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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, February 02, 1856, Image 1

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VOL. 11. NO. 25.
W1IOLE NO. 639.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Ohio Columbian.
The 8th of Janunry has come and gono ; li
brought with it a cumber of men to this city win,
delight to cull themselves 'the Democracy,' nnd
who class all outside of their organisation ait thn
foei of Democracy. As wo announced last week,
the proceedings wcro nil 'cut and dried' by the
managers, and wore shoved through the Conven
tion by the combined efforts of the office-holders
of the GenernlJGovornniont and the Miami Tribe,
a secret political association in Cincinnati, which
aspires to control tho politics of the State. Vi e
eopy on our fourth page tho Journals report of
their doings, to which we ask attention. There
were many (?od men in the Convention who are
estimable as citizens, and in private life worthy of
Confidence and respect; but their intluenco was
overpowered by the combined pressure of the office
bolder and the Miami Tribe. As this was the
gathering of an influential political party, wc pro
pose to furnish tho readers of tho Columbian with
a full and clear statement of its position and pur
poses, so that they may bo able to understand their
cope and bearing. Ann, it it he objected that we
xceod our duty in dissecting tho proceedings, of
an opposing political party, we reply, in the words
of the noble old Roman, "I am a uian, and noth
ing which interests humanity is alien to me."
Many honest Democrats will read the Statesman's
version of the proceedings of tho Convention, and
because things look right on the surfaco, w ill sup
pose that all is right, and voto to sustain its ac
tion. Before proceeding to remark on the resolutions
adopted, we will premise that tho leading organs
of the party, prior to the meeting of tho Conven
tion, protested against the passage of what they
called 'the saddle-bag resolution' about Slavery,
which had been adopted by every Democratic Stale
Convention since 1848. The resolution was in
these words :
' "Resolved, That the people of Ohio, now, as
tbey have always dune, look upon Slavery as nn
evil, and unfavorable to the development of the
apirit and practictl benefits office institutions;
and that, entertaining these sentimonts, they will
at all times feel it to be their duty to use all pow
er clearly given by the terms of the national coni-
act, to prevent its increase, to mitigate, aud fiuul
y era'iicato, tho evil."
This resolution, so mild in its terms, so eminent
ly just hi its sentiments, was deemed offensive by
Southern Democrats. Last year it was crucified
between a resolution endorsing the Baltimore Uni
form and one glorifying the PioreeAdiniiristrutiuii;
but this did not satisfy tho spirit of despotism.
The South orotested against it; they demanded
that it be expunged; the crack of tho slave-driver's
whip was heard, and the once noble Democracy of
Ohio crouched in the dust. This resolution has
no lunger a place in tho Democratic Platform.
Significant omission ! The Seniles who controlled
the Convention surrendered at discretion, and now
Wd trust the demon of despotism is nppcased,Jt
may hence le inferred that the boasted Democracy
of Ohio do not now 'look upon Slavery as un evil;'
that it is not, in their view, "unfavorable to the
apirit and practical tienelits of free institutions,"
and that they will not "at all times feci it to be
their duty to use all power clearly given by tho
terras of the national compact, to prevent it! in
crease, to mitigate, and finally eradicate, the evil."
Let Anti-Sluvury Democruts note well this omis
eion. It indicates that pro-sluveryism affects the
TuJing influence of the party to the core, and thai
they are willing to concede all tho Slave l'owcr
may see fit to demand. Let them remember also,
in the words of Francis P. Blair, a Democrat and
a Southern man, that ' Every conquest of this ele
ment of discord, which has to often threatened
the dissolution of the Union, increases tho danger.
Every concession of the Free Slates invites inva
sion. Unless we greatly mistake, this surrender
of the Ohio Democracy will condemn it tn a very
dark corner in the political history of the .State.
There is another significant omission. The Free
State men in Kansus, who are struggling against
the efforts of hordes of Shivery propagandists to
fasten Slavery upon them, receive no word of sym
pathy or encouragement in the resolutions. It is
true that individuals in the Convention spoke open
ly against tho outrages of the "border ruffians,"
but the Convention itself was dumb.
Our idea of a Platform is, that it should be, like
a Treaty, clear, cenciso and explicit, without cru
dities, rcdundanci!8 or ambiguities. Its founda
tion should bo in the etcnn,l principles of Tiuili.
Justice and Right. If it is not, it will be liko tho
Structure of the foolish man who built his house
on the sand, ol which mention is male in scrip
ture: "And the rain descended, and the floods
came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that
iouBe; and it tell; and great was the fall of it."
Let us now look nt the Platform adopted:
Tho committee on Resolutions, with cutiro una
nimity on the engrossing questions of the day,
Jirosent the creed ot tho JJeniocraey ot Ulno, us
ollowi :
1st. Resolved. That Slavery (being the creature
f positive law, cannot exist without it,) is.-, do-j
nestio iustitutiun, and that Congress has neither ;
the power to legislate it into any territory or State, i
nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave tho people !
theieof perfectly free to form and regulate their
domestic institutions in their own way, subject on
ly to the Constitution of the United Sutes.
This ia the first resolution as passed (lie Con
tention, and was thus published in the Statesman
of the 9th inst. But the same paper oi the 10th
publishes it again, with the omission of the words
in brackets. What right the editor had to tamper
with aud eliminate thu solemn resolution of a Dem
ocratic State Convention, he can probably explain.
