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T II E A N T I - S L A V E 11 Y li U G L E .
DEATH OF GEORGE GARRETSON We have to rocord the death of George Gnrrot son if New Lisbon, which occurred during the early part of the present week. Our friend who has now paused away from the earthly scene of his labors and usefulness, was a most estimable man, distinguished wherever known, for his integrity of character a most public spirited and useful cit izon and from the very commencement of tho Anti-Slavery enterprise, most faithfully and un compromisingly devoted to its interests, lie was one of the few working, reliable abolitionists of New Lisbon, lie took a deep interest in the early establishment of the Bugle and has ever been its fast friend, a faithful supporter of tho Western Anti-Slavery Society from its commencement. Thus one by one are tho old and tried abolition ists passing awny. A mournful stimulus to all remaining to redouble their dilligence, that before they go to their last rest, they may see the fruit of their labors in the emancipation of tho Slave. TERRIBLE RAILROAD COLLISION X)a Monday evening, at twenty-three minutes bast four, P. M., the Freight train, Duvid Croft, Conductor, going east.and the Express train; A. C Levitt, Conductor, coming west, both under full headway, ran into each other, two miles east of Darlington staticn, completely demolishing both locomotives and the baggage and first passenger car of the Express, and instantly killing three .persons and wounding seventeen. The Freight train was fifty minutes behind time, and had no business on the road when tho accident occurred. There was but one watch on tho whole train, and that out of order, and belonged to the conductor, and the engiiioor donended entirely on him to know when, how ftat and how slow to run. Such neg lect as th at, until -lien, was unheard (fin tho hi ory of running trains. The matter will no doubt be duly investigated, and the blume attached to where it properly belongs. Killed. A. Stokes, stago Agent, Enon Valley, Pa., head mashed. Samuel Johnson, Middleton, Ohio, throat cut. And an Irishman, supposed name, Kent. m As soon as tho dispatches wro received at Pittsburg, preparations were mado to start a wreck train to the scene of the accident with physicians. The accomodation train which left Allegheny at five or a little afterwards, continued on to the Sum mit and brought back to Now Brighton the killed and wounded. The above we copy from tho Salem Republican. The terrible slaughter and mangling of human beings was evidently the result of mostincxcusnble carclesness on the part of the employees of the railroad company, on the Freight Train. The company itself ennnotbe inexcusable for employ ing men v. ho can be so culpably negligent and reckless. It, aj well as the immediato agents in these homicides should be held accountable by the courts of justice as well as by the public at large. Ia no other way can reasonablo safety be secured on our great thorougfares. Kansas A Fourth Invasion-. At the election field in Kansas on tho 15th ult., for the adoption or rejection of the new Constitution, the Missou. nans again invaded the Territory. At Leaven t or.h they destroyed the ballot boxes and broke tip the election personally abusing somo of the officials. In other places on the Missouri border they entirely prevented the holding of an election. - A house belonging to an anti-slavery man at Leavenworth, was burned, and a pro-slavory man who was charged with tho act was arrested and lodged in jail. His friends rallied, broke open the jail, and burned it to tho ground. Great excite ment prevails, and both parties have sent for as sistance. The S.u.em Band. The friends and visitors at the late Fair, are under obligation to the Salem Bund, for their services kindly volunteered on the last evening. They gavo the company Borne ex cellent music. Tho good taste and skillful exocu ,tion of this company is not excelled by any band we have heard in this region. The fact is highly oreditablo to tho com piny, as but a short time, comparatively, has elapsed since its organization. "Expectation of Dough. The National Intelli gencer and the Boston Traveller express tho hope that tho 'softening influences' of Christmas will induce a yielding on the part of some of the mem bers of Congress." A very natural expectation. In the past the compromising amiability of Northern Congressmen has always been softened, indeed, fairly liquified, by the mellowing, social and convivial influences of the slaveholders at Washington. As yet wo are glad to see that tho softening influences have not acted as hnpily as hitherto. Rumors op Peace. It is reported that France and England have accepted the basis of peace ne gociations as proposed by Austria. Expectations are expressed that Russia will not decline the basis Most sincerely it is to be hoped that peace may be restored. The world hardly knows for what these nations are conteuding, and it isjshauiefully inhu man to continue the terribly bloody and objectless strife. to by all to of on for or Aie ous the to it to this TERRIBLE RAILROAD COLLISION HORRID AFFAIR IN MAYSVILLE---NEGRO BURNED TO DEATH. We are informed that on the Kentucky Thanks- envintv flnv. n nnnnlA nf vminir men nf MnvHvillp. ! .whose family connections" are described ns of the i er "highest respectability," were on a drunken spree nt the "Parker House," in that place, and protrac ting thoir frolic until a very late hour, after ail the household bad retired to bed, attempted to arouse the barkeeper to procure more liquor, and failiug in this, and succeeding in finding a yellow man, Jine of the waiters, asleep, they concluded to set