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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, September 19, 1857, Image 1

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VOL. 13. NO. 5.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Liberator.
hainrd nothing by asserting, at the outset,
that ninety nine per cent, of the outrage daily
committed against freedom, including the indigni
ties heaped upon the unoffending colored men in
these United States, aro directly or indirectly the
work of those connected with the Administration
party and all, too, in the Dame of American
The infamous decision of Judge Taney, that
colored men have no rightB that white men are
"bound to respeot, is already acknowledged as the
key-note to which these democratio hunters of
"Prtfsta watrlnrf and statPFmen, from flmrpla to Maine,
Ar. mounting the saddle and ft-ranping the rein;
Night merrily hunting the ulark man, wIiohk ,1u
la the curl uf tala hair ani the hue of hla jkln."
The first blast cnmo from Rhode Island, whero,
at the Gloucester elections, colored citizens were
driven from the ballot-box. To be sure, since then,
the city of Provideuco has, by political chance
not by intont elected a colored man as Warden
and his fulfillment of the official duties thereby
imposed has done something to offset, and perhaps
to rightly settle, the pending question of Rhode
Island colored citizenship.
In Maino, a colored man has recently been re
fused, by the authorities at Bath, his oustomary
license as skipper of a fishing vessel. He was
accompanied by the owner when the application
was made, but it availed nothing, King Slavery
is on the throne.
The New York Legislature last year advanced
a step in securing equal suffrage to colored citi
zens, and unless democratic wire pulling prevails,
the right so long withheld will soon be conceded.
But the heavy hand of proscription still presses
upon them iu the several departmouts of society,
as at "the Normal School for Girls, which had a
grand exhibition a few days since at the Academy
of Music, when the graduating class received their
diplomas amid the cheers of an admiring crowd.
Two young women, (Miss Helen Appo and Miss
Elizabeth Jennings,) who passed a successful ex
amination, were denied the privilege of appearing
with their fellow-pupils, and sharing with them
the pleasures and honors of the occasion, for no
reason, except that Uod had given them a darker
complexion than that of their sisters. On this
account they were compelled to receive their diplo
mas in private. This fact is disgraceful to the
Board of Education, and a reproach to the city
which does not with one voice protest against it,"
How stands it with Solomon Northup, a colored
citizen of the Empire State, as certified by His
Excellency, Washington Hunt? He was kidnap
ped and carried into slavery, and held for twelve
years, but finally found his way hack to his fam
ily. "Ho brought suit some time ago against hie
kidnappers, whom be knew, and who certainly
would have fared hard under an investigation ; but
since the Dred Scott decision, he has been obliged
to abandon all hope of bringing them to justice,
because he cannot sue in the United States courts.
This isdomocratio.rvjHaJ justice and equal rights."
Even Wisconsin, the State w hich baa given such
promise uf resisting, to the limit of disunion, all
Federal usurpation in Fugitive Slave Law cases,
has just been disgraced by the withholding of a
Notary Public's commission from a colored citizen,
though signed by Governor Bashford, the Secre
tary nf State, Colonel Jones refusing to sign it on
the pretext that the appointment was iu vijlnlion
of the Constitution.
In Iowa, where the peoplo aro to decide by vote
whether colored men shall enjoy the elective fran
chise, to make it certain that they shall not, nil
who did not vote are all to be considered as if they
voted in the negative 1 If this is nvt tbo concen
tration of Democratic infernulism, whero can it be
found T
Ohio yet shoots down the fugitive who seeks her
oil en route for freedom enforces her black laws
against voting and nlso prohibits tho colored citi
zens from equal enrollment in tho State militia.
Illinois, too, horribly mangles to death a man
who was trying to declaro his independence from
slavery, and by Judge McLean's decision in the
Mitchell case, concedes the right of colored men to
State citizenship, but affords no defence ol their
rights as United States citizens.
The 6rst Republican convention held in Minne
ecta declared that there should be no civil disabil
ities on account of color, birthplace, or religious
belief; but the Convention just hold for the pur
pose of amending the Constitution, reveals the fact
that despite all the Republican pretensions, a bar
gain was made with the Democrats, which culmin
ated in retaining the word white, and 'crushed out'
the colored man's right to vote One member,
Hon. J. W. North, made a manly speech in favor
cf equal suffrage, but their disregard of his appeal
proves that as a body 'No North' exists among
thom. Southward this free Western State points
her political vane.
If report speaks truly, Mr Hall, who defended
the colored man's rights in the California Legisla
ture, has acted with the democrats ; but if consitent
with himself, he will soon leave their ranks for
more congenial spirits. But where will he find
them, practically, if Republicans are not reliable 1
In New Hampshire, where just now Buchunan
Democracy is not in the ascendant, equality of mil
itia privileges has been granted to colored men.
California is legislating to prevent colured men
from becoming residents; Minnesota ofiicials for
bid them the exercise of the right of pre-emption,
and Free State men in Kansas deny him a consti
tutional home ; while at Washington, Newfound
land dogs are being trained to carry the United
States mail a service from which colored Ameri
can citizens are by express regulation prohibited.
A more dogmatic developement of Democratic col
orphobia the pages of history cannot furnish.
