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BENJAMIN s. Jones, EDITOR.
"NO UNION Wtm SLA TBHOLDBRSy ann pb arson, pcBLisniftt Adttil VOL. 1C. NO. 33. SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATU11DAY, MAY 1, 1861. WHOLE ltO 8"li , THE 1RT1-SLAVEBT BUGLE, rOSLlintD (VERT SATCRDAT AT IALIN, OBIo; By tbsExeoutive Committer, of the Western Anti Slavery Society. TERMS. Jl. 50 per annum payable in advance gaT'Commanicationa intended for insertion, to lb address J to Bzsjamin S. Jonss, Editor. Orders for the paper ond letters containing 'none; la payment for the sm?,'should be eddros ssd to Awn. Pearson, Publishing Agent, Salem, .wlumbi&na County, Ohio. gi-Money carefully enveloped and directed an above, may bo scot bjr mail at our risk. JTWe oooasionally annd numbers to those who are oot ubsoribers, but who ero believed to bo interested in the dissemination of Anti-Slavery ruth, with tho hope that they will either subscribe, themselves or. nee thoir Influence to extend its ireulation among thoir friends. 1 TERMS OF ADVFRtlSlNG On Square, (10 linos) three weeks, $1 00 ' " Eioh additional insertion, - -' f " Six months, - - - " One year, '''. - - Two Square! eix months, ' - - 4i , ii One year, - - - - -' Oua fourth Column one year, with privilege 'of changing monthly, - - - - Calf Column, changing monthly, 20.00 gQrOards not exceeding eight lines will be in- SS'ted on year for $300; six months, $2 00. ' grAdvertisoments for patent medicines, speoi o remedies, chance to make money, Ao., neither solicited nor published. J. HUDSON, PRINTER. 25 4 00 C CO - 5 00 j 8.00 . j The Anti-Slavery Bugle. THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH. Tb following orrespnndence botween tbe Sec retary of State and the Southern Commissioners presents, in an official aspect, the condition assum ed by the two parties. Tbe first loiter from the Commissioners is omitted, as the substance of it is recapitulated in the reply of Mr. Seward. " THE REPLY OF MR. SEWARD. [Memorandum.] DEPARTMENT OF STATE. WASHINGTON, March 15, 1861. Mr. John Forejlh.'of tho State of Alalia, nn, nd Mr. Martin J. Crawford, of the Stale of Gear, (is, on thellth instant, through the kind office of a distinguished Senator, submitted to the Secre- tr of State thoir desire for an unofficial inter- iew. Thia request was, on tho 12-b instant, up OO exclusively public consideration', respectfully declined. ' On tbe 13. h instant, while tho Secretary was preoccupied, Mr. A. P. Bank, of Virginia, call ad at this department, and was received by the As sistant Secretary, to whom ha delivered a aenled communication, which ha had been charged by Meiers. Forsyth and Crawford to present to the Seoretary in person. In that communication Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford inform the Secretary of Stato that they have been duly accredited by the Government o( the Confederate States of America ns Commission ers to the Government of the United States, and tbey set forth the objects of their attendance, nt Waebiugton, They observe that seven States ol tbe American Union, iu t'le exercise of a right iu berent in every free . peor le, have withdrawn, through conventiona of their people, from tho Uni ted States, re-assumed the attributes of sovereign power, and formod a Government of their owu, nd that those Confederate States no-v constitute an indbpendent nation de fado and de jure, and possess a Government perfect in all its parts, and fully endowed with all the means of solf-aupport. - Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford, in their afore said communicetion, thereupon proceed to inform tbe Seoretary that, with a view to a speedy adjust ment of all questions growing out of the political separation thus assumed, upon such terms of ami ty and good will as the respective interests, geo graphical contiguity, and the future welfare of the apposed two nations might render necessary, they are instructed to make to tbe Government of the United States overtures for the opening of negoti ations, assuring this Government that the Presi dent, Congress, and people of the Confederate States earnestly desiro a peaceful solution of these great questions, and that it is neither their inter est nor their wish, to make any demand which is not founded in strictest justice, nor to do any aot to injure their late confederates. ' After making these statements Messrs. Forsyth nd Crawford close their communication, as they ay, in obedience to tho instructions of their Gov ernment, by requesting tbe Secretary of State to appoint as early day as possible in order that they may present to the President