Newspaper Page Text
T II E A N T I - S L A V K It Y U G L E
the States, by ft lectionnl organisation nnd move
ment, to usurp the control of tho government of
the United States. ....
I confidently believe that tho great, body of those
bo Inconsiderately took this fatal atop, are sin
cerely attached to the Conalitution nnd tho Union.
They would, upen deliberating shrink with unaffect
ed borror from any conscious net of disunion or
civil war. But they have entered into n path,
which lends nowhere, unless it bo civil war and
disunion, nnd which has no othci possiblo outlet.
They have proceeded thus for in that direction in
consequence of tho successive stages of their pro-
f;resa having consisted of n series of secondary
ssues, each of which professed to be confined
within constitutional und peneeful limits, but
which attempted indirectly what few men were
willing to do directly, that is, to net aggress
ively against the constitutional rights of nearly
one half of tho thirty-ono Stu'es.
In the long series of acts of indirect aggression,
the Grit was tho strenuous agitation, by citizens uf
the northern States, in Congress and out of it, of
the question of negro emancipation in the southern
The second step in this path of evil consisted of
Hols of the peoplo ot tlio northern states, ana in
several instances of the governments aimed to
facilitate the escape of persons held to service in
the southern States, and to prevent their extradi
tion when reclaimed according to law and in virtue
-of express provisions of the Constitution. To pro
mote this object, legislative ennctmciits nnd other
means were adopted to take away or detent rights,
"which the Constitution solemnly guarantied. In
order to nullify the then existing act of Congress
concerning the extradition of fugitives from ser
vice, luws were enacted in many States, forbid
ding their officers undor the severest penalties, to
participate in the execution of any net of Congress
whatever. In this way that system of harmonious
eo-opernlion between the authorities of tho United
States and of the several States, for the mainten
ance of their common institutions, which cxistod in
the early years of the Republic, Was destroyed
and conflicts of jurisdiction came to be frequent;
and Congress found itsolf compelled, for the sun
port of tho Constitution, and (lie vindication of its
power, to authorize the appointment of new officers
charged with tie execution of its nets, as if they
and the officers ot tho States wero ministers, re
spectively of foreign governments in n state of
mutual hostility, rather than fellow magistrates of
a Summon country, peacefully subsisting under
the protection of one well constituted Unhin.
Thus here, also, aggression was followed by reac
tion; nnd (he attacks upon tho Constitution at this
point did but serve to raiso up new bnrrirers for its
defence and security.
The third stage of this unhappy sectional con
troversy was in connexion with the organization
of territorial governments, nnd the admission of
new States into the Union. When it was proposed
to ndrait the State of Maine, by separation of ter
ritory from that of Massachusetts, nu'J the Stato nf
Missouri, formed of a portion oi the territory ceded
by France to tho United States, representatives in
Congress objected to tho admission of tlio litter.
unless Willi cun.utior.ssuiiel to parti ar views ol
publh puhuy. lhe.tnipnsiti.jn of such a condition
was suecsslullv resisted. But, at the same period,
the question was presence I of imposing restri tioiis
upon mu iciuuuui mj ..jiriniry cimim uy r tanco.
'That, question was, for thu time, disposed ol by the
adoption of n geographical line of limitation.
In this connexion it. should not be forgotten
that France, of her own accord, resolved, for con
siderations of the uiont far-sighted sagacity, to
cede Louisiana to the United States, the latter ex
press', y engaged that "the inhabitants of the ceded
territory shall be incorporated in the Union of t lie
United States, and admitted ns soon us possible,
according to the principles of the Federal Consti
tution, to the enjoyment of nil the rights, advan
tages, and illinium lies of citizens of ithe Uracil
States ; and in the mean time they shall be main
tained nnd protected in tho free enjoyment of their
. liberty, properly, and the religion w hich they pro
foss" that is to say, while it remains in a tend
torial condition, its inhabitants are maintained
and protected in the free enjoyment of their lib
erty and property, with a right then to pass into
the condition of States on a footing of perfect
equality with the original States.
The enactment which established the restrictive
geographical line, was acquiesced in rather than
. approved by the Stares of tho Union. It
. stood on the statute book, however, for n mini
of years j nnd tho people of the respectivo States
. acquiesced in tho re-enactment of the principlo as
applied to the State of Texas j nnd it was pro
posed to aeqiiieaeo in its further application to the
torritory acquired by the United States from Mex
ico. But this proposition was successfully resisted
by tho representatives from the northern States,
who, regardless of tho statuto line, insisted upon
; applying restriction to the new territory generally,
whether lying north or south of it, thereby repeal
ing it as a legislative compromise, nnd, on the
part of the North, persistently violating the com
pact, if compact there was.
Thereupon this enactment ceased to havo bind
ing virtue in any sense, whether as respects the
North or the South ; and so in effect it was treated
ou tho occasion of the admission ol California, and
the organization of tho Territories of New Mexi
. co, Utah nod Washington.
Such was tho state of this question, when tho
time arrived for the organization of the Territo
ries of Kansas and Nebraska In the progress
of constitutional inquiry and reflection, it had
now at length comn to bo seen clearly that Con
gross doos not possess constitutional power to im
pose restrictions of this character upon any pres
ent or future State of the Union. In a long ser
ies of decisions, on the fullest argument nnd after
the most deliberate consideration, the Supreme
Court of the United States had finally determined
this point, in evory form undor which the ques
tion could arise, whether as nft'ecting public or
private rights in questions of the public domain
of religion, of navigation, and of servitude.
