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f I vr r H I fir lit .1-1 r I- WrtttsK tor 0 D-slMWsre i coan'fiinnttJ , a tt't and Tim Sam fate-swift O'ar U tlx put. u la kl cold wbniea - 'finvU stt s al baaotttsl, or wfccas ' - ftuAiiMiiMi in ban of sileiiea s'rikss faoss wards. drv bidden, ss Mr spirit 'S fcuhtimttaotJrll:iD(?not irf melody. . ha ilMfit eorrldors of Urn, and ll!a Srws a M a H mnw wur asaav oiiauiia w . ,.; ; Our swans vuk dm)M usus f tor ; said sdorsUoa. rmrtl! and Ac bright j-lorloi tonsfclnS . J i. Of a auxW lore, tang since shadowed - ' i TUhIIm cloBda of doth, t-aamaoa th asart f morn's bloahm lighi.ajad hwroiM,. -is So woll mxmisral ss the murmnrinis . -'; Oflhe far-off mmivr tree. whinoerta amur On tb air. whjle the SIM abras of '" 6 Earal Iowa as thrtco balloarKf prarara. and Is MA , : , And grassr sod (seta toe soft Uliio taps ... -1 tMlleimirj'adTOpptaaw. ...i., , ! .-.-'ii ii'ajtoiaralilsloalaicaialor'adrmcaariroV lis'-' f. :- Waen r.rn br her love alT-tiiau'a eords . 3. Knlarme lanss tnouaK ehambera tile a Varea that the grave a cold might can harm sax, - i Korihmth'a dark roiling- Mltoaraerer break. . . Farewell ! and viclrion angnla bear; . The Uutels of hard-earned rie-orr, an from - - i t . -Thia pilar mae of life some new Hedged aoul la borne np to lb presesee-cbamber of " Toe Infinite. . ; r -" rareweU ! while fur-off twhik'ine; atara shall chant - And awell heaveae swretest dipjjw, a a! , " -.Karth'e hleh anthem s-:n the mKIi'y zamas . , This 111 be the knell of hope and fear. -. . i UTeterlotia word ! at whose ead rmie my heart Wtia n me burns, for o'er nalure'a ioveliast ahrjtea There the mnte of ts cadence awepelb. TraasportinK word ! it bear me on toy wefhra ; ; p ! Kbb aw ft for at t soand It e pasthafl jriro - Its tranaiires up the Kale of pearl auifold- . The elrrual glory daa na ! - , WHERE DOES OLD AGE BEGi.V 1 n Le("t to popular vote; hardly : any two would agree as to the point of time at which youth deserts us and old age mounts guard. That point of time is not .an orbixrary one, but M governed by (be circumstances of each case; some men of forty-live -being older tnn others at sixiy. The line of demarka tion, too, is oftener controlled by the mental condition than we are fipt to suppose. The rt of growing old gracefully depends solely upon the disposition,' and of all arts is the one which should be the most studied. Life is so short, that, so far as possible, it should be perpetual youth, and in keeping the. af feuiona and sympathies fresh and green, much cart be done towards ' securing such halcyon days here below. ; . By breaking down the 'barriers between youth and age,a.id establishing terms of inti macy such as mark the intercourse of associ ates there can be a system of barter carried on mntuolly beneficial.' Age' will bctow upon youth its cheerful lessons of wisdom, and in "return- receive the 1 vig-or, freshness and heartiness of-ihe .early years. Thus one will be Strengthened and ihe other in vigorated. In the last Atlantic, tho Auto crat of the 13.-eakt'ast Table has an article upon the point of time when old age begins upon which the Boston Courier admirably comments thus: "We cannot quite agree with some of the Autocrat's notions, however.- He makes old age tegin ' too soon.: In our childhood we sued to hold such opinion ourselves. We remember the time when forty seemed a most venerable number of years to have lived. But it wasa childish notion and we have long got rid of it., Cacur, in a more exbaustingclimate called the Roman young till fifty. Forty fire, aciording to. our present views, matured by the reBectioii of many years, is quite loo early a period lor the beginning of hoary Age: ' It is -a mistake to suppose that less luel is then consumed than betore. On the contrary, we have found that more is required to keep -the. machinery in motion. The -. natural vigor, is not yet diminished;- the hair is not yet grey, except in peculiar cases which have nothing to do with years, . - , ; " At fifty, even, the appetites are as healthy and vigorous, the' imagination as lively, the dreams of ambition as absorbing, as acihirty. No, niv friend Autocrat. ' The earliest pe riod we cart allow you to begin to call a man old, is sixty; from' sixty to seventy-five be ought-to enjoy 'a hearty age; from that to the close of his life, he should gently de scend the down-hill,- and so puss away. Me grow oltl early, because they think they must.., vTler;S W no: necessity, nojuslifiea- tion lor suou a. proceeding., ;;. l Jwaa not so in old times, pr rather in young: times of the world's history. . We ;do, not speak of the age of Me'thusalab; that was very well, but little tedious.' But we can call up from sanr claswca); recollections an example or Jwft' , isocrates was a moderate case. He had a work oh his hands' at the age ol' nine ty-eight, which bis inerds advised him to finish, because something might h'appenl He finished it, and a year or two-afterwards when thpedishunest v jctory " of Clueronea i tried to ''kiH by report the old man eloquent" it cowld'nt ' do it. ; lis starved himselt to death. Gorgias, the sophist, lived to one hundred and twenty years, and died with an antithesis opon his lips, t Cut there is no need if ' multiplying exnmples. The fact undoubted, that the natural commencement of old age is hot at forty-Bve, by a good deal. Let men btrt resolye to live out iheir days let them divide their lives into reas onable and proper sutions, instead of rush ing at such railway speed over the road ot cxisience, and coming to tlie terminus before thcirjourney is half over, and then ve shall see the condition of . mortality lake an en couraging upward; tendency. Then we should not be in such a terrible hurry; we should have' time enough to accomplish all our tasks' deliberately and thoroughly, and to rr pose on our laurels, without worrying uusrelves with the fear that we shall lose our only chance to gain a second wreath of tueai.: ' " "'!- ''".' A man's moral worth is not to be graduat ed by his negative virtues; the evil he mere ly refrains from doing; but by tha amount of temptation he overcomes. He is not to be judged by h:s victories. Many a man passes through life without a spot on his character, who, notwistunding, never struggled so brave- lv as he who fell and was disgraced. , The latter may have called to. his aid more prin ciple, resisted more evil, before he yielded than ?he former either from circumstances or his pi'sica'l "constitution, was et er called to rl. It would be as u.nualuraI. it would re n..,.