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Delaware gazette. [volume] (Delaware, Ohio) 1855-1886, July 30, 1858, Image 1

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THE LIGHT OF THE HOCSB.
- .: Tatting o'r the wpt, .
Patting up tfa -Hair.
Tiny foet -vni nisiiing,
Kuuniog ererj waere.
TeerhMt tfaroagh the irmiov,
. - , A9 Harry's face,
- With it smiling featnre 1
BncbMB every: place. 4 ,
Bamiy curls srw elgaming .
' Ob his baby brow,
k Innocence is attuning
from fei biu eyes now, .
Down beside bis mother,
AC the cloee of day,
r In bts childhood beauty,
Harry kneels to pry.
- FoMed are tbe white bands.
...' Raijwd the siarry eyes. :
And '.he o4ee g wpwar
To Ue si teat sues -
On sweet mamma's bosom
Hnrry falUaaJewp;
Koiintl him geutle angels
i Lnaw-ta watches keep. ; :;
" Thank God, gentle motksr. ;
r'or the jwel rare,
And may (he Ureal, viiver
Bless you with bts care.
SATURDAY NGHT. :- -
Ever welcome Saturday night baa come,
bringing with it rest rest for the weary
limbs and aching distracted bead. . We ail
. feel to exclaim as doea the writer of the fol
lowing little Saturday night sermonwhich
"we adopt.
' Wbat blessed things Saturday nights are,
and what would tbe world do without them?
Those breathing moments in the march of
fife; those little twilights in the broad and
;jrlarish galaxy of noon, when pale yesterday
' leaked beautiful through the shadows, and
-faces, changed long ago?" smile sweetly
: again, in the bush wheji one remembers tbe
; old folks at borne, and tbe little brother that
'died, and the little sister that was translated.'
"Saturday nights make people human
, set their hearts to beating softly, as they nsed
- to do before tbe world turned them into wax
drums, and jarred them to pieces with tat-
toe. '
Tbe ledger closes with a crash; the iron-
doored Taults come to with a bang, up go the
abutters with .a will, click goes the key in the
lock.- It is Saturday night and the business
breathes free again. Homeward, bo! Tbe
door that baa been ajar all the week closes
behind him. The world is shut out! Shut
.in rather.. Here are the treafuie after all,
and not in tbe vault, and not in the book
are the record in the family Bible and not
'in the bank. ,
' "May be you are a bachelor, frosty and
'forty.- Then poor fellow, Saturday nights
re nothing to you, just as you are nothing to
-anything. Get wife, blue-eyed or black
eyed, but above all a true-eyed get a home,
jjo matter bow little, and a little sofa just to
hold two, or two and a half, and then get the
two or two and a half in it on a Saturday
night, and then read this paragraph by the
light of your wi fe' eyes and thank God and
take courage.
"Saturday night!" faintly murmurs the
'languishing , as she turns wearily upon her
couch; 'and there is another to come!'
"Saturday night at last!" whispers the
weeper above the dying;' and it is Sunday
ao-morrow.' '
. '. ' ' KI.D.KS6.
'' How true it is; that "a soft answer turn
ers away wrath," and that deeds of kind
ties, in return for evil, are, as heaping coals
of fire upon one's bead. : The rule of . kiad-
nets ie a part ot the great law of lov e, even
as pare love js a part of the Divine Spirit
( Kindness is as cheap as it is beautiful; it
-( may be given id' f look',' or word; without
diminishing aught of wealth. With cour
tesies, alone, we may illumine our pathway
add' pluck down blessings which no gold can
purchase, s To be brotherly, to befriend,
'' cheer and console, as far in ns lie; these are
"the' crowning graces' of humanity, ahd' ait
1 these are born of : kindness. ; A good-tempered,
well-mannered person, is one of the
-most beautiful- and blessed things of , earth
.-Ihedirine'y human bud of a: divinely flbw
rig humanity, i Jf people knew how much
.by. pleasant courtesy to one another,, and
heerful obedience to their pareutSKthey" can
command of admiration and love, they would
endeavor to cultivate' good behavior anil de
light in it.' Let them avoid evil communi-
cations, and" evil companions; let them
' keep their hearts and their tongues pure;
- let Them be sincere and honest; let them
- speak the truth always; no mattei1 What the
temptation to falsehood, speak the truth
truthfulness is the cheapest of jewels.. Let
uifatiWy and", stride . to be kind, no matter
, li'oiV seeniingly trivial the occasion, nor how
jjfm'all tbe promised fruit , it is the only lan
guage of our nature that its universal and
resistible.' , . ..""' ,
'! ;v--';..tet-KDCCATldl:
-. .. -fCostly apparutus and splendid cabinets,"
i fays Daniel : Webster, "have no magical
i-pWM to make Scholars. In all circumstan
. ees,'as a mail is, flnJef God, the master of
Ais own fortune, so he is the rhalter 6f his
oVh mind.' The Creator had so corVstitu'ted
i&'e .frdtfa'tf ifiteftect', tlrat it can grow .only
" lij its bwni Action, and by " its own action' it
ttrost certainty arid necessarily grows. Ev
;ery m'ah mast,- therefore; iii as itirportant
Cense j . edntdie" himself. Hid books and
ieaCbef afe hot IrelpS; the work is fate.
, A man is not e'du'c'a'ie'd. tiiitil He haJ t!ie abil
. ,iy to sbtainpn,- in case of energencyj all ht
mental powers in vigorous exercise fo effect
his" proposed object.. It is not the mafi wild
, has seen most, or who has read moat, who
can do this; such an one is in danger" of be
ing borne down like a beast ot burden, by
an overloaded mass of other men's thoughts.
' Nor is ;t the man who can boast merely of
native vigor and capacity. The greatest of
all the warriors that went to the seige of
, Troy had not the pre-eminence because na
, ture had given him strength and he carried
f the largest bow, but because self-discipline
had taught him how to bend it.
-'; Lam arline says Oh! man! fear not for
thy affections and-feel r.o dread lest time
should efface them. There is neither to-day
- nor yesterday in the powerful echoes of
memory; there is only always. He who
-, no longer feels, has never felt. There are
two memories the memory .of tbe senses,
which wears out with the senses, and in
which perishable things decay; and the mem-
ory of the soul, for which time does not ex-
1st, an J which lives over at the same instant,
' every moment of its past and present exis
1 tehee: " Fear not, ye who love. Time has
power over hours, none over the soul. .
A susceptibility to delicate attentions, a
finesense of the nameless and exquisite ten-
1 derness of manner and thought, constitute
in the minds of its possessors the deepest
under-current of life; tbe felt and treasured
. but unseen and inexpressible richness of af-
fectigri, l is rarely found in the characters
" pf men, but it outweighs, when it is, all
' grosser qualities. There are many who
' waste knd lose affectipns y careless, and,
' pften, unconscious neglect. It is qot a plapt
to grow untended; the breath of indifference,
": or rude touch, may destroy forever its delicate
"texture. There is a daily attention to, the
alight courtesies of life, which alone preserve
. the first freshness of passion. The easy
. surprises of pleasure, earnest cheerfulness
. of assent to slight wishes, the habitual res
pect (o opinions, tbe polite abstinence from
. personal, topics in the company of others,
unwavering attention to his and her comfort,
both abroad and at home, and above all, the
1 careful preservation of those properties of
- 'conversation and manner-which are sacred
Y when before the worlj, are tome of the ae-
crets of that rare happiness which age and
- habit, alike fail to impair and diminish.
