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Delaware gazette. [volume] (Delaware, Ohio) 1855-1886, February 05, 1858, Image 1

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4b4 wt thi "ai"'
' rioU ea iMrniiw mom atleaUj.
'i- Braes haetaoa'fcsfteeaa'sfereeV :i
' ?tte traT taaaot'elen hetaaie,
- It '! oobeaTe reeky wetai f
SMl MtfttlM tL Qeeea. laid.
. . VH il..r frcin ioth raad Oh rock
i TMkaif wtthatorttaeiaaaBeeieBwee,
40 etaria ana wwqJM a mu
. ttAa etieat awn taetr avoroa.
, jThe eee eoem hy the amywej-d aScS "
' And ivy unlae the etroaa- oak
Till, djriae. limb from lima i
ABd thue lb etlea ana
. Deta ewer with pewer the htrnta "I t
atettae Ke-m-aend ia iu aepUu eareae,
.,- , Or mUm Ike paeetao warae to nek
A liter, mtH M
ABatoar-enaelMeaei Ulnae.
Waite cotduaai may the heArt lyre ereak,
: - sAaa re tt entinee at the Uaj.
- A trtee. repeat!, binds .
A Beoao:aia earner round the oal,
A wore dropped In ttie yotvaral miaa
liey ail the after lite eoatrol.
A lovine heart and gentle hand
May atrew afe'e path with fairest Sowcra,
sacn Dour we w ietx a emigre waoo
Teat fivea a eaaoe rmu
' Al eeeao depth try pebMe rlfTeS
Send rtpolea to the fanheet aUere,
Bo evil y the eual incurred.
t earth tie wavelets erersaore.
" ' ' GOOD XaTl'BE. " -
- To be good-natured is both the duty and
the privilege of human beings, Ill-nature U
in, a shtme, and a misfortune. A peev
ish, fretful disposition may be regarded aa a
very email vice; but it i one of the greatest
generator of evil in society. And it is the
great curse of domestic life.
- From the disposition which some persons
manifest to fret and scold, on all occasions
and without, any occasion at all, it may be
reasonably inferred that they look upon
fretting and scolding as the natural cure for
all the ills that flesh is heir to. But it is not
very difficult to show that the practice ex
aggerates and mtltipiies them all.
' - To be good-natured is to be good per res ;
it is to cultivate good feelings and good ac
tions, and thus to become still better. To
be ill-natured is to be bad per te ; it is to
nurture an evil spirit and thus become worse
and worse. And between good and bad,
between better and worse, there is certainly
. distinction w'th a difference.
' , Some .persons seem to have been born to
good-nature, or with a good-nature. They
dtr always good-natured. They are the salt
of the earth. ' If there were none such, so
ciety would soon become . entangled in a
general wrangle, snd a universal war of
extermination would speedily reduce human
ity to the last of his race an " individual
sovereign.'' ; C "
With temper calm and unruffled by the
Atoms of life, with passions equipoised and
always in subjection to the intellect, good
pastured people, coolly survey and easily
overcome the 'obstacles and difficulties in
their life's pathway.
J Others there are who seem to have come
into the world in a fretful humor. Dues an
accident happen 1 does evil betide 1 . does
anything go wrong? instead of applying the
remedy within reach, instead of acting ra
tionally in view of all the circumstances,
they break out" in a passion, "go off" in a
'fit of fury, rave, rage, storm, mutter, sputter.
. All the energy of mind and of body which
should have been employed in the correc
- tion of the evil, is wasted, and worse than
'wasted, in scolding and fretting about it.
Lamentation, crimination, iteration, reitera-
tion , babbling and gabbling, bawling and
- bickering, take the place of useful thinking
"and rational action. In this way more
strength is expended foolishly than would
' have sufficed to have rectified the wrong,
, acd perchance, to have turned the evil into
good. O, the disadvantages of peevishness
' Its possessors are the most coramiserable of
all miserable wretches.
,i5B. Frelfulness invariably aggravates every
, existing evil. As inevitably as the needle
" points to the pole, and as surely as the poi
soned fountain gives forth bitter waters,
"fretting can not possibly produce anything
..out evil, frequently it converts one trivial
difficulty into two serious ones ; and some-
si. time into ten incurable ones. The spirit
of fretfulness in this way becomes the pes-
. tilent seed whose growth and nurture uproot
and destroy the fairest flowers that bloom in
the garden of Eden
"""Persons say they are peevish because
they are sick: they are fretful because they
are bothered; they are ill-natured because
the weather is ungenial; they scold, and
gibber, and rant because they are troubled,
:, or . because somebody has abused them ;
- they are angry because some one else is so.
.Fatal mistake 1 ;
Shall we injure ourselves because others
try to injure us! This is too silly a notion
for intelligent beings to entertain a moment.
. Shall we act madly because some one else
? -has acted foolishly! This is the very ex
' pression erf the spirit of beastliness-evil
v J for evil. It Is good alone that can overcome
"f ,' Alas! those who live a life of peevishness,
- iwbo fret and scold on all the trivial occa
v sions of losses and crosses, little know what
V bodily injury and mental degradation are
among the fearful penalties which tbey in-
cur and suffer. They scarcely dream of
the depth of that unfathomable pit, adown
. ..Which the whole moral nature sinks among
,.:f .the hellsof adisprdered and perverted mind.
Little do they understand of the immense
s difference, in the final result of a life's ex-
Y ' Derience. between applying all of their
mental powers on all occasions to the best
. of purposes, or misapplying, wasting, and
tiui debasing them. Life Illustrated.
It is in the providence of God that none
; stand alone: we touch each other; man acts
' on man; heart on heart; we are bound up
..willi each other; hand is joined in hand
' wheel sets wheel in motion; we are spiritu
ally linked together, arm within arm; we
cannot live alone, nor die alone; we cannot
say, I will only run risks with my own soul;
" I am prepared to disobey the Lord for such
'. a pleasure or such a gain, but I do not im
- plicate others: I only want to be answers
ble for myseir. This cannot be. Each
living soul has its influence on others in
m some way and to, some extent consciously
""or oneonsciously; each has some power.
i. more or Jess, direct or iudirect; one mind
colors another; a child on children; servants
.. on his fellow-servants; masters over them
k they employ; parents on their children;
' friends on friends. Even when not think
ing, in the-least degree, of the effect of
: what we do, when we are unconscious tnai
we bave any influence at all, when we do
- not with our conduct or way of life think to
" eflect any but ourselves, our manner of life,
is,;;,.:. our conversation, our deeds, are all the
i-if . while giving weight somewhere or somehow;
; :our feet leave their impression, though we
nay not look behind us to see the mark.
