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Willi E. STOKE. FuMi.her and Fropr 2Wl.Y LAUGFOHD, Editor. GREAT BEND. - -v- .... KANSAS. THE WORLD AT LARGE. Summary of .the Dally News. TASHIXGTON NOTES. The recent report that the President would, call an extra Bession of Congress to meet early in November for the purpose of proviamg means to relieve the present stringency in the money market created considerable comment in public circles. tut obtained but little, if any, official cre dence. RumoBs were floating about "Washington on the 20th regarding the retirement of James W. Hyatt from the office of- the United States Treasurer. Acting Secbetxbt Muldrow has re quested the Attorney-General to institute suit against Thomas L. Greenoueh, princi . pal tie contractor for the Northern Pacific railroad, for the value of 700 fir and tama rack and pine trees, alleged to have been unlawfully cut from the Government land by the defendant. Actino Secretart Thompson accepted $1,065,300 of the bonds offered for sale on the 21st. The President has recognized Narcisso i'erez rennto as Consul of Spain at Savan nan, Ga. Atkins, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, declares that he will never consent that any , language but English shall be taught in the Indian schools. THE EAST.' The 257th anniversary of the settlement of Boston and the centennial anniversary of the close of the revolutionary war was observed1 there on the 17th "by the raising of flags on all public buildings of the city, while bells were rung at morning, noon and sunBet. Hon. Joseph Cillet, the oldest Unitea States ex-Senator and a veteran of the war I of 1812, died on the 17th at Nottingham, N. H., at the age of ninety-six years. Nelson Campman was suffocated in bed during a fire at No. 10 South street, New York, recently. Jacob Lokillard's brick works at Key gort, N. J ., the largest in the United States, were destroyed by fire on the 18th. The loss was 1500,000; no insurance. The works Will be rebuilt. Rev. Dr. f Bernard O'Reillt, of New "5Jork, has received the appointment of Do mestic Prelate to the Pope. The National Association of Local Preach ers in session at Harrisburg, Pa., recently, elected C. B. Stemen, of Fort "Wayne, Ind., president for the ensuing year. The next convention will be held at Columbus, O., in September, 1888. The Italians of New York City on the 20th celebrated with a parade, which was reviewed by Mayor Hewitt, and with sub sequent festivities in an up-town park, the seventeenth anniversary of the entry of tne (Italian troops into Rome. Over fifty socie ties participated. The Democrats of Massachusetts met m convention at "Worcester on the 20th and adopted a platform. H. B. Levering was Dominated for Governor. The rest of the ticket was as follows: Lieutenant Gov ernor, "Walter E. Cutting, of Pittsfield; (Secretary of State, John F. Murphy, of Lowell; Treasurer, Henry C. Thatcher, of Yarmouth; Attorney-General, John "W. Corcoran, of Clinton; Auditor, "William F. Cook, of Springfield. The liabilities of Grovesteen & Pell, stock brokers of New York, aggregate 1, 706,821 and the actual assets $833,899. The Inter-Stato Commerce Commission has decided in favor of the Vermont State. Grange in a case against the Central Ver mont railroad. It appeared that the Bostoa & Albany Railroad Company and the Ver mont State Grange complained of the Cen tral Vermont Company for charging a less rate in similar service for a long than for a short haul over the Central's lines between - Boston and Detroit, Milwaukee and Chica go. The Commission declared the rates were illegal. The report of the New Hampshire Senate Investigating Committee on the alleged at tempt to bribe C. D. Sawyer by Kirk Pierce was that such attempt had been made. The report proceeds at length to set forth the temptations which surround legislators and the debasing wiles employed by professional lobbyists. Two men fell asleep on the railroad plat form at Scotthaven, Pa., the other night, and were instantly killed by a train. Harry Miles and Eddy Medium trotted a mile in 2:24t at the New Jersey State fair the other day, breaking the record on a half-mile track. At the Chenango County (N. Y.) Demo cratic Convention, both President Cleve land and Governor Hill were strongly in dorsed. Capron & Wolverton's flour mill, Al bany, N. Y., was destroyed by fire on the 21st with 100,000 bushels of grain, causing $150,000 loss. Eight firemen had narrow escapes. Rev. E. A. Oopeland appeared at the United Labor Club meeting at Rochester, N. recently and avowed himself for the George movement. He had been one of the leading Prohibition workers, and last year was the candidate of that party for Congress. Governor