of tbe United Statss the credentials which they bear, and the objects of the mission with which they are charged. ' Tbe Seoietary of State frankly confesses that he understands the events whioh havo recently occur red, end the eondition of political affairs which ac tually exists in the part of the Uuion to which his Mention has thus been direo'.ed, very differently from the aspeot in whfuh they are presented by Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford. lis tees in them not rightful and accomplished revolution and an independent nation, with tin established Govern ment, but rather a perversion of temporary end partisan excitement to tbe inconsiderate purposes of an unjustifiable and unconstitutional aggression neon tbe rights and the authority vested in the Federal Government, and hilherte benignly exer cised, as from their very naturo they always must be so exeroised, for the maintenance of tbe Union, tbe preservation of liberty, and the security, peace, welfare, happiness, end aggratidizomeut of tht American people, '' The Secretary of State.therefore, avows to Mes srs. Forsyth and Crawford that be looks patiently but confidently for the euro of evils whioh bave resulted from proceedings so unnecessary, so tin wise, eo unusual, and so unnatural, not to irrego let negotiations, having io view new and untried rslatiqos with agencies onknown to and toting io srogatioo of the Constitution and laws, but to j 0. to of at it regular and considerate action of the people of tli one Stated, io co-operation with their brethren in the other Statea, and auoh extraordinary Conven lions, if there aball be need thereof, at the Federal Constitution contemplate, and authorizes to be as sembled. It !(, hoireter, the purpose of tbe Sec retary of State on thia occasion not to invite or engage in any discussion o( theso subjects, but eimply to let forth hia reasons for declining to comply with the rt quest of Mesne. Forsyth and Crawford. On the 4th of March inatant tho then nealy elected Preaident of tbe United State,' io view of all ill o facta bearing on tbe present question, as eumed tbs Executive administration ol the Gov ernment, first delivering, in accordance with an early and honored ouetom.sn Inaugural address to the people of the United Statoa. The Seoretary of Stato respectfully aubmita a copy of thia ad- aran to JUeisrs. torsytii and Urewlord. A ti tu ple reference to it will be sufficient to satisfy those gentlemen that tlio Secretary of State, guided by tbe principles therein nunounoed, is prevented nl together from admitting or assuming that the States referred to by them bave, in law or in faet, withdrawn from ilio Federal Union, or that they oould do ao in the manner dceciibed by Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford, or in any other man 12.00; Der -than with the consent and concert of the people of the United States, to bo given through a National Convention, to bo assembled in conformi ty with ths ptovisiocs of the Constitution of tht United States. Of course the Secretary of State cannot act upon tuo assumption, or in any way admit, that the so-oalled Confederate Stales consti tute a foreign Power, with whom diplomatic rela tions ought to be establUbod. Under these circumstunoes the Secretary of State, whose official duties are confined, subject to tho direction of the President, to the conduct ing of the foreign relations of ths country, and do not at all embrace domestic questions or questions arising between the several States and the Fet eral Government, is unnblo to comply with the request of Mossrs. Forejlh and Crawford, to appoint a day on which tbey may present the evidences of their authority and tho oljcct of their viiit to the President of the United States. On the contrary, he is obliged to state to Messrs. Forsyth and Craw ford that he has no authority, nor is he at liberty to recognise them as diplomatic agent, or hold correspondence or other couimunieatiou "with them. .