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The Iola register. (Iola, Kan.) 1875-1902, June 14, 1889, Image 7

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TheIola Register
OKAS F. SCOTT, Publisher.
Txe Just been thinkla' Martha Ann, o fifty
years ago.
Ere rheimitU' or care bad corns to streak jour
hair with soon;
When I a gaunt, ungainly lad, went courtln' o'er
the way.
And I to beon thtnkln, Martha Ann.how'tUn't
so to-flay.
You wore a homespun petticoat a waist of
peach tree green,
Tou kept the kitchen fire aglow, and kept the
front room clean.
In summer time the old fire place you filled
with maple leaves.
In winter time the cracklln Barnes went up In
clotvln' wreaths.
The smcothln'-iron and candle-stick bedecked
the mantle-board.
And on a peg behind the door your father hung
his sword.
Wc didn't keep a courtln' then like our ion
William now.
For I just told you what I meant, and you Just
made your tow;
I built a hut of logs and lime, a pig pen, and a
You made a homespun bridal suit, and yon and
I pot wed.
Jf ow, Martha Ann, we're labored hard through
many a weary year,
We know our time can not be long, we feel it
drawin' near;
Wce gathered '.round us quite a lot o' worldly
cold and pain.
And yet it seems that harder grows tho toll,
and stress, and strain;
That farm we bought or widder Green and
deeded to oar John,
You know it cost us quite a sum to put a house
There's Jim and 'Liza ridin 'round tn carriage
now.pnd car.
An J Hvin' eay on the gt)ld that you and I tolled
Now, Martha Ann. it's been this way for seven
years or more.
And c ery year the burden grows somo larger
than before
It won t b; lone, good wife, tfll we shall sleep
beneath the heathr.
And I've been thlnkin' we had better Just live
here together;
When we are gone, dear Martha Ann, there'll
time enough remain.
But we can better keep this farm than get it
back a-aln.
If Sim and Nell are willln' too, we'll let them
run the farm.
But we had better keep the deed, at least 'twill
do no harm.
Ullle Binkley, in Texas Siftings.
A Lady's Stago Ride Among tho
Mountains of Colorado.
A Midnight riunge Through a Forest In
fected by Highwaymen Meeplngln
a Cabin t Hied With Thieves
A Ight of Suspense.
Somo years ago my father and I were
traveling in tho West, and stopped at a
bright little town in Wyoming Terri
tory, undecided in which direction to
go next.
I wanted very much to explore the
northern part of Wyoming, including
the Mack Hills, and close the trip with
a visit to National Park at the end of
But my father had lent his ear to
wonderful stories concerning a now
mining camp in Colorado, where dis
coveries of fabulous richness were af
firmed to have been made.
My father's arguments prevailed. Ho
went on first with his friend Henderson
and tho teamsters, who were taking
down the summer s merchandise for the
stores, and after a fow weeks he sent
for mc It was not deomed quite safe
for a woman to travel alone through
that region, so my father engaged to
put me under tho escort of his fiiend
Hende-son when he should make his
next trip.
It was about the middle of May when
the gentleman came to the hotel and
told me to bo ready for the fivo o'clock
stage tho next morning. Promptly at
tho time appointed I was on tho piazza
Presently tho stage, with rearing,
prancing horses, dashed around tho
corner and drew up at tho steps. There
were three men going to Camp El Do
rado my destination and a man and
woman to Cummings, Station, our first
The stage took the road directly
across tho plain, heading for the moun
tain range that formed its southern
boundary. Wo had ridden about an
hour over tho hard, gravelly roadbed,
when the stage suddenly halted in
front of a ranch house. The male pas
sengers got out. and tho driver down
from his stagebox to listen to what the
ranchman was saying. Their voices
were too low for us to catch tho drift
of their talk, but when tho passengers
came bac c there was a look of anxiety
upon their faces that startled mo. Per
haps this mode of travel over lonely
mountain roads was not so safe after
all. and visions of stage robbers and In
dians and grizzly bears began to fright
en me a little.
"Have you got as good grit as your
father. Miss? ' ased Henderson, as he
leaned across to me.
"I think so." I replied. "What is
the matter?"
"Well, there's been a couple of stage
robbers lying in jad over at Xewtown
for tho last two months, but Skeltoa
back there said they broke jail yester
day and are up in the Black Forest
Ho says one of Schermerhorn s cow
boys was over here at 5 o'clock this
morning and said he'd seen a smoke
from the foot of Horrs Hill, and caught
sight of them just balow the thickest
part of the forest, which is their favor
ite place for holding up drivers. If
that's so it looks as if we are in for a
fight this afternoon."