-c as reat an effoTt for' the coll. phleg matic and passionless being to be vhement, wild and headlong, as to." tn wr7 a,,u "- pestuoua man to. be quiet and emu jpnieFS. Victory is nothing. It depends upon the nature of the conflict and the odds overcome. Greater generalship, cooler bravery, and lof tier effort may be shown in one defeat than in a hundred victories. We have no patience with those moralists of mere animal organi zation, who place the finest wrought spirits God ever let visit earth, on their iron bed stead, and stretch and clip according to the simple rule of long-measure. A higher, just er standard is needed. WOMAN AS DEFINED BY THE CHINESE The Strong-Minded Woman is a Dragon in "a night cap. The Stupid Woman hatch es egg-plums. The Obstinate Woman goes to sea in a band-box. The Patient Woman roasts an ox with a burning glass. The Cu rious Woman would like to turn the rainbow to see what there is on the other side. The Yulgar Woman is s spider attempting to spin silk, f he Cautious Woman writes her prom ises on slate. The Extravagant Woman burps s wax candle in looking for a lucifer match. The Happy Wpm,an di ed in a BJind, Deaf and Dumb Asylqm, years ago. TBIIK AS PREACHING, The Philadelphia Evening Argus says: No man can borrow himself out of debt. If you wish for relief, you must work for it, e canomise fqr it. , You must make more and spend " less than you did while you were running in debt." You must wear homespun instead of ' broadcloth, drink water instead ol champaign, and rise at four instead of seven. Industry, frugality, ecomomy these are the handmaids of wealth, and the sura sources of relief. A dollar earned is worth ten bor rowed, and a dollar saved is better than forty times its amount spent useless gewgaws. Try enr scheme, and see if it is not worth thoocand baoka and luatioi. law. ; K . SB A., ltd :) ,. Y, e . -. - j,J' f & W'X' 4-.- i; ., J -J- XV. !:1 VOL. XL!. Cbtnese tt'ar, Prisons, aaat n'xccailont. , . The advices from China by the last steam er are to February 27th, and . state that the Chinese forces are mustering in large num bers arouud Canton, with the determination to retake the city. The Chinese maoit'es; no disposition to negotiate for peace, and dispatches are said to have reached Paris de manding reinforcements. The determina tion of the Allied Powers to capture Ptkin the present year bad been giveu up, though not the intention of the Commissioners to proceed to the northward of Canton The "outside barbarians" by the capture of Governor Yen nave obtained an inside view of the horrible barbarities practiced un der his administration. A more Urocious system of rule or a more brutal sjIot never disgraced any country or age of the world. It seems that in the space of two years this uiandariun caused no less than seventy thou sand "rebels" to be executed in Can ton, and that the mode of execution rivals that of the most degraded savages. The prisuns of Can ton too are of the worst descriplMjMid the treatment of prisoners is horrible an the ex treme." We append some extracts from the Canton corrt-i-j!odece of the London Times : . JillS OF CAKI05. . . Lord Eriin and the commissioners have made a tour of inspection to the jailsof Can ton, and the results of their experience have been set forth in the China Mail as follows: Each of these establishments contains sev eral different prisons, and the description oi one ol these will answer for the whole. It was entered by an open court yard about fif teen yards long by six broad. This court yard is paved with granite slabs, and tolerably clean and airy, thank to the rain, wind and tun to which it is exposed; on each side of the yard are three compartments or dens, each about five yurds long by four broad-, and seperated from each other and from tire court yard by double rows of posts, similar to those which are used in barricading the doors of the common Chinese houses in Hong Kong, the posts of one row Suing between tbns posts of the other row, leaving space barely tor a man to pass his hand through. The doors of five of these six rooms were open, the whole of the prisoners having access to the open yard, inside are boards and trus sels, on "which the prisoner lie, the floor being, as far as could be judged from the filth with which it Was .covered, as nature formed it pf earth; the height of the rooms is am ple enough, and, on the whole, the prisoners were far better than we had expected, and, if properly kept, would have no cause for complaint. -. On entering, the warning voice of the turnkey drove the poor wretches into their dens, but a tap on the head soon silenced th'13 officious personage, and the friendly voice of a toreigner telling them in Chinese to come out, soon brought about seventy creatures on their kness fjetore. such messengers ef hu manity ' as had never before stood in that horrid place. ' The sight of these poor crea tures was dreadful; their forms diseased and emaciated their eyes irizing in, astonish ment, with the vacant stare cf lunatics their filthy rags dropping from them thejr Jiairl.to the treasury of the township where unshorn and uncombed, long and horribly f Rnch complainant may reside, for. the stiff, black and abundant, in a-.vful contrast with their pale and gastly features; there they knelt, trembling with cold, weakened by starvation, and in some cases apparently callous even to the event so strange and wonderful it must have been to them which was then taking place, of an inquiry into their condition by foreign occupants of the city. All the horrors of an English prison, poor house ad Itmatic asylum wrere ln?re accumu lated, without a single one of the redeeming features which mark t!i'sj establishments in our own more civilized coun'ry. The prisoners were ordered to stand op, ami then questioned, while some of -th-3 visitors went into the cells to examine th-em. ' Jiany of the poor wretches were actually too weak to come out ot their ite to thank their deliv erers (foreigners, officer and soldiers,) it ihe court yard of the prisos. Lengthened suffeiing, incarceration, had produced that callousness which, wiih excessive weakness prevented them from coming to see a sight they hud never before witnessed. They were told to go outside, and managed to raise their scarecrow figures, and stagger along in trout of their foreign visitors. One poor child, a boy of thirteen years of age, was also a prisoner in this horrible place. He was told to get up, but, with an emp'y idiotic smile on his face, he merely raise i j his eyes and sliufiled a few inches along on j the board on which he was sitting; he was a prisoner for rebellion! The poor creature nad net strength enough to stand ; his limbs were frightful to look at literally he was a living skeleton, and two of ihe abler prison ers carried him out. The five dens were emptied and while Mr. Parkes was talking with their late inmates, the other foreigners looked intothe sixth den, the door was closed. It is difficult to realize the horrible nature of the contents of that room. As the door open ed a piteous lamentable cry arose from about twenty human beings, not one of whom could stand. Death's grip was hard on many of them; there 'M one poor fellow lying crouciiCi! on tne ground in a corner, his ribs actually protruding ne dead! Yes. tba living, the oying, the bleeding, the sirvlnS the sick, the diseased, and the dead, were