OCR Interpretation


Delaware gazette. [volume] (Delaware, Ohio) 1855-1886, July 23, 1858, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035595/1858-07-23/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Si
JUL Uat.LO WBSP.
If ! 'r in fcnut sweafi, ,
VbiaaartH area tfcaug. eaaraS mmk Joan.
V soaa fiur oa ai Mbvt eltwiara
I " AM sore Kt I'anal'a MMfKW k
hreae loot Bight wada wkarsatept.
" : .o eft sa awe S'er'aa.rty trreV
, ; Sear Sowars' eat 4oa looaeoa.
'
JriiS EsddciAHt MM Uu i waneM bow.
'Has teiKd lae mm I e-iesJe Son
TM abacks of alia we lore Owd.
r tmi bm aboaJdnot wasp;
:M ami ass e'er MS aart-etmg aveer.-
aTl lotk. ate aroaaa'a rrou.
ahaaid tfnw Km bMu boa aawdatae'a eye:
Or. won be fceara tbe wtwi BMMta.
tonuin Use fstaatf winds low aia.
lie weeps tor aer bftart Sreaamg
lupuu laalb-UUaf e-ard aloes.
' Alona tiM Barlear ft In power. '
And sweat emu erope of purple (ore; .
Hi aorraws ai Uwt loaeaomc bout,
Ko Beak ar elase had lell bwora.
Ha al(ta,Ua croaaa. kla eJuer Irarar
. aaeald aw IM kaart of ecere roan.
. Batfcea wee says maa abeela aot weep,
: Kor wetaieCBneks wMk buntea Mara.
No aorroa a o'er kla koariatriojca sleep.
His seat t eeared ay waax of leers,
A MHker'a aaea ko sever If it,
aAeraaiaf preyer. ma, safer tnalt; .
t-5 '
- IlJLESMrlt OP uric.
Han i never satisfied with hia lot. ' The
heart demand tffracthing more, something
higher, something better, whatever blessing
it Hay already enjoy. The scriptural Adam
ind Ere are lysieal ef the human race -
The garde of EderJ it otira We bask in
ft sunshine, iia fragrant flowers are att
around oa, plentiful frofte invite us to paf
fax of their ncbea. Well were it for tins
physical frame if we knew ef no frttt forbid
e'en os to taste. But wbnt it bePud our
feach tempts bs ttiafe than anything else;
nu in cguicmi ni w cum ourselves irom
faradite. Aettorte for our transgressioo is
the Bansmg sword that prevents our re-
r CbiMfen are not contented' ttiOt t&elf
yeung feet, wbtekt fafi to overtake their four-
footed pet rn. the cbase. Thev wish t
scale the air like birds. Every bo at tome
time cttempte te fly from gate pott.- We
remember when a mere child we forsook
our toys to look out of our wiodow at night
end weeo because we couldn't grasp a stsr
in our baby Ut. Men ars always trying to
fly and lay bold of the girdle of Orion, and
the mane el the Bull.
Realities never content u. The present
is probably as fine a valley aa there is in
the whole region of life. But the woods are
Hot hitiff but woods, shady it is true, end
green, but quiet ordinary. The streams are
excellent, but we would have beds of peals
in place of ef those deceitful pebbles. Ab!
there most be woods and sweeter streams
beyond tbe blue bills yonder. So we travel;
but tho soft and dreamy future becomes
plain and hard reality as we proceed. Tfause
very recks we once tread once looked love
ly under tbe warm haze of hope; so shall
the charm of the nights before us melt awiy
and show as aa we climb, just such ledges,
(varied oaks, chasms, morasses, wild pines
nd barren slopes as we have passed.
It is not a design that nature cheats us
vttb those illusions. Continually striving
fur more exquisite beauty -and higher happi
ness, we fulfil a law. li is well that no ma
terial paradise is a sufficient paradise for us.
la tfus circumstance of his being tbe man
sliiSeca free (he animal. The lion in the
aiesert, Um Cjger ia the jungle, the ape in the
woods, has co aspiration above his state.
"But the teeideacy ef the soul is upward up
ward forever. What aooefcery thia life would
be, if the grave wore Um end of ail things!
if, after chasing the goldea butterflies or
illusions through all the Manner days, death
lf met our embraceif tbe actors in this
drama emerge jMt from behind tbe aceae to
their true character, after the, funeral cur
tain falls upon the last set.
i .'i-w - MAstatlAOB."""' ' " ff
Marriage is to a woman at once the hap
piost and saddest event t her life; it is tbe
' promise of future bliss, raised on the death
f present enjoyment. She quits her home,
her parents, Iter companions, her amuse
ments, every thing on which she has hith
erto depended (or comfort, for affection, for
kindness and for pleasure.
The parents by whose advice she has been
guided, the sister to whom she has dared to
, impart every embryo thought and feeling,
the brother who has played with her, by
- turns the eouncellor and the councelled, and
the younger child to whom she haa hitherto
- been the mother and the playmate, are to
be forsaken at one lell swoop every former
t tie ia loosened tbe spring of every action is
changed; and she flies with joy in tbe un
trodden path before, buoyed up by the con
fidence of requited love, she bids a fond and
grateful adieu to the life that is passed and
turns with excited hopes and joyous sntici-
pattons to the happiness to come. Then woe
tw the man who can blight such fair hopes
who can treacherously lure such a heart
: from its peaceful enjoyment and the watch-
- ful protection of home who can coward like
break the illusions which have won her and
. destroy the confidence which love has inspir
ed. Woe to him who has too early withdrawn
, the lender plant from the props and stays of
moral discipline, in which she has been nur
tured and vet makes no effort to supply their
"places; for on him lies the responsibility of
her errors on him who first taught her, by
bis example, to grow careless of her duty
i . t l : 1 1- I I
US UieD cxposca tier w n u ev wcucun spir
it aud unsatisfied heart, to the wild storms
and wily temptations of sinful world.
THE HAND THAT SAVED US.
Two painters were employed to fresco the
walla of a cathedral. Both stood on a rude
acaffulding constructed for the purpose, some
fort feet from the floor. One of thain was
so . intent upon his work that be became
wholly absorbed, and in admiration, stood off
from the picture, gazing at it with intense
delight. - .,
Forgetting where he wss, be moved back
slowly, surveying critically tbe work of his
pencil, until he neared the edge of tbe plank
on which be stood.
At this critical moment hia companion
turned suddenly, and, almost paralyzed with
horror, beheld hia imtnent peril; another in
stant and the enthusiast would be precipita
ted upon the pavement beneath. If be
spoke to him it was certain death; if be
held hia peace, death waa equally sure.
Suddenly he regained his presence of mind
and seizing a wet brush flung it sgainst the
wall spattering the picture with unsightly
' blotches of coloring.
' The painter flew forward, and turned upon
hia friend with fierce upbraiding; but atar
- tied at bis ghastly face he listed to his reci
tal of danger, looked shuddering at the dread
ed space below, and with tears of gratitude
be blessed the band that had saved him. -.