-. - ' ;. . j . Finally, the Secretary of State would observe that, although lie has aupposed that be might safe ly and with propriety have adopted these conclu sions without making any reference of the sub ject to the Executive, yet so strong has been bis desire to practice entire directness and to act in a spirit of perfect respect and candor towards Mes srs. Forsyth and Crawford, and that portion of the pi.Of.lo of the Union in whose name they present themselves before him, that be has cheerfully sub milled this paper to tho President, who coincides generally iu the views it expresses, and sanctions tho Secretary's decision declining official inter course with Messrs. Fonytb and Crawford. APRIL 8, 1861. Tho foregoing memorandum waa filed in this Department on the 15 sh of March last. A deliv ery of the eanio, however, to Messrs Forsyth and Crawford was delayed, as was understood, with their consent. They have now, through their Sec retary, communicated their desire for a definite dispoeition of the subject. Tho Secretary of State therefore direots that a duly verified copy of the paper be now delivered. A true copy of the original, dolivered to me by Mr. F, V. Seward, Assistant Secretary of S'.ate of tbe United States, on April 8th, 1801, at 1 T XT in 1.1 rtrtlr pt vntiin. - " " ' I ' Attest : . J. T. Pickett, Secretary to tho Commissioners. THE COMMISSIONERS IN REPLY TO MR. SEWARD. WASHINGTON, April 9, 1861. Hon. Wx. II. Seward, Secretary of State of the United States, Washington. The "memorandum," dutsd Department of State, Washington, March 15, 18G1, with postscript un der date of 8 lii instant, baa been received through the bands of Mr. J, T. Pickett, Secretary to this commission who, by the instructions of the under signed, t ailed for it on yesterday at the Depart ment. Ia that memorandum you correctly state the purport of the official note addressed to you by the undersigned on tbe 12 h ultimo. Without re peating tbe contents of that Dote in full, it is enough to say that its object was to invite the Gov ernment of tbe United States to a friendly t-onsid eration of the relations between the United States and tbe seven States lately of the Federal Union, but now separated from it by the sovereign will of their people, growing out of the pregnant and un deniable faot that those people have rejected tbe authority of the United States and established a Government of their own. Those relations bad to be friendly or hostile. Tbe people of tbe old and new Governments, occupying contiguous territo ries, had to stand to each other in tho relation of good neighbors, each seeking their happiness and pursuing their national destinies in their own way, without interference with the other, or they bad be rival and hostile nations. Tbe Government tbe Confederate States bad no hesitation in electing its choice in this alternative. Frankly and unreservedly, seeking the good of the people who had entrusted them with power, in tbe' spirit humanity, of the Christian civilisation of tbe age, and of that Americanism which regards the true welfare and happiness of tbe people, tbe Government of tbe Confederate States, among its first aots, commissioned tbe undersigned to ap proach the Government of the United States with the olive branch of pesos, and to offer to adjust the great queetions pending between them in tbe only way to be justified by tbe eonsoienoes and oommon sense of good men wbo bad nothing but the welfare of the people of the two Confederacies heart. Your Government has not chosen to meet the undersignod in the conciliatory and peaceful spir in which tbey' are co Jimtstioned. Persistently wedded to those fatal theories. f (ODttroetioa of ry on In the Federal Constitution always rejected by the statesmen of tbe South, and adhered to by those of the Administration school, until they have pro duced their natural and ofton predicted result of the destruction of the Union, under which we might have continued to live happily and glorioas- ly together had the spirit of the ancestry wbo framed the common Constitution animated the hearts of all their sons, yon now, with pefsis tonce untaught and uncursd by the ruin which baa been wrought, refuae to reoogniae the great toot presented to you of a eomsleted and access lu! revolution; you close your eyes to the existenoe of the Government founded upon it, and ignore ths bigh duties of moderation and humanity wbioh attach to yon io dealing with this grest fact, II ad you met these issues with the frankness and man liness with whioh tbe undersigned were instructed to present them to yon and treat them, tbe under signed bad not now the tnelaooholy duty to return home and tell their Government and thsir couu- Irymeo that their earoeat and eeaselsse efforts i behalf of peaoe had been futile, and that tbe Got ernment nf tbe Unitod States meant to surjugat them by force of arms. Whatever may bo tbe re suit, impartial history will rscord the innocence of tbe Government of tbe Confederate States, and place the responsibility of tbe blood and mourn ing that may ensue irpon those who bave denied the great fundamental doctrine of American lib erty, that "Governments derive their just powers from the cousent of tbe governed," and who have eet naval and land armaments in motion to sub ject the people of