OCR Interpretation

Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, March 31, 1855, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1855-03-31/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

itAtiws n. nommoy, editor.
j.y.v pzarsox, runtisnixa aornt,
VOL. 10. NO. 33.
WHOLE NO. 495,
ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE. For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE. For the Anti-Slavery Bugle. HOMELY-GRAPHS.-NO. 3.
It i a chill January afternoon. The snow is ful
ling fitfully At intervals, and just enough lios on
the ground to give nature a cold and gloomy ap
pearance. So I have drawn the curtains to shut
out the external world, and leaning back In "the
old arm chair," hare been engnged for some hours
in watching the various profiles and other fantastic
figures that are continually forming nnd passing
away amongst the glowing embers. And whilst
thus engaged, meniQry has stood beside me, holding
aside the veil that commonly conceals her gallery
of pictures, gathered from scones of tho pasti
-There in distant perspective I see the little brown
cottage where somo of my earliest years wore pas
sed, thj green yard with its towering Lombardy
poplc.rt, the sloping meadow, whore wo gathered
uandelions and blue-bells, and where the old gan
der used to chase us, when wo ventured too near
in admiring his downy offspring, the clear stream
that wandered away into a dark wood, in the bor
ders of which stood ft spring-house, whoso loft
from some now forgotten legend or association, was
regarded by all the children of the neighborhood
with a kind of mysterious awe. Close beside our
home was one of rrftier pretensions one that
teemed to my young fumy, of boundless extent
and there' dwelt a family in those days, but not n
happy one. The father was a pliysi cian, a perfect
gentltma.x, so ever ybody said ; and ho certainly
wo a very fascinating man, to strangers, though
his busy, toiling wife, and rude neglected children
experienced but little of that Wonderful urbanity
that so charmed casual acquaintances. Glancing
over many other pictures, I will now merely notice
those connected with this family. Not one of the
sons has b:come a sterling man. Some were gifted
beyond the ordinary class, but for want of parental
training, indolence has become a besetting sin, and
selfishness, its almost invariable accompaniment,
obscured the bright hope of life's early morning.
Of the daughters, the eldest had been afflicted be
fore my recollection with St. Vitus' dance, that
had affected her intellect and soured her temper,
and Ue was shunned and dreaded by all little
folks, whom she seemed to oonsidcr as merely
brought upon life's scene of action to worry older
There was anothor daughter, of winning mien
and gentle nature, a vory rose-bud in the midst of
a.bed of thorns, to whom both father and mother
looked as giving I right promise of a helper und
cheerer in life's docline. But when were ever such
anticipations realized? Does not the Destroyer
ever delight in marring our brightest pictures, and
dashing to ei.l th our fondest hopes ? Consumption
marked her for its victim, though it was long be
fore any of her family would admit it. She seem
d the uniting link in an imperfect circle, nnd
skilled as was her fond father in detecting lurking
disease in otherB, he shut his eyes to tho sad fact
that he was about to be robbed of his heart's treas
ure. But what avails self-delusion in such mat
ters T The form wastes away, the hectic deepens
on the check, and new fires light up the lustrous
8yo, as rapidly when those around will not admit
it us though they virere all tracing the Rnvagcr's
footsteps day by day. Before she had attained
her gixtcoath year, Jane was laid to rest in the
little burying-ground we could see from our front
windows, whero wild roses nnd laurel rioted, ns
though they gathered sustenance from poor, decay
ing human beings.
There was still another daughter one whose
cheerful spirit, active step, and willing hand, shed
around her what little of comfort was to be found
ia that almost cheerless abode. Too necessary to
be spared to go to school, her acquaintances would
have been very few if it bad not been that her
father, proud of her intellect nnd wit, taught her
to read and write, and furnished her from his well
stored book-case, such excellent authors as cannot
fail to devclope the understanding and cultivate
the taste of those who can appreciate them and
with the keen relish of a kindred genius, Sally
found time to store her mind with much valuable
knowledge, without neglecting any of her numerous
household duties. She was one of my mother's
dearest friends, as a correspondence from their
early childhood to tho period of Sally's death,
hears ample testimony. Her letters were ever
amongst dear mother's most cherished treasures,
and not until we arrived at that imaginative and
appreciative age, " in the teens," did sho entrust
her own daughters with them. And can I ever
forget tho dolightful treat we enjoyed, on rainy
days, in the perusal of those sheets, sparkling with
freshness and originality, and enlivened through
one by the most ready wit I ever knew?
But I am wandering away from my picture-his.
tory. : There oame at last to our country place,
on who had heard of and could appreciate this
flower, that had seemed
-" born to blush unseen,
'-. And waste its sweetness on the desert air,"
and despite her unfavorable surroundings, lie
priled the unset jewel for horsolf alone, wooed,
won and carried her away to a more fitting abodo,
where" she seemed likely, by a life of happiness, to
he rewarded for tho filial devotion of ber youth.
Hor letters of this period breathe of a happy,
vtranquil, grateful spirit, and longings to be to him
who loved her, tho world liJSsecmed to her. But
though, in tho birth of a lovely boy, they appeared
to he drawn etill more closely and lovingly togeth
r, and to nearly realize an Eden upon earth, such
bliss could not be of long duration. The disease
that seems, above all others, to fasten upon the
lovely and gifted, had taken root in tho fond wifo's
frame, yet did pot develope itself until she had
pressed witbiq her arms a sweet infant daughter.
