Newspaper Page Text
THE ANTI-SLAV Ell Y liUGLE.
lessness, tlio hot blooded chivalry, the lavish gen erosity, the fiery sruso ol honour, tlio cureless guio ty, the frank, easy, good nature, the impetuous passion, whether lovo or hute, tlio awn-gering grace, ttv luniry, nil mark tlio rohlicr. Such are peculiar to feudal, which is military, society, fclavery is ever bruntliin menaces nf war. (in the least pjovncntioti it oflors Imttle. V.,r r,ii jmre it Inn has kept tlio country on tle brink nl' civil broils. Only the greatest moderation on our part has saved us from l.loodshed. It Inn submitt ed Boston to martial rulo; it is waging war in Kan sas. The North stand on the defensive, with pistol poiuleri ut hur breast. Wlmt is to lio done We muH ligh in behalf of peace und order wc must fight. War must bo con lion ti.' i with war We must fight villi snub weapons ns wo have. There are tliuni who boliovo that, .Sharp's rifles are necessary in Kansas; hut wc have nobler und mightier won pons brave words words that me half-battle ; words charted with power of m mil Conviction ; words heavy with re.i-on and truth, which slay not tin b.idy,"b'it wicked spirits which pososf the body. Tlu Devil will still Judder and flee when the believer lirnily prououroos the naine of God. From the N. Y. Tribune. DEMOCRATIC SLAVE MARKETS. ST. LOUIS. Wednesday, July 2, 1856. It Is rumored that an ancient people consecrated "the I-'oifrth of this month to liberty. So, 1 thought the second of July illicit bo u good day to visit Democratic SluveMurkct. 1 havo before been in other 51uvo States, but xievurin Missouri. The lirst thing that struck me on arriving 'n this city was tlio apparent ab sence ot the negro race. In a crowd of a thou sand persons on ihe levee this morning, assembled to witness the burning uf six steamboats, I could uot count ten black faces. I was told, in oxplana old, in oxplana-! . was all "up! tho city . i,.- i,-n t. lion, mat too colored population town not in the piisiiicss part of So, too, I searched tlio newspapers vcrtiscmcnts, though I knew this eitv no v itih . v ot t ) to a liidimond. K'.publi- great mart lor these commodities like I Bui in vain. At last, in a corner of tiic can, I discovered the following: ,.-r,inAi-L3 ii- ...-'',. t , chase a larire lot o. VKliKOKS exnres.lv fori - i r.LiivuE.3 vii'.i. i WI.-.H tn iinr. tlio Louisiana nnU Mississippi market, for , . . " . ." ' . - . which 1 will pay the highest cash prices. All those who havo Negroes for sale, would do well to give me a call. 1 can always bo ecn ut the City Hotel, or at Mr. Thompson's Negro Yard, No. 67 Locust St., St. Louis, Mo. "JOHN MATTINGLY." A "B. M. LYNC H, No. too Locust-sr., be jtA tween Fourth and Fifth sts., St. Louis, Mo., v3 being permanently located for tho purchase ol Negroes, will pay thu highest market valuo. He wilt also buy and sell on commission, having a good yard for their iu:uummodation. 'Particular attention puid to the selection nf nomos lor lavorite servants. icgroc3 lor sale nt nil times. "NK'JKOFS WANTED and for SALK. WANTED and for SALK. N KG HOES of all Lir.u t , ni.,o V,. r.7 l.,,....Uf i.. ...... .. 2d and 3d sts.. St. Louis, Mo. liai ing a good and sal'o yard to board mid keep Negroes, I will buy and sell on commission as low us any other house in this Please mo a call. "CORBIN THOMPSON." I took an early opportunity to call on Mr. Cor iin Thompson. I found him in tho doorway of a little wooden office, like a livery stable office in one of our cities; he being a large, lounging, good-na tured looking man, not unliko a reputable stable deeper in appearance anil manner. Inside bis sta We, n!as ! I saw his dusky "stock," and he readi ly acceded to my desire to take a nearer look at th 0111. Behind the little office there was n dirty little dark loom; behind that a dirty little kitchen, open- iug into a dirty little yard. This yard was sur- rounded by high brick walls, varied bv other walls made of old iron plates, reaching twenty feot high. . i nM. rcis ciftOM ware all ew&riuing wits no .jroes, dirty sod clean, from six years old to forty ''-perhaps - two doion in all, the majority being lt$iltlren undrr fowrteth""-" " :' ;:': "'. "Fat ahrl sleek as Harry Clay's, w said my " con ductor, patting one on the head putriaichally. Mt of them had small paper fans, which they used violently. This littlo article of comfort look ed voiy odd, amid such squalid raggeduess ns iiiost of them showed. Ono was cooking, two or! three washing, and two playing euchre w-'th a lilthv pack ol cards. Iho sun shone down icnseiy uunic was nnonj in uie nine uncK yarn nno. nicy sai, loungeu or my auoui, oniy tuo cl.ua- ren seeming lively. I talked a littlo with them, and they answered, joino quietly, some with that mixruru (if obsequi ousness and impudence so common among slaves. Mr. Thompson answered all questions very readily The "negroes" or "niggers," he said, (seldom em ploying the Virginia phrase-, "servants" or "pon tile"), camo mostly from Missouri or Virginia, and were with him but a little while. "Buy when I can and soil when I can, that's my way; and never ak no questions, only in tho w.iy ol trade. Ai tins season, get a good many Irom travelers." On inquiry, ho explained the mystery by addinir 'that it was not uncommon for luiiiiiies visiting ; -Northern watering places to bring along a likely or gi.l, and sell them to pay tho expenses ol j the jaunt! This is a feature of the patriarchal institution which I think has escaped Mrs Stowe. I shall neicrseea Southern heiress Newport w ithout fancying I read on her ball dress the name of the "likely boy or girl" who was sold i for it. "As for yonder Sambo and Hinah." (I med