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THE BARTON COUNTY .DEMOCRAT.
will. s. STOKE, Publisher and Propr SJEpX"? X-AJJOFORD, Editor. . (TREAT BEND. - . KANSAS. THE WOULD AT LARGE. Summary of the Dally News. TTASELLNQTOX NOTES. The gold coin and bullion in tba United States treasury, September 20. aggregated $2S9,677,835, an increase since September 10 OI 3,54U,63S. Usited States Marshal Bases, of Massachusetts, has sent vouchers to Wash ington lor enough money to bring bis lia bilities within his bonds. The President has issued a proclamation suspending discriminating duties of ton nage and imposts on Spanish vessels and manufactures from Cuba, Porto Rico and ' the Philippine islands. The President has declined to commute the sentence of Seaborn Kalijaw, a Creek Indian murderer, sentenced to be hanged at Fort Smith, Ark. The President has granted a pardon in the case of William Brooks, James Fitzger ald, Thomas Jackson, William Henderson, John Palmer, Reuben Goins and George Herner, convicted in the United States Court for the Western district of Arkansas last August of manslaughter. The pardon was granted on the ground that the con victs had reason to apprehend bodily harm from the men whom they killed. The vacancy in the Supreme Court caused by Justice Wood's death is not likely to be filled until the President returns from his trip. Wab Department authorities state that pressure will be brought to bear upon Con grats to secure the passage of a law which shall in some way protect officers from in discriminate court martial charges and in juries arising therefrom. Acting Attobnet-Gejterai. Jexks has instructed United States Attorney Galvin, at Boston, to take an appeal to the United States Supreme Court from the decision of the Federal Court in Boston dismissing the Government's suit against the Bell Tele phone Company. A Cabinet meeting was held on the 29th in which the financial policy of the treas ury was arranged. Nothing was definitely known, but it was believed future actions would be largely in the discretion of Secre tary Fairchild. The President has invited Hon. William L. Putnam, of Maine, and President James B. Angell, of Michigan University, to act with the Secretary of State in the negotia tion for a settlement with Great Britain of the disputes growing out of the fisheries question. Dcbiko President Cleveland's absence from Washington Secretary Bayard will be President..pro tern., thus putting in force the Presidential Succession bill passed at the last session of Congress. The President has appointed Alexander B. Webb, of Missouri, to bo United States Qonsul at Manilla. THE EAST.' The other night an attempt was made to wreck the St. Louis express on the Fitch burg road, near North Pownal, Vt. Nine ties were across the rails. Fortunately the engineer saw the obstruction just in time to check the train. A decision has been rendered in the United States Court at Boston sustaining the demurrer of the Bell Telephone Com pany against the Government. The decision in the Federal Court at New York, in the case of Jacob Sharp, the con victed boodler, was adverse to him. He can now 'petition the State Court of Ap , peals, but in the meantime must go to Sing Sing. The American yacht Volunteer defeated the Scotch yacht Thistle in the first of the series of races oft New York on the 27th. Time: Volunteer, 4:58:18; Thistle, 5:12:42. The Enterprise Brewing Company of Philadelphia has made an assignment to General Stewart. The; assets are stated to be 350,000. Cartjthers & Co., commission merchants of New York City, made an assignment re cently with $93,943 liabilities and $12,750 as sets. The strike of the American iron works of Jones & McLaughlins, Pittsburgh, Pa., ended favorably to the strikers. The strike was for a small advance in the roll turners' department, but nearly 8,000 of the other employes turned out in support. By the falling of a brick wall, thirty feet high, at Lauers' iron ore mines at Alberts, near Reading, Pa., recently, Jacob Schievely and Charles Meitzler, workmen, were in stantly killed. Owing to the failure of a signal man to go back far enough, in a great fog near North Grafton, Mass., the other morning, a through freight train ran into a local pas senger, smashing sixteen cars and killing Joseph Lohn, a brakeman. The Progressive Labor party of New York has nominated the following ticket: Secretary of State, John Swinton, of New York; State Comptroller, H. A. Barker, of Albany; State Treasurer, Henry E. Merich, -of New York; Attorney-General, Thaddeus B. Wakeman, of New York. The places for Surveyor and State Engineer will be filled by the State Committee. Chavncet M. Depew, who recently re turned to