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The Iola register. [volume] (Iola, Allen County, Kansas) 1875-1902, August 31, 1894, Image 8

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83040340/1894-08-31/ed-1/seq-8/

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EVERLASTING BEST.
Dr. Talmage Tells "Where It May
Bo Found.
The World the King's Highway, Where All
Mast Be Moving I'eace, Quiet and
Happiness at the End of
the Journey.
ARTHUR P. GORMAN, Maryland's Senior Senator.
Senator Gorman was born in Hownrd county, Md , In 1839, and In 1852 was appointed page In
'the United States senate. He remained In the service of that body until 18G6. From that year
until ItsO he was the acknowledged greatest power In ths politics ot his state, holding many posi
tions of partv trust as well as serving as trustee and president of tho Chesapeake & Ohio canal.
He was elected to the United States senate first In 1S8J and is now beginning his third term.
NATIONAL LABOR DAY.
Congress Has Officially Bo cog
nized the Right of Our Toilers.
A Day Set Apart for Rest and Recreation
In the Interest of tho Laboring- Man
Some Stites Already I'rovld-
ed Tor by Statute.
Special Lcttcr.l
Ihc cause of labor received an im
portant recognition in one of the few
hills just passed by the present con
gress that making the first Monday
in September henceforth a national
holiday devoted to the cause of tho
toiler and set apart for a rest-day in
tho workingman's interest. Other
sentiments and classes arc already
jwell remembered in the year's calen
dar. There is patriotism in Fourth of
July celebrations, remembrance of vet
erans at Decoration day, acknowledg
ment of favors of Providence at Thanks
giving, gifts at Christmas, social duties
Dn New Year's and religious ceremo
nials at Easter. But there has never
been in American customs any recog
nition of tho laboring classes in gen
erally observed holidays.
The origin of Labor day dates back
to 1SS0, when following the labor diffi-
ex-gov. rrasiriniEr, of kansas.
cnlties of 1877 the cause of the labor
unions received a considerable im
petus. There was a demand for a
general gala occasion, and in the labor
assembly of New York the matter of
adopting a special day for this purpose
was discussed. No particular resnlt
was attained beside adopting the first
Monday in September as a day for
worklngmcn's relaxation.
With the recurrence of the season the
idea spread, and labor unions of all
lands came to select a day in the first
week of September for their celebra
tions of this kind, the custom spread
ing from the cities and manufacturing
towns to the country districts until it
was well nigh national in its extent.
Up to 1890, however, no state observ
ance of the day had taken plack. In
August of that year Gov. L. U. Hum
jphrey, of Kansas, by request of the
'Topcka trades assembly, issued a proc
lamation setting ;aside the first day of
September for a labor holiday and ask
ing the people of the commonwealth to
devote the occasion to tho interest of
the toilers. The proclamation was an
innovation, and Gov. Humphrey was
criticized by many for his action.
Time, however, demonstrated his good
judgment, for several other governors
speedily followed his example and
ttatc legislatures took action on tho
(subject until, before congress had na
tionalized the day, more than half tho
states already had labor days of their
own.
The bill adopted June 23 was advo
cated by Congressman Cummings, who
immediately after its passage by house
and senate took it himself to President
,Clevcland and witnessed its signature.
The bill was a long time on the cal
endar, but required only a short timo
for reading or discussion, for it is ex
ceedingly brief. It is as follows:
"I3c it enacted, etc.. That tho first Monday
in September in each year, being tho day cele
brated and known as Labors holiday, is hcrc
fcy made a lcpl public holiday, to all intents
cad purposes, in the same manner as Christ
inas, the 1st dav of January, tho 2d day of
February, tho 3Cth day of May and tho 4th
day of July arc cow made by law public holi
days." In one respect the law is a curious
one. for it is unusual for congress to
legislate on the subject of holidays ex
cept for the District of Columbia.
There are exceptions, but they are of
a special character. April 30, 18S9, the
centennial anniversary of the inaugura
tion of the first president was made a
national public holiday throughout
the United States by the act of March
2, 1SS9. The last congress also passed
a joint resolution authorizing the pres
ident to recommend October 1, 1S92,
the four hundredth anniversary of the
discovery of America, as "on- to be
observed by the people by public dem
onstrations, and suitable exercises in
the schools and other places. These
arc the only national holidays pro
vided for by congress outside of this
latest addition to the list. It is ob
jected by some that the putting of
the day en the plane of the others
mentioned in the act is misleading
since none of them is a. national holi
day in a technical sense. They are
mado holidays hy state law or by na
tional enactment limited in its appli
cation to the District of Coluuroia.
