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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 27, 1856, Image 2

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From the Richmond Enquirer December 16.
Every day develops tom fresh s cheme of revolt
among the slaves ot the western ami mur sir.ithcrn
tales. To (lime already reported in our columns,
w hav to add another prepared plan of Insurrec
tion jnst detected mid defeated in South Carolina.
Oucrrtng at the same tihio in no many seperate
Jwcalitres, these discoveries mcgest u tnspicivm
tf a Very general sprit of insubordination MHi.uk
the negro population, tv hy tiuulil tuts state
Jon be exempt from the danger whfvh imperilled
ever nearly the entire southern cmnmunity 1 It is
not. In Montgomery county and in tho vicinity
of Williamsburg, fac'.s have been brought to light
which warrant t!ie Apprehension id nn outbreak,
fend jwttify the people in the must un try meas
ure of tuppressinn.
It is a remarkable circumstance in nil these
cuemes of meditated insurrection, that Christinas
wa delected ns the day of their accomplishment.
Now, observing mi wido-spend n pirit ul revolt
among the slaves, perceiving tlmt tho same incen
diary enures iirrnte in lull vigor in this state
and teeing indeed, that indications nt intended
outbreak hive been detected in more tlnin one
onunty in Virginia, we venture, at the htuard even
of exciting unnecessary apprehension, to inquire
if it is not the duty of tho authorities and ot the
people to provide evert pnssihlo precaution ngainst
any demonstration ul' violence among our own
negroes f Shall we not be admonished by timely
discoveries in other states t Or, shall we neglect
our own security, until wo, too, nre exposed to
xtreme alarm, if not to actual veil f
The military system or Virginia is in utter di
lapidation. Out of the cities we have no organiz
ed means of protection ngninst a sudden emergen
cy. Every consideration, then, suggests the tie
necessity of adopting immediate measures of pre
vention. Obviously the tic.-t thing to bo dona un
der the circumstances, is to nppoiut patrols forthu
counties and to vtnniihite the police of the towns
to more rigor and vigil.mc?. It it especially im
portant that tho counties should be thoroughly pa
trolled, so as to interrupt extensive ci tnmuiiica
tions among the slaves, and in prevent them from
assembling in large numbers, Perhaps, between
this and Christmas, tho county court!' limy not
bare an opportunity to attend to tho matter ; but
the magistrates nt any district have power to no
Foint patrols, and '.hey should do it without delay,
n Jefnultof their au'.ion, private gentloinen may
concert measures for tho discovery and supression
of any meditated outbreak.
This is a delicate subject, and requires delicate
handling We touch it only in discharge of our
imperative obligations to the community. Better
be reproached, ufier all apprehension it past, wiih
exciting an minocessaty panic iiuiong nmid people,
than be charged wiili n criminal silence in the
possible event of real danger. As it is, we have
poken with ull tha reserve compatible villi our
From the Montgomery Advertiser, republished in the Richmond
From the Montgomery Advertiser, republished in the Richmond Enquirer, December 10th.
Under our telegraph head will be found the
startling intelligence of a negro insurrection in
South Carolina. To what extent tho insurrection
ary spirit of the black population of the Stain ex
tends, we nre not apprued. We trust it is confined
to a email ei'cnt of country, but our fears nre for
the worst. For years pant northern emissaries
have been in our midst tampering with our slaves;
we have too often suffered them to depart un
whipped. Tho evil from which our South Curuli-
na Irieiids are now Buttering might have been
.vetted by more summary treatment cf abolition
tcoundrels when caught nt their uiibchief. Simply
tarring and feathering and Heeling an ubulitioi.ist
it but a child's remedy, and so far from its baring
tbe effect to stop his mischief, it will only case
harden and make hiui wurse. Hang them when
you catch them in your midst tampering wi ll
your slaves, say we. Your self-preservation, the
security of yourselves and your families, and the
peipetuityut tho institution itself, demand thut
the life id an uboliiiou emissary should pay the
' forfeit T hi Umerity when vautkt at bis mischief
i4"iHi' iwnjr -Tfrarr mm ihhiiiUs now
is tb frt Mate shrieking fur freedom and urging
tn ignorant, fanatical masse there to a crusade
against our institutions, who have in their tiuie
been caught at their mischief among us uud suf
fered ti depurt unmolested.
We say this much uuon the supposition that the
blacks of South Carolina are incited by abolition
emissaries, and when the matter comes to be in
vestigated, our life br it, it will so turn out. They
are now doubtless in our midst they are every
where throui tha Siutti kud the eiitiro popula
tion uf our section should resolve itself into one
vast vigilance committee uud purge itself, ns long
as there is a limb tu hang them to, of every inter
meddling abolitionist 'caught on southern soil.
Wherever you catch him, there let hi in find his
grave, end uur word lor it, these insurrections
will be few and fur between. Detter to hang two
or three aOo hi. nists, than to be in continual
danger of having our throats cut.
From the New Orleans Picayune, Dec. 9.
A great laxity has been permitted too long in
the enforcement uf the laws against tho gathering
01 blacks, treo negroes and others, in promiscuous
crowds, without the presence aud uuibority t f
whites. these assemblages have been quite fre
quent in this city, and we hear that hundreds at a
time nave been known tu be mithered in nublic
places. How many collect in private we have no
means of knowing, wo are told that such things
are not uncoinmou.
