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A i ml .,-n.an.. in nniMl I " ; BAlTEB 8PHIKGS NEWS. U. II. GAJtDNER, Editor Md Pobltohtf. tntsr4 alvl post-offloesi Baxter Springs, I, M BaeonA ftS DUrtW . SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1890. . JjKtf number of cattle wet frown to death on the Tinge in Texas during the recent cold spell. Kama ii never slow. She got in the first application for space in the Chicago world's fair buildings. Kansas now has 1,500 farmers' alli ancesalmost too big an organization foe one orlwo politicians to capture. .The average length of school terms throughout the state is six and one half months, a hair month better than in any previous year. Under the new lease of the Alaska seal fisheries tho government will se cure about 11,000,000 per year instead of $300,000 as heretofore. . The population of the Kansas atate penitentiary has decreased about 30 doling the past year. The total num ber of convicts at present is 885. Globe-Democrat: Senator Blair goes on complainingbecause the news papers dool print bis speeches, and the people go ou wondering bow long it will tike him to find out that there is no market for last year's birds' nests. Experts ire predicting a construc tion of li,000 miles of railroad in 1890. Aa the work iu this direction recently bu been small an expansion to this extent would probably be safe, even though it would exceed all previous yearly records of railroad building. The proceedings of the second anuu al session of the Kausas Dairy Associ ation held in Topeka Feb. 5, 1890, shows that exclusive cheese factories have done better than exclusive butter factories, but where they are combined the best results are obtained. In the Pittsburg (Kan.) Daily Smelt er of March 5 we find the astonishing statement that all kinds of manufac turing enterprises will be supplied with all the coal they want to nse for twenty years at forty cents a ton. On this particular point Pittsburg has no competitor in the world. Globe-Democrat : The reduction of he public debt in February was, in round figures, $6,000,000, and in the ight months ending with February $12,000,000. This reduction, however, is made ou the "less cash in the treas ury" plan. The bond purchases end the consequent actual reduction of the interest-bearing debt in the past two- thirds of a year have beeu far greater than this. , The Arkansas ballot box that is on exhibition at the national capital is an ingenious contrivance and shows what a man can do when he set bis wits to work ou a serious matter. Tbe ballots all go in at oue place, but by a "twist f the wrist" tho judge of election can make the ballot land i the box or in the waste basket under the table, just as be sees fit. This style of billot box no doubt prevented a greet deil of trouble at the last election. A party is now being formed in St Louis for the purpose of exploring a part of Washington. It is claimed that these is an area of 30,000 squire mihs iu that state that the eye of white mau his never gszed upon. The region As aituuted between the two greet sdneral belts eist and west of the great divide of tbe Rockies end is believed to be rich with precious min erals. The company will be equipped with ill the litest instruments, includ ing a newspaper correspondent. A call his beeu issued to the veter ans pf CjUkkatnauga, In which all of .tbe oldaoldiers who took part iu that oous contest -aro requested to meet n tbe battle ground in May, 18Q0, the xact date not having bcoo fixed.. It is important . that. thU.. meeting be largely Ande& as iu.. main purpose U to sejUe disputes of historic impor tance. It .is desired that before the wmnant of the fofpaa of Cblckamiu 51 passes iway. the exact positions of the various commands bo located by the oH soldiers themselves. Aside from thU view of the matter of course k is desired that all of (lie Chicks aiauxans be present to join jn a gen eral handshaking and exchange o(, re puxbraoco. ' j WHT C6BH If CnXXT. The St, Louis Globe-Democrat, in discussing this problem, contained the following in a recent isane : The question as to the reason of the cheapness of corn is exceedingly sim ple. It Is because the supply largely exceeds the demand. This, practically speaking, is all there is to the matter. Hhrh rates of freight ind lack of transportation facilities, due to want of a sufficient number or cars 10 nam grain promptly are influences which of course have some slight effect in putting down rates. The dominant factor In tbe problem, however, is tbe tremendous crops wnicn nave Deen harvested in the past two years. In 1888 and 1889 tho yield of the United Statos was, in each instance, ibout 2,000,000,000 bushels. This