OCR Interpretation


Delaware gazette. [volume] (Delaware, Ohio) 1855-1886, March 31, 1871, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035595/1871-03-31/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

BUSINESS DIBECTOBt.
Jo t sai,'tA., A.rsersLa
. i. aeouuJ floor. WUliiuiM tkock.
T T. ; LOVKK. Attormay at Law,
tl So. 4 Muad floor, Yi uuu' tiioj..
jalyl, 7"tf
i-v KlPliaET. iunM st La
J J. uu ir, fuuno. otboetn WolAey
Block, over bUMtu cioLhLne- ttfcoie.
juiylStf
PUPFbKTUi MmSCL.tt.UY, tnn
nut Law, IMUwiu, Ohio. W ill aUeiM
MiaDU(lulllanl Dual fleas iBtrnstad to
faeir out la Delaware and adjolnlnc om-
UtM.
B. r. POFFLBTOir. C H. WaLaoT
Iwmmtre, OUlo. Will rouipUy irtlend
to all iel buHineaa iniruud to melr eax
In Delaware, U uloii. Franklin, Marlon auu
Morrow uuanuea. Auouiluu wUI be given
to practice in Frobate Court, and to the ol
leotiun of bounty, back pay ud pensions.
Oiiloe, West aide oaoluluaky street, neareuuu
tyouioaa. foi,io '87-j
CUUCbJEHT A ULtMWiUK.
J, (Jul, uwUor ik Cmlurr, tlaa
a ware, Fauoy vHioila, Ink ti-or norm
f Delaware County uoual Ba&a nwss
CL0THIIO.
IV
ia ina. OMluienM. t-:i ta li rn iMti t tiir
jwua. opiMjaiua a un s muuuiu nn
DRvesiaxs.
?J LT BHiSU a CO, MttHOri M M.
J . l. Start, No. 6 Williams Block, dealer
n Drum, Medicines, Palnta, Oils, Varnish,
Brushes. Ao. o
1H.Y OOODI.
1 iKlU, fTCROBOS CO, Wa-ola-
sale od Ketaii dealers In Foreign and
Domwtio Dry tioods, Notions, Carneta. Ac,
No. I Wllllama btoot, Delaware, Ohio.
J.
W. DOA VIX, ermn,
Bnduky street.
Ha. !
ETC. LITTKLL BOW, Daalara tm
Family Qruerrtn and Provtalona. Al
waya on hand. Coriee, Teaa, ttuirars. Floor,
Pork, Dried Beef, Hams, buoaldero, Molas
ses, Fyrups, dto. Location, one door south
of Millers Block, febls 'M
HlHlJWiKE.
MI,. TARE, 9 alavara below Aanar-
lean House, dealer In Bolldera Hard
ware, Meohanlcs Tools, Farm and Oarden
Implements, rteeds. Pam(, Paints, Oils.
Vir&latM, Brushes, Winaow Crifuss, Cut
Isrv, c stock large, and entirely new.
apritf
CC. CHAHBERL1II fc CO, Dala-
ware, O'do, dealea-lu Hard ware, t:ot
lery AToola a!o. dealers In Agricultural
Implements, Reapinic aud Mowiw Machi
nes, Threshing Machines, Plows, Harrow a,
Ae., a-o.
C. C. CilAMBKKLA.lir, J. H. HtmrHUva.
n. D. MTTEB 4k. CO., Templar Hall,
Hoala 4 .. I t...
BalMinir ; iter lata, f armer's and Merban-
lo's looia. Faints, Oils, Varnishes and Hard.
Wars (Jeaeraiiy. Ian 11 '07
JEWBLIRIi
CFIiATT, Is. Will la Bleak.
. dealer In Fine Watobea, Jewelry and
I3!lver Ware. Agent for tbe Howe Bevlm
Machine. aprl S
FHOTOeaAFHBBI,
A. BEACH, PRACTICAL PHO
tographer, over J. Hyatt A Co.'slMor.
mtveeiiTt.
H
OWK BR.O.. City Draf 8t.r, cor.
8andakyand William tieeta, dnaJer
Jane.
4 70-iy
PHTIlOIlli.
DR. J. H. WHITE, Pnyslelaa aad
c-.urveon. i kii be fouudthieedoorssouth
Of tbe Pootoflloe, where be has permanently
esbtulished bla odloe and resiilunce. mttu
D
ft. JOU3I a. LITTLB oare bl. pro
fessional aHrvioeH to tbe people of Dela
ware and vlduity, boplnw by prompt and
almful attention to buiuess to merit and
' eoelve a fair propertloa of patronise.
TIIWAKX, As.
CM. CrOS KLKTOM, Musfkatai.
er of 1 iu ware, and dealer In all kinds
8 to ves, t doors east WiUUuns Block. .
MARBLE WORKS.
J II. GRIFFITH, Dale la lanl.
can and lmsiaa Marble, opposite tbe O.
W, University, lelaware,0. buitU'ia, Mon
A rue nts, ( ri,s, Vants, Muntles, Cabinet and
k - tinKt-c h.u i.M. e xeo 11 u-.i from tbe be7
k.i: ii clkolcent marble. roi
P1BII
SITIOSAL BAWK,
""" ' Delaware, Ohio,
Second Building South American Bouse.
RKCEIVB Oepostts, Loams Homey,
bnys and sells exobange, and Gold and
Bilvir, and does a (jeneml Banking, Gx
tcbunge and Collection BuHinets. Alsodeals
In ail kinds of Government Hecaritiea.
goterhueut bonds
consbtntly on hand and for sale.
B. POWERS, Pretideni.
M iy 11. '8tf W. K. MOUHE. CajAier.
" " DELAWARE COCSTT
SITIOWAL BAIK,
- J"rl SuWUng aouth of American Haute,
' Delaware, Ohio.
RECEIVES DMs Loams BssaT,
bays and sells bxchanxe, Uold and Bil.
ver, And does a General Banking Business.
&OVXR&MENT SJCCURITTSa for sale.
Will pay interest on Deposits as follows :
I per cent, per ann am If lefteD days, 6 per
' cent, per an nam if left 4 months, t percent,
per annum If left 9 months and over, paya-
ble on demand.
; aa-RBTEHTJK STAMPS FOB. SALE.
H. Williams, Pres't. . Moork, Cash
' - January 9. lot-tf.
COAL.
WBur COAI. YAGD.
W. R. CLARK,
General Dealer in Coal.
T J AS onemea a maw Coal Yard meaa
.11 the Railroad, directly nortb of i he De
J pot. Orders may belen al th-Grocer Store
ui vriiner huu rteraoo, or at tne omce on
Depot Street. seulo tWif
IIE.ITKIE E. BUCK,
' (Succeuor to Bill Buck,)
SKALKR IN
HOCEIXG, MASSII.I.O'V
AND
" ' ' ' AUTTHRACITE COAL,
Sewer Pipe and Drain Tile.
. Ofllee CITY MILLS.
Orders left with J. Hyatt A Co. will be
Sued promptly. ian2Stf
BOOK llI.t'DISC..
LlDXES ASD GEXTLEHEX:
. ffow Is your time to get your
AHPHLCTS, MAOAZI'BS,BEWa,
fr PAPAil, H i.t A4WlSk., Ott- ,
S- K i.R. MMAi.,
You don't want to send ttiem to another
city for Madliig as you have a spiendtd book
?n?i "'"".""- m " examine
W" f-J Ammp a. a. AJA UV1AA1
Via. Goerke's,
on Winter street, three doors west of Main,
in the new building over Bauble A Co, '
ami mararvi
r L. for the Sign.
deo-80 70-ly
Wants not all Supplied.
ESPECIALLY thee af havlmg
good and durable likeness of
THBH8ELYES AND FRIENDS.
,' 1 : . ' . These can be had at
SHmtli "lain Street,
by leaving a small picture of any size.evsu
W O.UI.1. M ' U VMS IU llK'iBI. muila a wr . .
np to Lir. else, Calor.d la oil which we
continue to assert la the onlv reaiiv mo
tile, coloring in use. Will pell hir r.oav
""' noi are. continuing the ?auie
for aaes.can be eleaueil at any time iy w an-r
or oil witbput fear of lnjurfng the picture.