Zren Thanksgiving day, though desig- j
natcd by the president, becomes a pub
lic holiday only by state legislation
providing that any day designated by
president or governor as a day of
thanksgiving shall be a public holiday.
Some states, including Pennsylvania,
already have a Labor day of their own,
set apart by state legislation, and have
chosen the first Saturday in September
rather than -the first Monday as being
more suitable to the laboring classes
who get a holiday at the end of the
week s work rather than the beginning.
The question arises in such cases: Dave
these states now two Labor days or
shall the federal holiday take pre
cedence over that of the common
wealth? A change in the state laws
to conform with the new conditions
may be expected next winter in these
states.
The setting apart of a holiday for
labor celebrations is due perhaps more
to the Knights of Labor than any one
organization. The celebrations are
nearly always held under the auspices
of this body, although there is gen
erally a hearty cooperation on the part
of other societies of workingmen and
those interested in their cause. The
late head of the order, T. V. Powderly,
was its enthusiastic supporter for
years.
The Labor day observance is not
similar to that of any other holiday.
It approaches the Fourth of July, but
is without the hilarity and exuberance
of that occasion. There is an under
tone of seriousness that tells of tho
earnestness of the cause of the work
ingman and shows the importance of
his interests in the development of
American civilization.
The chief feature of the day is a
parade but it is not a procession de
voted to drum majors and bunting. It
is more in the nature of a trades' dis
ply in which every avocation is repre
sented by workmen busy at their va
rious trades. Then there is a big pic
nic dinner rand later the speeches,
which are a far more important por
tion of the progammc than in most
other holidays. In th addresses there
has often been a tendency to a radical
presentation of the cause of the work
men, and the occasion has sometimes
been taken advantage of by reckless
agitators who have seized tho opportu
nity to express un-American and un
patriotic ideas.
While it is perhaps true that some
what extreme ideas are more readily
received than upon occasions like In
dependence day it is not generally dono
without disapprobation, and with tho
day made a rest day for the whole na
tion instead of for a particular class or
section, its observance will become far
more broad and less marred by any ex
pression tending to arouse antagonism
between the toilers and any other class
whatever.
The significance of the day is far
reaching, and the unanimity with
which congress indorsed it. the bill
a Hi
GRAND MASTER WORKMAX SOVEREIGN.
passing practically without opposition
in cither branch of congress, proves the
sympathy with which it has been re
ceived by those high in authority.
Indications arc that it will be moro
generally observed this year than ever
before in the nation's history, and the
problems that confront labor and have
received so much discussion during the
past few months will be prominently
before the gatherings in every village,
city and hamlet in the nation for so
lution. It is an encouragiug sign that labor
has received this recognition, and that
the United States of America has been
the first nation on earth to make so
important a concession to the laboring
classes. It is not only a permanent
concession, for such an enactment can
never be abrogated, but it will, if
rightly used, aid in bringing about a
hotter understanding of the laborques
tion, now 60 prominent in political and
ethical economy the world over.
C M. Hargeb,
Sympathetic "
Dora Papa said we mustn't encour
age tramps, becauso one tells all the
I couldn't help it, he looked
so starved.
"What did you give him?"
"Half a cream puff and some chewing
gnm.' Good News-
Like a Crowded lias.
The world is like a crowded has;
A few good men perhaps
Hay and a scat, but most of us
Hust hang on by the strap.
Pittshszgh Disnatc
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage selected for
the subject of his sermon through the
press this week the words, "Everlast
ing Life," the text being from Micah
ii. 10: "Arise ye and depart, for this is
not your rest."
This was the drum-beat of a prophet
who wanted to arouse his people from
their oppressed and sinful condition;
but it may just as properly be uttered
now as then. Dells, by long exposure
and much ringing, lose their clearness
of tone; but this rousing bell of the
gospel strikes in as clear a tone as when
it first rang out on the air.
