Imposing- Dedicatory Ceremonica
at the Lake City.
Tbe World's Fair Baildlon Now Belong
to the Country A Great Event for
Chicago Programme of the
Day A tireat Crowd.
CAcaoo, Oct 21. This was the great
day of the weeS, in which the build
ings of the Colombian world's fair ex
position were dedicated to the arts and
sciences. As might have been expected,
it caused an immense concentration of
people in the vicinity of Jackson park,
apparently unsatiated with the enor
mous demonstration of Thursday. The
national salute at sunrise inaugurated
the ceremonies. The procession of in
vited guests was formed near the Audi-
THE MC X STICK PARADE IX CHICAGO.
torium hotel on Michigan avenue and
proceeded southward to Jackson park
in the following order:
1. Joint committee on ceremonies of the
world's Columbian commission and the world's
2. The director-general of the world's Co
lumbian exposition and the president of the
centennial commission of 1876, at Philadelphia,
and the director-general thereof.
3. The president of the world's Columbian
commission, and the president of the world's
4. The vice president of the United States,
the vice president of the world's Columbian
commission and the vice president of the
world's Columbian exposition.
5. The secretary o state and the secretary
of the treasury.
ft The secretary- of war and the attorney -general
of the United States.
7. The postmaster-general and the secretary
of the navy.
8. The secretary of the interior and the secre
tary of agriculture.
9. The diplomatic corps.
10. The supreme court of the United States.
11. The speaker of the house of representa
tives and the mayor of Chicago.
12 Ex -President Hayes; escort. Hon. John
Sh'-Tmun, Ijv-man J. Gage, ex-president of the
world's Columbian exposition.
13. Ex-Secretary Thomas F. Bayard and W.
T. Baker, ex-prtsidenl of the world's Colum
it The senate ol the United States, headed
by the president pro icm.
1. The house of representatives.
Tft The army of the United Stales.
i7 The navy of the United States.
fv The governors and iheir staffs of the
states and terriuine of the United States.
10. Ex -cabinet ofllcers.
2 J. The orators and chaplains.
Si t tommissioaers of foreign governments to
the world's Columbian exposition.
2.'. 'on.-iuls from foreign covernments.
3, Tbe world's Columbian commissioners,
headed by the second, third, fourth and iif th
tea ptssddsats thereof.
:t. The board of lady managers, headed by
the president thereof.
-I.Y On woman representing each one of the
thirteen original states.
9ft Board ot directors ol the world's Colum
bian exposition, beaded by the second vice
I resident tle-reof, and the director of works.
27. Board of Btthugemoxkl United States gov
erum: at exhibit.
The department eh'ef
2S. The .Hiaff officers of the director of works.
3i) Toe eitv council of Chicago.
This procession, escorted by United
States cavalry and lilit artillery, pro
ceeded south on Michigan avenue to
THE GREAT CHORUS SINGING HAIL COLUMBIA.
Thirty-fifth street, thence east on
Thirty-fifth street to Grand boulevard,
thence to Washington park, where It
formed in partial lines on the west side
-of the parad grounds of the park.
The troops having passed in review
became the! escort of honor for the en
tire procession and continued the march
via fifty-seventh street to the exposi
tion grounds, thence to the manufact
ures and liberal arts building, where
the troops took positions assigned them,
the officials occupying the platform
prepared for them.
When Director-General Davis rose
upon the platform to open the ceremo
nies there was spread before him such
a vast sea of human faces as has prob
ably never before been seen under a
single roof. In front of him, massed
before the great bnlk of the audience,
15,000 distinguished guests occupied re
served seats. To his left on a special
stand 5,500 singers were seated and a
large orchestra helped to make the
arches ring again, while behind the
speaker sat in state many of the great
" est dignitaries of whjeh a republican
government can boast.
PROGRAMME Bf THE BLILDIXG.
At 12:30 o'clock the following pro
gramme of exercises took place under
the director-general as master of cere
monies 1. "Columbian March," composed by Prof.
John K. Paine, of Cambridge.
12. "Halleluiah Chorus" from the "Messiah"
2. Prayer by Bishop Charles H. Fowler, D. D.,
LL. D., ol California.
a Introductory address by the director-general.
4. Address of welcome and tender of the free
dom of the City of Chicago by Hempstead
5. selected recitation from the dedicatory
ode, written by Mis3 Harriet Monroe, of Chi
cago: music by G. W. Chadwick, of Boston;
reading by Mrs. Sarah C. Le Moyne.
ft Presentation by the director of works of
the master artists of the exposition of the
world's Columbian exposition and award to
them of special commemorative medals.