Put up in the bet Frames, oostluii , o more
than .r. rooioiifjg, or ludiaa Ink. Idatia.
faotloo Eiven in eveiycaseor not reoulraa
to tKe toe work. Give us a call befoie momv
1 nov--Iy Mms). H, K. BI'BKBOUlBB.
A 'OTHM Carn mt ehefre TIBaS
a a. reovtved at Itonll tt o d rr.iees)
:r. anu. w,tv.u.)i.,i o
VOL. i.III.
For Sale on Time.
A LICRATIVK BCtlHEM.
BelnrolllMvtMIAnmiml T will n,w
V .rnisn Factory upo t'e following terma:
ALL T1SIUBM
at the appratmment of any good Judges
ALL HATEaiALS
at present Mew York eost and freight.
ALL BCTILDIXGIS
and Implements at cust,wltb proper dedno-
wiin Btumiaerory aeennty I will give
t me enough to convert I toe entire stock ln-
m motwy. inrmj to my unlortunuls aocl
dent wbite experimenting wlib la-nzin
and my Introdacina varnlob without age,
tol-community iuljndgrti my stock ( vtr
nlhe. I have not a banlof Benzine
varnish on hanrt and will eOABAKHE
every arxit-u- 10 prow obrr rfal as repreaen.
Mil hud f nil V eaual t anv vamlatia
for in- mu ti.oney any where in ihe Unl-
wi oiBua: amo uui mv nt.r km a ,wmi u.
iau w wuKui any wnere at aoy price. -
a rare vuance i- r a woori man f nrAS
in a mo.ey inikiOfl baatnesi. RerrfneaaA.
Company Invoice. ISAAC EANStT.
mr-iu-tr
POUSA.LE.
Two Fine Properties
CITCATKD
a Railroad Street.
between Kandoskv and
Cl north side.
Franklin Strei-ta,
THAT ZaAllfiK, DOrni-K, TW04T0BT PUVI
HUC8X,
Containing nine large rooms, two balls.
ana cellar audit tbe whole bouse.
THI TWO-STORY BRICK HOtTSK
sltasted on the same lot, nearly new, con-
talnlns nve rooms, bail aud line cellar on
aer toe wnoie noose.
TBI UOT
on which these building are situated In 125
feet front on Eallroed street and 15 feet
dt-ep. There is a eood frame atahle-. TVn
larse aplt- trees, eiwrty and pear trees, and
small fruit la aiKiuoav.3. 'fx' re are t wo
oisterns ; one for each house, one holding
the capacity oi ISO bbls ; smoke bouse and
everything necessary to the comfort of the
families oc-apy ing the house.
loose prop, rtit-s ai situated within Fivs
Ml nut KM walk of the Uuiverslty buildings
aud an- eminently adapted to any one de
Hiring to keep boarders, or to persons wish
ing to make an investment In Bal Estate,
as they will always command the best of
rents. Will b sold at a nargxln.
Apply to HURLBDTT A LYBRAKD, Or at
FRANK WHITE'S, on Mala street.
Jsn-20m
EDICATIO.IAL.
1866. 1870.
OHIO
BUSINESS COLLEGE !
DELAWARE, OHIO.
A Complete, Thorough and Systematic Com
mercial College and Writing Institute, for
Educating Young Men, Boys and
Ladies or JSusines or Teachers
Of Penmanship.
Cost of Tuition Ome-shlrd less ttaam
la most ether Imstltmttoms of the kind.
Circulars containing terms. Ao.. sent free
on receipt of a three-oent stamp.
In addition to the Commercial and Writ
ing Departments, there is in this College,
irum iu, ljiii ui Apru uulii iiie xotn oi Sep
tember, a
NORMAL SCHOOL DEPARTMENT,
for Teachers to pursue the stndles requisite
In Common Hi-boots, la eonoecilon with
thorough instruetton in Penmanship.
Young Teachers will find this lust the place
to qualify tni-mnelves for a high standing
tn their proieasion.
For further particulars call at the College
or address l. W. SHARP,
aor.22 TU-lyr Prssrl.tsr.
M'SIRAXCE.
A WESTERS
IISUIXAICE COMPANY.
-i-
Is It iVot Time to Keep
Money at Ileme l
our
Is the West ts Comttmme to BmilA Up
EMitrs Cities sftd Kmrlem Ksvsterm
Capitalists J
BE9B are pertimemt qmestiems
I which oar citizens snould answer be
fore Insuring theii property Foryenrstbe
West bs been paying an annual tribute to
tbe East, by patron izLuk Eastern Fire In
surance Companies. This ounxtant and
continuous drain bas seriously afi'ected tbe
financial interests of tbe West, and tbe
people wf Obio have sougbt for means to
check tbe tioe, and retaiu ttieee interests to
our immoiiveiltli. Tne organisation of
Fire Insurance Corporations has aliorded
an effective means, aud u-day the Insur
ance Companies incorporated by the 8 Late
of Ohioare among tbe most solvent and ef
fective in the ooantry. Among these incor
porations the
''HOBS, OP COLVMBTJS,"
occupies a most enviable position. Organ
ised b gentlemen of acknowledged prool
ty and capacity, with a paid-up capital ex
ceeding HALF A MILLION OF DOLLARS,
Bhe enters tbe insurance field with all the
en-menia of sueoeas. Her career thus far
will eom pare most favorable with any sim
ilar institution in the country, and her fu
ture promises to speedily rank her among
the forrmoht. There Is aeareely a commu
nity In the State which baa not manifested
Its Interest in the success of this Institution.
The best known business men throughout
the State have becomestockholders, and an
earnest disposition is ahown to build up a
W extern Fire Insurance Company which
will be without a rival.
No corporation oflvrs more or better se
curity than the "Hons, os Columbus." Its
as t amount to fclosTS, while Its entire
linMUtb-s, excepting capital stock, are only
i vtlvtt-M. Nearly a balf a million of dol-
lai security.. This la ample beyond any
peiaaventure, ana snouiu commend tne
Company to oar citisens.
Tbe following well-known gentlemen of
tbut place own stock In the "Home :" Hon.
T. C. Jones. H. M. Caroer. W. P. Keld. J. D.
Van Deniaii, Prof. W G. Williams, A. Ly
brand, C. B. Paul, T. E. Powell, M. Miller,
j. ti. menaennaii, en as. o. Liittie, it. in.
Jones, B. F. Loofborougb, B. K. Donavin.
Risks Wrtttem at Adeqmate Rates.
S. K. DONAVIJX, Agent
apr29tf
Jill Ell. NA1XS, &.C.
CIaIPPEIwEll & CO.,
H AVISO opened a Lumber Yard and
Ware House, on Winter Street, between
tbe Suspension Bridge and Railroad Depot,
are prepared to offer great Inducements to
purchasers. We are receiving and will have
constantly on hand a large stock of
PIITJB, POPLAR. ASM. WALNUT, AND
OTHJEB I.TTTURKB.
Choice BeantUng, Rafters, Sheeting, Shingles,
Lath, fines Boards and Posts,
which having purchased from first hands,
they are enabled to sell at the lowest eash
rate. Also, Iron, Nails, Window Glass, Ac.
We can sell to Merchants and others on the
most favorable terma.
Jan. 1 Oa. i;iarrisautavu
H. J. lcCrA,L,OUGlI,;
Lnmber Herchan t.
DEALER IN
All Kinds of Lumber. Mhinnles. Lath. Bawh.
Door-s NaiK Glass, White Lead, Oil, Bait,
uaicinea toaster, water luime ana cement.
orner Winter and Henry st.eets, near
suspension Bridge. feb2S 70 tf
DELAWARE COISTY
T E A C O II P A i Y
DONAVIN,
' Agent.
jan-27-tf
A IKW ERA lilT MUSIC.
Cwparalloll for Ckaapnaaa and Can
ptetemsss. LOOK AT THE PRICES I
Ditson k Co's Standard Operas.
Ermaal. Pamst.
Lmelade Lammcraaoor. Mersaa.
Marias, Lstreila Borgia.
rav.aia. sonvmaasam
Trovatore. Prrcleaa.