itate,,) "no doubt young Buford Disliiway, Esq., is at this moment driving them nut to Saratoga .Lake, as a pair of blood horses. O Miss Carolino Pettitoes, of Fifth avenue, how odd it would be if. s you sit superb by bis side, those four-legged - caulo suddenly resumed tho squalid two-legged -condition in which I now behold them, in Thomp son's negro-yard. No. C" Locust street." I strolled back into the front office and sat down to see if anything turned up. The thing that tamed up w as a rather handsomo, suburban-looking two horse carriage, out of which stepped lazily n Bin ill, 3paro, gonllemauly man, evidently a fa vored natron ot mv host. Alter a moment s 'ri- Tato talk. Thorn nson went out. while tho cci'tle- man said abruptly to me, "Well, it is all bad enough, housekeeping, marketing und nil, hut 1 in A d if forviwits aim the worst of all." W e lt.cti talked a littlo, and 1 found biui the plcasactusi ' typo of a Southerner courteous, kind, simple, a littlo impcj iou9 finally, a man of property, mem- tier of the City G jvcrument, and living a little out of town. Thompson came in nnd shook his head. "Can't let negroes to anybody, Mr. -. Glad to sell, anyhow. "Got a good article of a small girl ?" said the - gontleman suddenly. "Martha !" shouted the slave-dealer, and pres ently three good articles, aged 11, 9 nnd 7, came - trotting in. Iliad not oeii them before. Nice - titll pink frocks, not very dirty barefooted, of ooro, but apparently well taken cato of, and cv- Sdently sisters. Willi some manojuvering, they were urragd in line before my new acquaintance - te purchaser. ' - He fixed his eye on Sue, a black mnrblo statue -sd seven. Nothing could huvo been kinder than Mr. 's manner in addresbing the little thing. ' "Wilt you like to eume and live with ino, and have some little girls tn piny with? - (It if a little patriarchal, I said. That kind voice wouM win anyckild.) I looked to see the merry African sinilo on the child's face. Rut no smile ciuuc. There was a - moment's pause. "Speak up, child," said the morchaut roughly. - Hut she didn't speak up, nor look up either. Dow n went the black uiurbhi fico, drooping down, down, '" till the chin rested on the breast of the littlo pink - frock. Down, down came one big tear, Mid then "' another over the black marblu checks; and then the poor little wretch turned away to tho wall and '' burst into as hearty an agony of tears, as ;uur lit Ue idol 6oy, or yours (my good Now-uglaiid mother) might givt way to, on suuh an offer from the very kindest niar w ho over chewed tobacco in tJ the streets of Missouri! Human naturo is rather uucouquorublo tiling, alter all, isn't itf My kind purchaser lookod annoyed and turned a V a 1 J 1 have since visited tho other establishment nimed above, Mr. Lyncb's. Here, also, I was re boy ceived courteously, nnd shown over tho premise, which did noWako long. Mr. L. was oi'.e of those persons whom one rather likes to see (in a bad bu Jjerealter ntjsiness) an acute, robust, uncompromising sinner; such a man as one often finds in tho liquor traffic, with us. He believed that money wos tho cod of i I ! nway. Tlio Mhvo-trnder guvo en ominous look to' the poor child, such as I had not, seen on his faoci oe ore. lieg p'iMnn, sir," (siud hogruMv) "thev! oniy came l nun itgu.m cstcruny. mid buven't learnt hoiv to treat gentlemen yt," (with an cm phasis.) l'oor little Sue ! the purchaser next turned to Marina. tio elder Vh i :sT I ; , ' ;, ..r M T'i 1 . . to a sort of boar or streak of paleness.' M.irthuj grinned, oomebody s whuekod lmr chops, most Fkoly."' said the slate trailer, eoollv (in hosn I'n m 1 saw nothing good natured after that). Nothing "u"'6,,0 l him, felt the! w as said about it. 'J ho gentleman drew Iho child to him, 1'ilt the muscies ol nor nr ii, mid questioned her a little 0. that of the next 8 ,00, "nJ Her prico wa !7(J0, little Sue s Sl0 Well, M.iithu," said he, nt last, "wouldn't von like to go with mo nnsl have a pleasant home 1" Sirange to say, the African smile left .Martha's merry face too "JMeaso Sir," naid she, '1 wiidi I could stay with my mother." 'Confound t.Se girls," said the pood imturcd purchaser, turning to mo in despair, "they must be sold to somebody, j ou know. Of course, I can't buy the wlioio of ll.cm, and tho mother too." Of course uot; und there was tho whole story in a nut shell. "onseno, gals," said Thompson; "your moth er '11 bo up here, may bo some day." ( I'leasant pr ispect in the lottery of life for three "unities" under twelve years)! On inquiry, it appeared that tlio mother was in Virginia, and miirhi or niiirlit not lm sent to Sr. iouis for sale. The intention was. however, to sell the children in a day or two o, togi-ther or sepiirato - 1 -I..- ...I .1.. ... ...I. t. ft, .. I.. iv, oi io scou iiicm oouui wiin iur. i'lamngiv rS..n n,l.-n,..;n..,.,ll V- " 'V'"'"" - - I j avert this, I honed earnestly that my good- natured friend would buy one or more of the poor things. "For," said he to me, "1 mean to bring her up t'v. She'll be a pet for tho children; bi n k -i.;( : .:n ...!, a.,t. i ...i.:,- i ,inv, ii n in in i tf i i in; i fiHTj UIIU Illll' 1 i live I shunt sell her that is, w bile it's possil.le to : help it." (A formidable reset vation, considering the condition of most Southern estates.) 1 he little pink frocks wore ordered off. nnd a narr un u-ns titi.il ali-m-li f,o M'iyl r.,,,,Al.. 11 . - , v,,.., M,...,j i-., 1 hompson's chagrin, who evidently hoped to s'dl i n.,.l l.l .I....I.. I .1 .... 1 ... r .. ' ; '. ' ouin, mug umm , winit her igrioranco "bow vo treat contlemen. ' , . ... . , the porcba'ser" carelessly mquired responded tho trader. "7! ho- v iikui awl examine creri inch of ha; if; ijou icht," be quickly added; " 1 neccr have uny triti mi customers." I K l lU I,...