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y&AN AGITATOR .$1.50 Get $1.00 Gets I'HR AUITATOR (4 paglrtj 1 Y.r, Orange Judd Farmer. ...1 Ytmt. k Kunn Jnuruul 4 OrtnfC JuiM f rniw . Farm Journal VOL. io. GARNETT, KANSAS, SEPTEMBER 8, 1899. NO. 16. Devoted to the interests of IHI HAIIKI. A Fearless, Aggressive, Progressive Advocate of All Reforms. PUBLISHED WEEKLY. A BUGLE BLAST! FARMERS, AWAKE ! READ ! REFLECT ! - - -- W ().CI1AMPK.ANNA OHAMPK Editor M. Ali.uh.ui, ) Aoclate Editor. W. II. A BOH, 1 SUBSCRIPTION: 8-Pack Edition, $1; 4-Pagr Ed., r.iv N. R. P. A. t K. R. P. A. JCntMcdssMCond-cUssmull matter at theOarnptt, Kus.. pnstuflirc May S3, 1899. Gaenbtt, Kansas, September 8, 1899. President McKlnley's Policy. In' his welcoming speech to the returned Per v-vlvanta troops the president clearly pre- Per ylvi fits sfu . his policy towards tne rniiippines. lie says: "They assailed our sovereignty and there will be no useless parley no pause until the insurrection is suppressed and American authority acknowledged and established." His justification ot this war policy of subjuga tion is based upon these words: "Peace brought to us the Philippines, by treaty cession fro.n Spain. . . It became our territory and, is ours, as much as the Louisiana purchase or Texas or Alaska." As one of the sovereign people the writer did not understand that we were still in theslaveiy business, purchasing people by wholesale to gether with the islands which they inhabited. r . 1 . 1 1 1. . 1 1 3 . 1 . . ne unaerstuou mai we nau cmercu upuii ;i humane mission, and out of real goodness paid Spain $20,000,000 to relinquish all claims on Cuba and the Philippines, that we might give the people such liberty and such a repre sentative government as we ourselves enjoy. These people were struggling tor liberty and a representative government, they desired a voice as to what principles should govern them, and the writer supposed that we were going to give them the rights for which they had been fighting to obtain, and help them to establish th? best possible government. But this is not the president's idea. The Philippines were o ce Spain's, and they are now ours. Spain once ruled the people, and we now have a right to rul j the people. Spain once carried on war with those assailing ber sovereignty; we have a right to carry on war with these same parties assailing our sovereignty. The president is wrong in his position. It is neither American nor Anglo-Saxon. t is a Iforman idea, agajnst which pur forefathers lbpred fqr more than five centuries. If qtir president's position is right, Ge rge Washington was wrong, and our Foiirth of July celebration a sin. Through ex ploration and founding colonies and granting charters the English government had posses sion of those portions and peoplewherearo.se the revolutionary war. The English govern ment was under no more obligation to counsel with the people settling in her possessions than the United States to counsel with the Filip inos. Nor had our forefathers any more rijht to rebel against England because shut out of a voire in government than the Filipinos have a right to rebel against the United .States berate sh,u,t flit of a yqwe ahoiit the future of themselves, and their lands. Our nation ban no right to purchase lands and force the peo ple ti accept of onr ideas, nor has any govern ment this right. All people have the same in herent rights that we have, and which we have written in 0111 co'islituUou. If the Filipinos In I r.-q itstc I 11 11 in -with th- United St ite-s, and if our government had been established at their request, or by their consent, and rebellion hud afterward broken out, the United States would have a right to put down tiie . rebellion; but there is no true justification of our presi dent'? pfisitiRH awl pQljey- ft js Mniply the policy of liheity-loving Greece d priviiig thous ands ot captives of enjoying the privileges which they enjoyed. If this war is justifiable, it cannot be justified on the ground that the An Unfair Competition. From Orange Judd Farmer. The alien contract labor law is- being griev ously violated in Hawaii. No specific form of government having been provided by congress lor the Sandwich Islands, the Dole regime con tinues in power. It is notoriously controlled bv the sugar planters, who are developing their plantations on a most extraordinary scale by the use of artificial irrigation and Japanese and Chinese coolie labor. Nearly $20,000,000 has been invested in plantation improvements there since annexation, and more than 12,000 coolies have been imported during the past few mouths. These Asiatic coolies, who are vir tually slaves, now ontnuinbei the rest of the population, both native and foreign. No check whatever has yet been placed on the importation of this contract labor, nor h is anything been done to curb the slave system under which this labor is worked on planta