Jire to him in order to awaken him! With this view, they took a campheno lamp, and pouring the fluid over his whiskers, ignited it, and the poor fel Jow's nock and head became instantly wrapped in .an intense blaze, which continued until tho fluid .was consumed. The sufferings of the victim were dreadful in the extreme. No refinement of torture could have produced more excruciating misery. But, strange to say, death did not release him from torment until after tho lapse of two weeks. The poor creature was the slave of Mr. Ball, keeper of the Parker House, who says, as our informant tells us, that no human suffering could exceed that of his boy dur ing the fortnight that he lived after the burning. Toe OUDg nen "respectably connected," a-hose drunkenness resulted in this horror, are said to ullege that they burned the negro by accident that when holding the lamp to his face they man nged to break it, and spill the fiery flu'd upon him. The young men are rich. They have agreed to pay Mr. Ball $1,200 for the loss of his servant. Our informant says that no oue in Maym-illo speaks of this transaction without a shudder of horror, but that no movement has been made toward a la gal investigation of the matter, and that tho "high position." of the parties implicated will overawe any suoh movement. We abk the citizous of Mays- villa, iu the name of their houor, if these things can be tow1! Cincinnati Comunirial. ty. the too on fail and has and the on are time only the the PRESIDENTS MESSAGE. President Pierco has come to the conclusion that whether the House of Representatives )' or ganized or not his message must go to the country """""ft" """" V "VWUU-J J ,...t 1 it.... ! ,l. i . . i. and the world. Hence on Monday the 31st ult., ' mo message was presenieu aim reauin me oenaie. In the House it was also presented where after a fierce debate the House refused to have it read by . rioi. m .1 ii ! J a vote of 120 to f-7. Afterwaras the whole subject was laid on the Table. Omitting much other mat- tor, which we had prepared for insertion this week, we copy that portion of the Message referring to the question of Slavery i The Congress of the United States is, in effect, that congress of sovereignties, which good men in the Old World have sought for but could never at tain, and which imparts to Amorica an exemption from the mutable leagues fur common action, from me wars, ui a mutual mvasiont, and vngue aspira tions alter the balance ot power, whu.li eonvulse irom time to time the uovcrnmeuts ol r.urope. Our co-operative action rests in the conditions of per- manent confederation prescribed by the Constitu- tion. Our balance of power is in the seperate re- served rights of the States, and their equal rcpre- senlation in tho Senate. That independent sover- . t ... : . i. :. . . eignty in every one of the States, with its reserved rights of local self-government assured to each by inuir cocquai power in mo senate, was the tunda- mental condition of the Constitution. Without it the Union would never have existed. Howovcr de- sirous the larger Slates might he to reore-aniza the Government so as to give to their population its t proportionate weight in tho common counsels, thew n ew u was unpossiDie.unicss uiey conceded to the smaller ones authority to exorcise at least a riega ativo influence on all the measures of the Govern ment, whether legislative or executive, through their equal representation in the Senate. Indeed, the lurger States themselves could not have failed to perceive that theBame power was equally neces sary 10 mem, tor the security ot their own domes tic interests against the aggregate force of tho General Government. In a word, the original States went iDto this permanent league on the agreed prcmises.of exerting their common stroneth for the defence of the whole, and all its parts ; but oi uueriy cxciuuing an cnpaointy ol reciprocal aggression. Lach solemnly hound itself to all the others, neither to undertake nor permit any en croachment upon, or intermeddling with, another's reserved rights. Whero it was deemed exnedicnt.narticular rights of the States were expressly guaranteed bv the Constitution : but, in nil things beside, those riirhts were guarded by the limitation of the Dowers grant ed, in the compact of union. Thus, the great now- erof taxation was limited to purposes of common defense and ,'encral welfare, excluding objects ap pertaining to tne local legislation ol the several States ; and those purposes of general welfare and common defense were afterwards defined by specific enumeration, ns teing matters only of corelation between the States themselves, or between them and foreign Governments, which, because of their common and general nature could not bo left to the separate control of each State. Ui the circumstances of local condition, interest and rights, in which a portion of the States, con stituting one great section of the Union, differed to a from the rest nnd another section, the most impor- iauv wua nits iiiruui tui uy 01 n lurger relative coiorea . populution in the Southern than tho Northern States. A population of this class, held in subjection existed in nearly all the States, but was more nu merous and of more serious concernment in tho oulh than in the North, on account of natural differences of climate and production : and it was torcseen that, lor the same reasons, while this pop ulation would diminish, nnd sooner or later cease exist in somo States, it might increase in others. Tho peculiar character and magnitude of this ques tion of local rights, not in material relations, but still more in social ones, caused it to enter into tiie special stipulations of tho Constitution. Hence, while