Just so, we sometimes get absorbed on the
pictures of tbe world, and, in contemplating
them, step backwarJa unconscious of our
peril, when the Almighty in mercy dashes
out tbe beautiful images, and draws us at tbe
time we are complaining of his dealings, into
his outstretched arms of compassion and
love. Christian Advocate.
' There is aa alchemy in a high heart which
transmutes other things to ita own quality.
' To some men it is indispensable to be
worth money, for without it they would be
worth nothing.
More evil truths are discovered by the cor
ruption oi the heart than by the penetration
of'the mind.
If a cause be good, the most violent attack
of its enemies will not injure it so much as
an injudicious defense of it by its friends.
Cotton. s '
... As ceremony is tbe invention of wise
men, to keep fools at,a distance, so good
, breeding ia an expedient to make fools and
wise men equal. ., S4
VOL. XLI.
THE TWO PICTURES
BY T. S. ABTHUK.
" How beautiful!" And tbe . two men
paused before the window of a print sel
ler. The picture which had called forth from one
of the men this admiring exclamatioo, was
a showy bit of Landse'trpe, painted for effect
and well calculated to deceive an unprac
ticed eje'.-
'I meet inquire the price," said tbe speak
er; whose name was Godwyn, and he drew
fait companion into the store.
'What do you ask for that landscape,- h
the window I" "
"Fifty dollars," replied tbe picture seller ,
"and it's worth a brtntirerf. Pet the owfter
wants money, and must sell,- even at so
great a sennce."
"Who ht the artist!"
A Berne not familliar to ehticf of tbe men
wat given. But, as tbey were ettif posted
Hp la art news indifferently Well, and did not
eare to make their ignorance known; no far
ther questions were salted. Tbe name Wat
accepted aa be Verging to an artiet of eeletr-
! most bate that pfctoYe XZartiif. It ft
a gem." GodwytT spoke aside ter hit
friend. .
"We have a coYByarfiow piece by fbW SSire
artist," said the pfcitfre seller', wboee ears,
all on the alert, had overheard the fstt re
mark
Indeed ! Let mr tee tber two- togerffr-
er."
The paintings were placed aide' by tide.
Charming! besutiful! exquisite !" were
tbe exclamations with wbietr their exhibr ,
tion wss greeted. : J . j
I will take one of them, said Godwyn
and you the other." Looking towards his
friend Martin.
"I dont know about that," answered tbe
the letter. "The pictures are certainly very
tempting. But I am not just sure that I
can spare fifty dollars to-dsy for an article
ef simple luxury."
"They're cheap ss dirt," said Godwyn.
Better take one. You'll not have another
chance like this soon."
But Martin hesitated, debating the money
question involved, and finally decided to let
the companion piece remain where it waa
for the present. Godwyn paid down fifty
dollars, and ordered oue of the pictures sent
home. . ,
Tbe two men left the picture dealer's and
walked on, ttodwyn elated by hia purchase,
and Martin well satisfied at having sucest-
fully resisted tbe temptation to spend fifty
dollars for a painting, when be had other use
for his money.
"You will regret not having bought that
picture, said Godwyn. "It is a gem, and
ia offered at half its value." '
"I love pictures," wss answered. They
are to me s source of unalloyed pleasure.
Set my inconeis yet too limited to permit
an indulgence of this taste. Tbe common
wants ol life and the charities which may
not be disregarded, keep me without a sur
plus to spend in the merely ornamental."
"t ato no better off than you are," said
Godwyn. "But a portion of my income
must go in the direction of beauty and or
nament. Bare walls are my abhorrence"
At this moment a cry of warning reached
the ears of the two men, and, looking for
ward along tbe street, they saw a horse, at
tached to an empty wagon, dashing towards
them at frightful speed. A little in advance
stood a cart, backed up to the pavement.
Before the owner, an Irishman, had time to
turn his horre, the runaway was upon him,
and one of the shafts striking his poor
beast on the head, killed him on the spot.
"Poor fellow," said Martin in a tone of
nitv. as he heard the Irishman bewail his
loss. '
"Come," said Godwyn drawing upon the
arui of his friend. "It's mercy tor tbe poor
half starved beast."
But Martin stood still, and began to ask
tbe Irishman questions. His looks corrobo
rating hts replies, satisfied him that the loss
he had just met was tbe loss of the means
for getting bread for bis children. The
man was in deep distress.
"I csn't wait here," Godwin1 spoke, with
some Impatience. "Come or I shall bsve
to leave you. That picture wil! be at home
before I get there."
"Go oa then, I must look a little farther
into thia case," said Martin quite in ear
neat. "Humph ! You wilt haftf your hands" full
if you stop to look into every case of this
kind." Godwyn spoke a little contemptu
ously and then went forward."
"Ah, Martin!" said be, as (he latter en
tered his store about two hoars afterward.
"How comes on ' your Irishman and dead
horse I" There was an1 amused expression
on bis fase. .
"Badly eftougb at present," was afilwefedf.
"Poor ieliowt The fteath ef his horse is to'
him indeed a calamity; like tbe burning of
a mechanic's ihop With all bis fcCula; or the
sfn&irig of a merchants ship wftereiA wad
all his fortune . But I think we can pot him
all right with the world again, and at a very
small cost to ourselves. 1 prtfpose that five
individuate contribute ten dollars each, and
buy him another horse. Here is the Rat I
have put down my name, and Gregg has
followed suit. You will make the third and
I know who to calculate' oi for the fourth
and fifth subscriptions'."
Martrnr only partly unfolded his subscrip
tion paper,' for a strong negative came in
stantly into the fare ot Godwyn.
"I'm too poor to make ten-dollar subscrip
tions for tbe purchase of cart horses for beg
garly Irishmen," he answered. . "If I once
undertook that business, I would soon hsve
my hands full. Take my advice, and keep
money, your time, your pleasant feelings,
and don't waste either in the thankless task
of collecting money to pay for dead hor
ses." But Martin though disappointed was not
tnrned Irom bis good purpose. He succeed
ed in getting thirty-five dollars aubscribed,
and then adding fifteen from his own purse,
be went to the bumble abode ol the poor
Irishman, whom he found half stupid with
despondency, amid his sorrowful wife and
children.
"Come, come, Jimmy Maguirel" he said
cheerfully, "this will never do. Brighten
up, man I"
'There's no brightening up for me, yer
bonor,"replied Jimmy sadly. "Poor Barny
is kilt dead," and he drew bis band across
hia eyes. "The cart's of no use now, and
if I was to die for it, I couldnt find money
to buy another horse. Och! yer honor and
what ia to become of us all"
The picture that Martin looked npon in
that humble abode lay all in a deep ahadow.
There was not upon it a aingle gleam of
sunshine.
"What did Barny costt" .
"I paid thirty-five dollars for him in hard
earned money, and ha waa chaps at that,
yer honor." , . ' . '
H jet U f
"Find another horse aa rood or even
little better tbH Barny, and I will buy him
for yon Jimmy. Some kind gentlemen
have placed money in my hands for that
that purpose."
