Savior is nut truly represented by tho compounds
of vile and poisonous drugs commonly sold here as
wine, nor yet by any liquid essentially nlchoholic,
therefore intoxicating. If a few more would unite
in this pro.est, we should soon have no other wine
used in the Eucharist than that freshly and wholly
expressed from grapes a liquid no more intoxica
ting or poisonous than new milk or toast water.
And then we shall cease to hoar of reformed drun
kards corrupted and hurled back into the way of
rain by a vicious thirst reawakened at the com-.munioD-table.
TIPTON, March 3, 1855.
Editor Anti-Slavery Buglet
Diab Sia : In your paper of the 24th Feb. 1855,
which was sent mft by you for which I am under
great obligation.' I notice an article headed "A
kidnapping ease in Indiana," in which my name
i associated, which accounts for thicomuiumca-
tion. What object my old Friend Rigg, could
-bave had in making this connection I am unable
to define, and .hall refrain from alluding to any
thing so far as I am Concerned, as an individual
in that association, until I hear from him.
There was a slave captured, in this oounty
about the time alluded to in Rigg's communication
by his master,, a I have-since learned, and, too
'"without process," so fur as 1 know. At least
oar Sheriff informed me that no writ had ever
been placed in his hand, nor was there any excite.
.mam here or in the country about the matter. The
lave owned himself he belonged to the claimant,
nor has any minister bere proclaimed his anti-
slavery principles publicly as represented in the
communication nor 'is it necessary bere, because
there are but few pro-slavery men here, not with
standing that, they are law abiding; but would
resist any attempt, and at all haizards pre
vent any attempt, to jeopardise the liberties of
men, be tbey block or white.
' ' Yours truly;
HIRAM PRATHER.
Remarks. There are two statements made above
which don't seem exactly in harmony. The man
was arrested without process and taken into Sla
very, and there was no excitomont in Tipton or the
country round, Such coolnoss, is not to the credit
of any community. ' How to reconcile it, with the
subsequent statement, that the "law-abiding peo
pie of that region would resist any attempt to jeo
pardiie the liberties of men be they black or
white," Iswh.it we don't exactly understand how
to do., Beside it would have been vastly credita
ble to one or all of tbe ministers of Tipton, had
tbey spoken out against kidnapping "without pro.
cess," especially when the whole oommunity look,
ed on without excitement. For their credit we
are sorry Mr. Rigg's etatement is oalled in ques
tion. From Mr.rrather't statement it would teem
'kut ill tbt clcrjy ef th Jt r'jfloo art Me the men
described by the Prophet, "Dnrub dog which
cannot bark, sleeping, lying down, loving to slum
ber" and that too where tnon are robbed of their
liberty, without process of law, and in the midst
of law-abiding citizens.
UNDERGROUND RAILROAD EMERGED.
A friond in "the West" sends us the following
letter, marked "pi-irate." For tho very good reason
he assigns for communicating It to us, we venture
to give it to our roaders, making it sufficiently pri
vate by suppressing dates, names, and such facts
as would lead to an identification of porsons and
places :
, , 24,1833.
Editor Bugle Dear Sir: You may be glad to
hear that that the Underground Railroad has sud
denly emerged through an extont of fifty miles
east and west of this place. Yesterday a mombor
of Mr. s church at . brouzht to mv
house, at midday, in an open sleigh, with spirited
horses nnd plenty of bells, a noble looking colored
man, 35 years of ago, who left his master in Ala
bama on the of March last, and fearing the
bloodhounds nnd professional slave-hunters in N.
Alabama and Mississippi, he sought the less pop
ulous regions of Western Louisiana, Arkansas and
Missouri, guiding himself northward acrors tho
tributaries of tho great river, till he encountered,
tho severe storm.of Jan. 21st, which con fined him
six days to one camp, lint lie hau mutches ana a
little food, and did not porieh, believing, ns ho had
along done, that his prayers wcro heard and re
garded. At length, after completing eleven months"
in which no human dwelling had sheltered him'
a whito woman, to whom he had appealed for food
told him that he was in , and that few if any
men there would betray him to. his master. Fol
lowing hor direction, he was soon in the the cice
of Mr. , who clothed him cleverly aud for.
warded himto . Ho was to-day taken to
the principal hotel in this city, thenco to the rail
road depot, and forwarded with other passengers
to .
Many in this State said to hira "Good luck to
you, my boy"" God bloss you," Ac. Not one
put any obstacle ir. his way, or said to those arouufl
him " Why do ye so f "
Many have passed this way before, but in dark
ness and anxiety, on their own part and that of
their friends; never one in this public and fearless
manner. Truly, I record a change. May it tend
to your encouragement in a most important and ef
ficient labor. Vory respectfully yours,
CASSIUS M. CLAY'S LECTURE.
A large and intelligent audienco convened at the
Town Hall, on Tuesday evening last, to listen to
the address of 0. M. Clay, on the "Despotism of
Slavery." Tho speaker drew a true and startling
picture of tho relentless and almost resistless ty
ranny of the sluvebolding oligarchy that rules at
the South, and throughout the nation.
