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KANSAS AGITATOR: GARNETT, KANSAS. JULY 91. 1304.
Government HoaIs. Austria owns and operates neaily 2,000 miles of railway. Baden owns 859 miles of railway. Bavaria lias 2,S96 miles of rail way owned by the government. Belgium owns about 2,000 miles of railway. Some 181 miles of railway is own ed by Ceylon. Chili owns 670 miles of railway. China owns and operates all her railways. The United States of Columbia owned 218 miles of railway in 1890. Denmark has about 1,000 miles of railroad owned by the government. France owns about 2,000 miles ol railway, but most or quite all is leased to cotm-anies. , The German Empire owns about 21 810 miles of railway. England and Wales own 11,930 miles. . Scotland has 3,118 miles belong ing to the state. - Ireland o vus 2,791 miles of rail road. Ilesse owns 226 miles of her rail way system. A large per cent of the railways of Italy belong to the government, but. are leased to companies. Japan owns 603 miles of railway. The colony of Natal owns 305 miles ol railway. The Netherlands has nearly 1,000 miles owned by the government. New South Wales owns 2,182 miles of railway. Nevv Zealand in 1890 owned 672 miles ol railway. Norway has 920 miles of railway all her own. Portugal owns about one half of the railways in that country. Oldenburg owns 222 miles ol her railroads. Peru has 1,625 miles of railroads owned by the state. Roumania in 1880 owned 1,590 miles of railway. Poland and Caucasia own 5,005 , miles of railway. ! Sweden owns 1,645 miles of rail-1 roads. Victoria owns all her railroads 2,341 miles. Some 1,137 miles of railway be longs to Russia. About one-tenth of the roads in that empire belong! to the government. Servia also has a few lines of railway owned by the state. Brazil owns and operates 2,091 miles of railway. South Australia owns her railway system. Coming Nation. Men talk about shooting down men by the drove in time of peace, aud if any one objects to such pro cedure they will brand the objector aa an anarchist. Paola Times. Strike at the ballot box. THE PEOPLE'S PLATFORM. ' Adopted In National Convention ml j Omaha, .July 4, 18U14. i Assembled upon the 110th anniversary of the : Declaration of Indupendenco, the People's j party of America in tlivir first national cou j vention, invoking upon eir action the bless I lag of Almighty (rod. put forth in the name and on bt-haif of the people jf this country the following preamble and declaration of princi ples: The conditions which Riirround us Justify our action; we meet in the midst of a nation brought to the verge of moral, political and material ruin. Corruption dominates the bal lot box, the legislatures, the congress, and touches even the ermine of the bench. The people are demoralized! most of the states have been compelled to Isolate the voters at the polling places in order to prevent universal Intimidation or bribery. The newspapers are largely subsidized or muzzled, public opinion silenced, business prostrated, our homes cov ered with mortgages, labor impoverished and the land concentrating in the hands of the capitalists. The urban workmen are denied the right of organization for self protection; imported pauperized labor beats down their wages; a hireling standing army, unrecog nized by our laws, Is established to fhoot them down, aiid they are rapidly degenerating into European conditions. The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build up colossal fortunes for a few, unprecedented in the his tory of mankind, and the possessors of these, In turn, despise the republic and endanger liberty. From the 6ame prolific womb of gov ernmental injustice we breed the two great classes tramps and millionaires. The national power to create money is ap propriated to enrich bondholders; a vast pub lic debt, payable in legal tender currency, has been funded into gold bearing bonds, thereby adding millions to the burdens of the people. Silver, which has been accepted as coin sir.ee the dawn of history, has been demonetized to add to the purchasing power of gold by de creasing the price of all forms of property as well as human labor. The supply of currency Is purposely abridged to fatten usurers, bank rupt enterprise and enslave industry. A vast conspiracy against mankind has been organized on two continents, and it is rapidly taking possession of the world. If not met and overthrown at once it forebodes terrible social convulsions, the destruction of civilza tlon or the establishment of an absolute des potism. We have witnessed for more that a quarter of a century the struggles of two treat politi cal parties for power and plunder, while griev ous wrongs have been inflicted upon a suffer ing people. We charge that the controlling Influences dominating both these parties have permitted the existing dreadful conditions to develop withoutexious efforts to prevent or Editor Sunflower : Ever since the bill paused our legislature which will allow every voter in Kansas to vote for or against the enfranchise ment of Kansas women next Novem ber, a few of us have wished that the way might be opened for us 10 have a hand in this great movement. We had not found the courage in ourselves to take hold, but linally our state campaign committee offer ed to send us one of the state organ izers, and Mrs. Belle Jones, one of our most courageous, true-hearted women, took charge of the