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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, February 02, 1856, Image 2

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From the Liberator.
Your affectionate lottor, my dear Graco, reveal
ing a heart still .bo full of sadness and tend it
mourning over the Ion of jour two precious little
children Inst spring, I got a fovr days ago in Wor
cester; As soon as it was read. 1 inquired, agree
ably to your request, at tho bookstore tliere, for
'On the Death of Little Children,' 'by Ireneus
Prime,' but without soccers. Next week I go to
Boston, where 1 hope 1 can obtain it for you. It
will bet an unspeakable happiness to Minister , to
your consolation in any way.
Dut truth compels hie to add, as to Rev. Ireneus
Prime, thonh lie may write consoling thoughts
upon their dentil 1 bare no confidence in bis real
ly loving little children, nor in his being a truly
good and Christina man. lie has bveo, lor ninny
year, editor of tho Now York Observer, a paper
that not only never lias a single word of pity or
aorrow for lilde children told from their mother in
this cmtntru. but openly defends and sustains the
horrible and heaven-defying system of human sla
very. It Mr. i nine am care lor me weuare oi
chihirop,, bo would earnestly labor to overthrow
AipprtuAU Slavery, that fiendishly dooms fourhun-dreAaow.-boru
children every day to the inheri
ts cc of the saddest mothori in tLo world slave
metiter i-na inheritance of degradation, of igno-raitee,-and
f unuttcrablo outrage. What shall
v think of ft man who never rebukos the children
. atstol&rs'pf : lliii country never eondoinns the bily
iui and selliwi of children, like lambs and calves,
ihe market- never donounces the laws which
uRerls forbid children to be taught to read the
nameiof. Unit who took little children in bis arms
rtncUblesscd them,, aud itaid, 'suHer little children
to ootne unto-mo, and forbid thoui not, for of such
is the kinudpin of heaven'!
When Mrs. Stowe wrote 'Uncle Tom's Cabin,' a
honk, ituttiired' with such divine tenderness and
Christ like sympathy with the sufiering slate that
none but Hearts ot stone coma rusis no puwer.miB
Mr. Prime had oiily insults oud reproaches lor tho
Bwk'and its Author. ,. ".
i-While Mrs. Stows was in EnglanJ, this same Mr
Prime -went ar a delegate trom thoAmencati mwu
Society (a (Society that will not send Bibles to the
Stows the heatien of our own land) to the meeting
of the British and Foreign Bible Society, but so
fuilty- was he held of the blood of the slave, the
Inglish Christians- would not receive him. He
Wttiplilined most bitterly, that while he was regar
ded with rebuking silence in England, Mrs. Stowe,
wh feels how monstrous and wicked it is to sell
children from their mothers, was received with
the true-hearted cheers of six thousand people in
Kxrer Hall.
' God help us all to remember the slave mothers
wh"se hearts are breaking under the cruel an
guish and indescribable sorrow of slavery I
Brooklyn, Conn., Jan. 14, 1856.
This half-jrazed, rattle-headed braggart has just
cent a letter to the Legislature of Virginia, accom
panying the Resolutions on Slavery passed by the
last Vermont Legislature, of which tho following
is an extract. 'No Union with Slaveholders 1 '
Head :
'in the present posture of relations, we can but
wait in calm, dignified and patient composure,
either for the worst to come to the worst, or for a
returning sense of patriotism, reverence for the
past, a sacred regard to law and order, a love of
justice and of peace to be reawakened, and to re
store a sisterhood of States, its affection, its har
mony, its glory and strength.
' I, therefore, recommend that no 'action be had
or taken upon these resolutions by you. It is
proper, perhaps, that they should be preserved on
a ly as State archives, in proof of the wrong offered
us, and of our forbearance; and this, and respect
for State sovereignty alone, determine me to notice
them. as I now do. They are but minor results of
the same cause of apprehension and danger which
has assumed a much more formidable phase, and
now arrests the gravest attention of our country,
The Federal government is arrested in its opera
tion, the representative branch ot congress is dis-
organized, ana too representative principle nseu
is brought into disrepute by it at this very mo
ment; and, in such a crisis as this, we can hardly
descend to look to its results upon a ermont .Leg
islature and Executive.
Our attention is called to Washington city, not
to Montpelier. Parties, affiliated with those of
Vermont, who have sent to us those resolutions,
have grown so strong as to succeed in electing to
Congress more than one hundred representatives,
to oppose a more minority who are now defending
the Constitution, and in withholding from that mi
nority the support of thirty representatives more
chiefiyot the Southern Mates; and tne euect is,
that the. House of Representatives cannot be or
ganized, except upon terms that are subversive of
the Constitution and tne L nion, ana tne ooum is
distracted and divided against itself. Is the de
sign of the plurality disunion ? Is the purpose ol
the faction division iiaionz ourselves t If so, it is
time thnt all people and all interests in our coun
try should be aroused to asen se of the fact, that
the easiest step to disunion is a withdrawal of rep
resentation, and that the most potent cause to compel
a withdrawal of rejiresenlaiation is to disorganize,
distract and degrade representation.
How long Virginia shall bo kept waiting for or
ganization on Constitutional terms? How long
she sball be kept waiting on disorganization, to
avoid being put upon terms oj dishonor or being ex
posed to danger t nro questions for her people and
tor Legislature to determine. For my part, I re
peat the recommendation of calm, collected digni
ty, and of patient and forbearing patriotism.
