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JSOJKHT xsnxrsscSM. 4b4 wt thi "ai"' ' rioU ea iMrniiw mom atleaUj. 'i- Braes haetaoa'fcsfteeaa'sfereeV :i ' ?tte traT taaaot'elen hetaaie, - It '! oobeaTe reeky wetai f SMl MtfttlM tL Qeeea. laid. . . VH il..r frcin ioth raad Oh rock i TMkaif wtthatorttaeiaaaBeeieBwee, 40 etaria ana wwqJM a mu . ttAa etieat awn taetr avoroa. , jThe eee eoem hy the amywej-d aScS " ' And ivy unlae the etroaa- oak Till, djriae. limb from lima i ABd thue lb etlea ana . Deta ewer with pewer the htrnta "I t atettae Ke-m-aend ia iu aepUu eareae, .,- , Or mUm Ike paeetao warae to nek A liter, mtH M ABatoar-enaelMeaei Ulnae. Waite cotduaai may the heArt lyre ereak, : - sAaa re tt entinee at the Uaj. - A trtee. repeat!, binds . A Beoao:aia earner round the oal, A wore dropped In ttie yotvaral miaa liey ail the after lite eoatrol. A lovine heart and gentle hand May atrew afe'e path with fairest Sowcra, sacn Dour we w ietx a emigre waoo Teat fivea a eaaoe rmu ' Al eeeao depth try pebMe rlfTeS Send rtpolea to the fanheet aUere, Bo evil y the eual incurred. t earth tie wavelets erersaore. " ' ' GOOD XaTl'BE. " - - To be good-natured is both the duty and the privilege of human beings, Ill-nature U in, a shtme, and a misfortune. A peev ish, fretful disposition may be regarded aa a very email vice; but it i one of the greatest generator of evil in society. And it is the great curse of domestic life. - From the disposition which some persons manifest to fret and scold, on all occasions and without, any occasion at all, it may be reasonably inferred that they look upon fretting and scolding as the natural cure for all the ills that flesh is heir to. But it is not very difficult to show that the practice ex aggerates and mtltipiies them all. ' - To be good-natured is to be good per res ; it is to cultivate good feelings and good ac tions, and thus to become still better. To be ill-natured is to be bad per te ; it is to nurture an evil spirit and thus become worse and worse. And between good and bad, between better and worse, there is certainly . distinction w'th a difference. ' , Some .persons seem to have been born to good-nature, or with a good-nature. They dtr always good-natured. They are the salt of the earth. ' If there were none such, so ciety would soon become . entangled in a general wrangle, snd a universal war of extermination would speedily reduce human ity to the last of his race an " individual sovereign.'' ; C " With temper calm and unruffled by the Atoms of life, with passions equipoised and always in subjection to the intellect, good pastured people, coolly survey and easily overcome the 'obstacles and difficulties in their life's pathway. J Others there are who seem to have come into the world in a fretful humor. Dues an accident happen 1 does evil betide 1 . does anything go wrong? instead of applying the remedy within reach, instead of acting ra tionally in view of all the circumstances, they break out" in a passion, "go off" in a 'fit of fury, rave, rage, storm, mutter, sputter. . All the energy of mind and of body which should have been employed in the correc - tion of the evil, is wasted, and worse than 'wasted, in scolding and fretting about it. Lamentation, crimination, iteration, reitera- tion , babbling and gabbling, bawling and - bickering, take the place of useful thinking "and rational action. In this way more strength is expended foolishly than would ' have sufficed to have rectified the wrong, , acd perchance, to have turned the evil into good. O, the disadvantages of peevishness ' Its possessors are the most coramiserable of all miserable wretches. ,i5B. Frelfulness invariably aggravates every , existing evil. As inevitably as the needle " points to the pole, and as surely as the poi soned fountain gives forth bitter waters, "fretting can not possibly produce anything ..out evil, frequently it converts one trivial difficulty into two serious ones ; and some- si. time into ten incurable ones. The spirit of fretfulness in this way becomes the pes- . tilent seed whose growth and nurture uproot and destroy the fairest flowers that bloom in the garden of Eden """Persons say they are peevish because they are sick: they are fretful because they are bothered; they are ill-natured because the weather is ungenial; they scold, and gibber, and rant because they are troubled, :, or . because somebody has abused them ; - they are angry because some one else is so. .Fatal mistake 1 ; Shall we injure ourselves because others try to injure us! This is too silly a notion for intelligent beings to entertain a moment. . Shall we act madly because some one else ? -has acted foolishly! This is the very ex ' pression erf the spirit of beastliness-evil v J for evil. It Is good alone that can overcome evil. "f ,' Alas! those who live a life of peevishness, - iwbo fret and scold on all the trivial occa v sions of losses and crosses, little know what V bodily injury and mental degradation are among the fearful penalties which tbey in- cur and suffer. They scarcely dream of the depth of that unfathomable pit, adown . ..Which the whole moral nature sinks among ,.:f .the hellsof adisprdered and perverted mind. Little do they understand of the immense s difference, in the final result of a life's ex- Y ' Derience. between applying all of their mental powers on all occasions to the best . of purposes, or misapplying, wasting, and tiui debasing them. Life Illustrated. KO.E STAND ALONE. It is in the providence of God that none ; stand alone: we touch each other; man acts ' on man; heart on heart; we are bound up ..willi each other; hand is joined in hand ' wheel sets wheel in motion; we are spiritu ally linked together, arm within arm; we cannot live alone, nor die alone; we cannot say, I will only run risks with my own soul; " I am prepared to disobey the Lord for such '. a pleasure or such a gain, but I do not im - plicate others: I only want to be answers ble for myseir. This cannot be. Each living soul has its influence on others in m some way and to, some extent consciously ""or oneonsciously; each has some power. i. more or Jess, direct or iudirect; one mind colors another; a child on children; servants .. on his fellow-servants; masters over them k they employ; parents on their children; ' friends on friends. Even when not think ing, in the-least degree, of the effect of : what we do, when we are unconscious tnai we bave any influence at all, when we do - not with our conduct or way of life think to " eflect any but ourselves, our manner of life, is,;;,.:. our conversation, our deeds, are all the i-if . while giving weight somewhere or somehow; ; :our feet leave their impression, though we nay not look behind us to see the mark. "'' Sermon for Christian Season. ,,.-., .. ;- . OCR THOUGHTS - On the whole, it is ol as great importance " for a, man to take heed what thoughts he lir - entertains, as what company he keeps; for : : tbey have the same effect on the mind. Bad ( ' thoughts are as infectious as bad company; -.