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T II E A N T I - S L A X E It Y 1! U G E E .
Miscellaneous. From the American Phonetic Journal. QUAKER JUMPING A DITCH. Hoick! ill Broadbrim was ft fat Quaker In flic: Slate of Xew Jersey, who had sold molasses, Cod-' fish, cliinfi, oarthonwnrc, clothes, nnd nil Sorts of j liquors. Wo. like the Qnnkers, in deed, ns well hl In name, and Hezckiah was a Hickory (Junker.! Ho will somewhat of nti old batehelnr, nnd hnd n sister wliu was somewhat of nn old maid ! Mutt sho was iho best creature nlive: straight ns a can-1 die, blooming ns a rose, and 'smiling ns charity I Her name was Pfirens. i Ilezekiah and Duron walked out one Sunday afternoon in the blooming month of Muy, to breathe I tho fresh nir, nnil view tho meadows. The walking! was smooth and delightful, with no manner of ob-' strtictions, except here and there a ditch full of'j water, tpnnned by a few hedges, nml too wide for' a man of ordinary jumping capacity to cross it at I a single bound, liut Henekiah valued himself, as fit people commonly do, on his utility ; and instead of walking a few rods for the sake of a bridge, ho j must needs leap every ditch he came to. "Tliee'd better not" try that, Uocekiah," said his kiutl aud considerate sister. " Xever thee mind, l)orca9," repliod Hexekiah, " there's no danger ; I've jumped a bigger ditch when I wasn't half my present size." "All Hints very likely j hut recollect tnces grown exceeding pursy since thee was a young man !" . " Pursy I Well, if I have, that's no reason why I shouldn't be ns agile ns before; 1 tell thee. Dorcas, I can jump this ditch without so much as! touching a Hnger." "Aye, but thee'Il touch thy f.'ct to the bottom."! "Theo's but a woman, Dorcas, nud thy fears magnify this ditch even to a river. Now stand thee aside, that I may have full sweep according to abilities." '" Nay, brother llczekiali, tliee'd better not. The ditch is wide and the bottom muddy and thee'Il assuredly spoil thy Sunday clothes, ft' no worse." "Ohftidgo for thy fears, girl ; they shall nutl stay me a jot. Nny.'do not hold mc, fur I'm ro-l solved to jump this ditch, if it wore merely to con vince thee of my agility." Accordingly, llczekiali went back a few yards, in order that he might have a fair run, and that the impulse thereof might carry him over. J Living retreated far enough, ho came forward with a mo mentum proportioned ti his weight and vol Ol'ltV -...I f,...n.l ).;...D.r i. .j:. .i. 'i'l i f . i around on nil sides . o.i i.,.Ait,i Ln,i.,,J clothes af 1) ireas, who could not, with all her Qua ker sobriety and kind feeling, help bursting into a loud laugh. There was llexekiah, showing his agility (!) nnd floundering in the mud like a w hale 1 The water was not so deep as to be dangerous and the scene was too irresistibly comic for even a B.iint to nbstaiu from laughing, though on the Lord's day. At length, when her risibility wiuld allow her the power of speech, Dorens kindly held out hcr hand and said " Come hither, Ilezckiah, and I'll i..,i .1. " V ell. we I. returned the loundored. in a tone of vexation " tlico docs well, Dorcas, to stand thoro ani laugh nt me as though it were mere sport to see me stick in tho mud and water up to my very middle !" "Nay, nay, Ilezekiah, thee has shown thy agil ity so inarvel iusly, that I could not help being pleased for tho lil'e of mo nnd now I take shame to myself for having opposed thee so strenuously, - J . If .... ' gle moment doubted thy capacity . : or for having a sin for jumping. But if thee's satisfied w ith thy ex ploit, and ready to cumc forth, I will lend theo a liand to help thee out." Thus saying, Dorcas drew near to thc ditch but ir,ni;.A h,.; , i.:...Jnii- ;., .... i,; i.i nnwer dpelirpdhp n-nnl.l apt himself not in the ... an 1110 way liut tho mud was deep nnu nuhcvc nnd as hegot one foot out, he got the other in ; and thus he continued to labor and Tplune, till ho was f,.ll B.itUflon' hin-n hii;w holfo pnl,..,l,.tp,l to help him in than to help him out of the ditch 1 if. . i. . - r . . i . . l " . i... i.e crew wruin, anu so iar ioriroi ine pniiu lau- guai'e that he exclaimed " By" "Don't thee sweir brother llczekiali " inter-' runted Dorcas ' ' . " Swoar'" roared llczekiali "tliee'd swc'r too if theo was in