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1ST J0 i hi 11 it is 1 1 a s A- a J MAlilUS 11. ItOIUSlSON, EDITOR. "NO UNION Willi SLAVEHOLDER." Akn rEARSoN, ruDusirixG agem. VOL. 11. NO. 52. SALEM, COLUM1UANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, AUGUST !, 1S50. WHOLE NO. 5GG. The Anti-Slavery Bugle. SPEECH OF GERRIT SMITH. In the Kansas Convention in Buffalo, July 10, 1856. Mr. Fkesidknt: Of my series of resolutions tho Convention has adopted tlio thrco, which pet lorth our plan ot operations. 1 wixh that, the otli or Resolutions tn -this series might also do niloptciJ. lint it is olijeeteil to Homo of tlioin, tlmt tli"y po to array us diicctiy nnd dangerously again.t the Gov ornmcnt. In point of fact, however, llie Govern mont 1ms disappeared. It has identified itself with tho scoundrels, who iiivndoaml tyrannize over Kan sas. It is sunk nnd lost in Border J . u lli.m inm . Had wo a Government, wo should havo no oeon sion nnd no right to bo hero, devising succor and doliveranee lor tlio oppressed nnd outraged people of Kansas. In that caso wo should havo staved lit homo, and called on ( iovernnicnt to do this work. wan mo ijovcrnmcpt i.i a sacred tiling. I can ncvor consent to tho usurpation of its powers. To nlone under Heaven do 1 accord the right to destroy human life. Not even to Biibvert a whole system of shivery, would 1 have ono drop of blood shod aside from tho legitimate operations of an existing Government. hero Government docs not exist where Gocrnnicnt is not present indi vijuals and communities must do. ns bvst thev can. They may fee! bound to rxtemporizo a Gov eminent to mako themselves tho Government. In such circumstances arc tho people of Kansas and wo their friends. Wc may wield the sword, bcenuso there is no Government ; or rather, bc eauso through tho failure of Government, wo obey tho necessity of tho case, and recognize ourselves to bo tho Government. Just here let mo advert to tho great mistake, into which tlio people ami lricmls ot Kansas tell. They took ground against the Missouri scoundrels; but tho federal Government unworthy of the name of Government, and called such by me only for thosakoof convenience this Government, the patron nnd partner of theso less guilty scoundrels, t'icy declined to oppose. Absurd distinction! I'lsastrous inconsistency! -for it is this Govern ment, which maintains and enforces the spurious ninl cruel dominion, that tho Missouri scoundrels have sot up in Kansas. Are there ol late some symptoms of the relentings of tho federal Govern ment J Tho releutings aro probably far more po litic than sincere. It is true, that the Kansas loll, which recently passed the Senate, would nullify Borne of the worst enactments of tho Kulli in Leg islature. lint it leaves that Legislature still in ex istence, nnd free to enact as torturing oppressions ts any, which it has hitherto enacted as any, will sit Congress might repeal. 1 admit, that it can hardly do worse than it lias done. 1 admit, that a Legislature, which has enacted, that, in order to vote, a man moot swear to support tho Fugitivo slavo Act; nnd that holding anti-slavery sentiments is a disquairiieation for sitting as a juror; and that to bo sent to the Penitentiary for two years, is not too severe n punishment for ex pressing mi opinion against tho righfiilncss of sluvo holding; -I admit, that such it Legislature has prob tbly dono its very worst, and iH i;o longer ca pable of beating itself. What no ask of Congress is to sweep aside this whole Kullian Government its flection, Statutes, Legislature, Judiciary, Kxeculivo and nil. Noth ing less will content us. If Congress shall leave tho people of Kaus ;s still under that Government, mid with tho federal Government still to enforce it, then is Congreas, whatever the deceptive ap pearances it may get up to the contrary, to be re garded as the enemy of Kansas; and then must the ncoplo nnd friends of Kansas draw the sword to deloud themselves, as well against the federal troops, as against Misrouri ami other Uullians. Another objection to these desolations is, that, if adopted, they will embarrass the friends and prc judico the cause of freedom, at tho approaching Klectioii. This objection has been urged both with in and without the 'onvcution. Most of you are relying largely on p.d'tical in: linn, and especially on the next Election to save Kansas. Unhappy reliance! 1 speak deliberately, when I say, thai nothing so much a-; that reliance is now in tho way of the deliverance of Kansas. You nro looking to ballots, when yons'ionl 1 be looking to bayonets: counting up voters, when you should bo mustering armed ami none but armed emi grants: electioneering fur candidates for civil rulers when you sliuuld bo iiniuiriiig for military rulers. All tho time, that you aro making this mistake, hlavcry is lortyfying itself in Kansas, a id weaken ing and expelling liberty. Political action is our greatest hindoranoe, because "t delays the only remedy for tho wrongs of Kansas because it di rects us from tho only action, ih it is now called for tho action of armed men. There was a 'time when slavery could have been ended by political action. l!ut that timo has gone by: and, as 1 apprehend forever. There was not viituo enough in tho American people to bring slavery toa blood less termination : all that now remains for them is to bring it to a bio Jy one. No man has called loiigor than I have on tlio American people to vote blavery to death, for many years however I have well-nigh despaired of their doing so; and for the last month or two I have entirely despaired of it. ruraiong nine slavery 11,1s noon giving jirools to tlie , wliolo laud of its utterly lawless ani piratical char- neter. for d long liuio it had shown, that no laws no constitutions, and no eonventijns can bind it ; it is evor ready to break tho most solemn coin-' pacts, tho first moment it becomes its interests to break them. Hut never until within tho