(::;' nd good thoughts solace, instruct and en .'! -' tertain the mind, like good company. And f.'this is "one great advantage of retirement ..;liwt i fflui may choose what company he , pleases from within himself. As in the world we oftener light in bad company than nv-.-til iB good, so In solitude we are oftener troubled with impertinent and anprofitable tbouehu. than entertained with agreeable U r and useful ones; and a man that bath so far lost the command of himself, as to lie at the mercy of every foolish and vexing thought, 1 much in the same situation as a host iv:.t."Lwh. uoor Is open to all comers; whom, '.iU though ever so noisy, rude, or troublesome he cannot get rid of ; but witti mis ouier ence, that the latter hath some recompense to his trouble, the former none at all, but 1 V.j.is robbed of his peace and quiet for nothing. J. Moton. J; Tf.m , i, iE Of all the ills which love brings, jealousy -'"MeSeiot which wemaa hasthe least sym. ft- It VOL. XL. GKOWIXO COLD BY T. S. ARTHUR. There was an ardor about the young lover that showed bow deep his heart was :nterest ed, and his betrothed might almost be said to live only in its presence. He flew to ber side like 'steel to the magnet, when evening set him free from business; she waited his certain coming with a trembling joy that per raded her whole being The days were long that kept them apart; but "light footed" the hours of evening. How eagerly they look ed forward to that blessed time when they would hear the words spoken that were to make them one, and the time came at last, though with slow pacing steps. Hand in hand, and heart beating to heart, they enter ed a new path of life, strewed with flowers, and moved on with springing feet, and took their measures to love's delicious music, Swiftly passed the first season of their new existence. It was the warm, fragrant blossoming spring-time, and sunshine filled the air with vernal warmth. Shall we ever grow cold to each other!" said the young man, leaning towards his bride and speaking in a tone of peculiar tender ness. This was occasioned by the presence, in a small company, of a married couple, not two years wedded, whs were known to have lost much of love's young ardor. Their in difference was so apparent, as to have be come a subject of remark among their friends and acquaintances. "Never, Leonard, never!" was almost trem- lously whispereded back. "That is impos sible! Those who truly ljve, love on for ever." "And with us it is true," said the husband. "True, warm, eternal love." And each beiieved it was so. Let us fol low them a little way on their life journey. Leonard Williams was a young and am bitious merchant, was unwisely striving to do a large business on a small capital, and Leonard Williams and his wife were a young couple who thought rather more of making an appearance in the social world than was consistent with their means and prospects. He had too large a store and too many goods in it; they lived in loo large a house with too much furniture in it. A tranquil spirit is not possible under such circumstances. Overwearing mental labor and absorbing care must attend them. It has ever been so it is so with Leonard Williams. Even before the waning of the first year, his brow began to wear a shadow, and his eyes have an absent expression. There was a faintintr warmth in' his manner towards his bride that chilled her heart at times, as if cold airs had blown upon it suddenly. She. ras too young, too inexperienced, too ignorant of the world to comprehend the causes that were at work, undermining the foundation of lheir happiness. She only felt that her husband was changiug the warmth was diminishing, and the cloud and shadow coming in place of sunshine. Daily and weekly the change went on, ha nottintr more and more absorbed in busi ness, and she finding a poor compensation for heart-weariness in dress, gay company, fashionable di8Plio"- Tne coldness of feeling as well a o( exterior was mutual. A fewears longer, and all the tender cour- tesies that markea ",e,r mcrwjuree wneu alone utterly jfai led- Williams would meet his wife on his da'ty re,urn frm business, without a changing countenance or tender word; and she met "ln evening ana part ed with him on eac succeemng morning, with an indifference that ,ccd orer the sur face of his feelings. And eo the years wet on; ne struggling and striving with the wo" tne arena ot business, and she, trying to 6"d jn ,he un substantial, gilded exterior ot tnings, mat pleasure she failed to extract from the real. How like mould on a rich garment, or ....i i - rust upon burnished steel, uid luuiuereiicu creep over the pleasant surface of their lives, dimmincr the mntual attraction. Williams U-A r .u., .nioi- nn.t a mind that found strength in every difficulty. A man of feebler intellect, less hope, and less sug gestion, would have been driven to the wall in a few years. But Williams discovered his error in time tor prepare himself for the imDendinp-circumstances. .At the close of five years from the day of his marriage, he resolutely looked his affairs in the face, and saw that instead of being worth many thou sands of dollars , be was just on the verge of bankruptcy. It took him two years to rPt aafoltr nnst the dantrers that beset his s- -j i . way. One cause of his trouble lay in his extravagant style of living. It rather star tled him to find on examining his cwn pri vate account, that twenty thousand dollars had been drawn for personal expenses. One half of that sum, added to his capital, would have made all safe. "This will never do," he said tj himself. "We are living too extravagantly. There must be a change." But what would his fashionable wife say to this! Would she be willing to give up her fashionable home and retire from her gay position! A feeling of discouragement came over him as these questions arose in his mind. "She must give it up she must re tire," he said to himself with some warmth. But he did not wish to make known the fact of his deep embarrassment; for be had no confidence in her power to endure reverses. If she sank down in deep distress, the bur den would be so much the heavier; and they were quite heavy enough already. After viewing the matter on all sides and ponder ing it deeply Williams came to the conclu sion that the only economical change likely to meet his wife's approval was the change from their own home to a fashionable board ing house. A close calculation satisfied him that to do so would lessen their annual ex penses about one thousand dollars. "An na," he said to her one evening Meaning through his cold abstracted silence "we are living at a too costly rate." Mrs. Williams turned her eyes upon his face, with nil the manner of one who had heard unpleasant words, but did not fully un derstand their meaning. "It would cost us less to board, and you would be freed from household cares." "I am not troubled by them." "It is a question of ecnomy,"said Wil liams. "If that Is all the question may as well sleep," replied