all congregated in this one hole. These poor creatures who were howling from pain and hunger, might, and were it not for this visit would soon have followed their dead comrade, who still shared their wretched charnel house to where alone they could look for release to their sufferings the grave. One of their number could spetik English pretty fluently and from him it was ascertained that the whole of them had that day been beaten. Not one of them could walk, and it was dreadtul to see the agony they suffered in trying to drag their bleeding forms into the open air. Some bad been beaten on the thighs, others on the feet and ankles, and they were all ironed, notwithstanding they were not able to stand, much less to escape. : THE FIELD OF BLOOD OF CANTON. Threading our way under the guidance of some experienced friends, we came to a car penter's shop, fronting the entrance to a small potter's field. It is qot a rood in area, of an irregular shape, resembling most an oblong. A row of cottages opeu into it on one side; there is a well on the other. . The ground is covered with half-baked pottery; there are two wooden crosses, formed of un- barked wood, standing in an angle. with a shred of rotting rope hanging from. one of them. There is nothing to fix the attention in this small enclosure, except that you stum ble against a hunaaa skull now and then as you walk along it. .This is the Aceldama, the field of blood, the execution ground ot Canton. 7 The; upper part aUtbat carpenter's shoo is the place where nearly all the kuro- pean residents have, at the price of a dollar each, witnessed the wholesale massacres of which Europe has heard with hesitating skep ticism. It ww within thia yard that the monster Yeh has within two years destroyed the life 70,000 human beings. The crosses are ihe instruments to which .those victims were tied who were condemned to the spe cial torture of being sliced to death. ' Upon one of these the wile of a rebel general was placed, and by Yen's order her flesh wascut from her body. . After the. battle of Whampoa the rebel leader escaped, but . his wife fell into the hands of Vebrr-that was how he treared his prisoner.- Her breasts were first cutoff, then her forehead was slashed and the ski-n torn down over her face, then the fleshy parts ol the body were sliced away. There are Eng lishmen yet alive who saw this done, but at what period of the butchery sensation ceas ed and death cam e to this poor innocent wo man, none can tell. The fragment of the rope which now hangs to one of the crosses was used to bind the woman who was cut up for murdering her husband. The sickening details of the massacres perpetrated on this spot have been related to me by those who have , seen them, and who take shame to themselves whiie they confess that after wit nessing one execution by cutting on the cross, the rapidity and dexterity with which the mere beheading was done, deprived the exe cution of a hundred men of half its horror. The criminals were brough t down in gangs if they could walk, or brought down in chairs and shot out into the yard. The execution ers then arranged them in rows, giving them a blow behind which forced out the head and neck, and laid them convenient for the blow. Then came the warrant of death. It is a banner. As soou as it waved in sight, with out verbal order beinggiven, the work began. There was a rapid succession ot dull crunch ing sounds chop, chop, chop, chop. No second bio w was ever dealt, for the dexterous man slavers are educated to their work. Until they can with their heavy swords slice a great bulbous vegetable as thin as we slice a circamberj they are not eligible for the of fice. Three seconds a head ssiBces. In one minute five executioners clear off 100 lives. It takes rather longer for the assistants to cram the bodies into rough coffins, especially as yoa nrght see them craming two into one shell, that they might embezzle the spare wooden box. The heads were carried off in boxes; the saturated earth was of value as manure. ; . Laws of Ohio. . . PUBLISHED BT. AUTHORITY. No. 125.1 - AX .ACT. To prevent the running at large of bulls, boars arri bricks.. ; Section 1. Be it enacted by ihe Gen eral Assembly of the State of Ohio, That if the owner of any bull, boar or buck, shall allow the same to go at large out of his enclosure, he shall for--fei. the sunt of Ifive dollars for such -offence,: to be recovers d.on complaint before any justice, of the peace of the connty in which sncb owner, may live; and twice that amount ' on any subse-. mient eou.vietion; said penalty to s;o in benefit of common schools; Provided, that such complaint shall be prosecu ted within thirty Jays uext alter sncb animal shall be found going at large as aforesaid. Sec.. 2. In addition to the penalty prescribed in the foregoing section, tbe owner of any bull, boar or buck tlixs fonnd going at large, shall ba liabl-s tr tlve owner of any cow, s-beep or swine; for any ami all damages arising from tho going at large of such animals as. aforesaid,. to be recovered on suit brought befovo any court of competent jurisdiction. Sec. 3. This act to be in force on, and after tho first day of May 1858. WILLIAM B. WOODS, &pe:iker of the House of Rep's. MARTIN WELKEtt, President of the Seriate. April 12, 1853. No. 12a.) AN ACT supplementary to an act crrtrslWt an act prescribing the duties of Super visors, and relating to Roads and Highways-, passed February loth, 1S53; and to repeal atv act entitled an act prescribing "He duties of Su pervisors, and relating to Roads, and Highways, passed April Stir, 8')G; Also, prescribing the duties of County Commissioners, Connty Au ditors, Township Clerks, and Super visors; Also, to repeal certain other acts therein named. Section 1. Jie it enacttd hy the yen end assembly of the State of Ohio, That the Commissioners of tho respec tive counties in the state of Ohio, are hereby authorized to levy at the Marjh session of their board, annually, for road and bridge purposes in counties where the taxable property in the coun ty exceeds the sum of fifty millions of dollars, not less than one twenty-fifth part of a mill, nor more than one-fifth of a mill. In counties of twenty-five millions of taxable property, and less th:: fifty millions, not less than one twentieth pari of a mill, nor more than one-half of a mill. In counties less thaa twenty-five millions of taxa ble property, and more than ten mil lions, not less than one-tenth of a mill, nor more than one mill. In counties where the taxable property is less th?n ten millions, and over five millions of dollars, not less than one-half mill, nor more than two mills. In counties where the taxable property is less than five millions of dollars, the levy shall not be less than one-half mill, nor more than three mills; and no other road or bridge tax, shall be levied by the coun ty .commissioners; Provided that in counties where the commissioners of any county have made the levies for road and bridge