The several States of the Union are, by force
of the Constitution, co-cquni in domestic legisla
tive power. Congress cannot ehango a law of
-domestio relation in tho State of Maine ; no more
can it in the State of Missouri. Any statue which
proposes to do this is a mere nullity; it tukes away
no right, it confers none. If it remain on the stat-uto-book
unrepealed, it remains thero only ns a
monument of error, nnd a beacon of warning to
the legislator nnd the statesman. To repeal it will
be only to remove imperfection from the statutes,
without affecting, either in the sense of permiss
ion or prohibition, the action of tho States, or of
Still, when the nominal ro striction of this na
ture, already a dead letter in law, was in terms
repealod by the last Congres, in a clause of tho
not organizing the Territories of Kansas and Ne
braska, that repeal was made the occusion of a
wide spread and dangerous agitation.
While therefore, in general, the people of the
northern Stales have never at any ti mo, arrogated
for the federal government the power to interfere
direotly with the domestio condition of persons in
the southern States, but ou the contrary have disa
vowed all such intontions, and have shrunk from
conspicuous affiliation with those few who pursue
itheir fanatical objects avowedly through the con
templated means of revolutionary change of the
government, and with acceptance of the necessary
consequences a civil and servile war yet many
citizen have suffered themselves to be drawn into
ODO evanescent political issue of agitation after
4taother, appertaining to the same set of opinions.
And whioh subsided as rapidly as they arose when
it came la be seen, as it uniformly did, that they
were incompatible with tho compacts of the Con
stitution and the existence of the Union. Thus,
when the acts of some of the Statos to nullify tho
existing extradition law imposed by Congress the
duty of passing a new one, tlio country was invit
ed by agitators to enter, into party organization
for its repeal ; but that agitation speedily censed
by reason of iiopraetabilit.y of itsohjtct. So, when
the statute restriction uoon the institutions of new
States, by a geographical line, hud been rapealed,
the country was urged to demand its restoration,
nd that project also died almost with its birth.
Then followed the cry of slarui from the North
against imputed southern encroachments j which
cry sprang in reality from the spirit of revolution
ary attack on the domestio institutions of the
South, and, ufter a troubled oxistenoe of a few
months, has been rebuked by the voice of a pa
Of this last agitation oua lamentable feature
was, tLt it wot carried un at the immediate ex-
ponse of (lie pcnco nnd linpjiincs of tlio people
of tlio Territory of Kansns, Thnt was made the
lattle-ticl J, nut so much of opposing faclioiiH or
interests within itself, nj uf tlio t- i II ii: t i t. pas
sions uf tf 10 n'liulo people df '.lie Uiiili'J States.
Revolutionary disorder in Kansas liml i t h origin in
projects of Intervention, deliberately arranged by
certain members of tlmt C ingress, which enacted
tho law for tlio organization of the Territory. And
when propagandist colonization of Kansas hud
thus been undertaken in one section of the Union,
fur the systematic promotion of its peculiar views
of policy, there ensued, ns a mutter of course, 11
counter-action with opposite views, in other sec
tions of the Union.
In consequence of these nnd other incidents,
ninny acts ol disorder it in undeniable, have been
perpetrated in Kansas, to the occasional intcrrup
lion, rather, than the permanent suspension, uf
regular government. Aggressive ami most repre
hensible, incursion into tho Territory weie under
taken, both in tlio North nt'd the South, and enter
ed it on itK northern border by the way of lun a, an
well os on tlio eastern by way of Missouri ; and
there linn existed within it a Mate of insurrection
ngninst the eotiKtituted authorities, nut without
countenance (rum inconsiderate persons in curb of
the great sections of tho Union. Hut the dillicul
tios in that Territory bavo been extravagantly ev
ngornted for purposes of political agitation else
where. Tho number nnd gravity of the acts of
violence have been magnified partly by statements
entirely untrue, nnd Mu tlv bv reiterated accounts !
of tho samo rumor or fucts. Thus the Territory j
hns been seemingly tilled w ith extrctuo violence,
when the whole amount of such nets has not been
greater than what occasionally passes before us in1
single cities to the regret of nil good citizens, but !
without being regarded ns of general or perina-
nont political consequence.
Imputed irregularities in tho elections had in
Kansas, like occasional irregularities of the same;
description in the State, were beyond tho sphere
of action of tho Executive, lint i'leidenls uf ac
tual violence or of orgonized obstruction of law, 1
pertinaciously renewed from time to time, have
boon met as they occurred, by such means as were
available and ns the circumstances required; and
-....i ..r .1.:.. i - . . . ...v. .1
' I"' ....... .....T ... ..,,..,. 1U hu.i
the general peace of tlio t nion. J he nttemtit ol a
. .., . r ,1,,. .1. f t...: .
' ,,,, ,,,, , . ,,., ',;, , . .
h'"-' ...... ..v, ... '..jy. "ivu.uun; v.."
Viiitliici. ..... no i i. .I'll nix. t:i;u ....i. y ui.. ir
active ngciiis 01 uisoruer 11. soiim 01 uiu otaies,
has completely failed. Bodies of nrined men, for
eign to the Territory, havo been prevented from
entering or compelled to leave it. 1'rcdalory bands
engaged in acts ot rapine, under cover of tho ex
isting Dohlical disturbances, have heen arrested or
...s,,erscu. anu every wen isposeo person is qow
e lao.e.. "..ce a.o.u ,... i.i peace
tho pursuits ol prosperous industrv, for the prose-
cution of which he undertook to participate in the!
settement of the Territory.
L nfTords me unmingled satisfaction thus to nn-
nounce tho peaceful condition of things in Kansas,
especially considering the means to which it was
nci-efnrv tu have recourse lor tlie attainment ol
tll(1 eH iMmely, the einptovme it of it part of Hie
I ,.,iiit.,ry ,.rceof the United States the withdraw
1 ,lt ,)f ,tiaI im.(.e .,., v,,-,,,, duty of dele-nling
,,. ,.utrv nnwt foreign Iocs or tlio savages ,,t
tl.u lr,.i,tbr. to employ it for the suppression
domestic instirieciioii, in, when the exigency oc-'ith
a matter of the mos. earnest solieitmbi. On
this occasion of iinpcrative necessity it has been
done wilh the best results, and my haiisliiciioii i,t
the attainment of such results by such means is
enhanced by the consideration, that.
through the wisdom ni.d energy of the present Ex-i
ceutive of Kansas, and tho prudei.co, tirinness and
vigilance of the military officers on duty thero,
trnnquility hns been restored without one drop of
i nod liavniu l.ecn slicit in its accoumlisliment bv
the forces ot the L nited states.
