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WqWEWWrff T 3.o ' Vyiyr V Sp s'"t IliBlononJ Society JL JL JLJ JLVJLjla. HKOIBTEK, KsTADLiailKD MM. COURANT, KUTADLISHRD 1883. DSMOOUAT,KaTAnLI8iKDl88, BLBM6RK KAOLK, RaTAntiaiiXD 1800. 8AVON1IUHO PROORKBS, KiTADMMtKD 1891. Iola, ALLEisr County, Kansas, Friday, February 15, 1901. vol. xxxv. No 13 !4 r " OOeOOOOQCOOOOOCMGOOOOQOW JOHN AND oocoocoocooocoeoooooco 0 CAPTAIN! MY CAPTAIN! (A tribute paid to Abraham Lincoln lifter Ills dentil.) O Cnptnin' My Captain! Our fearful trip Is done, The ship has weathered every rack, the prize weHoiiKhlls-Kun; Tho port Is near, the belli I hear, the people all exulting, AVIillc follow oyen the steady Keel, tho vessel grim and during. Hut O heart' heart' heart! O the blcedlnic drops of red, Whereon the dcclt my Captain lies, fallen cold and dead, O Captain: My Captain! Illse up and hear tho bells; Illtotip! I'oryou thotlaglsllung, for jou tho huglo trills, For you bouquets and ribboned wreaths for ynutho hhorcs aro crowding: 1'or you they call, tho hw nylng mawi, their oag er faces turning. Hero Captain' I)o,ir latlir' This iirm beneath your head: It lsKomedioam that on thodcuk You've fallen cold und dead. My captain does not utisw or, bis 11 p are pale and still: My father docs not feel ray arm, hu has no pulso nor will. The ship Is anchored sufo and sound, llw ny- ago closed unddono, From fearful trip the victor ship eomos In with object won. Kxanult O shores, and ritur O bells! Hut I with mournful trc.ul, Walk tho deck my captain lies Fallen cold and dead. WAt.T YllirMs. llftfUHBiHAIfr Jlfl UIA EDITORIAL NOTES An olTni't Is being made to revive the Ft, Scott sugar factory. Si'WNd Isn't fur away. There wits u cyclone in Texas thoother nilit. You must get up curly In tlio morn ing to pet aliL'iul of Mother Nation. Vicrou Muhdock thinks If every t hint's olso fails it may bo possiblo to convict Mrs, Ntttjon of Saloonacy. A Topekn minister attacked John Drown in tho pulpit last Sunday. Kngle. That was easy. John Urown Is dead. Tnr.iu: wits ono viotim of tho Texas oyelono to whom death must hau been a relief. Ills namo was Tink Surrett. Tin: wife of Senator Baker, who was thought to f)o fatally 111 a few weeks ago, has ivgulned her hoaltli. Qui:i:n Wimiulmina seems to roally bo In lovo with her Dukeling and sho cortainly doesn't euro a rap If all tho world knows It. This opinion of Qonerul Alger on tho promotion of General Miles wonld doubtless make mighty Interesting reading. IF only some of tho people whoso official business it lstoenforco tho law could have just a llttlo of Mrs. Na tion's zeal in tho work. PiTTSiiUROhuB succeeded in getting a 1)111 through tho house providing for Alternate terras of the district court to bo hold there and at Gltnrd, the coun ty seat. County seat light next. DEERE PLOWS I ARE ALL RIGHT! We are adding to our already large stock a full line of Plows, Walking and Riding Cultivators Steel Harrows, Corn Planters, Sulky and Gang Riding Plows, The New Moline and Old Hick ory Wagons. See us before buying. CARRIAGE REPOSITORY. Hwinii Hi-'itiiiiitT has a church lecturo that he Is to tako down to Kansas City. Kino i:i)WAiti VII is said to be tho only English sovereign since James tho II who played golf. This legislator who proposed tho establishment of a Stato salt plant evidently forgot that Kansas Is no longer Populist. GKNnitAr. Wir.uuu S.MirraAi.i of Lawrence, has accepted tho appoint ment of an aidc-do-camp in tho Presi dents inaugural parade. Tin: dispatch of JIO.OOOmtTro soldiers to South Africa would seem to indi cate that Lord Roberts has changed his mind about the war being over. It is getting about tho lime of year to remind poultry raisers of the re mark of Josh Millings that "the bust timo'tosota hen is when tho hen is ready." iTlssomowhat In tho nature of astir prise to learn that St. Petersburg Is Increasing in population more rapid ly than Philadelphia, St . Louis or Huston. Tin: man behind tho gun on tho Kor sago when It knocked out tho Alaba ma died only tho other day. Futo cocncealed him pretty effectually by naming him Smlih. Tin: legislature hasblaokllstod prairie dogs and gophers. Now If It can only persuudo tho great Stato of Kansas to