Wait! but be not wanting to ourselves and our
posterity, I implore you.'
On Wednesday evening, last wsek, the Honora
ble Mr. llilliard. of Alabama, who was advertised
to lecture before the Mercantile Library Associa
tion, was 'among the missing' a large audience
at the Tremont Temple waiting in vain tor bis ap
pearance, and no one being able to account for his
absence. On Thursday evening, he was announ
ced to give his long-promised pro-slavery lecture,
and the letnple was again thronged, out .ur. iiu
Itard was still mvsteriuuslv missing, neither letter
nor telcgrayhio despatch having been received
from bim I In this dilemma, Mr. B. F. Clark, of
this city, kindly conseuled to deliver his excellent
lecture on Hayti, though a considerable portion of
the assemblv withdrew in no very pleasaat mood
A correspondent of the Transcript makes the fol-
lowing witty ana caustic nonce oi mis auair :
loaress of the race. The largest auction in
human flesh'that ever occurred on this continent
was witnessed at theTremoDt ieuiple last evening
Some two thousand persons were disposed of at
one stroke of the salesman's wand, Among the
personal chattels sold were many of the lubstan-
:.: p r.:,... ...ij
UUl UltlZVU Ol UUrclLV. t. Jlica luo CAi.cvuiiigij
lawthe highest being the puny figure of silver
quarter. I lie sale was conducted oy a uisunguisii'
ed Southern tenlleman. aided by a Freesoil com
mittee of Boston. Admiration of the ability of
the managers on the occasion found free expres
' tiun in the assembly. The sale would have taken
place on the proceeding evening, under the auspi,
ces of another oommitue, had not their foresight
pared Bostonians the spectacle.
' Jb Ot Editor of tht tf. Y. Iribunt. Sir In an
u tic Is neaded "Tbe Germane and Slavery"in your
dmot of tbe 25d inst.. I find you take ground that
Germane are "virtual and practical upholder of
Slavery." How far this will apply to uermans
throughout the United 'States, I know not; but
from nersonal knowledge, gained by manv years'
residence in Missouri, I am convinced that you are
eorreet so far as applies to the Catholic Germane of
that Mate. Commence at oc. aouis, iohow uie
llinanuri. Osaet and Gasconade rireri, and wher
ever yo find Catholic Germans possessing farms
nf any eite.you will (with but few exception) find
bem owner or slave. fo witu tueiniaaa coux
tie near and adjacent to Kansas. ..
If sucb is the ca?e in Missouri, I see no reason
why it will not with equal force apply to German
in other State. Your. W. O.
THE GERMANS AND SLAVERY. From the Liberator.
LAWRENCE, K. T. Jan, 7, 1856,
Dear Sir: The following advertisement I clip
from the Haint Louis Democrat, and hope you will
publibh it in your paper, to show the way such
things are done out Y est:
$400 REWARD.
RAN AWAY from the subscriber, living
near Lexington, Mo., four negro men, named
L'nn. Hal. Uill and Randall, fan is agcu
about twenty-three years, dark, and medium sized;
Hal. aged about thirty years, very blue ana tail;
Dill is aged twenty-eight years, stout and dark;
Randall, aged about forty years, mulatto and short.
I will give the abovo reward for all of them, or
$100 for each if taken out of the State; or $10 for
all, or $30 each, if taken in any county bordering
on the Mississippi river; $100 for all, or $'J5 for
each, if taken in any county in the Statu, and de
livered to me or secured in jail, so I can get them.
Any information will be received by addressing me
at Lexington, Mo., or St. Louis Post office, box
I also subjoin the following valuable piece of in
formation: Ran away from the Shawnee Mission, Kansas
Territory, a nigger man, numed Shannon; about
sixty years of age; rather tall and stout; would be
mistaken for a white man; he will try to pass him
self tu such. Has light bluo eyes and light hair;
is in tie habit of getting drunk, chews tobacco,
gonera.ly wears nno clothes, black coat and pants,
satin vet. and b.lack hat. When last hoard of, he
was at tie head of a large band of ruffians, who
invaded this Territory with arms in their hnnds,
which were stolen from the Arsenal at Liberty,
Mo., and threatened the destruction of Lawrence
and the murdor of its inhabitants. They went
abrut burning hay, driving off cattle, stopping
poisons with teams on the highway and robbing
thorn of goods, kidnapping peaceable citizens,
stealing corn aud rifles, entering cnbing. frighten
ikg the women and children, and various other
depredations of a heinous character. This same
gang of desperadoes murdered in cold blood one
1 nomas Jiarber, on tne pra ric, on tho eve or the
flti, 0f December last and attacked, on the night of
tne g2d of the same month, a printing establish
ment at Leavenworth, destroyed the press by
throwing it into the river, and scattered the type
about the street; threatening the lives of several
of the inhabitants, mobbing ballot-boxes, and pre
venting the citizens from voting. This gang have
for a long time been a pest to this Territory, and
the people should rally and break it up; and all
good citizens of this country are hereby requested
to lend their aid in the capture of my man Shan
non, bring him to justice, or lodge bim in jail
where I can get him. For when the leader is ta
ken, the gung will doubtless disband, nnd the peo
ple will then enjoy the blessings of peace. It is
supposed thnt he is now lurking about Washing
ton, D. C, where he has a great many confederates
or in Ohio, whero he has a few friends.