We commend to him the task. This resolution !
completely repudiates the action of Jefferson in 1
the famous Ordinance of 1787, by wbicb Slavery)
wai forever excluded from all the Territories then j
owned by the United States, and denies the au-
ithority of Congress to exclude this curse from a!
territory ana the men who pass this resolution
.claim to be the disciples of Jefferson 1 The rights
.of Freedom and Free Labor must expect no aid
from the Democracy of Ohio, and freedom in Kan- j
ai may oe ovsrpowereu oy angs ui pro-smvery
.emissaries, and the boasted Democracy of Ohio
fiave bo words of rebuke for the outrages 1 Ah,
but says one, if w conceded the claim that Con
Teresa has power to prohibit Slavery in a territory,
3o we not necessarily imply that Congress may es
tablish it By no means. Because our Legisla
ture haa power to prohibit steal.ng, does it neces
earily follow that th Legislature may legully t.u
tborixe and establish stealing as one of our 'pecu
liar institutions'? Answer us that.
Ia order to understand clearly the height from
wbieu tb Democracy of Ohio have fallen, and the
abiectnese vf the surrender which this resolution
exhibits, it will be necessary to refer to the resolu
tion odopUd by the Legislature a few years ago,
hy tho aid of-Deinooratio votes, instructing our
fcaoators and Reprssentutivee in Conirress to vote
for the prohibition of Slavery in the Territories of
the l!uid btates. umo was not alone in this ac
tion. The Legislature of every free State and one
Slave State, (Delaware.) passed a similar resolu
tion. Then the policy ofjeffersoa w as right and
proper, now it is declared to be a political heresy
tha will o' the wio doctrine of 'Squatter Sover
eignty' is exalted to the ohief plane in the ereed of
toe party, while the slavery pronipuion m ysmr
t 1 thrust away into coffin.
2d. Resolved, That the right of tho people of
eacn .particular auto ami '.territory to establish
their own constitution or form of Government: to
choose and regulate their own domestic institutions
it every kind and to logislate for themselves, is a
fundamental principle of all free iioverntnont: and
hat it is the self same right to secure which our
uiceslurs waged the war of the Revolution, n
right lying at the very foundation of all our free
institutions, recognized in tho Declaration ofIndc
pence and established by the Constitution of the
i.iiin.il oouen; uuu wo nerooy uiuorse ana reuttirm
this note disputed principle.
'Ibis resolution about tho 'fundamental princi
ple of nil free government' sounds fair, but is it
not sheer hi porrisy and humbug? Do the men
who ndoot it really mean what they say ? Would
they construe it to mean what thewords express ?
We think not. Mr. George K. Pugh, who taunt
ingly asserted that he was now tho solo representa
tives of Ohio Democracy ut Washington, said, in
his speech bclore tho Convention, that "if but five
men enter a new lund belonging to the United
States, they have clearly the right to establish such
institutions as they see fit, and they may therefore
cither establ.sli or prohibit slavery as they may
prefer." If Hk-y may establish Slaverv, may
tliey not also establish Polygamy, or any other
Wrong ? Hut, apart from this, suppose these men
should be Indians or Negroes, wouhfyoii then nd-
here to tho words of your speech, Mr. Pugh? If
not, we would suggest that when next you deliver
thin speech, you add after the word 'men,' except
Indians and 'niiocrs'l Then rteonlo will under
stand you. Your Democracy talks about the 'right
of the people,' but it never looks beyond the Class
Interest ot Mnvety, It means that one class of
people may domineer over and proscribe another
class may degrade them intochutlels, range tl i
with the brutes, and sell them as they would hogs
and oxen may deprive t''cm of nn education, and
compel them to toil without reward may ignore
tho divine institution of marriage, and dishonor
God by debasing His image. Out upon a Democ
racy which prates about the Declaration of Inde
pendence w hile it repudiates its leading trutli,tliat
"all men are created equal."
3d. Resolved, That tho introduction of moral
and religious questions into tho political contro
versies and issues of the day, is a wide departure
from the ancient principles and sound policy of
the country; at war with the true interests of the
people, corrupting alike to morals, religion and
politics, and of a most pernicious uud dangerous
4th. Resolved, That Democracy has no secrecy
and requires no oaths; that while it publicly avows
as a fundamental principle, freedom of conscience
without distinction of religious laith, tho political
cquuli'y of all whom tho law recognizes ns Ameri
can citizens, without reference to the accident of
birth, it relics lbr success upon open discussion
uud the intelligence and virtue of tho people. Wc
therefore denounce tne Ivnow-iNotliiiig organisa
tion, so called, us intolerant in its warfare upon
tho freedom of religious belief and the sacred
rights of conscience; unjustly exclusive in its re
quirements ut jiilli and blood; corrupting, demor
alizing in its oath and concealment, und anti-republican
and dangerous in its secret combination,
and its secret polit'.cul action.
This 4th resolution is refreshingly cool this 'sul
try' weather, considering that the Convention
which adopted it was itself managed and controll
ed by the Miami Tribe a secret political society,
in the words of tho resolution, "anti-rcpublicau
uud dauguruus in its secret combinations, and se
cret political action." It may well be doubted
whether the Prince of Humbugs, an. id nil his de
vices, ever exhibited a humbug so hugo aud mag
nificent in its proportions as this. We are ugoiinst
intolerance and coudcion secret political associa
tions, w lietlier lavorcd by Kuow iothiuy& or self
styled 'Democracy
5th. Resolved, That the Democracy of Ohio re
lying upon' the intelligence and patiiotism of the
people, declare and publish these as the principles
lor which they will do battle; und inscribing them
upon their banner, thus boldly and defiantly meet
ibe issues presented Hole by tho combined hosts of
the enemies of the Democracy, and of the
Union and the Constitution, pledging them
selves that that banner shall remain unlurled so
long as there is a Constitution and Union aud
Democratic principles to support and deiend.