New York from Europe, declares that he can not and will not be a candidate for the Presidency. The Westinghouse Electric Light Com pany, of Pittsburgh, and the Thomson Ilouston Electric Light Company, of Bos ton, have arranged to consolidate. All suits between the companies have been withdrawn. Massachusetts Republicans, at Boston on the2Sth, renominated Oliver Ames for Gov ernor. J. Q. A. Brackett was nominated for Lieutenant Governor; B. B. Pierce, for Secretary of State; Anson W. Beard, for State Treasurer; Charles R. Ladd. for Aud itor, and A. J. Waterman, lar Attorn ey GeneraL New York Democrats, at Saratoga on the 2Sth, nominated the following ticket : For Secretary of State, Frederick Cook; Compt rolker, Edward Wemple; Stale Treas urer, Lawrence J. Fitzgerald; Attorney ' JeneraL Ctarles E. Tabor; State Kngiueer, John Bogert. v ICocrtnet defeated Bubear La a rowing match for 1,000 a side at Biaghamton, N. "Y.,on tbeSStta, William IV- Ater, a student from St. XiOuw, has bee expelled from the college at New Haven, Conn., for hazing. The New York Court or Appeal granted a stay of proceedings in the case of Jacob Sharp on the 29 Li, just as preparations were being made to take him to Siag Sing. A faxic was narrowly averted in the Grand Opera House, New York, on the night of the eyth. The trouble was caused by a man crying "fire." The police arrested him, there being no foundation for his cry. Harrt Hill has closed his notorious re sort in New York City. Geoboe Baxter, alias John Hickey, was discharged from the Maine penitentf ary the other day, but was at once taken to Detroit, Jlich., to answer to a charge of murder. ! - " 'THJ2 WEST. 1 Neablt 80,000 acres or land in the district of Fergus Falls, Dak., heretofore claimed. W the Northern Pacific railway, will be thrown open to settlers after December 1. , R. A. Love, or Baxter Springs, Kan., wasinWashingtononthe 2Cth and called upon Acting Secretary of the Interior Mul drow in regard to the proposed allotment of land to Indians about the Quapaw agency and the selection of a special agent for that purpose. , . Judge French has rendered a decision in the mixed schools question at Fort Scott, Kan., that the matter is in the hands of the educational authorities. The colored peo ple had brought a test case for the purpose of forcing the mixed system and Judge French refused the writ of mandamus ap plied for. . Dr. Howard Douglass, of Cincinnati, supreme chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, has appointed Thomas C. White, of Lebannon, Term., supreme keeper of records and eeal of the order of Knight of Pythias, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Hon. R. E. Cowan, of St. Louis. .The Chicago, Burlington & Northern railway proposes to leave the Western and Northwestern Freight Bureau. This is ex pected to lead to a serious rate war. Dr. Edward St. John, of Chicago, under indictment for aiding Boodler McGarigle's escape, has been placed in jail, his bond not being considered good enough. The meeting of the G. A. R. at St. Louis was greatly marred by wet weather. Much discomfort was experienced by the veterans, some of the proceedings having to be postponed. In consequence of the late protracted drought, the tobacco crops were cut short over a half in the region around Evans ville, Ind., and the frost injured the grow ing tobacco still further about ten per cent., so that it is estimated there will be only about a third of a crop. Potatoes almost an entire failure. Corn in very bad con dition. Two women of Duluth, Minn., were chloro formed and robbed of $2,255 worth of dia monds the other night. Three children were suffocated by a fire in Frank Hock's house at Muskegon, Mich., the other night. The parade of the G. A. R. came off at St. Louis on the 2Sth. The effect was greatly marred by the drenching rain which prevented many of the veterans joining in the procession. George L. Zeigler was found dead at Dayton, O., recently, after drinking all the whisky another man would agree to pay for. Zeigler tcok twenty-two drinks. Fire at Payne, Paulding County, O., the other day, destroyed a row of business houses. Loss, $75,000; partially insured. The elevator at Wheatland, Dak., con taining 45,000 bushels of wheat, burned ra- cently. George Francis Train's proposed wood cock and champagne banquet to the Chicago Anarchists has been declared off, the jail officials refusing to allow it. A short time ago William Richmond and Sadie Jameson were publicly married at the county fair at Youngstown, O., by a Pennsylvania preacher. The marriage has been declared illegal, as the clergyman had not procured a license. A plow manufacturers' trust was formed at Chicago recently, about