Marriage of Figaro.
Price f 1,00 each ; Handsomely Bound 12, CO.
Also Itistrumi-ntal Arransementa of Der
Lre.st bntz, Don Giovanni. Eruanl, Faust,
Ducia, Ajucreiia, nanus, norma, Bomnam
r uia ana trovatore.
Large Pages, Elegantly Bound, tl.OO each
Sent by mail postiiaU on receiptor price,
OLTVFH DIT(ON A CO.. Boston,
CH AS. H. Dis ?OJS A ca, Kew York, :
ieialftll tvle of Silk Hats Inst ra.
jk,itvu at onauu fumpurey s, apratfti
USXIOOr THI K ASTER E661.
arr rrrs jaxks o'brixit.
TrlBttT bells, with their hollow lnngs.
Their vibrant lips and their braaen tongues,
over tbe roots of t he eil y iour
Their Easter music with joyous roar.
Till the eoarmg not to tbe sun are rolled
As he swings along In his path of gold.
Dearest papa," says my boy to me,
A he merrily climns his fatnr's knee,
Why are those eees that you s-e me hold,
Colored so finely with blufand void T
And what is tbe beautiful bird that lays
Such beautiful eggs on Easter days?"
Tenderly sbiae the April skies.
Like laughter ami tears In my child's, blue
eyes.
And every face la the street is gay.
Why cloud this youngster by saying nay t
Ho Icuitg-! my bains f rtbe story he bgs.
And tell him he tale of the EasLer esgs.
You have heard, my boy, of tbe One who
died.
Crowned with keen thorns and crucified :
And bow Joseph the weaiihy whom God
reward.
Cared lor tbe eorpse of bis martyred Lord
And Diouslr tombed It wltbiu tbe rock
And closed, the gate with a mighty block.
"Now. close to the tomb, a fair treeeiew.
With pnuulous leaves and blossoms of
blue:
And deep in the green tree's shadowy breast
A. Piauuiw migifl iura sal on ner ueet.
We u-n was bordered with mosves like mal
acrtlte And held four egg of an Ivory white.
How, when ihebird from herdim receiaa
Behebt the Lord In bin burial dress.
And looked on tbe heavenly face so pale.
And tbe dear feet pierced with tbe crul
nail.
Her heart nigh broke with a sadden pang.
And oat of the depth of her sorrow she bang.
All nlebt long till the mora was up.
She sat and sans in her moea-wrr-athed cup,
A souk of sorrow as wild and snriu
As the homeless wind when it roams Ihe
hill:
Ro full of tears, so fond and long.
That the grief of the worid seemed turned
tosong. -
fiatsooo there came, through the weep
ing nignt,
A glimmering angel clothed In white;
And he rolled the atone from tbe touib
awav.
Where the Lord of the Earth and the Heav
ens lav :
And Christ arme In the cavern's Bloom
Ana In living lustre came from the tomb.
"Now the bird that sat in the heart of the
tre
Beheld the celestial mvsterv.
And its heart was filled with a sweet de
light. And it poured a song on the throbbing
night;
Note climbing notes, still higher, higher,
They shoot to heaven like spears of fire.
"When the glittering
whlte-iobed angel
neara
The -orrowlnz song of that gi
rieving bird
And heard the following i-banr, of mirth
That hailed Christ risen from tbe earth.
He said, "sweet bird be forever blest;
Thyself, thy eggs, and thy moss-wreathed
nest."
"And ever, my child
since that blessed
night.
When death bowed down
to the Lord of
lit: ht,
The egg of, that sweet bird
changed their
nue.
And burn with red, and gold and bine ;
Reminding mankind, iu their simple way
Of the holy marvel of Easter day.''
I LOTS TO TELL THIS STORV.
BY RSV. C C. K'CABI.
Published by request.
I love to tell the story
Of unseen things above,
Of Jesus and bis glory,
Of Jesus and his love.
I love to tell the story.
Because I know it's true ;
It satisfies my longings.
As nothing ese would do.
Chortjs.
I love to tell the story,
'Twlil be my theme In glory
To tell the olu.old story.
Of Jesus and his love.
I love to tell the story ;
More wonderful it seems
Thau all golden fancies .
Of all our g-dden dreams.'
I love to tell the story ;
Iidlilsomucb for me !
And that is just tbe reason
I tell it now te thee, v'HoBUs.
I love to tell the story ;
Tis pleasant to repeat
What seems, each time 1 tell it, -
More wonderfully sweet.
I love to tell the story ; i
For some bave never heard
r The meis.ee of mi1 atloo
From God's own holy word.
I love to tell the story ;
For those who know it bent
Seem hangeiing and thirsting
To hear it like the rest.
And wtien, in scenes of glory,
I sing the Nsw, Niw Sons,
Twill be the OL.D, Old Btokt
That I have loved so loug Usu.-
LEE'S RETREAT FROM CiKTTl'8
"r - BVRU.
Confederate General Imboden con
tributes to the April Galaxy a paper on
the battle of Gettysburg, from which "we
extract the following ; . - :.
After a good deal of ccnversation-he
(General Lee) sent for his .chiefs of staff
and ordered them to have everything in
readiness for me to take command the
next morning, remarking to me that the
general instructions he had given would
be sent to me next day in writing. As
I was about leaving to return: to my
camp, he came out of his tent and said
to me in a low tone : " I will place in
your hands to-morrow a sealed package
for President Davis, which you ".will re
tain in your own possession till you are
across the Potomac, when you -will" de
tail a trusty commissioned officer to take
it to Richmond with all possible dispatch,
and deliver it immediately to the Presi
dent. I impress it upon you that what
ever happens this package must not fall
into the hands of the enemy. If you
should unfortunately be captured,-de
stroy it.
On the morning of the 4th my written
instructions and the package for Mr.
Davis were delivered to me. - It was
soon apparent that the wagons and am
bulances and the wounded could not be
ready to move till late in the afternoon.
The General sent me four four-gun field
batterries, which with my own gave
me twenty-two euns to defend tie trains.
Shortly after noon the very windows
of heaven seemed to have been opened.
Rain fell in dashing torrents, and in a
lit le while the whole face of the earth
was covered with water. The meadows
became small lakes : ragine streams ran
across the road in every depression of
the ground ; wagons, ambulances, and
artillery carnages tilled the roads and
fields in all directions. The storm in
creased in fury every moment. Canvas
was no protection against 11, ana tne
poor wounded, lying upon , the hard,
naked boards of the wagon-bodies, were
drenched by the cold rain. Horses and
mules were blinded and maddened by
the storm, and became almost unman
ageable. The roar of the winds and
waters made it almost impossible to
communicate orders. Night was rapid
ly approaching, and there was danger
tnat in tne darkness the confusion
would become " worse confounded."
About four p. m. the head of the column
was put in motion and began the ascent
of the mountain. After dark I set out
to gain the advance. The tram, was
seventeen miles long when drawn out
on the road. It was moving ramdlv.
d from every wagon issued wails of
agony. or tour hours 1 galloped along,
passing to the tront, and heard more
it was too dark to see of the horrors of
war than I had witnessed from the bat'
tie ot Bull Run up to that day. In the
wagons were men wounded and muu
lated in every conceivable way. Some
naatneir legs Shattered by a' shell or
Minie ball ; some were shot through
their bodies ; others had arms torn to
shreds ; some had received a ball in the
face, or a jagged piece of shell had
lacerated their heads. Scarcely one in
a hundred had received adequate surgi
cal aid. Many had been without food
for thirty-six hours. The . irragged,
bloody, and dirty clothes, all clotted and
hardened with blood, were rasping the
tender, inflamed lips of their gaping
wounds. Very few of the wagons had
even straw in them, and all were with
out springs. The road was rough and
rocky. The joldng was enough to have
killed sound, strong men. From nearly
every wagon, as the horses trotted on,
DELAWARE, OHIO, FRIDAY,
such cries and shrieks as these greeted
the ear :
" O God ! why can't I die ?"
" My God ! will no one have mercy
and kill me and end my misery ?"
"Ob, stop one minute and take me
out and leave me to die on the road
side." " I am dying! I am dying! My poor
wife, my dear children ! what will be
come of you ?"