"Can't the stage go some other way? '
I asked.
"There's never been but one road cut
through Black Forest. The trees are
so thick you can't see the sun. We'd
have to go forty miles straight north
to go round the mountain, and there's
no stage road there."
"Why don't you lay up at Cummings
and catch the men?"
"Never catch those fellows in Black
Forest. They know every inch of
ground, and could shoot a whole regi
ment before you could get at them."
"What will they do kill us?" I
"Well, I guess not that bad. What
they want is the money. You see,
we've got a good deal with us to-day.
Between us here we're taking down
about two thousand dollars into the
camp, and it will go hard if we lose it
Would you mind keeping it for us?
They ar? less likely to touch you than
us. Thompson's got it hero in a bag in
I thought a moment My father had
written me to bring him five hundred
dollars and I had two hundred dollars
of my own. This was in bills, and I
had carefully Becreted it in my cloth
ing. But this bag of gold was much
more difficult to conceal.
"How large is the bag?" I asked.
Thompson drew it out of his pocket I
could hold it easily in my palm, but it
was so heavy I nearly dropped it
Well, I will try to hide it for you,"
I said. I put it in my traveling bag,
and when wo stopped for dinner I went
to a room in the hotol and transferred
the precious bag to a pocket in the
lining of my dress, which I recollected
my far-sighted grandmother had put
It was about 3 o'clock in the after
noon when, after a steady climb of
some miles up tho steep ridge of mount
ains that divided the park horizontally,
wo entered Black Forest It was a
stretch of twenty-fivo mile3 through this
wilderness, for wo ran duo west along
the ridge of tho mountain range till we
came opposite the center of tho southern
portion of tho park, when the road de
scended and wound about for fifty miles
through tho undulating plain, itself
broken by mountains and hills of lesser
sizes in every direction.
I confess that it was not without
somo fear that I saw the stage plunge
into tho wilderness. To add to our dis
comfiture a heavy rain began to fall,
and wo had not proceeded a half hour's
journey before it became so dark we
couldnot see fifty feet ahead of us.
The driver leaned back in his seat
with eyes and ears alert and let the
reins all loose, for tho horses knew their
way better than he could guide them
in that darkness.
Wo went on in almost unbroken si
lence for over an hour, and then I no
ticed that tho men had their revolvers
out Henderson sat at one window and
Thompson at tho other. As wo came
to tho foot of Horr's Hill they raised
the weapons to tho window sill and
rested them upon it with their barrels
pointing into tho heavy darkness with
out Another hour passed wearily by. Wo
had reached tho 6ummit of tho hill and
wore well along its ridge. Indeed, tho
men had begun to breathe moro freely,
for wo were scarcely a mile from tho
first clearing, when there was a sud
den noise, something that sounded like
a shout and a loud cracking in the
Ihe coach gave a tremendous lungo
and tho horses tore like mad through
tho woods. On, on they flew as if pos
sessed of supernatural power. The
men clung to their revolvers, with palo
faces and bated breath. A moment
more and they sprang out into tho
clearing, and wo know wo were safo, for
over tho hill top wo could seo tho ranch
men's houses. Tho driver got down
and caressed his horses as they stood
there trembling from head to foot Tho
passengers stepped out and looked
about and camo to tho conclusion that
our scaro must havo been over a grizzly
bear rather than robbers, elso wo
should not have escaped so easily.
Tho stago then began its descent and
just before tho twilight settled into the
darkness of night tho coach roiled up
at the ranch, where we stopped for the
This stago carried tho mails, and its
coming was tho occasion of tho gather
ing of cowboys from all parts of the
park and mountains thereabout There
wore full fifty of them there that night
and before 10 o'clock they were nearly
all drunk. There was but one other
woman on tho place tho ranchman's
wife. Her bed was in tho dining-room,
and I was to sleep with her, for there
wcro no private apartments in this
When we went to bed I laid off my
dress, but took the precious bag of gold
under my pillow, and committed my
self in prayer to the great and tender
Father who protects His children. I
asked especially in prayer that night
that I might be enabled to preserve un
touched tho money committed to my
care. Tho lights were burning in tho
dining-room all night and once some
one came in but went out again.
It wa3 well in the night when I was
awakened by hearing voices. I loosed
up over my head in the direction of the
sound. Tho bed was close to the cabin
wall, and just abovo my pillow the mud
chinks had fallen out from between tho
logs. Nearly opposite this holo two
men were standing, and I could hear
what they were saying.