wis an in crease of about 30 per cent compared with the average of recent preceding years. As there has been no corres Dondinir increase in the cousumption of corn prices naturally come down. There is nothing extraordinary or ex ceDtional in this. Under similar cir cumstances prices of iron, steel and cloth and all other commodities have fallen and always must fall. The law which determines price in the case of corn exercises tne same function over all man's products. The democrats have been throwing considerable fog over this matter. Ob viously, although contrary to the con tentions of the democracy, free trade would not increase tbe price of corn. It could not possibly expand the home demand, while it would not, to the ex teut of a single bushel, add to the quantity which we sell abroad. Eu rope now takes all it needs or can af ford to take and would not take any more even if we should strike off every duty on our custom schedule. A general cut or duties, indeed, would have tbe opposite effect It would close manv of ourfactorles and mines and send most of Jiie men thus thrown out of employmeut into agriculture. This is tbe only resource which wonld bo left open for- them. Manifestly, such a change as this could not im prove the farmer's circumstances. In fact, by largely increasing supply without at all Increasing demand it would aggravate and intensify the conditions which are now causing complaint That is to say, it would send prices down instead of up. Not much argument will be required to show that relief cannot possibly come through tbe free trader's panacea. A gradual and intelligent change to oth er crops for which the market is good and prices fairly remunerative is the course for the farmer to take in this exigency, and thus permit demand in corn to overtake supply. Dlvetslfled Crops. ,. Oswego Independent.. . In a recent edition of the Emporia Republican there appeared a valuable communication from i. it trrauim, who wis issociited for many years with Mr. Jacob Stotlcr in the publica tion of the Emporia News, and who has given much attention to economic questidns. He has just completed a careful review of the latest agricultu ral reports in Kansas and brings to lightsome facta wnicn merit serious mention, lie believes that the un profitableness of farmiug in the state is due largclv to the methods of agri culture prevalent and to the failure to properly diversify that industry. lie discovers that tho value of winter wheat raised last year in Kansas was $4 au acre; corn $6.10; broom corn $21.28 ; tobacco $ 06 ; cotton $22.13. Of courso the fact must not be over looked that the crop must be suited to the soil, and that corn and wheat will of necessity continue to remain the staple crops of the 6tatc. But there is, nevertheless, a great deal of force in Mr. Graham's suggestion. The exper iments in cotton culture have proved highly satisfactory in the southern tier of counties mil should be followed up this season. Broom corn flourishes everywhere in the state lud will grow with less moisture than corn. Tbe area iu which tobacco can bo raised is comparatively limited, but its produc tion, doubtless, could be largely in creased. As far west as Finney coun ty, alfalfa is a reliable crop and its val ue not infrequently reaches $10 per acre. Peanuts have been known to produce 300 bushels to the acre, yield ing a net profit or over $200. - These instances servo to show that, in fol lowing up a channel of agriculture which has resulted in over-production and a decline of prices below a profit able margin, tho farmers of Kansas havo neglected other interests wnicn tbe above figures show are more retnu-. nerative than corn or wheat. It Is not to be supposed that the de pression of the agricultural interests in Kausas is due to a single cause. There is plainly a combination of in fluences which have operated against it, and the luck or diversified farming Is one. The correction of this evil will afford at leant a jueasure of relief and will aid in a final emancipation of the farmer. The other causes of his poverty will bo discovered iu their proper order and will be removed. The cure snpgestod by Mr. Graham is pressing for irisl with tbe approach of the planting seaKon anil it will be the part of wiadoui to give the plan a more general (est than it has yet had iu Kansas. Call at the News office if you want tbe best ssle bills or posters gotten up injhe county. The Leavenworth Sun asserts that tbe western farmer geti $4 a ton for raising com, the railroads get $8 a ton for transporting It to Pennsylvania and the miner pays $11 a ton for It, and then adds, "Tbe moral of this la apparent; so is the remedy." It is true that the moral is