The recent 17th of June demonstration on Bun
ker Hill, and some associations connected there
with, suggest the grouping together a few facts and
comments, historical and otherwise, in further il
lustration of the characteristic crowding out and
'crushing out policy exhibited towards the cause
of freedom, sacrificing white men and colored men
alike on the same altar of Democratio America's
peouliar institution'.
Swett, the early historian of Bunker Hill battle,
gives a graphic account of the signal act of l'eter
Salem, a colored American, who shot Major Pit-
can, and thus helped essentially to turn the tide of
events on that memorable day. A contribution
was made in the army for the colored soldier, and
ha was formally presented to General Washington,
with special reference to having performed this teat.
In some engravings of this battle, Sulom occupies
a prominent position but in more recent editions,
bis figure is not to be seen a significant, but in-
florious omission. On jgnme bills, however, of the
lonumontal Bank, Charleston, and Freeman's
Bank, Boston, his presence is manifest. Yet, when
Mr. Frothingham, junior editor of the Boston Post,
publishes his version of Bunker Hill battle, no
mention is made of Peter Salem and his deed,
which, had he been a white man, would have been
immortalized by this Democratio writer as the most
gallant American of them all. But in contradis
tinction from Democratic abnegation of the colored
man' patriotism and bravery, Hun.t'Edward Ever
ett, in his oration, gave utterrnoe to the following
tribute, which boing loudly applauded, was evi
dently appreciated by the multitude i
'No name adorns the shaft, hut ages lienco,
though our alphabet way become as obscure as
those which cover the monuments uf Nineveh and
Babylon, its uninscrihed surface, on which mon
srehs might be proud to engrave their titles, will
perpetuate the memory of the 17th uf June. It is
tho monument of the day, of the event, of the bat
tle of Bunker Hill, of all the brave men who
shared its perils alike of Proscott and Putnam
and Warren, the chiefs of tho day, and tho colored
man iSdcwi.who is reported to have shot the gallant
Pitcairn as he mouttod the parapet. Cold as the
clods on which it rests still as the silent heavens to
which it soars, it is yet vocal, eloquent in their in
dividual praise.'
In commendation of Peter Salem, Titus Coburn,
Alexander Ames, Barzilli Lew, Cato Howe, and
other colored Americans w ho Performed duty on
Bunker Hill, it was anticipated that a delegation,
including some descendants uf these colored pen
sioners, would have formed part of the procession
from Boston to Charleston, in the late celebration,
but combination nf unlooked-for causes prevent
ed. The colored Masons, too, but for independent
obstacles, woulc' have augmontod the procession.
As Gen. Warrren was a Mason, the celeration was
under Masonic auspices, tho whole would have been
in harmony with the occasion. The banner they
intended to display contained the names of the
above colored men, with brief mention of their in
dividual positions during the battle, while the re
verse read as follows: 'Extract from Gen. War
ren's speech, March Ot'j. 1772, in commemoration
of the Boston Massacre : "The voice of your fathers'
blood criat to you from the ground : 'My sons, scorn
to be slaves'!" '
Apropros to this extract mny bo noted the late
news from Washington, that Joseph Warren New
comb, the only lineul descendant and family repre
sentative of the revolutionary Warren living, has
been turned out from a clerkship, because he w ns
supposed not to recognize the nationality and di
vinity of slavery, as expounded by the Democratic
party and Fugitive Slave Law Mason. Because he
will not be a slave, tho government will not employ
him. And this proscription, be it remembered,
was coincident with the celebration on Bunker
Hill. Of what Mai significance tire monuments
erected to tho dead fathers, when their living suns
are ostracised for most remotely imitating the very
deeds which emblazoned the name and famo of the
fathers with imperishable renown ? It is said that
when the proposition was made to Mr. Newconib
to deny any affinity with free soil politics, bo re
plied, 'Tell the Secretary that I will see him at the
bottom of the bottomless pit before I will so do
grade myself'. Answered in the spirit of him who
sail), 'My sons, scorn to be slaves 1'
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, in his recent speech
at the Musical Festival, referred to the negotiation
at Ghent, where the band master in a dilemma,
had recourse to the enlorcd servant of Mr. Clay,
who whistled 'Yankee Doodle,' which, being jotted
down as he whistled, was then played by the or
chestra, thus affording edification to tho allied eov
eseigns. 'Whether that boy was bond or free,'
continued Mr. Winthrop, '1 know not; but I think
both South and North would agree that he earned
his liberty, ami his citizenship too, on that occasion.'
Suppose, iu the spirit which seemingly prompted
this admission. Mr. Winthrop had, on Bunker
Hill, submitted some such extract as the following,
from Gen. Warren's speech in Boston, March 5th,
'That personal freedom is the natural riyht of ev
ery man, and that property, or an exclusive right
to dispose of what he has honestly ncquired by his
own labor, nesccssarily arises therefrom, aro truths
which common sense bits placed beyond the reach
of contradiction. And no man or body nf men
can, without being guilty of flagrant injustice,
claim a right to dispose of the persons or acquisi
tions of any other men or body of men, unless it
has arisen from some compart between the parties,
in which it has been explicitly and freely granted.'
