TOsor to CoMtrast Tbam Bo A to Make
Tbam Useful u4 Lasting,
Hood gates are constructed by only a
'fanr farmen in a proper manner and
rwmmj are compelled after every freshet
-ainaballd the t enoe oroasin; the stream.
"Slit should not be so and need not be if
-tea plan shown in Fig. 1 be followed.
.'Stocked posts are firmly set or driven
-sear the edge of the stream; in the
-prongs at the top is laid a long pole
; in which have been previously bored
'two-inch holes, and split strips nnn
long enough to reach the surface of the
-water in a dry time are inserted in these
To these strips are firmly nailed other
jctripa, g g, making the whole gate firm
mai very substantial Immediately
.above the supporting pole at each end
wire is attached to the forked parts, as
bown at a a This keeps the whole ap
paratus firmly in position. It is plain
"thai as the water rises and presses
r t a a a t 9
j j --5 tii 2
b. b 6 b b b 4
cgainst the bottom of the strips n n,
tkej are pushed down stream and all
food wood oreven stumps when the cur
vent carries them against the strips are
ot retarded in their progress, as the
bottom of the gate swings down stream
.-ant of its own gravity comes in position
gaia as soon as the freshet subsides.
"This is certainly a cheap, serviceable
Affair and the most rapid current will
oot destroy it Rural Now Yorker.
The Jersey Cow.
I wish, says a writer in the Breeder's
"Casette, to say a word about the Jersey
-sow as a butter cow. They aro not what
most farmers want on account of their
arize. I believe they are the greatest of
Imttercows from the amount of milk
-they give, and have so proved them
selves In public tests. In 1887 at the
Jowa State fair a Jersey cow owned by
Oiarles Holmes in a public test with
several other cows gave in one day 82
grands of milk upon whloh she won first
premium over all breeds, and several
Holstein-Friesian cows gave on the same
day 68 to 70 pounds of milk. The f am
ooa cow Mink was beaten in a public
teat on the Iowa State fair grounds by a
-Jersey cow. If we would deal fairly and
jrlve every breed its due the Jersey cow
:1s not to be scoffed at One thing is true
of a Jersey cow and that is there is no
seed of a spy-glass to discover the cream
ra her milk, which can not be said of
aoae other breeds. The Jersey does not
seed to be fed milk to produce butter
I have read of herdsmen being seen
oedlng cows' milk to produce butter
but I am of the opinion that they
labored under a mistaken idea; my ob
servation is that milk produces more
aaflk, but of much poorer quality. And
J believe those public and private tests
vn not of any value whatever to the
, -general public and have a tendency to
.snake rogues of once honest men.
In Iowa correspondent writes that he
i a herd of excellent cows and thinks
- ihat It is advisable to change hisbulL
ile baa an opportunity to purchase a
. rood bull, but it is really no better than
uiaone he has, in individual merit, and
-d better than his cows. His idea
simply Is that he wants a change. lie
--ikour advice in regard to the matter.
r3T correspondent does not state wheth
. " ? his cows are thoroughbred or not, and
i daes not state bow long he has used
o bull he now owns. Another bull,
zstlplt be a benefit if the Rjstcm of in-
aiad-in bredipg has been practieM. but
general principles we say that there
I bo object in buying a b-ill that is no
" etier than tie herd. The purpose f
. trocjiclrg a new bull is to pet some-
belfr than von fcuvc. it is
)i Fire Hut vuu tbo
How to stake Thou and Bow to Tako
Cam of Tfcsm.
f n the formation of a new lawn it
would be difficult, says Fopular Garden
ing, to say which was the more favor
able time, sprlnjr or fall, as much de
pends upon the character of the season.
If fall is selected, the earlier the sowing
can be done after the usual summer
droughts are past the better say the
very last of August or early September.
The first work is to get the ground
graded according to the location, or the
fancy of tho owner. The wholo should
be plowed well and evenly.
If the subsoil is at all hard, let a sub
soiler follow the surface plow.