"'' Sermon for Christian Season.
,,.-., .. ;- . OCR THOUGHTS
- On the whole, it is ol as great importance
" for a, man to take heed what thoughts he
lir - entertains, as what company he keeps; for
: : tbey have the same effect on the mind. Bad
( ' thoughts are as infectious as bad company;
-.(::;' nd good thoughts solace, instruct and en
.'! -' tertain the mind, like good company. And
f.'this is "one great advantage of retirement
..;liwt i fflui may choose what company he
, pleases from within himself. As in the
world we oftener light in bad company than
nv-.-til iB good, so In solitude we are oftener
troubled with impertinent and anprofitable
tbouehu. than entertained with agreeable
U r and useful ones; and a man that bath so far
lost the command of himself, as to lie at the
mercy of every foolish and vexing thought,
1 much in the same situation as a host
iv:.t."Lwh. uoor Is open to all comers; whom,
'.iU though ever so noisy, rude, or troublesome
he cannot get rid of ; but witti mis ouier
ence, that the latter hath some recompense
to his trouble, the former none at all, but
1 V.j.is robbed of his peace and quiet for nothing.
J. Moton. J;
Tf.m , i, iE Of all the ills which love brings, jealousy
-'"MeSeiot which wemaa hasthe least sym.
There was an ardor about the young lover
that showed bow deep his heart was :nterest
ed, and his betrothed might almost be said to
live only in its presence. He flew to ber
side like 'steel to the magnet, when evening
set him free from business; she waited his
certain coming with a trembling joy that per
raded her whole being The days were long
that kept them apart; but "light footed" the
hours of evening. How eagerly they look
ed forward to that blessed time when they
would hear the words spoken that were to
make them one, and the time came at last,
though with slow pacing steps. Hand in
hand, and heart beating to heart, they enter
ed a new path of life, strewed with flowers,
and moved on with springing feet, and took
their measures to love's delicious music,
Swiftly passed the first season of their new
It was the warm, fragrant blossoming
spring-time, and sunshine filled the air with
vernal warmth.
Shall we ever grow cold to each other!"
said the young man, leaning towards his bride
and speaking in a tone of peculiar tender
This was occasioned by the presence, in
a small company, of a married couple, not
two years wedded, whs were known to have
lost much of love's young ardor. Their in
difference was so apparent, as to have be
come a subject of remark among their friends
and acquaintances.
"Never, Leonard, never!" was almost trem-
lously whispereded back. "That is impos
sible! Those who truly ljve, love on for
ever." "And with us it is true," said the husband.
"True, warm, eternal love."
And each beiieved it was so. Let us fol
low them a little way on their life journey.
Leonard Williams was a young and am
bitious merchant, was unwisely striving to
do a large business on a small capital, and
Leonard Williams and his wife were a young
couple who thought rather more of making
an appearance in the social world than was
consistent with their means and prospects.
He had too large a store and too many goods
in it; they lived in loo large a house with
too much furniture in it.
A tranquil spirit is not possible under such
circumstances. Overwearing mental labor
and absorbing care must attend them. It has
ever been so it is so with Leonard Williams.
Even before the waning of the first year,
his brow began to wear a shadow, and his
eyes have an absent expression. There was
a faintintr warmth in' his manner towards
his bride that chilled her heart at times, as
if cold airs had blown upon it suddenly.
She. ras too young, too inexperienced, too
ignorant of the world to comprehend the
causes that were at work, undermining the
foundation of lheir happiness. She only
felt that her husband was changiug the
warmth was diminishing, and the cloud and
shadow coming in place of sunshine.
Daily and weekly the change went on,
ha nottintr more and more absorbed in busi
ness, and she finding a poor compensation
for heart-weariness in dress, gay company,
fashionable di8Plio"- Tne coldness of
feeling as well a o( exterior was mutual.
A fewears longer, and all the tender cour-
tesies that markea ",e,r mcrwjuree wneu
alone utterly jfai led- Williams would meet
his wife on his da'ty re,urn frm business,
without a changing countenance or tender
word; and she met "ln evening ana part
ed with him on eac succeemng morning,
with an indifference that ,ccd orer the sur
face of his feelings.
And eo the years wet on; ne struggling
and striving with the wo" tne arena ot
business, and she, trying to 6"d jn ,he un
substantial, gilded exterior ot tnings, mat
pleasure she failed to extract from the real.
How like mould on a rich garment, or
....i i -
rust upon burnished steel, uid luuiuereiicu
creep over the pleasant surface of their lives,
dimmincr the mntual attraction. Williams
U-A r .u., .nioi- nn.t a mind that
found strength in every difficulty. A man
of feebler intellect, less hope, and less sug
gestion, would have been driven to the wall
in a few years. But Williams discovered
his error in time tor prepare himself for the
imDendinp-circumstances. .At the close of
five years from the day of his marriage, he
resolutely looked his affairs in the face, and
saw that instead of being worth many thou
sands of dollars , be was just on the verge
of bankruptcy. It took him two years to
rPt aafoltr nnst the dantrers that beset his
s- -j i .
way. One cause of his trouble lay in his
extravagant style of living. It rather star
tled him to find on examining his cwn pri
vate account, that twenty thousand dollars
had been drawn for personal expenses. One
half of that sum, added to his capital, would
have made all safe.
"This will never do," he said tj himself.
"We are living too extravagantly. There
must be a change."
But what would his fashionable wife say
to this! Would she be willing to give up
her fashionable home and retire from her gay
position! A feeling of discouragement came
over him as these questions arose in his
mind. "She must give it up she must re
tire," he said to himself with some warmth.
But he did not wish to make known the fact
of his deep embarrassment; for be had no
confidence in her power to endure reverses.
If she sank down in deep distress, the bur
den would be so much the heavier; and they
were quite heavy enough already. After
viewing the matter on all sides and ponder
ing it deeply Williams came to the conclu
sion that the only economical change likely
to meet his wife's approval was the change
from their own home to a fashionable board
ing house. A close calculation satisfied him
that to do so would lessen their annual ex
penses about one thousand dollars. "An
na," he said to her one evening Meaning
through his cold abstracted silence "we
are living at a too costly rate."