Any information will be received by addressing
me at Lawrence, Kansas Territory, Box 1776.
P. S. His principal confederate ot Washineton.
D. C, is one Franklin Pierce.
ISy When Benjamin Franklin was 84 years of
age, the last public labor of his long nnd useful
lite, the formation of the Federal Constitution,
having juBt before been completed, he wroto the
following letter to his friend and Revolutionary
compatriot, John Langdon, then Governor of New
Hampshire, and atterward Democratic ice i resi
dent of the United States:
"PHILADELPHIA, Aug, 4, 1788.
"Sir: The Pennsylvania Society for promoting
the Abolition of Slavery and tbe relief of free ne
groes unlawfully held in bondage, have taken the
liberty to request your Excellency's acceptance of
a few copies of their constitution and the laws ol
Pennsplvania which relate to one of the objects of
their institution; also of a copy of Thomas Clark-
eon s excellent essay upon tbe Commerce and Ma
very of the Africans.
"Tho Society have heard with great regret that
a considerable part ot the slaves who have been
sold in the Southern States since the establishment
of peace have been imported in vessels fitted out
in the state over which your ,xcllency presides.
l'rom your hxcellency s station, they hope your
influence will be exerted hereafter to prevent a
practice which is so evidently repugnant to the po
litical principles and forms of government lately
adopted by the citizens of the United States, and
which cannot fail of delaying the enjoyment of the
blessings of liberty by drawing down the displeas
ure oi the great and impartial Ruler of tho Uni
verse upon our country.
"I am, in behalf of the Society, .
"Sir, most ob'd't servant,
"His Excellency J. LANGEON, Esq."
man was ever ¬
lin from being a "fanatic," an "agitator," a med
ler with other people's business; yet here was a
casein which Pennsylvania had no diiect concern
a case of the importation of slaves by citizens
of New Hampshire, hundreds of miles distant on
one side, and their sale to citizens of Carolina and
Ceorcin. still further off in an opposite direction.
The traffic he condemned was perfectly legal, ac
cording to tho prevailing ideas and "the laws of
labor" (such is Messrs. Cushing and Pierce's deli
cate enphonism,) prevailing in most States, affirm
ed and applauded. In short, it was just as lawful,
respectable and righteous then to import a cargo
of slaves into Charleston from Guinea as it now
is to buy them in Virginia and sell them in New
Orleans or Texas. Yet Benjamin Franklin did
not hesitate to "agitate the Slaveiy question," by
urging Gov. Langdon to have the Slave Trade
outlawed in New Hampshire. He (often stigma
tized as an Infidel) urged that not to stop the Slave
Trade would expose our country (not tho soulu
alone) to "the displeasure of the great and impar
tial Ruler of the Universe." Have we not public
men in this fast age who might learn from old
Ben. Franklin? Tribune.
Escaie or Fucitives Exciting Chase Unfor
tunate Capture or one. A paper published in
tbe town of Frederick, Mi., called the Examiner
gives a description of a late stampede of slaves
from that vicinity. It appears that six of them
four men and two women having two spring
wagons and four horses, came to Hood' Mil), on
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, near the dividing
line between Frederick and Carroll Counties, on
Christmas day. After feeding their animals, one
of them told Mr. Dixon whence they came. Be
lieving them to be fugitives, he spread the alarm,
and some eight or ten persons gathered around to
arrest them j but the negroes, drawing revolvers
and bowie-knives, kept their assailants at bay until
five of tbe party suoceeded in escaping in one of
tbe wagons, and as the last one jumped on a horse
to flee he was fired at, and the load took effect in
tbe small of tbe back. After going a few rods he
reeled and fell to the ground, when be was pounced
upon and secured. How he was used by bis cap
tore we know not ; but humanity shudders at tbe
probable result.
few day since a stranger, apparently a Southern
gentleman, arrived at Washington on hi way to
the Worth, learning tnat no train wuuiu icure iu
the direction he desired to travel till the next day,
be booked himself at one of the principal hotels,
where be received such attentions as are always
due to gentlemen, and passed bis time a agree
ably a one could be expected to ao w no w as some
what anxious to prosecute hi journey. The next
dav he went to the Railroad station to take tbe cars
for the North where he was arrested by tbe chief
nolice. on tbe eround that instead of being gen
tlman, as hi appearance indicated, he was merely
a chattel personal, belonging to a ouicuer oi jicn
nond bv tbe-name of Lynbam. There wa noth
ing in Li oomplexion or appearance any way that
betrayed the slightest' taint of Ktbiopean blood,
and be spoke the English and German languages
Deserter Sacrament. The Suuth.vn Clturck-
man states that there are churches in the dioceteof
Virginia that are without a tingle male coram u-
t.Cinctnnati must be a God forsaken city.
The Sun of that placo coolly chronicles that "sev-
orul ladies bad their pockets picked in the Cathe
dral, on last Sunday, during service One lady
lost J 108." Lx.