Hill, addressedvtcn thousand persons at the fair at Newburg, N. Y., on the 22d. He denied that he was making any attack upon Henry George. He be lieved that Mr. George was sincere, and he "highly respected him, though ho could not indorse his idea of putting all taxes on land Talues. Several collieries about Wilkesbarre, Pa., have signified their willingness to con cede tm the demands of the miners. Seven hcxdotxd bales of cotton on a lighter were destroyed by fire in New York .harbor the other day. Loss, $35,000. The New York Produce Exchange has voted to bold daily sessions hereafter from 10;30 to til roe o'clock. Tkle Government offer to purchase four and four-and-a-halx bonds dissipated the fears of a s ringent money market that had beea prevailing in New York. E. S. Wheeler, the insolvent iron dealer of New Haven, Conn., who failed recently for $2,000,000, has been arrested, charged with fraud. . THE WEST. The George "Weber Brewi.ar Company, of Cincinnati, has made an assignment. The liabilities were estimated xfc $500,000, end assets at 1350,000. Theassign stent grew out of the Fidelity Bank failure. JnGE Crozier has verbally gtren his opinion that the appointment of police commissioners and other officers for ieav anworto, Kan., by Governor Martin was unconstitutional. Proceedings were to be taken to httve them ousted. The rains of the past lew days have put an end to tiie most destructive drought known to the Ohio valley. Pastures have bee improved, tut the "ordinary crops are .vrofully deficient. . The Ohio & Mississippi at St. Louis . it. fiAirU of operations . l. a .,. .fnnoT lino and made a round- trip fare to Baltimore and Washington of 20.25. being a cut of 5.15. The Louisville, t siu jtr NfL T.ouia road, or what is known as the Air Line, met the rate, but the Vandalia took no notice oi n- Hon "W. R. Morrison, who was In Chi cago recently, was visited by a number of viriiti-ai f ripnda. In reeard to making the race for Congress in his own. district next year he sam it was a little early to commence campaigning, but he was rather inclined to think be wouia ue iu. the time came. Of President Cleveland he said the indications wherever he had been were that he was growing stronger au me time with the people and would continue to grow until the next Presidential election day x President F. F. Leonard, of the Toledo, Peoria & Western, has filed with the Illi nois Railroad and Warehouse Commission an official report of the Chatsworth acci dent. It estimates from the number of tickets sold that there were 543 persons on the train, of w hom eighty were dead. The number injured was given as 151, ten of whom were employed on the road. New complications were reported to have arisen at Chicago on the 21st which were .in..t .obtain tn create another passenger war among the roads running east from tha city. n.ir i.a-btv "Retreat, a private insane asylum near Jacksonville 111., was de stroyed by fire recently, ana we iiropncw. seriously burned. No patients were hurt. n-r a. natural e-as exDlosion at Oil Center, "Wood County, O., the other night, flowing oil tanks and machinery were destroyed and several persons badly burned. Dick Vacn, who shot Captain Sam Six killer at Muskogee, I. T., December 24, died recently of wounds received from an Indian policeman. Near PurcclL I. r., a serious train wrec. occurred on the 21st. A working train was run into by a light engine. The number of iriUfA and iniured was thousht to be about fit teen, but nothing definite was known. Hon. E. B. "Washburn, formerly United States Minister to France, was taken with onnAstion of the brain at Chicago on the 21st and was in a precarious condition. A. R. Parsons, one of tne conaemnea Anarchists, has given to the press a lenethv document, in which he demands either his freedom or execution. a vnTnRR railwav horror on the Chicago, Rnrlt Island & Pacific almost happened at Killar, near Peoria, 111., on the 21st. A bridge over a cnasm nity ieet ueep uau been burned out, out tne lact was aiscov- ered by a foreman. He went one way and flagged the passenger train while his wife stopped one the other way. Policemen found a gas pipe bomb at the Cottage Grove Avenue car barn, Chicago, the other morning. It was ten inches in length and two inches in diameter. T R Kcott. Jr.. son of ex-Governor Scott, of Arkansas, reported to the Chicago nolice recently that he had been robbed of $4,500 in notes and $500 in money. Rev. alfreu jjeddixgton, a jiaptist n-iini4tp.r. was shot and mortallv wounded by a man named Glassmore on the line be tween the Cnickasaw ana unoctaw JN ations recently. The murder was prompted by jealousy. The Typographical union i Detroit, Mich., has made a demand