To be sure, Senator Mason would nut have ap
plauded these sentiments to the echo, but the liberty-loving
masses would have glorified and gruto
fully remembered tho deed, whiuh is mnro than
can be predicated of'Mr. W's deferential tribute to
the sluveholding and slavo-huntiug Senator.
The senator from Georgia once threatened to
call the roll of his slaves on Bunker 11:11. The
presence at this celebration of a Senator from Vir
ginia, the author of tho Fugitive Slave Law the
menace and the fact corroborating the predomi
nant influenco that slavery exerts over public men
at tho North, foreshadows what Borne already
prophecy, that instead of Liberty being sacred,
even at her shrine on Bunker Hill, this Mason nnd
his accomplices may soon so Bubjugate white free
men that the monument may give place to the
But to return from this disgression. The Ma
sonic order claim to be preeminently a bund of
brothers, recognising, in their my.itie tie, nil at
homo or abroad, who, by grip, sign or password,
give proof of initiation ; and yet, as an organiza
tion, they have never, in the United States, frat
ernised with colored Masons. A veteran anti
slavery man, and, withal, one high in Masonic au
thority, informs me that Primus Hall, Boston
Smith, Thomas Saunderson, and others, endeavor
ed to obtain a charter from the Grand Lodge of
Massachusetts, but did not succeed, lne refusal
is said to have been founded on the color of the
applicants. This denial prompted them to seek a
charter from England, in the year 1083, through
the medium of a sea captain by the name of Scott,
said to have been a brother-in law of revolution
ary John Hancock, and the said charter, with Con
stitution, was forwarded from London, Sept. 19,
1784, and signed by Lord Howard, Earl of Effing
ham, (acting Grand Master under His Royal High
ness Henry Frederio, Duke of Cumberland, who
was then head of the Masonic body in England,)
Wm. White ns Socretary, and Rutland Holt, D. G,
M. ; and thus originated the Prince Hall Lodge,
the first colored lodge in the United States. Prince
Hall and othor eolorod Americans received their
degrees in English lodges, and colored Masons vis
iting them to this day are always received as
On the last 4th of July, these words were sus
pended across State Btreet 'Reader, within your
view is the sacred spot where fell the first martyrs
in the cause of American Independence.' How
many passers by were conscious that among that
pioneer party of American revolutionists, Crispus
Attuck, a colored man, was the first to attack, and
was himself the first martyr? Henry Q. Smith
of Boston, has issued a large nnd handsome litho
graph (executed by Chnpney) of this scene, which
gives due color to the occasion, by assigning At
tueka his true and leading position ; but J. F.
Schreeder, 1). 1)., is now publishing the life and
times of Washington, with illustrations by Chap
pel, and in part six has an engraving nf the Bos
ton Massacre, from which Attucks has been whol
ly omitted, Whether any reference will be made
to him in subsequent numbers, we have not now
the means of judging. And yet Bntta, Howes
of teaparty reminiscences Goodrich, and other
historians, in substance concur with John Adams,
in h'lB plea for the British soldiers, that 'Attucks
appeared to be the hero of the night, nnd to lead
the people ;' in acknowledgment of which, he was
buried with great honor. from Faneuil Hall, nnd
John Hancock, orf'March 6th, 1774, invoked the
injured shades of the slain, including Attucks ;
and Judge Dawes, with a galaxy of successors
Lovell, Church, Austin, Tudor, Mason, and others
eulogised the 5th of March martyrs for thus
ushering in the day whioh history has selected as
the dawn of the American Revolution.
General Washington had none of this Democrat
io squeamishnees about oolored men and their pat
riotism. He not only slept under the same blank
et with Primus Hall, but throughout the war, he
specially rewarded tho valor and integrity of many
other colored soldiers s and to William Lee he left
an annuity, 'as a testimony of my his sense of
attachment to'ine, nnd for his faithful services dur
ing the Revolutionary War.' In view of these
facts, it would seem that thero was a constant
struggle of his better nature to do that which, ne-
glected, has left
'Posterity's sad eye to run
Along one line, with slave and Washington
Some one has described that to bo a Republic
whero love of freedom and love of country, togeth
er with the execration of despotism, aro predomi
nant. In this self-styled 'model republic,' 'bright
Eden-land of nations,' nnd 'proud home of liberty,'
systumatic and persistent measuies are put forth
to prosecute ana outrage one seventh of the popu
lation, and to iirnore everv act performed bv them
which win for white men everlasting fame and
honor. But let it be kept in constant remem
brance by tho colored American and his friends,
and by them held up before the peoplo, that some
oi tue most signal and brilliant examples of pat
riotic heroism have been exhibited bv colored men.
on every revolutionary battle field, from Bunker
Hill to Yorktown ; and the military and naval
records of tbo war of 1812 exhibit equal evidences
of tho coloted man's valor and patriotism. In
deed, this last war was undertaken becnuso of the
impressment of three seamen, two of whom were
colored satisfactory proof, at least, that they were
American citizens. And yet, with all these facts
written on the page of impartial history, American
Democracy, now grown rabid by high judicial en
couragement in the Dred Scott decision, 'though
tho foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have
nests,' would leave us no place to lay our heads ;
for by their bearing are they constantly taunting
coiorcu jiiucnuuns, asKing
'What right havo they here in the home of the
Shadowed o'or by our banner of freedom and
If there is nny remedy for these stupendous
wrongs, it is to be found in the faithfulness of
word and action of the true-hearted of all parties,
whose cxertioDs will be rewarded by a regenerat
ed state of public opinion, declaring that colorod
American citizens have rights that all mankind
are bound to respect.