meeting. Mrs. Luella R. Kraybill, of Win field, our organizer, made a very logical and wholly unanswerable argument in favor of our measure. She is one of the most effective speakers we have heard. She has a marvelous voice and delivery, which are hardly excelled by even those of Mrs. Mary E. Lease. Officers of campaign club : Pres ident, Rev. McKinnery ; vice-president, Miss Hattie Chapman ; secre tary, Miss Nellie Crawford ; treas urer, Miss Lizzie Brooks. Success to our movement ana ail the noble women who are making such efforts in its behalf. "Truth crushed to earth will rise again," and so will the principles of our measure, until they are recog nized over all the world. Burden, Kas. Secretary. res&ani Client. XGIHTer do I icy noTP promise us any substantial relief. They have agreed together to Ignore in the coming camnaign every issue but on. They propost Vo druTo the outcries -t a plu.u-i-n. people with tLo uproar of a sham battle over the tariff, so that capitalists, corporal ions, national banks, rings, trusts, watered stock, the demonetization of silver and the oppression of the usurers may all bo lost bight of. They propose to sacrifice our homos, lives and children on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the multitude in order to secure corruption funds from the million aire. Assembled on the anniversary of the birth, dayof the nation, and filled with the spirit of the grand generation who established our inde. pendenco, we soek to restore the government of the republic to the hands of "the plain peo ple," with which class it originated. We assert our purposes to be identical with the purposes of the national constitution to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, Insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity." We declare that : this republic can only en dare as a free government while built upon the '.ove of the whole people for each other and for tho nation; that it cannot be pinned tA gether by bayonets, -that the civil vxr i t over, and that every passion and rc.-entiuciii uhicu growout ol it must die with it, and thutws must be in fact, as we are in name, a united brotherhood of free men. Our country finds itself confronted by con ditions for which there is no precedent in the history of the- world. Our annual agricultural productions avtioiint to billions of dollars in value, which must within a few weeks or months be exchanged for billions of dollars of commodities consumed la their production. The existing currency supply is wholly i unde rtint e to make this exchange. The results are falling prices, tho formation of combines and rings and the impoverishment of the producing classes. We pledge ourselves that if given power fe will labor to correct these evils by wise and reasonable lrgh.latioii. in accordance with the terms of our platform. We believe that tho powers of government In other words, of the people 6houhl be ex panded (ns in the case of the postal service) as rapidly and ns far as the good seuse of an in telligent people and the teachings of experi ence shall Justify, to the eud that oppression, injustice aud poverty shall eventually cease in the land. While our sympathies as a party of reform are naturally upon the side of every proposi tion which will tend to make men intelligent, virtuous and temperate, we nevertheless re gard these questions important as they are as secondary to the great issues now pressing for .'olution, Htid upon which not only our in dividual prosperity, but tho very existence of fret iLilittlnsjbiivN, niul Vifi.ji'JuJ.U WANTED ioo.ooo PEOPLE'S PART? Speakers for the presidential campaign. How to educate them in time is the problem. The solution is found in - The Coming in the Destinies of America By Lester C. Hubbard. 480 pages of new ammunition for the great reform movement. The text-book for the Presidential cam paign of 1892. Paper, 50 cents; cloth. $1.50. Tho most remarhahlo contribution to the reform literature of the day 13 " The Coinir.f! Climax," by Lester C. Hubbard, editor now cs-editcr cf tha Farmer' Vcice. It is a ccn'.rlotn liictcry and analysis of the causes which have p reduced in creasing poverty ai.tid i:-:rr-.in! wealth, and proves beyond tho shadow cf a doubt that the results ot tha continuation cf present social condt. tions must bo a conflict, heckles which the French Revolution w.-.j a f-cr-.tls rcphvr to a cyclone. To a style and dictioa fully ci;u:.l to th;-t of Henry Ceorge, Mr. Hubbard p.-ldj a force and earnestness born ot a conviction cf the extreme gravity ot tba situation. Dead-jood, S. D Independent. If the People's Party should scatter a million copies of Mr Hubbard's work throushout the land, it would probably prove to bo as Rood campaign ammunition ss tnry cculd manufacture. Henry Frank in Tvt;i:cti Cer.iury. Thb Cominq Clii!.i should bo in the hands of every voter in the United States, and should be read carefully r.nd prayrriully. No bock has evei been published that will effect as much good at this one will. Kc.-.d'nj its truthful prises will make a good alliance man a better one, and will stir Dp the luke-warm to active work. It enly costs 50 cents, and is worth more th.-.n its wright in gold. Tht Ailianct Firmer, V, V.-.'i.'