"Curse it! We've got nothing from
the other fellows, suppose wo try her."
I don't believe she's got any thing,
and if she should raise a rumpus we'd
have a big fight before morning."
Where's sho sleepin'?"
"In this room here with Saunder's
wife! ' They walked over to the win
dow then; I heard their voices a few
moments longer, and then their foot
steps died away. I was fully aware of
the gravity of my position, but I was
powerless to help myself. Henderson
and his party wcro no match for half a
hundred lawless, intoxicated men, arm
ed with murderous weapons, and I
knew I could not hope for protection
from them. I knew of nothing better
to do than to keep still. Once more I
prayed earnestly, and with one hand
grasping the precious bag 1 laid still
until morning. When daylight dawned
tho ranchman's wife arose, and I fol
lowed her, quietly transferring the bag
from tho pillow to my dress again.
At breakfast Henderson looked anx
iously across the table at me, but I
smiled back and ho seemed re-assured.
After breakfast the stage loaded up and
wo started off, but as soon as we were
safely out of sight and sound of the
house the driver laid his whip across the
horses' back and dashed forward at
highest speed. Then Henderson told
me what had happened.
All the men, cow-boys and alL slept
together in a loft Five times that
night the rogues had gono through
their sachels, and even their pockets,
while they, to save their lives, had to
lay still and seem to be asleep. Of
course the thieves only got a few dol
lars that the men happened to bare
about them, and as thoy mado no at
tempt upon me tho .money was saved.
The stago rolled into the little town
just as tho sun was beginning to set
and bofore it had gone down" over the
snow-clad peaks in the west my father
and I walked down to Henderson's cab
in and I returned to him his bag of gold.
N. Y. Herald.
Why Imitation Gems Are so Frequently
Worn by Persons of Means.
A reporter recently asked a Maiden
Lane diamond merchant pointing to a
pendant in the window:
"Do you mean to say those are not
diamonds?" ,
"No more diamonds than thoy are
eggs. Simply exceedingly fine speci
mens of 'French paste,' which is the
best imitation of tho diamond yet dis
covered," was the reply.
"What is 'French paste?' "
"It is a peculiar kind of glass, per
fected in Paris by Donault-Wicland. Its
basis is finely powdered rock crystal
melted with other minerals."
"Aro these imitations as brilliant and
cxponsive as tho doublets the gems
mado by imposing a thin faco of real
diamond on a backing of rock crystal?"
"They aro moro brilliant and cost
less in proportion to size much less;
but tho doublets are by far the most
"What other gems aro imitated as
successfully as tho diamond?"
"Rubles and sapphires oven moro so.
The imitations of them actually possess
the same chemical composition as the
real stones. The gems so mado aro ox
pensive, but much less so than tho real
stones, and aro very hard, with fine
luster and excellent color, if tho pro
portions of tho material are exactly
right Emeralds, topazes, garnets and
various other moro or less valuable
gems, aro all well imitated in glass
colored with different silicates and ox
ides. Sham pearls are also so well
made that when properly set, they can
not be distinguished from genuino ones.
They are simply beads of clear glass,
coated inside with a lustrous solution
obtained from tho scales of somo small
dshes bleak and dace. I think the
lishes aro called. It takes tho scales of
40,000 of tho fishes to make two pounds
of tho solution, which is called 'Essence
.I'Orient' Tho imitation pearls are
more durable than the real ones, which
re liablo to bo injured by perspiration
or various other incidents of wear."
"Reverting to that French paste; are
thero many of tht sort of diamonds
sold in this country?"
"A great many. Reputable dealers
sell them for what thoy are, and their
price for fine ones such as these is
sufficiently high to keep them from be
ing offered as cheap stuff to the masses,
yet great numbers aro worn."
"Why do persons of means invest in
bogus gems?"
"For various reasons. Ono docs not
caro to Keop locked up in more orna
ment tho largo amount of money that
would be required to purchase diamonds
in such sizo and number as society
might expect him or her to have, so a
fow really fine stones aro purchased for
habitual wear, to challenge criticism,
and a brilliant array of 'French pastes'
is provid 'd for show upon occasions
when big display is expected and there
will bo no dangor of close critical in
spection." "Has anybody had yet tho bright
idea of starting tho manufacture of
French paste' diamonds hero as ono of
our industries?"
"No. Tho French stand first in it,
and tho Germans are rather a poorsec
ond, but wo aro nowhere. Tho situa
tion may be different however, in tho
course of tho next four years." N. Y.