the Uenernf Government, as well the enumerated powers granted toit.asby those not enumcratea, nna l no re lure relueed to it was forbidden to touch this matter in the sense of at tack or offense, it was placed under the general safeguard of the Union, in tho sense of defense against either invasion or domestic violence, like other local interests of the several States. Each Stnte exnresslv stiniilatnrl. ns well fur itself na f,.r each and all of its citizens, aDd every citizen of each state became solemnly bounc1 by his allegi auco to the Constitution, that any person, held to service or labor in one Stnte.escaping into another, should not in consequence of any law or regulation thereof, be discharged from such servico or labor, should bo delivered up on claim of the party whom such service or labor might be due by the laws of his State. Thus and thus only, by the reciprocal guaranty all tho rights of every State against interference the part of another, was the present form of government established by our fathers and trans mitted to us; nnd by no other means is it possible it to exist. If one State ceases to respect the rights of another, nr.d obtrusively intermeddles with its local interests if a portion of the States iissumo to impose their institutions on the others, refuse to fulfill their obligations to them we no longer united, friendly Statcs.but distracted, hostile ones with little capacity left of common ad vantage, but abundant means of reciprocal injury mischief. Practically, it is immaterial whether aggressive interference between the States, or deliberate re fusal or. the part of any one of them to comply with constitutional obligations, arise from errone conviction or blind prejudice, whether it be perpetrated by direction or indirection. In cither case, it is full of threat and of danger of tho dura bility ot tne L iiion. its in by to the of the of the by the CONSTITUTIONAL RELATIONS OF SLAVERY. States wholly beyond their control and authori- Placed in tho office of the Chief Magistrate as executive agent of the whole country, bound take care that the laws be faithfully executed, specially enjoined by the Constitution to give information to Congress on the State of the Union, would bo palpable neglect of duty on my part pass over a subject like this, which, beyond nil things at the present timo, vitally concerns indi vidual and public security. u has been a matter oi painlul regret to see States, conspicuous for their services in founding Republic and equally sharing its advantages, disregard their constitutional obligations to it. Although conscious of thoir inability to heal ad and palpable social evils of their own, and which are completely within their jurisdiction, they engage in the oBensire and hopeless unuerta king ot relorming the domestic institutions ol olh In the vain pursuit ot ends by them entirely unattainable, aim winch tney may not legally at- tempt to compass, they peril the very existence of Constitution, and all the countless benefits which it has conferred. While the people of the Southern States coi.fino their attention to their own affairs, not presuming officiously to intermeddle with the social institutions of the Northern States, many of the inhabitants of the latter are per manently organized iu associations to inflict injury the former by wrongful acts, which would be cause of war as between foreign Powers, and only to be such in our system because perpetrated under covert ot the Lmon It is impossible to present this subject as truth the occasion require, without roticing the reiterated but groundless allegation that the South persistently asserted claims and obtained ad vantages in the practical administration ot the General Government to the prejudice of the North, in which the latter has acquiesced. That is, States which either promote or tolerate attacks the rights of persons aud of property in other otuics, io uihuiso uieir uwu injustice, preienu or imagine, and constantly avir, that they whose con stitutional rights are thus systematically assailed themselves tho aggressors. At the present this imputed aggression, resting as it does, in the vaguo, declamatory charges of political agitators, resolves itself into misapprehension, or misinterpretation, ot the principles and lact ot political organization of tho new .territories rf United Statos. What is the voice of history T When the ordi nance, which provided for the government of the territory north-west ol the itivcr uiuo, and tor its as yet and of of to who who the lar more thus and ous tuts der thus (eventual subdivision into new .State, was adopted I law ia the Congress of the Confederation, it is not to . be supposed that tho question of future relative power, us between the States which retained and those which did not rerain a numerous colored pop- ulation. CRCar.ed notico or fniled to be considered, ... .U. ! .1--. - !. ... .!.. " Jr- "- toiicBosuun ui inaiTnriu-miui; w me ptU B,i t pinion, of the Northern States, a1 lerntory now the seat oi live among tue largest '"embers of the Union was, in great measure, the 8ct state or irgmia and of the bout b. When Louisiana was acquired by the united s,lo. if iJ. .u. v-h than to the south; fur while it was important to the country at the mouth of the river Mississippi to becomo the emporium of the country abovo it, so also it was even more important to the whole Union to have that emporium; and although the new province, by reason of its imperfect settlement was mainly regarded as on the Gulf of Mexico, yet in fai t it extended to the opposite boundaries of the United States, with far greater breadth above than below, and was, in territory as in ev erything