NOBLE THOUGHTS.
I never found pride in a noble nature.
- nor humility in an on worthy . mind.. Of all
- trees, I obervethat God bath chosen the
, Tine a low plant that creeps upon the
r helpful wall; ol all beasts, the soft and pa-
! tient lamb; of all fowls, the mild andguileleas
' dove. When God appeared la Moses, it
" was not in the lofty cedar, nor the spreading
palm, but a bush, a humble, abject bush. As
if he would by these selections check tbe
' conceited arrogance of man. Nothing pro
' ducetbi love like humility: Nothing hate, like
pride. " "i" .
V OL. XLl.
OOISU 1XVVN MILi, . ..
BT MBS. S. F. DOUGHTY.
"That looks bad,", exclaimed . Farmer
Wbite with an expressive shake of the head,
as he passed a neglected garden and broken
down fences, in one of his daily walks.
"Bad enough," was the reply of the com
panion to whom tbe remark was addressed,
"Neighbor Thompson appears to be running
down bill pretty fast. I can remember when
everything about his little place was trim
and tidy."
"It is qufte the contrary now," returned
the farmer. "House, outbuildings, and
grounds, all show tbe want of a master's
care. I am afraid Thompson is in the down
ward path."
"He always appeared to be a steady, in
dustrious man," rejoined the second speaker
"I have a pair of boots on my feet at tbia
moment of bis make, ami taey have done
tne geod service."
"I have generally employed him for my
self and family," was the reply, "affd I nrust
confess that be is a (food workman; but nev
ertheless,! believe I'll step into Jack Smith's
and order a pair of boots, of which 1 stand in
need I always make it a rule never fo pat
ronize those who appear te be running be
hind hand. There is generally some risk
in helping those who do not try to help them
selves."
. "Very true and as my wife desired me to
Dee a'fibut a paTr of sl-'oes" of E'tf (his morn-
ieg , I will follow your example, and call up
on Smith. He :s no great favorite of mine
however Mi idle, quarrelsome fellow,"
"And yet be seems" to be gathering ahead
in tbe world," answered the farmer, "and I
am willing to' give him a lift. But I have
an errand at the butcher's. Step , in with
me a momeot. I will not detain you."
At the butcher's tbey met the neighbor
who had been tbe subject of their previous
conversation. He certainly presented a
rather shabby appearance, and in his choice
of meat there was a regard to economy
which did not escape the observation'' of far
mer White. . .
r After a few passing remarks, the poor shoe
maker tooi his departure, and the butcher
opened hia account book with somewhat of
an anxious air, saying, as he charged the bit
of meat: . . .. s ; . , ..t, ... -
. "I believe it is time that neighbor Thomp
son and t came to a sett!emen't. Short ac
counts make long ffTends."
"No time to lose I should say," remarked
the farmer.
" "Indeed! have you heard of any trouble,
neighbor White!" "
"No, I have heard xfothTrig', bftt a tn.m
has the use of hia eyes .you know; end I
never trust any one with my money who is
evidently going down hi!K" . . -,
"Quite right! and I will send in, my bill
this evening. I have only delayed on ac
count pf the" 5rnes3 which the poor man
has bad in his family all winter. I suppose!
he must have run "behind hand a little, but
still I must take cafe of BSrab'ef one." !
"Speaking of Thompson are you?" observ
ed a bystanders, who appeared to take an in
terest in the conversation. "Going dowff
hill, is heJ I must look otft for myself the ft.
He owes me quite a snm for leather. -1 did
intend to give bim another month's credit:
but on the whole, I guess the money wouhl
be safer in my pocket."
Here the four worthies separated, each
with his mind filled with tbe affairs of neigh
bor Thompson, the probability that he was'
going down hill, and the best way to give
him a push'. , , .
In another" parts' of the village similar
scenes were passing.
"I declare!" exclaimed Mrs. Bennett, the
dressmaker, to a favorite assistant, as she
withdrew hrer1 head from the window whence
she h'ad been gaz:nTon the passers by, "ff
there is n'ot Mrs. Thompson,' the sh'oema
ker's wife,' comfng ay with a parcel in her
ha hd".-' She wants to engage me to do her
spring work, I suppose. I think it would be
a venterre. ' Bery onesay th'ey are running
down hill, and it is a chance if I ever get my
pay." -
'She hafl always paid as" rroniptlyv" Was
the' reply -
"True; h'tft that wag iff (He days of her pros
perity. ;; I cannot afford to run any risks."
"The entrance of Sirs.' Thompson prevent
ed further conversation.
She was evidently surprised at tbe refb's'at
of Mrs. Bennett to do any wortt for her, but
as great pressure of business Was pleaded as
an excuse, there was nothiBg said,' arfd ee
soon took her leave. , Another application
proved equally unsuccessful." It was strange
bow busy the village dress-makers had sud
denly become.
On her way home, the poor shoemaker s
wife met the teacher of a small school in
the neighborhood where ttf o ol her children
attended. ' ' . -
"Ah! Mrs. Thompson I am glad to see
you," was the salutation. "I was about cal
ling at your house.' Would it be conven
ient to settle our little account this after
noon!" "
"Our account!" was the surprised reply.
"Surely, the term lias not yet expired!"
"Only half of it, but the present rule is to
collect my money at that time. It is a plan
which many teachers have adopted of late."
"I was not aware that there had been
any change in your rules, and I had made
arrangements to meet the bill at the usual
time. I fear it will not be in my power to
do so sooner."
The countenance of the teacher showed
great disappointment,. and as she passed on
in a different direction, she muttered to her
self: i -
"Just as I expected. I shall never get a
ceut. Everybody says that they are going
dawn, bill. must get rid of the children in
someway, perhaps I may get a pair of
shoes or two for the half quarter, if I man
age right, byt it will never do to go on in this
way,''
A little discomposed by her interview
with the teacher, Mrs. Thompson stepped
into a neighboring grocery to purchase some
trifling articles of family store.
"I have a little account against yau.-r
Will it be convenient for Mr. Thompson to
settle it this evening!" asked the civil shop
keeper as he produced the article.
"Is it his usual time for aetth"ng1" was a
gain the surprised inquiry.
"Well not exactly, but money is very
tight just now, and I am anxious to get ail
that is due me. In future i intend to keep
short accounts. There is your little bill if
you want to look at it. I, will ca.ll around,
this evening, t is but a small affair."
- Thirty dollars is n small sum to us just
bow,," thought Mrs. Thompson aa she
thougtfutly panned ker way toward home.
"It seems strange that all these payment
most be met just now, while we are
struggling to recover tbe heavy expenses of
the winter. I cannot understand it."
Her perplexity was increased oponfind
ingber husband with two bills in bis hand,
and a countenance expressive of anxiety and
concern.