7. Chorus "The Heavens Are Telling"
8. Address "Work of the Board of Lady
Managers" Mrs. Potter Palmer, president.
9. Tender of the buildings on behalf of the
world's Columbian exposition by the president
thereof to the president of the world's Colum
10. Presentation of the buildings by the presi
dent of the world's Columbian commission to
the vice president of the United States for dedi
cation. 11. Dedication of the buildings.
13. Dedicatory oration Henry Watterson, of
14. "Star Spangled Banner" and "Hail Colum
big," with full chorus and orchestral accom
paniment. - 5. Columbian oration Chauncey M. Depew,
of New York.
lti. Prayer by his Eminence, Cardinal James
Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore.
17. Chorus-' In Praise of God" Beethoven.
18 Benediction by the Rev. H. C. McCook, of
19. National salute.
Chicago, Oct. 22. The last of the
Columbian fete days in Chicago has 1
closed. The building's in which the i
world's fair of 1893 is to be housed have
been dedicated to the progress of art, ;
manufacture and science; and so, to the
progress and elevation of humanity.
The formal transfer of the great
structures in Washington park has been
consummated and Uncle Sam is tho pos
sessor f a new piece of property. Vice
President Morton, upon the platform in
the great -hall where the dedication j
ceremonies toolt place, acted in behalf
of the federal authorities in receiving j
from the hands of the men who had j
pushed their construction the practical
ly completed piles in which the nations
of the earth shall contend for friendly
It was just half past 12, when a burst
of cheering that swelled into a vast
volume of sound announced the arrival
of the vice-president. The hall at this
moment was a wonderful sight. The
hackneyed expression "a sea of up
turned faces" was in this case literal
ly correct, for forty-four acres were
covered with expectant countenances,
turned toward the northern entrance,
over which a band was playing "liail
Columbia." The music came but faint
ly, however, to those in the center of
the hall, being- drowned by the cheering
and the booming of jruns from the
United States steamer Michigan, lying
off the exposition grounds, and the vol
ley firing of a light battery stationed at
the north inlet.
'The Work of the Board of Lady
Managers" was the subject of and ad-
dress by Mrs. Potter Palmer, and al
though the lady's feeble voice was not
heard by those further thau fifty feet
away, man's chivalrous tribute of ap-
i plause to woman was not wanting at
! the close.
i President Higginbotham, of the
world's Columbian commission now for
mally tendered the exposition building
i to President Palmer, of the world's Co
lumbian exposition To the address of
the president of the local directory Pres
ident Palmer, of the national commis
sion, responded in fitting words.
As the president of the commission
turned to Vice President Morton at the
close and asked the representative of
the nation to dedicate the building and
grounds to humanity, the sentiment of
the occasion reached its climax, and
cheers from 100,000 throats welcomed
the venerable vice president of the
At the close of the ovation Vice Presi
dent Morton spoke.
At the conclusion of the last sentenea
of the vice president's address and as ho
pronounced the dedicatory words, the
members of the foreign diplomatic
corps arose simultaneously to their feet
in graceful approval of the sentiment,
and the example so delicately set by
the representatives of foreign nations
was instantly followed by all the thou
sands assembled beneath the vast roof.
Address of Hon. Chauncey M. De
pew at Chicago.
A. Great Tribute to the Discoverer of
America From the New York Ora
tor The Address of Welcome
By Mayor Washburn e.
MT. Depew's Address.
Chicago, Oct. 2L When No. 15 on
the order of exercises was reached at
the world's fair dedication to-day
Chauncey M. Depew, of New York, ad
vanced to the front and delivered the
oration on Columbus, essentially as
This day belongs not
to America, but to the
world. The results of
the event it commemo
rates are the heritage of
the peoples of every
race and clime. We
celebrate the emancipa
tion of man The prep
aration was the work of
almost countless cen
turies the realization
was the revelation of
one. The cross on Cal-
' vary was hope; the
- cross raised on San Sal-
c m depbw. vador was opportunity.
But for the first, Columbus would never have
sailed, but for the second, there would have
been no place for the planting, the nurture and
the expansion of civil and religious liberty.