his wife almost indifferently; "for it costs quite as much ts live at a first class hotel or boarding house aa in your own home." Williams had no more to say. A deep sigh fluttered from his lips; his gaze with drew 1 itself from the countenauce of his wife, and thought went from his home to wander among the seething breakers towards which his vessel was driving, hoping to nna some narrrow passage thro which he might steer his vessel in safety to a smooth haven. He felt colder towards his wife after that; snd she was conscious of bis coldness with out imaffininff the cause, i No Changs In the sty Is or cost of living Delaware 1 SmMj took place. That heavy butrden he bad to carry, in addition to his other heavy burdens, it required ail his strength. During the two years that elapsed be fore his feet were on firm ground again, he ap peared to have lost all interest in his home, his wife and his children. Mrs. Williams frequently said lightly speaking to uer friends or acquaintance, that she had no husband new; Mr. Williams had united himself to business, in a second marriage. If she spoke thus in his presence, he would part his lips in a forced smile , or, perhaps say jocose ly, that she had better have him before the courts for bigamy. Fashion, show pleasure, filled up all the time of Mrs, Williams which was not devot ed to maternal duties and househald cares; and business was the Moloch at which Mr. Williams sacrificed all his social and home affections. At forty, with a family of interesting chil dren springing up around them, they were but coldly tolerant of each other. Never having seen trom the beginning of her life any good reason for economy or self deaial, Mrs. Williams had failed to practice these virtues, but had suffered the opposite vice of extravagance and self-indulgence to grow rankly as offensive weeds. Her demands on her husband's purse bad, therefore, always been large, and they steadi ly increased until he was learning to hold the strings more tightly, and to question and object whenever she made what he thought large requisitions. Thus alienations were constantly engendered, and at times there was strife betvveen them. Roughness on his part and petulance on hers, often came in to help the work of estrangement. Twenty years of a false life, twenty years in which two married partners, warm and loving at the first, went on steadily growing cold toward each other through the interpo sition of sordid and worldly things twenty years of a home intercourse but rarely brightened by love's warm sunshine break ing the leaden clouds of care and folly what a sad heart history U here ! And is it not the history of thousands of our over business men, and their thoughtless, unsym paihUing wives, who seek outside of hearts and homes what they can never find that tranquility of soul after which all aspire, but to which so few attain ! Alas, that it is so. Ab, that we could write, from henceforth, a better record of Leonard Williams and his wife. That we would tell you, how growing at last weary of their vain existence, they turned back, athirst for the pure water whose sweetness had once refreshed them, finding again the fountain of eternal youth. But it was not so. Habits of thought and feeling were hardened into that second nature which is rarely broken up. If, occa sionally, the restless heart returned along its life jouruey seeking lor some of the lost ! flowers and vanished fragrance, their sweet ness was perceived only as the dim light of a dream; not real enough to inspire an effort to seek restoration. And so they moved in coldness of twilight. Age found him a sor- ; did, irritable, unhappy man and she a ner vous, restless, vain, disappointed woman. There are such, readers, all around you. But keep your heart warm. Do not suffer it to -grow cold towards your wife or husband. Shut out the vain things t f the world. The home-loves are warmest, the home-lights brightest, and they grow warmer and bright- er with years, a you feed them with the pure oil of unselfish affections. The Leevmpioi CwnetUutton Flsht- The Ohio Slate Journal of Thursday says: A friend has just received a letter from a prominent member of Congress, from which we are permitted to make the follow ing extracts: "You nsk my opinions of the result of the present quarrel iu the pro-slavery party. To this I hardly know what to answer. V.... I ...l.... r.w.A Tjnnt r. t lln.nn I said of the quarrels of that party that the noise they raised on such occasions was as equivocal as that made by a social gathering of cats it being difficult to determine from the sound 'whether it was the cooings of love or the ekinscratching of a fight.' "But, in looking at the results of this quar rel, these will vary according as it bears on uinerem interests anu elections oi me puny, As to its results in the admission of Kansas under the Lecompton Constitution, my opin- j ion is nuw what it has been on the genera! question, from the time of the repeal of the Missouri Restriction, viz: that Kansas will come into the Union as a Slave State, axd IT WILL! . "The Lecompton Constitution will be forced upon the people of Kansas. The Southern men know our doughfaces too well to be frightened at such impotent and imbecile dis sent as that which characterizes the Ohio and Indiana remonstrances. They know that such stuff as that can emanate only from a set of political eunuchs, without the disposition or the manhood to resist. Doug las thinks otherwise, but my belief is, that his 'wish is buta father to this thought.' The weak sisters will be frightened, the corrupt will be bought, and the willing and eager doughfaces (and God knows there are but too many of them) will go it for mere love of dirty work, and when through, will beg for more and dirtier, if their masters can find it for them to do. Why, my friend, there is scarcely a northern city (with the excep- t on of Chicago) of a hundred thousand inhab itants, whose Representatives are not as safe for a re-election, after voting lor this infa mous Lecompton swindle, as are those of South Carolina. So they are in a dozen or more of the rural districts of such States as Indiana, Illinois, and Pennsylvania. These will vote for Slavery for the love of the thing. "Again, there are some dozen of the mem bers who cannot bo re-elcted in any event. These will, of course, hold themselves in a market where there will be bidders on only one side, the side of Slavery. They will go cheap, but they will go, just enongh of them to carry the measure. But those who would be slaughtered before their constituents, should they vote in the affirmitive, but who would Bland a fair chance for re-election. should they vote against the swindle, will be permitted to do so just as many as can be spared; and these will be held as a re st, e for some other dirty work which will be laid out for their benefit." Amrelcaa Railroads. The Railroad Journal has an elaborate arti cle on American Railroads, from which we learn that the total number of miles opened the past vear baa been 1,920. The number of miles opened since 1848, is21,000;-since 1850, nearly 19,000. The total number of miles in operation in the United States, at the present time, is 26,210. The total cost in round numbers, is $920,000,000. Adding to the sum the amount expended in unfinished roads, the total amount expended in the Uni ted States, upon these works,, will reach very nearly $1,000,000,000. The average cost of the roads in operation, is about $35,000 per mile. Ifiml psMs!ir DELAWARE, OHIO, FEBRUARY 5, 1858. Farther Particulars ot the Great Earthquake at Naples. 