Mrs. Williams turned her eyes upon his
face, with nil the manner of one who had
heard unpleasant words, but did not fully un
derstand their meaning.
"It would cost us less to board, and you
would be freed from household cares."
"I am not troubled by them."
"It is a question of ecnomy,"said Wil
"If that Is all the question may as well
sleep," replied his wife almost indifferently;
"for it costs quite as much ts live at a first
class hotel or boarding house aa in your own
Williams had no more to say. A deep
sigh fluttered from his lips; his gaze with
drew 1 itself from the countenauce of his
wife, and thought went from his home to
wander among the seething breakers towards
which his vessel was driving, hoping to nna
some narrrow passage thro which he might
steer his vessel in safety to a smooth haven.
He felt colder towards his wife after that;
snd she was conscious of bis coldness with
out imaffininff the cause, i
No Changs In the sty Is or cost of living
1 SmMj
took place. That heavy butrden he bad to
carry, in addition to his other heavy burdens,
it required ail his strength.
During the two years that elapsed be fore
his feet were on firm ground again, he ap
peared to have lost all interest in his home,
his wife and his children. Mrs. Williams
frequently said lightly speaking to uer friends
or acquaintance, that she had no husband
new; Mr. Williams had united himself to
business, in a second marriage. If she spoke
thus in his presence, he would part his lips
in a forced smile , or, perhaps say jocose
ly, that she had better have him before the
courts for bigamy.
Fashion, show pleasure, filled up all the
time of Mrs, Williams which was not devot
ed to maternal duties and househald cares;
and business was the Moloch at which Mr.
Williams sacrificed all his social and home
At forty, with a family of interesting chil
dren springing up around them, they were
but coldly tolerant of each other. Never
having seen trom the beginning of her life
any good reason for economy or self deaial,
Mrs. Williams had failed to practice these
virtues, but had suffered the opposite vice of
extravagance and self-indulgence to grow
rankly as offensive weeds.
Her demands on her husband's purse bad,
therefore, always been large, and they steadi
ly increased until he was learning to hold
the strings more tightly, and to question and
object whenever she made what he thought
large requisitions. Thus alienations were
constantly engendered, and at times there
was strife betvveen them. Roughness on
his part and petulance on hers, often came
in to help the work of estrangement.
Twenty years of a false life, twenty years
in which two married partners, warm and
loving at the first, went on steadily growing
cold toward each other through the interpo
sition of sordid and worldly things twenty
years of a home intercourse but rarely
brightened by love's warm sunshine break
ing the leaden clouds of care and folly
what a sad heart history U here ! And is it
not the history of thousands of our over
business men, and their thoughtless, unsym
paihUing wives, who seek outside of hearts
and homes what they can never find that
tranquility of soul after which all aspire, but
to which so few attain ! Alas, that it is so.
Ab, that we could write, from henceforth,
a better record of Leonard Williams and his
wife. That we would tell you, how growing
at last weary of their vain existence, they
turned back, athirst for the pure water whose
sweetness had once refreshed them, finding
again the fountain of eternal youth.
But it was not so. Habits of thought and
feeling were hardened into that second
nature which is rarely broken up. If, occa
sionally, the restless heart returned along its
life jouruey seeking lor some of the lost !
flowers and vanished fragrance, their sweet
ness was perceived only as the dim light of
a dream; not real enough to inspire an effort
to seek restoration. And so they moved in
coldness of twilight. Age found him a sor-
; did, irritable, unhappy man and she a ner
vous, restless, vain, disappointed woman.
There are such, readers, all around you.
But keep your heart warm. Do not suffer
it to -grow cold towards your wife or husband.
Shut out the vain things t f the world. The
home-loves are warmest, the home-lights
brightest, and they grow warmer and bright-
er with years, a you feed them with the
pure oil of unselfish affections.
The Leevmpioi CwnetUutton Flsht-
The Ohio Slate Journal of Thursday says:
A friend has just received a letter from
a prominent member of Congress, from
which we are permitted to make the follow
ing extracts:
"You nsk my opinions of the result of the
present quarrel iu the pro-slavery party.
To this I hardly know what to answer.
V.... I ...l.... r.w.A Tjnnt r. t lln.nn I
said of the quarrels of that party that the
noise they raised on such occasions was as
equivocal as that made by a social gathering
of cats it being difficult to determine from
the sound 'whether it was the cooings of love
or the ekinscratching of a fight.'
"But, in looking at the results of this quar
rel, these will vary according as it bears on
uinerem interests anu elections oi me puny,
As to its results in the admission of Kansas
under the Lecompton Constitution, my opin- j
ion is nuw what it has been on the genera!
question, from the time of the repeal of the
Missouri Restriction, viz: that Kansas will
come into the Union as a Slave State, axd
"The Lecompton Constitution will be forced
upon the people of Kansas. The Southern
men know our doughfaces too well to be
frightened at such impotent and imbecile dis
sent as that which characterizes the Ohio
and Indiana remonstrances. They know
that such stuff as that can emanate only
from a set of political eunuchs, without the
disposition or the manhood to resist. Doug
las thinks otherwise, but my belief is, that
his 'wish is buta father to this thought.' The
weak sisters will be frightened, the corrupt
will be bought, and the willing and eager
doughfaces (and God knows there are but too
many of them) will go it for mere love of
dirty work, and when through, will beg for
more and dirtier, if their masters can find
it for them to do. Why, my friend, there
is scarcely a northern city (with the excep-
t on of Chicago) of a hundred thousand inhab
itants, whose Representatives are not as safe
for a re-election, after voting lor this infa
mous Lecompton swindle, as are those of
South Carolina. So they are in a dozen or
more of the rural districts of such States as
Indiana, Illinois, and Pennsylvania. These
will vote for Slavery for the love of the
"Again, there are some dozen of the mem
bers who cannot bo re-elcted in any event.
These will, of course, hold themselves in a
market where there will be bidders on only
one side, the side of Slavery. They will go
cheap, but they will go, just enongh of them
to carry the measure. But those who would
be slaughtered before their constituents,
should they vote in the affirmitive, but who
would Bland a fair chance for re-election.
should they vote against the swindle, will
be permitted to do so just as many as can
be spared; and these will be held as a re
st, e for some other dirty work which will
be laid out for their benefit."
Amrelcaa Railroads.