for nine hours a dav. without any reduction of wages. The Employing Printers' Association, com posed oi the ten largest jod printing nouses in the city, has issued a circular refusing to comply. The annual convention or the National Association of ex-Prisoners of War began in Chicago on the 22d. A cold wave struck Abercrombie, Minn., on the 22d, the thermometer being only two aoove zero. THE SOUTH. The Federal Court at Baltimore, Md., has restrained William C. Trumbull from using or furnishing for use any Bell telephones. The suit is brought at the instance of the Bell Telephone Company, and appears to be particularly directed against Mr. Trum bull in order to shut off the Chinese tele phone scheme, with which Count Mitkie- wicz has recently been prominently con nected. George W. Titlow, grain dealer of Balti more, Md., has suspended. He was long on wheat 240,000 bushels, and asked that his contracts be closed out. The agent of the Pittsburgh coal combi nation at New Orleans reports the sinking of twenty-four boats at Willow Grove, val ued at $3,000 each. Most of the coal will probably be recovered. Ten miles west of Fort Worth, Tex., on the 20th, the Texas & St. Louis express was robbed by masked men, supposed to be members of the old gang of Texas train robbers. The loss was put at between $20, 000 and $30,000, and would have been much larger if the messenger had not secreted a large amount while the door was being forced open. The Louisville (Ky.) Commercial Club gave a banquet and reception to the com mercial travelers of that city recently. Ex-Governor Knott made the principal speech. Tue chemical works and warehouses and three stores at Elgin, Tex., were destroyed by fire the other night. Loss, 140,000. General William Preston died at Lex ington, Ky., on the 21st. He had been ill since July. He was to be buried at Louis ville. At Duvall's Bluff, Ark., recently, the station agent of the Little Rock & Mem phis railroad became involved in a quarrel with a wealthy planter named Richardson and was shot to death by him. Great ex citement prevailed. The jury at Baton Rouge, La., in the case of ex-Secretary of State W. A. Strong has returned a verdict of guilty, as charged. Strong was iudicted for the embezzlement of about $3,000 of the State's money in con nection with the sale of election ticket paper. Frederick W. Hendricks, a brakeman on the South Carolina road, fell headlong irom tne top of a car, near Charleston re cently, and his head struck the corner of a tie, from the effects of which he died. The fruit growers of Florida are talkin of forming a shippers' union to regulate the sale of fruit in the North and West and do away with commission men. Fire in Baltimore recently destroyed LoDior, Aiudee & Co.'s paper warehouse, causing ttiO.OOO loss. The Georgia Senate passed the Glenn substitute bill by 23 to 13. A tornado visited the country adjacent to Brownsville, Tex, on the 22L The dam age was estimated at SL, 000,000. At Browns ville seventy houses were blows down ; at Aiatamoras, jsiex., about 3tX) houses were destroyed. A. Cbaio Palmer has been appointed tem porary receiver of the Covington & ilacon railway or ueorgia. A report reached Austin. Teion the 22d that the stage between Comfort and Kodencksburg was robbed the previous night by two masked highwaymen, wLo made their escape in the darkness. Officers started immediately on the track of the rob bers. Tax yellow fever epidemic at Key West. Fla., is practically at an end, not a death having occurred during the past week. Captain General Terrere has pub. lished an edict in the Manila Gazette declar ing the Caroline and Pewee islands to be in a state of siege owing to manifestations of rebellion on the part ot the natives. The Duke of Devonshire denies that he has been converted to Gladstone's Irish policy. A duel was fought in the City of Mexi co recently between General Rocha and Antonie Gayoa. The latter was danger ously wounded in the right breast. The trouble grew out of the Maximilian con troversy, and other duels were reported likely on the same subject. Five persons were drowned in Lake Geneva. Switzerland, the other day, by the swamping oi their boat by a steamer. The Tcnquin finances as prepared by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs show a deficit of 20,000,000 francs. No railways are to be constructed at present. The London Times speaks in high terms of the Constitution celebration held in Phil adelphia. It was said that forty sailors were in jured by an explosion of fireworks during the recent reception to Lord Landsdowne on the Bellerophen at Quebec The matter was hushed up as much as possible, and the report given out that only one or two, including