-!,, .nJ r iwnlM.witlio leave. J had ono last glance nt little Su It is not lung since I set foot on the floating wreck of; an unknown vessel ot sea, and then left it drifting i away into the darkness alone. But it was sadder I to me to think oftiiat little wreck of babyhood 'drifting off alone iuto the ocean of Southern crime Southern crime itiI de-piiir. St. Louis must nn(iuestionably bo a very reli- K" I'lace place, however for in returning to my hotel icd a church with iiiscuptions in four differ - nguages. There was Jehovah in Hebrew, i 1 P'V"0'- I cut bin Deo I' mi ct Trino," "In hoimreiu S. hudovici.; Finally, in English and French, "My house shall1 called.tbe house of prayer," with the rest vj the sentence, in both eases, omitted. Singular accident, I isn't it? I July 3 1S5G. I forgot to mention that I asRcdlup Mr. Thompson, out of tho dozen children in bis I yard," haw many had their parents or mothers Willi tliem. A ot one, lie answered, as if rather surprised at the question; I take 'cm as they come in lots. Hardly ever huvo a family." "I suppose you would rather keep a family to gether?" I put in, suggestively. "Yes." ho nnswered, carelessly. "Can't t'link much nbout that though. Have to shut up shop nrettv noinlc. if T Hid. Ifuvn fo tnba o'm ilim- come." This was evident enough, and I only inserted it . in tho faint hope of enlichicninir the minds of those terdant innnccnts who still believe; that the sepa raliun -A6itiU:faBli whon every New-Orloans newspaper coiit"mus a dozen adver tisement oi "Assortfid lots of yfrting negroes." AnutJif4lrifimrl-mri!!l?'Poi;fecrulso. It is of ten asserted that slavetraders nre generally re garded ns a degraded class in a slnvoholding com munity, that no gentleman will nssociato with them, ite. This, if truo, would only add another to the absurd self-contradictions of a system which creates snuh a class of men, and then despises them. Rut I havo no belief that tho fact is gen- erallv correct. The two whom 1 uir f tei-,hir morning for instance, (Messrs. Thompson nnd Mattingly. had entirely the bearing of men cn 8 1 in a respectable business. Decidedly more so, tor instance, that men engaged in tlio retail liquor trade usually have in New-Kngland. The purchaser, Mr. wus evidently a gentleman of good social standing, nnd of favorable appear ancc in every way. i'et ho treated the slavetraders as any gentleman would treat any other with whom ho bad dealings, and with no reserve or superiori ty. Except in soino allusions to the Underground Kailroad, and precautions against it in tho way of walls, dogi, itc, ut Mr. 's house, there was W)t u ,v,jrj v hich might not have been spoken in any respecSablo intelligence office. this world, and he went for getting all one could get; he thought philanthropy was nonsense, and no man helped slaves off without being well paid for it; ho had obssrved that ministers of the gospel iiKeu io marry n ricu piauiuiion, as wen as any body else; ho thought it was all humbug about sep arating husbands and wives in Slavery, what if yuudid? In fact, marriage among white ponple was a good deal of a hiinwuig, nnd men were ns bad in it us out of it, therefore he himself was a bachelor. As for separating young families, trad ers vory seldom did it, (I thought of littlo Sue.) if others did it, it wasn't their nffair; but he didn't like to have to sell families, uny way it wus in convenient and unprofitable. And so on. After all this, 1 of course liked him much better than if he had quoted Scripture io his cause, nnd J was not surprised when lie wont on to claim that ho w asn t able to act up to his theory, but kept trusting people who deceived him, and helping ti'cn who wero ungrateful, and so on. Nor vat I surprised to find his establishment in neuter order than tho previuvs ono; or to hear him cluir.i that all bis negroes would lik ) to keep him for their master. For, in spito of Rochefoueulk's maxim on hypocrisy, I always 'iavo found tho Charles Surfaces better than the . osephs, cither I cing bad enough. Sir. Lyneh's ynrd wus n:uch like the ciher, only with mi iron gato inst 'ud of it wooden ono, a wood en fence for nn iron ono nll four instead of euchre and grown men instead of small girls. I noticed one pretty little quadroon girl, und a noblo looking black man playing tho violin. I could not help wishing he might follow tlm destiny of a similar pieco of property, w ho, ns my host remarked, was "somewhere ntar Chicago now," having ran away, He told me that there had been loss doing, of late, on the U. G. R. R. owing to sonio exposures; but until with in a year thoy lost a great many. He ulso said that tho slave business in St. Louis was chictly a local business with the interior coun try. City slaves are usually sold for sumo fault and sent down tho river "of course," he said, "(here could be nothing wrong in separating n brother nnd sister, us old, say, as 13 or 1 1 aud sending them different ways. Slaves ure seldom brought to St. Louis from Richmond, but sent com monly to Nashville. I found Mr. Lynch a man decidedly superior in apparent intelligence nnd manners to either uf the others mentioned, though they appeared well in these respects. At parting, ho cordially invited ino to call agniu and send my friends which 1 hereby U T. W. HIGGlN'SON. i . 1 i 1 ' I i ' 1 I ' ! j 1 j Those having the subject immediately in chanrc have concluded not just how to present tho appli cation, oi mo peupiu oi tiau iur nunmsion as a State into the L'ni jn. iv.i l.i;.r, oiiio, jci.rv imc. find DILLS. Tlio l'uhlifliiiis Agent bus furw,irded: 1 bills t su.