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Delaware gazette. [volume] (Delaware, Ohio) 1855-1886, March 08, 1861, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035595/1861-03-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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ctE3iTi.lt tranrs a caxnro.
. ITL.
: to tha cscU Stxicz. -
1HU birds rea tb wma. - 3
Isaw Utsy sweetij-, ftweriiy NDf ,
la tue ti-afl t.a gruve.
laanbsina frisk In ort'.VF aarrtb,
aWaiing subblit kis lay arib,
CaUls; veraure tuto b tlh,
fll. SVrtaa- and kv.
: CVW wa,.l sasilee, arita your fluware.
Wall w kow ibev aavtetl auvora,
- tanUf; tha carta o( ou.
Breath ol taaaraa rseiars.
Tha tstry-lilc aocbaBtiDg aesna,
Tbapaacaftt) plains of living graaa, "
afaaparia twUigal'gloa-iiig abeB,
O brine liimm back one ssore.
Siae thy Uat alveat t our shore,
- FrsasftaaVa Sag artaiea wa aiorv --
, VeaJdaacauuB' aeiuls bate lure,
And mAtl a natkHi aaoora. ' '
. Oat wa trast that Ruling Power.
.t Wfaiea brought aa lUrouira Ua aarfceat hoar,
W1U BsaJt our Country's otrs kcuwr, ,
. ir An4 fesicjfoa aays rauira.
With thy mild and genial skies,
May the lowering! a -ka,as rise.
mi ' 44 aar fUN-kms ( w.ndry tww.
Ila r-bouB4.
' .
And as we braatha thy balmy air. '
4 auy wa in life's duties share, .
Aad aver strive usir part to bear,
As seasons roil arouad.
Vaai jtsriaa. r. 1861.
KOS'T WAIT.
" Jobs Foster, in his essay on "Decision of
Character ; y :
; "It la wonderful how even the apparent
staMelties of life aeem to bow to a. spirit that
wiS Bot bow to them !" words which we wish
3 those yoang men would ponder who, in
stead of throwing themselves into the work of
bib, and doing a manly part, are forever wait
ing int something to turn up. There seems to
ba altogether too many of this class of parsons
M the present day, and a sad sisrht tbey are.
irresolute, indolent, doing nothing, waiting for
tarn in the tide instead of breasting the wit- i
ters like men in earnest. I heir province ms
ta be to wait ; not to wait, as baud in i',J n up
,9B her mistress, bat to wait in lisrlessne-a am)
loth, while the diligent and persevering brush
by them, has tea on, and seen re the prizo.
Give me the men, aod I will write a com
snratary on the Bible that will not' need any
explanation for most commentariis are more
Yrvableaotne than the Bible which they are de
awgmwsl to explain. I will put them, not in the
Banctaary on the Sabbath, but at home, in the
, in their neigbborhmxi, 111 all tue mtri-
l of bosinegs every where ; and no matter
wbrns they may be, they shall be a savor of
Christ, aweet as the odor of blo-soms. They
ball be garden-men that have some flowers for
awry month, and that are always fragrant
and redolent of blossom and Rail. Give me a
haadred such men, and I will defy the infidel
world. ' I will take them and bind them into a
Hvtna; volume, and with them I will make the
work! believe. It only takes about one man
la s koadred years to make the world believe.
Bttcktr. ,
rOK AHO FLAT.
,1 Let it here be remarked that recreation -nn
be fully enjoyed only by the man who bus
am earnest occupation. The end of the
Work is to enjoy leisure ; but to enjoy leisure
yow most have jrone throujrh work, l'lay
time atast come after schookime, otherwise it
' loses its savor. Play, after all, is a relative
thing ; it is not a thing 'which has an absolute
Mwtestee. There is no such thin;; as play, ox
eapt to thl worker. It comes out lr contra.it.
.Tut wtzile upon white, and you can hurdly se-
- Wet it j pat white upon black, and how plain
it ! Light your lump in the sunshine, ami it
'ie nothing; yoa must have darkness round it
to awake its prescuce felt. And besides thii,
great part of the enjoyment of recreation
ajonsiats in the feeling that we have earned it
i fcy previous hard work. One goes out for tlie
afternoon walk with a light heart when one
baa done a good task since brcukfaat.
'. It is one thing for a dawdling idler to set off
. t tee Continent or to the Highlands, just be
eavitae be is sick of everything around him ;
and quite another thing when a hard wrought
Ban, who is of some use in life, ei'ts off as gay
a a lark, with the pleasant feeling that he lias
brought some worthy work to an end, ou the
Tielf-attme tour. Aud then a busy man finds a
teliah to simple recreations ; while a man who
' baa nothing to do finds all things wearisome,
and thinks that life is "used up;" it takes
something quite out of the way to tickle that
indurated palate ; you might as well prick the
.bide of a hippopotamus with a needle as to ex
cite the interest of that blaze being by any
amusement which is not highly spiced with tbe
"cayenne of vice. And that certainly has a
' powerful effect. It was a glass of water the
wicked old French woman was drinking when
ahe said, "Oh, that this were a sin, to give it
reliah." A Country Parson Bfcreations.
TSTJE HEABTS.
' Hearts are of several kinds and of widely
different natures. First, there arc walled up
. hearts ; and tbess are of two kinds : about
' one kind the wall is high aud strong, and to
' aormount it is a work of extreme difficulty ;
bat if you get inside you have entered Eden.
Fragrant, and sweet, and fair, as the visions
Bern in dreams, is that enclosed garden ; and
r It it worth hard labor to gain admission there.
" The other has a wall as high and strong, and
fall as hard to cet over : and wheu at last,
with torn flesh aud dislocated joints, yon have
sealed it, you wish you hudu't, for there is
othinsr inside but rocks and cold water. The
' trouble with these two descriptions of hearts
if that lis impossible, to distinguish the one
, from the other nntil you have almost worn
yourself out in climbing the walls. Another
. kind of heart is that which bus nolhiug t
. fcnee it in, lies open to the passage of all men
end cattle ; a waste, unfruitful field, of no use
to anybody, and less to its owner. But ibere
fa another kind of beart--a rare creation, but
. a real one whose wall is low nnd almost hid
by flowers. The birds niukc. their nest3 it it.
' and sing as they swing upon its swaying twigs
aod festooning vines. Beyond tbe wall, itself
!' a thing of fragrance, beauty and joy, lie the
enchanting gardens. Delightful bowers invite
- the way worn traveler to enter and repose.
Spirits of love aDd beauty beckon the sad and
;. lonely ones to the feast of souls ; ana a cnurru
f 4 Kght and glory hover ou the whole joyous
- air. Thw tbe true type of heart.