a midshipman, were hurt. The Dublin Gazette publishes a proclama tion suppressing the Irish National League and all its branches in County Clare and baronies Leitrim and Loughrea in Gal way, Corkaguinty in Kerry; Condon, Clongib bon, Dunhallow and Muskerry in Cork and Sherburne in Wexford. It is said the Zalinski dynamite gun is a success. Trials were made recently in the presence of Secretary Whitney and repre sentatives of foreign powers. Premier Norqcat, of Manitoba, who was in New York trying to raise money to build a proposed Red River valley railroad to connect with the Northern Pacific, left for Winnipeg on the 20th, having failed in his financial errand. The Catholic Archbishop and some of his friends who are opposed to the present Government of Guatemala, are reported to have left that country for San Francisco for the purpose of procuring means to bring about a revolution against President Barillos. The present Government has de clined to declare against the Protestant churches established in Guatemala by Rev. Clark Hill, of this country. Fifteen officers of all ranks have been put on trial in St. Petersburg on the charge of being Nihilists. British artillerymen in a town in India being ordered to prepare to move aboard smashed windows and created a lively riot recent ly. In the divorce case of David De Bensaud against his wife, Violet Cameron, the actress, the court at London issued an in junction against the husband restraining him from molesting his wife. The Mar quis of Lonsdale admitted that he had been guilty of improper relations with Miss Cameron. The brush fires which have been raging around Dandy, Quebec, extended to that village on the 21st, and twenty-two houses and the railway station were consumed. Many families lost every thing. During a recent festival four bombs were thrown in front of the Vatican at Rome. One entered the Papal barracks. A mammoth salt company composed of all the large salt manufacturers in the United States was reported forming. It will be known as the National Salt Union and will be headquarters for the salt supply of the whole country. The iron manufacturers of America pro pose to hold a meeting soon and arrange for an association to combat tho workmen in case unjust demands are made. The smoke from the bush hres north of Quebec has almost stopped navigation on the St. Lawrence. The weekly Nationalist papers through out Ireland publish tho usual reports of the proceedings of various local branches of the league, despite tbe fact that under the terms of tho now Crime act the editors are liable to imprisonment for publishing re ports which teem with vio'ent denuncia tions of the Government. At Villabota, Italy, recently a mob shot a i-ostman under the impression that he spread the cholera epidemic through the letters which he distributed. TIIE LATEST. The French Cabinet Council has decided not to order the expulsion of the Orleanist Princes unless they attempt to circulate the manifesto of the Comte de Paris. It is reported that over 100 lives have been lost in Egypt by the nocd3 in the Nile basin. Captain John Freeh, of the schooner Marsh, who assisted Boodler McGarigle to escape to Canada, has been arrested in Chi cago. Engineer Freeman, of D. S. Ervin's stone quarry at Yellow Springs, O., was blown into the air filty feet and killed by a boiler explosion the other day. 1 nE Ltah Commission had a consultation with the President recently regarding the workings of the Edmunds law. Chinese residents of San Francisco had a remarkable parade on the 23d in honor of the great idol known as Tan Wong, recent ly Draught from China. One of the features of the parade, besides Tan Wong, was a huge artificial dragon 175 feet long. Gravexhckst, Oat., was almost totally destroyed by fire on the 22J and 23d. The loss reached $500,000. Commissioner Miller, of the internal revenue, says it is his intention to have tbe beer of all the leading breweries in the country analyzed by competent chemists, and gives as his reason therefor the many complaiuts made in the press and to him self against the quality of the beers in the market. A recent statement showed that tho tax on whisky decreased from 09,092.263 in l!SS.