.Delaware
J "Look, Mary," said he as she entered.
"Here are two unexpected calls for money
-one from-the doctor, and the other front
the dealer in leather from whom I purchas
ed my last stock. They are both urgent
for immediate payment, although they have
alwavs beeu willing to wait a few months
until I could make arrangements1 to meet
fh'eir claims. Brft misfortunes never come
single, and if a man once gets a little be
hind, handy trouble seems to' font in upon
hinr."
"Just so," replied his wife." "The neigbV
bors think we are going down hill, and every
one is ready to give us a pu'shu Here ere two
more bills for you one from the grocer and1
the other from the teacner. 7
Replv was prevented bra Efnock' at the
dor, and the appearance of a lad who pre
sented a neatly folded paper and disappear
ed.'
"The buY6her's account, as I live!" ex
claimed the astonished shoemaker. "What
is to be dore Mary! So much money to be
paid out, and very little comir'j' Tn; for some
of my best customers have left me, although
my work has always given' good satisfaction.
If I could only have employment as u?ual
and the usual credit allowed me, I could soon
satisfy all these claims; but to afect te(S
trctf is impossible, and the acknowledgement
of my inability will send us still farther on
the downward path."
'We must trust in providence," was tn'e
consolatory remark of his wife, as a second
knock at the door aroused the fear that an
other claimant was about to appear.
But the benevolent countenance of Uncle
Joshua, a rare but welcome visitor, presen
ted itself. Seating himself in the comforta
ble Chair which Mary hastened to band him
he saitf ik his excerttric, but friendly man
ner:
"Well, good folks, I un'dertftsrrd that the
world does not go quite as well with you as
formerly. What is the trouble!"
'There need be no troirble, air was the
reply , "if man would riot add to the afflic
tions which tbe Almighty sees to be neces
sary for us. The winter was a trying one.
We met with sickness and misfortunes
which we endeavored to bear with patience.
All would now go well if those around were
not determined to push me in the downward
path."
But there lies the difficulty, friend
Thompson. This is a selfish world. Eve
ry body, or at least a great majority core on
ly for number one. . If they see apoor neigh
bor going down kill, 'their. "first thought is
whether it will effect their own interests,
and provided tbey can secure themselves,
they care not how soon be goes to tue bot
tom.. ., Tbe only way is to keep up appear
ances. , Show no signs of going behind hand
and all will go well with you."
Very true, Uncle Joshua, but how is this
to be done"? Bills that 1 did rrot expect to
be called upon to meet for the next three
months, are pouring in upon me. My best
customers are leaving me for a 'more fortu
nate rival. In short, I am on the brink of
ruin, and naoght but a miracle can safe me. '
"A miracle which is very easily wrought
tHen, I amagine, my gocil friend. What is
the amount of these debts' which preerj so
heavily uponyoff, and hov s'oon, in the com
nftjn course of events, Could you discharge
themi"
"They do not eiceed offe Kindred dollars,
replied the shoemaker, "and with my usual
rtfn of work, 1 could make it all right in
three or four months."
" We will say six,"' waif the answer.' "I
will advance you one hundred and fifty dol
lars for six months. Pay every cent you
owe; and with the remainder of the money
make some slight additfWr or improvement
in youY sTrop ot house, an'd p?t everything
about the grou'nds in its' Gsual neat order.
Try this plan for a few weeks and we will
see what effect it haa upon ovfr worthy
neighbors.' ' No, no, never mind thanking
me. f am only trying an experiment on
human nature. I know you of old, and have
no doubt that my money is safe in your
harrds." ' ' .
-. Week's passed by. The advice of Uncle
Joshua had been strictly followed, and the
change in th'e shoemaker's- prospects' was
vvorderful. He was ifpoken of as" one of
the most ffifiving men in the village, and
many marvellous stories' were lotd to" account
for the Sudden alteration in his affairs.' It
was generally agreed that a" dtstarrt refatif e
had bequeathed to hint a legacy ; which had
entirely relieved bint of his pecuniary diffi
culties'.' Old ertstomers and new crowded
in open him; They had never before real
lied the beatfty afld durability of hia work.
The polite butcher eelee'ted bim the besrt piece
of meat for his inspection1 as he' entered, and
was totally indifferent to tbe timre1 of pay
ment. The dealer in leather called to inform
him that his best hides awaited bis orders'.-
The teacher accompanied the children' borfte
to tea, and spoke in high terms of their im
provement, pronouncing them among her
best scholars. Tbe dress-maker suddenly
found herself free from the great press of
work, and in a friendly note expressed her
desire to oblige Mrs. Thompson in any way
in her power. "
"Just as I expected," exclaimed Uncle
Joshua, rubbing his hands exultingly as the
grateful shoemaker called upon him at the
expiration of six months, with the money
which had been loaned in lime of need.
"Just as I expected. A'strange world!
They are ready to push a man up hill if be
seems to be ascending, and just as ready to
push him down if they fancy that his. face is
turned that way. In future, neighbor
Thompson, let every thing about you wear
an air of prosperity, and you will be sure to
prosper." And with a satisfied air Uncle
Joshua placed his money in his pocket-book,
ready to meet some other claim upon his be
nevolence, whilst be whom he hnd thus be
friended, with light steps and cheerful coun
tenance, returned to his happy home.
A new usury law has just gone into oper
tion in Pennsylvania. ... .t contains no re
strictions in regard to. the rates of interest.
The borrower and lender may agree upon
any rate, and that shall be legal.
The London. Times received by the last
arrival makes a prominen.1 announcement of
the fact that it is now printed on one of
Hoe'a American ten, cylinder pres&ea.-
Thus the bear' and ou' f l'9 British nation
finds expression through the medium of a
"Yankee notion."
The Latest Gofek Discovekt is Iowa.
The editor of the Dubuque Express and
Herald, has received specimen of so-called
gold front Audubon, county, which turn out
to. be simply sulphate of copper glittering
something like, gold but utterly woftblesa.
The man on wbps? faa..they, were iound ie
willing to aell. for a, thousand dollars .an acre.
We believe ery. aroall ejuantiUea, of gold
have been foupd.iri,Ipwa,.but. iMs. Tery.l&e
ly that most of the alleged discoveries in that
State are of a piece with those in Audubon
county.
01cte1, ilftofel
DELAWARE, OHIO, JULY 30, 1858.
rOTTRTH OF JULY SERMON,
Delivered in the 3d Presbyterian Choreb,
Delaware, Ohio, July 4, lsds, by Kev. O. H.
Hswtosi.
Delaware, O. Jalj 12th 1SSS- '
Eev. O'. H. Newton,
Dear Sir Believing that ths
carryinz eat of the principles inculcate J in
year discourse" Jflivered on1 riabbath'niofmnitii
rc'st., are the only sure crarantee for the per
te tuity of our Jtepirblic&ii Institutions wad civ
il and religions riberty, the undersigned re-
peeuully 3K a copy oi tne same tor puoiie
tioa. iStsspeetfaiiy yours
." fchn' SfcSlroy,
K. Burr,
K. . Hills.
D. F. McGullongb,
M. JL. UoveU.
" ' James M. Chsrry,
- t - ti. A. Cherry,
JCvery.