Then she sank .'apidljr, and ' was soon numbered
among those who have been. Her death preyed
njvon her. father, and ha soon followed his children
. .V'on solemn tomb. Tho sons scattered
ovssr the fao of tho earth, and for yijars none
remained ip that large, old house, exoept the feeble
wora-out mother and the. querulous daughter. At
last th latter passed away, an i the former being
helpless from a stroke of palsy, one of her sons,
with his family, cniiia to reside with her and at
tend to her necessities; not, however, to administer
to hor wants with that grateful, affectionate care
mother should over merit and receive from
thoso sho nurtured in infancy, nnd cherished
through long years of euro and toil. Poor old
woman 1 Sadly have passed tho weary
these many years, with no one to soothe her sad
heart. But Death has kindly come at laBt, and
within a fow months she has gono to join tho loved
and lost.
My firo has burned low, and in the smoldering
ashes I cease to traeo tho imngos that gave rise to
my reflections. Night is closing in, and who shall
number tho broken hearts that weep the closo of
Mr. Editor: I have no party to serve, and no
interest, so far as I know. I simply want the trutli
to prevail. I was educated an Alopathio physi
cian, and practiced somo time upon that system,
and adhered to it all my life, until within tho last
lew years. I have now abandoned it, I guess for -
cver. Sly wife and children have been sick! v. and ;
we have used drugs pretty liberally. Tho sugar
pills and water are now our only remedies, and we
think we are healthier, happier and richer than wc
were under the old system. Wc think our change
is a good one, and for this reason alone, bo far as
wc know, we are disposed to recommend it to oth
ers. With this view. I suspect I cannot do better
than to give an extract from a letter from a distin
guished gentleman in the State of New York :
" The time has been when the medical world be
lieved that water teas death in fevers, and old people
havo mentioned cases in which tho patient has been
compelled to fry out his existence, unless ho was
too tough to be killed by frying. Now, wo know
that that maxim is false, and that the reverse of it
is trlio Tho wonder is, that well educated people
should have been so blind, and led by their bell"
wethers so completely as to mako no observations
of their course In 1828 I visited a niece near
Philadelphia. She and hdr husband met mo at the
door; but the cold stago of ague was upon him,
and he quick retired to his room. With his father
and aunt I had long been acquainted, and VB sat
conversing In the parlor. After a while my niece
came and snid her husband was in a burning fever
and wanted to know whether I could do auything
to relievo him. I raid yes ; and directed them to
get two wash-basins of cold water, and placing his
aunt near his head, and myself at his feet, wc
washed him thoroughly, and he was comfortable
in a fow minutes. His father was astonished, and
said he should have thought it would have killed
him. My friend was an observing man, and knew
that water was good to extinguish fire." But the
letter still goes on: "A relative of Susan M.'s
was with Dalo Owen in his geological explorations
of the western country, several years, and there
studied physic, being now in practice in Ohio. She
read me a letter from him tho other day, nnd al
lowed me to keep it for a few days, lie is a Ilom
ccopalhist, and says that it is seldom that a patient
who has tried that treatment, ever returns again to
ordinary drugs. Among physicians, I have never
yet heard of one instance. The united testimony
cf all who have tried in their practice the two rival
systems, is in favor of the new. My partner, who
has pvacticcd as a regular thirty-five years, nnd
who, during many years looked upon Homoeopathy
as a system of quackery, said that, when he com
pares his success during tho last fivo years with
that of any other five years of his professional
life, it makes him uncomfortable, to think of how
much misery ho might have saved by turn
ing hjs attention earlier to what ho then des
Dr. M. then gobs on to mention that Dr. G., of
New York, was the first, or father of Homoeopathy
in America. Y. was a young physician of good
practice, but had a patient with some chronic dis
ease, whom he could not cure, and honestly told
livai so. After a long time, he met his former pa
tient, and was surprised to find him in good health.
Mr. A. told the doctor he had been taking modi
cine furnished by n German, and wished to intro"
duco them ; but the doctor refused, calling tho
Herman "an ignorant Dutch quack." Some time
after, however, to please his old patient, he con
sented to go and see him ; and in the course of
I conversation, repeated the offensive epithet. The
I German then took from his trunk sovoral squares
I of parchment, showing that he had graduated in
a celebrated medical school in Germany, and that
he had also been honored with a diploma from a
celebrated medical school in Paris. Dr. G. was
softened ; and they parted mutually pleased G.
agreeing to call again, and give his medicine a fair
Shortly after, G. had a caso in which he tried
the sugar pills with success; but a single case
could not convince him. He tried them in other
cases with a similar result, but he could get no
book to explain it what tho German had being in
manuscript, and in a strango tongue. At length
he had a caso of puerperal fever in a highly re
spcctablc family. At that time, at least nine cases
out of ten in that disease were lost; and
then thirty out of thirty-one have been lost,
Now Xork Hospital, vr. u. again appuea to tho
German, declaring if he would assist him in curing,
his patient, he would closo his ofSco and apply
r . .. .
i ir ft i, ci,i.- nf ir..b,r,ft,,.n.,n Tl. tiniiftut
himself to the study of Hahnemann. The patient
recovered, and ho fulfilled his promise. Dr. G.'s
practico is now said to bo worth SoO.000 n year.
