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The Iola register. (Iola, Kan.) 1875-1902, January 20, 1877, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83040340/1877-01-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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jtdoJXi OJiAnfX Aouytr
The President, in another interview
with a press reporter on the 8th, de
clared very fully his plans and purposes
regarding the Presidential situation now
and the inauguration of the President
on the 4th of March. He deprecated
the Democratic meetings that .had been
held and the violent language that had
been used, especially at the one in
Washington, and he feared that these
assemblages had a revolutionary
tendency. He declared that "he had
made every arrangement to protect the
public buildings and treasure of the
Government at the National Capital,
and was empowered to declare martial
law there if necessary. As to the pos
sibility that there might be two inaugu
rations, he said that the only legal oae
must be held in the District of
Columbia, and any one assuming
authority elsewhere as President would
commit a usurpation and treason. He
had examiaed all the laws, and found
that they required all acts of the Ex
ecutive to be done in Washington. He
had hopes still of a peacoful settlement
of the pending troubles, but at the same
time he had made up his mind to pre
serve the peace as long as he was Pres
ident. The bulk of Comodoro Vanderbilt's
vast estate the total value of which is
variously estimated at from $50,000,000
to $75,000,000 is left by his will to his
favorite son, William H. Vanderbilt.
His widow and the other children are
all handsomely provided for, but it is
already announced that an effort will
be made by some of the less favored
heirs to break the will and secure a
more equitable division of the property.
The House committeo on the privi
leges, powers and duties of the House
in counting the Electoral vote have de
cided that the President of the Senate
has no power to count the votes, and
the House has equal power with the
Senate in the agency of counting them.
There will be a minority report.
Attorney-General Taft, in his annu
al report to Congress, devotes con
siderable space to the Southern politi
cal question. He says that, " in view of
the actual and prospective danger of
lawless violence before and at the elec
tion" in certain States, stringent orders
were issued to the United States Mar
shals to use all legitimate means to se
cure a fair and peaceable election. In
regard to South Carolina he says :
The declaration of the Governor, sup
ported by ample evidence from other
sources, lett the President no course but to
comply with his constitutional demand by
issuing an appropriate proclamation, and
by ordering to that State such military force
as seemed to be necessary, and was within
his control. The troops were not intended
to interfere, and did not interfere, with any
citizen's right to vote, but, on the contrary,
their endeavor was to make it safe for citi
zens to vote .according to their political
The House Committee on Pacific
Railroads, on the 11th, agreed to re
port the so-called compromise Texas
Pacific Railroad bill to the House, with
a recommendation for passage. The
question as to conflicting New Orleans
branches is left open for action by the
House. The vote ordering the bill re
ported was unanimous.
A Brownsville telegram of the 11th
says that the Diaz revolution in Mexi
co is carrying every thing before it and
but little more fighting is anticipated.
A Washington dispatch of the 12th
says: The House Committeo on the
privileges, powers and duties of the
House of Representatives in counting
the Electoral vote have finished their
report on that subject. Their conclu
sions are:
1. That the power to count the Electoral
votes Is not conferred by the Constitution
upon the President of the Senate.
2. That this power is conferred by the
Constitution upon the Senate and House of
Representatives .
S. That in the execution of the power to
eeunt the Electoral votes, the House of
Representatives is at least co-ordinate and
equal with the Senate.
4. That in counting the Electoral votes no
vote can be counted against the Judgment
and without the assent of the House.
These propositions were agreed to by
a strict party vote, Representatives
Knott, Tucker, Marsh, and Parks,
Democrats, in the affirmative; and
Representatives Seelye, Burchard, of
Illinois, and McDill, Republicans, in
the negative.
Gen. John M. Palmer was nominated
for United States Senator by the Demo
cratic caucus of the Illinois Legisla
ture, on the 12th.
The committees of the two houses of
Congress on counting the Electoral
vote held their first joint meeting on
the 12th, when the Senate committee
presented its plan of accommodation.
The House committee desired time for
consideration, and further action was
deferred. The sessions of the commit
tees are strictly private and the mem
bers bound to secrecy.
Serious charges having been prefer
red against Mr. Murtagh, President of
of the Police Board of the District of
Columbia, to the effect that he had con
spired to cause the arrest and disgrace
of Mr. Whitthorne, of the House Naval
Investigating Committee, in order to in
jure his personal character and there
by impair the force of his report, a
Committee of the House has been ap
pdntedtoiaTMtigttathfcbsigM. Ma
jor Richards, Police Superintendent,
swears to the truth of the charges. '
A resolution was offered in the Min
nesota Senate, on the 13th, by Senator
Wilkinson, Democrat, instructing the
Committee on Judiciary to inquire into
the elegibility of the Presidential Elect
ors appointed in that State. It is al
leged that A. K. Finzth, one of the
Electors, is an alien.
The ceremony of proclaiming Queen
Victoria Empress of India, at Delhi,
Jan. 1, was, according to English re
ports, very impressive. Lord Lytton
presided, and 80 ruling princes of Hin-
dostan participated in the ceremonies.
Thirteen thousand troops were present,
and every circumstance and incident of
Eastern pomp and splendor contributed
to make the event the grandest spectacle
ever witnessed in British India.
It is currently reported at Washing
ton that both Democrats and Republi
cans have copies of telegrams sent
South and to Oregon by the controlling
politicians pending the canvass of votes
of the disputed States. These copies
were obtained from sources other than
the regular channels, and are being used
as the basis of interrogation by the in
vestigating committees.
