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T II E A NTT - ST A VE RY'BUGLE .
SOUTHERN CHIVALRY AND EDUCATION. Southern slaveholder nro etornully boasting of' tiieir liberality and magnanimity speaking ol tho "Yankees" (as &U Northern people are termed) a "picayune set, who got rich by saving candle end and aonp fiit," Ao. It is notorious however, that in benevolent or religious operations tlio con tributions nf tlio Noitli re as thousands Vo tens imm tlio South, nnd in nets of meanno.s tho 'chiv alry" can nowhere lie excelled. The following is a sample of such base plundering nnd injustice us would nut bo thought of in nny Ireo State : Tho report of tho Colonization Board of Vir cinia to the LciMHlature of tliat State, exposes a fact of which every citizen of the Old Dominion should bo heartily ashamed. By nn Act passed in 1850, a capitation tux whs levied upon the free ne groes of the Commonwealth, to raiso funds for the colonization to Africa, of nil who nre willing to go. Tho Board was to lie tho Instrument of tho expen diture of tho money thus raise. Fifty thousand dollars have been taken from tho frco blacks of Virginia under tho act a great sum of money to be levied upon the property of that depressed class. The whole of this has been absorbed into the State treasury nnd spent, Thoro's chivalry f ir you 1 A great Slato of proud nnd arrogant white men rob bing free negroes, under tbo gulso of public policy end philanthropy, and dividing the plunder among its office holders and recipients oi the public motl ey lI'iils. Dispatch. In the New York Evangelist we Hud the follow fug statistics illustrating tbo intelligence of the Old Dominion : "Sunday ScnooLs ix Virginia. At tho Sunday school Convention, which was held in Lynchburg, Va., in the month of Juno, u conunitteo of twelve! clergymen and laymen, representing nil the fix1 evangelical denominations in tho town, wasap-j pointed to prepare an address in behalf of the great cause of Christian education in Suutli-wes-, torn Virginia. It has been published, nnd presents some suggestive statistics. 'According to tbo cen-j sua of I860 the present enliro whitu population of, the State is about 071,770. Of these thcro are,; over 20 years of age, about 152,832; of whom there are who cannot read about 80,10, That is nearly one in Cvo of all the grown whites of the State. "Whero will these adults learn to read, if not in the Sunday-School? They are too old, or too poor, j or too proud to attend any other. But again, there are this year in Virginia, of young povsons between 5 aud 20 years of age, about 379,8-15; of 'whom there are at school or collcgeouly about 111,-! 327; leaving as attending no school of nny kind, 208,410: that is, lor every young person in the Stato between 5 and 20 yoars of ago receiving any instruction, thero are two others who receive cone! In other words, two-thirds of that portion of our population who are -to bocomo cilizeiis within the next fifteen years, are, in these most precious years of tbeir history, going totally untaught. "These facts, we say, nro startling. One in five of. the grown w'hite persons of tho Old Dominion unable to road 1 Two thirds of those who are to become citizens in tho next fifteen yoars, going wholly untaught! Can any other State furnish such statistics ? We fear the answer. Ij it not time to apply the remedy 1" Tm Kansas Tribune, which has been suspended again makes it appearance. It is now printed at Topeka. It is an ably conducted and spirited sheet. The enemies of freedom in Kansas threaten its destruction, but the editor is firm and brave. Success attend him. This conflict is an unequal one now that Preisdcnt Pierce proposes to execute the laws of the. Border Ruffians for tho suppression of free discussion. - Tnt Herald or Freedom, published at Lawrence is also a paper full of interest in these stirring times. '., Land Monopoly. The Secretnry of tho Interior has signified to the counsel of Colonel Fremont that he is now ready to issue a patent for the lund in cluded in his Marriposa claim. This will be the largest title ever made by tho Government, cover ing near 45,000 acres of land. The value of which is now estimated by millions. Putnam for February, so far as we havo had time to examino it, is excellent. "Mr. Sparrow grass" "is very happy in his prose description of country life nnd not less so in his poetry," "A Wurd for Men's Rights," is a well written article of its kind, which we shall present to our readers next week; and "Owlcupse," is capital in some of its hits. The Magazine can be had at McMillans. Presidential Spite. Tho New York Herald relates an incident which illustrates the Presidents manners. He is as ill tcmpored and spiteful a he is servile and pruslavery. "At the President'"! levoo. on Friday evening, a scene was enacted which was not in the bill. Sen ator Hale of New llampsbiro, who hud taken oc casion a short time since to lampoon tho President most unmercifully, from his seat in tho Senate, cal led with thousands of others, to pay his respects to the chief magistrate. With his face wreathed in smiles and a lovely woman on his arm, ho ap proached his Excellency in the blue room, in the presence of a crowd of spectators. Mr. President received the lady with marked courtesy, but having done so, he wheeled upon his heel with the most porfoet nonchalance right about face presenting the New Hampshire Senator with a full view of his back. Here wns a tableau worthy of tho artist's pencil. 