here'" ' ' '! " Swear'not at all Ilezekiah but even lend me I thy hand, and Ml use my ability to pnll thee out, ! accordimr to iIip scrintorp which saveth Ml thine 1 ox or thine ass full into a ditch on tho Sabbath I i thy stupidity, it was indeed unsisterly to liken thee! to the long eared animal. But if thee is satisfied on those points, and will forthwith reach me thine hand, 111 do as much as in mc licth to bring thee ' safe to land." ! Ue.ckiah was pretty well convinced by thisVnne, , that his own nl.ilitv would never fetch him out : i w herefore, humbly reaching out bis hand to Dorcas, day' " " Now, sister, thee is too bad. Verily, theo would not make me so heavy as the former animal, nor so stupid as the latter. " As to thy weight," returned Dorcas, " thee must be pretty well satisfied by this time ns for he snid "Verily, sister, I will accept thy nid, in asmuch as my own ability doth deceive mc." Dorcas kindly lent him assistance, and by pull ing vigorously, Ilezekiah nt length came to land. Sliiikinr? off the mud and water like a snnniel he returned home, but charged his sister, by the way, i never to mention how he came to his catastrophe. ; Dorcas promised, of course, and as sho was a girl of truth nnd kind feelin", she was ns pood ns her I word. But. once or twice, when they were in com-1 pany with sundry other Quakers, discoursing verv 1 soberly, Dorcas looked archly at another girl, and j merely said I uia i ever ten tnce, Kaciici, now urotner nez- ih, one Sunday" I Ilezekiah turned nn cmbarrnssed nnd imploring' look towards her, and she said, " Nay, nay, Ileze-1 kiah, I'm not going to tell merely to ask if I ever told how thee showed thy agility one Sunday, and ! jumped into the middle of a ditch. j IRVING'S RESIDENCE. r The house at "Sunnyside," in which Washington Irving resides, is one he built sonic three years ago. It in about two and a half miles below Tarrytown eiirontlv nn thm Kiiiilrti i,f t)iA lliiliitn If lu Iiiu It ' on the site of the "Van Tassel Hons." In fact the new structure includes a portion of the old walls. At an earlier day it was called "Wolfert's Boost" j Wolfert Acker being one of the Privy Councel- ors of the renowned Peter Stuyvcsant. Afterwards it camo into the possession of thej Van Tassels. It was here that the quilting party and dnnco took nlaco, so graphically described in ino uegenus oi sieepy iionow. n was nere nmi i the unfortunate Ichabod Crane and Brom Bones unequivocally met, both being suitors for the hand and heart of Kate Ynn Tassel. Your readers will recall the amusing incidents of thnt story, nnd es pecially the last appearances of Ichabod Crane. A weather cock of miserable appearance is pech cd on the gable of the main building. It was once the ornament of old St.idt House of New York in the time of the old Hutch rule. C The house is surrounded by trees some wild and some planted by Irving. The buildings are nnrlu.ni-.i..,l ...l.l. ..I. ....I '.. '.. u, .j v" vio. ni ill I lilt,. lll.U UI CUlitTB. XIIJ iruiu- pet Flower .nd the Ivy Vine are the most console- uous of thoin. j The Ivy, which grows unusually rank, has ape-j eutiar interest. It was brought from Melroso Ab bey, near Abbotsford, Scotland, some 20 yean a"o. It was brwught by Mrs.T'euwich, nn intimate friend of Mr. Irving, and planted at "Sunnyeide" by her own fair hands. ' ' 1 .;Thi4lady was a Miss Jean Jeffrey, llor father was a inipister, and it was of this lovely girl, then about !., that Burns wrote two beautiful stanzas, among the gems of his poetry. Detroit 1'ribune. JlnKBEBjIiJ-PlSKsaJ M wikiud nre nlwnys happier for haviug been happy ; so that it you make them happy now, you aiay twenty years henco, by the memory of it. A cuildbcod passed witn due mixture or me, a iccnnj nr cairn picas- ur;Ad.in extreme old age is the very j;wt remem brance which time can erase from the mind of man. Our enjoyment, however inconsiderable, is confined tithe prcdeAt moment 1 A bian Ss the happier for havi ig made once an agreeable to or, or lived for a-Jell4uf liiae with pleasant petple, or enjoyed any considerable interval of ianoceat plotuurc. -Sundty Srkool I'httor. THE WORLD WOULD BE BETTER FOR IT. -my I I j I If hex carej lesfor wcallli and fame, And loss for battle-fields and glory ; IT writ iu human hearts, a name, Seemed