As far as I can see, your great want
and mine is rest From the time we
enter life, a great many vexations and
annoyance take after us. We may have
our holidays, and ourseasonsof recrea
tion and quiet, but where is the man
come to mid-life who has found entire
rest? The fact is that God did not
make this world to rest in. A ship
might as well go down off Cape
Hatteras to find smooth water as
a man in this world to find
quiet. From the way God has strewn
the thorns, and hung the clouds, and
sharpened the tusks; from the colds
that distress us, and the heats that
smite us, and the pleurisies that stab
us, and the fevers that consume us, I
know that He did not make this world
as a plaee to loiter in. God does every
thing successfully; and this world
would be a very different world if it
were intended for us to lounge in. It
does right well for a few hours. In
deed, it is magnificent! Nothing but
finite wisdom and goodness could have
mixed this beverage of water, or hung
up these brackets of stars, or trained
these voicesof rill, and bird, and ocean,
so that God has but to lift His hand
and the whole world breaks forth into
orchestra. But, after all, it is only the
splendors of a king's highway, over
which e are to march on to eternal
conquests.
You and I have seen men who tried
to rest here. They builded themselves
great stores. They gathered around
them the patronage of merchant
princes. The voice of their bid shook
the money markets. They had stock
in the most successful railroads, and in
"safety deposits" great rolls of govern
ment securities. They had emblazoned
carriages, high-mettled steeds, foot
men, places that confounded lords and
senators who sat at their table, tapes-trj-
on which floated the richest de
signs of foreign looms, splendor of
canvas on the wall, exquisitencss of
music rising among pedestals of bronze,
and dropping, soft its light, on snow of
sculpture. Here let them rest. Put
back the embroidered curtain, and
shako up the pillow of down.
Turn out the lights! It is 11
o'clock at night. Let slumber
drop upon the eyelids and the air
float through the half opened lattice
drowsy with midsummer perfume.
Stand back, all care, anxiety and trou
ble! Hut no! the- will not stand back.
They rattle the lattice. They look un
der the canopy. With rough touch
they startle his pulse. They cry out
at 12 o'clock at night: "Awake, man!
How can you sleep when things are so
uncertain? What about those stocks?
Hark to the tap of that fire bell; it is
your district! How if you should die
soon? Awake, man! Think of it!
Who will get your property when you
are gone? What will they do with it?
Wake up! Riches sometimes take
wings. How if you should get poor?
Wake up!" Rising on one elbow, the
man of fortune looks out into the dark
ness of the room and wipes the damp
ness from his forehead, and says:
"Alas! For all this scene of wealth
and magnificence no rest!"
I passed down a street of a city with
a merchant. He knew all the finest
houses on the street. He said: "There
is something the matter in all these
houses. In that one it is conjugal in
felicity. In that one a dissipated son.
In that, a dissolute father. In that,
an idiot child. In that, the prospect of
bankruptcy." This world's wealth
can give no permanent satisfaction.
This is not your rest.
You and I have seen men try in an
other direction. A man says: "If I
could only rise to such and such a place
of renown; if I could gain that office;
if I could only get the stand and have
my sentiments met with one good
round of hand-clapping applause;
if I could only write a book
that would live, or make a
speech that would thrill, or do an
action that would resound!" Tho tide
turns in his favor. His name is on 10,
000 lips. He is bowed to, and sought
after, and advanced. Men drink his
health at great dinners. At his fiery
words the multitudes huzza! From
galleries of beauty they throw gar
lands. From housetops, as he passes
in long procession, they shake out the
national standards. Here let him rest.
It is 11 o'clock at night. On pillow
stuffed with nation's praise let him lie
down. Hush! all disturbant voices. In
his dream let there be a hoisted throne,
and across it march a coronation.
Hush! nush! "Wake up!" says a
rough voice. "Political sentiment is
changing. How if you should lose this
place of honor? Wake up! The
morning papers are to be full of
denunciation. Harken to the execra
tions of those who once caressed
you. By to-morrow night there will
be multitudes sneering at the words
which last night you expected would
be universally admired. How can you
sleep when everything depends upon
the next turn of the tragedy? Up,
man! Off of this pillow!" The man,
with head yet hot from his last ora
tion, starts up suddenly, looks out up
on the night, but sees nothing except
the flowers that lie on his stand, or the
scroll from which he read his speech,
or the books from which he quoted his
authorities, and goes to his desk to
finish his neglected correspondence, or
to pen an indignant line to some re
porter, or sketch the plan for a public
defense against the assault of the peo
ple. Happy when he got his first law
yer's brief; exultant when he triumphed
over his first political rival; yet, sit
ting on the very top of all that this
world offers of praise, he exclaims "No
rest! no rest!"