'Gloriously done,' exclaimed Colonel For ney, who had bcon watching tho movements of the dramatis persona;." i A Word from tue South. Tho Presbyterian Witness of Knoxville Tennessee has the following .condemnation of sum? of the inseparable incidents of Slavery. Referring to a memorial to the Vir ginia Legislature to prevent the separation of parents and children, the EJitor says: We tru6t the memorial reforred to, will be pre sented to the Virginia Legislature, and that it will accomplish the object at which it aims. It is a great shame that parents and young children are Allowed to be separated by slave-dealers and un scrupulous masters. It is a shame that the mar riage relation among slaves is not recognized, and that they are not allowed the privilege of an edu cation. Eosry conscientious Christian master feels that tbe slave-laws of the South, as regards these inatters, are unjust and wicked, and he would gladly eee th"m changed. Why might not the e$4lur of Tennessee tuko some judicious step in that fraction? The fire-eater, and that person ification of all meanness, the negro-driver, nni perhaps a few hayd-beortod pastors would object ; but we are satisiied the grea: mass oi goou svitisens would sustain their representatives in sue!; movement. A Slave Mother's estimate ok Slavery. What a fearful transaction was that in Citrcinnati on Monday, when the frenzied slave mother slew ber own child rather than see it consigned again to Kentucky Slavery. Where is the humanity of the Amerioan people that they consent to send back scaped families, fathers mothers and children to no terribly dreaded a doom T That mother knows what Slaver; is, and lather than see her children the viotims of its wrongs welcomes death death by ber maternal bands, as the choicest legacy she can confer upon then. Let the spirit of this despairing mother soize upon her oppressed race over the South aud the whole Union cannot enslave tbeni. In Winchester Centre, Conn., there has not been a death in one and a half year. The village is mrrounded by one hundred and fifty smoking coal -pits, anil, besides, there 14 uo physician iu the place, From the Cincinnati Gazette Jan, 29. ARREST OF FUGITIVE SLAVES. A SLAVE MOTHER MURDERS HER CHILD RATHER THAN SEE IT RETURNED TO SLAVERY. Great excitement existed throughout the city (ho whole of yesterday, In consqucnce of tho ar rest of a party of slaves, and tho murder of her child by a sUve mother, while tho officers were in the act of waking the arrest. A party of seven teen slaves escaped from Boone and Kenton coun ties, in Kentucky, (about sixteen miles from the Ohio,) on Sunday night list, and taking with them two horses and a sled, drove that night to tho Ohio river, opposite to Western Row, in this city. Leav ing tho horses and sled standing there, they cross ed the river on loot on the ice. Five of them woro the slaves of Archibald K. Oaines, three of John Marshall, both living in lioono county, a short distanco beyond Floience, and six of Lovl F. Dnughcrty, of Kenton county. We havo not learned who claims the other three About 7 o'clock this morning tho masters uu their agents arrived in pursuit of thoir property They swore out a warrant before J. I.. Pendery, Esq., U. S. Commissioner, which was put iuto tho! , , , T. , ,, ,, , , ... r, . hands of Deputy L. S. Marshal, l.eo. S. Bem.ct, who obtained information that they were in a house belonging to a son of Jo. Kite, tho third house be- yor.d Miltercek Tho son was formerly owned in tho neighborhood from which they had escaped and was bought from slavery by his father. About 10 o'clock the Deputy U. S. Marshal pro ceeded there with his posse, including tho slave owners and their ngent and Major Murphy, a Ken tuckian, and a large slave bolder. Kite was call ed out and agreed to open tho door, but afterwards refused, when two Kentucky officers, assisted by some of the Deputy Marshals forced it, whereupon the young negro man Simon, the father of the chil dren, lired a revolver threo times btfore ho was overpowered. By one of these shots special Mar shal John Patterson, who raised his arm to reach the pistol, had two of his fingers of his right hand shot off, the bull afterwards striking his lip. In tho house were found four adults, viz: old Simon and his wife, and young Simon and his wife and four children of the latter, the oldest near six ycus and the youngest a bubo of about nine months. One of these, however, was lying on the floor dying, its head cut almost entirely off. There was also a gash about four inches long in the throat of tho eldest, and a wound on tho head of the other boy. The officers state that when they questioned the boys about their wounds they said the folks threw them down and tried to kill them. The young woman, Peggy, and her fiuv children belonged to Marshall, and her husband and the