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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, April 28, 1860, Image 1

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I BENJAMIN S. JONES, EDITOR.
"SO UNION WITH SLA TEUOLDEBS."
ANN PEARSON, PUBLISHING AGENT.
.t'.-.-i
VOL .15. NO. 37.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1SG0.
WHOLE NO. 759.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
THE TWIN RELICS OF BARBARISM.
' ' SPEECHOF THE -
nON. OWEN LO VEJOY,
OF ILLINOIS.
!
!
' tkt Uoutt of Representative, April 6t, 1860.
f The House, being in tb Committee ot the
Whole on the state of the Union
, Mr. Lovejoy eaid : Mr. Chairmen The Home
bas been occupied for several daye in the discus
ion of the eubject of polygamy. The Republican
party, of whioh I am a member, etands pledged
tioce 1856- to the extermination, io far ai the Fed
eral Oofernment hae the power, of the twin relies
of barbarism Slavery and Polygamy. They have
lM power in the Tetritories of the United
State.'
Now, Sir, ae we anticipate a death-blow has
been given to one of these twins, I propose to pay
toy respect to the other. I want to see them
etraogled and go down together.as they both richly
deserve.
' Mr Cobb, (Dem. Ala.) I rise to a question of or
der. The Chairman t The gentleman will state bis
qoestkn of order.
Mr. Cobb i I was going to raise a question of or
der upon the right of the gentleman to discus the
'question of the 'twin relics,' under the new rule
we have adopted. However I will not interfere,
lb gentleman may go on with his speech.
'' Mr. Lovejoy : I am entitled to the floor; I do
not yield to the gentleman ; and I will proceed
: with my remark within my hour, with the gen-
llemao'e permission, r without it.
.- Mr. Stanton, (Rep., O.) I would be glad to
know what is the understanding of the Chair,
' and of lb Chairman of the Committee of Ways
i and Mean, a to what is t) be the course of dis
eusiioo upon this bill, whether tha 'twin relics'
. are in order or not, or whether the discussion ie to
- b confiuud to the bill itself? The questions
-properly involved in the bill itself are sufficiently
Comprehensive, in my judgment, to command the
entire attention ol the Committee, and 1 think we
c should confine the disouesion strictly to it. When
-we are all in the Committee of the Whole on the
t atate of lb Union upon the President' Message,
- tha gentleman from Illinois will be strictly in or
i der. ' I have no special interest about tha matter,
' except that if tha question i to be opened to this
1. general discussion. I am afraid the whole time will
be taken np with it, and the important sub
fijeet connected with the bill itself overlooked.
r,. Mr. Sherman : I will stale that, as I under-
: stand it, the debate may be is general upon this
-i bill in ita present condition as upon the Presi-
dent's Message. It is within th power of the
. House; however, at any time, to mako the bill
,v cpeoial order ; alter which, donate most be con
fined strioily to the question under consideration
, If It be the pleasure of the House. 1 propose in
tha course of about a week, to submit tha motion
:- to tba House.
. The Chairman: Tba cbair supposes that genernl
.-debate is io order upon this bill, the House now
- being in the Committee of tha Whole on tbe
. atate of tha Union, and no special order pend
r -. ing.
' Mr. Lovejoy; I was about to sf7 when inter
s' rupted, that I am aware that the practical question
l(( presented to this House and to tbe cotntry, is,
whether Slavery euali be eitended beyond itepres
... limits; as that is tba only question over which
tbey have exolusive jurisdiction. And if slavery
were contented to remain restrioted, and find its
future where it now is, we might perhaps forbear
Ibis discussion. Bui when it is proposed to ex
tend wbat is termed an institution but which is
not an institution ; which is simply a practice tbe
question naturally arises, what is the nature,what
are tbe influences, and what are element of this
praotioeT ' and what will tbey prove to be if allow
'-' ad expansion f I am awara that it baa been stated
upon this floor that the morale of Slavery is set
tled ; that its athlcs are no longer lo be discussed;
tbal tbey ware settled ages ago by the' Stagirite
of Greece, and have been reaffirmed and reeatab.
lisbad by the ohantioler Solon of Ohio, in rbetorio
gorgeous as sunset's glow. We are told that where
alavary will pay, slavery will go. Precisely upon
tba same principle we might say that wbere rob
bery will pay, robbery will go ; and where adi
pose human flesh is cheaper tbao that of beeves,
cannibalism will go, beoause it will pay. Sir, thin
'robbery, than piracy, than polygamy, alavebolding
Is worse mure criminal, mere injurious to man,
: and consequently mora ofleoeive to God. Slave
holding has been justly designated as tbe sum of
all villaioy. Put every crime perpetrated among
tnen into a moral eruoibla, and dissolve and com-
i bina tbein all, and tba resultant amalgam is slave-
ij . holding. It has tbe violence of robbery,
i r ...A Member t You are joking.