thirty Western and Northwestern manufacturers signing the agreement. The trust will exercise the usual ironclad restriction on the trade. Judge McAlister, of the Chicago court has refused a writ of habeas corpus to boodle Commissioner Wren on the ground ttiat the technicality urged was worthless. Adam Russell and John Clark, cow boys, indulged in a shooting affair in Okla homa the other day. Both were probably fatally wounded. According to the first report of the re ceiver of Swan Bros., cattlemen or Cheyenne, Wyo., the liabilities are !50S,9y9 and the assets $89S,S60. Mrs. Colton, widow of General Colton, of California, denies that the famous let ters written by C. P. Huntington to her husband were purloined and offered for sale by her agents. The Polish Roman Catholic Union, in session in Chicago, has boycotted Social istic Polish weekly newspapers. The box factory of Maxwell Bros, and other buildings in Chicago were destroyed by fire recently, involving considerable loss. By the falling of a derrick at the brewery of W. J. Lemp, at St. Louis, recently, Dan iel Ohmers was killed, Ferdinand Neumann fatally wounded and four other workmen seriously injured. The men fell sixty -five feet. McFeelt, station agent of the Manitoba road at Moorhead, Minn., has been held un der $1,000 bonds to answer to the charge of violating the Inter-State Commerce law. McFeely had refused to transfer wheat from the Manitoba to the Northern Pacific tracks. ' the south. Mrs. Jennie Thorn et has been arrested at Lynchburg, Va., for attempting to pass a check for $15,000, supposed to have been raised or forged. No damage was done to the tobacco crop about Danville, Va., by the recent frosts. A deadlt race war was threatened in Matagorda County, Tex., between whites and blacks on the 26th, growing out of the Killing oi a colored constable who attempted the arrest of a white man. Bt the falling of a scaffolding around the court house building at Charleston, S. C, recently, Contractor Korrigan and seven colored workmen were precipitated to the ground and all seriously and severely hurt. About two miles south of Jackson, Tenn., on the 27th, a Mobile & Ohio passenger train was burled Irom the trestle, causing serious injuries to ten persons and more or less bruising all on board. Almost mirac ulously no one was killed. General Ferdinand C. Latrobe has been unanimously nominated as Demo cratic candidate for mayor of Baltimore, Aid. He has twice been elected to the same office. The convicts on the county poor farm, six miles from Tyler, Tex., recently over powered the guards and made their escape. Pierce, one of the guards, was badly hurt, being struck on the head with an axe by one of the convicts. A guard by the name of Thornton shot one of the convicts and dangerously wounded him. Trains began running on the Fort Worth & Rio Grande railway as far as Granbury, Tex., on theSSth. The strike of the woolen mill employes of Louisville, Ky., has ended in the defeat of the men and their withdrawal from the Knights of Labor. Voting on the prohibition amendment took place in Tennessee oa the 29th. The amendment was thought to be defeated by aboit 15,000 votes. Tax trouble with the negroes in Mata gorda and Brazoria Counties, Tex., is be lieved to be sealed for the present, and the Houston light guards have returned. Oli ver Shepherd, a mulatto, the leader of the negroes, has fled from the country. J. B. Wathzs& Co., distillers, Louis ville, Ky., failed recently. Liabilitiea,$90, 000; assets, 125,000. Three masked men attempted to rob the east bound Texas & Pacific express nevr Big Springs, Tex., on the night of the 28th but were driven off by the train men. GEZ"KKAT. , A woman anrt two children were fatally poisoned at Mill Grove, Oot., recently by the administration of morphine in place of quinine. Advices say that the Spanish Governor of Pcnape has been killed and that many wounded have taken refuge on a Spanish pontoon. The insurgents are masters of the island. Two war ships have been sent to the scene. The Empress of Germany has sent as a jubilee present to the Pope a set of ecclesi astical vestments made with her own hands. Prince Bismarck has expressed his re grets to the French Government for the shooting incident at Raon-sur-Plaine, by which one French sportsman was killed and another wounded by a German cor poral, who was under the impression they were trespassing on his country's terri tory. Prince Hohenlohe's appeal to Russia from exemption from the land ukase has proved fruitless. Colonel Hughes-Hallett, the British member of Parliament accused of grave scandals, has resigned. Fifty persons, principally Jews, have been convicted at Riga, Russia, of arson and