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lit 'i . pr Ba !! i TBS WORSHIP OF fiiSUT. li-Vl Ji ¬ aa.attia,mMaiu, mmnM latum Iknwk ttKeaiau '. . "'aound my fTyinm ml, mi ....j at arary a qiii. im ninf !. . . Al Uwagh taa araM linn ant rUM. " Ao4 give br ran Im Uw uml .' Tojor,aail,aaawBM. aaaaaare. ' " O, God taktworJ! Un aplrtl brood Like a CettpreMsas, aoreriBi alaac arsoa: Anwwtb4l , lla ap way aean. Bow den, my aaal, sod Ik? day 4 wetliac w. la-foteaia nrareaca to tka laa&tte. right uvixe. a mom. a tnn t aald; a Ptl to oa tk air; Sa aTa lulimpi. Bw tmaalas 'in I. IMto. wJ iia.aaa iiiltmra, nMfcnuiiiMikMMiai TaraacaaaiBaaarfarai, kill. sal piain f- "To kv and to labor is the sum of living, J : end yet how many think the live who neita tt labor or lore."' - " : -, j-I What a bright thought it is, set in this --: quaint oW Saxon! The first part of the aeatenc is a beautiful text for one's life, J . while the other it aa equally sad eommenta , ry on the "living" ot a great portion of hu manity r And are not these twain, the lov ing and the laboring, the one "royal law" of the Bible, and do they not bring with them their own exceeding great reward? Ye who seek after ha piness, behold, here "la the key! This sitting down, folding op ' one's hands, and moping away one's life in i vain yearning after affection, will never do -"yoa any good. Just step out ol yourself, and e lire for and ia others. Go out with a brave spirit into the world, and minister to the t wants of humanity. Everywhere hands are reaching out to you for help; everywhere bleeding hearts are needing the balm of sym pathy and tenderness. The little children want your smile, the old people want some comforting word; and the strongest and the best have itteir hours of weakness and of ''need. - So don't ait still, we pray yoa, for this is not living. r But "whatsoever your band tindeth to do, do it with all your might," ' with a true, honest heart, and purpose; and ' 'no matter how heavy may be the darkness of the night through which yotr are walking, the morning will rise, the flowers will blos- - sotn, and the birds sing about you. Arthur's Magazine. J, HOW TO TAKE LIFE. Tale life like a man take it by the fore- loch, by the shoulders, by the spine, by eve " ry limb and part. Take it just as though it was as it is aa earnest, vital, essential affair. Take it just as though yot personal ly was born tothe task of performing m mer vry part in it; as though the world had wait ted tor your coming. Take it as though it was a grand opportunity to do and to achieve, to carry forward great and good schemes; to help and cheer a suffering, weary, it may be fceart-sicbeaed1 brother. n The fact is, life is unvalued by a majority of mankind. It is not made halt as much of as should be the case. ' Where is the - man or woman who accomplishes one tithe t trt what might be done. Who cannot look - tract ' tfpott oppoTttHBties lost plans ona i ehieved, thoughts crsfctredy aspirations trrrfill- ' ed, and all because of tire lack of the Be , eessary and possible effort. If we knew bet let how to lake and make the wort of ftfe, (il wetdd he txt greater then it is. Ttor and (hen a nut stands aside from the crowd, la' bora earnestly, steadfastly, eoft&Jently,- and straightway becomes famous for wisdbw, rn--fellect, skill, greatness of some sort. The . 1 world wonders, admires, idolizes; and yet it tvflVff rfletetrntes what each may do if he takes -hold of Bfe wHha, purpose by the hea J am! i shoulders. If an bet swya he will, aiid ioliowa it up by the right effortthere is noth ing in reason he may not expect to accom plish, f There is no magic, no miracle, no - eocret to him who is brave, in heart and de termined in spirit. - u PATIENCE WITH CH1LDRK. V 1 On of the requUites for the sucaessru! 1 training of children at home, or in the school-room, is patience. Every teacher, iClher ,ne no,''err hireling, will find bjrtabors made easy "ty constant exer Ifce of UtU cardinal virtue. If they let "pa- ! tieaoc have its perfect work" in their own hearts, it will be visible in all their conduct, aud earert a salutary influence upon the minds of the young, in whose future well being they feel a deep interest. , There may be hour?, when worn out with care . and perplexed with undue labor, the mother may feel the risings of impatience In her heart; but nip it in the buJ. before the fruits become visible in acts which yoa may afterwards bitterly repent. Let no unkind woti or hasty blow be given in anger, lest the rememberanee of it should prove a poi soned in the bleeding heart, when those to ying eyes are closed in death, and the head which nestles on yourbo som is pillowed in the grave, - Children are won by kind words; but cross looks and harsh tones deter them Troijj seeking our sympathy, or giving us their confidence. The mother or teacher should regard the sports of childhood as a blessing, and join in their innocent amuse ments, and draw from them some useful les son for their future consideration. - Tbcy Should team to look upon her as a friend in whom they could confide, who will bear pa tientlv with their childish follies, and in kind ness seek to improve whatever may be rnfcii in their manners or morals. v'! ."- MAN'S BBSTINY. " The appearance of man upon the scene of being constitutes a new era in creation; the operators of a new instinct come into play that instinct which anticipates a life after the grave, and imposes implicit faith upon a God alike just and good, who is the Toieged "reward er of all who diligently seek him." And in looking along the hue of being ev er rising ia the scale higher to yet higher manifestations, or abroad on the lower ani mals. whom instinct never deceives can we hold that man, immeasurably higher in his place, and infinitely higher in his hopes and aspirations than all that ever went before him should be,' notwithstanding, the one grand error in creation the one painful worker in the midst of present troubles, for a state in to which he can never enter-V.he befooled ex-, pectant of a happy future which he is never tosee! Assuredly no. He who keeps faith with His humble creatures who gives even the bee and the dormouse the winter for which they prepare will to a certainly not break faith with man with man, alike the deputed lord of the present creation, and the cboeea heir ot all the future. We have been looking abroad on the old geologic burying grounds, and deciphering the strange inscrip tion on their tombssolitary church-yards among the hills, where the dust of martyrs lies, and tombs that rises over the ashes of ,the wise and good; nor are there wanting, .on even the monuments of the perished race frequent biero gylpbics and symbols of high rtneaning, which darkly intimate to ui, that rwhi!e their burial yarda contain but the de bris of the past, we are to regard the others as charged with the sown seed of the future. Hugh Miaer;1:" ' it Yottntr man, stick to your business. It man h von have mistaken TOUT