Dr. M. says that about eighteen mouths a"o, at
-i i in ii. f c . i- i i
the Royal College of Surgeons ot London, a reso-
lution was proposcu, 10 expoi nu wioso who nan
praoticed Homcoopathy, but it was found that thcro
were fifty in that catogory j so thov resolved to be
quiet. '
He also says that the London Non-conformist
gives an account of eight hundred Homoeopathists
in that city holding a meoting for the purpose of
establishing a Hospital, and that 4,100 were con
Tbe great difficulty in people having faith in the
Homoeopathic system is, on account of tho smallncss
of the doses ;but this difficulty would dwindle into
insignificance, if they would observe and reflect a
little. If they would turn their attention to the
id since
. .
in tho
I tUn
subject, they would sec that all diseases, so fur as
we know, are produced by infinitesimal causes.
How inconcoivnbly small is the quantity of matter
that produces tho small nnd kino pox, the measles,
whooping-cough, scarlet fevor, &o. 1 'Why, then,
mnv not a small remedy produco ft cure? If any
one doubts the fact, lot him go to tho hundreds of
physicians w no practice upon mo noiiioiopiunii :.
. . . . . . . .1 . ii .1 !.
system, and let them go to tho thousands of their:
who have been cured by it.
From the Pittsburgh Journal Visiter.
The largest audience ol the season assembled
on Thursday evening to listen to tho lecture by
Cassius M. Clav, as announced. E. 11. Irish,
Fsn., ono of the committee, introduced Mr. Clay
to tlie audience as tho lecturer for the evening, cm
tho subject, "Despotism nf Slavery." '
Mr. Clay, after some preliminary observations, '
piucccjcu 10 say mill iviiinn cr mu issues neuvcen
the relations o! master ami slave wcre.tlicy were no ,
longer confined
to II
o themselves, but extend through
1 1 , ; r . V,,.
ereign States. In the South '
t,ur0 ,,,.c ,i.rc0 nijiij,ms nnd half nf slaves of
all colors, from the black of tho tronics. to the 1
light complexion and blue eyes ol the blonde.
There were also four orfivo millions of non-slave-
holders in the South
loutli a class distinctly and ;
there were fourteen mil-
llions of northern freemen, 'f- !
strongly marked
lions or fifteen milli
siding in the so called free slates ; and lastly, ;
there were three hundred and lilty thousand slave-
holders who controlled tho destinies of. nil tho :
ullVs" r , , I
Tho people of the northern states, who were ;
fortunate enough to inherit n lanu of freedom, look .
on tho subject ol slavery as a far off question, not
concerning, affecting or formidable to themselves.
l lie speaker reloiTcd to the time w hen shivery cx-
isted North, and said the antecedents of tho Xortl
v4 Ai hi in, nun r-.iiu in uiiiiiuuc'iu ma ill inuiMiiiii;
they being the descendants of Luther, Mather.
Penn and (hat class of men, who already acknowl
edged tho equality and brotherhood of man in
their institutions, w ere favorable to its abolishment
Ti.n ...n.-n ..r .i. . i i..i .... .1...
iiii;ii;iii ini--i-i:n ill niu puj ill; uilil 11 o rllll.illvo',
with it: but if the nuestion had been left to ,1,
slaveholders themselves, it would l.mo existed to
,K .1.,..
t .1.- u.. .t . 1...,. A-rr . i
in inu iouiii, mo uiiicccucuis wcro uiiiercni.i
They were the descendants of Walter Kaloigh and ,
of the aristocracy of Kngland, who never enter-!
iained the idea of equality nnd man's brotherhood. I
The framers of tl.o Constitution desired universal 1
freedom, but they were far in advance of the conn-;
try. nsisahvavs the case n nolit cs and sc ency.
They did not dare to make open and declared war
with tho institution ol tho slave states. they
.,..j n:., ... .1..., ..,i:.. : i,
correspondence with friends. But Pickney, Uut
ledge and others of the South repudiated the ideas
of our fathers, and said that n1on were never gov
erned but by tho principles of material interests ;
it was these men who forced tho shvVO upon the
South and upon our fathers. H was a prophetic
remark of Jefferson ns to this question, thnt they
of '7C discharged their duty in their day having
carried on a seven years' war and they left to
younger men tho final triumph of that revolution
begun in 1770. These were the sentiments of a
Southern man
The speaksr had heard from sources worthy of 1
consideration, this dicta that conventions had
been held in the South, at which bills bnd been
drawn up and other measures taken to ovorthrow
this institution. Ho challenged proof of tho as
sertion ; he domed utterlv, it r.r-inu anv founua-
tion on fact. As to Virginia and Kentucky, first
had been done? Nothing to warrant such
assertions. In Virginia, in a resolution was
made in tho Lower house calling the attention of!
tho people to tho destructive iii'lluenco of this in-!
stitution. 1 his liberal advance however assumed
no shape, and loft no vestige on the constitution of
that State-
In Kentucky, 1798, Clay with nil bin eloquence
could not prevent tho defeat of tho liberal side.