1 r,., .v, rfldM sews.! Naples January 2.- oaB' ueciae in lavor 01 Jackson's procedure. The bad odor arising from the putrid ! U almost too much for the common sense bodies is represented as having been in many ! of mankind that it is entirely right to pun places insupportable, and the intendente of ! leK lUe filibuster when preparing an expedi Salerno is said to have advised that things tioB: but entirely wrong when they are act should be left as they were the surface of ualIy carrying it on! the ruins being smoothed over in the from . . , . m, . One or the Speeches. of one vast buna! place. This was not per- . T . . . 4 , , -,.-. Our legislators, at Columbus, have been mitted; and it was only on Christinas eve. in many places that people were sent to bu- j discussing the bill introduced by Mr. Brooke ry the dead. But the work could not be con- ; of Hamilton, for repealing the law which tinued. There was an insufficiency of hands J prohibits the use of our jails to the United there were no instruments for dragging i sute3 for keeping fugilive. slaves. The .... i i I: - . f. . .. . r o o OUl tile UUUICD, ills barLQ IU1 uausuiwt UU t provisions for the workmen. To look after j the health of that desolate neighborhood and to disinfect the country, only twelve members of the Board of Health have been sent, and two "buriers" neither medical men nor an extraordinary Commission, nor civil or military authorities, with the Al ter Ego of King. And to the scourge of the earthquake is added the danger of pesti lence and famine, and the terrible convic tion that these horrible sufferings come not so much from decrees of Heaven as from the indifference or negligence or maladmin istration of man. I now give you a condensation o the of ficial reports from the scene of ruin publish ed since I wrote, and find the names of 61 additional places given as having suffered more or less from the shock. S me had no dead others their one, two, forty and 400. Several thousands in one place in others less afflicted, children suffocated; peo ple drawn out alive after having been buried eight days. Had prompt assistance beeu rendered, bow many more mignt have been saved! It is sickening and heart rending to j couid see no use in the passage of the biil j the police of this, and officer McDokjgal, of peruse even the cautious official reports i at this time, when, in fact, there were many j the 22d precinct, being notified, procured how much so those which I have from pri-, reasons . why it should pass now; one of j the assistance of officers Casey and Toinp vate sources. One place, Tito, was svval- j these, and a very important one, was that I kins, and proceeded immediately to the prein lowed up, and no traces left; and a gentle- j the permanency of the Democratic party j ises in question, where Ihey found two Ger man who has returned trom the spot thus : from describes it: "The roads were rent with fissures which bad been much wider in the first instance. The poor people were sitting amongst the ruins weeping and in great distress; for six days after the disaster, they had none to un- t . i - 1 i rr . .... 1 .. OUry I Lliir ucau. X wo cuunti V ywyivz wcic j searching among the deeris and found a : in body; one threw a stone tawards it, saying, j PerhaDS that is one of your relations.' No,' replied the other, after an examina tion. There was nothing to be found to eat, nor any house to lodge in. One Trat toria stood at the corner of a street in Polla. I asked the owner for food. Food, there is none,' was the reply; the moon has just entered the quarter, and we shall have an other earthquake. I won't go in." The whole time I was there, there was continual ' tremblings of the earth The only person i who was saved in the prison of Polla was a j less her master's; and lastly, she had coin gendarme, confined for having murdered his ' mined high treuson against the National uncle, and he had been made director of Government. For was it not shown by excavations." j speeches made by Democrats of this body Letters from Brienza, on the 31st ult., say - that up to the 20th no assistance had been received; yet most of the afflicted persons are within one hundred mile? of Naples. The latest reports from Sala say that vertical movements of the earth continued, not so , severe by day as by night, and they were preceded by fearful detonations. On the j 28ih ult., at 9 P. M., and on the 29lh, at 6 , and 74 P. 31., very severe undulatory shocks were felt, followed by many others less Lorain, that even for the sake of comity it strong. In Polenz.i, in the evening of the was degrading to catch niggers; he viewed 29th, at 6 o'clock, strong, undulatory shocks it differently. Catching negroes was not were felt, which were followed by others i degrading but honorable. What does hon much less intense. Th i people were much j orable mean! Men were called Hon. and alarmed, and lied into the open spaces. " Order," says the Official Journal, " was not interrupted." Here, in Naples, up to Christmas Day, we have had, it is said, forty-nine shocks, and every day reveals some olisiou in a house, making work for the architects. " On the night of the 29th," rhvs n norsun who resides in Retina. " from two hours before midnight to dawn of day, the shocks from tire mountain occurred ev- I ivy three niiuutes ; doors and windows shook as if a powerful hand was trying to , wrench them. I rose once or twice to see : if any window had been burst open; and thus, we are living over a cauldron of liquid ' i gf Laurenzana, Tito, Brienza and Maraico- nuvo are destroyed, and have almost entirely ' disappeared. Polla is one heap of ruins, ! and nearly in the same state. The King himself says thai upward of fifteen thousand persons have lost their lives. From what I have heard, tho number must be double. Indeed, people talk of forty thousand, and though I by no means adopt the calcula tion, yet I shall not be surprised to find it too true, so much more hideous has the re ality proved to be than was at first stated. Private reports from persons who have fled from that neighborhood state that for sev eral days after, the cries of the victims under the ruins were heartrending, yet there was no assistance at hand; labor could not be obtained for money, the country people had fled in fear the friends of the victims were almost incapable of exertion, and the thousands of myrmidons in the pay of gov ernment, who might have rendered good service to humanity, were not permitted to come. It will be no exaggeration, there fore, to say that thousands must have per ished for lack of help. Fillllbnsterins. Appropos to the filibustering tendency of the times, the New York Evening Post re counts a number of previous forays originated j on- thia continent, but singularly enough omits all mention of Burr's famous attempt, or supposed attempt' upon Mexico: "A certain McGregor claimed some au thority from the revolutionary Governments of Mexico and New Granada, (as Walker does from Nicarugua)and organized a filibus ter force from Charleston and Savanah, and took possession of Amelia Island, a port of Florida.