last two months has it opeuly, forced its way by llro nnd j into now mil freo territory. And yet ; this outrage, and notwithstanding nil this jurovnoatioti to resolvo to vote slavei y to death, tlio peoplu havo held their jreat political and rosolvod to let l ivery live. Will it be said, that thore is a largo parly, which for- bids its oxteiision? There is not. All tho great ; parties agrco, that sb.vei y may livo in ' any present and also in any future- State. Ono ot , thoiu, it is true, is opposed to its living in Territories: and this is all tho dill'erenecs in this respect bo- twseu thorn. As if nny of tho sheep lolds could Lu safe for even any time, to lung as tho wolf is ! suffered to livo. All but ono of these parties ! "Lot tho wolf go whero ho pleases. Let him ! among any or nil tho sheep." Tho other ' ayss "Ves-r-savo only a few folds, into which ho iniust not goor thi jircscul." All but one of tho parties say : "Yes savo only a few parts of it lor: iia pretenl,'1 As if any part could bo saved, iin-! loss tho lire ts extinguished in in every part What is worso than ull just ujw, when slavery is making such unusual iloinonstrtious of its utter lawlospnoss, tho gro tt political parties aro especial ly forward to uonfess, that it is an obligatory nnd tiaered law. Just now, when tho duuds of this pre eminent piruto nro calling louder than ever for a sentotico of outlawry against it, these groat par ties aro louder than over in according to slavery inviolable legal rights. They aro still guilty of the fully of holding, that the federal Coiutitution a paper, which is till fur liberty, and not at ull for sbivory--legalies, oral least admits the legal ity of slavery. Hut how abdiirj to maintain, that any paper, any constitution, uny ttaluto, nny de cree, can lognlixu slavery! that stupeuduous erimo which overshadows oven murder itself that match less wi diodnoss, which Is u compound of every other wickediiOos, No, tho American peoplo have never prupodcd t) vote slavery to ile.uh , a. id ihey do not low nropos) to do sJ. The only iiuuaiiou that remains j in whether they aro prepaj-.jd to put it to death by ! ' connexion, bearings, and by its broad and nionicn it ' '"s consequences 1 nni disposed to regard it as tho most important Convention I ever had n j scat in. J t why do I conclude, that the North will nut tlicn Ijlooil must no Midi. Ana it wo woutil enjoy self-respect and tho respect of tho world, nnd the favor of Heaven, wo must deal impartially with jour foes. Moreover to denounce tho Holder llulli nud nus, and not tho federal Government, which is in lenguo with (hoso Uullians ; to bo ready to tight against tho ono, but not against tho other this would bo an inconsistency so gross, nnd a coward eword ieo so glaring, ns to bo certainly fatal to our sue uiueo cess. Tho peril of taking up arms, or only of counsel American ling to tnko up arms, against tho federal Govern iCoiivontioiis, incut has been adverted to in this debate. Hut why should men, who have given themselves up to thoir duty, bo concerned with tho perils of do political ing their duty ? Moreover, what havo such to fear in this cuso from tho federal Government? That Government so strong, whon tho State Govern. mould aro with it, is utterly weak when tlioy aro against it. This will bo manifest ns soon ns wc shall hear that federal troops, acting in the bad cause of tho Kullian Government and for tho cn Bity. foreement of that Government, havo killed in bat go tie men sent frtfni tho North to protect our Kansas brethren. l'Vr then tho State Governments of the North will bo aroused, and tho weakness of tho federal Government in their hostile presence- will violence. Tlioy tliink, thut they nro not. lint 1 tlii nk , that they nr.?. I admit, tlmt they tiro not in purpose. Ncvcrthelpss I think, tlmt they arc in effect for, I trmt, tlmt they nro ready t' put it to a violent death in Kansas and in tha. ilcntli will lio involve 1 tlio whole of American slavery. It is manifest from what I luivo said, that there nro probably few members of this Convention, in whoso esteem it is no important, ns in mine Most I pf them nro licro to help to stop slavery from going intoKnnsns, or rather to help stop it from establish- ing itself there for it is there already. They nro ncro in save i annas, such is tlio wliolo extent ol tho avowed object of tho Convention. No farther than this would it, in any wise, consent to go. I'i't I nni hero to servo a inuch broader purpose. I nm hero to promoto tho killing of nil American shivery nud llio salvation of nil America. It is true, thut I nm hero tu help accomplish tho com paratively narrow purpose of this Convention and in good faith ran I work to this end. Nny joy fully, can 1 work to this end, sinoo the comparatively nar row purpose is n part, nnd n very ossr.ntinl part, of niy eoinprehcnsivo one. Indeed, ns 1 judgo of this Convention its I judge of it bv its character. slavery in Kansas to a violent death ? Because 1 nm certain, tlmt. llin South wi I rwrnt-nrn in i;,rl,f ing lor Kansas; nnd that tho North will do so ton. If all manhood has Hot departed from us, wo will not consent to leave our Kansas brethren to no butchered. If nil love id' freedom has not depart ed from us, wo will not bavo them to bo cursed with slavery. And, I add, if the North but resolves to eompior, it w ill conquer. It was nearly certain, from lier trampling the Missouri Compromise unde foot, that tho South was willing to make if bloody light for Kansas, lint now, sineo she has wrought herself up to such a light, it is quito certain, that sho will persevere in it. And why ton do I conclude, that a death-struggle between liberty ami shivery in Kansas will bo a death struggle between these powcrsin all the land? liecause I am certain, that the South will never give up Kansas, until compelled to give up all slavery. She will light lor it to tho Inst. Head the letter of Atchison to tho North Carolina