one portion of this land to tbe will of another portion. That that can never bo done while'a freeman survives in tbe Confederate States to wield a weapon, the undersigned appeal to past history to prove. These military demon strations against tbe people of the Seceded States are oertainly far from being io keeping and con sietency with the theory of the Ssoretn-y of State, maintained in bis memorandum, tbal these States are stilt competent parts of the lata American union, as the undersigned are not aware of any constitutional power in tho President of the United States to levy war, without the cor.son of Con gress, upon a foreign people, much less opon any portion oi tne people ol tbe United States. The" undersigned, like the Secretary of State, have no purpose to "invite or engage in discuss ion of the subject on which their two Govern monts are so irreconcilably at variance. It is this varianoe that has broken up tbe old Union, the disintegration of which Las only begun. It is proper, however, to advise you hat it were well io aismias the hopes you seen) to entertain 'that, by any of tbe modes indicated, the people of the Confederate States will ever be brought to submit to the authority of tbe Government of tbe United States. Yuu are dealing with delusions, too, when you soek to separate our people from our Govern ment and to characterize the deliberate, sover eign act of that people as a "perversion of tern. porary and partisan excitemont." If you cherish these dreams you will be awakened from them ana find them as unreal aod unsubstantial as others in whioh you have recently indulged. The undersigned would omit the performance of an obvious duty were they to fail to make known to the Government of the United States that the people of the Confederate States have declared their independence with full knowledge of all the responsibilities of that act, and with as firm a determination to maintain it by all tbe means with which Aature has endowed them as that which sustained thoir fathers when tbey threw off the authority of the Briiish orown. I he undersigned clearly understand that you hare declined to appoint a day to enable them to lay tbe objects of the mission with which tbey are charged before the President of the Uoited States, an . .1 . 11 1 - . . wuuiu us io recognise me inde pendence and separate nationality of tho Confed erate States. This is tbe vein of thought that pervades the memorandum before us. The troth history requires that it should distinotly . ap pear upon tho record that tho undersigned did not nek tbe Government of the Uoited States toreoog nisi tbe independence of the Confederate States. They only asked audience to adjust, in a spirt of amity and peace, the new relations springing from a manifest and accomplished revolution io the Government of the late Federal Uoion. Your refusal tu entertain these overtures for pesceful solution, tbe active naval and military prepara tion of this Government, and formal notice to the commanding general of the Confederate forces in tha habor of Charleston that the Presidsnt in tends to provision Fort Sumter by forcible means, if neocssary, are viewed by tbe undersigned, and cagnly be recoived by tbe world, as deolara- uoiT&f war against tbe Confederate States ; for the President of the United States knows that Fort Sumter cannot be provisioned without the effusion of blood. The undersigned, in behalf of their Government and people, accept the gage of battldtbus thrown down to them, and, appealing to God and the judgment of mankind for the righteousness of their cause, tbe people of tbe Confederate Steles will defond their liberties to the last against this flagrant and open attempt nt thoir subjugation to ssoliooal powsr. This communication cannot bs properly olosed without adverting to the date of your memoran dum. Tbe offioial note of the undersigned, of the 12th March, was delivered to the Assistant Seo retary of State on tbe 13th of that month, tbe gentleman who delivered it informing bitn that tbe Secretary of thia commission would call at twelve o'clock, noon, on the next day for an an swer. .At the appointed hour Mr. Pickett did call, and was informed by tbe Assistant Secreta or Mate that the engagements of the Secreta ry of State bad prevented bins from giving tbe note his attention. The Assistant Seoretary of State than asked for the address of Messrs. Crow ford and Forsyth, the members of Commission then prosent in this city, took note ot tbe address eard, and engaged to send whatever reply might be made to their lodgings. Wby tbi was not dons it is proper should be here explained. Tbe memorandum is