We are not about to enlarge upon the niiscliiev
out effects sf such indulgences. They are obvi
ous. The behavior, the morals and the subordina
tion of the negrues, are all seriously dumnged by
them. The law we believe to be strict enough, il
it is properly enlorcod, and it car not lie denied
that thore is palpuble occasion for a return to the
rigid enforcement ot all the laws which the State
policy bas provided for the regulation uf tho ne-gr-.es.
We have refrained from publishing a great deal
which we receive by mails, going to show that
there is a spirit of turbulence abroad in various
quarters. One lesson is, however, taught, which
should not be neglected anywhere, although no lo
cal symptom may have occurred to occasion par
ticular uneasiness. I c is that vigilmce out to be
exercised everywhere, and that the regulatii.ns
which law bas eubl:sned for the orderly beha
viour and subordination oi blacks should lie slrict
ly administer 1. TUey tiare been very bssely ob
served in New Orleans. This should be reformed
altogether, and immediately, nnd we therefore ask
for it the attention uf those charged with the duty.
From the Galveston News, Dec. 4.
The rumors of a nrgro insurrection in Harrison
county have led to the appointment of a commit
te tu investigate tbe waiter. '1 he couiuiittoe ro-
purt lhat they Bod no evidence of any concert ol
action, ur any definite ideas among the i.egroes uf
what they woul l ur could d , or uf any real inten-ti-Ni
ol tioinjr, anything. TUure bad been a good
deal of linn-e talk 4tMt th lat election tlto
pruepect uf Fremont's elftolion, and tne belief nt
vote, that they would be free if Fremont was elec
ted." Tha eovaauittee Bad nn evidence that any white
wa isajJieated with tha negroes, but thy
aujrjcast dM au ity Ut each and every slavehold
er keeping a atrica watch aver hi own negroes
, a4 ate allowing any aegroe but hia un to
vtah hta pramiae without a special pe.-niit. Toey
raeusamettd ih keening en patnj ia the sev-
-wral beats of trie eouruy. aixi peraiittiag aeicrurs
tram BaeaiHK Irna. see plantation fat aatrtker. and
asryiag arms. ta. W think thee aeggeitiunt
may ha equally applicable to aisny other ouua-
LOUISVILLE, December 16.
Tha aorraspondeot ef the Joarnal, writing froat
CaapbaRffUU, Taylor coaat, Kntucky, a th
10th, snjs t tint n negro boy has disclosed a plot of
toe negroes ill that neighborhood, to rieo about
Christmas dsy. Severs.) ftitrsts bud been made,
and an examination vrns had i n the Oih. before
Justice Clnyd, but nothing was elicited save tho
statement ul the lioy that he overheard tne negroes
say that thry intended to make war on the whilst
about Chiistuias, and ilmt if he would join them
they wuuld m ike him rich. The negroes are re
ported to possess guns, pistols, to. The corres
pondent udds tht considerable dissatisfaction
exisls generally among tho negroes, which, if not
promptly suppressed.may lead to serious trouble.
CINCINNATI, December 17.
The latest advices from Cumberland Hirer,
slnto that twenty-five iron furnace in that region,
havo stopped operations, apprehending a negro
Hon. Lueion B. Ch'iso, formerly a Democratic
member of Congress from Tinuoasee, (though we
bclieio a native of New Hampshire) has written
a letter to ti.e N. Y. Mirror, in which he gives his
views of the recent insurrectionary movements in
Tennessee. After saying that lenneasee is not
often subjected to the raids of abolitioni.-ts or af-
Incted by incemliiiry puMications, that the slaves
are well fed and clothed and not overworked, he
proceeds to nn inquirj into the causes uf their dis
content. And ho traces the trouble to the Presi
dential election. Ilo sajs that the people of Ten
nessee discuss politics very thoroughly, all the
candidates for office being obliged to take the
stump, and the contest being very animated on au
count of the doubtful character uf the Slate.
During the exci'ing contest between the Whigs
and Demucrats frum lfo'J to I860, during which
the Democrats prevailed eight times and the Whigs
seven, Mr. Chaso says : "Politics was the absorb
ing topic lif conversation ; they wero discussed in
tho parlor, in the dining room, in the fields, at the
court, on the high-way, in the quarters of the
slaves, in short everywhere, and upon all occas
ion ; una the bank, the tariff, the sub-treasury,
internal improvement and Mexican war questions,
were not only thoroughly understood by tho whites
but something more than a faint idea uf their
bearings was obtained by tho blacks. The. slaves
thus acquired, to a certain extent, a political train
ing w hich enablo them lo grasp the outlines of a
Mr. Chnse proceeds to say :
From 1835 to 1P55 tho negro question was
rarely discussed. It was reserved for the Presi
dential contest of 1850 to cast the tirebtand into
ihe political arena, these insurrectionary move
ments cannot be attributed to abolition emissa
ries, or abolition documents, within the Slate, but
to the speeches of Democratic and r illmore ora
tors. It is quite possible that the effect of those
sneelies mi-lit have been lomenteil t V somu
prowling aiiolitioiiists. Kach speaker, undoubt
edly, insisted that his candidate was tho strongest
throughout tho Union, uud that the only way to
deb at I'Vemotit was to vote fur him. Then I'ol
l.iwca a critiual examination of tho views enter
taiued by the suppo: tcrs of Fremont. It was as
verted, doubtless, that the llepublicans had formed
nn alliance with, or wero acting in concert with,
a body ol men, who were waging a relentless war
fare upon slavery, nnd who wero determined, at
every lull inl, to abolish it.