come down hero and kill oft tho molos in our front yard ! Tm:iti: aro exactly as many ropulios on earth now (In namo at loast) as thuro aro monarchies, there bolng twenty-two Presidents, fifteen Kings, six Kmporors and ono Queon. .Tho ono battleship which Spain sent to Kngland to attend tho Queen's fun eral, broko down and cotildn't get there. Couldn't got Into a funeral procossion! Poor old Spain! Toi'i'.KA papers montlon It as a ploeo of rare good luck that Charles Nettles who died thero recently hud a $10,000 llf o Insurance policy on which ho had paid only ono premium. IT is authoritatively asserted that General Fred Funston somo tlmo ago rjfused tho handsome oiler of a salary or 10,000 liold out by tho Now York World to report tho South African war. That Senate commltteo which has boon appointed tolnvostlgato Del. Val entino's management of Ills olllco may as well spare Itsolf tho trouble. Del. Valentine runs everything ho has any thing to do with right. In Legislator Wol lop can get up a bill that will "bust" tho lumber trust, ho ought to have no troublo la passing it. Tho price of lumber has advanced $1.50 a hundred within tho past six weeks, Tin; secretary of tho Amorlcun poaco society gives tho world a hun dred years longer In which to wind up Its wars' The chancos aro that the Doers will know by that tlmo whether thoy aro whipped or not. Tin: Topeka I'lumbeuu Club will help to shoot off tho ten thousand dol lars' worth of fire works with which, among other things' tho second inau guration of William McKlnloy as Pres ident of tho United States will be celebrated. Tin: only reason tho Fuiporlu Gaz ette olllco is not mobed about three times In a week by tho society people of that town, must bo becauso of the human curiosity of tho set pilloried in ono Issue of tho pup-r to seo what what will bo dono In tho next Issue to another set. Tin: namo of Mr. R. L. Thompson has been added to tho list of those who might aceopt tholtopublloan nom ination for Register of Deeds if It were tendered him. "Hob" Thomp son is admirably qua tilled for the olllco and has friends enough to make him n formidable candidate. Kmporia Gazette: A funny thing was printed in a Kunsus City paper today. In spoaktng of tho wedding or Postmaster Lusk, of Parsons, tho re porter noted tho fact that ho was an "ardent Raker man." Then why should orange blossoms bo sopped In tho gravy of funeral baked meats? A hilt, has been introduced Into tho legislature making lynching a crime punishablo by death or llfo Imprison ment, and also Imposing sovero pen alties on officers who glvo up a pris oner to a mob. Tho passago of such a law would put a sudden and Until stop to mob violence In this State. It Is much moro than rumored that a regular gambling den is malntalnoJ in Iola where a poker gamo is going all tho tlmo, and faro and other games aro frequent diversions. Is this onoof tho Institutions that Is permitted to continue becauso "you can't enforce tho law?" Piiaci: has como to Pamay. Re ports from that Island show that up to this dato nearly thirty thousand of tho Filipinos havo taken tho oath of ullegiancoto tho United States, and tho remainder of tho Inhabitants tiro coming into tho Union at tho rate of 1500 a day. Tho beginning of tho end of tho insurrection Is at hand. Ji:UUY SlMl'SON was InBluo Mound tho other day on business connected with tlio now llvo stock commission linn, of which ho is a member, and somo of his old Populist associates woro so shocked to lind hlra thus Iden tilled with tho "middle-men" who aro devouring tho substance of tho people, that thoy wouldn't speak to him. Tm:iti: is a largo hall "in London called Gattl's, where a flue baud dis courses excollont music, whero an ox collont cup of chocolato or coffee, m cigars can bo obtuined at vorymoder- ato prices, whore chess, checkers and dominoes uro provided freo of charge, and no churgo for admission. Tho placo Is orowdod nightly. Tho pro prietor has mado u fortune although not a drop of intoxlcatlnir llnuoi- Is sold there. Why doesn't somebody try mat scnorao m Kansas Instead of going Into tho joint business? FOIl A NKW COURT JIOUSK. What has been known and moro or less genorally discussed over tho county for tlio past fow