The anarchy and chaos which followed the
breaking up of the Roman empire necessarily
produced the feudal system The people pre
ferring slavery to annihilation by robber chiefs,
became the vassals of territorial lords The
reign of physical force is one of perpetual
struggle for the mastery. Power which rests
upon the sword neither shares nor limits its
authority. The king destroyed the lords, and
the monarchy succeeded feudalism Neither of
these institutions considered or consulted the
people They had no part, but to suffer or die
in this mighty strife of masters for the mas
tery. But the throne, by its broader view and
greater resources, made possible the construc
tion of the highways of freedom Under its
banner races could unite, and petty principali
ties be merged, law substituted for brute force,
and right for might It founded and endowed
universities, and encouraged commerce. It
conceded no political privileges, but uncon
sciously prepared its subjects to demand them.
Absolutism in the state, and bigoted intoler
ance in the church, shackled popular unrest.
and imprisoned thought and enterprise in the
fifteenth century. The divine right of kings
stamped out the faintest glimmer of revolt
against tyranny: and the problems of science,
whether of the skies or of the earth, whether of
astronomy or geography, were solved or sub
merged by ecclesiastical decrees. The dungeon
was ready for the philosopher who proclaimed
the truths of the solar system, or the navigator
who would prove the sphericity of the earth.
An English Gladstone, or a French Ga'mbetta,
or a German Bisinarck, or an Italian Garibaldi
or a Spanish Castelar, would have been thought
monsters, and their deaths at the stake, or on
the scaffold, and under the anathemas of the
church, would have received the praise and ap
proval of kings and nobles, of priests and peo
pies. Reason had no seat in spiritual or tern
poral realms. Punishment was the incentive
to patriotism, and piety was held possible by
torture. Confessions of faith extorted from
the writhing victim on the rack, were believed
efficacious in saving his soul from fires eternal
beyond the grave For all that humanity to
day cherishes as its best heritage and choicest
gifts, there was neither thought nor hope
Neither realism nor romance furnishes
more striking aad picturesque figure than that
of Christopher Columbus. The mystery about
his origin heightens the charm of his story.
That he came from among the toilers of his
time is in harmony with the struggles of our
The perils of the sea in his youth upon the
rich argosies of Genoa, or in the service of the
licensed rovers who made them their prey, had
developed a skillful navigator and intrepid
mariner. They had given him a glimpse of the
possibilities of the unknown, beyond the high
ways of travel, which roused an unquenchable
thirst for adventure and research. The study
of the narratives of previous explorers, and
diligent questionings of the daring spirits who
had ventured far toward the fabled west, grad
ually evolved a theory, which became in his
mind so fixed a fact, that he could inspire
others with his passionate beliefs. The words,
"that is a lie," written by him on the margin of
nearly every page of a volume of the travels of
Marco Polo, which is still to be found
Genoese library, illustrate the skepticism of
his beginning, and the first vision of the new
world the fulfilment of his faith
To secure the means to test the truth of his
speculations, this poor unknown dreamer, must
win the support of kings and overcome the hos
tility of the church. He never doubted his
ability to do both, though he knew of no man
living who was so great in power, or lineage, or
learning that he could accomplish either. After
ten years of disappointment and poverty, sub
sisting most of the time upon the charity of the
enlightened monk of the convent of Ribida. who
was his unfaltering friend, he stood bsfore the
throne of Ferdinand and Isabella. His unshak
able faith, that Christopher Columbus was
commissioned from Heaven, both bv his name
and by Divine command to carry ' Christ across
the sea"' to new continents and pa --an peoples,
lifted him so far above the discouragements of
an empty purse and a contemptuous court that
he was proof against the rebuffs of fortune or
of friends. To conquer the prejudices of the
clergy, to win the approval and financial sup
port of the state, to venture upon that unknown
ocean, which, according to the beliefs of the
age, was peopled with demons and savage
beasts of frightful shape, and from which there
was no possibility of return, required the zeal
of Peter the Hermit, tbe chivalric courage of
the Cid and the imagination of Dante. Colum
bus belonged to that high order of cranks, who
confidently walk where ' angels fear to tread,"
and often become the benefactors of their coun
try, or their kind
The mighty soul of the great Columbus was
undaunted by the ingratitude of princes, and
the hostility of the people, by imprisonment
and neglect He died as he was securing means
and preparing a campaign for the rescue of the
holy sepulchre at Jerusalem from the inlideL
He did not know what time has revealed, that
while the mission of the crusades of Godfrey
of Bouillon and Richard of the Lion Heart was
a bloody and fruitless romance, the discovery
of America was the salvation of the world. The
one was the symbol, the other the spirit: the
one death, the other life. The town of the
Saviour was a narrow and empty vault precious
only for its memories of the supreme tragedy
of the centuries, but the new continent was to
be the home and temple of the living God.