Tliey doubtless, nlso gave expression to tho
fear that the Republican party would become
abolitionized, in tnite of the conservative portion
of it. who are opposed to disturbing the institu
tion where it exists. Whilo the whites listened
to thesu statements with indignation, a long line of
sable visages, upon the outskirts of the crowd
were turned eagorty toward the speaker, and
yficedom' seemed to fall at every sentence, frum
the lips of the orator. They managed to eompre-
! hend o te idi;n, nnd that was the annunciation of
tbe belief, that the institution of slavery would
be much less secure if Fremont was elected, than
if either Mr. Buchanan or Mr. Fillmore should be
chosen. This one idea was repeated in the coal
ings, nt tho forge, by the furnace blaze, nt the
corn shucking". w-ifa, n.iU t length
they caui to entertain th belief that the inhab
itant of the Ikurth were iiuwown-iy amuneei m
their cause, that they would assist them in their
work ef Manghter.
The counties of Montgomery, Stewart and
Dickson iiro what are known ns tho "iron dis
trict, and they became the scene of this excite
ment. Not less than ten thousand slaves are em
ployed in these aud one or two adjacent orunties.
in digging oro. cutting wood, nuking charcoal.
nnd performing duly in nnd around forges and
lurtiaces. lirue numbers are owned by mm mas
ters, many of whom are by the way Northern men
others nre hired tu them by the neighboring lurm
ers. Hundreds are employed together in the
coalings under one overseer. They not only have
ample time nnd opportunity tu perfect their
schemes, but c.ntras:ing their numercial force
with what is deputed lo keep them in order, they
imagine themselves invincible iigainst all opposi
tion which may bo brought against them. You
will thus discover that I trace the excitement
among the slaves to the recent Presidential can
vass. But I cannot enncieve how that canvass
could have been managed in any other way. There
can be no doubt that the friends of Fillmore
and Buchanan honestly entertai.ied tbe belief that
it was only by supporting their favorito that the
danger which they apprehended irnm tht election
ol 1 remoni could he averted. It was, therelore
not only their Constitutional right, but their im
perative duty to iivuw that belief. In the oxer
cise of that Constitutional right nnd the perform
ance uf that duty, they incurred tho hazard of a
negro insurrection
Tub "Contented" Negroes, Jutt before the
rumors camo of the insurrectionary moromente
among tho s Lives in the Southwest, Senator
Butler ot South Carolina, "the uncle of his
nephew," made a speech, in tbe course of which
he said :
"The institution of slavery in South Carolina,
Virginia, nnd the other slavcholdirig States now
is no more the institution it was when our fore
fathers condemned it than the condition of the
native African is equal tu tho elevated position
of this people. Our slaves, uf whom you speak so
much, are intelligent workmen. Many of them
receive two and a half pounds and three pounds of
food a week, wi'h plenty of clothing. It is the
interest ul ttie master that they shall be cl ithed
and fed. Tliet niuke their little crops and are
perfectly happy. Some of ibini run away
nd tiny have got to coming pack, mat is the
worst ol it with those felloe. Laughter. Thev
have actually got to coming back. The best
fugitive slave law ia the fact that they cannot get
any work or anything tu eat when they go to tbe
North, and they come back."
Jcrv Tat At among tui Sqoatters. A Mr.
Montague, one of the escaped prisoners in Kansas,
gives the following unique account of a Tecumseh
Grand Jury, and bow tliey wcr discharged:-
"I understand the grand jury were discharged
in Tecum seh the other dn- under rather peculiar
circumstance. The Tecumseh district is rather a
leculir one : there are ton many free state mn in
it, so thut it is hard to fill out a board of jurors
without getting now and then a free state man.
While they were going on, finding indictments
against sen dry individuals, a witness was called
un and qnestimied thus; Dn you know of any
horse steslios commuted in the territory?' "Yes.
sir. I do.' Well, do you know who frmiil ' My
self. I had nx hsirses, a wagon and on hundred
lollars in money stolen from me.' 'Cmild viu re-
cognii the men that took the gc-nls it they were
Br vour I could.' 'Are any ot tnem tiere;'
Yes air.' 'Weil. ir. point thorn out.' Ye. sir
well, viair foreman is one uf them that juror is
another, and that another that mm her. and that
another.' Jerul what ia ! be diHief The judge
waa applied t. ami dischawd the lury at mice.
Of eiMiiwe tbi witness waa bronght in and que-
Honed by one ol th free state men on the lury.who
probably f t wok ot the proceeding aua tuuugtit
hi would show them a Yankee trick."
Tb suui of $200 ha been given te procure holi
day presents for the friendlee cbildrtn on Ran-
lay pi
Island, Nv Yoik,
l)c 3VnH-3laccri jungle.
SALE H, OHIO, DECEMliEll 27, 185G.