Miles Ogle, one of the most notorious
counterfeiters in the country, and an ac
complice, 17. It. Johnston, alias V ilson,
have been arrested and safely 'odged in the
Pittsburgh Jail. A number of plates, con
siderable spurious currency, and $7,000 in
counterfeit notes were found on their per
sons. They were committed for trial in
default of $20,000 bail.
The House Investigating Committee re
turned from Florida on the 8th.
The Legislatures of Kansas and Arkansas
convened on the 9th.
It is now definitely known that Ma J. Ran
dall and his Crow scouts were not massa
cred by the Sioux, as was reported some
time ago. They had, however, a desper
ately narrow escape from starvation. For
an entire month they were wandering
around in the Big-Horn Mountains, with
snow five feet deep, and Tor more than a
week of the time they were without fire.
Charles J. Brent, the extradited Louis
ville forger, has finally been brought home
for trial. He is said to be penitent, and. as
a proof has restored all the money procured
by his forgery.
A dispatch from Constantinople, 10th,
says it is rumored there that the Russian
army in Turkestan of 40,000 strong has
been destroyed by an uprising of the inhab
itants. The New Hampshire Republicans have
nominated Benjamin F. Prescott for Gov
ernor. Ths State election .takes place on
the second Tuesday in March.
Oscar Pollard killed J. M. Carlisle, a
prominent lawyer, at Okolona, Miss., on
the 9th.
The Consolidated Virginia Mine yielded,
in 187C, 316,662,000 in bullion, and the su
perintendent thinks the yield for the cur
rent year will be greatly increased.
non. Wm. A. Wheeler visited Columbus
on the 10th, and had a conference with Gov.
A train on the Virginia Midland Railroad
was thrown from the track by a broken rail,
between Manassas and Bristol, on the
morning of the 11th. Two sleeping-cars
went down an embankment and were over
turned several times in the descent. Sev
ers! passengers were seriously injured, and
nearly all tin other slightly. Tne passen
gers were mostly invalids on their way to
. A passenger car on the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad on thelltb, Jumped the track
near Green Briar River, "West Virginia,
and plunged down a 40-foot embankment
to the frozen surface of the river. The ice
was firm and the car did not go through.
Seven persons were hurt; none fatally.
Lucille Western, the well known actress,
died in New York City on the 11th.
The New York Chamber of Commerce
has petitioned Congress for the removal of
the War tax onbankB and bankers.
The extension of the Central Branch
Railroad from Waterville to Washington,
Kansas, was formally opened on the 11th.
Three Claddagh fishermen, blown off the
coast of Galway, Ireland, during a terrible
gale, were picked up in an open smack on
their sixth night out, by a passing vessel,
and landed in New York on the 12th. They
had Buffered terribly, and two of their com
rade! were drowned.
The new steamer Calumet, laden for New
Orleans, was sunk by the breaking of the
ice gorge at Cincinnati, on the 13 th.
James Gordon Bennett, one of the partic
ipants in the recent duel, sailed for Europe
on the 13th.
Another advance of 5 cents on fourth
class railroad freight from Chicago to East
ern points was announced on the 14th.
Gen. Alfred S. Hartwell, formerly of St.
Louis, has been appointed Attorney Gener
al of the Sandwich Islands. Gen. Hartwell
first went there to accept a seat on the bench
of the Supreme Court.
Er.-Gov. Isham G. Harris has been elect
ed United States Senator from Tennessee for
the long term.
The Senate committee which has been in
vestigating the Florida election returned to
Washington on the 14th.
Alex. Barton, Cashier of the National
Bank of Fishkill, N. Y., is charged with a
deficiency of from $50,000 to $100,000, and
the Bank has temporarily suspended pay
ment. Ten schooners of the Gloucester fishing
fleet are missing, and doubtless lost, and the
crews have probably perished. The schoon
ers carry an average of ten men each.
In the Senate, on the 9th, a resolution
ordering the arrest of Enos Runyon, of the firm
of Martin A Bonyon, bankers and broken,
New York, recusant witness in the Oregon
Electoral Investigation, passed without diTision.
Consideration was resum d of the resolution
heretofore submitted by Sir. Wallace, in reran!
to the count of the Electoral vote, and Mr. Sher
man fpoke at length in regard to Louisiana,
claiming that the eridenee before the Returning
Board in that State Justified the Board in throw
ing out the returns from certain polling places
on account of violence and InUmidatlon which
prevailed. He was responded to briefly by Mr.
Bogy, and the debate waa further continued by
Mr. Bout well .The Bouse passed a resolu
tton for the arrest of Mr. Wm. Orton, President
of the WwKrn Union Kdsgrspn Company, who
had refused to appear and testify before the
Committee on Louisiana Affairs.
In the Senate, on the 10th, a number of
petitions, resolutions, etc. , were presented and
referred. Mr. Wright introduced a bill extend
ing the act for two years establishing the Board
of Southern Claims Commissioners. Referred.
A number of other bilUof no general Interest
were introduced The House rejected a bill
authorizing the construction of abridge across
the Ohio between Cincinnati and Covington.
The Diplomatic appropriation bill was discussed
at lengtn.