Tho restoration of comparative tranquility in
that Territory furnishing the means of observing
calmly, and appreciating nt their just value, the
events which have occurred there, and the discus
sions of which the government of the Territory
has been the subject.
We perceive that controversy concerning its fu
ture domestic institutions whs inevitable; that no
human prudence, no form of legislation, no wis
dom ou the part of Congress, could nave prevented
this. It is idio to supposo that the particular pro
visions of their organic law wore the causo of agi
tation. These provisions were but the occasion,
or the pretext of an agitation, which was inherent
tri tho naturo of things. Congress legislated upon
the subject in such terms as were most consonant
with tho principle of popular sovereignty which
underlies oor government. It could not have leg
islated otherwise w ithout doing violence to anoth
er great principlo of our institutions, the inprcscrip
tiblo right of equality of tho several States.
We perceive, also, that sectional interests and
party passi. ns, have been the great impediment to
the salutary operation of the organic principles
adopted, and the chief cause of the successive dis
turbances in Kansas. The assumption that, be
cause in the organization of the Territories of No
braska nnd Kansas, Congress abstained from im
posing restraints upon them to w hich certain other
Territories bad been subject, therefore disorders
viccurred in the latter Territory, is emphatically
contradicted by the fact that nono bavo occurred
in tho former. Those disorders were not the con
sequence, in Kansas, of the freedom of self-government
conceded to tho Territory by Congress,
but of unjust interference on tho part of persons
not inhabitants of tho Territory. Such interior
ference, wherever it has exhibited itself, by acts
of iiibiirrectioiiarY character, or of obstruction to
processes of law, has been repelled or suppressed,
by nil the means which tho Constitution and the
laws placed in the hands of tho Executive.
In those parts pf the U. S., where by reason
of tho inflamed state of tho public mind, false ru
mors and misrepresentations havo tho greatest cur
rency, it has been assumed that it was the duty of
tho Executive not only tosuppaess insurrectionary
movements in Kansas, but also to seo to the regu
larity uf local elections. It needs little argument
to show that the President has no such power.
All government in the United Sttos rots suhstan-
tiully upon popular election. The fneeuom of
elections is liable to bo impaired by tho intrusion
of unlawful votes, or the exclusion of lawful ones.
by improper influences, by violence, or by fraud.
But tho people of the United States uro themselves
the nll-sufliuient guardians of their own rights, to
suppose that they will not remedy, in duo season,
any incidents, of civil freedom, is to suppose them
to have ceased to be capable of solf-goverumcnt.
Tho President of tho United States bus not power
to interpose in elections, to seo to their freedom, to
canvass their votes, or to pass on their legalby in
the Territories more than in the States. If ho
had such powor the government might be republi
can in form, but it would be n monarchy in fct;
and if ho had undertaken to exercise it in the case
ot Kansas, he would have been justly subject to
the charge of usurpation, nnd ot violation of the
dearest rights ol Hie people of tho United States.
Unwise laws, equally with irregularities at elec
tions, are, in periods of gretjt excitement, the oc
casional incidents ol even tho freest and best po
litical institutions. But all experience demon
strates that in a country like ours, where the right
of self-constitution exists in the eunipletest f inn.
the attempt to remedy unwise legislation by resort
to revolution, is totally out of place; inasmuch as
existing legal institutions afford more prompt and
efnenuious moans for tho redress of wrong.
I confidently trust that now, whon the peacaful
condition of Kansas atl'nrds opportunity for calm
reflection nnd wise legislation, either tho legisla
tive assembly of the Territory, or Congress, will
seo that no act shall remain on its statute-book vio
lative of the provisions of the Constitution, or sub
versive of the great objects for which that was or
dained und established, and will take nil other nec
essary stops to assure to its inhabitants the enjoy
ment, witiiout obstruction or nh'idgemeiit ol nil
tho constitutional rights, privileges and iiiioiuoi
ties uf citizens of the United States, as coutuinplu
ted by the orgauio law of tho Territory.
Full information in relation to recent events in
this territory will be found in the docuuionu com
municated herowith from tho Departments of State
I refer you to the report of the Secretary of tho
Treasury fur particular information concerning the
financial CJnditiun of the government, nnd the va
rious branches of the publio service eonueeteJ
with the Treasury r-'epurtiucnt.
THE PEOPLE'S PAPER.
L. A. Itino is publishing nt Cincinnati n Month
ly Quarto paper, devoted to Educational and Lit ml
li'"iin. Tho Kditor's six lectures on The lliyhesl
Sirjile, iiro in course oT publication hi his paper,
"the People's Paper" is the organ of Industry and
the enemy of nil forms of Aristocracy. Tho edi
tor hns given to rufurur the half of tho best ten
years of bis lifo, nnd ho expects to give the hall
of twenty years more. If ho hns nny friends on
enrtb, ho hopes they will remeinbir him now in
his greatest nllliction the establishment of a pa
per by getting Subscribers at 30 cts. single, five
for $2,1)11, twelve for ?4,00, nnd twenty Tor SC.Ot)
per milium. It is small, but so soon as a larger
ono can live it shall be forthcoming.