The Railroad Journal has an elaborate arti
cle on American Railroads, from which we
learn that the total number of miles opened
the past vear baa been 1,920. The number
of miles opened since 1848, is21,000;-since
1850, nearly 19,000. The total number of
miles in operation in the United States, at
the present time, is 26,210. The total cost
in round numbers, is $920,000,000. Adding
to the sum the amount expended in unfinished
roads, the total amount expended in the Uni
ted States, upon these works,, will reach very
nearly $1,000,000,000. The average cost
of the roads in operation, is about $35,000
per mile.
Ifiml psMs!ir
Farther Particulars ot the Great Earthquake
at Naples. 1
r,., .v, rfldM sews.!
Naples January 2.- oaB' ueciae in lavor 01 Jackson's procedure.
The bad odor arising from the putrid ! U almost too much for the common sense
bodies is represented as having been in many ! of mankind that it is entirely right to pun
places insupportable, and the intendente of ! leK lUe filibuster when preparing an expedi
Salerno is said to have advised that things tioB: but entirely wrong when they are act
should be left as they were the surface of ualIy carrying it on!
the ruins being smoothed over in the from
. . , . m, . One or the Speeches.
of one vast buna! place. This was not per- . T . . .
4 , , -,.-. Our legislators, at Columbus, have been
mitted; and it was only on Christinas eve.
in many places that people were sent to bu- j discussing the bill introduced by Mr. Brooke
ry the dead. But the work could not be con- ; of Hamilton, for repealing the law which
tinued. There was an insufficiency of hands J prohibits the use of our jails to the United
there were no instruments for dragging i sute3 for keeping fugilive. slaves. The
.... i i I: - . f. . .. . r o o
OUl tile UUUICD, ills barLQ IU1 uausuiwt UU t
provisions for the workmen. To look after j
the health of that desolate neighborhood
and to disinfect the country, only twelve
members of the Board of Health have been
sent, and two "buriers" neither medical
men nor an extraordinary Commission,
nor civil or military authorities, with the Al
ter Ego of King. And to the scourge of
the earthquake is added the danger of pesti
lence and famine, and the terrible convic
tion that these horrible sufferings come not
so much from decrees of Heaven as from
the indifference or negligence or maladmin
istration of man.
I now give you a condensation o the of
ficial reports from the scene of ruin publish
ed since I wrote, and find the names of 61
additional places given as having suffered
more or less from the shock. S me had
no dead others their one, two, forty and
400. Several thousands in one place in
others less afflicted, children suffocated; peo
ple drawn out alive after having been buried
eight days. Had prompt assistance beeu
rendered, bow many more mignt have been
saved! It is sickening and heart rending to j couid see no use in the passage of the biil j the police of this, and officer McDokjgal, of
peruse even the cautious official reports i at this time, when, in fact, there were many j the 22d precinct, being notified, procured
how much so those which I have from pri-, reasons . why it should pass now; one of j the assistance of officers Casey and Toinp
vate sources. One place, Tito, was svval- j these, and a very important one, was that I kins, and proceeded immediately to the prein
lowed up, and no traces left; and a gentle- j the permanency of the Democratic party j ises in question, where Ihey found two Ger
man who has returned trom the spot thus :
describes it:
"The roads were rent with fissures which
bad been much wider in the first instance.
The poor people were sitting amongst the
ruins weeping and in great distress; for six
days after the disaster, they had none to un-
t . i - 1 i rr . .... 1 ..
OUry I Lliir ucau. X wo cuunti V ywyivz wcic j
searching among the deeris and found a : in
body; one threw a stone tawards it, saying, j
PerhaDS that is one of your relations.'
No,' replied the other, after an examina
tion. There was nothing to be found to
eat, nor any house to lodge in. One Trat
toria stood at the corner of a street in Polla.
I asked the owner for food. Food, there
is none,' was the reply; the moon has just
entered the quarter, and we shall have an
other earthquake. I won't go in." The
whole time I was there, there was continual '
tremblings of the earth
The only person i
who was saved in the prison of Polla was a j less her master's; and lastly, she had coin
gendarme, confined for having murdered his ' mined high treuson against the National
uncle, and he had been made director of Government. For was it not shown by
excavations." j speeches made by Democrats of this body
Letters from Brienza, on the 31st ult., say -
that up to the 20th no assistance had been
received; yet most of the afflicted persons
are within one hundred mile? of Naples.
The latest reports from Sala say that vertical
movements of the earth continued, not so ,
severe by day as by night, and they were
preceded by fearful detonations. On the j
28ih ult., at 9 P. M., and on the 29lh, at 6 ,
and 74 P. 31., very severe undulatory shocks
were felt, followed by many others less Lorain, that even for the sake of comity it
strong. In Polenz.i, in the evening of the was degrading to catch niggers; he viewed
29th, at 6 o'clock, strong, undulatory shocks it differently. Catching negroes was not
were felt, which were followed by others i degrading but honorable. What does hon
much less intense. Th i people were much j orable mean! Men were called Hon. and
alarmed, and lied into the open spaces.
" Order," says the Official Journal, " was
not interrupted." Here, in Naples, up to
Christmas Day, we have had, it is said,
forty-nine shocks, and every day reveals
some olisiou in a house, making work for
the architects. " On the night of the 29th,"
rhvs n norsun who resides in Retina. " from
two hours before midnight to dawn of day,
the shocks from tire mountain occurred ev- I
ivy three niiuutes ; doors and windows
shook as if a powerful hand was trying to ,
wrench them. I rose once or twice to see :
if any window had been burst open; and
thus, we are living over a cauldron of liquid '
i gf
Laurenzana, Tito, Brienza and Maraico-
nuvo are destroyed, and have almost entirely '
disappeared. Polla is one heap of ruins, !
and nearly in the same state. The King
himself says thai upward of fifteen thousand
persons have lost their lives. From what I
have heard, tho number must be double.
Indeed, people talk of forty thousand, and
though I by no means adopt the calcula
tion, yet I shall not be surprised to find it
too true, so much more hideous has the re
ality proved to be than was at first stated.
Private reports from persons who have fled
from that neighborhood state that for sev
eral days after, the cries of the victims
under the ruins were heartrending, yet there
was no assistance at hand; labor could not
be obtained for money, the country people
had fled in fear the friends of the victims
were almost incapable of exertion, and the
thousands of myrmidons in the pay of gov
ernment, who might have rendered good
service to humanity, were not permitted to
come. It will be no exaggeration, there
fore, to say that thousands must have per
ished for lack of help.