Committee. Head his letter to Amos A. Lawrence. There is no truer exponent than be ol tho spirit and purpose of sla very, when it is, as now, in one ofits lienzicd and rampant moods. He says, that ho will bo prepared to surrender tho caro and control of Missouri to the abolitionists, as soon as thov shall havo con quered shivery in Knnvtis. Ho is right in hi? con clusion, that all Southern slavery must be conquer ed bcloro tho South will givoup slavery in Kansas. Wc would look to Mr. Uives of Virginia ns soon as to any slaveholder for moderato counsels in this case. Nevertheless, the tone of his letter to Mr. V inthrop inspires no hope, that tho South will ever consent to givo 1171 Kansas. And, among tunny other similar Southern demonstrations, llie Alabama Itcuioeratio Convention resolves to resist the restoration of tho Missouri Compromise "even to the extent of a disruption of tho Union." JJut I will cite in this connexion the authority of your eandidato for President Col. i'reniont a gentle man by the way of admirable traits of character (great applause) lorsees a desperate struggle in Kansas: and be speaks of tho slaveholders ns "ready to lie.ard in ryfitii; lor success" in it. Such is the language of this clear-sighted gentle man in the letter accepting his nomination. Many are of thu opinion, that if tho coming Presidential flection shall not go to suit tho South, she will give up slavery. Groundless opinion ! However that flection shall go.theie will be bloody battles in Kansas between liberty nnd slavery. Well, indeed, for liborty to have that Election turn in favor of liberty. Hut even then tho South would not give up tho conquest of Kansas. Ho what you can politically for Kansas. Hut you should not hope, that the bloody strife in Kansas can be thereby terminated. Least of all should you stand aloof from that strife, nnd wait w ith foi led arms for tlio verdict of the ballot-box. Id it hoped, that thoS iuth will fool morally bjund by such a verdict? bile hope! What cured sho for law, when she robbed innocent Mexico of a large part of her territory ? What cues sho for law, when her gloating eyes are upon all the l maiiider of Mexico What cares she for law, when she would eternize slavery in Cuba? What cares she for law, when sho would extend the accursed do minion of slavery over llayti? What cares the for law, when w ith unsurpassed perfidty she broke up tho Missouri Compromise ? Wliat'cftrcs she for law, when she indorses the brutality of her Ilrooks upon our noble and beloved Sumner? By the way, much as 1 had studied tho natiuo ef" sla very for thirty years, I must confess that, never until I saw the wliolo South acquiescing in this brutality, could I have believed in tho power of tho monster thus to pervert and debnso all within its reach. Hut 1 must hasten to a close. I trust that what ever other ef my resolutions it shall rcluso t adopt tho Convention will pass one or both if those which bxk to tho protection of Kansas by physi cal force, and against whatever foe, federal troops or nny other troops. If our brethren in Kansas can bo protected only by tho sh idding of blood, stand revealed. .And then too Kansas will soon be free. Hut will that bo tho end of tho bloody strife? No it will be renewed upon tho soil of Missouri, uud, in quick succession, in other States nbio. until slavery shall have ncrished in all the tho laud. Hut lew battles will bo needed for slavery is intrinsically nut only very weak, but very cowardly nlso. So great and so cunsoivus n wrong ns slavery is necessarily a groat coward. I scarcely need say, that its strength is only appar ent, since it so obviously consists in Noithern cow ardico und di,tiyij4cUin. Slavery bus been bravo and rampant, because wo havo run before it. The moment wo slinli tu.a uud faeo it, it will run before us. With no delight do I kok upon thoso scenes of blood, that seem to 1110 so certain nnd so near. All the horrors of war aro to my heart emphatically horrors. Let us all bo tilled with sincere and pious regret ac the wrotche.l circumstances, into which our iiiii euiiuenily (iuiltv country is brought. f say our guiliy country for I mean tho North as will as thu South. If tlio South baa Sinned fear fully in keeping alive and extending the system of slavery, no loss fearfully lias tho North sinned, in reiusing to kin the iiiooiiy aim iniernai sjmcih tlio ballot-box. V'or tho civil war, that has already broken out in this land, I hold tho North nod tho South equally responsible From the Wesleyan. SLAVERY MUST BE DESTROYED. Every instinct of self preservation, prompts this conviction Slavery must die ! Tho torpid viper, frozen still' 011 the ground, which the siniplo rus tic, took up and warmed nnd Ted in his cottngo bo enmo a venomous foe, striking its poisoned fangs into the heart of tho homo circle. So with Sla very. We have pitied it. Wo have eborished it in our bosom. Now it lifts its snaky crest nnd hisses its defiance in our face. Whnt hnvo wo not dono for slavery? Whnt in fatuation exceeds tho infatuation that has bewil dered nnd cursed republican America? liven now, the ejes of tho piping millions, startled from the sleep of generations past, disheartened ns they nro with astonishment nnd bloodshot with fear, do not take in tho wliolo view of tho enormity of sla very in point of strength nnd purpose for evil. Slavery has bad the legislative power of the na tion from the days of IT'.lo until now. Then for tho first timo, was put on roeord, unchallenged, uiiiuipeachod, a lying construction of the equivo cal and cowardly words of tho constitution about "fugitives from service and labor." Since then. Slavery has had only to ask nnd receive. And never did horse leech, make nioro peremptory nnd unceasing demands of "givo give !" And we have given. Hy a legislative invonSion never bclrc so applied "tho joint resolution" maneuver, designed to dodge tlio requisite two third, vote of the Senate, the annexation of Texas