Glad to IIfar it. We loam front the Liberator
that during tlio Mouth of January, William Wells
lb-own intends to make a tour West as far ns Mich
igan, for the purpose of reading his Anti-Slavery
Omnia; and will return by way of Cincinnati, Co
h.iiibus and Pittsburgh. Mr. lbown's Drama, and
his method of presenting it to the public, has met
w ilh favor w herever bo hns cono. Wo weleomo
him most hcurtilv in this effort to strt-inrthen the
mlltu Jj.uk bono of the West.
. A J'""' ,A T " "eati.asij. Gov. Vise, Senator
"ougltiss, John S nlell, nnd othor distinguished
,'K',,"I,0,", ",' ''c 'ave 1 ropr. gun ..a, have heen at
Wheatland. It is understood that Mr. IJuehan-
.... - .o,i liiiii'jii.) ui:i-nii'u ii i mi ,1 .mo ne
edling til the imperious suggestions, or rnihrr de
mands, of U iso. loo iiuiiieiuo majorities cast
ng iiti.-t him in the North have made so deep an
impression ns to cause liiio to shrink from the ex
treme measures they propose to him. This hesi-:
tntion has excited tho iru of his Virginia supor
nristocratic Highness, the ilbi-trious and iinniacii-j
bile Wise. SlidcM, more eonrllv, but nt t the lessl
, ,-,. .... ,,,, ,, , ,1
. r,i . .. i , 1 .1 ,. . . '
i hacked hy I.ighis, they could not extort a nega-
i tivc or un affirmative from tlm President elect
j They succeeded in f rightenii.g him very much, but
(JS y(i-y j.jyt
I produced su.li extreme nervous
ness, that nil will, courage and resolution had de
parted from him.
This livii tho isan 1-loll ir r snigger Mr. Wise'
thereupon Hew into a trcmcinhius passion, left in
high dudgeon, refusing'to eat a Thanksgiving din-i
U':.., .,..... i ii.. i wi: 1..11 . :.i... i .. .
Hi.. II. .III, l .1. II . tlu.ll',, ijllllLI. C.1..-....V 1..0-
Virjrss.i- com e,.l;e and bacon to Pcnsvivauia
huck heat lllld tlllkev.-
Cuigr.is represent 273 years of Cotigression
curs, j nlexperieneo. Massachusetts, Ohio, Michigan,
j Wisconsin and South Car ilina have selected n
j ni ij .i ity of the present Congress, and including
I nil former inumbers ro-eleetmi, Indiana nnd Arknn
grently ' ""st, ho added to the list, while Maine will
he jiisj a tie. Present appeariinceii indicate that
1 "be .'Solh Congress (the remaining meinl.ers of
j which are to bo chosen next Spring) will contain
birgo mnjority of old iiiHinbers, which so far ns
Oi.u and New MF.iiiiKni of C'.inohe's Of the
15' mem-I.ers elected to the M-xt (oihj Congress,
u'.i are menibers of the present Congiesw, nine
lime been members of pre. -ec. ling Cmgrcsi nnd
not "f the present, and iO urn elected f. r tho first
i time. Joshua U. Gi.l.lings, ol (.liiio, will continue
! the oldest iiieuil.er. having been elected for the
' ten tli tine. Hoiking (if he lives to occupy bis seat
lili ISV.i) i wenty consecutive years of public ser-
.,;VIL'" - 1110 t past and present meintiei-s ot the
1 ""'"- oas ..ever oei.ue necn me case.
i . . . r,
Ol tho Congress whh-.li assembles this winter for
the last time, only t7 were re-elected members, md
they nn y from the Southern Stales Li patch.
From the Tribune.
THE DISMISSAL OF TYNG.
"We have but three words to sny, 'served
ight.' " Clmrch Journal (Fpiscojwl).
Served bim right 1 IIow could bo dare
To touch tho idol of our day?
AVhat if its shrino bo red with blood f
Why, let him turn bis eyes away.
Who dares dispute our right U bind
With galling chains the weak nnd poor?
To starve nnd crush tho deathless mind,
Or hunt the slave from door to door?
Who dares dispute our right to sell
The mother from her weeping child?
To hush, with ruthless stripes nnd blows,
Her shrieks and sobs of anguish wild ?
'Tis right to plead for hcatheu binds,
To end the Riblo to their shores,
And then to make, for power and pelf,
A race of heathens at our doors.
What holy horror filled our hearts
It shook our church from dome to nave
Our cheeks grew pule with pious dread,
To hoar bim breathe the naino of slave.
Fpon our Zion, fair and strong,
Itis words fell like a fearful blight;
We turned him from our saintly fold;
And this we did to "serve him right."
FRANCIS E. WATKINS.
FRANCIS E. WATKINS. PHILA., Nov. 18, 1856.
News of the Week.
Nf.ukaska. An election for members of the
Territorial legislature has just been heel in Ne-
rasKa, und wo learn from tlio Wyoming (N. J.)
Telescope thai tho party lines wero not drawn, the
menibers chosen, so far as heard from, nro nearly
all strong free State men. Tho editor of tho Ne
braska City News, a pro-sluvery paper, was do
fjiited. Geokur W. Curtis, Esq., tho distinguished au
thor, and Miss Annie Shaw, dangler of Francis U
Shaw, Esq,, wero married on Thursday in New
York by Rev. Mr Parkuian.
Mr. Curtis is editor of Futman's Monthly.
BSyThe Ohio Statesman is very much sh-eered,
and says James Red path is a hired ngent of the
British Goveiiment, sent here to stir up civil war.
A publio meeting held in Littlo rock, Arkansas,
recoinended to the Legisliituro tho passage of u
law prohibiting nil free negroes'frum coming to or
settling in that State.