Appropos to the filibustering tendency of
the times, the New York Evening Post re
counts a number of previous forays originated j
on- thia continent, but singularly enough
omits all mention of Burr's famous attempt,
or supposed attempt' upon Mexico:
"A certain McGregor claimed some au
thority from the revolutionary Governments
of Mexico and New Granada, (as Walker
does from Nicarugua)and organized a filibus
ter force from Charleston and Savanah, and
took possession of Amelia Island, a port of
Florida.- This filibustering was about forty
two years ago, and was the beginning of
this sort of moonshine in the United State.
A battalion ot broken down ragmuthns un
dertook to despoil Florida. They soon got
nearly starved; McGregor resigned and
Commodore Aury took command. Like
Walker, they established local Government,
and set the precedent of pleading their own
robbery as a title deed to possession. Pres
ident Monroe treated them as pirates and
sent a naval force to suppress them. Neu
tral territory was violated. The vagabonds
came home, and we are not aware that
Capt. Henley or President Monroe was ever
called to account for such conduct.
The next case was mure memorable. It
is the case of Arbulhnot and Ainbrister, cap
tured by General Jackson. These were
British adventurers, who leagued with the
Seminoles excited a petty war upou our
Southern borders. Jackson regarded them
as fiUibusters, and nuisances, and ha seized
Arbnthnot under the very walls of the Span
ish foit of St, Marks. There wss a differ
ence, however, in the result. Jackson hung
i 6 fltfe
h;j fiUibusters;
,. ,
"ent his home in
but Commodore Paulding
peace. History will pro-
Qgf gg
- '
Professor Monroe
5 made a very j
amp, eloquent ana conclusive
the -repeal of the law; a speech which was
worthy of the subject. In the course of
the debate, after Professor Monroe had elec
trified the House, the gentleman who repre-se3K-
Meigs, a Mr. Plants, manifested a
disposition to plant a few blows on sumc
BodC; just to show that he was about. He
is avery plain-looking man, who wears his
hair cropped, cuts his beard down to the
verj roots, and has hitherto manifested no
disposition to disturb the even tenor of the
legislative tide. On arising, he said:
Mr. President I ain from a very close
county, where the real political majority is
very uncertain. On this account I desire to
make a speech for Buncombe; one that will
suie-both sides; and in -order to satisfy all
the different interests among my constitu
ents, i propose to make a speech on one
side and vote on the other. The gentleman
from Lorain (Prof. Monroe) has said he i
depended upon it, and modern JJemocrucy, ;
I utiuersioou it, wu& a wise arrangement
: to prevent people from running about loone .'
The gentleman from Lorain seemed to
j thick that our jails were designed to be
: used only for the confinement ol criminals,
land in this he wouldagree with him. But
woo are criminals ! That gentleman had.
most eloquent manner, drawn an af-
fecting picture of the fugitive slave mother,
who had escaped with her child from Vir
ginia. . Now, he would show that this
woman was a criminal of the worst sort.
According to the gdntleman's own showing,
the woman when she arrived in Ohio with
ber child, was reduced to a mere skeleton
a skeleton in rags. She was guilty of three
great crimes. First, evidently of grand
larceny in stealing her child, which was the
property of her master; she had also embez-
xlcd and wasted her own body, which was no
s.nl of Congress, and so understood ih rough-
om the Union, that this Government was
founded oa niggers ! It has been declared
treason to attempt to destroy the Govern
ment, and would it not be an " attempt" to
trrjrroy the Government in undermining its
foundation by stealing away the niggers
upon which it rests! The common relation
of pillars and edifices proves this.
Then we are told by the member from
why! Unquestionably because they were
in office; and it is well known that Demo
crats cannot get office under this govern
ment unless willing to catch niggers. Office
holding made men honorable. Then were
not the means which made men otKce hold
ers equally honorable! ' It must follow of
course that the end justifies the means is
a principle of Democracy.
The member from Lorain, being a profes
sor of moral sciences, might on that account
be excused for not understanding the ex-
acter sciences; but is certainly not so easily
pardoned for the error into which he has
fallen in regard to the natural instincts of
blood-hounds, as far as nigger-catching is
involved. Blood-houuds know nothing of
nigger-catching until trained to it while
this vocation seemed to be the natural in-
stinct of Democrats. Dogs and Democrats
were not naturally on the same level, and
hence it was necessary to bring the latter
down to the position of the former, or vice
versa. It was evident that Mr. Monroe
owed an apology to somebody, either to the
Dog or Democrat he didn't know which.
Expressive monosyllable, sometimes known
as the "Scotch F iddle," and eminently sug
gestive of sulphur diet. A cutaneous ail
ment which rages among school-children,
and has great affinity for dirty hands.
We see it stated that a committee in a
school district in Ohio has been appointed
to examine the scholars to ascertain how
many have this disorder, and to report as to
the propertreatmeut of this bread-and-butter
epidemic. Would it not be well fortius
committee to extend its researches and deter
mine, if possible, whether those scholars
have seeds to the itch in any other of
itsvarious forms; for it assumes many phras?s
which meet with no alleviation by scratch
ing, and which do not fully develope them
selves until full manhood. The malady ex
cept in what may be called the school
house form, is dignified by classic appelations,
as Cacoetkes Szribendi Cacoethes Loquen
di, &,c.,&c. t
The first of these classical maladies, to
wit: "itch for writing," is apt to attack fresh
editors, and often rages with such violence
as to drive cfi their readers in disgust, and
sensibly reduce subscription lists. That
branch of the fraternity called "Locals,"
have this itch in a frightful form, very often
costing them a series of "rawhide" applica
tions before it can be checked. Many an
editor, when the fever of this dicease was
on him, has written himself to death, and,
what wis a remarkable idiosyncracy of the
affection, the patient never knows what ails
The second form, "itch for speaking," has
scores of victims among young Lawyers, of
ten becoming chronic in old age. It is apt
to seize upon Legislators, and also find its
way into the Pulpit. Women never have it;
at least, were never known to die from it.
The victims of this peculiar form, become so
thoroughly diseased that they do not know
when to stop talking, and of ten talk long
after they have ceased to say any thing.
Nothing but death or bronchitis can check
this malady. Climate often has the credit of
making a throat sore when this itch deserves
all the praise. When death ensues from this
disease, it is not usual to have a coroner's
jury vedict, but the public "alt" upon the
case, and decide that the victim, "talked him
self to death."