Boston, August, 1857. W. C. N.
Thfl Convention nf thnan nnnnanrl fn tKa n.ti.,n
had by the convocation in Cleveland in .May last,
held ita RPRwinn in ltiil,nw,nrl .tnt-intr tlio l-,uf
days of August, ultimo. It adjournod sine die on
tho 1st instant, and its action in full is now be
fore us. Tho resolutions which linally passed are
as follow :
WUERKAS. All net resolutions nnA tnsti mniiina
of past General Assemblies, and especially tho ac
tion ui me last uenerui Assembly, wnereby sus
picions anu uoudis ot tne good standing aud equal
riirhtH find nrivilprre nf filiivpliiilit inn mnitihacc of
the Church or imputations or charges against their
v-inioimo L-uuracter tave uecn eitner implied or
expressed, are contrary to the examples and teach-
..r ni.-:-. i , . . .
"Kg vi jurist aim ins vposties, anu are a viola
tion of tho Constitution of the thu Prcshvtorian
And Whereas, Tho relation of master nnd ser
vant, tit itself considered or further than tho rela-j
live duties arising therefrom, and Slavery as an
institution of the State, do not properly belong to I
the Church judicatories as subjects for discussion
and inquiry.
And Whereas, In tho judgement of this Con
vention there is no prospect of tho cessation of
this agitation of Slavery in tl e General Assembly
so long as thero aro slaveholders in connection
with the Church ; therefore,
Resolved, That we recommend to the Presby
teries in connection with tho General Assembly of
the I'lesbytcnan Church inl the l.tiitod States of
America to withdraw from the said body.
Resolved, That in tho judgement of this Con
vention, nothing can be made the basis for disci
pline in tho Presbyterian Church, which is not
specifically referred to in the Constitution as crime
or heresy.
Resolved, That the Convention recommended
to ail the l'resby tories in the Presbyterian Church
which are opposod to the agitation of Slavery in
the highest jusdicatory of the Church, to uppoint
delegates in the proportion prescribed by our Form
of Government for the appointment of Commis
sioners to tho Assembly to meet at Knoxville,
Term., on tho first Thursday in April, 1858, at 7
P. M., fur the purpose of organizing a general
Synod under the namo of "The United Synod of
the Presbyterian Church in the United States of
Rev. D. Newton, of Mississippi, favored an
union with the Old School and offered a resolu
tion which was adopted, and which reads ns fol
lows :
Resolved, That the union between us and our
Old School brethren, could it be effected on terms
acceptable to both sidos, would be conductive to
the best interests of the Church of Christ, and
this Convention, afterafreo and full interchange of
opinion and views on tlnjsuhject do now recommend
that the Synod, when formed and dulv organized,
shall invite thcGeneral Assouibly of theOldSchool
to a fraternal conference with a view to union.
From the Pittsburg Gazette.
Messrs. Editors : I have just been reading the
life of General William Eaton. He was for sov-
eral years American Consul at Tunis. During
tins period the iiurbary Mates enslaved all the
'Christians" that lell into their hands. The Ameri
can Council made himself perfectly familiar with
tne wants ana woes ot those who sutlered under
Muhomedan servitude.
It may be interesting to your renders to know
how this servitude appeared to one who had been
very familiar with Slavery in Georgia. You know
that many of our Pennsylvania apologists for the
severity of Southern servitude often asserts that
the agitation ot the Slavery question in the free
States is the cause of the stringent laws now on
the statute bonks, nnd of much of the severity now
practiced in the Slaveholding States. That these
assumptions are baseless is obvious from the date
of many of the enactments, and from facts prior
to the existence uf any politicul anti-slavery ex
citement. Gen. William Eaton was a cptain in the United
States army, and was for some time on service in
Georgia. He thore had Slavery under his oye, ns
it existca aunng ttie urst ton or htteon years ol
this republic Subsequently he was scut to the
Barhary States to look after the interests of slaves
of unother color. He found them uf every class
and condition. He was then able to contemplate
Slavery iu Africa ns well as in America. The Af
ricans had carried the war into Carthage, nnd n
zealous American patriot had the privilege of look
ing first on this picture and then un that.
Hear him : Life of Gen, ll'i. Eaton, page 154,
Brookfield Eass. Ed. 1813. 1 After giving au ac
count uf 050 Sardinian Slaves, hi says. "Many of
them have died uf gnel, -and others linger out a
life less tolerable than death. Alas, retuyrie seiz-
cs my whi le soul when I reflect that this is indeed
but a copy of the barbarity which my eyes have
seen in my own native country, And yet wo boast
of liberty and national justice. How frequently,
in tho Southern Slates of my own native country,
have I seen weeping mothers leading the guiltless
infant to the sales with as deep anguish as if they
led them to the slaughter ; and yet felt my bosom
tranquil in view of these aggressions upon defence
lees humanity. But whon I see the seme enormi
ties practiced upon beings whose complexion nnd
blood claim kindred with my own. I curse the
perpetrators and weep over tho wretched victims
of their rapacity. Indeed (ruth and justice de
mand from me the confession that the Christian
Slaves among the barbarians of A frier are treated
with more humanity than ihe Afiican Slaves among
the professing Christians of civilized America ;
and yot here sensibility bleeds at every pore for
the wictchcs whom fate had doomed to Slavery."