Mr. Lovejoy ; No, air ; I am speaking in dead
earnest; before God, God' own truth. It bas the
violence of robbery, tbe blood and aroelty of pira
cy t St baa tbe offensive and brutal lust of polyg
amy, all combined and oonoentrated in itself, with
aggravations that neither one of tbes crimes arer
knew or dreamed of. Now, Mr, Chairman, the
justification of Slavery is placed, so far as I know,
mainly upon these grounds ; Tba inferiority of tbe
enslaved rao ; tba fact tbat enslaving men im
parts Christianity and oivil'vstion to them ; and,
thirdly.tbe guaranties of tbe Constitution. These
.:i rata tha three main argument presented to justify
j. Slavery, and consequently lo justify its expansion.
And, by tba way, I bold tbat tha extreme men,
-m! a tbey ara called, oa this question, ara tba only
ci 1 -san who have tba logio ol it. I am right, or tbe
' Bra eater ara right. If Slavery is right in Vir
- 1 ginkt, It Is right in Kansas. If it is wrong in
Kansas, it is wrong everywhere. ' Now, 6ir, in re
gard ta tha first point tha inferiority of the' en
1W slavsd raea. ' Wa snay eonoede it as a matter of
fact tbat It U inferior ; but doat it follow, tbere
for, tbat it Is tight to enslave a man simply be
cause h is inferior f This, to me, is a most ab
horrent dootrine. It would place the weak every
where at tba meroy of tha strong it would place
tha poor at tha mercy of the rich ; it would
place those that are defioient in intellect at the
mercy of those tbat are gifted in 'mental endow
ment.
The prinoiple of enslaving human beings be
cause tney ara interior is ttiis : it a man is a
cripple, trip him up ; if he is old and weak, and
bowed with tba weight of years, strike him, for be
caouol strike back ; if idiotic, take advantage of
him; and if a child, deceive him. This, Sir, this
is the doctrina of Demoorats, and the dootrine of
devils as well, and there is no place in the uni
verse outside the Five Points of bell and the Dem
ocratic parly wbere tbe practice and prevalence of
such doctrines would not be a disgrace. Laugh
ter. If the strong of the earth ara to enslave the
weak here, it would justify angels io enslaving
men, because they are superior; and archangels in
turn would be justified in subjecting those who
are inferior in intellect and position, and ultimate
ly it would transform Jehovah into an infinite
Juggernaut, rolling the huge wheels of bis Omnip
otence
Mr. Lovejoy had advanced into the area, and
occupied the space fronting the Demooratio bench
es.l
Mr. Pryor, (Va.) 'advancing from the Demo
cratic side of the House toward the area wbere
Mr. Lovejoy stood) Tbe gentleman from Illinois
Mr. Lovejoy shall not approach this side of the
House, shaking bis fists and talking in the way
h bas talked. It is bad enough to be compelled
to sit here and hear him utter bis treasonable and
insulting language ; but b thall not. Sir, oome
upon this side of the House shaking bis fitta in
our faces.
Mr. Faroswortb, (Rep., 111.) It is not fot the
gentleman to say what is treason and wbat is
not.
Mr. Potter, (Wisconsin.) Wa listened to the
gentlemen upon tha other side for eight weeks,
when they denounced the members upon this side
io violent and offensive language. Wa listened to
them quietly, and beard them through. And now,
Sir, this aide shall be heard, let tha consequences
be what they may.
Mr. Pryor : Tbe point I make is this
Tha Chairman, (Mr. Washburn, Me.) Tha Cbair
will receive no motion and bear no gontleman
unless members resume their seats and order is
restored in tbe ball. " -
Mr. Cox, Dem., Ohio.) I rise to a point. I in
sist that the gontleman from Illinois shall speak
fit-m his seat.
Mr. Pryor: That is the point I make. Let the
gent!emaa (peak from hi seat, and say all under
the rules be ia entitled to eay, but, Sir, he thall
not oome upon this side, shaking bis fist in our
faces, and talking in ibe style be bas talked. He
shall not come here gesticulating in a meoaoing
and ruffianly manner.
Mr. Putter : You are doing tbe same thing.
Tbe Chairman : Gentlemen will resume Ibeir
seats.
Mr. Cox : If the gentleman from Illinois goes
on as ho bas, a guardian will hava to ba appointed
for him.