Mr. Clay's early espousal of the tho cause of
emancipation, his untiring zeal and industry hi the
w jrk in which he has engaged, and his lung resi
dence in the midst of the evils against which he is
so bravely warring, peculiarly fit him for,the task
of enlighteuing tho public mind as to tho character
and workings of slavciy. Ho closed his address
with a stirring and eloquent appeal to the friends
of freedom to do their utmost to arrest the ravages
of a system that is hastening the nation towards
hopeless despotism and ruin. The lecture, which
occupied an Hour ana three quarters, was listened .
'
to with tho deepest attention, and made an imprcs
sion on those who heard it that will, we trust, be
enduring. J.
Congress adjourned at about twelve o'clock
(noon) on Sunday, ' Here is a part of its closing
proceedings:
It is now 8 o'clocck A. M., and there is no
quorum present.
Mr. PRATT wanted to know whether it would
be in Older to direct the servant to bring in break
fast. Mr. WALSH askod if whisksy punches could
nut be iutroduced.
Loud laughter, and cries of "Good !" "Good 1"
"Well put the question," &c
A VOICE Send a biscuit to Pratt.
Mi PRATT I am hungry.
Many voices in succession "So am I." "So
am I."
Tho Sergeant-at-Arras was then dispatched in
search of members.
Other bills were then passed, under a suspension
of rules, and during the taking of the Yeas and
JN ays, the Clerk called Mr. lieuton s name, when
that gentleman ahpeared at the door of the main
aisle, and protested, with violent gesticulations,
ngainst his namo being called. He said he was an
ex-member, and that the session to-day was a libel
on the Sabbath.
Some confusion followed this episode, when the
SPEAKER, pro tern., Mr. Orr, told the gentleman
he was nut of order.
' Mr. BEN'TON' I am not a member.
The SPEAKER Then if the gentleman is not a
member, the liuorkeepor will put him out.
Loud laughter followed, with exclamations of
"Pretiy good" "That's the talk."
The galleries are densely crowded.
It was now 11 A. M.
Mr- OUR Moved, at 10 minutos to 12, that the
Hourse adjourn. Agccd to.
The appropriation to the Collins Steamers, was
vetoed by the President, but finally passed, in
spite thereof as an amendment tj the navy appro
priation bill.
The Thus American, of Erie Pa. publishes
Wendell Phillips' speech in New York, entire and
commends it to the attention of its readers not
withstanding the difference of opinion of its Edi
tor with the speech on the question of disunion.
The American advocates the unti-slayory charac
ter of tho Const'rfation, and is a straight-out, earn
estanti-slavery Paper.
New Hampshire. Tho Election in New Hamp
shire takes place on the 13th inst. John P. Hale
is Stumping the State, and aided by Lewis D.
Campbell and others. The Anti-Nebraska men
and the hunkers are waging a vigorous battle.
Toe EsfEnN War is nt a stand still. Tbe suff
erings nnd destruction of the beseigers are still
reprcsontcl as torriffic. What is the condition of
the Russians we know not. Tho allies seem to be
doubtful of their success in tuking Sevastopol.
JrsNT I.vnd !b to visit England next month on
a professional visit.
Senator Atchison, is hurrying on to Kansas
with General Stringfellow to regulate the spring
olection there, .. .
Toe W. C. Advocate publishes slave stories in
its "Oenoral Miscollany" on the first page. That's
progress.
Miss Martineaa is so dangerously ill as to leave
do hop fo- her recovery, llei disease is enlarge
iuDt 'A tbe heart.
From the Ann Slavery Standard.
RIGHTS OF COLORED PEOPLE VINDICATED
The hardships and insult si long tufT'-red by
tho colored people of this city, In consequence of
tho general refusal of omnibus nnd railroad pro-
iivioia tu ui'iuiib iiiuu. io enjoy uuuiii riiruis ua
1 . J . n . ..
passengers arc, we hope, nearly nt an emit the
nocKwcu
Supremo Court (Brooklyn Circuit, Judo .
presiding) having made a decision which places
that class of our citizens upon an equality with
all others. Tho deoision referred to was made
in tho caso of Elizabeth Jennings vs. tho Third
Avenue Railroad Company. Tae circumstances
attending the expulsion of Miss Jennings from
ono of the cars of tnat company, last Summer, as
published in tho Standard at tho time of their
occurrence, wore briefly these, vis. : MissJennings
w ho is n teacher in one of the public schools, nnd
organist in one of the oolorod church', got upon
ono of tho Company's cars on the Sabbath, to ride
to' church. Tho conductor finally undertook to
get her off, first alleging the car was full; and
when that was shown to be false, ho pretended tho
other passengers wero displeased at her presence ;
but she saw nothing of that, and insisted on her
rights, tie took hold ot her by lorce to expel her.
