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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, January 10, 1857, Image 1

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w4v rjc.insox, publishing agent.
VOL. 12. NO. '21.
WHOLE NO. 587.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the New York Evening Post.
To the Editors of the Evening Post:
Having looked int; the Woikhouso, let us turn
view of the "Guard-House," an edifice
wqnally suggestivo of the Rystem that gave its ex
istence. St. Nichnl's Church, with it tall, gaunt
eteeple; the City Hall, with its broad, squatty
root; the antiquated Court-House, with its diliip-
idated walls, and the Guard II ouse, with its con-'
tinunl in-going nnd out-going of lazy looking men
if .. ."m
in uniiorms uiese uatitc tno lour corners ot .ueet-
ng and Broad streets, two of the principal thor
oughfares in Charleston. The Guard! lotiso.stnnd
ing on the southwest corner, is of tho Doric order,
with heavy Corinthian columns, forming acolotiade
on the streets here named. Thero is a sombre,
tomb-like air about the building, nnd when scon
on a misty day (its walls nro exquisitely
dingy) presents an appearance qu:te like w hat one
might imagine tho Pur.lheon.if hung in mourning.
The Charlostotiian betravs n sintrular pnssiun for
lastnoning nis puoiio uuiiuings niter tno style ol
the ancients.
This Guard-House, is
the rendezvous nnd bar
racks of what is culled
"Tho Guard." The Guard
isa formidable body of well disciplined men main-
tainod lit tho expense of tho city; their duty is to
jirotoct it ngtiinst thn mischievous designs of the
slave population. Thero nro two Guard-Houses in
Charleston the upper nnd the lower one on
what is called the Neck, nnd the other in the
centie of the city. The latter, the principal ono,
is that wdiich we are describing.
A sentinel, in umtorin similar to mat worn hy ;
the British infantry soldier, with cross-belt, fire-
lock and heavy sidc-anns, paces in front. In fine
weather, tho officers and non-commissioned officers
of the Guard may be seen, some seated on benches,
lytic luitering nbout under the front colonadc.
The inside of the Guard-Houso is fitted up with
rooms for tho officers and non-commissioned
officers, a long room fur tho guard on duty, cells
for the confinement of delinquents picked up
during tho night, und nn immense square room for
the use of tho privates of tho corps, which is fitted
up with benches and bunks, similar to those in
the 'twoen decks of n hhip. We should not forget
that there is also a court-routn in tho Guard-House.
In this his Honor tho Mayor holds a court every
morning at ten o'clock, for the disposal of such
persons ns are brought in for misdemeanor during
tho night,
The Guard consists of nearly fivo hundred men,
(I speak from, memory.) mostly Irish nnd Germans,
employed at a leguhir stiend per month. It were
well to bear in mind that this body id' men is inde
pendent of the "day police," the constnbulary.nnd
the private watchmen, ivhich together form a
numerous body, but have functions of a similar
nature, The Guard is officered by a captain,
(quite an important charactei;) first, second, third
und fourth lieutenants ; sorgeanr.' corporals, ftnd
lance corporals, who wear u uniform and receive
a very coiisidorablu yearly salary. On .Sunday n
portion of the Guard is dotn led on special service,
and, arrayed in a bright uniform, present quite n
soldierly appearance.
At the ringing nf the early bell the members of
tho Guard on relief muster at the Guard-House,
where they perform a scries of evolutions peculiar
to their service, and nro then marched out, in
charge of officers, to their several beats, where
they ruiiniiu until midnight, nnd nro relieved by
nnother file. The city it may bo said, is lined
with these man during tho n'ght. who may bo
distinguished by their gray, slouchy night uni
forms, their clean white cross-belts, their tide
arms and their truncheons, Thcso men, ulthough
singularly illiterate as a class, nnd fer icious in
their hate of the negro, (this is especially so with
the suns of Erin,) are invested with an almost ub
solute power over him. Iudeed.it has been charged
by those who look upon the Gourd as unnecessa
rily expensive to tho city that it is nothing more
than a system of espionage- upon the slaves, whom
it serves to make ci euiios, while a better end
would bo obtained by conciliating their friend
ship. The ringing of the first bell nt n quarter to nine,
is the signal for all slaves ami persons of color to
repair to their homes. Those f. und out niter
nino o'clock, without a pass from a w hite citizen,
nre liable to seizure by the guardman, whoso duty
it is to convey them to thn nearest gti.ird-housc,
whore they are iucarcera.cd in celb and arraigned
before his Honor in the morning. If merely found
"out without criminal inteut,"iiio owner is notified
in the morning by the guardman who apprehended
bini. The muster, if unwilling to have his slave
punished, may appear in his behalf, and an offering
a satisfactory excuso for being found ' out alter
hours," a tine of four dollars is inflicted, one
half of which goes to tho guardman. If the
owner be indifferent, or refuse to appear on behalf
of his slave, then the slavo is ordered sundry
stiokes of the paddle, sent to tho Workhouse, pun
ished, and discharged. When it is remembered
thnt the free colored people are amenable to the
slave-laws, and nru held under a surveillance even
more rigid than that to which the slave is reduced,
their hardships are easily comprehended. Many
of these "free peoplo of color" nro model of good
behavior, and wealthy: and when suljccted to
the petty tyranny of these ignorant guardmcn,
their chagrin may be more easily imagined than
This system of giving passes is of itself a farce,
for alut8t any white man may give A twelve or a
one o'clock pass to a negro, and the proper officer
will countersign it ; a single night pass is not
required to be countersigned. With such passes
the negro runs the guard. Again : negroes fre
quently forge passes, and being much more intelli
gent than many of the guardsmen, (wo have known
several of the latter who could neither read nor
write). doeeive them, nnd pass unmolested to the ob
ject of their visit. Several times have 1 been called
by guardsmen who, having dragged to tho light of
a lamp an unlortunaie slave, were puzzling their
wite over passes not a word of which could they
decipher. Of course I always interpreted favor
ably to the weaker, nnd being well known, bad
the satisfaction of seeing the slave go on his way
rejoicing. Indeed there is a continual concocting
of deceptions au l clashing of interests between
the negroes on one side, und the guardsmen on
the other. Tho former, with his characteristic
ounning, makes tho guardsman his study. Ho can
tell you the beat of every one of them, and who
among them are unable to read passes. He can
point you to those he can bribe with a small
amount of pocket chango; he can toll you who
is cruel in the exercise of his duties, and who
is more humanely inclined; and he will, when his
necessities require it, take advantage of their
weakness. On the other hand, tho guardman
is continually concocting schemes to dinw the
pogro from his hiding-place after bell-ring;
aod having succeeded, be will pounce upon him,
and either demand a lee for his release, or drag
hiui off to the Guard-House with the satisfaction
of knowing ho wilt gel a share ot the fine im
posed iu the morning.
