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T II E A N T I - S L A Y E It Y V U G L E .
Miscellaneous. From the Ohio Farmer. OHIO AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. W have already spoken of this Institution, and Congratulate uur readers on the appointment of n enpe of Profcssnrs so able and so well known ns those announced for the coming winter. We have bo informed the public that the cuurso will Com. (nonce on lho First of December in Cleveland nnd that suitable rooms and other facilities for tho nd TantiiKOous prosecution of the various departments of Agricultural science, havo been provided by the board of trustees in tins cuv. Iiut our duly, we think does not end here We lel tDnt we ought to lay i.etoro nil our inenoo, eomo of the considerations which should influence the Farmers of the West, indeed, the whole coun try, to givo this school established for their bene Cit nnd depotidant on them for its success n prompt nnd generous support. We do with the more readiness becauso we have occasion to know that our best Agriculturists are gcneroUH, ns well us wise, and that they aro nlivo to tho interests ol jience ns well as to tho interests of their families nd thoir vocation. I. We would reccoinmcnd the Ohio Agrtcultural Collets to thoir support, therefore, because it is tho first and only' Agriculf mat Society in tlic United Slate. We nre not ignorant that efforts 1, i7e been mi.li). 1 lui ibln and successful ones, to disseminate nuricultural science in the Uni'ed! States. Books hvo been published, addresses de iirercd, societies nnd lyceums orgr.r.iie j j insti tute established, and agricultural departments nddod to soma of the institutions of learning in several Suites of t.'io Union. But we do not now recolloct that any College with its own ctiarter.nnd having tho advancement of agriculture as a science! irr its sole ohiecr. is in existence in America, ve sides the Ohio Agricultural College. o that not ft dollar lias ben expended, by tho very few wbo have borne the entire burden thus far, that is not needful f'r tho suecesful inauguration of the enterprise. Now it is our belief that those who at first stop forward to commence this great and needful work should meet a cordial response in the nprobation and aid of the farming commie nity generally. Shall they not have it ? II. As n second argument we would uvgo the fact that such an enterprise weds help more at the outset thwi when one it is fairly established. An otitormiso ouco fairly under way, Generates often its own momentum. It creates its own power. In- , , . , . . . . .. ! tcreU cluster around it. If. demonstrates lis w-i er to nive back n full etiiiivnicnt fur all it takes Hut a young enterprise, though of tho noblest niiiis and confessedly of tho greatest utility, needs es pecially in our country where success is its own bost guarantee, the help of all its friends 13 place it in its beat attitude beforo the public, and to en able it to prove its own power. In the success of tho Ohio Agricultural College is wrapped up not only the best advancement of the farming interest in the West for many years to come, but the suc cess of similar schools which ought to be estab lished in various sections of tho Union. If this succeeds they will be established and succed. Let the farmers of Ohio alone but we hope more than this send but two students from each countv, and the number will be nearly two hundred. This would be a good beginning, and would be worth more to the College and to the interests ol agricul- tare in the YYest.thaii tw ice that numtjer nvo years hence. Let us have them then by nil means ; now is the time to give the school t'ie best lilt. III. bucness w certain, ij tut proper encourage- meat is given sow. l,ot two Hundred students at tend the full courso of lectures, in Cleveland next, winter. Lot them retnvn to their farms nnd com municate the knowledge they will gain; let them shuw in the seveial counties whence they come, by their greater science and more delicate skill, that they have not been taught in vain, nnd the desire for such knowledge nnd training will become more general and moro intense. Tho number of students will bo greater tho next yoar, nnd greater still in years succeeding. The people will loam that practical knowledge is the best of nil knowledge and that agricultural science may make their fields licher. their crops greater, and their income lar ger, with the same, or even n less expenditure of toil. Let the Agricultural College then, havo a generous support note, for that will be the best se curity for its future prosperity. IV. Another grand reason why we wish to see the AgriculturalCollcge, this winter, well filed by vouni farmers, is that thus praci'cai skill and scientific culture may be most fully united. It would be possible perhaps to fill the scats in the leature rooms with gentlemen engaged in other uarsuits. Merchants, literary men, and gentlemen ot leisure, mightpnlronize the Collego, as we hope they will. Thenfleisure bours.could not Burely be spent in ft more elegant and profitable way. But still tho best and grandest results would fail of at tainment, unless the knowledgo gained the coming winter should be sown by the hand of skill next epring, to bo gathered next summer and autumn in the harvests which those advantages had ren dered more productive. Let a largo class, there fore, of farmers and their sons attend the lectures the next winter, that the wisest nnd most practical use may bo mado of the knowledge gained.. V. Wo wish to see the Ohio Agricultural College veil sustained, became