apparent, but will the Sun elucidate ao far as the remedy is concerned t A very large reward awaits tho man or newspaper first suggesting a remedy for the ex IstlngeviL ' You don't hear quite so much of California'a glorious climate as you AM var or two ago. About all the slope could boast of was climate and now the San Francisco papers say that there is a sad state of affairs in that city in a poverty stricken labor ele ment There is no work and even if the men could find something to do, the weather would not let them do it Globe-Democrat : It is evident that a service pension bill cannot be passed at the present session of congress But there is a general disposition to provide for all dependent veterans and for ex-prisoners ; aud it is safe to say that such measures will uot be vetoed by the man who now occupies the White House; The house committee ou Indian af fairs has authorized Mr. Perkins to fa vorably report the bill granting the Pittsburg, Columbus and Fort Smith railway the right of way through the Indian torritpry. This road will enter the territory from Cherokee county, running southeasterly, thence to Fort Smith, Ark. Mr. Perkins has introduced a bill in the house appropriating $50,000 for the purchase of a site and the erection of a building for an Indian training and industrial school at Oswego. One hundred acres must comprise the site and at a cost not exceeding $25 per acre. Tha Wealthiest Una oa Earth. Kansas City Globe. Perhaps there are few peoplo in the world who do not know that tbe est! mate made as to the magnitude of the fortune recently bequeathed to wil nam Waldorf Astor makes him tne wealthiest man in the World. It is thought he is worth not less than $200, 000,000 and it is probable that when all the vast treasures are gathered and aninventirctakeitttaAUtt of rill will far exceed taia. enormous sum.. One can scarcely conceive of this as be longing to oue man, and when it is re membered that it represents but little more than the care and labor of one mau during his life-time,-the wonder becomes still greater. And measured by the standard of tho world of business tho wealth was obtained honestly. It is true that some allege that tbe taking of any amonnt from a man wno is poor by one who is rich is dishonest, but that theory will not hold good as the world is to-day. John Jacob Astor was an honest man. He was never accused of wronging anyone and his business was conducted upon business princi ples. He was not a gambler and he did not undertake, to elevate his own fortunes by tearing down tbe fortunes or otbera. , He invested tne ronune that was left to him in a skillful and cautious manner, watched every point closely and seldom if ever was mis taken in his judgment in reference to an investment. The money he had was made to bring him more, he was fortunate in all his undertakings, and at the end of his life found that he had accomplished that which had been the aim of his Hfo and ambition of years. That ne was not content witu what he had is evidenced by the fact that even while ou bis deathbed he Ml . . . 111 was planning to alter the house in which be lived iu order that he might Increase his gains by rebuilding it and making of it a tenement bouse Even in the accumulation of wealth, theiktt would seem that the ambition of man cannot be satisfied. And probably the poBsesslou of that wealth brought to Astor' no satisfaction be yond tbe knowledge that he was the wealthiest man on earth. But wheth er or not thia Is true, "perhaps not even bis most intimate friend, if such a friend he bad ever knew. He was wholly taken up by bis work and in that work he had but one goal in view. Upon the question aa to whether or not the ambition was a worthy one perhaps men will differ. Wealth is certainly worth striving for, but there ire not miny men who would cire to lake the money left by Astor md is snme the responsibilities that go with it Tbe very magnitude of tbe for tune will appall tbe mind of almost my rain, and there are but few who would be equal to tbe tak of caring for and keeping it. Perhaps tho son baa been reared ,in a way that will make him equal So the task, but even tbat is doubtful. . . But If he should prove equal to It, whst then Suppose tbat he shsll sbow himself ven the superior of his father and go on piling op untold mil lions? 