Mr. Barksdale, (Dem, Miss.) (addressing Mr.
Lovejoy) Yon shall not come upon this side of tbe
House.
Mr. Adrian, (A. L. Dem., N. J.) To avoid all
further difficulty, I stggcst to tbe gentle
man to speak from bis seat. Wa all
know him to be a man of courage and tbat be can
not be intimidated.
Mr. Pryor : No oua wants to intimidate bim.
Mr. Lovejoy : No one can intimidate ma.
Mr. Adraio : I know tbat. I suggest to the
gentleman tbat he continue bis speech from bis
seat.
Thirty or forty of tha member from both sides
of tbe House gathered in the area about Mr. Love
joy and Mr. Pryor, and tbsre wa increased con
fusion.
Mr. John Cochran, Dem. N. Y. I mova thai
tbe Committee rise, as it is tba only way we can
get rid of tbis disturbance.
Mr. Pryor : I do not believe tbat aide of the
House can say where a member shall speak, and
they shall not say it.
Mr. Singleton, Dem., Miss. Tbe gentleman
from Illinois shall not make tbat speeoh upon tbis
side ol the House.
Mr. Burnett(Dem. Ky.) There is a rule of this
House which requires each man to speak from bis
seat. Th gentleman from Illinois was not in bis
seat when ba was speaking. He cannot, and
shall not cross this ball in a menacing manner,
Ha thall not, let the consequence ba wbat they
will. He must speak from tie seat.
Mr. Grow (Rep., Pa.) I mora tbat tba Commit
tee rise.
Tba Chairman : Gentlemen must resume their
seats.
Mr. Coi : Let ibe gentleman from Illinois take
bis seat.
Mr. Washburn (Rep., 111.) Let tbe other
seated, and let my colleague proceed.
Mr. Potter t The geatleman from Illinois can
takecara of himself without tba assistance of tha
other side.
Mr. Kellog (Rep., III.) I ay to tbe gentlemen
tbat my oulleage shall speak ; that ha is in order,
and will not commit a breach of tbe rules of tbe
House ; if be does, I will be tba first to rebuke
him ; but ba sball hava bis rights aooordiog
the roles of tba House, and In nowisa shall they
ba abridged or interfered with. Ha shall ba beard
upon this floor, and at tbia tima.
Mr. Briggst Then let bim ' go opon his own
side. -
Tha Chairman : Tbe Cbair call tba Committee
to order ; and if tba gentlemen do not coma to or
der, La will oall tbe speaker to tha chair and re
port tba dlsordero tba House.
Mr. Floreooe Dem., Pa. I mova tbat Iba Com
mittee tisa. It ia impossible to quell tba disturb
ance without doing so. ,
Tba Chairman : Tba Speaker will take tha
Chair. ..
. Tba Chairman Mr. Washburn! Ma. feeaied
tba Cbair and tbe Speaker resumed It,
i
be
ba
to
j
Tbe Speaker t The Cbair calls the House to or
der, I deslra gentlemen of the House to lake
tbelr seats.
Mr. Florence t Every one, opon either and all
sides.
Mr. John Cochran I Tha Commitee haa risen ;
bas it not f
Tba Speaker t Tba Cbair requests gentlemen t0
respect the authority of tb House, and takt their
seats.
Mr. Barksdale Dem. Miss. Order tbat black
hearted scoundrel and negro-stsaling tbief to take
bis seat.
Mr. McQueen fDem.. S. CI W will allow no
body to coma over from Ihut silsof the House and
bull v us on this side. I Cries of 'Sit down 1' 'Sit
down I' 'Sit down 1' from all tides of the House.
Tbe Speaker: The Cbair desires gentlemen to
take their seats.
Mr. Bocock Dom., Va. I, for one, will do so
with pleasure, promptly, when Ibe Speaker re
quires it. I only ask that everybody ahall do ao.
I think this whole matter can' be settled, if tbe
gentleman speakiog and every other - gentleman
will taka bis seat.
Mr. Burnett : I rise to a privileged question.
Tbo Speaker : Tha Cbair cannot recognize any
body, until the gentlemen take their seats
Mr. Burnett t Then let everybody take bis seat
and let order be enforced,
Tbe Speaker : Gentlemen will taka their seats,
without distinction.
Members gradually withdrew from the open
area io front of tbe Speaker's chair, and resumel
their seats. Order being at length restored.
Mr. Washburn of Maine (Chairman of the Com
mittee,) said In the Committee of tbe Whole on
tbe state ot tbe Union, disorder arose which pre
vented th transaction of business, and the Chair
was compelled to call the Speaker to tbe cbair.and
to report the facts to the House.