purposes for the year 1858, that they may at their June, ses sion for 1858, increase the levies in'ac cordauce with the provisions of this act, and in counties where no road and bridge taxes have been assessed that the county commissioners may at their June session for 1858, make the levies provided for in .this act. Sec. 2. If the trustees of any town ship in this state, shall deem an addi tional road tax necessary, in addition to the amount levied by the commis sioners of their county, they shall de termine the additional percentnm tf ba levied upon tUa taxable property of their respective townships, not escap ing two taUk Oft Ue dollar wltera the taxable property of tlto county ia which such, township ia located does, not ex--ceed six . millions of dollars,, and not exceeding one mill where said taxable DELAWARE, OHIO, MAY 21, 1858. property does not exceed that amount, and certify the same in writing to the connty auditor, on or before the first Monday of June, in each year, and the auditor of the connty shall assess the same together with tbe per centnm lev ied by the commissioners, on the tax able property- in the townships; and tho auditor of the connty shall, on or before the third Monday in June, in each year, forward the list of the road taxes, (except that part set apart by tbe commissioners for bridge purposes) made out as provided by the twenty aighth section of the act, to which til is is supplementary, to the clerk of each township, who shall immediately make out a list for each supervisor, of all persons in his district against whom any road tax may ttand charged, - to gether with the amount of snch Jax charged against each person; and each supervisor, shall notify every snch per son agreeable to the provisions of :the thirtj-fourth section of tho act, to which this is supplemental, to work out the same on the public highway. See 3. The connty commissioners may set apart snch portion of theroad tax, by them levied, as they may deem proper, to be applied to the building or repairing bridges in their respective counties, which pi oportioti, so set apart shall be calla-l a bridge fund, and shall bo entered on the duplicate of taxes, for the connty, by the Auditor of the comity, in a separate column from the other levies for road purpo se's, and shall be collected in money, and expended undar tho direction' of the commissi 3ners of the county, in the building or repairing of bridges, or both. Sec. 4. The co-nnty commissioners of each connty shall, on the first Mon day of June next and thereafter annu ally on the first Monday of March, or' dining their March session, determine npon a day not later than the first of Jvovember, when the labor on the roads and highways in their respective coun ties shall be completed, and also the time, not later than the fifteenth of Sep tember, when the supervisors shall no tify persons, in their respective districts of the amount of road ta assessed against them, which time so determin ed, shall be certified to tho clerk of each" township in the proper county by the auditor thereof within thirty days there after and the time so determined -shall be inserted in the bond of each super visor. - Sec; 5. Any person charged with a road tax, may discharge the same, (ex cept that set apart for bridge purposes) by labor on the public highway, with in the district where the same is char ged, prior to the time designated by the commissions s of the county, for the completion of the labor on the pnb- lie highways, at the rate of one dollar per day, tor each day's work, of an. able bodied man," and a ratable allow ance per day for any team and ' imple- mcnts furnished: by any : person, muter the direction of the supervisor of such district, who shall give to every such person a certificate specifying the amount of tax so pai l in labor, and the district and township, wherein such labor was performed; also, that such work was done between tho first day of April and the day designated by the commissioners tor the completion of all labor upon the roads and highways; which certificate shall in no case be giv en tor any greater stun than the road tax char ;eil against such person, and the countv treasurer shall receive all such certificates as money, in the dis clvaige of said road tax, and in case the bolder of Mich certificate shall de sire to pay taxes by semi-annual instal ments such certificate may be received in tho payment ot the December in- . stallmeut and the one-half part thereof credited on the June payment; all road tuxes shall be placed upon the tax du plicate, and collected by tho connty treasurer, in the same uumiur as other taxes, except ah herein provided. Sec. 6. All road tuxes collected by the conty Vreasu-rer, shall be paid over to the treasurer ot tle township, from which the same were eolleeied, and shall be expended on tire public ruanlj of the several road lin trrcts in the township from which tire said taxes were collected, a-nucr the direction of Ue trHSteeif of lire proper township. Sec, 7. That all such persons as-a-re re quired by tbe first section to which this act is supelemeutary, to do and perforin two days labor on thf public highways shall do and perform the same between the first day of April, and the time fixed upon by the com missioners of their respective "comities of each year which time shall be fixed by the commissioners at their March session. In the vear 1859, and until that time the labor shall be perlbrmed between the first day ol October next; Provided, that no person shall be discharged or released from such la bor, by the nejlect or the supervisor to noti fy him to perform 'feuch labor, before the time designated by tbe commissioners. Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the town ship clerk of each luwnship, to make out and deliver to each supervisor within his towi'5hip, within ten days after the annual eivyUOll ill a,''U i truuu J cqi , a, iraiidiit, authorizing Bud requiring such supervisor, to call upon all persons in bis district, who are, by the first section of the act, pre scribing the duties of supervisors and rela ting 10 roads and highways, passed February 13, 1854, liable to perform two days labor on the puolic highway, wnicn snail sec lunn the bounds of such district or roads, to be worked by such supervisors, which certifi cate shall be received, as evidence, in any court, 1 of the election and qualification of the suit brought by him, for the violation or non-performance of any of the provisions of this act, or that the act to which this is sup plemental and which warrant may be in the words and figures lollowing, (except the blanks to be filled by the clerk): SrATEOF Ohio, sis. County Township. To Supervisor of Road District No. in said Township Gbeetino. You are hereby commanded to notify all persons in your district, who are liable to perform two days labor on the public high way, under the laws of this state to perform the same, under your direction, between the times fixed by the commissioners, for the performance of the labor, on the public high way, and that you returned this warrant j to the trustees of said township, with tho names of all persons in your road district, who are liable to do two days' labor, on the public highway, showing the names of delinquents if any, and the cause of such -delinquency, on the first Monday of March next, at in said township. A. B., Township Clerk. tweva Bee. 9. It is hereby made the duty of the I township clerk, to make out a list, attached to, or accompanying said warrant, of all per- J sons liable to perform two days labor, on j ms puouc nguway, as near as the same.can oe .scertameu ny stscn clerK; am the super- ; visor is nereay nuitionzetf ana required, to ' j. , i . .1 . z;:,r'.z ::z.:s tri .....1. 