BE CONTENT. -
FjTrbna would Erst, conquer Africa, and
- then Asia, and then live merrily at his ease ;
bot when Cvueus. the orator, told him he
anient do that already, rested satisfied, con
dawning his own folly. Thou mayest do the
like, and be composed in 'thy fortune. Thou
bast enough. He that is wet in a bath, can
be aw more wet if he be flung into the ocean
' itself; and if thoa bast all the world, or a
olid I of cold as big as the Work, thou
canst sot have more than enough. Enjoy thy
self at tene-th. and that which thoa hast; the
mind is all ; be content, thou are not poor,
bot rick. I say, then, add no more Wealth
bot diminish thy desires ; if you wish to be
wealthy, despise riches ; that is true plenty,
not to have, bat not to want riches ; it is more
: (lory to condemn than to possess, and to want
nothing m divine. Hurttm,
attlr TOB THX BEST.
Tff. Jolmsotr owed to Bay that a habit of
looking at the best side of every event, is bet
- tar than a thousand pounds a year. Bishop
Hail quaintly remark., "for every bad there
" slight be a worse ; and when a man breaks
bis leg, let him be thankful that it was nu l is
Beck." When F-n 'ibri- -"God
be praised." ev i i ' i
tbe dwelling of sonv i y i ' ? '
. tree spirit of a:tbioistt.Mi aoe of tile c -t
beantiful traits tliat can possess tlr- human i
heart. Resolve to tlii5; world on i!s sun- ,
ay side, and you have almost hs.t won' the
battle of life ou tlie outset.
-a .If we .would r,!:1"
we 'mast efwv'M"
?tba clouds furf! ;,
mj solid strucliue.
a te'iipie.
r-riiliii.' '
thi sk;
VOL. XLIL
art Emu a
WARD
Ens.
oir sBJktc-
The Shakers is the stranjst religious sex
I ever met. I'd hearo tell of 'em and I'd
seen 'em, with their broad brim'd hals and
long wastid coats ; bat I'd never cam into im
meject coo tack with 'em, and I'd sot 'em
down as lackio inle!!eck as I'd never seen
'em to my Show leastways if they cam they
was disguixed in white people's doe, so I
did'i know Vin.
. Bat in the .Spring of 18, I got swampt
in the exterior of New York State, one dark
and stormy night, when the winds Blae pity-
usly, aod I wia forced to tie up with the
bonkers. . , . I
I was toilin threw the mud, when in the ;
dim vinter of the fnrtur I obwrved the gleams !
of a Uwi.T ranJie. Tiein a hornet's nest to !
Biy oif lilt's tail to kiuder encourage him, I
rfhed the place. I knockt at the
dtiur, which was opened onto me by a tall,
sliek-faeed, solum look in iudividooaL, who
turu'd out to be a EUler.
. "Mister Shaker," sed I, "yon see before yon
a Babe in the Woods, so to speak, and he
axes shelter of you."
"Yay," sed the Shaker, and he led tbe way
into the house, another Shaker bein sent to
put my bosses and wagin under kiver.
A soluin female, looking sumwhat like a
last year's bean pole stuck into a long meal
ba, cam in and axed me was I atbnrst and
did I hunger T to which I urbanely auserd "a
few." i She went orf and I iodhvered to open
a conversusbun with the old man.
"Elder, I spect t" sed I.
' "Yay," said he. '..'
"Helth's good, I reckon V '
"Yay."
"What's tL-e wajfes of a Elder, when he
undcrderstans his biziness or do yon devote
your survices gratooitus V
"Yay."....
"Stormy night, sir?"
"Yay."
"If the storm continue thereU be a mess
underfoot, bay V
"Yay." -
' "It's onpleasant when there's a mess nnder
foot ?" ' ' ' ' 1 : - '-
"Yay." '
"If 1 niny be so bold, kind nir, what's the
price of that peowler kind of weskit you wear,
inclnodin trinnnia's ?" 1
Yay 1" -
I pawsed a miitit, and then, thiukin I'd be
fasvsiius with hint and see how that would go,
I slapt bim on the shoulder, bust into a barty
larf, and told him that a a yager he had no
liviu ckal. - 1 -
Hejiimpt up as if Bilin water had been
squirted into his ears, groaned, rolled his eyre
toards the eeulin and sed : "You're a man of
sin!" Ho then walkt out of the room.
Jest then the female in the eaeal bag stuck
her bead into tbe room and statid that re
freshments awaited the weary traveler; and I
sed if it was vittles she tnent, the weury trav-
ler was agreeabUs ad I folkred her into the
next room.
1 sot down to the table and the female in
the meal bag pouted out some tea. She sed
nothing, nnd tr hve minutes the only living
thiug in that room was a old wooden clock,
which tickt in a subdood and bashful manner
in the comer. This dethly stillness made me
oueasy, aud 1 autermiucu u ia:n to iuc ie-
male or bust. So 1, "marruige w agin
your rules, I bieeve, uutrm !"
"Yay."
Tbe sexes liv strickly apart, I spcet V
-Yay." . "
:-lt's kinder siugler," sea I, putting on my
most sweetest look and speaking in a wionin
voice, "thut so fair a inado as you air never got
bitched tosuin likely feller." N. B. She was
upwards of 40 and homely as a stump fence,
but I tkawt I'd tietil uer.l
"I dou't like men V slie sed very short.
"Wall, 1 -duniio," aes I, "they're' rayther
a popular part of tbe popalashun. I don't
scarcely see how we could geta along without
'em."
Us poor wimmin folks would get along a
great deal better if there was no men !"
"You 11 ox coos me, murui, but t don t tninK
that air would work. I wouldu t be regeler.
"I'm fraid of men '." she said.
"Thai's oouecessary, marm. You aint in
uo danger. Don t fret yourself ou that pint.
"Here we're shut out from the sinful world.
Here all is peas. Here we air brothers aud
sisters. We clou t marry, ana cousegentiy we
have no domestie -difficulties. Husbands
don't abooze their wives wives don't worrit
their husbands. There's no children here to
worrit us. Nothin to worrit us here. No
wicked matrimony here. Would thow like to
be a Shaker V ....
"No," sei I, "it ain't my stile."
I bad now histed in as big a load of per-
vishuns as I could carry comtortaule, aim
leaning back in my cheer, coniiuenscd picking
my teeth with a fork. The female went out,
leaviue me all alone wild toe ciock. i naau t
sot thar long before the Elder poked his hed
. . . - ,, ,
in at the door. "lou re a man oi sin, ne
sed, and croancd and went away.
Directly tha cum two young Shakeresses,
as pntty and slick looking gals as I ever met.
It is troo they was dressed in meal bags like
the old one I met previsly, and their stitny,
silky bar was hid from sight by long white
cans, sich as I spoae female gosta wear ;
the r eves sparkled liKe annuoos, tueir cneess
was like roses, and they was charming enuff
to make a man throw stones at his granmoth
er. if they axed him to. Tbey commenst
cleariu away the dishes, casting shy glances at
me all the time. I got excited l torgot
Betsy Jane in my raptcr, and sea I, "my pret
ty dears, how air you !"
i "We air well," they aolumly sed. ,. : .,
"W'har'a the old man T" sed I in , a soft
voice.