Sho resisted, thev cot hor down on the platform,
jnmincd her bonnet, soiled her dress, nnd injured
her person. Quite a crowd leathered around, but
she effectually resisted, and they were not able to
gut her off. Finally, uf'ter the car had gone on
turthor, they got the aid of a policeman, and suc
ceeded in getting her from tlio car. She instructed
her attorneys, Messro. Culvor, Parker and Arthur,
to prosecute the Company, togetlior with the
driver and conductor. The two latter interposed
no defence, the Company took issue, and the
cause was brought to trial on the 22d ult. Judp
llocktrcll gavo a very clear and able charge, in
structing the Jury that the Company wero liable
for tho ucts of their agents, whether committed
carelessly and negligently or wilfully and niuli
ciously ; that they wore common carriers, and as
such bound to carry all respcctnblo persons: that
adored persons, if aohcr, teell Miaeed, anil free from
discasei had the mime rights as others; and could
neither bo excluded by any rules nf the Company
nor by force or violence ; and in case of Buch expul
sion or exclusion, the Company was liable.
Tho plaintiff claiinoJ $500 in her complaint,
and a majority of the Jury were for giving hei tho
full amount ; but others maintained some peculiar
notions as to colored peoplo's rights, and thoy
finally ngreced on $25, on which the Court added
ten per cent, besides tho costs.
Tho Tribune well says: ''Itivilroads, steamboats
omnibuses and ferry-boats will bo admonished
from this as to tho rights of respectable colored
people. It is high time the rights of this class
of citizens wero ascertained, and that it should be
known whether they nro to be thrust from our
public conveyances, while German or Irish women,
wiiii a quarter ot inuttoii or a loau ot couilsh, can
bo admitted." It seems, however, that the Eiylith
Avenue kailroad Company is not yet williug to
to abolish its barbarous and inhuman rule. Th
following was reported in tlio 7'i'6ieon Monday:
A New York Scene. A little before 0 o'clock
on Saturday evening, i decent-looking colored wo
man cnterea one ot the JjiiMitli Avenue car? in
tanal street, and had reached the middle of it.
whou the conductor observed her nnd ordered her
to jo out, which she refused to do. teilinc him
that she wished to ride and had a right to do so, as
nuu recently occn established by a Judicial deci
sion in Brooklin. The conductor replied that his
ordors were imperative, and again ordered her
out. She still refused to go, when he clinched
her, and, with the aid of tho driver, after a des
perate struggle of some minutes, forced her into
the middle of the street where she was left in the
bitter cold, her clothes badly torn nrd herself
som:what injured. Tho passengers throughout
the fray manifested disgust at the outrage and
sympathy with its victim. None of them had in
dicated a wish that she should be exnellcd. Of
course tho -conductor was but obeying orders;
but where docs this place those who gave these
orders 1
Tho Rev. Pr. Pennington lias complained to the
Mayor of another similar case, which occurred on
the Kighth Avenue Knilroml, on Monday; Miss
Larolu.e feteilninn, of Urooklyn, n seamstress, on
l.n ... 'I' . i j' ! i i
her way to lw'titictli street, being forcibly pre
VPntpd nut ui t Iwtrttw. ll.n ovtmuia EArA.ilv ril
the weather from entering a car. Dr. Pennington
calls upon the Mayor "to restrain said Company
and its conductors from such a course of conduct
in future, and require them to observe the laws."
We hope the Mayor will comply with his reason
able request.
The, following which we copy from the Pitts
burgh Dispatch exhibits the hardship to which
oolorcd persons are exposed on our Western Steam
boats :
Colored Passengers in Western Steamboats.
The officers of Steamboats on our Western rivers
are placed in a dilemma by the following deois
ion o I Judge tarter, ot the Cincinnati Court or
Common pleas. If they take n passenger who
may afterwards prove to be a chattlo si ive, they
are liable in heavy damages to tho claimant of
such chattel, unless they hand him over to some
jail, for rc-delivery of such property. Hence the
usnge has boon to land every colored man, who
does not produce a proper pass, or free papers, nt
the first slave port officers being thusiniciuitouslv
compelled to become spies and slave-catchers to
search insult, aud soize passengers suspected of
bavin" African blood in their veins, and hand
then over to the slave pens. In pursuance of this
shanietnl, degrading usage, Oliver black ami an
other colored man were seized and sent buck to
to Concord, (Ky,) by the officers of the Mary
Stevens, nfter thoy had paid their fure to Ports
mouth, Ohio. The caso before tho Cincinnati
Court is thus stated in the Commercial :
Oliver Black vs. t tcamboat J'ary Stevens.
In January, 1848, the plaintiff and another
person, both colored, got on board the defendant,
at Concord, Kontucky, to go to Portsmouth, Ohio,
mid paid their faro to l hat place. After their fare
was paid, the officers of the boat tied them, took
thorn beyond Portsmouth to Greenupsburg, Ken
tucky, where they tried to havo them imprisoned
as runaway slaves, but the jailor refused to roceive
them; the officers of tho boat put then, on another
boat and had them taken back to Concord. T
recover damages for these injuries the suit is
brought.