-0 to tf.io,S27,32l in 1SS0-7. while the tax on beer increased from $19,676,731 in 1SS5-0 to r21.y22,lS7 in lSSG-7. The steamship Alesta, which arrived off New York on the 22d from Marseilles and Naples with six hundred passengers, had Asiatic cholera aboard. Eight of her pas sengers died on the passage and on her ar rival at quarantine, the health officer found four cases aboard. He sent the Alesia and her passengers to the west bank in the lower bay. Fire broke out in a bakery in Sanford, Fla., the other day and destroyed almost the entire business portion of the town. The loss was esiimated at $300,000, with lit tle insurance. The schooner Orkney Lass was thought to have been lost in Lake Michigan. Some few days ago the captain refused assist ance to reach port and the vessel was not afterward seen. Bcsiness failures during the seven days ended September 22 numbered for the Uni ted States, 156; Canada, 27; total, 1S3; com pared with 1S7 tbe previous week and 187 tbe corresponding week last year. General J. B. Ricketts, commander of Ricketts Battery, which made such a light ing reputation during the war. esneciallv at Gettysburg, died at New York on the 22d, aeed seventy years. He was born in New York, June 2L 1S17. He commanded he Sixth Army Corps and was wounded five times. His death was caused by a wound received at the battle of Winchester, KANSAS STATE NEWS. A post-oftice to be known as Guerney has been established in Cheyenne County, With Willard F. Blake as post master. Governor Martin ha3 made tho follow ing appointments of delegates and alter nates to tha seventh annual session of the Farmers' Congress or the United States, to be held at Chicago, November 1 to 5: At large. Hon. A. W. Smith, of Mcpherson, and Hon. Matt. Edmunds, of McLouth; First district, B. F. Wallack. of Effingham; Second, Hon. F. W. BreyfogeL of Lenexa; Third, A. P. Sanders, of TJound Valley; Fourth, Thomas M. Potter, of Peabody; Fifth, Hon. A. P. Collins, of Solomon City; Sixth. Captain A. B. Balch, of Cerro Gordo; Seventh, Hon. R. E. Lawrence, of Wichita. Alternates at large, Hon. James C. Cusey, of Linsborg, and Hon. J. J. Veatch, of Mor row; First district, Hon. J. J. Elliott, of Morrill; Second, Hon. S. J. Stewart, ol Iola; Third, W. 1L Git son, of Sedan; Fourth, John C. Rankin, of Queuemo; Fifth, Theodore Ingersolt, of Clay Center; Sixth, Martin Mohler. of Osborne; Seventh, Hon. H. C. St. Clair, of Belle Plain. The Acting Secretary of the Interior has disallowed the claim of John R. Allen, of Morris County, for alleged depredations by the Indians in 1SC1. Captain Qcintan Campbell, formerly of the regular army, and a newspaper man well-known in Kansas City, recently shot his joung wife at Leavenworth, but fortu nately not inflicting a fatal wound. There were conflicting accounts as to the exact cause for the act. While in Kansas City some five or six years ago, Captain Camp bell was married to his present wife, who was then only sixteen years old. He had but recently taken a position on the Suh, a new evening paper at Leavenworth. Tope k a. has an embryo Anarchist, named Eoutweli, who has been giving the police no little trouble. P.ecently ha refused to fur nish names of men boarding with him so that tax notices could be served on them. For this he was 'arrested, and threw a hatchet at the officer. With the help of twe men Boutwell was loaded in a wagon and hauled to jaiL He had to be carried before the police justice, and refused to answer questions or even speak. The judge fined him 1 100 and ordered him to the stone gang. The officers had to drag him, and on his re fusal to work he was placed in close con finement. He regret that he is not one of the Chicago Anarchists to be hanged and become a martyr. Members of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., had a regalar ovation on their passage through Kansas on their way to Denver. Bids were opened at Washington on ttis 16th fqr joiner work, roof tiling und addi-tionaHM-Joring for the public building at Leavenworth. There were bidier3 from a number of places, but the bid of J. McGon igle, of Leavenworth, was ths lowest. A Leavenworth officer recently stopped a lot of children having a "play show," for which they charged a penny admission, un til a city license was obtained. General Black, Comnissioner of Pen sions, will visit Kansas about October 12, on which occasion he will accompany the board of managers of the National Soldiers Home. The officers of the Temperance Mutual Benefit Union will fight in the courts the recent decision of Insurance Commissioner Wilder declaring forfeited the right of the company to conduct an insurance business in the State. Leavenworth recently rung her fire bells, blew her steam whistles and other wise made a noise over the successful oper ation of another coal shaft which had struck coal in paying quantities at a depth of 720 feet. An unfortunate veteran by the name of Leland G. Townsend, was helped off the Union Pacific train at Topeka the other afternoon. He was paralyzed, deaf and helpless. His home is at Denver. He was taken in hand by some kind passengers and assisted into th3 depot. They left him in charge of a stranger while they went to dinner, and the