clso. equally at lenst an nccessien to the Northern States. It is mere delusion and preju- nice, tnerelore.to spcaktol Louisiana as an acquisi' tion in the special interest of the South, The patriotic and just men, who participated in that act were influcuced by motives far above all sectional jealousies. It was in truth the great event, which by completing for us the possession r i. ...ii.... . ir .i m . - ... ' of the vnlley of the Mississippi, with commercial access to the Gulf of Mexico, imparted unity and strength to the whole Confederation, and attached together by indissolublo ties tho East and theWest, well as tho North and the South, As to Florida, that wes but the transfer bv Spain t) tho United States of territory on the east side of the River Mississippi, in exchange for large territory which tho United states translorred to Spain on the west side of that river, as the entire diplomatic history of the transaction serves to demonstrate. Moreover, it was an acquisition de manded by the commercial interests and the secu ritv of thn whole Union. Mcuntin e, the people of the United States had grown up to a proper consciousness of their strength, and in a brief contest with Franco, and in a second serious war with Great Britain, they nuu shaken ou all which remained ot undue rev- erenco for Europe, and emerged from the atmos phere of thoso transatlantic influences which sur rounded the intant liepnblic nnd had begun to turn their attention to the full and systematic de vclopment of tho internal resources of the Union, Among the evanescent controversies of that pe riod, the mo6t conspicuous was the question of regulation, by Congress, of the social condition of tho future States to be found iu the Territory of Louisiana. The ordinance for tho government of the terri tory north-.west of the river Ohio had contained a provision, which prohibited tho use of servile la bor therein, subject to the condition of the extra dition of fugitives from service duo in any other part of the United States. Subsequently to the adoption of tho Constitution this provision ceased remain as a law; for its operation as such was absolutely supciseded by the Constitution. But the recollection of the fact excited the zeal of so cial propagandism in some sections of the confed eration; and when n second State, that of Missou ri, came to be formed in the territory of Louisiana, proposition was made to extend to the latter ter ritory tho restriction originally applied to the country situated between the rivtrs Ohio and Mis oissippi Most questionable as was this proposition in all constitutional relations, nevertheless it received the sanction of Congress, with somo slight modifi cotionB of line, to save tho existing rights of the intended new Stale. It was reluctantly acquiesced by Southern States as a sacrifice to the cause of peace and of tho Union, not only of the rights stipulated by the treaty of Louisiana, but of the principlo of cqunlity among the States guaranteed the Canstitution. It was received by the North ern States with angry and resentful condemnation, nnd complaint, because it did not concede all which they had exactingly demanded. Having passed through the forms of legislation, it took its place in the statute book, standing open to repeal, like any other act of doubtful constitutionality subject to be pronounced null and void by the courts of law, and possessing no possible efficacy control the rights of the States, which might thereafter be organized out of any part of the orig inal territory of Louisiana. In all this, if any aggression there were, any innovation upon preexisting rights, to which por tion of the Union are they justiy chargeable? This controversy passed away with the occasion, noth'ng surviving it save the dormant letter of the stafute. But long ufterwarJ, when, by the proposed no cession of tho Republic of Texas, the United States were to take their next step in territorial greatness, a similar contingency occurred, nnd be came the occasion for systematized attempts to in tervene in tho domestic affairs of one section 3f Union, in defiance of their rights as States, and of the stipulations of the Constitution. Theso attempts assumed a practical directiou in the shape persevering endeavors by some of the Repre sentatives, in both Houses of Congress, to deprive Southern States of the supposed benefit of tho provisions of thn act authorizing the organization tho State of Missouri. But, the good sense of the people, and the vital force of the Constitution triumphed over sectional prejudice, and the political errors of the day, and State of Texas entered to the Union as she was, with social institutions which her people had chosen for themselves, nnd with express agreement the reanncxing act, that she should be suscep tible of subdivision into a plurality of States. Whatever advantage the interests of the South ern States, as in the progress of time, to those which sprung from previous concessions made by South. To every thoughtful friend of the Union; to the lovers of their country, to all who longed and labored for the full success of this great experi ment of republican institutions, it wns cause of congratulation that such an opportunity had oc curred to illustrate our advancing power on this continent, and to furnish to the world additional assurance of strength and stability of the Consti tution. ho would wish to soe rlonaa still a Lu- ropean Colony t Who would rejoice to hail Texas a lone star, instead of one of tho gulnxy of States ? Who docs not appreciate the incalculable benefits of the acquisition of Louisiana? And narrow views and sectional purposes would in- Aiit1.1t. lini-A PTplmlni thpm nil from