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iMiawKggry? yM -.-f-.P- - 5JR29!5S2gg3J ""' - v-?erirSi'iJ rvq&Wi35s- -W377?f&!TJZ ? r " ' r-.' THE REGISTER. I PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. ""SOX PEKK1K8, 1'rtwniiM. IOLA ALLEN COUNTY, KANSAS. TERXS TWO DOLLARS PKB YEAH. OmoiAl FAPR OF COUKTY. r"ssBSsssSBsssBsssssB. THE IOLA REGISTER. VOLUME X. IOLA, ALLEU COUNTY, SAttSAS, FEBRUARY 12, 1876. KO. 7 Pusincss Pirertonj. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT. J2 "r '' ,vJr: Ueirgc M Robeson Sccrelary or the Interior Zuluriah Chandler lostmasterUeueral ......Marshall Jewell Coneernins "Patent." STATE GOVERNMENT. "jprcrnor Thomas A O.bom l-lcutenant Governor. rr....JI J Waller fecretary or state t...v..T If Caranaiijrti Jjtatc Treasurer. John francis viuorney lirncral AM K Kanduliili maic ..uniror....... . I) vv Wilder TMipi i-uuiicnuiniciion John tracer COUNTY OFFICERS. JlWTalcott,....T District Jndge Aeer, 1'mbatc Judge wm Thrasher, County Treasurer S Staler County Clerk j-i imran, iicguicr or needs i 4 It UichardV,' ji nunpson,. J Klryan, J L Wood in, . Milton Hawlcy L II Uorrell J W Christian Countv Attorney Clerk District Court Superintendent Public Sellouts bherilT survej or .Commissioners CITY OFFICERS. IV Clones Mavor J K lJoyd, Police Judge i v Apple, 1 X F Acers. .IHIUcliarda, S- Councilmen WIlKirhardj, C M Minpsnn, ) John Francis,..., Treasurer Clerk James Siiiion btrcct ComiuLnmer Clark Coffirld Marshal CHURCHES. METHODIST EPISCOPAL. Corner of Jefferson nvenue and .Broadway St. Services cv ery Sahuarh at 10,'f a. m. ami 7 p.m. Prajer meeting Thursday evening at 7 p. m. It. K. Mcth, Pastor. rBESBYTKniAX. Corner Madison avenue and Western street. Services 10,'; a. m. and? p. m. Snnd.iv School at 0,'i a. m. &. U. Clauk, Pastor. BAPTIST. On Sycamore street. Servicc3cvcfj Saliliathat I0,';a.ni. audi p.m. l'rajcrmeetins on Thurs day rtening. Church lnectunc at S p. m. on Satunlay Iprfore tlic llrst Salihath in cacli month. Sablwth Schuol at it1; o'clock a.'m. C. T. Vun n. Pastor. Secret Sonciics. T IOLA LODGE, NO. 38, . A. K. A A. 3Iaons meets on the flrt and third iMtunuys in ever month Brethren in good stamlin nre invited to attend. ji. jicmos, W..U. C. OiLLiitAN, Sce'y. IOLA LODGE, NO. 21, I O of Odd Fel lows hold their reeular mrrtinirs cverr llies- ' dav evenlnir. in their iaii, iii:j.b iiiwi iiuitii m tile ni-.i iPiurc. isiiiii brethren in good standing, are in ited to attend. J. U.MUItKAI, -. U Jaues Si-psox, Sec'y , rjLjr ttoruci)5. NELSON F. AOERS, ATTOUXEV AT LAW, lol.i, Allen county, Kansas IIa ths only full and complete set f if Abstracts of Allen county. J. C. Murray J. H. Kiciiaho, Count; Attorney. MURRAY & RICHARDS, A. TTOItXEVSAXD COUXSKLOIW ATLAtV. . Monev in sums from S.k oil to S.'i.OOQ on loaned on long time upon Impnm-U Janus in llen, Anuerson, oouon, ami .-ten-no couii' ties. . J. K. BOYD, TUSTICE OF THE PEACE. Office over Rich- J ards & Cowan's grocery and pro ision store, iUtsccllaucous. B. LELAND HOUSE D. ALLEN, Proprietor. IOL, Kansas. This house has been thorouchlr reuaireil Mnd mUttnl and is mm the most flesirable lriace in the city for travelers to stop. Xo pains will lie spared to make the guests of the LUand fee! at home. Baggage transferred to and. from Deiwt free of charge. . T. M. NICHOLS, BABBEH, having opcneil a first-class shop on north side Madi-mn avenue net to Beck's building, anno'Mices to the public that he is pre pared to do all kinds or barber vork at Jon est prices. The room is newly furnfhed and every thing in apple pie order. J. N. WHITE, T TXDEKTAKEIt, Madison avenue, Jola, Kan U sas. Wood coffins constantly on hind and Jlearse always in readiness. MetalicBitruI Cases furnished on short notice. . H. KEIMERT, TAILOIJ. Tola, Kansas. Scott Bmlbcr's old stand. Clothing niaile to order in the 1 itest and best Styles. Satisfaction guininteeil. Clean ing and repairing done on short notice. IL'DeMOSS, 31. D., OFFICE overJno. FraucU A Cj.'h DruSStore Uesidence on Washington av cauc, aid door south Xeoho street. AV. II. Biciiauds. W. A. Covv-an. RICR.VRDS & COWAN, 7nOLESALE AXD ItETAIL UUOCEIIS. Iola, Kansas. n"i Ijr. w L. L. LOW, GEXEtlAL AUCTIOXEEK. Ioli, Kansas. Cries sales in Allen and adjoining counties. NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION. Theco-iwrtnershipherctoforcexi-'tinglietween Jno. Francis, S. Itblenonr, P II. Kidenour and H. W. Biker under the llnu name and tylc At Jno. Francis A Co., is litnb) 1i.