Some were praying ; others were utter
ing the most -fearful oaths and execra
tions that despair could wring from then)
in their aeony. Occasionally a warren
would be passed from which .only low,
deep moans and sobs could be heard. -No
help could be rendered to ;my ef the
sufferers. On, on ; we must mcvt on.
The storm continued and the darkness
was fearful. There was no time even to
fill a canteen with water for a dying nip n;
for, except the drivers and the guards
disposed in compact bodies every half
mile; all were wounded and helpless in
that vast train of misery. The night
was awful, and yet in it was our satuty,
for no enemy would dire to attack u;
when he could not distir. uish friend
from foe. We -knew thai when day
broke upon us we would I i harrasset
by bands of cavalry hanging on our
flanks, therefore our aim was to as
far as possible under cover of the night
and so we kept on. It was my sad lot
to pass the whole distance from the rear
to the head of the column, and no lan
guage can convey an idea of the hor
rors of that most horrible of all nights
of our long and bloody war.
Daybreak on the morninr of the 5th
found the head of our colu: ai at Green
castle, twelve or fifteen mil s from the
Potomac at Williamsport, t ur point of
crossing. Here our apprehended troubles
from the Union cavalry began. Jrrorn
the fields and cross-roads they attacked
us in small bodies, striking the column
where there were few or no guards, and
creating great confusion.
I o add soil further to our perplexities.
a report was brought that the Federals
in large force held Williamsport. This
fortunately proved untrue. After a great
deal of harrassing and desultory fight
ing along the road, nearly the whole
immense train reached Williamsport a
little after the middle of the day. The
town was taken possession of; all the
churches, school-housesi etc., were con
verted into hospitals, and proving in
sufficient, many of the private houses
were occupied, btraw was obtained on
the neighboring farms ; the wounded
were removed from the vagons and
housed; the citizens were all put to
cooking and the army surg. ns to dress
ing wounds. Ihe dead v. re selected
from the train for many had perished
on the way and were decently buried.
All this had to be done because the tre
mendous rains had raised the river more
than ten feet above the fording stage, and
we could not possibly cross.
Our situation was frightful. We had
over 10,000 animals and all the wagons
of General Lee's army under our charge,
and all the wounded that could be
brought from Gettysburg. Our supply
of provisions consisted of a few wagon
loads of flour and a small lot of cattle.
My effective force was only about 2,100
men and twenty-odd field pieces. We
did, not know where our army was ; the
river could not be crossed; and small
parties of cavalry were still hovering
around. The means of ferriage con
sisted of two small boats and a sinali
wire rope stretched across the river,
which owing to the force of the swollen
current broke several times during tlie
day. ; To reduce the space to bedefend
ed as much as possible, all the wagons
and animals were parked close" together
on the river bank.
Believing that an attack would soon
be made upon us, I ordered the wagon
ers to be mustered,, and, taking three
out of every fcur, organized them into
companies, and armed them with the
weapons of the wounded men found in
the train. By this means 1 added to my
effective force about five hundred men.
Slightly wounded officers promptly- vol
unteered their services to command these
improvised soldiers;. and many of our
quartermasters and commissaries did
the same thing. . We were not seriously
molested on the 5th ; but next morning
about nine o'clock information reached
me that a large- body of cavalry from
Frederick, Maryland, was rapidly ad
vancing to attack us. ,',As we could not
retreat further, it was at once frankly
made known to.the troops that ...unless
we could repel the threatened attack we
should all become prisoners, and that
the loss of his whole transportation
would probably ruin General Lee ; for
it could not be replaced for many months,
if at all, in the then exhausted condition
of the Confederate States. So far from
repressing the ardor of the troops, this
frank announcement ot our peril inspir
ed all with the utmost enthusiasm. Men
and officers alike, forgetting the suffer-
ngs of the past few davs, proclaimed
their determination to drive back the
attacking force or perish in the attempt.
All told, we were less than 3,000 men.
The advancing force we knew to be
more than double ours, consisting, as
we had ascertained, of five regular and
eight volunteer regiments of cavalry,
with eighteen guns, all under the -command
of Generals Buford and Kilpat
rick. We had no works of any kind;
the country was open and almost level
and there was no advantage of position
we could occupy.-. It must necessarily
be a square stand-up fight, face to face.
We had twenty -two held guns of vari
ous calibre, and one Whitworth. These
were disposed in batteries, in semicircle,
about one mile out of the village, on the
summit of a very-slight rising ground
that lies back of the town": " .Except the
artillery; our troops were "held out of
view of the assailants, and ready to. be
moved promptly to any menaced point
along the whole line of nearly two miles
in extent. Knowing that nothing could
save us -but a bold " bluff" game, orders
had been given to the artillery as - soon
as the advancing lorcts came within
range to open fire along the whole line,
and keep it up with the utmost rapidity.
A little alter one o clock they appended
on two roads in our front, and our bat
teries opened. They soon had their guns
in position, and a very lively artillery
fight began. We hred with great rapid
ity, and in less than an hour two of our
batteries reported that their ammunition
was exhausted. This would have been
fatal to us but for the opportune arrival
at the critical moment of an ammuni
tion train from Winchester. The wag
ons were ferried across to our side as
soori'as possible, and driven on the field
in a gallop to supply the silent guns.
Not having men to occupy half our line,
they were moved up in order of battle,
first to one battery, then withdrawn and
double-quicked to another, but out of
view of our assailants till ihey could be
shown at some other point on our line.
By this manceuvring we .made, the im
pression that we had a s rong support
ing force in rear of all our guns along
the entire front. To test tins. General
Buford and Kilpatrick dismouted live
regiments and advanced them on foot
on our right. We concentrated there
all the men we had," wagoners and all,
and thus, with the aid of the united fire
of all our guns directed at tlie .advanc
ing line, we drove it back, and. rushed
forward two of .our, batteries four or five
hundred yards further to the front.
This boldness prevented another charge,
ana tne ngac was continued till near
sunset . with the artillery. About that
time General Fitzhugh Lee sent a mess
age from toward Greencastle, that if we
could hold out an hour he would rein
force us with 3,000 'men, 'This intelli
gence elicited a loud and long-continued
cheer along our whole line, which was
heard and understood bv our adversa
ries, as we learned from prisoners taken.
! A few minutes later General J. E. B.
Stuart, advancing from Hagcrstown, fell
unexpectedly upon the rear of their.rjgly.
wing, and in ten minutes they were in
rapid retreat by their left flank in the
direction of Boonsborough, Night com-,
ing on enabled them to escape.
By extraordinary good fortune we had
thus saved all of General Lee's train.
A bold charge at any time before sun
set would have broken our feeble lines,
-and we should all have fallen an easy prey
to the Federals. This came to be known
as " tlie wagoners fight "in .our .army"
f.-om theofact that sq many of them were
armed and did such gallant service in
repelling the attack made 'orf tiur right
by the dismounted regiments.
Our defeat that day would have been
an irreparable blow to General Lee, in
the loss of all his transportation. Every
matt engaged knew this, and probably
in no fight of 'the war was-there a more
determined spirit - shown than by this
handful of cooped-up troops. The next
day our army from Gettysburg arrived;
and the country is amiliar with the
w. xvh er in which it ecaped across the'
, fotoiac on the night of the 9th.
It may be interesting to repeat one or
two factsto show the peril in which we
vvere until the river could be bridged.
About 4,ocx prisoners taken at Gettys
burg were ferried across the river by the
morning of the 9th, and I was ordered
to guard tnem to btarnton. Before we
had proceeded two miles I received a
note from General Lee o report to him
in person immediately. I rode to the
river and was ferried over, and galloped
out toward Hagerstown. As I proceeded
I became satisfied that a serious demon
stration was making along our front from
the heavy artillery tire extending lor a
long distance along life line. I overtook
General Lee riding to the front near
Hagerstown. He immediately reined
up, and remarked that he believed I was
familiar with all the fords of the Poto
mac above Williamsport, and the roads
approaching them. I replied ' that I
knew them perfectly - He then called
up some one of his staff to write down
my answers to his questions, and requi
red me to name all fords as high up as
Cumberland,1 and describe minutely
their character, and the roads and sur
rounding country on both sides of the
river, and directed me to send my broth
er, Colonel Imboden, to him to act as a
guide with his regiment, if he should be
compelled to retreat higher up the river
to cross it. His situation was then
very precarious. When about parting
from him to recross the river and move
on with the prisoners, he told me they
would probablv be .rescued belore 1
reached Winchester, my guard was so
small, and he expected a force of cavalry
would cross at Harper's Ferry to cut us
off; and he could not spare to me any
additional troops, as he might be hard
pressed before he got over the river,
which was still very much swollen by
the rains. Referring to the high water,
he laughingly inquired, "Does it ever
quit raining about here ? If so, I should
like to see a clear day."