conspiracy to defraud insurance com panies. The Kruez Zeitung announces- that the Sultan of Zanzibar has alloted the whole coast ceded to him by the agreement of No vember, 1866i to Englishmen, the Germans abandoning all authority in the same for an annual payment. It is stated in Berlin that the Frenchman shot on the frontier was killed on German soil, this being proved by blood stains on the ground. The two soldiers who ac companied Kauffman aver that they saw the Frenchmen trespassing on German ter ritory and shouted to warn them. The Frenchmen paid no heed to their cries and attacked the Kauffman party. The Ger mans then fired, all concerned being at the time on German soil. Thebe are rumors current to the effect that the relations belween Mexico and Guatemala are erreatly strained, but noth ing definite has transpired to either verify or disprove them. The Xacional, of the City of Mexico, calls on the Government to at once establish a strict quarantine against every thing com ing from the city of New York, owing to the arrival at that port of a vessel infected with cholera. A Chinese transport was recently wrecked on one of the Pescadores islands. Three hundred soldiers and the captainjand crew, with the exception of one man, were drowned. Five hundred tenants on the Kingston estate in Ireland have applied at the ex pense of the National League to have their rents fixed under the Land act. The Spanish Government has decided to reduce Cuban duties on the necessaries of life and articles used in industries. Tilghmanx, formerly American vice con sul in Berlin, has been arrested on charges of having defrauded American and German tradesmen. The British steamer Matthew Cay has been wrecked off Cape Finistcrre and ten persons have been drowned. TnE statue of Francis Deak was unveiled at Pestli recently in the presence of Em peror Francis Joseph, Archduke Joseph and other distinguished persons. Emperor Francis Josem opened the Hungarian Diet on the 29tb. In his address he said that the relations of the empire with foreign powers were friendly and satisfactory, but that the general situation necessitated the strengthening of the mili tary power. M. Ferrt, in a speech at Epinal said that the republic regarded the manifesto of the Count of Paris with contemptuous indiffer ence. The French people did not fear the pretenders. An agreement has finally been reached between the window-glass workers and the factory owners on the basis of a five per cent, increase in wages. Jennt Lind, the once famous songstress, who has been dangerously ill with paraly sis, is reported recovering. Advices from Hawaii state that at the election held September 12 all the members of the new House were elected on the plat form of the Reform party, supporting tha new constitution and ministry. THE LATEST. The steamer T. B. Syinms, plying be tween Memphis and St. Louis, burned re cently at Island Forty, sixteen miles above Memphis, Tenn. A double-header freight train was wrecked near Toledo, O., on the 30th on the Air Line division of the Lake Shore. Both engineers and one fireman were in jured, and in the wreck was found the lead body of a boy named Tyron, who had been stealing a ride. The failures for the third Quarter of 1SS7 (Dun's report) number 1,933 in the United States and 3)3 in Canada, against 1,932 in the United States for the third quarter in 1SS0 and 253 in Canada. The increase in num ber is trilling. But the reported liabilities of firms failing in the United States for the quarter were ?73,022.55G, ngainst $27,227,030 for the same quarter last year, and in Can ada 190.529, against $1,921,913 last year. Judge Barrett of the New Yori Citv Supreme Court has decided that the boy- otting of noa union laborers is punishable as a conspiracy. a he second race for the America cup off andy Hook was won by the Volunteer over the Thistle with twelve minutes to spare on the 30th. This ended the races between the two yachts, the Voluuteer winning bath. The Scotchmen were much disappointed, but admitied that their boat was fairly beaten. A iiigu watman robbed two of the stage coaches running to San Angelo, Tex., re cently at the point of a pistol, compelling the passengers to give up their valuables. The robber also ritied the mail packages. Collector Magonb thinks the objections to Rev. Mr. Warren landing under con tract to preach are "ridiculous," the law referring to laborers and not to profes sional men. W. J. Burk, the defaulting treasurer of Galveston County, Tex., has returned from a long sojourn in foreign lands and is pre pared to stand his trial and atone for his misdeeds. The President left Washington at tea a. m. on the 30th in his special train on the Ptnnsrlvaniaroad. The