The development of the colonial.Jexperimact
in English domain makes this day m emorable.
It is due to the wisdom and courage, the faith
and virtue of the inhabitants of this territory
that government of the people. for the people and
by the people was inaugurated. and has become a
triumphant success. The Puritan settled in
New England and the Cavalier in the south
They represented the opposites of spiritual and
temporal life and opinions. The processes of
liberty liberalized the one and elevated the
other. Washington and Adams were the new
tvpes. Their union in a common cause gave
the world a republic both stable and free. It
possessed conservatism without bigotry, and
liberty without license It founded institutions
strong enough to resist revolution, and elastic
enough for indefinite extension to meet the re
quirements in governments of ever enlarging
areas of population, and the needs of progress
The Mayflower, with the Pilgrims, and a
Dutch ship laden with African slaves, were on
the ocean at the same time, the one s ailing for
Massachusetts and the other for Virginia. This
company of saints, and first cargo of slaves,
represented the forces which were to peril and
rescue free government. The slaver was the
product of the commercial spirit of Great Brit
ain, and the greed of the times to stimulate
production in the colonies. The men who wrote
In the cabin of the Mayflower the first charter
of freedom, a government of just 'and equal
laws, were a little band of Protestants against
everr form of injustice and tyranny. The
leaven of their principles mde possible the
declaration of independence, liberated the
slaves, and founled the free commonwealths
which form the republic of the United States
The time has arrived for both a closer union.
and a greater distance, between the old world
and the new. The former indiscriminate wel
come to our prairies, and the present invitation
to these palacis of art aad industr .-, mark the
passing period. Uawatched and unhealthy im
migration can no longer be permitted to our
shores. We must have a national quarantine
against disease, pauperism ;;nd criaie. We do
do. want candidates for our hospitals, our poor
bouses or our jails. We cannot admit those
srhc come to undermine our institutions, and
subvert our laws But we will gladly throw
wide our gates for, and receive with open arms,
those who by intelligence and virtue, bv thrift
and loyalty, are worthy of receiving the equal
advantages of the priceless gift of American
citizenship. The spirit and object of this exhi
bition are peace and kinship.
Three millions of Germans, who are among
the best citizens of the republic, send greeting
to the Fatherland their, pride in its glorious
history, its ripe literature, its traditions and
its associations. Irish, equal in number to
those who still remain upon the Emerald Isle.
who have illustrated their devotion to their
adopted country on many a battlefield fighting
for the union and its perpetuity, have rather
intensified than diminished their love for the
land of the shamrock, and their sympathy with
the aspirations of their brethren at home The
Italian, the Spaniard, and the Frenchman, the
Norwegian, the Swede, and the Welsh, are
none the less loyal and devoted Americans, be
cause in this congress of their kin, the tendrils
of affection draw them closer to the hills and
valleys, the legends and the loves associated
with their youth
The grandeur and beauty of this spectacle
are the eloquent witnesses of peace and prog
ress. The United States welcome the sister
republics of the southern and northern conti
nents, and the nations and peoples of Europe
and Asia, of Africa and Australia, with the
products of their lands, of their scill and of
their industry to this city of yesterday, yet
clothed with royal splendor as the queen of the
great lakes The artists and architects of the
country have been bidden to design and
erect the buildings which shall fit
ly illustrate the height of our civi
lization and the breadth of our hospi
tality. The peace of the , world permits and
protects their efforts in utilizing their powers
for man' 8 temporal welfare. The result is this
park of palaces. The originality and boldness
of their conceptions and ih'j magnitude and
harmony of their creations ar3 the contribu
tions of America to the oldest of the arts and
the cordial bidding of America to the peoples
of the earth to come and bring the fruitage of j
their age to the boun iless opportunities of this
If interest in the affairs of this world are
vouchsafed to those who have gone before, the
spirit of Columbus hovers over us to-day. Only
by celestial intelligence can it grasp the full
significance of this spectacle and ceremonial-
All hail! Columbus, discoverer, dreamer,
hero and apostle. We here, of every race and
country, recognize the horizon which bounded
his vision and the infinite scope of his genius.
The voice of gratitude and praise for all the
blessings which have been showered upon man
kind by his adventure is limited to no language,
but is uttered in every tongue. Neither mar
ble nor brass can fitly form his statue. Conti
nents are his monument, and unnumbered mil
lions, past, present and to come, who enjoy in
their liberties and their happiness the fruits ol
his faith, will reverently guard and preserve,
from century to century, his name and fame.