Men of America, lead, reflect, speak your minds,
and act, ETA.
Dr. Gihnn's History of Gov. Geary's Administra
tion in Kansas has the following graphic portrait
uro of the last Territorial Legislature of Kansas,
chosen during the reign of terror there on the first
Monday in Outober last, at an election which the
Free State party did not recognize, nnd in which
few but tho Pro-Slavery men of Kansas, with some
help from Missouri, participated. This Legislat
ure was claimed to be a improvement on its prede
cessor, elected bv the M issoiirinns nn th .'tilth ot
March, 1S55, and did nctually, at the instance of
certain ueinoerattc lenrtors at Washington, repeal
two or three of tho worst sections of the most tyr
annical m-ts passed by the latter, intended to de
prive the Free-State men of nil political rights
whatever. Dr. Oihon, as private Secretary of Gov.
Genry, was in daily communion with this second
Legislature, of w hich he gives the following des
cription, amply confirmed bj facts detailed in sub
sequent chapters of his book:
"The Legislative Assembly met nn Lccnmpton
on the 12th of Janunry, nnd organized by appoint
ing the liev. Thomns Johnson of Shawnee Mission
president of the Council and W. G. .Matthias of
Leavenworth City, Speaker of the House of Rep
resentatives. One of the first proceedings of this legislative
body was to hold n secret meeting, in which it was
resolved that should any act pass both houses by a
majority of votes, and then be vetoed by the Gov
ernor, there rhould be a mutual agreement to dis
regard the veto, nnd pass the act by n two-third
vote, which was strictly adherd to in nil their sub
sequent proceedings. At the previous session they
had stripped the Governor of every vestige of pow
er or authority save that specially named in the or
ganic act, and this act they causo to bo so printed
as to take from him the pardoning power. They
now concluded to deprive him of the only privilege
remaining, which was that of vetoing offensive,
obnoxious and unjust enactments. The Governor
was apprised of this fact, but scarcely believing so
infamous a measure possible, attempted to arrest
several bills, by offering the most tancible objec
tions, which only served to excite tho merriment of
members and call aowu upon bis own head the
most violent anathemas. Indeed, the greater por
tion of the time of the Becsion was taken up with
long speches denunciatory of his Excellency for his
supposeu impartiality, or ratner Ins unwillingness
to 'go in,' heart nnd soul, with all his ability. influ
ence and power, to advance tbe interests of the
1 ro-Mavery cause. So entirely were they devoted
to this peculiar objeet that it was a common express
ion among the the idlers uf tho town, when no hot
ter employment on hand.tn say to each other.'Conie,
let us go over to the House to hear Jenkins,' or
Brown, or Anderson, or O'Droecoll. or Johnson, or
some other prominent orator, 'abuse the Governor.'
l or hours nt a time would admiring audiences
stand listening to these gentlemen's vituper
atiors. It is a great loss to tho world that their
speeches were not phonogrnohed nnd preserved for
furture generations. Never' again will n similar
amount of that peculiar style of eloquence emanate
from any legislative body. So determined were
some of these gentlemen to denounce the Governor
agreeably to outside instructi"ns, they entered up
on the work with a most commendable spirit and
onergy whenever they could obtain the lloor, or
stand upon their feet, which was not always the case
On one occasion, Jenkins who was the most violent
of the violent, hud ndvocated a certain measure
with great vehemence, nnd supposing it would
meet tho Governor's disapprt bation, caused a vote
to be passed nsking information of his Excellency
on the subject. It so happened that the Governor
agreed precisely with Mr. Jenkins, nnd eeut in n
brief message to that effeet. Jenkins, however,
despised listening to anything from the Governor's
pen, and, therefore crammed his fingers into his
ears until the messngo was read, when he suddenly
sprang to his feet, aud for the hundredth time re
peated his tirade of abuse. He was proceeding in
one of bis most eloquent strains. He stamped
violently upon the floor, struck the table with his
fist, knucking over the ink stand, and pronounced
his anathemas with a voice that fairly shook the
roof overhead, when he was arrested by a loud and
universal burst of laughter. He stopped aud
looked around as though inquiring the cause of such
an unusual interruption, when the Speaker in IV rul
ed him that be had mistaken the tenor of tho Gov
ernor's message, his Excellency having agreed
with his views in every particular. 'Then,' said
the orator striking the table another violent blow,
'hud I known that, I would have taken the other
side of the question!' Nothing could have been
mure amuting than to witness the efforts of some of
these orators to preserve their equilibiium w hile
delivering themselves uf their wisdom. The des
perate struggle to stand erect the hiccups which
interspersod the must eloquent eonteuces the
rocking to and fro, nnd graspiug at tho backs of
chairs or tops of tables, nnd most of nil, the pal
pable desire to appear sober, ull conspired to furn
ish a most admirable study for a dramatic artist.