our Ayriculture is still in its youth, and it ought to grow tip under the best scientific training. How hard to uproot old habits, and tj overcome the hoary beaded prejudices that have reigned for centuries ! We have these to combat to some extent even in n new country; but their influence is less formidable here than when usage bns congealed upon society, into fetters of stone. If we start right, our future progress will be easy, and our future success certain. Now it is o much easier to start right.witcn, as in tho West, capital ftnd labor are united in proportion so hap py, and where our farming usages are yet plastic, that we feel a desir to which words nre inadequate; that science and art should- contribute their best light and their latest improvements, to the highest deyelopement of Western Agricultural enterprise. Let the Ohio Agricultural College then, be well sup- Jiorted now, and its influence will be most power til nod benign. VI. Another reason (closely allied to the fore going) why we wish to see this Collego well sus tained is, that a scientific Agriculture will enable us to keep vp the fertility of our unexhausted soil. Tbe history of older countries is. in regard to this matter, briefly the following. Fields were crop ped generation after generation, tili land, once rich as the garden of Eueu, became at sterile as Suhma. Then science came nnd toiled for long years, till At Isst she is gradually reclaiming these w asted lands, and making the desert to wave with the yel low harvest. Now that tbe untrained races whose thriftless culture bequeathed a barren waste to their posterity .should have made Ibis sad mistake, it to be regretted, indeed, but not greatly censured. For ignorance cannot do the work of knowledge. But it would be unpardonable for the famert of tbis age, with the tad example of tbe past before them, and with the means in their reach, of avoid ing the lamentable conseciuonees of former errors, to allow our own sail to become sterile, ftnd thus to squander the rich inheritance which bounteous nature, has fur uncounted centuries been laying up for us. The farmers of olden times sinned, though innocently. Their fault was their misfortune. Bliould we repeat the process, it would be for us a crime. Let us then have an intelligent Agricul ture. And let us luve a generous support for tbe Ohio Agricultural College, as ono of the beat means fur the diffusion of that science, which will enable this generation of farmers to bequeath debts of undiminished fertility, the marrow ol whose fatness is still in them, to tbe generations that are yet to people tbe great empire of tbe Vest. t ' ' , The Aljany Argus saya that a gentleman in tlint ity recently received instructions through ft friend, from the British Minister nt Washington, to bny tweuty thousand horses if he could gt that num ber. This may have a tendency to increase tbe value of burses. A man being awakened by the captain of a boat with tbe anoa-neentent that he must uot occupy his . berth with bia boots on.iery considerately replied : "Ob, bugs won't hurt 'ui, 1 gucsa ; they are an Id pair. Let 'eua rip." The 8eneo Indiana have a Iaw to the effect that no treaty ia valid without tbe consent of two-thirds ol the uvtbore of the tribe From Household Words. TIME'S CURE. Monro, 0 rejoicing licart ! The hour! are flying, Each ono luino trcauro takes, Each ono some bloi'scm breaks, And loaves it dying ; The chill dark night draws near, Thy sun will soon depart. And Iviiro theo sighing ; lhan mourn, rejoicing heart, lho hours arc tiling 1 Rejoice, 0 grieving heart, The hours fly fust, With each some sorrow dies, With each some shadow flies, Until at hist The rod dawn in the cast Bids weary night dopart, An J pnin is pant. Rejoice, then, greiving heart, Tho Lours fly f:ist I CHINESE FLORAL EXHIBILITION. One day I attended native horticultural exhi bition, which was held in an old temple within tho Wilis. The open courts of the building were 111 with rows of flowering plants, in earthen pots and vises, w;.i?h were also arranged in circles around some weak fountains in the center. There were some fine specimens of tho mou-fun, or peony, w hite, pink nnd crimson, and with an odor very similar to that of the rose; but lho most admired flower seemed to be the lun-whei, a bulbous water- Plant ll 0 blossom resembling that of the or know ohids in form, vet of a dirty yellow ish green line. The great aim of tho Chinese florist s to produce noninihinir oh much unlike nature as possible, nnd thus this blossom, which for might I know, may . : : r . ..." . . . ' bo pure white.or yellow, in its native state.is chan- gcd into a sickly, mongrel color, as if it were uf- tlictcd with n vegetable jaundice or Jenrosy. There was a crowd of enthusiastic admirer. r- round each of the ugliest specimens, nnd 1 told that one plant, which was absolutely loath-1 some nnd repulsive in its nppearunoe, was valued hi inree imiiirtu uuimrj. j 110 uniy iasiu which the Chinese exhibit to any degree is ft love of the1 ,.,-,,,., ii'hnt ,.;.,,,, . ,,r .rmnnv unieh - . - ... . - ..... .. t,.rhbej like n musical rvthm throoch tho life of. tho Gncks, never looked out of their obliijue eyes their music is a dreadful discord; their language is composed of nasals nnd confonauts, they admire whatever is distorted or unnatural, and the wider its divergence from its original beauty or symme try the greater is thoir delight. CHINESE MORALITY. This mental idiosyncrasy includes ft moral one of similar character. It is my deliberate opinion that the Chinese nre morally the most debased people on