The nbovc resolution exhibits great bravery,
when we take into view the fact that the Disunion
ists are principally South of Mason and Dixon's
line, and that President Pierce exhibited so little
fear of the 'enemies of tho Union,' that bo ap
pointed onu of the leaders of that taction to a seat
in his Cabinet 1
Cth. Resolved. That we rejoice in the firm, no
ble anil pa'riotic stand of the Democratic mem
bers of the Congress of the United States, it. thn
matter of elovting a Speaker of tho House of Rep
resentatives, and trust that they will maiutaiu that
stand to tho lust.
What n spectacle is this ? The Administration
makes war upon the Popular "Will, as expressed
ty the suffrages upou which our Government rests,
mid the Democracy of Ohio justify it! The vote
for Mr. Hanks as Speaker consists of Representa
tives elected by a majority of the people of every
free State in the Union, and this even throwing in
to tho opposito scalo tho votes of such representa
tives of the free Stales vs were elected to redress
tho wrong perpetrated by the breach of the Sla
very compacts, and now secede from their col
leagues on minor issues. Tho New York Evening
Post says: "The members of Congress who repre
sent the frceStates have a constituency numbering
at the lust census awhile popu'ation of 13,330,050.
Those who represent the slave Slates had a consti
tuency of 0,2'J2,41S ot w hite population, and count
ing three fifths of tho three millions of slaves for
ing a basis of representation, the total constituen
cy of the South would be about eight millions
against the thirteen millions of tho North. To
this minority of eight millions and since the last
ceusus it has fallen to a still more decided minori
tyPresident Piorce and bis Northern confeder
ates are endeavoring to give the
preponderance. This they call sustain
ing the democratic principle the democratic par
ty Richardson, its representative candidate, has
two tniras oi tne House voting iigaiusi oiiu on ev
ery ballot." And this adherence to Richardson,
the Ueuiooracy ol Ulno applauu as -nrm, nunie
and patriotic !" Could opposition to Democracy
do worse than this ?
This is the creed of the Ohio Democracy, signifi
cant in what it omits, and in what it avows -significant
in its suppressions, and significant in its
utterances. Let tho people read and understand.
But we must not neglect to speak of the third
resolution quoted above. We aro not sure that we
understand it; but we will give our views ot it. It
condemrsthe introduction p.' religious questions
into politics. Politics is define by Webster us
"the science of government; shat part of ethics
which consists in the regulalion and governmont
of a nation or state, for the preservation of its
safety, peace and prosperity." To preserve the
peace, safety and prosperity of a nution or state,
wise and wholesome laws should be enacted. The
foundation of all human laws is the Divine Lew,
and human laws are regarded as wholesome and
proper u far as they conform in spirit to the Di
vine law. and no f..rthor. "Religion," says Webster,-''recognises
man's obligation to obey God's
commands, aud man's accountability to God." If
this explanation be correot, why should there be
any antagonism between Politics and Religion !-
What is meant by the "pernicious and dangerous
tendency" of the "introduction of moral and ro
ligioue questions into tho political controversies
and issues of tho day." "corrupting alike to mor
als, leligion and polities?" If it means any thing
it means that a man should divoreo bis polities
from hii religion that tho Supreme lieing should
:e ignored a tho Ruler of the Universe that tin
efforts of men to make human laws conforui in
purpose and spirit to the Divino law, is ot "perni
cious and dsngerous tendency," "corrupting alike
to morals, religion and politics. ' It is an ctlorl ol
bold, bad men to dethrone tho Almighty, and trust
solely for guidance to the erring judgment, the
base passions, the selfishness aud prejudices ol
Wo do not mean to asert that tho men who pass
ed this resolution intended to tuko this position:
but that wo have drawn n legitimate inference
from the words employed, we think none can
Years ago, tho "lewd follows of tho baser sort"
who ruled the destinies of France, assumed a sim
ilar position: they discarded tho Supreme Reing,
and enthroned a strumpet ns the Goddess of Rea
son, to whom they nccorded divine honors. The
mieciss of tho experiment hardly warrants a repe
tition of it at this day in Ohio. Wo apprehend
that tho people hero will not eudorse this doctrine:
good men will shun it as tbey would a pestilence.
It is said that Lucifer, Son of tho Morning, lust
his place among the nngols by tho sin of ambition,
lie aspired to rule the universe, ap d fell from his
high estate, "never to hope again." An influential
party in Ohio, in the year of our Lord, 1850, seem
affected by a similar aspiration will it meet with
a similar punishment?
Hero, then, is the platform of the 'Latter Day
Saints' tho modern Democracy of Ohio. Having
repudiated the teachings of Jeli'crson, am! attempt
ed to enthrone erring human reason to tho place
of supreme authority; with no guiding stnr but. the
murky and fitful light of the genius of despotism,
they wander bewildered, like some pale ghost es-
aped tromuades amid the marshes and quagmires
of ertoneous opinions, fallacious reasonings, de
ceptive appearances, and irreverent and pernicious
principles and there we leave tbem.