"Oh air! Is it indeed as you say V Jmv-
ebv causht the arm of Mr. MaftiaV ittHH
looked into bis face almost wildly.
"Just as 1 aay Jimmy Maguire. Fhrd the
horse and I wilt make him yours
From tbe' valley of grief despair to tbe
mountain top of joy, the Irishman's horfffe
boM passed, by a single stride.- Tbey o-
verwbehaed their benefactor with nofey
gratitude, and placed him at once high ia
tire calender of saints.
THat evearog sot. Uodwyn aat alone in
hit parlor. The picture was on tbe wall,
but his eyes were not more than half satisfied
with its besoty, and ceased to toraf them
selves towards it for pleasure. A friend
had been invited home at tea time to look at
the Jrtclirfff. He bad aa artist' eye and
taew a gototf midTiffW froWr a bad one. Un
fortunately for Mr. Godwyn, he detected
glaring faults in the landscape, and did not
hesitate fo promrtrtfee K a fourth- rate affair,
etfd deaf at tbe price which bad been paid.
Mr. Godwtff Wat ubhsiipy.
On tbe ssnre evening aat SJartinf atom,
gazing at a picture, tire tight of wbfsB gave
him inexpressible pleasure.- It was not
bangizrg on parlor Walls, inclosed in gilded
frame, but grouped io bis thought and vivid
at hftf hseif. We need not detefrbe tbe
pfctote.- Tire resder knoWt tfest it repre
sented (be poor Irisfrntaft asd1 W de&gfrtevf
fa roily w Imagination bad painted it in the
richest eoforings, and memory waa ensbri-
aim it in perennial beauty. There wet Utt
power ia time to rob that pictire of its
ebarmitfg freshvest. Its possession could
not bring a reproving' tfrofrght fifo e'rrtro Wat
skilled enough in art to find a defect,- attd
thus lessen the owner's appreciation. It
was worth a tbomntad sseh pictures as bis
friend bad ceased to talife.
Tbe lesson reader, is f or ot a3
If we were as ready to" baaf tffe eaf-
bers of our minds,- tfhk beautiful pictures,
as we are the walls of our bouses, what
pleasures would we lay up in store for titSf
to come. As we grow older, we insensibly
fall into the babit of looking upwards.
We see more with the eyes of the mind
than we do with the eyes of the body-softener
gaze upon tbe pictures that cluster
memory's walls, than upon those which
bang upon the walla of our dwellings. Oh!
let us then give beauty and happiness to the
future by sets of kindness by tender char
i.ies by deeds of human love. These will
group themselves into pictures, upon which,
as years glide away, and the eyes look more
and more inward, we will gaze with purest
delight; for time cannot deface them, nei
ther will familiarity rob them of a living in
terest. .
BOWISQWILD OATS-
Br T- S. ARTHUK.
Many a young man has" been lured from
tha path of virtue, and enticed into the road J
that leads by an easy descent into the ae
cursed vslley of destruction, through tbe
thoughtless speech of some thoughtless per
son, talking flippantly about sowing wild
oats, as a thing to be expected in youth.
"I had one lesson on this subject from tbe
lips of an sged counselor," said a valued
friend to me, not long since, "which never
has been forgotten. The timely warning
saved me. 1 was nineteen years of age and
had just entered college. Young men were
there from nearly every State in the Union,
and some of them were already sadly cor
rupted. I was social, in high health and
spirits, snd was in i in magi nation ever carry
ing myself beyond the actual and tbe pres
ent. Before I had time for reflection, and
even before a conaiousness of wrong had
reached me, 1 was afloat on a dangerous sea,
my boat gliding swiftly forward and the sy
ren's eong already in my ear.
Oue night we had a wine party, in the
town which ended io excesses, tbe thought
ef which has called a burning blush to my
cheeks a hundred times since'. I bad not
been very well for some days previously, suf
fering from a constant headache, and low
febrile symptoms.
The dissipation of a night turned the scale
upon the wrong side, and I was so ill on the
next day that it was thought best to call a
physician. He Was an' old man, of the old
school gentlemen, and wise, thoughtful and
kind. He commenced at once, the business
of finding out everything in regard to my
habits, principles and modes of lliotfght, and
t'rrere was something in' hi fit' (hat so inspired
me with' confidence, that I concealed noth
ing. He looked grave and uffered a remon
strance: "CV'taid f.atm'ost ligu'tl, "yotfng' itteii
must sow their wild oats. The ground1
Will be so much better prepared for seeding
Wheat after the crop is taken."
fijio error of the gravest ch'ara'ctef," he
replied, seriously, "and one that has ruined
its tens of thou'sa'tids of young men. Is a
garden better prepared tot the reception' of
good seed, for having first been permitted (o
groW weeds? It is no mere comparison, thai
of the fiifmen' soul to' a garden. It ia really
a" spiritual garden. Now, is it not an insult
to reason to say Ihat a man Will bis a wis'er
and a better man for having false principles'
leading ill eirce lean evil life, sown upon'
tbe ground 6T un mind in youth, as it wottftf
be to soy that a garden would be more" fftYif-'
ly in after years, for being first permitted to
grow weeds!"
'3fy stranger friend.1 I have lived almost
the completion of Kfe's esfihty eyeftr and
have seen a sad number of young men lost,
to tbe world, lost to themselves, and lost, I
fear, to tbe company of God's blessed angels,
in consequence of that single idea town into
tbe earth of their minds. Oil, cast if tftft at
once! Keep yourself pure. Let right prin
ciples, chaste thoughts, noble purposes, man.
ly aims grow in your garden not the ac
cursed wild oats! Be prudeut, temperate,
virtuous, obedient to superiors, honorable,
and kind. Aim to be a man not a sensual
ist. Govern yourself as a mau, instead of
letting passion, appetite or say sensaal de
sire rule you as a tyrant. Sow no more
wild oats. You will find trouble enough in
) our after life with the seeds already scat
tered in your fields."
"Tbe scales," said my friend, "dropped at
once from my eyes. 1 saw that the good
old physician waa right, and that this cant
about aowing wild oats involved one of the
most dangerous fallacies into which the mind
of a young man could fall. It waa my last
folly of this kind."
TURNING THE GRINDSTONE.
"When I waa a little boy," aaid Or. Frank
lin,"! remember one cold winler'a morning
I waa accosted by a smiling man with an
axe on his shoulder: "My pretty boy," said
be, "has your father a grindstone?" "Yes,
ir," aaid Ir, "Xoq.ara a fine, ltt! follow,;;
e
DELAWARE, OHIO, JULY 23, 1858.
said Ire, "will yoo let me grind my aXe off
itVv Pleased with the compliment of "fine
fttle feUow "O, yes," I answered,-"it is
down in t&e shop." "And will yotf, my Wan
said he patting me oa tbe bead, "get cW Ut
ile trot water!" Covld I ferfase ? 1 raff to
ttte home tfsd bfottgfit kettle fall. fHow
old are you, and what's your name?"" eorrtin-
ned he. with out waiting for a reo!v ft am
sure yea are one of tbe finett tittle fellows
that I ever tw-wm foff fast faVtf It few
tttirttes for me?" Tickled at the flattery,
like a fool, I went to work, and bitterly did
I rtfe tbe day. It wat a nw aSe, and I toil
ed and fogged fJI? I was almost tired to death.