Georcie Easox Coi.sov was rocently .banished
from Madison county. Florida, by a lynch court,
fur the J-rilllA of ht.il. r nniiitrf(il l. tltA i Imr'.t 1.1 i.t.l
't.f Jih.vnrv. . wiw .i.oiliM.t .but it, p.tuA I. in
return, or relnsal to go, he would bo treated to
thirty-nine lashes, to be repeated in douole doses
in case of further refusal, lie bift, of couisn, and
his family was assisted by the mob to follow him.
lie does not appear to have intorferod with any
body's negroes but the paper from which wo copy
and which approves of ths lynching, simply says
that be was proved to be -auti-sluvury, and con
IIuiian Beivos i.v Chains. About two weeks
ngu two colored men from Lynchburg. Va., came
dow n ou the Covington and Lexington Railroad to
Covington, on their way to tho land of froodom.
On their arrival at this point they wore arrested
by the City Marshals for the sake of gaining it few
dollars and lockod in jail, thus depriving them of
that which is ruuro siered and more dear than
life Liberty. On F.iday evening last, tho owner
came d .wo in search of them, and on Saturday
miming bad thorn handcuffed w-ith heavy irons
and wulked thorn through the streets of Covington,
from toe jail to the depot, homeward. We mighi
comment on such outrages upon human beings;
but sensible men will judgo uf such occurrences
ns those and decido which is r;ght, Slavery or
Frecic at. yvjcrl (Ky ) .Vtu.
Niuhij K it. t r.D. A negro mnn by tho nuino of
Inn, upon the farm of Mis. Isabella McClel unl
near this place, was si.ot and lillol. almost in
etnntly, (,n last Wcdns hiy evening, by the. over
cer, Mr. Robinson, Tho negro insisted en at
li Mipt by Mr. I!, t,, collect some inindeed ilurin;;
the ilny : and had previously thrcatenet nnd ns
wo learn, attempted violence. A legnl mvcMign
n, attempted violence. A legnl mvrtiga-
tion will bo bud ef tho nfluir. II 'est rif."mJ
PITTSBURGH, FORT WAYNE AND CHICAGO
now run throuhdircct on this road from
Pittsburgh to Chicago. A change in the time of
tho passenger trains took tdaco on Mondav of this
week. As now arranged, trains going West pass
Salem ns follows :
1st Passenger Express,
5.42, A. M.
12.20. P. M.
1,57. A M.
9,37, A. M
5.43, P. M.
This arrangement will suit our local business
men better than tho old one. Persons may now
leave Salem in tho morning. .nd visit cither Clove-(
land or Pittsburgh, spending three or four hours
b cither place and return in tho evening train.
Recipts the Bugle for the week ending Dec. 3.
Chancy Topper, Randolph,
L itor, Yaney, Adrian,
Mrs. F. A. II. Way, Winchester,
Joseph Pocket, "
Edmund Smith, Palestine,
Asahel Case, Eaglevillo,
Asaph Iv. Potter, Fairfield,
ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION & FAIR.
An Anti-Slavery Convention and Fair will be
held at Angola, Indiana, commencing on the Firnl
,S'(iii((y in December, and continue throe or more
Mciiry C. Wright and A. T. Foss havo agreed
to bo present, and it is expected that Mrs. Sarah
Seymour of Wnukegan, Illinois nnd Sojourner
Truth, w ill bo present, nod alsj addreBS tho Con
vention. Let nil the friends of free loin in our vicir.it', in
this crisis of our glorious contest, be present to
stn'Uen blow for Freedom.
The Convention will make its platform free to all,
o utter the earnest thought that is within them.
E O II 1 S 5 7
ITJSTIIE FAOEU'Si GARDNER'S OWN PAPER,
GENE HAL AGRICULTURE. LIVE STOCK,
GARDENING, FRUITS. &c .
r O L V M E Xll I, F O Jl 1 8 5 7,
AV ill eommenco on the first of January. Pub
lished t iro a month, lti pages, nnd n cover.
ONLY ONE DOLLAR A YEAR !
No other paper of its size and qunlity is offered
so cheaply to Clubs, vii:
Three copies for 2 ; Six copies for S4 : Nine
copies for SO, nnd n copy extra to tin getter up of
every club ol V. l ayment always in advance.
Inquire at your J'ost Oltico, or send (or aspect
men and Prospectus, and get up a Club among
your neighbors, rsow is tho tuno to look out for
good reading for tho winter.
S. D. HARRIS, Columbus, O ,
Editor und Publisher.
New Scrim for 18jG.
THE HOME" JOURNAL.
EDITED BV MORRIS AND WILMS.
Wo have tho pleasuro to return our most grate
ful thanks to the readers of -the JLnne Juurmd, for
the greatly enlarged audience with which we have
l.ceu honored in 1S5C, nnd to offer our respects,
and the promise of our continued best services, for
the year beforo ns. With tho privileged hearing
that we have now secured, at the firesides of our
whole vnst co'intry, it is only natural that we
should feel additional responsibility, while, at the
same time' we gird up our energies for new vario
ties of industry and enterprise.
The paper lor the coining year is to bo printed
on nrir type, and its prc-e mint nee of clearms.i ami
teijibilily, so valuable to the eyo and so ucidiul for
a lauiily paper, is to be still more marked.
Our contents fur IS.jT. Wfl need scar.'elv snv
will be as varied ns tho Life with which wo koe'p
pace. Ti.no nnd the ever changing World arc the
great baske's out of which wo pick Wisdom and
Amusement as we go the oxhaustless variety of
event nnd novelty assuring tu us and to our read-
ers, exhaustless themes and sul jectsuf interost.
The Editors will still continue to devoto their
time and abilities exclusively to tho Home Jour-
N. P. Willis proposes, in addition to his usual
ictiirings of homo life nnd rural family gym pa-
thies ami interests, out-. lours nod in, to give more
of tho Letters to Invalids, which his expeiienco
Iias enabled bim to write, nnd which have bean so
widely quoted; and, nlsu, a series of Purtraits eJ
George P. Morris, besides bis iiBual constant la
bors upon tho several departments of tho paper,
will make it the woof in which to broider first the
new Sketches, Songs, Ballads, etc., suggested by
the history u ml event of the passing time.