Dr. Hico made efforts in opposition to tho in
stitution, but they wcro regarded rather as an
emanation of religious faith than a determina
tion to effect its overthrow, and tho constitution
was formed without a vestige of this liberal
Despotism was everywhere tho same; it never
docs anything fur its own extinguishment. It
would be as reasonable to expect to prevail on the
slaveholder to abandon the despotism of slavery,
as to prevail upon the forty or fifty crowned heads
of Europe to nssemblo in convention and lay down
theirs, voluntarily. The spcakor gavo a short 10
view of the various aristocracies, showing by their
exclusivcncss and intermarrying they had re
duced themselves nearly to physical and mental
imbecility. The British oligarchy, however disre
garding the national laws, refreshed its aristocracy
by amalgamating all, who with cnorgy and deter
mination had worked their way up to a distin
guished position ns in the case of Elgin, Broug
ham, Scott and others : nnd so with tho aristocra
cy of the South. Whenovcr persons in a lower
rank of ?ifo nspiro to a higher destiny, acquire
properlj, they are taken into tho aristocracy, forth
with purchase a slave nnd reject the mnsses from
whom they sprung. In the North there is no com
parative difference between a lawyer nnd shoe
maker, philosophically speaking; both are on
equality, and contributing to the general welfare ;
but in tho South it is quite the reverse. This feel
ing results in the self-exile of nil who will not own
.lvo .ml nro i o,.., lo.,,,! i a
oial standing. Herein the North are railroads,
canals, telegraphs, turnpikes; its citiscus take!";
possession ot, not man but tho great principles ol
mankind, nnd enslave them and apply them to
their own use. In the South the slave value is
two thousand millions, and for their protection the
owners nave moao themselves
a vigilance com-
F ..
mittee ; they qoii t care lor money there ; the re
sourcces of the country are undeveloped : their
manufuctur.-s aro dearer, nnd ho articles that they
might make are imported.
Jlhey havo nothing
",llt tn5'r 'lom0 n,arl"!ts. and that is usurped by
oligarchy, nnd supplied by slaves; thus tho white
Whooon ipetes is driven out, oris trampled down
1 . . .i. : .i; .- f .1 . i . 1 . ,
to tho condition of the slivc. It may bo asked
why do they not become sluvo-holders also? Hero
u l? uut uuuorsijoa ; irom the diversity ot capital
1 nn, nnmrnni'i-n bin.l is tnad M.r.flt.1.1a it l..,o
'ond commerce, luiid is less profitable it has onlv
, ;,8 C(,nilllercial nm. economical value; therefore
' poor men cannot buy land. But their land has ii
i addition to its real, a fancy value; all bidding fori
addition to its real, a fancy value; all bidding fori
ts Pusscssion, for tho increase it gives to slave ia -
i bor and the extension of influence . If iho real
)uo of fln nm, -S ? ,0 ,he filu.y Vll,u0 htinR h ti)
jll. 1 he speaker Uncw from tho best estimates
' that all lands do not average threo per cent profit,
1 wl!Uo l"(,.V7 s w,"rlU "'Kht ,0,.le" ,')l!r cent ' ho'
is it possible to buy on credit? tho property is
therefore forced back to tho oligarchy, thcro was
no help lor it; all was uttorly prostrated at the
feet of this power.
Mr. Clay read an extract from a recent speech
of Mr. AVi'se, of Va., reported in tlioieraW.whicli
went on to say that tbe unparalleled resources of
Virginia her coal, iron, gypsum, were all yet un-
doveloped. There wa the Blue Ridge, milking
the clouds, unmined, and its numerous streams
running to the ocean, turning no spindles of mills ;
her people did not make the clothing for hor slaves.
Commerce bad Ukon wings drooped and perished.
Two travelers wero passing through a portion of
a republic, but nn oligarchy, governed by an nris
then tocracy-iit is to be proved by the records. The
ruling cldss is a minority. It elects everything.
, . ,.i i
tl'O oligarchy appropriated the wl
' the liberals; ho wisliea the aristoc laey to pre
what serve the influence nf tho landlord over the tenant,
T wo or three tenants are on tho man's property;
the owner says vote for whom you please, but if
for Cass, Clay or Lovcjoy, you must move laz
i lia1.1- !.n a convention tt New Orleans, uttered
similar sentiment, but broader in its npplica-
i "they still live" and it was the same in Virginia.
' Hero tho speaker continued in a strain of clo
t, j qucuco, depleting Sho outrages and calumnies
i .. ,l ., i.: ir
country together ; and one wondering ot the dila
pidated State of agriculture, the fields covered with
weeds the In iics ruined nnd deserted, enquired
who nwflfed this farm? It is mine, was the reply.
And this"? Mine also. And this? "Look here,
strnngcr," was the reply, '"don't suppose I'm si
damned poor ns to own nil the Und about here.'
Thnt was the way tho slave skins the ninstcr,nn'
l.n tlm InHil nnil tlmv nrn fill f-oillf t(l tl'P devil.
I -j -------- n c- .
,v,nt waa the cause? Slavery; nnd tins cause
had nl-endy cxpelle 1 1 ,000,0110 Virginians from the
place of flieir nativity.
It was Recorded in'histiry that barrenness nnd
desolation follow in the footsteps of slavery. It
tuny he asked why not educate public mind and
curb this'nnstocraey ; easier said than done. In
tho Nortli, schools tiro provided for all people, and
much ns lie admired her great cities nnd manufac
tories ; the speaker ennsidercred them ns nothing
in comparison with her common schools. But in
the South fifteen efforts had been mndo to intro
duco the 'same svston, nnd fifteen times had they
failed.. In Virginia, at thelast cer.us, education
had nctuh'llv receded during the previous ten years
more Children v.cro uneducated then than in
1840. The cause must be looked for only in the
determined rule of the shiveholding oligarchy, for
u is u wuu esiaoiiMicu piimiuiu m.it mn. h'.m
and Slavery cannot co-cxist.
t p..,;., Mlv; l
ciirbed and made I
St. I otcrsbiirgh. the press is
to speak tavornhlv of tyranny hv direct moans
and in the South" the same result is obtained iudi-
South Cavdinin, which ha5 given U-.r.o to the
snniiinnnfn of 1 1m eonnli-v throll'rll Calhoun, is not
Senator, representative. Governor what care they
for the peo'dc there. The ruling ch.'s say openly
nn( above hoard that intelligence.1 and slavery are
incompatible, hence down "with the schools.
xi-i.s ia tho text for all the other states sav the
This is the text for
,aml. . u experiment has been tried again and
same : the experiment has been
again. -
In Kentucky, three limes did tl.o liberal party
establish n school fund
but in every instance
. .