- This filibustering was about forty two years ago, and was the beginning of this sort of moonshine in the United State. A battalion ot broken down ragmuthns un dertook to despoil Florida. They soon got nearly starved; McGregor resigned and Commodore Aury took command. Like Walker, they established local Government, and set the precedent of pleading their own robbery as a title deed to possession. Pres ident Monroe treated them as pirates and sent a naval force to suppress them. Neu tral territory was violated. The vagabonds came home, and we are not aware that Capt. Henley or President Monroe was ever called to account for such conduct. The next case was mure memorable. It is the case of Arbulhnot and Ainbrister, cap tured by General Jackson. These were British adventurers, who leagued with the Seminoles excited a petty war upou our Southern borders. Jackson regarded them as fiUibusters, and nuisances, and ha seized Arbnthnot under the very walls of the Span ish foit of St, Marks. There wss a differ ence, however, in the result. Jackson hung i 6 fltfe h;j fiUibusters; ,. , "ent his home in but Commodore Paulding peace. History will pro- Qgf gg - ' Professor Monroe 5 made a very j amp, eloquent ana conclusive rv,.5,uS,j the -repeal of the law; a speech which was worthy of the subject. In the course of the debate, after Professor Monroe had elec trified the House, the gentleman who repre-se3K- Meigs, a Mr. Plants, manifested a disposition to plant a few blows on sumc BodC; just to show that he was about. He is avery plain-looking man, who wears his hair cropped, cuts his beard down to the verj roots, and has hitherto manifested no disposition to disturb the even tenor of the legislative tide. On arising, he said: Mr. President I ain from a very close county, where the real political majority is very uncertain. On this account I desire to make a speech for Buncombe; one that will suie-both sides; and in -order to satisfy all the different interests among my constitu ents, i propose to make a speech on one side and vote on the other. The gentleman from Lorain (Prof. Monroe) has said he i depended upon it, and modern JJemocrucy, ; I utiuersioou it, wu& a wise arrangement : to prevent people from running about loone .' The gentleman from Lorain seemed to j thick that our jails were designed to be : used only for the confinement ol criminals, land in this he wouldagree with him. But woo are criminals ! That gentleman had. most eloquent manner, drawn an af- fecting picture of the fugitive slave mother, who had escaped with her child from Vir ginia. . Now, he would show that this woman was a criminal of the worst sort. According to the gdntleman's own showing, the woman when she arrived in Ohio with ber child, was reduced to a mere skeleton a skeleton in rags. She was guilty of three great crimes. First, evidently of grand larceny in stealing her child, which was the property of her master; she had also embez- xlcd and wasted her own body, which was no s.nl of Congress, and so understood ih rough- om the Union, that this Government was founded oa niggers ! It has been declared treason to attempt to destroy the Govern ment, and would it not be an " attempt" to trrjrroy the Government in undermining its foundation by stealing away the niggers upon which it rests! The common relation of pillars and edifices proves this. Then we are told by the member from why! Unquestionably because they were in office; and it is well known that Demo crats cannot get office under this govern ment unless willing to catch niggers. Office holding made men honorable. Then were not the means which made men otKce hold ers equally honorable! ' It must follow of course that the end justifies the means is a principle of Democracy. The member from Lorain, being a profes sor of moral sciences, might on that account be excused for not understanding the ex- acter sciences; but is certainly not so easily pardoned for the error into which he has fallen in regard to the natural instincts of blood-hounds, as far as nigger-catching is involved. Blood-houuds know nothing of nigger-catching until trained to it while this vocation seemed to be the natural in- stinct of Democrats. Dogs and Democrats were not naturally on the same level, and hence it was necessary to bring the latter down to the position of the former, or vice versa. It was evident that Mr. Monroe owed an apology to somebody, either to the Dog or Democrat he didn't know which. Expressive monosyllable, sometimes known as the "Scotch F iddle," and eminently sug gestive of sulphur diet. A cutaneous ail ment which rages among school-children, and has great affinity for dirty hands. We see it stated that a committee in a school district in Ohio has been appointed to examine the scholars to ascertain how many have this disorder, and to report as to the propertreatmeut of this bread-and-butter epidemic. Would it not be well fortius committee to extend its researches and deter mine, if possible, whether those scholars have seeds to the itch in any other of itsvarious forms; for it assumes many phras?s which meet with no alleviation by scratch ing, and which do not fully develope them selves until full manhood. The malady ex cept in what may be called the school house form, is dignified by classic appelations, as Cacoetkes Szribendi Cacoethes Loquen di, &,c.,&c. t The first of these classical maladies, to wit: "itch for writing," is apt to attack fresh editors, and often rages with such violence as to drive cfi their readers in disgust, and sensibly reduce subscription lists. That branch of the fraternity called "Locals," have this itch in a frightful form, very often costing them a series of "rawhide" applica tions before it can be checked. Many an editor, when the fever of this dicease was on him, has written himself to death, and, what wis a remarkable idiosyncracy of the affection, the patient never knows what ails him. The second form, "itch for speaking," has scores of victims among young Lawyers, of ten becoming chronic in old age. It is apt to seize upon Legislators, and also find its way into the Pulpit. Women never have it; at least, were never known to die from it. The victims of this peculiar form, become so thoroughly diseased that they do not know when to stop talking, and of ten talk long after they have ceased to say any thing. Nothing but death