These incidents go to show how near
Gettysburg came to ending the war in
1S63. If we had been successful in that
battle, the' probabilities' are that Balti
more and. Washington would at once
have fallen into our hands ; and at that
time there was so large a'" peace party
in the North, that the Federal Govern
ment would have found it difficult, if
not impossible, to carry on the war.
General Lee's opjnion was that we lost
the battle because Pickett was not sup
ported, " as he was to have been." On
the other hand, if GSfn'erals lii'ford' arid
Kilpatrrck had captured the ten -thousand
animals and aO-frfc transportation
of Lee's army at Williamsport, it would
hav e been an irreparable loss, and would
probably have led : to the fail of Rich
mond in the autumn of 1863. On such
small circumstances do the affairs of
nations sometimes turn.
HOW THE DEVIL "FORECLOSED"
OX TOM WALKER,
" ' ' .'' ; ' .' .!- - , T j
; As Tom waxed old, however, he grew
tlioughtfuL, , : Having secured the ; good
things of this world, he began to feel
anxious about the next, : He thought
with regret on the"bargain he had made
with his black friend, and put his-..wits
to work to cheat him out of his condi
tions. He became, therefore,, all of a
sudden, a violent church-goer.: . He
prayed loudly and strenuously, as if
heaven. were aboutjto he carriedjbv; fpjrce
of lungs. Indeed, one might always
telf when he-had Sinried laost-durrfn the
week by the clamor of his Sunday, de
votion ! The-quiet Christians who -bad
been modestly. "and - quietly . traveling
Zionw-ard were struck" with self-reproach
at seeing themselves so, suddenly out
stripped in their career by this new-made
convert. Tom was as rigid, in , religion i
as in money matters ; he Was a stern -supervisor
and censurer of hi neighbors,
and seemed to think, every sin' entered
up to their account became a credit on
his page". ' He even talked of the expe
diency of reviving the, persecutions of
the Ouakers and the Anabaptists. In a
word Tom's zeal became as his riches.
Still, in spite of his- strenuous atten
tion to forms, Tom had a lurking dread
that the devil after all would have his
due. Lest he might be t?1cen unawares,
therefoie, it is. said that he always car
ried a small Bible in hispoc-keti. -He al
so had a folio Bible in his counting-room
desk, and -wouldi. quite frequently . be
found reading .'when people called .on
business ;: pn such occasions he would
lay his green spectacles on the book to
mark the place, while he turned' found
to drive some usurious bargain...
Some say Tom grew a little crack
brained in his older daysj and that,,.fan
cying his end approaching, -he had his
horse new shod, saddled, and bridled,
and buried with his feet uppermost, be
cause that, at the last day.the world
would be turned upside down, "in. which
case he would find his horse-ready to
mount, and he was determined at tlie
worst to give his Satanic friend a run for
it. This is probably, , horteverY an. old
wife's fable. If he really did : take -that
precaution, it was totally superfluous ; at
least, so saysjthejiuthentl.ii. pid legend,
which closes his story: -in- -the- following
manner: - , . , -
One hot afternoon' in the dog days.
just as a terrible black thtmdergust came
up, 1 om sat -in his wnrte linen cap and
India silk morning gown. rn was on
the point of foreclosing a frfortgage; 'by
which he would complete Tlie ruin of -an
unhappy speculator for whom he had
professed the greatest friendship. The
poor land-jobber begged hirn to grant a
lew momti s muuiucuic. 10m naa
grown testy ami irritated 4 ndrefirsed
another day.
My family win oe ruined and brought
upon the parish," said the land jobber.
"t-hantv begins at. nome, cried lorn;
I must take care of myself these hard
times. ' -....,.. ',:.. '
You have made so much money out
of me," "said the speculator.'' ' . ' :
Tom lost his patience and his piety.
"The devil take roe' sai 13.5, "if I have
made a farthing. H
Just then there were three loud knocks
at the street door. ,
He stepped out to see who wis there.
A black man with a black horse, which
neighed and stamped with impatience.
"Tom, you are come for," said he
black man, grtiiny. 10m snrunn oack,
but too late. He had left his little Bible
at the bottom of-his"eoa. pocket, and
his big Bible on the desk, buried under
the mortgage he was about to foreclose
never wa sinke) fidiuiw'iiMrf una
wares. .The itolack reap- jvhisked him
like a child astride the horse, and away
he traliooed In 'the ' midst 'of "a thurfder-
storm. The clerks stuck their pens be
hind their ears and started after him
from the windows. - Away went
Tom',
MARCH 3 ir 1871
Walker dashing down ' the streets, hi
white-cap bobbing up and down, hi?
morning gown-' fluttering in the wind
and his steed striking tire out of th
pavements at tvery bound. W hen tm
clerks turned to look, the black man
had disappeared. -
Tom Walker never returned to fore
close the mortgage. A countryman who
lived near the swamp, reported that in
tlie height of tlie thunder gust he had
heard a great clattering of hoofs and
howling aToag the road, and that when
he ran to the window he caught sight of
a figure such as 1 have described, on a
horse that galloped like mad across the
fields, over the hills, and down into the
hemlock swamps toward the old Indian
fort, and that shortly afterward a thun
derbolf fell irt tlmt -direction, which
seemed to set the whole forest in a blaze.
The good people of Boston shook
their heads and shrugged their shoul
ders. They had been so accustomed
to witches and goblins, and tricks of the
devil in all kinds of shapes, from the first
settlement of the colony, that they were
not so much horror-struck as might have
been expected. Trustees were appoint
ed to take charge of Tom's effects.
There was nothing, however, to admin
ister upon. On searching his coffers, all
bonds and mortgages were found reduc
ed ; tS t cinders. - In 'place of gold and
silver, his iron chest was filled with
chips and shavings; two skeletons lay in
his stables instead 1 of his hall-starved
horses, and the very next day his great
house took fire and was burned to the
ground.
Such was, the end of Tom Walker
and his ill-gotten wealth. Let all grip
ing money brokers lay the ' story well to
heart. The trudi is not to be doubted.
The very hole under the oak trees from
whence he dug Kidd's money, is to be
seen to this day, and the neighboring
swamp and the old Indian fort is often
haunted in stormy nights by a figure on
horse-back, in a morning gown and
white cap, which is doubtless the troubled
spirit of the usurer. In fact, the story
has solved itseif into a proverb, and is
the original of the popular saying pre
valent throughout New England of "the
Devil and Tom Walker." Wasliimrton
FEBRUARY IN CALIFORNIA.
I he following is an extract from a
letter dated at Oakland, California, last
week of February, 1871, to the Cleve
land Herald, tram Miss Lmma Janes, a
graduate of the Ohio Wesleyan Female
College. elsUeiaware, and a lady who
has many friends and acquaintances in
his icinity Eds. Gazette,
Looking out from my window this
morning, a charming window on a hill
top, full fronting the Golden Gate, my
eyes, are greeted with the unaccustomed
sight of snow on the mountain summits
beyond the Bay. Thoughts of far Ohio
come crowding over me snow-bound
Ohio with its wealth of warm hearts
and I feel "keen" for an hour's pen-talk
with any indulgent friends who will read
these way-side jottings kindly for the
Old times' sake.