-m.1 cd bj mutual consent, S. Bidenour, P. D. Uidcnnnr jind II W. Baker, retiring. The business hereafter will Iw conducted liv Jno. Francis who will jny all the debts or Mid slrra, nd who is autiiorizert to collnt and receipt far all notes and accounts due and owing to said Jinn. , . AU notes anl accounts will remnn at the store xif Jno. Francis until January 3Nt, 1SII wLere ihe same can lie paid without co'ts, after that late they will be iilaccd in tl.c lundi ofan onicer for collection. JO;-FKCI-s. S. ltlDKNOt'K. 1?. 1, ItlDhNOUIt. II. V.". ItAKhlS. Iola, Kansas, Tamiary 1-t, lf'JO. w ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. TOE STATE OF KANSAS, i -Allev Cocvrv. J ' In the Probate Caartln and for sai I Con-it : In the matter of the Estate of Rufus Perking, Deccaseil J Notice U herelry given, that LettcVs of Admin istration nave been granted lo the undrr-igned on the Estate of Bums Perkins, late orsaid Count , deceased, by the -Honorable, the Probate Court of the County and SUte aforesaid, dated the 28th day of December A. D. 1S7S. Now all per sons ha-ring claims against the KiMl E-ttte, Bi" hereby noticed that tlicy must present tlic same to the undersigned Tor allowance, within one year from the date or said Letters, or they may be precluded from any- benefit of such Estate; and If such claims be not exhibited within three rears siterlhe date of said Letters, they shall lie forever barred. JANE PERklN-, RxM-ntrlx of the Estate of Kufus Perkins Deo'd. InU. Kans.. January ijth KG. MwJ TOB WORK of great variety and of U supcnur Biyic uuuc pruniiij' ni mc Office of The Iola Rsgisteb. Rather reluctantly, vrc must confess, we hare come to the conclusion that the principle of the bill introduced-by Mr. Hackney, on Monday, is right. The bill provides that legal publications may be made in the papers known a. "patent insides" and "patent outsides." Such publications have been made, but their legality has been disputed, and this bill is designed to settle the question. Our sympathies always hare been and are still with the newspaper publishers who, generally to his own pecuniary loss, gets up both sides of his paper. But we think the time has arrived when pride must give away to profit. It is undeniable that the "patents" are gain ing ground. JIany a sturdy country publisher who has denounced them for years has given up the fight and adopted them. There is every reason to su noose that this example will be followed by yet others. While we nish it otherwise, we believe the time is not far distant when the majority of weekly papers in Kansas and throughout the country, will be "patents." This being the case, publishers might as well be prepared for the consequences. It is useless to contend against the inev itable. If a "patent" navs best the nnl- lishers should not hesitate to adopt it, abd make all he can out of it. In this connection wc may say that publishers in Kansas have nothing to expect from the dispensers of legal pat ronage. In all departments, from the Legislature down to the boards of county commissioner., the rule of action is to beat and bill: publishers. That a hand some, well conducted, all "home-made" county paper is an enterprise worthy of support and encouragement never dawns upon the average official intellect. If a publisher in Kansas is putting in extra time and money in getting up an espe cially good paper with the idea that by doing so his claims for legal printing will be more fatorably regarded he is throw ing said time and money away. He might as well have both his "sides" "patent" or get outonc of those journals which looks as if they were printed with apple-butter on gunny sacks. Wo repeat what we said at the outset that wc have come to this conclusion reluctantly. Wo appreciate 'the pluck and pride of publishers whom we know, who year after year, in the face of all sorts of discouragement, knowing that to adopt the "patents" would be money in their pockets, have stuck to the old plan because they wished to get up the best paper possible. But we submit it to their judgment whether it is not time to cease working for 'glory" and, to take "scads" into account. We ask them if it is worth while longer to expect anything from officials who can see no difference between a good paper and a poor one, and who, in fact, have no more use for a paper of any kind than a hog has for an opera glass? To our brethren of the press who are so fortunate as to bo inde pendent ami who run papers for the lux ury of the