Violence is in many instances made by the
guardsman a means of extorting monoy from the
slave for bis release. We have, indeed, w itnessed
cruelties perpetrated by these meu upon defence
less slaves that would liavo disgraced the savage
Spaniard in (ho days ut the Pueaniers
all done
in the hope of extorting paltry kihiik. It in true,
that some of the cruelties 10 which tlio slove in a
victim re 'lit from the ebullition of passion ; hut
when we consider that the ncrn tin tiu voice in
law, end singularly slender means of redressing
his wrong, we can como to no other conclusion
taan thnt the people investing tho official with
power to commit ouch outrages, should bo held
responsible for the evils which result from it.
As I Imve hefore said, there is in Charleston n
certain numher of verv resnertal.lo and some hnt
wealthy "bright men." These men nro free, do
not associate with slaves, and liavo no interest in
with them. In this sense one would
naturally suppose it to he the best Policy of
w hites to endeavor to coneilituto their friendship.
But they do not bo regard it. And as tyranny
always falls under the weight of its own fears, so
also nro the slavo laws made to bear heuvicst upon
. ..... .... ... '
those intelligent "hrinht men. who nro thus re-
duced to incre menials nf the most ignorant fi. reign-j
or employed on the Hoard. There is living in'
a free ''bright man," of the name 0fj
Din-cclf, who owns property to tho amount of
sixty thousand dollars, has given his family an ex-
rellcnt c lucation, is celebrated for his chariti?,
and in every way a most worthy citizen. If by
any circumstance" this man be caught out after
"bell-ring" wi'hmit bis puss, the most vulgar
guardioan may stop him nnd make him an object
ot espionage
1 rem em tier to nave heard one ot
these worthies, who was subsequently in my em
ploy, boast of his successos over Durech". Tho
milder muv liiihrn tvhntl.ni mti.li ti strut, .tit to tl..,t
which promotes the safety and best ihteiests of the
There is still another guard in Charleston tho
Mounted Guard. In lino, tint little city nf Charles
ton, by night, swnruis with urmed men. This guard
consists ot between forty nnd fifty men, mounted
on so ninny horses. Each man is heavily nruied,
utid provided with means to give nn alarm at the
shortest notice. I ho members ol tho .Mounted
Guard ride ahoiit the city during the night, in
pairs, rendevousing nt certain points to make re
ports to their officers, I would hero remark, that
the tfficers of both these coips are appointed year
ly by the Mayor nnd Hoard of Aldermen.
In addition to tho citadel, (a spacious fort in
the upper part of tho city,) w hich is well stored
with munitions of war, and full of cadets from all
parts of tho State, Charleston possesses several ol
the best necoutered and disciplined volunteer com
panies, to be found in this country. Theso hold
themselves in readiness to be called nut nt nny
moment. Such, then, nro tho means of potting
down an attempt nt insurrection. Let the curious
sum up this formidable body of nrincd men, nnd
contrast it with the population of Charleston, only
some thirty-four thousand, two-thirds of which isi'1
colored, consequently umcnahle to the laws lor the
regulating of slaves, nnd tho moral needs no
further comment from me. F. C. ADAMS.
Govenor McRae devotes a largo portion of bis
Annual Message totheeuhject ol the Into Presi
dential election and of the issues involved. Oi the
ami-slavery sentiment of tho North, which con
stituted the basis of thu campaign for Fremont, he
s'ays :
"The origin nnj cause of this sentiment is not
well understood hy the people of tho slavcholding
stales, aud thcrelore tfiey do not lully appreciate
its danger. Many suppose th .it the excitement ol
tho people uf thu non-sbivcholdiug states on the
slavery question grows out of o;casiooal acts ol
Congress involving legislation or, this subject. In
this they are mi-iukeo. These may be pretexts
but they arc not tho cause. Apart from the fugi
tive slave law, founded upon a constitutional pro
vision, no net ol Congress has ever been passed to
adva ce the interests of slavery, or to increase or
extend its dominion. This sentiment grows out ol
the dill'ereiice in our social systems, aud has its
origin in more deep seated causes. They are:
"First, tiie delusion, settled into conviction, up
on the minds of the people of tlio lioii slavehold
ing states that slaveryas it exists witJi us, is a so
cial and moral and political evil, and a sin against
God. This they ate taught in their schools,
through the pulpit, und through the press. And
this arrays against us tho religious sentiment, uni
ted with tho ppirit of fanaticism, developed by a
false application of what they suppose to be true
Chrislianily, to a social system nut understood by
"Secondly, a fooling of jealousy nnd envy, orig
inating with them in a supposed superiurity,
which the relation of master and slave gives to the
slave owner, which, encouraged, leads tu preju
dice, and cultivated, rankles into hate,
"Thirdly, the d"siro for political power in the
control of tho government, to subserve tho purpo
ses of interest and ambition.