better tlinn in song nnd story t If men, instead of mining pride, Would learn to bate it and abhor it If more reliod ' On love to guide, The world would be the better for it. If men dwelt less in stocks nnd lands, And more in bonds and deeds fraternsl ; If love's work bad more willing bands. To link this world to tho supcrn.1 ( If men stored up love's oil and wine, A The world would bo tho better for it. If man would art the play of live, And fewer spoil it in rchersal ; If bigotry would sheath bis knife, 'Tilt (iod became more universal ; If custom, gray with ages grown, Had fewer blind men to adore it If talent shono In truth alone, The world would be the better for it. I ,Vnd on bruised human hearts would pour it, i If "yours" nud "mine' Would onco combine, I If man were wi?c in little things All'ectingless in all their dealings ; If hearts had fewer rusty strings To insulate their kindly feelings ; If men, w hen wrong bears down the ri Would strike together .inu restore it If right made might In every fight, The world would b the better for it. . A RIDE BEHIND THE SNOW PLOW. the covered track, and thriiu ! Among the things which I have always longed to see, is the work of the snow-plow, din en along ; ed into decn cuts, lhis 1 have at lengtti seen The train cann to Watcrtowu from Cnpc Vincent" N. Y., with two engines nnd a snow plow. When we reached I'icrpont .Manor, the conductor kindly acceded to my wish to go forwatd nnd take a berth with the engineer. I was soon in position. For two days it had been storming. The nir was murky and cross. The snow was decending, not peacefully nnd drenmilv. but whirled nnd made ! ' - '-i icaped snows drift. ; wild by nercc wimM. i no uresis were laucn wu n now, and their interior looked murky nnd dread- nu as a witcn s oen. i iiroiiKii sucn scenes i no. """.. vi. i '"" "n engineers and nremon were contei witn snow irom noau to ioor. nnu iookcu use miners wno nnu never i The briislied tneir eoats lor a generation, ino ltoor on which we stood was ico nud snow halt melted. I ihe wood was coated with snow. Ihe locomotive: was frosted all over with snow-wheels, connecting axels, and everything but tho boiler nnd; unioiie-si.iiK. i .o s.uo ...... ... ..t w.m.uws ral.ivail with .rnatd nl i.-p nnd nn v Hirm.irh unn lif-l f - - :.: "i , , i tin onnl in tl,n u'.nilitw nvpp thp lin.lpr .'....III I lippr 1 glazed witn crusts oi ice nnu oniy iiirwign one nr.-! tie spot in tho window over the boiler could 1 peer'anj ; out to get a sight of the plow. The track was in-: .nstinguisiiaoie. j iici e v. iiow....g 10 r) v ldungiug through toresis at random. And tlnsi ir.ii-A iininonn ovi'ilompiit rn tlin Ri'onn. whnn two 1 ' , . . . . ponderous engines were apparently driving us in . 1 uvh 1,11 outlandish excursion. But their feet ' l we,' sure. unomngly telt t heir way along 1 lh,'T roa1' 80 U,ttt ,ww"e h(;ld Ur C0.urB?8-, ........ h . i. ,v ------ guiue iiiouiigiou ui ooo nay ...u.u ... ... w miiur. It seemed as if wo wero going ncross fields nnd ' l- u .i. r..ii..aD :i. ...i : u organ. ...noi-, ... g.-n-nu....!. ...i iiiu: ' flllls' ln tl0 curvature of its drift-lines and in the curves which it makes when streaming off tin j ';eitlier Bld0- . " was never long the same. If the -pho snow was thin nnd light, the plow seemed to play ndirly with it, like nn artist doing curious things! f,,r1sP't' .W,R " " exquisite curves, that rose ,ind fcl1, T"verea !,mf k'." they ran. Ihen 8ud-;diiU1s Uen,y ,kln!! a umt lllat lia!' P".eu aoros9 tlie .. nun., .r , ","i." "j , plosion, twenty nnd thirty feet, in jets nnd bolts ; or like long-stemmed sneaves ot snow-wncat spend fan-like insntly, the drift past, the snow seemed . ny iiisuiici oi ..a on . 