scoundrel robbed him of his ticket and his pocket-book, containing S3. The local G. A. R. members made up a purse and fcrwarded him on his way. Thomas L.vrkin, twenty years old, re cently attempted to board a Missouri Pa cific freight train at Leavenworth, made a misstep, fell under the cars and was killed. In the late bxbeas corpus case of James Grace, an alleged liquor dealer, against Marshal Roberts, before the district court of Leavenworth, Judge Crozier discharged the plaintiff as to keeping a place where liquors were so'd. Judge Crozier rendered a verbal opinion declaring the power of the Governor over the police courts of cities and his control through the police com missioners as unconstitutional. Grace's attorney will therefore institute proceed ings to oust the police judge, the polica commissioners, city marshal and the police force. The other evening Chief of Police Harris, of Wichita, received a telegram to arrest a seveuteen-year-old boy, named Charley Brown, for whom a reward was offered. He was charged with breaking into a store and then stealing a horse at Barllesville, in the Iudian Territory, from a man named Brooks, wbo would arrive and identify him, A lad soon arrived on a construction train and was pointed out as tho party wanted. When accosted by the officer he ran and was fired on and fatally wounded. His companions declared that he was not tho party wanted, and in his dying declarations the lad corroborated their statement, and requested tfcit his body be sent to his par ents at Meridian, Tex. About nine o'clock the other morning Henry Frey, an old citizen of Lawrence, was found lying in a half conscious condi tion in a storeroom over his place of busi ness, with his head in a pool of blood and an ugly bullet wound in Lis forehead. By his side lay a revolver. He was taken to his house and an examination made. This showed that the bullet upon entering just above the left eye took a downward course arid lcdered in the lower left lobe of the brain, paralyzing one entire side of the bodv. He had been in a despondent mood for "some weeks. It was thought he would die. F. S. Thorne, of Kearney County, has filed a suit in the District Court at Topeka against Governor Martin to enjoin him from declaring Lakin the county seat of Kearney County. A proclamation issued by Governor Moonlight, of Wyoming Territory, has been received at the Executive Depart ment revoking the quarantine against Kan sas cattle. Topefa is to have a cotton niilL Aetek quietly collecting samples of the beverage being sold as cider the police of Topeka recently made a descent upon a number of vendors and arrested them. Whisky A!td beer were found in various forms and the parties were held to answer the charge of violating the Prohibitory law. At Leavenworth the other dy Jadgo Brewer rendered decisions in fifteen cases, brought by the United States to set aside the patents to fifteen tracts of land in Har per Canty, on tho ground that fraud was used in obtaining the patents. After re viewing the cases and the ruling of the Su preme Court at length he dismissed the bills in each. A post-office has beea established a Burdick, in Morris County, with Calvin L. Eeed as postmaster. ACCIDENTAL INVErtTiONS. Origin of the Hajouet, tho Telescope and the Art or Lithographing-." The bayonet is said to have derived its name from the fact that it was first made at Bayonne, and its origin illus trates the proverb, "Necessity is the mother of invention." A Basque regi ment was hard pressed by the enemy on a mountain ridge near Bayonne. One of the soldiers suggested that, as their ammunition was exhausted, they should iix their long knives into the barrels of their muskets. The sugges tion was acted upon. The first bayonet charge -was made, and the victory of the Basques led to the manufacture of the weapon at Bayonne and its adopt ion into the armies of Europe. Not tin frequently an invention has been sug gested by some trivial event, which would have passed unnoticed had not a man with eyes and brains seeu it, Argand, a poor Swiss, invented a lamp with a wick fitted into a hollow cylinder, up which a current of air was allowed to pass, thus giving a sup ply of oxygen to the interior as well as to the exterior of the circular flame. At first Argand used the lamp without a glass chimnej'. One day he was busy in his workroom, and sitting be fore the burning lamp. His little brother was amusing himself by plac ing a bottomless oil flash over different articles. Suddenly he placed it upon the flame of lamp, which instantly shot up the long, circular nock of the flask with increased brilliancy. It did more; for it flashed into Argand's mind the idea of the lamp-chirnnej', by