Address of Welcome.
Following is Mayor Hempstead Wash
burne's address of welcome:
Mr. President, Representatives of Foreign
Governments, Ladies and Gentlemen:
This day is dedicated by the American people
to one whose name is indissolubly linked with
that of our continent. This day shall add new
glories to him whose prophetic vision beheld in
the stars which guided his audacious voyage a
new world and a new hope for the peoples of
The four centuries passing in review have
witnessed the settlement of a newly discovered
continent, the founding of many nations, and
the establishment in this country of more than
sixty millions of people whose wonderful ma
terial prosperity, hih intelligence, political in
stitutions and glorious history have excited the
interest and compelled the admiration of the
These centuries have evolved the liberty-loving
American people who are gathered here to
day. We have with us the pioneer bearing in
his person the freedom of his western home
the ageing veteran, whom all nations honor,
without whose valor, government, liberty and
patriotism would be but idle words. We have
with cB builders of cities, founders of states,
dwellers in the forests, tillers of the soil, the
mechanic and the artisan, and noble women,
daughters of the republic, not less in patriotism
and deserved esteem than those who seem to
play the larger part in building up a state.
There are gathered here our cabinet and
stately senate, our grave and learned judges,
our congress and our states that all mankind
may know this is a nation's holiday and a peo
ple's tribute to him whose dauntless courage and
unwavering faith impelled him to traverse un
dismayed the unsailed waste of waters, and
whose first prayer upon a waiting continent
was saluted on its course by that banner which
knows no creed, no faith no nation that en
sign which has represented peace, progress and
humanity for nineteen hundred years the holy
banner of the cross.
Those foreign nations which have contributed
so much to our growth will here learn wherein
our strength lies that it is not in standing
armies not in heredity or birth not even in
our fertile valleys not in our commerce or our
wealth but that we have built and ara build
ing upon the everlasting rock of individual
character and intelligence, seeking to secure
an education for every man, woman and child
over whom floats the stars and stripes, that
emblem which signifies our government and
That flag guards to-day 21,530 0 )0 school chil
dren of a country not yet four centuries old and
who outnumber nearly four times the popula
tion of Spain in 1492.
This is our hope in the fut'ire the anchor of
the republic and a rainbow of promise for the
centuries yet to come.
As a mark of public gratitude it was decided
to carry down into history through this cele
bration the appreciation of this people for him
before whose name we all bow to div.
You, sirs, who are the chosen representatives
of our people you into whose keeping we en
trust our property and our rights you whose
every act becomes a link in that long chain of
history which spans 4-J0 years without a break
and whose every link signifies a struggle and
victory for man you who represent that last
and most perfect experiment of human govern
ment have by your official acts honored this
young city with your choice as the most fitting
place to mark this country's dawn.
She accepts the sacred trust with 'valry to
wards none and fellowship for alL i ae stands
ready to fulfill the pledges she has made She
needs no orator to speak her merits, no poet to
sing her glories. She typifies the civil
ization of this continent and this age:
she has no hoary locks: no crumbling
ruins: the gray-haired sire who saw her birth
to-day holds on high his prattling grandchild to
see the nations of the earth within her gates
Over the verv spot whereon we stand, within
the memory of men still young, the wild fowl
winged their migratory flight.
Less than a century ago the site of this young
city was unknown: to-day a million and a half
people support her honor, enterprise and thrift.
Her annual commerce of one billion and a half
tells the eloquent story of her material great
ness. Her liberality to all nations and all
creeds is boundless, broad as humanity and
high as the dome of heaven. Rule Britannia,
the Marseilles, die Wacht am Rhein, and
every folk song of the older world has drifted
over the Atlantic's stormy waves, and as each
echo, growing fainter with advancing leagues,
has reached this spot it has been merged into
that one grand chorus, "My Country 'tis of
Thee, Sweet Land of Liberty, of Thee I Sing. "
This, sirs, is the American eitv of yonr choice;
her gates are open her people at your service.
To you and those you represent we offer greet
ing, hospitality and love
To the old world, whose representatives grace
this occasion, whose governments are in full
accord with this enterprise so full of msanlng
to them and to us. to that old world whose chil
dren braved unruly seas and treacherous
storms to found a new state in an unknown
land, we give greeting too, as children greet a
parent in some new home
We are proud of its ancestry for it is our own.