Mail and Express.
What Daniel Webster's Winning Ways Cost
Erastns Corning.
The following story of Daniel Web
ster, illustrative of his winning per
sonal traits, told by a leading local
lawyer, is belioved never to have been
made public Years ago the late Eras
tus Corning, of this city, as a compara
tively young man, mado Mr. Webster's
acquaintance somewhat intimately. As
a result of the friendship it turned out
the former indorsed Mr. Webster's note
for a considerable sum. When the note
fell duo protests came to the firm and
they paid the note. Knowing Mr.
Webster's impecuniosity and not wish
ing to crowd him, they did not call
upon him for security. After some
years, and when it was supposed that
Mr. Webster's financial condition was
improved. Mr. Corning, at tho instanco
of his firm, wrote asking Mr. Webster
if he could make it convenient to liqui
date the claim. The answer was a
courteous note from Mr. Webster mak
ing excuses that just at present he was
unable to meet the demand, and ending
up by a pressing invitation for Mr.
Corning to visit him later, when he
would probably be able to pay h m or
at least to secure the claim satisfacto
rily. Tho firm advised Mr. Corning to
accept the invitation, which ho did.
On his return Mr. Corning came homo
delighted with the pleasure of his visit
and entertained his partners with glow
ing accounts of tho great statesman s
hospitalities and descriptions of tho
charming incidents of the sojourn, in
which he ignored mention of the busi
ness object which partly impelled tho
visit Finallv. after he had exhausted
description of the vi-it, one of Mr.
Coming's friends said: "Well, I sup- j
pose Mr. Webster was pleased because
ho was able to pay the note?" "Pleas- J
ed to pay the note," said Mr. Corning;
"he not only didn't pay tho note, but
he so charmed mo that he got me to
sign another note for $5,000, and I am
thankful that ho didn't ask me to make f
it $20,000, for I don't think I could!
havo resisted his request" Mr. Corn
ing is said to have had a subsequent in
vitation to visit Marshfield and to have
aeclined on the ground that he could
not afford so expensive a pleasure. Al
bany (N. Y.) Journal.
An English writer says the Ameri
can girl "puts on too many airs." No
wonder! An American girl with an
accordion skirt bugle trimmings, fluted
what-you-call-It and a couple of strings
to her beau may not be musically in
clined, but she can hardly help putting
on airs. Norristown Herald.
Women Compelled to Contribute to the
Support of Government, Tet Denied
Representation The Slavish Condition
of Woman.
In a recent letter to the Woman's
Journal, Rev. V. O. Gee, of Bowling
Green, Ky., says:
"I am asked to give my position on
tho subject of 'equal rights for men
and women.' I do so with pleasure.
The natural rights of both sexes I be
lieve to bo identical. Each can sur
render certain rights by any formal re
lation it enters into. By the marriage
vow, both husband and wifo act on this
principle, or at least should, according
to tho divine economy, and surrender
In a measuro certain natural rights,
each agreeing to keep the stipulation.
In entering into this covenant volun
tarily, of course, there is only ono point
of difference between tho two; the wifo
surrenders to the guidance of the hus
band in controlling the general inter
ests of tho family whenever thero be
an honest difference of opinion in such
matters. They both should go hand in
hand, bearing and forbearing, consult
ing together on all subjects pertaining
to their wclfaro and the welfare of
those dependent upon them; neither
should keep from tho other any plans
or designs contemplated, but be ever
freo and open to each olhor, and when
a decision has to be arrived at, affect
ing their common interests, and on
which thero is an honest divergence of
opinion, tho husband's counsel should
pie vail, as I believe God has mado him
tho head of tho family in this regard.
This does not teach tho inferiority of
Iho wife, as I conceive, but in all unions
or co-operativo associations there must
be a head, and in accordanco with
God's plan this has been given in tho
marriage covenant to tho husband under
tho conditions stated. This headship,
mark you, is confined strictly to tho
family circle, family duties and family
interests, and only in the sense stated.
"Thero aro other obligations outsido
of this relation of marriage, binding
upon both, and for tho proper exercise
of these each is only responsible to God.
Theso obligations aro of a religious,
social and civil character. Tho wifo
should bo as free and independent in
arriving at correct conclusions, when
ever any proposition affecting her du
ties or relations in these directions is
presented for her consideration, as tho
husband is; ju-t so she keeps inviolato
the vow sho made to him at tho con
nubial altar. Sho has duties to tho
church, duties to society, duties to tho
State, just as binding and obligatory upon
her as tho husband's aro upon him, and
whenever any of these rights aro in
fringed, hor rights, both from natural
and religious point of view, aro tramp
led upon. So I claim that if woman
should bo deprived of the ballot, then
man should for tho samo reason. His
peculiar prerogatives in this matter are
altogether assumed and arbitrary.