1 ...... , . . ..Lib uuiH.L-u u v sum cicm, who may have subsequently come within Douncs or such: road district. Sec. 10. Tbe supervisor shall take and j linguished oiliccr of the American Army, subscribe an oath, on the back of such war- j played an important part. The story beino rant, to faithfolly d schsrge his duties as su- j of a most Ihrillin-r nature, and esidbitino- in pervisor, which oath may be administered by the township clerk, or any person authorized to administer oaths. Sec. 11. For violation or non-performance of the provisions of this set, the tovr k hip clerk and -supervisor, shall each be lia ble to fine of five d 'liars, to be recovered by the treasurer of said township, in a civil action, -before any justice of the peace in such township, and the money arising there from, shall be apportioned by the trustees, for the improvement of roads and highway? within die township. Sec. 12. That the act entitled an act to amend ihfe act prescribing the duties of su pervisors, and relating to roads and highways, passed April 7, 1854, and the act entitled an act 10 amend the act prescribing the du ties of supervisors, and relating to roads and highways, passed April 29th, 1854; and also an act entitled an act supplemental to an act prescribing the duties of supervisors, and re lating to roads and highways, pissed April 8th, 1856; and the seventh section of the act of February 13th, 1853, be, and the same is hereby repealed. This act to take effect and be force after its passage. j -WILLIAM B. WOODS, Speaker f the House of Representatives. MARTIN WELKER, ; President of the Senate April 12, 1S58. No. 127, AN ACT To amend an act passed 5lrcb 37 23 1357, entitled an act to organize and disci pline the Militia and volunteer Militia. Sec. I, Be it enacted by the General As sembly ot the State of Ohio, That the sec ond section of ;arf act lir organize and dis cipline the militia aftd volunteer militia," passed Hard 28, 1857, be so amended as to read as follows : S.'C. 2. That the militia of this State shall be orgairzd into divisions, as follows, viz i . the cou nty of Hamilton shall form the first division; The counties of Butler, .Warren, ..Montgomery and Preble, shall form the second division; the counties of Darke, Miami and Shelby shall form the third division; the counties of Mercer, Au glaize, Allen, Van Wert, and Putnam, shall form the fourth division; the counties of Paulding, Defiance, Williams, Fulton, Hen ry, and Lucas, shall form the fifth division; the counties of Wood, Ottawa, Sandusky, and Seneca, shall form the sixth division; the counties of Hancock, Wyandott, Craw ford, Marion and Hardin, shall form the sev enth division; the counties of Logan, Union, Champaign,' Clark, and Madison shall form the cfghffi division; the crJitnties of Greene, Fiiyette, Clinton and Highland shall form the ninth division; the counties of Clermont, Erown and Adams shall form the tenth divi sion; the counties xf Riss, Pilse, Scioto, Lawrence and Jackson shall form the elev enth division; the counties- of Oallia, Meigs, Athens, Vinton, Hocking and Washington shall form the twelfth division; the counties of Franklin, Piekawr.y and Fairfield shall form the thirteenth division; the counties of Licking, Muskingum and Perry shall (orm the fourteenth division; the counties of Del aware, Knox and Morrow shall form the fif teenth division; the cotrirtses of Richland, Ashland and Wayne shall form the sixteenth division; the counties of Huron, Erie, Lo rain and Medina shali form the seventeenth division; the counties of Cuyahoga, Summit and Portage shall form the eighteenth divi sion; the counties of L ike, Getuiga, Ashtu-. bula and Trumbull !-hll form the nineteenth division; the counties of Mahoning, Colum biana, Stark and Carroll shall form the twen tieth division ; the counties of Holmes, Co shocton and Tuscarawas shrill form the twenty-first division; the counties of Jefferson, Harrison and Belmont shhll form the twen ty second division; the counties of Morgan, Noble, Monroe and Guernsey shall form the twenty-third division. Sec. 2. That t'hn orteirral section two of the net to which thin is an amendment, be and the same is. hereby repealed. Sec. 3. This act shall lake effect from and alter its passage. WILLIAM B WOODS, Speaker trf the House of Representatives. MARTIN WELKER, President of the Senate Secretahy of State's Office, ) Columbus, Apiil 13, 1853. y I hereby certify tlrat the foregoing nets are true copies of the original o!l now on file in tins office. A. P.. RUSSELL-, Secretary A State. Auditob's Office,)' DexawarS, May 20, 1858. I hereby certify that tho foregoing acts are correctly copi?d. L. W. RHODES, Auditor of Delaware Connty. Children's Rtstits. Lucy Stone has been delivering a series of lectures in New York upon her favorite topic. The Times is slightly sarcastic in it comments. It says: - But will not somebody and we ask Mrs. Lucy's, attention to this inquiry will not some progressive philanthropist organize a movement for the emancipaMon of children! As a class they are vastly more down trodden than women, for. the very women domineer over them. The wrongs suffered by those whose misfortune it is to be under twenty one years are harrowing to contemplate. Equally with women they ure excluded from the suffrage; that inalienable and universal right. When thry labor their wages arc comparatively small; even less than the wages of women. Are they not habitually tyrannized over by parents and pedagogues ! Nay, sometimes barbarously flogged. By what process shall the juvenility be disenthralled! Obviously by Blrs. Lucy s panacea. Let them- vote. Possibly they may be less thoroughly versed in politics than men, but are they not far more inno cent! Enlarge your plan, Lucy Stone. When you go to the polls take with you your babes and sucklings. Have not they as well as youreslf, their mother, and Mr. Blackwell, their father, a right to p-artici'pate in thetlovernment! Who shalldeny ilf We have reports from nearly every State in the Union and all coincide in pronouncing the present season one of the most propiti ous ever known. a way . taDYEK-:xsEvzliT. t THE PEItlLS OF THE BORDER. While reading recently an account of the rightful massacre of several white families by the Slackfoot Indians, we were reminded va i Milium" .wtrtii, w nun ucturreu in - west.