In the Senate, on the 1Kb, a conference
committee on the bill in regard to the fast mail
service was appointed. The House bill to perfect
a revision of the statutes of the United States was
taken up and discussed at length, after which
the Senate went into executive session In
the House, Mr. Holman'a amendment to the
Consular and Diplomatic appropriation bill de
creasing the salaries of the ministers and
consuls was defeated and the bill passed. The
Military Academy appropriation bill was taken
up and passed without amendment. It appro -
Briates $2 5,761, a reduction of (1 9,919 from
le estimates, and a reduction of $24,'J04 below
the bill of last session.
In the Senate, on the 12th, Mr. Frcling
hnyscn presented a petition from business men
of Newark, X. J. , asking that the Electoral vote
be counted without regard to party considera
tions. Referred to the special committee. Mr.
Booth called up a resolution submitted byblm
Monday last in regard to the counting of the
Electoral vote, and spoke at length in favor
thereof. Mr. Paddock introduced a bill to
authorize the removal of obstructions In the
channel of the Missouri River, and to re
pair and protect the levees at Omaha.
Plattsmouth and Brownsville. Nebraska, and
Sioux City and Council BluITs, Iowa. Referred.
Adjourned till Monday In the House. Mr.
Knott, chairman of the Judiciary Committee,
reported in the case of Barnes, recalcitrant
manager of. the New Orleans Western Union
Trlegraph office, that the House has a right to
compel the production of telegrams by officers of
the telegraph companies. Barnes was brought
before the House and declared that he
is not now in charge of the New
Orleans office, but that should he again
be placed in charge of that office, and should the
telegrams be demanded by them, he would
willingly produce them. Mr. Knott then offered
a resolution declaring that the response of wit
ness was not rufocient, and remanding him to
the custody of the ergcant-at-Arms until he
shall have produced the telegrams and beeu dis
charged by order of the House. Adopted
yeas, 131; nays, 72. Mr. Knott,
from the committee to ascer
tain the privileges of the Honso in counting the
lectoral vote, made a report from that com
mittee. (Synopsis of the report published in an
other column.) The report, together with the
minority report, submitted by Mr. Burchard, of
Illinois, was ordered printed. Adjourned till
In the Senate, on the 15th, a number of
bills of a private character were considered,
when the report of the Committee on Rules, pro
viding new rules for the government of the Sen
ate, was taken up. The committee reported an
amendment to the third rule, so as to compel the
attendance of absent Senators whenever it shall
be ascertained that a quorum is not present.
Pending discussion the .--enate went into execu
tive session and soon adjourned Wm. Or
ton, President of the Western Union Telegraph
Company,-was before the bar of the House, at
tended by counsel, to answer the charge of be
ing in contempt of the House in not appearing
before the Louisiana Investigating Committee
anu producing certain telegrams. Air.
Orton'a answer pleaded illness as an
excuse for his non-attendance. The answer and
the whole matter were referred to the Judiciary
Committee and Mr. Orton was remanded to the
custody of the Sergeant-at-arms. Mr. Hatcher
moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill for
tncrelicr ol tobacco-growers. It provides that
tobacco-growers shall have the right to sell leaf
tobacco frea f mm any tax, fine or any other re
striction. Defeated yeas, 12; nays, 91
two-thirds not voting in the affirmative Mr.
Caulfield moved to suspend the rules and pas
the bill providing that it shall be unlawful for
more than one regiment of infantry, one com
pany of cavalry ami one battery of ar
tillery to be stationed at tho Capital of
the CniteJ States, or that any
portion of that force shall be allowed within half
a mile of the Capitol during the sessions of Con
gress. Defeated yeas, 99; nays, 97 not two
thirds. Mr. Whyte (Ky.) offered a resolution
reciting that fears are entertained that
thcru may not be a peaceable settlement
of the Presidential question, and declaring
that any attempt to prejudice or excite the pub
lie mind in advance of tho authority provided
for in the Constitution is unwise, unpatriotic
and full of danger to th" c nintry. Adopted .
The additional evidence taken by tne
Senate committees up to the 10th was as fol
lows: Lieutenant Holmes, Thirteenth Infantry,
tc-t'flsd to a peaceable election in East Baton
Rouge, where he was stationed. A Brosom,
colored, of EaBt Feliciana, testified that he was
taken out by a b ml of men and hung up by the
neck. Aaron McKenzie, colored, swore that he
hail been taken out by whites and severely
whipped and made to promise to vote the
Democratic ticket, and did so.
Rev. Jno. Reiley and three other colored
men testified t numerous acts of violence and
the reign of terror among the blacks in East
teliciana. Reiley stated that there was much
(iisaausiaciion witn omciais, not only K-puuu-can
but also Democratic ones, -nmuel Robin
son and seven other colored met testifle 1 that
they had voted the Democratic, ticket without
intimidation, as they thought times worse and
wanted a change. six other colored
men testified that they were intimidated,
and through fear forced to vote the Democratic
ticket. Supervisor Anderson testified to the
general intimidation ot colored voters, ami de
tailed an at cm pt to assassinate him, and said
his protest to the returns was made in New Or
leans because be dared not make it there. Jndgc
Thomas B. Lyons, ef East Feliciana, tes
tified that the election was fair and
peaceable United Stales Supervisor Guy Sam
uels, of last Baton Rouge, let tilled that he heard
nothing of bnlldozingfor seven or eight months
previous to the election, and that he belonged to
a Democratic club which had 70 or SO colored
members. A 'I'. Young, Granville Pierce,
Paul Da'gre and G. Casinal, the two last color
ed, testified to a peaceable election and no in
timidation; while Lewis Morgan testified to
general Intimidation, interruption of Republi
can meetings, and that he had been shot at sev
eral times.
