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at SLQU and Corn af RityXents a Bushel Spels Prosperity With Capital Letters "But There Already Has Been Over - 1,603 InMiced. . - 'MANY TO GETtBE JiATCHEl - The introduction of bills in both .Houses ceased at six o'clock Tuesday evening. This is a lit tle bit earlier than they generally - cat off this introduction of bills, but there are so many of them now that will never see daylight, " Jhat it was thought useless to take any more time on new bills., " The number introduced by both' houses totals 1C03, of which 644 are Senate Bills and .959 - House Bills. A great majority of bills are killed in various committees. The Committee that has the most work, Ways and Means and Judic lary, kill about sixty per cent of the bills that are referred to them. This still leaves a large number to be acted upon by the Committee of the Whole. - The two contests in the Sen ate have been settled, in tb - case of Getty vs. Milton, Milton, the Democrat, retains his seat. x) In the case of Caldwell vs. Moore "Caldwell,' the Republican, is seat ed. This latter case might be written up with the title. The' ' Story of the Indelible Lead Pen cil., .On the face-of the returns, ..Mr. Moore had a majority of t 22.The contestants agreed Xo. ' submit to a recount ' of ballots1 and when, they Tiad counted the thirteen hundred and some ballot .- 'in that. district, there wert 185 . -ballots upon .which the attorney - could .not' agree. This still leif- . Mr. Moore a majority of 14 votes but when they came to go over ' the, objected-to ballots, and com- I thvw mem u me smci at the law, it was -'found that . ballot after ballot cast for Moore jn Bell" which is a railroad town, had been marked with an indelible lead pencil. There was no denying the intent of the vot- .er .for to vote for Mr. Moore. ' that as his ballot wasmarked witt indelible lead pencil when noth ing .but black should be used, and when they finally , got through, Caldwell had 7 majority 1 The bill to raise the salary of Secreetary Coburn, $2500. to $5, O00has been passed by the Senat and' will doubtless receive favor ,,The various good roads laws have -passed the House. The firs able action in the House. cne for action was one creating . the office of County Engineer 'of Highways. The bill as original ly drawn, contained the compul sory provision for the appoint ment by the County Commission ers of a County. Engineer in all counties having a population of more than, ten thousand. ' This ' matter was thoroughly thrashed out. When the bill passed had been amended so as to raise the . minimum population to twenty thousand. , Counties under that minimuai may have a road engin- eer if the County Commission en deem it wise but there is no compulsion. The bill provides 'for the placing of the construc tion of Kansas roads in the lands, of experts and raises near Vifour million dollars per year for that purpose. This money is J raised by a poll tax of three dol lars on each male citizen between ' twentyone.and fifty-five years of age and a levy of a tax of one mill on allthe property in the State. This levy is made by tne townships themselves. The town ship board is made Commission ers of roads and highways in their respective townships and they have to appoint a road over seer for each road district in the township who shall serve for a term of two years. The' said Commissioners have control and general supervision of all roads and highways in their respective townships. For. the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the law,- the" conimissioners of each township shall recommend to the "county coinmissioners a vy of not more iaau o"e awi all the property in such town--Sp and seventy-five per cent oi au moiics wuvr - -taxable property in each road district including cities of the third class, all btn used to im- prov ethe roads in such district. Each township is divided into at least four districts and the' ov erseer appointed by the town Ship commissioners may have charge, of all four districts or they may appoint an additional overseer for each of the districts. In counties having a County En gineer, said officer snail te the county surveyor if he is' quali fied by training and experience for the position and he shall have charge of the road work in the, county, receiving for his ser vices the sum of four dollars per day with a ecrtain maximum for the year which in Barton Coun ty would be more .than $700. ' I felt rather elated over securing the raise in the minimum popu lation required for "county engi neer so that in our county it is optional whether we have the engineer . or ..not. . The bill re ceived my vote on final pass age and I believe it is an exceller road law. The next bill to be taken up was the Automobile bill. "Tins provided a tax on automobiles costing $2500 or less, of $5.00 per year and over $2500 , $10.00 per year. The fee is known as regis tration fee and is to. be paid to the state engineer of roads , and public highways. Out of this fund the expense of this new of fice of State Engineer will be collected will'be retained by him him : for a contingent fund ; and paid. 5 per cent of the fund tne balance distributed to the counties from which it came be ing pro rata .according to--the. total amount received ftom auto i'owners 'in? such counties.5 "Whil I favor the proposition of laxa 'ion or licensing-autos, yet it looks V little hit like class legis- taitoif and thevopinion "of -somen lawyers is that it may be uncon stitutional, I didn't vote for this bill, for several reasons : '"First: It implied the creat ing of an additional officer, to wit: State. Engineer of Public Roads" and Highways.' .