Mr. Ely : I mova tbat tba Uoose do now ad
journ. Mr. Washburn (Me.) Tba Chairman of tbe
Committee states that if order is likely to be pre
served so that proceedings can go on, tbe Chair
man of the Committee will resume tbe ohair.
Mr. Sherman : We ara now in very good order.
and I think wa bad belter proceed and give the
gentleman from Illinois an opportunity to finish
bis speech. I mova that the House resolve itself
into tba Committee of tbe Wbola on tha elate of
the Union, and' I hope every gentleman will keep
his seat.
The Speaker: Order having been restored, tbe
Speaker will leave tba chair, aud tba Chairman of
the Committee will taka it.
- Mr. Washburn, (Me.) resumed tha bhalr j and
announced tbat tba gentleman from Illinois was
entitled to tba floor.
Mr. Lovejoy : Mr. Chairman, I desire to viol
ate no rule of the House.
Mr. Bojce Dem., S, C The behave your
self.
Mr. Lovejoy t I wish to learn whether it is a
violation of tbe rules to occupy this space in front
of, the speaker's cbair or any portion of it T If so,
I will cheerfully, yield ; if not, I claim the right
to choose my own position.
Tbe ChairJnan: Tbe Chair understands tbat the
rules require tbat every gentleman shall speak
from bis seat.
Mr. Curtis, Rep., Iowa. Or from tbe Clerk's
desk.
Mr. Burnett t Tha gentleman has a right to do
tbat.
Mr. McClernand Dem. Ill Let bim speak from
the Clark's desk.
Mr. Ashley Rep., 0. It bas been tbe babit of
gentlemen to come into tba aisle and choose their
own position.
Air. Adnln: It is a very bad nabit, ana we
bad better change it.
Mr. Chairman : Tba Cbair ia aware tbat such
bas been tbe ooatom; but if the rule is insisted on,
it is tbe duty of lha Cbair to anloroa it.
Mr. Adrian t I hope it will be insisted on
Tba Chairman : Tba gentleman from Illinois
will speak from bis seat.
Mr. Lovejoy t I hava no aeat.
Mr. Ashley t Nor any otber member.
Mr. Lovejoy : (taking his place in the Clerk's
desk) resumed Mr. Chairman, I was about stat
ing, when interrupted, tbat tba principle upon
which alavebolding was sought to be justifiod in
this country would, if carried out io the affair of
tbe universe, transform Jehovah, the Supreme, in
to an infinite Juggernaut, rolling the huge wheels
of his omnipotence, ankle-deep, amid the crushed,
and mangled, and bleeding bodies of human be
ing laughter on tbe Domooratio side, on tbe
ground tbat be waa infinitely auparlor, and that
tbey were an inferior ract.
Mr. Gartrell (Dem. Geo., ia bis seat) Tba man
is orstv.
Mr. Lovejoy : The second ground upon which
it is attempted lo justify Slavery, or slaveholding
is, tbat it is a mode of imparting cbriitianity and
civilisation to tba slaves. Mr. Chairman, I would
like to know bow slaveholding communities can
impart that of which tbey are not io tba posses
sion. Tbe truth ia tbat tba practice of slaveholding
has a powerful tendency to drag communities back
to barbarism. It is actually having that effect up
on tba Slave States of this Union; and wsre it not
for tbe Christian women that have gone from Free
States and intermarried in tba Slave States ; and
were it not for tbosa noble women of tha Slave
States, tbat preserve womanly purity and Christi
anity, in. spite of tha unhappy in fluenoes of slave
bolting, tba SlaveStatea to-day would be as far
baok in barbarism as tbe State of Mexico. It
simply from the infiltration.
Mr. Singleton (Dem. Miss.) J wish to know
tha rentlemaq intent a to east any insinuation or
slur on iba women of tba Sontb. I want to know
that distinctly and emphatically ; because if be
does, I will hold bim personally accountable for
It. ,
Several Members t Ob, no. He give all praise
to .tba woman of tba South. lis compliments
tbem.
Mr. Singleton : I repeat, that if ha intended to
asperse Southern woman, or to compliment tha
women of lha North at their expense, I will bold
him accountable for it.
I
if
The Chairman : The gentlemen trom Mississippi
is cot in ordsr. Tba gentlemen from Illinois will
proceed.