weoks as "Tho Now Court Houso Hill" passed tho Leglslatui'0 on Wednesday and will becomo u law as boon as It is published in tho official State paper. Tho bill provides, in 'oricf) mi within forty days after Its publication In tho Stato paper, thccountyoolIllllU stoners shall call an oleotlon, giving thirty days notico thereof, utwhlch thopcoplo shall say whether or not thoy wish to authorize the county co mmlssloncrs to erect u court houso in Iola at an expense not toJIexceed $50,000. If this proposition carrlos, tho bill then gives tho commissioners power to levy a tax to not oxcucdJltwo and ono-half mills on tho dollar, and to make such levy oachjyearlunlil tho amount Is raised. Tho commissioners aro also authorized to sell tho old court houso, and whatever gsuni thoy recclvo for this shall bo part ofjitho $50,000 which tho now houso is to cost. Contracts for tho now building shall not bo let until after January 1, 11)02. And now, tho question is before the Houso for discussion! It seems to tho ItmiSTim that tho logical discussion of this proposition involves tho consideration of two quostions, and only two: First: Does Allen county need a now court house? And Second: Is tho proposed pi an tho best way to get It? It seems hardly necessary to discuss the llrt question, for the need of a now court houso is so apparent thnt it is generally conceded. Tho building now occupied for that purpose was not designed foi' a court houso, and; was ncjvcr convenient oroommodious, oven whon ihe business transacted in It was less tli. n half what It Is now. It cost tho county but $1800 when it was bought, and It has boon used; twenty four years. It Is now wretchedly in adequate to meet the needs of tho pub lie business dally trunsucted thero. Thero are few conveniences ;for the officers, and none wlmtovor for tho public. Tho vault is so small that many of tho most valuable books of record aro loft exposed all night, as woll as during thoday, and tho county might suffer damago by llroatany tlmo that would bo more than tho en tire cost of a now court houso. Hut asido fromtlii) Inadequacy and danger of tho old building, tho peoplo should build a now ono as a matter of their own prldo und convenience Tho big gest buslnoss enterprise in Allen coun ty Is tho business of Allen county. Suppose that this buslnoss, the collec tion of the tuxes, tho keeping of the records, tho providing of u place for tho holding of court, was all dono by a private individual. Would there not bo a tremendous "kick coming" from tho public if he provided no bet tor facilities for tho transaction of this business than tho present court houso, no inorot conveniences for tho public, no safer placo for tho books wherein tho titles to their homos woro recorded? Well, when tho public does its own business ought it not to pro vide as secure a plucaus It would re quire of it private Individual? A single firm has rccentlyerccted nhouso that will cost as much as It Is pro posed to spend for a now court houso. Cannot tho entlro county afford as good a buslnoss building for the transaction of tho public buslnoss as a private linn? Thero Is certainly llttlo room for argument upon tho quostlon whether or not Allen county needs a now court houso. And now as to tho quostlon whether the method proposed In this bill Is tho best way to secure It: Thero Is only ono other way, and that Is by voting bonds. Tho bonds would probably havo to bear llvo per centlntorost, and run for twenty yours. Five per cent on $30,000 for twenty years is $50,000. That is to say, if bonds woro voted tho county would havo to pay $100,000 for a $50,000 court house. Is it not more business llko to raise tho money be- foro wo begin building and pay but $50,000 for a $50,000 court houso? Tho levy provided by this bill will only re qulro a payment of 25 cents a year for each one hundred dollars of assessed valuation. Snroly no ono will feol that as an onerous burden. It seems clear, thorofore. thnt thj answer to both our quostions must bj in tho alllrmatlvc. Allon county needs a now court house, and tho proposed plan la tho best, quickest add cheapest way to gel It, If you agree with that conclusion, goiltlo reader, you will of courso volo "Yes" when tho propo