-' . ' Secoud : I leieve that the total amount of . money collected as a license should be retained by th various counties in which it is collected. . Third : If, by chance, this law should be declared unconstitu tional, the tax payers of the state will be called upon to pay. tax for the support of an ad ditional officer of which a coun ty like burs will 'receive practi cally no benefit. . If a bill could be drafted providing for a tax on autos and leaving the entire amount Df money collected with the several counties, I would be glad to support it but I uon't be- that the auto owners of barton County should pay any part of the expense of an offi cer who will be useless to that , ounty and only be useful to the Eastern third of this State. The third good roads law 1o be taken up was one providing for the appointment Of a State En gineer. The bill as drafted pro vided that he should have his office in the State House and should be appointed by the Gov ernor. The Bill, as it passed the House provided that his office should be at the Agriculutral Col lege at Manhattan and that his appointment should be made by the Regents of the Agricultural College. This looks to me like a pretty good proposition becana at the Agricultural College he will come in contact with hun dreds of young men from the tarms of Kansas and as a provis ion was added as an amendment, that when not engaged in his of ficial dutie b he should be giy n instruction in road building and structural bridge engineering and when called on by the coun ty institutes of the different counties, he shall do likewise. It shall be the duty of the State En gineer to, upon application of the county engineer or of the board of county commissioners, to furnish plans and specifica tions for bridge or rock or ce ment, culverts under $3,000 in cost and he-shall give such oth er information and advise con cerning road building and bridge work as from time to time he may be cllead on. T bill in the main is a good one and I believe that it is a BEND, business nrnnn.itin .. . i3i'..-?-u"lK? KeformHory. the . -uuv-i a -.opuuEUUHJ Jie&d out u involved the creation of new office and knowing full me sciiriHipnTii ni mo Deo-i pie oi my county and h'at those sentiments were against the cre ation of a state engineer or any. other new office, 1 vo'ed apa nst the bill. . . "The. 4th good roads bill to be taken up was one which pro vided for the building of roads other than dirt roads aod this is a god bill which covers the en ire state but no tax levy can be made under the bill until the sev eral counties of the State by ma jority vote shall be declared road districts. . The County Commis sioners may, by declamation, sub mit to the legal voters of their respective counties at the next, general election a proposition to adopt or reject the provis-, ions of this law but said tax levy should not be more than one mill on the dollar for a period of not less than five years. It will therefor be. seen that this maU ter cannot be adopted in our' county until said levy has been' submitted to a vote of the peo ple. . - . - Then the bill provides in de tail how the work shall be car ried on and what provisions are necessary to do the work. It is an excellent bill intended to per-' mit counties in the East end of the State where much road work is necesary. to secure hard roads 1 supported that bit because jtin no way affected our county un less the majority of . .the people of the county desire it and I nav' always believed that if a ma jority of. the people of any coun ty favor a proposiiton that their wishes-should be respected. On Tuesday evening we had uf a bill granting women the right to vote for presidential electors. Much work has been done in be half of this bill by the women wl are pushing the suffrage move ment and they confidenlty ex pected, that the bill would pass the House. A similar one d'd at the -previous session but af ter some discussion the bill was defeated by the lack of a con stitutional majority voting for it. The AntiL-obby "bill Has final ly passed both Houses 'and is tow and the lobbyists are busy registering in the Secretary of State's office. The bill which was finaly passed was the Sen ate Bill and in the language of Morgan of Reno is called a very 'Ladylike" Bill. Personally I have never been approached by any man, woman or child since 1 have been in.Topeka, soliciting my vote or influence on any mea. ire general in its character and I believe thai the i-ry against the lobyist is to a certain extent overdone, notwithstanding the fact that Wm. Allen White in a recent editorial accused the mem bers of feasting at the Topeka Club and having been influenc ed by the lobbyists thereby. I know that . personally, I nor a very large number of membres have never seen the inside of a Topeka Club and I don't know that Lever saw the outside of the building but as the Govern or in his message had urged the passage of a bill and as I believe in upholding him whenever it is possible and consisent to do so, I voted for the bill. Much criticsm has been heap ed upon tihe Legslaturei by peo ple who have only a bir'ds-eye view of the work of either body and who had not followed in any thorough manner the press re ports of the work done. When ever a bill is proposed which cre ates