We respectilully suggest that the philan-
thropist who can discover a vaccine matter
which shall protect the human family against
, ...t.,,, U1 prove , great a
oeneiactor as the immortal Jeuner, whose
careful diagnosis of the diseases which af
fect dairy maiJs, brought to light the won
derful remedy against Small Pox. For such
remedy, when found, we suggest the tittle
of "Kind Pox." VltvdunJ IlaraUl.
te we I leas.
The Red Petticoat is Philadelphia.
The Philadelphia Gazette, of SaturJay, says:
To a gust of. wind which .swept down
Chestnut street, yesterday afternoon, we
are indebted for the discovery of a new freak
- . "uuicu pmiiouu'.a re- i
t-etmy iiirooucea oy Eugenie, have already
" - J a-v VlllJ fcltl , UHU V ill IllUaM,
likely become the rage during the season.
From a momentary glimpse of the article,
we suppose them to be made of some fine
material like Salisbury flannel, though,
possibly, they may be cashmere. Around
the bottom run broad stripes in bright colors,
giving a decidedly picturesque appe arance
So the iatiies, as they gracefully step over
the gutters. The ladies will, therefore, dis
pense with white ones, and those got hie con
tinuations which have, of late, been so
highly in vogue.
Dog-Sausages is New York. The N.
Y. Post, of Friday afternoon, says:
Yesterday afternoon the daughter of a S2d
ward polit-etcan was sitting at the back win
dow of her father's house, and saw two men
in 27th street, near llih avenue, named
Francis Milier and Andrew Schweitzler,
kill a large dog, carefully dress him, and pack
his carcass in a wash-tub. She informed
mans, named Francis Miller and Andrew
Schweitzier as represented cleaning the
i dog meat, and Mrs. Miller preparing the en-
' I r . ; 1 T n M K1.-a 117 ll I ll u ,..-.,! n An - 111 ... l..r.
quantity of sausaguages, supposed to have
been made from dog meat the dog just
slaughtered was partly packed away in a
tnb, and the head of the victim lay on top.
IIumjvo. During one of the wars on the
continent, the news generally reached Eng
by the way of Hamburgh. In order to af
fect the stock market, the brokers so fre
quently manufactured that news at home
that the public lost all confidence in advices
received from that city, and it became usual
to indicate disbelief in a startling piece of in
telligence by calling it a "Hamburg" which
English like, was soon corrupted (via Ham
burg,) into Humbug
A Young Squaw's First Visit to
Church. The rector of St. Paul's Church
in Buffalo, had reached the middle of his dis
course on Christmas Eve, when a delegate
from heathendom came up the south aisle.
It was a young squaw, with a half-heathenish,
half-civilized dress, a diminutive bonnet
hanging on the back of her head by the strings
and a calico shawl of gay colors warpped
around her like a blauket. She came along
with slow Indian step until, near the front
of the chancel, a gentleman gave her a seat.
She sat down as if unaccustomed to cushions
but maintained very good behavior, except
when the rector was more than usually em
phatic, she felt called no to express her appro
val by an audible 'Mat's good." During the
singing ol the closing hymns, she stood up
with the rest, evidently much excileJ, lean
ing eagerly forward, her frame quivering
with the new emotion of organ music-
But after the benediction, when the choir
performed an anthem, she rushed out of the
pew into the space beforo the channel,
where she stood unconscious of the gaze of
the congregation, her eyes fixed upon the
organ, and all the strangeness of her position
forgotten iu the rush of sensation pro
duced by the rich notes of the organ, and
exulting chorus of the anthem. Buff Com.
As Administration Pet in Kansas. A
correspondent of the Missouri Democrat
writing from Lawrence, K. T., on the 12th
"Jack" Ileuierson, as he is familiarly Cal
led, and known as the nullifier editor of the
Leavenworth Journal in the times past, was
arrested yesterday near Wyandott, on his
way to Washington, and brought to th's
place, where he will have to answer the
charge of adding names to the pull list while
carrying it from the judges to the bogus cap
ital. He has lately been appointed by the Pres
ident superintendent of mail routes. He
undoubtedly was awarded this office from
the fact that he is known to have robbed the
mails several times last year, and boasts of
the outrages so committed. It is not posi
tively known by the administration that he
murdered an "abolitionist," or he would un
doubtedly h ave been given higher office.
Anecdote of GemeraX Scott. The
Washington correspondent of the Cincinnati
Enquirer, reports the following. He says:
"The House has lately adopted a resolu
tion, cutting off from the privilege of the
floor all persons except Justices of the Su
preme Court, Governors of the Slates, offi
cers of the House, &c. Yesterday, while
the House was in session a tall, stout, grey
haired old man dressed iu very plain clothes
approached the principal entrance of the hall
and, evidently not aware of the new arrange
ment, attempted to enter. He was stopped
by the doorkeeper who inquired if he was a
Chief Justice or a Oovernor. ";no sir, was
the answer; "but by resolution of Congress
officers of the army, who have received the
thanks of Congress, are entitled to the priv
ilege of the floor." "Are you an officer of
the army!" asked the doorkeeper, looking"
with some doubt at the stalwart old man.
"I am, sir; my name is Scott Winfield Scott
of the United States Army." The manner
of the doorkeeper underwent an instantane
ous change as he very politely informed the
General of repeal of the the resolution which
gave hun a right to the floor. "But" said he,
"pass in. General I will take the responsi
bility myself." "No, sir," was the answer,
"I do not wish to violate any rule, sir; I will
go to the gallery;" and the brave old man
whose name is synonymous with the military
glory of the United States, climed the long
ranges of stairs and took his seat in the crow
ded gallery, alone and unnoticed.
A Whole Ship's Crew Devoured bt
Cannibals. The El Mercurio, of Valpara
so, Chili, has the following statement:
"The occurrence of a lamentable event,
which we noticed before, has been unfortu
nately confirmed during tho last three days.