7h',i 3'
nimroM-iatc it to otiier uses, jney
obtained 'the third time. f.l.fK.O.UOO, and said to
tho olicafchv thev would irive one half for turn
pikes, sip. "1: waters and railroads, if tho other
lo of it to the
general impiovement lima
The speaker and oth
1 At . 1 1 -ii ! : I-,
ers had been stricken down wit . bo 10 k mes ,
contending ncrainst it
, ., . , ,,,, ,i
worc Procmod, the people were got together and
l"H V",yuul tV"u,u ' " ,;,,!,":u "".'. V
P."'"''a pn, en mo o.igarciiy
M".m,s'?' T'J ZQre ou'!r.? 10
?uli,,eUl " ",fcn?- .ever ,T-n "',c ' " ' " "
'"- " ': " u "1 """'-'
S'1!?" nol''s !'c bWa - , , ,
,, 1 ,
:mi are' ignored, unless nicy uocomo
the supple
tools of the slave pow er.
A convention of one hundred was called at rne
time to represent 700,0(J0 or fcUO.OOO non-shivehold-crs.
But of that number, not fifty, not twenty,
not dnc, represented the non-slaveliolding people
but nll were slaveholders. Here was aj race
intellecil, nnd not ft man to represent them;
what n melancholy spectacle ; but if but one was
nblo to represent them, how overpowering thnt
despotism which could crush 800,000, citizens.
Slavery degrades them hdow the grade of slaves
impoverishes UiGiu. J hoy nskeu tlmt their chii-
drcn might have the advantages denied them, by
a gradu-il emancipation, but the oligarchy by bowie
knife nnd pistol struck them down. 1 hey said
"Imrn vn not n riirl.t. lo roi "Sen 4,Tbrn f ive ns
a secret ballot." No wo have you by the hip. S.C.
Marshall said they had their font Upon the necks
and baggage. By this process havo more than
LOliO.libU citizens of Kentucky been expelled fronl
the pluco tf their nativity. There are 1000 vo
ters less in the speaker's county, than twenty years
ago. Such is l!.n caso whenever there is good
laud ; the oligarchy monopolize it.
What were they to do they were powerless,
socially nnd politically. In Old England since
1770, all those rights exist thnt do not in slave
States, Indictment by Grand Jury, counsel
afforded by tho State, every man the lord of his
own castle, whether palace or hovel, the habeas
corpus, nnd above ill others, liberty of speech and
of the press, exist in England, but in the South
they aro utterly gone, except so far ns they arc
held in furco by force.
So long as the oligarchy confined their action to
states, tho speaker had felt ashamed to present
himself before a Northern audience, but. now ns
they progress and seek to incrcaso their territoiy.
he felt bound to expose ihcm everywhere. Though
tho law prohibits the wilful killing of slaves, thou
sands of cases occur, out of which number, but
one has met tho penalty cf the law, and ho in
in South Carolina ; but the master can inflict tho
direst punishment, leavine: but a spark of life, and
if tho slaves resist, it is rebellion, nnd he may
kill li i 11) on tho spot. It is not folly to say that
this institution is not despotic giving as it does,
dominion of life nnd death ? lie who enslaves a
blade to-day will enslave a white to morrow; ho who
slays a negro now, will kill a white ngain, when
circumstances permit. The murderer of Butler,
scouted by the non-slavcliolding portion of the
community, is received with open arms by the
aristocracy; they uphold and defend dim: the
press justified linn, nnd said whenever you catch-
'ayailKOe 6CU00I-M a4, 101", Kill lilUl
Key. Mr. M:r-
x ou ngjuunur rcau nu article m mo Ariuuuc, uu
extract from the Kansas Pioneer, wliich went on
to say that threo abolition prosses wire iu one
11. ..l..l..-1T. . I ' i.. n..
miuui town, aim yet ineir cimors live, aii.s, iur.
vniy biuu, ia inu sjurii 01 ucspoiibiu a spirit. 01
violence a cowardly spirit ; a spirit of bandits,
when by a superior force they crush their oppo
nents. See the assassin idea of tho paragraph
heaped upon himself.
In Mississippi when a man interferes between
master and slave, he is shot. It is against the
ihe law, but the offender ii
birucy aspired to discuss
him out. Tiiey ducked
eleven times in a pond. 1
is nover arrested. hen
s tho question, they drove
tho Rev. Mr. Mathews
eleven times in a pond. Bayloy, of the Nowport
! News, was attacked. Ho who dares defendjthis vip
: must die. A lew months ngo, in Kentucky, I
, sp()llkor ttnd otheri LaileJ fc omnB t,rown . J .