Tho case was originally brought in the old Su
perior Court, mid on trial vordict and judgement
wore had for ten dollars for the pla'ntiffs. This
judgement was reversed by the District Court for
the reason that tho Superior Court h&d erred in
admitting proof of a usac in mitigation of dam
ages that officers of Boats wero in the habit of
imprisoning persons of color who came on board
from slave States, without record evidence of their
freedom.
The jury returned a verdict for plaintiffs for
$100.
Ball for plaintiff. Miner fur defendent.
The Rights of Colored People. In the case
of a respcctablo colorod woman, ejected from the
car of the Third Avenue Railroad, in iN'ew York
city, by the conductor, on account of her color,
Judgo Rockwell, of the Curcuit Court chargod as
follows:
That the Company wcro liable for the acts of
their agents, whether committed carelessly and
negligently, or willfully ami maliciously ; that they
were common carriers, and as such hound to carry
all respectablo persons ; that c Joied persons, if so
ber veil behaved awl free from disrate, hail thesime
rights as others; and could neither be excluded by
any rules of the company, nnr by force or violence ;
nnd in caso of such expulsion or exclusion, the
Company was liablo." ,
Tho complainant obtained a verdict of $225,
(half the amount claimed,) to which the Court ad
ded 10 per cent, besides tho costs.
The "Anti's" hold a meeting at Rochester, New
York, Feb. 28, and the Hindu K. N :'s came in,
and by yells and nsolonee sought to break it up.
Old citizens were put down, and the adopted were
most brutally assailed. The Hindoos, indeed,
showed a mob spirit. But the citizens bolted, and
very soon shamed them into silence. Su.h con
duct will not help nj cause cr party.
SENATOR CHASE OF OHIO-MOTION FOR
A COMMITTEE.
IN SENATE, Feb, 23. 1855
- .,..,, , . i ,- , , - '
nrocure to on tiiNi'lini-iTn.T ,-....
., . s . . " rr'au" "
.
TliO State of Michigan haii rpernllr r,nJ
law requiring ail prosecuting at'-ornics in their
J a
prosecuting nt'-urniGa in thnir ro-
epectiie dit-tiicts, diligently to protect, d-Tvud, and
arrested
e.
It also irivcs to such alleged ftmitive all Iho hon
ofits of tho writ of habeis corpus, and of trial by
jury j and prohibits, under scioro penalties, the im
prisonment of su jli fugitive iu any jail or prison in
tho State.
To neutralize as fur ns possible this law, Mr.
StiTnrt, of Michigan, on the B2d of February, uU'or
ed the following resolution of inquiry : Its consid
eration wns defeated by the well-timed objection ol
Mr. Chase, who took occasion at tho sauio time to
present a nuiiibcr of nioiiioriuls on the subject of
slavery, which had been accumulating iu Lis
hands.
UNITED STATES BUILDING IN MICHIGAN.
Mr. Stuart. I aslMcave to Introduce a resolu
tion to refer a subject to the Committee on Judi
ciary. It is to instruct them to inquiro into tho
propriety of eieotinir a Luildine in tlio citv of Lo-
foil, tti the State ot Michigan, for the confinement
oi iuuii persons as u snali become neccssnry to
confine umier tlio laws .f tho United States. To
show its necessity, 1 ask tho Secretary to rend the
resolution, and a law recently passed by the Legis
lature of tho United States.
Tho rcsolutiou is as follows:
licsolvcd, That tho Coromittoo on the Judiciary
bo instructed to inquire into tho propriety of pro
viding for the erection at Detroit, in tho Statu of
luiciiigun, ot suitable build
in :n iur n o saia Keen-
iiiiiof snub riersun. ... ,.- i ...I,;. .... . .
fiuenient under tlio laws of the United .State-i
Mr. Chase. I object to the consideration of the
resolution. 1 hold in mv hand. Mr. President, km
erul petitions of citizens of New York in relation 1
to slavery. It is my duty to present them to the
ounniu, iinu mo present seems a lilting time. I
purpose to state briefly the purport of each, nnd
thon to move that thoy be referred to a select Com
mittee. They present various phases of tho slavery
question. In one, the petitioners ask that the pro
tection of Congress may bo extended to citizens of
ono State traicling in anothor; in another, they
pray for the prohibition of the traffic in slaves
among the several Status ; in a third, thoy recom
mend the abolition of slavery in this District; in
another, they insist on the repeal of the fugitive
slave act; in another, they demand that slaves be
no longer sold under judicial process for tho pay
ment of ,'ebts to tho United States; in still anoth
er, they remonstrate against payment, out of the
Federal Treasury, for the negroes of tlio Amistad,
w ho were declared freemen bv the Snnrnmn l!uni-t
but claimed to be property by the Spanish Govern
ment; and in the last they tisk for the prohibition
of slavery nnd the slave trade in the territories ol
tho L lilted Mates.
These several petitions are signed, in part, by
the same, uud, in part by different individuals.