Why should ho have any better right to
make laws for tho governing of woman
than sho should havo to mako laws for
tho governing of him? If sho has no
voico in tho enacting of law, then sho
Bhould rot be amenable to tho law.
(Wo arc, of courst-, hero speaking of
human and not divino law.) Elso we
shall make her but a serf and a slave.
I conceive it tho worst kind of a slavery
for an intelligent and rcasonablo boing
to bo amenablo to a law which it has
had no voice in making or determining;
and yet wo boast of our free and great
country, the land of liberty! It is a
land of freedom with a vengeance,
when one-half of tho peoplo rule the
other half. And again, I would say
woman should qither bo allowed tho
franchise or bo exempt from taxation.
Taxation without representation or
voico in tho government was tho ground
of our severance) as a nation from the
mother country. Consistency, truly
thou art a jowel!
"I wish I had tho time to enter into
an argument, both from Scripture and
reason, for supporting tho position hero
taken. I will in any ovent take the lib
erty of referring to one of the most
flimsy and silly objections, to my mind,
that is often raised against equal suf
frage, and that is tho indelicacy or im
modesty in woman's presenting herself
at tho polls to cast her ballot when tho
samo objectors often go with their
wives and daughters to a circus, and
there submit to all kinds of crowding
and pressure, just to hear the droll
witticisms of a clown and witness in
delicate performances of various na
tures; and theso same people think
nothing of ladies visiting theaters and
looking on at tho ballet dances. To
mo the two latter are much moro ob
jectionable than tho former; but if
ministers and ladies could have the op
portunity of exercising more influence
on our politics, why could not the law
be so arranged as to allow a poll to bo
opened in a church building, and then,
after a devout prayer to Almighty God
for guidance and direction, have both
men and women deposit their votes in
the fear of His holy name and in con
formity to His divine will? I am crank
enough to believe that this will
be tho case before many decades
shall have passed by, and that all
Christians will learn to sanctify their
politics as much as they do their re
ligion. Women In Kentucky.
The work of men can not be done by
women, any moro than tho work of
women can be done by men. No Ken
tucky woman wants to do man's work,
but all over our State aie women who
osk to be allowed the right to do their
own work, the work of women in poli
tics. The possession of one of the in
clination and ability to do a certain
work is proof that the work belongs to
that person. When the intelligent
women of Kentucky have tho ballot
we shall soon see that the moral ques
tions that are being discussed all over
our State will bo settled, and settled
right Who doubts it? Why are all
whisky organizations so opposed to
woman's suffrage? Because these peo
ple know their own interests, and they
know that the ballot in the hands of
women means the death-blow to their
business. Are we on tho side of in
temperance or morality? The Ken
tucky Equal Rights Association asks
that women be given the right to do
their work in our town, city and State
A Sense of Obligation, as Well as a Desire
of Privilege Should Prompt Women to
At the recent convention of the Wo
man's Suffrago Association, Hon. Alonzo
Taft of Cincinnati, spoke as follows:
"I have beon requested by some of
our citizens who feel a doop interest in
tho object of this convention, to address
a word of welcome to the distinguished
members of the Association who have
come to urge upon our attention tho
cause of woman suffrage, and to assuro
them that thoy will have from our citi
zens a fair and genorous hearing. I do
this with great pleasure, because I do
not doubt that such will be the fact
Our peoplo aro not ignorant of tho
whole-souled devotion to the cause of
humanity which has distinguished the
principal advocates of woman suffrage.
It is a missionary work in which thoy
are engaged, and thoy will bo heard
with cordiality and great attention.
It is not necessary that I should go
further and express any individual
opinion upon tho subject which is to
be discussed upon this occasion. But I
deem it proper for mo to say that it has
long been my individual opinion
that women ought to vote. If
they desire it, thoy should havo the
privilege. If thoy do not desire it,
then they should vote from a sense .of
duty. I havo not felt that the case was
so urgent as it wou d bo if tho men
who do tho voting did not intend to
take good caro of the interests of wo
men. They havo generally done so,
as fully as could bo expected under tho
circumstances. Laughter. Tho laws
have been growing bettor and more
equitable toward women, till now the
law of Ohio gives to a woman tho same
right in her husband's property which
he has in hers. It seoks to make their
property r ghts equal. But her politi
cal rights aro left whore they wore. If
women had voted, theso improvements
in tho law would undoubtedly havo
been made long ago. The friends of
woman suffrago are to bo congratulated
on tho very considerable progress
which has already been made. Fartial
sufftago has been secured in several
States, and in one Territory tho women
havo full suffrage. I do not expect to
live to see it but I havo no doubt what
ever that the timo is coming when the
Republic will rest on tho suffrages of
all its citizens, and that thus resting,
it will be safer, and better governed,
than if supported by tho votes Of ono
half only, as it is now."