dated March 15, and w is not delivered until April 8, Why was it with held during the intervening twsoty-tbree days f the postoripHo yoor memorandum yoj suy itjsomt of of at go or ae II... Jmm-J - - . . . . -mm "v..,u, B, w, nnaerstooa, with their (Msssrs. Forsyth and Crawford's) consent." This is true out it is also true that on ths 15th of March, Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford were as sured, by a person ocoupying high offioial flosf- uoo id iss Government, and who, as they be lieved, was speaking by uthority, that Fort oumter would be evaouatsd wlthifl very few aoys, ana that no measure changing the existing status prejudicially to ths Confederate . States, as respects Tort Pickens, was then contemplated, and these asaorancee were subsequently repeated, with tbe addition that any contemplated change as respects Fort Pickens would be notified to us. On the 1st of April we were again informed that there might be an attempt to supply Fort Sumter with provisions, but that Governor Piekans abould bars previous nolioe of this attempt There was no suggestion of a reinforcement. Tbe undersi gned did not hesitate to believe that tbeee assu rances expressed the intentions of tbe Adminis tration at ths titns, or at all events of prominent members of the Administration. This delay was assented to lot tbe express purpose of attaining the great end of the mission of the undersigned, to wit, pacific solution of existing complica tions. Tbe inference deiuoible from tbe date of your memorandum tbat tbe undersigned bad, of ihilr own volition aod without cause, consen ted to this long hiatus io ths grave duties with which they were charged is therefore not consis tent with a just exposition of the facts of tbe case. The intervening twenty-three days were em ployed in active unofficial efforts, the object of which was to smooth the path to a pacific solution, the distinguished personage alluded to co-opera ting wi'.b the undersigned, and every step of that effort is recorded in writing, and cow in posses sion of the undorsigned and of their Government. It was only when all these anxious efforts for peace hsd been exhausted, and it became clear that Mr, Lincoln bad determined to appeal to tbe sword to reduce tbe people ol tbe Confederate States to the will of tbe section or parly whose President be is,' that the undersigned resumed tbe official negotation temporarily suspended, and sent their Seorolary for a reply to thoir official note of March 12. It is proper to add that, during these twentv- tbfeo days, two gentlemen of official distinction as bigh as that of tbe personage hitherto alluded to, aided the undersigned as intermediaries io these unofficial negotations for peace. 1 be undersigned, Commissioners of tbe Con federate States of America, having thus made sntt ttkasf they deem . matsTial in the rnemo-l random filed in th. iw,,m.e .Wis.!. Department on the 15th of March last, Lave tbe honor to be, .rTT JOHN FORSYTH, MARTIN J, CRAWFORD. A. B. ROMAN, A troe copy of the original by one delivered to Mr. F. W. Seward, Assistant Secretary of State of tbe United States, at eight o'clock in the even ing of April 9, 1801. Attest : J. T. Pickett, Secretary, 4o. MR. SEWARD IN REPLY TO THE COMMISSIONERS, DEPARTMENT OF STATE. WASHINGTON, APRIL 10, 1861. Messrs. Fonytb, Crawford, and Soman, hav ing been apprised by a memorandum which bas been delivered to them tbat the Secretary of Stele s not at liberty to bold official intercourse with bem, will, it is presumed, expect no notice from bim of the new communication which tbey have Addressed to bim under date of the Otb instant, beyoud tbe simple acknowledgment of tbe receipt thereof, which be beroby very cheerfully gives. A troe copy of the original received by tho Com missioners of tbe Confuderate States this 10th day of April, 19C1. Attest t J. T. Pickett, Secretary, &o From the Correspondence of the N. Y. Independent. THE HUNTERS AND THEIR GAME. BY A NORTHERNER IN SOUTH CAROLINA. kalf-dossn in the eamp, and they were t In the wilds of some of tbe slave States, and particularly in South ' Carolina, there are bands roaming negroes, fugitives from the slave plan tations, wbo live on the game they kill, aod on tbe proceeds of sucb as tbey do not require for food. At times tbey add to tbelr larder kjgr cap turing stray bog or other animal on tbe borders tbe settlements. An account of these bands. tbeir mode of living, and varied experience, and more espeeially of the mode of bunting tbem, would form not tbe least interesting chapter in tbe history of the slave system. As has been eaid, they are fugitives from the lavs