old manSinion and tho old woman Mary toG.iines. Old Simon and Mary are the parents of young Simon. The other nine of tho party, we weio informed, were put upon the cars yesterday, by a director of the underground railway, and furnished with thro tickets. Those nrrestedln Kite's houso. were taken to the U. S. Court Rooms about 12 o'clock, and guar ded there until 3 o'clock, when Commissioner Pen- dory came and opened his Court. Gaiues appeared to claim his negroes. Marshall wns represented by bis son, but as be has uo power of attorney from his father, the case was postpon ed until 9 o clock this morning, in order to give him time to supply this omission. The fugitives were then taken to the Hammond street station Iiuuso to lie kept over night. Tho Marshal attempted to get a hack to carry them there, but the crowd frightened all tho hackincn that were called so that they declined. They were afraid their carriages would be broken .by the mob. About an hour after they were taken thero, Mr. Gaines came along with the dead body of the mur dered child. Ho was taking it to Covington for in terment that it might rest in ground consecrated to slavery. About 3 o'clock a habeas corpus was issued by Juago Btirgoyne, and put into the bands of Depu ty Sheriff Jeff. Buckingham. IIo went down to he Hammond street Station IIouso, accompanied by a posse, and took possession of the fugitives. Deputy Marshal Bcnnet refused at fi3t to give them up, but at length, after consulting with May. or Farran, came and agreed to compromise ty permitting them to bo lodged for safe keeping in the county jail. During this debate, Lieut. Hazcn who has chargo of Hammond street Station House refused to ndmit the gentleman who swore out the habeas corpus. When Gaines, the master, came along ho was freely admi'tcd, and this gentleman walked in behind hiui, but was seized by Lieu. Hazen and put out. Deputy Sheriff Buckingham having put tho fugi tives in a 'bus, got in himself, and directed it to be driven to the juil, but Mr. Bennet jumped on tbe box and ordered the driver to drive to the U.S. Court Rooms. Here another fuss ensued, nnd Ben net by tho assistance of special Marshals, run the fugitives up into his office. But Buckingham sent for Sheriff Brashears. and a largo force, and by , these they were re-taken nnd finally lodged in tho county jail about 8 o'clock last evening. They aro now in tbo sustody ol tho Sheriff, r.nd it is said will not bo forthcoming to attend Com missioner Pendery's Court this morning. Judge Burgoyno, after issuing the writ, started to Culumbus. It is presumed he will.be back at 11 o'clock this morning, the hour at which the writ is returnable. . INQUEST ON THE DEAD CHILD. Coroner Menzies held an inquest yestesday af. ternoon on the body of the murdered slave child. Its throat appeared to have been cut by a sing'e stroke of a knife, and it died a few minutes after the arrest. Mr. Sutton, who lives next door to Kite's, testified that after the other slaves were ar rested by the officers, Mr. Gaines, the master, took this child aud was in the act of carrying it off when objections were made to it being removed before an inq Most was held. He at length surren dered it to Mr. Sutton, in whose arms it died. The inquost was not concludod, but will be re sumed at 9 o'clock this morning, at the Coroner'e office. THE OBJECT OF THE HABEAS CORPUS. It is said that it can be proven that these slave have frequently been in Ohio in company with thoir masters, aud tbe question will be raised be fore Judge Jjurgoyiie on the trial of the Habeas Corpus, whether such bringing them into a tree State hai not rendered tbem free. . Wiiat's it a NameT George Washington was sold the other day in Virginia for $1000 I For what intent could the name of Washington have been given to a slave ? Did his mother fanay it as a propheoy of freedom f or did his master give it as a burlesque? How did that name sound, ringing under the bamuior of the auotionear "George Washington 800 hore in Virginia 900 George Washington only 900 950 going going $1000 for George Washington Gone." News of the Week. , ! Fl'Riiirr Km'oratio.v to Kansas. ti tho 10th i meeting wan held at Montgomery, Alabama, at which a speech was made by Major .leff. I'.nlfyrd. ho is trying to raise a com pat y 3l men to emi grate to Kansas. Major Bulford gave no'ice that bo meant to starton the 0th of April. Col. Osylc of Dallas pledged that county for $5000. Tbo meeting was addressed tj Win. L. Ynncy and otliors, and a Conunitteo was appointed In reccivo subscriptions, ond to procure information as to tho route, 4.O., Uen. Clayton offered the following resolution w hich was adopted s Resolved, That we recommend to the people of the different counties in this Stale, to hold county meetings, appoint committees, and raise subscrip tions for the support and transportation of Major Buffi rd's company ; and forward their subscrip tions to the committee on contributions at this place. F.coNOMr Association. -A Pittsburgh corres pondent of the Cincinnati GoiUtc wiites as fol lows s "The Association of Germans founded at Eeon- omy by George Rapp, twenty miles below us on . tl.n i lilt.. l!..nM