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COUNTY MOC VOLUME XVI. GREAT BEND, KANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1899. NUMBER 12. BABTOK DE RAT: "W bxjoiob In the marTelom Ticlory won by Dewsy m Manilla Bay; we would give him a sacred place in hUtory aod crown bla memory with blessings. To us be ia hero; to the Filipinos he can be a sartor. Let him be known to posterity, not aa the subjugator of an alien race, but as the redeemer of an oppressed people not ai s Lord dire, but as a La Fayette. The gratitude of a people Is better than a jeweled sword. "Col. Wm. J. Bbta.it. A GREAT LAKE. Will b the Largest Artificial Lake on this Continent. A correspondent in the New York Sun ot a recent issue has the following to say of the great Cheyenne Lake now in course of construction north of this city. Slowly the people of the whole nation are having their attention called to what we believed from the start would be the greatest enterprise that ever orginated in the west. The Sun Says: The wish of the people of the prairies for a great lake is ready for realization when the Arkansas river furnishes the supply of water at its late spring rise. The largest irrigation and im provement undertaking in the Mis sissippi valley has been completed, and if it proves successful.there are hopes for climate changes that will be even of more value than the land watering to be accomplished. A great basin has been made ready for the waters that come down from the mountains in the erratic Arkansas, and : when filled the Jake will support sail vessels where the prairie schooner has been traveling, and will afford a great gathering place for the waterfowls in their semiannual migrations. For years the farmers along the course of the upper Arkansas have been using the water of the stream for irrigation. Indeed they have used it again and again, for the water seeped back to the underflow and was never kept from the river long at a time. So many were the users of the water that the stream is drained before it reaches the farms in central and southern Kan. sas. The people of this state threaten to bring suit against those of Colorado to secure a share of the water, but the outcome of such a plan is problematical. At seasons oLthe year when the sun has melted the snows on the mountains the broad bed of the river, across which . a woman might walk at other times without wetting the soles of her feet, becomes the course of a torrent. Study ing the configuration of the land along the river in its lower course, the engineers found that , there might be built a ditch to carry off the surplus water and utilize in it benefiting the people of the eastern part of the state. They found back of the foothills to the north of Gt. Bend a peculiar formation that made possible a vast lake a tract of land fourteen miles long, from four to six miles wide, with every foot of it from three to sixty feet below the rim of hills that completely surrounds it It is the bed of ancient lake, and on its surface have grown for hundreds of years the rank grasses of the prairie sloughs. It is almost worthless for farming, the soil being too heavy, and it has remained a famous spot in the wide plains, broken everywhere else for miles around with handsome farms. Cheyenne Bottoms it is called, and there is a story that once it was gather mg place for the Cheyennes of the territory. Here they lighted their council fires and parcticed their in cantations. Marks of their occupation were common when the first settlers cam. Later it was the famous rabbit chasing ground of the American Cours ing association, which included prom inent citizens and lovers of the chase in eastern cities. They came to the fall meetings in special cars and they brought valets to the prairies, causing much wonderment among the dwellers , ' on the plain. Once a real prince was among those who watched the 6leek hounds chase the fleet jackrabbits through the waving grass. He was one of the cattle kings of Wyoming and brought a small retinue of friends and servants with him, Bnt coursing meets became too common and the annual meetings were given up. Since then it has been a grazing ground. One day several years ago a dark cloud came np in the northwest and met another from the south directly over the bottoms. There was a tremendous rainfall, a cloudburst, and the bottoms were covered to a depth of six feet. For two years the water was visible,showing that the bed was nearly waterproof. Then the plan of making it into a lake took form, and at last work was begun. Now it is completed. From the river has been dug a ditch, with a capacity of 300 feet, to be enlarg ed to 1,500 feet later, which leads from the river bed to an opening made through the hills, and is to pour its contents into the depression. The ditch