sition Is submitted, if jou do not agree with that conclusion', supposo you toll tho other readers of this paper why. Tho question is open for dis cussion, und tho columns of the RraiSTilii aro at tho disposal of any one who wishes to oxpross his views. "Speak now or forever after hold your peace." JUST KANSAS, 001) HFjKSS IlKItl K. C. Star: To persons who aro familiar with Kansas and her peoplo It Is laughable to hear tlio specula tions ol outsiders us to tho sanity of Mrs. Nation, who 1ms risen to sudden fame through her forcible aggressions on the saloons of Wichita, F.ntor prlso und Toeku. The Mlssourluns, with their usual lino talent for misap prehending tho Kansas character, say the woman's crazy. The remoto and offoto Fast, with a far bettor excuse for such stupidity than Missouri can lay claim to, echoes this judgment. Tho truth is that Mrs. Nation is not a whit moro crny than tho peoplo who accuse her of lunacy If, indeed, she is as much so. She Is no moro mad than was Paul tho Apostio of tho Gentiles, when ho made his tlufunso before King Agrippa and was told by Festos thnt much learning had unset tled his mind. To the careful and Intelligent stu dent of Kansas and its idlosyncracics, there is nothing in tho conduct of Mrs. Nation to cause special wonder ment. It is all nerfeotlv rational and normal to tho mind lilted by proper observation und oxporioneo to com prehend it. It may bo dotlned us tin inspiration, but never as tho manl lostution or a disordered reason. Things have been happening in Kan sas for forty years or moro us singu lar and unusual as Mrs. Nation's as saults on tho saloons, and yet the people of tho Stuto appear to havo been sufficiently lucid to build up ono of tho llnost und most progressive communities on tho fuco of tho globe. Tho Nution oplsodo Is simply duo to ihe circumstance that tho Kansans aro not like other persons and it Is woll enough for tho world to under stand that, llko tho Pharisee of old, thoy thank God for It. Kansas Is go lug to keop something going on at any cost, and it Is a dace whero tho man -or tho woman and tho hour al.vays make connection. Tho possi bilities of Kunsus includo everything under heaven but stagnation and monotony. All that thoro is' to bo said about Mrs. Nation Is that sho bo longs to Kansas. Tho rost explains Itself to persons who understand the temper of that unique community. Mrs. Nation will not succeed In pul vorlzlng the rum powor in Kansas, but if tho sensation which this vehe ment and spectacular reformer has created will induco a moro caroful study of Kansas, and thus unfold to tho world a clearer knowledge of Its peculiar forces, hor work will bo glor iously and abundantly rowarded. This insight ought to bo mado a re quirement In all Institutions for tho Instruction of tho youth of tho land, for whllo Mrs. Nation may subside und pass from tho scono of action, thoro will bo other ebullitions of vir tueor of vice, as tho case may be lli Kansas which will umuzo and con found tho public and cause It to err in its judgment, unless It shall bo como enllghtoned as to tho real situa tion, which donotos nothing whatever in tho slmpo of lunacy, madnoss nor hallucination, but just Kansas, God bless her ! ON looking up tho history of Allen county wo find thutfon October 21th, 1882, tho township of Iola voted $8000 In bonds to "Tho Nebraska, Topeka, Iola and Memphis railroad com pany." The road was to bogln at Glrnrd and build In tho northwesterly direction through Crawford, Neosho, Allen, Woodson, Anderson, ColToy, Osugo, and Shawnee to tho city of Topeka, and a part of the contract wasjthattho companyl should looato Its raaohlno shops and Its gonorul otll cos at Iola. Is'nt it about time that road was being built ? ASHOIITSIOHTKI) VlKW. In a 'recent artlclo In tho Soclulls rovlow on tho "Philosophy of Imper ialism," tho writer concludos as fol lows: All I havo endeavored to make clear In this f ru nmcnt Is this: That f roni thu point of view of the qupUnHst olsl ep.inslonor Imperialism N a nlorn nocosslly; It i some thing whloh must ho, That from tho point of flow of tho working ol-tss; expansion, Is, or Hltlif HUghlli) 1)0, Souiutliliiif atlsOlVtely devoid of oluirm; something not worth talk ing