The following is the substance of the tes
timony taken by the Senau committees up to the
Uth: Eliza Pinkston was recalled for cross-examination,
and reiterated in every essential par
ticular her former testimony. Two physicians
and surgeons testified that Eliza's wounas would
hardly account for her debilitated condition, and
that she bad told tbem she had recently bad a
miscarriage. Contradictory evidence in regard
to the condition of affairs in East Feliciana was
given by various witnesses, white and colored.
Henry Smith, colore , related that he was Sher
iff of the parish and had been assaulted and shot
in the hip, and driven from the parish in 1875;
had returned twice and had to leave both times.
George f Norwood testified that there were two
elements among the whites in the parish, viz.:
bulldozers and anti-bulldozers. Ths former
were victorious in the primary election, and
their candidates accepted the support of the lat
ter, who continued their operations. Captain
uqua and tne other witness teufle4 to a peace
able and auiet election, aad that acts of vfolena
generally had no connection with pulitics. Law
lessness in tba parish had been on the increase
simply because the laws were not enforced The
former enumerated a number of homicides
which had occurred, showing that killing was
not confined to either party or color, as had been
The additional evidence before the
House committees taken np to the Uth was as
foUows: W. L. Catlin, of New Orleans, chief
clerk of the Republican Committee n Registra
tion, thought the registration was correct and
according to law. He got a copy or the registra
tion from the State-house, and sent out 29 a 0
sewing-machine circulars; he did not know
whether any Republicans were stricken off:
but believed 15.00U Illegal votes were
polled at the last election; thought most
of those registered fraudulently were Demo
crats, and bad seen repeating; some voted four
times. Wm. R. Williams, colored, testified:
Was Deputy United States Marshal at Poll S,
Ninth Ward, Orleans, and on the evening of the
election Alfred Bourses, Republican candidate
for Sheriff, asked him how the election was go
ing, and on hisreplylng Democratic, Bourges told
him be must enter protest to that poll, as it
would help the ward; but witness declined to
do so. as the election was fair. John Tintic,- ami
J. C. Wise, ot Rapides, testified to the bad
character of J. Madison WeUa, and that he!
woqiu not ue Deiievea on oatn in the parish on
any question in which be was concerned. E.D.
White, a lawyer of Orleans, testuW to tne con
servsuva fooc of Nioholbrt canvass,
wm tamrn turn www vp9
dissatisfied with the State Government for not
having schools. A number of witness, s testi
fied to the peaceable character of the election in
the parishes of St. Landry, Plaquemine. La
fourche, Iberia and Franklin. Rev. Handy
aiooeiy, coioreu, leuweu umi uccsuse ae re
fused to preach political sern-ons his church in
Iberia bad been burned by the colored people.
The House committees received the fol
lowing among otter testimony up tothe!3th:
John Ray testified as to Intimidation and acts of
violence in Ouachita, and that the blacks could
not have voted tho Republican ticket in safety:
he was counsel for the Returning Board, and
offered to explain their reasons for throwing out
certain poUs. The committee declined to bear
him. Had advised ths Board in regard to
filling the vacancy; that the law governing it
was not mandatory, and the section in relation
to the members of both parUes not imperative.
O. U. Brewster, Republican candidate for Sen
ator in Ouachita, testified to general intimida
tion and terrorizing of colored Republicans there .
Brewster also said be bad been offered money to
vote fori ilden, but declined to say who offered
it. The committee decided to report his refusal
to full committee. M. Reese testified that Alfred
Bo urges. Republican candidate for Sheriff at the
late election, had offered election officers money
to certifv that there was trouble at roll 4, Ninth
Ward, New Orleans. Gov. Kellogg was exam
ined at length, and said that he had need no un
fair or illegal methods to cany the election, nor
had he been advised to do so. AH the members
of the House Committee, with the exception of
Messrs. Morrison. Jeuks and Townsend, re
turned to Washington.
Additional evidence given before the Sen
ate Committee on Privileges and Elections, up
to ine win, in regard to the Oregon case, was as
follows: C.C. Jordan, Cashier of the Third
National Bank of New York, testified in regard
to the now celebrated regon check, that be or
dered Martin ft Runyon to draw a check for
is.wjon uecemDerti, last, in favor of Ladd&
Bush, ot Salem Oregon. Witness ordered this
check at the instance of Col. Wm. T. Pel ton,
.-ccretary of the Democratic National Committee.
Witness did not know what the 3,1-0 was to be
used for, but inferred It was for politioal pur
poses; only know now the check was returned
unused. Samuel J. Tildea is Director of the bank
in which Tilden is Cashier. Mr. Tildcn ouns
tCS.OiO worth of stock in the bank. Witness
was personally responsible to Martin & Runyon
forthe ts.ouo. andlel. Wm. T. Pelton was per
sonaUy responsible to wltnes J.
Major Howard, of Jackson, Miss., testi
fied before the Senate Committee on Privileges
and Elections, on the 13th, in relation to the in
timidation of voters in that State at the recent
election. He st ited that he knew of at least one
hundred persons, colored, and he thought th
were mostly Republicans, at Tinnan's polling
place. Just outside of Jackson, who were kept
from votingby reason or their not being able to
get through the crowd around the polls, and by
reason ox the superv.sors of Election asking
questions of voters to take up time, and delay
voUng. Is satisfied from what he saw and heard
that a large number of colored voters were in
timidated for the purpose of keeping them from
voting. One of the methods of intimidation
practiced was to threaten to turn the laboring
men out ot employment. Saw no violence done
any person previous to election day, but knows
that a large majority of the colored people would
vote the Republican ticket it left alone.