L...I ..ij lliu villi IUUI, I1UU II PUIUI'LCIIlCllllilll CC1UDIHUUU 1 .. r, ,1.,.,. .;., :.. r . . i:r.:...l. U lull l.ul3 ni.ll.c, III UUlll UIIMJWI lllll'll uiu mucin anniversary of their settlement Tin Association ' much weaker in numbers now than it was at its establishments the members havo never inarticu, MM)t of nnJ t,l(iy Qre tMllilj dwindling to a handful : but thoso who remain en- joy remarkable vigor in their advanced age. They rel"'1" v,1)ol) u1' ll'c extensive nnd now rich ui'iii.iiu i,i iiiij ui iinui luuimauuu, uiiu uau uv;- cumulated a largo amount of ready money, upon the proceeds of which they live cosily, without the necessity of that labor and industry which once characterised them." Newspaplr pRoriTs. The New York Mirror learns from good authority, "tho net profits of the Triliunc newtpnpet for tho last year amounts to $'.13,000; and that the profits of the Herald exceed scventy-tivo thousand dollars. The Courier and Enquirer and the Journal of Commerce iiave prob ably each a balance of about fifty thousand dollars on tho right side of the ledger, and the Commercial Advertiser twenty-five thousand dollars. The Times if we may judgo from tho alucrity with which Mr. Jones accepted Mr. Harper's offer to sell thirty shares at fifty thousand dollars, is also doing a good bushiest ; and the Express, wo are happy to leurn, has found the past year one of unpreccdent prospenty ; and tuc same is said to bf. truo ol the lust nnd Xlus." Dr. Graph, a South African Missionary, states that the King of Abyssinia has prohibited slavery, renounced polygamy, and is anxious for tho intro duction of European, arts and arlizuns. Truth Stranuer than Fiction. A few days since, in conversation with tapt. Alexander Scott, ono of tho pioneers in the steamboat business oi the est, ho gave ua tho fulloaiug facts, which illustrate the adago that "truth is stranger than fiction." In November, 1827, he was desceudiug the Mississippi iu command of tho steamer Amer ica, laueii with a valuable cargo of tobacco, lead and furs, the latter article alone worth $00,000. When rear Plumb Point tho steamer struck a snag aud sank iu deep water. The furs wore for the most part recovered, but tho bout, with the rest of her cargo, was abandoucd as a total loss. Years passed, and tho remembrance of tho America's fata had faded from the recollection of all, except, perhaps, tliu.t vcnorablo individvual, "the oldest in habitant," It is well known that the curicnt of tho Mississippi frequently changes, so that what was once tho channel of that noblo stream after ward became terra firma, susceptible of cultivation. This was the case w ith the siio of the America's wreck. The channel near Plumb Point became an island, on which, for eight years, luxuriant crops of Indian corn woro raised : but recently the wayward current of tho Father of Waters took another turn, and commenced washing awny tbe earthly formation, until the America was again ex posed to tlio light of day. The lead in her hull, it is supposed, will be all recovered in good condition the tobacco, it is fair to presume, will be slightly the worso for wet. She was sunk on the 17th of November, 1827, and consequently was imbedded for twenty-eight years. I'its.Post. srimi t ii t.iraaf I n n alaftltna i-at iftt.A ,n ll.A nrF-i. culturo of England and Franco have lately been published in Cornwall, from which it appears that in England, out of 50,000,000 acres cultivated. 10,000,000 are son with wheat or other cereals; whilo in France 50,000,000 are cultivated for the latter purpose. Tlio averago growth of wheat per acre in England is four quarters, or thirty-two bushels; in France one and threo-fifths, or nearly thirteen bushels Tho produce of English land per aero is about JC3 Is., nnd that of France about ill 12s. per aero. The number of sheep is about the same in both countries, viz : u0,000,000, and the wool produced about 00,000 tuns ; but owing to the difference in the average, there is something less than one-and-a-half sheep per acre in England, and only about oiic-tbird of a sheep per ncro in Fraiwe. In France 4,000,000 of cattlo nro slaugh tered annually, the average weight being 250 pounds, in England there is not half that many slaughtered, but tho averuge weight is about 000 pounds. The North and the South, on Slavery and X reedom. In the Stato ot Maine, w inch has no slaves, and not enough of free colored inhabitants give that State the least direct interest in emigra- to Liberia, the shipbuilders havo subscribed money to build it ship to be presented as a free gift iu me voiumzauon oocieiy. nig otuie oi t irgiuia, under oretense of aiding that same Societv, has laid a capitation tax upon the free colored people. Under this tax-act $50,000 will be raised, which sum the generous aud high-minded State of Vir ginia has nobly appropriated to meet the expenses ot the Mate uovernmeut, leaving the Colonization Society to whistle. Slavery Abolished in Egypt. Of the advance made of late years by the Mohammedan nations toward civilization, there is no stronger proof thau their repudiation of domestic Slavery, for which the Mohammedan religion, especially in its