callinjr. If M find out as quick aa possible, and change 4t; but don't let any uneasy desire to get - long fast, or a dislike tor your bonest cal ling,' lead yoa to abandon it. Have some honest calling, and then stick to it; if you ere sticking type, stick away at them, If you re selling oysters, keep on selling them; if vou a at law, hold fast to that profession; Bursas the business you have chosen peras- tentlyr iemstriouely and . hopefully; and if there is acytbiag of you it will appear and turn to aaeoitat ia that as well or bette than In any other JJingi only if you are a loa fer, forsake that line ! life as quickly as possible; for the longer you stick to it the worse it will "stick" to ycu. Hunt's Mer chant's Msga?ine. .Delaware VOL. XII- XHEPBACTICALMAN. j The practical man is one of all others, who knows just what to say and do, and who says and does it. He alwaya comes to the point, regardless of rules or forms. He sees jost how to suit the word to the action, and the action to the word; and the right word and the right actios come and produce their effect. While others hesitate he strikes ; and the work is done before they have decided how they would do it. He is always doing, but does only what needs to be done, he is al ways learning, but learns only what he can use. tits world is real, and not a sott bed lor ease or dreaming. If he makes speeches be telfe people what they onght to know; if books, he fills them with oseful tacts or practical truths; if he be a worker, he makes things for service and not lor show. He is no machine, bat Eve aa with perception and force peculiarly his own; and be boa an inherent energy of character which brings everything around to his way. He is never at loss, but everywhere takes bis place, and so well does he act his part toat all men achuow ledge that be "as made for it. He has tlrat clear perception, and that prompt, steady, and determined purpose which produce efficient action. His will can not be baulked; for he has only to see that a thing must be done, and his on ly concern then, is how; it never occurs to bira that he ca fail. His ends are real, and the means he usee precisely adapted to promote them; so that he certainly secures and actually enjoys the object for which be labors. He takes hold of life with a firm grasp, and wrests from it the good which he finds in it. He does not whine because be is not better off, but sets about maktog himself so. He does not en vy those who are higher, but climbs above them, if bis place is there. It is his ambition to accomplish a positive and proper result, and not to make a show; so that pretention is his especial dislike. He thinks no more of the thing be has done than the thing known more of the power than of the name to do.- He talks be cause be has something to say, and not for tire sake of talking; and lives for a pur pose, and not because he does not happen to die. He is uo foot ball of taeo or circuia-8taees-, but biineelf plays with vigor and wins the game of Hfe. He constats stiiity in all things. Money to else, a hottse to lite in, land to till, clothes to wear,- victuals to eat, a horse and wagotr for riding and carrying things nothing for the mere sake of having it, or of letting oth' er people fcnowr that he has i" He will do the proper thing if il be agree able, or if k be not. He judgetnen by the' force and qualify of their character, aDd not by their appearance. If a mai does this or that which he says be cat, let trim to kr A; but be has mr sympathy with dfearaerj Efficient doing-,' he thinks, " the chief end of man; and all beowfege vh?cb does not 'ed tots he Deems vvoritwess, rte regaroe the" world as a great workshop, and those whn iccoiTnh6h nothing for the general good as drones unworthy" toleration. Let them work, and UiuaTn tbe ,0 In short, the practical man possesses gv. sense, and with this be manes ruies oeuer than any be finds in books; for the shortest, plainest, and surest way of attaining his ob ject is the bet for him. TtiE PBOPEB TIME TO MARRY. , "HAU. WEDDED t,OVB! " We believe that some of the most distin guished philosophers and closest observers of human nature, have recommended early marriage, as, in the long run, calculated to prove moist advantageous to bath parlies. There are two sides to this delicate question, and we believe that the oreat error in this country is in a disposition to marry too young or before the mind is fully developed or the judgment sufficiently ripe to make a proper decision. There are, however, various argu ments, both pro and con. We perceive by some statistics just published, that in the city of Boston, during the last year, three males under twenty-one years of age, chose part ners whose ages ranged from twenty-five to thirty years, while fuur hundred and twenty two whose ages varies from twenty-one to forty-five sought partners for life under twen ty. Of the males, more than thirty -five per cent, married between the ages of twenty- five to thirty years, and over thirty-four per cent, between the ages of twenty-one and twenty-five. Of the females more than fortv-five ner cent, married between the ages of twenty and twenty-five. The gen eral rule seems lo be, that males marry be tween the ages of twenty and thirty, while females enter into the silken bond between the aires of twenty and twenty -five. There are, of course, many exceptions. Hasty and indiscreet marriages cannot be too carefully guarded. They produce noth ing but disappointment and misery. That the wedded life, generally speaking, is the condition intended for both sexes, is beyond all question; nature has so ordered, and those who with means, steadily shun matri mony, cannot be said to live up to their duties and obligations. " A distinguished journalist of New York used to remark playfully, yet forcibly, that "he eemed to re-live in the hie of every child thai was born unto him, while the companionship of his wife was a constant source of calm, sweet and exquisite delight A happy marriage one affection, harmony and taste is indeed a blessing, while a dU cordant union, if we may so speak, is a con stant anxiety and curse. The many divorces which take place in the United States show that there is a sad want of forethought and reflection on the part of hundreds who unite themselves for better or for worse. There are, doubtless, in most of such cases, faults on both sides, and the man or woman who expects to real ize all the dreams of youth, and who cannot practice the virtue of forbearance, sadly mis take poor haman nature. While, however, we would deprecate hasty or premature mar riages, we believe that in such hallowed con tracts, delavs are dansrerous, especially if they be protractec beyond reasonable limits. And yet, in our humble judgment, it is never too late to marry, unless the faculties be ex. bausted, the frame be enfeebled, and age be present with all its infirmities. Dull times exercise a sad influence upon matrimonial affairs. .We fear, too, that the extravagance