Ineligible Electors.
Gen. D. M. Frost, the alleged Ineligible
Missouri Elector, testified before tho Senate
Committee on Privileges and Elections, n the
12th, that he was chosen Elector and received
the certificate; be did not attend the meeting of
the Electoral Col'ege, however, and his place
was filled. He produce.! the pardon removing
his political disabilities, issued by President
Johnson October 28, 15, and his examination
The Special Committee on the privileges,
powers and duties of the House in counting the
Electoral vote examined several witnesses on the
13th , among them Secretary Chandler. Ho was
arke 1 whether he had sent any dispatches to
Florida since the late election in relation to
money, and be replied he had not. Being asked
whether he had sent a dispatch to Florida stitinjr
that troons would probably be sent there to keep
tho peace, he answered he probably had He
was then asked whether he bad sent it on Ids
own motion or upon some one else'.-, and ho de
clined to answer this question, bisinghis refusal
on the ground that be was a Cabinet officer. The
committee decided that he must answer, and
gave him until Wednesday next to comply.
The rival State Governors and Lieut
Governors of Louixiana were inaugurated
on the 8th. Gov. Packard and Lieut. -Gov.
Antoine were sworn in at the State-bouse,
by Chief -Justice Ludeling, and Gov. Nich
oils and Lieut. -Gov. Wiltr were sworn in
by Judge Tissol, at St. Patrick's Hall.
Every thing passed off quietly.
On the 0th a demand was made by Sheriff
nandy, who is an adherent to the Nicholls
Government, for the possession of the Su
preme C-urt building, which had been
pi iced by Chief-Justice Ludeling in charge
of Packard's police. Two regiments of In
fantry, fully armed, were mustered in by
the Sheriff as a posse comltatus, and a
movement in force made upon the building,
which was given up without any resistance,
and the new Judges installed. Nicholls'
police also took possession of all the police
stations. Ths State-house was then sur
rounded by the Nicholls troops and all its
communications cut off. The State-house
was occupied by Govs. Packard and Kel
logg, the members ot the Republican Leg
islature, a force of police and some colored
troops. Gen. Augur, commanding the
United States troops, received the follow
irg dispatch from the War Department:
Executive Mansion, Washington, Jan.
ft-Ulx. C. C. AUGUR, New Orleans. La. : A
dispatch just received from the United States
Marshal at New Orleans indicates that unauthor
ized armed bodies of men are organized and
assembling in a manner to threaten the peace
wciy w uie ciiy. ir mis oe so,
of the
notify the leaders
sucn or'
sanitations that thev mnst desist
on pain of coming in conflict with the United
States authority, sustained by the military pow
er ot the Government. Report at once the situa
tion and your actira, keeping in mind the fact
that this order baa no reference to the recogni
tion of either of the claimants to the Governor
ship or either Legislature.
(Signed.) J. D. Cameron,
Sec'y of War.
There was no essential change in the situ
ation of affairs on the 10th, further than
that, by request of General Augur, all
restrictions upon the entrance of peo
ple to the State-house were remov
ed. Alfred Bourges, Packard's Sher
iff, demanded possession ot the Su
preme Court building, which was
refused. Several companies' of United
States troops arrived from Mobile. Both
sides professed themselves satisfied with
the present condition of affairs, and it was
believed no aggressive movement would be
attempted by either side. Gen. Augur
received the following additional order by
Wab Department, Jan. 10. To Gen. C.C.
Accun, .New Orleans, La.: It is reported that
the state-bouse in New -rleans is surrounded
by a mob. If this is so, notify all persons to
disperse and compel complisi.ee with your or
der. It is the determination of the President to
see that the Legislature Is not molested . When
he has lull knowledge cf all the facts in the
premises he wiU decide which should be recog
nized. Signed J. D. Cajtebon,
Secretary of War.
On the Uth, ex-Gov. McKnery, who had
been appointed Recorder by Gov- Nicholls,
took formal possession of that office. Gov.
Packard authorized Gen. Bsdzer to organ
ize a division of military. Gen.
Augur was Interviewed by a
reporter, and said he thought
there would bs no collision; that his In
itructloni were not to interfere except to
preserve the peace. Both Legislatures con
tinued to ballot for United States Senators,
but without a choice. Two more members
withdrew from the Packard Legislature and
Joined with the opposition.
Every thing passed cffquletlyon the 12th.
The Packard Legislature continued to ballot
for United States Senator, but lacked a quo
rum in the Senate. Gen. Badger, Sergeant-at-Armt.was
Instructed by the President of
the Senate to hunt up the delinquents, sev
eral of whom were reported
to be at the residence of P. B. S.
Picchback. Gen. Badger proceeded with
a posse to Mr. Pinchback's residence, pre
sented hU warrant, and demanded admis
sion for the purpose of arresting the absent
Senators. Mr. l'inchback warned him not
to attempt to enter; that he bad
a force of police guarding his heuse, and
that resistance would be made if necessary.