doc- triue ot the plurality ot wives, holds out many temptations and inducements. Yet Slavory, with in a few years past has been formally abolished by tho Bey of Tunis ; it has been greatly restricted in Turkey ; and now, nccording to tho following paragraph from Galignani's Messenger, it has been abolished also in Egypt : "A letter from Alexandria states that the Egyp tian Government has recently put into execution tho decision come to by the Divan relative to the abolition of Slavery. "Not only is it not allowed any longer to buy or sell slaves in Egypt, but all those in possession of private individuals were in formed that they were free." Which must we Believe? Presideut Pierce in his recent Message, says the Missouri Compro mise was "reluctantly acquiesced in bv the South ern States as a sacrifice to the causo of peace and of the Union." On the other hand, Hon. Charles Pickney, of South Carolina, writing from Washington at the moment of its passage, claimed it as a Southern triumph. II9 says it will "give the South, in a short time, au addition of six, and perhaps eight mem bers to the Senate of the United States. It is con sidered here, ly the Slaveholding States, as a GREAT TRIUMPH. Piorce v. Picknoy which tells the truth ? A Contrast. The Dayton. Empire justified the Lexington mob which lynched Brady. Tho West ern Citizen, pvblisbed at Paris Ky., says . There was nothing in the statements or general tone of the lotter, (Brady's) to merit the vast amount of indignation it eeems to have excited. In fact we cannot look upon the conduct of the mob, dragging Brady, an unarmed man, in a w inter night from the side of hit wife, for such an offence, or in deed for any offence, as anything else than a bar barous and cowardly outrage. A Slight Miuunderotandi.nm A pious minis ter, after leoturiug a Sunday school class iu a most, edifying manner, propoied to close the exorcikes, by singing "Joraan ; meaning tne nyrnq "UK ; i K3CSe immortalized by tho French satirist, who, as i ,)icy 8Vfftm ;n ti,ej,. ?.-,nd, came to the sago conclu to ,iou tnnt t,PV nnl(it i,e the very center-point of cre tion ,; l.nr for whom mankind would bo a misorable Jordan s stoimy banks I stand." The worthy man was horrified by hearing the whole school immedi ately strike up, "Jordan am a hind i ad to travel, I believe !" Cheat Ms.m. Orenl Uin often obtain tbeir ends by u-euns Ujmd ,, ....p cf v.Ietir intellects, and even bv ine(liodsdininprriiolliT r,, ,..;!.. f,,ii..,cn which the multitude would pur.suo But to effeet this, bespeaks as profound a knowledge of mind, as that philosopher evinced of matter, who first pro- i..v um agency oi iieut. Coitou. Tae German Diet. A boy nt school, in the West, w hen culled to recite his lesson in history, was asked, "What is tho German Diet?" "Sour- krout, ptetEcld, schnapps, Llut wurtt aDd lager uuu., tinsu.u rcpiy. The Syracuse CJn'otikle soys two linndreJ fugi tive slaves have Dassed Ibroui'h that ci'v tbo uast year, and thirteen w ithin tbo last twelve days. Durinc the tvresent session of tho Alubnma leg islature there havo been about ono hundred cases of divorce granted. The Mcmrihis Anvcal savs a ilistiatrb from Nat chez anhuunees the stampede of forty negroes froin that city. Personal Miss Murray's New Rook in De fense or Slavery in the United States. We are advised that the Queen would not see her maid of hoin r, Miss Murray, upon her return from the United States, nnd signified to her that if tho pub lished a defense of Slavery, she must resign her place. Miss Murray has done so, and N no longer a member of tho royal household. Ar. 1' Keening 1'ust. Look out tor Altered Notes. One dollar notes of Mahoning Co. Bank altered to Tens, are in circulation. I'ho furore f 10 on each end of t he !J,'pva'.cltlie Wf,rj3. u large letters near the centre, 1EA DOLLARS, nre neatly pasted in. They arc apt to deceive unless scrutinized. Look out for them. Wo are told that cortuin railroads have forbid den the sale in their cars of a luto number of the jip York J'icatvne, in consequence of a queer picture therein published, satirizing the unsafely of railroad traveling. If the railroad companies cannot stand a bit of keen satire.it would bo better to remove the cause by tho requisito vigilance, than to try tho uncertain topical remedy of kicking newsboys off the trains, Mississippi Senator. Hon. Jefferson Davis, present Secretary of War, was, on the 10th inst., elected U. S. Senator by tho Legislature of Mis sissippi, for six years from March 4th, 1S57. He succeeds Mr. Stephen Adams, whose term then expires. The forthcoming Statistics of Massachusetts w it! show, it is said, that the Shoe ond Leather Mauu factuies of tlio Stato amount to tho astonishing sum of $55,000,000. In 1H20 they did not exceed ten millions. Governor Chase has appointed Mr. L. L. Rice of Columbus his. Private Secretary. We learn from Washington that tbe Mission to England, resigned by Mr. Buchanan, has bcon offered to Mr. Dallas of Pennsylvania, who will aouotiess accept it. Tho Democracy of Alabama have recommended Franklin P.erco lor re election to the Presidency. Southern papers complain of extreme cold. The orange treesiu