The very world that now applauds
will soon hiss. That world said of the
great Webster: "What a statesman!
What wonderful exposition of the con
stitution! A man fit for any position."
That same world said, after awhile:
"Down with him! He is an office
seeker. He is a sot. He is a libertine.
Away with him!" And there is no
peace for the man until he lays down
his broken heart in the grave at
Marshfleld. Jeffrey thought that if he
could only be judge that would be the
making of him; got to be judge, and
cursed the day in which he was born.
Alexander wanted to submerge the
world with his greatness; submerged
it, and then drank himself to death
because he could not stand the trouble.
Burns thought he would give every
thing if he could win the favor of
courts and princes; won it, and amid
the shouts of a great entertainment,
when poets, and orators, and duchesses
were adoring his genius, wished that
he could creep back into the obscurity
in which he dwelt when he wrote of
the
Daisy, weo modest, crimson-tipped flower.
Napoleon wanted to make all Europe
tremble at his power; made it tremble,
then died; his entire military achieve
ments dwindling down to a pair of
military boots, which he insisted on
having on his feet when dying. At
Versailles I saw a picture of Napoleon
in his triumphs. I went into another
room and saw a bust of Napoleon as ho
appeared at St Helena; but oh, what
grief and anguish in the face of the
latter! The first was Napoleon in
triumph, the last was Napoleon with
his heart broken. How they laughed
and cried when silver-tongued Sheri
dan, in the mid-day of prosperity,
harangued the people of Britain, and
how they howled at and execrated
him, when, outside of the room where
his corpse lay, his creditors tried to get
his miserable bones and sell them!
This world for rest? "Aha!" cry the
waters, "no rest here we plunge to
the sea." "Aha!" cry the mountains,
"no rest here wc crumble to the
plain." "Aha!" crj- the towers, "no
rest here we follow Babyton, and
lhebes, and Nineveh into the dust."
No rest for the flowers; they fade. No
rest for the stars; they die. No rest
for man; he must work, toil, suffer and
slave.
Now, for what have I said all this?
Just to prepare vou for the text:
"Arise yc, and depart; for this is not
your rest." I am going to make you a
grand offer. Some of you remember
that when gold was discovered in Cali
fornia, large companies were made up
and started off to get their fortune. To
day I want to make up a party for the
Land of Gold. I hold in my hand a deed
from the proprietor of the estate, in
which He offers to sell all who will
join the company 10,000 shares of infi
nite value, in a city whose streets are
gold, whose harps are gold, whose
crowns are gold. You have read of the
Crusaders how that many thousands
of them went off to conquer the Holy
Sepulcher. I ask you to join a grander
crusade not for the purpose of con
quering the sepulcher of a dead Christ,
but for the purpose of reaching tho
throne of a living Jesus. When an
army is to be made up, the recruiting
ollicer examines the volunteers; he
tests their eyesight; he sounds their
lungs; he measures their stature; they
must be just right or the- are rejected.
Hut there shall be no partiality
in making up this arury of
Christ. Whatever your moral or
physical stature, whatever your dissi
pations, whatever your crimes, whatever
your weaknesses, I have a commission
from the Lord Almighty to make up
this regiment of redeemed souls, and I
crj-: "Arise ye, and depart; for this is
not your rest." Many of you have
lately joined this company, and my de
sire is that you may all join it. Why
not? You know in your own hearts'
experience that what I have said about
this world is true that it is no place
to rest in. There arc hundreds here
weary oh, how weary weary with
sin; weary with trouble; weary with
bereavement Some of j-ou have been
pierced through and through. You
carry the scars of a thousand conflicts,
in which you have bled at every pore;
and you sigh: "Oh, that I had the
wings of a dove that I might fry away
and be at rest!" You have taken
the cup of this world's pleasures and
drunk it to the dregs, and still the
thirst claws at your tongue, and the
fever strikes to your brain. You have
chased Pleasure through every valley,
by every stream, amid every brightness
and under every shadow; but just at
the momentwhen you were all ready
to put your hand upon the rosy, laugh
ing sylph of the wood, she turned upon
you with the glare of a fiend and the
eye of a satyr, her locks adders and her
breath the chill damp of the grave. Out
of Jesus Christ no rest No voice to
silence the storm. No light to kindle
the darkness. No dry dock to repair
the split bulwark.