- a suori tune subsequent to the Revolution, in which a hklilv accom. j plished young Judy, tire daughter of a dis- a striking manner the "Perils of the Bor dcr," we have concluded to give an extract from it, as originally published, as follows 1 The angle on the right bank of the Great Kanawha, formed by its juretiwn With the Ohio, is culled Point Pleasant, and is a place of historical note. Here, on the 10th of October, 1774, during what is known ssLord Dumnore's War, was fought one of the fiercest and moat desperate battles that ever took place between the Virginians and their forest foes. - After the battle in question, in which the Indians were defeated with great loss, a fort was here erected by the victors, which be came a post of great importance throughout the sanguinary scenes of strife which al most immediately followed, and which in thia section of ihe country were continued for many years after that establishment of peace which acknowledged the United Col onies of America a free and independent nation. At the landing of the fort, on the day our story opens, was fastened a flat-boat of the kind used by the early navigators of the Western rivers-. Upon the deck of this boat, at the moment we present the scene to the reader, stood five individuals, alike engaged in watching a groop of persons, mostly females, who were slowly approaching the landing. Of these ftve, one was a stoat, sleek negro, in partial livery, awi evidently a house or body ser vant; three were boatmen and borderers, as indicated by their rough, bronzed visages and coarse attire; but the fifth was a young man, some two-and-twenty years of age, of a fine, commanding person, and a clear, open, in telligent countenance; and in the lofty cai riage of his bead in the gleam of his laige, bright, hazel eye there was something which denoted one of superior mind but as we shall have occasion in the course of our narrative to fully set forth , who and what Eugene Fairfax was, we will leave him for the present, and turn to the approaching group, whom he seemed to be regarding with lively interest. Of this group, composed of a middle-aged man, and four females, with a black female servant following some five or six paces in the reari there was one whom the most ca sual eye would have singled. out and rested upon with pleasure. The lady, in question, was apparently about twenty years-of age, of a slender and graceful figure, and of that peculiar cast of feature, which, besides be ing beautiful in every lineament, rarely falls to affect the beholder with something like a charm. . t ' - " -; - i I Her traveling costume -a fine brown hab it, high in tbe neck, buttoned closely over tbe bosom, and eoming down to her small, pretty feet, without trailing on the ground was both neat and becoming, and with her riding cap and its waving ostrich- plume, set gaily above her flowing curls, her appearance contrasted forcibly with the rough, unpol ished looks of those of her sex beside her, with their liasey bed-gowns, scarlet flannel petticoats, and bleached linen caps. " Oh, Blanche," said one of the inore ven erable of her female cempatiiorra, pursuing a conversation which had been maintained since quitting the opea fort behind them, "I cannot bear to let you go for it jnst seems to me as if something were going to happen to yuu. and when 1 feel that way something generally does happen." " Well, hunt," returned Blanche, with a light laugh, "I do not doubt in the least that something will Iwppen tor i expect one of these days to reach ray dear father and blessed mother, and give them sucii an em brace as is due from a dutiful daughter to her parents and that will be something that had not happened for tivo long years at least." " But. I, don't mean that, Blanche,' re turned the other, somewhat petulantly; "and you just lau"h like a iir.v and thou'-htless ! girl, when you ought to be serious. Because 1 you iiave come sate thus far, through a par- ! tiaiiy settled country, yuu think, perhaps, your own pretty lace will ward off danger in the more perilous wilderness but 1 warn you that a fearful journey is bet'oro you ! Scarcely a boat descends the O ho that does not encounter more or less peril from the savages that prowl along either shore: and some of them that go down freighted with human life, are heard e-t no morer and none ever return totell- the tale." But why repeat this to me, dear aunt." returned Blanche, with a more seriows air, "when you know it is my destiny, either g mil or bad, to attempt the voyage ! My parents have sent for me to join them in- their dew home, and it is my duty to go to then, be the peril what it may." "You never did know what it was to fear!" oursued the good woman-,-rather proudly. "No!" she repeated, turning to the others, 'Blanche Bertrand never did know what it was to fear, 1 believe !" ,Just like her father !" joined in the hus band of the matron, the brother of Blanche's mother, the commander of the station, and the middle-aged gentleman mentioned as one of Ihe party; "a true daughter of a irua sol dier. Her father, Colonel Philip Bertrand, God bless him for a true heart ! never did seem to know what it was to fear and Blanche is jtirt like him." By this time the parties had reached the boat; and the young man already described Eugene Fairfax, the secretary of Blanche's father at once stepped forward, and in a po - liin and ,lni'irntifil man nor. offered his hand to the different females, to assist them on board. The hand of Blanche was the lust to touch his and then but slightly, ns she sprung quickly and lightly to tho deck but a close observer might have detected the slight flush which mantled his noble, expres sive features, as his eye for a single instant met hers. She might herself have seen it, perhaps she did, but there was no corres ponding glow on her own bright, pretty face, as she inquired, in tho calm, dignified tone of one having tho right to put the question, and who might also have been aware of the ine quality of position botween herself and him she addressed : Eugene, is everything prepared for our departure! It will not do for our boat to spring a leak again, as it did in coming down the Kanawha lor it will not bo safe for us. 1 am told, to touch either shore between the different forts and trading posts on our route this side of our destinaiion-i-theFU oflhe Ohio." NUMBER7, " No, indeed !" rejoined her aunt, quickly, "it will be as much as your lives are worth to venture a foot from the- main current of the Ohio---for news reached us only, the oth er day, that many boats had been attacked this spring, and several loaf, with all off board. ' So one feels more concerned about the safe passage of Miss Bertrand than myself," replied Eugene, in a deferential tone " and j since our arrival here, I have left nothing unJone that I thought might possibly