plantations, whom ' cruelty and suffering bave driven to the aw amps and forests, where, while enjoying tbe freedom thus found, tbey are the same time probably the lowest typeofciv- liiation anywhere found in our country. They in squade of from five to fifteen. Generally there are but few women among tbem. They are 11 ages, from yoong children to old men. The banting of these people, if not favorite port of tbe field and forest in certain regions of ths South, io certainly fact, whether for sport some other equally humane purpose. ' In soms parts it is done with dogs,' and Is tttended with excessive oruelty. Tbe followng narrative of en excursion for ibis kind of game is in almost the precise lan guage of participant and apologist : Ii was on Friday in autumn that party of asvea of us, all planters' sons; were out on tramp across the country to neighboring planta tion, some half-doisn miles distant. We bad substituted pedeetrianism for tbe usual borsebaok mode of performing such short eicorsions, and to make the distanos tbe shortest possible, we took near direct oourse as we oould, wbioh led us most of the way through forest, wbioh, though fine pieoe of country,' was little frequented ex cept oooasionally by tbe sportsmen following eer. We bad perfu.med probably half of tbe islance, and were eonseqoently three or four miles in depth of the forest, when our party cams suddsnly on the oampofa party of wandering negroes. It was mutual surpriss. . Tbsrs wsrs in to ly of To To A that moment engaged in dining on qoarler of mutton which they bad roasted overs fire, and to obtain which they bad no doubt made recent viait to tbe nearest plantation. Unwilling to miss tbeir meal, or because they perceived that we weie not armed, the negroes did not move at oor ap proach, but springing to IheTf feet, propared to receive us in whatever shape we might eome. There was one lusty fellow among tbem, proba bly their leader worth in market, in good limes, full $1,5000. Tbe idea of capturing tbe fellow seemed to bave entered tbe miod of each on of the party, for with soaroely word we all rushed' upoo him. The others ran or bid. Tbe fellow, perceiving our movement, planted bimsslf with bis back against a large tree. The man who reached hitn first went sprawling in a twinkling. Three others went to keep bim company, propell ed by the long and withey arm of the negro. The remaining three, of whom I was one, made simultaneous rush with elubs. A well-aimed blow brought the fellow to tbe ground, when those whom he bad sent sprawling coming up, we felt sure of our game. But in moment, even before we could follow up our advantage, be was on bis feet, furooious as a lion with t torn ear. lie fair ly foamed at ths mouth, and swors such oaths as I never before heard. lie did not wail for us to maks another onset, which it is likely we would have been unwilling to do, but he rushed upon us. striking right and left. Some three or four felt the force of his blows before we could get oot of tne leiiow'o wsy. lie did not obase us far. but seeing tbat ha was well rid of us, went back lu the camp. Our party, wbioh bad become scat tered by tbe rough inoiuent, rendezvoused an hour after at our place of destination. On our rslating what had occured to our friend and his two grown up sons, whom we bad come to see, it was agreed tbat on the following day there should be bunt for the fugitives, which we promised ourselves should bave a different result from this ted encounter. uosxpao- Accordingly, the next day, a sarty of twelve. all of us planters or planters' sons, met at the appointed place to set out on tbe hunt. We were ... nou armea witn rines, and, an some instances, revolvers also. It was jolly and well appointed party. We did not, ae waa our custom when deer or other fourfooted animals were to be bonted, take along one or more fa votite negroes to act as gams-keepere. The reas on why we did not must bs obvious, aod was nat ural. So, recruiting ourselves from tbe saddle bags tbe party set out. Judging from the place share aba fuirm.o. K.rf c a j. ' : . -----.y towmj previous, we ooocluded tbat tbet were then about a doieo milee distant, in deep wood . beyond the sluggish river, wbicb .bad ile source in ths swamps not far off. W e therefore set out for the nearest ford, wbicb was several miles above, to reach wbicb by tbe shortest root we took across swampy sod wholly unfrequented tract. Our progress was neoessarily slow, in oonsequenoe of tne cuaraoter ol tbe country and tbe ground over which we were piokiogour way. We. bad proba bly made four or five miles, when we came righi upon tbe camp ol the fellows of tbe