"Ephram is joined to his idols lot him alone."
The following ate the resolutions adopted by the
Ohio Democrats at their 8th of January Conven
tion :
Mr. Leland, from the committee on resolutions,
made the following report, which was ndoptei:
me committee on resolutions, with entire unan
imity on the engrossing questions of the day, pies-
cut the creed of the Democracy of Ohio, as fol
1st. Resolved; That Slavery is a domestic insth
tution, and that Congress has neither tho power
to legislate it into any Territory or State, nor
to exclude it therefrom, 'but to leave tho peo
ple thcrecf perfectly frco to form and regulate
iheir domestic institutions in their own way
subject only to the Constitution of the United
2d. Resolved, That the riirht of the people of
each particular State and'i'errit:iry to establishtheir
own constitution or form ot government; to choose
and regulalo their own domestic institutions of
every kind and to legislate for themselves is a fun
damental sninciplo of all tree government; and
that it is thn sell' nnm rb.ht f,i seci.rn n-hirh cmr
ancestors wage! tho war of tho Revolution; a right
iying at the very foundation of ull our free institu-
tloi.s, recognized in tlieDeclaration of Independence'
and established by tho constitutions of the United-
. J . . . ... . .
States; and we hereby endorse and reullirm this
now disputed principlo.
3d. Resolved, That the introductiontof religious
questions into the political controversies and issues
of the day, is a wide departure from the ancient
principles and sound policy ot the country; at war
ill. the true interests of the people, corrupting
alike to morals, religion uud politics, and of a
most pernicious and dangerous tendency.
4th. Resolved, That Democracy has no secrosy
and requires no oaths; that whilo'it publicly avows
as a fundamental principle, freedom of conscience,
without distinction of religious faith, the politic!
equality ot all whom the law recognizes as Ameri-
can citizens, without reference to the accident of!
birth, it relies for success upon ontn discussion
and the i itelligence and virtue of the people; We
therefore denounce the Know-Nothing organization,
so called us iutolerant in its warfare upon the free
dom of religious belief und the sacred rirhts of
conscience; unjustly exclusive in its requirements
of birth, and blood, corrupting, demoralizing in
its oath andVnncealmcnt, and autircpublicaa uud
and dangerous in its secret combination, and iu
its secret political action.
5th. Resolved, That the Democracy of Ohio, ro
lying upon the intelligence and patriotism of the
petiole, declare and publish these as the principles
lor which they will do battle; and inscribing them
upon their banner, thus boldly and defiantly meet
the issues presented now by the combined hosts of
the enemies ut Democracy, and the Lnionandthe
Constitution, pledging themselves that, that banner
shall remain unfurled so long as there is a Consti
tution and Union and Democratic principles to
support and defend.
utii iu"ni'iicu, 4. li 'in o ,ij.ii.c in liiq iiiui, lining
and patnotio stand of the Democrr.tic members of
Oth. iiesnlved, Unit we rejoice in the hrm, noble
the Congress of the United States, in the matter of
electing a Speaker of tho House of Keprcscnta
tives. and trust that they will maintain the stand
to tho last.
On motion the Convention then adjourned till
0 o'clock to-morrow (this Wednesday) morning.
Nothing was said by resolution in relation to
the administration or the repeal of tho Missouri
Compromise. The differenco of opinion known to
exist among Democrats on these matters, the Con
vention wisely resolved to tolerate. Nor was any
expression given in relation to a Presidential can
candidate, and no one can sonsequcntly, claim a
triumph or defeut fiom the aetiun of the Convention.
We havo been favored by mail with a 'punted
0 . L . r 11 ! !.l l I i .! .1
copy oi ins loiiuwiog niiiiuoio nuu interesting uoc
uiucnt, uf which, for the information nnd edifica
tion of our readers and the world at largo, we pre
sent the following exact copy:
"A Bill tola entitled an Act to enforce the Rights
of Alabama against her Enemies.
"Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of ReDresentutives of tho State of Alabama
in General Assembly convened, That any one crim-
inally tudicated in this State tor any causa what
ever may plead io bar to such indictment, that the
person he had injured, by the act for which he
was indicted, was a citizen uf the State of Massa
chusetts, or that he was an agent or attorney, who
in this State, hud (since the passage of this hill)
aided, or was aiding, in prosecuting or mieing in
some Court, soma person in pome cause, in luvor
of a citizen of Massachusetts, or the defendant
may plead in bar, that the cause he is indinctcd
for, was directly prejudical to someone, who. In
this State, had aided, or was aiding tn tho extradi
tion of some offender against the lus of the State
of Massachusetts.
"Sec. 2- And be it further enacted, that any
one hereafter sued in a eivil ease, in law or equity,
may suggest the facts provided for as a bur to
indictments in the .first section of this bill, and
upon proof thsreof, the Court (bull continue ttid
enmo from term to term until tliu said Stuto o1
Massachusetts shall wholly remove tho oiuse non
pla.ncd of in tho preamble to this bill; and if the
plaintiff shall fail at each term to pay all oost-i ln
the enusn shall stand dismissed ut tho next Term
of the Court.