It it the fashion of many people, anli-tlavery
among the rest, when they fail to answer the !
arguments of abolitionists, to tell them they are ;
. . ....
too fast They nre before the nge, and therefore
impracticable, and their labor in tain. Suoli for-1
et that If th. !,.. .... I....1.
lead off in making them right, and that no man
ever leaves the wrong, without boing counted
fanatic or foul and probably both by tlmso whoso
., . ,
interest t to perpetuate tho wrong, or who are j
too indolent, cowardly or selfish to encounter Ihej
opposition which inevitably hwnits tho man who
dares to slop from the track uf tho limes nnd cneoun
ter long established and popularcvil. Vuttoet
tublisii tho right somcbt.dy must pioneer tho way
from the wrong. Though bis own ago stone or
crucify him, a future one will build his tomb and i
reer bit monument, even nt now politicians nnd
priests are raising a monument to Lurejny the
victim of their hypocritical selfishness. Garrison
by and by will have his monument erected for his
unceasing labors against Slavery in the Church
and Union even Republican and Democratic
Union-savers of the North will yet unito to do him
We lately picked tip one of Nathaniel P.
Rogers' old editorials, copied from bis inimitable
Herald of Freedom published nt Concord New
Hampshire some fifteen or twenty yetifs ago.
Nobody can ur ever did write such editorials as
Rogers. He wroto by inspiration. Ho nnnouueed
truth, denounced sin and sinncn and predicted
the "good tinio coming," with a prophetic "furor"
caught by his quick perceptions and inspired by
his impulsive nature.
Poor Rogers! after a careot of nublo heroism,
his tun went down in a dark cloud of unhn"ines8.
But still hit memory is preciuus. He dared to be
before his ags in inaugurating and establishing tho
glorious nnti-slavety enterprise. Personally we
owe much to Rogers. More than any othor man
he helped us, as he did thousands of others, to
throw off the crushing weight of religious intol
erance and bring us into the light of at least com
parative freedom ; and such articles as the follow
ing nre cherished remembrinces of the means by
which such emancipation was effected tho fore
runners uf a more wide spread and comprehen
sive emancipation to come.
From the Herald of Freedom.
"You nre too fat." Well, friends, you nro to
slow. "You nre altogether ahead of the times."
Well, yon ate altogether in the rear of the times
at the tail of the times, if I must say it. And
which is the ni"st hoi.orablc and useful position T
It is nhead of the times, to denounce slavery, and:
demand its abandonment. But that is no reason i
nnti-slavcry is wrong or unreasonable, or im
prudent, injudicious or any one of the epithets a
laggard age casts upon it. Is slaveholding right '
Are the institutions that support it, right! Are
they for the happiness, benefit, improvement, use
fulness, iunocrncy of ihe people? These arc the
questions. "You nro before tho Age '." Well, il
1 were not, it is high time I wero. xuu ought to
bo, before tho Age. The Ape is wrong. Whoever
improves must go before. He must quit the Age,
wherein it is wrong, and the chnrgo that , he is
before it. is nn admission that he is righf. ,Vhon
Robert Fulton told them stenm wns hr-jimi Jhan
wind, nn th -water, -Umm hnrse-flixeij th
land, fa waWlni iWisthoufHeCr A kit-si
way befura. He wasn't man years ihlWI of .it.
Th Ak is up with him now. They will begin to
ltuild him monuments by ,aad,'1iy, because ho is
dead, and it won't do him any good. They trod
him under foot, when he was alive, he was "so far
"before the Age," nnd called him cr'r.zy t Mono
moniac I suppose they called him. One poor man
got the notion, some nge ago, that the sun didn't
whirl round tho Earth but that it was more likely
and reasonable that the appearances that looked
as if it did were brought about by the Earth's
turning round on its own nxletn-e. They came
nigh hanging or burning him for it. They let
him off, I believe on the ground of insanity. They
made him give it up, though publicly to save
his life. The Sulcmns got hold of him i lie
Roverend Divines God's specially called. ordained
and set apart ministers chosen of God to yiiiclc
the people to Heaven. They must know all about
the sun and stars nnd tilings up in the firnianent
they are guides to Heaven. They said it was con
trary tu the inspired Book, to say the Sun stood
still, and tho Earth whirled round. It was con
trary to "Joshua." Soihey niado thn man take
it back. They are a knowing people.these Divines.
They are specially gifted of God. They can't
mistake. They are tr7A the Ago. This crazy man
was "before tho Age," now it is nilmitted by the
very Soturns, themselves, that the Earth whirls
over every twenty-four hours, nnd the sun is still
as n mouse
Tho Hale inn always admit things j
Age" has lu' .pted them. Thej aro us '
tho wind. You might as well catch an old. ex-j'f
periunced weuther-coek on some ancient orthodox !
mistaking i lie way of the wind stand-'
?,!!!! i."y- "l,h I'Vi" " e-V'l",n TnK. "'ri' wilKl' I
smell "tho Age." They tank it, nt any rate.
McNeei.v Noruai. School op Onto. During
our recent nnti-slavcry tuur to Harrison nnd Car
roll counties, wo had the pleasure of vieiting
this institution nnd finding it in successful opera-
tion. Ihe institution was comtnonced several
years since by Cyrus McNeely, with tho design of
giving the children and youth of his neighborhood
the must desirable educational advantages, with
out the necessity of their removal frum home and
parental influence. For this puipoie lie and his
excellent wife, expended in the pocuring and im-
provtmcnt uf grounds the erection uf a li.rge and
commodious bui'cing nnd other preparations, be
tween eleven and twelve thousand dollars. The
scbvol commenced operation on its original plan
altout five year since under the direction of Mr,
Edward Regal, one of the present corps of teach
ers. Subsequently, Mr. McNeely proposed to the
Ohio State Teachers association, to entrust it to
their control, on condition that the Association
would add a sum equal to that already expended.