Gen. Badger therefore withdrew, but sev
eral of his assistants were arrested by the
Nicholls police and locked up upon a charge
of disturbing the peace. The above Is the
substance of Gen. Badger's report to the
Mr. Pinchback, on the 13th, formally
abandoned the Packard Government, and,
accompanied by Senators Demus (colored),
Wheeler and Hamlet, visited the Demo
cratic Senate, where their entrance was
creeled with cheers. Messrs. Demus and
Wheeler were sworn in and took their
seats, but Hamlet's election being
contested, his seat was already filled. Mr.
Pinchback made a short speech, stiting that
they bad cimo there as Republicans, be
cause they believed the interests of the State
.to be above party. He said that the Repub
lican party in the State was hopelessly cor
rupt, and charged that cx-Gov. Kellogg had
secured his election as Senator by corrupt
The following dispatch from President
Grant was received by Gen. Augur at a late
hour on the night of the 14th, and immedi
ately communicated by him to Messrs. Pack
ard and Nicholls:
Washington, D. C, Jan. 14. To Gen. C.
C. Auguk, New Orleans, La. : It has been the
policy of the Administration to take no part in
the settlement of the question of rightful govern
ment of the State of Louisiana, at least not until
the Congressional committees now there have
made their report. But it Is not proper to sit
quietly byanci seethe State Governmentgrad ual
ly taken possession of by one of the claimants for
gubernatorial honors by illegal means. The Su
preme Court set up by Mr. Nicholls can receive
no mure recognition than any other number f
lawyers convened on the call of any other citizen
of the State. A Returning Board, existing in ac
cordance with law, and having judicial as well
as ministerial powers over the count of
votes and in declaring the result
of the late election, have given certificates of
election to the Legislature ot the State. A legal
quorum of each house holding such certificates
met and declared Mr. Packard Governo .
.-hould there be a necessity far the recognition
of either, it must be Packard. You may fur
nish a copy of this to Packard and Nicholls.
(Signed) U. S. Grant, President.
At an early hour on the morning ot the
loth, a proclamation was published, sign
ed by Packard as Governor, commanding
all "organized and armed combinations
against the lawful authorities of the State"
to disperse, etc., under the pains and pen
alties of the law. A demand was subse
quently made for the evacuation of the
Court-house, in possession of Nicholls' mil
itia, and for the release of the Sergeants-at-arms
of the Republican Legislature, who
were captured on the previous night while
endeavoring to arrest the three Senators at
Pinchback's house. X) attention
was paid to either demand,
further than a call upon Sheriff Handy by
tae Nicholls Court for a sufficient force to
guard the Court-hoinc. Packard then
made an official requisition upon Gen. All
f.ur for assistance to reinstate the Supreme
Court in the building from which they had
been dispossessed, and Gen. Augur referred
the matter to the authorities at Washington
for instructions. A number of bankers
telegraphed President Grant that the
Nicholls Senate had a quorum of members
about whoe membership theie was no con
tent; and Nicholls telegraphed to Repre
sentative Gibson that no attempt would be
made to recount the Electoral vote of the
Lost In a Snow-storm.
On Friday night, while the blinding
snow-storm was at its height, J. Kehoe
heard cries of distress in the vicinity of
tho Singer Sewing-machine Factory at
Elizabctbport, IS. J. He heard dis
tinctly the words, " Save me, save me,
I'm lost," but. from what direction the
voice came he could not tell. On the
following morning Kehoc went in the
direction he had taken the night pre
vious, but be discovered no footprints
in the snow or any trace of a lostperson.
On Sunday morning several citizens who
had been searching for Michael O'Neill,
who had been missing from his home
since Friday morning, found his body
frozen stiff in tho snow a short distance
from the Singer factory. At tho time
of the discovejjr but a small portion of
the head was visible. Alter collecting
his wages at tho Driver Foundry.he was
seen walking in the direction of his
house at nightfall, acd it is thought
that missing his way and becoming be
wildered he wandered to the open
meadows, where, benumbed by the cold,
ho sank in his tracks and perished al
most within sight of the lights from his
dwelling. In his pockets were found
his wages almost intact, and several ar
ticles for his family. New York Trib
une. A Singular Accident;
Miss Krug, aged 16, daughter of Mr.
Fred. Krug, the brewer, met with a ter
rible accident last evening, which came
very nearly resulting fatally had it not
been for most timely assistance. She was
engaged in her room in washing her
hair with alcohol, or a preparation con
taining alcohol; she was leaning for
ward, with her long hair thrown over
her head and hanging down in front,
and while in this position she came in
too close contact with a lamp in the
hands of a girl, and the alcohol became
ignited and blazed up. Miss Krug
threw the burning hair over her head,
so that it hung down her neck and
back. Her hands, face, head and neck
were in a moment very badly burned,
and her clothes also took fire, thus en
dangering her life. Her agonizing
screams immediately brought to her
assistance her father and mother, who t
threw blankets around her, and soon' tions at Forest, O. The lid of the coffin
smothered the flames. Dr. Peabody ; was not screwed down, and before the
was at once summoned, and he attended train reached Forest, Hueston showed
to her sufferings as much as possible. ' signs of life. He son fully revived,
The injuries are not dangerous, al-1 and is now at his father's home in For
though severe and very painful. The est, and is in a fair way to recover. His
burns will probably mark the victim, to sister, who was with his body when the
nmn t-itpnt. Hhn nnrtninlv harl & varv sndden transformation took place, has
narrow escape from death, PrnaAa
The BatUe or Life An rag Plasts.