"tlx. 3. And be it further enacted, that when
Massuchusctls shall wholly remoie the offense com-
plume i ol herein, tho Governor of this Stato shall
issue his proclamation, stating tho fact, and then
this bill, us to that State, shall bo void.
late. 4. And be it further enacted, that when
any other State shall pass a law against tho consti
tutional right of tho Southern States to retake in
their borders persons bound to service, tho Gov
ernor of this State shall issue his proclamation
announcing the fact, and then this bill shall to all
intents ami purposes bo in full force against said
State and its citiiens,"
Over tho top of tho copy received by us is writ
ten. ".Mr. Cochran's Bill, with respects of tho
author." It is, therefore, we suppose, to tho cour
tesy of Mr. Cochran, that we are indebted for one
ot I.3 copies of this bill, ordered to be printed by;
me .maoauia Legislature, nni we are doubtless
consulting his wishes no less than our own judg
ment in giving to it tho additional puMiuity of our
The first soction of this proposed bill is a little
muddy, especially the concluding vart: but we take
na inieiii 10 oe mis: tn.it any
-e this: th.it any person indicted lor
way robbery, arson, rape, burglary,
uror nr.v mlii., r,ln.i ;
pocket-picking or any other crime, may rdcad in
justification that the person upon whom the crime
nun until mi I r,d ti-iiu n i.iii.itri in.n.. ...,. i. ..n
that as agent orattorney, he had instituted in some
Court of Alabama fome suit or prosecution in favor:
citizen of Massachusetts or that ho had
aided und abetted in the extradition ofso.no of.
fender agaiust the laws of the State of Massa-'',
-The second section provides that all civil suits
in law und equity, upon a suggestion to tho Court
that the tda niitl behm.-s t Piil.,.r ,.i.n f ihn l,v
named three
asses, shall, unon imvmcnt bv the
pfaiiitifl of all costs accrued upon fuilure of which
the action is to bo dismissed be continued, trom
Term to Term, "until the said State of Massachu
setts shall wholly reuiovo the cause complained
of in tho preamble of this bill." Hero nrises a
slight difficulty. Tho bill has no preamble; and
the cause complained of w hich Mussachuscts is to
remove before tho suit can goon, nowhere appears.
This, however, would, we apprehend, prove hy no
means n fatal defect with tho Alabama Courts.
They would construe the act tn the same spirit in
which they interpret the Constitution of the United
States, and wuuld easily supply by "construction"
anything not distinctly expressed. Suppose "the
cause compiailioil ol" is nowhere m the bill set
out in terms. It not exnressed it m understood
Mvervbodv known it must tin thn Xl.ms.ii.lniaft.a
i crscnai ivitierty Act. bat elso cau it bo?
The same observations will apply to tho third
section, by which tho whole act is to become void
when tho Governor of Alabama announces by proc
lamation that Massachusetts ban wholly .removed
the uD'cnso couiptuiuod of by the bill, which uuwhero
dou3 complain of any particular offense.
What effect this bill of Mr. Cochran's may have
t.wHk nerves and still weaker Dal nils of
Guvernor Gardner's Know-Nothing Legislature,
we are not entirely prepared to say. Very possi
bly it may aid that Anti Shivery Governor, placed
in oflico by the old Liberty party, ia frihteuinir his
dark lantern brethren into the repeal of tho Per-
HOIIMl Liberty law. l.ut whatever UI.1V bo Its etloct
on the Know-Nothing Legislature, we opprehend-
' ,a nt'f "f character to inspire much dread in
f"06 citizens of Massachusetts who aro in the hab-
".0: vlMtl"K Alabauiu.or who are at all acquuiuted
u-,,1. ,1... ........ ..c : i
with the cxiatinB state of society there.
Iu the first place, no Massachusetts uian or wo
man ever thinks ot visiting Alubuma tor pleasure,
for instruction, for anything in the world except
fiirmmini-. nml lot uu lull t. f V...!..... il'lin ..n..
for money; and let us tell Mr. Cochran, it' he does
nut know it already, that a Massachusetts man in
pujt of money is not to bo frightoned ot stopped
" ny tne y,,, ,l;krry iinsell, much less by Iiiui
'l , , 18 ., , Massachusetts man who has re
""led in Alabama long enough to know how things
K there, is simple enough to rely on the law of
"'-"m w protect tus t.erson and lite. In what
, " "'" "";; "" 1041111 in uno ever
"ear8 r convictions lor murder eitlier tlitre or in
,'icr slave State? Kven in Kentucky, so
much nearer to the borders of civilisation, the most
cold-blooded murderers are habitually let off under
the plea of Relf-defenso. The safeguard which a
Massachusetts man, or indeed any other man has
in Alabama against be'.ng assassinated is, we tke
it, ni)t the law, but his capacity of defending him
self, and the danger that if he be murdered, his
relation and friendu will follow up the murderer
and revenge his death. In this respect society
stands now pretty much on the same footing in
that State as when it was inhabited by the Cricks
and Choctaws. No Massachusetts mn, we appre
hend, is likely to be much frightened at the threat
of being deprived of a protection which he i.ever
yet enjityed. There are lew communities anywhere
to be found on the face of the globe so savage
and ferocious that one or two Massachusetts men
are not to be found there with assortments ol
notions for rale. Those who for the sake of gain
nut thenuelves in the power of the ninn-eating
inhabitants of the Ftjre Islands, are not likely to
ne ingiitcned at any decree ot barbarism which
, . , -, - , ,
l'C0I'' of Alabama may think proper to
It is tho same with the collection of debts. Is
there any law in the Fejee Islands compelling a
debtor to pay? And jet tho men uf Massachusetts
underst md how to get their money in tho Fejee
Islands or elsewhere. How much, in nine cases
out of ten we. might ask in niuety-ninff cases out
of a hundred does Mr. Cuchran suppose that an
execution against an Alabama cuton-f lanter is
worth? If he wishes for information on this sub
ject, let him inquire of our once-wealthy New
York merchants, ruined by their share of the
Southern trade. We can assuro him that all intel
ligent Northern traders some time since came to
the conclusion that attempts to collect Southern
debts by legal process are futile, and that the en
tire proceeds will not suffice to pay the law ex
penses. Should Mr. Cochran's bill pass into a law, nnd
should it havo the effect to diminish the still un
reasonable amount of credit given by Northern
merchants to Southern traders, so far its operation
would be highly beneficial to both sides; and the
Boston merchants could well afford to present Mr.