Harrow until the whole surface is
smooth. Use only the best and clean
est seed that a reliable seedsman can
sell you. A quart will sow about three
hundred square feet, and from five to
seven bushels will be required for an
acre. If possible never use stable
manure on a lawn, as there is always
more or less weed seed in it The best
possible fertilizer to use in tho beginning
is a heavy dressing of ground bone say
from one to one and one-half tons per
acre. 1 Ms will not only start tne new
growth well, but will last for several
years. Ground tobacco stems is the
best top dressing that can be given, and
used each season in connection with the
bone dust in the beginning will insure
a strong, even growth.
The only war to get rid of the trouble
some weeds is to cut them off below the
Burface as fast as they appear.
The renovating of an old lawn that
has been worn out by neglect or other
cause is generally unsatisfactory work
unless the whole is torn up and treated
as if new. But if this can not be con-j
venlently dono old lawn may be much
improved by running over with a light
harrow or rake, stirring the soil as much
as possible without injuring the roots.
Then about half the quantity of seed
recommended for new lawns should be
sown and the surface again lightly
stirred and thoroughly rolled.
Mowing should be commenced as soon
as the grass has made a growth of two
or three inches in the spring and con
tinued every week or ton days until
growth stops in the falL When mowed
often there will be no need of raking off
the cut grass, but if a rake is used it
should be with blunt teeth so as not to
injure the roots. It is a good plan is
any case to roll a lawn each spring, an
this firms the soil when tho frost has
loosened it and leaves the surface
A Combined Smoke-House and Summer
Kltcheu It I Inexpensive and Useful.
The accompanying illustration shows
a very cheap and convenient farm build
ing. It is 18 feet long by 10 wide, with
posts 14 feet Clear height of lower
story, 9 feet A balloon frame may be
used, or the building may be boarded up
and down, where low cost is an object
Tho one shown herewith is sheeted and
weather-boarded. The doors are in the
north end, each Z4 feet wide, making
the doorway 7 feet wide. In summer,
when these are thrown open, the room
is airy, and there is room for carrying
out tubs, etc., and often a hogshead is
wanted in the room. There are two
windows on the east Bide, with in
side shutters. Along the west side is a
porch six feet wide. This shades from
the afternoon sun, and is just the place
COMBINED BMOKK-IIOUSE AND KITCHEK.
for the morning work. The double win
dow above the door is fitted with a tight
shutter on the inside, swung on hinges;
this may bo closed and meat hung in the
upper story, the meat-room, all summer.
The hooks for the meat aro driven into
The stairs from the lowor to the up
per story are in the northwest corner.
The chimney is in the south end, with
fire-place in the lower room. In the up
per room is an opening with a damper
swung above it When the meat is to
be smoked the damper is raised, closing
the chimney above and opening the
aperture into the upper room. At
other times the damper is kept down,
closing the aperture. A door opens
upon the porch, and there is also a win
dow on the west side. A covered walk
may lead to this house from the dwell
ing. American Agriculturist
The following is given as an excellent
mixture of seed per acre for a meadow:
Twelve pounds of timothy, five pounds
of Italian rye grass, five pounds of
meadow fescue or tall fescue, four
pounds of red-top, three pounds of
rough-stalked meadow grass, aix pounds
of medium clover. If the meadow la
moist, bromua or alslka maybe intro
duced, the red-top increased and tha
fescue and the clover lessened.
TnE man who buys good animals and
gives them scrub food ought, to be con
sistent not to hoist his umbrella in a
Gkxerat.lt, he who sells hay from his
farm jiajs a high rate of interest forth j
Lo guU. ; 1
A MISCREANT'S WvRlt
Tho Bartdn of a Trestle and Wreck of a
tatU Fs Train Charged to Ineendlorlans.
Wichita, Kan., Feb. 18. The fianta
Fe train whioh left Wichita at seven
o'clock yesterday morning was in charge
of Conductor John Landon with Road
master Peters riding in the engine cab.
At 8:04 o'clock, just after leaving Green
station, Inters saw smoke arising from
the track some distance ahead, but as
piles of burning ties bad been noticed
at Beveral points along th road no at
tention was paid.
Just before reaching the trestle five
miles south of here, which is 100 feet
long, Teters cried out: "My God, the
trestle is burning, " and he and Engineer
Ward and Fireman Jacob Benfer leaped
from tho engine.