T. B. Aldrich basin preparation a Prose Poem,
to bo entitled The Pose uf Clcn-Lt.d;e; und this
will be published in numbers, from week to week.
Besides tho labors of the Editors, tho Home
Journal will contain :
The comniuuicaiiuns of a brilliant list of orig
inal contributors :
The core and history of new publications:
The floating stories, brief romances, sparkling
wit, fun and anecdote nf the day:
Poetry, pathos and romance
Tho gossip and news of Pirisian journals;
Personal sketches of the conspicuous charuc-
, ters of the time :
Tho stirring icenes of daily life :
The . hronicle of news for theLadici :
Tho vnluiihlo information, as to statistics, dis
coveries and great events :
Criticisms of current Literature:
And all that can I e gathered, to interest the
reader, from the World's constant overflow of ac
tion and intellect.
We need not remind our readers, porhaps, that
we have correspondents, wholly unsurpassed, in
the society of New York, and that, through these
gifted and rolinod "mediums," we keep apprised
j of all that, oeouys, now, charming or instructive,
iu the brilliant circles of city life.
I , For tho health, the moral improvement and the
religious culture of families, we watchfully gath
er every now suggestion, nnd carefully chronicle
all sius ut t'rogress and ttility.
By unceasing vigilanco and industry, and by
i skill acquired in long and si ccessl'ul practice we
hopo still to keep the Home Journal undisputed as
: the best family Newspaper in the world.
Termr. For one copy, ?2; for three copies, ?3
nr one copy for three years $3 always in ud
' vanco. Address
MORRIS & WILLI3.
Editort nnl Proprietor!, 107 Fult?o-st., New
ANTI-SLAVERY FA Jit.
"c""'"' w 1 ,ra
j large circle of Anti-Slavery friends.
Th? V-TfT "f "u.7n'"ir!"iiniTI,',,,'lnK
i and the faithfulness with winch that means has
. ... . r,
I been applied to the enterprise ol abolishing .-.la-Trains
I 'cry in Americii-w.irr.int us to expect a willing
response to this appeal, corresponding to the Hart-
Tho Western Anti-Slavery Society, will hold it?
annual Fair in Salem, 1'i.c. 2-lth mid lljili.
Tho object of the fair is s.iwt.ll understood by
tho abolitionists of this country, that we tb eni it
.. . : r . . .
Ito secure tho hearty and.vigorous cooperation of n
emorjreney of tho time
We havo not now to meet and abolish Slavery
on its original ground only, but in the new und
beautiful Territory of Kansas in Washington, in
Ubij and in nil the Northern Slates where the
servile minions tho Sooth can give it a place.
We aro not however disheartened or disappointed,.
and shall apply uurselvcs with unwonted diligence,
trusting as ever in tho stern principle of justice
Wo hopo that no time will bo lost in making the
necessary arrangements to meet this demand; and
iLtiiotnr iiiher means, sitiirc4t the iomol'tuuce ol
(lirmUtj!, Buwin); circlus ns ,pocdily as possiLle in
evory ..ei-ltb.jrl.ood where there is tho scripture
lulml)Cr , ..two or ture0.. women i whose hearts
the love of Freedom burns to labor, so that the
wrent demand for nccdlo and knitting work, in its
rich nnd useful varieties uinv be aiuplv supplied
j ,.l9 c,Jimnj(tc0 will gratefully receive in monies,
produce, furniture, and nil merchantable goot's,
j wi;ll(.V(,,. ean ,o forwarded fn.ni .this time till the
, j.-.tj I ,U3 )",rding an appropriate and varied sea-1-50
: son for the olleriu j of each.
, f i I 'll.-., 1 l. r ,,.
J. Elizttidlt J'mvi, fi. A. M-MM'tn,
Aii'ji'limi S. lJeminij,
Mary F.. A''irrin,
Hannah .V. tirawn,
lh.hurah 6' Hotmail,
.;ilia S. .S''i'ii'i.
llnnnali 11. Jlmtli i;,
A in J 'i rsrai ,
Elizabeth II'. Gordon.
J.nri) Ann l'aunclt,
Jl'trri' l II iim i .,
,oie M. TrcscM,
ANTI SLAVERY TRACTS.
The Executive Committee nf tho American Anti
Slavery Society have issued tho following Tracts
for gratuitous distribution:
i No. 1. The I'nitcd States Constitution, Examined.
f No. 2. White Slavery in tho L'nite.l States.
I No. 3. Cohu.iz ition. l!v Kev. O. 1. Frothingliam.
' No, 4. Docs Slavery Christianize the Negro ? Uy
,, ilov. W - 1 1 ij5tCitison.
No. 5. The Intvr-Stnto Slave Irndc. liy John O.
Ruin" of Jamaica
No. C. Tho
Revolution tho onlv Remedy for Slavery.
8. To Mothers in tho Ftee States. By Mrs. E.
9. Iiiflucncoof Slavery upon the White Pop
ulation. P.v a Lady.
10. Slavery and tho" North. By C. C. Bur
Disunion our Wisdom and our Duty. By
Rev. Charles E. U idges.
Anti-Slavery Hymns nnd Songs. By
Mrs. E. L. Eollen.
The Two Altars; or, Two Pictures in
One. By Mrs. IlairietB Stowe.
"IIow can I Help to Abolish Slavery 'I" or,
Counsels to the Newly Converted.
By Maria W. Chapman.
No. 13. What have wo, ns Individuals, to do w ith
Slavery? By. Susan C. Cabot.