Cochran with a silver pitcher, in acknowledgement
of their lhare of the benefit. A'. Y. Tribune.
From the Kansas Tribune.
We have heard that Stringfellow says we'evaded
the law 'denying us the ritht to declare that Slavery
does not legally exist in Kansas Territory, by pub
lishing our denunciations of it on the 15th of Sep
tember, when, as he alleges, the luw only takes
effect "from and after" that date. It is immate
rial to us whether it says "from and after," or "on
and after ;" for wo have agaiu and again repeated
our declaration, and now reiterate it, in the very
language of the law. thai"Tl!F.RE IS NO IIIGHT
Such is our firm, honest conviction, aud there is
no power on earth virion can prevent us from as
serting this opinion, o long as we can wield a pen
or have the power of ulturance. We believe
Slaverv remains here by tho buffurance of the Peo
ple, and that ny just and onlighteoed Court in
Christendom would s-i declare. We know, evory
Attorney will iiokiinwleitgo that Slavery
can only ett by positive M ito'.irv eiir.elnient, ntid
vo believe the enactments of the Kansas Lcgishi
t.iro to be us bi;e mid fraudulent edicts us. were
"v "T sent forth by tho veriest dccpi t on earth.
Since we icmovcJ to Topekti, we uiol"rstniid
that threat have been ma le that tho "Tribune"
' 'J'hoso who utter such threat- think tne oflieo can -
mn-u Keep cool or it win ne utrown in tho rvur.sas.
nut. I,n n nC.lf r r.,i n..i...i ...,( T qi.,mina
It is immaterial" to us. It hnl! never be destroyed
v- I'.ilo wo nave power to di fend it, nor silenced un-
til its Pros and Types are. wreneH A . .in u by vio-
lence ; ntid even ll.cn, their place MuaiM be sup -
plied, if it were possiblo to secure adequate menus
lor that purpose. .
"""'J !'"P an PmKC" f. 10 ,D0. P,ort 110 11,K'
cn',.pdfrom- Of course thn excited creat iudig
ofsomo i nM'"" ""niing Anti-Slaviry men. A l ancuil-IIall
n'ting was held upon the occasion, over w hich
''""J'1? Adams presided. Mr. Pearson was
tdenounced to the lull capacity ot the Lngish lau-
' l,'!K' This was his first appearance in public,
i "rid trumitllat timo till now ho has been a marked
. t, , ,
A Boston correspondent of one of our Oichan -
The progress of Arti-Slnvery sentiment in quar -
ters apparently hopeless is strikingly shown by n
circumstance which recently occurred hero. John
II. Pearson is one of our rich men, a largo thip
owner, well known on State street. For many
years ho has been detested by the Abolitionists as!
tho incarnation of commercial llunkerisin a n
e , , , .,'re'",n,n,!'"10 l
tr,l,io' 'n.rT'? Wlth the South. AI
I ago, I think it was, a slave secreted I
confirms'! and irreelainiablo Union-saver. lie!
ut ten Years1
himself on one
of his vessels.
arrived in Boston, got ashoro, and
was then seized by Pearson's order, carried on
" on "'o -vnii-oiavery la-.iets. no stoutly re
toi ted the attacks upon him, and no man that
walks State street was fiercer in dolianoe of the
Abolitionists or warmer in defence of tho slave
holders. It was in one of his vessels, the Acorn
"That fatal, that perfidious bark"
that Sims was taken back to Georgia the first
fugitive carried from Ronton under tho Act ol
I wroto to you about a month aj;o, I think, that
a vessel named the Middlesex bail arrived at Bos
ton from some Southern port, with two negroes on
board, who were picked up in a small bout out of
sight of land, off the coast of Florida, and who
could not give any satisfactory account of them
selvos, but were probably fugitive slave. Well,
the Aliuillescx belonged to .Mr. i earsoD, and the
iifiirosiLitl npimes. wherever Ihev now iirft.vrni mnv
take my word for it, are further from Florida than
they were a month ago. Last week, Mr. Pearson
received a letter from Mr. J. P. Brown, of Key
West, Florida, stating that he had seen in the ca
pers an account of the arrival of the two negroes
in Boston in Mr. real-son s vessel, and trom
tho circumstances be was satisfied that they were
two slave of his, who had gone off in a bout about
the time they were picked up by the Middlesex.
lie gave a ueKcriptmu ot tr.tur persons, w nitii was
sufficiently accurate to leave uu doubt ot the truth
of hi statement. In conclusion, he requested Mr.
1'earsoc to detain the negroes uutii measures could
be taken to reclaim ttieui.