a new office it seems that it is heralded .from thev house tops but whneever a bill is pro posed or passes which cnts off x penses, it is passed up with a three line notice. If all of the new offices asked for by the var ious bills introduced would be come a law there expenses would be more than offset by the pas sage of a bil which went through th eHouse and is now in the Sen thre. However, the passing of this bill is no argument for crea ting new. positions and on the strength of it I do not propose to vote for new positions but I simply cite this instance to 6how that -some good is . being done. The bill in question pro vides that the Board of Control FBIDAI, FEBRUARY 26, 109 I . : . -I wieutiary and the State Board Control, each of which is composed of three members, shall uo. merged into one Board to be known as the State Board of Control and to be composed of three members only. This cut off six offices and although the new Board will receive $3,000 a year salary instead of $2,500, very conservative estimate plac es; the saving :0 the S;ate by this move at $15,000 per year. the Bill was opj oscd some on the gorund that it Man 'oo la; ge a" task for three men but with the experience 0i the past to KUide us, was a good one as it passed the House and 1 am glad to say I voted for the bill. The Prohibi'ion proposition ha. finally been settled and the bill Pased by both houses forbidi the sale or barter of the prohibito- j ry; article by any one. I don't consider that the bill is a good One. ' because, somp nrovia'nn whereby alcohol or liquor for me dicical or scientific purposes should be provided for. For one, ven knowing the senitmenf in my-County as well as I do, I am sick and tired ofthe prohibitory liqror question and voted for thi bill. -1 did so because I believe that as long as the sale is prohib-itory-by the constitution, that the. law 8hould.be observed .and in the language of the Chairman of ;the 'Temperance Committee, when he said that this bill is so drastic' that i will be obnox ious tfll the people of the Sta'c.I .voted for the bill. I believe that the quicker that' we , absolutely cut out .and prevent the sale of beer or whiskey and the tighter we draw (bis line." tbp quicker we will get'an opportunity to chang the system. The neople ot Kar sas are law abiding people and believe in the enforcement of the law on .the statute book. Nothing can prove tb;i anv more than the. result of Hoch-Harris campaign. While 1 am personal ly opposed to thr prohib'tory law it is a constitn'ion' provision of ours and sbo 'Id be observpd and should bo srreng'hcped po that it can b? olsrvnd to the very letter of thi law or repealed The next b;g proposition up was the Bankin? bill. Thrs b'll makes no very great change" in the banking law of the s'ate. It is simply t cover gnera! pn visions concerning onr banks. TL one particular change it makes is that it reduces the actual cash resarve required' to be carried by state banks to hp fcamc jv--entage, that th? natural banks are required 'o cary. Under tr old law. nn.Mo"8! hanks had a little bit 'the edge" over tho state banks. This ivos thpm the same footing. The House be gan t nday afternon the consine ation of thp bank guaranty bill and it will likely be complet ed some time today. The bill that the Jnaf has passed will be somewhat amend d in the Ho 'se and will then have to go to conference. This question will be taken up m t he corespondence a litle later. . The Public Utilities Bill and the majority of the tax meas ures especially that one' whicb makes the Tax Commic.s'on elec tive. It knocks out the County as 8e8sor, comes up some time nxt week. Th- Tax Commitee had recommended the bill carrying this provision but before . the recomendation was reported to the House, the Committee was prevailed upon to rescind its ac tion but because some of the felows were absent from the meeting and the absentees, it so happened, were the ones who wfl strongest in support of the prop osition to make the Commision elective and knock out the coun ty assessor. Their absence was caused by their comittee work and as soon as we found what had ben done, we hastily pre pared a minority report and will have the question up in the Hons this coming week. The minority report was signed by Judge Buckman of Cowley, Mercer of Chase and myself and we wiu, un donbtealy, have a pretty little scrap when- the question comes np. So far I have not missed a roll call or been absent from the ses sions of the House for as much as ten minutes but next week the Grand Lodge of the A. 0. U. W. will meet in Salina and as an of ficer of the Grand Lodge, I will be compelled to attend. This will cause anabsence from'my du ties here for about three days and barring sickness, this is the only time I expect to lose from the session. This is a little bet ter record than the average mem ber from Barton County or any other County has made in this connection. W. P. FEDER Officers Make A Raid. - Sheriff Mike Dailev and Mar- shalls Frank Wilson snd Frank Hitchcock raided the Tiod tea" 6tand at the souhteast corner of the square Wednesday evening, and arrested the DroDrietors. Bert Dawson and Cliff Gardner, and a man by tne name of Stan fey who is aaidto have been working for the house. All gave bond for their appearance at the March term of the dis trict court and were released for were released. Quite an amount of "two per cent" waa found. as well as some stuff that was de cidedly stronger. There has been a good deal