The school-be 11 rung, and I could not get a
way; my bands were blistered, the axe was
sharpened, and the mm tnrned to me with,
"Now yow Htt. rascal, you're played tru
ant; tcotf for school, or yon will rue it-
Alas! thought I, it ia hard enough to tuiff a
grindstone this cold day, but to be called a
little rascal was too mueb. It sunk deep ia
ftVy Blind, and I have often tixnrgbt of it
eince. When I see a merchat over polite to
customers", begging them to take a Gttle bran
dy, and throwing hia goods oa tbe counter,
thinks I tbtft tttto bas an- axe to grind.
When I see a man Battering the people,
making great professions of attachment to
liberty, who is in private life a tyrant, tne
tbinka look out good people,- that fellow
would set you turning a grrtafcrtcme.- When
I see' a man- hototed1 i'nto office by party spir
it witnoAt a sfngle qualification to render
bin a feecttfble or useful, alas!- methinks
deluded people, you are doomed fur a season
to1 tarn grindstone for a booby.
ORT ALIT V . . i.
The following noble naaaaera oecores? i
tbe Diet BoreaUs, or "CbrfetopiKr finder"
Catrfase?" -
titorttt dh, flry ffieft,-rT tbi winged and
swift life be all ourUife, Wblat a nVoumful
taste bsve we bad ot a possible happiness!
We have, as it were from some cold and
dark edge of a bright world just looked- iff
and plucked away again?- Have we come
to experience pleasure by fits and gumse,
btM Intertwined with pain, burtbte'soine lbor,
&Hh werie?s and wttb laHlrfference? Have
we Come to try the toitit and joy of a warm
fearftM anil confiding affection, to be then
ctffrfe'rf tif tfMied by bkterwestf,- bf tepWa!
tioa, by eharfgif of reVft cf by the dread suo-
derer ot loves Efeath? Have Tetrad the
gladness and the strength; of knowledge,
when some ryS of truth ffadhled lit trpoi, ouV
souls, in the midst of error and tfneertainty,
or amidst continuous, n'eCejtfrtated nninstruc
tive avocations of tho Uodersundfng ,
ia that all? Have we felt in a fortunate hour i
the charm or the Besutiful, that invests, as
with a mantle the visible creation, or have
we found ourselves lifted above the earth by
sudden apprehensions of sublimity? Have
we bad the consciousness of such fealingsj
rlwals seemed to as as ir they mlgtrC them
selves make up a lie and were they "in
stant coming and instant gone?" Have we
known tbe consolation ol doiag right, in
the midst of much that we have done wrong
and was that also a coruscation of a tran
cUsot sonshinct Have we lighted up our
thoughts to see Him who is Love, Light, and
Truth and Bliss, to be in the next instant
plunged into darkness of annihilation!
Have all these things been but flowers that
we bsve culled by the side of a hard and te
dious way and that, after gladdening us for a
brief season with hue and color, wither in
our hands and are like ourselves nothing !
EVENING
There are two periods in the life of man
ia which the evening hour is peculiarly inter
esting io youth and in old age. In youth
we love it for il mellow moonlight, its mil
lions of stsrs, its thin rich shooting shades,
its still serenity; amid those who can com
mune with our loves, or twine the wreath of
friendship, while there ia none to bear us
witness but the heavens and ihe spirits that
bold their endless Sabath there or look into
the deep bosom of creation, spread abroad
like a canopy above us, and look and listen
till we Caii almost see and hear tbe Waving
winzs aud melting songs of the other
world.
I To youth, evening is delightful, it accords
with the flow of his light spirits, tbe fervor of
his fancy, and softness of his heart. Even
ing is also the delight of virtuous age; it
seems an emblem to the tranquil close of
busy life serene, placid, mild, the impress
of his great Creator stamped upon it; it
Spreads its quiet wings under the grave,' and
seems to promise that all sli'a'Il be peace be
yond it:
Where fs Frasler's Hirer.
The recent discoveries o'f gold on Frazier's
River wilt lead many to examine their maps
in vain for the purpose of finding the precise
fotallity of this now important stream.'
Frazier's River empties' into the Gulf of
Georgia, a branch' of Pogef's Sound,' a few
niites north o'f the 49lh parallel,' which' is
the boundary between our territory end the
British possession'.' Its head waters' interlock
with those ot the Columbia and the Athabas
ca. For tbe first half of it course it runs in
a tOrtthernly direction, when ft turns' west
ward. At the distance of One hundred and
sixty miles' from its mouth it is joined by
Thompson's River, a considerable stream
flowing from tbe eastward. The Cascade
range of mountains,' which may be regarded
aa a corYtinuatio'n of the Sierra' Nevada, ceases
fi'ee".' At tbe junction of the two rivers',' and
iff tfcte iftfmediate vicinity, lie -tbe diggings
which caused so' muW excitement: off the
Pacific Coast. Tbey have beed' Worked more
or leas since last Summer but their real inr
pby?ari'ce' Waff not ascertained until lately.
Fort Langly, the lowest post of fn'e Hud
son's Bay CorapWry on Frazier's River, is
situated on the left battH, ab'out twenty-five
miles from ita mouth. Thua far the stream
is navigable for teasels of considerable bur
den. The next post is Fort Ifose', on ttre
mouth of the Queque-alla River miles'
above Fort Langly. To the 'falls' ia 12
miles further," and thence to Thompson's
River Forks is 55aniiles. Thus the whole
distance from the mouth of Frazier's River
to the gold diggings at Thompson's River is
lfftT nritesf or thereabouts.
About Fort Langly the rivsf fs practicable
for bateax of three tona burden a alow and
tedious navigation but after passing the
'Falls' canoes only can be used. But the
jourfiey must feally be made on foot from
the Fallsr and u exceedingly laborious and
rugged. There are no horses or mules to
be procured in that region
jIt ia by the route above indicated tbat
moat of the gold seekers find their way to
the new placers. There is.'however, anoth
er route, via the Columbia River and the
Dalies; but the distance is four or five hun
dred miles.
The latitude of the Thompson's River
Forks is about 60 deg. 40 mim, or nearly 300
miles north of Quebec. But it must be re
membered, that the climate on; the Pacific
coast it mild in c Wart's rfstfn with that of sim
ilar iatiteWe east of the HocE? Mountains.
ft will be evident, even from this imperfect
aeaenptun, that tbe Frazier Aiver nrrsetare
n easy of accost The country is wild
monntaneous, and' nearly inaccessible.
But men trained ia California are not easily
daunted. They can1, doubtless, force their
wsy wherever" gId invites ifeeo. to go. 'If.