Mr. Pearson promptly replied to Mr. Brown in
a very pungent letter, the substance of which was
that since the passage of the Nebraska act, he had
given up nigge. -catching and Union-saving. Hence
forth, so far as he is concerned, the slaveholder
must look after their own goods and chattels, and
ibe Union must take care of itself. The necroes
in question were saved and doing well, and had no
desire to return to Key West, or to beliold again
I.i. . .! ..... ... . rn. r r. .
tho Leoiju countenance of Mr. J. P. Bi'owu,
The following is the text of the decree, dated the
28th of November, by which Prince Glrika has
emancipated the serfs in Moldavia:
"The law voted, in 1844, by the Extraordinary
General Assembly, relative to the enfranchisement
of the serfs Wloncmg to the State, to the metropo
lis, to the bishoprics, and to the uiotmstcrirs in gen
eral, provided, at the same tiaic.for the progressive
purchase of the serfs ot private persons, by set
ting apart for the purpose the sums arising from
the tax of the freed men. The nhjoct of this phi
lanthropic measure was to arrive, in a series ot
years, at the abolition of slavery in this country,
and it reposed principally on tho hope that most of
the owners of serfs motel by emulation, would
spontaneously aid in the liberation of human be
ings in their possesion. We, however, regret to
have to state that very lew among them hate thus
far responded to this humane appeal, w hile, on the
other hand, the small sums set apart tor the re
deeming slaves bate not, by any means, effected
their coinplefe manumission. Among the duties
which our position imposes on us, nnd among the
reforms which we hate alien pted to realize, we
find this question is one of those which must be
dealt w ith before any ottu r, because it springs
trom tho laws ot humanity lt-elt, and greatly con
cerns the dignity of the country. At toe moment
at which nil Europe testifies such great interest in
the Principalities, and contemplates Using their
future destinies, it is the duy of our country, on
its part, to take a step in advance. Many years
have passed since slavery was abolished in nil the
civilized Stales of the Old World; the Moldo-Walla-chia
States have alone preserved this disgraceful
vestige of barbarous society; in these Principali
ties alone slavery forms part of tho general social
order. Such an anomaly neither ought to nor can
any longer exist; such a state uf (hinge is in oppo
sition to the sacred dogmas of the Christian reli
gion, to all the principles of humanity, and to the
vital interests of the State; it is, in fact, the plague
of society a plague which we must not try to
keep from observation ns has hitherto been at
tempted for it is impossible to hide it hut one
which we must try to remedy as soon as possible.
Ia consequence, as a Prince and as a Christian,
consulting the dignity of the country and tho sen
timents of our own heart, wo now oall the sorimis
attention of our Council to this important question;
we count ou its active co-operation in aiding us to
solve this matter in a spirit in conformity w ith the
great laws of humanity, and, nt tho same time, not
to forget the indemnity which is due to the posses
sors of slaves; and we recommend it to prepare a
bill on the subject, aud to submit it lo us in order
that it may be 'discussed by the General Divan,
our opinion is, that the basis oi this measure should
be 1, The immediate abolition of Slavery iu
Moldavia; 2, The regulation and the mode of ap
portioning the indemnity t bo accorded to the
possessors of slaves. We hope that the co-operation
of our countrymen, without distinction, will
nut fail us in this humane question ; we do not
doubt that the Ministers themselves will- devote
their efforts to carry out, to its full extent, the task
which we thus eontido to them; and, for this pur
pose, we reckon on the teal and on the tirinciples
of humanity which they have constantly displayed.
, "G. Guisu.
"Countersigned, "R. Mauhojeni."
The Administrative Counoil Extraordinary, in
its sitting of the 28th ult., declared that.it re
ceived this document, with profound cratitudo.
und it charged two of its members to draw up a
bill ia accordance with the principles laid down
in it.
From the A. S. Standard.
Extract of n letter frnra Parker Pillsburt lo tL
General Agent o the Massachusetts Anti-Slaver
Society, dated Manchester (Eng.) Dee. 21, 1850,
'I believe wc all, oft this side, admlro Mr. Garri-
r-Mi, icnu-linn siujsequcni caitnrini article, on
,,,e W''"""' of those Southern ruffians to gira
sonio ot your course c( Lectures on S aver. It
femed to me fully bad enough to appoint Senator
'iiston, one of thn most decent and tolerable of
tlie ,-"!'' " Lnml- of the Committee
daughters, nj you and I have, to be Insulted
'" ''"dangercd by iho too nf ar ppproacb of suob,
revners find Uespoilers ef rcmalo virtue and wo
man's lovcliuosf. I hope (he Vigilance Commit
tee will be on the alert, during the stay of thesa
robl'.ers nf rrad)en nnd firesides in your midst, lest
nne i imnies ot sonio ot your colored citiaexa
should I e inva lcd by their ruthless hand,
If anything were needed incomplete the ht-
"u' U!)r "lvi,i.nK ho " Wise, Toon. as end
u,'n- ". Il'clir?' " WM wt'U uPf''ed Pting
1 r-1)rlt" T'Horm prayers otcr them. I Wee
a,tJ 'J0 , Dr hey. nn,J dama. I
"'U,' "'" furi5ltl;I1 of chaplain
. .,
lb,U tt'.I,,M"n t0J!i fa(J'a f Mr. WelsterV
" om TJ. ""r- sermon utter bis death
should not bo forgotten. But how will it sound
to those unfortunate creditors who hold demands
against him to tbf tt ne of almost a hundred and
iixtij thousand dollars and all boing paid off at 0
jiisUirteu on tho dollar ! 1 I think the 'fragrance,'
to ihein. will I o more a fulfilment of the Prophecy
of Joel, (2 c 20 v.) than any other. Dr. Kirk
it is dark, now that 'the Rock of Marshfield is re
moved, it may be 'dark' to him; but was ever
such 'a Mono of stumbling,' such a 'rock of of
fence,' taken out of tho way before? Even State
street must feci the deliverance, ' whatever such
carrion-crows ns Dr. Kirk and Hubbard Winslow,
w ho lout him no money, gave l.im no dinners or
donations, may say about 'the fragrance of Lie
I am very glad Mr. Garrison declined to mingle
his notes in the music of such voices, even ia a
to-called 'Course A Anti-Slavery Lectures,'
A Kansas letter writer says:
A few months ago there was very little general
Anti-Slavery feeling in Kansas j but since Got.