The barque Sarah Ann, bound from this
port to the Islands of Ocenia with merchan
dize and passengers, was wrecked on one
inhabited by savage Cannibals, and every
persou on bosrd was devoured by those mon
sters. We have bo details of this dreadful
The Cosfirmatios of Clifford. The
Washington correspondent of the St. L uis
Democrat writes that a week before the vote
was taken in the United States S.
there was a mnkiritv affainst the confirma
tion of Clifford "but Senator Allen, from
Rhode Island, and Senator Houston, ratted at
moment, and S.ioinor, Cameron, and
jvenneuy, tvere absent. Tiie truth is, Mr.
i Sumner ought to resign. His mind is shat
tered. Massachusetts justly regards him
i as a Martyr in her cause, stricken down
i by brutal violence; but it requires no argu
' nients to prove tii.tt the Senate of the Uni
j ted States is not lb Pantheon 'n which to
enshrine, eveu ll.ustnou imbeciles. Hon-
oruble repose is the proper guerdon for
oisaoiec soiuier; an I there is neither patn-
olism, common sense, nor wise sympathy
tor the man himself in continuing Mr. Sum
ner in his place. Alas that sut.h a calami
ty shoul'i have befallen thai noble intellect!"
Importance of Advertisis. Brother
Miller ot the Sidney Democrat, says: "We '
are frequently asked who keep the best stock
of goods in town, a-id who sells at the low
est prices. The only reply we have to
make is, examine our. advertising columns
for yourselves. The different persons who
advertise with us keep good?, nnd sell low.
As to others we cannot say anything, as we
never purchase of those who do not patron
ize us. When you want cheap gooils here
after, buy of th se who advertise." Like
Brother Miller, we also are often questioned
as to who keep the best stock of goods iu town
and our reply is iu substance ex ictly the same.
We can not recommend the man whodoes not
advertise for we know nothing about his
goods. We know not whether he has a
large or small stock, nor do we know how he
sells them. W e appeud the following from
the Dayton Empire.
Where ehall I go to trade! People ask
themselves this question almost as often as
they have a want to supply. And what
must be the answer! Common sense says
"go to the man who occupies a conspicu
ous place in the advertising columns of the
newspaper." If a man does not think his
business worth advet'i-ing, people are apt to
take his business at Lis own estimate and
pass by on the other side. The ground work
of ail prosperity is a judicious system of ad
vertizing. Though Jeremiah the prophet, or
John the ReveUtor, may not have said so
in exact words, yet had these lived in these
latter times, and had it been submitted to
them for consideration, both Jeremiah and
John would have endorsed the proposition at
once. It is a fact every word of it.
Adriax, Mich., Jan. 25.
Two men and their wives, while crossing
Devil's Lake were drowned by tbe ice break
ing. A Convention of the growers of Chinese
Su.'ar Cane, was held at Springfield, III.,
a few days since. The experiments in its
growth, were generally reported successful,
and its importance to the North-west, it is
Winter Care of Stock.
The Country Gentleman copies the fol
lowing from tbe Irish Farmer's Gazette.
1- Regulations. ; The stated hours of
feeding must be regularly adhered to, and
no deviation ought to be allowed. Cattie
very soon know the time when they ought
to receive their-allowances of food; and if
it passes without bringing the cxpecteJ sup
ply get restless, and express their uneasi
ness by loud bellowing.
2. Cleanliness. From an examination
of cDw houses or cattle sheds, in general,
we would be led to imagine that cattle are
naturally dirty, and that their owners there
fore consider that the most profitable mode
of keeping them is to pay as little attention
to cleanliness as possible. The cow houses
ought to be cleaned out twice every day, and
plenty of litter allowed for the cattle to lie
upon. The troughs ought to be kept always
sweet and clean; and, for this purpose, the
feeder must remove all unconsumed food.
whether turnips or straw, previous to giving j
a fresh supply, wiping out the troughs with
a wisp of straw. (
3. Q,'JIET. This is.-the most important
point; and so much ought it be attended to,
that the cleaning of the house should never
he done whilst the cattle are eating their tur
nips; neither ought the curry comb , (which
ought to be used un all feeding or milch cat
tle or on such as are constantly lied up,) be ap
plied whilst the animals are feeding; nor
should they be disturbed after they have laid
dowu to undergo this process. Immediate
ly after being fed, and before they lie down
is the best time to clean out the houses and
curry the cattle; and whenever this is over
let the doors be closed, and the cattle let to
enjoy quiet until the next feeding lime comes
4. Ventilation. Warmth is essential
ly necessary to the health of niiit.li cows
and fattening cattle; this u.uel not be the
stifling heat of an ill ventilated byre. Many
diseases arc caused by the want of attention
to ventilation; and we believe that to this
pleure- pneumonia owes its origin and fa tiu li
ly. At the same time, cattle must not be
exposed to a draft of cold air. The best
ventilator is one rising two feet above the
ridge of the roof, covered with slates, and
having Venitian blinJs in the four sides.
The heated uir will ascend to, and escape
through this ventilator, a current but- not s
draft, bein" kept up by mean of small
openings in the walls at the ground sloping
upwards, and covered with gratings. Your
cattle iu shed, and having access to straw
yards, of course, do not require ventilators;
all that is necessary is to protect the straw
yards from cold winds, by means of sufficient
wall, where the yards are not protected by
the surrounding houses.
Water for Stock
There is scarcely any one thing more de
sirable than a constant supply of water for
neat cattle, so they will nut be obliged to go
far for it in the pastures, or go without it in
the yard, till some particular time of day.
It is of more detriment to milch cows than
to other stock, but unnatural and disadvanta
geous to all. It is pretty had work to pump
all the water that cattle drink, if a man has
a large herd, but it is very little more
trouble lo keep them supplied with enough,
than to give just as little as will keep them
On a farm where twenty head of cattle
kept and water pumped for them, at a mode
rate estimation, two hours a day are spent
iu this labor, a simple calculation shows this
to be sixty days or over two months in the
year. If a man labor ia worth a dollar a
day, thia is sixty dollars a year saved by hav
ing flowing water in the stock yard, brought
from a spring or well, or by Water Elevatora,
or by a good hydraulic rain, or pumped up
by a wind-mill. I K not worth while for
every farmer to think which of these con
trivances Is most applicable te his elreum
stances! Nomftmd.
Tks Ksasy Bsc.
vwna roe iaa oatn timi, it i. r. ii.ub. e ..
eau. oe euraiaa ataetea. utM4q M m
This interesting insect has often engagad.
my attention, since the year 1805, and Af
forded a fruitful subject for observation. At
that period, tbe destructive moth, (Galitri
cereana. commenced its attacks on the
stocks, in New Haven county, Cunnertiaut.