thing, our remarks of course, have uo application, but wc opine that such are in tlie-minurityanil wcaro talk ing now for tlio "greatest good of the Troth Straaef Than Fiction. There was one old fox which for a pe riod of several 'years had continually evaded the fleetest and keenest scented houndsthe scent invariably being lost in the Vicinity of a housa situated in the woods and f.ir removed from any habita tion, and which was used .13 a store house for pelts. At last one day the hounds started the old fax, and away he went in the direction of the house, with a pack of young hcunds in full cry after him, but on ncaring the house he dis.ip pcared, leaving the hounds and hunters non plussed as usual. While the hunt ers were gathering in around the house discussing the frequent mysterious dis appearance of the fox, an old veteran hound came limping up, and entering the door set up a rigorous barking, and tried to jump up on the wall. His sin- wrular action attracted the attention of the hunters, and an examination being made, the old fox was found suspended by his tail to a nail in the wall, keeping perfectly still, and looking, unless closely observed, like the pelt with which the walls were hung. This plainly showed that the old fox, when too closely pressed had taken refuge in the house and hung himself upon the nail by the tail, which was the reason for the dogs always losing the scent at that particular place. Reese Ulcer (JVer.) Reveille. Died of a Lawsuit. Call a Halt. While, the Democrats in the -House are making such a tremendous ado about the great reductions which they propose to make in all branches of the public service, they are rendering themselves extremely vulnerable in another direc tion. Since the beginning of the session scores ol bills have been introduced by tho Democratic members, covering all conceivable projects for taking money from tho Treasury. 3Iost all of these bills are for claims growing out of the war, and in the aggregate they oot up more millions than ever the most enthu siastic Democratic reformer has proposed to take off the present total of public ex penditures. They furnish just the ma terial which the radical press and the radical speakers ardently desire to hold up before the people of the North and the West during the Presidential cam paign. Already the work of collating these bills, setting forth their object, with the total amount called for by them, has been commenced and scattered broadcast orer the country as a Republican cam paign document. It would bo well for a halt to be called in this matter. Balti more Sun (Dan.) Easter Day. greatest number." Commonwealth. Goodin's Plank. Wc clip the following from the Kansas City Times' Washington letter. 3Ir. Goodin of Kansas, proposes 'intro ducing a series of concurrent resolutions, of which the following is a synopsis: 1st. Declaring that tho United States constitute a nation to tho extent and for the purpose defined in the Federal Con stitution only. 2nd. That the Government of the United States is a Federal Union, was formed by the people of the several States in their own sovereign capacity , that the rights and powers of the United States Government are defined and lim ited by the Federal Constitution, and these rights and powers cannot be en larged and diminished except by virtue ofan amendment to the Constitution. 3d. That the rights of the State have the same unction and should have the same security as the rights of the Federal Government; and that local domestic Government, within the limits of the Constitution, isabsolutclcy necessary for the-perpetuation of our Republican sys tem. 4th. That tho Doctrine that a State has a right to secede from the Union is in conflict with the idea of a "perpetual Union." a contemplated by the Consti tution, and should lie regarded as forever extinguished by the suppression of the rebellion. A minute analysis of life -at once dc- strovs all that splendor which dazzle.