"Of whom dost thow speak Brother
UrishT" '
"I mean the gay festiv enss who calls me a
man of sin. Shouldn't wonder if hia name
was Uriah." ' '." ' . : J " " :
"He has retired." "' ' ' ! '
"Wall, my pretty dears," sea I, "let's have
sum fun. Let's plar Puss in the corner.
What ay-r'r rvo i -'a l
"Air yoa a Shaker, sir !' they axed. :
"Wall, my pretty dears, I haven't arrayed
mv nrond form in a lontr weskit ytt, but: if
they was all like yon perhaps I'd jine
em. As it is, I'm a Shaker pro-temporary."
Tbey was full of fan. I seed that at fust,
onlv tluv was a leetle skeery. I tawt 'em
P' i tl'C Mwiwr a tut b like plase, and we
. .... l- m t ' ninrxH ao the
, .'') L hevr When we broke up ! Congress. Whilst we maintain our indepfio
, , !'' ik a;.-, ear I go you have no j uenee of Black R'i)tiMicrr'Nfi. wo must be
have" vcm.-- to a innersent kUs at j equally careful to keep clear of disunionism,
1,
obj'.'eiwi;
riurlin !"
i ' Yay
they sed, and I yay'd."
I wv
it up stairs to bed. I spo.se I'd
bin
! WWiziii ll:
1 a n:ise at
an imiir wtu'ii i w;is uj
the door. I Sat up in bed, l. aniu
no 't)
!l-er and rubbin my eves, and I .saw
- , ..if( kVt- ; Tlie Elder stoort in
rv . wt j -1 ttXr--aiki; ii his liand
iie iiaua i uo nauu appear el ou except
A REPUBUCAN JOURNAL; DEVOTED TO NEWS,
j night close, which flattered in the breece lik
a Fourth of Juiy . flag. - He sed " You're a
man of sin ! " then groaned and went away.
I went to sleep agin, and drempt of runnin
! orf with the pretty little Sbukeress, mounted
I on my Calforny Bar. I ihawt the Bar insist
! ed on steerin strate for my dooryard in Bald
( insville, and that Belaey Jane com out and
! give us a warm recepshun with a panfull of
Bilin water. I was woke up arly by the El
der, lie sed refreshments was ready for me
down stairs. Then sayin I was a man of sin,
be went groanin away.
As I went threw the entry to the room
where the vittles was, I cum across the Elder
ja.nd the old female I'd met the night before,
and what d'ye spoae they was np to? Hoggin
alH tu, like vounsr lovers in their ffushioest
9tate. Sea I, " My Shaker friends, I reckeo
yon'd better suspend the roles, and git mar-
Tied i "
- Yon most eicoose Brother Uriah " sed
the teuiale ; " he's subjeck to fits, and han't
got no .command over biseeif when be s into
'em." ... .....
? Sartinly," sez I, " I've bin took that way
mysell frequent."
. " You're a man of sin ! " sed the Elder.
Arter breakfast my little Shaker friends
cum in agin to clear away the dishes.
" My. pretty dears," sex I, "shall we yay
agin ? " ,
" Noy," they sed, and I nay'd.
The Shakers axed me to go to their meetin,
as they was to hav sarrices that mornin, so I
put on a eleau biled rug and went. The
meetiu house was as neat as a pin. Tbe floor
was white as chalk and smooth as glass. The
Shakers was all on hand, in cleuu weskits and
meal bags, ranged ou the floor like oiiHiugtery
companies, the mails on one side of tbe room
aud the femaiis on tothcr. They commenst
clapping their bands and singin and dancin.
They dauced kinder slow at Inst, but as they
got wanned up they shaved it down very
brisk, I tell you. Elder Uriah, in particier,
cxhibertid a right smart chance of spryness in
his legs, considerin his time of life, and as be
cum a double shuffle neer when; I sot, I re
warded him with a approviu smile and sed :
" Uood boy ! Uo it, my gay and festiv cuss !"
" You're a mau of siu ! " he sed, contiiieriu
his sbuffLv.
The Sperret, as they called it, then moved
a short fat .Shaker to sny a few remarks. He
sed iliiy was ail Shakers aud all was eknl.
They was the purest and selcctest people on
tbe yearth.. Other people was sinful as they
cjuid be, but Shakers was all right. Shakers
was all goin kerslap to the 1'romist Land, and
nobody want guiu to stand at the gate to
bar 'em out. if they did, they'd jfit run over.
The Shakers theu danced aud sung agio,
aud arter they was threw, one of 'cm axed me
what I tkawt of it.
Sex I, " What duz it signcrfy t "
What ? " sez he.
" Why this jumpin np and singiu ? This
long weskit bizuess, and this anti-matrimony
iiLH; ? . My Trends, you air neat aud tidy.
Your lauds is flowin with milk and honey.
Your brooms is fine, aud your apple fass is
honest. . When a man buys a kag of apple
sass of you he don't find many shavius under
a lew layers of sa.-s a little Oame I'm sorry
to say sum of my New Englan anccstere used
to practks. Your gurdiug seeds is fine, and
if I should sow 'em on the rock of Giberalter
prohly I should raise a good mess of garding
sass. You air honest in your dcalins. You
air quiet and dou't disturb nobody. For all
this 1 give you credit. But your religiou is
small pertaters I must say. You mope away
your lives here in single retcbadness, and as
yoa air all by yourselves nothing ever conflics
with your pecooler idees, except when Human
Nater busts out among you, as I understand
she sometimes do. I giv Uriah a sly wink
here, which made the old feller squirm like a
speared Eel.
Yon wear long weskits and long faces, and
lead a gloomy life iudeed. No childreu's
prattle is ever beam around your harthstuns
yon air in a dreaiy fog all the time, and you
treat the jolly sunshine of life as tho' it was
a thief, drivio it from your door3 by them
weskits, and meal bags, aud pecooler noshuns
of yourn. The guls anions? you, sum of which
air as slick pieces of caliker as I ever sot eyes
on, air syiu to place their beds agin weskits
which kiver honest, manly harts, while you
old beds fool yerselves with the idee that tbey
air fulfilliu thuir tnishun here, and air content
ed. , Here yoa air, all peud up by yerselves,
talkin about the sins of a world you don't
know nothin of. Meanwhile sed world contin
ners to resolve round on her axeltree onct in
every 24 hours, subjeck to the Constitushun
of the United States, and is a very pleasant
place of residence. It's a unnalral, unreason
able and dismal life you're leadiu here. So it
strikes me. My Shaker frends, I now bid you
a welcome, adoo. - You have treated me cx
ceediu well. Thank yoa kindly, one and all.
; " A base , exhibitcr of depraved monkeys
and onpriucipled wax works 1" sed Uriah.
"Hollo, Uriah," sez I, " I'd most forgot
you. Wall, look oat for them fits of yonrn,
and dou't catch cold and die in the flour of
your youth and beauty."
And I resoonied my jerney. Vanity Fair.
BXcClernand on "Coercion-,,
The Peoria Blade publishes tbe following
straightforward nnd sensible letter from the
Hon. John A. McClernand, on the misuse of
the phrase "coercion:"
Washington, Jan. 22.