Shannon came here, and Pierce called us "a mob."
since his officials publicly and Ireternally associa
ted with Atchison's minions ot the recent "Law
and Order" Convention since the ballot-box waa
soized at Leavenworth, and Lawrence was threat
ened bv the Border Ruffians with destruction
"Abiditioniat"Sias ceased lo be a word of reproach
with hundreds of men who previously detested the
name. 1 have heard men who were semi-Southerners
before, dcclaio, with Garrison: j
"I am an Abolitionlstt
I glory in the name 1"
Kansas was invaded. 1 have beard ether
bint, that even Garrison himseVf was rather an old.
fogy, because Tie does not go far enough in apjoti
iion to Slavery. "The world dots move." j. a.
On Christmas morning, the gentlemen connected
with the Arch street Presbyterian church presen
ted to their pastor, the Rev. Charles Wadsworth, a
purse containing Five Hundred Dollars in gold, as
testimony uf their high personal regard for him,
and their unwavering confidence in his ministry
among them. The compliment does as much hon
or to the congregation as it does to the recipient ef
the valuable gift. It proves that they estimate
and partake of the enlarged and liberal spirit of
their pastor, w hich like the Christianity ho preach
es, comprehends the family of man within the
scope of its benevolence. I'hil. Ledger.
(This Wadsworth is one of the most unscrunn.
loua and unblushing apologists for slavery in all
the land. He believes and preaches that, for the
sake of preserving the American Union, it is right
hold the slaves in bondage, and that the North
should calch and return to their masters all the
fugitives who cross Mason and Dixon's line. The
pro-shivery merchants of Philadelphia may well
pay the man who baptize their vi'lany in the
imme of Christ. As for the Ledger, we suppose
does not regard the coloured people as any part
"the family of man," and Iherelors its compliment
Mr. Wadstrorth is perfectly consistent with ita
general course. Eds. Standard.)
The Underground Raii.ro.vd. The Colombna
(Ohio) correspondent uf the Cincinnati couiinerciol
fays :
"A collision onme very near occurring here en
Friday last, on the Underground Railroad. Two
passengers were very closely pursued by their
clients, and the collision was only averted through
the energy and vigilance of a woli know Anti-Sla-Slavery
man of this city. Ten minutes prevloua
warning only saved the fugitives from their pursu
ers. An Anti-Shivery gentleman of Mt. Vernon,
delegate to the late American Convention, who
had accepted of the position of Deputy l S. Mar
shal, for the purpose of serving writs on certain coun
terfeiters, was suddenly called in to officiate in thie
case, lie very promptly refused, and sent in the
resignation of his post, which he has permitted me
copy for publication:
COLUMBUS, Jan, 7 1856.
Hon. Jabez Filch, U. S. Marshal, Cleveland, O.j
Sir. 1 hereby tender yon peremptorily my resigi
nation as Deputy U. S.M. At the time I accepted
that appointment, it did not occur to me that a con
tingency might urise in w hich I would be called
upon to help execute the odious Fugitive Slave
Law. 1 believe, sir, these truths to be self-evident
that ull men are created equal and have certain
inalienable rights, ou.ong which are life, liberty
uud tli6 pursuit of happiness, and will not, there
fore, engaged in the pursuit of a negro.
lours truly, j. tltii&lUVUOli.-'
Result or the Fugitive Law. J. M. Chanman
and his servant, Wm. Rufus Tracy, have been ar
rested in Chieitgy, on a charge of kidnapping a
litte girl named Fanny, nnd selling her in Ten
nensee for if 250. Chapman claimed to have brought
the girl, who is only five years of nge, into the
.... . i.- i i r i
ciaiu , wmi no u iieu aer in Arxansas, ana gov
Tracy to take her down to Tennessee a few weeke
since, and sell her there. The case exhibit! the
evils of slavery in one of the worst features, io
thus trading ou n poor innocent child into pernetfc
aal bondage, nnd doing so in a free State, thue
outraging the seutiuent oi our people on Uli
Death Fexalty roe Slate Stealino w Tie
ciNiA. At a meeting of the citiiens of Goochland
county, Ya., on the 17th .December, a resolution
was adopted, advocating tne aeatn penalty ter
slave stealing, corfinement in the Penitentiary for
the attempt, aud the admission of negro evidence
against suspected persons. The resolutions also
rooouiniend arming the pilot in Chesapeake Bay,
at the expense of (he iitte, and autbotiitlng tbeaa
to (torch auspeeted teesels.

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