-, the imagination. Whatsoever grandeur can display, or luxury enjoy, is procured by offices of which the mind shrinks from contemplation. All the delicacies of tlic table may be traced back to the shambles and the dunghill ; all magnificence of building was hewn from the quarry, and all pomp of ora iment dug from among the damps and darkness of the mine. Johnson. Tho reason why Easter will fall this year on the 16th of April, rather than on the 9th, is explained as follows in The Churchman: Easter day is regulated not by a solar but by a lunar cycle the cycle that regulates the golden number. Now, by solar calculation, a day always begins at I midnight ; but by a lunar calculation it begins at noon. If, therefore, tho Pas chal full mdon falls on Saturday after 12 p. m.. it is counted 'as ralitlirj on Sun day; and then Easter dayls, under the rule of the prayer bookrJthe Sunday fol lowing. This is what happens the pres ent year. The Paschal lull moon tails on Saturdav. April 8th at 2:43 P. M. It is, therefore, counted as falling on Sun' day, .April 9th, and Easter day is on the Sunday following, 1. e., April loth. It may be added that should the lull moon fall on March 21st before 12 A. M., the full moon (counted as falling on 3Iarch 20th)would not regulate Easter day, but the one following. This happened in 1810. Male a Mistake In His Man. An insurance agent called into an es tablishment on 3Iaiu street the other" day, with a large account book under his arm, and walked up to the proprietor in a business sort of way, he inquired, "How's business how's stock?" "Oh, business is very, very dull," returned the tradesmtn. " 'Pon my word sir I haven't got $900 in the house ! Terrible dull!" anl lis pauseJ and looked inquir ingly at his visitor. "Only $900 ?" said the insurance man in surprise. " Pon my soul, sir," repeated the dealer, "I don't believe there isn dollar more look for yourself," and the man looked sad anl sighvl. "Then sir,"sau tlie tnsu r.neo m in with a good deal of warmth, Iit.v djss it come that your stock is in sure 1 in oir compiny for 4,590, eh?" "Oh! ah"! beg rour pardon 1" exclaimed the dealer, itireat confusion ; "I thought rou was the tat man ! I was sure you was the tax gatherer, or 'pon my soul I wouldn't a .-tid that, when, in fact my stock is worth, fully 8,000 look for youraclf, sir!" Dayton Democrat. "Whit kill of a taw i Sinire Sim nrmds, anj way P "Well, oue seen them snow stofms along early in winter, when there's a good deal of wind aud not .much slei-hin '? That's the" sort he is." The winterof 1776 one hundred years a:o was almo-it as remarkable as the' present one has been for its mildness. All the harbors on the Atlantic coast were generally free from ice ; some of the rivers were st fir opsn as to permit com muniduhns bstween the different Amer ican camps. It is said that Ccn. Wash ington had formed a plan for the sur prise of the British forces in Boston, and um prevented from carrying it out by the ahuace of the ice in the harbor which he had unconsciously assumed as auuterial part of his calculations. A tattered memorandum book was recently found on the steps of a very humble dwelllng'out West." Some of the entries arc as follows : "My father had a slight misunder standing with a neighbor about a divis ion fence, which he had inherited from my grandfather. "After Beveral disputes he consulted a lawyer who had a good many children, but little practice. This was fatal. A suit was commenced. " "Several years aso mv lawyer said I must get ready for the trial. I did so, and went to court at every term. But it was postponed upon every pretense which human ingenuity could invent. "1870. JIarch Term Counsel for de fendant moved a continuance, because he was engaged in the court of common picas. Court granted the motion, but intimated, with great dignity that such an excuse would never avail him again. "September Term Counsel trying a case in an adjoining county. Judge hes itated, but yielded. "December Term Defendant sick. Proved by the certificate of a respecta- ablo physician. "1872. 3Iarch Term. Conusel had an engagement to meet a client from New York, who could not conveniently leave his business again. Continued, the Judge suggesting that New York clients might find counsel nearer home. "1873. Septembeo Term Carried tho title deeds to my lawyer. Surveyor ex amined the premises, said the defendant had encroached on mo. But another surveyor (partner and pupil of the first one) said that my deed spoke of a hack matack stump in the line of the fence, a foot in diameter; whereas, the only tree anywhere near the fence was a peppcr ridgc tree, not more than seven inches and a half across; cae postponed to employ other surveyors. "December Term Counsel agreed that Court might visit the premises in dis pute. Judge refused to go, but said the jury might do so, provided that nobody went with them to explain and confuse. Next morning a heavy snow fell, and boundaries were corered. Case continued. 