was consummated. Hereby was tho area, nnd the prospective material lor livo largo slavo States giv en to Slavery. Yes, wo have given ! Not only by subsequent immense extensions ol domain, but by guarantering over tho entire continent of America, the privilege of pursuing nnd recovering, at tho cxpenso of tho national treasury their tortured blooding slaves. Such is tho slave law of IS.IO. Wo have given nioro. Hy tho last ljislativc outrngo of Congress wo have given up the restric tion th it belted slavery down to a lino South of III)'. The barrier is broken. Tho w ild hordes of slavery ravage tho prairies of Kansas. The homes of freemen are plundered. Tho wives of freemen nrc abused. Tho children of freemen tire houseless. Tho dearest rights of freemen are nil trampled in the dust. And this is ho, bceauso ol the leg'slation allowed to shivery; the consequent judicial constructions in its favor; with 'he execu tive energy, and national treasure nnd nrms nil following in tho train of consecutive order nnd sequence. Tho dreaded contest, which Jclfcr.son cvci' deprecated in tho early period of his public career, is now almost inevitable. Tho crisis of revolution is hurrying on with fierce looks nnd rapid strides. It is impossible that the grnsping, crushing, doadly hate of slavery to hu manity, sliuuld not work out its legitimate but dreadful result, liruiso your flesh or another's, by accident or design will it rot becomo sore suppi..ale nnd slough off revolutioiii.o in fad? So of tho body of humanity. It is not non rosis tant. It resents injury. Tho angry inllamation may be concealed for a time. Hut tho red torch of fiery indignation will blaze forth. The spasms of I agony will shoot their lightning lashes forth with quaking thunderbolts of pain. Quiet reinoiistrnnco with shivery is perfectly useless. Will tho ravening wolf bear logical ar-1 guinent? Or tho hyena with jaws distended nnd recking corruption turn back from devouring the j dead body of the mother, because of tho waitings! of tho child? Never! Wo must light slavery. ! Wo must destroy slavery. Its existence is adverse 1 to our life. liberty, nnd all that's dear. Talk of hemming it in ! Chain the lightning ! Hind the tempest! Calm the raging waves of hell's black sea 1 All theso aro easy tasks com-1 pared with w hat our politicians nnd ecclesiastics ...1.1.,., .. ...i :n i .1 write and manage. On the altar of our every fireside, swear wiih upliftcd bauds slavery must bo destroyed. No compromiso with oppression. No quarter to its perpetrators, patrons or apologist's. Put it and them out ot the eliur.li, or put tho ihurch that holds them out of the pale id' Chris tianity, 11s guilty of fostering damnable heresies. Put slavery out of the union, or put i's perpetra tors out from under tho national protection a prey to the whelps their own bcastiality begets. Hut slavery must die ! It must die because from its innalo depravity. nnd destructive, murderous nature being cs scntialy hateful nnd devilish it is not lit to live. It must die because it has dishonored us nmong tho nations bv perverting tho government from its higher purpose ns tho champion of freedom to be the toid of blavery ! for thua dishonoring; the nation it deserves to die. It must die bceauso it has usurped tho control of the government by insisting on a test for qual- llieatioii lor olhco tlmt elevates tho unprincipled, the ignoblo, tho debauched nnd repels nil who en tertain tho sentiments of Washington and Jeffer son. Franklin und Adams. It must ilie because it has degraded tho mil lions of freo men, below tho level of slaves, mak ing the wliolo north liable in pains and in penal ties, it tlioy rcluso to run nnd yelt and Lute n.i the hounds of the hunter of men. It must die because it has debauched tho nior- als ot tho prominent Northern statesman our country has delighted to honor, nnd made Iheui kiss tho dust at its biding. It must die bceauso it has laid violent hands upon tho soil of freedom, uud is now enslaving Kansas. It must die because its murderous spirit rushes madly on tho freemen of our territories, hanging, shooting, butchering them nt every unprotected spot. It must die, beenuso it has invaded tho holy of holies of tho temple of Liberty and throatens to immolate on its blonly shrino those who may dare to speak adverse to its inline 1100. We havo henceforth for Slavery but ono ver dict. It Must Hie. From the Richmond Christian Advocate. RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION OF NEGROES. AVo givo plaeo to tho following from a correspon dent : This is tho ngo of electricity nnd steam; of pro gress and improvement; and has been styled em phatically tho ngo of resolutions. Tho inspired penman left nowhere on record, a book called the liuuk f IiMuliilwiig ; y. t in the sacred volume thcro is n book called tho "Acts of tho Apostles." Tho Bccond Sabbath School Convention of Vir ginia commencing its sessions in this city on the od of April, and without 0110 dissenting voico they passed tho following resolution : Kesolrcd, As the sense of this convention, that in accordance with tlio human spirit of our laws in regard to tho oral christian instruction of our colored population, it bo earnestly rteonunemiod to masters, pastors, congregations, nnd all good people amongst us, to exert thenisclvos faithfully I towards securing, necoiuing to law, oiat saboatn school instruction for tho colored peoplu through out the State. It i.i nut tho object of thij resolution to change the civil condition of the negro, or alto'1 tho icl.i tioiis of masters and servauu, or to te.ieh them to read. lu solo object is to proiiioto their uioiul ,ud ACtipturnl instruction orally; or, in other words, to furnish them scripture instruction according to law: or vet. in a morn cnuinrc hcicovc term, the on ly object of the convention, in passing this resobi tion. was to seenrn tn llin pnlio-nd nart of nm tiotv I'ation, throuihout tho Stale, the preached