of dress and of tasbion, in which too many of the fair sex of this coun try indulge, deters hundreds of active and enterprising young men from encountering all the risks and responsibilities involved in the selection of a partner for life. Far bet ter to begin moderately and economically and thus save something from year to year than to enter the world with a dashing reck less snirit. with the chance of an early fall. Mutual forbearance is absolutely essential in the marriage state. Nothing ia perfect in this world, and we ahould make allowance for the errors and infirmities of each other. This is essential, indeed, in all the relations of life. None are infallible, and this being the fact, we should not look for awfaJKMity even in those we love best and esteem most. Phil. Inq. Soaefcla for thm BawiaS Troaaarcsaf tka 8, At meeting of the stockholders of the Boston Relief and Submarine Company, an interesting report was made by the Iirectors, of the result of the two expeditions of the Com pany to recover treasures buried in the sea. One of these expeditions was to raise the vessels and other materials sunk by the Boasians in the barber of Sevastopol. In this exediuony as yet, only a partial success has been-obtained. The two vessels of the expedition are however, to be employed the coming season ia operating upon vessels in Turkish water. - The other expeditioa has keen sent to the Carribeaa Sea, trader the command of Capt. Coutbony . After various misadventures, the whole of the crew being attacked with yeK low fever at St. Thomas, from which they all fortunately recovered, at length the Bay of Cumana, in Venzuela, was reached, where work at once commenced upon the sunken Spanish frigate San Pedro, and it has been continued steadily ever e'ence. The several divers connected with Captain Coutbony's ! force spent in the aggegate about 8 J hours ander water daily, during the time they had been at work upoa the wreck. A'ter re-; moving a vast amount of deck material, the divers penetrated a deck-room, where they found gun-carriages, deck furniture, &c, piled up ir one large buss, making any at tempt to work useless without first removing it. At this place four magnificent brass can nons were taken out, and eleven strange boxes supposed to be cast steel ; they were of the size of candle-box, but were thought by some to be piathat. Silver dollars were also found at the depth of sixty feet in the water 'covered with muJ, but were mostly separate; several gold watches were here la ken out, and many other valuable articles, and the divers came to the conclusion' that when the explosion of the vessel took place these articles were1 driven from the forward part of the ship, where the bulk of the treas ure undoubtedly remained1.- Taking this as m reasonable view of be ease, they proceeded to their work- with' re newed vfgor, and after great difficulty suc ceeded in cleariug away the large amount of rubbish, and obtained an entrance to the hold in the forward part of the ship, on 12th of fecember lost- Aboat 9700 in specie and another brass six'-pomider was taken out at this place in a short, time also watches ed many curious relics. The money found" here-was cemented together in rolls of $15, $-JO a-Tfd 9 1-00 eaclrv-trad plainly showed that they must be very near the vast amount of nswwey contained hr this ship. According to the' uiBciai documents, when the San Pedro went dom she' contained one million Span ish doltey, arftf a million1 and bfe If in- gold,- s large portron of which should be there siW. The work Was fTow fairly commenced, and the directors-felt greatly encouraged,- end-saw no reason why the etockboW'era- ehotrfd1 ntot be sov The last etfrtcesy Which" Were rfff to1 Ja.- 1st,- repreevateu that tuey had been tn. epeetetfry stopped1 it their labors by timber Jtc, in the bold, btft m a start titaw froped t0 Removed It. In the meantime, Capt. Cou tbony uO een to tle caPtal to obtain li cense for his V.5vers to dire !ot Pewb e Pearl Bank. Traveller1. The Seedy Little SSsn at i.anserb' Those who have ever seen the gret mil lionaire of Cincinnati, or visaed his spied-' did premises in the city, can fdiJj appreciate the following from the Commercial: We were told yesterday a pleasant lue incident illustrative of a peculiarity of one of our fellow citizens, which perhaps, de serves to be related. A young married cou ple from Kentucky, on a visit to the city, having a day to spend in sight-seeing, were directed by the keeper of the Spencer House to the garden of Mr. Longworth, aa worthy of a call, and determined to ask permission to make a tour of the premises. On pas sing through the gate in front of the man sion ot the proprietor, they were met by a seedy-looking little individual, somewhat ad vanced in years, who, from his appearance they supposed to belong to the establish ment, of whom they inquired if permission lo make the proposed tour would be accorded. The little man not only assured them that they were at liberty to proceed, but volun teered to accompany them, which he did, showing them through the grounds 4Rd con servatories, pointing out in the politest man ner, every object of interest or curiosity. Having again arrived at the gale, and being about to leave, the visitor did not feel at lib erty to depart without giving some evidence of bis appreciation ot the politeness of bis guide, so drawing from his pocket a " quar ter," he proceeded to tender the constitution al currency in a tnattuer and form as is usu al in such cases; and was as astonished to find it refused. After sorne considearble urgency, the other party, in order tq avoid further importunity, was constrained to in form the visitor that he was co other than the proprietor of the extensive establishment the veritable Nicholas himself; whereupon the young gentleman was not a little abash ed and confused, and proceeded to utter a multiplicity of apologies. The story, how ever, ends handsomely. Mr. Longworth in vitee the other party into the bouse, shows them the statuary and pictures, talks bim out of his embarrassment, gives him a taste of Catawba, and sends him away at peace with himself and the rest of mankind, and enthu siastic in his praise of the seedy little gen tleman who took him in so heaitifIly. Coollns Rooms. The warm weather will shortly be here, and every one will be seeking the refreshing influence of a cool and shady place, where unto they can retreat from the blasting sun ; so we will give our reqders a few bints con cerning the cooling of their houses. 