Delaware, O., July 15th 185S.
iressin.K. Burr. D. F. UoCulloozh. J. lie
slroy, 1?. Ave ry , K. . Hills, M. JD, Covell, Dr.
J. 41. Cherry aud others.
Brethren . .
I received vonr complimentary note
requesting, for publication, a copy of my aer
mua pruached on the 4th of July.
Kelvin? on vonr indirment. wore than my
own, as to whether it ia worthy of such notice,
L beiuwiiu auumit to you a copy.
With oentiaienia at high regard' '
1 am truly yours
O- 11. iiXWTON.
" Witclvm it better than weapon of tear."
Eecl-K.lS.
I have thought, my friends that as this
Anniversary of our American Independence
has occurred on the oabbath, it wcold not
be out of place, nor uninteresting to indulge
in some reflections upon the combined in
terests of our country, and holy religion, arAf
upon those means by which eVr ffee insti
tutions can best be preferred and perfected.
The best interests of our country ate in-
seperably connected with religion. Hence
to my mind there is" a peculiar fitness in the
Anniversary of oar Independence occurring
now and then on the Sabbath. ' '
This combined interest cf our country
and religion, is seen particularly in the fact
that eur present Republican Goverment, is
the product of religion.
The' same book that teaches the religion
of Jesus, inspires in those who study, that
book, a desire for political and religious free
dom. And it cannot be denied that the lib
erty which we now possess, is a necessary
consequence of receiving, riehly, of the tree
principles taught in the word of God.
Let us take a glance at the history of the
Church and the world, for a few centuries
back, and this, it seems to me, will be evi
dent. The world bad been for rears pass
ing through what is now styled the "Dark
Ages." r
During this period tire great Reformation
corantenced; which was fast dissipating that
moral darkness which brooded over the earth
in consequence of the Reman Catholic
Church, having concealed the word of God
to that very -few indeed bad any access at
all to the triie KgNt, , When lArtrer anxious.
for bis own salvation, bad resorted to the
cloister that be might there in the prescribed
way nnd rest lor his soul, came in contact
with a Bible, which was fastened by a crrainy
be front that Bible began to light up his own
sHiul, and that light vai desfirred to eliine
forth and illume the whole World.'
So rapidly Old this light spread through"
the influence of lyuilier, aud so great did-the
Reformation become that the See if Rome
became alarmed at the movement, and com
bined with the kings of the nations, against
the people.
Henry VIII, who had been zealous for re
ligious liberty, arrogated to himself the very
same spiritaal supremacy that he with the
aid of the people, and in the name of Chris
tian liberty, had wrested from the Pope of
Rome. And he used his power in compelling
couformity ttfth"e obnoxious faith and wor
ship of Rome, conducted by Ecclesiastics
who received their appointments from him
self and h'eld thenf at his pleasure.
The reign' ot Mary was in the same dire'c
tionl, vizr a relapse to Roman worship.
Queen Elizabeth reinstated ih'e Refofmaiion
but reserved to herself the spiritual suprema
cy. The people resisted all these Eccleeti
eal usurpations of the Tudors; and the",
to retaliate, attempted to jtrbvert the consti
tutional aulhorty of Parliament.'
In this perplexity Elizabeth, advised by
sagacious statesmen and supported by tem
porizing churchmen, resorted to the fav
orite expedient iff politicians, vizr compro
mise. Compromise is still a very favorite expe
dient in adjusting conflicting- political inter
ests f and does Very well where it is n'ot
extended to the subversion of the natural
rights',' or the moral duties of bolijects or
citizens. But- how many lamentable in
stacea" baVe we in car politfcar hlsloYy of
c'o'iripro'miae,' wbefe both the iiaturat rights
and moral dirties of citizens have been subverted.-
Even where a compromise is proper
within itself, ft derives all its strength from
the full and fair consent of all the parties
whom it hinds'.' -
In this compromise Elizabeth would frar"
monize the uncompromising Church of Rome
and the equally uncompromising Lititudina
rian Protestantism, by forming a new system
midway between the two. The new sys
tem was established by law, and conformity
thereto was enforced by severe penalties.-
This new system, notwithstanding its con
formity to the divine precepts, in many res
pects, was in its civil aspect? a mere politi
cal institution; and was oppressive and odi
ous to a zealous people, who regarded all
political authority as sacrilegious usurpation. :
Tbe friends also of civil liberty condemned it
as turning the batteries which had been won
from the Roman See, in the name of liberty,
against the very fortesg of liberty itself.
The church ot England was built en this
compromise. But it was seen by those who
longed for freedom from the tyranny of Rome,
that the whole tendency of the compromise
would be to relapse into Romanism; hence
there was a demand for a new conservative
power to prevent such a dreaded result. In
this condition of things that new power ap
peared in the form of a body of obscure re
ligous persons, men of monastical devoutness,
yet retaining the habits of domestic and social
life; simple but not nnlearned, tbey were
neither so rich that they forgot God, nor were
they so poor as to debase their own soul,
They were content with mechanical and agi
ricUjlturaJ' pursuits, yet fully conscious of the
liberty with which Christ had made theua tree;
and they were, therefore, bold enough to con
front ecclesiastical, and even royal authority
in the capital. :...".
For their independence in religious things
they were persecuted, but this only increased
their strength..
Tbey believed themselves to be the chosen
emissaries of God for the advancement of
religions freedvrm. hence they were willing,
to become outcasts among noeou . They, an,
nounced as their owns rule of conduct, "That
no article of faith, ao exercise of ecclesias
tical authority, no rule of discipline, and sot
even a shred of, ceremonial, ox sacrament,
ishon.ljLh&. "i.f Pjed.. unless sanntionjyLby a.
t?3
direct warrant from
irrciea oy toemaeives." - ney claimed mat
iii ihb iree exercise ot meir own consciences
enngirionea ny we lloiy apirtt, tney had
right te interpret the Scriptures for them-
. uey ueueveu uiai uoa, aimougn
a benevolent atrrer was yet jealorts towards
diaotrsdieffce of hia revealed will, and would
fnuiiii hujuuuj ucgicct oi us conunana
menu. . r . -.;., t -
lhis siody of men,- With theffe views arfd
principles we're the 'PurilansS "They came
Into the world to sa?e the world from deS-
pousm; and the world comprehended them
not." And even now, some would deny
them thaC glorious part which God caused
them to perform in the struggle for civil and
religious iibptifu They e?ffsed to' aetniiesrce
in this compromise of Queen Elizabeth, be
cause it involved a surrender of natural rights
and a dereliction front duty toward Goc.