-h or our subscribers ' have peg1 lieg ! loeted to lake ndvnntago of the lime offered I'ro-paymont. Moro than one thousand jiuliu-nte duo the Comniitteo from this class of subscribfrs It i hoped llioy will now respond promptly toihls cull of tlio Publishing Agent. The necessities of 41,0 ' ommittro nre pressing fo much so tlint they I find ii difficult, In consequence of the ft mount re- nliiining unpaid on suUcriptinn, to litest" Hit ur , rent expenses of publication. " i. Money may bo remitted by mail at ur rist.i l!ut bo sure to envelope the letter soffit Knd direct, leginly lWUhiny Ajcnt, A'J S.,Unyh; Siihiii, Cohinibittna Co., Ohio, Always inform tho I'ost-inaster where tlie Jotter is mailed, that it contains motioy. ; . Fraut'ons of a dollar can be sent in Piwtiiga stumps. J ! . ANNIVERSARY MEETING. .. i.iju u-A.--r-.-n- ty ()f demanding, not tho restoration of 4' rnvsm "Wind'anil'limb," .vpr-v wiTfuniso of former days, net Ihemerp lim iln'p itation of cliatt.disin to Stato boundari in, but hat every friend nf liiimnn rights should cease to wp dhaiiiicf ,,ort bv sneeeh or v..t l. :n . ,i: 4 1 invited to a somblo with as for enquiry, for cuun bo sc!, and for aid. t, ,'. ' . i .i . t i i.i-tt. r r,,..,,,, .,, It '8 expected that I'AUKER PILLSBURY will present on tlio occasion and again grcot his Western friends: CHARLES L. lM'.MOXIl nml The Fourteenth Minim! meeting of tho Wettorii iVnti-Slavory Society will bo held in Salem, tgl. Co., Ohio., commencing on Saturday, tbe EjMrof August, at 10 o'clock A.M., nnd continue llire days. '.f.i. ' There probably was never a time when Ibofkn i- VI , ! 1 r r , ' I. r c1uucu.o1 its irmnus amorcstsrn and faithful tidvocary, than the present. principles havo been proclaimed timid ,,,; ,n m . , . continually "without concealment." bo fh As thilr scorn id hould Ibey . . . " 1 " "''ounne i nmm ino striic ol politieul clenxints, and the allurements of party interest " illicit compromise." u compromise li-i :t- .i .... ., . ii one iney may congratulate themselves upon . .... - n,: ""-"'""K tnvorwitn winen meir cioetrints nr i-n..n, t-,1,-1 II, n ......1.... .1 ..I. ..1.1 - . r ' mini, uioy biiouiu nui iqr a moment eeasn tn itieiil. iiin iU ,1,,.,, ,.A ! ' ' -"-llMVllpiir rcet' 1,10 f,ys-el" "f American Slavery, The infamous slave law of 18iO, the border jfor- ay upon Kansas, the recent cowardly rlndmur- iternna ,ktf -i..tr in Cnn..tA fil 1 ... " --"oiuoocr upon . mem- c 1 1110 "1 1 cr n-,us0 M but eo an, eyiden- ecs oi mo utter hopelessness of nbalitionhfts cf- fectivelv IaboriiiL' to nnimnin tlm ,l-r,r,,Tl ,:,. pe(,uiiar institution." until thej practically adopt . ., ..... ... ., , ,, . 1 11,0 mut, o A" ' "' 7trcW.W All who bate slavery and seek its extinction, are A. T. 1 OSS, havo also given us oricnurngemciit to hope they will bo with us, as well as soino others whom wo cannot now announce On behalf or the W. A. S. Society ; BENJ. S. JONES. Rocording Secretary. ANTI-SLAVERY FAIR. Tho 'Western Anti-Slavery Society, will hold its annual Fair in Salem, Dec. 24ih nnd 25th- The object of the fair is so well understood by tho abolitionists of this country, that wo deem it only necessary to publish tho time of its gathering, to secure the hearty and vigorous cooperation of a large circlo of Anti-Slavery friends. Tho past success of our efforts in raising means und the faithfulness with which that mennB has been applied to the cntcrpriso of abolishing Sla very in America warrant us to expect a willing response to this appeal, corresponding to the start ling emergency of the times. Wc havo not now to meet and abolish Slavery on its original ground only, but in tho new and beautiful Territory of Kansas in Washington, in i Chio and in all tho Northern States whero the t servile minions of tho South can give it n place. I . .i ... L j, ,. . , i c nre not however disheartened or disappointed, ; nnd shall npply ourselves with unwonted diligence, j u inuiiS in ctr iii ino siern principle ot justice and right. Via hope that no timo will be lost in making the necessary arrangements to meet this demand; and among other means, wo suggest the importance of forming sewing circles ns speedily ns possible in every neighborhood where there is tho scripture .,.lnr f -.. I .....,. nulL- , ,,,iuu neurisptiitcs, the lovo of Freedom burns to labor, so that the I great demand for needle and knitting work, in its rich nnd usolul varieties may bo amply supplied. The committeo will gratefully receive in monies, produco, furniture nnd nll merchantable goods, whatever can be forwarded from this time till tho Fair, thus affording nn appropriate and varied sea son for the offering of each. ! Km Hi Htdiimmn, Nanjanl Jlise, Joscpl.ii c iS', fiiijlimj, Eilen II. J'earson, K N. McMillan, J. Eliz dicth Joncn, Mary E. SorrU, Laura llarnaliy, Hannah M. titrawit, Anielina S. JJeinimj, Elizabeth Lease, Ann llamndfii. 