Pish, that's nothing 1 Don't tbe people of Cin
cinnati pick tbe pockets of the Southerners, of ev
ety nigger (hey can lay their abolition tingera up
on I And that in open nay light, too. io steal
niggers and pick pockets is one of their Sunday
go-to-meeting amuacuionts. Macon (Ala.) Repub
lics. a
What the Republican calls nigger stealing is an
admirable and most appropriate woik fur Sunday
or any other day. Jesus, whoso gospel is profes
sedly preached on that day, in Cincinnati and Ala
bama, teaches to break every yoke and let the oppres
sed go free, and whoovor rescues ft man out of the
hands of the man thieves, is so far a Christian, af
ter this gospel pattern, and does an honest act.
Putting to shauio priests and people, who foi pre
tence make loud professions of attachment to that
gospel, nnd then steal, flog, rob and murder those
whom they acknowledge to be worthy profossors
of that gospel and possessed of tho spirit of its
great promulgator.
As to the money-thieving, there is this to be
said in favor of the Cincinnati villains. 1st,
they prefer to rob the rich, those who have the
right to defend themselves personally nnd legally
and do soek redress by law. Showing injthe manner
of their villainy.soniething like courage and manli
uoss. The cowardly Alabamians choose victims
so poor that they don't own even a pockot to poor
that they have no use for one, their earnings boing
always intercepted beforo it is possible for them
to reach a pocket men and woman, who according
to statuto, "can own nothing." Tbey have the
meanness to rob woman after securing by enact
ment that she shall suffer death if she shall daro to
raise her clenched hand in defence ot bcr earn
ings, ber personal safety, or her honor. The Cin
cinnati pick pockets too, stand forth, comparative-
fly bonorablo, in that they have the grace to be
ashamed of their viluiny, and slink away into ob
scurity, endeavoring to cover up their shame, w hile
the Alabama thieves, have the utter gracelcssness
to boast of their villainy, and shamelessly claim
as their reward, not only the money they have
wrung from the torn muscles and bleeding hearts
of thoir human victims, but they claim besides, as
a reward of thoir indiscribablo meanness and wick
edness, the most lucrative offices and most honora
ble "positions, civil, military and ecclesiastical,
which the wholo land affords. We are theroforc
convinced and prepared to maintain, that Cincin
nati villains who g'j to church on Sunday to pick
ladies pockets, are bonorablo men compared
with Southern men thieves, who claim to own
who buy, sell, flog, rob, commit rape, seduction,
murder and every imaginable personal outrage (for
all crime is incident to slavery,) and then parade
their vilianics as the highest possible claim to the
character of gentlemen, and 'Christians,' and the
surest pasport to a Generals commission and the
Presidential mansion. How "Glorious" is our
Union with such sbamolesB sinners.
A class of the wealthy planters'1 of Louisiana,
have in their veins some of that blood which Amer
ican Democracy and religion pronounces accursed.
However small the taint and however indiscerna
ble from external appearances, it seems that their
paternal descent from Spanish eobility or Anieri'
can aristocracy.added to their wealth and their pa
triarchal virtue of slavebolding.ure not nil sufficient
to entitle them to political privileges in a land
where all men arc declared of right freo and enti
tled to tho privilege of self-government. The
national prejudice must be strong indeed where
even man stealing and slavcholding 'nunot cause
it to be forgotten or overlooked.
Tbe Louisiana Legislature is now agitated by
this question as we learn from the following, from
tho New Orleans Correspondent of the Cincinnati
A circumstance has just come to light which is
likely to prove an awful disgrace to the State of
Louisiana, nnd will undoubtedly lead to the con
testing of a seat in the Legislature. Away up
Red river, in the neighborhood of a place called
the "Ten Mile Precinct," it seems a number of
fret, citizens peaceable, industrious planters, but
well known to be ''tinctured with negro blood,"
(O shame I) were allowed to vote at the recentStute
election I It seems from the account in the papers
that in 1838 "three of them, to nil appearunce
white men, were allowed to vote; this was the com
mencement of the colored franchise" At the lute
election, not counting these "to all appearance
white" colored men, the parCies.were about equal
ly divided; out on the day of election, the Dem
ocrats, always up to snuff, brought them all out,
"with a flag flying," marched them up tu the polls
and made them vote 1 And "the only justifica
tion given for tbe net was, thnt these kinky-headed
vagabonds had as good a right to vote as their
straight-haired relatives." Tho paper adds that
"every man who knows these men, feels and knows
it to be a burning shame that they should be al
lowed to vote !" But why shouldn't they vote f
Tbey are native born citizens, educated, intelligent
I not told, many of them owners of plantations
and slaves: and the same paper says, "they were
and are quiet, orderly and well behaved interfer
ing with no one, and generally well treated by
their neighboring planters." By their votes, it is
said, Mr. Andrews was elected to the Legislature,
over Mr. Boyce; and Mr. Boyce is going to test the
legality oi tne matter, it will then be decided
whether these kinky-headed cousins have or have
not as good a right to vote as their straight-haired
cousins. An important question, and one that
must be settled before the South can grumble any
more at Massachusetts, New Y'ork nnd Ohio, fur
allowing certain of their colored population to vote.
When the question is settled, 1 will inform vou of
tbe result.
Tbe same writer inform us that foreign fillibus-
tering rather take the precedence in New Orleans
over the interest in Pierce nnd Atchisons pet
scheme of crushing out freedom in Kansas. Re
ferring to the New Orlouns Delta, he say :
But it moral and it politic are abominable.