Thank God, I can tell you something
better. If there is no rest on earth,
there is rest in Heaven. Oil, yc who
are worn out with work, your hands
calloused, your backs bent, your eyes
half put out, your fingers worn with
the needle that in this world you may
never lay down; ye discouraged ones,
who have been waging a hand-to-hand
fight for bread; ye to whom the night
brings little rest and the morning
more drudgery oh, j-e of the weary
hand, and of the weary side, and the
weary foot, hear me talk about rest!
Look at that company of enthroned
ones. Look at their hands; look at
their feet; look at their eyes. It can
not be that those bright ones ever
toiled? Yes! j-es! These packed the
Chinese tea boxes and through mission
ary instruction escaped into glory.
TheK5 sweltered on southern planta
tions, and one night, after the cotton
picking, went up as white as if they
had never been black. Those died of
overtoil in the Lowell carpet factories,
and these in Manchester mills; those
helped build the pyramids, and these
broke away from work on the day
Christ was hounded out of Jerusalem.
No more towers to build; Heaven is
done. No more garments to weave;
the robes are finished. No more har
vests to raise; the garner are full. Oh,
sons and daughters of toil! arise ye and
depart, for that is your rest.
Scovill McCallum, a boy of my Sun
day school, while dying said to his
mother: "Don't cry, but sing sing
There is rest for the weary.
There is rest for the weary.
Then, putting his wasted hands over
his heart, said: "There is rest for me."
Hut there are some of you who want
to hear about the land where they
never have any heartbreaks and no
graves are dug. Where are your father
and mother? The most of you are or
phans. I look around, and where I see
one ma a who has parents living I see
ten who are orphans. Where are your
children? Where I see one family cir
cle that is unbroken I see three or four
that have been desolated. One lamb gone
from that chain; hero a bright light
put out, and there another, and yonder
another. With such griefs, how are
you to rest? Will there ever be a
power that can attune that silent
Toice, or kindle the luster of that
closed eye, or put spring and dance
into that little foot? When we bank
up the dust over tho dead, is the sod
never to be broken? Is the cemetery
to hear no sound but the tire of the
hearse wheel, or the tap of the bell at
the gate as the long processions come
in with their awful burdens of grief
Is the bottom of the grave gravel, and
the fop dust? No! no! no! The tomb
is only a place where we wrap our
robes about us for a pleasant nap on
our way home. The swellings of Jor
dan will wash off the dust of the way.
From the top of the grave we catch a
glimpse of the towers glinted with the
sun that never sets.
Oil ye whose locks are wet with the
dews of the night of grief; ye whose
hearts are heavy, because those well
known footsteps sound no more at the
doorway, yonder is your rest! There
is David triumphant; but once he be
moaned Absalom. The-e is Abraham
enthroned; but once he weptfor Sarah.
There is Paul exultant; but he once sat
with his feet in the stocks. There is
Payson radiant with immortal health;
but on earth he was always sick. No
toil, no tears, no partings, no strife, no
agonizing cough, to-night. No storm
to ruffle the crystal sea. No alarm to
strike from the cathedral towers. No
dirge throbbing from seraphic harps.
No tremor in the everlasting song; but
rest perfect rest unending rest.
Into that rest how many of our loved
ones have gone! The little children
have gathered up into the bosom of
Christ One of them went out of the
arms of a widowed mother, following
its father, who died a few weeks be
fore. In this last moment it seemed to
see the departed father, for it said,
looking upward with brightened coun
tenance: "Papa, take me up!"
Others put down the work of midlife,
feeing they could hardly be spared
from the office, or store, or shop, for a
day, but are to be spared from it for
ever. Your mother went. Having
lived a life of Christian consistency
here, ever busy with kindness for her
children, her heart full of that meek
and quiet spirit that is in the sight of
God of great price, suddenly her coun
tenance was transfigured, and the gate
was opened, and she took her place
amid that great cloud of witnesses that
hover about the throne!