"No more powerful combinations of sentiment
can be arrayed against us than theso. And these
are all stimulated by the lurthcr greatly mistaken
, .,, I-.- i I-. l l
sentiment, that socia and nol.tica equality belong
alike to the white and black race.
The Governor thinks that, unless tho ssctional
ngitativn is tilhiyea under tho administration of,
Buchanan, or some paramount question of loreign
or domestic policy arise, tho much feared crisis
will come upon us in the next Presidential cleo-
lie enumerates the declared objects oi in
free soil party should they obtain the control of
the government, and proceeds as Pillows :
"The seeond question is, what will the people of
tho blaveholdiug states do to arrest, if possible,
this semimciit in the nen-sb'vei.obiiiig stales, and
to prevent this sectional party from getting the
control ut the government
"In the adjustment of the question growing out
of tho acquisition of Territory from Mexico, and
involving tlio rights of the South on the subject of
slavury, under w hat were termed the 'Measures uf
in 1S50, Mississippi, in her Bover-
cignty, took her position in these terms:
She declared, in reference lo those 'measures,'
nviA in niiiiiiPttl inn with il,u. h,--..;..,;.... h i'...,.ior
gress of tho prooosition to exclude slavery in the
lcrritories, ann to auoitsn ii in the JJistrict of Co -
lumbia. that while she did not entirely approve,
she would abide by them as a permanent odiust -
merit of a sectional controversy -that she hela the!
Union secondary to the rights and principles it was
designed to perpetuate, aud that violations of
rights miiiht occur which would amount tu intul-
eralilo oppression, and justify it resort to measures
of resistance, amongst which she enumerated the
lollowing :
'T. The interfering, by Congrossionnl legisla
tion, with thu institution of slavery in the states.
"2. Interference with the trado in slaves be
tween the states.
"d. Any action of Congress, on tlio subject of
slavery iu the lJisirict of Columbia or in places
su.ject to the jurisdiction of Congress, incompat
ible with ths safety and domestic tranquility of
the rights and honor of the slaveholding states.
"4. The refusal by Congress to admit a new
state into the Union, on the ground of her tolera
ting slavery within her limits.
"j. The passage of nny law by Congress prohi
biting slavery in any ol the territories.
"The repeal of tho Fugitive Slave Law, and tho
- neglect or refusal by the gxnoral government to
i position . and recommends tho Legislature ot Miss
coiiniion i"'!'!'' to invito tho other slavchulding states to
the'"'eet in convention, respectively, nnd tc assume
lo "'u'0 ,lin Kov'i''inio'1t.
This ho justly declare to bo no disunion scnti
Cburlesiijn nient, no movement cuiculatcd to hasten that dis-
enforce thn Cunstitutitiohnl provisions for the re -
cUnmtion of fugitive slaves."
In this position lie declares the pcoplo of Miss
issippi nre united, and renews his reoomemiation
to send resolutions re alarming this position t
each of the nun shiveholding Mut.'s. ' If then."
he says, "northern states sluill ninke the issuo of
tho Union with us upon the Constitution, the re
sponsibility will he with them, nod the right with
! " ""v ue me res.ni.
.- I ... l. I. ff
I He states that Georgia has taken much tho snmo
"he "'""O grounds, by which the united sontiment
jo! the whole people ol those states may be
I brought to bear upon tlie conservative sentiment
of the North, in order that "tho reflecting and
i i .i ...:tt : :.. .1.:- -.it'..
JUBl ""u g"1"' men meie m join us in hub tuun
sastcr, but tho reverse.
A DISCOURSE, Preached on November 9, 1856.
(The First Sunday after the Presidential Election.)
in the Unitarian Church, Cincinnati, Ohio.
by MONCURE D. CONWAY, Minister of the Church.
Published by Request of the Congregation.
2 Peter I: 5: "AM to your Faith Virtue."
lllClll US Ul'U O UIIUIO , t.,t,',,i'li Itio H(lii-i " iii
' UJlil.u heli tho proud turrets of tv rotten,
jej,radillK craving Church fell crumbling in the
iip,llne8i PVen when the danger was most imminent
t(mt tiuj w,iul 1 fall upou himself, ho stands, the
; UIiapproachcd hero of the Reloimalion. Never was
tnu,.0 a curse, a thurst, a plot, a blow nimed nt
,m,rtal man, which was not to more terribly nimed
1 rough image of Luther, were as the tiles on the
! roofs of tho houses at Worms, pross about tho
; rools of the world. We nil feel the pressuro of
! enormous evils. And sad as this may be iu netu
Comproinise,' nl experience, it is tho glory of our manhood, that
wegroun under evils. Tho lower uuiuiuls do uui
'giuau under the perception of the wrongs of war,
slavorv. or national dishonor. Jhe sense ut
ue wedded to Virtue, still brootls prophetically
I over llie 'd world, and cannot give it up. lu
her!'1'0 best uge which sees most evils, und these must
be accuuuted signs, not of weakness, but ol
The fnio uso of tho word v'.rtuc hero carries us
back to its nohlo origin. Its history marks the
d velopenient of tho higher nature of man It is
from 'lie Latin tie, which menus man. Tho mil
itary tendencies ol tho liomans,, exalting the phy
. J
sical man, niailo virtiu s'g'nlv strcnih.
w hen tho sword of tho spinr. came flaming from
the i. ist, ami the staiiUara ot the soul were piani -
cd on heights winch the Caesars never reached, tne
regeneration entered this word, also; virtus or ani
mal strength became virtue or spiritual strength.
Not now llercules but Chiist was the true man;
tho fir of virtue.
We must bring then the holiest nsiociafions of
our immortal nature to tho internreiaticti of this
brave old word, wbijli would seem to sound the
bugle in hearing of ull that is noble within us.