Mr. Lovejoy t It is simply by this eontaot with
free communities ; it is, as I said, from tba fact
tbat Christian women went from Free State, and
that tba Christian women of Slav States
who hava not the poor privilege that Sarah of old
had of sending the ngrs and Ithmsels to the
wilderness maintained their purity and their
Christian character, and their teetimouy against
the system, that they were prevented from tbat ret
rocession toward barbarism.
Several Members I That is what he said before.
Mr. Lovejoy: Sir, if you step into tbe Smith
sonian Institute, or into tbe Patent Office, you will
find implements of husbandry imported from Ja
pan and- Chins, showing just aboot the same de
vtilopemem in civilisation as the implements you
find on the plantations. Now, Sir, the truth Is.
that the practice of slaveholding drags slavehol
ding communities further below tbe plane of the
Christian civilisation of the age, than the civilisa
tion which the Slave receives elevates bim above
the plane of heathenism by being held in these
Christian communities. Sir, bow do they Impart
civilisation and Christianity ? Il is a strange
mode of Christianising a race to turn tbem over
into brotism without any legal marriage.
Among the four million slaves in this country,
tbero is not a single husband or wife. There is
not a single home or beartbstone among these
four million. And you propose to civilise and
Christianise a people without giving them homes
without allowing them the conjugal and parental
relations, and.witbout having those relations, sanc
tioned and protected by law. Mr. Chairman, no
community can make one step of progress in civili
sing a race till you give them bomes;till you protect
tha sanctity of the borne, as we held it should be
ptotected in regard lo these Mormons on the plains
of Utah. Christianising tbem, Sirl Christianising
tbem by a new prooess. The Slave States have
right to ao exclusive patent for it. Taking tbem
out in the sight of tbe cburcb, as one was taken
out not long ago io tbe State of Tennessee, by
Presbyterian elder, ana laid down on his face on
tbe gri und, bis bands and feel extended to their
utmost tension, and tied to pickets, and tba Gos
pel whipped into bim with tba broad aide of
band-saw, discolored whalks of sanctific&tion be
ing raised between the teeth every time lha Gospel
agency fell upon tbe naked and quivering flesh of
tba tortured convict. Laughter.
: A Democratic member : Did Leget tha Gospel
in. Laughter.
' MrrJivsjoy t CbrUtianiaed a a yooog girl was
Christianised in this citv since the session of
Congress, by being whipped and sent to tbe gar
ret, an) found dead in tba morning, with blood
oosing from noes and ears.
A Demooratio Member t Wbera does that au
thority oome from T
Mr. Lovejoy : I do not know whether religious
rites were bad or not. I suppose some Pro-Sla
very priest was invited in to utter impious pray
era before God that the last flagellation migh
have whipped in Christianity enough to save be
precious and never dying soul. Laughter And
now, alacmed, a good black walnut comn is maae
and decorated with white ribbons and placed in the
hearse, followed by a back containing, I presume,
tbe murderess : and my attention is called to tb
cortege 'See, Mr. Lovejoy, there ia a slave funer
al 1 Is that t-eating them like brutes t Look in
to the coffin 1 Look into tbe carriage 1' You say
this is horrid. I know it is borrid lo bold men in
Slavery. I know it is borrid to doom four mil
lion of human beings to tbe condition of chattels
to be held pro nullis, pro morluis, pro quadruped it,
taken for no persons, for dead persons, for (our
footed beasts men as much entitled to freedom
as you and I. Sir, the testimony of all religious
societies in tbe Slave States it, that tbe slaves arc
still heathen, and it is an utter impossibility to
Christianise Ibem and cmline tbem by tbis pro
cess. Tba third point which is relied on to justify
Blavebolding is, tbat it is constitutional tbat it is
guaranteed by tbe Constitution ot lha United
States. Now, Mr. Chairman, I bate beard it de
clared over and over again tbat tba Constitution
guarantees Slavery. I deny it. In no artiole, in
no section, io no line, in no word, syllable, can
there be any recognition or sanction of human sla
very found in tbe Constitution of tbe United State
It is not there. It always reoognises human be
ines as cereons. and never as property. It does
not use tha word 'slave' or 'slavery.' Why, sir,
when I came np to take Ibe oatb tj support tb
Constitution, a wbisnered bun, half in earnest
and balfjocular, passed around t 'How can Love
joy swear to support tba Constitution t How can
ba take tha oatb V I could take tbe oatb to sup
port tli Constitution, because I believe in tbe
Constitution, because I hold to it, because my beart
is loyal toil. Every part and parcel and portion
of il I believe in; but I do not believe in the con
struotion pal opon it by those wbo clsim its recog
nition and sanction of ibe practice of slavebold
ing.