'And suppose there are a few , " hundreds of other -men who are his peers? What Is to be the result when the end shall come, for there most in the nature of things be an end to this at ioma time. The Question suggests that for which there is no answer now. Tbe piling up of these colossal for- in... I. nnn.iiiiirr and Intnrloua. IUUH .MJwww. J 1 and yet what should bo done and ... Ma . lit what will be done r me answer win be given not in this generation The Kleveath Ceaeae. Joplla Herald. As everybody knows this Is census year. For the puryose of making the Mnini nt 1ROO tha porernmeiit has appropriated $6,400,000 to cover ex- . ft . . I A A t A penses not including tue cost 01 prim insr. engraving, binding, etc., which items nf themselves will be an enor mous expense. The law provides that all supervisors shall set their euu mnratnra at work ou June 1 and tbat the work shall be done by July 1, and the census snail date irom juue i, isnrt. Fnr the thirtv davs employed in takiug the census the government employees win live nigu. xue super visors, when tne census is oompietea, ... ' amp a .1 a a j will receive izo eacn ana i lor eacn 1,000 inhabitants in tbe thickly settled districts and $1.40 per thousand in sparsely settled districts. In no case, however, shall tbe aggregate compen sation of the supervisors be less than a-W) fr the thirty davs' work. The enumerators aro paid for their work as follows : two cents lor eacn per son enumeratea : two ceui iur eacu death reported : 15 cents for each farm reported ; zu cents ior eacn estiDiisu of m-nrlnctiva industry: 5 cents for each surviving soldier, sailor or . m a a . .11 marine, or widow or soioier, sanor or marine. The enumerators, appointed bv the snnervisors of census to collect the required data, will have a subdi vision covering a population not to exceed 4,000 inhabitants. Besides the mere number of inhabitants, they must secure a correct list of deaths since tbe last census, tbe number of mannfacturicg and industrial con cerns in operation or not in operation ; the number of marines, soldiers or aiim nr their widows: the number of farms and facts connected with ag- aa . 9 . 1 A riculture, etc au wis is ueemenoi the utmost importance and tbe United States so regards It Consequently failure of a census supervisor or enu merator to properly discharge his du ties is regarded as a serious matter, . . ai l Mi and penalties are prescnoea ior any malfoaaanrfl nr mlfCOndtlCt In Office. Que section of tbe law provides that any supervisor or enumerator oi cen sus who shall neglect his duty shall be subject to a fine of $500; any such of ficer swearing falsely shall be fined $800 and imprisoned not to exceed thrM vnaTB any such officer render ing false returns or certificates may be fined not. to exceed $5,000 and impris nnmA tint, tn feAd tvo TflaraJ" Anoth er section provides that any person ac- cepting compensation ior appointing enumerators or cients is guiny oi a mtaAmpannr and shall be fined not to erneed 13.000 and imprisoned not to TfAMi nna vear. ine statutes aiso nrovide tint failure on the part or nv nensua enumerator to turn in his report at tbe designated time soaii ue sufficient cause to wunnoia ui siiary when he can give no reasonable ex planation of the necessity for such de lav. Of course all these positions will hm fill ml hv annointmenta from the ranks of tbe workers of the party in power and no doubt tne rauniui nave alrpurtr rotten their eves intently on the nlums that are ready to fall. It is a commendable cnaracteristio oi tne fme. Hberty-lovinar American citizen that he is readv to serve his country, especially eo when tbe service brings him a good salary. Deafneaa Cant he Cared Rv rwa nnlleations. aa they cannot reach the diseased portion of tbe ear. There is only one way to cure aeimess and that is by constitutional remedies. nonfnpRa la caused bv in Inflamed condition of the mucus liuing of tbe eustachian tube. When mis tuoe gets inflamed von have a rnmblinsr sound nr ImnnffoM hoarlntr ami when it Ia entirely closed dealness is the .result and unless tbe Inflammation can be taken out and this tnbe restored to its nnrnial condition hearin? will be de stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten are cansed by catarrh, wnicn is noth ing but au iuflamed condition of the mucus surface. Wa will rive one hundred dollars for any case of deafness (cansed by catarrh) that we cannot cure by taking Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu lars free. F. J. Cbejtet & Co., proprs., Toledo, O. y-Sold by druggists, 75 cents per bottle. IJat al ttera Remaining in the post-office at Bax- or finrlnn TTanaa. fnr the -week ending Mar. 5, 1800, which if not called for within two weeks will be sent to the dead letter office at Wash ington. D. C. : AlUa.tUiaa A. Anderson. JoMuh naxtrr, Ntttln (MIu) Curtwrtg-ht. Junta Dva. Allies Joff. Georra Patent. Thomaa Karll, Hm Sbultt, X WHite, SS Persons calling for any ot tbo above letters will oleaso siv "Advertised." living dite of list. WMJUAJtCH, JT. Al. Remember the News office for fine job work. Old pipers five feats per dozen. I Llonors ior Kansas ! Established 1876. LANDAUER & CO. 306 Main street. JOPLIN, MO. THE Oldest and Largest house in Southwest Missouri. ALL Goods Warranted Strictly Straight. Satisfaction guaranteed. SEND FOU PRICE LIST.