This virtue which must achieve what tho cyo of
Faith bus seen is our essential manhood, superi
ority to low fears and vulgar interests and pass
ions, moial courage; all, indeed, that makes us
mure than cattle; all that goes to form the highest
conception winch the mind can grasp, a 31
a nipcu, uui u nuc iiuu, vwwi viou a wit; iu"ihS
in him I
.1 ..... I J . ..I'.. 4i n ..I..... ..,..
Tho dawn of tho sixteenth century found two
men prominent in tho world, who.-o character.!
may be esteemed the truest representatives of the
mixed elements which entered thnt Reformation
with which they are associated. These are Lu
ther and Erasmus.
lirnsmus, the sago of Rotterdam, stands before
us the polished gentleman nnd accomplished schol-
ar. ue lias also eyes in ins noau. Jio is not ono
who can be made to see by spiritual comr.relinn -
stun, that it was right that Henry ha Monfortj
should bo permitted parricide for ono ducat, Ibnr
tivrcs, nnd night carlines ; that it should be pro
claimed in every city nnd hamlet, on tho authority
of God's vicegerent, that poisoning was nhsolvable
for eleven ducats, six livrea tournois, incest for
thirty six livres, three ducats. He sees more clear-
ly than any man auve.exactiy now it is to ne reiorm
d ; nay, sees that tho demand bud on bimsell nnd
his coteuipurorios is to rel'orm it. His faith was
clear as crystal. Grotius well spe iks of Krnsmus,
as "the man who so welt showed tho way to a rea
sonable reformation.'
Yet we do not find him traveling tho rond he
could so well t urvey and define, Alas, bo loved
comlort too w ell lor that rougti time '. At lust ;
sympi.thizing with Luther, beat last weakly cen-'
surcd him lor going too fast and too far, when be 1
was only billowing, with tho solemn step of fate, j
the work which inexorably arose before him to be
done, und concerning which ho had no choice
Erasmus had secret faith in tho movement, and
much of this he wrote ( lit in fine rhetoric, but
never i:i strong action. Ho has himself classified
i.is character in its relation to the Reformation as
ono of essontial timidity. "Let others," ho said
"affect iimrtyidom ; for myself, I nm unworthy of
the honor.' 'I urn not,' ho says elsewhere, 'of u
mind to venture my life for the truth's sake ; nil
men have not strength to endure the martyr's
death. For myself, if it ciimo to the point, I
should do no heller than Simon Peter."
Tho result wtis, he offended both sides, and nt
last was brought to tho humiliation of pi.r ;ing
himself of the charge of Protestantism, which he
bad at first endorsed, and in w hich ho secretly had
faith. To his faith he did not add virtue ; and
to-day the memory of Erasmus is dear to no heart;
critics only say, 'lie wrote tiuo Latin.'
In strong contrast appears the other of these
two, Luther, 'the fierce physician,' ns Erasmus
called him. Not frightened by the flames kindled
by himself throughout Europe, but glorying in
.1 .... ii. ..n.. i., . ..i.. i.tj i,.,,ij, .. bi,
at liim. lie was but firmer tu Jus truth, saying only.
"Hero I stand! L Ciuuot otherwise, God help
me 1 Amen."
Thus did Luther add to bis faith virtue, and
thereby did his own work, and that of Erasmus
Always, mv friends, does the Reformation go on,
always do devils us thick as thoso which, in the
' BU,:I' things is a sign of a nobler presence on earth
,"' umu " '"s '- ;
I which shows our actual lilc. It is a sign ol tho
! presence ot Faith, who, though sho may not yet
strength. If the age (und by that 1 mean the nu-
noriiy of men. who constitute the brain and heart
uf every age,) were meaner than it is, it would find
less evil, because it would not care for much good;
it would not, that is, put forth a claim beyond the
ripeness of nature to satisfy. A lower aim might
be reached, but it must come from a lower source.
The evils, against which we murmur, iniht say to
us, "Wo think the age is vory fastidious, und that
it makes a vast noise over very common-place
things. Read your class books over again ; what
generations have boon lice from war, slavery, and
the like ? Why should this ago claim an cxemp
tion? Are you nut over-nice ubout it?" It is
very true, we have becutue sophisticated nnd fas
tidious and are like thn young Goethe, who when
hut six years of uge, plagued his mother to know
if the slurs, which some fortune-teller hnd declar
ed to be auspicious at his birth, would perform nil
they had promised. "Why," said the mol.cr,
Vhould you have the assistance of the eturs, when
'othor pcuplo get on very well without thcin ? ' ll
am not to bo Mi-t-ti.-d with what is sul'icient lur;
other ppi.pl,. Was the child's reply.
The Rcloriners of lo-dav distinctly tako tt i i
position, that they cannot mid will not.'if they can
help i, put up w ith w hat was enough for former
generations. This high discontent w ith tho nctonl
is the awaking insight of tho human spirit de -
lnaniling a pel fection in nil thinirs vhieh it can
I-- ' r
iere hnd outside nf itself: hut. burning nil
tooro intensely thete.it would rise, on the
world, star, hy star until 'ho whole beavenlv host
!'f 'ts v.'r.,1p should rise and overawe tho night.