1 be first necessity is a thorough draft. This can always be obtained by opening every door and window in the haaetnent, the top of ev ery window above, and by throwing each door wide open; but above all, be sure that the trap door in the roof is open, and there is plenty of a.i? room, from it down the stairs so that whichever he the direction, of the wind, there will be at least one ascending cur rent of air in the house. Another requisite ia shade. Our common slat shutters answer well for the windows, but the most cheap and convenient shelter for the roof is to cov er it thickly with straw, dried reeds, or rush es. These will resist the influence of the noonday sun, and keep the garret almost as cool as the basemeot. One of the most simple methods, and at the aame time cheap est means of artificially lowering the tem perature of a room is to wet a cloth of any size, the larger the better, and suspend it in the place you want cooling; let tne room be well ventilated, and the tcmnratur e will DELrAWARE, OHIO, MAY 7, 1858. sink from ten to twenty degrees ia less than J nail an nour. l oe aoove Dints win ne use' ful to many, am) as a last suggestion we will inform the reader that, in summer, it is well to keep- a solution of chloride of lime in the boose, ml occasionally sprikle it in the more frequented parts, as the passages' ami stairs. Scientific American. From the Ohio Valley Farmer. Appla Trees Smooth Bark. Friend B. F. Sanford : I have seen many articles going the rounds of Agricul tural papers, on the subject of keeping the bodies or trunks of fruit trees smooth, and in a healthy condition. According to my experience, the best plan ia to commence with the young trees before the bark begins to crack and scale off giv ing them a thorough coating ol soft soap early in the spring, or at the beginning of warm weather, before the ants and other insects have commenced infesting the tree. I be lieve much harm is done to the fruit by the attacks of these small vermin on the buds, the- blossoms, and then- tbe spp4er up to the titae ef their maturity. I should like very much to see more at tention paid to this subject by horticultur ists; for I believe many of oar apples are punctured, made knotty and imperfest, by this host ot fruit adversaries. Sometimes I mix flour of sulpber in the soap, as it is very efficacious in driving off isany sorts of insects and vermin. If this plan of soaping the trunks of the trees, is practiced two or three times every season, I believe no orchardist will -be trou bled with "rough barked" or mossy trees. In the treatment of trees that have been neglected, the rough bark should be scraped ofE, aod- the trunk made a smooth, by such scraping, as they well can be, and then the soft soap and sulpher, which is better. Make a plentiful application this spring repeating it once or twice during the season, and your trees will soon become smooth, and exhibit a thrifty and healthy appearance. After making an application, it is well to leave a kule soap itk the forbs of the branches, as these spots are most apt to be selected- as harbors and nests for the vermin to breed in. Hezekiah Clark. Cora Culture is Obir . Land intended for corn should be deep)? broken. Ploughing may be done as soon as the ground is dry enough in the spring. Old pasture land should be broken in win ter. This destroys many of the worms which would otherwise injure the crop. When planting time eenvee,-(.which is from the 20th of April until the 10th of May, the ground should be thoroughly pulverised. The advantages of this are 1st, a destruc tion of the young, weeds that may have started. 3d. It greatly facilitates the plant ing. 3d. The soil is then in good condition when it ia ready to work. After this is done, it should be marked off lightly each- way, making the rows about three and one-half feet apart. It is then1 ready to plant. I think it injurious and unna tural to apply a steep of any kind to seed corn. It is- impossible to get the soil in the same eorrtljtioo' (a to" Warmth' and moisture as the steep 5- hence' fhfe ewldeir, and sotaetimfes Very great efrang-e, checks, and weakens the growth- of thte tender germ. Efy cof alaycoiWes qkrfefc sweugb when planted dry. I never" plant more grains in a hill than are required to make the crop, which is, generally two or three. If more are ptetnesf,- h is necessary to-thSi oat, wMch always fn juries the plants left sttrrAlmg, as the roots are so rhferwoveir, without injuring the rest. Corn Bboffld1 be covered1 very light ly w"!tb loose mould. When it is up to the third blade, it should be harrowed w'ea With lo sood two-horse harrow. Jt is then best in n.-' yjio'on t0 uke ''S'1' bar Plo,r' and run the Vr side next to the row, throwing the dirt from corn- Thus. he warm,lh easily penetrates to' roots, anu nasiens ine growth of the plant tht firrow answering as a drain in case of wet weau. CT- The three shovel plow may next u.- wea with advantage, running across the furrows , J ... . . -. rni. t... -I I of the first plowing. The last plowing should be dune with a bar plow, taking care to plow as deeply as possible, and to throw the mould well up to the roots of the corn. Thd stalks have thus a substantial root or support in the soil, which enables them to bear storms of wind without damage. The furrows are also good conductors of the sur plus water which falls duriug the winter; consequently, the land is in good condition for the next crop. By this mode of cultiva tion, I produce an average of from fifty to sixty bushels per acre oue season with an other. My corn always ripens, and is this year sound and good. GEo.SHiELns Near Ijovelarid Warren Co., Ohio, "t March 15, 185S. Bpriog Chickens. Spring chickens are always in active de mand from May to September, in the vicin ity of all our cities and the larger towns. Of course they are profitable to the farmers aqd small landholders and cottagers who breed them. This is a good month to set the hens, and hatch them out. For this pur pose a warm hen-house, and coops in sun ny places are required. Lt the eggs be kept in a proper temperature, till the hen is ready lo sit on them. Thirteen is the prop- per number for a clutch of chickens. When hatched, if milk curds oan be bad, this is their best food. Jf not, soaked bread for the first lew days, and after that, Indian meal well cooked, like mush for your own tabfes Raw meal, wetunin the usual wav, is harsh and scouting for their delicate stomachs. When a few weeks old, chopped cabbage, shives," and other tender vegetables are to be added, and sour milk is the very best drink they can have. We would, by all means, entrust the early chiokena to woman's care. She seems to possess the necessary iqstincts worth all the men and boys in the country. We have known a Scotch Ducth, or Irish washerwoman's oottage, surrounded by a close wall, alive with early chickens, while the gentlemau's and farmer's premises would scarce supply a fowl for the table before the first of (September. Dj not keep the "big" breeds for "spring chickens" either. A close compact, early matured fowl, is the thing for this purpose. In most large towns, a plump, fat chick, the size of a cjuail, will sell far as much in lay or June aa a full grown one will in October; and if they only know you have them; the tavern-keepers and ped lars will be after them every day in the week. To tha hab.it these lafter - people have of confining them, in cloAex filthy coops for four days together, we, ante our protest. It ia cruel to the clck,., t poison aM defiles the taste of thA&ft.. It makes ihfim poor. Exercise, coodi aix. and plenty of good food they should, have, until wanted for the table; and every one who, keeps, them on hand for immediate use should be well provided with yards and roosting accommo dation. To make chickens edibly perfect they should come upon the table plump, jui CV. add fall of their own natural tmvn ' - - b j "Plump as a partridge." is the term which abmild alwaya be truthfully applied to the early chicken; and if they be not so half their excellence is lost, while, if in perfec tion of flesh, they are a positive luxury. American Agriculturial- Laws of Ohio. published by authoritt. No. 54. AN ACT To amend Sections twenty -five, twenty-eight and sixty, of an act entitleJ "An act for the assessment of tax ation of all property in this State; and for levying taxes thereon, accor ding to its true value in eaoney,' pas sed April 3rd, 1852. 