add to her security and comfort." "Thit is true, to my personal knowledge," joined in the nncle ol" Blanche; '-and I thank you, Mr. Fairfax, in behalf of my fair kins woman. There will, perhaps," he pursued, "be no great danger, so lonj as you keep in the current; but your watch must not be ne glected for a single moment, either night or day; and do not, I moat solemnly charge and warn you, under any circumstances, or on any pretence whatsoever, suffer yourselves 10 be decoyed to either shore I" " 1 hope we understand cur duty better. Colonel," said one of the men respectfully. ' Idoubt it not," replied the? commander of the Point: " I believe you are alt faith ful and true men, or you would not have been selected by the iigenl of Colonel Ber trand, for taking down more precious freight than you ever carried before; but still the wisest and best men have lost their lives bv giving var to the most earnest appeals of hu manity. Yoi understand what I mean! White men. apparently in the greatest dis solves as having just escaped from the Indian-, tress, will hail your boat, represent them and beg of you, for the love of God, in the most pitying lones, to come to their relief; but turn a deaf ear to them- to each and all of them even should you know the plea ders to be of your own kin; for in such a case yow own brother might deceive you not wiiruffy and voluntarily, perhapa--'-out be cause of being goaded on by the BaVages, themselves concealed. Ves, such thine have been known as one friend being ; thus 4-sed to lure another to his destruction; and so be cautious, vigitent,brave and true, and may the good God keep you all from harm!-" As he finished speaking, Blanche proceed ed to take an affectionate leave of all, receiv ing many a tender message for her parents from those who held them in love and ven eration; and the boat swung out and be gan to float down with the current, now fair ly entered upon the most dangerous portion of a long and perilous journey. - The father of Blanche, Colonel Philip Ber trand, was a native of Virginia, and a de scendant of one of the Huguenot refugees, who fled from their native land after the re vocation of the edict of Nantz in 16o5.-- He had been an officer of some note during the Revolution a warm political and personal friend of the author of the Declaration of Independence and a gentleman who had always stood high in the esteem of ius asso ciates and cotemporaries. , , Though at one time a mar of wealth, Colonel Bertra-nd had lost much, and suffer e4 much, through British invasioii; and when, shortly after the close of tire war, he bad met witlf a few m jre scriou reverses,- he bad been fain toaceopt- a grant of land" near the Fulls of the Ohio, now Louisville, ten dered him by Virginia, which then held jur isdict"kn over the entire territory now consti tuting the State of Kentucky. The grant had decided" the Colonel upon seeking his now possessions and building up a new home iii the then Ftar West, and as his wife had insisted upon accompanying hiin on his first tour, he had assented to her de sire, on cunjition tiiat Blanche should be left among her friends, till such time as a place cou'd be prepared which might in some de gree be considered a fit abode for one socare luliy and tenderly reared. Blanche would gladly have gone with her parents; but on this point her father had been inexorable declaring that she would have to remain at the East till he should see proper to send for her; and a being rigid discipliniri an,the matter had been settled without ar gument. When Colonel Bwrtrand rsmoved to the West, Eugene Fairfax-, as wo have seen, ac companied him; and coming of age shortly after, he had accepted the liberal offer of hta noble benefactor, to remain with- him in the capacity of private secretary and conSdew tial agent. On taking posjesaion of his grant the Colonel had almost immediately erected a fort and ottered such inducements to set- tiers as to speedily collect around him quite a little community of which, as a matter oi course, lis became the head and chief and to supply the wants of his own family and oth ers, and increase his gains in a legitimate way, he had opened a store, and filled it with go-jds from the Eastern marls,, which giods Avere transported by land over the mouni.-iin-s-to the Kiniwha, thence by water to the Falls of the Ohio, whence their remo7ul to Fjrl Bertrand became an easy matter. To pur chase, and ship these goods, and deliver a package o f letters to friends in the E sst, Eu gene had been th-rice d:spntc!w?d his third commission also extending to the escorting ef the beautiful herie, with her servants, to her new home. This last commission had been so far executed at the time chosen for the opening of our story, as to bring the parties to the mouth of tho great Kanawha, whence the reader has seen them slowly floating off irpoti the still, glasjy bosom of "the belle of rivers." The day which hid been en anspie'roas one, passed- willvout anything occuring wor thy af note, until near (our o'clock, when, as Blanche was standing on the fore part of the deck gazing at the lovoly scene which surrounded her, she saw a seemingly flying body suddenly leave the limb uf a gigantic tree, (whose mighty branches extended fir over the river, near w hich the boat was then swayed by the action of the current j, and -light with a crash on the deck of the bortt, not more than eight lect from her; one glance sufficed to show her what the object was 1 u to Ireeze the blood in her veins, the 1 a lowing eyes of a huge panther met her I gtize. The suddenness of the shock which ! lliis discovery gave her was overpowering. With a deafening shriek she fill upon her knees and clasped her hands before her breast. The panther crouched for his dead ly leap, but ere he sprang, the hunting knife of Eugene Fairfax (who, with the steersman, was the only person on deck besi !es Blanche), was buried to tho hilt in his side, inflicting n severe but not fatal wound. The infuriated beast at once turned npon Eugene, and a deadly struggle endued. But it was a short one.' The polished blade of the knife played back and forth like lightning flashes, and at every plunge it was buried to tho hilt j t'e panther's body ,who soon fell to the deck, dragging tho dauntless Eugene with him. On seeing her protector fall, Blanche uttered another shriek and rushed to his aid; but assistance from stouter arms was at hand. The boatmen gathered round, and the savage monster was literally hacked to pelces with their knives- and hatchets, and Eugene, co- vered with blood, was dragged from und. I his carcass. Supposing bim to be dead mortally wounded, Blanch threw her arms around bu neck and gave way to passion hurst of grief. But be was not dead he was Dot even hurt, with the exception of a few slight scratches. The blood with which be was covered was the panther's, not Li own. But Blanche"- embrace waa his priceless treasure an index of heart's enio emotions and affections. It was to color hie whole future life, as will be seen in tbe pro gress of cur story j . Sl.iwly and silenty, save the occasional oreak, dip, and plash ef the steersman's oar, the boat of our voyagers was born alon ' upon the bosom of the current, on tbe third night uf the voyage. Tho hour was waxing' late, and Eugene, the only one astir except the watch, was suddenly startled by a rough Ii3r: d being placed upon his shoulder,-aCcora-panied by the woids-.