Louisiana aresupposcd to bo serious ly injured. Three of the colored Methodist churches of New Orleans hut week presented thoir respective ministers with suits of clutheB valued at $100 oach. A few days sinco n band of women in Carrollton, Ohio, armed with axes, hatchets, hammers, &c, visited a number of doggeries, and liquor sellers establishments, and knocked in the heods.of liquor casks, broke bottles, Ac. "Travelling on the Sabbath in the Sandwich Islands, except in the direction of a church, is strictly forbidden by law." The only error in the above paragraph is the omission to slate that the people are allowed, after attending church, to yo home uguin. They havo, we observe, a bill pending in the Virginia Legislature"to allow ono Thomas Jones, a free colored man of Culpepper County, to enslave himself." This is all very well if Thomas Jones desires it; but w think the Legislature ought, iu fairness, to add another section, allowing all col ored persons now hold iu Culpepper County ns slaves, ana wno mny uesire it, to emancipate themselves. This would be to hold tbe balance even, and to do tbo fair thing. Certainly a mail's desires for liberty are as much entitled to be gratified as bis desire to be made a sluve. JV. Y. Tribune. Greatness of Alabama. We are glad to ob serve that the people of Alabama, or at least tho Governor, entertain a very comfortable sense of their own importance as much so almosS as the set( wi,lu,iit pens to write with.or even beds to sleep on The Montaomeru Journal, in giving au account of the Governor's inaugural address, has the fol lowing passngo ; "Tho Executive referred to thcpeculiar situation of our federal relations and to the progress of fanaticism, alluded to tho benefits of the institution of Blavery to tbe African race, nnd to its power in developing the reeourcss of tho producing States, spoke (if the power of cotton as the regulator of commerce, and as the great pacificator of the civil ized world alluded to the immense resources of tho South, and of its ability to sustain itself in any emergency that in the defense of its rights it must and could rely on its own prowess, ana mat it must meet aggression at the threshold and be true to itself," ie. i CONGRESSIONAL. WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. House Mr. Dunn offered a resolution declaring First, that no man shall bo elected Speaker who does not fullv and heartily sympathize with a large majority of the people of tho country in favor of tho restoration ot the -Missouri compromise.or wno will not exert himself for the restoration of that restriction. 2d. That the restriction should be restored, as proper vindication of tho wisdom aud patriotism of the ereat statesmen who imposed it as a necessary and certain measure of reviving harmony and con cord among the States of the L niun, 3d. That the useless and factious agitation of the elavory question in or out of Congress, is un wise, and unjust to every section of the Union, but until the restriction is restored, it is owed as solemn duty to the past and present and future, to steadily and firmly persist iu efforts to that end. Tbe first resolution was rejected by one major ity. The House then pruoeededao vote upon (he other. The second resolution was adopted by one ma- J0"1- ... . ... ibe third was rejected by tnree majority. Mr. Fuller, of Pennsylvania.offered a resolution declaring that any agitation of the slavery ques tion is unwise and unjust to a portion of the Amer ican people, injurious to every section of tbe Union, and that it ought not to be countenanced. The resolution was adopted by one majority. Mr. Meacham offered a resolution declaring that in the opinion of the House the repeal of the Mis souri restriction was an example of the uselesoess of a factious ogitation of the slavery question, and uDwise and unjust to tho Amerioan people. This was adopted yeas 108 ; nays 93. Tho House then adjourned. Doi'unFACEisM in Maine. Governor Wells of Maine is in favor of colonizing tho slaves in Africa and is particularly opposed to Northern interfer ence. He says : "The Southern people am subject to the burdet. of slavery, they know how to treat it better than we do, and it is alike alien to patriotism and a true sense of religious dutv to Inflame the minds of Southern citizens and aggravate tbeir condition by a constant course of censu-e and an ennecessary ioseilereuce with their affairs." Penalty roll Cruel Trratment or a Slave. We learn from the Concordia (.La.) InMti'jenctr, of the 23th ult., that Wiu. Bell, a planter ol lemas Parish, for cruel treatment of cue of his slave, and convicted. The Intelligencer says: "After a fair and iinrartial trial, Mr. Bell was found eniltr. and the extreme penally of the law wns inflicted on him. He was fined 200, nnd the Jury decreed that the slave should be sold nwny from hi m. ' Albany, Monday, Jan. 21, 185G. Neither House was in session to-dnv. The Sen nto had adjournod over till this ovening, nnd there wns not a quorum ol .vicmUors ol luo Assemoiy present. There has beon some littlo sfinrp practice since tho adnrtion of the resolution authorizing the Speaker to apportion the subordinate officer! of the House, mining ; the officers. Partisan leaders, too, took part in the strife. Tho "Aaron Ward Demo cratic" Caucus, which nominated Benjamin Bailey for Speaker also nominated Sherman MoLcau fur Sergenifi-at-ArmR, and they insisted that, ai he was tho only Democrat put in nomination the Soft Caucus not having made a nomination he was cntitleci to tno office. Mf. nooinson, iuc s nlntnr h,,l nlmmt rlnpiil.til linnn nnnnintillir him when tbo other party, awake to its interest, and , l,iimd the office for a Democrat of their own se c.