10 .....at., u .u . ..j "sa.... in exquisite curves, mat rose aim icu about our P10"-. B"K'r, ' mt 'Jeep " o only saw-the hrst dash, as if tl,0,r;low 1111,1 .'truck t,' ba"ks of snow before it , V ,l! I1 on its graces, anil shot it distracted and lien,ll""K UP nnd du" n 011 elV'cr sldc hko 8Pray or ; Itying ashes. It was but a second. For the fine snow rose up , round tho engine, nnd covered it liko a mist, nnd sucKing rnunn, poureu in upon us in sueeis nnu clouds, niingling with the vnpor of steam, and the smoke which from impeded draft, poured out, filled , the engine-room and darkened it, so w o could not see each othcra loot distant except ns very filmy spcetors glowering nt each other. Our engineers had on hufhilo coats, whoso natural hirsutoness was made moro shaggy by tags of snow melted in- to icicles. To sec such substantial forinschanging. back nnd forth every few moments from a clearly ' earthly foym into a spectral lightness, as if they w ent back and forth between body and spirit, was not a little exciting to the imagination. hen wc struck deep bodies ot snow, ttio en eki gine plowed through them laboriously, quiver- ing and groaning with the load, but shot forth, ngnm nimble ns a bird, the moment the snow grew liWit. "nothing seemed wilder than to be in ono of those wniriing stljrnl8 0f 8,0ke, vapor and snow. You on one pondius monste close behind fastened b.gethcr and looming up, 1" rrr' , .:..:. .. i. : : . ii ' ; Zr ! Bill II Mill IIO HUM IIULI llllllllt, nill.ll IIIIUI i. .tri I . ...I.:.. I. : : t ! :,; tuL li.rht ,,r .b.rlcpss. Thus whirled ?., in tlie i0soni of a storm, you sped across the open fleM. mil of wild, driving snow, you ran up to the opening of the black pine und hemlock woods, nnd plunged tnto a cave ol darkness, and wrestled your .fty nlong through their dreary recesses, emerging' to the cleared geld again, with"whistles screaming ' nd answering each other back and forth from en- rjne tocngiue. r or, in the bewildering obscurity 2. k.,Mnn9.nl,. .itinn ,l .t A l(i19 excited steeds and rein them back to the ! ,li . 1 won ' ,e nn e."." n.d0 depot. We think Mnzeppn's rido, lashed to a wild horso and rushing through ti e forest wolf-driven, to havo been rather exciting. If a man in a buffalo hunt, by some strangemishap should find himself thrown from his horse and mountod on tho shaggy hack of an old, tierce buffalo bull, and go off with a rush, in cloud nnd dust, nmong ten thousand trampling fellows, pursued by yolling Indians, that, too, would be nn exciting rido. liut neither ot these would know the highest exilaration of the chaso, T. .... IV. ...UOT IUV llltlm.. '1... ... ..UI. ... .1,9 VIIIISU, I until in a wild storm, upon scowling day in J.inl ' ua-v he rides upon a double engine team behind a nnw-piow, to clear the track ot banks and burdens of snow. IndciiendciU. Cheerfulness and a festival spirit fills the soul full of harmony It comooses music for chnrehes and hearts it makes and publishes glorifications or uoa it produces thankfulness and servos the end of charity: and, when the oil of trl.idnoss runs over, it makes bright and tall emissions of li;ht and holy fires, reaching up to a cloud 'and j llmking joy round about ; and, therefore, since il . j, ao i,mcent, and may be so pious and full of I 10ly advantage, whatsoever can innocently minis- tnr t0 ti,is Iioly oy does set forward the work of And, indeed, charity itself, lioly joy religion and charity, which is the vertical top of all religion, is nothing else but a union of joys concentrated in the heart, and reflected from all (he angles of our life and intercourse. It is a rejoicing in God, a gladness in our neighbor's ood, a pleasure in doing good, a lojoic.ng witn Jinn ; and aitiiuut lure wc cannot hare nny jny nt all. THE AMERICAN INDIANS. A LECTURE BY GEN. SAM HOUSTON. TT" ,, j Last ccning General Houston delivered In . lw- ture on the above subject, in Niblo s 1 hentro A. l . before the New-England Vnung Men's Association. military band performed for nn hour before the commencement of the lecture. Tim House was nearly Clled. Gcii. II. w as received amid loud an- plause, nnd with three cheers, and three nniro. He; commenced his address with nu apology for his want of preparation, owing to multifarious advoca- lions, and bsstc iu traveling. .Still bo was, from long experience, not, uimc.pininted with the Abo-1 riginnl Indians. Notwithstanding the inadequate efforts made to civilise ami Christiunzo them, thej mismaiingeinent of tho Government, nnd tho cu- ol its agents, they nave mane great progress in liny nmi.- The defeat, of the Indian nt tho hands of the in civilization nnd religion. It Ims bcfii supposed . , i ,. .! lt . .a ...1.!.. 1 no uuan is m um; . , - . . tmiii inir nn in iiv ti nun lit it'll i ititiil ri i niivrv. iiii- ll,lo:'nd from the discovery of the land, there;0?''