Mr. Barksdale, (Dem. Mm.) I No, Sir) you
stand there to-day an infamous, perjured villain
Calls to order. '
Mr. Asbmora (Dem. S, C.) t Yes, ba is a per
jured villain; and ba perjures himself every hour
he occupies a teat on this floor. Renewed calls
to older.
Mr. Singleton (Dem., Miss.) : And a negro
into tba bargain.
Mr. Lovejoy i I swora to support tba Constitu
tion, because I believe in it. I do not believe
their construction o( it. It is as well known
any historical fact cac ba known, tbat ibe framers
of the Constitution so worded it at tbat it abould
aever rtoogoise tba idea of alava property, from
the beginning to tbe ending of it But tba advo
oales of slavery bava aflirmid a strange doctrine
in retard to tba Constitution. Tbey thisjt th
beoause I ewora to support tba Constitution,
swora to support tba praetioe of slaveholding. Sir,
slaveboldine in Vireiuia is no mora nndar tba
control end guarantee of tha Constitution, than
slavery io Cuba or Brasil, or any other part of tha
world, is noder tba control or goaraoteo of tba
Constitution not one partiol.
Mr. McClernand (Dem. 111.) : I wish to ask the
gentleman whether ba baa alwaye held tbal Iba
Constitution deserved to ba sustained and acoepted
whether, at any time of bis life, he held tbat tba
Constitution aught to ba trodden coder fool?
Mr. Lovejoy; Never, Si.; never. I always de
fended it, aud always will, whether il ba against
a Damocrats who pervert il, or tba Ditucioniste
ho tnmpleon it.
Mr. McClernand i If tha gentleman says be
never said so, I am not prepared to contradict
m, for I know nothing, personally, about it; but
bad understood that tbe gentleman onca ottered
tbia language t tbat 'tbe Constitution was a piece
f rotten parchment tbat ought to be trodden un
der fool.'
Mr. Lovejoy t Yes; that was thrown In my face
onoe before here, and I denied it. It never bad
tha least foundation in truth. I alwaye defended
lha Constitution, because it was for Liberty. It
ae ordained by tba people of tbe United Stater,
not by a superannuated old mummy of a Judge
and a Jesuit at tbat but by tba people cf Ibe
oitsd States, to establish justice, secure tbe bles
sings of Liberty for themselves and their poster
ity, and to secure the natural rights of every hu
msn being within its exclusive jurisdiction.
berefore I love it. Tbese men can conceive noth
ing in tbe Constitution but Slavery. A young
man leads a blushing bride to tbe altar, and takes
tbe maritial vow before God and attendant witnes
ses, to love, oberisb, and protect ber. Tbera aba
tands tba divinest thing tbat God bas fashioned
aod placed upon earth radiant in the beauty of
youth; her cbeek glowing with tba color of tbe
rose, which expands and fade away into tbat of
be lily; ber eves sparkling like tba stars from tbe
depths of blue, and ber tresses falling around ber
oeok like tbe locks of the morning. Is tba mole
on that fair round neck, or the wart on that plump,
soft band, TBS woman whom the bridegroom
swore to love and cherish t So there is the Con
stitutioninstinct with freedom, radiant with tbe
prinoiplea of universal liberty, seising tbo inspired
utterancee of our Magna Charta, and reducing
them to practical and organic realisation. No
Sir, I insist that if tha clauses tbat are deemed to
refer to tbe aubjeel of Slavery mean all tbat tbe
ildest enthusiast claims tbem to mean, tbey
bear no otber relation or proportion to the Consti
tution which I swear to support, than tbe axcree-
cenoa on tba band or neck doea to tba woman
whom tha bridegroom awora to love aad cherish.
Ha loves ber not Jor these things, but in spite of
tbera. But you will say lha woman bad a rigbt
10 sport an excrescence on her hand if she. ohoseL
I concede it ; and as a Federal law-maker. I con
cede tbat Iba Statea hava tba right to eport tbis
lungus of Slavety, because it is beyond my reach.