Fetors was on the wrong side, and the
forward car caught him. After a half
hour's work his mangled remains were
chopped from under the debris. His ab
domen was crushed and his bowels pro
truded, presenting a horrible sight He
died almost immediately upon being
Wand alighted on his head and
sprained and wrenched his nock badly.
Benfer had his left leg broken. Ex
press Messenger W. J. Clark was injured
in tho right shoulder.
The passengers were more or less
bruised, but none seriously hurt
Various explanations aro given as to
the origin of the fire which burned the
trestle, but it is the prevailing belief
among the railroad men that it was the
work of an incendiary done in revenge
or in the hope of securing booty in the
confusion and excitement
William L. Carlton, a farmer living
near the scene of the wreck, discovered
a lamp on the trestle just before he saw
fire, which he supposed to be burning
prairie grass, and Sunday afternoon a
suspicious looking tramp had inquired
particularly as to the time of the pas
sage of the Santa Fe trains. The offi
cers have a description of the fellow
and are looking for him.
The loss to the Santa Fe will bo quite
heavy, as four cars were smashed up and
the engine is a mass of broken iron.
M ANY LIVES LOST.
Phenomenal Rains and Floods in Queens
Sak Frakcibco, Feb. 18. Reports
from Northern Queensland, received by
the Sydney steamer, show that floods
have devastated that colony, before
which tho recent California floods are
dwarfed. Between December 25 and
January 2 49 inches, or over four solid
feet, of rain fell at Cardwell, and at
other places the rainfall was nearly
as heavy. At Rormanton tho
railway was nine feet under water. At
Croydon mails were carried in boats.and
relief parties were sent out to rescue
settlers who had taken refuge in trees.
The worst fatality was reported at Glas
tonbury Creek. Ordinarily this is a
shallow stream, but in consequence of
the heavy rain it came down in a solid
wall of water twenty feet high. Three
houses were washed away and acres un
der cultivation along the banks were
flooded, resulting in great damage. A
prospector, named Coombrr, with his
wife and three children, were living in
a house on the river bank. The house
was washed away and. the wife and three
children were drowned. Coomber
saved himself by clinging to a tree
through the night where he was found
bruised, dazed and exhausted on the
following morning. On Eel river over
twenty people lost their lives in one
small district and it is expected many
more fatailities will be reported.
THE CHEROKEE STRIP.
Tho People of Arkansas City Favor ' Its
Opening; la a Series of Resolves.
Arkansas City, Kan., Feb. 18. The
Highland Opera House .was crowded
last night with citizens who had as
sembled for the purpose of memorialis
ing Congress upon the necessity of im
mediate legislation providing for the
opening of the Cherokee Strip to white
settlement Stirring speeches were
made by Prof. Murray, Judge James
Christian, Judge Mclntire and J. C
Davenport, and the following resolu
tions were adopted:
Whereas, Tbe Cherokee Strip was granted
to tbe Indians mostly as a highway to the
game of tbe plains: and
Whereas, They have long slnee abandoned
t for such purpose, and
Whereas, Judge Brewer, of the District
Court ot the United States has Judicially de
cided that said Cherokee Indians have for
feited all right to the se of said highway,
Whereas Tbe United States Government
has generously offered a donation of IL8 an
acre for said lands, which the Indians re
fused ; therefore,
Resolved, That we favor the Immediate
passage ot the Ferklns bill, whieh oooiavea
tbe Strip open to public domain or home
stead settlement only aad providing for a
commission to determine and settle all
claims, it any, which the Indians have
Resolved, That we believe this sentiment
Is shared by clttseni as a mass, ezeept a few
individuals who are personally Interested In
the cattle business and la Isnd speculation.
Resolved, That we hereby caU upon onr
repreeentat ves In Congress, who expect onr
further support at the polls, to do all la their
power for the opening of this country to
homestead settlement JJ.
Cattlemea Most Oo.