!:? mve been men of Indian birth w hoso valor nnd 'cuius should reiK'cni tug race iroin nny siur, latter, (ion. II. claimed for the Indians nn eciual-1 it v bv nature with the proudest ot the wlites. ladies rclined in conversation nud beautiful in np-, pearance, a government properly systematized, the Sabbath resjicctcd, native preachers proclaiming iho gospel of peace to their Indian brothers, inn manlier nn 1 with a feeling that would not discredit .the white mnn. To what nre .such good results due? To the efforts of the Government? To the action of societies for the amelioration of the In dian's condition ? Nu! 01 the hundred millions of dollars appropriated by Government for their use, not more than twenty millions have been ben oficialty applied to that object. Tho rest has been swallowed up by the cupidity of agents. Had the full sum been applied ns wis intended, it would have reclaimed from the savage state all tho Indi ans within tho limits of the I'nited States, The n..tu tn.n .aA nti tltnm rtftl irnHinrr llipm lll'Unk mKi.. ia ...... ... M n procure their mark, in signature, wnen mey uo noi know w lial they nre marking. They nre thus abused through the connivance of tho traders nnd n"ents. Iu Minnesoto, where starving Indian! mothers had to eat their children, of -1M,IhX np-1 propriaicd, only ? 4ll,lIO wero used for tho Indi-j j,, Nebraska, the civil nnd military fune- tinarieR have combined to cheat the Indians out iiiiiiiunn utL.u ,..'1,1 Mm,.., j v. ....... . .... ...... - of th0 j,rjc0 0f their land. What wonder that the warriors aro absent) lie properly nt the door of tho whites. The l'loida war is nn instance. .Ini'L-aim f.t'tKn Hi fonteil the Indians on tho field of )ilt,i0. hut when ho became the nrbiter of their ,i.tjn . nnd d snenser to them of liistue, lie nc- tomahawk dues i.ot rust upon the frontier, when the thunders of the Executive do not fall on the wretches who net thus basely. Iho Indians nre treaty-breakers ; but when they arc abused, they naturally seek revenge. They commit mur-! dors: but so do people in this City, nnd it would bo unjust to brand this City as a nest of murderers because of the crimes of a few. The breaches of treaties nnd origin of wholesale incssacics (which generally fall on the women and children, lor the f.i . ,i,..t. , ,, ,,,v. i he name of Jackson causes tlie bij, tCilr tu 8t.irt in ,i10 Cyc of the warrior. liiliso t,et0 ,,ativesc,f the soil, and when their ad-!8nn vancement in civilization comports with our socio ty nll(1 institutions, give them tenitory mid means nnd npplmncesof improvement; receive tlitm into , . n . i 1 1 our ,,,S""'""e nans, nuu gn uici.. .... c...... i . . t ... . mo u-.s......... ; euiiu nnd w hen you reduce nnd a name, thev our hislntive halls, mid g nll r((Ull interest in among tht m honest agents, them to "a local Imbitation of .,eacc, nnd in two ceneiaticns they will boss i: i t n .i.,...i,i , i. uvmzuu h uuisuncs. viun. n. inm-n;u m idinn wnr threatened nt present, nnd said it com- n,Cnced in a slaughtor of tho Indians by the troops, -"he Indian law an invariable custom is that blood shall be avenge 1 by blond ; not alono in the person oi me uiiunuer, out ui ...n .u.innvr.. i. fuml the destiny ot men, live by tlie sweat ot tiie:r i,ruw. cultivate the arts nndcen elcsiHicics I- . Morman party were pissing near the Sioux camp, hen a cow strayed from them to tho Indians ; a ijcnr Indian who was am ng them killed the cow. I Mormons complained at Fort Belknap, aud a lieutenant (a West Point cadet, who had never RCOn nn Indian) was sent wtth 28 men nnd two pieces of n,-tiU-iT to adjust the matter. The In-; offered to pay the value; the man who killed ; the cow was demanded but he took refuge in a ; lodge, and said no would not lie tnKcn ; no was a stranger among the Sioux, and they said they i Would not give him up, but would pay for thc ami- i nml whereup. n the lieutenant fired his nrtilery 1 upon them, nnd ihe result was that tlie whites wcro all massacred. This incident was mado the mioundation ol a requisition to Washington lor nn army t0 put down tho whole race. Peace has ; cver been the best policy with the Indians; war I has produced only disasters. Tho agents sent among them aro cither gentlemen who Imvo dissi- j paled their estates, or poor loafers who