But time rolls away. Tbie youthful pair have
years of middle age upon tbem, Olive plants
have sprung up around tbe parent stem. Tbe
woman bas gone mad. She gloats over tbe ex-
orescence which has spread and covers her entire
hand. She exolaims 'Husband, tbis is a dear
weet darling, a real love of a wart, and I want to
ingraft it on the hands of all our daughters. I
had it when I was married; you vowed to protect
me, aod I claim tbe rigbt to transfer it to all ibe
children. If you do not, I will go to Indiana and
get a divorce. I will dissolve tbe union between
us.' Tbe husband, calm and firm, replies, 'My
dear, I have indulged you in this whim about
your band, because I took you for better or for
worse, and I thought it one of your individual
rights, which I was not at liberty to disturb. But
if you propose lo transfer tbis deformity to tbe
daughters, I say distinctly aod decidedly, it can
not be done. This is my prerogative, and I must
exercise it.' So I say to tba Slavery Propagan
dists wbo desire to transplant Slavery lo tbe Ter
ritories, and thus fasten il upon tba daughters of
the Republio, 'My dears, it cannot be done.' I
say, therefore, Mr. Chairman, tbat tbera is no
justification for tba practice of slaveholding, from
tha faot tbat tba enslaved race, are an
inferior raee, no justification, from tbe
pretended fact t' at it imparta Christiani
ty and civilisation to tbem; and none in tba guar
antiee of the Constitution. Now, there are some
Christian men on tbe otber side of Ibe House; I
want to pot it to tbem in all candor for while I
intend to apeak of slaveholding with as severe
reprobation as I possibly can, I do not intend lo
offend any individual personally I want to know
of you, Christian gentlemen, bow you are going
to Chrietainiie men when you do not give tbem
homes I
A Member t Give tbem what T
Mr. Lovejoy : Homes, and a legal sanotion to
tba conjngal and parental rela'iooa. Ho are
you going to Christianise men whom you turn
out tj herd together like tbe bufialoes tbat roam
unon tbe Western prairies? You cannot do it.
It may be a.ked, Sir, when I confess that I have
no control over tbis matter, why discuss it T wby
talk about it T
Mr, Singleton (Dem. Miss.) t I want to know
if the gentleman gives homes
Mr. Lovejoy: I must deoltna to yiell to tha
gentleman.
Mr. Singleton: 1 want to answer tne gentleman s
question by asking bim another. I want to know
if he gives homes to tba negroes be carries from
tba South to Canada and otber plaoea I
A Member t Tha negroes ba steals t
Tha Chairman t Tba gentleman from Mississip
pi is not in order,
Mr. Barksdale (Dem. Miss.) i T hope my col
league will hold no parley with tbal perjured na-
trvn thiaf.
Mr, Lovejoy t It ia asked wby discuss tbis
quesiioa t Why talk about it, when it is confess
ed tbat we have no constitutional power lo logis
lata npon it? I will tell you, Mr. Chairman.
will ba recollected that Mr. Webster onoa said,
when epeukiog of the threatened interposition
Russia lo snatch Kossuth fsom tha protection
Turkey, for tba purpose of aaorificing bim on tbe
altar of despotism t "Gentlemen, tbera ia some
thing oa earth greater than arbitary or despotic
do war. Tha liahtnina haa ita power, and Iba
whirlwind baa ita power, and tba earthquake baa
its power ; bat tbera ia something among man
It
of
of
mora capable of shaking despotic throne than
lightning, whirlwind, or earthquake; aod tbat ia '
tbe excited aod aroused indignation of tha wbola
civili ted world."
"Tha Avon to tha Severn rune;
' The Severn to tba sea;
And Wickliffa'e dust shall spread abroad
Wide a the water be."
To eontinue tba quotation with a different ap
plication and a slight variation of tbe language, 1
say, gentlemen, if tbe blood of innocent men ia
taken by an absolute, unqualified, unjuttiflabl
violation of natural law, what will it anpee-e.
wbat will it pacify T It will mingle with Iba
earth; It will mix with tba watere of tbe ocean, th
whole civilised world will snuff it it in tbe air, and
it will return with awful retribution on the beads
of those violaters of natural law and universal jus
tice. I cannot say when, or in what form, but
depend upon it, if such acts taka place, then Sla
very must look out for the eonsequenoee. Sir,
before the public eentimnt of the Christian and
civilised world I propose to hold tip to ooiversal
reprobation this practice of alavebolding. I pro
pose to bold it up in all ita atrocity, ic all ita
bideoueoess, just as gentlemen bava keen hold
ing up tbe prnotio) of polygamy, and reprobating
it; and, Sir, tbat publio aentimeol of tha oivilised
world will burn upon thia praotioe ol Slavery, and
ultimately secure its removal in tba only proper
way by tbe action of Ibe Slave States themselves.
Tbat is wby I discuss il Mr. Chairman, my tima
is passing away, and I must hasten oo. I want to
oome to a few things tbat bava been under
' iscuision during tbe inchoate condition of tha
House, while this Hall was echoing with ululatione
that would have drowned the lupine chorua of Iba
Alps, of Helper, and John Brown And incendiar
ism, tba torch of tba incendiary, and tba knife o f
tbe assassin; One gentleman from Virgioia stood
up in his place, and wanted to know where there
was a man who would Indorse tha Helper Book.