No. 10. Tho American lract Society; nnd its
Policy of Suppression nnd Silence
Being tho Unanimous Remonstranco of the
Fourth Congregational Society, Hartford. Ct.
No. 17. The God of tho Bible Against Slavery.
By Rev. Charles Beecher.
All donations for the Tract Fund, or for tho cir
culation of nny partiltilnr 'Tract of tho nbove so
ries, should he, sent to Francis Jackson. Treasurer
of the Amorcictin Antislavery Society, 21 Corn
FiftU Dollars will stereotype an eight-page tract
and print .rc thousand copies of if.
Application for tho nbove Tiacts. for gratuitous
distribution, should be mado to Samuel May, Jr.,
21 Covnhill. Boston to thu Anti-Slavery, Offices,
1.J8 Nassau street Now York, and HI North street,
Philadelphia; to Jor.L McMillan, Salem. Columbi
ana Co., Ohio ; or to Jaiou Walton, Jr., Adrian,
TTTf-T-i ri rniifiriTTT-ii miT n iiwuioi
t UGl'STINE DUG ANN E v.r'nes for The Sator
A day Evening Post. THE RAID OF BUR
GUNDY, A Tale or the Swiss Cantons. Sec
prospectus in another place.
Tlii) Uniit'd Bialcs Cons.iiii'.ion and ils
PllO SLA VE.dY COMPROMISES.
Tho ' Constitution a Pro-Slavery Compact; or,
Extracts from the Madison Papers, etc
by enpgi-L I liu.t.ii's.
Third Edition, E.iiarged.
12mo. 20H pages. Just published by the American
A n ti-Slavehv Socif.tv. and lor sale nt 21 Corr.hill,
Boston. Also, at the Anti-Slavery Ollices in New
York and Philadelphia. Price, in cloih, 00 cts.;
thick paper covers, 37.
October 13, 1. ou.
Copies of ibis work will bo sent by mail on the
receipt of its prico and the amount of postage,
vil,. , ,,rty-four cents for tho:e in paper covers,
sixty cents for those in cloth.
MRS. MARY A. DENIS0NT writes for Tim Sat
urday Evening Post. THE QUAKER'S PRO
TEGE. See Prospectus in another placo.
1U PtN A 1 J Y '& A UNO 1 ,1)7
Wish to ivnnounco to the citizeus of Salem nnd vi
cinity, nnd to the public generally, that they have
itist received at their CLOTH 1X1 STOUE,
N ",'tl1 . "S' Jb '.'f M:l1.? h' ee. 1 . -"""i 4- '
xtensive and superior stock ol Goods, suitable for
the FA LL& WINTER TRADE. Our assortment of
Cloths, Casiimeres, Tweeds, Satinets, Salina,
Velvets, Fiijurtd Silks, dc,
with Tiimings of all kinds to match, will bo sold
by the Yard or Mado up to Order, at prices and in
a manner that will compare favorably with those
uf any similar establishment in S.iloin or elsewhere.
Also, a good assortment of Ready Made Cloth
ing, Consisting of Frock, Dress, and Business
Coats; Overcoats, Cloaks, Vests, P.intnloons, Stills,
Drawers, Suspenders, Socks, Handkerchiefs, Cra
vats, &.O., Shi. Our Terms of Sale for tho future are
HEADY PA ri!
which will enable us to sell a littlo hotter ginds nt
a littlo lower prices than could bo ulforded on tho
lie think wo can suit our customers with what
ever they may want in our line, and we invito all
desiring to purchase, to call, jud&o for themselves,
and uct accordingly.
BARNABY & ARNOLD,
October 18, 185G.
MRS. E. D. E. N. SOUTHWORTII writes for
Tho Saturday Evening Post. See Prospectus
in another placo.
To Farmers Cash for Hides.
Farmers will find it to their iuterest to sell their
hides to tho Subscriber and have them tanned for
home consumption, rather than soil them to others
lor trnnspurtutiun abroad. Ho is always ready
with cash for hides at C cents per pound,
eitbsr at his Tannvry ono wilo South of Salem on
the Lisbon road, or at WILLIAM'S OLD STORE,
two door West of the Butter Sure, Sulcni, Give
him a call when you butebcr.
t'jlew, Nov 16, 1853 HUGH EOONE.
"""TiwiNlSTJ'ATOK'S NOTICE. r
Tlif iim!ers!gr,cd hns been nppnlnted and quail'
ficd nic'tding to hiw, os Administrator of the
estate of I'.ivid Sballor, defused. All persona
bavinc luitos ngiiitn-t said estate nre notified to
liiestnt them nrmrrting to law.
I UIAH TELGAHDEN, Adinio. .;
Nov. Coth, IMG.-at.
D. nb'rin It i.Ji". Stationery, Wull Paper, A !.,.te.,
Main S'.., Sub-in, Ohio., hns just received nil kind
ol Mjdical, CI iical, Sclentili", Poeticsl, MisieW
laiiCou?, .luveinle und Scbot,! llo. ks.
Hbink books, Muiiiotandiime, Pass books. Pocket
books, p. riiiionies, Porlbdies, Purses, Pencils,
Mates, Writing Ink, Copying, Indelliblc, and lteil
Inks; Inkstands, I.i(uid U-im, Steel Pens, Pcckel
Maps, Di.n ios, Ac. &,
All kinds and bet finalities of Foolscap; Letterj
r.ath Post. Coiiimerciai, Note, Fan. J Note, Rill
cap, nnd lb-awing Papers. Rristid Honrds, Marble'
Iioii.I, nnd P.irfto lioarJs. Envelops plain nnd
fancy in great variety. Visiting nnd Reward
curds. Water colors and Artists materials. .Mate
rials for Artificial flowers &c
A largii stock of Dawson, Warren & Ifydes cele
brate.l (iUED PENS, that give such universal
s-iti r.icl:oti, every one warranted. Musio liooks,
nt whohsalo or retni'. Dealers supplied with
S-hool 15 ...ks and St ttionary nt Whulesnlo. Wall
Paper in great varietv.