have n claim on tho (joverr.mcnt ; and their chief or solo purpose, when they go with a parchment in their oosoni nmong ino iriucs, is 10 sieai uuu rou irom them. lien. II. was not reflecting on the present Admistration, but stating the euudition of things for fifty years. He related some incidents cornice-1 ted with tho lexanwar. A Mexican force was then sweeping the country in such power that if the Indians took tho Tcxans on the flank and in the rear, the result would have been inevitably fatal. A man of influence with the Indians was sent nmong them and made a league with thirteen nations. When the Texans were obliged to fly behind the river Sabine, their fugitivo women and children were ted, relieved ami helped torwnrd by lira inuians. v ncn pence was resioieu nnu a a new administration installed in Washington, these sanio Indians, a peaceful, agricultural people! wero set upon, driven out, and ninny ol them mas- i nfi ... ... i:.. . ; .. i sacred. The result was a bloody retaliation, and, for years, the tomahawk gleamed over the whole district. Another Administration ciime in, and, .i. c..z .it.. : ..... i. a I 1ulk .tdn.iniration, but they had previously K1 not to hear propositions fLn anyone who did not bring tho credentials of n ring ai !" A these could not be shown, the In- 110l,n,l KA lUnrtntnn l' k j . , I. tl.n.t. 9 1 umuo unavu iiio ucuuit;et u I Bunt tnuiii i uifjj ?..n,,we.rei th? Imlian. fa her, tho atter replied 1 "fy 1 '.. h P;luspl- Und ould l,ttve D0 trtlk w,tl 11,0 dulei5"tus- ' ring and certain A Leaf from "Li.ovu's List." An interesting tabular return has just been published in Lloyd's List of the casualties to shipping, reported to Lloyd's during the month of January last. They are tuus ciassineu : i csscis totally wrccKed, l ift i nartof the e.irtro saved. 12: wholeor nn nrlv... ,,f cargo saved, 3 ; sunk, 32; raised, C ; abandoned I nnd lost, 42; ships recovered nfter being abandon- ed, C ; stranded, whose subsequent fate was not re-' ported, 153 ; stranded but afterwards got oil', 17'J ; j snips got on Willi loss oi part oi cargo, o ; missing 10; condemned after striking, Ac, 3; condemned from other onuses, 4 ; ships touching the ground nnd sustaining trilling damage, G ; total casualties, CIO. What a fearful list of disasters for a period of only one month ! It will be observed that no re turn has been made of the sacritlco of lil'o on those occasions. .AVo beleivo, however, that we nro with- , , , ., , , , , m tl,,e murk w',en we V'jat VruM ,,llt'K sand persons have perished from these accidents. liut no account is rendered to Lloyd s or tho fre quent disasters to boats, nnd their crews, which hnppen to those Individuals who are compelled, in some way or another, to seek a livelihood on the borders of the sea. ' Although we cannot subscribe to tho dogma that, by increased nautical skill and the continued improvement of ship-building, sea and land trnvelirg could be brought to tho same degree of security for it would not be in the power oi mnn to control the stormy elements yet we do believe that, by the diligent cultivation of these sciences, shipwrecks could te very materially lessenod and we trust that, when tho excellent clauses of the new merchant shipping act will be brought into full operation, disasters at soa, as far as English ships are concerned, will be consider- 1.1 - it . r ... .i .. nu.jr ivoa uuumruui luiiu, unioriunaieiy, llley are at present. Journal of the Xationul Lifebuut lusti- wuun jor junuaty, A wag in Williamsburg advertises "Ice-house to let." being his part of a church. "Warranted to keep the year round, Sunday not excepted." TEARS. Life is like a tear Bom in the sad depths of woman's eye .f, , ,,,; , , , , d lieg J , ... And rocks as in a cradle, warmly hid In the rich brown shadow of her glossy lid ni t10n peeps out beneath it warily, Qlliverin5 iu tl.Cmuluus uncertainty, . " , ... . And rainbow d like a bubble 1.1 the sun I pon tho twinkling verge until with will leap and gush of lipo intensity, . u (J(irt9 R A,wn. . J 1 1 " ART AND SCIENCE. . J l.u I. iui;iiiil lin ui oim i.imi i., iumiipiicu uj iiiu variety of those goods. Crapes, pongees, challics, camlets, nnd gau.c, nre all made, cspcci-i ally the first, which is the favorite article of dress - ., ..., ii himtm R11,i gilk nre vtyon, ',! frin HIC TUJCUIIIU-'IIH Ul BIIK cpc K,1()w lilt lcy CiU1 m!Xlnlf.lctllrc n,1108t . . i ... , , ' ., f.,.. ' ... '.':, i ,i... " J"'.' of patterns stamped on , ;. . , f p. ,..