'Section 1. Be it goaded by the (7en er:il AsaemMy of the State of Ohio, That sectfenr twenty-five of so set en titled at act for the assessment and taxation of all property in thU statn, and for levying taxes thereon accord ing to its trn e value in- money, be a mended so as to read as follows: Sec. 25. The assessment of all personal property, moneys and cretliP, imesS ments in bond", stock, joint stock com ponies or otherwise, and the valuation of all lands and lots, and new struc ture which have not previously been valued and placed on the duplicate; shall be made between the second Mon fSny of April and the third Monday of May annually, and the assessor of each township, shall on or before the first Monday of May annually leave- vith each person resides in his township, of full age, and not a married woman or insane person, or at the office, usual placs of residence or business of such persons, a written or printed notice, re quiring srtcli person to make out for such assessor, a statement of the prop erty which by this act, he is requir d to list, accompanied with printed I onus in blaak of the statement required of such persons;' and' the" assessor shalT, at the time he delivers such notice and blank forms, receive from such persons the statement of his or her personal prop erty, moneys, credits investments in bonds, stocfis, jwifit stockcompanios otherwise, verified by hut oath, unless such person shall require farther time to make oat sucb statement, in which caee-he s&aH cat? for sch statement be-fore-the third Mo.iday e May. Sec. 2. The section twerrtyeh be amended so as- to read as follower Sec. 28. Each township assessor shall', on or before the (4kd Monday of May, annually; mate out and delfver to the auditor of his county, in tabular form tmd alphabetical order, a list or lists ef the' names of the several' persons, com panies or corporations, in whose name any personal property, moneys,- credits-, investments' in bonds,- sUoefif or jjpint stock companies or otherwise, shall have been listed in his township, and he shall- enter senaratelv in nnnrn- OTh-Jate ccfiiteliU; opposite each name. Vthe aggregate vaine of the' several spe cies of personal' property enotaiterated in the seventh section of this-at t, as attested by the person' reqniied'to list thtf same, or as-ckitermined by the as sessor, ctfaking separate lists of persons residing cut of aq incorporated' tow-Hi afird of persons wlrO are residents of any incorporated town; th' eol rntvns shall be atoctrrately added np, cm! hi every ease where any person whose duty it is to list any personal property, moneys, credits, investments in bonds, stocks, joint efock ccem-pa--nies, or otherwise, for Halation1 shall have refused to" list tbjB'sme"WlrV call ed on for that purpose by the assessor, or to take and snbscribe an oath or af firmation, in regard to the troth of his statements, of personal property, roon- ' . . . , . Btrt.-ks, ?omt stock companies, or oth- erwisd 9 nnJ part iiieieoi, wuen re- . -i i nmVl hv th. assessor", the assessor shall enter opposite tJnair: of such person in an appropriateSdimn, the words, "refused to list," or "refuseu to swear;" and in every case where any person required to list property for taxatioa shall have been absent or un able from sickness to list the same, the assessor shall enter opposite the name of such person, in an appropriate col umn, the word "absent" or "sick." Sac. 3. That section sixty be amen ded so as to read as follows: Sec. 60. There shall be an annualjcounty board for the equalization of the real and per sonal property, and moneys and cred its in each county, exclusive of the city of Cincinnati, to bo composed of the county commissioners and county auditor who shall meet for that pur pose at the auditor's office inea.-li coun ty on the firf.t Wednesday after the first Monday of May annually. Said board shall tho have power to hear com plaints, and to equalize the valuation of all real and personal property, mon eyes and credits, within the county, and shall be governed by the rules pre scribed in tho fifty-third section of this act, for the government of county boards for the equalization of real pro perty; I'rovidcil, that saul uoanl snail not reduce the value of the real prop city of the county below the aggregate value thereof, as fixed by tho atato board of equalization, nor below its aggregate value on the duplicate of the proceeding year to which shall bo added the value of all new entries ami new structures, over the value of thoso destroyed, as returned by the s -veral township assessors for tho current year. Sec. 4. That section twenty-five, twenty-eight and sixty of said act bo, nd tho same are hereby repealed. Sec. 5. This act shall take effect and bo iu force from and after its passage WILLIAM 13. WOUDS, Spoakcr of the House of llcp's MARTIN W ELK ER. President of the Senate. April 8 1858. No. 5G.1 AN ACT Tq establish the Independent Treasury of the State, of Ohio. Section . Be it enacted by the Gen T1 -iWwWji of tfie Slut of Ohio, 'titeti VCATftS. aligned lo. the Treai WV ift ti oa,p-itol at Colum m.9gp$m Ht-iilMW Rfth. vaults, and othei; prope aw pessary means for he secuxUy a,sA s&fe. keeping of the yublio rAOftv- ftbjt belonging, shall constitute. tk, toejJMWj of tha State- of Ohw and tbMWaS-wie State shall he required to, tj t Ive. treasury so con stituted as the sole place for the depos it and bafe keeping of the mony of the State; and the money in the treasury shall not be drawn) or paid out ecept in the manner hereinafter provided, and ptflrstfent to appropriations made by law. Sec. 2. That it shall be fbtrdiity of the county commissioners, of each county fa ehis state, to- provide with out delay, if .the same has not been al ready done, a suitable room or rooms, with fire-proof vaults or safes, and all oSher necessary means for the security and safe keeping of the public moneys in the county, and the same shall con stitute the treasury of the county; and the