which his invention was perfected. One day the children of a Dutch spectacle-maker were playing with sev eral of their father's glasses before the door of his shop. Setting two of the largest glasses together, they peeped through them and were surprised to see the weather-cock of the opposite church brought close to their eyes. They called their father to see the strange sight- He looked through the glasses, and what he saw suggested to him the possibility of con structing a curious to'. Galileo, hear ing of the toy which made distant things appear close at hand, saw at once what a valuable help it would be in stiKrying the heavens. He set to work arid soon made the telescope. An accident, that is the happening of something which was not planned, has often helped to an invention. It helped Senefelder to invent lithography. He was a sort of Jack-of-all-trades a wri ter of verses and comedies, an actor, a fiddler, a painter, an er graver and a printer. lie worked at etching on cop per, but the coppersmith refused to let him have any more plates unless lie paid cash for them. He then tried to utilize tho old plates by rubbing off tho etchings with a soft lime-stone. At last the copper became useless through many rubbings, and he tried etching on the stone, a plan that did not work very well. One day, while he was polishing off a stone which he intended to etch, his mother asked him to write out a list of the linen which the washerwoman was waiting to carry off. Not finding a slip of paper or a drop of ink, he wrote the list on the stone, with printing ink prepared from wax, soap and lamp black, intending to copy it at his leisure. A few days after be was about to wipe the writing from the stone. Suddenly he thought he would learn what would be the effect of writing with the pre pared ink on the stone, if it should be bitten in with aquafortis. Ho bit away to about the hundredth part of an inch, charged the lines with the ink, took severals impressions of the writing and discovered that he had invented the art of lithographing. Youth's Companion. m Bruce's Signaling Balloon. Mr. Eric Bruce, who has worked out the idea of signaling at night by a captive balloon, lighted inside by elec tric incandescent lamps, has just com pleted one for the Belgian (lovernment. The signaling is effected by cutting off and letting on the current feeding the the lamps by means of a key like that used in telegraphy. Mr. Bruce's latest balloon is fifteen feet in diameter, and 2,000 cubic feet in capacity. It is made of varnished cambric, and is trans lucent. Six Edison and Swan lamps, of eight to ten candle power, are mounted inside; and the current is sup plied by an E. P. S. accumulator, of twenty-five cells of the 11 S type, in teak boxes. Teak is a wood of special value In electrical work, owing to its high resistance as well as durabil ity. It has long been used for tele graphic apparatus intended for hot countries where destructive insects abound. The current is taken to the balloon by a flexible conductor. Mr. Bruce has also contrived a projector with lamps outside the balloon, for use in thick weather, in order to projec t the signals further. While upon this subject, we may mention that a captive balloon has been devised, fitted .with a kite arrangement, which it is claimed gives greater steadiness and buoyancy to the balloon. Engineering. The Age of Specialists. Alleged Physician You've got very bad eye there a very bad eye, sir. Patient What would you advise do ing for it, doctor? Alleged Physician Go and see Prof. Curit, of New York. Two dollars, piease, for the advice. Puck. Sarcasticus and his wife don't agree very well. The other morning he discovered that she had appropriated his only necktie. Sarcasticus "What are you wearing my only cravat for?" Mrs. S. "Because I haven't any of my own." Sarcasticus (gloomily) 'Oh. I see! It is the oily tie there is be tween us. A COWBOY'S TALK. 6me ItemlnUcnce Wblcn Ar Very X tere.ttnc. Thoogh They My True. , , C. Franklyn Earlscourt is not a dude as his name would indicate, neither is. he'theheroof a popular seaside idyllt' nor one of the "Ouida's" exaggerated. Englishmen. C. Franklyn is a cow boy. In addition to being a cowboy with his name and hair parted in tho middle, C. Franklyn possesses other claims to the attention of a discriminat ing public, because he accompanied the United States Government commis sion to inspect and roport to Congress upon the Union Pacific railroad at the time when the railroad was in course, of construction. That was quito a while ago. It was in the good old days when General Frank P. Blair was alive. C. Frank was quite u youngster then a kid, in fact and his connection with, the commission