gospel, ' Go ye into nil tho world and preach my gospel to ove:y i reaturo, tun ltiii them to observe nil things whatsoever I havo commanded vnu." The negro population in this city is about sixteen thousand, and thore nro four African chuivhcs, one of which is among tho largest churches in tho world, nnd Lowell Mason says its choir is not (quailed l j nny in America. They sing by note tho most difli- cull and scientific music, nnd wc have no doubt thnt many of them sinif with tho spirit nnd with the understanding, making melody in their hearts. At tho tuna this resolution was iploptcil, tliero was an African sabbath school in St. James' church of some two hundred or two hundred nnd fifty schol ars, nnd a bible class of colored men, varying from forty to sixty, nnd a very successful school in one of the African Methodist churches, nnd another in Walter's tobacco factory, fight days after the resolution was adopted, two schools commenced. 0110 of which had been suspended during tho win-' ter; tno other entirely new. ntlicrs have fiiicc commenced; and the churches ot the city general ly nro taking steps to establish similar schools. It has heretofore been staled in dill'cront lie v , "papers, that there was a paper before the convention, sign ed by the governor and other distinguished gentle men, whirh gave their servants permission to at tend n Sunday school. This instrument reeogni-1 zes tho negro ns property, and shows the master's willingness to do what the law of the Ian J will al- low ;or his moral and intellectual improvement.- Tho paper reads as follows : "Our liegmes have to attend a sabbath school at nny suita-1 bio place in lliclnnoiol, nnd to receivo moral and religious instruction orally. Signed by Henry A. Wise, llichard G. Morrisjlobert C. St'anard," etc. etc. The same pr.per was submitted and Ki,r,,p,l in Lvnchbur ;h bv Ch swell Dabnev. John (i. Mecni. John llollins, Seth Woodruff, John 11. Mi: Daniel, etc.; ar.d wherever it has been submitted, it has been signed by the leading meu in both I'asteru and Western Virginia. Governor Wise believes this effort will take from northern fanaticism its sharpest weapon. His ex cellency is not alone in this opinion, nor yet in thinking there should bo "rent care in tho eclec- . e - . r . . . , . . , tit.ii of Wachers, for equity, justice, and the rights of man havo been, and are still, shamefully and disgracclitlly distorted under this cloak; yet there s not (he shghtest danger fro... such schools es- ,.o..0 .,o ,0 . 0 mcocs urn, .aogot ,.y moso no the eo.ihdcuce of the community. 1 he liar- Vest In V IS lilioil i'iiIIQ- I, lit tln.1 Pit.iiF (Viiinnt l.n' ctitcous; performed by strangers. The first African sold in America was sold on James river, August UOth, Hi-0; nnd may not tho Virginia master unite in some organization to perfect thu only object of the irgini.i Sabbath School Convention, exprescd in the foregoing resolution. Shall Ethiopia stretch forth her hands iu vain ? JAMES RIVER. A 'Southern man, writing from Pensacola. Lake Co.. iJisissippi, to tho Chicago Tribune, reveals state of tilings at tho South which will surprise some people, lie says : "I, in common with many .Southern men, feel a deep interest 111 your success in tho Kansas struggle, as we'll as in tho ensuing Presidential election ; but wo dare do nothing, as wo should thereby expatriate ourselves, or suffer intolerable persecution from the slaveholders, and thoso under their influence. I long, however, to mount the stump, and tell my Northern friends what many Southern men really do think of public affairs iii the present crisis. Hut wc are tongue-tied speechless, and dura not open our mouths iu de fence of equal rights and free Labor, without falling under the merciless displeasure id' tho 'Oli garchy,' as you Northerners correctly call them. Yet, many of us would bravo their anger malevo lence but for our families and rclations.that would suffer, on that account, tho ruthless vengeneo of the public oppressors of our fair land. "Many a Mlent but earnest prayer will bo utter ed for your complete success in November, by true hearted patriots South of Mason and Dixon's line, j who will work and vote fur Fillmore ns thfc least of two evils, trusting that their thraldom maybe oveiinrown i y me eiucess 01 i remont. 1 lets our irown I'V the eiucess ol I remont. II hope and morning star. If ho sets in daikness ; our last hope expires, and ii'aves us 111 gloom. May God in his increv avrrt such a calamity from 1 our land. I lis success will revive the sin.itildorint; lires of freedom in the breasts of tees of thou- juiids of non-slaveholders by compulsion, lielbre his b ur years end tliero will bo a powerful, grad- mil emancipation party organized in all the North-, crn slavo States, on Clay's plan, while we, further South, in tho cotton nnd 6ttrnr region, will em-j tho right of free Speech uud of subscrilj- ing, to and receiving, such newspapers as we please. W 01 U and pray for l'remo nt , but be sure to work, whether you pray or not." So. Tin-UN i.Aw.s. "Well might tho delegate in the late lilack Republican Conveiiaon, at Philadelphia, urge that so rapid would be the spread of republi can doctrines, that in four years they could, with impunity, hold their Convention iu Richmond, Vir ginia, or Lexington, Keutucky. Was there not good grounds for the assurance, in view of the delegates in that body from Virginia, Maryland, Helawarc, Tennessee, Kentucky, and District of Columbia? If he Iflil .warn liuw initio liUuk Jiijiuilii uiii lime litre in tiia Nulc and vumiiiuuihi, lie hii'lit lutrc mm-al to wlMinilic Cuneculimi hmcelin 1SU0 i Munt'loiiici ii. T'tn rc arc nun here in Alabamu, awl in (ii.v CuiihIi, who are not axlttiuicd to nun 11 prrf. ercme to i-Vtwui, or any other. Abolitionist to Buchanan. An editor, too, of a leading Fillmore papor in an adjoining county, very recently called ibraropo to hang, not tho black-skinned Douglass, but, as tho w retch