1874. September Term Motion to postpone, on the ground that the defend ant's attorney wished to be absent hunt ing a few days. Motion prevailed. I l-remonstratcd, but my counsel said the lawyers were very accommodating gen tlemen, and the courtesies of the bar required it. "1875. 3Iarch Term One of the jurors taken sick. Motion to go on with tho trial with eleven jurors. Defendant's counsel objected with great strength of voice, and demanded a full jury trial, pure and simple. 1 think he called it tho- 'palladium of our liberties.' Case postponed. "September Term Kcceired a bill for retainers, term fees, clerk's fees, and ex penses. Ono item was for the ainount of a retainer which my lawyer had declined from the defendant. Offered him the farm provided I gained the case. He said this would not be deemed honorable practice, but he would take it, and give me credit as far as it went. "Took the cars for the West, coming mostly on freight trains and after night fall. "Mem. Don't forget the inscription for my tombstone Here lies one who died of a lawsuit bequeathed by his father." The Thimb as as In 1ex of Contempt. Scott says to bits the glove or the thumb was a border pledge of mortal revenge. In England thumb biting was practiced to goad an adversary into fighting. Dekker tells us that St. Paul's Walk was notable for shoulderings, jeer ings and biting of thumbs to beget quar rels, and Shakespeare imports the fash ion into Verona. When Gregory and Sampson espy two Montague men out fly their swords ; but prudent Sampson to compel the other to take the initiative, bites his Mhuinb at them, "which is a disgrace if they bear it." Challenged with the question, "Did you bite your thumb at mesir?" he replies, "No, sir; I did not bite my iiiumo at you, sir: but i bite mr thumb!" and in a few minutes the fray begins. It was not absolutely necessary to put the thumb to the mouth. In 1292 a rude fellow was sent to prison for casting contempt upon the clerk of the Sheriff of London by raising his thumb "in manifest contempt of our lord tho King." If one Neapolitan wishes to anger another, he places the palm of his right hand on the back of the left and shakes the crossed thumbs, symbolical of a don key's ears a pleasant bit of pantomime, answering to the "taking a sight" popu lar elsewhere a sign of contemptuous defiance said to be at least as old as an cient Syria. All Ute Year Round. Everv week we send hundreds of copies of the Telegraph cast. Each num ber should contain a fair representation of our business. Every business man who is here for the purpose of aiding us in building up our city should at once appreciate this fact and act accordingly. Every shyster who is only here for the spoils be can gather, and who has not the well being of the city at heart, should be scorned to repentance by the more liberal fair dealing men of our place. Stingy, close-fisted business men are a detriment to any community, and when it is once known that a town contains a majority of such, people naturally and wisely shun it. Such s'lould be forced to give way to those who are not so eagerand grasping. Waterville Telegraph. A Toothing Appeal. Those are beautiful words that Sir. Bergh puts into tho mouth of a pigeon about to be offered up at the sportsman's altar, and addressed to Mr. James Gor don Bennett, the great promoter of pigeon shooting in this country. But they fell on dull cars, Bennett refusing to publish them. A copy sent to a con temporary has just been published. Hero is an extract : '"I am wholly in your power; you will not pretend that I ever harmed you or that there exists any natural or legiti mate reason for my destruction. The sphere in which I moved was assigned to me by the same Allwise Being who made you, and so bountifully endowed you with wealth, reason and all the material possessions of this world. I was betrayed into captivity while seek ing to provide nourishment for my little family, now dead of starvation. You are about to immolate, mo upon ue blood stained altar of ingloriousriraIry, and what will you gain by the crushing of my delicate limbs and ruptured arte ries that a senseless target would not aflord you ? If, however, this little body, so cunningly and mysteriously con tri red by it3 Creator, be necessary to your reasonable benefit if the brief existence which it inherits be required for any purpose which religion and human pol icy condemn not take it, it is yours; but offend not its Author, nor insult the cultivated spirit of your generation, by a deed