What the Condition or Public Affairs Will
lie a Century Hence.
The groat Centennial is over. That
it was a magnificent occasion goes with
out saying. Only one criticism will bo
mado when tho sceno is contemplated
in tho perspective of history tho
women-patriots were totally ignored.
The white male dynasty was at the
foro in full force, and oven Whlttier,
tho noblest friond of woman that Amer
ican manhood counts, mado no allusion
to us in his magnificent poem of tho
day. Men everywhere and all the
timo; a spectaclo of halfness; of the
onesidedness that now imperils tho Re
public; and with no realization what
over of tho absurdity of their position
in thus ruling tho Lord's heritage of
Their blindness to tho real situation,
to tho most significant feature of the
century "woman s discovery of her
self," to employ Francis E. Willnrd's
phrase was after all tho most im
pressivo feature of tho occ ision. Its
only parallel is tho sublime stolidity
of the Czar, the Emporor and tho King,
to tho fact that the only actual King.
Emperor and Czar, tho people, havo
taken up tho calling, the 'divine right"
by which theso puppots of an hour aro
supposed to rule; tho "satanlc wrong"
of the century, to be put away before
another century gets itself well under
But after all wo must not blame the
Individual representative of world-old
wrongs, whether ho is an Old-World
despot or a malo voter in our own New
World. Thoy stand for all tho past that
has placed them whero they are. But
evolution has them in its blessed, yet
relentless, mill; God's mill that grinds
so slow and small, but with exactness
grinds us alL Evolution took material
forces, and developed from them the
stronger forces that aro spiritual. Wo
men to-day constitute three-fourths of
tho teachors, throe-fourths of tho grad
uates from schools, three-fourths of tho
temperance army, three-fourths of the
church. Their day dawns, and shall
rise to its zonith, when men and women
equally shall fill all places of opportun
ity, trust and honor; when the poor old
world shall limp on one leg no longer,
but walk off with even tread. Wo
man's Journal.
There are 213 clubs of women in
New Orleans devoted to the study of
political economy.
A Workingwomex's Society formed
in Detroit, Mich., ten years ago, to
caro for girls out of employment and
secure situations, has just dedicated a
magnificent building.
The women of Delaware have united
to compel legislative action in the mat
ter of the protection of young girls.
The present legal limit of protection is
seven years, and the women of the
State are demanding that it be raised to
eighteen years.
The moro radical friends of the cause
say (what to an American seems almost
self-evident) that there is no reason in
the world why married women should
not vote. They even take tho extreme
position that they will oppose tho
passage of any bill which does not in
clude married women.
Among the many good works of the
Queen of Saxony is her education of
women of all ranks to be nurses, in
1867 she summoned the women of Dres
den to meet her in council, and at the
end of a year there were 1,200 nurses
ready for service. They were called
Albertinerinnen, from the name of the
then Crown Prince. Any one ill in
Dresden sends a request for a nurse to
any hospital managed by Albertinerin
nen. Under their charge is the Queen's
Hospital and a convalescents' home on
the banks of the Elbe, which the Queen
purchased with her private means.
The Straggle Between the ClevelandltM
and the Itandallltes.
Thire are many reasons why Repub
licans should feel interested in the
rising controversy between the Demo
crats whose paramount idea is free
trade, and whose permanent Presiden
tial candidate is Mr. Cleveland, and
the Democrats who believe that Mr.
Cleveland and his free-trade issue de
feated the party and that the "new
South" is rapidly becoming protec
tionist The rapidity with which the
Cleveland movement has developed its
strength shows how great is the power
of the lree traders in the Democratic
party. This movement was formally
inaugurated at the Cleveland banquet
given tho other evening. To those
who watched Cleveland's own move
ments as a spectator of tho two cen
tennial parades, and saw how he man
aged to retire from the grand stand
and-cross Fifth avenue to tho Victoria
at jut the right time to get the at
tention of the crowd, it is needless to
say that he is ready to improve every
opportunity to come to the front It
may be added that he is in the hands
of tho shrewdest and ablest "trainers"
and managers that tho Democratic
party affords.