.1... .1.. ...... i ..in. ..in i. .1.1
fil I.
lor uistriouting tracts, not to blacks but to whites;
their lives were threntonod : the oligarchy en
deavored to intimidate tho Judge from taking bail,
and offered to indemnify him for his refusal. They
got tooothor and denounced them, nod wrote sav-
ing unit il thoy interfered their blood would be
upon their heads. The threatened party determin-
ea, if they could not live free, at least lo die free
I got togethor and denounced their oppononts, and
1 resolved that whenever they found a slaveholder
j in their country they would put him to death. The
oligarchy replied they wouldn't begin the 'fray, if
tney tine mreatoned) wouldn t. Ui course they
would uot fight for what could bo obtained on ea
sier terms. . . ,
This was melancholy enough. Tbre ara three
millions of slaves and fly of non-slaveholdurs-
and there is uot a particle inoro of freedom with
the one than with the other. Are tho northern
people better off. Is t!n:re any lnnguige that cnuli
iie applied to them, that ennnot to the north ?
Look nt the struggle in the Torrituiici. Whero is
ho man who will defend this cause south of Mason
md Dixnn's line? The right of petition is virtu-
.11.. .,,, 1,1 . nvnn in 1'nr.lnn.l this l'i"llt is mrC-
iully maintained, nnd tha" petitions ol tho Char-1
lifts, whose avowed object was the overthrow ol
government, sent up t y cart loads, w ere re-
fpeetf'ullv received, because it was the exorcise fi
a constitutional right. Hero that right is tram-!
pied nnder f"0t. Three thousand clergymen, rep-1
resenting a iargs tini' ri'y cl northern Fcntin.cnt
in the name of their common right ns t-iti-
zens, to petition against the Nebraska bill. It was
thrown under the table rs a cast (Ti' garment not
not reported on rejected.
The Post office is violated in its inmost snnclu-
ary; the home correspondence is violnt'd. The
North does not ignore men's rights: Blacks
South in their trailing vessels they nro impri's-i
oned, business detained, vessel's safety threatened
illegal fine.? imposed ; ttill the North acquiesces
though most certainly a violation of llio Coustitu-
In the division of the powers of government be-i
tween the nation and tho several Mates, one ul
those revcrtini; to the latter is tho right to hold j
lugitive slaves, and if tho national government in
terferes to cstit'dbli the reverse, it outrages oom
nion rights as much as if it placed a king in Penn-
sylvania. Webster affirmed this opinion. j
' Northerners do for the South what tho South
would not do for itself. It furnishes slave catch
ers for the oligarchy mercenaries w ho take pos
session of the streets ; they nrc taxed for, nnd
army and navy nro called out to recover fositiv
slaves ell w ithout color of law 1 Yet the North
A 15111 is now pending in the Senate, that binds!
stili more upon the North tho slave power. To
maintain it( tho bill takes away from tho Slate
Courts tho power to protect its own citisens, nnd
yet the people of the North talk calmly f Sevas
topol, and of commerce 1 They have God given
rights, yot, day after day week after week, I
months and years they bow to this oligarchy. It;
has more than the power of tho Cmr it is only Ihej
spirit of the people that can free them. It peopled '
the District nf Columbia with slaves, ngainst tiro j
expressed wishes of a majority of its citizens. It
did the sumo with Louisiana, Missouri and Arkan-
is. A M-nr the i-ost of ; hundred millions ofi
. . . ,, V. ,
was earned on, to obtra,., Texas for slave j
terr.tory. iiespntism cannot attorn o ce mngnani-,
hious;thev loroverory.-give. .Noitncrn rights are
prostrated. It has more than all the North, and
still it is not satisfied. It aspires to Kansas and j
Nebraska. Northern statesmen are wise ; not
tana;i.-al ; tlicy care not lor these matters. 1 cm- 1
tory larger tnan tho thirteen original States, com
manding the trade of the Pacific, with the untold
millions of China, is wanted by this power too.
Tho speaker hated the word "compromise" a
principle should never bo compromised, whatever
else is. It has a sanctity thnt should not be violat
ed. Mr. Clay went on to shotr how tho various
compromises had been honored by too LjouUi, and
its present aspirants.
the Northern allies havo bound tho agitators ol
fb SSniill, bnnil nnWant kimlil limn, nrim to !.!
.UI3 Ul
i.i ! .-,rV ;j ", , .
Philistines. What do now tho advocates Of iypv-tf
Sovereign y ? I hey come from Missouri hj
thousands witl, 1 bowie-knives and revolvers, take
possession of tho polls, and drivo away tl.o freoltl)0
I his is pitiable. Give them Kansas, Ncw;,.a
Mexico, L tab. Briirliam 1 oung has only to pass ,
a law to sell children as slaves, to reduco him low
enough for he embraces or the slave oligarchy.
Give thorn nil this, r.nd will agitation bo suppress-
ed ? J l.ey mean to silence agitation by la"f
which shall east ono into prison and deprive him j
ol his property. Popular Sovereignty will do
now and until the tide turns, ni.d then it will not j
l!o; , ,. , , ' , P ., , I
J hc peroration was very eloquent and forcible,,,--
calling upon the people to consider their action on
views of the subject, and lamenting his m:i-
unity to express m stronger worus ins ecnu-
ments. .
During the delivery of the lejtuie, of which wc'
lifit-i. nirnn nn nliQli-'n.f lift u'na rftnn.i In. 1 1 v iiiln-!