They were however true Christians, herYce
while tbey claimed to act in accorda'nee wi'th
their va consciences, tbey were willing te7
grant flhe same privileges to' others, that they
claimed for themselves; hence they did not
set up. their convictions of duty as a standard
for others, who subscribed to the christian
faith;' but allowed to all their fellow subjects
the same broad religious liberty which they
claimed to enjoy. They persisted in non
conformity to the prescribed mode of wor
shfp'.. And the more they were pressed the
more strongly did they r'eist,'an(fthe stronger
the resistance, the more severe their perse
cution. -The Puritans bore, unflinchingly,
their testimony against the compromise. In
consequence of this they were for mure than
one. hundred years virtually outlawed : as
citizens and sffbjscts, and ' outcasts from
the established Church; but they bore it all,
firmly 'adhering to their principles, . before
magistrates and councils, in the pillory, un
der stripes, in marches, in camps, in prison,
in flight, in exile, among licentious soldiery
and dissolute companions, in neiffhborinsr
lands, on tbe broad ocean, when the mari
ners- lost their compass, and when the ship
supplies became scanty, and hers3ams open
ed to the Wares, and on unknown coasts
houseless and homeless, tarnishing and dy
ing in tlie forest, surrounded with snow and
ice,' contending with savage beasts, and
more savoge men. Thus faithful to their
principles, the compromise policy failed;
civil and religious liberty -was not crushed
out or destroyed, but it arose erect, it trium
phed, and itis still gaining new and wider
fields. And tyrants have trembled otf their
thrones, as tuey iiaveread . of its powerful
and glorious progress.-: ' a !
The Puritan thus persisted and prevailed
because they had adopted one true aud sub
lime principle of civil conduct, namely, "that
a subject in any slate has a natural right to
liberty of consciece.' And this great -and
fiofre principle they havt learned from tire
wbrk of God.
They did riot claim1 to' defr-'e tlfe right of
toleration",' from the common law, of the
stJttftes o'f ttia i realm, or everf from" that
HTnagnarffntrirot between the soveriga ud
the subject, wlitcrr some had invented about
tlrut lime ors a' basis? of civil right.' Tuey
resorted at once to that older and broader
law, that law which was more stuble than all
these,- a law universal in its application and
in its obligation; established by the Creator
of all things, and judge of all men, and there
fore paramount to all known constitutions.
Such was the source from which, they
claimed to derive their right of thinking
and actio" for themselves in religious
matters. . They did not lay claim to tin
discovery of this great principle, or to the pro
mulgation of it,' for others had talked of it, and
wrote about it. Theirs consisted in having de
duced the principle to actual and effective ap
plication as a rule by which to be governed
in political conduct.
In acting upon this principle they did not
wish to be disloyal subjects, they would not
trample upon the lawa" of th'eir government
With impifSity.nor disregard their rightful sov
erigrts. and they would not appeal Irom these
enly as they appealed to a higher power.
And while they regarded themselves subjects
to civil magistrates, they at the same time
regarded themselves as subjects to a still
Kty ker power; and it was only when civil
law infringed upon the right ol consviencethat
they claimed the right la disregard that law.
They revered the .W of irtagistrates, but
they revered the law of God more.
Listen to the ma'ntier in which' they s'polfe
tponjthis point, when imprisoned:'
"Upon a careful examination of the Ifbly
Scriptures, we find the English" hierarchy to
be different from Christ's in'stitution'and to
b'e' derived from Antichrist, being the same
the Pope left ?rr this land, to which we dare
not subject ourselves. We farther find that
God has commanded all that believe the gos
pel to walk in- that holy path'acd order which
he has appointed iii hns" ctfurch Wherefore,
irt the reverend fear of his name, we' h'aVe
joirred otrrSelves together, and subjected our
souls and bodies to those laws and ordinances,
and have choaen to ourselves Birch a ministry
of pastors, teachers, elders, and den-cows,- a
Obr8t has given taf his church oti earth to
tbe world's- end, hoping for the promised a
sistance of bis grace in our attendance upon
bim, notwithstanding any prohibition of men,
or what by melt can be done unto us. We
are ready to prove our ehurch order to be
warranted by' the word of God, allowable by
her Mijesty's laws, and noways prejudicial
to the. sovereign power, and to disprove the
public hierarchy worship, and government,
by such evidence as our adversaries shall not
be able to withstand, protecting, if we fail
herein, not only willingly to sustain such de
served punishment as shall be inflicted upon
us, but to'become conformable for the future,
if we overthrow not our adversaries. .
We therefore in the name of God and of our
sovereign the Queen, pray that we may
have the benefit of the laws and of the pub
lich charters of the land, namely, tbat we
may be received to bail, till we be by order
of law convicted of some crime deserving of
bonds. We plight our faith unto Gad and our
alleigance to her majesty, that we will not
commit anything unworthy of the gospel of
Christ, or to the disturbance of any common
peace and good order of the land, and that
we will be forthcoming at such reasonable
Warning as your lordships shall command.
Oh, let us not perish before trial and judg
ment, especially imploring and crying out to
you for the same. However, we take the
Lord ot Heave and Earth, and bis angels,
together with your own consciences, and all
persona in all ages, te whom this our suppli
cation may coote, to witness that we have
hero truly advertised your honors) ot one case
and maze, and have in all humility offered to
come to Christian triaJU"
How beautiful, and yot with touching; ef
fect doea this opening of their cause by the
Puritans illustrate the- divine instruction,
"That the- fear of tbe Lord is the begiontBg
of wisdom.
1 I do not suppose that the Puritan vnvderl
stood the full scope of that principle- which
tbey laid down ; they no doubt in some in
stances acted inconsistent with it themselves
the acriptures as inter- but Uii-'Uustratea another great truth, J If these principle, are ao pure and now
j." They claimed that viz: "That human progress is onlv the nui. I -rfi i .i.liL pure ana pow-
. viz: mat numaa progress is only the pul-
; ling ot an endless chain suspended from tbe
a turone ot Li ad; the links of which are infi
uite in number, and can . be grasped by the
uuman nana only one at a time.
. I bis principle of the inviolability of the
J. rights of conscience, necessarly severs the
- ! mviuiaoimy oi an ttie acknowledged natural
j riglsa of man; those which have reference
, to ha dsties to himself and to his fellow
j nrerr,- as well as those winch he owes directly
to God.' , .This principle crailns for us the
: right of ctteying God, when, commanded to
do justice artd , tore laercy iri our dealings
nnu our leiiow men. .f t ins BTiCcip3 give
us ma .right to lotlow our own conscience, ia
pef-crfmnuiee,duues", and htfs, law of
our land, (if any there be,) which forbid uur
carrying out the irreat law of love to our fel
loV m'env must be ttetd by us just as the Pu
ritans regarded the Compromise estabrWlfe'd"
by Queen. Jbaizabelh. ... .-,
t It we are compelled by law'tu tia'Aple
upon tne natural ngnia ot others, we must
do VKfferc'e to our own consciences in obey
ing such ; laws. . J'lle that lovetllC jnot fi'is
brother whom he hath seen, H'ow can he love
God whom he hath not seon,", ThVs Puri
tan' principle then involves the p'onticiT equal
ity of all men. C'ajl'iite rights grow
out of our moral constitution. If so then
tire aXolute rights of all are tlie saiiii.
-Political equality' is ''cbMrin else thar? tie
full enjoymeut of those, absolutef rights,
which arise out of our moral conatitulion.