The spirit which in Christ cried. 'Uelodd 1 I create
nil tl. a Ot ... . '.I
Mnn i in us6 ever coexist w nn too race,
W herever there is n fossil creed questioned by
some iii!iint child who (anniit dissemble ; w hcrev -
er there is a Ilowanl insane ubout defective pi is -
ms; wherever there is h Wilberforce nnroyinj; nil
solid nnd respectable merchants nnd lawyers by
persistent investigations into tho treatment ill
slaves in the West Indies; or a Granville Sharpe
otitrHgiiigKngli.-h Courts nnd Judges by pertioae -
ions inquiries as to ;ho laws in Slavery, forcing
tho reluctant Lord Mansfield to decide that the
nir ot England was too pure for any slavo to(
prcnthe ; thero the old fire ever seething at the
corn oi me woriil, shoots uut its vulcanic tonpoc
and solid things become melted nnd fluid. In
our Innd it rises to-day fiercely, thrcateninii tboi
terrible wrongs which lor a time triumph over us,
and with nn intensity which never can be quench -
cd until our t.a'ion shall come forth from the fur-
nnee refilled and pure,
And in the ranks of this unceasing Reformation.
each of us is either an Erasmus or a Luther ; the
man l faith only with virtue added or the
man of faith. Good sentiments nro cheap
enough. Every man is angry if ho is
clasped nS n SimiiOPtei ot "tolnf iitoi i I . I lis ! 1 i itvnrt
ithuugh the whole practical life may be devoted to
jit. There arc those who would suppress a free
1 discussion of the slavery question in the country,
1 . - ll - .i . . . . . -
tmu cMiccianv in tne pulpit : tnev are verv inoo'-'
mint, when told that they are co-operating with
tho assassin of (Minim r ; but really the only dif-
fermicc is, that they use tho cant j, biases, 'agita-
uon no'i -pomies in the pulpit, to atrike 'town
freedom nf Rr h u ,il.t t!o, K-mtt. I1. It. ,
j takes honestly to iiulla r.cnhu. How common it I
is to hear nu n say, "I am in favor of such a id
such n principle,' or, 'I nui opposed to thi-i or that :
evil ; then go on in their serene way, condemning j
all who i; n finger to toil for the elevation of the
principle, or the destruction of the evil.
Generally, these expressions of love for ri 'ht
principles on the part of oor Lrasmucs are lion i-,
hly Inlse. Jbo whole life cives the lie to the
tongue. Good principles, or a real sense of wrong
nru inn trie quieiists some wouitl nave us helievo.
Ileal faith is a living power, aod moulds tho life of
il. II. . .
the man it enters, by its essenti.il activity. It is
the grand aggressive principle, leaving nothing
where it was: when men know that pestilence of a
fatal kind is in their immediate vicinity, are they
so passive? And when amidst glaring in justice
and oppression, nay. criminal and cruel inliiction,
no on in the old routine, what shitll wn think
but that their good sentiments nro miserable con
i ventmnalisms. aud their professions ot faith w ill
, fu .fnWehod?
Lut if wo could suppose, that such sentimental-
isms e.ro true, it reveals n slill morn rle.M-mlirw
moral condition. If moil mi in, pre. thn wroii.r we
cannot hold them responsible, they nro moral idi
ots; and duty is always.co-orJinate with conviction,
Hut. that meu rdiould actually fee vuit evils ii:
arms' length of them: really have a sense of their
I'..l... . . J - I : 11 ... ' I
u in ii tiuru nun e.Mcni. ill 11 hi 11 uii it ill reii use
and contentment, implies such a fearful selfishness,
such radical, ptncticnl atheism, that one might
well covet for them tho condition of the savage, the
mere animated clud, who knows not his moral na
kedness. It would seem, then, that tho demand t,f tho time
is not for light. There is nlwavs more light th
peupio nre willing lo want in. l he worn groans,
not because theories nnd nmt.il principles nro not
clearly enough defined. We nil l now evil: moral
Calibans being as fabulous us Shakspere's. God
liavo the soul of man, when he culled it into exist-
ence, senses, just as
Uclitiite us taste and smell in
the body, by which it should know right nnd
wrong. The spiritual instinct is traceable directly
up to tho First Cause, with which every man is in
larger or leus contact, unlesi we suppose a peison
al devil. Newly born mice show signs of tcrr ir nl
the first sight ol n eat, and nil minimis have in
stinctive terror of tho nnimals which instinctively
nrev unoti them. Such nn uncrrinfr insiinot lias
the soul for the evils which prey upon her virtues.
is no uso arguing ubout Justico, Mercy,
II inor. Honesty. C'hnstitv: or n.'ainst Cruelty. In.
humanity. Falsehood. It is like nriuiiii? with ear -
ni s ness and lojic.thut white is white and not black.
If then our faith is so clear, if tho very air is la-
den with good sentiments, why is not the earth re-j
deemed f'oni the evils which nftlict nml degrade:
mankind? If all men in their senses favor Free
dom, and condemn Shivery, why is Slavery upper-
most, in sumo form, the world over? If all men's
hearts announce that war nnd bloodshed are wrong
that man, made in tho iininage of God, should not
be hronirht to the auction block, nor irivon bodv
ami soul into tho unrostiicted power of another
man, should nut. bo kept in ignorance through life,
should not have tho whole higher life within him
dwarfed for another's pleasure, whv dnsooh hearts
remain motionless, j hy su jli hands and tongues
palsied ami still;
Uli, lriend
s, it is because beautiful Virtuo is no
lipped mining men. nnd is no more
longer worshipped
seen hovering about our habitations. Oh, thou
heroic Spirit of Man! who once did'st dwell among
men, did'st thou then lie down anil dio with Lcom
D.s in the noble gravo of Thermopj l;o? 1 'id Vt
thou lake the deadly hemlock with rjocnATF.s aud
depart with his spirit? I'id'st thou dio with Li'tu
iiii or Si:uvcri:s.or on the scalfold, with Rl'ssF.i.l or
Sidnev? Whither, Oh Virtue, bast thou gone! See,
poor bleeding Humanity, stricken, crushed, look
up through blinding tears, praying thy roturtt!
Mmll virtuo, manhood, again appear on earth?
The earth aw tits her king. Like Andromeda
chained to the rock, w ith the dragon hearing with
each wavo, she awaits the gcdlike Perseus, v ho
shall leap forth like lightning to tho rescue ; w ho
shall cry, "Let inego ! I shull not rest, no not in
Heaven, amidst such wrongs. Poor child, 1 inn
thy sworn knight until thy every wrong is righted,
until thou art saved from cruel oppressors."