party was received with much enthusiasm by large numbers of people who assembled at the various railroad stations as the train slowed through. Judge T. Rae, of Minnesota, was elected Commander-in-Chief of the G. A. R. on the first ballot at St. Louis on the 30th. Slo cum received 153, Anthony C6, Grier IS. Rae 294, Sherman 1, and Warner, of Kan sas City, 1. The Pacific Investigating Commission ended its inquiry at New York on the 30th, adjourning subject to the call of the chair man. The Pacific Mail directors held a meeting at New York on the 30th and accepted the resignations of Directors Meyerbach and Vanderhoof, and selected Jav Gould and C. P. Huntington to fill the vacancies. Munch rath, convicted of manslaughter in the Rev. HtdJoek killing at Sioux City, Iowa, has been sentenced to iTour years' im prisonment at Fort Madison. KANSAS STATE NEWS. At Maple HilL a small town on the Rock Island road a few miles north of Topeka, the other night, Harry and Abner Ogle, brothers, became involved in a quarrel over an old difficulty, which resulted in blows. Young Oliver Wade, a cousin who was present, attempted to prevent the trouble when he was stabbed by Harry Ogle. The wound was thought to b f ataL A large acreage of wheat will be sown this falL About 250 delegates met at Topekaon the 22d for the purpose of organizing an African-American League for the protection of colored people in their rights as citizens. Kansas is the fifth State in the Union to form a league. The objects of this league are to protest against taxation without rep refentation; to secure a more equitable distribution of school funds; to insist upon an impartial trial by a jury of peers in all causes of law ; to resist by all legal and rea sonable means mob and lynch law, and to insist upon the arrest and punishment of all such offenders; to resist oppressive usage of railroad and steamboat, and other cor porations, and the harsh and insulting con duct of their employes in all instances where colored people are concerned, by prosecution of all such corporations and their employes in the State and Federal courts, an.d other purposes calculated to better the condition of the colored people. At Leavenworth, on the night of the 23d, a young German stonemason by the name of Richter was assaulted upon the streets by two negroes and his tnroat cut with a razor. He died in a few minutes. Richter's orother reached him soon after he was at tacked, but not in time to save him. The motive was robbery. The murderers es caped. The finding of the twenty-eight-inchvein of coal at Riverside shaft at Leavenworth was celebrated, a few days after, by a trades display in which the manufacturers and merchants participated. A procession of floats aud wagons, with citizens on foot and in carriages, miles in length passed through the streets, ending at the shaft, where speeches were delivered by a num ber of prominent citizens. The other day a farmer living near Hays City, on beginning work in the morning drilling wheat, beard a faint cry from the grain reservoir of his drill. Upon investi gation he found inside of the box a live in fant. The little waif was wrapped in old clothing, and to all appearances had been born but a few hours. The other morning the four-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. M. H. Brown, of Leaven worth, while playing with matches, was terribly burned by his clotf;es taking fire. The post-office at Frajjktoa, Rooks County, has been discontinei. Henry F. Dowd, an Ohio veteran, and a reputed son of General Dowd, attempted suicide nt the soldiers' home at Leaven worth the other night, by cutting the ar teries in both arms with his pocket-knife. The act was immediately discovered and he was removed to the hosp tal and put under the surgeon's care. Dowd is about forty-six years old, and came to the home from Colorado. For some time he had ap peared sullen and morose to his compan ions, aud the opinion prevails that he is insane. Moonlight is the name of a new post-office recently established in Stevens County. The display of blooded stock at the late State fair at Topeka was reported to be by far the largest and best ever seen on the grounds, comprising many of the best herds of thoroughbred cattle in the coun try. The number and quality of the horses, sheep and swine exhibits far surpassed those of former years. Pensions lately granted Kansas veter ans: Daniel A. Wibert, of Cheney; John Rogers, of Richfield; Brazilla Merritt, of Independence; Simon A. Snyder, of Ar mourdale; Sylvester T. Dimmitt, of Ray mond; Richard H. Smith, of Leavenworth; Albert Dolby, of Faulkner; James F. Nay lor, of Holten; Joseph B. Ingles, of Gar field; Leon Derusha, of