P. S. Read, Esq.:
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of the Blade, containing an eminently
jut criticism upon' what has been . miscalled
"coercion."
' 'Tbe word .'coercion,'" in its present appli
cation to the seceding States, is a term coined
by Disunionist for the purpose of misleading
the public miud. Nobody, certainly no Dem
ocrat, proposes to subjugate or invade a sece
ding State. !. , '
The idea of forcing a State to perform du
ties which must depend upon volition, is sim
ply absurd, and the coercion alarmists know
it. The true question is whether the United
States Government wilt submit to the coer
cion of the seceding States whether it will
encourage the spoliation of public property
of its forts, arsenals, custom houses, &c, by
abstaining from any proposition to prevent
such a result? This is the question, and you
have very clearly and forcibly stated! it; and
this I understand to be the effect of oar Dem
ocratic State Convention's resolutions. Cer-
tainly this defines the position occupied by
' nearly all the North-Western Democrats in
t :
l1: iiU'iCiHo:i Willi either woiilil oe. lalul to us
as Democrats. Up m ntidimr your able edi
torial, T could net forbear this hasty' approval
" Yj
j . ..
lieotent strvant,
John" A. McCi-kp-sand.
. j, j
the: ' .;.;! .... . ..' 7 .
i Tiwwhmwk - Curb. Let an omuihus rnD
hi 1 over yonr fooU Try it I . -
DELAWARE, OHIO, HAIiCH 8, 1861.
rials Valk about Traitors in Tannoa-
ses.
fFrm the Kasbville Drmocrat, ot Feb. X-l
JEFF. DAVIS AT ETEPHEXSOS WARLIKE.
; This inflated bigot made a speech at Ste
phenson, on Thursday night, overflowing with
blood and thunder. Tennessee is not scared !
tier sons have seen the elephant ! . ,
Can Jeff Davis scare Tennessee? ne says
that the border States will come into the
Cottonocracy in less than sixty days. We
will simply say that Tennessee has declared
for the Stars and Stripes, and that vile trait
ors, such as be is, had better be looking out
for a ''safe retreat in some vast wilderness
some contiguity of space," in which to hide his
head from an indignant and outraged people.
He boasted of his preparation for war !
Tbe same blusterer, in a speech a few years
ago, ventured to slander the Tennessee volun
teers. We know what we say, when we as
sert that, with all his bluster, Tennessee could,
if eo disposed, subdue the whole Cotton
ocracy in s short time. He calculates how
on soldiers, of Tenncssje to aid him in his
wicked add fiendish purpose or breaking up
this glorious Government.
lie is as prond and as vain as Beelzebub.
Ho thinks that he holds the '-kingdoms of the
world, and that the powers thereof," are in the
hollow of liia hand. He is looking for the
English Government to bow to hiin. He says
the English Government will acknowledge the
Cottonocracy.
This is a'l nonsense. Tho English Govern
ment, as well as all others, know how to treat
the flag of the Uuited States, and so will Jeff"
Davis. Let him attempt to subdue the Fed
eral Government, let him fire at Fort Sumter,
or at any other fort of the United States,
where our flag uow fljats, and he is as sure to
be hung as that sun will rise to-morrow morn
ing, unless lie runs, like coward, to a country
beyond the reach of Tennessee. We know
hundreds of men in his seceding Cottonocracy,
who are ready to tie tbe rope for the. hang
man. Jvff Davis has been producing discontent,
and teaching treason, as long as we can stand
it. H has been a vile couspirator aui.ist his
government for years.
There is no use iu soothing our people any
loeger. Traitors must suilL-r, unless they stop
their treason. We may be asked to be pa
tient. How in the name of High Heaven,
can a man be patient when a traitorous flag
is flamiled in our face ? when a traitor conies
to our very border, and talks treason to our
country openly ?
. He talks of sacking cities. Yi!e rebel !
Inflated bigot ! Let him try the Teiinessecans.
whom lie bo basely slandered. Let him try
Nashville. Oar readers must indulg us a little.
We cannot forbear to denounce treason ; and
if we cease to do so, '-may our rij;ht hand for
get her cunning."
We have borne with treason as lonr as it i
possible to do so. Talk of leasing down our
fair fabric of Government ! Never ! Never ! '
Jeff Davis is on the road to the gallows, and
his followers had better take care. An indig
nant public will not forever brar insult and
treason-plotting; We have lived happily uml
prosperously for tl.rje quarters of a cn'ury.
and wo know that Tennessee will never give
up tliis free" uml happy country.
Lft this vile traitor and his foul minions
come. I enn?ssee has never torsatcen tne
glorious flag of free and happy America, and
by the Eternal, she never will ! She has a -ways
conquered the enemies of the country,
aud will again, if required to do so. This is
our country, and ali the powers of earth can
hotorc us to give it np.
Rise, follow-countrrraen ! oar country vol rpma ins !
Uy that lrCHil natoi wo wavo tlie sworJ on blfb,
Aatl swoar tor tier to live, n itb tier ti die I
Tbe Biz Slillion Robbery.
The report of the Hou3c Committee on the
fraudulent abstraction of Indian bonds and the
circumstances connected therewith, illustrate
the usual result of investigations into official
plunderings. The horse is gone but precise
ly who took him and where he is, remain a
mystery but it is recommended that the stable
door be looked after in future. This is no
fault of the Committee. They are put on the
track of expert rogues, who have Ions previous
had the field to themselves; and were as ingen
ious in concealing their frauds as in perpe
trating them. But still, enough has been dis
covered to disgrace the country, and to had
to the bopoathat condign punishment will yet
be meted out to some of the parlies. 1 hese,
so far as the report of the Committee extends,
range themselves about three central figures,
which, for the sake of brevity and lucidity, wc
shall take up in cur own order.
Wm. H. Russell is the head of the house of
Russell, Majors & Waddell, a firm widely
known ns contractors with tho War Depart
ment for transporting army provisions over
the Western and Southwestern plains, and
largely employed in connection with the Utah
expedition. The firm have had the reputation
of doing a very profitable busiuess, but which
rcqaires a large amount of money to c.xrry it
ou. While under this i3CeSiiiy it appears
that Mr. Russell hears of a .Nir. ISaiiey at
Washington who, lie is led to believe, ean ac
commodate him. He goes there, meets Bailey
in the War Department, which is not his place,
and is introduced by the Chief Clerk and inti
mate' personal friend of Gov. Floyd, then Sec
retary of War. He is accommodated by In
dian bonds fraudulently passed over to him by
Bailey, who is their custodian, to ihe amount
of 3150,000. This was nliout the middle of
July lost, and the transaction thns beg-m was
repeated until the sums reached $8"(,(l00.
Previous to this and, as il is said, introductory
to It, Mr. Russell had negotiated acceptances
to a large amount mad ? in hu favor by the
Secretary of War, in advance of his (Russell's)
earnings, and contrary to the praeticj of the
Government. Thus far Mr. Russell, whose
trial is yet to take place.