The proposition was accepted and tho first term
ander the new arrangement commenced in Nov.
1353. Since which it has liaen in prosperous opera
tion. Thus Mr. McN'eely's original intention i
canted out and an institution established for the
nrenarstion uf teachers for our publio Echoots, a
department io our system of public education for
which the fcuto has hitherto neglected, to make
provision. And here we may be permitted to ex
press uur hupn that tho friends of education in ihej
Mate will couio forward promptly, and er.ahl the
teacher tu redeem their pledge and thus place the
institution in a position for extended usefulness.
A neat and commodious boarding bull ha also
been erected by Mrs. Eliia Hogg, of Cadis, at an
expense of stunt JiOOO, which is now materially
contributing to the success uf the enterprise.
The instructors are Jotiv Ogoen, Principal of
the Normal School Euwitf lieu. it, Principal of
tha Academic- department Bersr M. Cuwlc,
Principal uf the Model School and Teacher in tbe
Normal School. Other teacheis are employed in
th primary Department.
Several citiiens of Massachusetts hare issued
tho following call for a llisuniun Convention to be
held at Worcester Massachusetts. The movement
entirely independent of the Disunion Abolition
ists, technically to-called.
utir- . i-- t t ... t r
1)Pievil,K ,, rul? ho recent Presidential
Election to involve four vears more of Pro-Slavery
iih iiih iiniiRrMiirnf.il. R izrri ul 11 uilcbiei.
Government, and a rapid increase of the hostility
.,,,e "" f the Union ;
lcv..ig this hosttl.ty to be the offspring, not
of pary excitement, but of a fundamental diller-
enco in education, habits, and laws:
IJelieving the existing Union to be a failure, as
being a hopeless attempt to unite under uue gv-
unmieot mo uuiniroTlls.lu srsicms 01 sucieiv,w im-ii
diver),0 m()r(J wi(1y wi,n cJvcry Jtar ,
And believing it to be tho duty of intelligent
. . . . : : ..i- - ..!
ami conscientt jus men to meet these lacts witn
wisdom and finnnoss j
Kcspectfully invito our fellow citizens of Massa
chusetts to meet in Convention nt Worcester, on
Thursday, January 15, to consider tha ptactica
bility, probaliil ty nnd expediency of n separation
"eo"J mo s rco nna s ,.vo atates, ana to tako
may rrquire.
Souther.' Ciiitalrt. The chivalrous Virgin
ians uf Richmond, on tho 10th inst publicly
whipped a free woman "for being in the city with
improper papers. v hat papers are proper tor
'free vomen tj have in Virginia we are not in
formed, though it is uf somo importance for women
who visit the city to know. Some prejudice was
prubhbly excited against this wuman un account
uf her complexion, at it is said not to be of the
lighest cast.
By tho recent action in Congress it will be seen
that there nre tliero fifty seven members who say
by their voto they are not opposed to the reopening
of tho slave trade. A very encouraging beginning
this must be deemed by Governor Adams nnd other
friends of the measure. With fifty-seven members
of the House of Representatives as a capital to
start upon they may look upon tbe measure as very
hopefully inaugurated. After this beginning if
the South U united in really wanting this meas
ure, it can no doubt be carried. The only real prob
ability uf its failure is found in the conflicting
interest between the slave breeding and slave con
suming States.
The editor of the Carrollton (Wizen Democrat,
must be a very nminhle gentleman, if we may
juil-c from his editorials. Her is one. lie bas
il terrible hotror of epithets.
The curmudgeon that blows his nigger melody
through the Salem linyle, has nothing out epithets
to return in answer to our remarks.
He c .lis us the organ of 'B irdur Ruffianism,' in
Carroll, and proceeds with a flippant ejaculation
uf "chaste, luminous" io., to publish our article
as a "Dem jcratio Anathama."
Robinson's brains are about as strong as ginger
pop and tho arguments which they bubble up,
are nothing but soapy epithets, or coffin banners
suspended in tho street tu insult democrats. We
shall feel about his ribs roughly in a week or two,
and test his shins with a hoop pole. 'Niggers is
ris, nnd if Marcus turns out right tee shall dixpose
of hint ot a jigitre.
J. M. IIolmii vi Masterevillo is agent for the
Bugle. Subturibert in that vicinity can pay tbsir
Mibecriptions tu him. Subscribers at Leesburgh
Scjo and frVthnrtin may also find it convenient
to baud their subscriptions to Mr Holme. . s.
Of tho American Anti-slavery Sjcie'y.by the Ex
ecutive omtnittee, nt the annual meeting held
in New York May 7th, 1856, with an Appendix.
New Yoik Aini'iicnn Anti-Sluvcry Society, No.
luS Nassau-street, 1830.
iu"e aiaU' DU!it be du" I11'"1 ,1,at "vcr
whelming majority uf the pooplowhod i not sym
steeple paihize with, even if they understand the radical
character, the stern necessity, and the deep import
Wo have just been favored with a copy of this
interesting Kepoit, which it ns usual contains a
valuable historic account of the operations of the
ociety and its auxiliaries, as well as uf the promi.
nent events connected with the cause of freedom,
which have transpired during the current year uf
the Society's operatiuns.