There were some good men in this assembly;
but their number was so small that their influence
wis of little avail, nnd they were always iu the
minority when any mensure won proposed to which
they could not give their sanction. Some of these,
in the early part uf the session, retired to their
homes in disgust at their associates, w hile others
remained, hoping even against hope, that they
might be enabled to circumvent some evil uiachin-1
ation, liut the majority ut the members were ul ;
the niOBt rabid of the Pro-Slavery fire-eaters, who i
hill but one idea, and that the introduction of
Slavery as a permanent institution into Kansas. !
And it is quite probnblo.judging from their uniform
behavior, they never for a moment supposed that
any means to accomplish that end. however desper
ate or unlawful, was deserving of reprehension.
They were mostly men of limited education, rude
manners, violent character, intemperate habits and
desperate fortune. There were those, however,
always at their elbows, guiding directing and con
trolling their legislative conduct, sufficiently run
ning, shrewd and intelligent to mold them to their
will, and use them as tools to effect their purposes,
Lecumpton was at that time, and now is, a sort
of moral pluguospot in Kansas, and ns such is shun
ned by all the goud peot le coming into the Territo
ry. When it was first iaitl out for a tjwn, Sheriff
Jones declared that no Free-State man should own
properly in it, and so infamous has been its char
acted ever since. that none will purchase there who
can succeed anowhero elve. llouce, when tho
Legislature met there was no suitable accomoda
tions for the visitors. The weather was severely
cold, the Uterrpuuietor being some nights thirty de-
grees below zero. Beds bedding as well as shelter
were scarce and wholesome provisions could not bo
obtained in sullicieut quantities to supply the de
mand nt any price. There was consequently much
suffering and several deaths occurred from expos
ure. A few of tho most rcepcctnblo Slenibers of the
Legislature obtained boarding nt several private
houses, some of thorn being compelled to sleep at
..... .. r .. I . kll 'I'l.
nigtit un tne noors ot too legisiame uunr. j
great portion of the body boarded and lodged nt
what was called "Jack Thompson's Restaurant,"
the proprietor being himself a Member of the
Houe of Representatives. This was Auiic-story
frame building, tho ground floor which was the
only one, being divided into three rooms, in the
principal uf which the bar was kept, while in the
others faro, draw-poker, nnd other gambling games
were played every night nnd on every Sunday, for
tho entertainment if not the profit, of the law
makers. There was an extensive cellar underneath
this slight building, where cooking nnd eating wa
done. Tho dining tubles furnished lodging for a
number of bonrdeis, who spread their blankets;
upon them when tbe dishes were removed. The
bar. room nlso provided a number w ith lodging.
This was generally crowded, nnd immense quan
tities were here drunk of a most infamous compound
of vile drugs, the qualities and character of w hich
wero only known to the manufacturer, but which
he could have safely warranted to destroy the con
stitution of tho strongest man in a very limited
time, and which "Jack Thompson" and his bar
keepers sold for whiskey, nt a dimo a glass. The
stuff seemed to produce a very peculiar effect, aud
to its influence must be ascribed very many of the
lerocious and insnoo deeds which might have black
encd the history of Kansas. Late nt night -this
bar-room was covered with a few inches uf saw
dust, upon whiuh as the outsiders withdrew, board
ers, mostly legislators, would stretch themselves
out and fall asleep. One night a stage driver hap
pened to drink soma uf that whiskey, which, if it
was not sure to kill was certain to make drunk,
and he rolled over on the floor among the members.
In tho morning while engaged in shaking off the
sawdust, he was accosted by one of the Ihousund
borers for bank charters, or railroad bills, or town
company corporations, to obtain his influence to
get un act through the Legislature. This threw
the stage driver into a violent passiun, and tbo bor
er came near getting a flogging. 'U is bad. enough,
said tho stngedi iver 'to get drunk and mako a fool
myselt nnd get into bad company, but no man
shall insult mo by mistaking me lor a member of
the Kansas Legislature'.
The principal business of the assembly, after
that of abusing the Governor, was to incorporate
an alums', endless number of road, railroad,, terry,
bridge nnd town associations. The latter wore so
numerous as to elict the suggestion from a wag,
that it was highly important to offer a bill with
hold a few acres of the land in the Territory for
farming purposes. In passing these acts, the leg
islature exhibited a forethought for themselves
that would have done credit to the 'unjust steward'
so highly commended for his prudence in one of
ttie gospel parables. The charters wero closely
examined and wherever it seemed probable that
tne scheme would provo profitable to tho corporat
ors , the names of those contained in the bills, es
pecially if suspected of Frce-Soilism were erased.
and an equal number or more of those of the
members ere substituted, in which form the bill
would become a law. A gentleman from Missouri,
un me strongest Pro-slavery proclitives,who had
uusiness transactions with the legislature, remark
ed : 'This is the most corrupt body ever assem
bled iu the world. Had the Savior come down
from heaven and offered a bill that would have
saved the country from irretrievable ruin, unless it
could have been made dear that it would be con
ducive to their own immediate personal interests,
it would have been defeated; while on the other
hand, they would, if liberally paid, push through
tho most obnoxieus and inlamous net. even were
it presented by tiie very devil himself!'"