God ga?e to each this moral constitution,
hence any infringment peh' the r?gGts" which
grow out or tbia, unless those rights have
beeS forfeited by crime, is forbidden by di
vine authority. r ' . ';
Here then we see something' of the ex
tent of that principle laid down by the Pu
ritans aud drawn by them directly from the
Word of God. .
We may learn from the following quota
tion, how the Puritans understood their own
great principle in its bearing upon th'e rights'
ol conscience :
"Liberty of conscience," said one of their
earliest organs, "is the natural right of every
man he that will look back an past times,
and examine into tbe causes of . subver
sion and devastation of States and countries,
will find it owing to the tyranny of princes
and the persecution of priests. The minis
ters of the established church say that if we
tolerate one sect we most tolerate all. ,Thia
is true. They have as good a right to their
consciences as to their clothes, or estates.
No opinions or sentiments are cognizable
by the magistrates any furthur than' they are
incofniistent with- the poWer1 of crVil govern'
metit.". ' " ' ,
. The tendency of ibis Jpurltatl principle
was to a pure systeni of republican govem
rirenV. As I haVe said, I do not sfppoe that.
they fully understood this.' .'They did not
seem' to' be seekiirg a repcblrciin- form ef gov
efnmet, but o'nry liberty of conscience;' or
freedom frorrf that ctfntrol wMeb the State
wUu!raterjhjeiu
But if the State could "irot eontrof this thrcrs
would necessarily, follow ar separation of
Church and State.- If then the ChuVch and
State be re para ted and political equallity be
established, then necessarily follows a re
publican form of government. Equal toler
ation in religion, and equal enjoyment of all
natural rights, are inconsistent with the se
crecy, and power, and oppression which seem i
to'be necessary to the existeuce of monarchy
and aristft'eracy.
That the Puritans were slow to discern
the tendencies of the principles they laid
down, and that they did not thus act for the
pupose of overthrowing their form of gov
ernment,! evident froin what they said them
selves: "Although (said they to Elizabeth) her
Majesty be incensed against us, as if we
would obey no laws, we take the Lord of
Heaven and Earth to witness that we ac
knowledge, from the bottom of our hearts,
her Majesty to be our lawful Queen, placed
over us. for our good; and we give God our
most humble aud hearty thanks for her hap
py government; and both in public and pri
vate we constantly pray for her prosperity.
We renounce all foreign power, and ac-
knowledge brer Majesty's supremacy to b'e
lawful and just. VV detest all error and
heresy. Vet we desire that her M.ijsty will
not think us disobedient seeing- we suffer
ourselves to'be displaced rather th'an'yield to
some thig3 required. Our bodies and goods
and all wa have are in her Majesty's hands;
only our souls we reserve to our God, who is
able to save and condemn us'
Aiid even long after thisttltfiY'tliehid en
joyed a republican government for some time,
the Colony of Massachusetts saluted Charles
IT 6flf his restoration, with this loyul'ailclfes?:
"To enjoy our liberty', arm to walk accord
ing to the faith and order of th'e Gospel, was'
the canse of oil transplKntrng- oiffselvee with"
our wives, our little ones; and our substance,
choosing the pure christian worship, with a
good conscience, in this remote w ilderne?s,-
rather than the pleasures' of England with
submission1 to tbe lorposmorrs of the' hierar
chy to which we could not yield without an
evil conscience.' We are not seditious to' the
interests of Caspar."
We see then that our Republic did not
grow oat of desire for a republican form of
government, but from a desire to enjjy the
natural rights, whiah God had guaranteed to
them, and which rights they learned that
they possessed from the study of the Bible.
To enjoy the rights of conscience then
led the Puritans to seek an asylum in this
land. Once here and-in the enjijyinent of
these feelings, tbat principle ol freedom,
which they had imbibed from the Word of
God, developed more and more, applying it
self to one after another of the natural
rights 'of man; until the time at last came,
when the people felt, tbat if they suffered
taxation they had a right to representation.
Thua they were' led along, until tbey regar
ded themselves as called upon by God to
throw off that tyranny, which had been ao
long depriving them of their rights. Hence
the Revolution followed, and the establish
ing of that American Independence which
we have so long enjoyed.
" I need not aay that all this bus been
vouchsafed to us, nutler the kind nasi oi
God, aud that to him our hearia of unfeign
ed gratitude ahoold rise. Blessings so great
and so glorious as these we thia day enjoy,
must call forth thanks from every feeling
heart.
Our fathers have bequeathed us a high
trust in tbe form of civil ami retijfious lilxrtt.
And if we do not fcuuui it down to coming
genec&tioaav a Bor or ee moce perfect,
than we receivedf it, w shall prove ourselves
unworthy oi tbe trus. - j
The quev lione then bow we aKatt presenre
and perfect oar tree insulation is. on of
eery great importance. .
1. remark then:
1st. That tbe best Mean to seen re lb is,
will be a firm adherence- to those principles,
the devel opement of wltieb ba brought . an?
free institutions. into existence..
NUMBElt l7
A
. -- ."" km, as - io u-mnipn over des
potism and lyraany, when such a triumph,
was not tbe object, primarily sought, surely
tbey will be sufficient to' hold that tyranny
in subjection when they are adhered to for
that very purpose. i' . i
These principles are found in their purity
in the W ord of God," ' faithfully studied
there, and faithfully applied, our free gov
ernment ao far from relapsing into tyranny ,
will go on to full perfection. It is now by
no means perfect; but it may and will be
come so, just in proportion to the develooe-
mentand perfection of these principles in
the hearts end conscience of the people.
t mmu not hold onto these institutions.
wHbr fheTf tfeflcienaiee, to keep then from
needed amendment; but "we should be pre
pared to amead - and complete them; and
fffus sate our' eoMrftry ftn tire rteed tf an
other bloody revolution
thalf we compromiser the principle s of
tuauce, i.s?tium and humanity, tor selfish or
political e-rTs.' or sliaTi we stand fast arwaya
for tire fJper "defence of thfese ptftfcrpie-S-f
f "kn3 vf ito' &eiler- rne of conduct
' "oat auoptea Oy the 1'untans: ia-
dd I tMrrk rre oth is thlwriu- nr
iCnd if tfe fellow" fH'eiV rite of
conduct we shall be ant to' atfobt fS'eW
bie teuiper amf Spirit. They were faitnful
ro their principles and persevering in their
application of fhem. They forgot them
selves and their own immediate interests,
anu laoored and suttered that coming gene
fari'ofis might be safer, freer iff JfaSKTe
than themselves. If we infioeuced by tbe
.. - . Mi
same spirit shall go on in the fuller devel
opement of these principles, we shall trans
fer our noble free institutions even more povff
..,1 nA.rA... ' .1 AJ .j.-- J. " ' -V .
j-ciicu iitsb we receivea mem. it
should always" be borne in mind that the
generations of men in moral and political
culture, sow and plant for their successors,
Said Bradford the. brave and noble' leader of
that little band of pilgrims, when he was
landing on Plymouth Rock'. "Let ft rlbf Ke
grevioua to you, that you have been made
the instruments to break the ic for others
Tbe honor shall be jours to the world's
end." Ore at indeed was that honor.