"'- . : .....v., ..w ....o .......
ruptcu ny the applause 01 the r.uuionce. lis nn
orator, Mr. Clay is pleasing; occasionally, how
ever, in excitement, his pronunciation is quite in
distinct. The lecture was two hours in duration, but was
listened to with unflagging interest from first to
The fullowing from tho London Anti-Slavery
Advocate, gives a common-sense view of the ques
tion of anti-slavery eo-opcration, among persons
adopting different views and measures. Tho wri
ter is replying to a correspondent who commended
tho Rochester Anti-Slavery Sewing Circle, because
of its "determination to co-operate with all whose
love for tho anti-slavery causo risos superior to
their connection with uny particular party or sect
of abolitionists."
" Now, we wish that oiir position in this respect
should Le clearly understood. We welcome nil
earnest anti-slavery effort, and nre glad of nil that
is done to promote the anti-slavery cause. But our
lovo for the cause djes not rise so far superior to our
connexion "with any particular party or sect of
abolitionists ns to preclude a very decided opinion
that there is a better way of doing everything, and!
that tho anti-slavery society is no exception to this1
rule. Ever since an interest in that cause was first
faroused in our minds seventeen years ugo, by the
eioqucncu oi ucurgc i uompson aim ii.ci.cn oi jiar-
riot Mtiriineau, wo havo been a reader of anti-sla
very newspnpors, nhd in constant communication
with Abolitionists of great diversity of opinion.
The result is that, amidst much change of views on
mant important subjoets, we have seen no reason
to change our opinion that in no way can the abo
lition of slavery bo so well promoted as by an ..d
hesion to the principles of tho American Anti Sla
very Society. They labor, by indefatigable, honest
nnu icariess appeals in mo puwio conscience, i
through the medium of tho press, tho pulpit, nnd
the platform, to reform the corrupt public opinion
of the United States ; they show that the haUn of
legislature, tho seats of justieo, tho synods, confer
ences, nnd yearly meetings, are polluted by contact
with slavery ; they come out Irom pro-slavery sects:
and abstain from tho most cherished privileges of
American citizens that ol pjrtieipution in politi
cal privileges rau.tr man swear to upnoia a con
stitution which they consider pro-slavery in its
tenor nnu operation. JNnthing can be more cath
olic, than their organization; they admit of no
religious tosts, and every one is welcome to their
platform who is willing to help them. So firmly
aro wo convinced of tho wisdom und honesty of'
tlicir course, that they havo our entire sym
pathy. Wa think it an honor to be counted ns one
of their fellow-laborers in ever so hum bio a way,
and believe the welfare of the race, to be identified
with the attainment of the objects at which they
At tho same" time we nre far ffrom insisting on
unity wiih the American Anfi-Slavory Society, as
indispensable to our sympathy and good Wishes.
Some very good people are (unwilling to draw in
the same yoke with persons who differ widely from
them in religious opinions. We resr ect their scru
ples, and ara glad to see them trying to help the
.slave in their own, way. .,, There, are others who
place greater reliance than we do on the free-labor
menu wiims u 10 comnienii to our ici.aers, ao
thc j voloj wo believe a I. irgo portion of its incomo til
the support i-f FffMtritk- Dovylas' J'tper. This
paper and it editor are strenuous in their efforts
to depreciate thnt rnti slavery Instrumentality
wnicu wc csiec-.n aoovo an omers, nnu inose llr
darcd olitionists w honi wo respect most highly for their"
works' sake. For the truth of this assertion
we iic?-l only ltfcr t'j tho letters of CoMvCMt
received fav, who-h havo lately appeared in its columns,
jand which, in our opinion, nro disgraceful to
, tho writer, and no credit to the paper or its ed
In proof that wc arc r.r.ii'.ialbJ by ho harroW of
j exclusive spirit, wo point to tho reports of the
, aiui-shivcry lonturos of the Pev. Edward Mathews,
1 an. I to the nrticJ" (Vom his pen, which hrtvo ap
tion. I pc.ircl in the A'lrocafc, from tho commencement of
1 1. is paper. This gentleman does not belong t
produce movement ; and lo these wo nevsrthelesl"
wili God speed.
But it is quite another matter wi.cn we are asked
to assist n means of helping the anti-slavery causa
which in our opinion dofs rcoro mischief to th
slave by its hostility to his best friends, than ilcftti
counterbalance by its own direct efforts in his b1
hall 1 Iio K icliestcr Anti-blaverv !?ow ine oocioty.
which has held tho Harnar which our JiivCrFWir
tne American Anti-nverv rniotr, hor rns ho. to
our knowledge any spcciailsympa'thy with it. But
as wc believe him to Lo a zealous and devoted la'
borer in the anti-slavery cause, who has proved
his faith by his works nhd is determined to test
the churches both in I'.ngland ond tho United
States by their own declared principles, wo are"
glad to co-operate with him by every means in our
Wc do not demand unity of views from Any, h'li
wo do deprecate l.lgotcd c.ti'l malignant hostility)
and we will not knowingly promote thfi objects of
those who make it a part ol tlicir business as ftbo
litionists to assail the American Anti-Slavery Soci
ety, and to vilify some of the very best and truest
friends of the slave.
;i.mrn wno claim others as property, is on the move
forfify nstTT .-iVaihrT WlHicli ethbr-actlon. ' Th -hir
grave Senate of The "Cnitod States l.ris just pass
, rd nn not) or, t0 9 wrestin, (im tl.o Stale CourW
rn.cr t0 piish murder or any other out
voters. ge committed in serving any proccsl Under a
.A... ne rnnP. -n.i ,n,.thi ... fi..