Speaking of the proposed measures of somooftho
Southern State to establish Slavery ii Kansas, it
says: "Let all tne Mates ot the south unite to
push slavery couth and Westward, and the scheme
will be moie leasable and tbe result of more dura
ble benefit. 1 he preservation of slavery in Cuba,
it restoration to iluyt. and Jamaica, to Mexico
and Central America, are of more practical impor
tance to the Soi.tn by lur than to secure its preca
rious existence in Kansas. Rather bold, 1 should
say. Yet this ia beginning to be the expressed
feeling in the extreme South. And mar not this
be one of the leading object in tbe Nicaragua
movement T And this aine paper, in the very
same number, speaking cf the attempts to elect a
Speaker in Congress, asks "Is it consistent with
Southern conscience and southern pride, to son
port a wrong t" What tan be the probable ideas
tt ngnt arid wrong ot a paper tliut unliloshiuglj
asxs sacn a question; wneu ,at me name time, ur
ges ma project or spreading nuinau xtavery over
those already degraded countries, Mexico nnd Ceu
tral America where this dimming eurseyhjwevcr
does not exist and over Hnyti and Jainaica.whnrei
it nns been removed to say nothing- nt rivoting
the chains still lighter in that fairest Island of the
Ocean, tho Queen of the Antilles T Talk of South
ern conscience not sustaining a wrong, when it
junctions, Mistnins nud glories in the totilest wrung
that over disgraced a civilized nation. Or South
irn pride, w hen it is pamperod, fed, ami maintain
ed at the expense of the degradation,! blood and
toars of three million tiuuiau beings.
Some of the pro-slavory newspapers were quite
exultant recently on account of the action of the
Legislature of the Cherokee Nation.
That body in the true spirit of sluvcliolding. pass
ed an act, excluding all abolitionists from their
pulpits, their schools and their country. But the
slaveholders were a little too fast in their exulta
tions. Thcii boasted enactment bus failed to be
como a law, in consequence of tho veto of the Prcs
ident of the nation, John-Ross. President Ross is
himself a slaveholder, but still ho is too sensiblo
and honorable a man, unlike the President of our
Union, to sacrifice education, religion, national
honor, prosperity and every thing else to its secu
rity and pcrpotuity.
We copy tho act of tho Legislature; as an exhi
bition of the gonuino fruit of tho teachings and
policy of theAm. Hoard in admitting slave holders is
members of tho Mission C'burchcs. The National
Council, which answers to our. Senate, passed the
bill over the President's veto, but in tho lower
House it failed of rccieving a constitutional ma
Whereas, The Cherokee people are, and bavo
been for many years, n sluveholding people; and
whereas, the Consti.ution and laws of the Chero
kee Naii.m recognize the Institution of Slavery,
introduced and taught by their preceptors, the
whites; and whereas, somo ol the missionary cbur-
cues now siiunie in mis ration nnie expciicu some
of our Cherokee citizens from the participation of
church privileges because they refuso to emanci
pate their slaves, and others havo been threatened
with expulsion; and w hereas, tdo Cherokee people,
deeply impressed with a feeling of gratitude to
ward these samo missionaries lor the countless and
manifold blessings they have bestowed upon them.
would not extend to them any civilities unbecom
ing to Christian people, but would rather, as they
valuo tho stability of their local institutions, indis
pensable to their prosperity as a nation, extend to
them tho cordial band of friendship, consistent
with their own national interests; therefore,
"Jlo it enacted by the Nationnl Council, That
the Cherokees have claimed for many years past.
and do claim nt present, to be a. slavcholding peo-
i...:... '
1UII1 It V. II I ICttlUII II kD Pflllll..
"Bo it further enacted, That the principal Chief
be, nnd he is hereby, authorized to open n commu
nication with the different Boards of Missions hav
ing stations in this Nation, touching upon the In
stitution of Slavery as a church principle, and
report tbe suid communication to tho next Coun
cil. "Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful
for any missionary to counsel or udvise any slave
any way whatever, to the detriment of his owner or
owners under the penally of being removed out of
ttio limits ol tins .Nation; and it is hereby mad:
the duty of the Solicitor of each district to report
all mit-siotmries so oll'eudiug to the agent, w ho is
hereby requested to place them beyond tho limits
of our Nation.
"Bo it further enacted, That it shall not bo law
ful for any citizen of this Nation to ndviso or coun
sel any slave to the prejudice ot his owner or own
ers, and any person so offending, upon conviction
before any of tho District Courts, shall be requir
ed to pay a tine of not less than $25 nor exceeding
100, at the discretion of tbe Court for the benefit
of tbe injured person.
"Be it further enacted; That it is hereby made
unlawful for tbe Superintendant of Public Schools
to employ or continuo ns teacher, iu any public
school ol this Nation, any person known to bo an
Abolitionist, or whose influence is opposed to the
interest of the slaveholders.
"Bo it further enacted, That it sball not bo law
ful for the National Treasurer to issuo a permit to
auy known Abolitionist.
No white man is permitted to reside in tho Na
tion except by permission of the authorities, and
to this "permit" the last paragraph refers.
fresident fierce, who in hi annual message
was nearly silent iu regard to Kansas and tho civil
war then raging there, lias finally scut in a special
message on the subject. And his speech, now that
he lias spoken, is worse than his silence. The
message is too long to be printed this wcok and
its arguments are not worth tho paper nnd ink
The conclusions howevor which it announces arc
of the utmost importnnoe to the pooplo of Kansas
and if the spirit oi tho North was aroused
irould be truly alarming as threatenening the peace
of the whole country.