They were committed Iu my charge by a gentle
man of distinguished worth and high social
position. The signers are men of character
and substance, intelligent ai.d patriotic. They
have a light to bo respectfully aud fairly
heard. I move tho reference of these petitbns to a select
commijtee for sevoral reasons.
First, the importance of the general question of
o.iivury, wnicn nicy present under u i lie rent nsnects
justifies such a reference. No one here can fail to
observe Iho immense, not to say overpowering in
fluence which slavery exerts over almost every act
of the Government. It was hut yesterday that the
Senator from Pennsylvania Mr. Broadhcad) in
voked the aid ot Senators from tho slave S
against the proposed credit for duties on rai
m , I
lies on rai rnau
iroiu and intimated, not obscurely, that the loyal,,!
t bo affected In :
of Pennsylvania to tho South mi'irht
(Mr. Stuart) caused to bo read at tho Clerk's table
their .cfu.nl. To-day. the Senator from Michigan !
.. ... . t . .L . .i . , . ; . :
an act of the Legislature of his State, for
thn nrn.
- -t--- :
iu. .r it. ;flh.,i.: p i r i
r-oSuonc
..: 1...: .- . . . - . .. . r
ns icsouiuoii oi inquiry into the necessity ol pro
viding United States jails at Detroit. Thus, on
every side, we confront this question. Hardly a
question, indeed, I may say, no subject comes
before Congress which is not, nearly or remotely
affected by considerations and influences grow
ing out ol tlio institution of slavery. No attempt
io nettie mis slavery question has yet succeeded.
Adjusted by One Compromise, it demands another;
settled ajjain, it is again renewed. Tho very
Compromises, by which it was adjusted, aro bro
ken by 'itu power. Such a question, so important,
and so importunate, so persuasive and so controlling
certainly deserves tho consideration of a select
Committee.
Secondly, I submit that the ordinary rule of leg
islative proceedings requires such a reference. All
memorials and all propositions, according to the
common courso of parliamentary action, should be
referred to a fuvornf.de, or, at least, to an impartial
committee, hvery senator knows that tho stand
ing eoinmittcs of this body to which these petitions
might be otherwiso appropriately referred, are so
constituted, that the petitioners could not expect
from them even nn impartial, much less a favorable
consideration. A reference to a select committee is
therefore necessary to secure for these petitioners
that candid and liberal hearing which American
citizens havo a right to domaud from the national
Legislature.
Thirdly. I beg Senators to consider whether jus
tice to brothor Sonltors and members of the other
House of Congress, who share, in n greater or less
degreo, the sentiments of theso petitioners does not
require the reference which I propose. It. is very
common to impute to cartain Senators, myself
among them, fanatical notions on the subject of
slavery. A groat deal of I0060 representation, and
not a little gross misrepresentation of our opinions,
is propagated through tho country. Certainly it is
but fair, and I hopo Senators from all sections will
agree to this, to give us an opportunity for stating,
in the authentic form of a report, our real views,
and our plan for the final settlement of this great
question, for tho consideration of Congress and the
country. Let it be soen whether we are fanatics,
or whether we aro sincere men, holding only in
good faith the opinions of Washington and Jeffer
son, of Franklin und Adams, and seeking only
uicir just nna impartial application to legislation
und administration. We are uo longer
able in nunioer here, and we represent a majority
it the voting population of the t'nioti. Under such
circumstauccs, 1 respectfully ask, how can a refer
ence to a select committco be denied with propriety
or justice.
Finally, sir, it is duo to tho people of the slave
States, nnd to the slaveholding class iUelf, that
this reference should be ordered. Thoy ounht to
havo coircct and authentic information ns to the
views nnd purposes of those who agree in tho gen
eral with these petitioners. I have already said
that I believe they constitute at this momenta ma
jority of the electors of the country. Parties have
hitherto restrained their action. ISut party tics,
as we have been made to see clearly, duiing tho
debates of the lust two days, visibly decay, wax
old and are read to vanish away. Instead of the
old partios, now organizations arise. Through these
new organizations, or over them, the people will
assert their supremacy; und the people are against
sluvory.
We are uo longer incunsidcr-l
Under these circumstances, what interest can
the slave States have in suppressing the clear ex
pression of distinct opinions on this subject 7 Is
it not bettor for them to know what the opponents
of slavery in the free States really propose to do?
Why should they fight shadows and phantoms I
Why not inform themselves accurately and care
fully of real facts and the actual situation f Sure
ly, sir, it is hotter that each section of the country
shorfld fully understand what the other sections
wish or propose in reference to matters of suoh in
terest, if real dangers exist they can be best en
countered when clearly seen and fully understood.
If no real danger exist, true information will dispel
needless alarms.
It is not my habit, Mr. President, to make long
speeches. I confess to some reluctance even to
make this motion, and to say what I have said.
But I seek no debate. I morely propose a refer-
tncts that a dommitre my c.'DHer and report.
For this sufficient time remains, and I trust that
my motion may ue agrcec to.