This is my second year's experience
on the Pacific coast, to which I came a
student of nature, hungering, most of
all, for God's mountains and his sea ;
and if in some faint measure their glory
has entered and satisfied my soul, I. am
humbly thankful in the thought, 1 and
count myself ever-more , a debtor to
Providence for this new discipline of
life. '-.... " ' "'
You remember, that . the dear ' Jean
Paul he who "loved God and lit
tle children" says we should never
speak of the Supreme One -to a child,
save in sublime and memorable mo
ments. There are two little nieces, dear
to my heart, who 1 wish could nestle
oown on tne- broad window-seat before
me as I stand and look at this landscape
glowing with the lustre of the early
spring, that I might show them our Fath
er's hand in the waving outline of these
encircling mountains, the Bay's bright
azure the messenger-clouds borne on
by the morning breeze, and the green,
level fields that stretch from the foot of
our hill to the water's, edge, dotted with
suburban homes.: A carriage drive . of
r ?o rods', ' shaded ' with cedars, whose
sombre green is relieved bv-the feathery
bloom of the acacia and the sword-like
foliage of the Australian guni-tree,(Euca-lyptus)winds
down to.Telepraph Avenue,
the longest street in Oakland, A' mile
to the north-ward lies the Temescal, an
old- Spanish settlement, near . which,
stands California's, noble. institution -for
the Deaf, Dumb and Blind. From
that point," a line ot horse-cars leads
down the avenue and past our College
hill, to the depot of the ferry train on
Broadway, a mile south of us thus link
ing this classic city of 12,000 souls, -the
Athens of the sunset coast, with San
Francisco four miles away. To show
you the healthy growth ot Oakland,
there were in 1870, more than a thous
and buildings erected, more by actual
count, than in its metropolitan neighbor;
and since the opening of the new year
there have been upwards of a hundred
begun, a large proportion of them being
tasteful and elegant residences.
You will already infer that it is also
quite an educational centre, indeed, if I
should try but to enumerate the schools
in flourishing activity here your patience
would be exhaasted before the list was
closed ; and they, are all styles and
grades, from the State University down
to a" fine Kindergarten, under the man
agement of Miss Emma Smith, who,
two years ago, taught gymnastics in
your East High School. The "Female
College of the Pacific" is owned by Rev.
Dr. Walsworth, a native of Cleveland
(on the site ' where your "American
House", now stands). . We have the fin
est educational building as yet complet
ed on this coast, and quite a cosmopoli
tan corps of teachers. Our list for this
year embraces a French gentleman who
lost an arm skirmishing with the Ma
roons, in the English service, at New
Zealand ; an Italian and German as mu
sicr roasters ;, an .American , lady, born
and reared in the Sandwich Islands (we
are very neighborly with, that fine vol
canic group, and are wont to speak of
them familiarly as "The Islands"), be
sides lady graduates of Oberlin, Albany,
Troy, Pittsburgh and Delaware respec
tively -t Yale sends. tis a new Principal,
now on his way, Mr. D. P. Sackett, son
of a well know citizen of Tallmadge,
Ohio; . Our lady teacher, from the Sem
inary at Pittsburgh, is a niece ot Messrs.
James and Jabez Fitch, of your city. I
have never seen schools better disciplin
ed, or scholars more loyal and ambitious
than- ours, and other neighboring insti
tutions that I could name. ' "
On the hili south of us, a fine military
academy is located.' By -accident, per
haps, or perhaps because the young
men are prone to go where the maidens
most doL, congregate, the,, carets often
march over this way "on dress parade,
and their agony of drum-bcating, and
unimpeachable uniforms recall a year
passed at the old Humiston Inst'tirte, on
the "Heights," where my lifa was meas
ured off by drum-beats.
, "A little boy 'hearing his father say.
"There is a time for all things," asked
his mother: "When is the proper time
for hooking sugar out of the sugar-
) bowl ?"
A hotel in a small southern town ad
vertises "Ally Gator supe for Breakfast,
dinner and bupper.
. r -fi .-t "-
Woman is like ivy the more you arc
ruined the Closer she clings to you. " A
vile old bachelor adds : "Ivy is like wo
manthe closer - it clings to you the
more you are ruined." Poor rule that
don't work both ways, . j
4
m - I i
I s
4
PineT SKciciics yi
tt lit-
naie 81'ounfy.
KO. VIII.
Written for the Delaware Gazette.
DELAWARE CONTINUED.
" People speak of the olden times. Tlie
i -resent is the oldest time of which we have
any knowledge. Jsr, J-uiler."
This is the Golden Age. In speaking
of the former times the writer is actuated
by no desire to make them appear bet
ter, more jovous, or freer from life's
hardships than the present. I simply
wish to state facts. Errors will unavoid
ably occur, but their correction will lead
to a better apprehension of the truth.
In offering the readers of the Gazette
a tew additional items in tne earlier His
tory of Delaware, I clo not claim to com
plete it, nor do I omit any part ot it in
tentionally. "One of the first boarding
nouses was kept by John Blackbird and
his mother, in the vicinity of the O. W.
F. College, and near Delaware Run.
Slices of venison, hung in the open air
until fully ripe, formed no small nart of
. 1 r -t.: 1
iiie iu.i.iuiis ui luis nuspiuiuie mansion.
A hundred coons, in different stages of
putrefaction, at . times adorned the exter
ior and interior walls.-- At such it time
a venerable pioneer, still living, spent
a night in this tenement of the wilder
ness. .
The eminence of South Delaware,
west of tle University, was covered with
a dense forest. The lowlands of Dela
ware Run were mostly a glade, or plain,
in the forest abounding in strawberries
and wild flowers in their season, with
here and there a plum orchard, a crab
apple tree, a scrub-oak, or a black-jack.
About the White Sulphur Spring, and in
other places, were " deer-licks." One of
these, on the site of Evans' Block, was
so strong that the Indians obtained salt
from evaporation of the water contained
in it. 1 he extensive pium-thickets north
of Wottring & Miller's Grist Mill yield
ed, annually, scores of bushels of deli
cious fruit for years after the settlement
of Delaware by the whites.
Not many of the works first made in
Delaware by the present generation re
main. The residence of - M. Miller,
since remodeled, the one opposite, owned
by John Moses, that ot Mr. Waterman,
and the one in which Mr. Reicherts now
lives are among the earlier buildings in
Delaware still standing. In the latter,
it is believed, Gov. Hayes was born.
Not one of the original dwellings on
Sandusky street is now standing. The
residence of Mrs. Kilbourne was built
by Capt. John Welch, in 1S16. The
house rebuilt by the late I. J. Richard
son, opposite the Court House, was erect
ed the same year. Hyatt's store was
built in 1817. Geo. Storm lived where
the residence of I. Ranney, Esq., now
stands. Abraham Welchonse lived on
the site of the north Engine House.
Milieu Robinson lived near the Spring.
Capt. Welch kept a hotel where the
elegant new residence of Mr. Pumph
rey now stands. His tavern was a small
brick building, one and a-half stories
high, containing a small hall and but
two rooms on the ground floor.
Delaware Township was laid out June
16th, 1808. It included the present
limits, sections I and 2 of Troy, sections
2 and 3 being the west half of Brown,
and section 2 of Berlin. The first es
tablished road in Delaware County,
namely, that on the west side of the
Olentangy River, of which Sandusky
Street forms a part, was laidout June
13th, ilioa. Azanah Root was the sur
veyor, and Moses Byxbee, Sr., Nathan
iel Wvatt and Josiah McKinney were
the viewers. ,
In 1825 Judge Williams purchased
the site of his present residence for $600.
$25 in cash and the balance in trade.
In the same year Reuben Hills purchased
an out-lot -containing 8 acres for 80.
In 1830.: M. D. Pettibone offered 200
acres in east Delaware at 6 per acre.
The population of Delaware at this
time was but 530. The rise of real es
tate has been proportionate with the in
crease in population. The State tax of
Delaware county in iai2 was seven hun
dred and eleven dollars. In 1S15 the
State tax was 2193, and the county tax
$641. "' '
Micah Spaulding and Samuel Vvor-
line are the only persons now living in
Delaware whose names appear on the
tax list of the town as early as 1819.
C. MORTIMER JANES.
A xK.6cL,AaiATr05f BY T'lIB PRESI.
,- DJEfliT.- - ,
Washington, March 24, 1 87 1.