The message justifies nnc! eulogizes the Kansas
Nebraska bill. It condemns Gov. Reeder as guilty
of maladministration and - violation fof public
law. It grossly misrepresents the Kansas emi
gration movement from the North. This portion
of the messnge would have done credit to the au
thorship of Stringfelluw. It insists that tho Leg
islature elected by the Missuurians was a legal one
and its acts are to be respected nnd enforced. It
takes sides with Wbitfiold against Reeder, ns a
congressional delegate denounces the Free Stato
movement ns the action cf a party and not of the
peoplo nnd declares ' that if it proceeds with con
tinued defiance nnd actual resistance to the enact
ments of the Missouri Legislature, its supporters
will be guilty of treason and must be suppressed
by force of arms; and finally calls upon Congress
to furnish money to do this in case of necessity.
In short the wholo message recognizes the validity
of the claim set up by the Atchison and Stringfel-
low party in Kansas andMissouri; affirms that they
are the law and order party, while tho Free State
men, if they organize or move at all are buc
inob to be shot down and dispersed by United
States troops aud the border ruffian militia from
Missouri and Arkansas, Jrvother words Slavery
is to be introduced and maintained in Kansas at
the point of the bayonet, nnd by treops comman
ded by the President and his subalterus and paid
from tbe national treasury by vote of Congress.
That is the Democratio Presidents plan for main.
tuining order and "establishing liberty for ourselves
and our posterity."
The closing part of the message is worthy to be
put upon record and we give it below. After con
cluding his reason for esteeming the mob Legisla
ture, a constitutional assembly and its acts the
law of the Territory, tbe message proceeds:
Nevertheless, tbejallegation that the acts of the
Legislative Assembly were illegal by reason of this
removal ot its place ot session was brought forward
tojustify the first great movement in disregard of
law within the lemtiry. Une of the acts of the
Legislative Assembly provided for the election
a Delegate to the present Congress, and a Delegate
was elected under that law. But, subsequently to
this, a portion of the people nf the Territory pro
ceeded, without authority of law, to elect another
FoUowiug upon this movement wa another and
more i.iiportaol one of the sainu general character.
Persons ci.nfoiKidly not coiibtitiuiug the body po
litic, or all the inhabitants, but merely a party
the inhabitants, and without 1 iw, have underta
ken to summon a convention fur the purpose of
transforming the Torritory into a State and have
framod a constitution, adoptod it, and under it elec
ted a Gorornor and oilier officers and a Representa
tive to Congross.
In extenuation oftihese illegal acts, it is alleged
that the States of California, Michigan, and others
wore self-organized, and as such were admitted
into the Union without a previous enabling act ol
Congress had been passod to authorize tbe Territo
ry to present itself as a State., and that this U
deemed the most regular course, vet such mi net
has not been held to be indispensable, and in some
enscs, tho Territory bad proceeded w ithout it, and
has nevertheless been admitted into tho Union as a
State. It lies with Cungto.-a to authorize before
hand, or to confirm afterward, in its discretion; but
in no instance has a State beon admitted upon the
application of persons acting against authorities
duly constituted by net of Congress. In every
case it is the people of the Territory, not a party
among them, who have the power to form aenn
stitution and ask for admission as a Stato. No
principle of public law; no pinctice or precedent
under the Constitution of the United States, no
rule of reason, light or common sense confers any
such power as that nowclaimed by a more party
in the Territory. In fact, what has been dono is
of revolutionary character. It is avowedly so in
motive and in aim as respects the local law of
tho Territory. It will become treasonable insur
reotion if it reach the length of organized rcsis
tonce, by force to tho lundnmcntal nr any other
federal luw and to tbe authority of tho General
In such an event the path of duty for the Execu
tive is plain. 'The Constitution requiring bim to
tuko care that the laws of tho United States be
faithfully executed, if they be opposed in the Ter
ritory of Kansas he mny and should place at tho
disposal of tho marshal any public force of the
United States which bar pens to be within the
jurisdiction, to be used as a portion cf the posse
comuaius; and, u that do not sutnee to maintain
order, then ho may call forth the mnlitia of onoor
more States for that object, or employ for the
same object any part of the land or naval force
of tho United States. So also if the obstruction
be to the Imvs of tho Territory, ofevit be duly
presented to him as a case of inbTirrection, be
my employ for its suppression the militia of 'n
state or tho land or nnvul force of the Uni
States. And if tho Territory be invadeiby the
citizens of other States, whether for the purpose of
deciding elections or for any other, and tbe local
authorities find themselves unable to repel or
withstand it, they will be entitled to, and upon'
the fact being lully ascertained they shall most
certainly receive the aid of the General Govern
But it is not the duty of the President of the
United States to volunteer interposition by force
to preserve the purity of elections cither in a State
or Territory. To do so would bo subversive of
public Freedom. And whether a law be wise or
unwiso, just or unjust, is not a question lor bim
to judge. If it be constitutional that is, if it
bo the law of the land it is his duty to causo it
to iie executed, or to sustain the authorities of ajiy
State or Territory :n executing it in opposition to
all insurrectionary movements.