previous day. Our recognition waa simultaneous. Their num ber scorned to bave increased, for in an instant there seemed to be fifteen or twenty fellows run ning in different directions. Ofcourss we fired quickly as possible, and brought down three or lour at tbe first round. Those of us who bad been engaged io ths previous eocounter reoognisod the huge fellow that bad dealt us tbe bard blows tbe day before. lie did not stop to give us fight this! time, but ran likes deer. Haifa dozen of oa gave chase. Mounted as we were, he bad rather the advantage of us at first, exeept we were armed and be not. Tbe distance between us wss not over one hundred yards. We sboutsd to bim to stop, preferring to capture so saleable fellow alive rathor than kill hitn outright. Not regar ding the summons, it was repeated with tbe addit ional bint of three or four shots from our rifles. But heeded neither. By this time the whole party was on bis track, and repeated ebots were fired at him, one of which we were certain bil for he gave a screech like a byena ; though ho did not materially slacken bis pace. The chase was kept op for some time, with shot after shot. It was one of exciting interest, which was inereased by the feci that the fellow kept on bis course like deer. Al length some half dozen of us, though without conoert, fired'simultaneously, and we bad tbe satisfaction of seeing the ntgro drop. We were soon up with bim. A ball bad struck bim tbe koee. lie was all the more ferooioos, sod was far from giving op. He bad raised op ao as seat himself against s tree, and one of tbe par dismounting, approached him, when tbe fel low dealt bim levelling blow. What rifles there wore among us that contained sbo'.s were fired almost simultaneously, and tbe negro stretched bis length at tbe foot of tbe tree. We gave bim no further attention. Retracing our eteps we came upon four fellows, who gave themselves op to os. Tying their arms, we drdve tbem before us to the plantation of one tbe party. Io little more than ten days from that time oooofour party returned from New Orleans, to wbicb market he bad taken tbe fugi fives. lis brought (3,600 to divide among tbe party. We called it pretty good hunt for one day. Sucb is tbe narrative or one wbo was s par ticipant in lbs scenes. I give it to yoor readers witboot nots or oommeot. COMMERCE AND SLAVERY. Ifasvso speed ths eaovass, gallantly oofurl'd furnish and aocommodais world, give the pole tbe produoe of the sun. And knit th' onsooial climates into one , , , But, ah! what wish can prosper, or what preyef, For merchants rioh io eargoes of despair, . Wbo drive Joathsoms traffic gusge and span, And boy lbs muscles and the bouss of man I Tbe tender ties of father, husband, friend, bonds of nature Id that moment end ) And seen sodurss, wbils yet be draws bit breath' stroks as fatal the seyths of DseAb. of FROM WENDELL PHILLIPS. IMr. PhilKM. in I fpeen (6 ifus'o' flafl, Bos ton, on April 2tat, fufly sodofssil the war with' the Sooth, believing that the Isstfe" ft presents Is Freedom or Slavery'. We are utterly anable te see it so, though ws beeps' (fret fa thf evtrrlt of events, Freedom may be the bltlm'ate" fsialf -a Re sult unlooksd for, sod nndesired by those who are eonduoting tbe war, and giving direct ion to tie military arm. Ail winter long, 1 have acted' with that part which eried for peace. Tbe anti-'alsrvery sntsr' prise, to which t befofc'g', HifXtH with pSAOS writ ten on its banner. Ws Ims'glned tbat tft's agsf of idsas bad corns; tbat thirty millions' of people? were able to take great question, and decide' it by the eonflioi of opinions; and, without letliog ths ship of State foondsr, lift four millions of meet into liberty aod juetloe. We thought tbat If yon statesmen would throw wwsry pefeofia') amtftion' aod party watchword's, and devote themselves to tbe great issue, this might bs accomplished. To osrtain extent it bas bsen. The North has aa- swered to the call. Teat after year, event If event, bas indicated the rising eJucatkn of. the people tbe readiness for higher moral life- Its' patience that waite for neighbor's "conversion Tbe North bae reaponded to tbe eafl of thef peaceful, moral, intellectual agitation which th anti-slavary idea bas initiatsd. Our mistake, if any, has been thai we counted loe moeh on the intelligence of the masses, on tbe honts'f nedl wisdom of statesmen as s class. Perhaps we did oot give weight eoough to tbe faot we saw, tbat this nation is made up of different ages; net bomogeneoos, bat mixed mass of different cen turies. Tbe North thini$ can appreciate argej' ment io the nineteenth eentofy-bardly any struggle left in