Tho Treasurer reports the receipts for the year,
for the Society nnd its nuxiliurios, at $33,040 53
Expenditures, $9,138 00.
We copy an extract or two from tho Report.
Speaking of the Rnpublican party it says:
"But let the Republican party do what it may,
we cannot too often nor too earnestly admonish
Abolitionists that, evon if it performs all that it
pruinises, it is not tho work which they hnve pro
posed to do, but only ur. incidental service demand'
j t t,)(J exi uf ,,, momenti nj one vhieh
of the Anti-Slavery movement
and sincere tho Republicans may be, and however
important the end they have in view, they net and
must act as politicians under the Constitution and
within tho limits which it prescribes ; nnd when
their end is gniued, thry will still leave tho system
of Slavery, with all its constitutional guaranties,
unimpaired and unquestioned.
They cannot- ns a
party, even propose, tho emancipation of a tinglg
slave in nny of tho Southern States, nor rid them
selves, if they should seek tu do so, uf the responsi
bility which belongs to the nation fur the continu.
anco of the system. It is not merely that their duty
will be, should they ever attain to the possession of
the Federal Government, to perform in certain
emergencies, certain positive acts for the support
nnd in aefenco of slavery j that the President
their choice must preservo domestic, tranquility by
nromntlv suPDrossing any attempt of the slave t0
achieve their own freedom by force of arms, provi
I r- .
ded such an attempt is so far successful that the
master alone are unable to control it , that officers
of their choosing, or appointed with their consent
must capture, if they can, aud return tu bondage
every man or woman who has bad the spirit or the
intelligence to escape from i: ; that the Govern
ment, in their hands, must ensure the due perform,
ance of this Constitutional duty, the Congress
their creation voting directly the requisite means
but that thoy consent to administer u governinect in
conjunction with men in it national council who
are there, not as the representatives uf the people
but uf un oligarchy founded solely upon un ussu
ined right of property in human beings ; and that
a fundamental principle of that government ia that
it exists only on condition that it shall assent, with
out interference and without question, tu the en-.-lavement
uf une-sixth of the people by only one
sixtietli uf the whole number. But one character
can inhere in a government so viciously constituted
.is this, in which the balance of power is thus put
Into the hands uf a email compact and intelligent
body of uieu, with whom politics it the chief inter
est of life, and political success the goal of all am.
bition; whose existence, a a recognised part of the
state, depends upou their loyalty to their own or-
However eauiestlut
par. In the meantime, a Coroner's Jury had
ofjurought in n verdict of murder against Margaret
Garner, for the death of the child, nnd against ber
d r, the security of that order being the condition
uf its supremacy. Tu this subtle despotism, the
noro dangeroi.s because slothed with tho form of a
ropublicwo bcliove it impossible that there ever
will be, at there never lias been, any sustained nnd
persistent opposition while a union with it exists.
An agricultural and commercial poople, absorbed
in indusiriat pursuits, and with whom politics nre
only nn occasional duty, cannot maintain a contest
with Slaveholderi in their constant, uniform, un
compromising and unscrupulous effort! to strength
en the system to which they owe all that they are,
and all that they have, tu extend its dominion, to
vitiate every principle that threatens itt safety nnd
to undermine every institution which presents any
obstacle lo itt continuance nnd extension. The spi"
rit or resistance nnd the love of independence in tho
North may, in some special case of Southern out
ruga nnd aggression, be so far aroused that there
may bo n successful assertion of Northern rights.
Somo achievement of this sort may jet bo related
of tho Republican pnrty. But we cannot, nnd we
ought not to forgrt that it is orly now defending n
single outpost against a foe possessing a wido domi
nion, fortified in numberless strongholds, learned
in tho art of war, cunning in strategy, wealthy in
resource.), lavish of rewards, terrible in punish
ments, not only of treacherous friends, but of un.
complying enemies, and which, if ever conquered,
must first be defeated in a thousand battles."
As the humiliation of Ohio, before tho Slave
power, in the case of tho 'Garner Family,' cannot be
too strongly pressed upon the attention uf our citi
tens, we copy the statement of the case fruui the
Report :
" If the Fugitivo Slav Act of 1850 hat been a
successful apportion of arbitrary power in almost
every instance in which it bns been exerted, so has
it also served to bring the system of slavery, in its
undisguised deformity, with nil its sorrows and
cruelties, home to the poople of the North, as it had
nevor been brought before. Many of thoso who.
under this tyrannical law, have been rerurncd to
bondage, and who, but fur it, might have escaped'
unnoticed nnd unknown, out of the bunds of the
spoilers, hnve been persons who commanded, not
merely sympathy, but respect and admiration. Tho
circumstances, in some cases, under which they
made their escape, tho bravery with which, in oth
ers,-they have defended themselves, their coolness
and self-possession in tho hour of trinl, and their
fortitude under the heaviest affliction which can be.
fal a human being, nre so many evidencer to the
character of tho peoplo from whom they sprung,
nnd of the system that makes them slaves. The
most remarkablo enso that has yet nriscn under
that Act, the most touching nnd tho most terrible
in somo of its unending circumstances, occurred
during the past winter nt Cincinnati.