tho faco of the earth. Forms of vice which in other countries nre barely named aro in China so common that they excite 1.0 comment among tho natives. They constitute the surface level, and below them there are deeps on deeps of depravity so shocking and horrible Hint their char- actcr cftnnot cven ide hinted. There nie some dark slia(lows j l,unin nnturo which we naturally pl)rink from pene,ralillgi ,! I nmde no attempt to collect information of this kiud; but there was cnouh in ti,e thin3 wlli..i, 1 coui,i not nvoid see ing nnd hearing w hich are brought almost daily to the notice oi every foreign resident to inspire me with a powerful aversion to the Chinese rnce. Their touch is pollution, nnd harsh ns the opinion may seem, justice to our own race demands that they should not be allowed to settle on our soil. Science may have lost something, but mankind has gained by the exclusive policy which has governed China during the past centuries. CHINESE DINNER. Among these festivities the most notable was Chinese dinner which Col. Marshall gave at the consulate. The building was in a blaze of lan terns nnd flowers. An nrched avenue of colored lights led from the gate to tho door, where the vis itor ascended between a doublo row of fragrant white nnd crimson mau-ians to the first story. Here the quaint silk bintcrns were redoubled; cu rious baskets nnd urns of grass nnd shells, filled with flowers, were suspended from the ceiling, and the diniug-room, handsomely draped with flags, contained a veritable bower, or nrbor of greenery enshrining the American caglo. Tho dinner was prepared with great care, not only the laou-tnrs , 8ilvcr cups anJ cll()ps,it.Ue but evcn ,lis cook hftv. ing been borrowed for the occasion. The dishes were numerous und palatable, but hardly substan tial enough for a civilized taste. They were most ly soups, nndsome of them were distinguished by very peculiar flavors, which I found difficult to an alyze, lue choicest dishes were birds -nest soup, sharks'-fini, and a dark stringv substance, which the Taou-tai said he bad procured nt Pekin, at great expense. The dinner was followed by in-nnd bnll Bnd a minr.er in ths Fiirjinunn trl Bayard Taylor. ' From the N. Y. Tribune. THE PEOPLE'S WASHING AND BATHING ASSOCIATION. It is now over three years since a number of be nevolently disposed gentlemen of New York city seeing how successfully the Washing and Bathing houses for the people which bad been set up in London and other cities in Europe bad operated, and the benificent results which attended their introduction, contributed largely toward a fund fur a similar institution in this city. This institution was erected in Mott street, in the center of a neigh borhood more in need of it than any other locality in New York. The building was furnished with first class facilities for bulling, and purifying fam ily linen, w hich were offered to the public at merely nominal cost j and yet. singularly enough, the projectors though hoping to make the enterprise self-sustaining have lost lurgcly by the investment, which from tbe beginning has failed realize expenses. Whether this result is to be at tributed to the innate love of filth in the people iuui quarter ui uiBcitywaom u was uesigned reach, or whether oven the slight sum charged for the use of its cleansing appliances was too much for the means of the poorer class of people, we are not competent to decide : but that as a self suppor ting institution it bns been so fur a failure is appa rent. It is estimated that the cost of carrying on the establishmeet for another year will be 1 5,875. On a recent visit to the Wash-house we were in formed by tbe matron. Mrs. Benson, that the Dum ber of washera attending daily averaged about tweutyfivo ; these pay five centa an hour for the use of tubs, hot and cold water steam, drying appa ratus, smoothing irons, mangles, and every appli ance necessary for washing aud getting up family linen. The wash-room is clean, niry, well vent Ha ted and drained. Tbe drying apparatus enables the washerwoman to dry her clothes aa fast aa she can wash them, so that when she haa finished washing she can at once begin her ironing. smart woman can do a week's washing for half dozen peonle in about three hours, at this place. Sumo few ladies send their servants to the wash house w ith their family washing, and a few people in the neighborhood make use of its advnntuges, but the majority of those who frequent the build ing nro professional wusberwomen, who find cheaper to do their work there besides saving the discomfort and confusion tbut invariably attend washing-day nt borne. Some tf tl.eee women we learned make from a dollar to twelve shillings day without any extra exertion. There is one woman to whom the matron gives all the chance jobs that may be brought to the house ; she does well, usually earning one dollar and fifty cents day.and sometimes hiring help from other women, at a profit. As an illustration of tho facilities for doing work rapidly, we learned that it was not un common for gentlemen to go into tho bath, Bend .heir linen up to be washed while bathing, and tliey rarely have to wait an undue lime in tbe bath until it ia finished, At tbis time of the year tho baths are very much frequented, the sniallcess of the charge placing them within the reach of the poorest. Neat and convenient bathing rooms, vapor nnd shower.warm and cold latba, with clean towels, are provide. There nre ulso twj larce sw minima bulbs -one for nifties nnd one for females, Bath are furnished 1 on the following terms First-class warm baths, with cold'shower