Winneld; Nelson Murray, of Wichita; Reuben Utt, of New ton; James B. Woodruff, of Great Bend; Samuel H. Renf ro, of Neosho, and Charles N. White, of Haverhill. The Superintendent of Insurance has been notified that the Educational Endow ment Association, of Minneapolis, Minn., a wild cat concern, and the Woman's Mutual Insurance Company, of New York City, are attempting to io business in Kansas with out authority. County attorneys are ad vised by the Superintendent to cause the arrest of all persons acting as agents of these violations of the Insurance law. In the district court at Fort Scott the ether day Judge French rendered a lengthy decision denying an application made by a colored man for a mandamus to compel the admission of his chilJren to the schools provided for white children. JudgeFrench held that the facts admitted iu the argu ment of the case showed that equal facili ties are provided for both white and colored children, and that under such a state of facts the control and direction of the schools rests solely in the hands of the school board, which may direct within its discretion what school each child in the city shall attend. Mrs. Swindler, wife of Andrew Swin dler, a railroad man of Winneld, committed suicide the other morning by drowning herself in the Walnut river. She was twenty-six years old and left a child a few months old. She had beeu married about a year. No cause was assigned for the act. The Caliiornia veterans wre given a royal reception at Topeka, by their Kansas comrades, as they passed through cu their wav to St. Louis. Samuel Kellar, an aged farmer, was robbed on an Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fa train near Atchison recently, losing $1S0 in cash and a note for $1,000. The State fair recently held at Topeka was the most successful in the history of the association. Crowds attended up to and including the last day. Patents recently issued to Kansas in ven'oi s: Albert D. Gilpin, of Lincoln, for a stalk or weed chopper; John A. Hampton, of Rosed ale, for a bailing press; Addison C Patton, of Abilene, for a hot air furnace; Reuben Quartermass, of Moline, for a sig naling apparatus; Eli B. Studebaker, of Fredonia, f jr an animal power; Vandover J. Vanhorn, of Shannon, for a wrench. Anthony Morris, lately a draughtsman in the engineer's office of the Rock Island road at Topeka, recently left for parts un known, with various parties anxiously in. quiring after sums of money he had se cured, aggregating $600. Horton has a silver cornet band. In the district court at Wichita the other day J. A. Stewart, a drug clerk, pleaded guilty to violating the Prohibitory law. The indictment contained 20s counts, and he was sentenced to seventeen years and four months in ji.il and a total fine of $20,500. At the Fort Scott sugar works recently one day's run cf 200 tons of sorghum cane gave an average yield of 115 pounds of first sugar, and 15 gallons of sirup to the ton of cane, and it was expected that 20 pounds additional to the ton or cane would be had upon boiling for seconds. This will give a total product of 135 pounds of fcUgar and 15 gallons of sirup to the ton. Grading for the Garden City Nickel Plate railroad has begun. The road is ex pected to be running by next Jane. MOTHER-OF-PEARL FISlnlNG. One of the SI out Interesting- Induatrles Pursued by the Iledoulu. Mother-of-pearl fishing is carried on till over the Red Sea. from the north down to the Gulf of Aden, but the best fishing-grounds are in the neighbor hood of Suakin, Massowalr and the Farsan Islands. The fishing fleet co sists of about three hundred boaU. mostly belonging to the Zobeild Be douins, a tribe inhabiting the coast b tween Jeddah and Yanibo. About fiftT belong to Jeddah, and others to other localities. They are open boats, of from eight to twenty tons burden, with one lateen sail. The crew varies from eight to twelve men. There are two different fishing seasons, one of fenr and the other of eight months, and during these the boats remain almost constantly at sea, except for a few weeks. The crew, consisting in great part of black slaves, receives two thirds of the catch, deductions being made for their food; the owners of the boat keep the other third. Accidents are seldom heard of, and divers are remarkable for their physical vigor and robust health. They range in age between ten and forty, and the work seems to do them no harm. The fishing grounds are in the neighborhood of coral reefs, where the boats are anchored; the di vers then go out in small canoes, spe cially imported from the Malabar coast for the purpose, and begin their work all round. It is necessary that the sea should be calm, otherwise the shells can not be