-,, - "v In a lecture, lately delivered in New York, by Trofessnr Alexander, the lecturer thus spoko of tho forms of existing nebubv: Ho showed that matter ot great tenuity.beginning to revolve, would tako one of two forms ot equilibrium cither a form nearly spherical or that of a very flat disc. The incrcas:nir rapidity of tho revolution would A writer in the Scientific American, referring to the fact that steel is nothing more thnn refined iron impregnated with carbon, says, that if tho carbon contained in tho steel bo crystalizcd, tho steel is rendered hard, and if its carbon is in solution or nnerystnlilcd, it becomes soft Henco the reason why steel becomes hard or soft, is becnuso of the cryxtnlianrlon or non-crystnli.ntion of its carbon, nnd not because of its particles being brought in closer contact with each other. A piece ol hard steel is actually larger than the same piece when soft. Steel may be made hard by very grndual cooling when heated to redness, or soft by henting nnd suddenly eooline tho sanio. To make hnrd steel, cool it in hot melted tin; nnd to make it soft, forms of tho nebular mass undergoing such a pro not I cess were pictured in diagrams by Professor A.; until nt length tho theoretical determinations identified themselves with the existing forms of the J ncliuhe, ns defined by tho great telesoopo of Lord ; lbisse. I I'ho ravs of lijjht exhibit electric properties, . hth positive and negative, nnd Sir James lioss, nt the late meeting of the Uritish Association for the Advancement of Science, asserted that he had seen a beam of light, in the Arctic regions, make the magnet oscillate five decrees. The calorific and chemical rays of light explain the phenomena of at length explode the mnss nnd modify its form, ..l.'..li u-oiilfl 1 ... clill I'm vllmr fh. n.rt.il liv tlin '.! .1- .i.i.- conunuance oi ino revoiuuoii. xuu succtjssivu i ii.i l n., "i ,i. ....., .,: ...,;,u .).,, thc influence of moonlight. The heat rays of the ar0 nbsnrbed by the moon, while tho feebler n,tmore rapidly vibrating, ravs of blue nro refloet rods . pJ nnd bring to the earth a certain amount of il- umilmtion, combined with a strong chemical influ- . . . . n ... ,cnLe, winch, in tropical climates especially, exert ; . . ' .. 1 the decomposing mlluenco. I where, amidst a perpetual flux and rellux of buy 1 11 . 1 1 ..-i 1 1 1.: crs nuu suuurs, 01 uniKiirs, luuuvra uuu iinuu, you see in all quarters stages and mountebanks, jokers and comedians, laboring uninterruptedly to i amuse the public. Over tho whole surfaco of the country,! n the eighteen provinces, in tho towns of mc nisi, sccoim uuu innu oiuur, in inu ou.gus uuu I Tueatricai.s is China. The Celestial r.mpire has much more resemblance to nn immense fair. - . ....... ..... the villages, rich nnd poor, mandarins and people, 1 all tho Chinese without exception are passionately fund of dramatic representations. There aro the- nters everywhere; the great towns nre full of thorn, and tho nitors play night and day. There is no little villago that has not its theater, which is usu- nlly placed opposite tu the pagoda, und sometimes even forms a part of it. In some circumstances the permanent theaters are not found sullicicnt, nnd then the Chinese construct temporary ones, with wonderful facility, out of bamboo. Tho Chinese theater is always extremely simple, and its arrange out ments are such as to exclude nll idea of scenic il- lusion. Tho decoratiuns nro fixed, and do not change as long as the piece lasts. Ono would ucv- er know what they were intended Tor, if tho actors themselves did not take care to inform tho public, I d correct tho motionless character of the scones ly verbal explanations. Tho only arrangement j that is ever made with a view to scenic effect is thc introduction of a kind of trap-door in front of the stnuc. that selves for tin entrances nnd exits of supernatural personages, and goes by tho name of the l.ate ot 1'emolis. Um i Lntitene ft injure. t " " Trayer is thc peaccof our spirit, the stillness of our thoughts, the evenness ot recollection, the seat of incditatation, tho