which your own conscience, on reflection, will characterize, but which I refrain from doing." A New Railroad-Ottawa to Williamsbarg. The man who would hare said it was possible to build a neir railroad in Kan sas during the past year would hare been thought a lunatic Yet a new road has been built and on the 15th day of this month it will begin to transact business. Wo allude to the- road from Ottawa to Williamsburg, known by its proper title as the Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe Railroad. Our old friend, W. H. Schofield, for merly of Baldwin city, is the man who nas succeeded in putting the thing through thus far, and who expects to put it through as far as Burlington this season. At Williamsburg, which is seventeen miles from Ottawa, tho road strikes what Mr. Schofield says is one of the best coal deposits in Kansas. The coal underlies thousands of acres, is near the surface, easily mined, is twenty inches thick and of a superior quality. It has been thor oughly tested for various uses is found to be excellent for locomotive use. is well adopted for the manufacture of gas, isgoodforheating purposes generally and is erery way a good coal. Work in tho mines Ls already being prosecuted, and the shipments of coal will begin just as soon as the road is opened. Next to the Carbondalc mines, these will be the nearest coal mines to Lawrence of any in the State. This new road will be an important feeder to the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad, with which it con nects at Ottawa. Its extension to Bur lington will be an important thing for; that town, and must contribute largely to its growth. Tho section of country through which it runs has great agricul tural resources. These and the coal trade cannot fail to make the road one of mi portancc. " Wc arc glad in these days of business depression to chronicle the success of an enterprise like this. There will bo more of them as the country recovers and bus iness revives. Lawrence Journal. RATES OF ADVERTfSINb. RPACZ.... linen... 2 inch... J loch.... 4 inch ... Ool.. JiCoI.... 1 Col.... 1-w. MOD 1SB 3S0 0 10 0)116 2W.II vr. tiasMioe 9 SI 3 30 S0MS0B 00l6 5 Ml I) eons 0013 00 3in.i3m.l6m MOOlWSlttVJSOhJlO 3 wi nwira w 7.0M.8SMUO0 13 MIT SO is asm 00 0312? 00133 00 37 ooba 00M0 00 SO If 30HX 00 33 1TR. 0 13 OP 30 00 35 00 35 00 auo 100 00 EJ" Transient and Legal advertisements moat be paid for in advance. I oeal and Special Notices, 10 cats a Use .. All letters in relation to AasiaeM hi say war f?n5!51.,r"n tbe o honld be address to the Publishers in Proprietors: Altisot & PtSXWS. Tcmpfranco. Jnst So. Strango though it may seem, it is a fact nevertheless, that there is not skilled labor enough in the country to meet the demand. Talking with a' friend the other day, ho said that he could not get help enough to run his business. It may seem that the gentleman was over par ticular, but such was not the case; he hcotild not get the right kind of help ; on this hangs tho whole mystery. The universal financial depression seems to furnish a pretext for thousands to loiter about and solicit aid who will not work. Young men say they would work but can find nothing to do; wc heard such a one make the remark the other day, and in the evening he was seen at the opera, and on the next morning asked permis sion to go home and leare a bill of $30 for hoard at her house unpaid. But his hands were too white to hold the plow or drive the oxen, and ho preferred to enjoy tho fruits of others' industry, al though thousandsof worthy people might starve. The Boston Herald has had an inter view with the manager of a large,New England cotton mill, and that individual is very positive and sanguine. He be lieves the business depression is almpst wholly caused by over-production; and he also sees or liclieres he sees clear sign? that the end is near, and that there arc brighter times ahead. "The West and South," he says, "vvero the firat to feel the effects of the pauic, and they are the first to recover from it. We-t of Buffalo the revival in business is appa rent everywhere. Tho hard times are practically ended there.. The best busi ness ever done by west-rn agents in our line was done in Chicago during the past seaon. It is thought probable by a Philadel phia piper that tbe basis.of fares on the various railroads for parties visiting the Centennial Exposition will be reduced only 23 per cent., though it is under stood that the Centennial Committee de sire a reduction