the Union. v,..l..,v ...... . . But another struggle on the same point ensued, when our victorious armies returned from Mexico, it devolved on Congress to provide for the ter ritories acquired by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hid algo. The great relations of the subjoct had now become distinct nnd clear to the perception of the public mind, which appreciated the evils of scctiou a! controversy upon the question of the admission New States, hi that crisis intense solicitude pervaded the nation. But the patriotic impulses the popular heart, guided by the admonitory advice of the Faiher of his Country, rose superior all the dfficulties of the incorporation of a new empire into the Union. In the counsels of Con gress there was manifested extreme antagonism of opinion and action between some representatives, sought by the abusive and unconstitutional employment of the legislative powers of the Gov ernment to interfere in the condition of the in choate States, and to impose their own social theo ries upon the latter; and other representatives, repelled the interposition ot the General Gov ernment in this respect, and maintained the self constituting rights of the States. In truth the thing attempted was, in form alone, action of the General Government, while in reality it was tho endeavor, by abuse of legislative power, to force ideas of intornal policy entertained in particu of of on by be of is so to one the an of and of rely on States uoon allied indeDendent States. Once:RO'd the Constitution and the Union triumphed signally. The new Territories were organized j restriction on the disputed point, and were left to judge in that particular for themselves I the rensoof constitutional faith proved vigor-1 enough in Congress not only to i accomplish primary ooject, out aiso me iiiciueuuu ana hardly loss important one of so amending the pro visions of the statute for the extradition of fugi tives from service as to dIuco that nublio duty un the safeguard of the General Government, and relieve it from obstacles raised up by the leg islation of some of the Statos. occasional episodes of finti effort to obstruct j Vam declamation regarding the nrovuions of . 1.! r . ... lor ine extradition oi fugitives front service, able first also, body their elocution by riot and murder, continued for brief timo to ngitate certain Ivcnlhies. but the true principlo of leaving cacli State and Territory to regulate its own lawn of labor according to Pa 'own sense of riuht and rxnnrlinnev. hurl iieniirod .. t .U. ... . l: , .-.- " J. urn OUUllC luagemor.t lo SUCn n Qgn that, by common consent.it was observed in the Organatiun of llm Tnrriti.rv i.f V..k:l . n When, moro recently, it became requisite to or ganize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas, it was the natural and legitimate, if not the inevita ble, consequence of previous events nnd legisla tion, that the same great and sound principle, which had already Leen applied to Uluh and New Mexico, should be applied to them j that they 8hould stand exempt from tho restrictions pro posed in the act relative to the State of Missouri. Ihcse restrictions wore, in the estimation of many thoughtful men, null fioni the beginning, unauthorized by the ConFtitution, contrary to the treaty stipulations for the cession of Louisiana, and inconsistent with the equality of the Staves. They had been stripped of ull "moral authority, by persistent efforts tu procure their indirect te peal though contradictory enactment'. They had been practically abrogated by the legislation at tending the organization of Utah, New Mexico and Washington. If any vitality remained in them, it would have been taken awny in effect by the new Territorial nets, in the form originally proposed to the Senate at th? hrst session ot the last Uongress. It wan manly and ingenuous as well as patriotic aud just to do this indirectly nnd plainly, and thus relieve the statute-book of ai. act w hich might be of possible future benefit; nnd the measures of its repeal was the final consuination and complete rs Cignition of the principle that no portion of the United States shall undertake, through assumption of the powers of the General Government to dic tate the social institutions of any other portion. The scope and effect of the laiiguago of repeal were not left in doubt. It was declared, in terms, to be I'the truo intent and meaning of this net not to legislate Sluvery into any Territory or State nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the peo plo thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own wav, sub ject only to the Constitution of the United Stuten. J lie measure could not bo withstood upon its merits alone. It was attacked w ith violence on the false or delusive pretext that it constituted a breach of faith. Never was objection more utterly destitute of substantial justification. When be fore was it imagined by sensible meu that a regu lative or declaiative statute, whether enacted ten or forty years ago, is irrepealable that an Act of Congress is above the Constitution? If, indeed, there were in the facts any cause to impute bad faith, it would attach to those only who have nev er ceased from tho timo of the enactment of the restrictive piovision of tho present day to de nounce and to condemn it; who have constantly re fused to complete it by needful supplementary leg islation; who have spared no exertion to deprive of moral f;rce; who have themselves again and again attempted its repeal by the enactment of in compatible provisions; and who, by tho inevitable reactionary effect of their own violence on tho sub ject, awakened tho country to perception of the true constitutional