Godard Bailey, born in South Carolina,
lately resident in Alabama, came to Washing
ton in 1&57, bankrupt in fortune, but well sup
plied with recommendations, and was appoint
ed clerk in the Department of the Interior, to
have charge of the Indian Trust Bonds. "His
salary was $2,000 per annum, and he was a
man whose reputation had gone abroad as ca
pable oi helping along the great house of Rus
sell, Major 4, Waddell. He did it by abstract
ing the bonds before referred to, which were
kept in such a loose way that the theft wa
easily concealed for a long iitne. After thus
a'ulinsc Mr. Russell, Bailey's own deposits of
savings with his bankers went np to five or six
thousand dollars. Bailey kept his official ac
counts all fair on the face, and the robbery
was incidentally discovered through the fideli
ty of one of the auditors. The trial -of Mr.
Bailey will probably fill out the details of this
outline.
- Thus Tar we have been d'aUng wiih SS70.
00;) thieves now w.! rnrrs? . -!i'tan-.-iti'V
ji lntHi.iiis. J,ru !;.' l- i A. S"T,-tnry ol
War, bt-gati hi 185H5 ia i.-:; aiv.'p: ,mee in fa
vor of HueM-il'sr linn, and to writ letters to
capitalists, urging their purchase or dise.ount.
He made these issues ut rundi.m at the de
partment, at oia house, or wherever be happeo-
1 .
LITERATURE, POLITICS,
ed to be, keeping no accurate record of them
and he pursued the employment with reckless
avidity, nntil the enormous aggregate $6,135,
395 has been discovered by the committee.
But there is necessarily some uncertainty
about the balance yet out. These acceptances
were mostly in advance of earnings, aud were
unprecedented. Senator Benjamin testifies
that he unfolded their true character to Secre
tary Floyd eighteen months ago, and received
the assurance in return that no more shonkl be
issued ; and yet tbe dates show that Floyd, sub
sequently to that time, issued further accept
ances to the amount of $24.63,000.
Now who has got the money ? The accept
ances and tbe bonds were duly negotiated and
went floating over the eountry, and somebody
took the ready money. .The Committee do
not go beyond the three parties mentioned.
There is no trace of more than the five or six
thousand dollars that have gone into Bailey's
hands. Nothing is said of Floyd in this con
nection. It s made evident that Russell
could not have used it at all in his business,
as he regularly received his pay during the
whole time. But, significantly enough, the
confidential business agent of Russell's house,
who. was likely to bs engaged in all these
transactions, could not ba found by the Con.,
mittee, though diligent search was made for
him. A second significant circumstance is
that Russell refused to give any explicit an
swer to this question, viz: "Did you ever,
directly or indirectly, (five to any person any
consideration, or make to any person any
present for services rendered to yoa connected
wiih yonr business with tho War Department?"
A third ground of suspicion appears in the
fact that, by agreement between Bailey . and
Russell, the Indian Trust bonds were to be re
turned within ninety days, but this time was
afterward extended to the tth o( March, 1861,
the time of Mr. Lincoln's inauguration. Per
haps a fourth circumstance to be taken into
account in this connection, is thj mixing up of
Floyd's and Bailey's 'transactions, through the
chief clerk an intimate friend of the former,
who was at the same time doing all in his pow
er to equip the cotton States for their present
rebellion against tha Government. May not
then, a large amount of this money have been
devoted to the same nefariout purjyjsc T The
question is worth considering, a! id has more
foundation ihan the above considerations would
by themselves lend to it. '
A t any ra'e. the people of this Union have
be.-n swindled out of six millions of dollars by
tho most corrupt gang of men that evor got
into power. Boston Journal.
- Tha treason of ocretarv Toncsy. ,
The Special Committee appointed- to eft
quire into the condition of the- navy has.,
through its chairman, Mr. Dawes of Massa
chusetts, made its report to the House of R.-p-rcsentaiives.
The -evidence presented shows
conclusively that the Secretary of the Navy
has been deeply involved in tho treasonable
designs of the laic Cabinet.: The report shows
that on tho 16th of January, 1861, the naval
force of the nation was distributed as follows:
E-ist India squadron 3; Pacific squadron 7;
Mediterranean squadron 3; African squadron
7 ; Home squadijm 11 ; storeships 6 ; disman
tled 28. ' ' ' : : )'
Of tbe "Home squadron," nearly all wore on
the coasts of Cuba, Mexico and Central Amer
ica, or nnder orders to sail for the South. On
ly one of tho storeships was in an American
port, and the receiving ship were unavailable
for actnal service. Tlie n-port says: - ;
-Th2 number of ships lying in port, aud dis
mantled nnd unfit for service, is 28, mounting
in the aggregate 8 14 guns. None of them
could be repaired and put under sail short of
several weeks time, and several of them would
roqulre for that purpos; at. least six months.
No orders have beeu issued to'put iu readi
i;c s anv of them. - !
The foregoing comprises .the wh lo naval
force of the country both that which is in
commission and in actual service, and that
which lies in port, and is from any cause una
vailable in any sudden emergency. From this
statement it will appear that the entire naval
force available for the defence of the whole
Atlantic coast nt the time of the appointment
of this committee consisted of the Steamer
Brooklyn, twenty-five guns, aud the store ship
Relief, "two guns, while the former was of too
great draft to permit her to enter Charleston
harbor with safety, except at spring tides, nnd
tbe latter was under orders to lh coast of Af
rica with stores for the Arican squadron.
Thus the whole Atlantic seaboard has been,
to all intents and purposes, without defence
during all the period of civil commotion and
lawless violence to which the President has
called our attention as "of such vast and a
larming proportions" as to be beyond his pow
er to chock or control.
It further appears, that of the vessels which
might haye been available for defence or pro
tection in case of any sudden emergency aris
ing at home, now at stations in distant seas or
on their way thither, on the 13th of October
last, the Richmond left on r coast to join the
Mediterranean squadron, and the Vandalia
left on the 21st of September to join the East
India squadron, and about the same time the
Saratoga to join the African squadron, and
others to join the home squadron, then in the
harbor of Vera Cruz, supporting one of the
revolutionary governments of Mexico. .- .
The committee revert to the important fact
that not a single vessel of the twenty-eight ly
ing dismantled has been put under repair,' al
though nearly $650,000 appropriated for re
pairs in the navy remains unexpended. Atten
tion is .also .called .to Jhe extraordinary and
culpable haste on the part or Secretary Toticy
to accept the resie;nn! ions of Southern Offi
cers. I wcmV-nine omcers nave rvsim;u eiuce
the election, and in no case was there an ex
planation asked before the acceptance of the
resignation.
In at least three instances where southern
officers had joined the rebel forces, and com
mitted hostile acts against the United States,
official notice of their treason had beeu receiv
ed by the Secretory of the Navy, from one to
seven days before their resignation reached
him. Yet these resignations were accepted
without question, and no notice taken of the
acts of mutiny and treason. In concluding,
the Committee sk the passage of a vote of
censure- on the Secretary of the - Navy,
and the chairman gave notice that he should
ak a vote on the resolution on Monday or
Tuesday.