termed him, tho hlnrk- lieiirtnl Douglas yes, for tho Senator from Illinois, w ho has nobly and patriotically periled his life mill loii.uiu ... ucioooo o. ojuuiui, oh"i. now l-'.i the South ever expect to maintain hr srlj-rrspc, t, or obtain her just rights, it sho even cwlnres sue. persons on her soil, much less permits them to oe ur;i mjiueiuuu inixuiuua ituiiu, nti irj.us:, forbearance, it is saul, sometimes ceases to no 11 virtue, nnd this is, in our opinion, ono of tho eased. Mubitc (Ala.) Aitrcrtiner. Ci niosiriEs or Hlei.in'ii. Tho New York Times says: "Among- tho most reniarkablo circumstan ces connected with tho duello in this country is that of tho cliaugo of sentiment at tho North and South relating to tlio code of honor. According to Sa bine's Notes, tho first duel fought iu North Amer ica was in New f iighind, between two Puritans, while the first law against duelling was introduced into Congress in tho your 1S0 . by a Virginian while the most foreihlo and eloquent appeals against , the 1.1 notice of duelling havo been made by South Carolinians. General Chailes Cotesworth lini-k-! of South Carolina, 0110 of tho most eloquent uio"n that Stato has produced, was chairman of a j committee appointed by tho Socioty of Cincinnati, to draft a memorial against duelling. It im but rotir years sinco that another eminent South Cam- linaii.Mr.Rhett. declined to entii2o in a duel, with ..., 1..,. in.,. ,.i- v ii,, ,..,.1 . i;.,,.l in. itiit v 1 1, 1 1 1 v 1 1 o - v l 4 MttJii tm. Hint piiaiHiiiiuii iiiii ibhorreiicoof tho practice in tho Souato chamber, i Although every Slate in tho Union l.a ,,,,,oCl l.ivij against duelling, yet tho tii.d opposition to the practice appe.trj to have originated at the South where it lias now becomo aa iusiuutiuii, while at llio North it lim now cert!:il to bo r?9'.ttcd to by any chioS ol the people." fiivfiRFwiN.w, lit F.t.s.--Thorc Imve Ye n but fwentv-tlvn ConTessionnl chnllenffPS to licht duels since the organization of the first Congress, and the greater 11 11 ml. er of these originated in quarrels, : which though political had no relerencn to matters which occurred in Crncross. The last duel is the most remarkable of all. Hrook fired, before bis time, a red hot card at Hgrlincamp, nnd then rnn oil' to the Virginia Springs. Huriingamo follows in n double barrelled idiot Iroin himself and Mr. Campbell, through tho columns of the Intclligen- ecr. lioth parties then nc.rec not to have anything further to do with each niher and this is tho end of I the nflair. Vliit'tihljiltia Lctltjrr SPEECH OF HON. BENJAMIN F. WADE. ,,,UI"1 talk "L Jlo explained it himself in the ",oxt ''i'''', for ho went on to tell ns that in the "huo fUlU,s not onC liltl, r the white inhabitants Pwn V"'- 11 - , 1 . 1,0 oxM havo been nearer right; but, taking his own n.l perriission "iission, not more than one fifth of tho cntiro free PoP'thiH"". of the Southern States havo nny inter I PSJ. institution of slavery. lint nro wo to I ",,rr rr," ' 'nll h3 the slave power 1 mean that , power which reigns nnd doniineers over four-fifths ,(,n it ,,, t.,l0ck jU ubsoll.to dominion -havo Tli si lIl(J , d ; . f j . , .. . .. 1 ' J abiding conduct of which some gentlemen talk so much nnd so loudly. I proclaim hero boldly thnt, in my judgment, tliero it. not the feniblaiico ol liberty in thu Southern Slates no 111010 for the man living there than for 1110. 1 judgo Bi from ibis circumstance, that tho most extreme nud out quer ragcous measures in regard to (his subject by the most violent men are never rebuked theic,allhoti"h nu;- " J m? I1001' wtiy, mako a ttiiu.p "l"''1 111 f;!vor of, roWt i"I IVjt'i'V and argue JtopuMieait .latl..nn ui t liarlestoi; or Rich nev, """"1 w"1' I'npumty ? ff I were to go thoro would bo ellectual for mo tu invoke, tho uuu.titiitiou ol '1'" L "lteJ '"tes? It thcro bo u man hero who l-'eliisvos .. l.t liuit Fp-K. r"J"" ''vo I otluniluU. ro is no such man. .. llio Vons.titiition has nothing to do with tho rights ol northern men iu On tlio 2d ult. Mr. Walo made a ppeeeli in the Senate, eharaoicrized by bis nccustomcd boldness,; in somo parts, nnd in others by tho nccustomcd DPce'Mons of northern men to Slavery. Wc nn extract or two The Senator from Kentucky, (Mr. Thompson) asked us yesterday what wo meant by tho tdave power ? Ho looked around with an air of triumph as if lie had found a slang phrase which ronlly meant nothing. Ho nsked us to defitio what we meant by the "slavo power" which ho benrd i;yt'-- 111..11 nu. s io.mi m a rod of iron: which gags the press; which restrains the liberty of speech: which makes it perilous even for you, men of the South, to go home and pro claim the doctrines of tho Heeliration of Indepen dence; though yon may believe in those doctrines in your I, earls. You date i,ot do it. I do not blame you, for the I'aet is that one-fifth have tri umphed over nil the rest, g igged them, nnd pro .....:i..i .. i.i i... ..1... 11 .1 a .1.- ...1 ' . r-i 1 ui-11 t out lory moi 11 uo iwtu say on inu so o cel. Tlc SiUU u not f c(mnlry Tll0 vy- , ,;, fl;lvfi , , f , cIl(1!lll(J,f tlu (it,veninu.Jlt cvcr sinco itH foundation, ,! it nl. Wilys threatens dissolution of the Union if nn nt corner of the republic. Gentlemen ficqticitly talk to r.10 ns if I were in terfering in a matter that dcs not concern inc. This is a idiargo which I do nnt like to hea-; for of all things in thv world I deprecate the idea of in termeddling in oihct people's business. I have sonic interest in this question. Notwithstanding yon say that you will resist all attempts to agitate certain subjects, tho Constitution of tho ,1'nitcd States gives 1110 tho right to go into any of your Sta!es,to go to Richmond or any whero else in Vir n!"