We glor in its history for It was our ancestral
blood which inscribed its rolls of honor, and if
to-day these distinguished men of more distin
guished lands behold any spirit, thing or ambi
tion which excites their praise, it is but the
out-cropping of the Roman courage on a now
continent, in a later age
Welcome to you men of older civilizations to
this young city whose most ancient landmark
was built within the span of a present life Our
hospitalities and out welcome we now extend
without reserve, without regard to nationality,
creed or raoe
Had a Pull, Probably.
Editor's Son I asked papa when the
millenium was comin", an' if Mars was
inhabited, an' if it was going to rain
next Fourth of July; an' he said he
didn't know. I don't see how he ever
got to be a editor. Good News.
Love vs. Inty.
He I am utterly utterly unworthy of
She That's true but, George, we
owe a certain duty to society, and our
set hasn't had anything to talk ab at
for an awf ullong time. 2s. Y. Herald.
His Masterly Dedicatory Oration
Chicago, Oct. 22. The oration of
Henry Watterson, of Kentucky, at the
world's fair dedication was listened to
with rapt attention by all within hearing-
of his voice. After alluding- to the
struggles of the early settlers and the
men who established national inde
pendence, he went on:
We are met this day to honor the memory of
Christopher Columbus, to celebrate the 400th
annual return or the year of his transeendant
achievement and, with fitting rites, to dedicate
to America and the universe a concrete exposi
tion of the world's progress between 1433 and
1892. No twenty centuries can be compared
with those four centuries, either in importance
or interest, as no previous ceremonial can be
compared with this in its wide significance and
reach: because, since the advent of the Son of
God, no event has had so great an influence up
on human affairs as the discovery of the west
ern hemisphere. Each of the centuries that
have intervened marks many revolutions. The
merest catalogue would crowd a thousand
pages The story of the least of the
nations would fill a volume In what I
have to say upon this occasion, there
fore, I shall confine myself to our own, and,
in speaking of the United States of America, I
propose rather to dwell upon our character as a
people, and our reciprocal obligations and duties
as an aggregation of communities, held together
by a fixed constitution, and charged with the
custody of a union upon whose preservation and
perpetuation in its original spirit and purpose
the future of free, popular government depends.
than to enter into a dissertation upon abstract
principles, or to undertate an nistoric essay.
We are a plain, practical people We are a race
of inventors and workers, not of poets and art
ists. We have led the world's movements, not
its thought. Our deeds are to be found not upon
frescoed walls or in ample libraries, but in the
machine shop, where the spindles sing and the
looms thunder, on the open plain, where the
steam plow, the reaper and the mower contend
with one another in friendly war against the
obduracies of nature; in the magic of electri
city as it penetrates the darkest caverns with
its irresistible power and light. Let us consid
er ourselves and our conditions, as far as we
are able, with a candor untinged by cynicism
and a confidence having no air of assurance
A better opportunity could not be desirel for
a study of our peculiarities than is furnished by
the present moment.
We are in the midst of the quadrennial period
established for the selection of a chief magis
trate Each citizen has his right of choice,
each has his right to vote and to have his vote
freely cast and fairly counted. Wherever this
right is assailed for any cause wrong is done
and evil must follow, first to the whole country,
which has an interest in all its parts, but most
to the community immediately involved, which
must actually drink of the cup that has con
tained the poison and cannot escape its infec
tion The abridgement of the right of suffrage,
however, is very nearly proportioned to the ig
norance or indifference of the parties concerned
by it, and there is good reason to hope that,
with the expanding intelligence of the masses
and the growing enlightenment of the times
this particular form of corruption in elections
will be reduced below the danger line.
To that end, as to all other good ends, the
moderation of public sentiment must ever be
our chief reliance, lor whom men are forced by
the general desire for truth, and the light which
our moderan vehicles of information throw
upon truth, to discuss public questions for.
truth's sake; when it becomes the plain inter
est of public men, as it is their plain duty to do
this, and when, above all, friends and neighbors
cease to love one another less because of indi
vidual difference of opinion about public affairs,
the struggle for unfair advantage will be rele
gated to those who have either no character to
lose or none to seek.