On the other hand, tho progressive
and enterprising Democrats of the
South, who have the brains to see
that thero is not only wise politics but
the promise of unprecedented South
' n growth and prosperity in main
taining tho policy of protection, are
determined to antagonize tho "solid
South" Bourbons and the Northern
Democratic free traders. What is
known as "tho Chattanooga move
ment" in gaining headway in tho two
Virginias, North Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama and Tennessee with a rapid
ity that must bewildtr the political
"monbacks" of theso States. The
Demuarats who are in this "new de
parture" for the election of protec
tionist Congressmen insist that their
party recognized protection in their
National platforms of 1884 and 188a
Colonel Colyar, long the editor of tho
Nashville American, and a protection
ist Democrat, insists that "the defeat
of Mr. Cleveland and putting the
House of Representatives under the
control of the Republican party by
certain leaders refusing to recognize
tho doctrine of protection as contained
in tho platform of 1884 readopted in
1888 is a lesson which nothing but
raging perversity will fail to heod.
But for tho mistake made the Demo
crats had a walk-over. Such a knock
down as Democracy got is not likely to
embolden tho men who brought tho
disaster, and 1 confidently expect a
return to the platform in the South."
"The progressive men of the South,"
adds Colonel Colyar, "to a man are
for saving and pushing our new indus
tries, and not a man of them believes
the Watterson doctrine to be any thing
less than death to progress in tho
South. The race question out of the
way and the progressive men in the
South will see that no man of the
Watterson school goes to Congress
from the mining and manufacturing
This is very plain talk and "means
business." It is tho language of an
old newspaper man wno understands
the new situation in the mining and
manufacturing regions of the South,
and who sees that every new mill
started and every new mine opened is
an irresistible advocate for the policy
that is giving to the "new South" an
era of enterprise, hopefulness and
prosperity that no Southern man could
havo anticipated fifteen years ago. It
Is because the "new South" realizes
those great facts and is led by the men
whose futures are not behind them
that so able and sagacious a Virginian
as Colonel H. C. Parsons believes that
the Southern movement for protection
will result in electing at least thirty
five Southern protectionists to the next
Thus the Democratic party is al
ready and openly divided on the free
trade issue. The free traders have no
other candidate that Mr. Cleveland.
If thoy could elect him President for
life thoy would do it The Cleveland
banquet was the formal opening of the
campaign, and now the discordant
Democratic bands will begin to play.
"It is a very pretty quarrel as it
stands." The free traders have at
last found a permanent candidate who
realizes their largest and highest
ideas of statesmanship and manhood.
Their worship ef their "Joss" is as
unlike the devotion of the followers of
Jackson and Grant as can well be im
agined. butU is equally sincere. When
Mr. Lowell compared Mr. Cleveland
with Lincoln, with an evident prefer
ence for Cleveland, he spoke as the in
tellectual chief of those who get their
political economy and religion from
John Stuart Mill.
The sooner the issues involved in
this candidacy get before the American
people the better for the Republican
party and the country, and especially
for "the new South." N. Y. Mail
and Express.
The Government Is Simply Faying a Just
Debt to the Old Soldiers.
When tho Government borrowed
money it paid interest on it till every
cent of the principal was repaid. And
when the Government borrowed
human bodies it ought to pay interest
on them till restored whole as before.
But in faot. the Government has kept,
from that day to this, some part of
nearly every body it borrowed; that
is, it used it and never restored it
From some it took an arm, from some
a leg or an eye; from some it took the
hearing; from some it took feet from
others teeth, from others it took good
health in a thousand different ways.