principle of leaving tho mat ter involved to tho discretion of the people of the respective existing or incipient satcs. It is not pretended that this princinle, or other, precludes the possibility of evils in practice, dis turbed as political action is liable to be by hu.'inn passions. io torm ol Government is exempt liom inconveniences; but in this case they nro the re sult of the abuse, and not of the legitimate exer cise, of tho piwers reserved or conferred in the or ganization ot a .territory. Ihey are not to be charged to the great principle of popular sovereign ty: on the contrary, they disappear belbro the in telligence and patriotism of tho people, exerting through the ballot-box their peaceful and silent but ly irresistible power. If the friends of tho Constitution are to have another struggle, its enemies could not present a more acceptable issue than that of a Stato whose Constitution clearly embraces "a Republican form Government," being excluded from the Union because its domestic institutions may not in nil respects comport with tho ideas of w hat is wise and expedient entertained in some other State. Fresh from groundless imputations of breach of faith against others, men will commence the agita tion of this new question with indubitable violation an expiess compact between the independent sovereign powors of the United States and the Re public of Texas, as well as of the older and equally solemn compacts which assure the equality of ull the States. . . - violation ot But deDlorablo as would bo ruch a compact in ilselfnnd in all it direct consjquences that it is the very least of the evils involved. When sectional agitators shall have succeeded in forcing this issue, can their pretensions fail to be mcti', counter pretensions ? Will not diffjrent States compelled respectively to meet extremes with ! extremes t And if either extreme carry its point what is that so tar lorth but uissolut.-in ot tne . .,;.. . A.i in,, umiu, i.jii.i.Tu iiuiii iliu lui iiii.i j the United States, ,e absolutely excluded from admission therein, that fact of itself constitutes the disruption of union between it und the other States. But the process of dissolution could not stop there. AVould not a sectional decision produ cing such result by a majority of votes, cither Northern or Southern, of necessity drive out the oppressed nnd aggrieved minority, and place in presence of each other two irreconcilably hostile confederations ? It is necessary td speak thus plainly of projects, the offsj ring of that sectional agitation now. pre vailing in some of the States, which are us imprac ticable as they arc unconstitutional, and which, if persevered in, must and will end calamitously. It either disunion nnd civil war, cr it is mcro an gry, idle, aimless disturbance of public peace and tranquility. Disunion for wl.nt? If the passion ate rage of fanaticism and partisan spirit did not force the fact upon our attention, it would be diffi cult to beiievo that anv considerable nortion of people of this enlightened country could have surrendered themselves to a fanatical devotion j the supposed interests of tho relatively few and disregard the inteiests of tho twenty-five milions of Americans to trample under foot the injunctions of inorulnnd Constitution obligation to engage iu plans of vindictive hostility against those who are associated with them in the enjoyment of the common heritage of our national institutions. Nor is it hostility against their fellow-citizens of section the Union alone. Tho interests, the honor, the duty, the peace, and the prosperity ol people of nil sections nre equally involved nnd inincrilled in this question. And nro patriotic men in any part of tho Union prepnred, on bucIi issue, thus maaiy to invite an tne consequences the forfeiture of their constitutional engage ments? It is impofsiblo. The Btorm of frenzy faction must inevitably dash itself in vain against the unshaken rock of the Constitution. I shall never doubt it. 1 know tluit tho Union is stronger a thousand times than all the w ild and chimerical schemes of social change, w hich are generated, one after another, in tho unstable minds visionary sophists aud interested agitators. 1 confidently on the patriotism of the the people, on the dignity and self-respect of the States the wisdom of Congress, and, above all, on the continued gracious favor of Almighty God to main tain, ngiiinst ull enemies, whether at home or abroad, the sanctity of the Constitution and tho integrity of the Uliion. FRANKLIN PIERCE. Washington December 31, 1855. A Plaster Raising, the Wind. Who will buy held hands und smart servant at u fair price, and ut the same time thereby uid Southern emigration to Kansas, without its costing him any without 'thing? A friend of our, w hom we indorse as oblo and determined to Jo what ho proposes, inMtucts us to 'announce that, for the purpose of raising funds to carry to iVansas two or throe nnnarrd emigrants of rnmarkRliln mnrhnnien.1 talent Terms -Caih or bills of exchrtrrge on (Uch tim and willing to voto, and bear arms too, if noc- eseary, against the Abolitionists, ho w ill, on the Monday in January next, i. o. the 7th day of January; 1856, nt the Market House it Montgo mery, at 1 1 o'clock A. M., sell forty likely negroes; ouo shoemaker, one accomplished hotel and servant, 4 likely scurnsirevs, and one boy Titles iridic- us they can be ncgociated for cash, notable. Papers in the adjacent countiei friendly to enterprise will please copy till the day oi ssie. Buyn, snv$ your money till then, and hel'J your elvs and Kansas at the same time. Mont. (Ala.) Mail, Die. G. News of the Week. Th& Ohio Legislature meets on Monday next Its members