JllJ;,cs of iS"t0 Cl)UvtSi 8Worn to 6Ust.lin
eral and Stato laws, are surely better qualified to
...;m,. n,;f c,, ,i. :,,j.
jar0 r,laced u7,Jcr no obligation whatever to r
these spcct glleh lawP whi!e inB tllis ease rugitiv
When a man is converted into a Least it is to
he supposed thnt in case of his running away h
will be hunted ns a beast. The Slave-hunters,
however, do more. We do not remember ever to
have heard of a man in pursuit of runaway horse
or oxen or even pigs, shooting down tho nniimiU
when they prove difficult to catch. Yet n U. Hi
ii ... m -t-... 1
HU' iuiusir.ii 111 mNin, wucn n man 111 inn
c,Jt0i. a slave 8cemcd iikcT ,0 escape, ordered
an nssiatant to shoot him. And at Wiikcsbarro in
IVm,shania a similar northern rfiicial Actually
,tl()t n , ,vho .s pllrsurti ns (u-HivBi As
thj9 fpitiv0 nmn ,vils lindouhteillv human, and no
proir whatever had been offered "to any Court ia
',,1,i..i, ,,.. 1....1 bn . vir.. ,
lnaigiiaiien w n3 i!t at
he murderous act of shoot
ing liim, and tho State Courts were Appealed t
punish the brute who had so prostituted himself
to the base purpose of the slave holders. A Uni
ted States Judge interposed to release the offetldinn
Marshal in the first instnnee, nnd whether the
State of Pennsylvania will ever have pluck and
self-respect enough to vindicate its laws remains to
bo scon. But the federal noverhhiiiht Of this Brest
.mtIltrv nr.w tinO.vliiTinlntw nf tUn witn ika
.' """. .j v u.v.j u. ....
hc nrrtlinjj0ll in Bame 1,,. transferring the case
t0 a LVltcJ States clirt- No .er buht slnmy
wmiI.j evCP ask tlint.rnilod States officials should
be exempt from punishment by State Courts for
crira03 comrnjttsr n gain?t StnteJ iaws tinieT color
e Bnrr,.;n i4n.. " r.r ,t, it:.j r tu-
Plave3 lhpy iluld 0f3cc on tho very condition that
they will trample on the rights of the States by
(,rc.inK an unconstitutiuuT.l act of Ccngrcss at
I an eventsi
It ia a deplorable thing that the Free Statel
have sunk so low in their degradation that only
ni Senators can be found to vote against so gross
a usurpation for so base a purpose 1 Tho federal
Government is said by the jurisconsults to be 8
Government of liiiiiteil powers, but if i his act pas
ses it will havo ultimated powers of villainy, thai
is, powers commensurate Willi tiid inclination
which it has for some time manifested. As soon
as slave-catching deputy marshals can slaughter
people accused of being slaves, nmcnnblo only tt
slave-catching courts, the business of slave-hunt
ing will be reduced to a safe nnd practical system,
and the same excellent federal Goverumont will b
ready for the acquisition of Cuba, arid the re-ch
slavement of Hayti. We never had the slightest
fault to find with tho Federal I'nion or the tern-.
of it, Written down in tho Felcral Constitution,
but wn would ihank any oho to inform us what
the Federal Government has been, for several
years past, over and above a convenient agency for
people who get their livings by plowing the back
of negro slaves. riretuh Jwi ual.
The pcoflo of the South are utterly ignornnl of
the character of the peoplo of the North. Their
most accomplished statesmen talk wretched Don
sense upon the matter.
Northern " Doughfaces'' in Congress have frivatt
rise to this niisundorstandinir. F.ac.h man 1ms hii
hi p,ico, Congressmen havo been bouglit and
sold like cattle in the market. Southern mm llnva
so long lorded it over Northern men nnd the lnttBf
ha o been so abjectly servile, thr.t Any measure
however repugnant to freedom, is looked upon at
sure of Northern support.
The Fugitive Slave Law was passed to allay
itation 1 A brand so blazing with discord was
never applied to the phlegmatic materials at th
North. It outrages freedom ond justice; Tut
Northern mind in mass loathes the deeply InfamoU
measuro. It will never be enforced without pro
voking a deeper hatred of wrong and a more wake
fi i.,.; nf. ii,. !.,,
,. " f . " . , , .
can enforce that law. Along bristling bayonet
and rows of loaded cannon, the slave may be
dragged by force to bondage. But bdet of
serried rank nnd yawning tube the people stand,
with frowns nnd compressed lips. Every new"'
case under the act kindles hatred into a Crrssr
The slave catcher flatters himself that he Jntinl
idates when, by arms, he captures his runaway
chattel. A great mistake. The Northern people.
in the main, nre law-loving, law-abiding. They
rob and burn no mails mob no stage agents.-
But ns sure as fate, they are verging to that stal
where every fugitivo recovered by the slav huti
ter will cost blood and lifo. While the resetier
of Glover wre guinu to jail, two thousand ot
their fellovr-citiiens. Willi marshals and band tot
music, escorted them through the streets, wbil
"groaning audibly" told their loathing of th
Judge who sentenced them. Convictions for" lUeh
rescues make martyrs of the convicted, and eon
sign the Judge to lasting infamy. If the South
wish to allay agitation, and "crush but" abolition
ism, tho Slave Law must not be exhibited to tb
North in its notive ugliness. Cayuga Chief.
Gov. Gardner of Massachusetts, has appointed
the 5th of April, at a day of fasting and prayer.

xml | txt