Y. Timet.
Tartures la latia.
One is almost tempted to wish succes to
ths rebellious Sepoys of India, while resd?Ag
aa account of tbe barbarous torturer winch
Una East India officials in that country have
beea in tbv babit of inflicting upon the na
tives. Aa snUreAtic work on India, by Hen
ry Mead, published in London, gives tbe fol
lowing list of tbe ordinary punishment abed
by the officers in India a list which is torrd
ly less monstrous than the records of tbe
Inquisition, in the dark agesi
"Some ot the 'kito&s ol JottSre were em
sfaWtly pVadTKecf, ofBWs with less frequent
cy; but there were a few of the g&ettimvxil
servants who have learned tbe whole system
arftt ecroid apply any example of persuasive
treatment that might be required. Beating
hardly comes . under the bead of tort ore, -though
the Bermese metbvd of laying the
patient down ofr Ms fares snd kneaciag his
back with' toe elbow of a' strong man, ap
proaches very near to it. Our catalogue
should commence with racking the arms
backward with cords tightened with increas
ing severity. While the arms are thus tied
beating down the neck by a heavy weight
pressing on tbe nspe. In several ways
wrenching various parts of the body, even to
the dislocation of bones. Using an instru
ment called the "kitti," formed by two sticks
being levers between which the fingers, &c,
are squeezed; the degree of the tightness is
dot limited, but increased according to' the
nature of tVe case, aud the wil of the tortur
er. 'Whipping' viKS" a' species of stinging net
tle. Tying tuto women togethex. by their
hnqa hair, and suspending a weight oD that
hW between Mienr. eTsing a long rod,- witir
nngs which srW on it, each one fitted to
contain a leg; when these are filled, pulling
the rod with- Violence Shroegh' a hole in the
v rfff or Wobden' tram's, by one erirf,- to' thfat
all the legs are jammed up together at tbe
other end. Suspending by tire hwmls siV a
pole for a h?rrjlrened time. It U nVit need
ful to tie the hands togeUjef:" tbey can be
Constituted self suspenders in this manner
while holding the hanuV iir front,- with the
p'sjiMifiward foWarif the cnVaTf, and' the fing
ers' extended,- turn them inward, and then
lock ihefff otie in the other to that thf etVds
of the finger tfn otit frond rest io tbe palm
of the dtV&ij then a pole paased across them
inside, will su'spefd tte body, itt presme
preventing the Sogers HoiS slipping out.
While auspeaded in this manner, lighting a
fire beneath the victim. Addirrg to bis suf
ferings by throwing strong red pepper dn
the ore, so tbat its severely pungent fumes
assail bis eyes, nose and throat. Shutting
up in a close room and then smoking the
sufferer. Applying pinchers, and that to
parts of the body that cannot be mentioned.
Enclosing a number of pinching beetles in
half a coacoa-nut shell and tying it over the
naval, so that the horrid sensation of dig
irto the bowels is inflicted. Rubbing the
arm from the wrist to the elbow with salt
and sand, then applying longitudinally a
number of eekil, or ribs of the coacoanut
leaf and tying them on firmly; then forcibly
drawing them out, one by one, the finger
end first, so that each one, by its 'own in
creasing thickness, and aided by the salt un
derneath, cuts burningly into the flesh and
leavea its smarting.
Charles Maokay ia a Slave-Pan.
The fallowing is from a recent letter of
Charles Mackay to the London Illustrated
News:
On my first arrival at New Orleans, t lin
gered for a few moments at the open door o'f
s slave depot without daring to go in, lest I
should be suspected of espinontge,' or mere
curiosity, and expelled. But seeing among
the company an eminent merchant of New
York, whose friendship I had been fortunate
enough to make,' and who'ni I knew to be no'
slavedealer of sup porter of slavery, I walked
in and joTaed his party, drawn thither like
myselt by curiosity. On one side Of the
room the male slaves with' clean' linen, a&l
shining new boats,' were arranged; and on
the other the females were disposed in their
best attire, most o'f them' exceedingly neat,
but some bedizened with1 ribbons, of colors
more Caring and! tawdry than elegant or ap
propriate. I was immediately beset With'
entreaties" to purchase.
"Boy me," aaid' a' young' negreas',' who
spoke French' and no English; "I am agoo'd
cook a good needlewoman. Buy me."
"Buy me,'" said another, in the same lan
guage; "1 am accustomed to' children,. and
caii make myself useful in the nursery."
I fell'a sensation somewhat similar to' that
of the first qualm o'f sea'-s'icSness" to be so' ad
dressed by my fellow creatures a' feeling of
a'ausoa," as if I were ab'out to be ifl." t told
the poor woman that I was a stranger,' who
had not come to buy.. But they were in
credulous; and when at last convinced; tbey
returned to' their seats with a sigh and1 an ex
pression 61 deep' di'sadpulntment on their
dark and go'o'd-humored features. I enter
tained such a hatred of slavery that, bad ft
been in' my power to abolish it iu one instanV
off the face, of the. earth by the mere ex
pressToh' of my will, at that instant slavery
would have ceased to exist.'
I then walked to th'e'side of the slave mart
Where f was 5'eset by similar entreaties, urg-
j . r r. -5J
eu in every variety oi iohv urn niauuer, aim
by almost every variety of laborer and hand
icraftsman'. Some were accustomed to' the
cotton, and some to the sugar plantation;
seme were cm-elite's',' some gardeners, some
ettitittiteti6't&e barbers, and some waiters'
btft etn equally anxious to be foW. One man
who to my experienced ete'e ae'trwed ss
white ss myself, aftd whom I at once pot
down in my own mind as an Irishman of the
purest quality, of tho comity at Cork got
up from his seat as f passed, and asked me
to buy him.
"1 ant a" good? gardo'cf, your honor,' aaid
he, with an unmistakable brogue; "I am al
so a bit of a carpenter, and can look after the
horses, and do any sort of s job about the
house."
"But you are joking," aaid I "you are an
Irishman?"
"My father was an Irishman," be said.
At thia moment tbe tlavedealet and own
er of the depot eame up.
"Is there not a mistake here?" I inquired.
"This is a white man."
"His mother was a nigger," ha replied.
"We have sometimes much whiter men for
aale than ha is. Look at his hair and lips.
There ia no mistake about him."
Again the sickness came over me and I ,
ftif I ,.'" ' "f.r-w ! W a"
longed to get into the open air to breathe a
purer atmosphere.
"I would like to buy that man and set him
free" I aaid to one of ou. party.
"Too would do him no good," was the re-P'T-
"A manumitted slave has ssldont any
self-reliance or energy. Slavery ttf degrade
and cripples the moral faculties of the ne
groes tbat they require lb, crmcfa, even in
freedom, affd Ctfuaot wallralcntie. They find
it impossible to compete with the poor whites
and if left to themselves, sink into thte
lowest and nroat raiihl wr Miuy.
"You are aa Englishman and a traveler,"
said the slavedealer, "and ( should be much
obliged to you if you would port any q.u t
tions to the negroes."