Mhall we not at least strive for the honor of
transmitting those free institution to com'-
mg generations, as pure as we have received
them. .' Let us adhere to these principles.
and let them be carried out at all times, in
their application to the interesta of this
great nation . Let us never be guilt of com
promising these ttf" par"ty purposes. Let a
nobler and purer spirit pervade our every
action.' If oW does the the noble aelfsacrifi-
cing-spirit of the Puritans, rebuke that nar
row minded .efffcliness thaf hfs beefTso'often
witnessed in the management of our nation
aT affairs, flow often has everv nure Drin-
f iMe of patriotism been sacrificed on the ah-
tar of party stripe;
Every such act vtsens the power of b-ir
go7erntrent, arm endangers out earety. O
tbat th'e putlrc mrn'd of this great nation
lightened b tire Word of God, wcffild bot
rise above-alt snch degrading aetsand emu
jafe trrirt rfobie epfrit vfhtcTf fed our Btttfria
.(Ufa . " bv ll.UI.4J ml lug OVU SJ'
. I I . .. . .1 .!.,'.. . '- . ' - '
iukh Kuumry aim inerr poaterny.'
2d. As these principles are found in the
Word of God, another means of preserva
tion and developemenl will be a full free
Circulation of the scriptures.
It was the ccaceaUhrf Of fVe Bible' that
hrmichr nn flip nprinit nf tlil, TSriV dnfla'i
-o---. t -" 5 v "
which was so favorable to despotism. And
if the time shall come, when the Bible shall
be excludsd from the mass of mankind,' in
this i our country, then too will the time
come, in which our free institutions' will' be
abolished.
In proportion then, as" the masses" o( out
people derive tVeiV Ifrio'w'ledge and princi
ptes from the Bible, in that proportion will
our liberties be safe. Said Chief Justice
Hornblower, "Let the Bible have its proper
influence on the hearts of men and our lib
erties are safe, our country blessed anil the
world happy. There is not a tie that unites'
us to our families not e Virtue that endears
us to our co titiiryV nor" a" Hope that thrills
our bosoms, in the prospect 6f future
Kapprhess,' that has not it foundation
?f this sacred B'oelEV ft ftT the Mariei o
charters, it is the palladium of liberty the
standard of right eorfsnesev tla'SiTiAe influ-
rffl$ Can s'olten' tlie Ke'aA of th'e' Want,
can break the rod of oppression a"nd exalt
the peasant' to' the dignified f'ank of an im
mortal being an heir of glory." If these
sentiments be true, every lover of his
J ffoutitry" VttT, fa en a'dfocate 6T th free
circulation of the ' scriptures. Had tbe pil
grim fathers never read the Bible, they would
never have possessed those heaven born'
principles that led them to this land"," and
which gave ffientthe KWfres w th?a day
erjvy'. Eet me rVpeaVjit tlSerT ff; best
i'eaTViir of preserving' tittit' pertcctfiig' oaV
free institutions, i free access by tbe rrras
es- to the WoVd of God.. Let the rfeifr
gen-eratforVs be ffeoroghiy t6gTrt the pflnci-
ptes-of tbe Bible j-let them receive end a-
dopt ami pfafe'tfee' th&i'mJ em-rouhlry, is
saie.- ve snail men nave no rrrcrre -jtrea
Sco'v rfeeTs'rows.- Wo shall see no Irrore
infringmeirt! in high' place's, upon those very
principles which gave birtb to our American
Independence.
God in bis Revealed Will, ha given as a
sure reerpe for future greatness and glory;
only let that reeipie be teated and the re
coil is certain.
31. If we would preserve and perfect
our free institutions we must labor faithlully
for tbe removing of all systems of evil, ei
ther social, moral, or political.
That eVil of such a character do exist in
our government, is admitted by all. Tba
they mar the beauty and perfection, of oar
government wi'l not be eVseetl. Thai some
of !bee are of au:h a nature a to iltreatea
our rx stenre a a free people, ia equally
true. But none of these evils are aa great
that they COB Id not be remedied, if all tbe
gooxl aud honest hearfes in our land could
so far forget ac!', and party interest, a to
labor fur a few years, with direct reference
lo the best good of the greatest somber.
We tolurat much that ia wrong, because
we are ao selfish, that w wilt not act
in many c--r according to our better judg
ment. But the question cornea to a, aha.ll
we ex'erminate thee erihr, or shall we auf
ter then to extevnainat b aa a rc p oft JTc ?
Intemporance ia a aocia) vise that t do
ing much tu aVafrcy I he peace ami best in
terest ot the kunkan tnjiy j btkt il af Be
tained cat it aVradful worn, l by tJe in
ueiOtt alone, but aacCe rapeciully- by tSe
teaaperale ankerr the mam ut capwaJv- &
d9 that toee efice atore llaaa Jae- kva
virtue. Its every euzmtmaaitj- it Br
oontdi be atajtad, H mil tle nonl avnd reapee
table aoaght tbe bx-at intereeta of satiety,
more than llwy orK the protmiaB ef
their own selSsh. e nttiv Intempera'acwSiin
rtgrea'protectiga!nU3ytn. the rfvVI
law; not that lh h kaetf' would aliieTii it
in .it work of death, but the law geirv
rally au administered.' as la afford U a.
most " safe protection.'
This would not ao be, if titer' waa a
proper public sentiment on tbi subject.
How long this evil must be tndursdi befbri a
proper public sentimeut against it can"
created none can tell. It is new the m'
sirocco of the social state. ' It la the uniwftjrK
sal disturber of civil society; and panders,
with a greedy relish, te lust and crime. ' ft '
may be said to be the father of alt crime.'
It baa for it ylctntt one or mere in all afV'
mostevery family, it ttrreaten every rouner"
'ft'ian Willi its contaminating influence, fcod '
thausands yearly fall a prey fcita work or
death; yef aTT tT.ts-hf not sufficient to arouse
the sensibilities of those who might tay it
progress, ' What sorrow and miaery It pro- "
dace very year. 1 How much it coats thi
1 nation to take care of its dreadT-ur eifedts; '
ami what a ware of moral frftnfcaW,aov ,
a!1 sfcftrtfcffo.f ftf foflng otet our Ian?, and .
yef with all 'llifd" befefe' our fei.vW fSiiy
are multitudes to cduntenanca, to ccour
ge, and protect' flif vtV: ' Ctfjift&f iti
are w as a nati-on to this King of evils; and
although we to' day celebrate the anniversa
ry of our' independence of British, power, .'
yet this tyrant rule over is, and make L
captive from thirty to forty : t'louiaaii' el
our sons and daughters every ' rear: and we
dare not, will not, assert and endeavor ttf ,
maintain our independence, glorious Indeed
1 lh Independence we - have alreadv .
attained, but far more glorious will that day
b that recalls the anniversary vf aur iade-"
pendence of King Alcohol. l j i
Slavery is auo another evil in our laM, -
and one ef immense ma.rsitucf. ' It 1 a
social moral and political evil..' It rest like
a mighty incumbug upon the proj-rsss of eur
nation. It baa, until voesntly tn regar
ded by all ii ia evil of great dimensions;,
and ao one had - tbe' hardihood to eontend
for it aontinuance, on tbt gronad that It
wa a divin institution and approved ef by
God. "All seemed to lament the evil; bet
as it wa ao interwoven with the social cent-
mercial and political Interest of th country
the qoeatien wa bow we -were to remove
th evil, a not to interfere toe ranch with
these interest. " A few autocrats in spirit
have ever' desired it perpetuation j but not
io with any that claimed to' ba wise and
good, until quite recently .' Now - there ar
doctor of divinity, who attempt to sustain
the infamous system from , the Bible,' and
tbey openly and boldly endeavor to eustaia
alavery a a divin institution, patting it en
thja oB pround of the marriage relation.