From the Providence Journal.
Dr. Wnylnnd is a used up man. The Missis
sippi College has resolved upon tim. Out of ten
derness to our,di6tinguished fellow-citizen-perhaps
under the circumstances, we ought to say our late
distinguished fellow citizen, wo have supreseed this
fact us long us we could-, but it is all in' the papers
nnd it would be only affectation in us to tiy and
keep it from tho knowlodge of our readers. The
following is the sentence of condemnation :
"Resolved, That tho trustees of Mississippi
College do hereby condemn the teachings of Dr.
Wayland in his '.Moral Science.' on the subject of
Africa shivery, and that tho Faculty of tho Col
lege be requested to discontinue the uso of Way
land's Moral Science ns n text-book."
Had this terrible resolutiou been passed nt An
dover, or Newton, or at tho Theobgicul Seminary,
it would have been quite ns overwhelming ; had
Harvard or Y'ale, Amherst or Brown, tejecte j him
he might have recovered ; but when Msissippi
repudiates, there is nn end of the matter. The
doors of tho treasury are not guarded with more
jealous fidelity against the holders of the State
securities than are tho youth of Mississippi Cull
ego protected from the contaminating influence of
the doctrine that you should do unto others even
as you would that others should do unto you.
1 his measure on the pari of an institution of
stish nigh reputation as Mississippi College we
are sure that all uf our readers huve heard of it
and can readily call to mind the illustrious men
which it sent forth in all the departments of life
a College which unites so much sound learning
with so much vital piety, and w hich consecrates
both to that patriarchal institution which is de
fended in the Old Testament almost as much as
polygamy or aggrcasivo war, is of the highest
importance, it is a step in the right direction.
It must be followed up. No man who has at
heart the true interests ot the South can have
'failed to observe that the same objections that
have so justly brought upon our unfortunate
friend the condemnation uf Mississippi, apply
with equal forco to all the prevailing systems uf
ethics. Tho same unsound views, the samo insin
uations nguinst slavery not open assaults, but
conceuled under the spocious gxrb uf general prop
ositions upon morality run through the w hole uf
lou might utmost as safely place before
the rising generati m uf Mississippi the Declar
"on oi independence or the Sermon on the Alount
as these pestilent.trunscendeiitul theories uf moral
philosophy, which hardly concede ton man the
right to flog his own niuner. It is a lamentable
fact that nut a single work on the subject takes the
.Mtssissippi view of publio faith, or the Southern
view nt the rolutioiiB uf the raceH. Nothing could be
more opposed to the policy uf Mississippi than tho
audacious attempts that have been made by these
writers not one of whom, probably ever owned
a nigger to instill into the youthful minds
of that State pot only false ideas of Slavo
ry but equally false ideas upon Fquaring ac.
counts with set of English abolitionists and
aristocrnts. Happily, us yet no bud effect hns been
produced not a nigper hns been emancipated, not
a dollar uf principal or interest has been paid
hot no one can tell whut might have been accom
plished, if the Trustees of Mississippi College had
not interposed tho broad shield of their authority
against such disorganizing doctrines.
The South will never be really independent of
Northern fanatae.ism till it grows its own philoso
phers. Mr. Mann, whoso eminently practical
plans made such an impression upon the Southern
Cunveuiiun, ought to tutu Lin attention to this!
great want. He is now engaged in getting op
line of steamships, half a d-zen or so of the sue
of the Great Eastern, to run between Norfolk and
Milford Haven, both which belong to that clase of
ports that might contain navies of the wbolt'
world." but which seldom get within their water
more than hnlf a dozen schooners. Mr. Mann has
raised $8.KX) in subscription?, principally of $100
each, nnd nn indefinite amout iu "the smiles of
the ladies," as he explained iu his speech in tha
Convention. This leaves only $U.9'.l2.0U0 to b
subscribed ; and ns socm as that trifling amotrBk
is reached the ships will bo put under contract id
soino of the chief ship building ports of the South,
mid the enginos and machinory will be made in thr
Southern workshops, for this is to be a Southern
enterprise entirely. The ships will always take the
Southern route ncross the Atlantic, and no North
ern pnssengers or freight will, on any pretence, be
recieved. This reasonable and practicable schsm
being thus far nn tho way, the enterprising pro
jector should next turn his nttention to the forma
tion of nn exclusively Southern line of teacher
and ministers. We have often thought that the
preparation of a complete system of "Moral Sci
ence, South," might be entrusted to that eminent
man of God, the Rev. Dr. Ross. There are a good
many texts of scripture, especially in the New
Testament, that need explanation, ocd no man
could explain them so as to bring them within the
true doctrines uf slavery better than be.
Those passages about doing ns you would be'
done by, loving your neighbor ns youreelf, pray--ing
for your enemies, ara,prubnbly interpolation
or mistranslations ; at any rate, they are mere
glittering generalities, and do not apply to niggers.