Second-class wai in baths Cold shower baths Vapor, (medicated if cVsired) Swimming (warm in Winter) Plunge butli,for gentlemen, in the evening 12 cts. 6 cts. I 0 cts. ' Cft cts. 3 cts. 10 cts. That pcuplo appreciate tho bathing department is clearly demonstrated Iron) tho t u t that 111 tern hundred ami twenty-three individuals bathed in the establishment on the 13 of August, laj'S, nud live thousaud six humlrJ and seventy-five in one week, and not a person of tho many thousands, whether washers or bathers, who have visited thu establishment since the opening, has bcon injured any accident while oil the premises. The institution is clean, nnd neatly kept, nnd we should think ought to prosper. Probably if the managers took morn pnins 10 maKe us nuiuninges known, the people would show a moro practical ap' precintion ol them. AN AMERICAN ABOMINATION. i . ! a a One trait more, though with the rik of disgust ing some nnd unending morn not. An Knirlishnian, i be ieve, rarely chews, nnd. cnninarcd with the American, ravoly smoke but whether he docs not secretly practice both ihesi nbominntions 1 am rmt prepared to say. But wiih both these provocations, if ii be so, one thing he never docs, is, to spit. That fid draws n line of demarcation between tho Englishman nnd tho American, broader nnd deeper a thousand-fold than nny other, in politic", government, laws, lan guage, religion. Jkt Englishman line spits. Or if he dues, ho lira goes home, shuts, himself up in his room, locks his door, nrgues the lioressity of the case; if necessary, performs the disagreeable duty, und returns to society with n clear conscience. The American soits always nnd every wiierc sometimes w . en it s necessary: nlwnvs when it s not. It is his occupation, his pastimc,his business. v Manv ,l n(,thing cle all their lives, nnd nlwnvs indulge in this singular recreation when they nothing rl.-o to do. Sometimes, in a state of mo- ,-,,. f....01r,.i,. . l. intermits .but then, us if 1,0 bid neglected a sworn duty, returns to it rn...iMi..e.smitten viL-or. Mb snits nt borne and abroad, by night nnd by day, awake and nslcen, in.compniiy'and in solitude, "for his own amusement and the ei ilicalion 01 a siiiltuiE Coin mumty. Ou tho freshly painted or scoured floor, .i .. .1 .i. ' i. r" ri.L ... . i. .." UU l.ll' IJCItll UUCK I'l Still) I'l Cll.UllllMru. till l, u.u- W n...... ... i l.-il.. ';. I...r,.i.,n,l ll, i ton, or I urkev, even there he voids his rheum; ... .i . i . . ... An, m.,r. w,n,.,t tl,fl rnilrnid run 111 more ways than 010. J he .1.... ..... n.. n Id - . . . VIDIII Ul v. 'uilll.o t.nv. mentof the Hrects, the floors of hotels, r.f 'c'on-1 ..p ..1 1....: ..... ..r tu.. t.... I'.,. -n-n .1. i l .i , i i cress halip, arc Inul w i:h U nnd in railroad curs it, must always be ncecssarv for n lady to shorten licr garments, ns if about toValk in the deep mud i.r the street, or the snow and water of spring, it fl,c woul l escape defilement to either i?,. ,,.tss .,r b..r ,i;m,erH. As the newer of direction of the i, ,inu i.v ,.n . .e,, .,e,-, ;,r ni,vitl,.7""- standing so much practice, one s own person and nil par of bis person are exposed to the random i ! l r i i r . r l : -i:.. -J shots fcf this universal foe of American civilized life; nnd often be finds on different parts of his dress proofs abundant of thcconipuny bo has kept. The only single spot absolutely secure is a man's face; im'd that would not be, wcro it not for the fear of n duel. That there is not the shndow of exaggeration in this description, coarse ns it is, nnd coarse ns it l.as been my intention to make it; all Americuis, nnd all travelers .who have been within nn Ameri can hotel, steamboat, or rnil-car nil will testify. And the result of nil is, 1 suprmse, that we aro the freest nnd most enlightened peoplo on the face of tho earth 1 But lor one, republican ns I nm In principle, I think, on the w hole, I would prefer the despotism of Austria, Russia, or Rome, to the freedom, if I must take with it the spit, of Ameri ca. It is vice enough to tempt one to forswear home, country, kindred, friends, nnd - religion. It is ample cause lor breaking aconninttnec, friend shipfor a divorce, In n word, it is our grand na- i ;i nA.i;.4 l...f btwm. it- TKn.A tiuiial distinction, it we did but know it. There nre ccrtuiulv pnrts of the country comparatively, but only comparatively, free from this vice. Here at the North there is much less than at the West and South, though hero enough ol it So disgust one with bis race. In proportion ns general refinement prevails, tho cui-lom tibnlcs. At tbe South, no carpets, no rooms, no presence aflurds protection. Here, in tbe best rooms, the best society, there is partial exemption, though not often enough, from the presence of that ingenious, fearful patent, brazen, chiiui, or earthen bvx Would that my country could bo induced to pause in this its wonderful career! Pity s, ine public cfi'ort could not be made by way of general convention, or otherwise, for the abatement of this national mischief certainly as worthy of attention ns very many ot our pohticul and moral reforms, The advice of the London surgeon Abcrnothy, nn American sea-captni was at anv rate useful to 'US nil, and pregnant w ith good medical philosophy j "Keep your saliva in your mouth to help digest your JOUU moi, puiu nu, uuu UUI OOlb lb IUJ UtCT my carpet." William Ware. I am perfectly w illing to bo ostracised on the score of taste for introducing this topic, if by call ing pttention to it, it may 'je the means of redeem ing n few even from n habit which makes our whole country a by-word