SO" CA SII PA ID FOR UA C.9.
Salem, O. Nov. 8-h. 1830.
LIijUT-IIOrSE ISLAND, nn originnl Novelet,
by the author "d ''.ii.lah," &c, w ill be pub
lished in The S.iTLitPAY Evening Tost. See
Pr ospci tus in another pbieo.
L C.TIIIPMS, 11. D., k LlL!Zt E. S. TII.'IflAS. M.U
Surplu s, I'liVM'cians and Obsielricans,
Havo recently located themselvss in Salem to at
tend M calls in their profession.
Of.ce. H;. t Km! "f Main Sleeil, South Side.
They nro pintarcd to teach student as hereto
fore, though with increased facilities. The Senior
Li imp .i ter of Papier Maohe Models, and we have
a variety of Skeletons, Models, &o., &o., for sule.
Sai.cm, June 10, lsoti.
S. ARTHUR writes for The SatpIiuay Err.
1. Nino Post. THE WI I' HE RED HEART. Sra
Prospectus in another place.
I Call Si Lx;'.Mir.! J. Dirains JLCo.'s, Groceries.
I J . DEM ISO if- Co.,
Have ju?t returned f:om the Eastoru Cities with
n fresh Stock cf
; immln 0rorcrics,
much the lavgcft ever broght to (his town, which
they are determined to sell nt a small ndvanco on
We invito Iho citiens of Salem and vicinity to
call nnd examine our Goods, wo would call par'
ticulnr attention to our Cno stock of TEAS.
Wc would say fo country dealers (lint wo can
and will sell heni Goods nt Pittsburgh pricts; such
as Teas. Coffee, Rice, Sugars, Chocolate, Spices,
Siap, Candles, Fish by tbebarrel, Herring by the
box, common and fancy Candies, FureigD fruits,
and Nuts, Crackers by tho Barrel, &c, &c,
Coffoo from 11 to cents per pound.
The highest market price paid for Butter, Eggs,
White Beans, ic, &.C.
J. DEMING & Co.
Nov. 1, 1853.
3000 HIDES Wanted, for which I will pay 6J
cents a pound. Also, Sheep pelts bought nt
E. ELD RIDGE'S La7ier Store.
Salem, Nov. 8, llSoG.-p.
LICE CARY writes fur T he. Stfitrdai Ere.ning
A Post. THE STORY OF A COUNTRY.GIRL
Sec Prospectus in another place.
Stolen from tho subscriber in New Brighton,
Benver County, Pa , on Friday night, Oct. 24th,
1830, a DARK BAY HORSE, heavy made, 15-
hands high, one white bind foot, a large star in the
forehead, nnd n snip on the note, 3 years oldr
IsJ-The nbove reward will be paid for the de
livery of the bors-1 and thief, or Twenty-five dol
lars for the horso.
Any inhumation enn rent to (ho subscriber at
New Brighton, or left at the office of tho Buglo,
Nov. 1, lv.G.
A IT II. LI AM IIOW1TT. tho celebrated English
riles for T he Saturday Ereniiij Post. TAL
LENGETTA, OR THE SQUATTER'S HOME.
Seo Pro.-peotus in another place.
ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON ;
OFFICE OVER m'coNNEl's STORE, ON MAIN STREET;
Residence Xorth Side of Green Street, second doer
West of the Elsicorlh street.
S.vi.eb, April 21, 1333.
FALL UF 185G.
LATEST ARPilYAL OF
JTail and lUintcv (Goods!!!
Wc- are now in reeeipt of our first large Stock of
FALL AND WINTER GOOES, coi'mialing in pint
of a largo and varied assortment of
LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
Embroideries. Velvet, Silk, nrd Braid Bonnets,
Brocho, Bay State, W..tcrloo,Silk and Stella Shirwlg
Gloves, Hosiery, Ladies' nnd Misses Fancy French
Baskets, together w ith a gciicrul Slock of notions
We are also in receipt of a very large and exten
sive Stock ot Carpets, Wall anu Window Paper,
China, Glass and tjueepswnre, Men und Boys Pan
talonnery, Brow n nnd Blenched Mieelipps in dSbirt
ings, Clinton nnd Wool F'nnnels, Checks. Tickings
Lin-seys, Bed Blankets, Mnrmilles (Juilts. Woo
and Linen Table Covers, Pittsburgh Cat pet Chain,
Ratting, Wick'mg Beaver Tubs and Buckets, Ac.
Thankful for the patronnge heretofore eitendeJ
us wo beg leave to call your attention to the above
Stock, feeling eoutident we bnve the will as wet
know we have the ability to offer you bargain not
elsewhere o be found in this market. Col' and
examine for yoursolves. Respectfully.
J. & L. SCHILLING.
Salem, Oct. 4. 1830.
SITES IN SALEM, OHIO.
I am now prepared to sell those DESIRABLE
LOTS, on Lisbon Street, opposite the dwellings of
Messrs. Wright, June, Ilillmnn, &o., &o. Enquire
of John Dctniog, or tho subscriber.
BENJAMIN BOWN, ;;
I olfor, also, for sale the Farm whore t now re
side; being. l.",0 Acres, well improve, well watered
and in good condition, " miles South of Salem,
on the Lisbon Road.
Aug. 23. tf BENJAMIN BOWK.
VALUABLE FARM FOR SALE I!
Tho subscriber will offer for salo his valttabfsT
Farm, situated two miles South of Washington
villa, within a quarter of a mi la of tho Railroad
Persons desirous of purchasing a gooj
farm will call and eiaoiine for themselves.
JOHN B. SUMMIR.
Siturdny, Not. 15, TCt.