seen. For some years past the negroes have been in the habit of using old tin canisters, with glass in the bottom, to enable them to see bet ter. In the course of the past ten years the catch has fallen ten to twenty per cent., but by reason of the in creased price, good and bad shells have met with a ready sale. The annual production varies from $120,000 to $170,000. During the last season of four months it reached only $25,000, against $40,000 to $50,000 in the cor responding periods of other years. Jeddah was formerly the sole market, but on account of the corruption of the customs officials there the port only re ceives about a quarter of the catch now, the rest going to Suakin and Massowah. Pearls to the value of $4,000 to $5,000 are found annually; but this estimate is uncertain, as the larger and more valuable ones are sold secretly. The mother-of-pearl shells are sold at public auction in Jeddah in lots of about fifty pounds. Ten years ago all that came on the market at Jeddah was shipped off in Arab vessels to Suez, whence it was sent to Cairo, where it was sold- At present the greater part is seift to Trieste, the rest going to Havre and London. The largest and most perfect and beautiful shells are purchased by trailers from Bethlehem, who take them home, and cut and sell them to pilgrims. Jeddah shells are less valued in Europe than those of Suakin and Massowah, because of their yellow tinge. In an ordinary lot of shell?, as sold in the market, nine per cent, will be large, twenty per cent, medium sized, twenty-five per cent, small medium, ten per cent, small, twenty two per cent, dead or cracked, and six per cent, will consist of impurities and coralloid marble. Some years since a German attempted pearl-fishing with a fleet manned by Greeks, but as the ex periment was never renewed it is to bo presumed that it was a failure. . Vienna Paper. NEW-FOUND CANNIBALS. Tribes In Africa Whoe Member Are Fond of Human Flesh. Among recent discoveries in Africa none is more interesting than the new found facts relating to the prevalence of cannibalism in regions where its ex istence has not hitherto been suspected. It was not known, for instance, until Mr. Last returned travels in East Africa a few weeks ago. that at least one of the tribes between Lake Nyassa and the Indian ocean are as great can nibals as many of the people of the Congo basin. Mr. Last is the explorer who was sent out by the Royal Geo graphical Society of London to solve several geographical problems in the region east of Lake ISyassa. Just a little south of Livingstone's route to Lake Nyassa Mr. Last found that cannibalism is practiced among the principal chiefs of the great Yao tribe. This is perhaps the largest tribe east of Nyassa. Th practice of eating human flesh is carried on only in secret, and the leading men in the tribe alone partake of these banquets. Mr. Last was told, as an excellent joke on the Mohammedans, that a few of them from the coast had been inveigled into taking part iu one or two of these horrid feasts in the belief that they were partaking of goat's flesh, of which the coast people are fond. Farther east, on the banks of the Lukugu river, Mr. Last found the Maua tribe, who openly practice can nibalism. They kill slaves for food, and also eat the bodies of the enemies they slay in war. Oftentimes one of the villages privately determine to kill a certain person. They Invite the vic tim to a public beer-drinking, and as soon as he is far gone with intoxication the chief gives the signal to the execu tioners and they at once seize the poor wretch and hurry him into the bush, where he is speared. Then the feast is prepared and the entire village par takes of it. A drunken chief of thi tribe told Mr. Last he would like to have his ekull for a drinking-cup. N. Y. Sun. "And how did you like the pray last night?" Haven't you read my , critique?" "Oh, yes, I read what you wrote; but tell me, what do yoa.tWnk about the play." FARM AND: HOUSEHOLD. If a man 13 to e a farmer he can pick up "eienee" as ha goes along. Mirror and Farmer. A. tablespoonful of lime water to -sch tumbler of milk will aid digestion and prevent coagulation which is tho cause of distress with many persons, after drinking milk. Meat Balls. Take cold roast beer ani chop fine, season with salt, pepper and sage, put in one egg, make into little balls and fry in butter or drip pings. Indianapolis Sentinel. A very little insect powder dusted among the feathers on the head, neck back and sides of , chickens, it is said., will kill all vermin. After being dusted the chicken shakes itself, thus distrib uting the powder thoroughly over It body. Christian at Work. Apple Tapioca. Put one teacupful OI lapioc: u wuo v '-- .