public money paid into the county treasury,, whether it belong fo tHts coun ty, state; or other party, shall be kept by tfce county treasurer, iw t!Wr trewsnry of the connty. and shall not he drawn or paid out except in the manner pro vided by taW . : Scr. 3. - The state treasurer and each county treasurer shall be required fV keep safely in his. treasury, without loantng.nsing. or depositing in banks, or elsewhere, all the public moneys of whatsoever character, paid into such treaenry or otherwise, at any time pfirced in his possession and cut'eWy, till the same is ordered by the proper department or officer of the state gov ernment to be transferred or paid ont accord iwg to- hw;-and when such OTdsrs f.f the transfer or payment are received faithfully and promptly to make be same as directed, and also to do sk? perform all other dnties as a fiscal agent of the state; which may be frarposcd by tb act, or any ofSer law of tb state, or by asy other rule or regulation- of the treasury made il- ceformity to law. . See. 4. For the purpose of securfag a more full and perfect system of ac countability among tha officers of the fiscal department of the state, there shall be created ar comptroller of tter treasury, whose term of office shall be three years, and it shall be his duty to make diligent inquiry alter all claims and accounts of every description in fa vor of the state, and require prompt payment of the same; and in case the payment of any SBcherp.ittt'be resisted to place the sftTrfe irf'process of coffec tion, under the charge of the attorney general of the state, and he sha per form such other duties, and receive such corfipensaliowy as shall- be prescribed by law. Sec. 5. Every payment - of mreTiey rtrto tho state treasury straff be made on the drafts of the comptroller, dVwww hv favor of the state treasurer, upon the" person ma&irrjp pay merit;, and no pay ment into the state" tnsasrrry shall dis charge the liability of to tha state unless if be made on tha draft of the comptroller, as aforesaid. And it shall be the duty of the comptroller to pre serve cdtrplieatbcopyof every such draft and to keep an accurate record ef '.fT number, amount, date-and name of the person npon whom dracPadesignating the fund to which it belongs: and to report the aggregate amount of all such drafts to the auditor of state at the close of every weeky designating the exact amount Belonging to each fund. The auditor of state shall keep an ac enratJS" resord of every such weekly re port of the comptroller, and charge the amonnt thereof, specifically to each it count kept in-the' auditor's office, of re ceipts and disbursements of the state trSisSiirer. Sec. 6. No money shall be drnwn or paid ont of the' state treasury, or trans ferred fron the state treasury to any county treasury, or to any orhi' place, for nse or disbursement, unless it be on (he warrant of the auditor of state drawn trpow tlw state treasurer, coun tersigned by the comptroller at the treasurer for the payment of airy rawa" ey, tirrfeSs thw sttnmr 6 hall ha"e been ap pointed by law for tfcte purpttse" for which it is required lo bo paid. It Bhall be the duty of tho auditor of state to preserve a duplicate copy of every such warrant and also to keep an accu rate record of the number, amonnt and dale of every such warrant, and filename of ill? person in whose favor drawn, specifying the fend from which paya ble, and to report the aggregate amounts thereof to tus controller, at tho close of every week, ehowiug" the specific amount belonging to eachrfunu It shall be -the duty of tho treasurer of state to keep accurate records of the number, amount, and date of every draft of the comptroller, in favor of the treasurer of state, and to whom payable as well as of every warrant of of the auditor of state on the treasurer presented and paid, and his books shall at all times show the exact: amount of every payment into, ami every payment out of the treasury, and the exact condition of every fund. Sec. 7. The auditor of state ami comptroller shall, at the close of every three months, or oftencr if they see fit, after comparing and adjusting their records of the drafts of the comptrol ler in favor of the treasury ar.d the war rants of the auditor against the same, settle with the treasurer of state, and ascertaiu the . precise condition of the state treasury, upon tho books, and uUo by, by actual inspection, ascertain the actual amount of money remaining in the treasnry, togolhor with all othor property, bonds, necnritios, claims, as suts and effects, which should be in the custody and possession of the treasu rer, and report the tesnltof such sottlo nieitt anil examination to tho governor. Sec. 8. AH payments or money in to the county treaanrer of cv ry do- scrtption, excepting the payment ol taxes charged on the duplicate and made before the return by the treasurer of tho delinquent list for unpaid taxes, idiall be paid to tho connty treasurer, on the draft of the county auditor, in favor of the treasurer; ami the county auditor shall preserve adnpli. ate copy of every such draft, and tho auditor and treasurer alrdl each keep an accu rate record of tho numbor, date and amount of every such draft, specifying the respective fuiuls in favor of which they are drawn; provided, however, that in case of a payment or transfer of money from the state treasury to the county treasury, the same shall be made on the warrant of tbe auditor of state, instead of the draft of tho connty auditor; and in which case tho state auditor shall transmit a triplicate copy of suet warrant to the county auditor to be by him preserved, and a record by him kept of the number, date, fund and amount thereof.. I i t NUMBER 5 O n ....... oec. 9 no money snau ee received into of paid op of the codntyjtreasury, or trans ferred-to" tfny person for disbursement, unless It ee os- the order of the county auditor, ex cepting tfiW the eerotvef paid over by the county treasurer to the state treasurer shall be on the draft of the comptroller aa herein before provided; and in all cases of the pay ment of the canal tolls, rents upon school or ministerial lands, the purchase money for school lands, upon the surredflr of leases or other public dues coming in any wise to the state, collected by any receiver on the ca nal, or public works of the state, or by any register or receiver of any school land office or any other collector or receiver of the pub lic mony other than the state and county treasurers; h shall be tfle dill of such re ceiver, collector, register or other officer re ceiving the same, to take, on paying the same into the county or state treasury as hereinafter provided, triplicate receipts there-, for, which shall specify the fund or funds to which the money so paid belongs, two of which shall be depuaitt-d with the county au ditor of the proper county, or with the audi tor of state, according as such officer may be required to pay such money into the county or state treasury. It shall