nnd nn offense all over the civilized wcrld. I am sorry to say, that in re gard to this practice hardly n gentleman in bis manners is anywhere to bo found. One meets per sons constantly nt public places, in publin convey ances, with tbe dress and outward nspoct of well bred men, many whom you know to come under tho category of what is called tho best society, with whoso personal habits, as you are unfortu nately obliged to sit beside them in some rail-car, you can be filled only with an unconquerable dis gust. though I will linpe'own CULTIVATED TASTE. Speech of Dr. Osgood at a ftoral festival in N. Y. City. to A a it a a In this wirld of sharp corners I have tried to do a few good-natured things, but 1 think to consent to come here to speak among the flowers whore Bryant was expected is certainly no mm II sacri fice. You are disappointed, and I nm inclined to believe that the flowers are too; for aU'bcauties have a kind of an understanding w ith each other and are fund of each other's society ; nnd I have no doubt but there is a eympathctiu vein between the beauty of the flcwer und the beauty uf the fancy of tho poet. - But I remember once of reading in the poouis of ft Russian poet of a cloJ of oartli that was fragrant! and they asked of it, "What is this, nre you musk or amber that you nre so fra grant?'' And the clod replied, "Oh, no I I am nothing but earth ; but the roses have dwelt near me, nnd their ss eetness has penetrated all uiy be ing." So then listeu to me, although I may be butaelod nmong tbe flowers (Applause.) You expected Bryant to address you to-night. It is pleasant thing that our great American poet has been so much interested in the culture of flowers and it is also pleasant that lie bus written a letter that shows so much knowledge ns weil as so much heart. We find that his majestic imagination is w illing to stop and see beauty in the wayside flow- now, lames nnu gentlemen, 1 will not conceal it Irom you that I nm in a difficulty am here iu ouieiuiii. ii nm snail hull H be? 1 suppose I believe ti.nt he is iniated. I am inclined that all-st. is everywhere sometimes very much ciluuin to think that old Cent Per Cent when he is count ing nisuoiia. s in imu-st. once in a w hile dream of green fields and blossoming flowers. Whenever a little child comes to him with a boquot of flow ers I wan ant you that bis heart bents in the im pulses of true humanity, and old Cent Per Cent is after all a man. (Applause.) Ooetho, iu his raust, makes Mephistophiles fear the influence or flowers. When be was claiming Faust ft shower or roses fell about them, and soon Mephistophiles becomes nlarmed for himself, and was so affected -lint he was obliged to close bis nostrils lest he should be converted and h be no longer a devil ( Applause ) The value of flowers is not in what they bring in the market, hut in their own loveli-i nes. H ben we ask of the little its ue, it cn .k luck to many i f in, -fJir, of Crs, those messengers of Heaven that aro so con by stantly robukinR our gross utilitarianism, nnd teach us thutUol has mado lilo to b lovely ns well n useful. 1 believe that we nra Americans, for I : ! i i ; V'lynxial development, as the basis ot a noble, j I t lint uso arc von ?'' 'i'l.cro are innnv of us who live a worldly and not a beautiful life, who would Hnd it pretty hard to stand the test of tho little flower's catechism, When wo make a present wo find it difficult to decide whnt to give. We desire that a gilt bo valuable, lint there is one coin which in the market of sentiment is nlways gold it is the coiniige of Nature's sweet flowers (Ap plau'c). Tho language of flowers nlways goes to the benrt. It is a laiurtiaze not in books, but it is written in tho hieor.uxlvnh of Xaturo itself. I do not know how they learned it, but we have nil had ptoof that tliey understand itj nnd if ft person who tins rc.nche I the yentR of discretion has never felt this language of flowers co direct to his benrt, 1 can only say that I look upon him w ith feelings of counmscraiinn. . much lor the beauty oi niw think a grc.it deal about being American (Ap plauso.) If wo try to bo something else than w hat we are, we simply make ourselves ridiculous. It we try to he Counts nnd lukoS, wo nre just nothing nt, all, neither Counts,l)ukes or Americans. I be true courso is for n man to be himself, tho son i;f his ow n father, and tho fcllow-cilizcn of bis lellnw-citizen (Applause.) ith this great "lea in lho minds nf tho people, I can see a noble iuiuiu iur America 111 Bociai renneiueiiis auu Dean tirui tastes. Wo are to havo a life far more beauti ful nnd festive ihan we have ever known. What a connection there is between the cultivation of flowers and the refinements of home! With horti culture wo have scon a new system or architecture. What name stands higher than that of Downing? go where you will nnd you will see some memorial of his lino fancy some monument of his architec tural !kill. Wo nre a business people, but we be lieve in being a relincd people, Jnnd will welcome the day when in our homes, in tho ereon fields un- ! der the spreading trees, wo shall enjoy ourselves : with childhood and ago, man nnd woman, music nnu nowers, nna win receive tiio vencaictiun 01 'God smiling down upon us. (Applause). , . , . , . . , V"". u mines o. our ...no is ur. VKoou, J1"1. ll,,s "V10,""1 "peeches. out of tho pulpit, may "U'.U".,W!U r u.ui.i sskchkiui. V' . ""l' ' . 