During my first visit to Ohio, in 1810, it
bad cot yet appeared here. Tbe farmers
then, in many instances, possessed ens
hundred or more colonies, and a tiermao of
my acquaintance numbered his at over two
About the year 1828, I first, in the West,
detected the moth, among a stock of bees in
Mercer County, Pennsylvania, and within
two years after, it had become common
throughout the State of Ohio. There urs
some leasons tj suppose it may have sp
proached the southern sections of our Stats,
several years earlier. .
Anterior to its introduction, little pains
were required to insure success in cilivut
ing b-es. Hives were constructed after -on j
of three models, to-wit:- a square or oblong
box, a transverse section of a hollow tree,
or a conical basket, constructed of straw, of
the capacity of from one to two busheU.; In
those halcyon dny of bee raising, swarms
olteii came out earlier, and in larger u um
bers than in recent times. It was no unu
sual occurrence for a spring swarm to 61!
the hive- with stores and young brood so
rapidly as to allow it, also, to throw off a
awtirin sufficiently, early i it the latter t
accumulate abundance of suitimnce before
the close of the season.
With the debut of the moth tho health,
vigor, and successful efforts of our stocks
seem to have been impaired ; ordinary ani.
arians nuw find it difficult to keep good their
numbers from year to year. .
Another pest, equally extensive, and per
haps still more deslrucive to our favorite
followed the progress cf the bea
m th, viz.: the inventors and peddlers of
patent bee hives. Not a year has elapsed
within half a century, in which public atten
tion has not been urgently solicited to some
improvement which was certain to counter
act the moth, and restore bee cuMvation to
its primitive success. Such have been the
promises held out to the community in ev
ery new prijifct, and all, till recently, hv
turned out worse than useless.
Each one has embraced the plan, in soma
form, of annually robbing the stock cf tho
newly made comb and honey, and leaving
the old to become foul and impaired, and
this last to be placed beyond the inspection
of the apiarian; as a cousequence, it sjort
becomes concrete with age, and a recepta
cle for worms. Every such plan must, of
Course, run counter to the habits of the bea,
and the strongest colony, under its applica
tion, will be destroyed in a tew years' lime.
After fifty years' experience with various
patent and improved hives, I at length came
to the conclusion, that they were all worth
less. I then determined to return to the
use of the old-fashioned box-hive, without
any drawer, or appendage whatever, and
accordingly contracted with a joiner for
supply, constructed after that model.
On the first day of August, of tbe present
year, having been vexed by calls and hin
drances lrotn a class of individuals, whj
seem not to know the value of time to a
business man, I at length escaped to my
library, and resumed my atudies; nctthow-
ever, in a mood that predisposed me to the
production of any excess of good nature.
At this juncture of time and seusi'.iveness.
Mr. Kirkpalriek, of jba Ohio Farmer, en
tered my sanctum and introduced Mr. Otis,
of Wisconsin, with a brief statement that
Mr. Otis was a proprietor of the Rev. Mr.
Langstroth's improved hive, and method of
managing the honey bee. What was th-
exact condition of my features on hearing
this announcement, at this particular mo
ment, I cannot describe, but Mr. Otis was
us kind and amiable as one could wish, and
his demeanor withal, " was," as Gen. Jack
sou said of Nick Biddle, " as calm as a sum
mer sea.' The following laconic dialogue
ensued: .
Mr. Olis. I understand you are familiar
with the honey bee!
Dr. Kirtlund. I kuow something of it.
Mr. O. I wish to make you acquainted
with-the great improvements of Mr. Lang
stroth, in the hive, and the management of
the honey bee.- t
Dr. K. I look upon all such professed
improvements as impositions. What does
he profess to accomplish! ,
Mr. O. To place both the bees and
their combs at the entire control of, the api
arian, so that he may, at any time, remove
all, or any portion of both, examine their
condition, free them from depredators, or
other injurious agents, and then return them
to the same, or another hive, without the
least disturbance, or injury, to either tbe
bees or their combs. When it is desirable,
he will also prevent natural swarming, and
will create artificial swarms to almost any
extent required. By these means he is
always able to keep his colonies healthy
and vigorous, and to . obtain a rapid
increase of stock, and a large surplus
of honey.
Dr. K. AH this may be theoretically
possible, yet I should like to meet with th
person who could accomplish it.
Mr. O. I will do it to your full satiafae.
tion, provided you will allow me lo transfer
one of your old colonies into one of my
new hives. T
Dr. K. (Roth clipping their words and
sentences rather short) I havo not confi
dence enough, sir, in your plan, to allow
you to experiment on one of my colonies.
Mr. O. If you have not, will yon do me
the favor to ride with me to Mr. Slurterant's,
in East Cleveland, where I will demonstrate
to your conviction and satisfaction, the per
fect practicabiliiy of my propositions.
The visit was made. I there saw, on an
extensive scale, all ao-oaiphahed which bo
proposed. I could tru'.hfuily say, in tho
language of the Ethiopian Queen," the half
had not been tUd."
During the next three succeeding days, I
gladly consented to have him operate in
driving the storks .from one of Affleck's
Patent Hives, and two of thus a expensive
nuisances, called " Bee Pal ices," and
transferring them, with the valuable por
tions of their brood comb, to an equal
number of Langstroth's hives. The first
of these had not swarmed in two years, and
the workers had long since ceased to aaani
feet any industry. The other two bad never
sent off swarms; all of their hives were
j filled with foul collections of black and filthy
comb, candied honey, concrete bee-bread.
an accumulation ot cocoons, ana larvas oi
the moth. Within twenty-four hours each
colony becanit reconciled to its -new tene
ment, and oommenced labor with far greater
activity than the inhabitants of any of my
old etock. They were fed from time 4
time with the honey abstracted Trom their
old hives, and at the close of the season,
their stocks of new and well filled combs
were far greater than will be required 14
feed the colonies, together with their young
broods, during winter and spring. I havs
now no stronger and more promising one
than these three, which I considered of
little valvu-! till my acquaintance with this
new hive.
The process of transferring ras conducted
so quietly, that the Rev. Mr. Thorns and
daughter sat by and observed the whole of
it. They were protected in the manner
suggested by Longstroth.
It is -surprising how long it takes, in many
instances, to discover and apply a trifling,
but useful principle. An ingenious bee
cultivator, on making a hasty inspection of
the principles embraced 1 thee issprov
meats, will at once discover their adaptation
to the purpose proposed. Tbsy ooineide
mast perfectly with the bbitt tod Instincts
i of this curious Insect, while all the ether
... . .

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