Glorious consolation! They are not
dead. You can only make me believe
they are dead. They have only moved
on. With more love titan that with
which they regarded us on earth, they
watch us from their high place, and
their voices cheer us in our struggle
for the sky. Hail, spirits blessed, now
that ye have passed the floods and won
the crown! With weary feet we press
up the shining way, until in everlast
ing reunion we shall meet again. Oh!
won't it be grand when, our conflicts
done and our partings over, we shall
clasp hands, and cry out: "This is
Heaven!"
THE TELEPHONE SYSTEM.
FARM AND GARDEN.
WANT GOOD ROADS.
Rural Roy and GlrU Who Ride Wheels
Acting a Missionaries.
During the agitation that has been
kept up in favor of good roads for the
year or two last past, a. good many
people have been Inclined to attribute
the most of the talk on this subject to
the makers of bicycles, and many times
U has been intimated that their efforts
in behalf of better roads were not alto
gether disinterested. Be this as it
may. a new factor is rapidly coming to
the front, and the bicycle is that
factor, though instead of agitation be
ginning with the maker 0 bicycles
and working toward the peoDle who
are to make the roads or pay for them,
the process is reversed and the good
roads talk is coming from the users of
bicycles in the country. During the
last year thousands of bicycles have
been bought by the young people who
live on the farms of the country and
these are naturally anxious for good
roads that they may ride their wheels
as early and as late hi the season as
possible. The purchase of bicycles by
residents of country districts is in
creasing, and it will not be long until
every farmer's boy and girl will feel
as if they were not up to the times un
less they can spcrt a wheel, and then
these same young people will bring a
1 48&
THE KIM) OF ROARS WE WANT.
View of a stretch of New Telford road in
Camden county, N. J.
pressure for good roads to bear that
will give tnose who believe in them a
mnjorityandthe problem will be solvep
in the near future. We know of one
district in Ohio, surrounding a small
town, where the improvement is al
ready possible. The boys are anxious
to work on the roads and take great
pains to build them in such a manner
that they will make good bicycle
paths, and as a result the roads about
that town were never in so good a
shape. Good roads are infectious, as
it were, and the desire for them will
spread. The bicycle is but the fore
runner of good roads. It cannot come
too soon. American Farmer.
Your Wire Can Un l'leked from Hundreds
with Very Little Trouble.
In a telephone plant for a big city
there are cables containing thousands
upon thousands of miles of copper wire.
Complete records are kept of the posi
tion of every wire, and the men in
charge can pick out at once the line of
any subscriber whenever it is necessary
to inspect it or to work on it. When a
line gets into trouble it can be tested
in both directions from the switchboard
and out toward the subscriber's station.
At every exchange there is an official
called the "wire chief," whose duty is
to overlook the making of connections
between the subscriber's line and the
switchboard, to inspect the wires, and
to test them electrically in order to de
termine the position of any defect that
may occur in a subscriber's line or in
struments. The wire chief sits at a
special desk, from which wires run to
various parts of the system, and he is
provided with electrical instruments
with which to make tests on lines that
develop "trouble." He is the ambu
lance surgeon of the telephone plant,
and his wires give him the advantage
of being truly ubiquitous. He receives
complaints and reports of "trouble,"
and enters on special strips every
"trouble" reported or discovered.
These slips are handed to "trouble
men," who search out the cause, and,
finding it, apply the proper remedy.
They then enter an account of what
they found and what they did on the
slip, and return it. In this way a close
and comprehensive check is kept on the
operation of the telephone plant, which,
on account of its complexity and of the
number of small parts that go to make
it up, is peculiarly liable to trifling but
troublesome defects. Returns are made
up periodically from the "trouble
jjlips," and these form a continuous
record of the efficiency both of the
plant and of those immediately in
charge of it. Boston Transcript
A Natural Museum.
The new Siberian insular group,
which has latterly been so frequently
mentioned in the reports of various
arctic and polar expeditions, consists
of the three large islands, Kotelnoi,
Fadievskoi and New Siberia, lying in
the open sea to the northeast of the
delta of the Lena and a few smaller
ones situated like Liakhoft? and others,
nearer to Cape Sviatoi. Further to the
north beyond the islands of Nova Zem
bla, the American expedition of the
lost Jeanette discovered some other
small islands, but the three large New
Siberians are the only ones visited by
Russian traders and inhabitants of the
polar tundra zone. These islands are
generally reached in spring before the
thawing of the ocean ice, and the
traders drive over the frozen surface of
the sea in light sledges, drawn by rein
deer or dogs, and, passing the short
summer on the islands, return home
again in the autumn, when the ocean
ice has again set The New Siberians
are of great importance from a scien
tific point of view, as they form a vast
and interesting cemetery of the whole
organic world as it at one time existed
under seventy-five and seventy-six de
grees of north latitude. London News.