Our system affords no justification of revolu
tionary nets; for the constitutional means of re
lieving the people of unjust administration and
laws, by a change of public agents and by re
peal, are ample, and more prompt nnd effec
tive than illegal violence. These constitutional
means must be scrupulously guarded this great
prerogative of popular sovereignty eacrealy re
It is tbe undoubted right of the pcncoablo and
orderly peoplo of thcjTerritory of Kansas to elect
their own Legislative Body, make their own laws,
and regulate their own social institutions, without
foreign or domestic molestation. Interference, on
the other hand, to procure the abolition or prohibi
bition of slave labor in the Territory, has produced
miscnevious interference on the other, lor us main
tenance or introduction. One wrongbegcts anoth
er. Statements entirely unfounded or grossly
aggerated, concerning eveuts with tho Territory,
are seduously diffused through remote states to
feed tho flame of sectional animosity there; and
the agitators there exert themselves indefatigably
in return to eucourago and stimulate strife within
mo .territory.
The inflammatory ngitation, of wlych the pres
ent is but a part, has for twenty years produced
nothing save unmitigated evil, North and South.
Uut for it the character of the domestic institutions
of the future new State would have been a matter
of too little interest to tho inhabitants of tbe con
tiguous States, personal or collectively, to produce
among tl.cm any political emotion. Climate, soil,
production, hopes of rapid advancement, nnd the
pursuit of happiness on the part of settlers them--
selves, with good wishes but with no interference
from without, would have quietly dctermiied the
question w hich is at this timo of sucb disturbing
But we are constrained to turn our attention to
thecircomstances of embarrassment ns they now
exist. It is the duty of tho people of Kansas to
discountenance every net or purpose of resistance
to its laws. Above nil, the emergency appeals to
the citizens of Slates, nud especially of those
contiguous to the Territory, neither by interven
tion of non-residents in elections, nor by unuutbor
izcdmilitnry foreo, attempt to encroncli upon or
usurp tho authority of the inhabitants of the Ter
ritory. No citizen of our country should permit himself
to lorget that he is a part ot its government and
entitled to be beard ir 'he determination of its
fiolicy nud its measures; and that, therefore, the
ighest considerations of personal honor and pat
riotism lequirc him to maintain, by whatever of
power or lnnuenco he may possess, tbe integrity ol
the laws of the Republic.
Entertaining theso views, it will be my impera
tive duty to exert tho whole power of the Federal
Executive to support public order in the Territory:
to vindicate its laws, whether Federal or local,
against all attompts of organized resistance; nnd
so to protect its people in the establishment of their
own institutions, undisturbed by encroachment
from without, and in the full enjoyment of the
rights of self-government assured them by the Con
stitution aud the organic not of Congress.
Although Borious and threatening disturbances
in the Territory of Kansas, announced to me by
the Uovernor in Decembor lust, were speedily ani-
etea wiitiout too enusion ot blood, and in a satis
factory manner, there is, I regret to say, roason to
apprehend that disorders will continuo to occur
there, with increasing tendency to violence, until
somo decisive measures be taken to dispose of the
question itself which constitutes the inducement or
occasion of internal agitation aud of external inter
ference. This it seems to me, can best be accomplished by
providing that, when the inhabitants of Kansas
may desire it, and sliall bo of sufficient numbers
constitute a Stato, a convention of delegates, duly
elected by tho qualified voters, shall assemble
frame a Constitution, and thus to prepare, through
regular and lawful means, fur its admission into
the Union ns a state.
I respectfully recommend the enactment of
law to that encct.
I recommeud, also that a special appropriation
be made to defray any expense which may become
requisite in me execution oi me laws or tno main
tenance of public order in the Territory of Kansas
Tu Biri.b Societv. Grants of booE were made
by the Bible Soolety, as we learn from the New
York Observer, for distribution in Providence,
I.; at Fort Gibson, Ark.: to a bible Committee
Kansas Territory; for the use of Colored Emigrants
to Liberia; with smaller grants in Spanish, Itulian
and Gorman, and fourteen volumes in raised let
ters for the use of the Blind.
Every color ecems to coaie in for a share of Bible
except tbe four milltons of slaves. These have
claim, until they consent to be transported to Libo
rin when tbe liberality of the Bible Society comes
at once into full play.
Woman Rights in Ai.auama. On roquostof
an Alabama lady, tho Legislature of that State
;rauted hor the
privilege of transacting bur
ncs neparate and apart frcm her tipoiidtbirl'tjol
uukunuu. i nc Uovernor howcvci vpiocd the ;-ru-;
MarIus: It Is pleasant and profitable too to take
frequent peeps at the sunny side of thing. -1
trust it will continue to be a pleasant memory that
during the past week Benjamin Brown and I visi
ted the Freo Schools of Salem township.
Scnrccly eould better evidences of progression le
adduced, or desired, than are found in a oorapr
ison between tbe chool exercises and the pnifio
ency. i f scholars now, and twenty yoars since.
With only one exception the school bouse were
comfortable and in good taste, nnd their fixture
reasonably convenient. Attention has been 'given
tu unifoi mity in reading books. Teacher have been
secured, competent to give the instructions requir
ed in tho several localitios.