Tho petitions nnd the motion of Mr. Chase to re
for tliom to a solou t committee, were, on motion of
Mr. T nler. laid on the table, by tho follow inj
I r t . e rt
a-obs, 4-J j ays, n.
veto:
DioxiTTor Coior. Some men have no other dig
nity than that of a palo face. As is natural, su:l
persons make the most of their small capital. One
of those male bipeds, was seated in the car, nt Al
bany, and, as the manner of some of the meanest
is ho squatted on the whole territory while others
were standing in the car. IUv. J. V. Loguen, a
he can, In a vory gentlemanly manner enquired
"Is this teat beside you taken." "Yes it is."
(Lie No. 1.) Whore m tho gentleman who claims
itr "He hot tpt out." (Lie No. 2.) . "Then I
will take it until he return." "You will hsve to
give it up pretty quick." (Lie No. 3.) "Oil very
wen a win uo so.
Woii ik. i.:.. .i . . i - .
n ell the lying gentleman sat in a pout for om 1
tuuo bristling up monstrously, with a sort nf imr-1
cupine tour-li-nio-no1 sort of a stare. But the di'
mcnsions or Loguon longitudinally, are quite ex
pansive, so he did touch tho thing, "Keep your
foot off mine will you" growled the hedge bog.
"Certainly, sir. Kxcuso mo," said L. cfiioking his
loft pedal evtremity slightly. But nothing would
avail. Bustling up the touchy m m said, "Let mo
out of here." "Do you wish to move your seatt"
said Lnsruen with a bland nir. And off nushed
the Little one With a quiet subdued respectful
air that iniif.u have wrought marvellously umiii the!
man's mind 1,'iuiren remarked. "I'm afraid if
you go ateny, I sha'ut know the man whose se.it Y
git, ichen he romcs 1" Oreuted with a laugh of do-
rmon, the fu.low went o9 by thestovo saying some
thing ab(.iit"uiggei'" that brought dowu upon hi
neau a lernuio uooa ol m iiaanl reuiiKe troin or.
i.- ...i... i , . 1 . . ,
"'-Jr UJ " kuew A-ogucn io ue a man.-nesigm.
Mor.s Ltr.n. Snrs are in progress in Na a York.
In the Ca?e of Fl'V VS. Bennett. i:l whirh A Tnrdii'l
" 510,000 was given against tho bitter, a now trial
has been trained uron some technical noint
Whereiipun Mr.Fry addresses a letter to the public,
and prints it in the Tribune, in which he accuses
Bennett of extorting $13,000 from a merchant who
was in the house of Kosina Townscnd on the night
Helen Jewett was murdered, nnd of finally driving
thai b, shall sue Fry'and tbTaUZ I
r- .,., AnnaJ l at.AmnM fieri
f i . n.v ."ivu tti oinivuiUHVi UUU VettlUI vJ1-'i
000 damages.
"SusQuiPEDALlAn Words." Tho Boston Atla. in
alluding to Senator Houston's lecture usee tho' l'ol-1
lowing lansruago
Certainly, a weaker defence of slavery than Gen
Houston's wo do not remonibcr to have road. The
amiable apologies of Dr. Adams rise into marvels
of logiu when compared with thoso of tho Texan
Senator; and even Dr. Cox that wonderful com
pound of garrulity nnd grammar seem rational
in spite of his sesquipedalian word sand unrelent
ing butchery of the English tongue. The lecture
was weak, wandering nnd inconsistent; it urjed
nothing now, but s utcd tho old points, in no very
novel way.
Horace Mann- tv tiie PctPiT. We hear that
the Hon. Horace Mann, the President of Antioeh
College, has become a communicant in the Church
known in the West as "The Christian Denomina
tion," nnd line recently officiated as a preacher in
several of the Christian and Unitarian Churches
Ohio, with grent acceptance. He conducts the en
tire exercises, and his services as a preacher arc
sought in tho liberal Churches of the West. The
institution over which he presides it represented
as King in a flourishing condition. Boston Trans-
cnpl, teo. 4.
N.AVKRr
.. p .i r
oi mo journal oj commerce snys: "iho Vicroy
the introduction of slaves iuto his provinces: but
...... -i i . . ' '. .
'rMT"'8!!!!.!!
IV ' " : "--.7...ir"u',i
r in Eovrr. The Paris correspondent
mat of Commerce snys : "The Vicroy
t" ..!:"Tm."J,.M.rlp,,V0 C(!ns,ut'? f
,tc .'u-cuiiiihii. . me in. i. -a. aver v orincinie. now.
' .....i.u. uu. u ujpiiura u uiiiiue lesillUO'
ns ot travelers, that there is a m nn.nl...
n-
d The lot of ,1,
ill
a large nnmber of
majority wretched enough
The new Tostage Bill provides that for !t,tnr
going less than 3,000 miles the postage shall be
three cents,-and over that distance it shall be five
cents, except w here tho postal treaties with other
shall prevent. It further nrovides that,
after the 1st of January, 1S50, all tho letters shall
be pre-paid, and that done with stamps; also, that
labium iiriiiiiiiiiug mui.ey vbu uo registered, so as
to show that they have been sent, but in no instance
to make tr.e Department responsible fur them.