WASHnroTOH, Feb. 18. The President
yesterday afternoon issued a proclama
tion directing the removal of all cattle
from grazing upon what is known as the
Cherokee Outlet in tha northern part of
the Indian Territory by October 1 next
nnless negotiations now pending for the
cession of that territory to the United
States shall have been completed sooner,
in which event the cattle must be re
moved forthwith upon notice. He also
directs that no additional herds be per
mitted to enwr the territory after tbiJ
' I do believe those women,
Who for years and years and years,
Keep polishing their intellects,
To ornamont thoir biers"
should again call the attention of their sex to the remedy especially provided for
the correction of their phvsieal ailments by Dr. R. V. Fierce, of Buffalo. It i
called Favorite Prescription." Women for years and years and years have used
it and have pronounced it the best corrective of all "female weaknesses "ever
As an invigorating, restorative tonic,
soothing cordial and uracing nervine, for
debilitated and feeble women generally,
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription has no
equal In fact, it is the only medicine for
the peculiar weaknesses and ailments inci
dent to females, sold by druggists, under a
positive guarantee from its manufactur
ers, that it will, in every case, give satisfac
tion or its price (fl.00) will be promptly
refunded. It improves digestion, invigorates
the system, enriches the blood, dispels aches
and pains, produces refreshing sleep, dispels
melancholy and nervousness, and builds up
both the flesh and strength of those re
duced below a healthy standard. It is a
legitimate medicine not a beverage. Con-
Dr. Pierce's Pellets regulate and cleanse the liver,
stomach and bowels. . One a dose. Sold by druggists.
rr We Offer
f, I I Will iUVV IV
57l .-TNT T?T7f"T7TDT I?,
f Tile meiol r,(Tfr ic mad
JJJ A 1UJ SbWIU -
;d induce you to send for the
5ncal ever issued for a few
A price. It has a larger circulation man any uuicr
'A periodical in the world ; nearly half a million subscribers. 5
ji r ' :t r..t.,i. f 4-Um
Special features for the
miyk "UrS. narriBOn bug la uro win.
.... . t ir- i- .v. tun.:.
VI House," by A. J. Halfokd, with
SMcial tlltamiioD! furnished by Mrs.
m- a n. t. Wm mm, siorr
J Maua Howe s oowj
71 uu . ii.rn. wn "
Upson Clark, Kate Tannatt Woods, Marion Harland,.
u inminpw TllnstTarMi Poems bv Will Carleton.
I JUUAfl rt Av.. J ' , - t
1 r...nMt? C 1 vrcTzrv TTnpv V "R FY FDR TV and Cithers. I
I IVAABUAHbl U UAnuw.to",
ja tne iNews ojanus, iu ucuw 1.. jj
CURTIS PUBLISHING CO., Philadelphia,
CalTatloa Oil jgYfilrZ
CI l!nm Trrt1 1 mmJ !?hmrt tbt nir.
' l.rrl HH)li m trsl i.eni wnt Ipmi, 1dris
itiiULlI r.UFVNi M.IAurorAioCoaU.
sraua tea Aa ? ti -
tains no alcohol to inebriate ; no syrup or
sugar to sour or ferment in the stomach and
cause dirtn. It is as peculiar in its
marvelous, remedial results as in its com
position. Therefore, dont be put off with,
some worthless compound easily, but dis
honestly, recommended to be " just as good,"'
that the dealer may make more profit "Fa
vorite Prescription" is incomparable. The
manufacturers' unprecedented offer to guar
antee satisfaction in every case, or money
refunded, ought to convince every invalid
of this fact A Book, on Woman's Ailments,
and their Self-cure (UI0 pages), sent under
seal, in plain envelope, for ten eta. in stamps.
Address, World's Dispensary Medicat.
Association, oU3 Main St, Buffalo, N. Y.
to bend You
J vaajr wv, h
35 an pxoeriment and tol-
handsomest family period-g
months trial at a reduced
next few months are
av fw tnnnf rie ar I
"Life in a Church Choir."
LSI, A . Um ' ITT A AUUU1 BpCbUM
V f TVWt T . . t? !1
"Under My btuay i-amp." IV
"Under My Study Lamp.
. I ..Summer Widowers.- f"
I "How Women Have Made Money 1
Josiah Allen s Wife, Kate;
A W. BKOSSI I ASU.1S, OmUmU, O., WMkllftM,fcC.
sjs-sax van rna wi v Tmm.
to S3 a day. Bamplos worth f.l
Yn "-f t''i Iarn VlpcTpby and ru.11rr.nl
cr:H' Hup. nBi re.n-. ,tt.ir
jnoil liaatlont. Vril 1. P. bHuWK,bmnUtt, Ai(k
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