It is admitted on all sides that the current
presidential campaign is freer from excitement
and tumult than was ever known before, and it
is argued from this circumstance that we are
traversing the epoch of the commonplace If
this be so, thanlt God for it! We have had full
enough of the dramatic and sensational, and
need a season of mediocrity and repose But
may we not ascribe the rational way in whiun
the people are going about their business to
larger knowledge and experience, and a fairer
spirit than have hitherto marked our party con
tentions? Parties are essential to free government s
oxygen to the atmosphere or sunshine to vege
tation. And party spirit is inseparable from
party organism To the extent that it is
temnered bv cood sense and srood feelinz. bv
love of country aud integrity of purpose, it is a I
supreme virtue, and there should be no gag
short of a decent regard for the sensibilities
of others put upon its freedom and plain
ness of utterance. Otherwise the limpid
pool qf democracy would stagnate and
we should have a republic in name only. But
we should never cease to be admonished by
the warning words of the father of his country
against the excess of party spirit, reinforced as
they are by a century of party warfare, a war
fare happily culminating in the complete tri
umph of American principle, but brought
many times dangerously near to the annihila
tion of all that was great and noble in the na
Sursum Corda. We have in our own time .
seen the republic survive an irrepressible con- i
flict, sown in the blood and marrow of the so- j
cial order. We have seen the federal union,
not too strongly put together in the first place, j
come out of a great war of sections stronger '
than when it went into it, its faith renewed, its ;
credit rehabilitated and its flag saluted )
with love and homage by5 0,000,00 of God fear-
Ing men and women, thoroughly rec
onciled and homogeneous. We have seen the I
federal constitution outlast the strain, not
merely of a reconstructory ordeal and a presi
dential impeachment, but a disputed count of
the electoral vote, a congressional deadlock
and an extra constitutional tribunal, yet stand
ing firm against the assault of its
enemies, whilst yielding itself with ad
mirable flexibility to the needs of the
country and the time. And, finally,
we saw the gigantic fabric of the federal' gov
ernment transferred from hands that had held
it a quarter of a century to other hands without
a protest, although so close was the poll in the
final count that a single blanket might have
covered both contestants for the chief magis
terial office With such a record behind us,
who shall be afraid of the future?
The curse of slavery i- gone. It was a joint
heritage of woe, to be wiped out and expiated
in blood and flame The mirage of the confed
eracy has vanished. It was essentially bucolic,
a vision of Arcadie. the dream of a most at
tractive economic fallacy. The constitution is
no longer a rope of sand The exact re
lation of the states to the federal gov
ernment, left open to double con
struction br the authors of our organic being,
because they could not agree t mong themselves
and union was the paramount object, has been
clearly and definitely fixed by the three last
amendments to the original chart, which con
stitute the real treaty of peace between the
north and the south and seal our bonds as a na
The men who planted the signals of Ameri
can civilization upon that sacred rock by PI r
mouth bay were Englishmen, and so were the
men who struck the coast a little lower down,
calling their haven of rest after tbe great re
publican commoner, and founding by Hampton
Roads a race of heroes and statesmen, the men
tion of whose names bring a thrill to every
heart. The south claims Lincoln, the im
mortal, for its own; the north has no right to
reject Stonewall Jackson, the one typical
Puritan soldier of the war, for its own I Nor
will it! The time Is coining, is almost here,
when banging above many a mantle board In
fair New England glorifying many a cottage
In the sunny south shall be seen bound to
gether in everlasting love and honor, two
crossed swords carried to battle respectively
by the grandfather who wore the blue and the
grandfather who wore the gray.
I cannot trust mvself to proceed. We have
come here not so much to recall bygone sorrows
and glories as to bask in the sunshine of pres
ent prosperity and happiness, to exchange pa
triotic greetings and indulge good auguries,
and. above all. to meet upon the threshold the
stranger within our gate, not as a foreigner,
but as a guest and friend, for whom nothing
that we have is too good
All nations and all creeds be welcome here:
from the Bosphorus and the Black sea, the
Viennese woods and he Bacubian plains: from
Holland dye to Alphine craz: from Belgrade
and Calcutta and round to China seas and trie j
busy marts of Japan, the isles of the Pacific
nd the far away capes of Africa Armenian, '
Christian and Jew the American, loving no.
country except his own. but loving all mankind
as his brother, bids you enter aad fear not:
bids yo-i pr.rt;i-e with us of these fruits of
years of American civilization and develop-m-
nt. and benoid these trophies of i years of
American Independence and freedom '
Cures Pain Promptly.
Plain, common sense fifty-page
treatise on origin, causes, na
ture, varieties, prompt relief
and almost infallible cure, sent
for Sc. nickel. No rtamps.-
Write to K. P. BtKI.IBS
New Haven, Conn.
Stitutins shoes without W L.Donglas
name und the price stamped on bottom.