- J. M. DDHCAW, St. D. TUB Baxter Snilnss Meiical and Sard cal Mtnte, Baxter Springs, Kansasv XO J. K. DDSCAIf . M. D., Surgery and DUaaaef or Tvomen ana narn. CHA.8. PALMER. M, 1 Ortboplile Sorter and Cbronlo Dltaaaaa. Dw C BAKER, H. UM Special Trarellnf A rent Tbe limitation le centrally located .mear tbe poet OtBca aad famoai Madloal Sprlnga and batb bouaa A pieaiant borne for Invalid where ipeclal treatment (Iren all form of Aecuia and liliroolc Dleeatet we remove Canoor almost "without pain, wlrh I plaeter In from all to Sf teen daya, and permanent etireOaaraataed. laflaanmntory Khoanaa. lam. ander onrlmproTed medication, the Electro Marnetlo Vapor Bath, and tbe Influence of tb Medical SprinRtTthemoatobftlnatecaaea yield, Tht Eyo aad Ear Department Is In charge of a Special litwbobadcbarre of tbe Washington Eye an Earlnflrmary eeven yean. Cross Eyes Ntralfht fined. Cataracts Removed and Errors of Refraatloa Corraetad. Hemorrhoids o Pile la all cases treated Cure U guaranteed Tbe Department of IMaeiaeoa of Women Is Is ebarve of bifibim'Cbd Oynatcoloflau wbosa sno teas la lb past Is a faarentee for tbe fotnre. Oai physicians will visit patients at a distance Who may not be able or prepared to visit tbe Institute. Sens for oar Illustrates Circular. TARIFF LITERATURE FOR ALL Tbe Amiricas Protective TAnmAOTrpj H publishing a moat valuable series) of Tariff documents. Tbeae aro prepared with a vlow to state the faots and nrrumente for Protec tion, whether in the interest of fanners, laborers, merchants or profcsslonnl njon. Each issue of tho scries appeal" to those en- Jaged in separate induKtiiosaoil prtweutsin Isputable factecompariiwMM of wares, coct of living, and other nriprmeuta showing tbo Any slntrle on -will be sent on Of 9 conts in stomps except " Waues, Living and Tariff." which wUI be sent for 4 cents. Tbo whole llwt will Ixs rent for H rents or sny twt-lve for SU cents, or any tlvo for 10 centa. postage paid. Order by mimbor. No. now. l"Wa Living and TariT." E. A. Hair HOKN..... tOt 8 "The Advantages ot o JYulectlvs Tariff to tbe Labor aud Industries of tbe rolled Mates.' First Prlio ry, l87. ( rotu D. Hckxiho 82 I "Dome Production IndUfrnnabli! t a Sup- Ely. at Low frioe. oi the Manufactured oinmotlltlea required for ibe I'tople of the Uuttrd SUk, and Adequate Home Production of tneae I'onimodlttea Imuns slble wltuout a Protective T01 Iff." start Prise Essay, 1H. C. O. Todd .... St S "WnatareHawalatcrialsil Would Free Raw Material, be AdvuuU'tpcous t tbe Labor end Industries of Uw L'uUed tfialea. First Prise Essay, IMnv. V.uhem a Diaux 88 S'PallacieeofttMe-Treue." E. P. SiujJta... SS a "borne Views on the Tariff by an Old Busi ness Man." Oao. DaATKB, tit The Protective Tariff : Its Advantages for the South." O. L. KDW AKDt 87 n"Tbe Wool Interest." Judpe Wa. Ijiwebuci Si l" protection ca. Vree-lVle." A Biuoriual Review. D. O. HaMimaK SO 10-" Tbe Farmer and tbo leriff" CoLTbohaj H. IM-'DLCT v IS II Protection aa a Public Policy." unoaos M. Hotmnux. 1 12' Bvply to tbe PtvaWVnt'4 r'fte-1 rode Mrs- sax." 11. 1'. I'oirrut n- i-u. "Worklrurnien ami the Tariff " S R "Tbe Vital Question : Shall American Indus- Vica oa Jkuauuoueu auu auicihwu nmr Ircts Surrendered ? 15-8ama In Uerman, wkb Addition Id "Tbe Ptottrcss of unit Hundred Years." Robert V. Foim.a 17 "Protection for Amcrlcun blilpylua.". 1 "Tbe Tariff Not a Tax." huV.KK B. Utsnx.. 1 why irb ten bboubl l I'lOtuutkjnlsU." to "ProlecUon." F.. E. AxxiDowjt l-KVh I. k TmHfT ? " AluwmOa. Worktiuk man 'a Question 4 13 "The American Wool Industry." .H.A midows S tS-" Wairea and Cost of IJvina." J. D. Wskwi. 4 84 "Southern Fannlnir Industries." 4 to-" A Short Talk to VVorkJugmeo." . S Sd " Protection and the Fanner." Senator 8. X. CUIXOhU IS Tbe AjmiCAa Eonoinjrr, a weekly loureal de voted tu tne dlKUMiion of all Phases of tbs Tariff question. IJ.UO per Minum. Sample copies free. Address HnraT sL Borr, Oen. ccy. American. m PxoevsIaIaagueSSW.atewYork. "A. ssvni avrisni- r-r . ,;A To cars BOlonsness, Sick Headache, Consti pation. Malaria, Liver Complaints, taka, tha sals and certain remedy. Tae ttse Raf ALL Slaa (40 little Beans to tha bottle). TBBT ARB THB MOST OOKTEXIEXT. SataaiIa tor mt -A Bill PHea af altlsar nine, Bc par Battle. i A I J W I i W Ma N4 jt 4 vu. ypm ar p.. J.rJaUTH4CIkar-BIKB.',ST.UUtlS MS. - J. P. HARTLEY, Practical Auclioneen; FOB THK City of Baxter Springt Leave orders tt, tbe Xrws offices . Bill BEADS '."-1 1