'lhblrah '("'jjonsatl ( J.idia S. riiarii 'y 'j Lucy Ann I'aireelt, llurri-t Uhinu;, Hannah ll. Jlenllei, " . Ann l'tarson, Jme M. leeseolt, . II'. Cordon Uwu lloien, MEETING OF PROGRESSIVE FRIENDS. IVe uro requested io state that tho Ohio "Yearly Meeting of Progressiic Friends, w ill hold its an nual meeting, nt Sulci l, commencing on Saturday, the (ith of September. The comtnitteq intrusted with tho arrangements of Ihe meeting viyi issue tbo call, stating further particulars, next wsek, '.. J Hon, J. A. Bi.Miii.in, has our thanks' for it Lp of the proceedings il tho Hoiifo of Representa tives, iu the casoof tho assault on Senator Sjim ncr. j ,; f,, Mr. Bingham himself mado a most able and manly speech on this question in the House -inn which we intended this week to have made a j ex tract. Ho sconis not to havo the fear of the Ruff ian or his bludgeon beforo his eyes. The Far.h'u.iu Hotsc This Hotel, has chang ed bauds, ns will be seen by tho advertisement of the rew Proprietor in our columns. Tho house will hereafter be kept on strictly temperance prin ciples, Mid Mr. Hilliard intends to sparo no pubis to make it every way worthy of the most liberal putronago. Wo hope he will rocoive it. P.tLTEREIts. Oh 1 'how ninny thero nro. Don't fuil to read Mr. Frothingliaiu's faithful and oarncst rebuke of them; and don't forget to hand it to your noighbor when you have done. Wo intended to huvo printed this admirablo speech soma weeks siucc, but were unable to find room. But it is as good, and us fresh as over. THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AND ABOLITIONISM. TIONISU, forjthe vMiolitioinsts seek ono paramount object the "boluicn of American slaicry. In their view, the nttainmenf nf this nl.li i. , n...M anco than any other public meastiro tircposed by clinreh, by tho government, or by any po litical organization. Thoroughly impressed with this truth, tiiey have been in tho habit nf testing the creeds nnd actions of churches mid associa tions tho measures of Government, tlio principles of parties and '.he conduct of all public men by tho singlo qucstim of freedom. In this they have been justified by the fact, that in the universal' judgment of mankind, tlio quouiun of Freedom is beforo all others in importance, whoibr we Con sider its relation to political, social nnd all public good, or to individual character and liappinofs. Pertinaciously adhering to this rule of truth m.d duty, abolitionists havo won for thomselvcs, the reputation of loots, among unprincipled limo serv ers, of infidels among bigots and pious knaves and of traitors among slnvoholding patriots. In con qucnec their numbers aro few nnd their principles (rail measures scorned by tho pro-slavery masses eyey where. Dot few and scorned ns abolitionists hc bceni their labor has met its reward, in the partially regenerated and improving public sonti mntof theN'ortl.and everything in tho past and the present, bids them faithfully continue t) tcck out and cxposo all Blavoholding nnd all comprmising therewith. They must continue thereforo to npply Ihe test nnd abide the result. We aro asked to abaudi.n our position, demand ing abolition for the slave; to abandon it juxt fur thr. jwe-iriil, and join in o Republican ranks. Can wo do it? is the question. Or can we join the Republican party without abandoning the slave? To the first question wo unswer unhesitatingly NO. Nono but selfish, unprincipled or iirnorant men will ever nsk an abolitionist to abanaon (ho .. -n- r , i , , . . minimis ot Helpless Blaves; and whoso ns-ks it offers iiiault to justice and humanity. Then comes the question can wo join the Repub lican party without abandoning the slave? If tho Republican party bo nn abolition patty, and its principles and measures accordant with that ob ject, me may, we should join it. If seeking as it does, freedom for Kansas, and other good nnd do sirable objects, it docs not array itself against abo litionism, we may join in nr.d aid it. Our quof tion of duty, is therefore to bo decided by tho avowed principles, purposes nnd measures of the Republican putty itself. Hero we aro tit do loss. The party has published its principles, elected its representative men, and its most able and devoted advocates nro day and night, now announcing, expounding and developing its principles in thoir application. Let us then inquire for the character, of tho party, first, of its platform of principles, second of its candidates, third ol its approved, able, public advocates. 1st. Tho platform of the party, does it seek the abolition of slavery is it in harmony with that object? Tho prcamblo nnd first nnd second resolutions arc as follows . PLATFORM. moot were to secure those rights to nil persons "'j1'!11 its exclusivo jurisdiction; that ns our Re vr publican lathers, when they had nb dished Slavery nll. v,lt! ' , Tri " V V ,V tP wlnlc tho prcseut constitution bhall maintained. This Convention of Delegates, assembled in pursuance of n call addressed to tho people of the United States without regard to past political diff erences or divisions, w ho aro opposed to tho repeal of tho Missouri Compromise; to tho policy of the present Administration; to the extension of bbivo ry into frco Territory; in favor of the admission of Kansas as a Free State; of restoring the action of the Federal Government to tho principles of Wash ington and Jefferson; und for tho purpose of pre- seuting candidates for the office of President und ice 1 rondcnt, do 1. Resolvo, That the maintenance of tho prinei pies promulgated in theDedaratinn of Independence and embodied in tho FederalCons'.itution are essen tial to tho preservation of our Republican institu tions, nnd that the Federal Constitution, tho ri rhts of the States, and the Union of the States, shall bo preserved. 2. Resolved, That with our republican fathers wo hold it to be a eelf-ovident truth that nil men are endowed with the unalienable rights to life, liberty and tho pursuit of happiness, an I that tlm nrimrirv object and ulterior desien of our Federal Govero- person should bo deprived of li'lo, liberty, or prop fnv, nnuouiuuu process oi law, it neconies our duty, to maintain this provision of tho Constitution' ugiunsi an attempts to violate it lor tho purposo ol eitublishino Slaverv in the United S,,,, b. tivo legislation, prohibiting its existence or exten sion therein. That wo deny tho authority of Con gress, of a Territorial Legislature, of any individ ual or asSOC.intioh of illlllvillmilu l.l rriun' I, ,.