Indeed the whole ol tho .New testament is some
what radical, nnd since the attention uf our South
ern brethren has been directed .u tho importance
of maintaining the laws, it is regarded us an evi
dent innovation upou the good uld system that had
come down from the prophets and the patriarchs,
Sound conservative men iu the South will prefer
to full back upon the cider revelation ; nnd there
are passages in it, especially in the divine com
mand to the Israelites to ensluve the heathen, nnd
in the lives of David and Solomon, that nre full of
beautiful instruction such as you will find no where
in the gospels. We understand that Dr. Ross, is
about to write a defence of tho Supreme Court of
Judca which has for near two thousand rears been
assailed by IMuck Republicans aud ether fanatics,
and that he will show that the opinion of Chief
Justice 1 ilato was in strict accordance wnh the
Roman Constitution aud the JewUh law ; and thai
tho objections to it can only be sustained by refer
ence to n "higher law," which is of course, fatal
to nil order and society. When this is done, we
shall have a text bosk, that can safely be put into
the hands of the young men of the South ; and
till then, it will be quite as well to omit the study
uf mural philosophy in the Southern colleges.
From the National Anti Slavery Standard.
To The Editors of The National Anti
Slavery Standard: It appears from the Life
of John Jay (vol i., 2S2) that when he was Chief
Justice of the United States, a vacancy occurred
in the office, uf Marshal for the District of Nev
York. The Chief Justice, auxious thus the- piacs
should be properly tilled, uddre'sed (1701 ) a letter
on the subject to President Washington. In this
he observed ; "It is probable that several candidates
will offer, and I take the liberty of communicating
my sentiments respecting a gentleman who. too
delicate to display his own merit, poetesses more
than tails to ttie share ot many. I mean General
Matthew Clarkson. I think him one of the most,
pure and virtuous men I know."
As might bo expected from the character of the
man to whom this letter was addressed, Clarkson
was appointed. Thirty-two years after, Dewitt
Clinton, then Governor of New Y'urk. in a milili.i-
address, thus spoke of General Clarkson, from
wliotn ho hia long diUered in politics: "Ao object
which implicated thu welfare uf the human raca
was considered foreign to his duties. His sanction,
became a paasport to publio approbation: h en
couraged virtuo iu its career, disarmed opposition
uf its power and envy of its venom. Asa model
tor mutation nn excitement to Christian piety, to
pure benevolence and heroio virtue, its moiit will
be appreciated and his influence felt long after all
uf us are consigned to the grave."
In the present Marshal we behold a notorious
bully, a frequent rioter, and a man distinguished:
by his unscrupulous devotion to the cause of hu
man bondage, and for having forcibly dispersed aa
a:iti-slavery meeting in New York, in utter and
contemptuous violation of the constitutional rights
of its members. Yerrily there is a contrast bo
tween Isaiah Rynders and Mathelarkson.
Tho recommendation of Clarkson was in perfect
consistency w ith the whole character of Chief Just
ice Jay. As in the case of Clarkson, "no object
that implicated the welfare cf the human race was
was considered foreign to his duties. Hence, in
addressing the Legislature uf his native State, he
told them that the persons held in slavery by thi
liia-a nf 'iw Ynrlr VitrA "ft-aA tlm l.iivu..re.J If
....... . - - - - - - j ..v mnaiti VJIUU.
Hence he declared, I wish to see ull unjust and.
unnecessary discrimirntions everywhere abolished,
and the time may soon come when all our inhabit
ants, of every color and denomination, may be
free and equal partakers uf our political liberty."
Such was Join Jay, and most gladly will the whole
herd of Democrats and dough faces nd.nit that we
have now a Chief Justice of a very different sort
one who is striving to deprive colored citizens of
every right, even that of seeking justice in tht
Federal Courts.
Washington selected nn nvowed opponent of
slavery and the President of an Anti-Slavery So
ciety to he the Chief Justice of tho L'uiled States
nnd appointed Matthew Clarkson, also a member
of nn Anti-Slavery Society, Marshal, because as
sured that he w;-s a pure and virtuous man. Bu
chanan appoints to the same office a mutt with
whose character be was so well acquainted as to
address him according to tho newspapers, in the
following terms: "Well. Captain Kyuders, I hopa
you will do your duty well, and that 1 shall Dot
hear of your yettiny into any morejiyhtt," Surely
tho coutrast between Buchanan and Washington ia
nut less striking than between Rynders and Clark
son. He who believes in the progressive pcrfeot
ability uf our race will scarcely be teniptod to seek
for illustrations uf his theoiy among the leaders
and favorites uf modern Democracy.
Extract or a letter to Parker Pillsbury, from
a gentleman in Manchester, England, widely cos
peeled with the trade of this country. He has a
beautiful colored wife and is a glorious fellow, but
we won't name him:
"Your friends may always eount me as theip
friend ulso, because I know they all will be trua
men, but never shall a Southern man cross my
threshold. Why don't the Northerner do like-,
wise T 1 have slighted the rites of hospitality and
endangered the character of English kindliness,
and I find it very easy to do so. Why don't tha
Northern men de the same f
"Pray try (if you can find occasion) to make,
your countrymen a litlls ashamed of their riotous
aud f.u-lious couduct. It is treason to liberty. It
is rejoicing to despot and a cause uf shamefaced
noss to lovers of freedom. Every bullet fired io
the street of Now York finds its ultimate destina
tion in the heart of omo European patriot in
deed U aimed thereat iu reality. While thesa.

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