1 "dl';l,e te"v.?' the other V. lu " luu" uut"-u lu w, Fine Arts," he smtl: Mist speaking ol our American Art, we most not forget that we have something to do with furnishing subjects, nnd whilst scenery is compar nlivc-'.r little within our control, the liuninn figure . - , , , . , , . , 18 le'T ': "" e make it, and is monstrously . " . . , ... , " , ,. looking people; but we bnvo done n treat deal to .J''' 0''. ', and it would be n very g,,od thing lur nut Annr pmv fit lli.Hicrn In nrtnlv ii the Su J .w....... ...-p.. " '.i ll IJ'lllIU vUUI I lll U I II Ul illl Ul'H VUI I) rplus to rescue ' "'', lj f'" imprwonmcnl nnd abuse nt two iianuM oi our i.usc u nous ana inunFiruuB uiui . . r ri , , . . . el.es Horn the fetters of buckram and whalebone; ,r" r an1 U'UJC0' oh n,,,d dee 80 "'a'y of our men; from the slops nnd confecl.on- s trah which gives dyspepsia and the vapors to " n,!ln-V of our women. Let us have ace and a intellectual, and social life; let us nlso bo willing to be true to humanity in our own way, without aping every hurnneon lolly, nnd who will doubt that n new day of beautiful taste and artistic ge nius w ill daw n upon us ?" thclntrong in her yet?" A rieiTESTANT Cow. An Irishman, who is the proprietor of a boarding shanty on the C. O. Rail road, east of this city, (says the Zanesvillo ylin'ora,) recently purchased ft cow, which, being rather wild, ho bad In halter and lend borne. When be arrived at the door of the shanty, bia better half opened the conversation thus: 'Well, Pat, whore did vou get the brute?" "Sine, I got her of Mr.' II ." "Ytlint! said sho " did you buy a cow Irom a Protestant? But, ns you have done so, it won't be any harm to put. n little holy water upon her. ' '1'iiith, that s well thought ol, said rat; so without relinquishing bis bold of the biute, he held out bis bund to receive the hvly water, nnd poured it on tho aiiiuml's back ; making also the accustomed sign at the time of performing the op- ! oration It so hnppcnccHaht the old woman handed him, by mistake, n bottle of vitriol, and Pat, being una ware ol the tact, lclt astonished that the cow should wince so under the operation ; but on pouring on tho supposed holy water n second time, tho infuria ted nnimal kicked up her heels and broke loose from Pat, to the great astonishment of Molly, who exclaimed : 'Holy mother of Mos:s! isn't tho Protestant The truth of the story is vouched for by one of tlu boarders in me shanty. Thk Newsjiovs on the taking or Seuas'-opoi.. Though the newsboys do not npjioar to be influ enccd by a iy political principle in their opinions to!"1'01" ' the Crimea, they debate the seige of Sevastopol in their own way very otten. "Say" Eaid Barney, w ith nil the dignity of a captain nmong them, "1 don t go in lor taking be bastopol. Extras wouldn't sell well d'vo see. Let the Russians get wbipt nnd what will become of our trade I "Well, said Cigars, "if fcobastopol is taken we'll havo another loss of the Arctic day !of it. Oh, was'nt that a time? " "The last boni- barder," said Fatty, "gave me thrco extra plates at the Nassua, and three shillings I pnid as 1 owed. The death of Lord Raglan wasn't worth an oyster pie. , "The i.mperor Nick a was a better affair," sa:.d Fatty. "Yes, sir," said Paddy Moore. "Let me see; the death ot th hmperor Nicholas put seventy-six cents in the oanK nnd gave me a new pair of pants ns good as second-hand." "Ono bat tle," said Yank, lifting up bis eyes from bis book. "is better than twenty doaths. Why don't they blow up a ship or furtrcss. Idunno that we have much in that wny nt nil as we read in lho life of r.iul Jones here. "Well," said Barney, "I guess there's no Paul Jones nmong 'em. Give me n look at that, Yank, when you get through with it. want to see bow Paul Joiicb did those things And so the conversation was diverted into another chauncl. A'. 3'. paper. ; J A friend residing in Mt. Vernon, Me. informs the editor uf the Rural Intelligencer, that be has raised, in tbe open air, on his place, for the last tlireo years, tho voritable eofien plant, the seed of which was brought thither five years ngo from Cu ba. It grows about two feet high, nnd produces its berries in pods something like peas. The plants, b says, havo matured, even this season, and the berries ripened without injury from frosts. Reasonableness of Toleration. All my expe rience of the world teaches me, that in ninety-nine eases out of n hundred, tho safe side and the just side of a question is the generous side and the merciful side. This your mere worldly people do not seem to know, and theiein make the sorriest and the vulgnrest of all mistakes How often in thia world the actions that we condemn ere the result of sentiments that we love and that we admire 1 Mis. Jameson. opinions A little boy had bis first pocket knife, and, for several days used it himself, and extended the privilege of the occasional uso of his trciisuro to his littlo playmates. One evening ho was kneel ing at bis mother's knee, saying bis customary j please, God, give little Jimmy Bailey a knife of his wi., so he won't want to borrow mine nil tbe time V Knickerbocker. prayer, wnicn lie closed up in these words: "And runoh thinks that carriage drivers would make good soldiers as uo troops could stand their charge. Do not lead books alone, but men j and be care ful to read thyself. Don't live in hope with your arms folded ; fortune smiles on those who roll up their sleeves, and put their shoulders to the wheel. Those who excel in atrongth nre not the most likely to show contemnt of weakness. A nun does not despise the weakness of a child. It in hard work to leach people who can learn nothing without leing taught. Ii THE A ST I H LA Y E 11 Y 11 V G L E . Pt'tiMsriED Evinr satcrdav, at ralkm, oiiio. TEKMS. f 1.50 per annum pnvablo in advance. Or, $2,00 ut the end of the year. tUf We occasionally send numbers to those wbo nre not subscribers, but w ho nre believed to be in tcrested in the dissemination of anti-slavery truth with the hope that they will cither subscribe them selves, or uso theirinfluouco to extend its circulation among their (riends. XktComrnunioations intended for insortion, to be addressed to M imes U. Konixsox, Editor. All others to As.s Pkarsov, Publishing Agent. .TERMS OF ADVEKTIS1NO. Oue Siiuare (18 lines) three weeks, " " Each additional insertion, " " Six months, - " " One year, Two Squares six months, - . Ono year, 25 4,03 5,00 8,00 Ono Fourth column one year, with privilege of changing monthly, .... 