be the dtnj of the county or state auditor, after making a rec ord ol the amount, fund and date, and names of the parties to such receipt, to transmit one of said receipts to the comptroller at Colum bus, and the comptroller shall, at the close of each month, or at Birch tiree av-sbaM bedeter mfned upon by the auditor of state a S3 compi troller and treaswrer of state acting conjoint lyrdraw a draft in favor of the state treas arer, for the aggregate amount received by each officer. No payment of the public dues shall be valid to discharge the liability to the state, until the said receipts shall be so' deposited wkh the county or state auditor, as the case May Sec. IQ Every receiver on the' canals or public works of state, and every register or receiver of any school land office, and every other collector or receiver of the revenue of the state other tfftti' the stale and county treasurers, shall, as often as may be required pay into the nearest convenient county treas ury, or the state treasury, as the comptroller ahall direct, all moneys by bit- collected or received since making the last payment. Sec. 1 1 An inspection and through exam ination shall be bad of the state treasury, wheaever deeemed necessary, by a commit tee of (he general txavsihW. or oi either branch thereof, authorized bv resolution for that purpose, or by committee of persons, not members of the general assembly, appointed- by- resolution- of the general assemblv. Mid' if shall be tfte duty of the governor, whenever the law or in his opinion the public interests require it, to appoint some compe eeat antf trrikirertby accountant, of the high est ability and skill, who in connection with thw secretary of state, shall immediately. without previous notice or intimation of such tafended examination and inspection 'pVo-'i eeea to make a thorongfrtttfircotnplete exam nation of all the books, vouchers, accounts", records, &c, with those of the auditor of state and comptroller of the treasury, all of which is hereby made the duty of Me said auditor and comptroller, to place at their dis posal on demand. The treasurer of state shall upon demand, submit to the inspection ot such accountant, and the secretary of state or to the committee of the general assembly of either branch thereof, all his books, voucher., accounts, records and other paper?, together with all vaults, safes, rooms or oth apartments of bis office. The treasurer, or any of his clerks, or the auditor or comptrol ler, may be sworn by any of the persons ma King me examination, euner ot whom is hereby authorized to administer oatbs for that purpose. They shall answer all ques tions propounded by such examiners or eith er of them, todchiifg the condition of the treasury, and such examiners, whether ap pointed by the general assembly or either branch thereof, or by the go-remoiyare here by empowered to compel the atlerideace of witnesses,-seaa for persons or papers, and punish for contempt, in tito satire manner ar coartof recor. it on counting the money aff imlSttg saclr eHwiatiof there ehsll be foand tbe fertl sens reqfcrfred" bf tita aecotShts- of tbe auditor ef state and comptroller of the treasury, as well avtbe accounts, books, and legal vouchers of the Treasurer ef state, to gether with all the other property , bbaddse coritiea, claims, assets, ami effects- belonging to the state, and which should be in the cus tody and possession of the treasurer of state the said inspector and secretary cf state ahall certify the same over their official signatures in writing, in triplicate, one of which certi ficates shall be recorded in tbe books of the treasury and filed by tbe treasurer, and one shall be recorded and filed by tbe auditor of state. nd one shall be furnished to the gov ernor in thii executive office, and be recor ded and filed therein; and the a-ountant so appointed, on perfoiming the duties bereiil required, shall be paid by the governor out of his contingent fund, for his service, such compensation not exceeding at the rate of four dollars per day, together with his ne cessary travelling expenses, if any there should be, as the governor may deem just and reasonable; and every certificate, as herein provided, shall also contain a state ment of the exact amount of money so found and counted in the treasury, and the exact amount belonging to each particular fund together with a schedule of all the other property of the state a? above described. Sec. 12. An inspection anu thorough ex amination of all tho books, vouchers, ac counts, moneys, bonds, securiiies and other property in the treasury of each and every county in this state, shall be made by the county auditor and the county commissioners thereof, as often as once in every three utonihsin every year, and iv is hereby made a part of the official dmics ol the judge o' probate of each county, as often as onoe in ! every six months. and uftenerif the JiJ judge ehnll deem it necessary .without notice to any ! P6""' PPui,,t 1,1 writiZunl" he soul of said court, a eoiapetent and trusty accountant, who shall forthwith, without previous notice or insinuation to the county treasurer, of such intended inspection end examination, enter the county treasury and immediately proceed lo count tho money therein, and inspect and examine the book-, records and vouchers, thereof": and if on counting and inspecting the same, there shall be found the full sum of money re quired by tho accounts uf tho auditor, and the account and bouks, and legd voachera of the treasurer, together with all other pro perty, bonds, securities, claims, assets and effects, which should be in the cuxtody and possession of the treasurer; tit said ktspee tor ahall certify the aa-ue iu writing, in tri plicate, oue copy of which certificate shall be recorded iu tho books of the treasury, and filed by the treasurer In hit office, and one copy shall be recorded by the auditor of the County, and one other copy thereof ahall be duly reported to the said probate court, and be entered and recorded therein. And the accountant so appointed, on pfrfntmmgi'he duties herein required, shall be paid at th'9 rate of three dollars per day for tbe tiro ne cessary to the performance of the earn eotit of the county treasury, en a warrant drawn.' by tbe county auditor, and approved by tho certificate ef said court, particularly spec: Ty ing the duty performed. And every eertiff- cate as herein provided, shall also contain statement of the exact amount of money found in and counted in the county treasury and the exact amount belonging to each par rte?V fund, tojfeth?? with , all. property," bonds,' securities, assets and effects as afore-' said. , Sec. 13. On and after the 4th day of fuly, 1858, all payments from the state trea sury of twenty dollars ,amd nnder, and after -the 4th day of July, looV.'aff rfay'nieBts of fifty dollars and under, and after tbe 4th day( of July, i860, all payments (of one, hundred !ftrs and7 under, and afyp t th'e, fiXljifaj of. July, 1861, all