has been running a considerable stream much of the spring, and when the high water comes it is expected that it will easily fill the old lake bottom and make an artifical body of water the largest of its kind in the nation, and the largest of any kind between Chicago and Salt Lake. Around the shore is to be a gravel road, if the gravel can be secur ed: trees are to be planted, and with the boats on the lake it is believed that a delightful resort for summer days on the plains, when hot winds hold sway, will be established. Along with the artistic advantages there ore to be reaped other profits. The waters of ditch and lake are to be utilized by the farmers for irrigation, and miles of laterals have already been constructed, so that nearly half of the county will be watered from this tributary of the Arkansas. The problem of water supply ia the most preplexing before the western peo ple, and there have been many plans proposed that were intended to give re lief. The rivers that flow from the hills and then laggard and aimless, saunter across the prairies, cannot furnish water to all who wish to secure their help. Too much water is wasted. ' At times the stream is bank full, or ia flood ing all the surrounding country: then there is drought, and dust flies from the bed of the stream. In the opinion of many the true solution of the question is by means of reservoirs which shall hold the surplus and give it out slowly when needed. To do this is the object of Cheyenne Bottoms lake, and the experiment is on such a large scale that it promises to be an authoritative test of the plan. It will at least result in forming the largest artificial lake in the nation. Douglas A Republican Saint. This extract from one of Abraham Lincoln's speeches sounds treasonable now, but it shone with the light of truth and right 'when the words were uttered: "When the white man governs him self, that is self government; but when he governs himself and also governs another man, that is more than self government, that is despotism." Lincoln's speeches ought to .be censored. Perhaps they should be suppressed altogether. Put beside the above unpatriotic vaporing of the rail splitter, those, noble words of his great rival, Stephen A. Douglas; "In my opinion the sign ers of the Declaration of Independece had no reference to the negro whatever when they declared all men to be creat ed equal. They desired to express by that phrase white men, men of Euro pean birth and European descent, and had no reference either to the negro the savage Indian, the Fiji, the Malay." How pretty and parochial the "simple western attorney" appears when con fronted with the broad statesmanship of the "Little Giant." Douglas was a far seeing man. He evidently had the present crisis in mind when he made that startling reference to the Malays. He forsaw the appearance of Duty and Destiny as political forces and knew just how they would deal with the Phillipine question. Let Stephen A.- Douglas be canoniz ed as the patron saint of the party of Hanna and Alger and McKinley and your. Uncle Collis Huntington, who "snatches" things. As for Lincoln, he was well enough in his way, but it is clear as crystal that his way led straight to treason and away from philanthrophy and 5 per cent. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. I have received my spring and summer suiting's and " trouserings. Please call examine and get prices as I can make you as cheap suit aa any tailor. Differs b a cher The Tailor. OOUITTY. POLITICS. The county central committees of the democratic and populist parties of Barton county met in this city last Saturday to confer as to the best in terests of the parties in the coming campaign for the election of county officers. In the democratic committee the question of how beat to unite che forces opposed to republicanism was thor oughly discussed, and while all were as a unit in believing that a united force would be much more potent than with the forces divided and working under two heads, or with two orga nizations, they thought that such a consolidationof forces should be bought about first by the people them selves rather than by the central com mittee, and that also the official move ment for such consolidation should be started by the national or state com mittees after the people had demanded of the committees was well attended, practically every part of the county being represented. By unanimous action on the part of both committees a conference was held as to the time, place and method of holds ing conventions to nominate county candidates. The democrat committee appointed Nick Klepper, D. G. Bird and W. P. Feder to confer with a like com mittee of three from the populist central committee. These sub -committees, after being instructed as to the wishes of the men they