Ii is the tendency of a true Faith to draw about
it a body of Virtue, which radiates virtuous in
fluence, as the linger radiates a rope, modeled on
itself, V) coil and hold whero itself cannot be
carried. It is not natural for faith to be apathetic
and still born. We see this in the evcry-day
interests of life. Men do not discover tho power
of the lightning rod to protect their bouses, then
leave it in tho sell ol books to bo taught children
as a mere fact of science ; they lilt it by their
chimney : they do not discover the vast powers of
sleam and tho tcleirraph. and still sru on iu the old
ways ol 'locomotion nnd sending 'news; but no
sooner is tho abstract fact known, than in n
roads bind tho world, nnd the electric tongue is
heard through ait ull nations. Why then in the
I.;.. I, ........l ,,n.i ;..;,.,! ;..,,..,.,..( 1... .1
j where it might be supposed that wo would bo all
t.iLi, ......... .. ..u r,.i. twit, iiiiuicem ul llltlltlltll.
l,n mum n .t in,, . tl,,.to.. a.l.l ........ I. U
human lifo, do we evudo und hesitate, and let the
Pecalogoe, the Goldeu Rule, the great discoveries
of the spirit, before which the inventions of
Fi.-i.ton, or Newton, cr Mouse, or Fra.nklin' aie
is tapers in the sun, pass ou generation by gener
ation, unappropriated in the world of politics, or
trade, or cveu domostio life, aud only iuto a very
few individual lives ?
knows that God is king in this universe, lie knows
i that God's ways nro not ns our ways; thnt the
j very word God, involves ns a necessity the com
thcr i pleto triuini h of nil that is good. Why should
and lead balls do their work ; the named nnd un
Thero : named heroes pass to oilier spheres; tho great
brothers, it is hecuusc wo ndd not to our
A irtuc, simple manliness; the noblo resolve
that surrenders a hum to a Principle in the strength
of which !. id, wi'h nil the power of His rig!i'
hand, is immovably enthroned in his heart, nnd
for which bo is able to endure nil ; ennntin!? nil
suffering for that principle joy, nil toil case, al,
1 shame, glory and delight !
i Down I Down! vn clamorous fears, vo spirit"
r - . ,
evoked by passions from her deeps, ve swarm
i ulnar interests ! Tukn me. O Eicnml Truth nnd
! lilbt ! 1 am thine, nnd thine alone. Infinite nnd
! Perfect God 1
i 1 seo nrotind me Kings nnd Queens. Ah, you
.1 1 t 1 .1 1 1...., ............
i ' m .jct-civc on; , i cix n;',ilruoii ti o o
i lioviring over each one, with tho seeptro nn
! purple ; and I know that ye tire born, each to the,
, rightful inheritance of a kingdom nnd throne
: fairer, greater, than nny kingdoms and thror.es!
bich ev r glittered nn the planet. Why do you;
, not grasp your power? Why nrc your hands
gluel to 3our sides ? Why do you let pretendets
! usurp the seat of the soul? There, it is
Alas, I had nearly forgotten. Virtue nlone can
lAichain the earthly fpell, nnd rouo the noble,
.King sleeping in each of us : from tho deptln of.
w hat we are giving tlio awlul gltmpso ol what wc
might bo.
I know that awful shadow of Duibt, whieh
evil times like these, comes nn many souls which
have been striving lor tho right. It is related of
ISki ti s, thnt ns he fell upon bis sword nt tho battle
nf Phillippi, ho exclaimed. "I have followed theo,
O Virtue, through life, and find theo at last but n
slindow." And on us to-day conies that cloud.
when the first great essentially moral conflict which
a nation ever saw, has past, anil the
battle field, cleared nlmost.reveals the fallen forms
of heroes. When we think of tho s?eniinglv hupe-
hoiiuago ol millions, whose oppressors nre
.glutted with power ; when we think of how our
own fellow beings with their families in Kansas.
it 1. . I I. . . iv . . 1 1 ..: ,1
ocoeaui too ucei ot ruumu uespuiimu, lay sun
aw bile, awaiting with full hope the moment when
'he heart of their country might come like the
good .Samaritan, to bind their wounds, pouring in
on ana wine, men seeing mat it is mo j.evne
who comes n ml limits, nml loisses liV fin the other
tide; of Freedom for which t or fathers toiled, sub
dued and fettered ; uhis, w hen v. e think ot these
things, tho shadow w hich le.ll on Ckuti s, falls on
us, und in bitterness wo cry, "Yes, Virtue is n
shallow. Satan is enthroned, not God, if thero i.v
any God !"
but the reason why the heart faints is because
'ts faith has not yet flowered in virtue. Any one
who has espoused tho cause o. I reeuomnot ut the
voice of party, nor lor any interests of section, nor
lor mere expectation of success, but because it
was the side of Virtue,) knows in his heart thnt he
and his cauo cannot be dfjcote.i ; knows that
Justico and Kibt nre beyond the control of such
,-, - t t. i Tl-
petty tilings t.s
J.ieelions nna 1 resiueucies,
our political methods no better than ins providen
tial lines? If tho full sway foi a time of Wrong
is its path to death, w hy shall wo murmur? Y
who sit sadly by tho sepulchre of Liberty, seeing
only the s.;il which men have placed ujion it, the
stone on the mouth of thu sepulchre, tho nrmed
guard which surrounds it.think not thnt altogether
can hold that spirit mere ! listen close to the
prophecy of Vii tu in your hearts, hear there the
video of nn angel which even now cries, "It is not
lin.n t, to rim... I"
o- . . ov,.
When my sinking heart asked, "Is then Liberty
indeed dead?" there came a poet with heart a-twiu
with the wholo world, nnd ho said. "Courage 1 my
brother or my sister 1 keep on ! Liberty is to be
be subserved, whatever occurs. There is nothing
that is quelled by one or two failures, or by tho
inditierenca or ingr ititudo of tho people, or the
show of tho tushes of power soldiers, cannon,
penal statutes.