have a good opportunity to aid the course of liberty. The following resolution wns adopted in the Texas Legislature on the 2Grb Kit., by a vote of 73 to 3: "Be it Resolred ly tit IsgUainre of the Slate of Texas, That tho Legislature approves the course ol Thomas J. Rusk, in voting for tho Kansas-Nebraska act. nnd disapproves the course of SSsm Houston in voting against it." The Lutheran Almanac for 1806, makes it np cear that there nra in the United Stales 1.0UO i.u .iici mi in mini a a.ctus buiigeirua, wuu .w, QUO communicants. Look out for a rise in logwood. Scarcely one gallon of wine has been made in Portugal this year so complete was the failure of the grape crop, isuue the lefs "port wine, however, will be told. A resolution hus passed both branches of the General Assembly of Florida, authorizing the in habitants of West Flo-ida fo vote upon tho propo sition of seceding from the Stats and uniting them selfes with the State of Alabama. Parliament opens on the 31st d1 The Entlih January. Iluring the month of November C70.000 half dollars were coined at the New Orleans Branch Mint. No other coins were stamped during the month. Van Dicman'e Land exists no longer, the Queen having accedid to a petition from the colony, pray ing that the name of Van Dioman's Land should be changed to "Tasmania." The Richmond Enquirer exultingly, heralds the re-election of Mr. Mason to tho Scuato, with the caption : "The Author of tho Fugitive Slave Law fully endorsed by the Old Commonwealth." The great railroad bridge across the Mississippi at Rock Island, w as curried away a few days since ' by the ice, on tho rapids, breaking up. Travelling on the Sabbath, in tho Sandwich Isl ands except in the direction of a church is strict lorliddcn by law. A few days ago an old man was robbed on the steamer Empress, plying on the Mississippi river. The guilty parties were soon after arros ed, and tried on the Judge Lynch code, with a display of much forensic eloquence, and the sentence of the ;ury wns laithlully executed one person receiving 150 lashes; another 50. They were then set ashore. According to the ofiieia abstract, 4010 deaths by consumption occurred in Massachusetts during the year 1,04, of whom uu.j were males and JiUi females a preponu Jrauoe on the part of tho latter of 794. Receipts for the Bugle for the week ending Jan. 2 George Fossett, Cedar Rapids, II. Rathburn, " John Smith, Salem, Erastus Case, Rootstown, Thomas C. Heighten, Ediuburg, M. Townsend, Neptune, S. B. Burtsfield, Centre, Dr. II. A. Ensign, " S. Fox, Morcnci, Joseph Ovcrholt, Columbiana, Anson Hatch, Bundysburg, '.linifli K.nnntn P!.,.!.'. I,m.a.. " " Arvine C. Quier, Butlersvillo, Andrew Alexander, Columbiana, Amanda Henson Sligo i ' n i n r I Andrew CoJ'k. Defreze, Alfred Aspinwnll, Kaukanau, Solomau Armstrong, Joncsvillo, Lut,y Ann Jlaukin, Addison, Edward Coffin, New Lyme, Crane & Chattield, Sharon, $1,00 5G8 1,00-508 50-545 1.50-G04 l,00-57 2,00-002 2,00-537 2,00-537 75-559 1,50-585 1,00-537 2,02-532 1,00-500 2,50-500 2,40-529 ' 1,50-549 1,50-580 1,00-500 1,00-524 1,50-590 2,00545 THE CAMPAIGN IN MICHIGAN. A sericsof Anti-Slavery Conventions and Meet ings, under tho auspcies of the Michigan Ami Slavery Society, to be addressed by Aahon M, Towel, J. H. Piiilleo. Agents of the American Anti. Slavery Society, and 31 rs. Mahy A. Piiilleo, Agent of the Michican Anti-Slavery Sucicty, will be held ns follows : Lyons, Saturday and Sunday, Ionia, Wednesday and Thursdny LGr.lnd ElijliJg Sat.(ulJ Suui.d'y Milford, Wednesday and Thursday ,Jan. 2d, and 3d. Brighton, Saturday and Sunday " 0th and Cth. Oseeola, Wednesday and Thursday " 9th and 10th. Howell, Saturday and Sunday, Lansing, Tuesday and Wednesday ' 12th and 20th. " I5th and 10th. " 19th and 13th. " 23d and 24th. " 20th and 27th " 29th and 30ih. Grandllaven.Tuosday, Wednesday at THOMAS CHANDLER, Sec'y Adrian, Michigan. The Tost-Office address of Aaron M. Powell, will be Adrian Michigan, caro of Thomas Char., dler, until Febuary 1st. , SELLING OFF AT COST!! J. & L. SCHILLING would respectfully an nounce to tl.ieir customers nnd tho public generally inui, im-y rc uiosuig uut iiiuir enure STOCK OF MERCHANDISE, at prices varying from COST to a slight advance thereon, owing to tho Reasonableness of the Uoods, amongst which may be found h iicip and fresh lot of COBERGS, nil colors nnd at prices from 25 to 02 cts., per yard; also, a New Stock of Can State Sljaiuls, of very Desirable Styles, together with a fresh supply of Wool and Canton Flannels, Jeans, Pi intu, Giiirlianis, Real Nankeens, Oaloon Triminys, Hell Btieklcs, rft, dc All of which we are clos ing out preparatory to removing to our "NEW ROOM," in Cary's Block, Corner of Main and Ellsworth Streets, one door West of .the Butter Store, which Room we t-hall occupy on and after the 10th day of February, lfcoO, and where our customers will find the "CHEAP ROYS," on, hand, to attend to their many wants, a good lit room; aud an L.N lint, NEW STOCK OF GOODS to show them. By the last of the week we will be in recent of a Fresh Caso of EIGHT CENT CALICOES, which are so dcirablefor COMFORTS, DRESSES, CHIL- DiifciNS1 WLAK, &13. &o. Thankful for past favors, we hope not only, to have a continuance nf your custom while yet in theold stand, but upon removal to our NEW ROOM j hope to merit a atill greater share of your confi dence and patronugo. . Yours truly. J. L SCHILLING. Salem, December th. 1J. mil of we I or NEW FAMILY th.7Tvt, GROCERY AKD MOVtSlOX STOS. humlt prir J. DEMING & CO., Kearly opposite the Pott Officii, Main-St., Salem( WOULD respectfully Inform the inhabitants rf this plaee and its vicinity, that they have bnt re cently returned from the F.asterr. Cities, with