Her Dear Friend.
Peacemaker Laura, haven't you and
Irene kissed and made up yet?
Laura O, yes. That is, we kissed.
She was already made up. Chicago
Tribune.
"Shall I, for fear of sinful man," is
by John Wesley. It was translated by
him from the German of Winkler. The
original is a favoritehvmn in Germany.
EXCELLENT CELERY HOE.
A Tool Which Makes Play of What Used
to Re Hard Work.
It will soon be time for the operation
of "handling" the early celery plants
grown in the ordinary way, namely in
separate rows. This used to be, and
with a majority of growers is yet, a
tedious job, to be performed on hands
The heart grows rich in giving aU
its wealth in living gain; seeds which
out of its fold; one flower plucked from I mildew in the garner scattered, filled
that garland; one golden link broke with gold the plain. Charles.
CELEKr HOE.
and knees. If people who make so
much fuss over the operation could
once see the work done as we did in
celery fields near Mount Morris, N. Y
where the men used hoes like the one
here illustrated, it would dawn upon
them that celery can be handled with
a small fraction of the effort usually
wasted upon it The tool consists of
an old hoe to the blade of which a
piece of wornout cross-cut saw, eight
een inches long, is fastened by rivets
as shown. Two men, each provided
with one of these hoes, operate on one
row, one walking on one side, plying
'the hoe across the row, tho other on
the other side. If one man does the
work alone, he hills one side first, then
going back, the other. The operator
standing on one side of the row. sets
the hoe (blade in line with row) about
eighteen inches or more from it on the
other side, and simply draws the loose
mucky soil up against the stalks, thus
bending them upward, and making
them grow upright and compact It is
an easy piece of work in such soils.
On our grounds it only works well
when the soil is kept very loose and
mellow by thorough cultivation.
American Gardening.
DAIRY SUGGESTIONS.
Pet the cow when approaching to
milk her. Such little attentions pay;
we know they pay.
The dehorned cow, experience shows,
is better than a horned animal, other
things being equal.
If you have a nervous cow, never let
a rough milker sit clown beside her.
Get rid of either the cow or the
milker.
Ejidilage is mora than green corn
stalks. It is also green corn that is
harvested in condition to make it very
valuable.
Ijf the heated-term great care should
be taken not to overheat the cow,
which may be readily done by driving
too rapidly or too far. Overheating
both lessens and injures the milk.
Several cows have been killed by
ightning this summer through the
medium of barbed wire fences, but
that is a possibility of damage from
wire fence against which there is no
protection, except, perhaps, in insur
ance. Farmers Voice.
PLANTING IN THE FIELD.
Trees Set Oat in September or Even Later
Do Very Welt
To the experienced planter it is of tea.
a source of surprise that more persons
do not plant trees in the fall. Nur
serymen, who have much experience,
of course, visually state in their cata
logues that fall is just as good as
spring for the work, but it seems to
have but little effect on the public, for
there are twice as many trees planted,
in spring as there are in the fall. To
me the reason for preferring spring by
the public seems to be the longing tor
get oat of doors which that season be
gets. Winter forces people indoors,
and sometimes keeps them practicaHy
excluded from the garden for several
months, and when they do find tho
barriers removed, the garden takes
precedence of everything else. Au
tumn finds us in a different state o
mind. Months of pleasure among tho
beauties of the lawn and garden bring5
the inevitable desire for change, and
with not at all the same delight plant
ing brings then that is experienced m
spring. To the landscape gardener
and to the one who plants trees for
profit, where the element of pleasure
is not considered so keenly, the fall
months are eagerly looked forward to
for the pushing through of a deal of
work. There is no better time for it
as I found out many years ago. Taking
fruit trees, small fruits, ornamental
deciduous and evergreen trees, the ex
ceptions are rare in which fall plant
ing is not better than spring Among
froit, the peach is an exception, and.
among trees, the magnolias, tulip
tree and a few other fleshy root
ed plants. It has been observed
that not only is the fall a
good time, but early fall is better
than late. Many a time have I seen
trees set in September and afterwards
disturbed again in October, and show
ing then a mass of fibers freshly made.