Such substitutions arc fraudaleat and
uBject to prosecution by law lor ob
taining money un
jL The Two Holiday Issues
The Ladies' Home Journal
November and December
ijjfc Contain a wealth of attractive material. ftPfitBfel'. x
including: The Opening Chapters of SHBa
TlVlr. Howells' New Novel Bj
if ,jrfiSl Fir8t 0f MRS BURT0R HARRISON S papers ok
iwfcSBsfc The weiiBred Giri in f
'jByP- The beginning of the reminiscent papers bya
v Je2r - the daughter of CHARLES DICKERS, on 1
t&i' i My Father as 1 Recall Him J
and articles, poems and stories by f-''..''' J t
REV. JOHN R. PAXTON, D. D. 5
MARY E. WILKINS p 1
LUCY HAMILTON HOOPER hBtIHk .
EUGENE FIELD L
and MARIE ROZE fjp I
10c. a Copy $1.00 a Year
THE LADIES HOME JOURNAL M
Philadelphia, Pa. M
Agents Wanted. Profitable Employment and Liberal Terms. 'T
Write for Particulars. rlak-
CIS:-; t. 3"S.r i
$mm sfTMsffir BbW srssh
mi;--'-- iHHfBBBBBr vJBsV ana
KL- 0BBBBBBBBlEBBmSBemSBBSB- BCWea : St
BO agents. Write for catalogue. If not for sale ia yonr place seed direct to Factory
Stating kind, else and width wanted. Postage free. W. L. Douglas, Brockton Ma .
THE POT INSULTED THE KETTLE BECAUSE
THE COOK HAD NOT USED
GOOD COOKING DEMANDS CLEANLINESS.
SAPOLIO SHOULD be used in every KITCHEN.
7 t uL'illtK PL
all ram latest rants aid ggw
C7 Orsxr it t ymm Hmwm Scmtar m
mmd M t'mU lor UMM rat. t.
W.J. MO Stag, P. VII. her.
3 tst lata at, x.w rrt
- a ax noa r .
a 30-inch itmnd-ms
Anson Hardy Power Cutter.
CAN EASILY BE
CKAN6ED TO A HAND MACHINE,
k. N. Kellogg Newspaper Co.,
HILL'S MANUAL FORM BOOK
tar.tiard in Social sad Biuines-Life. wui ton
'July, late i. lit latest record ofbtt chi-tnie:-t
in mil kinds of port. 'r prices writ HANKS A
CO.. S i)rVjrnu Caiom -. CAtHS.SK-. WASTES.
KrnM PoUmH la Brilliant. Ode.
Durable, aad the consumer pays lor notia
package witn every purcaasn.
aad iaBB das at tent tvo4Mnfe tit U
OK of iiinli at mmt
l -Ltu ' aad no bad effect. eSvnrr confidentiaL
r&aJB CSIS MTI hj mmrngmM
mmX A pit rni Vr lil mtAl
W. L. DOUGLAS
eennf mm sewed ahae tknt will not rl i fine Calf.
seamless, smooth inside, flexible, more comfortable, stylish
and durable than any otter shoe ever sold at the prion.
Equals custom-made shoes oostltg from at to S3.
The only 83.0O (hoe made with two complete
securely sewed at the outside edsre (as shown In cut!.
pives double thn wear of cheap welt shoes sold at that
once. lor sucneasuv no. navma ouiv one sole
narrow strip of leather on the edge, and when
lurougn are won mess.
inc rwo foiesorine . I. UU( (LA( H.sfM
when worn through er.n be repaired as many times as
s loey win never np or loose n rrom me upper.
Purchasers of footwear desiring to econo
mize, should consider the superior qualities)
of these shoes, and not be influenced
to buy cheap welt shoes sold at
bavins only annearanre to com
mem. w. l.. ifui HiiAs Mea'av
a fine can. Hand
3 .50 Pol I cc and Farm-
Workingrri e n I
School Shoe.? T
Han sewed: 8 vt . 5 O,
D Bsl ia.
are of tbe uneslch
emlers and general merchants where T here)
IEWSMPER OB CATALOGUE WOtt.
Copper Half-Tones for Fine Printing.
Writ far aasai. a4 lHn.s
A. I. KELL066 NEWSPAPER CCU
KAIIU ( ITT, MO
stcrve and people
who hare weak longs or Asch
ira. saoald use Pise's Cor. for
Consumption. It has essrwa
isiinisssi ft has not injur
ed one. It is not bad to take.
It is tbe has; cough srrup.
Sold everywhere. BS.'
A. N. K. D.
WBTXX56 TO AVTEBTIsettS Pl.r.Ahsfc
jma mw th. AtTtitstwi t Jls
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