it bnt tbat between tbe working" olass and the money kinge. The Sootb dreamt it is ths thirteenth and foorteeotb csnt'aty' barosl snd serf nobis and slave. Jack Cade sfttf Wat Tyler loom over lbs horizon, and tbe eerf, rislnsj calls for another Thierry to record hie straggle There tbe fagot still barns, which tbs Doctors of the Sorbonne called, agee ago, "tbe best light te guide tbe erring." There men are tortorod1 for opinions, the on! panrshtneoi tbe Jssuits were willing their pupils snodld look on. This is,' per haps, too flstterioc nicture of tbe South. Better call bar, as Sumnsr dots, "tbs barbarous States.'' Our etroggle, therefore, is no struggle tostwewsj different ideae, but between barbarism and clvili zation. Such ean only be tattled by arms (prolongr ed cheering). Tbe government has waited nntil its best friends almost sospeeted i eouraga ot U . integrity; bat the cannon shot aeimrt Fort Sum tor bae opened tbe only dotr eat of this booh There were bat two. One wee compromise; ths other was battle. The integrity of the North) olosed tbe firsi; lbs generous forbearance oi hint teen Statee elosed the other. t Tbe South opened this with eannod shot, ani Lincon shows himself at the door (prolonged and enthusiastic oheering). The war, then, is not ag- gressive, but io eelf-defsnee, aad Washington bat become the Tbermopyles of liberty and justise (applause). Bather than surrender it, cover etflrj square foot of it with living body (loud cheera) j crowd it with million of men, and empty every . bank, vault at the North to pay tbe eest (renewed cbeeriog.) Teach the world, onee for all, that North America belongs to the stars and stripes,' and under them no man shell wear chain (eo'i thusiastio cheering). In tbe whole of tbis con, fl'.ct, I bavs looksd only at liberty only at its' -slave. Perry entered the battle of tbe Lakes itb "Don't oiva cr fas ship," floating from the mast head of tbe Lawtsnce. When, with bis. fighting flsg, ha left her erippled, heading North, i and, mounting tbe deck of tbe Niagara, turned, her bows due weat, bs did all for one purpose te rske tbe decks of the foe. Acknowledge seoession, or cannonade it, I eare not wbicb; but "Proclaim, libsrty throughout all the land unto all tha inbaLi tants thereof," (loud obeers). . I said, oivil war needs momentous and solemn , juetifioatlon. Europe lbs World, may claim of, os, that before ws blo't ihe nineteenth century f , ao appeal to arms, we sbsll exhaust every cojoAs- ; sion, try every means to kep (he peace ; other ; wise, an appeal to tbe Ood k battles is an insnlf to lbs civilization of our age ; it is a coofsssioo . tbat dor culture and oor religion are superficial; I if not a failure. 1 think tbal lbs history of the; ; nation and of tbe government both, is an an pis juatificatioo to our own limes Shi to history fof . tbis appeal to arms. I think tbe South is nil , wrong, aad tbs Administration is all right (pre- longed obseriog). Let me tell yon why. Fof, , thirty years, ths North bas exhausted eoiiiouosi a and compromise. Tbey bets tried story eipedU, i ent, tbey have relinquished every right, the ; have aaorificed every interest, they bavs ssnolh ersd keen sensibility to national boner, Sod Koi- ( tbern weight aod supremacy in the Union ; hay -, forgotten tbey were tbe majority in numbers and, : i in wealth, in education and atrength ; have left y tbe helm of government and tbs dictation of poli ;t cy to the Southern States. For all ibis, tbe eoa fliot wsxsd oloser and hotter. Tbe Administra tion tbat preceded tbis was full of traitors and) Ibisvee. Ii allowed the arms, ships, mousy, mill- ., tary stors of the North to be etolen with isnparV ' ly. Mr. Lincoln took oftoe, robbed of all tbt means to defend the eoaetiioiiona! rights of th . government, lie offered te withdraw front ths alls of Sumter everything but the flag. He al lowed ssoossion to surround ii with tbs strobgeel forts wbioh Military soienee could bolld. Tbs; North offered to meet in Convention bt sisles Statee, aod arrange tbe terms of peaceful separtv ' j lion, strength ana right yielded evervtbisi-w tbey folded tbeir hands 'waited the returning; V reason of tbe mad insurgents. Week after wsK " slapaed, month after month went by, waiting fr ' aoocr scuoo soougui oi live mitnona tjnq, w . half of people. Th world eaw lbs sobtims sigM ' nineteen millions of wealthy, powerful, oahsil ' ". citizens allowing tbeir lag to le insulted, (hers4 1 1 rights assailed, Ibehr sovereignty de(M 'mat bc t ksn in piecss, nod yst waiting, with patient, fctotaV srly, tnagaeniaoof klodoase, antii insarreoUoa bavrrg sseoi he fory, should f each out h hr