The Next State Fair. The State Foard
of Agriculture have ordered:
1. That the State Fair for 1861 ba held
at Davton, provided the citizens of lXiyton-
execute and deliver on or before the 22d inst..
to the Ohio Stute Board of Agricullttre,
b ind "Hiiranteeing the payment "of" five thou-
i , -i . . i" .1... itv . T. ...... .3.
... ii n i!u ll it lilt; l' a :r L' nonius
ef the Fair grounds
without' cliurge. ami iectire the iwuul Railroad
r, ,.;:;.;,, . -
" i. Thai, if Dayton
these conditions that
fails to comply Wiih
tlie propo-siiiou from
Cleveland be accepted. ' , .
3 That tho Fair be held on the 10th,
11th, 12th, and 13th, doyi of Bemr' next,
AND HOME INTERESTS.
Ilf AUGURAL-ADDRESS OF
7HX23XH2XI9 ZXZ7CQT7.
Washinqtox, March 4.
..Fellow-Citizens of the United Stales: In
compliance with a custom as old as the Gov
ernment itself, I appear before you to address
yon briefly, and to take in your presence tbe
oath prescribed by tbe Constitution of the
United States, to be taken by tbe President
before be euters on the execution of bis office.
I do not consider it necessary, at present,
for me to discuss those matters of administra- j
tion, about which there is no special anxiety
or excitement. Apprehension seems to exist
among the people of tbe Southern States that,
by the accession of a Republican administra
tion, their property, and their peace, aod per
sonal seCuYity are to be endangered.
There has never been any reasonable cause
for aoeh apprehension. Indeed the most ample
evidence to the contrary has ail the while ex
isted and been open to their inspection. It is
found id nearly all the published speeches of
him who uow addresses you. I da but quote
from one of these speeches, when I declare
that I have no purpose directly or indirectly
to interfere with tlie institution of slavery in
the States where it now exists. I believe I
have no lawful right to do so, and I have no
inclination to do it. Those who nominated
and elected me did so with the full knowledge
that I bad made this and many similar declar
ations, and had never recanted them. And
more than this, they placed in tlie platform
for iny acceptance, as a law to themselves, and
to me, the clear emphatic resolution which 1
now read :
' lltsolvtd. That the maintenance inviolate of
the rights ol the Slates and epcecially the
right of each Stute, to order aud control its
doniestic- institutions according to its own
jitdgmcnt exclusively, is essential-to that bal
ance of power on which ibe perfection and en
durance of our political fabric dt p 'nd, and we
deuour.ee the lawless iuvnsiou try air urnn tl
force of the government of any Slate or , Ter
ritory, no matter undr what pretext, as
amoiur the gravest of crimes.
I now reiterate these sentiment, and in do
ing sv I only press upon the public attention
the most conclusive tvideiico of which the
cause is susceptible, that the property, p.-ace
and security or no section are to be ia any
wise endangered by the incoming ttdiniui-tru-tion
; I add, too, thai all the protection which,
consistently with tin: Constitution and the
laws can be given, will bo eheerfully given to
all the .States when lawfully demanded, for
whatever cause, us cheerfully to oai section as
another. '
Is there much controversy about delivering
of fugitives' from service or labor? Tue clans.:
uow read, is as plainly written in the Consti
tution as any.otb r of its provisions. No per
son held to service or labor in one State, un
der the laws thereof, escaped into another,
shall in c insequeuce of any law or regulation
thcrciu be discharged fro n such service or la
bor, but shall b.: delivcreJ up ou a claim ol
the party to whom such Service or labor may
be due.
It is scarcely questioned that this provision
was intended by those who made it for re
claiming of what we. call fugitive slaves and
the intention of law given is the law. All
members of Congress1 swear their support to
the whole Constitution, to this provision us
much as to any other; to the proposition, then,
that slaves whose cause come within the terms
of this clause and shall be delivered up, their
oatlis are unanimous. Now if they would
make the effort iu good temper, could they
not. with nearly equal uuunimiiy, frame and
pass a law by means of which to keep g.K)d
that unanimous oath?
These is some difference of opinion whether
this clause should be enforced by national or
State authority, but snrely that difference is
not a very material one. If the slave is to
to be surrendered, it can be of but little con
sequcuce to him or to others by which author
ity it is done, and should any one in any case
be content that bis oath shall be nnkept, or a
merely unsubstantial controversy as to how it
shall be kept? Again in any law upon this
subject ought not all tlie safeguards of liberty
known in civilized and humane jurisprudence
to be introduced so that a freeman may not in
any case bo surrendered as a slave; and might
it not be well at the same time to provide by
law for tbe enforcement of that clause in the
Constitution which guarantees that the citi
zeus of each State shall be entitled to all the
privileges and immunities of citizeua iu tbe
several States?
, ; I take the official oath to-day with no men
tal reservat ions, and with no purpose to con
strue the Constitution or laws by any hyper
critical rules ; ond while I do not choose now
to specify particular ads of Congress as
proper to be enforced, I do suggest that it
will be much safer for all in official and pri
vate stations to conform to, and abide by all
these acts which stand unrepealed, than to vi
olate any of them, trusting to find iinpuuity
in having .them held to be unconstitutional.
It is seventy-two yoarssiuce the first inau
guration of a President under our national
Constitution. Daring that period fifteen dif
ferent and greatly distinguished citizens have
in succession administered the executive branch
of the Government. They have conducted it
through many perils, ond generally with
great success.- Y'et wth all this scopo for
precedent, I now enter upon the same task for
the brief constitutional term of four years un
der great and peculiar difficulties. Disruption
of the Federal Union, heretofore ODly mena
ced. Is now formidably uttemp'ed. I hold that
in eontemp'ation of imiversul law and of the
Constitution, the Union of these States is
lrpetnal. Perpetuity is implied, if not ex
pressed, iu the fundamental liw of all national
government. It is safe to assert that no
government proper has a provision m its or-R-anic
law for its own termination. Continue to
execnte all the express provisions of our na
tional Constitution and the Union will endure
forever, it being impossible to dissolve it, ex
cept by some action not provided for fn tbe
instrument itself.
Again, if the United States be not a gov
ernment proper, bot an association of States
iu the nature of contract merely, can it as a
contract be peaceably unmade, by lest? than
all the parties who mode it ? One party to a
contract may violate i,t break it, so to speak,
but does- it not require all to lawfully rescind
it? '
Descending rrotn these general principles,
wa find the proposition that frr legal contem
plation the Union is perpetual, confirmed by
the history of tbe Union itself. The Uniou
is much older than the Constitution. It was
formed, in fact, by the articles of association
in 1774. It was matured ur.tr continued by
the D 'claruti on of Ii)dependeiiceit 1776. L
was further matured, and tho fuith if all the
. ! I . .1 . . . ,
i . i..... i j L.tuii ai-rti-teiaii' nuirium u in L-iuiijini
, uiuu w -1 w , v v i - j , p, -r- n
that it should tw perpetual, by the aeticiw oi
' eonfcdiT.imm ill litSi
ami unaiiv, in i m
I one of the declared objects for 'ordaining" uul
j and establishing the Constitution, w to tmii
: ' a mora pertect u nion. t, r uy - i
a mora pet
ll. . n. . :r :, i...