-! :M,rpn , ,.ur : -r .,. ?.r .!. 7-..:. . ' J ........j... umuimcu be Tl.e third resolution affirms tho power of Con' gress to prohibit Slavery in tho Territories and enumerates the wrongs of Kansas ; tho fourth de- clarcs Kansas should be immediately admitted a free State. The remaining resolutions refer to other topics, so that whatever of abolitionism there is in the platform is contuincd in what wo have copied abovoi Tho fjriH proposition of tho party with which wo iow any concern h that "of restoring the cq Jtion of the Fodcral Government to the prin- ltif7',,f WM,,inRto" nni1 Jll"8un- Washington i'fana Jefferson were slaveholders. Tho policy of ('.(their administration was to permit nnd protect slavehoiding in the States, (the Republicans say not in tho Territories ) Washington's nJministra- tion did this by enacting tho first fugitivo slave I law, by the lirst attempt to cxecuto it by Washin"-I ton himself, us Senator Sumner has shown. Thai r, , , , lederul Government has thereforo never depnrfd j tho principles of Jefferson and Washington ! in regard to slaveholding in the States. . The gov ernment was then as it is now and as tho Republi- 0,111 fmr,y l'r(,I'oscs ,0 continue it, the enemy of the slave nud the opponent of abolitionism. Tho first resolution of tho platform, adopted (with loud cheers) is, that "the Federal Constitu tion, tho rights of tho States, and the the Union of the States, shall bo preserved." Tins is cert , inly pot an abolition resolution. To prescrvo iheConsti. tution ns Washington and Jefferson understood ,id administered it is to administer it for the support of islavcholding und the rendition of fugi tive slaves? '; Amor.g tho "rights of tho States" which the Re publican Party aro going to protect ns Washing, ton und Jefferson protected -t'leni, is the imprescrip tible right uf slaveholding, nud tho right of requi sition through the Federal Government of escap ing tluvcs. No wonder tho platform is silent re garding tho fugitivo slave law after these announce ments. But third, "Tho Union of tho States, shall bo preserved." The perpetuation of this original sin tho cuuso of all our woe anil dishonor of the jjruv.ui ami prosperity oi slavery is ino special ,i I e I .i . . ;3.!., ,.r ,i i.. ..i.i: i. ':.... ' .,.-.. u. iu..,,uui.., ,,,,J. ,o nun ..linen-: Writ is at digger's prints with a.n in'dpation. Rut it endorses (ho Declaration of Independence True, t) did tho oi l Whig p.irly,t coos tho Deruo- cratic .party. So io tho Americans North South. So did Washington and Jefferson. So did Fillmore and Polk, nnd so does Piorco himself. The declaration is Indcflinite. It is only to the territories that tho principles of freedom containd in the platform arc to be applied not to the Mates where the slaves nre to bo found. A man may bo a slaveholder nnd yet be a good Republican. He evon bo a Republican for tho pti rposo of qui- eting agitation and porpotuating slavery. And for aught wo can soe it may prove an effective moans to secure this end. This platform is thoreforo by fair inference of its own statements in favor of continuing slavory tho Slates. That we aro not wrong in this, is inenifcst. . ' st By its lack ol anything in favor of uboli- ti.nism in t,o States. :nd. Dy its silonco in regard to tho inter-state slavo trado. 3d. Its silonco in regard to tho abolition of thv verv In tlmir.sirini .r r i i- very in the District of Columbia. 4tli. Jts wleiieo in regard to tho fugitive slave 'aw, ilus silonco is not accidental, but premeditated for tl.o purposo of securing tho co-operation of slaveholders and tho friends of slaveholding. tint wo sbnll bettor understand tho platform nnd tlio relation of the party to the purposo of abo litionists, by looking nt tho position of tho men it has chosen to represent it, Fremont nud Dayton. Aro they abolitionists? Have tbcv in the past or do they now show the least dosire to mitigate in the slightest manner, by the government, ono burden of the millions who groan in slaverv in the Stiles- Are they not on the other hand sworn if elected, according to their own declared understanding of, the oath of office, to protect the masters in laying thoir heaviest burdens on tho shoulders of these "iieuniiiuiii mo auontionists are seeking to re lieve. These candidate, woro not selected because they had dono nnything for the freedom of tho slaves, but rather because they had not done anything. They wero selected because they wero not aboli tionistsindeed because thoy wero not even Free Soilers, or Free Democrats. Chuso and Halo nnd Seward wero cait aside becauso they had a reputa tion ns friends of freedom, though not ns aboli tionists. T.issing over Fremont's antecedents, permitting him to retain nll the credit for anti-slavory sym !... ...1 .1 . ,-. - pathy which his friends claim for him in his brief senatorial course, where he votcdjfor the abolition of the Blavo trade in the District of Columbia, and ei'jainst tho abolition of Slavery. To say noth ing of hisnctivo partieipnncy in tho Mexican war. w c will forget his past ns the Republicans dosire us to do and look only at his present position in regard to the slave. Though beforo old abolition, ists vote for him, we recommend them to take up Jay's Roviow of tho Mexican War and read from page 144 to 157 inclusive. Fremont bus written his letter of ncceptanco, we published it last woek, and ask our readers tore tor to it. It ngoees with tho Philadelphia Conven tion in tho importance of biinging back tl.o Gov ernment to tho principles of Jefferson and 'Wash ington. It repudiates tho Ostcnd system of filli bustcring, is opposed to tho policy of the slave power for