The warm soil is precisely like a hot
bed is to a cuttiug, and in the same
way are young roots made. The cool,
dewy nights and warm soil make it
almost impossible for a tree to die.
Evergreens set out in September rare
ly fail. When well-watered, that tho
damp earth fits closely about tho
roots, fresh fibers appear almost at
once. It is a common error to supposo
that we have to wait until the leaves
fall. This is not at al. necessary.
After the growth of the season has
stopped and the wood has become welL
ripened, planting may proceed with
safety. There are sometimes freezing
f nights hero in October which cause
the leaves to fall, and whether tho
frost does it or we strip them off by
hand, which is done in early plant
ings, what is the difference? It is but
anticipating nature bj perhaps but a
few days. In considering the size of
tree to plant, there can be no doubt
that those of medium size are the
best. Fruit trees do not get many
transplantings in nurseries, otherwise
a little larger size would do as welL
In the case of shade trees, as there is
a demand for larger trees than for
fruits, they are often transplanted
and those of ten or twelve feet are-
often as well rooted as fruit trees of
much less size. Evergreens of about
five to six feet give the best satisfac
tion. The sizes mentioned, of the
various trees, are not incompatible
with good roots, and this and- the
facility for handling are the main
things considered. Practical Farmer.
ITALIAN BUFFALOES.
A Breed or Cattle Little Known Outsider
Its Native '.and.
The Italian buffalo is a breed of cat
tle but little known outside of the lo
cality of which it is a native. The
origin of the breed is unknown. The
cattle roam about in a scmi-wld state,
and are very difficult to control. In
spite of this they are very prolific so
that there is money in keeping up the
herds. Nor crossing or improvement
of the breed has ever been attempted.
In color the cattle are reddish black
or black, shaped somewhat like the
ordinary cow, but with a larger and.
heavier rump. They have short, round
necks and large, curved horns. They
Congress Should Take Action.
That the subject of good roads is
important enough to be considered by
congress, and in a broad and liberal
way, there can be no doubt Before
the advent of railroads it was a com
mon saying that a country's civiliza
tion might be measured by its roads.
If such were the case now, the United
States. would be far down in the scale.
PhiladelDhia Call.
Good Work Done by Wheelmen.
I cousider the bicycle one of the
leading factors in solving the prob
lems of good roads, as every wheelman
not only knows a good road, but
knows where they are to be found,
and will use his influence to secure
them in his vicinity. B. R. Felton,
City Engineer, Marlboro. Mass.
ITALIAN BUFFALO.
are to be found chiefly in the vicinity
of Naples, where it is calculated there
are 12,000 of them. They are chiefly
used for yielding milk for a peculiar
kind of cheese called "latimcus."
While giving milk they are also used
for tilling the soil until the age of
fourteen years, when they are turned
over to the butcher.
The animals are large, the bulls
weight 2,000 pounds and the cows 1,600
and 1,700 pounds. The buffaloes re
quire little care, and get little. They
are never fastened, and never housed
except in very severe tveather, and
then the protection is only such as a
heavy shed will afford. Their food is
largely the wild grass, but when hay
is fed it is thrown into the bushes, so
that it may not be trodden under foot
The herders try to have the calves
come in the fall, that the greatest
milk supply may be in the winter,
when there is the most profit in the
cheese. N. Y. World.
Currylnjr the Cow Every Day.
Some people seem to think that they
do quite enough for their cows if they
give them food and shelter; but be
sides they require to be kept very
cleanly, though seldom indulged in
that luxury. The cow should be cur
ried daily, like the horse; its hide
should be freed from all impurities
and relieved from everything that
causes uneasiness. When you see a.
cow rubbing itself against a post you
may depend on it that the animal is.
ill kept and requires a good scrub
bing. Irritation of the skin from im
purities also causes them to lick them
selves, a habit which is injurious, for
the hairs taken into the stomach form
a compact round mass, which may de
stroy the animal. If weU curried any
da nger from this catastroph e is avoided,
the health is generally improved, and
this improves the quality of the milk,
besides increasing the quantity.
Farmers Voice.
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