These things the Government had the
use of; it had the best service they
could render, and they were spent and
lost while the Government was using
them, and they were lost be
cause the Government was using
them. Now, if it was right for the
Government to pry interest on the
money it borrowed till the money was
restored, and it was. why is it not
right to pay interest on the bodies it
used and failed to restore as they
For ju3tlco's sake, then, we are in
favor of paying pensions to these men,
and wo are in favor of it also because
it is for -the general public good. The
revenues of the United States are so
levied and collected that they bear
very lightly on the people. It may f
reasonably be doubted that any good,
probably actual damage, would follow
the total repeal of our tariff and in
ternal revenue systems, even if the
United States no longer needed a dol
lar of revenue. Our tax systems,
resting lightly and acting beneficial
ly, puts abundant money in the treas
ury. It is utterly useless there beyond
what is needed for current expendi
tures, but every dollar that goes out
into any community gives to that
community a larger and more active
financial life. The citizen who spends
money is more useful than he who
only gathers it in Every old -soldier
drawing a pension is a conduit
through which money is poured into
a community. He spends every cent
of his pension money. It goes to pay
debts or to purchase necessaries. In
999 cases out of 1,000 he is a man
who is obliged to spend it When
his pension comes, he buys a suit
of clothe9, and the tailor is
helped; ho buys his wife a new
dress, and the merchant is helped; he
pays up bis grocery bill, and the
groceryman is helped; he gives his
overworked wife a partial rest, and
tho washer-woman and house-cleaner
are helped; he repaints his home, it
he owns one, and the painters are
helped; he subscribes for the Tribune,
and the publishers are helped; if he
happens to got several hundred dollars
of arrearages, he builds a little houso
for a home, and a dozen difforent kinds
of mechanics are helped. A part of
that pension money goes into the
homes of half the families in the com
This constant complaint of the vast
amount paid out in pensions is con
summate nonsense. What if it is $80,
000.000 a year? The money is dis
tributed and sent flying all abroad.
More than any other one thing does
the pension system give us financial
life. Make the pension bill f 200.000,
000 annually and hard times will be
unknown. The soldiers will start the
financial ball in motion, every body
will pay every body else; money will
be constantly performing its benefi
cent work in stimulating business ac
tivity. Let us have done with this foolish
ness that tho payment of pensions is
going to impoverish the country.
New Albany (Ind.) Tribune.
Tit Opposition of the Democratic Party
to Ballot Purification.
Governor Hill has vetoed tho Sax
ton Electoral Reform bill that had
passed the New York Legislature by a
strict party vote. His veto was not
unexpected. His interest in the Dem
ocratic party compelled him to do it
Every bill that proposes to do away
with frauds in elections is a bill
against tho Democratic party and may
expect solid Democratic opposition.
This Saxton bill contained tho es
sential principles of what is known as
the Australian system of voting. A
system who3o usefulness in securing
fair elections has everywhere been
acknowledged. Tho bill was tho re
sult of a progressive public spirit that
demanded some reform in election
methods. Similar bills have been
passed by many Republican Legis
latures during the last six months.
But the one State of the North that
more than any other needs such a bill
is refused it by the action of this
Democratic Governor.
When the bill was on its passage
every Republican voted for it and
every Democrat against it, so that it
went to the Governor by a strict party
vote. Why should every Democrat
oppose a bill for fair and honest elec
tions? If only fw members fead
voted against the measure, their op
position would have attracted no
special attention. But when it became
a party measure, receiving the oppo
sition of every Democrat in the Legis
islature, it is fair to conclude that the
Democratic party for political reasons
dare not help a bill for honest elec
toral reform to become a law.
Governor Hill's objections are of
the most specious kind. He has made
a great effort to find some justifica
tion for his veto. But he can give no
good and honest reason why that bill
should not have become a law, save
his fear of the harm it would do the
Democratic party. An electoral reform
bill of this kind, that honestly intend
ed to reform, would cost the Demo
cratic party thousands of votes in New
York City alone. What chance would
the Democracy ever have of carrying
New York if the opportunity to cheat
and steal and make false returfis were
taken away?
The Democratic party of New York
ought to be profoundly ashamed of it
self, and it deserves the public indig
nation which it will receive for having
prevented this excellent and most
needed measure from becoming a law.
The more unhappy reflection is that the
Democratic party all over the country
is as bad as the Democratic party of
New York. Des Moines (la.) Regl&ter.
jWThe wheels of time whirl with
lightning speed, and they tako new
forces with every revolution. They
will not move backward to catch up
Mr. Cleveland's luck when he himselJ
did not know how to play it Rich
mond (Va.) Times.
jWThe protestations of the Arkan
sas authorities over Colonel Clayton's
assassination, that it was not express
ive of the sentiment of the commu
nity, is overruled by this Neely affair,
and the murder of the witnesses at
Plummerville, through whom the mur
derer of Clayton was likely to be dis
covered. Arkansas neeks regenera
tion. N. Y. Graph!.
MaTThe South should be flooded
with protectionist literature; It3 farm
ers taught the value of home mar
kets, its laborers tho effect of competi
tion upon the price of labor, its store
keepers the beneficial effects of high
wages upon retail trade. And the test
time to teach is while party feeling Is
calm. A campaign of educatio
should bo in constant progress. CM
cag o Inter Ocean.

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