of 50 per cent, iae Western railroad men, it appears, do not faror a reduction of more than 25 per cent. Dr. J. G. Holland wrote to the Wo man's National Temperance Association, recently in session at Cincinnati, to this effect : 'Tor the last twenty-five years I have watched with absorbing interest the various phases and stages of temperance reform. I confess that I hare not found much to encourage me, either in the re sults of personal reform, or in the out come of prohibitory legislation. Drunk ards arc made faster than they can be mended, and the laws arc neither exe cuted or respected. The only way there fore to cure drunkenness is to cease pro ducing it The only way to get rid of drunkards is to stop racing them. Herein the women's true field of labor lies, with relation to this work. The hope of the country is in its children, and the children are in the hands of the women women mainly in the home, women mainly in the school, women mainly in the Sunday-school. I have no great hope in your success as a society in influcncinglegislation. I should have no great hope of the results of legislation, even should you succeed in securing it" Farmer's Hands. Legitimately produced and truly in spired fiction interprits humanity, in forms tho understanding, and quickens the affections. It reflectn ourselves," warns us against social follies, adds rich specimens to our cabinets of character, dramatizes life for the unimaginative, daguerreotoypes it for the unobservant, multiplies experience for the isolated or inactive, and cheers age, retirement aud invalidism with a- available and harm less solace. Tuelerman. Tho Cincinnati Comncrcial devotes two columns to demolishing the Balti more Sun almiaac, bocvise its calander abounds principally in the datC3 of Rebel victories, quite ignoring any that the Union armies may hare gained. It's quite harmless, 3Ir. Halstcad, and its rcrv comforting to the deceased. The "true inwardness" of tho grass hopper resolution introduced in the U. S Senate a lew uays ago, is tnus maue clear by tho St Joe Herald: It means death to the chelimvm rulgarc, also the conocephlus ensignce tho paneroptcra oblongifolia and the phalangopis macu- lata. Let the blow descend. It is common to speak of the "horny handed farmer," just .13 if it was a law of nature that a farmer's hands must be rough hard and bony. This is all a mistake, and a farmer may hare hands that arc not rougher than any of the laboring class. Cleanliness is what does it; let a man wash his hands clean three times a day, and he may do any kind of farm work and his hands remain soft and free from attacks. But ho must use warm soft water and castile soap, if soap is needed, but if he can do without it so much tho better. For chapped hands use a little sweet oil on them daily until cured. How to make a pickle: Take your youngest male child when about three years old. Let him hare ererything he wants; Icthira make as much noise as crer he likes; let him eat and drink as much and whatever ho has a fancy for; give strict instructions to his papa, his big brothers, sisters, visitors and servants that he is nercr to be punished in any way for anything ho may do, and never even contradicted in anything he may say. By the time he arrives at the sweet age of seven, your youngest male child will be a very nice pickle. The Germans do not dress for the ope ra. They go there out of love for the music, at an early hour, and in costume which is most comfortable. A few ladies in the dress circle appear in full toilet,' but no one need ba surprised to sec every lady pull her knitting out of her pocket There is" a homely simplicity in the au dience which is thoroughly German. It is apparently no more sin to go to the opera in Berlin than it is to go to a Thursday evening meeting in America. A Down-Easter while traveling through the West, hapened on one of its repre sentative tavern-keepers, ol whom he asked what could be furnished for dinner? "Anything from a snipe to an elephant," was the reply. "I will take a piece of elephant" said the Down-Easter. "Yotr will have to take a whole one," was tue rejoinder;. "we never cut them." Centennial Tree Planlisg. " The custom of plan ting trees to com memorate any unusual event, in of very ancient origin. It wa. the custom of th ancient Romans to plant trees in com memoratien of great victories; in Eng land, on the birth of children. In col leges, to plant "class trees" has been for centuries a universal custom. The mat Centennial year of this nation, 1876, will oe tnus commemorated by thousands all over the hod. The children, grand children and great-grandchildren may view, as years roll on (visiting thV old hearthstone) the Centennial trees planted by their forefathers. The ceremony of planting the tree (or a tree forcach child in the family) will generally be about as follows. The Centennial committee commend the following programme ! The family, relatives and neighbors being-invited, tho party assemble on the ground where tho trees are to be planted. 