12,00 Half column, changing monthly, . - 0,00 tteiT Cards not exceeding eight lines will bo in serted one year for $3,00 ; six months, $2,00. J. HUDSON, Printer. LOC.lL AGTNTS 10R THE AMl-SI.AVr.RT Bl'dLE. Adrian, Samuel Ilayball, Michigan, Livonia, Harriet Fullei " Plymouth, Isaac N. Iledden, ' Ypsiluuti, Kmeline DeOnrmo, " " Samuel I), Moore, " Union City, John D. Zimmerman, Michigan, McKoy Grove, Tho's Fox, " Battle Creek, I'hcbe II. Mcnitt, " Bedford, Henry Cornell, " Farmington, Abram Powcls, " Wolf Creek. Warren Gilbert, " Ann Arbor, 11. Glazier. " West Unity, J. II. Richardson, Ohio. Edinburgh, Thomas C. Heighton, Ohio. Joseph Puckett, Winchester, Indiana, Win. Hern, Brighton, Indiana. G. L. Gale, Northport, Indiana. Win, Hopkins, Freeinont, " Elizabeth Morse, Angola, " Henry Bowman,Jjbnstowu, Barry Co. Mich. NEW BOOKS, STATIONERY, WALL PAPER, &c, &c , AT TUE Salem Dook Store. ALL Kinds of Classical, Historical. Poetical Political, Theological, Mental, Dental, Law, Sci entific, Musical, Juvenile and School Books, kept on band, or procured to order, ut Publishers'! Prices. Fooltcnp, Commercial, Morcnntilo nnd Packet Post Letter Pup?r. Commercial Note, Bath Post, Ladies' Bath, plain and gilt, Fancy Note, Sermon Paper, Bill Paper, Legal and Record Paper, Legal, Letter, Note and Fancy Knvolopcs, of all colors and sizes ; Draw ing Papers of all sizes, from Cap to Double Elephant. Ono roll of Drafting nnd Map Paper, 4J feet wide and 150 yards long, cut to suit. Bristol Bonrds, Fancy Paper, Arnolds, Maynard t Noys' Red nnd Indelible Inks. Gold and Steel Pens. Whitney's and Silliman's Ink stands. Port Folios, Port Monnnics, Artists' Brushes. Crayons. Drawing Pencils, Water Colors. Liquid Gum, Sealing Wax. Tnbbets, Penknives, Pocket Books, Mathematical Instruments, Tooth Brushes, Combs, Penholders, Slate Pencils, ic. Copy Books, Memorandums, rocket Diaries, and Blank Books of every dcsciiption. Yisitirg, Printing, Motto and Reword Cards of all sizes and colors. Materials for Artificial Flowers, Pocket Maps of nil the States, Spencer's Penmanship and Copy Books. Accordions and Fancy Articles. Materials for Chenille Embroidery. Country Dealers supplied with School Books nnd Stationery nt Wholesale. Wall Paper with Borders, nnd. Window Paper in great variety. Cash paid for any amount oi clean linen aud cotton Rags. Tho attention of the Public is called to a new invention, called FORTIN'S BOOK HOLDER, which ennbles a person to read, with perfect case, sitting upright, leaning back, lounging on a sof-,i, lying down, walking about, or in any other position, except standing on his head. j. McMillan. Salom, 0;t. 0, H5o.-3:n. GEO. tY. MANLY D AG V E 11 li I A A' A RT1S 77 GARY'S BLOCK, MAIX STREET, SALEM, OHIO. Salem, June 23, 1855. 1). WALTON, SALEM, COLUMHIAXA COCXTY, OHIO; DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF STOVES. Also, Manufacturer of Tin Ware, Stovo Furniture, Pipe, &o. A great variety of Jupnucd Ware and Toys. Salesi, Aug. 15. 1855. FALL OF 1855. L aro now in lcceipt of our Now Stock of Fall ond Winter Goods, consisting of a large and elegant assortment of aMcs' Orccs ($0000, Shawls, Bonnets, nnd ft great variety of Galoon and Velvet Trimmings, Gloves, Mitts, Hosiery Embroideries, and a general stock of FANCY AX D V A R I E T Y G O O D SI Together with ft full stock of Cloths, Cassimercs Tweeds, Jeans, Flannels, Linseys Checks, Colored, Brown and Bleached Canton Flannels, Crown and Bleached Sliretingi and Shirtings And by far the most elegant stock of PRINTS and GINGHAMS evor offered. We have also some 500 Yards more of that same YARD WIDE BLACK SILK! V Inch baa been so celebrated for its Brilliant Lustre, its Wonderful Pliability, and its Great Cheapness. Also, nn elegant line of Lupin's French Merinos and Coburirs. comm-isintr all qualifies nnd colors : together with a full supply of I'iUl'ElS, WALL AMJ WIMOW PlfEB, Boots and Shoes, Glass aud Queenswnre, &e., &a. Thankful for past favors, we invito the attention of customers and the public generally to our New Stock, feeling satisfied that we can offer extra inducements to purchasers. Sept. 15, 1855. J. & L SCHILLING. PLEASANT AND PROFITABLE EMPLOYMENT. In every tow n nnd village, for Men, and Women to sell our neat, cheap, and quick-selling Books, and to canvas for our Popular Scientific Juurnals All who engage with us will be secured from the pos sibility of loss. IVfita, very liberal. Plcaso ad dress, Fowler and Wills, 308 Broadway, New York. WANTED. An active honest Man in each section of tho state, tu take orders by "SAMPLE" for YEL PEAU'S MAGNETIC AGENTS. A salary of $WJll per year, and a small paid. "Salary payable Monthly.For particu are address Dlt tf. VELPEAU, 42l!J Broadway, w-iork, enclosing itainp to prepay tmwtr. 1 nn! 