Thi position of things is th most alarming
feature, of all our governmental affair.
It always waa a; aubyect that preveniei a
anion of feelffig'in our nation, but for year
the E?eacb hat been grewirtir widar and' w"
der; and no on now can doubt that it stifle
the eery breatS1n' whge' or our national
lif,'arid it ia" threatening to' crush' out eur
very existence aa a federal compact.- It i
the question upon which every pther great"
national question iriust'tiirn.' The anxiety"
t&at fill the breast of aa portioa of or"
statesmen, is to know how the riiay: tnau-"
age the affuir of this grpaH nalioa, e as to'
perpetuate alavery, and pleaae their people'
t home. The question that lurltate the
minds of another portion i to knbvf R'o
they ahall' manage, the matter so .a o i'. a(-'
pear to their people at home, to be atriv'ing;
for liberty, while they readily ' let alavery
triumph Another small' portion ar really
struggling lor freedom and for the abolishing
of slavery.-; How mast God' look' upon this'
great nation as he sees tneaniajbrity of tu
strength' deVofed to'tfi'tf riaTa vi ng of three or
uuruiiiiiva vi iu people. Ana as aa actually
ee fathera selUngnb'erf -children into perpet-
ti.l kn.l r 'g at. . !' . J .liri I . '
w .vuuqo va ,UV uiosi crtiii aiou. am sure
as there is a just God in heaven'.' such wick
edness must be repented of, '"and put away1,
oTtnejiist retribution of uch conduct must
be met. "O! that men would be wise, thaf
they would consider their latter nd." 4 " ,
I bavo already been" too' lb h.' so' that I
earfnot efTStfgfe. he great queavion fort'ua
Ami., lean people and for us as individuals.
to settle is thisihall thia evil. ha. TsmcsetL
or wm we suner rt.to crush us. One or th
other must b donef " SlaverV is incon
sistent with tn'e verY tferiids or our'iTov'ern-"
mentf anlf totally averse to thW principles,
the develbpement of which' hM troueht our""
T- ,Ult S.J.- '.
cpuuiig iuiq existence.
It has put in the w'edire of drpiiAba audit
will drive it to' the co'triptefa' aevering of
this great arid' noble, confederacy, unless it
is removed. .
ff then we would perfect, and Berrel'tiate'
our free institutions, let the evils of slavery
be removed; dry up tbe streams of intempe
rance;' check the tide ot luxury and' dissipa-,
tion; cultivate th virtues ot fmsrality. of
temperance,' of justice a'ad' mercy; be gov
erned by that wisdom found in th Word ef
God, adher to the principles thcr taught,
the following of which ha aecured to u all
the greatness we have; and w shall sea hi'
their fuller dev'elopiirreirt all' ftV Siauty,"
peace and haVmbf) thai is desirable in any'
h'utri'ari'goVerniHferJt. Do this and then mar
coming generatrbaV srrg wkhv niphai: "
'Great God wa'tha6V ftWfo?tHb(ni.
jinn Douuaiess pirii tanapf (lie rrea;
; vTlter jarsarorB from afar mjliy fhie,
' And breathe tbe at? of liberty.
Still may hor flowers uutrameled rini,' -
lie r harvests wave, her cuius riaa,
Ad yet till time shall fold his wing, .
Komain earth's llovlieat i'aradJlM.', '
I -rp ; rr :
Garrison (William Lloyd is irt' agony e
bout tha celebration of the Fourth' of July
at Boston. In tbe last week Libera to he
Monday', the trUt, was observed throughout
the nation with , the usual characteristics of
Indep'emlence Day.. Ia Boston there war
F Various" device resorted to to excite popular
curiosity. There waa a city procession, un
der mititary escort a hunksrish,' insulting,
ventofnous, pru-elavery, Union-saving oratioa '
fcy John 8. Holmes, Esq a dinner at Fan
uTI Hall a "National alias Satanic, Border-Ruffian,
LecoBipton-Swiitdie, Shaa
Detcocratic celebration, by- th Yonng
Mea'a democratic Cluo a hodge-podge, taigai
falu'fin"doubl-and-twiated, pro-slvery, Uo
ion-saving" oration by iion. Rufaa Cheat, '
and an exclusive dinner at the Revere
Hoose,(only $10 plate!) a rgatla es "
Charts atreet balloon aaeenaiona froaa "
tbe Commons a brilliaat display of fir- "
work ia- the vening 4t.c.,4ie.
Arcbbishop Hnglies baa iasoed circular
to one Ii oik? red of tbe m,t weahb Roataa
Catholics of hia dioceae, preposiag that tkry
should advance (1,C00 eack, aa a (bcrip
tion with wbklt to canBtacf the erectioa
ol tbe new St. Patrick CatheaVal, en FVftb
Arenoe, .New York. T tke Moeey
raised in tbi aaanner is all expeadutl, aaaall-
er contribetiona will be solicited K&til tbe
completion of the wortL
Tbe M.ic boater (.". II ) Mirror aay that v
tbe fannWa.ef Mr. C. D. Duaatr and Mr.
Badger, eleven person I all, nave juat tee)
poisoned bj eating; cneet. Tike adaaiaia-
fratfon mt proper seated aaa reZieved eii
partie. The yaptaa were tie eeaae a "
ia copper poisoanvg, ami it f oppaeT tbat '
suase ci-peer ate tut il wa oaed the- aaaaaa
factare oi the cnevs.
Theannibl aobaaleae ef tber water ei
the WT) ima fcfgin te- rr real the t
mt of thedanaagwe w Riala & ge fioWe
of the avriB a4 aaromer Taave- rfected-
Tbe anwrieaa Bbnoaa,ebw AtaoaIUutoaa,
it isftdlrwsenta8wB4cafT
Tbe- tafgeearr wr3v t4W efak
wasTkedawayaadl the- elaaaet .gtf.
Ac astd! acre mt erof avw datreyV
peaeHtrers vaioei, wvti iarftl,t .
aivd put ar oca uuaBxiib- l(iabv Ibewaerr,
iwawi tmv am the Tfoaoaa. vary taat aa
aaea at aae Su-aveaa ere jteatiag era". M
Krihv rsoepe are- Wing aeat fcaaa. krav
Totk to Oregon to fcgh Sndiaaa-, ft J
dia'mi iilleil irr 'tMs war wi!T eoaa'jtwt taiav
tirtusamf'Uollars tacai a " '

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