I or one only oi tne oiaie. kwuiok
i lawfully poasibla, the Hnion.it I even, than
NO. 49;
it was before the Constitution, having lost the
vital t lenient of perpetuity.- It foi o s from
thews views that no State, upon its owu mere
motion, can laa filly get out of the Union;
that resolves and ordinances to that effect are
legally void ; an't that acts of violence, within
uuy States or State against the authority of
the United htates, are insurrectionary or rev
olutionary accordiii to circumstances.
I, therefore, consider that in view of the
Constitution and laws, the Union is unbroken,
and to the extent of my ability, shall lake
care, as the Constitution itself expressly en
joins on me. that the !as of the Union be
faithfully executed in all the States. Doing
this I deem to lie only a simple duty on my
part, and I shall perform it so fur as practica
ble, unless my rightful masters, ihj American
people, shall withhold tbe requisite menus, or
in some manner dir. ct the contrary.
I trust this will not be regarded r.s a men
ace, but only as the declared purpoto o! the
Union, that it will co.av.ifutinnally defend and
maintain itself. In doing this there need be
no bloodshed or violeuie, and there shall be
none unless it So forced upon the rialiofial au
thority. The power confided to me will be used
to bold, occupy, and possess the property and
places belonging to the Government, to collect
duties and imposts; b it beyond what may be
necessary for these objects, there will be no in
vasion, no using of force against or amoug the
people any where: ,;.
Where hoslility to the United States in ar y
ulterior locality, shall be. so great and so uni
versal as to prevent competent resident citi
zen's from holding federal offices, there will no
attenrftt be made, to force obnoxious strangers
unfottg the people that object. While the
strict legal right may exist iu the Government
to enforce the exercise of .these offices, the at
tempt to do so wou'.d be so irritating, and so
i arly impracticable withal, that . I deem it
b -tter to forego for a time the usej of such
jaieos. ......
The muil.v unless repelled, will continue to
be furnished in all poiula of the Un:ou, and s i
far as possible the people.. every wh.:re shall
have that sens ' of perfect security, which is
most favorable to calai thoughts,, and reflec- j
tiou. -
The cuurse here indiru'el wiH be followed
unless current events ami experience will show
a modification or chune to lai proper; and in
every case and exigency my best discretion
wid be exvrcia d according to cireuuistauces
actually existing, and .with a vitew and a hope
of a peaceful i-o'utioii o' the natioi.nl troubles;
ami the restora iou of the fraternal sympathies
and affections. .
Tbut there are persons in one section or an
other who sejk to d stroy the Unio i ut all e
vents ami are glad of any pretext to do it, I
will neither affirm or Jcty: but if taere be a 6&;
I need address tliem n ) word. Tc thos., how
ever, who really love the Union,' way I not
speak? Before en"e.-'mg upon so grave a mut
ter as detraction of our national fabric, with
all its benefits, its memories and ho e-, would
it uot ber Wise to ascertain previously why we
Jo? Wi.l you hazard a desperate step whi e
ihere is any possibility that any porliou of the
ills you fly from have no n 8)' exisen'ce? While
Ihe certain ills you fly to are greater Mian all
the real ones yoa fly f.oin, will you risk the
commission of so fearful a mistak ?
All proress to be content with (he
Union, if all constitutional rights can
be maintained. Is it true, then, that any
right, plainly written in the Constitu
tion, has been denied ? I think not.
Happily the human mind is so constitu
ted that no- party can teach to the auda
city ol' doing; this. ThinK, if yon can,
of a singie iustanee :u which a plainly
written provision of the constitution has
ever been denied. If by the merefoie'J
of numbers a m.ijoifiy sharl deprive a
minority of any clearly wiiitcn c nsti
tutional right, it m'fghr, in a moral point
of view, justify a revolution. It cer
tainly would if such a light were a vital
one. But such i not our course. All
the vital rights of iHW-oiities a-mi of in
dividuals arc so plainly assured to them
by animations and negotiations guaran
teed by prohibit ions in the Constitution,
that controversies neer arise concern
ing thoiu. But no organic law can be
Iramed with a provision1 speciti jally ap
plicable to every question which may
occur in practical administration. No
foreaiaht van anticipate, nor any docu
ment ol reasonable length contain ex
press provisions for ali possible ques
tions. Shall fugitives fioiu- labor he
surrendered by national or State autho
rity, the ConstM in ion does not expressly j
say. May Congress prohibit slavery iu
the Territories? J'ha Constitution does
not expressly say. May-Congress pro
tect slavery iu the 'i'eri itoi ie.? Tha
Constitution does uot expressly say.
From questions of this class i-prang
all our Constitutional controversies and
we divide them into majorities aud mi
norities. If the miiioiity will not ac
quiesce the majority must or the govern
ment naust cease. Tlie. e i- no other al
ternative for ooL'tiuiiing the government
but acquiescence ou I lie one Mile, or tlie
other. If a minority in sncli case will
secede rather than acquiesce," they make
a precedent which in turn will divida and
ruiu them, for a uiMioiiiy of their own i
will secede from them whenever a ma-I
joiily lefuses to be controlled by such
minority, r or insiance, wny may not
any portion of a new Confederacy, a
year or two hence, arbitrarily seeede
again precisely as pnriions of tlie pres
ent Union now claim to secede from it ?
All who clierit.h disunion genltuieuts
are now being educated to the exact
tper of doing this. Is there 6iich
perlect ideutity of interests among the
States to compose a new Uuion as to pro
duce harmony only and prevent renewed
secession ? Plainly the ceutial idea of
secession is (he osaenco oi anarchy.
A majority held iu restraint by con
stitutional checks aud limitations, and
always chaugiug easily wkh tbe deliber
ate changes of popular oj inions aod sent
iment, ia tbe only true aoveriegnty of a
free people. Whoever rejects il doee'of
ueceshity, fly to anarchy oi despotism.
Unanimity is impossible. The rule of a
uiuoiity as-a perraauont arrangement is
wholly inadmissible: so that rejecting the''
majority principle, anarchy aud despot- i
ism, in some form, is nil that is lett. l
do uot forget the position assumed by
some, that Constitutional questions are
are to be decided by tha Supreme Court
nor do 1 deny that such' decisions must
be biudiug iu any ca-c npoii tho pai'.ies
to a suit, Am to the object of that suit;
while they aie also entitled to veiy high
respect ami consideration in nil purmiel
rases by nil o'her departments of the
Government; and wbiiv it is obviously
posaible that such decision niny he i-nou-eons
in uy given case; still the evil et
lect following it being limited so that
particular ease, with the chance that it
may ba overruled and oaver beoonsaaa
precedent for other cases, can better ba
borne than conld the evils of a different
practice. At the same time tha candid
citizens most confess that il the policy oT
the government upon the vital qnettioa
effecting the whole people ia to be Hre
oeably fixed by decision of the Supremo
Court, the instant they are made, aa ia
ordinaiy litigation between parties iu
peiannal actions, the people will bava
erased to be their own rulers, having to
that extent, practically resigned their
government into the hands of that emi
nent tribunal. Nor is there in this riew
any eisault npon the Court or ih judgea.