"What questions," said f. "Shall t asK
then wbelh-er tbey ftefft free of slave
ry '
"1 dWt BJeaf dm,'7 be" rpe. "Ak
them whether I do not treat tbenr well
whether t any not kind to thenV whether
tbey do a bate plenty tC eat and drink
K?s they fe with me!"
I told him I had no doubt of the fact? that
they looked clean, comfortable, and well
fed; but and ia that "but" lay the whole
eawe, tlfthr lb worth dealer of New Or-
ream Wat totally incapable ef comprehen-
dMif it. The same feeling seems to exist
all through the slave States; but more ot
this hereafter.
Wealth rar (uiwaes
Jefferson dfts comparatively poor. Indeed
if congress had not purchased his library
and given for it five times its value, be would
with difficulty have kept the wolf Irom his
door.
Madison saved money and was comnara
lively rich. To add to bis fortunes however,
or rather to those of his widow. Congress
purchased his manuscript papers and paid
thirty thousand dollars lor them.
James Monroe, tha fifth President of ths
United States, died so pear that his remains
found a resting place through the charity of
one oi me citizens.
John Q. Adams, left acme hundred and
fifty tbuuoaad dollars, rife result of industry
prudence and iphft.ance. He waa a man
of method aar economy.
MMrlitran Burea is very rich". ThroBybr
out bis political life he hwatatitoafly looked
out for Iris cAvn-nrterssU- ft ia not believed
fete ever spent thirty shillings in politics.
His part shook the busb aad be caD"ht the
bird.-
faniel Webster squandered1 fcnc'Dii3 his
life time, the product of Ua profession, and
his political speculations. Ha died leaving
the property ta hit children, add bis debts
to bra friends.- Tim former tot lor less than
twenty thousand dollars the falter exceeded
one hwndred and fifty thousand.
j Henry Clay talt very hftrttiottfn etiate.
It probably exceeded one hundred thousand.
He was a prudent manager, and a scrusu
loHsly btfo'ett titarff.
.fames K. Polk left abort one hundred' and
fifty thousand dollars fifty thousand of
which he saved from his presidency of four
years.
John Tyler is worth fifty thoU's and' dollars'.
Before he reached the presidency he wss
bankrupt. In ths office he husbanded his
means and then married a rich wife."
Zachariah' Taylor left ono hundred and
fifty thousand dollars'."
Millard Fillmore is a wealth man',' and
keeps fats money in a very strong and safe
box. It will never1 be wasted in speculation,
or spuandered in vice.'
Ex-President Pierce saved some fifty thou
sand dollars from' his term of service;
- Oai Cenotrv.'
ThW greatest cataract in the iorld is the
Falls ol Niagara',' where the waters accumu
lated from tbe great upper Lakes, forming a
river three quarters of a mile in width', and
art'J suddenly contracted and plunging over"
the rocks in -two colu'in'hsV te the depth of
one hundred and aixty feet.'
The greatest cave in the World is fe Mam
moth' CaVe in Kentucky,' where one cab
make a voyage on the waters of the subter
ranean river,' and catch fish' without eyes.".
The greatest titer in' We world is the Mis
sissippi, four thousand one hundred miles irf
length. Its. name is derived from an Indian'
word, meanThg "the fiMtvt tater.'"
The KTfgest valle in the tfeftd is the Gal
ley of the Mississippi. It contains five hun
dred thousand Square t'mtes and if one of the
most prolific regions off tb'e globe."
The largest fake iff th'e world is ti"e Su
perior, four hundred and thirty miles long:
Tbe greatest tfiltirat bridge in the World
ia that oVer Cedar Creetf, in Virgin irf." 1 1 ex
tends across ' chasm o'f eighty feet in width'
and two hutn!?4 and fifty feet in depth'; at th'e
bottom of which' d reefc ftowir.'
The greatest mats of solid iron in the
iortd is the iron' mountain in Missouri. It
is' three hundred feet high, and two nftfet i
Circuit.'
The fudges" iHilodi til t'fVe' wfrVil is' the
Central Railroad of Illinois, which ft seven
hundred and thirty-one miles long cost fif
teen' million's o'f dollars.
The greatest firftirT&r' of Stfe'if H ftNtoad
ia proportion te the surface of any country
u tbe world, ia in Massachusetts, which has
One mile Id' every ten' square miles of its
area;
The greatest ntMoef 6t clocks" manufac
tured in the world, is turned out by the small
State of Connecticut.
The largest number of Wh'le sb'ipt ? ft' th'e
world are sent out by Nantucket and New
Bedford.
The greatest grsin port in tbe world is
Chicago.
The largfjtt scqvrduct in the wotT' U fTfe
Croton acqueduct io New York. It is forty
and a half miles long and cost twelve and a
half millions of dollars.'
Value ef Patent.
The Scientific American of the hrt Uttte
gives the public some interesting facts' fn fe
tation to" tilt taltre of certain patents which
are now in existence io the United States.
We copy a few ol them for the benefit of
cw inventive readers:
A portion of the right to Wood's Patent
Shingle machine Was lately sold in Albany
for 35,000.
Tbe JerumtSj tbe clock makers of New
Haven, Conn., have just paid $30,000 for a
portion of tbe right tx Robertson's Patent
Sewing machine.
The right to use Howe's Patent Shuttle in
the Sewing machine is now an income of
$30,000 per year to the iuventor.
Messrs. Singer & Co., are Said to b nu
king $76,000 per year, from their Sawing
machine.
Wheeler dt Wilson's Sewing machine
Company are making $30,000 per year.
Rights for Sanford'a patent hand Corn
Planter have been sold to the amount of $30-
000: Wakefield's patent band Corn Plant
er haa beetii sold' fo a stilt largsi- Sum. tin-
NtT&BER 16.
gle manufacturer of it in New Haven, Cofffi.
having realized 940,000 from the aale Ate,
of it during the past season.
D. W. Clark, of Bridgeport, Conn., haa
sold his patent Pump for $30,000.
One halt of a patent for certain Curtain fix
tures, which permit the curtain to be raised
ir lowered from the top, sold for $4,000.
Creamer's patent Car Brake ia said to have
sold to a company for $35,000'.
By these iufrw h would seem tbat genius
it tetrtfftg a golden reward. I: may be prop
er however, for ua to bint tbat there may be
some ff at about these reported sales and prof
its. This world is sometimes given to ly
inTi fetoMv TMcM !.
A correspondent of ths Chicago" Journal
writing from Cedar Rapids, Linn Co., Iowa,
makes thr followieg statement:
One of the id horrible deeds of BTood
trftrl has ever occWcf in tfll State, oc
cUfff 'fit this place on the ifotb oh. Am
brose J&eetesy wbe has resided here for sev
eral years, and who came here from Lock
port, N. Y., where he Iras relatives residing,
orre"fef hit wife by cutting her throat with
a poefcet knife, and with tbe aame weapon
committed suicide by cutting his awn throat
It appears that they bad been lOtfttbd a'
bout fifteen years. Ost th third year of
marriage tbey seperated, but afterwards liv
etf together sgain until about seven noaihe
since, whsn, owing to bis violent temper and
ill treatment, Mrs. Skeeles lell bim, and re
cently took measures to procure a divorce.