tions. Indeed, the situation is even worse than Orange Judd Farmer predicted, before annexation was decided upon, that it would be come. The talk about prohibiting coolie im migration, about encouraging white labor, etc., etc., proves to have been mere buncombe, as we showed it to te at the time. The island planters hope soon to increase the production of sugar from 250,000 tons to 500,000 tons, all of which claims free access to the markets ot tlie United States. The sugar made with coolie or slave labor can, of course, undersell that produced by the beet growers of of the north and west, or the cane growers of our own southern states, and anything that tends to restrict the beet acreage, by so much increases the area of other crops, aud thus in directly reduces the value of all farm produce. The question therefore is, Shall our American fanners and tax-payers be Obliged to compete with the coolie labor of Hawaii? A few years ago the tobacco growers of New York and Wisconsin made a great protest be cause they were indirectly forced to compete with coolie labor in raising tobacco on the island of Sumatra. And we all know what a tremendous howl goes up from the lahor unions of the country whenever a few contract labor ers are imported from other countries in defi ance of the federal law. But here is the whole territory of Hawaii allowed not only to main tain a coolie system of labor, but to increase it until the coolies comprise the major portion of its population. If these Hawaiian slaves were competing with any branch of labor repre sented in our American labor unions, these or ganizations would long ago have made a pro test against it. The labor unions would have shaken the country from centertocircuinference, and congress would have legislated in hot haste against the evil under penalty of being turned out at the next election by vote of the labor unions. But our American fanners and their hiieu men do not yet recognize the extent of this unfair competition .and are not organized to prevent it as aie the labor unions. Vet they have got to wake up to their inter ests or the coolie slave system will be extended from Hawaii to the Philippines, Cuba and Porto Rico, in whose behalf the sugar and to bacco trusts are already clamoring loudly for free admission of tropical produce into the United States, inerican farmers will soon realize the extent of this danger. And once they are aroused, congress must correct the evil or there would be a new deal at Washing ton. Notice to this effect is hereby served upon the politicians of all parties. More than a vear ago we showed that, in its economic aspects, the results of the Spanish war would hs to raise just this new agricultural issue th'at is now looming up. Many states men and journals- who then accused us of pes siin'sm now realize the truth of our position. This question will not down, but is bound to gro.v in intensity. As between the sugar trust and coolie labor on the one hand, aud the in terests of our American farmers on the other, who can doubt the final result? Nor will state or national bounties or any other makeshifts serve to compromise the situation. Michigan now lefuses to pay the bounty her legislature voted, and a national bounty is hardly tc be thought of. The farmers of the United States have carried their share of "protection" these many years, with results that have always been questioned. But now here is a chance where protection will really protect the farmer and laborer engaged in growing sugar beets or sugar cane within these continental United States. If te fanner is now to be sacrificed at the behest of the sugar refiners' trust, he knows how to strike back. jslaiids have been purchased, and without the consent of the people. Besides, there Is no parallel between the ad mission of Louisiana, Texas and Alaska. Colonists 111 Texas established a republic, which was acknowledged by the United .States. Twice that republic sought, and was refused, admittance to the Union. After the republic existed ten years and the republic had in creased to 150,000, the United States sought and seemed the annexation of Texas in 1845. It mat'ers not that the settlement of the boundary line involved the United States in war with Mexico. The Texaus not only rebelled against Mexico, but desired union, while the Filip inos rebelled against Spain, and the United States is pursuing the policy of conquest to make the Filipinos consent to union. Nor was the purchase of Louisina followed with resistance. The battle following was with Great Britain. So far as Alaska is con cerned, the Indians had not been seeking to establish a representative and independent government, and we had no need to enter upon a war of conquest. As Americans and citizens of this republic, we have no right to expansion through conquest. Our expansion should be qnly by the consent of the inhabtauts. Nor has the Lord given