!mlJ' ginia, or any other Southern State, and there speak for freedom as boidly ns I intend to do here to-tiny, and with tho snnio impunity. Tho fathers of tho Republic wero willing that uny man should propagato any doctrine iu which ho believed, leav ing tho judgment to tho people to correct him if ho was wrong. How is the practice in point of fact ? You f requently say that you nro a law-abiding nnd constitutional people; but, sir, it vfould be more perilous for 1110 to go into your States nnd declare what, beforo C id, 1 bclicvo to be true upon this subjo t of slavery than it wotibl.be to pro-! claim Red Republicanism in St. I'ctersburgli. Von know it ami yet you talk of tho Constitution and the constitutional rights of the South, while you deprivo us of tho plainest and most sacred con stitutional rights. Why, sir, a Northern man can hardly go with safety into the South to transact business entirely collateral to the question of slavery I know n gentleman from Ohio who went into South Caroli na as an administrator to wind up the affairs of an estate not at till connected with slavery. When ho g it there ho was told that it wns understood he was an Abolitionist, ns nil men who entertain my sentiici nls are stjled, and a committee waited 011 him a:: I told him he must leave the place nt once. it was evtiiy vy me greatest exertions ol iiifliicutm lawyers that he was permitted to abide in the town until Ins Pusiness could bo transacted. was be that he escaped at la.st without a co; Happy it of tar: and feathers, or something worse. This is the law there must bo in that section, as in others, men of judgment and discretion, lovers of liberty, justice, and right. If a proposition is made of tho most extreme and violent character, involving tlio great est outrage on the rights of men; yen do not hear the voice of wisdom ond ji.stico saying, "friends, you aro going too far." No man can say thin, for llio reason that, if ho did so, he would bo denoun ced nt oneo n nn abolitionist. Any man who should Uhdertako to moderato their zeal ngainst what they call abolitionism would be deemed an Abolitionist himself, ami would stand about the same chance that u reactionist did dm ing the French Revolution. 1 lako no pleasure in proclaiming theso things aju,,,,!, l )l;licv0 nicm tl) ))0 tnsc." Vrlm the 'no' cumulated evidenco w hich i receive on this subject troni every quarter, I Cannot doutit lor ono moment that tho people of tho South aro laboring tinder ono of the most accursed despotisms that ever set tled down upon mankind, involving not only them selves, but citizens tf oilier Stales, who havo the right under the Constitution to go there. Still 1 am to bo blamed as one who interferes with other ntrxt'o 1 kiwi muu 1,.iniin I btimd hero to inveigh . lllr.,nst this sUto of things, uud iJeelaro to you , u ; UlJ Sull, t(, r.ir.lllCl,, of ,,,0 C,nstuu. lj, aro n mcre rn,e nfsand., When I invoke that constitution for tho protection r,f my right to , lk niiblUJi, uud print whatever too ht. yon a ) ,vil, coat o( tar ull(j feathers or with ,1.,, ,..,.. .. Imneamin. Vet the South seem t0 pnppose that they nlono nro loyal to tho Consti tution. Thus will men be bliuded by interest, pas sion, nnd prejudice I , My Soutliorn friends, do Icxngcrato nny thing? Do I state uny thing more than iu really existing among you? When you commence tho agitation against what you call abojitionism, I do not believe you contemplated tho excesses fo which it has since been driven. That ihe case, however, is as 1 have stated, 1 have no kind of doubt. Hoes uny man believe that 1 could go into I hp Southern vour Southern States. J 011 know that it has been . , . , , . . . entii'ciy pcrvei lej 111 uese unci- .lays to 1 110 ten ion, upholding, cherishitig, and spreading ol the institution of slavery. I Lite Wen amazed, i:t .-tud ing the history of u.y country, to tcflcct ua tho diQcieucu bcitvccn I ; this d ay and that when tho word ' liberty" wft I'A'pd. .It reminds 1110. tf tho ppccpli of Cicero on a certain ore.'.sion, w li'ni, in the degenerate dnyn of obi Home, the nam o i lea crossed bis great rhind. He sp.d;c of liberty, how oneo revered nnd loved by (ho I Ionian people, but now (said lie) train pled down. How is it hero to day ? low, is it "with tno great femocratie party, ftna their represent lives within my h?t.riiig ? Thcro, is no word iit the F.uglish langn.ipe that is so proscribed ) them ns tho word "liberty." These Democrats hato it us a mad dng liatea wnts-r. , Liberty I Tho moment the word is spoken lie thr.t upcnk it is at once transformed into an Abolitionist. 'Liberty!" "freedom 1" of all words in our language their ut terance soonest puts a mini in Coventry. Ono Sen ator believes that a man should be put in Coventry who makes ue of these trnns indiscreetly. Why. is it thus? Sir, liberty was tho polar star tiiat guided our fathers in the .great, struggle forind pendencc. 1 f th it ward bad boon stricken from the calendar, not a sint-le man would have been. round tu face tho Hrit'Vh j It is in vindication of liberty that I nm hereto-. It is not less m ip' a' ly row tiinu it wait then. Aspirations for liberty s:io :ilatn them, nnd enabled them ! 1 go through the dreadful strugjrlcs of the Hevoloiioii: but now nt this era, in the Scn ate of the I nited. State.", I am supposed (tj, J10 .nn inlermed tier in rthor men's business, not snj rvrrv fr avowing my love for it. for maintaining this) principle I nm put beyond the palo of nil promo tion in thoso called Democratic party. Tho lend; leaders nro now .courted, trusted, nnd honored irt proportion to their servility nnd hatred 6 free dom. . : ... ,. 1 1. 