Hearing of her intention, he became greatly
exasperated, and in one ot his violent fits of
anger, last evening went to tbe bouse where
bis wife wss living, seized her, threw her on
the floor, and deliberately committed the hor
rid deed, and then killed himself as above
stated. The rotrwfn which the tragedy was
committed pVeeeHted a most bloody scene,
when life Weigh bor entered and found tha
dead bodies on tbe- floor.
Mrs. Skesle's maiden name waa Rulah C.
Vinton. She was 3 years of age, and was
a kind, amiable and much respected woman.
Her hsiband was 35 years of age, and with
the exception of hie violent and ungoverna
ble temper, which impelled him to this dread
ful deed, waa regarded as a man of good
clraraeter .
The Coroner's jury," which held an inquest !
on the bodies, last night, rendered a verdict
in' accordance with ttfe abve facts. . This
occurrence nas sent a thrift1 ot.&A'M thVoliMr'- J
I out Ih'-S entire community .-
It is strarige. passing; s&tfr?gV (Etft(ff6'&-
i zens of Kansas' fore stf tonf periHitted Hard
il'torf anil hTrfgang of murderers to redden tbe
sou of hat Territory with the blood of Free
Slate men. - The Sold trsArstinationV tire
vicinity of Fort Scott cry aloud far vengeance,
and later1 intelligence from Southern Kansas
is that on the night or the Ifth of j'une four
more Free State ulten were killed en' the Lit
tle Gsage,- by the' b'dWf p f IftsVotiri despera
does under the lead of Hamilton'; Titus' and
Rockwsy.
The men' killed were peaceable fairVers,
named Andrews, Allen, Thompson', add one
name not learned, Montgomery had previous
ly advised them to' leave, and bad pointed
out their danger, but they said they did not
meddle in affrays," and the Missourians would
not ni'oleat them.'
Lyman Williams is an old gray-haired man
about sixty years o'f sge." He lives in Olra
stead. He was arrested1 b'y Marshal John
son on' Satffrda'y for passing bogus .Coin,
He, wilt be examined before U. S. Commis
sioner Grannls; on' the tOth of July. We
saw some of the coin this morning, Which ft
is alleged th'e old rh'a'n passed." It was done
in the Mexican' quarter style, but bunglingly
executed.; tiow so poor counterfeit ever
took in' anbody is a' mystery to" us". f Cleve
land riafndealer.
The Slate TreasuV'er,.MV. Stone, reported
the eo'n'dftibn of the Tressury off foe Ah"
of June 1958', to be as follows: Receipts
$2,850,726 64; DWursemen'tsV $2,605,365
66; leaving' a balance in the Treasury ot
$'14i6,S60' 98', of Which ftiftS! 61 is W .de
posits, currenct and cash i'tdH's, and th'e Bal
ance is of $30,129 SI is unpaid drafts, coun-
tetfeit rMreand u'n'pWductive items gener
ally.
Tire Catholics are a'b'ou't to' erect a' magnif
icent catredral in New York, which will
Cost $ 1,090,000. It. is to be located be
tween Fiftieth and Fifty-f?rst streets, fron
ting on Fifth Avenue. The poa?tio'ti is said
to be most commanding. It will, be celled
the ca'tHeraI VX St. Patrick. Th'e corner
stone will b'e: tifS on th'e fSth ol Augtosti.
, The 'g'rVn'd gold" nVetfa'T of &'e fatted
States Agricultural Society was' on Friday
presented fat tbe. offfoe of the society in
Washington," to C. H; McCormick, Eq
of Chicago," lor the best reaping' machine
exhibited at the national field trial of liar
ves' implements at SV recuse last summer
Th'e hig'h'esi honor in the gift of the
fefslty of Cambridge, England, that of "Sen
Tor vyrangler," has been conferred upon'
Morns Birkbeck Pell, son of GilbertT. Pell
of ffew Tork. n is the only instance in
which this high academic distinction bss
been bestowed upon sn American.
AA.
TO? father of Nancy vTilea hat obtain
ed iii We Pontotoc (Sfiss.) Court, a er'il'i'ct
ot $40,000 against Reberl Wilson, for the
Seduction of his cSughter, who is" only six
teen years old. roe aefendant who wss
Wealthy, in the mesntime placed his proper
ty out of the reach of tbe law. ,
Governor Cumming testifies' fo ItettiJob.
swrred a wngny on the roa'd fimV Salt Lake
-.---I- , . . .... . .... . .
r.ity to t'rovo, which was drawn by pigs
harn'esied to the tongue by an ingenou's
combination of strsps and cords. In it was
seated a fst man, who evcifedme team even
into a tret by tire afdef black-snaka whip.
Some Potatoes The Painesfitle Adver
tiser states that between the I5tb of March
and the 15th of June Si.&Mf tniehela of po
tatoes were shipped from' Madison station,
Labs county, for the New York market.
The potatoes were all raised in Madison
township, slid Were purchased at prices vary
ing from 30" to 30 cents per bushel,
Mrs. t,e, widow of one of Washington's
Aids-de-Csmp. died in Wsshingtoo a few
days since. Wssbington "gave bar away'
at her marriage, and honored her with a wedding-dinner
at Mt. Vernon. She waa up
wards of ninety years of age.
An adoped daughter of Bryan Bray, named
Margaret, aged 10 years, at we learn from
he Herald, was burned to death at Clcve,
land, on Thursday night. Her dress caught
fire from the stove, and she waa literally
roasted alive.
In Virginia, a man tent to tha penitentiary
the third time, is never allowed to quit the In
stitution. A man named Blankenship, re
cently sent there, find himself in this pre
dicament'. . k
Order and Keoaomy ea a Farm.
Without order on the farm, peace of mindf
success and profit are impossible. Watch
fulness and care is implied in thia' fbrcibls
word. Order. Who is the farmer thai . does'
not know of serious accidents happening to''
animals and crops for want of proper care?
Some farmers are negligent of their animala
wlfen at ra4s;ss if fro accident could hap ,
pen: We once knew a most excellent bors''
to get ttU bis bsck its' the furrow of a pastor)
field that was "seeded down" with a grain!
crop o "tstthf" or ridg'ed. Sheep of good
quality (-and Mini farmer thould trow, any
otberlV are liable to Meet wrXb afmibtr aooi- "
deott -rfoVfooVta't'ff fn Aired bf am, etc.,
and for which care seems, after all tha ax- '
psrim'erfM tbfat have been made to be the"'
best rented; , t . : ,. t '
The farmer should not allow Ms" cattle '
that are used in BTs" ferny worlr", io be scat- :
tered indiscriminately ever bit fields.- Ia) '.
the most busy season it often happen that '
t great deal of time is lost in cetebio'g work- '
mg animals tbat art 71 out an pasturss ;
white the men aat dinner. In the beat of a.
hot day, as at noon, horses aad oxen would'
do much better in the s tables, if supplied '
with green food. For such purposes no far- '
mer should be without the necessary qosnu-V
ty of clover to be used ss soiling. We do '
not refer to that grown on meadow land -
with gtasses, but ot clover produced on msa-"
dow land heavily manured. Snob, clover .