School disoipline is better understood, and con
sequently better order sustained, than we had an
ticipated. Tbe scholars appeared industrious and
shawed happy, cheerful faces; their reading anil
recitations told well for the teacher's cere, and the'
scholars application; in brevity we were richly paid
lor the time spent and exposure endured doiingj
a week of school visiting, and are free to offer a
word of encouragement to others, to "do like
An arrangement lins been made for a meeting
of the scholars at an appointed place, in March,
The bouse holders have evinced as much unanimity
and more activity than is usual in inch move-
ments. A Committe, consisting of one from each
of the seven districts, is appointed to raise funds,
by voluntary contribution to be expended in pre
miums of books to those who excel in the usefaV,
practical branches.
The sum to be raised is not known, but one
house holder who has no children, at a recent pub
lic examination, promised to give as much, and no
more, as the township would rniso, between fira-
and, and a hundred dollars. It was a kind unos
tentatious offer, made from an intelligent, earnest-,
desire to promote the diffusion of equal, usoful edu-
oution. '
At the examination, after somo twenty rcholar-
liad given specimens of their proficiency in read.,
ing, it was proposed tha. the adults Bbould read
that a comparison might be made between past
and present teaching. With some 'hesitancy, ten
or a dozen stood in class on the platform and read
Among them were two females (what an example.)
There scorned to be a general acquiescence in the
opiuion that the scholars excelled their reniors,
while an acknowledgment was made that tarontr.
had improved by tho better modes of their cbildreri..
Tho exceptional district reminded i of day
gone by. The low old'schnol house minus a broom
tho low fences unfinished and dilipidated
buildings on tbe adjacent farms, told in language
nut to misunderstood that the destroyer was there
doing his evil work. . A. G.
YPSILANTI, 1st, mo. 12th, 1856.
Dear Marivs: In view of the direct rolation,
that the State cf Michigan, through the General
Government, sustains to the unrighteous and God
defying system of chattel slavery, and in view of
the utter recklessness of citizens or the State in re
gard to their position in this morally .corrupting and
Gud forsaken government. I have been renewedly
convinced in my own mind, thnt it was morally
wrong for me to voluntarily sustain it by paying
taxos. I therefore, in accordance with my honest
convictions of right, enter my solemn protest
against sustaining said Stato and National Gov
ernments by voluntarily paying its assessed taxes.
My protest as accepted by the agent of Govern
ment, is as follows: '
Know all men (and women) by this, that as the
Stato of Michigan through the General Govern
ment, is pledged to sustain and protect the unright
eous system of chattlo Slavery, that I hereby re
fuse of my own free will nnd consent to pay all
taxes to sustain said State and National Govern
bis birth on the 2'Jtb ult by a publio meeting In
the Town Hall. Addresses were delivered by; Jo-r0"'"'"11-
Uepl, Barker aud Jnmet Uarnnby.
Capital Punishment. A proposition was before-
the Ohio Legislature lately fur the abolition of
capital punishment. It is said tho discussion elici
ted little interest especially from tboso who were
friends of the measure. On tho final vote in the
House of Representatives there were forty-four for
its abolition to fifty-seven against.
Let the friends of this humane measure porse-
vero and tbey may next time effect their object.
Rewarded. Rev. N. L. Rice, D. D., a clorgy.
man of the Old School PresbyterianCurch, formerly
of Cincinnati, was someyears since, for his devotion
to Slavery, translated from Cincinnati to St. Lout
and now fur his continued fidelity he is still fur.
ther rewarded by a "call" from a church in New
Orleans with a profercd salary of seven thousand
dollars. '
The New Orleans Picayune give nn aocountr
of the burning of a negro nt Lexington, in that
Stato, after chaining him to a stake in the publio
street, for a violent personal outrage upon a young
woman, who is not likely to survive ber injuries.
This is quite different from southern practice in
reference to white villains who porpstrate similar
outrages on young women.
Ohio Legislature. We learn that tbe Legist-.
ture is dispatching its business as rapidly as pos
sible with the hope of having a comparatively sharjt
session. We presume tbey willshorten theirsession,
by omitting some topics regarding the cause of;
freedom which tire of the utmost importance to the.
country. If tbe Republicans shall succeed in re-,
electing Senator Wade, they will conclude, they,
have anti-slavery honor enough for one session..
Those who have petition on anti-slavery, topic
will do woll to forward them at once, that their
representatives may not plead lack of time for their
Material Aid ro Kansas. Mr. S. N. Wood of
Kansas is a commissioned Agent to collect funds
for purchase of arms for the defence of tbe Terri
tory and for the supply of the necessities of those
whose substance was consumed by the late inva
sion of Lawrenoe. We understand they have ap
portioned tho very moderate ura of $5000 a tbe
Ohio share of this fund. Governor Chase, ha
pledged himself to be one of a hundred to make
up that sum.
In prosecution of his mission, Mr. Woods spoke
in the Town Hall in this village, on Monday even
ing last. After tbe Lecture a Committeo wa ap
pointed to receive contributions in this place. The
Committee is composed of Jaoob Hcaton, Thomas
F. Slmrpnack, J. K. Rukeabroad.'Pr. J. Harris,
and Joel Sharp. . '
P.ti.vi Celbbration. The admirer of Thom
as I'uiue, in Sale.n commemorated the anniversary

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