'o JUV. SPEAU,M.D., ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON; orrice ovxn jTconnkl's store, ox main strirt j Residence Xorth Side of Green Sreel, second doer West of the Elsicorth street. Saikm, April 24, 1S55. ALL who are in wnnt of WALL PAPER cn have forty varieties to choose from by calling lit McMillan's lljok-titore, Salem, Ohio. Also, nil kinds of Miscellaneous mid Siboo ""k"' R':l"k Books nnd Stationery of every des s jcriplion, Wholesale nnd Retail. The attention of writing teachers nnd others who desire superior ai tides of Stationery, ia particular ly invitod. CASH paid for nny amount of clean linen and cotton Rags. j. McMillan. Salem, April 11, 1855. j. C. 4 w7SAYER'i WholesaleDruggisls&ManufacluringChemlst?,, No. 311, Market Street, nbovc Eighth. PHILADELPHIA. Offer for the attention of Country Dealers, ft general tssortment of DRUGS, MEDICINES CHEMICALS, PAINTS, Oftk, CLASS, VAft NISHES, c, Ac. August f, 1854.-3in. Pittsburgl) iUatcrurc. Drs. FREASE, heretofore of the Sugar Creek Falls Water-Cure, have opened nn Establishment un the Ohio River nnd O. & P. Railroad, ten miles west of Pittsburgh, nt IIAYSY1LLE STATION, a place favored by nature and art for a Water Cure Institution. Mrs. Cti.u P. Richer Frease, it grnduate of the New York llydropnthio Institute, nnd of the Eclectic Modicnl College of Cincinnati, will have charge of the Female Department, assisted by the other Physicians. TERM'S From Six to Ten Dollnra per week, payable weekly in advance. Each patient should bring three sheets, two woolen blankets, six linen towels, nnd two comforts, or we will furnish thera for fifty cents per week. Address either of the Physicians, Pittsburgh, Pa. S. FREASK, M.D. II. FREASE. M. D. C. P. II. FREASE, M. D. May 17, 1855. Cooking (ftlassts For tho Fall Trade, nt greatly reduced prices. Buyers are invited to cxamino our stock bofore purchasing elsewhere. RICHARDS, KINGSLAND & CO., Manufacturers, 110 Chambers-st., New York. Aug. 18, IS55.-2m. SPRING TRADEH fRESU ARRIVAL Or NEW STYLE DATS AMD CAM. AARON li 1 A D EI EL D , WISHES to ell tho attention of Merchants, Storekeepers and Retail Buyers to his large assort ment of SPRING AND SUMMER HATS AND CAPS He having charge of the Branch Store, in Salem, of LIGHTFOOT & SMEDLEY, Hatters of Phila delphia, nnd will Wholcsnlo nt the same, if not on better terms, thnn can be sold in the Enst. Their Stock consists of Fashionable Silk or Mole skin, Otts'r, Benver, Russia, Fur, Pnnnmn, Leghorn, Braid, Chinn, Seuwctd, nnd Pnlmlenf, together with all kinds of Soft Saxony, Wool and Fur Huts, and CI01I1 Caps of every vnriety, nnd Friends plain Fur, Moleskin, Silk, Otter, Beaver, Russia, Brush, and a variety of Men'8 and Childrec'a Fancy Hats anil Cnps. Wo receive, every week, by express, direct from tho Manufacturers, additions to our stock, consist ing of (he latest styles of Spring and Summer wear, of all kinds, qualities nnd forms desirable, which will be disposed of on terma that cannot fail to suit purchasers. Call and examine our stock. LIGHTFOOT & SMEDLEY'S WHOLESALE AM) RF.TF.II. BRANCH. Care or A. BRADF1KLD, Agent. Ono door east of Chessman & Wright's, Main at. Salem, April 14, 1855. THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENESS. HUNT & BOONE, Have opened, in Johnson & Horner's block, th largest and finest Dngucrreinn Rooms in Eastern Ohio, whero they are constantly taking picture (exclusively on Gulvtiuizcd Plates) surpassing all others in durability, benuty of finish and nrtistio style. Our facilities foi opcrntion nre of the xuost ample and improved order, consisting in part ot ma chinery to polish tbe plate. By it we are enabled to give tho highest polish, without which a fine tie- ture cannot be taken. Our OUR SKY-LIGHT IS OP MAMMOTH SIZE AXD SUFFICIENT TU lAKtJ SIA TV PERSONS ON A SIXGLE PLATE. TRICES RANGE FROM 37 J CTS. TO TEN DOLLAtS. Ladies nnd gentlemen are requested to call and examine our specimens. Salem, Dec. 17, 1853. IWCKEYE FOUND11Y. EXOS L. WOODS, COLUMBIAN!, COLUMBIANA COUNT!, OHIO Steam Engine fiuilbcr. STEAM ENGINES of various sires, construct cd upon tho latest approved plan, that cannot fai' to give ns good satisfaction as any now made. Patterns of all kinds, made to order. All works' made of good material, and warranted to give as good satisfaction ns nny other Feb. 11, 1854.-tf D. OT. Babbitt's Potasl;, IM TIX CAN'S Of Six ponnde each, 72 lbs. in a ease, warranted su perior to nny in use, and at about the same price of the ordinary Potash sold in casks. Thia method of putting up the nrticle renders it much more con venient for retailing, and in this respect, therefore, is very desirable. Printed directions for it use are placed upon each cau. The article baa been in the market for the past three ycara, and where ever it has been introduaed has given the highest satisfaction. Any person desirous of giving the article a trial will, on remitting to my address $5. be sent a case of 12 packages. Also, B..T. BABBITT'S CELEBRATED SAUpTU, In one-pound packages for fuwily use, sixty one pound packages in each box. ViOl ibia Saleratua and eour urulk or oroaro. tartar, breiid and cakes of every kind can be wlana buUd iu half an boor, a nny season of tha year.' and in any climate. Directions for luing i acoouipany each package. Also, Super Carbonate Sula, Soap Powder, Yeast e" n 7,fe Vnum Tartar, and Cnndlea ofallkindi B. T. BABBITT, lios 08 & ,i) Washington Street, New York. July H, 17oJ.-Cni. S1TUATIOX WAX TED. A Colored Girl, sixteen or seventeen yeara ol age, wants a situation in a family. She can do ordiuary house-work, and ia in want of a home, lor further particular inqu're of ... , ,., JAMES BARNABV, S.tlvtn .A'lS'inltb, Wj.