.V, Florida. Thb Coming Cl!V" henrtily endorse! by Ignatius Donnelly, Robert Schilling, R. M. Humphrey, John McGovern, Mrs. Mar ion Todd, the American Nonconformist, the Farmer's Alliance of Lincoln, the Great West of St. Taul, the Progressive Farmer of Raleigh, the Kansas Commoner, the Topeka Advocate, the Cincinnati Herald, ana many other reform leaders and journals. By special arrangement with Charles H. Kerr & Co., of Chicago, Mr. Hubbard's publishers, we are able to offer the book to our subscribers, postpaid, at 50 cents is paper or $1.50 in cloth. to "belli UT'to determine vractner -we "are t have a republic to administer before we dlnY: as to the conditions upon which it is to be ad ministered, believing that the forces of refori t . thia day organized will never ceuse to miv I forward until every wrong is remedied an t 1 equal rights an! equal privileges securely e itablishcd for all tho men aud women of th; country. , We declare, therefore I That the union of the labor forces of tin United .States this day consummated fchall k permanent and perpetual may its spirit entc. into nil hearts for the salvation of the repuhli aud the uplifting of mankind. Wealth belongs to nlm who creates It, auo ever) dollar taken from industry w ithout ar equivalent is robbery. "Ifnnywill not wui';. neither shall he eat." The interests of run and civic labor arc the same; their enemies are identical. We believe that the lime has come when tbir railroad corporations must either own the peo ple or tho people must own tlie railroads, and should the povcrnmcnt enter upon the work or owning and niunavng any or all railroads wt should favor an amendment totheconstitutioi) by which all persons engaged in thegovernnn-ni service shall he placed under a civil servic regulation of the most rigid character, so a to prevent the increase of the power of tli--national administration bv the use of sucl additional government employees. We demand a national currency, safe, sonnr) and flexible, issued by the penernl government only; a tun legal tenner tor all debts, public and private, aud that without tho use of bank- ing corporations; a just, equitable and efficient j means of distribution, direct to the people, at I a tax not to exceed 2 per cent, per annum, to bo provided as set forth in tba subtreasury phiu of the Farmers' Alliance, or some better System; ' ' by payments in discharge of its obligati for public improvements. Wo di-i.i.-iiid the free and unlimited coinage i of silver and gold at tho present legal ratio of 1J to 1. I We demand that the amount of tho circulat- I fug medium be speedily increased to not less ! than lifty dollars per capita. j We demand a graduated income tax. I We believe that tho moneys of the countr) 'should !; kept as much as possible in the j hands of the people, and honco we demand ! that nil uational and state revenues shall be I limited to the necessary expenses of the gov- ; eminent economically aud honestly udminis- . tered. We demand that postal savings hanks be es I tnhlishcd by the government for tho safe do ! posit of the earnings of tho people and to facil i hale exchanrc I Transportation being a means of exchange : anil a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interest ' of t he people.. I 'I he telegraph and telephone, like tho post office system, being a necessity for the tratis i mis-ion of news, should be owned andopcr ' a ed by the government in tho interest of the people. ; The land, including all tho natural sources of weal! b. i the heritage of all tho people, and ; Mioiil.l not bo monopolized lor speculative pur ' po.-c.-. aud an alien owner.-hip of land should he prohibited. All lands now held by rail roads and ol her corporations in excess of their n'-iual held-., and all lands now owned .iv alien should he ivdaimrd by thegoverunie.il i .d bold fni Bctua! st ttlrrs oaly. The Book of the Efioeht OLUHH Bt EDMUND BOISG1LBERT, M. D. (IGNATIUS DONNELLY.) The author of thin wonderful book takes aa hia text the dangprons tendeneips of oarage, and girea a picture of whnt. the world will be a hundred years from now if the spirit of invention and ma terial proirreHS remains tho Mime, and the moral epiritof society iijiivps along in its present chan nel. The Hun Francisco Cli ronicle says: "In a 8tartliiily oiiinal and wonderfully fascinating novel he prot.enU a profound study of sociologi cal conditions." "A Gabriel's tramp." Frances E. Wil lard. "A very extraordinary production." Bt. BY. Ileury V. I'otter. "The effect of an honest purpose ia felt in eyerj line." I'loneer-l'ress. "As an example of the highest literary form it rWerves unstinted praiae. Cardinal lilb bona. "It will hold the attention of the world as no other book has held it for years." ltlade. "I was nnablo to lny it down until I had fin ished reading it. Itchould he read by every far mer in the land." II. l. Luucktt, Pieeideat National Farmers' Alliance. "It ia exceedingly interesting ns a narrative, and is written ly u in.m of tluuiht, learning and imaeinatiou." Jultitn Ham home. "The moet remarkahlo and tl.tik:lit-provokin novel that the dixtnrled industrial and social condition of tha present have produced." Arena. "It will thrill a careless reader of novels, or profonndly imprnee a statesman. It is senile an a child, and yet it is ragged as a giant. Opi -1. Bead. Twelve Editions sold in six months. 9 HATE TOU Q BRAD IT 5 By a (rperial arranpement with the publishers o Car' CoJn-iin,'' ( oan supply this ftreathook, po-t-iifo paid, for 60c. in pap-f "u"w,la 91.2 In extra aiik oldflh binding