of complaint against this place for some time, and the officers haie been keep ing a pretty close watch over it, and it is said that they had a good bit of evidence before the warrant was ever issued and be fore the raid was made. . Gus Werhahn was in from Clar ence toniwshp Wednesday. County Supt, Opie was visit ing the schools at Pawnee Rock Tuesday. A baby girl was born to Mr. and- Mrs. Thomas Ely Wedesday morning. Cal. Talbot returned, Saturday evening from a business trip to Kansas t..y. ' Will Rush left Wednesday morning for Carthage, Mo., on on a business trip. lifiss Nellie Johnson visited with relatives at Hargraves, Kust county, over Sunday. Mrs. Zella Hailett returned Wednesday from a visit with relaitves in Rush county. Mrs. Otis Evers returned th first of the week from a visit with relatives at Jetmore. D. C. Luse was on the sick hy '1m first of the weekwith an olit fashioned case of the grippe. Miss Juanita O'Brien visited with Mrs. Ed Doherty at El linwood the first of this week. Marion Hansen left Wednesday for Macksville. called there by the serious illness of his broth er Lee. John Neidens and Fred Marg- heim, of Wheatland township, were here on business Wednesdaj afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. David Himrod have moved into one of the cot tages recently erected north of G. W. Moore's in the 2nd ward. Henry Held, of northeast of town, went to Speareville Wed nesday to look at the country around there with a view of in- ves ting. Kev. L. C. Schnacke, for many years the pastor of the Congrega tional church in this city, will oc cupy the pulpit in that church next Sunday morning and-evening.- C. D. Cave, who is teaching at Dist. '6 this year, was -in town Wednesday visiting with friends. Bus school is tempo rarily closed on account of the whooping cough. Farmers in California are Kings. Why! Because the cli mate and soil conditions are so nearly perfect for the agricultur al snd stock .raising pursuits. Tulare County is one of the best counties in the Btate. Why! Write to me and 111 tell you. GUY N. CLARK, Tulare, California. NUMBi, 50 For the Farmer M. R. Landauer Dead M. R. Landauer, one of the old est ana best known, respected,' merchants of Lamed, died in Bar ber's drug store at Lamed last Friday of a paraletic stroke. He was standing leaning on the soda fountain, when he sudd?nly fell to the floor and died immediate ly. Some months ago he suffer ed a stroke of paralvsis. from which he had never fully reco er ed, and the s-cond stroke killed bim. Mr. Landauer has been a merchant at Lamed for thirty years, and for the last twenty years has been the senior part- uer oi tne nrra oi Landauer & Schnack, until about two years ago when the firm divided, and ne nas since operated the store alone. Mr. Landauer had many friends here who regret to hear of his death. Obituary Hannah C. Kinney was born at Newman, Douglas County. Ill inois, Sept. 2nd, 1849, and died at Macksville, Kansas Feb. 21st, being 59 years, 5 months and 19 days old at time of her death. She was married to Rich ard Shute at Newman, Illinois, wflen about 18 years of age. She and her husband came to Staf ford county, Kansas in 1877 and have lived there continuously until about three years ago mey moved to Great Bend. " Her husband died here and she moveo to Macksville in order to be near her children. one visited with her sister at Leavenworth for five weeks this winter and shortly after re turning home she was taken sick but was not considered danger ously 11 until the day of her death. - . She never fully reveovered from the shock, of the sudden death of her husband. She leaves to mourn her loss, two sons, William and R. H. Shute both of Macksville and three sisters, Mrs. ydia M. Hazel of Leavenworth, Kansas, Mrs. W R. Bunting, of Great Bend and Mrs. S. W. Jobes of Cherokee, Okla., and one brother, Marion tvinneyi of Wellsville, Kansas. Mrs. Shute had been a member if the M. E. Churchfor forty years. We extend our sympa thy to the relatives and friends ' nour of bereavement. Funeral services were held at he Macksville M. E. Cnurch on Feb. 23 and she was buried be side her husband in the Lincoln cemetery in Lincoln township. E. M. Bortz left Wednesday for St. John. Mr. and Mrs. W. P. White en- at a six o clock dinner Wednes day evening. Franz Haberman, of Walnut townsnip, was looking after bus iness matters here Wednesday. Miss Lillian Brinkman re turned Tuesday from a visit of several weeks in California and Texas. Mr. and Mrs. Robertson, of the south side, returned irom a visit with friends at Belpre and Kinsley. Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Ewing, of the west side, left Wednesday ev ening for a visit with Mrs. Sw ing's sister, at Carmen, una. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Estey havt returned to their home in laii- fornia. after a visit with the Mos es, Tiltonind Townsley families. Mrs. Georee Stewart has re turned from Joplin, where she attended the funeral of her moth er, Mrs. Rosalia Scheilenbach. Mrs. Schelienbach was 86 years oid at the time of her death. Miss Winifred McGreevey of Indiana, who has been visiting with the family of Louis Wood burn, of South Bend, is visit ing wthi her uncle, W. J. Mc Greevey and family in wis city this week. Jacob Dumler was here from jetmore the first of the wees: visitine with John Boger of Hois- ington. Mr. Boger returned hom with him and is looking after a farm he owns near Jetmore. , ' tY: i? l ff s t- H i & z-u u fr- u C"