-im the gruff vote vt the boatman '. " 1 say, (jsp"!i here s trouble rr " Wnat is it, Dick!" inquired Eugene starting to his feet. . Don't you see thar's a heavy fog rising. that'll soon kiver us ui so thick that we won't be abfe itf fell a white man from a nigger?" replied the boatman Dick Winter by nane a tall, bony mu-scular, athletic specimen of hi class. . "Good beavent so there isl" exclaimed Eugene, looking off upon the already misty waters. " It mast have gathered very sud denly, for all was clear a minute ago. What is to be done now I This is some thing I was nut prepared for, on such a night OS tlllS." . : It looks troublous,' Cap'n I'd ellow," re turned Di. k; "but we're in lor'i, tliat's sar lin, and I s'pos we'll have to make the best on't." . " But what is fo be done what do yon advise J" asked Eugene, in quick, excited tune, that indicated some degree of alarm, "Why, el you warn't sj skeered about the young lady, and it warn't sj deid agin the orders from head quarters, my plan Would bo a cl'ur and easy one I'd just run over to the Kaintuck shore, and tie up." "Vo, no," said Eugene, positively; "that will never do, Dick that will never do! t would not think of such a thing for a mo ment! Wa mut keep in the current by all means !".. . ., . . . 'Ei' you can," rej uned the boatman; 'but when it gits so dark that you can't tell one' thing (ruin t'other, it'll be powerful hard to do; and ef we don't run agin a bar or bank afore morning, in spite of the best 0' us, it'll be the Itrcktest go t ever had a hand in . See, Cap'u it's thickening up fast ; we Can't see eyther bank at all, nor the water' nyther; the stars is gettin' dim, and it looks as if thar war a cloud all round M." " "I see! I see!" returned Eugene ex-citedly. Merciful Heaven! I hope no accident will be fall us here and yet my heart almost mis gives mef for this, I believe, is the inoit dangerous part of our journey tbe vicinity where most of our boats have been captured by the suvages." Saying this, Eugene hastened below, where ha found the other boatmen sleeping so soundly as-to require considerable effort, on his part, to wake them. At laat, getting them fairly roused, he informed them, almost in a whisper, for be did cot care to disturb the others, that a dense fog bad suddenly risen, and he wished their presence on deck, immediately. . . "A fog, Cap'n'," exclaimed one, In a tone which indieated that be comprehended the peril with the word. "Hush!'' returned Eugene; "ther in no' necessity for waking the others, and having a scene. Up! and follow me without a word. He glided hack to the deck, and was al most immediately joined by the boatmen, to whom he briflsy made known bis hope sod fears. They though, Tike their companion, that tlie boat' would be safest if made fast to an overhanging limb of the Kentucky shore; but frankly admitted that this could not now be done without difficulty and danger, and that there was a possibility of keeping the current. - Then make that possibility certainty, and it shall be" the' best night's work you ev er performed!" rejoined Eugene, in a quick excited tone. - We'll do the best we can, Cap'n," was the response; "but no man' can be sirtin of the current of this here crooked stream in a foggy night. A long silence followed th voyagers slowly drifting down through- a trtisty dark ness impenetrable to the eye when; sud denly, our young commander, who was standing near the bow, felt the extended branch of an overhanging limb silently brush his face. He started, with an exclam ation of alarm, and at the same moment the boatman on the right called out: "Quick, here, boys! were agin the shore as sure as death!" . ' Then followed a scene of hurried and anxious confusion,- the voices of the three boatmen mingling together in loud, quick, excited tone. "Push off the bow!""' cried one. "Quick! altogether, now, over with her!" shouted another. "The de'il's in it! she's running aground here in a muddy bottom!" almost yelled a third, ' Meantime the laden boat was brushing along agsinut projecting bushes and over reaching limbs, and every moment getting more and more entangled while the long poles ami sweeps of the boatmen, as they at tempted to push her oiF, were often plunged without touching bottom, into what appear to be a eoft, clayey mod, from which they were only extricated by such an outlay of strength as tended still more to draw clnm sy craft upon the bank they wish:d to avoid. At length, scarcely more than a minute from tire first alarm, there was a kind of settling together, as it were, and the boat became fart and immovable. The fact was announced by Dick Win ter, in h:s characteristic manner who added with an oath, that it was just what he ex pected. For a moment or two a dead si lence followed, as if each comprehended that the matter was one to be viewed in a very serious light. I'll git ov?r the bow, and try to git the lay of the land with my feet," eaid Tom Harris; and forthwith he set about the not very plrasant undertaking. At this moment Eugene heard bis name pronounced by a voice that seldom failed to excite a peculiar emotion in bia breast, and now sent a strange thrill through every nerve; and hastening below, he found Blanche, fully drerscd, with a light in her band, standing just outside of her cabin, in the regular pas-s-tgo which led lengthwise through the center of the boat. "I hive hcerd eomething, Eugene," she sauV'i nough t know we have met with an accident, but not sutficient fully to compre hend its nature." Unfortunately, about two hour ago," re plied Eugene, "we suddenly became involved in a dense fog; and in splto of our precau tion and cere, we bare run aground it my be against the. Ohio shore it my be agamst an island it ia so dark we ca-Tt tell. But. be not alarmed. Miss Blanche," be hurriedly added; M trust we ahsll soon be sfljat again; thoujjil in any rvont, the darkness ia sutfi cient to conceal u from th savages, evetv were they in the vicinity." "I know little of Indians," returned Blanche; "but I hav always understood that they are somewhat remarkable for their rutencos of hearing; andilsuch isthocas there would be no necessity of thvii being very near, to be Hindu acquainted with our locality, judging from the loud voice I heard a few minutes ago." "I fear we've been rather imprudent," said Eugene, in a deprecating lone; "but the excitement " His words were suddenly cut short by ou J voices of al inn from without, follow! Si ill 1! : '1? ' . 1 !0 I ill ! i!. hi it j III i'l ,-1 1! n 1 '