- at evening, en muium;; ri core six apples, lay them in a deep dish, add sugar and a little1, apple to tapioca, and pour it over the apples. Bake until it becomes a jelly or until the apples are cooked. To be eaten .r ; t Vi cniror i rwl prpfl in - wlJ-Tlf and Manufacturer. Speaking of American pork, an English writer says that much of the pork product which has been shipped to Europe has been simply concen trated maize, a compound which does not commend itself to the tastes of those who have had an opportunity of enjo3'ing pork manufactured from milk, oat-meal, wheat-meal, pea-meal and potatoes. Bacon and ham made from pigs fed on the latter foods are fit for the gods. St. Louis Republican. An old straw hat that is of no fur ther use may be turned into a very pretty basket. Take off the brim and line the interior with a piece of Bilk, either old or new, catching it over the edge in a puff. A handle may be mado by passing it over the crown of the hat, fastening it on each side and making a loop of about three-eighths of an inch. Such a basket makes a pretty and use ful addition to a writing table to hold odds and ends of pens, rubbers, sealing wax or thread, thimble and fancy-work. Indianapolis Journal. , BASQUES FOR WINTER. NoycI Styles Denicrned by New York's Lead ing DrensmakerB. The new basques are noticeable for ;heir elaborate front trimmings, many of them being draped full from the shoulders down, even though made of heavy cloth or other thick fabric Tho full surplice effect is used even when there is a vest or plastron, and the Greek drapery coming from the right shoulder to the left side of the waist is seen on supple woolens, on silks and m velvets. It is no unusual thing '.to ee cloth or camel's-hair basques Avitb. three large plaits on each shoulder ;anering to the merest edge of, folds at the waist line, with the space failed In with a gathered or plaited silk vest, or tvith one of velvet or plush, quite smooth, but richly embroidered or dec orated with passementerie. Shirred iloth fronts are also made with clusters )l gathers at the top and at the waist iine, yet are not clumsy, as they are well held in shape by points and a V shaped vest of steel or silver cord pfts tementerie; there are also yoke fronts it the heaviest velvet with the wool gath ered on the lower edge. Some pretty bodices without vests are gathered all across the top of the front, on each shoulder, and below the collar, and this fulness is held below by a pointed girdle that shapes the end of the bodice. The dress-coat collar rolled low beside a vest is seen on French costumes as well as on English crowns and jackets. and promises to be popular, because its graceful outlines can be varied to suit both slender and t-tout figures. Vests of silk are draped in diagonal folds in the way thinner silks were used during the summer. Velvet, however, remains the favorite ma terial for the vest and f-t:uiding collar, or at least for the front of the collar, while the back is of wool like the basque. Oddly shaped revers are made of the. dress goods sometimes by lapping it in a single three-cornered shape on the left at the top, and again by turning it back on the right side. A simple design for Cheviot or cloth basques has the fronts leaiiy meeting over a band of velvet, ind held together by' ball buttons at tached to the ends of bits of soutache an i lie ii ami a quarter iu lengwi, p:itj through button holes, a row of but ton holes being worked along each edge of the fronts. This is prettily 6hown on a brown, red. and blue mixed Cheviot over a brown velvet band, with brown buttons and soutache; the postilion back has buttons and holes for its trimming, and the cuffs of the coat sleeves have ten or twelve but tons in pairs up the outer seam. The back of the basques is by each of the four. forms being doubled below the waist line, shaped into leaf point, faced with contrasting material, and edged with braid. In many dresses the back drapery of the skirt is hooked up on the middle forms of basque, which slopes out gradually over the tournure. The pointed girdles that trim the front sometimes extendonly to the darts, but are most becoming' when reaching back to the under-arm seams. Passementerie ornaments form, this girdle on rich dresses, while others are merely of the velvet used in com bination, or of the striped fabric seen, in the skirt. Coat sleeves of easy-fitting shape, with very simple cuffs, are on dresses of thick stuffs. Small round crocheted and basket-woven button fasten French dresses, with sometimes- buttons of much larger size set about iur uiuaiueniouij, or -peruaps to note a single revers, or to define tha w&Ul. Harper1 Bazar.