represented, met and agreed upon a course ot action as follows: Both conventions to be held at Hoia ington, on Saturday, July 22. The democrat convention to name the candidates for Treasurer, Sheriff, and Commissioner for 1st district; the populists to name candidates for County' Clerk, Register of Deeds, Coroner and Surveyor. . Tbe reports of these sub-committees were received and unanimously adopted by each county central com mittee, ; and -conventions are called acoordingly. It is All Bight. Many Kansas counties are incereaa- ing their receipts from personal prop erty taxes this spring by listing the propertyat its actual value, then deduct ing the $200 legal exemption, after which the remainder is assessed on the basis of one-half or one-third of its actual value. Riley, Pottawatomie, Dickinson and Reno are among the counties which have adopted this plan. By the old plan, which is still in use in more than three-fourths of the Kansas counties, personal property is listed at one half or one-third its actual value, and then the $200 exemption is deduc ted. In the great majority of cases when property is first listed at one-halt or one third its actual value, there is nothing left for taxation after the $200 exemption has been deducted. But when the new plan is adopted and the $200 is deducted on the basis of the actual value of the property ,instead of one-half or oue-third, hundreds of people who never before have paid taxes are caught for a few dollars. The new plan is proving very satis factory and will probably be adopted next year in many other counties. The proposition in a nutshell is that the $200 exemption must be upon the basis of actual value of the property instead of one half or one-third of its value. This increases the total valuation of personal property and reduces the rate of taxation. Mail and Breeze. A strange phenomenon is seen in the eyes of a young man, Jesse Lee, of Atlanta. In his eyes are plainly to be traced the letters of the alphabet, and they become more apparent with increasing years. The cause is said to be an inheritance from bis father who had the same characters imprinted upon his eyeballs. The grand mother of Jesse Lee used to pore over the bible night and day, and consequently when her son, A. F. Lee, was born he bore the marks in his eyes of his mother's constant application to her reading. The letters of the alphabet were grouped around the pupils of the eyes. The strange birthmark, a witness of his mother's extreme piety, he transmits to his son, who will probably transitt it to his children unto the third and fourth generations. Charley Harn. who recently had a stroke of paralysis, at Ellinwood, was brought up to Great Bend for treat ment, and is slowly recovering. LOCAL HAPPENINGS. Fay taxes before Jane 20th. Whoop it up for the 4th of July. College commencement week June 4th to 9th. Miss Leona Griffith returned from Kansas City last week. Wheat harvest will hardly com mence in June this year. E. J. Eveleigh, of Boyd, was doing business in town Monday. A paradox: A bicycle is known be cause it travels "in cog." Decoration Day this year was dry too dodgasted dry for any use. Board of Equalization meeting Mon day. How ia your '99 assessment? Uncle Silas Speck, of north of Olmitz, has been quite sick for some time past. McCarthy's sale of farm implements, in Grant township, Saturday of next week. D. B. Palmer is putting down stone walk.in front of his Broadway resi dence. . Note the advertisement of J. J. Winterburg, in this issue of the Demo- CBAT. Wanted A few boarders. Mrs. M. A. Barret, 1st house south of Jrs. Parker. Why don't some man of capital build a dozen or so houses for rent in this townv Editor Ira II. Clark, of the Iloiaing. ton Dispatch, was a county seat visitor last Saturday. -- H. J. Roetzel and family, of Ellin wood, have been visiting in Chicago the past week. Dr. Phillips for diseases of the eye or ear at Hotel Greene, June 10th to 12th, inclusive. Miss Ethel Tyndall left Wednesday on a visit of several weeks in the east part of the state. Fob Sale, for cash or on time, two work horses, 8 and 9 years old. t G. Stbobel, Great Bend. Tie who 'scorches and scoots away may - live to plav the star-seeing part in a smasbup some other day. Joe Troillet made a business trip to Hoisington and Olmitz, Monday, to place some .of his popular brands of cigars. Jas. W. Clarke found his horse last week, over on the bottoms, and he feels pretty good over recovering the animal. Saturday morning a little son of Joe Sprinker, at Ellinwood, had a couple of fingers cut off while playing with a lawn mower. You fellows who are always kicking aDout the joints should remember that it is just as easy to get drunk on water as it is on land. W. R. Wheeler, of Albion township, was a caller on the Democrat