1 - All Senators know that there fxists here nr. ti;v cor stitntii.nal test of ofliee. I do not respect it, nnd I t..id yon in tho beginning that 1 never would. Lest he who occupies tho exceutivo chair should make some great blunder, nnd not put into- office, the mere tool of the slavo pvwer, jou Uj'riiiTP ..into what he has done: nnd if the smell of lilorty Irion, his garment, be it ever so faint or remoto,: ho i proscribed. lie can no more receive nn ofjico atj the hands of the Democratic party than if ho canift from the penitentiary. The love of liberty icjicrf ates ns 11 conviction for crime. It deprives hii.i of tho rights of an American citizen. Jlo ran hold nn olliec of trust or profit under the United States if he bi-ppens to believe that men nrc crenteif equal, nnd havo certain innlienablo rights, nmonn which are life, liberty, nnd the pursuit of Imppi! ness. This is the degeneracy to whiih your Dem ocratic party his come. I am humiliated by it; t am put beyond the pale of office. There is not cno of the majority in the other House, calling them selves Republican, who wero electod by nr( P,vc: whelming majority. of the (rco n.'.otde.of L'ni- ted States, whose Representatives they arc,. why is not, under your Ikinocratie rule, ns effectually proscribed from receiving nn office at tho hands ot the. Democratic partv ns though ho wns thcinmato of a penitentiary. VhyT liecause ho has, undfj takep to resist your ,n!jempt to rnakS slavery, in these United States universal ana pcrpotual for ever. Theso nro some of tha rcasonaiwliy I stand licrq to inveigh ngaiiiBt your institution.. It has cor rupted public men ; it has overturned the Oovernj mcnt. You have erected rules and principles utterly , inconsistent ii ilh those of the fathers of tho Re public. You know that I preach no more than the truth ; nay, half the truth has not been told nit this subject. I tlesiro to reason with men; nnd I nskj piy Democratic friends of the South, dp ypn suppose for one mimient that a proud people, joaloils abovi) all things oftheir rights.whoso fathers jacriled their lives to obtain those guarantees of liberty . whie,h' wo nro defending; I ask you , iji . snfiftr fcasori,' divested of all acrimony, is it rcacn!in,'6' to, sup-, pose that it is entirely safe to drivo. that class of men to tho wall ? lo you expect that it will be safe to deny forover thoso great principles of liber ty which are cherished by a majority of tho people of the United States as :'. apple pf theif eye? ..If you do, I tell you yoo will wake up sitrri.p morning nnd find that you have gone a step too far, Tho pationco f ;our pCoplo on this .subject has been more severely tried than was that of fathers. If thoso venr rated sires could look down on us to-day, they wouhf Jepronch us for our, patient submission for so long x lime., .llu..ho! went through every battle, from Hunker iWI tc Yorktown, would r.sk me,"Why is it that you hava ' not stood forth Lefero as the bold advocate of thoso rights which were bestowed upon you Vj tpa labors, perils, nnd blood?" Ho would raprocb me as an nndiitiful son. for havini? been. Inn ration yea. infinitely more patient than the nicn"of tho Revolution under the aggressions of Great Britain! I know that a majority of the people of the Uni ted States feel that they have been delinquent irj not having risen beforo to assert thf-ir rights. Svil( you bo lured by tho recreant men who happen to slip i,i here against tho wishes of their constitu; cuts, by such accidents as frequently take place, to bclicvo that the people of tlio North, in wJiiiAj veins Hows the blood of tho Revolution, hijvf jcivll the spirit of their ancestors? Will yge(ta.ire I fu believe that it is perfectly safe to Jurogard their, rights? 1 ask you to pause. 1 tell you theso met are not safe counsellors. 1 know that you regard 1110 nn your enemy; and yet I 11111 really your best friend, because I stand hero to advise you of the, danger of baing lured to destruction by men who seek their ftwn advancement, coring nothing -wlyij may bcfail yen. Liko those who, in times gone by havo been the honest bearers of uiiwcleomo intel ligence, I know I shall bo treated ns your enemy ;' but still I will not shrink from tho path of duty. After discussing other topics and especially the tvnnsas Nebraska bill ?Ir. v ado proceeds r Sir. President, the pis.-ng5 of thr.t tii?f wag t was an unfortunate hour for this Republic. I felt it theni and during that dark night I roso hero and told you that I feared that tho k hfU of our Republic was rvtig; that yen bad given it a wound undof which it would languish; and finally dio. . Hod knows 1 fear now lhat my prediction will be vcri lied; for all the evils w hich 1 then thought would, aii-o out of this dangerous itnd unjust legislation, havo come upon uj. This Government has been legislating for seventy years on matters connected with tho welfare of tho American peoplo ; not al; ways, perhapi, in tho w isest manner, but still su. as to make every one proud of ihe American numo P.'lf'er to uohnlJ the iotr:-i:vr of nor instituliona- ,ui now t.'.py havo received a wound thut makes every p:.Miot tremtlo. anil jnduces hi in to pauso ua ho attempts to lift th6 curtain which conceals tho future of this Republic. t. .I for more than seventy years tho rights of the, American people havo been secured, and wo havo hoard of-no civil war, no civil stfjfo .pr .etvittinuoi) during this period; wo h.v.o not heard of American blood shed by American hands on American bom! for tho purpose, of propagating any specie, pf po litical principle or for defending or overthrowing any of her institution. Now, however, sinco ;hft spoiler has como, and with hint this uefarious leg islation, strife or contention embitter 0110 socVioo . of the country ngaiust tho. other, so thut it.imw lit quires all the coolness of tho patriot to withhold his hand from rushing into the arena of pivi wir. Sir, civil war, in fact,..ii(iw .exists iu yoiir ,'1'crrri lory, nud it ha:i been commenced for 110 other pur-, postf but to carry slavery into Kapsr.s in the face. your specious legislation, which was, to leavQ the people freo to legislate as they looted on tho jutijecr. 1 wish tn !amw whm'hci- thorn isnhi nin 111 tho Senate of tha Unid S'tatqs that call b.ok with composi ro nt tho transaction now K0.. - - - -1 . -. . ... - - ing on in transits. 1 iuk every man no aintten from w hero ho comes, if bis blood dofs got boil ui ho louteiupUuj tho acts cf IdAleci violence'