or bronchitis can check this malady. Climate often has the credit of making a throat sore when this itch deserves all the praise. When death ensues from this disease, it is not usual to have a coroner's jury vedict, but the public "alt" upon the case, and decide that the victim, "talked him self to death." We respectilully suggest that the philan- thropist who can discover a vaccine matter which shall protect the human family against , ...t.,,, U1 prove , great a oeneiactor as the immortal Jeuner, whose careful diagnosis of the diseases which af fect dairy maiJs, brought to light the won derful remedy against Small Pox. For such remedy, when found, we suggest the tittle of "Kind Pox." VltvdunJ IlaraUl. te we I leas. The Red Petticoat is Philadelphia. The Philadelphia Gazette, of SaturJay, says: To a gust of. wind which .swept down Chestnut street, yesterday afternoon, we are indebted for the discovery of a new freak - . "uuicu pmiiouu'.a re- i t-etmy iiirooucea oy Eugenie, have already " - J a-v VlllJ fcltl , UHU V ill IllUaM, likely become the rage during the season. From a momentary glimpse of the article, we suppose them to be made of some fine material like Salisbury flannel, though, possibly, they may be cashmere. Around the bottom run broad stripes in bright colors, giving a decidedly picturesque appe arance So the iatiies, as they gracefully step over the gutters. The ladies will, therefore, dis pense with white ones, and those got hie con tinuations which have, of late, been so highly in vogue. Dog-Sausages is New York. The N. Y. Post, of Friday afternoon, says: Yesterday afternoon the daughter of a S2d ward polit-etcan was sitting at the back win dow of her father's house, and saw two men in 27th street, near llih avenue, named Francis Milier and Andrew Schweitzler, kill a large dog, carefully dress him, and pack his carcass in a wash-tub. She informed mans, named Francis Miller and Andrew Schweitzier as represented cleaning the i dog meat, and Mrs. Miller preparing the en- ' I r . ; 1 T n M K1.-a 117 ll I ll u ,..-.,! n An - 111 ... l..r. quantity of sausaguages, supposed to have been made from dog meat the dog just slaughtered was partly packed away in a tnb, and the head of the victim lay on top. IIumjvo. During one of the wars on the continent, the news generally reached Eng by the way of Hamburgh. In order to af fect the stock market, the brokers so fre quently manufactured that news at home that the public lost all confidence in advices received from that city, and it became usual to indicate disbelief in a startling piece of in telligence by calling it a "Hamburg" which English like, was soon corrupted (via Ham burg,) into Humbug A Young Squaw's First Visit to Church. The rector of St. Paul's Church in Buffalo, had reached the middle of his dis course on Christmas Eve, when a delegate from heathendom came up the south aisle. It was a young squaw, with a half-heathenish, half-civilized dress, a diminutive bonnet hanging on the back of her head by the strings and a calico shawl of gay colors warpped around her like a blauket. She came along with slow Indian step until, near the front of the chancel, a gentleman gave her a seat. She sat down as if unaccustomed to cushions but maintained very good behavior, except when the rector was more than usually em phatic, she felt called no to express her appro val by an audible 'Mat's good." During the singing ol the closing hymns, she stood up with the rest, evidently much excileJ, lean ing eagerly forward, her frame quivering with the new emotion of organ music- But after the benediction, when the choir performed an anthem, she rushed out of the pew into the space beforo the channel, where she stood unconscious of the gaze of the congregation, her eyes fixed upon the organ, and all the strangeness of her position forgotten iu the rush of sensation pro duced by the rich notes of the organ, and exulting chorus of the anthem. Buff Com. As Administration Pet in Kansas. A correspondent of the Missouri Democrat writing from Lawrence, K. T., on the 12th says: "Jack" Ileuierson, as he is familiarly Cal led, and known as the nullifier editor of the Leavenworth Journal in the times past, was arrested yesterday near Wyandott, on his way to Washington, and brought to th's place, where he will have to answer the charge of adding names to the pull list while carrying it from the judges to the bogus cap ital. He has lately been appointed by the Pres ident superintendent of mail routes. He undoubtedly was awarded this office from the fact that he is known to have robbed the mails several times last year, and boasts of the outrages so committed. It is not posi tively known by the administration that he murdered an "abolitionist," or he would un doubtedly h ave been given higher office. Anecdote of GemeraX Scott. The Washington correspondent of the Cincinnati Enquirer, reports the following. He says: "The House has lately adopted a resolu tion, cutting off from the privilege of the floor all persons except Justices of the Su preme Court, Governors of the Slates, offi cers of the House, &c. Yesterday, while the House was in session a tall, stout, grey haired old man dressed iu very plain clothes approached the principal entrance of the hall and, evidently not aware of the new arrange ment, attempted to enter. He was stopped by the doorkeeper who inquired if he was a Chief Justice or a Oovernor. ";no sir, was the answer; "but by resolution of Congress officers of the army, who have received the thanks of Congress, are entitled to the priv ilege of the floor." "Are you an officer of the army!" asked the doorkeeper, looking" with some doubt at the stalwart old man. "I am, sir; my name is Scott Winfield Scott of the United States Army." The manner of the doorkeeper underwent an instantane ous change as he very politely informed the General of repeal of the the resolution which gave hun a right to the floor. "But" said he, "pass in. General I will take the responsi bility myself." "No, sir," was the answer, "I do not wish to violate any rule, sir; I will go to the gallery;" and the brave old man whose name is synonymous with the military glory of the United States, climed the long ranges of stairs and took his seat in the crow ded gallery, alone and unnoticed. A Whole Ship's Crew Devoured bt Cannibals. The El Mercurio, of Valpara so, Chili, has the following statement: "The occurrence of a lamentable event, which we noticed before, has been unfortu nately confirmed during tho last three days. The barque Sarah Ann, bound from this port to the Islands of Ocenia with merchan dize and passengers, was wrecked on one inhabited by savage Cannibals, and every persou on bosrd was devoured by those mon sters. We have bo details of this dreadful calsmtty. o NUMBER 44. The Cosfirmatios of Clifford. The Washington correspondent of the St. L uis Democrat writes that a week before the vote was taken in the United States S. n.ite. there was a mnkiritv affainst the confirma tion of Clifford "but Senator