By the President of the United States of I
America, a r-rouiamaiioii. -
Whereas, It is provided in the Con
stitution of the United States that the
United States shall protect every State
in this Union on applicadon of the Legislature,-
or of the executive when the
Legislature can not be convened, against
domestic violence; and,
'Whereas, I- is provided in the laws of
the United States that in all cases of in
surrection in any State, or of obstruct
ion to the laws thereof, it shall be law
ful for the President of the United States,
on application of the Legislature of such
State, or the Executive when the Legis
lature can not be convened, to call tortn
the militia of any State or States, or
employ such part of the land and naval
forces as shall be judged necessary for
the purpose of suppressing such insur
rection, or causing the laws to be duly
executed ; and,
Whereas, I have received information
that combinations of armed men, unau
thorized by law are now disturbing
the peace and safety of citizens of the
State of South Carolina, and committing
acts of .violence in said State, of a char
acter and to an extent which render the
power of the State and its officers un
equal to the task of protecting life and
property, and securing public order
therein ; and,
-Whereas, The Legislature of said
State is not now in session, and can not
be convened in time to meet the present
emergency, and the Executive of said
State has, therefore, made application to
me for such part of the military lorce ot
the United States as may be necessary
and adequate to protect said State, and
citizens thereof, against domestic vio
lence herein before mentioned, and en
force the due execution of the law; and,
whereas, the laws of the United States
require that whenever it may be neces
sary in the judgement of the President,
to use the-military for the pupose afore
said, he shall forthwith, by proclama
tion, command such insurgents to dis
perse and retire peaceably to their re
spective abodes within a limited time.
Now, therefore, I, Ulysses S. Grant,
President of the United States, do here
by command persons composing the un
lawful combinations aforesaid to dis
perse and retire peaceably to their re
spective abodes within twenty days from
this date.
In witness whereof, 1 have hereunto
set my hand, and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed. . Done at
the city of Washington this 24th day of
March, in the year of our Lord, eighteen
hundred and seventy-one, nnBof the in
dependence of tlie United States the
ninety-fifth. U. S. GRANT.
By the President :
Hamilton' Fisa, Secretary of Stale.
Prof. Newbury, Chief of the State
Geological Corps, has the manuscript
for the first volume of his anal report
ready for the printer. ' Ihe penmanship
of it, the work of an amanuensis, is exe
cuted in the highest order of skill. One
hundred exquisitely drawn engravings,
illustrative of fossil discoveries, are also
Drenared for this volume. Ohio Stat
Journal, ,
No. l
THE POLITICAL Ol'TLOOK.
1 he nation and the human race never
needed the Republican party more than
they do now. We have only just come
to understand that the war between
slavery and barbarism, on the one hand,
and liberty and civilization, on the other,
is not vet fought out. Beaten in the
open field, the Rebellion yet lives in the
lawlessness of Southern scoundrelism
Beaten by ballots and beaten by bullets,
it shows, like other venomous creatures,
a wonderful tenacity of life. Liberty is
not yet established at the South, t ree
dom of speech, freedom of the press,
freedom of political action are yet hard
ly known there. If the Democratic par
ty were to come into power to-morrow,
the whole work of reconstruction would
be undone ; the franchise would be ta
ken from the negroes, and under some
form or other slavery or its equivalent
would be restored.
Let us remember one thing. The lost
cause is not an abandoned cause. When
the Rebellion fights us again, it will be
with the arms, the forts, the ships, and
the prestige of the Government itself.
W hen we vote at the next presidential
election, we vote face to face and ballot
to ballot, with the Rebellion. The battle
of next year will be more decisive than
the taking of New Orleans arid Vicks
burg and Richmond together. If under
a Republican administration the whole
South is full of lawlessness, what would
be the state of things with Fernando
Wood and Sunset Cox in the Cabinet ?
If mayors of cities are shot, banished
and abducted while Grant is President,
what will be done when Hoffman
reigns ? If they do these things in a
green tree, what will they not do in the
dry ?
The lesson of the hour is plain. Every
patriotic consideration demands that
Republicans should stand by the party
ot liberty and human rights. No dis
satisfaction with the President, or with
any other leader, can justify lukewarm
ness in the cause. And we warn the Ad
ministration that it cannot afford to di
vide the party by pushing any object,
however desirable. Let Santo Domingo
stand on its merits. It should never
have been an Administration scheme.
And appointments to office should
hereafter be made with some regard to
fitness. The Republican party is of
too much value to be made a pack-horse.
It cannot afford to carry into a presiden
tial campaign a race of doubtful office
holders. There is, perhaps, no great
immediate harm done to the country by
the appointment of relatives and favor
ites, it they are competent ana nonest;
but it is a policy most destructive to the
popularity of a party and damageing to
the good name of an administration.
One bounden duty of the better class
of Republicans in a ' crisis is to run the
party machinery. It must not be left to
office-holders and self-seekers. There
is yet a year and a half till the next
presidential election; and the present
crisis will be most wholesome if it
awakens us to the necessity for vigilance,
harmony, and energetic work. Ar. Y.
Inpependent.
BILL FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF
LAWLESSNESS IN SOUTHERN
STATES.
The Republican members of the
House special committee on the Presi
dent's Message, -have unanimously
agreed that some legislation for the sup
pression of lawlessness in the South is
imperative, it is mereiore proposeu to
report a bill to-day or to-morrow, and
the Committee appointed Mr. Shellabar
ger to prepare the draft of one for con
sideration at their meeting to-day. This
bill, which is already completed, will
be simple and at the same time compre
hensive, and will be founded principally
on existing laws, providing for their ap
plication to the present contingencies.
The third and last section, which is the
most important feature of the bill, pro
vides that if domestic violence and dis
orders shall exist in any State, and the
same shall be caused by armed or or
ganized bands, combined to commit
such acts, too strong to be suppressed
by the State authorities, or where such
authorities, by reason of being in com
plicity or sympathy with such organized
bands do not repress such orders, then
the President shall, without waiting to
be called upon by the Governor or Leg
islature of such State, issue his procla
mation ordering the disbanding of such
armed and organized bands, and he
shall have power and it shall be his
duty to use the army and navy of the
United States to suppress such disorder
and arrest the organized bands causing
them. It provides also, that in pursu
ance of such duty, he may declare a
disaffected district in insurrection, pro
claim martial law, suspend the writ of
habeas corpus therein, and proceed to
the suppression of violence and punish
ment ot offending persons.
I his section also embraces a provis
ion embodied in Shellabargcr's bill, that
when offenses punishable under this act
are begun in one of the LTnited States
judicial districts and completed in an
other, every such offense shall be re
garded as committed in either district.
and may be inquired into, tried and
dealt with the same as if wholly com
mitted in said district. The operations
of this section are by its terms limited
to the first of June. 1872. Washington
Dispatch of Monday.
DEATH OF THE AUTHOR OF THE
"MOON HOAX."
On the 1 6th ult., Richard Adams
Locke died at Staten Island at the ad
vanced age of seventy-one years. Mr.
Locke was most widely known to the
public of thirty or thirty-five years ago
as the author of the notorious "moon
hoax," which appeared in the New
York Sun in the year 1835, and which
pretended to be a detailed account of
discoveries made at the Cape of Good
Hope, by Sir John Herschel, where! y
the moon was made to be inhabited by
winged men ; the motif being probably
taken, as was also some of the material,
from one of the early English writers
who emulated Sir John Manderville. In
those days there were no Atlantic cables,
and therefore it was easy to say, with
out fear of immediate contradiction,
that the account had been taken from
the Edinburgh Scientific Journal. The
story was so minutely and dexterously
detailed that it rapidly obtained cre
dence, and went on the wings of the
press through all the country, exciting
much controversy, some people holding
it to be believable, while others and
these the minority were unable to see
that it very circumstantially, let alone
its impossibility, of which, however,
few were aware, betrayed its being made
"out of whole cloth." Some individ
uals, of the easy credulity of country
professors, even went so far as to write
to the Scientific Journal for further par
tiulars of the strange discovery, and had
laughter for their pains. In paintui
minuteness of detail it bore no resem
blance to DeFoe's "History of Appar
itions," while the literary cleverness with
which its scientific misrepresentations
were concealed made many persons,
even critics, attribute it to Poe, who after
wards was at the trouble of recounting it
in the way in which it appears in the col
lection of his works. For a long time it
was out of print, but was republished in
pamphlet form in 1850, by William
Gowans. and apparently lost none of
its interest to the public ; and even now
it may be found in the out-of-the-way
country town, where full belief is some
times accorded to it. For the past few
yeais Mr. Locke was not engaged in lit
erary work, except occasionally, and
has lived quietly at Staten Island.
llMllt SiKSTIOS.