1. The father digs the hole and pre pares tho ground or superintends the work: Each tree Hhould -have attached to the top a small United States flag, and be laid by the hole, ready to raise. 2. The party arrange themselves in ji circle and sing "Hail Columbia." 3.' Reading selections from the Decla ration of Independence and Washing ton's farewell address. 4. Planting the tree. 5. The party join hands around the tree and sing "The Star Spangled Ban ner." 6. Short address on planting memorial trees ; also on Revolutionary topics ; the part taken by ancestors of the family in the revolutionary struggle, or on nation al topics generally. 7. Sing the Dox'ologyi 'Traise God from Whom all Blessings Flow." 8. Refreshments served on the lawn.,. Revolntiopary refreshments, such as doughnuts and cider, pumpkin pie, etc., or modern refreshments. Of course, lawn games can be played, and tho services can be altered to suit circumstances. The trees selected are mostly Areea that will live a century, although any . fine, long lived, handsome, ornamental tree will answer. The following are all beautiful and appropriate for the occa sion : Cut leaved weeping birch, weeping mountain ash, American tulip tree, new American weeping willow, Killmarnock weeping willow, Norway maple, Europe an horse chestnut, Norway spruce, Scotch and Australian pine. J. Fahnestoci, in Toledo Blade. . Tho State Treasirr. Some ass ofan editor brings outa man in Northern Kansas fur State Treasurer. John Francis is the man for State Treas urer. Last year, the Spirit, among about twenty other papers, went in for Francis on account of his sterling worth and financial ability. But another man was "suggested" from northern Kansas, on account of locality, and owing to a bolt' of some of the leading members of the Convention, that man was .nominated, and of course elected. He turned out to be an infernal rascal, and his name is Lappin. Do not let us enact this year the foolishness of last. Let us go direct for Francis, and not take tbe circuitous route we did iu 1874. For whatever we may do, it seems to result .that we have Francis in the end, for some cause or another and why 'not save .time and trouble and robbery by talcing him at once? Paola Spirit. A Boy Wno Will Succeed. A boy only fifteen years old, in Blackhawk county, Iowa, whose father died three years ago, leaving his widow and son an eighty acre farm burdened with a thou sand dollar mortgage, has taken the whole and sole charge of the iarm, hiring help only in seed time, harvest and threshing; has paid off the mortgage, purchased a harvester, a sulky plow, a wagon, and a set of harness, besides a new sewing ma chine for his mother, and is now out of deut He is a member of the Cedar Val ley Agricultural Society, and attends school three months each winter. A rich and various man I thou place of sight and sound, carrying in the sen ses the morning and the night, and the unfathomable galaxy; in the brain, the geometry of tho city of God ; in the heart the power of love and tbe realms of right . and wrong. An individual man is a fruit which it cost all the foregoing ages to form and ripen. He is strong, sot to do but to live : not in his arms, bat in bis heart ; not as an agent, but aa a fact. 'Emmon The London Women's Dress Associa tion, a society formed some time ago with the object of inducing English women of all cusses to avoid extrava gance in dress, is now turning; its atten tion particularly to the servant girl class, and awards in money are to bo offered as encouragement to female tern rants to dress more suitably to their sta tions in life, and to keep their places more carefolly. An Albany minister said ia a recent sermon: " What is t lie tendency 01 tn present fashions, in reference to amatiftg or retarding the race for Miration f Our beloved sisters are many of tbeaa so ap pareled that they can hardly walk, much leas run. There seems to be a twmem dons pull-back somewhere." '