tho extension of slavory. One passage we quoto: A practical remedy is tho admission of Kansas into the lluion as a frse Stato. The South should. in my judgment, earnestly desiro such consuma- tion. it would vindicate tho good faith if would correct tho mistake of the repeal; nnd the North i... .. i. i c. ..r .i i tweeu"tho two section. ,oould be satisfied W W feelin; be restored. Tho measure is porloeily con sisteut with tho honor of tho S mtli, and fiVnZ to its That . fatal act which givo birth to purely sectional ti tie originating in tho sehem to take iron, free labor the county secured to it by a solemn covenant, cannot bo too soon disarmed of its pernicious force. Tho only genial region of the middle (attitudes left to tho emigrants of tho Northern States for homes, cannot bo conquered from the free laborers, who have long considered it ns set apart for them in our inheritance with- out provoking a desperate struggle. All this monns but ono thin?, that tlio restnra tion of tho old compromises would satisfy the North and thus render tho South secure, and produce poaco on nll hands. Thus bis administration is to redeem the pledge of the Platform, that "the con stitution, the rijhts of the slates.and ihe union of lit vter. v.criu,n.y mere is notinng l..i.. T. ..IJ 1 . . T II rfl . . 1 .1 , - in tlio restoration of the compromises in tboqueit ing of agitation, and tho restored satisfaction of tho North with this state of things, which enn givo tho abolitionists any encouragement. If the Republican party shull do this which Fremont promises, it will utterly nullify the labors ol abolitionists from the first to tho prcseut hour, and all tho moral ngitution bus been in vain. If such is to bo tho fruit of Republican success, what slave can givo his prayer, what abolitionist standing in tho slave's stead, can givo his vote for the success of tho party? But Fremont wrote a previous lottor, which was used in tho Philadelphia Convention to induco the more anti-slavery portion of that body to forego their preferences. Although wo have previously published it, we insert it here. It is addressed to a public meeting in New Y'ork : NEW YORK, April 29. 1856. ,,li"eJ !l,ul "m,l by lung settled convic- "T, n',"'? 1 ee' in.llox.il,lo.,in "'f ,jelit:f "' U ought not to bo interlered with, where it exists under tho sheld of S:ate sovereignty. I nm as in from flexibly opposed to it extension on this Continent Gem 'i.esikn : I hoartily concur in all movements which have for their object "to repair tho mischief arising liuin tho violation uf good faith in tho re peal.of tho Missouri compromise." 1 nin opposed to slavery in the abstract and upon principle, huh- beyond its present limits. With assurance of ngurd for yourselves, I nm very respectfully yours, J. C. FREMONT. .... From this letter wo loaru four specific lacts rela tive to tho Republican enndiduto for tho Presi dency. 1st. Ho would "repair tho mischiefs arising from j tho violation of good faith in tlio repeal of the Mis souri uoni promise. ' 2d. "Ho is opposed to slavery in tho abstract and on principle." That is no very great nffair. So havo declared tho leaders of nll the pro-slavery mobs wo havo ever had in tho North. So say to day all the Northern apologists for border ruffian ism the Democrats so say all tho slaveholders of tllO South. OXCOnt a fnw lioelnva nf iliton'.to nn.t a littlo handful of politicians and editors of the ... - - Calhoun sellout. It is only the btoroutjpod iutrt- dilution with which N'ortlinri. il.nnrl.f.inoa ,. customed to prefaco their most smilo spooehes'- ... . . 1 and actions.justtts in this case, whero it proceeds: Od. The declaration of Fiemont's tclble tlial slaeerii omjht nut to be interfered with where exists tuiuV, r ihe shield of Stale Soccri iynty.'' xtont of a "principlo nmdb habitual!,1' There t in extent nf tw:..:..i . . . . . . """"l" ""'Jllu' dv long settled conviction." It is li.nite,! i, . . , . ,, J ....v sovereignty! And hero ugain we Icaru wlw, iicputjiicaii party means when k says that "ihe rights of the Stato ahull boinainluincj. It the I nudright to maintain slavery" without interference. i Can nbolitionicts vote for Republicans to wield the I power of the Federal Government for tho defence of that ''State right ?" But, ) 4th. Ho is "as inflexibly opposed to its existence ion the Continent beyond its present limits." It was this letter, so inflexible against slavery in tho ' t'f" itorics uuil,,,- slavery t.i the tilalcn, in connoc may j tion w ith ths absence nf any history he had tfiado 'for himself on this question ; and in connection with thu further fact, that tho horoism of his char, acter would probably oxcito tho enthusiasm of the people, which sciint d Fremont's nomination, j The candidate for the Vice Presidency, Mr. Day in i von, in reply to an address by tho New Jcrsc Delegation to Philadelphia, endorses the platform ll"d also says ; .., Clln my wt,, CU)pIm(iis mt principW biive not changed. 1 mmd now in rolerenco to' j the great leading issues of the country, ns in times VT' ! ''"'i1 tllB c,,."!,t"l"'"n r"tects slavory hero it is, but carries it nowhere," that in the language. of the day freedom is national and slater, ; eoetiouiil. I huvo carelullv exumionrl tho nl.ilnm, ! I ' lost chattels. oting for this measure were Atch interest,,. thishson, Davto.v, and 2 other Senators. So the i , e . T , I ",,ne- P'J Senate It was however i ',li'0:,e'I m the ILiuso by the vigorous efforts of jGiudings and John Quincy Adams. See National Era of Jan. Cist, 1b-I8. m. n .'.' u i . t , Mr- '-T "", principles have Hot '-h:lnScd. Judging from this vote they need Dot .