payments of two hundred dot-, rars and rrrder, and after, tber4ih,.d.a of Ju ly, 1862 all payments' of three hundred dof fare and under, and after the 4th dejf 6f Ju-. ly, 1863, all paynle&s ct fotj'r.hundred doIr ' lars and under, and after tbe 4th day of Ju-. ly, 1864, nil payments of five .Iwmd'yd dol lar and under, and after tbe 4th day of Ju-, ly, 1865, all payments whatever, shall be. be made in specie. Ail payment made, from the state treasury shall be held to bs made by the treasurer of state. , , Sec. t. On a;lif after" the 4h'dsy of Ju ly, 1858, all payments out of every county, treasury of five dollars and under, and after -tbe 4 th d.iy of July, 1859, all pay menu of. ten dollars and under; after the 4th day of July, 1860, all payments ot twenty dollars and under; after the 4th day of July, 1861, all payments of thirty dollars and ander; af-. terthe 4ih day of July, 18G, all payments of fifty dollars and under; after tbe 4th day of July, 1863, all paymenta of one hundred dol lars and under; after the 4 h day sjf July, 1864; all payments of two hundred dollars and under; and after the 4h day Ju'y, 1865 all payments whatever, sh-ili be made ia specie only. , ec. tfr. Teit irany officer or other peftdhs charged with tbe collection, receipt.' safe keeping, transfer or disbursement of tha . public money, or any part thereof, belonging to ihe State, or to any" county, or township, or organized city or village in this state,' shall convert to his own' use or to 'list) tie of any other r?erson'or persons,.'bot!y ejorpo-, rate, association or party whatever, 'in' any war whatever, or shall use by way of in vestment in any kind of security7, stock-tloan,r property, land or merchandise, or in any, other manner or form whatever, or shall loan, with or without interest, to any. com pany, corporation, association or individual, or shffll'dtfposit' with any compahy&?pbra-. tioa''or individual, any portion of the publia' motley, or any other tunds, property, bonds. securities, assets or efTectr of afiy Wnd, re ceived, controlled, or ncia cy mm lor sat keeping, tranter or disbursement, or in any other way or manner, or for any other pur--. pose; or if any person shall advise, aid, vr in anr manner participate in such act, every such act ahall be deemed'and held in law to be an embezzlement of so much of tha said moneys or other property as aforesoid.as shall Jhtw be converted;' need1, invested, leaned," deposited or paid out as" aforesaid; which is hereby declared to be a high crltn ana mis demeanor, and upon prosecution; trial by in dictment and conrtctton'' thereof before any conrt ol this state having; competent juris diction-;1 each officer or' portion or persons shall be sentenced" to imprisonment ia th penitentiary, and kept at hard labor for a term not less-than one year nor mora thea" tvent-os'6 years, accordingto'the n.-agta-' tude of the embezzlement, and- also, to e' fine equal to double the ahibunt of money or other property so embezzled aforesaid,' which fine shall operate as a judgment at law on all of the estate of the party so coa- 'Tteted and sentenced, and shall 'b enforced to collection' by execution or otter process, ' for the use only of the party or partiea whoa money or other funds, property, bonds, or secu'rit'iisor effects of any kind as aforesaid, -has beea so embezzled. And ia all easaa such fines so operating as a judgment, ahall only be released or entered aa satisfied by the party in interest as aforesaid:- Aytallf", lire or refusal to pay over ertfr produce, tha . public money or any part Uteiaof, by any officer or other person, undertfi'.l(kct, fharg. ed with tbe collection, receipt, transfer," dia- bursemeut or safe keeping of tha public"' money or any part thereof, whether belong ing W the atate, or any county, or towntftip;' or organized city, or incorporated village' ia ' this state, or any other public money what ever; or any failure to account to, or to make settlement with, any proper and legal author ity, of the official accounts of such oflifcer or person, ahall be held and taken as prima facie evidence of such embezzlement. And upon the trial of any such officer or person, for errfteSling public r6ney oader tba'pfo viston of this act, it shall be sufficient evi dence for the purpose of showing a balance Sgaittot such officer or person, lo produce a transcript from tbe books of auditor of atate; ' or somp troller of the treasury, or the auditor ot ine ccumy-jpauu vtiu roiusw w eerer person-, whether in or out of office, to ' pay any draft, order or warren, which may ba drawn upon bim,- by the proper officer, for . ay public rStoney in his hand no matter isf wnai capacity ine aame may nave oesa re ceived or may be held by bira -or any refu-j sal, by any' person-'?' plic ofJj6ermed in this act, to payvovc'rV Ws rjct'wsor'ahy' public moneys, or securities promptly, on tha legal requirement of any authorized officer of the state or county fchall be taken oa tha trial of any indictment' agimrt such officer or person for' etpbezzlemenC as prima faeie evidence of such embezzlement. Sec. 16. If the treasurer of state, or any county treasurer, shall pay out any public money iu any other manner than is provided' in sermons 13 and 14 of Ibis act, every such'' treasure," upon conviction thereof before any ' court having cognizance of tha same shall forfeit and pay, lor every such offence, a fiaa " of not less than twenty nor more than fiva . ' hundred dollars, at Uie discretion" of court trying the same. Sec. 17. This act shall taka effect an and after the first day ot July, 185S WILLIAM B. WOODS, Speaker of the House of Representatives. MARTIN WELKER, Preaident of the Senate. April li, 1858. No. 58 AN ACT Supplementary to an act entitled an act to provide for the division of town-. ships into election precincts, patted March 14th. 1853. Section I. it enact' d by the gen eral eetembly of the ifMe uf Ohio, That it shall be the duty of the county oruumsioners of any county in whirh any township may have been divided into two or moro election precincts, ia' pursuance of tho provisions uf tha acV to. which this is supplementary, apom tiio presentation to them of a petition, signed by ao Uk tWt twelve legal' voters of such township, praying that such township bo re-changed, so a to constitute, as originally, a singla ta cinct, to authorise a vota of tha legal ( electors of aaid towuwhip. at tha Btxi. succeding township or state election, if such petition ahall have been presented twenty days previous to the time or holding such election. See. ii. U shall be tha duty of lla county commissioners to issue an'o'rder to the tiusteea of iieh township, at leaat fifteen daye before the next aueosfdiog townxhip or atata aletlion next after tha fx nir of euch petition ia un ui- tor'a ofliea of such couutv. notify in ihn nf tha nendener' and VTmyvt 01 aid petition and commanding tbam ta give notice to tho qualJied electors of euoh township to vote for or against such proposed change.