-tion. Tbcv therefore selected George B. Wool- Mriitiyll r.f n!ivnn C'mltitv T hplinrA nnil wild field the position of First Doorkeeper when Ludlow was Speaker. I understand now, he w ill be appointed ns also Democrats of tbe same kind for Door keepers. There aro a larro number of office-seekers in town looking for appointments by tbo Canal Board. The appointments will be announced to morrow. i. I. Inmint. MARRIED: January 24, 1850, at Henrietta, New Xork, by Joseph Brown, Esq., the father of tbe bride, Mr. Samuel C. Black well, of Cincinnati, and Rov. Antoinette L. Urow.n, of New York. SALEM QUARTERLY MEETING Of Friends of Human Progress, will be held at FAIRMOUNT MEETING-HOUSE, on First day tho 10th of the 2nd mo., commencing at 11 o'clock. As there will be business of importance before the meeting, it is desirable that all who feel an interest-should attend. Receipts the Bugle for the week ending Jan. 30 Orrin Champion, Morgan, $2,50-569 J. II. Richardson, West Unity, 1,50-571 Randall Bailey, " 1,50-503 Mrs. M. W. L. Wood, Lawrence, 1 ,00-572 G. L. Gale, Northport, 50-611 Samuel Hosier, " 1,50-512 Charles A. Tardee, Northport, 1,00 525 B. B. Waterhouse, Mt. Pisgah, 2,00-544 Lcander C. Reeve, Cedar Falls, 2,00-003 James Sager, " 1,50-589 G. S. Merris, ... . 1,50-589 Chauncey Harmon, Randolph, 1,50-572 Reynolds Cornell, Battle Creek, 1,50-590 Rufus Houghton, 1,50-590 Elihu Oren, Wilmington, 1.50-5G3 Henry Gilpin, " 1,50-551 Isaac Smith, Dublin, 3,00-503 BEDFORD HARMONIAL SEMINARY. Friends of humanity, we can now say, and say with confidence, that tho Bodford Harmouial Semi nary, is well established, having a sufficient fund to keep it up ten years nt least, if nothing more should bo donated. It is located five miles West of Battle Creek, Michigan; in a rapidly growing community of lib eral minds. Several now buildings are in process of erection for the occommodation of the school. Families nnd Students will find Bedford n very desirable situation. The large Boarding Hall will be in complete condition at the commencement of the Soring Term. The expenses of a Student for Board, Tuition, and Room Rent, is about J2.50 per week. Students can also hire rooms on reasonable terms aud board themselves. The spring term will commence on the Fourth of March next nnd continue Fourteen Weeks. The Fall Term will commence on the First Monday in September. The following brunches nre taught in the Semi nary: Latin, Greek and French; a Full Course of Mathematics, tsatiirat sciences, ana Jsngiisn bran ches. Instrumental Music, by Mrs. Howe. II. CORNELL, Principal. O. D. Howk, Teach er ot Languages, 0. w. ialiiot, leacner 0) Mathematics. TRUSTEES: . P. Averill, R. Cornell, L. Houghton, E. r. Cornell, J. If. Talbot, D. Brown, Cornell. U. All communications must be sent to II. Cornell, Battle Creek, Michigan. Bcdlord, reb. 2, ISoo. ARTISTS' ASSOCIATION! The subscribers in announcing their appoint' ment as Managers of the above Association, for the advancement of the FINE ARTS, a a in this country, feel justified in stating that Fine Steel Engravings will be placed before the Ameri can public, which In beauty of execution have boen unsurpassed, and at a price unparalleled either in the .New oruid world. Art is cosmopolitan, and in this view, the Ar tists both of America and Europe are bound to- gother to produce specimens worthy of the age. The Enaravincs will be issued monthly, com' mencing from the First of December, 1855, and ending First of January, 1857, with the PREMIUM ENGRAVING. The purchasers of Twelve Engravings, one each month, price fifty cents, will be entitled to reoeive, as a premium, the gieat steel engraving, " Washington after Crossing the Dilwari." Sixe 24 z 30. Executed in the first style of Art, FROM TBE ORIGINAL DESIGN, BY I. O. DARLcT, An Amerioan Artist unsurpassed in illustrating tbe History of our Country. Persons desiring to act as agents for obtaining subscribers, by applying to the undersigned, and stating the locality thev wish to occupy, will be furnished oiroulars giving terms, wbicb are exceed ingly liberal. All parcels delivered fret of express, post or GEO. HOWARD 4 Co. 225 FULTON STREET. N. 7. Wholesale Print Publishers, and Manufacturer of Frames and Mouldings. February, 1856,-3m. SELLING OFF AT COST!! J. L. SCHILLING- would' feptetful!y an nounce to their customers and the puLilo gaerH that they are closing out tbeir entire STOCK OF NEtlCIlAKDIZE, nt prices Taryine; from COST to flight aJvunee thereon, owing to the seasonablenese of the Govds, amongst which may be found nnv and frttX lot of COBERGS, all colors and at prices from 25 W C2 