: 1 1 , i . , l -1 .. . - i
win 0e suucuiBDi, iua wune t awuuMivw a
highly nutritive food for working animals, it t
prevents them from having a desire to eon-''
some large quantities at water Clover grown1
in the same manner referred to, would pro
duce, the second season, three crops. Af
ter eaeh cutting it should be heavily tap dres
sed.- ff the pastures are bare from being o-
verstocked, or parched by ths heat of sum
mer, tr cattle should ba fed with clover of
efiifer soiling. The value of it, fer increas
ing the quantity and quality of milk and but
ter will soon be understood by any person' '
who nursuet such a course. Thia evstetnof "
practice has its influence in saving time. If
the fences are bad, ao tbat tha cattle roam'"
in the woods, by tbe feeding of special green '
food in a particular place, thus causing cattle
to come in search of it much time may ba
saved. We know of a shiftless, disorderly
farmer and perhaps thsre are others aa
well aa be who drive hia cattle three or
f ir miles to be milked, often when above
their knees in mud. He bas several horses
to spare, and milk cana growiog rusty for,
want ot use. tie aoes not estimate toe loss
arising from such practice. Hia cattle trav- '
el in coming home twice a day to be milked,
and returning to the pasture, making four
tourneys- equal to twelve miles; when the
roads muddy the labor is iucreaaed; the feet
of the cattle become subject to disease; while
travelling they are not feeding, and conse
quently not supplying the raw material from
which to make flesh, milk, oi butter; tbey
dung on tbe road, and ita m inural eff ecta
are tost to the pasture; and ia addition to 1 es
ses, arising from carelessness or n wsnt of
"order upon tbe farm," tbe time of a man
or boy ia also lost in making the journey re-"
(erred to, Workin g Farmer
luxuries ef a Trait Sardsa. -A
friend of ours, in whose reliability we'
have explicit confidence, bas a small plat of
ground of which he tell the following'
facta :
Front a row of cm-reat bushes' abbult eight
rods long1, he and hia neighbors gathered
oVer two bushels of currents this year. Tbe"
e'tU'rent season, from' the first nicking to' the
last, wat from June 1st to August 15th, 3
months. " . , ,
From' a row of jrobsberry bushes', 2 rods'
' loog us g'aiuere'if aSont a bushel of goose
berries. . .
From' a' plat of strawberry vine, 4 rods'
long; and one rod wide; be gathered nearly
bushels of strawberries. The strawberry
WMWU 1 .UJ b U B VWU. ( .... WW WW www, wuw. mr
boot :he middle Of July. ' ,
Then his raspberries Came on', a'nd fastedf
about three weeks; Of these he had asout
half a' bushel. They stood next to the straw
berries in poin't 6t deHtta'cy:
He has a number of Chierry' tree's; The
yeil'ded well this year, His family an'd friends'
used a bushel or so, sua me enuaren oi tn
neighborhood fed themselves upon them
without stint; for two weeks. , .
Soon after the raspberries we're gone, his
peaches began to ripen. One bf the treea"
ripened iu fruit late, and haa lasted till Jib
fa' a few day past; of tbese h bad two "
more bushels." ... - . . - , ...
All along since the first of August, hia4
apples have been ripening, and have furnish
ed sn' abundant supply (ot his family, for
bis coW and pig,' and some to sell arid give
aWay besides. He will have a large fuanti
ty of excellent winter applet. He hat just
gathered from two' oi three g'rVpe vines, aa'
many bushel's Of fine grapes. Some 6T these '
bis wffe made tOUf ntarmjlade and tb'm'e aha"
has' preserved in paper for nse hereafter.1
The best and greater' portion of the Whole
were eaten a a desert; or given to children
or friends,' a!f of vTMch' enjoy them' much'.'
These are some of file enjoyment drawn
from a' small' pint of. around during th'e tea- '
son iuat closintr. The vve'e at Smalf cost.' -
i&'4t iftey sweetened jiuany a meat,' ministered
to health; anr aades tf We comfort or meay"r
guests.
Wby may not neatly every man have" aa1
large a plat of ground, and aa' many Com
forts' Simply, because he ia negligent.
OAio fttrrikf.
' v
Thorough Cultivation.
Prof." JSapes; ip the Working Farmer
speaking bf the advantages oT thorough cul
tiVafioh of the soil "high farming a ft hf
soiffetimes called including sub-toiling, on-'
dei draining, and the use of improved fertilia-'
ers and implements, says :
"Ten year ago wa garde fcrr't acrea
with an average of at least twenty hands.
We now work more With' eight hands, and
aft tnis difference fa" atufned by the use of
fertilizers and improved tools. , AnVoag those '
are the digging machine, Sub-sail Hfters, -Knox's
Horse-rroe, various Sowers, Manure)
Distributers, uisetrm tor potatoes' end other "
crops, and ourprofitsVas;aPe1As'eqViie,' art
many timet srearef than before. . Witi all
t'liee advantages, should we be debarred from
the use of under-draini and subsoil plows, '
we wovld change our vo&atidu and no foh'ger "
eontinue (arming, for those who do n'of avail
themselves of these, like the OBf rogressed'
inacMniats, muht soo Vt Atitfttkml by oflaK"
p'etuo'nJ.,
What esw Ms Doss' oa ea AerV it 6totat -f
hV iditoroftha Mai'tt Cultivator pubJ-
lished. a few davs aso, matiigemeat f ona"
acre of ground from Which we gatbor die fol--luWin?
resultf .,
One-third or an acr or earn usuaay pro.-
duced thirty bffshtla bf bound corn for grind"
iffrfi besides some refuse. Thls euantrty was-"
sufficient for family use and for letteaiagoa)'
or two small hogs, from tbe same ground'
he o&tained two or three hundred pumprtavr
and his family supply of beans. From the
aame bed of aix rods square he Usually ob
tained aixty buabels of onions; these he toid'
at one dollar per bushel and the amount pur
chased bis flour. Thus, from one-third of air
acre and one onion bed', fVe obtained his bred-'
stuff. The rest of ths ground wss appro"
priated to all sorts of vegetablcsdor theeuol'
mer and winter tist potatoes, beeuvpar--"'
nips cabbage, green corn, peas beans cueum'
bers melons, squashes cVc, with fifty or aixty
bushels of beets and carrots for Ihe winter
food of a cow. Then be bad a flower gar
den, also raspberries, currants and goo
berries, in a great variety, and a few choice
apple, pear, plnm, cherry peach, and mjifcon
reea,
Reason Without
revelation, it a shf
ST
iUiout a rudder.-"

xml | txt