Philadelphia. March 5.
Yesterday morning a female slave, belonging to
a geimcuiuii 01 Liouisiana was taicen irom a vessel
of Newcastle, Del., by the pdice of this citv, and
a kidnapper mimed R. Warwich was arrested, and
had been committed.
The money market is growing easier and easier
on the seaboard. At Boston tho suply is ample at
o percent, in 1110 naiiKs, inrge houses refusing to
pay that on call. In New York the money market
is reported "very easy," and "the supply of liiouev
on call increasing."
Homeopath? in Michigan. A bill has passed
both branches of tho Legislature of Michigan, re
quiring the Board of Regents of the Michigan Uni
versity to establish a Chair of Homeopathy in that
institution.
Sty Anthony Burns was in New York on Friday,
and made a modest, sensible speech, at Dr. Pon
nington's Church.
The Indiana Legislature have passed the State
Bank Bill, and the Free Bunk Bill over the Govern
or s veto, and thoy aro now laws.
Rccoived into the Treasury ' of the Michigan
Anti-Slavery Society, for tho month ending Feb,
4th, 1855. To redeem pledge.
Mrs. Lewis, $3,00
J. II. Parker, 5,00
Asa Wilson, 1,00
Priscilla A. Lukins, t00
Collection taken by tho Griffings at the Covo-
nnntors Church, near Brackvillo. Indianu, 2.42
Collection at w alcottsville, A oble county, Ind. 4,-10
Collection at Lima, Indiana, 2,82
SAMUEL HAYBALL, Treasurer.
Receipts Bugle for the week ending Mar. 7.
Samuel Myers, New Lisbon,
Cyrus Mercer, New Wntoifurd,
Simon Meredith, Akron,
James Craig, Lima,
John Meok, . "
G. L. Gale. Northport,
Amos Fowler, Ann Arbor,
L. A. Bonr.ey, Linesvllle,
H. B. Rice,
Lydia Gardner, Northville,
$1,50-546
1, "0-533
25-484
1.50543
1.50-543
1,50 542
50-504
2,75-490
25-500
3G-4cS
Boarding and Day School!!
MRS. H. BIBB
WOULD inform her Friend and former Patrons
that she has resumed her school at Windsor, where
she has made arrangomeuts to Board in her family,
Pupils from a distance.
Having procured an Assistant in the Sowing
Department, instruction will be given iu the follow
ing utuncnes :
Reading, Plain Sowing,
Writing, Knitting,
Arithmetic, Worsted Work,
Geography, Leather Work, m
Grammar, Pencil Drawing,
Phisiology, and
Philosophy, . Colored Crayon Painting.
History.
Person In the States wishing to co-operate with
Mrs. Bibb, will please addrcts her at Detroit,
Michigan! In Ceoadri, Windsor, Canada Woe.
Jan. 20.1&5J.
PROSPECTUS OF THE UNA.
1.. ,r ; . . ,- --- -a
nng aimosi every vanei vol ni uion nna upoo eii
..t! - .i.t':. .:n 1 ...
" V v'u"""v l" . ,
unl and natural, the science of association ijr the
re-orgftni(ation of Sjoiety, and individual dev-l ip
In annonnoitig a new Volume of thlsrer!odi"t
we doeni it essential to rail the attention cf tit
reading publlo to the claims it tndj have, upon
them for patronage. ; ,-,
The woman' right movement Laving become
ono nf eo much importance a to enlist almost
very variety cf character and ehnde pf cpltioai
it has been deemed needful that a correct .history
of Its progress might be preserved; it demand
truthfully presented end it philosophy theft
oughly treated that there should be one pcrtilici
through which those most interested could litit
utterance. . .
Political pApers or tWo devoted t special re
forms are alike unsuilcd to present a question 1M
rolling so much ol truth ns this, ore which need,
the fairest the most candid end careful examine
tion and consideration. .- -
Our paper ha been free tn It character ejmiij
Peter, Lizzie Linn whose story of J'mnrriage tl.
"'v nlt"riintive," 'opens with ibe- first numlKir ft
ment, will oauh receive their due bai of attcn
tiun.
Our contributors a fnw of whose nnmrs we glvi
will bo warmly greeted by our readers Mr. Dell,"
Mrs. E. Oakes Smith. Mr. K J. Lames, Mra. t.
D. Gage. Mr. E. Cheney, rjiw , in. l'aris, Mr
the New Year and is ijuitu worth the prire of the
paP". ......
Tho um!r.es department i f the pnpor l.aylorf
passed into other band wiih eicry prospect ot
permanence, wo feci a confidence in pressing hj
claims fjr support ar.d attention. . .