of which Blair- and General Phil Sheridan were members-' was such as might be referred to as humble very humble. He was cabin boy on board the PuFfman special. "In the early hours of the morning,' said he to a reporter, "I used to anchor the General's boots, and the Professor's low-cut shoes opposite the berth's of their respective owners, and in a gen eral way I exercised a sort of supervi sion over the entire commission. Oh, that was a great trip! We went all along the line and held pow-wows with, all the big Indian chiefs. Before we got back to Washington General Blair had taught rue first-class French man ners; General Sheridan showed mo how to shoot and dance an Irish jig, and Prof. White gave me a course in reading, and when we got home Prof. White and General Blair put me in a good. school, and I owe them my edu cation and present position. "I recall a number of amusing inci dents of that trip which I've never seen in print. General Sheridan fig ured in most of them as the person with, whom the fun always be gan. On one occasion, after a coun cil with a number of Ogallalla Sioux, one of them was brought into our car by Sheridan. He was a strapping big fel low, about six feet three, and had lost one arm. He was a weighty chieftain, known to fame as Tall Bull. I don't think I've ever seen any person quite as tall as the chief. Sheridan, yon know, is rather short and dumpy. When off duty and out with a congenial crowd the General is inclined to be very gay and mischievous. Tall Bull, tho grave and dignified red man, was a good sub ject for his pranks, and as he marched the chief up the aisle and introduced him to General Blair and Prof. White the General winked knowingly at tZie crowd. " Tall Bull, gentlemen, the noble red man of the forest,' said he with a flourish. 'The copper-colored son of a buffalo will now perform one of his In imitable tricks with a watch-charm, and Sheridan handed tall Bull a charm, from his watch chain. The General was guying the chief for the edification, of the party, acting all the while like a school boy on a half holiday. The In dian didn't laugh. He was very seri ous. Putting the bauble in his belt he turned to General Blair, and in low, solemn tones, pointing to Sheridan, ho said: 'Ugh! Little man. Heap fool!' "Sheridan turned red as a peony and lied from the derisive laugh of the par ty. After that wheneverSheridan tried to put on airs General Blair would bring him round with: 'Ugh! Littlo man! Heap fool!' "On another occasion Prof. White I believe he hailed from New York State became frightened during tho attack on the coach by Indians, and crawled under a bedstead which had been put in the car for Ills comfort. .White was an enormously big man, weighing nearly 350 pounds, and he got wedged in so tight that after the scare was over he couldn't extricate himself. The bedstead, be it understood, was screwed to the car floor. Sheridan, disliked White intensely and seized the opportunity to vent his spite. Picking up a Winchester rifle the General got upon the bed and, yelling like a Co manche, he jumped up and down on the spring mattress directly over poor White. Every time he came down poor White uttered a groan. When ever Blair or any of the others came near, Sheridan cociced his Winchester and threatened to shoot the first man that inteifered with him. Finally the matter became serious and General Blair drew his revolver and told Sheri dan he'd blow his head off if he didn't get down, and when the bedstead was unscrewed and White was released, his body was covered with ugly black bruises where the festive Sheridan had danced a hornpipe on him." Earlscourt has just come in from the West where he has had considerable experience with the Indians. "You may have noticed," said he, "that the cowboj-s are given credit for being better Indian fighters than the regular troops. Now, that's not true. The regulars are better fighters by far; but the cowboy inspires the Indian with more fear and hence is probably after all the most effective. The rea son is very plain. The cowboy -will scalp every Indian h(j kills, while the regular soldier is prohibited from do ing so by orders from army head quarters. One of the principal tenets in the Indian's religious belief is that but one thing can keep him out of the happy hunting-grounds, and that is to be scalped. The piit. of an Indian who has been barbered by the enemy will wander forever in utter darkness, beyond ali hope of redemption. So, you see, it makes all the difference in. the world with an Indian whether or not he is scalped, hence his reluctance to dally with the festive cowboy and. his indifference to death at tho hands-' of a soldier." -Kansas City Times.