He wanted aujb a man il ibere was one here, to
stand up, tbat ba might look opon tba traitor.
Mr.'. Chairman, I, for one aigned tba paper rec
ommending tbe circulation of Ibe Helper book. I
signed it intelligently. I waa neither engrossed
nor abstracted. I did il because I wanted lo do
it; and now, if tbe gentleman wants to look opon
that kind of a traitor, ate. me, adtum qui feci,, im
mi convertue leium; i aid it. 1 will sign a recom
mendation for the circulation of any book tbat I
ohooae.withoul asking permission of tbe gentleman
from Missouri Mr. Clark, of any otber g'-n'.lemao
in tbe boose or out of tha House. I will aigo a
paper recommending tbe eircnlation of tba Bible
or tba Koran, Youcg'a Night Tboughta, or Tom
Moore's Anaoreon, Jonathan Edwards on-Oaavaaa,
or Tom Paine' Age of Reason, jast as I please.
I claim tba privilege, aa an American oitixen, of
writing my name aod reoiromending tba circula
tion of any and every book, without being hell
amenable to gentlemen opon tbia floor, or any
where else. Tbat ia my answer in regard to it.
I bava mora than that to say. I say nothing
about some points in the book. I hava no doubt
tbat there is considerable bombast and fustian and
violence of language in it, because tbe author
was educsted in a Slave Slate, and the rbetorio
wbicb comes from tbat quarter is apt to have these
characteristics. Laughter. But tbe philosophy
the gist of the book is wbat T It is the ad.
dress of a citiien of aSlave State to bis fellow citi
xens in regard to tba subject of Slavery, recom
mending in substance tbe organisation of a Repub
lican party in North Carolina and io all the other
Slave States. I hope to tea that done; and I ex
pect to see it done before very long. You may
kill Cassius M. Clay, as you threaten to do; but
'tbe blood of tbe martyrs is tbe seed of tha
church.' Yon may abed bis blood, as you ahed
tha blood of my brother on tha banks of tbe Mis
sissippi twenty years ago; and wbat then t I am
here to-day. thank God, to vindicate tbe princi
ples baptised in bis blood. You may shed bis
blood; and wbat then f A Republican party will
spring np in Kentucky and io all tba Slave Statea
era long, and tbese Diaunionists and gentlemen
wbo you sea ao violeot now will ba displaoed by
more moderate, and if may say so without being
offensive more sensible men. I believe io tbat
dtotrine. I do not iodorsa every expression in
the Helper book, for I have not atudiad every ex
pression) but tbe philosophy of the book, tbe idea
of organising a party in Ibe Slave States aa
against Slavery, I am in favor of, and I expect lo
see it accomplished. Wbat is tha objection to tba
book t Tba objection is that a citisen of tha
Uniud Statoa, an American citiien. addressed him
self to bis felluw-oilixens, in a peaceful way,
through the press, and for tbis you find fault with
bim and say tbat he must ba banged, and tbat
any man wbo signed a recommendation for tba
circulation of his book is a 'blighting, blasting,
burning, withering curse, and must not occupy
that obair. I want to know if it bas coma to tbisf
Has not an American citisen a rigbt lo speak to
an American citisen r 1 want tbe rigbt ol otter
ing wbat I say bere in Ricbmood. I claim tha
rigbt to say wbat I say here in Charleston.
Mr. Boobam, (Dem. S. C ) : You bad better
try it
Mr. Lovejoy : Ye sir. I am going to invoke
tbe aid of tba General Government to proteot me,
aa an Amerioan citisen, in my rights as an Amer
ican oitixen. I can go to England to-day, and in
London, or anywhere else, discuss tba question of
Church and State ; I can discuss tha queation of
a monarchial government at compared with a Re
publican form of Government. I oan do Ibis any
where in England, but I eannot go into a Slave
State and open my lips in regard to tba question
of Slavery
Mr. Martin, (Dem. Va ) i No; wa woold bang
you higher than Haman.
Mr. Lovejoy t I eannot go to a Slave State
and utter my sentiment to free oitisene, like my
self.
Mr. Milea, (Dam. S. 0.) t Can yon ga to Eng
land and Incite lha laboring olawaa lu mardsr tha
aristocracy, or Jo assassinate Ike Queen t
Mr. Lovajey i I bava no desira to, nor bava I
any daalra to Incite such things aoywhara else;
but I i claim tb right of ditoossiog this question

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