(change to enable him to give his aid to tho pro. t So,1E LWek,n 01 Oi Ms. "Slavory in tho South " no concern ol yours." J'naiiirer. n , i ... UUtjj?J TZ'X ' Pscd to loavo to thoso who suffer bv it : hut when a lv no, aim mm some suuw oi earnestness. in, Iheib". of principles on which the nominations took place, and to it in all its parts, I can give a cheerful and cordial assent." This is more explicitly in favor of slav cry than Fromont. The latter believes "it should not bo interfered with" while Mr. Dayton " HOLDS THAT THE CONSTITUTION PROTECTS SLA. VERY WHERE IT IS." Just what Toombs and Stephens and Butler, maintain. And just what no abolitionist can for ono moment admit. And yet it is strictly in fidelity to the platform of the party.rorsoch was "tho principle of the nduiitiiatrn- li"n a( Wellington und Jefferson." But Mr. Dis n "mrma Ulnt lle stands now where he has ever f'01"1 ' ,,1U!" 'cfering the party to his antecedents P1-00'" ,f"'at ,l0 1,10 "" to represent nnd ad- minister the principles of tho Republican party. Ana Ins party Iiavo recalled one of his antecedents the fact that ho voted against tho Compromise of 1S50. But they havo not told us all. We shall find him correct in stating that he has not changed; that us now, ho has always recognized the right of slaveholders to their property in slaves, as also their right to protojtiou for this speoioj of prop erty. When this fugitive slave bill was und?r discus sion in the Senate, Mr. Dayton proposed ,0 amend it by granting a Jury trial to the stare. Tl us prov ing that his opposition to tho bill was n to the rendition of the slure, but to the unconsti'utional manner of doing :t. In the debate on the fugitivo Bill, Mr. Chase of fered nn amendment excepting the Territories of the United States from the action of tho slave catch ing law. On this amendment Mr. Dayton made a speech in which ho dissented from Mr. Chase's opinion that "the General Government had no pow er to establish slavery in the Territories. He con tended that tho power of Congress was supreme ever this as over nil other subjects; that if we can shut slavery out of tho territories, wo can order a slave to be delivered up in tho Territories." Sco Appendix to Congressional Globe, page 1622 As Mr. Dayton has not changed, of course he is in favor of slave rendition, if not of slave holding in the territories now. Another of Mr. Dayton's antecedents. Some eight years since, tho Spanish Government de manded payment of the U. S. for the value of the negroes of the Aniistud, nn African slaver, who had boon deela-cd free by tho Federal Court aftor they had captured the vessel in which the pirates were taking them from Havunna to Principe. In re sponse to this demand, nn nmeudment was made 0 the Gcnr!l1 Tr..priutioii bill of IMS. propos- HnS to Vay tlicsc Spanish Piratos $00 000 for their P"?e' legalization of the African slave trade. Mr. Dayton's record on the right of petition, cannot commend him to abolitionists. Our readers will remeniLer that it wus the established rule of the Senate to deny tho rig'.t of petition in a very quiet and technical way. Whenever a petition was presented for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, and a motion mado for its re ception, sumo friend of slavery in the District and enemy of the right of petition immediately moved to lay tho motion for reception on tho table. Among tho northern Sonatois who joined in this double conspiracy to continue slavery in tho Dis trict and suppress the right of petitiun in the Sen ate, was William L. Dayton, when on one occasiun the voto commenced, "Yeas; Atchison. Badger, Berrien, Butler, Calhoun, D.iyto.v, &c, 32 in all. Nays, Baldwin, Chase, Corwin, Seward. &o. Speaking of this voto tho Era says, "Eight Senators from Free States, voted to lay the motion on the tublo, in other words, voted against the riaht of I'etilion." If Mr. Dayton's principles have not changed what have we to hope from him when he shall como to preside in tho Sonato, where these disgraceful pro-slavery votes wero cast. Tho Re- publicin party is consistently silent with regard to tho abolition of Slavery in tho District of Colum bia. It has dono well to discard its own war cry of last fall.iu Ohio "No slavery outside tho'slave States," when it sets up a man with such antece dents und "without chuugc," ar the representative of its principles. Such is tho platform of principles, of tho party Such tho present opinions and antecedents of the: men selected to represent the party. We add! soino of tho opinions of its public advocates editors and orators. Wc lirst mako somo quotations from papers of the party setting forth what are and what are not its objects : Truo "it is no part of this the Republican) scheme or policy to war against slavery whore it exists in the States," and wo have not yet disoov crcd, neither can tho Enquirer name, any unjust or unconstitutional means used, by the Republican party to prevent tho extension of sluvery, into the. Territories. CVh. Cautte, July 14. I f tho mass of the South is great enough to elect their man, wo and our compatriots will bear it with as good a graco as possible, submit tii the ballot und stand )y the Uuiuu. If the mass, for our man should Prove the itkiImK no, I i el,,, .,1.1 1,. , r, , - v, li u cirui- !ed, tho Ewiutrer. Mr. Fillmore and nil nfthnt faith .1 I .1.. ..II - . ... , .ir,, D'ucu,'"u ,ftl ?n e".4 .,,uc6 way thu Jluquirtr iiiHtructs its rcadeti. lb. " n.uM oinjii . m lcusi nun m inn brought to our own doors and lorced upon us '".'I'1.''!111 'hevy, and against our wijl-- ihen. if it lw, ..t ul,..,i ..n7.,n . .-ill -.. .... , r - --- I.ifc Illustrated a family paper published io New Vork gives "As Extlination. A highly