W hat wo believe in, waits latent for evcrthrough
Asia. Africa, Europe, America, Australia, Cuba,
and all the islands aud archipelagoes of the sea,
what wo believe in invites no one, promises nothing,
sits in calmness and light, is positive and com
posed, knows no discouragement, waits patiently
its timo, a year, a century, a hundred cen
turies. The battlo ragea with many a loud alarm, nnj
frequent advance and retreat.
I ho imiucl
! triumphs or supposes he triumphs. Tho prison,
i scaffold, garvote, hand-cull's, iron necklace, anklet.
speakers and writers are exiled they lie tie
1 distant lands, the cause is asleep tho strong
throats are clinked with their own bloud, the young!
nien drop their eye-lashes toward t!"ie ground when
'hey meet. Rut for all this, Liberty has not gone
out of i ho place, nor tho infidel entered into
When liberty goes out of placo, it is not the
first to go, nor tho second or third to go. It wuits
for till tho rest to no it is the last.
When thero are no more memories of tho lovers
of tho whole, of tho nations of tho world; the
j lovers' names scouted in the public gatherings by
the lips of tho orators, boys not christened after
! them, but christened after traitors and murderers
! instead ; laws for slaves sweet to the taste of
people ; tho slave-hunt acknowledged ; you or I
walking abroad upon the earth fluted ntthe sight
' of slaves, nu matter who they are ; and when "H
; Rbi and nil the souls of men and women arc dn -
chargeu iroiu any part oi me cartii, man suau uic.,,,-
instinct of liberty lie discharged from that part of
the earth, then shall tho infidel and the tyrant
como into possession.
Theio two ubout live millions of voters in the
United Slates. On lat Tuesday about two in the
live decided practically that the violation, in tho
face of tlio sun, uf every cummandment in the
decalogue by open act of the President of these
States, through bis sevile instruments, is worthy
to be sustained and encouraged Rut are we to
think for it moment that these two millions of men
are essentially bad hearted, that they enjoy murder,
and robbery, nnd rape, nnd arson, nnd would like
to inaugurate thorn as domestic institutions? Tneir
votes have i one that way, but not their hearts.
Go into their houses ; whoso portraits bang on the
thoso of Nttto, or the Gegrof.s of England.
or Judge Jr.iTRifcs. or ISexedict Aiinolu? Or are
lliey tno laces in vi tsi.r.y, aim tux, ami uiiiik-
field, and W Asuixoiox, ana l.Al .WETiE wnose
lile-loiig force was leveled at slavery. What are
their children's nan.es, C.vuuCl.A V Captain KiDD?
MosiioK KuwakIj? nnd olber borjer ruffians, or
Fsu.NKi.is.lloWAiiD nnd Wu.beriuiile ? The people
arc right nt be u t.and a few years mure of common
schooling will make them right at bead too,
and will cause them to stare at many things they
now do.
When in thosprintr cf '54, TU'ftxs was nn trial
nt Roston on tho charge of having so far forgotten
his color as to desire licedoin, I learned well Ibis
1 lesson nbout the popular heart, i suppose ncnuy
! live hundred thousand people thronged the city
Irom every part of the State. Aud when through
tt,..ir miilst down Statu street, the poor man was
- -
1 carried, manacled, a deuso phalanx of United
the wharf, with red sircnrners like bloody stripes,
awaiting hor victim. I passed uhmg tho sidewalks
I "f the city ; not at all attracted by seeing the
slave returning. W hy shou d I ha attending to
4vtiivv Hchns? 1 1 i in I had lien when a child,
for his master and I wero born in tho same county
lived in the same village j slaves with band-
cuffd, I bad seen pasting our village streets in
it uusocu upon me now toe siave power una always
lonnd its right hind in the North. To these men,
that man icWm they paw chuinerf, was the only
I slave on earth ' Tiicy eould not have believed it,
but here really was a" Man, made in the image of
God, chained 1 and there was no power to rescue
' that man I Terrilic fact I Slavery then actually
. exists, nnd there nre men who enn actually come
in'upto nnother man nnd put chains on him, and
possess him, ns they possess a horse ! And lit'RNS
is but one of five" millions I Well, it was not
then depravity, but ignorance, which hnd made
the ma of these very men perhnps vote for him
0f virtue. Delcat then attests the difficulty
: p; rel)mjn when the poor, eating, sleeping ani
walls, L,. wmt;h dogs us over the world, shall have
turned to dust?
lend it;" a fool's," Win gold and end it;" gam
and bier's, "Win gold and lose U;" a wise mao's,"Wi
gold and use it." SdaJ for the Social.
'gangs nil my lifo. Hut there whs one siuht which
J I hnd never seen, w hich nhsorhed me now. Oh,
tlloSO men (if eV Eturlnnd I 'I'hev lri,lrat nn
i jr. i I ) f. L,il. a, ..I I,. ..i .. :r u
1 iki ki. ti, i.t ii vinus i
vision of the endless Night had suddenly become
i dread reality: yes. 1 myself snw strong men
villi tears streaming on their cheeks, bovs ruki.
ting nlong w ithout laughter but in wild d'isjiayj
men of intluenen nml iro.il -h linnn-fr. il.nt. U..A
i - v. ....... ....h.i.i, c r.VJ n,
nfisitting perhaps on street boxes nr aton. tith
! laces pressed down into their ImtoU t All 11..-
thought i, for ono slave chained in their streets,
when thero nro ti ve millions where he came from.
and most of them far worso off than he! Then
! I. 1 . ., . . . .
uniier whose administration the rendition occured;
and it is estimated that Fifty Thousand anti-
slavery men were born nmid the pangs of that
day I Even tho lawyer who defended the shave
catcher's claim, like,ludas when he saw the result
of his treachery, Christ in chains, repented, nnd
has been vigorously canvassing fir Liberty during
this contest. Then, niter all, thcso men are not
devils, nnd tberol'oro wo cannot for nn instant
admit thnt Liberty lias suffered more than an ap
parent defuat.