It is a daty irom which they may not
shrink tw decide cases properly brought
be.'ore them, and it ia no fault of thira
if others seek to tnrn their decision to
political purposes.
One lection of our country believei
slavery is right and onht to be extend
eJ, while the other believes it is wrong
aud ought in. t to be ex ten led. Thia Is
tlis only substantial dispute, for the fd
gitive slave clause ol the Constitution!
aud the law for the suppression b'f the
foreign slave trale are each a Well en
forced perhaps as any law tin ever bo,
iu a communi'y where the' aioral sense of
the people imperfectly supports the law
itself. The great body of the neonle
abide by the dry legal obligation in botb
cases. Alter the eeperatiun of the se
lions, the foreign slave trade, now im
perfectly auppresed, would be ultimately
revived without restriction ill one sec
tion, while fugitive "laves now only par
tially Nurretideied would not be surrta
deicd at all by. the other.' ., . ;,
Pjsically speitkiug, we cannot separata.
V e cannot remove our respective seclione
fioiu each other, nor bui'd an impassable
wall between, them. A husband aat
wife may ba divorctd, and go out of
the presence, and beyond tha leach of
each other, but tbe different parts of our
country cannot do this. Tbey cannot bnt
lei'ii'a'iu face to face, and an iateiconrso
either amicable or hostile innst continue
between" thenr. Is it possible,-then, to
make that intercourse more advaatageon
or more satisfactory after separating
than before? Can alieua make treaties)
easier than friends can make laws ?
Can treaties be more faithfully enforced
between alieua than laws among friends?
Suppose you go to war yoo cannot fight
always, and after much loss on both
sides and no gain on either, yoo cease
fighting, the old idetitical question As
to terms of intercourse, are again opea
you. This country, with itt institution,
belongs to the people who inhabit if.
Whenever they shall grow w.ary of
the existing government they can exer
cise their constitutional right if amend
ing it or thuir revolutionary right to
disui mher or over-throw it.
I cannot be ignorant of the fact that
many worthy and patriotic citizens are
desirous of travfrig the national Consti
tution ouicrulud. While I make to re
commendation of amendments I fully
recognize the lilrtfnl aulhoii:y of th
people over tlie AnVrle subject to be' fief-'
cised iu either of the modes piescnbe 1
in the instrument itself, and I should,'
under existing circnui stances, favor ra
ther than oppose a fair opportunity bting
AfieVetl (he people to act tip on it.
I will venture to add' that to tne the
convention mode see ins preferable, inas
much as it allow the' amendment to
oiiginate with the people theiusel very ia
:... 1 only of perniitting- them to take or
reject a proposition or'ii;ina':ed by otherf,
not i specially chosen foi tlie pui j o.e,
and which might not be' procisely inch
as they would wish to either accept, or
re I use. I understand a' proposed ii eid
Hient to the Conlitution, which amend
ment however, I have not seen, has pass
it I Congress, to the effect that the FeeVal
Government shall never interfere with
tho ilomaxtio institutions of the States,
including that of persons held to ser
vice. .
To avoid a' misconstruction of what I
have said, 1 depait from my purpose,
not' to apeak of particular amendments
so far as to lay that holding kiic'i a pr -vision
to be how implied as Conktin '
tio a' law, I have no objection to its be
ing made express and inevocable.
A Clyibf Magistrate d'erivea' hi
aiith'orrty troni the people, ami they have
confirmed none upon bun to fix: term for
the separation of the States. The people
themselves can do this, also; if they
choose; but tire executive as such has
no thing to do with it. His duty is to
jfdminister the piesent' Government as it
comes to his hauls, to transmit il Unim
paired by him to his sue essor.' Wny
should there n'dt be a' parent confidence)
iu the rrltiniate jbstice of tbe people? Is
there any better or equal hope ia tha
world? In our present differences, is
neither party without faith or being ia
right ol .(he Almighty Ruler of nations
with his eternal truth and ju-tice be oa
our side, ol the North of on yours' of tha
South that tri ih and that justiee will
surely prevail' b the jWtguient of this
great nibiiual the American people'.
By the Ir-nie of the govern nv nt under
which we live this tame people bars'
wisely given their pulilin servants bnt
little power for carischref, awl have with'
equal wisdom provided for the retura' of
tiiar liule to their own hands at very
short intervals. While the people retain'
their virtue aod vigilance no administra-'
tion, any extreme of wickedness of folly
can tety seriously injure the govern'-'
rrrent, iu the short space of four years. .
My countrymen, oue' anil' all, think?
calmly and well on this whole subject
B-oihing valanble can bd lost by taking"
time, if there be au object to I u ry any'
of you iu hot haste to a step whioh yoq
would never havetaken deliberotjly.thaf
object will be frustrate I by taking time;'
but no good object can be fiottr"-'
ted by it. Snch of yoa as are no
dissatisfied, still have tl e ol 1 Con-'
sliiution unimpaiied, aud the sensitive
pait of the laws are of your own1 fra'in
fug under it. While the new A linini
stration will have bo imtueJiats-power,
if it would, to change either, if it wera
admitted that yon who are' Unsatisfied
hold the right side r"n the dispute, there
still is no single good reason lorpiei; itaie
action. lulelligeuce, palroiism, chistiait
ity, and a firm reliance ih' III ui' who hat
never yet forsaken thic fav'oic.l land, ie
still competent to'adjnsi in tho best way
all our pre-en t difficulties. lit yonr
hands, my dissatisfied counliy men, and
not in mine, is the momentous issue of
civil war. The Govtronieul will not
assail yon can have no conflict with
out being yonrselv'es tlie agsfiesor. -Yon
have no oath registered in heaven
to destroy the Government, while I shall
have the most solemn' one to ptetaivtfi
protect and defend it.
I am loth to close. VVe re not eneraik'S
but friends; we must not be e uemiev
Though passiou may have strained' it
must not break otrr bond of atTeeliun:.--Tbe
mystic cord of memory stretching
from every battle field and patriot gave
to every loving heart aud heaithrtons
all over this brod land, will yet awsll
the chorus of tlie Union, when' again
touched, a snrely as they wilV b the
bitter angels of our uatnte.
Thk WkatYikr'ai rns Sorvu.' At Charles
vlon, S. C, last w elf, the weaihrr wae nn
Usually mild, l'eaeh trees wore in fn'l blaom','
green peiw had be.'n in btees.ini for a wek
and strawberries were bei'ming to form.
The Mercury anticiMtie that about tee sai'
die of the next month strawberrie and green
peas will be among tho table lux or use supplied
to Major Aodereoo at Fort Sumter.

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