Mon day. He reports good rains, but says more are needed. On Thursday evening of next week the Special Science class in the C. X. C. hold their graduating exercises in the college chapel. Don't miss the opening chapters of our new story, "Master Ardick, The Buccaneer," which commences in this issue of the Democrat. The dry weather has not hurt any alfalfa fields, so far as we can learn. There should be more of that crop raised in Barton county. The Ellinwood school children neld their picnic last Saturday in the grove near that town, instead of at Fyle's grove as first arranged for. Tom Brown was down from Galatia Friday, to take his daughter home to spend Decoration Day. She is attend ing the Central Normal College. . Troubles come in droves, generally. Walt Cornell had the misfortune to step in a hole and badly sprain one leg, just the day after bis boy broke bis arm. . T. H. Butler, of the southwest part of town, has been laid up for a week or more, with a few broken ribs. re. ceived in a fracas witba fractious young horse. Farms For Sale li miles west of Santa Fe depot; Great Bend; mostly under cultivation; balance fenced. For particulars enquire of M. Buess. Comiko Dr. Wm. A. Phillips, specialist in diseases of the eye and ear. will be at Hotel Greene, Great Bend, June 10th, 11th and 12th, 1899. Persons wishing his services should call early on Saturday and make appointments, or make them by mail ia advance of that date. If you had been in the two com mittee meetings last Saturday you would not have thought the silver for ces of Barton county were very much dead. Not near as large a crowd aa usual attended the memorial exercises In Great Bend, Tuesday. But few people knew there had been a program pre pared. . The thoughts if not the bodies of all Woodmen will be in Kansas City next week, at the national camp, where the sawlogs of the order will be floating in great rafts. In the earlier history of this country farmers drove their razor-backed hogs to market in the cool night. Now the hogs, too fat for the pilgrimage, are hauled in wagons. A Kentucky man made counterfeit money with which he paid his board bill, and the judge said that man's en terprise entitled him to seven years bo aid at the state's expense. Home made rum can be bonght in the interior of Brazil for three cents a quart. If some of our "jag" artists would go over they could wreck them selves cheaper than at home. People on West Broadway thought there was a terrible dog fight on, the other night. But it was only a gang of college boys marching up the street and practicing their college yell. A misplaced switch threw a freight engine off the track, at Santa Fe depot, Great Bend, Friday, which called for the wrecking crew, and which also will call somebody up on "the carpet.' D. R Aid rich and family left on the 30th for Oklahoma, to make their future home. Their many old friends and neighbors regret to have them leave Barton county, and look for them back in good time. The Scientific class in the Central Normal College will hold commence ment exercises in the the college chapel Friday night of next week. There will be one graduate in the Classic course also that evening. When you visited the cemetery Tuesaay you saw that it is in need of attention. , The weeds have grown rank and obstreperous in the streets and alley 8, and much ot the shrubbery needs the pruning knife. Young man, heed this suggestion: Put your savings, even though they be small, into Great Bend property. You cannot miss it, for the price of real es tate In this town is never going to be any lower than it is now. Will Legg has come back from Missouri, and is now blacksmith with Dick Manning. His family will be moved out here as soon as he can se cure a house which is at present an impossibility in this town. . Prof. Baker, of the city schools, ac companied by his family, left on Mon day for St. Louis. They will visit there most of the summer, although Mr. Baker will be back to conduct the Pawnee county normal in August. Diseases of the eye or ear treated, and spectacles fitted. Call at Hotel Greene, Great Bend, June 10th, 11th and 12th. In case of surgical opera tions be sure and call early in order that time for operation may be fixed. From the Leayen worth items in the Kansas City Times we learn that the young son of E. W. Waynant, former ly agent for the Mo. P. R. R. at this place, was run over by a street car in Leavenworth last week and badly in jured. Ira Troop, who has been with the Beacon of this city for the past few months, left on Sunday for Russell. Kansas, where he takes a position as foreman of the Russell Reformer. The Democrat wishes Mr. Troop success in his new position. Our attention has been called to an error recently made in this paper, in stating that the new church at Odin, wonld cost "upwards of $1,900. It should have been $50,000. and that we believe a low estimate on the cost of the magnificent structure. Garten, of the Cimarron Jacksonian, says: If a young lady has red hair, it is auburn, but if her brother has red hair, he is "red headed Bill.' If the young lady baa a four dollar position in a store, it is a position, but if Bill has the same place, be has only a "job." Stbayet From Great Bend on May 14, one dark bay horse, old, star in face, one white hind foot. Anyone giving information of whereabouts will be suitably rewarded. Supposed to be between Great Bend and Bison. Notify U P. Bloss, Great Bend.or F. A.Scnlo mer, Bison, Kaus. One or more cf the ex pert Physicians and Surgeons of the Medical Staff of the Chicago Curative Institute, who 1 ? W s-r can tell what your dis ease or affliction is without asking any questions, will visit Great Bend, Kan.. . Saturday June 10th (one day only.) In- quire at tlotel Greene. All chronic and special diseases successfully treat ed. Cure guaranteed. Consultation free. . Great Bend's - juveniles, the big lubbers, went over to Hoisingtonon the 80th and played the Hoisington little boys a game of base ball, and goj defeated in a score of 24 to 23. Served 'em right for running up against the Hoisington kids all unbeknownst. H. L. Pes tana, a very pleasing speaker, delivered the Decoration Day address, at the M. E. church. It fcad been arranged for the speaking to be in the opera house, but owing to the fact that most people think the place unsafe for a large crowd, the place of;speak- . ing was changed. Save your coyote scalps. They are worth $1 each. The law has been in . full force and effect since April 1. It is a state law, and the fact that the commissioners have so far failed tp make provision for the payment of tha. bounty cuts no ice. It will have to be paid some time. Cimarron Jack- t sonian. . J. C. Gavin, now of Raton, New Mexico, but at one time a resident of Great Bend, stopped off to spend the . dsy with Sam Gwin last Tuesday. Mr. Gavin is a delegate from New Mexico to the Trans-ifississippi Congress in session at Witchita this week. He says the people of Barton county cannot now realize the full benefits that will follow from . the Cheyenne lake. Jennie Eppsteio and a young lad named Frazier had collision on wheels, on south Main street Tuesday evening. Miss Jennie was bruised up consid erably, and had her head cut pretty badly, while Frazier enjoyed about the same blessipgs. Bach was completely knocked oat for a few minu es, but came to their senses when assured their wheels were not Injured beyond repair. Don't know which was.- at . fault. On Saturday last the corner stone of Elerick C. Cole's new residence on west Broadway was laid with Masooic ceremonies. The ceremonies were conducted by all the rules of the plumbbob and other important thing umabobs, while Elrick conducted him self on the square, and assures us that none of the wine was wasted by being poured upon the unfeeling and un- appreciative stone. There were more appropriate places to pour it. The annual meeting of the college alumni will be held at college chapel Monday evening June 5th. A very interesting program has been prepared for the entertainment of the guests. These annual affairs are most enjoy- m able, and they are participated in by some of the brightest young men and women of the state, who are, by their known ability and good characters, adding lustre to the name of the Central Normal College, and proving beyond question that it is an institu tion of learning second to none in normal instruction. Mrs. Matilda McSkimming, eldest daughter of Chas. Barstow of south of the river, died on the 2Sth at her home in Colorado. The remains were shipped to Great Bend for intermentt the funeral services being held at the -Con " gregational church at 10 a. m., Wed nesday the 3 1st. Deceased was young woman, well known and esteem ed by a large circle of friends in this locality. She was married to James McSkimming about three years ago, and for the past two years has made her home in the mining districts of Colorado. Work was begun the first of the week . on the Athletic Park, south of sthe college. A good, half mile bicycle track will be graded up, the grounds f leveled for a base ball and foot ball ground, and the whole enclosed in a wire netting fence, with proper amphie theatre and grand stand. We sin cerely hope that all our people will appreciate the benefits that will result from our city having an appropriate park where our college boys can enjoy athletics, and where they can meet the teams of other colleges during the season of sports. Help it "along. Complaints of blackleg among calves are coming in. Send to the Stat Agricultural College, at Manhattan,., and get some vaccine, free of cost .