On the 2"tli of January Inst, a party of eight per
sons, known ns Simon Girncr, and his wife Mary
Garner, and Robert Garner their son, slaves of one
John Marshall, and Margaret Gamer, the wife of
Robert, with their four children, slaves of one Ar
chibald K. Gaines, all of Kentucky, escaped in a
sleigh, and with a pair if horses belonging to Mar
shall, an'! drove to the Ohio River. Here leaving
their vehicle, they crossed upon tho ice, and soon
found reftigo at the house of one Kite, a free colored
mnn, near a place called Mill Creek Bridge, in Cin.
cinnnti. Their escapo was oon discovered by
Gaines, who immediately started in pursuit and
traced them to their place of retreat. Proouring
from John L. Penderry, a United States Commis
sioner, the necessary warrant, nnd securing the
services of a United State Doputy Marshal with
assistants, Gaines went to the houso of Kite to ar
rest the fugitives. Admission wag demanded nnd
refused. An attempt was made to force nn en,
trance through a window, but one of the assailants
wns shot at and badly wounded.by Robert, ono of
the fugitives, nnd the pnrty retired. Gathering
more force, they innde, after a short delay, n second
attack. Robert and Margaret fuught bravely nnd
desperntely lo protect themselves, their parents nnd
their children in their right to liberty, but were
soon overpowered. But nil were nut to be taken
alive. One of tho children wns already dead or dy
, jng.two others were bleeding profusely from severe
wounds nn the throat, nnd the fourth, an infant'
was shockingly bruised in the face and head. The
mother had attempted to snvo t-em nil from Slave,
ry by death. She had succeeded, however, in ink
ing the life of only one of them, a little girl of nbou'
three years uf age, whose head was nearly severed
from its body. Sucb a deed excited universal bor.
ror and much symp itliy. Some trembled ns they
reflected upon what must hnve been the suffciings
uf a woman, who would rather take the lives of her
children with her own hands than tlmt they should
live to go bnck to that condition in which she had
passed all her days. Some blamed her rashness,
assuming that even if death for her children was
preferable lo slavery, she should have nwaited the
decision of the law before invading 'the bloody
houso of life.' But others feared that the instinct
the frantic mother was truer than reason, nnd
that she had nothing to hope lor when tho olhcors
of the government had once laid their hands upon
her nnd bor family. The result proved that sho
was right.
The first effort in behalf of the fugitives was tn
procure a writ of habeat corpus from Judgo Bur
iguyne ol Cincinnati, which was put into the hands
of Deputy Sheriff Buckingham. This officer faith
fully discharged bit duty, in keeping cloi-e to the
prisoners, und in endeavoring to get possession of
them in lb name and authority of the State of
Ohio. The United States Marshal, however, refu
sed to obey tho writ, and he was lolt the next day,
: '" luie' possession, by order of the Sheriff, Brash
husband and his father at accessaries.
The State of Ohio and the United States were
thus brought face to face on a question of jurisdic
tion. The prisoners were guilty, under a law of
the Federal Government, of having run away from
certain men in Kentucky, to whom they owed ser.
vice or labor ; three out of the four adultt of the
party were amenable to tbe Sute on nn accusation
of the highest crime known to the law.
No stronger case could have been created in
which tu test the character and the constitutionali
ty of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, and to decide
the relation of a sovereign State tu the Union. The
result, us everybody knows, was, as it always bus
been in every conflict between the Federal Govern
mciit and a Free State, to signalize anew the arro
gauce und the strength uf the Slave Power, and
the imbecility and pusillanimity or a Northern
State. The decision ul the Coroner's Jury, tho
writ of habeas corjms granted by Judge Burgoyne,
the subsequent finding uf a true bill by the Grand
Jury against Margaret Garner, as principal, and
two of hor companions as accessories, in a murder,
were each and all of them sufficient authority ou
which the officers of the Slate uf Ohio might, and
should, ut every huiard. have taken and maintained
possession of the prisoners,. They failed lumeuta
bly Mud completely in this duty. Perhaps it win
not possible for (he Executive of the State, without
nn Illegal assumption of authority, o coerce the
officers in the fulfilment of to evident a dnty, or to
find cthert Killing and rendy to discharge it; but
it is unfortunate for tho fair fame of Ohio that th
had not a Governor, who, in such a crisis, was ren
d to override, if nccestnrj, all rUrm 0r law, and
assert the dignity.nd right of th State. Th
Governor, the Sheriff, nnd the Courts, however.acU
cd, ns we nre eorry to be compelled to believe, tb
auihoriiict of any other Northern State would liar
acted under similar circumstances. For Tour week
the fugitive wcr dctainod-in Cincinnati on trial
beforo Commissioner Tendtrry, a Fugitive Slaves,
and wero held, during that lime, in the possession
of the United States;Marshal, or tubject.to.hi au
thority. Perhaps bad they been brought to trial
Tor an offenco agninst the laws of Ohio, a jury of
freemen would hr found a mitigation of th
crime in the sudden frenzy of the mother, who saw
'ho utlcr destruction of her hopes of freedom- and
belioved that there was no deliverance for hr
child from slavery except in death. And to nil the
prisoners, undoubtedly, n Penitentiary would have'
been a welcome exchange for a life of bondage.