A large and well selcctod Stock of roccric0, (Lcnc, &c, &r., Among which may be enumerated, the follnwin articles; which they will scil at the very lowest living profits : TEAS Si half ehfsts good Young Ifyson, 44 cts., per pound; Four half rhests Extra do do 75 to 83 cts., per pound; Forir hnlf chests Pow ehon?. 44 cts., per pound; Two hnlf chests, extra, fine Oloi g, if, rer pound; Four half chest no Olons. G1J cts. per poiinrl. COFFEK By the Bag or single Pound. Four tern bans Rio, bmr bags oi l Java. CHOCOLATE Best Spiced Chocolate; common do. SUGARS Splendid article New Orleans fnjraV at 8 ct.i.; Lovering's Pnlvprised Sugar; Loviing's Crushed Sugar; Lovering's Coffee Sugar. MOLASSES Now Orleans Mflasscs, 44 cU;: I!et. Honey "'.vtup, 75 cts. Tief gallon. CAXDLh.S Common Mould Candles', fles Motiid Cnrillpj. Siearino dn., Stni Candles. CVi ACh'h'HS Sugar, Soda, Butter nnd Water Crackers, ut inanulucturcrs' prices, by the barrel or pound, t'JSIf'Sn, 1, Mackerel, Surerior Article of Shad. Haddock, Superior Cod Fish. Herring 1 1 the Box. . 15 ' FOREIGX FRUITS AKD JrtT.9-Malnga. Sultana nod Smyrna i!niin, 5 Drums Sfnyrfitt Fig, Sicily Lemons, Sicily Almonds, Cieam Nuts, Filberts, Ground Nut. SOAPS Cummin Rosin, Palm, Erasive, Patent, ran "jr and Toilet Sir.ps. .S7' CyS Pepper, A'spii-o, Cinger. Cloves,' Mace, Cinnamon, Ground andUnground. Nutmegs. tn)'".f' Spirts Ground ly the ttlbscriter and IVarrantrd I'm?. TOl! A CCO A XD SEGA RS Cavendish Tnbnr. o, Str.tusl.erry' Tobacco, Grant' Best Tobacco, Common Smoking nnd Mrs. Miller's Fine Cut 'in' baeco. sui'ii Cheroot, 10,000 Washington, 1000 Rinliond". I'lOO IJyadera and Half Spanish Segnrs. SUNDfiir.S Rest Rice, Baking and Washing Soda, S iltp.ure. Rope and Twine, Nails, Assorted Sizes. Two and Three Hushel Grain Bags, Common and Fancy Candies, Winter Strained Lard Oil, Pa tent Bucket", Market nnd Cloths Baskets, Candle, Wick, Brooms, Pure Olive Oil, Superior Shoo Blinking, Indigo, Mustard, Cream Tartar, and Pepper Sauce. t--jf"AU oj the above articles will be told at nits- Country Produce taken in exchange at the highest cash prices. J Heming it Co., will nlsn endeavor to keep on h.md a constant supply of Wheat, Rye, nnd Buck w heat Flour; Also, Corn Meal. ffiiY-Wnnted: COO Bushels While Beans, exd Dried Fruit. J. DEMING & Co. December 15, 1855. AVALL PAPER. ALL who are in want of WALL PAPER can have forty varieties to choose from by culling at McMillan's Rtok-Slore, Salem, Ohio. Also, all kinds of Miscellaneous nnd Sclrnn Books, Blank Books nndStatioiiery of every des cription, Wholesalo und Retail. The attention of writing teachers and others who desire superior ni tides of Stutitnery, is particular invited. CASH paid for any amount of clean linen and cotton Rags. , J. McMillan. Sulcm, April 14, 1555. J. C. & W. SAVERT, VhoIesaIeDrusKists&Manufaciirin(1iemfsfs, No. 311, Market Street, above Eighth. PHILADELPHIA. Offer for the attention of Country Dealers, a general t-ssortnicnt of DRUGS, MEDICINES CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, VAB NISIIES, &c, ic. August 5, lS54.-3m. UNION SCHOOL. competent corps not be organized until S A L E M THE Salem Union School, will commence its Winter Session, on Monday the 12th of November, under the superinlcndar.ee of Mr. REUBEN .uc.Mii.i.r., assisted by a competent corps of leacncrs. Tho High School will uesdav the l.'Jth. By order or the Board of Education Salem Union School. J- C WIIINERY, Sec'y. November 10, 1855.-3 w. HIDES!! HIDES!!! FIVE CENTS per pound for GOOD HIDES, tho Leather Store of Salem, October 27, l855-4w. E. ELDRIDGE. ORIGINAL NOVEL BY N. P. WILLIS. TIIE HOME JOURNAL FOR 185rT. SCW AND EH1LMANT SERIES. On the fifth of January next, the first number of New Scries for 1S50, of this well known Fami ly Newspaper will bo issued, with new type ana new attractions; the principal one is of the kind which has been proved, by both American and Eu ropean periodicals, to be the most acceptable nrut' popular, viz: a .novel i. serial numbers. Th title ii . "PA UI FA AT; OR, PARTS OF A LIFE ELSE UNTOLfV A Novel," EV N. P. WILLIS. In addition to this new feature, a series' of origin sketches, songs mid ballads bv G. P. Morris, and an original novelette, in verse" founded urun fact, called ,-TliE Sioiiy of a Star," by J. J, Field, are among tho inducements for new sub'seri hers to commence with the Gist number of the year. Besides the contributions and labor of the EdiJ tors, the Home Journal will contain the Foreign nnd Domestic Cvirrespondcncc of n Targe list of contributiirs--the spice of the European Magazines tho selections of the moft interesting tTubliciV ' lions of the day tho liicf north tie pio.t:iHii stories tho sparkling wit nnd amusing anecdote the news nnd gossip of the Pnrisian pnpers tho personal sketches of public chnrncte.f the atir ring scenes of the world we live in the ehrnnicb thenows for ladies tho fashions the facts anif outlines of news the pick of English information the wit, humor and pathof the times the es says on life, literature, society nnd morals, and th usual variety of careful i-horings from the w ilde ncss of English periodical literature, criticism poetry, etc. We need not remind our readers thai have nlso one or two unsurpassed correspon dents in the fathionalle society nf New-York who givo us early nejs of every nw feature of' sryio una elegance among the leaders of the worm. gay Terjis. For one copy, J2; for three copies $5 . one copy for three years, ?5 always in ad vance. Subscribe without delay. Address . MORRIS it WILLiS, Editors and Proprutors, 107 Fulton-street. JWl'o. A BLANK DEEDS, Mortgages, Judgment Notes, Executions and Summons far sale a tins Office.