about, In theso few words Is afforded an ex cellent illustration of tho fuvorlto fal lacy of those writers and talkers who mako a snoclultv at "nlnm1t... ii. causo of tho common people:'1 And mat lunacy Is that the intorosdn of tho "capitalist class" and tho "ivni-fiin., class" always and necessarily conflict. Why Is expansion, In tho words of tho above writer, u stern necossity to tho capitalist class ? If thatstatement Is true- whloh It Is In u certain degrco It must bo solely for tho rouson that additional markets must bo found for tho surnlus nrodin-u of Amm. !,..,,, farms and factories. If oxpunslon will give us thoso murkots. what iln that mean ? It certainly means Hint. American production in till lines can be profitable continued or increased . Hut would this bonollt tho "eunit:illt. class" only ? Would it not equally benellt tho "worklnir class" bv m-i- vlding them with steady employment? Supposo that tho canlttilist Is i able to find a market for his warns-. Does not that mean that nroduetlim iu tho United States must bo restrict ed, or the wares cheapened ? And would not that moan tho discharge of woruingmon or tho reduction or thoir Wtl'Os ? Tho "capitalist lcass" of the United States sold something over a bllllnn dollars worth, of goods abroad last year. It is not clear as noonday that iUhosogoods could not havo been sold abroad thomarketat homo wouldhavo been so glutted as to havo compelled hundreds or factories to close down, thro vlng thousands of workmen out of employment? In many lines of manufacture tho factories of tho United States can produce enough to supply tho homo market for a full year. If ho foreign market is shut off it simp ly niotins that llvo sixths or thoso fac tories will havo to go out of buslnoss altogether-, or all or them stand idlo live sixths of tho year. Would not such a condition as that concern tho work ing man quite as'much as It wmild tint capitalist.? Tho greatest markot In tho world now for tho products of Caucasian industry and Ingenuity is tho Orient, China, Coroa, Jaimn. Kustorn Russiu. Tho acquisition of tho Philippines plucos America In a hotter position to command that market than any other nution. All that, we need to do to llnd customers for ovorvthlnir our factories can produco, running full tlmo, is to taico atlvantago of thoopportunlty that conrronts us. Our "capitalist class" will profit by tho development of this trade, of courso: but they will prollt only becauso thoy will on this account bo able to glvo steady 'employment to our "working class." And is tho prospect of steady employment "some thing absolutely devoid of elmrm" ti. tho men who depend for their dully brcud upon thoir dully wnge? Tho opponents or expansion certain ly admit their case away when they concede thul this policy is "a stern necessity" to tho capitalist class; for that which Is a buslnoss necessity to tho employer Is an equally imperative necossity to tlio employee. Kansas farmers aro securing their share of rural freo delivery. Thoy now havo on file In tlio postolllco de partment -100 petitions, und of tho eight speciul agents In tho western division, embracing all states wost of tho Mississippi oxcopt Missouri, one fourth havo been engaged in Kunsus for tlio last llvo months examining proposed routes. Tho appropriation for tho ensuing year will bo $2,500, 000 nearly tlireotlmos that of hist year, and tho Rr.ciiSTi:n earnestly hopes that somo of it will bo spent In Allen county. Vor,UMr. vi of7lu71Tinverslty Geo logical Survoy of Kansas is now ready for distribution and will bo sent freo upon receipt of tho propor post age, 27 cents, or will bo sent by ox press, charges collect. This volume Is tho socond of tho sorlosontho fossils of Kansas, and deals with carbonif erous Invertobratos und cretasoous fishes. Applications for tho Geologi cal Survoy roports should bo ad dressed to tho Chancellor of tho Unl vorslty at Lawronco. It would probably not bo slander ing Mr, Loland to say that ho is do ing nothing to dlscourngo the Im pression that If ho were removed from tho pension olllco tho said olllco would bo taken out of the Stato. r V-fc ,f S y)..U, WiiiTffMi."iffii ,..! . 3 .. . K-Tr . ... iii.i.iMtiiF . in . fcfc , iiB AJt. jfiloki!!