Allen, from Rhode Island, and Senator Houston, ratted at this moment, and S.ioinor, Cameron, and jvenneuy, tvere absent. Tiie truth is, Mr. i Sumner ought to resign. His mind is shat tered. Massachusetts justly regards him i as a Martyr in her cause, stricken down i by brutal violence; but it requires no argu ' nients to prove tii.tt the Senate of the Uni j ted States is not lb Pantheon 'n which to enshrine, eveu ll.ustnou imbeciles. Hon- oruble repose is the proper guerdon for tiie oisaoiec soiuier; an I there is neither patn- olism, common sense, nor wise sympathy tor the man himself in continuing Mr. Sum ner in his place. Alas that sut.h a calami ty shoul'i have befallen thai noble intellect!" Importance of Advertisis. Brother Miller ot the Sidney Democrat, says: "We ' are frequently asked who keep the best stock of goods in town, a-id who sells at the low est prices. The only reply we have to make is, examine our. advertising columns for yourselves. The different persons who advertise with us keep good?, nnd sell low. As to others we cannot say anything, as we never purchase of those who do not patron ize us. When you want cheap gooils here after, buy of th se who advertise." Like Brother Miller, we also are often questioned as to who keep the best stock of goods iu town and our reply is iu substance ex ictly the same. We can not recommend the man whodoes not advertise for we know nothing about his goods. We know not whether he has a large or small stock, nor do we know how he sells them. W e appeud the following from the Dayton Empire. Where ehall I go to trade! People ask themselves this question almost as often as they have a want to supply. And what must be the answer! Common sense says "go to the man who occupies a conspicu ous place in the advertising columns of the newspaper." If a man does not think his business worth advet'i-ing, people are apt to take his business at Lis own estimate and pass by on the other side. The ground work of ail prosperity is a judicious system of ad vertizing. Though Jeremiah the prophet, or John the ReveUtor, may not have said so in exact words, yet had these lived in these latter times, and had it been submitted to them for consideration, both Jeremiah and John would have endorsed the proposition at once. It is a fact every word of it. Adriax, Mich., Jan. 25. Two men and their wives, while crossing Devil's Lake were drowned by tbe ice break ing. A Convention of the growers of Chinese Su.'ar Cane, was held at Springfield, III., a few days since. The experiments in its growth, were generally reported successful, and its importance to the North-west, it is Winter Care of Stock. The Country Gentleman copies the fol lowing from tbe Irish Farmer's Gazette. 1- Regulations. ; The stated hours of feeding must be regularly adhered to, and no deviation ought to be allowed. Cattie very soon know the time when they ought to receive their-allowances of food; and if it passes without bringing the cxpecteJ sup ply get restless, and express their uneasi ness by loud bellowing. 2. Cleanliness. From an examination of cDw houses or cattle sheds, in general, we would be led to imagine that cattle are naturally dirty, and that their owners there fore consider that the most profitable mode of keeping them is to pay as little attention to cleanliness as possible. The cow houses ought to be cleaned out twice every day, and plenty of litter allowed for the cattle to lie upon. The troughs ought to be kept always sweet and clean; and, for this purpose, the feeder must remove all unconsumed food. whether turnips or straw, previous to giving j a fresh supply, wiping out the troughs with a wisp of straw. ( 3. Q,'JIET. This is.-the most important point; and so much ought it be attended to, that the cleaning of the house should never he done whilst the cattle are eating their tur nips; neither ought the curry comb , (which ought to be used un all feeding or milch cat tle or on such as are constantly lied up,) be ap plied whilst the animals are feeding; nor should they be disturbed after they have laid dowu to undergo this process. Immediate ly after being fed, and before they lie down is the best time to clean out the houses and curry the cattle; and whenever this is over let the doors be closed, and the cattle let to enjoy quiet until the next feeding lime comes round. 4. Ventilation. Warmth is essential ly necessary to the health of niiit.li cows and fattening cattle; this u.uel not be the stifling heat of an ill ventilated byre. Many diseases arc caused by the want of attention to ventilation; and we believe that to this pleure- pneumonia owes its origin and fa tiu li ly. At the same time, cattle must not be exposed to a draft of cold air. The best ventilator is one rising two feet above the ridge of the roof, covered with slates, and having Venitian blinJs in the four sides. The heated uir will ascend to, and escape through this ventilator, a current but- not s draft, bein" kept up by mean of small openings in the walls at the ground sloping upwards, and covered with gratings. Your cattle iu shed, and having access to straw yards, of course, do not require ventilators; all that is necessary is to protect the straw yards from cold winds, by means of sufficient wall, where the yards are not protected by the surrounding houses. Water for Stock There is scarcely any one thing more de sirable than a constant supply of water for neat cattle, so they will nut be obliged to go far for it in the pastures, or go without it in the yard, till some particular time of day. It is of more detriment to milch cows than to other stock, but unnatural and disadvanta geous to all. It is pretty had work to pump all the water that cattle drink, if a man has a large herd, but it is very little more trouble lo keep them supplied with enough, than to give just as little as will keep them alive. On a farm where twenty head of cattle kept and water pumped for them, at a mode rate estimation, two hours a day are spent iu this labor, a simple calculation shows this to be sixty days or over two months in the year. If a man labor ia worth a dollar a day, thia is sixty dollars a year saved by hav ing flowing water in the stock yard, brought from a spring or well, or by Water Elevatora, or by a good hydraulic rain, or pumped up by a wind-mill. I K not worth while for every farmer to think which of these con trivances Is most applicable te his elreum stances! Nomftmd. Tks Ksasy Bsc. vwna roe iaa oatn timi, it i. r. ii.ub. e .. eau. oe euraiaa ataetea. utM4q M m This interesting insect has often engagad. my attention, since the year 1805, and Af forded a fruitful subject for observation. At that period, tbe destructive moth, (Galitri cereana. commenced its attacks on the stocks, in New Haven county, Cunnertiaut. During my first visit to Ohio, in 1810, it bad cot yet appeared here. Tbe farmers then, in many instances, possessed ens hundred or more colonies, and a tiermao of my acquaintance numbered his at over two hundred. About the year 1828, I first, in