ct., per yard; also, a New Stctk of Dag 0tatc Sljatols, of very Desirable Styles, together with fiX supplv of hoot and Canton l lanntlt, taHi.rmM, j. Cinyfiamt, Ittal Xankcent, Oaloon Tnminft, Belt Ituckltt, d-c, tc. AU of which we are elat ing out preparatory to removing to our " "NEW ROOM." in Gary's Block, Corner of Main and Ellsworth S'.reets, one door West of the Butter Store, whioU , Room we shall occupy on nnd after tbe ICth dtf of February, 1WM', and where oor customers will find the . , "CHEAP BOYS," on hand ta atteotl to their many want, a Ko4f. ' light roomi and an ENTIRE NEW STOCK Ol' UuODS to show them. By the last of the week we will be in rerept cf a Fresh Case of EIGHT CENT CALICOES, which are so desirnblefjr COMFORTS, DRESSES, CHIL DREN'S' WEAR, &c. &c. Thankful for past favors', we hope nof Only, t' have a continuance of your custom while yet in -tbe old stand, but upon removal to our NEW ROOM? hope to nn-rit a stilt greater share of your lonfi deuce and pntroringe. Yours truly, .T. k L. SCH1LLINO.- Salem, December 8lh, l?i5. NEW FAMILY TEA, GUOCEIiYAXD mOTISlOX SfOEBs J. DEMING & CO.. S'carly opposite the li.t Office, Main-St., Sattmf WOULD respectfully inform the inhabitants of this place aud its vicinity, that they have but re cently returned from tho Eastcrr. Cities, wltb large nnd well selected Stock of Groceries, Seas, 6c, fcc. Among which may be enumerated, tbe following articles', which they will sell at the Tory lowest living profits : TEAS Six half chests good Young Hyson; 41 cts., per pound; Four half chests Extra do dC 75 to 88 cts., per pound; Foor haK chests Pow-" cbong, 44 cts., per pound; Two belt' chests, extra fine Olocg, HH sts. per pound; Four half chests) Sne Olong, C2J cts. per pound. COITEE By the Bag or single Pound. Four-' teen bags Rio, tour bags old Java. CHOCOLATE Best Spiced Chocolate; common do. SUGARS Splendid article New Orleans Sugof at 9 cts.; Lovering's Pulverised Sugar; Lovricjt'S' Crushed Sunr; Lovering's Coffee Sugar. MOLASSr.S Aew Orleans Molasses, M CU Best Honey Syrup, 75 cts. per gallon. CANDLES Common Mould Candles, Best Mould Capdles, Stearine do., Stai Candles. CIIA CKERS Sugar, Soda, Butler and Watef Crackers, at manufacturers' prices, by the barrel or pound. ElSHiio. 1, Mackerel, Superior Article ot Shad, Haddock, Superior Cod Fish, Herring ty ' FOREIGN FRUITS AND JVTTS-Malagv Sultana and Smyrna Raisins, 25 Drams Smyrna Figs, Sicily Lemons, Sicily Almonds, Cieam Nuts, Filberts. Ground Nuts. SOAPS Common Rosin, Palm, Erasive, Patent, Fancv and Toilet Soaps. SPICES Pepper, Ahpice, Ginger, ClovesV Mace, Cinnamon, Ground andUnground. Nutmegs. IfcirAll Spices Ground by the subscriber and Warranted Pure. TOUA CCO AND SEOARSCeniieh Tobae co, Strausberry's 'i'obaceo, Grant's Best Tobacco, Common Smoking and Mrs. Miller's Fine Cut To bacco. 5000 Cheroot, 10,000 Washington, 1000 Rinhondo, 1000 Byadera and Half Spanish SegarH SUNDRIES Best Rice, Baking and Washine Soda, Saltpetre, Rope and Twine. Nails, Assorted Sizes, Two and Three Bushel Grain Bags, Common and Fancy Candies, Winter Stiained Lard Oil, Pa tent liuekcts, Market and Lloths .Baskets, Candle Wick, Brooms, Pure Olive Oil, Superior1 Shoe Blacking, Indigo, Mustard, Cream Tartar, and Pepper Sauce. B-xfAll of the above articles will Ic sold at PUtt- burgh prices. BPa?Country Produce taken in exchange at the highest cash prices. J Deming & Co., will also endeavor to keep oft hand a constant supply of Wheat, Rye, and Buck- neat Hour; Also, Corn Meal. ScS-Wanted: 300 Bushels White Beans, eJ Dried Fruit. J. DEMING A Co. December 15, 1855. WALL PAPER. ALL who are in want of WALL PAPER eatr have forty varieties to choose from by calling at McMillan s IS-iok-blore, Salem, Ohio. Also, all kinds of Miscellaneous and Schoc Books, Blank Books and Stationery of every dee cription, Wholesale and Retail. The attention of writing feachcrs and others wbc- desire superior articles of Stationery, is particular ly invited. CASH paid for any amosnt of elean linon and cotton Rags. J. MCMILLAN. Salem, April 14, 1855. J. C. 4 W. SAVERY, 'holesaleDrugglsts&ManufaclurfngCflemfsts, No. 311, Market Street, above Eicbth. PHILADELPHIA Offer for the attention of Country Dealers, a! general ossorlmcnt of DRUGS, MEDICINES CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, TAR NISHES, 4c, &c. August 5, 1854.-3in. SALEM UNION SCHOOL. THE Salem Union School, will commence (t Winter Session, on Monday the 12th of November, under the superintendar.ee of Mr. REUBEN McMILLEN, assisted by a competent corps of Teachers. The High School will not be organized until Tuesday tho 13th. By order of the Board of Education Salem Cnioo School. J. C. WniNERY, Secy November 10, 1855.-3w. HIDES!! IIIDESlit FIVE CENTS per pound for GOOD HIDES' at the Leather Store of E. ELDRIDGE. Salem, October 27, lS55-4w. D WALTON, SALE.V, COLUMBIANA COUNTY. OHIO I DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF STOVES. Also, Manufacturer of Tin Ware, Stove Furniture, Pipe, 4o. A great variety of Japansd Ware and Toys. Salxh, Aug. 13. 1855. GEO. W: MANLY, UAGUERR1AN ARTJStr CAM'S BLOCK. , JtXZAI STREET, PALEM, OEIO. , Pakin, June 23, l&t5. '