A tlent iM 'h oHio,! in not improperly
; Miiiu h u rawing room.
I Syl vanns ( 'olib, Jr., is said to have.
I wiittiMi seventy live miles of printed
matter.
Professor Gunning savs man's hi
toe precludes the idea of descent from
the gorilla.
A letter was lately dropped Inti the
post-office at Niapara Falls directed to
"ichichagough, J nn so."
Members of 'ho Idaho Leurisla! uri
vary the monotony of debute liy shy
ing inkstands lit each other's heads.
Tug Postmaster of Df-lavan, Wis.,
changed a flob Mil tlie othe- day to ac
co 111 in ad ate a man who wanted to buy
a three-cent postage Man, p.
A woman went into h Kentucky
newspaper office tind linked the prin
ters to print her a Jlariwr' J-'erry
weekly.
A gentleman who has lived for many
years in sirf t f the ocean, says it i
an undeniable fact that the vicinity of
the C always makes a hilly location
chilly.
North Carolina can hardly beclnMBed
as p, literary Common weal h. It h s a
population ot over 1,000.000 po-'ple, and
there are only about 00 newspapers
aud periodicals published in tlie Mate.
A dutiful son of Detroit has killed
sixty-seven or his neighbors' eats to
(ret money to Miy his tnollier a set of
false teeth. He has made a ijulet
neighborhood where once was a howl
ing wildoriieiis.
The Michiitu State Trison convicts
aro tortured by a hand-o .hii, which
the warden hires a man to rini. Thev
are petitioning for the restoration ot
capital puuisnuient.
The drum ia jor who ran away from
Chickamauga wi.en reproached wnh
oowardice, replied: "I'd rattier be call
ed a coward all my lile, tbau a corpse
ht'teen niiuut ae !"
It is 8ti litres, ed that woman, and not
her wrongs, should be ledreased ; for
that Deauiy, like ealentate, is to be
valued only ty the quantity of square
leet inclosed, seems a now recoizuizvd
principle ot fuuiiuine faith.
Bismarck enjoys the reputation of
e-iyiug more witty things, with less ef
fort, than any man iu Germany. A
coi respondeui says !' biui, ibai. he is
as ready as t.u American, brignt, as a
Frenchman, end stinging us a tSpau
lard, iu hit) conceits aud epigrams.
There is a story of a Parts lady who
was so overcome b. her appetite as to
eat her beloved lap-dog. Alter a hear y
meal she loo 1 tod dowu at the liuiu
heap ot bones ; tears fo,i from here' e.
"Poor Bijou ? sua exclaimed, "how
he would have enjoyed them T"
"Shall I help you to al ghtT" said a
young gentleiuau, addressing a boun
cing country girl who wan preparing to
jump from a carriage iu lroui ut bi4
omce. lliuuk you, sir," sweeny ru
flied the girl, "but 1 don't smoke. "
Women are the piliais that adorn
and support society ; the lusiiLuuous
that protect wouieu tnrow a siuei'i
around children; and where women
aud children are provided for, uian
must be secure in his rights.
Creditor. "How oi'ien must I climb
three pairs of stairs before I gel trie
amount of thin little acuou ut f ' u,bt-
or. Do you ididk 1 am goiuir to rt-ui
a place ou the tlrnt floor to acooui.no
uiy creditors?"
People who buy "No. I" inacker 1
get those which when caut'tit wer
thirteen tncues long irom mo up
the snout to the notch of the caudal
fin, and fat ; No. 2 are fat risli less tbau
thirteen iuche iu length ; No. 3 com
prise those which aro thirteen inci s
Ion and poor; while JSo. 4 are under
thirteen inches aud poor.
A traveler who demanded his trunk
at a Baltimore depot befo e all others,
aud was told by the Irish bag irate
master that he must have patience and
wait his turn, urned upon the b
gage-maBter with : "You're an impu
dent dog." To which hoot the iruims
rejoined : "An' faith ye are a uumaei;
and it's a great pity that, wtieu we 1 wo
A-ero luauo im;tML, e v w ,i
pi, ant. no 1 hat ye ould have t er tiiiint-
d trunk uuut-r jor uobe an mo im".
Not lonrr since a man walked into
one of the throe Ktores of a wrau-rn
town and inquired of the iiropriettir if
he had any more brandy lino mo "-'
he got there, null was told ho hmi.
V ell," coiiltnuea tne cu-ioiner, w oo
was from a mountain town, "1 want to
tell about that last pint you sold tne.
I went home late at night uud buntr
the bottle up fcytbe hro place, it was
a middling col i night, and when 1 g
up in the niorLing I found the
but le
had dropped on the hea. lb an broki-i
into a thousand pieces ; but," coin in
broken
tied the mountaineer, witu animation,
'the brar.dy was all right I there it
hung on tho rail, lrozo solid, r than
thunder!"
CENSCRK SOMETIMES BETTER
THAN APPROVAL.
If we should be reminded that we
ourselves have sometimes severely criti
cised Republic, n action, we reply that
in no other way could Republican fidd
ly be shown. It is because of our pio-
found conviction of the necessity of con
tinued Republican dominance to the
peace and prosperity of the country
that we have criticised conduct which
seemed to us, likely to shake confidence
in the party and its prosperity. Plainly,
if every paper ia the country friendly to
Republican ascendancy should praise
indiscriminately every measure ot Con
gress, or every suggestion f the Ad
ministration, or should oe silent nnc
it should commend, the result would
infallibly be what we saw in tlie Demo
cratic party a d wen years ago. It is
the vigorous Republican protest ;..;'i:n-.l
Republican errors which proves the par
ty is a living force and not a machine.
No criticism is to be deprecated, how-
ever severe, when it is mat 01 a menu;
and friendly remonstrance, however
earnest is very easily distinguished f. om
hostility. Jiatvcr's Weekly.
THE LECISI.ATCIIK.
This session has been rather a curious
one. People continu.iily ask. "What is
the Legislature doing ?" Suie cnou-h.
Well the truth is, it's hard to answer
such a question and give the tii -'.:. i in
formation in a word. The Legisl.'lme,
up to this time, has spent as many hours
in legislation and has introduced as
many bills as its predecessors, but
up to this time but very few bills have
become laws. There are now on the
books of the House and Senate some
hundreds of bil.s that have been intro
duced this session, and are now hanging
by the ears in this or the other condi
tion. Columbia Lsiter.
PIALOlilKOS COHKt FTIOS.
Two wags passing out of town on ti e
Galveston road wcie struck with the
beauties of Lawrence.
"Whose place is that ?' a'-ked one of
them. , . , , .
"That is the lordly residence of Maj.
George A. Reynolds. Cost $30,0x10.
"What is his business?''
"Indian Agent."
"What is his salary, and how long ti.s
he held that office f"
"Two years at J 1.500 a year.
"Lord ! what did the honest fellow do
with the rest of his salary?"
"Started his brother and two other
men in the newspaper business to 1 e
nounce corruption." Kansas Tittunf.
The New Yolk Post closes an editor
ial on the future of the Republican par
ty as follows :
In short, so f.,r everything promises
well for a Repu jlican success m-M e,ir;
and to us the most hopeful s vn is (he
candor and freedom wnh which the Re
publican journals are now discussing"
public affairs ar d the conduct of their
leading men.
Hon. Win. Biteell. member of the
Legislature from Trumbull rtmt.ty.
writes to his paper, the Western Reserve
Chronicle: A number of our constitu
ents seem fearful that the present liquor
law will be mollified in the interest of
,.afw-,ria U'c ran verv confidently as
sure every one that there is
probability of the law being
with bv tliis Legislature
not " v
meddled

xml | txt