There is a struggle for existence
among plants on every farm, in every
garden, orchard, wood or forest, which
farmers and gardeners may study with
profit to themselves and advantage to
the public. Plants are social beings
and endowed with life, organs, vital
processes peculiar to organization, not
iess than animals. Without their ante-
cedent growth and daily assistance,
man and his domestic animals could
nor. 11VA. Knt nnlv nimcnltnneta 1111 !
horticulturists, but mankind as a whole.
are deeply interested in the results that
may accrue from the battle of life be
tween plants that number some 100,000
conflicting species. How so many
tribes of vegetables came to exist might
not bo altogether a barren inquiry; yet
it is doubtless of more importance that
wo learn how to strengthen and multi
ply the plants that do us the irreatest
good, and keep down weeds and all
other growths that do us harm. With
out our interferecce in the matter,
sedge, brambles, and forest trees soon
cover our best worked plantations and
gardens. Choice fruits, vegetables,
cereals, grasses, cotton, and other
staples can not contend successfully
with cocks, sedge, sassafras, old held
pine, and oaks, without human labor.
Edward Forbes was wont to say that
the movement of a periwinkle over a
rock might be of greater consequence
to mankind than the progress of an
Alexander, and the results of the wars
of plants are of no less importance, see
ing that the very existence of a Grant
or a Congress depends upon them. A
bushel ot wheat and a loaf of bread are
not more real than the campaigns of
which we speak. The enemies of the
wheat plant are many, both vegetable
and animal. A German entomologist
has found and named some 2,000 in
sects of different species that subsist
more or less on tho plant and its seed
from which our blood is largely formed.
Yellow dock is a type of common in
truders whose lengthened roots and
broad leaves take more food from the
soil and tho atmosphere near a wheat
plant than the feebler roots and nar
row leaves of our bread corn can pos
sibly command. Hence, if this cereal
and the same is true with others
gets no assistance from man, the battle
goes in favor of docks and other weeds.
Our best crops are as powerless to fight
their way as sheep are to defend them
selves from the attacks of dogs and
If this view of plant life bo correct,
and no sane man will question it, the
farmer's calling and rising profession
will never become a thing of the past
and out of fashion. It will grow in
dignity as population increases and
nature discloses her laws to the obser
vation and researches of science.
In 1825 Dureau de la Malle called at
tention to the curious phenomenon of
natural rotation of plants. From long
observation of what takc3 place in
woods and pastures he established the
fact that an alteration of growth, as he
called it, occurs as a natural phenome
non. In pastures, for instance, the
grasses get the upperhand for a time,
then the leguminous plants, so that in
thirty years the author was witness to
live or six such alterations. Dean Her
bert pointed out the fact that a plant
does not necessarily grow in the situa
tion best adapted to it, but where it
can best hold its own against hostile
neighbors and best sustain itself against
unfavorable conditions generally. The
sources of success in the contest are
numerous and vary more or less in each
individual case. A soil sometimes be
comes "clover-sick" mysteriously. The
excretions ol plants have no inauenoe
ir. the matter, as was once believed
On properly fertilized land clover
has been known to retire from the field
of competing plants from a cause which
is nut known. Such instances are ex
ceptional, and wtit for future discov
eries for their solution. The ground
has been regarded by Alphonse de
Candolle and Darwin as a vast maga
zine of seeds, capable of retaining their
vitality indefinitely, but ready to spring
into life when all the conditions should
favor them at any time. Some of these
dormant seeds and tubers, bulbs and
buds may be covered in floods many
feet deep and with mud or earth. The
.air being excluded chemical action does
not take place; so that solar light and
heat with moisture are sufficient to pro
duce germination in a tuber or seed as
old as a river or the mountains that
may form a water-shnd. Underground
runners and nuts like those on some
grasses havo great tenacity of life and
power to hold the soil. Nat-grass,
Bermuda and twitch-grass are cases in
m m
Gather Pare lee.
An epidemic of fever and diarrhea
at one of the hotels at Rye Beach 'last
summer nas been clearly traced- to the
ice. This bad been procured from a
pond of which the outlet had in recent
years been closed by sand and stones
washed up from the sea, the pond thus
becoming a standing receptacle of mud
and saw-dust, there being two saw-mills
on the stream above. The ice was sub
jected to chemical analysis, and was
found to contain putrescent vegetable
matter. The hotel stopped using this
contaminated ice, and there was an end
to the sickness among it boarders. In
these days, when so many farmers (that
there may be more of them is our wih)
put np ice for home or dairy use.it will be
well for them to bear this fact in mind.
If the water of a pond is unfit to drink,
the ice made from that water is unfit
to use for cooling purposes, except
when the ice is outside the vessel con
taining the articles that are desired to
bo cooled.
A.young man named Charles Hues-
ton died, as was supposed, at Monroe-
ville, Ind., of congestion of the lungs,
after a very brief illness. His body was
placed in a coffin and shipped to rela-
. become a raving maniac,and it is feared
jhcrreMoa' i permanently dethroned.
The great question of the present is,
whether it is better to carry two pounds
of dried apples or a bar of ten-cent soap
to the annual donation at the minister's
house? Rome Sentinel.
Air old and profound observer has
noted, as the result of his observation
and experience, that any young man is
made better by a sister's love. And
j the Philadelphia Bulletin adds that the
love of another fellow's sister will do.