rest of our cares, and the calm of our tempest; prayer is the issue of a quiet i mind, of untroubled thoughts, itis tho daughter of charity and the sister of meekness ; nnd he that nravs to ("bid, with an angry, that is, with a trou- bled and discomposed spirit, is like him that retires j into a battlo to meditate, and sets up his closet in the out-quarters ot an army. i I cannot praise a fugitive and cloistered virtue unexercised nnd unbreathed, that never sallies out .and sees her adversary, but slinks out of the race, w hero that immortal garland is to be run fur, not : w ithout dust and heat. This was reason w hy our i u..nn..AH ,i, .:i.:., ,.. Ulldcr the person of Union, brings ' him in with his palmer through the cave of inani S ! mon nnd tho bower of earthly bliss, that ho might ' see and know, ond yet abstain. 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HUDSON, Printer. LOCAL AQRNTS FOR TUB ANT1 SLAVE RV OUCLC. Adrian, Samuel Ilaybnll, Livonia, Harriet Fullei Plymouth, Isaac N. Heddon, Ypsilauti, Kuiuliue Dodarino, " . Samuel I, Moore, Union City, John 1. Zimmerman, Mcluy Grove, Tho's 1'ox, Battlo Creek, Phebe II. Mcriitt, Bedford, Henry Cornell, Farmington, Abram Powcls, - Wolf Cieek. Warren Gilbert, West I'nity, J. II. Uichardson, Ann Arbor, It. Glanior. . Kdinburgh, Thomas C. Ileighton. , Winchester, Indiana, Joseph Puokctt. Win. Horn, Brightan, Indiana. G. L. Gale, Mortlipoit, ludi:ina. OHIO CULTIVATOR FOR 1855. A REMEDY FOR "HARD TIMES." The Eleventh Volume of the Ohio Cultivator, will com inwieo Jan. 1st, 1855. Tho editors arc resolved to spnro no pains to maintain the reputa tion and usefulness of the pnper; nnd with the bcnellt, of ten years' experience, nnd much travel among the farmers of the West, they buliovo that they can make the Cultivator for the coining year of inoro valuo to its renders than ever before, nnd better adapted for the soil nnd elimntc, nnd pro ductions ot tho region lor which it ie designed, limn any other pnper of the kind.' AS A REMEDY FOR "HARD TIMES." The Ohio C'ultivntor will nim to impnrt knowledge ot improved metiiods ol cultivation, now to nvoiu losses by drouth, injurious insects, Ac., the most profitable kinds of crops, best breeds of Block, condition and prospects of the markets, Ac. Iu U1B I"'!'"" ' ""u,c" l" """V"" - no r arm, mc diiop, nmi me r .,r.s..,., tho elevation of Labor in nil its legitimate Inter- nsts: nnnosuiif ntincKerv nnu numijiie in mi men forms, and filling the noble station of a true The Ohio Cultivator is published on the 1st fttvd 15th of everv month W laree octavo paces, with imr n. viilmnn of ViSl naces for bindinc. Terms. Single subscriptions a year. Four conies for $:!. Nine copies for $6; and the same price ('OH cents each) for nny Inrger number. All subscriptions to lie paid in advance, and to com monce with tho year. Persons sending Clubs, may bavo them directed to different oftieos if they choose; nnd those bavin sent a gmnller number, may afterwnrds increase to nine, or more, nt the flub rates. To nny person sending us a Club of Nino Subscribers nnd we will send, as a prcmi um, a Package of Choice Seeds, nine or more va rieties, post paid, or a complete Volume for any previous year, in pnper envef. Address AS A REMEDY FOR "HARD TIMES." BATEHAM & HARRIS. Columbus, Ohio. UNCLE LUCIUS' JUVENILE INSTRUCTOR. Begins its Eleventh Yearly Volume, January 4, 1855. 10,000 NEW SUBSCRIBERS. Were added in 1853 and 1854. If the testimonies Were added in 1853 and 1854. If the testimonies below are correct, it is not too much to say that IT DESERVES 5000 MORE THIS YEAR. Miss Lucy Stone, nnd other distinguished nnti- siavcry ndvocates, sny, "there vvylil to ho nn nnti ishivprv child's miner." So sny we, j . . - Bi,.,ri;niT r or ten years nasi muru nun m en um--, ""o"' and more. with the popular tido successfully, aud just now beginning to move up stream. Hear what they sny: The Jttrenile Instructor, a small semi-monthly for children, published by L. C. Matlack, nt Syra cuse, is a neat cheap readable paper. It is eleva ted in its moral tone and reformatory iu its spirit. Pennsylvania Freeman. Our anti-slavery friends will bo glad to learn that itis thoroughly right on the question of negro slavery. 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