Let us learn, too, that it is the very grnndour cf
our cause, which has made its triumph remote
nnd difficult. You know thn'. calves and dogs nnd
sheep nnd nil lower animals como to their full
growth nnd strength in a mnth or n year or two
or three years ; but Mas, the nobler aniinak the
culmination id' nature, takes a long timo to reach
maturity nnd full growth: bo needs more than a
a score of years, so is it with ideas or projects ;
those which are low reach their strength early;
not so the high human idea, the party of Liberty,
standing nmitlst other ideas and parties, ns Man
amongst lower orders. The triumph of the cauve
of Africnn Freedom is not to be classed with the
triumph ol tho cause of Temperance or Missionary
Societies, nr anything of the kind. It presup
poses and involves iv largo perception of the
nwful nnd niniestio nature of loan, the. inSex'ble
justice of tho universe in w hich never yet went sin
unpunished; aye, it implies a lull tide beating from
human hearts nn toward the celestial shores, which
when they shall come shall bo jubilant mornin
stars, heralding in their song the Perfect Day of
God, even then flaming up in the East, streak on
streak, nnd unsealing every eye to the new creiv
tion. Ah, yes, brothers, thoso who have low aim
soonest reach them.
But the highest lesson of defeat is yet to be re
ceived. It is not evil in the world which is our
trouble. that is God's affair, but it is evil in
men's hearts. The slavery of five millions of Af
ricans, in itself, we could easily view, ns we do the
destruction of life by cholera, but ii it the dread-
fvl tack of ririie in the country, which alone it th
corner-stone oj blaveiy.
Wo httvo said how it nppenrs with the mass of
men to be ignorant, which is also criminal, but '
who nre those who deceive the people? What shall
he said of the falsehood which sugars over the
crimes of which this nntion stands convicted by
the moral sense of the world, with the name of
Democracy, nnd gives them to the people? Thnt
was a terrible saying of Montesquieu, "that it
would not do to admit that tho negroes were men,
lest it should appear thnt tho whites were not."
We must remember then that ns tho evil is not
so much in the suflering of the African, as the
ignorance and guilt of the Caucasian, so the tri
umph over the evil would not be so much in being
rid of it. ns in being rid of complicity with it, that
is, in finding men willing to do their best against it.
It therefore has become a test of virtue throughout
our land. Every man is made to feci that God did
not put him hero to abolish Slavery, but to tia
right by Slavery nnd every other evil. And it is
because this evil stands behind such strong en
trenchments, with interests, laws, powers, talent,
aud wealth on its side, with all devils, such as
selfishness, ambition, meanness, nn its side, thnt
it is so great a source of virtue. The evil stands
only to be assailed: no other reason for the exis
tence of nn evil in God's universe, can Do imagin
ed; it stands, that souls may grow strong io
wrestling with it.
A friend rea l me tho other day, a sentence from
a Mvr written by the venerable Channing, '
which said, '1 find that I have been nil my life
trying to find virtue by some other means than
virtue itself.' So wo nil do. Virtue is manhood '
moral strength ; we are ever seeking it in thing!
which yield no moral strength, in mere social re
spectability or church-going, or in not doing harm,
careless whether we nre doing good. We devote
ourselves to what it is easy to devote ourselves to
We pitch feathers to generate muscular force. We
seek the joy of victory in fields where there is no
enemy, Not thus. Oil man, shs.lt thou reciere
strength nnd sing pagans! 'Good things come
huril ' said Plato, twentv-five hundred years nffO.
J tlie Uw has not changed iu that time. Thou
,.nst pother r.earls on the wave tons, nor nick
j up diamonds liko leaves. Tf.ou canst not attain the
divjn0 rewards of virtuo without the perils, cares.
of our cause nnd its grandeur; attests, too, its
power to generato virtue within us. And we
might thank God for permitting Slavery, if it gen
erates virtue in men nnd women ; fur tho earth ex
ists not to be free from evils, but to produce noble
human souls, ns nn aprle-l tree exists to produce
npples. And heaven knows we need something
to yield virtuo. This lifo of ours seems poor
enough, moan enough ; nnd nenrly the only good
thing nbout it, is that we know that it is poor and
mean. A perpetual round of getting, eating,
drinking, sleeping that's o j fit life for an, immor
tal nnd divine being ! Are we to go on thus, nev
er piorcing'to tho heart of any deep spiritual vein
i looion u e muv mine heavenly treasures which
lii-otlicrs ! I stand before you a stranger ; an
exile from my church, robbed by Slavery of that
first and dearest association ; robbed by Slavery
of my own home; my purents forced to go to
distant city to see me, you will allow me some
renson for bating Slavery. Rut let us see that it
does not rob you and me of something more than
home or friends; see that it does not rob ue of
Virtue, does not cause our manhood to swerve
from its task, or our spirits to cease striving for the
r ?, : ;.. ,i . ,.:. jil a, the shadow passes
r ,"ht. n the more in its anient auu ncuiiu,
llver pi pledge our hearts and hands again and
forever lor God und the Right ; so shall undreamed
eiicr-in and new hopes be bom within us, and
Faitli am) Virtue together strike forth, as pinions,
to bear us on to the God whom the true Spirit of
j jjaJ ever M firB the bun I
A vain
a Ronermi
ser s, ' Vt i
A vain man's motto is, "Win gold and wear it;"
mis man s, " l in gold and share it; a mi-.
in Bold r.nd spare 11; profligate s,"Wm
cold nnd spoiul It; a brokers, "Nm guia ana

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