Toe ulster promises to become as
fixed an institution in the United States
as abroad. To quote the language of a
thoughtful writer: "The ulsters can't
be driven out,' because they combine
cheapness and a good personal disguise
from creditors." Savk-eye. l
This is one of these old-fashioned,
orthodox winters, when the coal-jard
men saunter along the streets with
big ulster overcoats, trimmed with fur,
buttoned up to their eyes, while the ice
cream men shin along the streets in
linen dusters, with their gloveless
hands rammed into their trowsers
pockets np to the elbows.
A Fair Haven, (Vt.) drag clerk sent
J. J. Perkins to the happy hunting
f rounds the other day, by giving him
ellebore instead of valerian. Tho
drug clerk was much chagrined when
they told him of his mistake, and he
said the first day there wasn't much do
ing he believed he'd have to paste labels
on some of the bottles ; the old man was
getting to carry such a stock of stuff
on tho shelves now, that no fellow
could remember half of it. Hawk-eye.
A max was landed at the ferry dock
dripping wet and shivering till the rat
tle of his teeth could be heard forty feet
away. When taken into a saloon to
thaw out some one passed around the
hat, remarking that the victim was a
poor man. The man to whom the hat
came first called out; "Where was it
that you fell into the river?" " On the
Canadian side," was the reply. "Then
not one cent can you get from me!"
continued tho man. "It's every true
patriot's duty to succor those who fall
into American waters, but I'll be hang
ed if I'm going to help run two coun
tries!" And the collection amounted to
only four cents. Detroit Free Press.
The Restaurant Fiend.
There is an old fellow in Virginia who
makes a practice of sitting down in a
restaurant and relating his personal
history to some one about four tables
away. He has a regular system about
his stories. He first calls for some
mush and milk, and while eating it
opens up with the Revolutionary achieve
ments of his ancestors. Bythetimehe
has got through his mush everybody in
the restaurant know3 that his illustri
ous forefathers were responsiblo for
the success of all the Continental arms
at all the principal battle-fields of 177G.
His grandfather was the confidential
advisor of Washington, G. W. having
lost where all the above advice was
taken, and won all the rest. He then
calls calmly for a plate of ham and
eggs, and begins to entertain the com
pany with an account of his big lawsuit,
which required the consolidated talent
of all tho legal luminaries in the East,
South or West. Pancakes are the next
in order, and while these are receiving
his consideration he proceeds to tell of
his cheek-by-jowl acquaintance with
Clay, Webster, Choate, Gen. Scott, Abe
Lincoln, etc., most of whom always
claimed to be relatives of his. When
he goes out the door flourishing his
toothpick, the sense of delight express
ed by the crowd is similar to the feeling
one has at being relieved from an op
pressive corn-Deei ana sio.vea-tripe
The English university boys say their
refusal to row with Yale and Cornell is
not due to fear of American prowess,
but to a disinclination to sacrifice the
long vacation and undergo the hard
training necessary for a match which,
in any event, would bring them no spe
cial honor.
Not far from Salzburg, Austria, is a
great mountain which consists of noth
ing but beautiful marble. The stone
masons cnt out blocks and columns of
it, take them to the great city, and build
palaces of them, while the chips are
used to make playing-marbles for the
young folks.
NSW TOOK. January IS. i 7
Mauve steers. $U a $11 75
8HKKP Common toCtaolne.
4 71
auus- tare
......... V.d
ST.. -. .
rLOOE Good to Choice.... 6.0.
WHEAT-No. 2 Chicago 1.44
COKN Western Mixed eu
OATS Western Mixed.. 4
PORK New Mess 17.70
Good to Prime.
Cows and Ualen...
Corn-fed Texan.. .
UOQS Packing
SHEEP Common to Tancj.
XH ..
4.80 a
2.tO a
5 to a
s.ss a
2.31 a
6.H a
1.58 a
6 81
5 25
17 25
10 95
WHEAT Bed No. 2
No.x i.4sv.a
COBN-No. 2 Mixed. tJ&
OATS KO. 2 St a
BYE No. 2 76S a
TIMOTHY SEED Prime.. . ljti a
TOBACCO Planter Lues.. 4.Ti a
Medium Shipping Leal 8.00 a
HAY-Choiee Timothy 10.09 a
BDTTEB Choice Dairy 23 a
EGGS 28 a
PO UK Standard Mess 17.fX a
LABD Prime Steam HJa
WOOL Tub waaried CLoloe 37 a
Onwaace. Combing. 24 a
BSKVJri Native Steers 3.00 a
Cows 1.75 a
Houe 4.90 a
B.-scVESCommoa to Choice 3 15 a
H Common to Choice... e.io a
SHEEP Common W choice. 3.25 a
KLOUtt Choice Winter. 7.0G a
Choice spring Extra e.ii a
WHEAT Spring No. 2 1 SO a
' No. 3 l.liKa
COEN-No. 2 Mixed 4lka
OATS No.2 3 A
BYESO. 2 71 a
FORK-Newness 17.20 a
LABD Per ewt. 10 90 a
COTTON Middling a
FLOUR Choice: 8.JJ a
CORN-Mixed 60 a
OATS in store so m
FLOSSI choice ramily t.EO a
CORN Whits. R7 a
19 ii
OATS St. LonU 45
HA I JrTiflBsS . 9B 00
PORK New Mass. lt.co
BACuniit.t.otftss!! W

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