Its pii?e ii one dolUr per annum, peynblo fn
variably in advance. All business letter, chouid,
bo addressed potd-paid to S. C. Hewitt, 16 Frank
lin St. Boston Maes. t
Communications designed for the pnpCT to 1'JT
Editor, P. W. DAVIS.
THE EMPIRE.
h
tu
A
ited 1:
FIRST-CLASS BRITISH JOURNAL, F.I
by George Thompson, lute M. 1. ,Thi tng
policy, the politics, and the institution of England.
and with European affairs generally. It will be
faithful ex!bnent of popular progress, aud the.
chronicler of all the important reformatory move,
ments of the ago. Constant and ample notice will
be taken of the stuto of the anti-slavery question,
on both sides of tho Atlantic. The following ex,
tract from the Editorial Address embodies the fuit
damcntal principles of the Empire:
" 1)7(1 1 hart letn during the whole curse if
my public life, that I shall inflexibly remain, the
ardent friend nnd supporter of Fice-trade and tha,
rights of industry of the absolute and perfoct.
equality ol nil religious sects ot the largest prac
ticable increase of the independent political power;
of the poople of Justice to our colohies, and es
pecially to the conquered subjects of our vast In,
diun Empire of the exercise of tho moral influ
enco of this nation in favor of tho total and uni
versal extinction of slavry nnd the slave tradp
and, finally, of the Christian principle of peace,
especially the substitution of pacific arbitration
in all international disputes, for the present sense.
less, absurd, and bloody appeal to the sword: anil
the gradual overthrow of tho;e gignntio militart.
institutions of Europe, which menace the tranquil
ty of thi world, are the strongest bulwarks o(
despotism, and the most formidable obstacles to.
the advancement of civilization, and the triumphs
of pure and undcfiled religion."
Tho terms to American Subscribers are Five
Dollars per Annum, to be paid in advance. Sub
scriptions will bo received by tho E'.'itor of tbe
Bugle, Salem, Ohio.
others in durability, beauty of finish and srtistie
style. Our facilities for operation nre of the most
ample and improved order, consisting in pert of ma
countries chincrv to rjolish the rdnte. Bv it we- nre Miiihln!
TIIE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENEStf
nUNT & BOONE,
Have opened, in Johnson & Horner's block, til
largest nnd finest Dnguerreian Rooms in Eastern
Ohio, where they nre constantly taking picture
(exclusively on Galvanized Plates) surpassing all
to givo the highest polish, without which a fine fila
ture cannot be taiccn. uur
OUR SKY-LIGHT
IS OF MAMMOTH SIZE ASD SVFFICIENt
TO TAKE SIXTY PEBSOXS OX A
SIXGLE PLATE.
PRICES RANGE FROJI 37 J CTS. TO TE!f DOLIAU.
Ladies and gentlemen are requested to call and
examine our specimens.
Salem, Dec. 17, 1853.
BUCKEYE FOUNDRY;
EXOS L. WOODS,
CO LI' .TIBIA N A, COLIJIEIANA CCIMI, ClIllT
Steam (Engine BuilDcr;
STEAM ENGINES of various sixes, constrbet-"
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot faijf
to give as good satisfaction as any now made.;
Patterns of all kinds, made to order. All work
made of good material, nnd warranted to give a
good satisfaction as any other
r eb. 11, iSo4.-tr
HANLEY I CARPENTER'S f REUlCa
DAGUERREAN GALLERt!
IS now completed, and ready for reception. W"e.
have gone to considerable expense in fitting up, U)
operate with advantage! and w ith rcfcieuce to the, .
comfort and convenience of those who may favoj.
us with a call; in short, we aro perms uoully lo
cated Our rooms nre in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 6."
Call and see us. You will Cud our reception rooms
neat and comfortable.
OUlt SKY-LIGHT
Can be eurpassod no where in the State. Otf'f
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages,' taken uri
like, or no charge 1 1 Our prices range from 4Q
cents, to .0 dollars. I'ast experience, and present,
advantages, enable us to take Good Likeuestts, at
very reasonable Bates. Being, ,a!so( posted, in alt
tho rocent improvements of Iho art', our time ani
entire attention shall bo to render full satisfaction.
Sick or docoased persons taken at their rooms.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Porsons wishing Pictures taken on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without extra charge, e
s3)ri;ooins open irom o o clock, A. M.. until 0
P. M. June 31st. 1853.
J. C. & W. SAYERY,
WholesaleDruKsistsStManufacturlntChemista:
No. 311, Market Street, above Eighth'.; '
Philadelphia:
Offer for the attention of Country Dealers,' ' t
general bsaortment of DRUGS, MEDICINE
CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, YA
NISHES, Ac, Ac '
August 5, lS54.-3m.
JAMES BARNABY, . !:;
MERCHANT TAILOR.
Xorth Side MainSt,, fine Door lYest of tieSalim
Book-Store, Salem, Ohio.
Coate, Teste, Pants, Ac,' Made to Older and Wei
rantea to uive tistaetion. i
The Tailoring Business In all his BrancbM' li."
vied on ae heretofore.

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