But there was no trinl except for the crime of being
' fugitive from labor,' The defenco wn conduoted
on behalf of tho prisoners, by Mr. Jolliffe of Cin
cinnati, with great teal and ability'. He claimed'
and endeavored to show by a mast or evidence.tbat
Mary Gamer, Simon Garner, jr., and Margaret
Garner, bad all, at a previous period, been volun
tarily brought into Ohio by their masters, and that
'licj. therefore, at well as Margaret, children born
since that time, were entitled to their freedom uo
der tho laws of that Stnte. Ho relied however, far
more upon the Divine than tho human Inw, in rela
tion to Slavery, in hit argument before the court,
but probably wns not surprised to find that tbe
Statutes of the Almighty were not recognised
in the court of Mr. Commissioner Penderry, who
loll back upon certain precedents in the records of
the Supreme Court o( the United Slates, and de
cided that, even if the Mares bad been entitlod to
freedom at nny former period, by being taken into
a Free State by their masters, they had forfeited
that right by voluntarily returning to a Slav
State. He therefore decided against the prisoners,
nnd romnnded them into the custody of tb
ulni jiants.
It was sail during the progress of the trial.both
publicly and privately, on behalf of Gaines, th
alleged owner uf Margaret Gnroer.that there would
lie no attempt on his part, to evade a requisition
from the Governor of Ohio upon tho Governor of
Kentucky, should one be mado for Margaret, a a
fugitive frotu justice. Faith seem to have been
given to this Slaveholder's promise.and the requisi
tion was sent, and granted by the Kentucky Gov
ernor. But, as might have heon expected, ear
was taken by Gaines to render it futile. Margaret
and her children wero on their way to a South
Western State the 'dreaded "down the river" of
the Kentucky Slave beforo the message from
Ohio could reach him.
But death came once more ns an n.igel of mercy.
An accident occurred to the boat on which they
were embarked, and Margaret, with her infant
child in her arms, was cither thrown or sprang
overboard. Tho child was lost. Whether tb
mother was incapable of saving it, or whother th
chose to leave it to itt fate, is known only to hr
and to God. It it certain that she looked calmlr
upon the wntert that closed over it, and wa heard
to rejoice that it also was freo.
And here endt all publio knowledge of her and
her companions. No further attempt hat ever
been mado by tho Exoculive of Oh'o to assert th
ovoreignty of that State and the dignity of her
laws. Margaret Garner and her surviving chil
dren, bcr husband nnd their parents have.cre this,
probably, been separated at the auction block, nod
aro expiating on some of the plantations of the
South-West, where tho average duration of th
lifo if n Slave is estimated to be but seven years,
the crime uf an attempt to escape from bondage.
Tho fallowing contributions to tho Fair hnve
come safely to hand from citizens of Carroll and
Harrison counties :
Mury E. Adams New Market, Cash,
U. W. Adams, "
Collection by Mary E. Adan.s, "
" " Ono pair sock,
Bots?y M. Cowles, Hopadale,
June McNeely, Hopedule Cash,
Moses Conaway Archer,
Emily S. Holmes, Mastcrsville,
Jacob Millieack, Lecsburgh,
" " two Pen Fowls,
Also a valuable lot of poultry contributed by
Mrs. Sally Millisack, Mrs. Mary Price nnd Mr.
Allico Roby of Lcesbnrgh, nnd by Mrt. Mary
Holmes and E mil jr S. Holmes, of Mastersvill.
Also uno Trunk by J. M. Holmes,
2vTcu)0 of tlje U)cck.
Poorcss of Luxury. 'Every cloud has a golden
lining,' says the Ohio State Journal. In Milton'
time the clouds were contented with "silver" lin
ings. But luxurious ideai and habits have proba
bly extended into tbe upper regions.
Titles. Of the number of delegate at tha
Southern Commercial Convention, in Savannah.
about one fourth are from Virginia. The follow
ing list ol the "titles ul the delegate has been
given: Governors, CO; Generals, 140; Colonels,
415 ; Doctors, 320 ; llonorables, 500 ; Major. 2-10;
Captains, 250 ; not mentioned, 104. Total, 1,989.
Tne Elictohal College of North Carolina,
after giving their vote to Mr. Buchanan tendered
their thanks tn Gen Pierce, The former, it will
be generally thought gets the best of this arrange
uieut. l'rvv. Journal.
One of the strongest evidences that Kansas will
yet be free, (next to tho departure uf Titus and a
hundred ruffians fur Nicaragua,) is in the proceed
ing uf a recent meeting at Leavenworth, to ap
point delegates to a convention "to consult upon
nd prupose a pulicy rpon which the people of
Kansas, without distinction of party, may unite
for the preservation uf peace, and a general recon
ciliation, based upon ncqiessence is existing legis
laiion, an impartial administration of justice, and
opposition tu external intervention in the affairs of
the Territory." This meeting, uf pruslavery men,
we presume, unanimously upproved the concilia
tory pulicy uf Guv. Geary, und
1U solved, That, whatever difference of opiwpnn
may prevail touching tbe circumstance that. re
sulted in the adoption of existing laws, we data.
it the duty of every man tu support, nnd maintain
those law in preference to having no laws
and cotiiiuuciitg the anarchy that has too lung.pr.
"Resolved, That, we.believe the existing; Derri
torial laws contain provisions that sliouldr be r
pealed ; and we have confidence that the begisla.
ture will, at the next session, with a spirit of jus
tice und moderation, oorrect oppressive legislation.
Hum Price or Slaves. At Lexington, Ga.,
Deo. 2, 57 slaves were sold for 844.020. On ne
gro girl brought $1575, uud auutber with her ehild
$18 10, --"a fellow" 22 year old, 1500, and four,
othor girls more then $1200 each.

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