us a right to expand in any other way. As a nation we are now trampling upon those sacred rights that God has vouch safed to every min, and which we prize so highly ourselves. We are now laying our selves liable to the same judgment that rested upon oppressive Spain. While we were break ing the tyrannizing power of Spain and setting the oppressed fret, God's signal blessing was upon us; but since our war began against the oppressed, we see no evidence of special divine favor. Let us beware. If we love our land, let us not, by injustice, bring God's curse. Correspondent. Would Not Eat "Embalmed" Beef. Honolulu, Aug. 26 (via San Francisco, Sept. 2.) S. M. T. Four clays ago the United States transport Senator arrived here en route to Manila. Two days later a number of soldiers bought several bottles ot methylated spirits of alcohol, and were soon half insane under its in fluence. A general fight ensued, which soon involved over a hundred soldiers. A riot call was sounded, and the police arrested the ring leaders. On the way to the station the soldiers' friends attacked the police, but citizens and the prevost guard came to their aid, A few hours later the Senator sailed with many soldiers in irons, The second day out from .San Francisco the soldiers on the Senator discovered that a con siderable of the beef aboard for their consump tion was the tinned beef, which has acquired the name of "embalmed beet." Trouble arose immediately. The soldiers refused to eat it or allow it to be served. They insisted that it be thrown overboard, aud finally this was done. Criticism Critisized. We quote the following from the Midland, one of the organs of the United Presbyterian church. The article was written by J. McCulloch: In the issue of the Midland of July aand, the editor criticised J. M. "Foster's article for inti mating that the church should call a member to account for wrong doing in the capacity of a public servant, calling such action a dangerous ecclesiasticism. Now the question resolves it self into this: Cau a man in public life do a wrong with impunity that would bring him under the discipline of the church if done in private life? "When Governor Drake, of Iowa, signed a bill authorizing the manufacture of intoxicat ing liquors, while another law in the same state forbade it, the Standard, of Cincinnati, the leading organ of the church of which Mr. Drake was a member, advised the church at Centerville, where he held his membership, to turn him out, and I think the advice was cor rect. It was a diabolical act and a moral out rage on the good people of the state. "So when President McKinley upholds his subordinate in defying the congress of the United States by refusing to execute the anti canteen law, thus causing demoralization, dis ease and death in our army, I think the Meth odist church at Canton, Ohio, or in Washing ton, if his membership has been transferred, lus a right to discipline him with a view to his reformation. When he drinks intoxicating liquors in his pubiic life and sets them before . his guests at his table, he is just as liable to censure by his church as though he did it at his home in Canton. "The church may not have the right to dic tate to a public officer what he shall do,, but. when he violates the law ot the church in his public capacity and brings reproach on the cause of Christ and the Christianity of the nation, it is certainly the duty of the church to call him to account for it. "I have no sympathy with the doctrine that a man can do in a public capacity what, his conscience forbids him in his private life. Ii a judge on the bench believes the licensing of the liquor traffic is wrong, he violates his con science when he issues a license on the petition of a number of cititens, notwithstanding the law says he may. The study of the lessons in Daniel of late teaches that such an officer must refuse to do the wrong and take the con sequences or resign his position because of its requirements; and if we had a few public offic ers who had the stamina to do so, the eyes of a sleeping church would soon be opened to the sin of fellowshiping a 'throne of iniquity which ftameth mischietby law.' " Tine men who create the wealth of the world earn it, but do not obtain it; wealth, under the competitive system, is appropriated by the few who earn nothing. Flaming Sword. Let us do your next job of printing. FARM LOANS . . INTEREST 5 PERCENT. REASONABLE COMMISSION. ANNUAL OR SEMI-ANNUAL INTEREST. No Delay if Title is Perfect. We give the privilege of paving all or a part of your loan and stop interest. We make our own ex aminations and draw our own papers and thus save time and expense to you. Our ratesand terms nre better than ever twfore offered. If you wiH drop us a line we call and see you and explain the matter fully. In writing trive the location of your property. SLAUGHTER & TAYLOR. T. J. Hassey, Mgr., Garnett, Kas.