the West, detected the moth, among a stock of bees in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, and within two years after, it had become common throughout the State of Ohio. There urs some leasons tj suppose it may have sp proached the southern sections of our Stats, several years earlier. . Anterior to its introduction, little pains were required to insure success in cilivut ing b-es. Hives were constructed after -on j of three models, to-wit:- a square or oblong box, a transverse section of a hollow tree, or a conical basket, constructed of straw, of the capacity of from one to two busheU.; In those halcyon dny of bee raising, swarms olteii came out earlier, and in larger u um bers than in recent times. It was no unu sual occurrence for a spring swarm to 61! the hive- with stores and young brood so rapidly as to allow it, also, to throw off a awtirin sufficiently, early i it the latter t accumulate abundance of suitimnce before the close of the season. With the debut of the moth tho health, vigor, and successful efforts of our stocks seem to have been impaired ; ordinary ani. arians nuw find it difficult to keep good their numbers from year to year. . Another pest, equally extensive, and per haps still more deslrucive to our favorite '"sect, followed the progress cf the bea m th, viz.: the inventors and peddlers of patent bee hives. Not a year has elapsed within half a century, in which public atten tion has not been urgently solicited to some improvement which was certain to counter act the moth, and restore bee cuMvation to its primitive success. Such have been the promises held out to the community in ev ery new prijifct, and all, till recently, hv turned out worse than useless. Each one has embraced the plan, in soma form, of annually robbing the stock cf tho newly made comb and honey, and leaving the old to become foul and impaired, and this last to be placed beyond the inspection of the apiarian; as a cousequence, it sjort becomes concrete with age, and a recepta cle for worms. Every such plan must, of Course, run counter to the habits of the bea, and the strongest colony, under its applica tion, will be destroyed in a tew years' lime. After fifty years' experience with various patent and improved hives, I at length came to the conclusion, that they were all worth less. I then determined to return to the use of the old-fashioned box-hive, without any drawer, or appendage whatever, and accordingly contracted with a joiner for supply, constructed after that model. On the first day of August, of tbe present year, having been vexed by calls and hin drances lrotn a class of individuals, whj seem not to know the value of time to a business man, I at length escaped to my library, and resumed my atudies; nctthow- ever, in a mood that predisposed me to the production of any excess of good nature. At this juncture of time and seusi'.iveness. Mr. Kirkpalriek, of jba Ohio Farmer, en tered my sanctum and introduced Mr. Otis, of Wisconsin, with a brief statement that Mr. Otis was a proprietor of the Rev. Mr. Langstroth's improved hive, and method of managing the honey bee. What was th- exact condition of my features on hearing this announcement, at this particular mo ment, I cannot describe, but Mr. Otis was us kind and amiable as one could wish, and his demeanor withal, " was," as Gen. Jack sou said of Nick Biddle, " as calm as a sum mer sea.' The following laconic dialogue ensued: . Mr. Olis. I understand you are familiar with the honey bee! Dr. Kirtlund. I kuow something of it. Mr. O. I wish to make you acquainted with-the great improvements of Mr. Lang stroth, in the hive, and the management of the honey bee.- t Dr. K. I look upon all such professed improvements as impositions. What does he profess to accomplish! , Mr. O. To place both the bees and their combs at the entire control of, the api arian, so that he may, at any time, remove all, or any portion of both, examine their condition, free them from depredators, or other injurious agents, and then return them to the same, or another hive, without the least disturbance, or injury, to either tbe bees or their combs. When it is desirable, he will also prevent natural swarming, and will create artificial swarms to almost any extent required. By these means he is always able to keep his colonies healthy and vigorous, and to . obtain a rapid increase of stock, and a large surplus of honey. Dr. K. AH this may be theoretically possible, yet I should like to meet with th person who could accomplish it. Mr. O. I will do it to your full satiafae. tion, provided you will allow me lo transfer one of your old colonies into one of my new hives. T Dr. K. (Roth clipping their words and sentences rather short) I havo not confi dence enough, sir, in your plan, to allow you to experiment on one of my colonies. Mr. O. If you have not, will yon do me the favor to ride with me to Mr. Slurterant's, in East Cleveland, where I will demonstrate to your conviction and satisfaction, the per fect practicabiliiy of my propositions. The visit was made. I there saw, on an extensive scale, all ao-oaiphahed which bo proposed. I could tru'.hfuily say, in tho language of the Ethiopian Queen," the half had not been tUd." During the next three succeeding days, I gladly consented to have him operate in driving the storks .from one of Affleck's Patent Hives, and two of thus a expensive nuisances, called " Bee Pal ices," and transferring them, with the valuable por tions of their brood comb, to an equal number of Langstroth's hives. The first of these had not swarmed in two years, and the workers had long since ceased to aaani feet any industry. The other two bad never sent off swarms; all of their hives were j filled with foul collections of black and filthy comb, candied honey, concrete bee-bread. an accumulation ot cocoons, ana larvas oi the moth. Within twenty-four hours each colony becanit reconciled to its -new tene ment, and oommenced labor with far greater activity than the inhabitants of any of my old etock. They were fed from time 4 time with the honey abstracted Trom their old hives, and at the close of the season, their stocks of new and well filled combs were far greater than will be required 14 feed the colonies, together with their young broods, during winter and spring. I havs now no stronger and more promising one than these three, which I considered of little valvu-! till my acquaintance with this new hive. The process of transferring ras conducted so quietly, that the Rev. Mr. Thorns and daughter sat by and observed the whole of it. They were protected in the manner suggested by Longstroth. It is -surprising how long it takes, in many instances, to discover and apply a trifling, but useful principle. An ingenious bee cultivator, on making a hasty inspection of the principles embraced 1 thee issprov meats, will at once discover their adaptation to the purpose proposed. Tbsy ooineide mast perfectly with the bbitt tod Instincts i of this curious Insect, while all the ether ... . .